This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Think before you answer that question.
I asked that question of so many of my friends recently and almost all, save for only one, gave me the wrong answer. Some even became indignant for my even asking the question. Why they became indignant, I have no clue. Nevertheless it is an important question about the person of Jesus the Christ. 1. Is Jesus the Christ a human person? 2. Is Jesus the Christ a Divine person? 3. Is He both? 4. Is He neither? What answer do you have for each of those four simple questions? In order to come to the correct answers to those four questions, we must first lay some groundwork as to definitions. Person; The subject of action. The center of attribution in a rational nature. Person has a body, a soul, a spirit, and five senses with which to communicate with the outside world. 1Thessalonians 5:23; "May the God of peace himself sanctify you wholly; and may your spirit and soul and body be kept sound and blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." Some Biblical references to the word 'person'; Job 32:21, Ezekiel 44:25, Matthew 22:16, Mark 12:14, 1Corinthians 15:44-47, Galatians 2:6, 1Thessalonians 5:23, and Hebrews 4:12. Nature; That which makes a person or thing be what it is. The essential characteristics and qualities of a person, or of a thing. What does it do? What can be done to it? Nature decides what a being can do, but the person does it. Nature presents the question 'what', while person presents the quesion 'who'. Various natures mentioned in Scripture; female-Romans 1:26, the law-Romans 2:14, uncircumcised-Romans 2:27, tree-Romans 11:24, hair-1Corinthians 11:14, Jewish-Galatians 2:15, not divine-Galatians 4:8, children of wrath-Ephesians 2:3, divine-2Peter 1:4. Person possesses a nature. Nature does not possess a person. Nature describes what a person can do, but the person does it. That is a very important point as we shall soon see. Person poses the question 'who'. Nature poses the question 'what'. Persons (who's) die on crosses, not natures (what's). Persons with a nature are born of mothers, not natures only. Persons are those who can say 'I' because they reflect in some way the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit from whom all personhood comes. Here is a very good publication regarding these subjects, and many more about basic theology; "Theology and Sanity" by Frank Sheed.
A son takes on the nature of his father. The son of a cat is a cat. The son of a man is a man. The Son of GOD is GOD. Jesus was born of the Holy Spirit and of His Blessed Mother Mary. Since Jesus was born of GOD a Divine person, He is GOD, a Divine person. Jesus did not have a human father so He could not be a human person. The substance of the body of Jesus was provided from the substance of Blessed Mary. Mary gave birth to a Divine person and is rightfully called 'Theotokos', the Mother of GOD. Council of Ephesus 431 A.D.
Here are three verses that should prove to everyone that Jesus was NOT a human person: Philippians 2:6-8; (6) "...though he was by nature GOD, did not consider being equal to GOD a thing to be clung to, (7) but emptied Himself, taking the nature of a slave and being made like unto men. And appearing in the form of man, (8) He humbled Himself, becoming obedient to death, even to death on a cross." Elucidation of Philippians 2:6-8; 1. He was by nature GOD. 2. He took the nature of a slave (man). 3. He was made like unto men. Likened to a human person, but it does not say that He was one. 4. He appeared in the form of man. Again, in the form of a human person but it does not say that He was one. 'Haydock' is considered to be one of the best Bible commentaries ever written. Let us see what it has to say about the above. Haydock; Ver. 6. Who being in the form of God, (that is truly, properly, and essentially God from eternity, as the ancient Fathers here observed against the Arians) taking the form of a servant, (i.e. taking upon him our human nature) became truly a man, and as man the servant of God, but remaining always God as before, thought it not robbery, no injury to his eternal Father, to be equal, to be esteemed, and to declare himself equal to God, to be one thing with him: as on divers occasions he taught the people, as we have observed in the notes on St. John's gospel, (Witham)
The Nestorian Heresy, Jesus was two persons, one divine and one human. Nestorianism (5th Century); This heresy about the person of Christ was initiated by Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, who denied Blessed Mary the title of Theotokos (Greek: "God-bearer" or, less literally, "Mother of God"). Nestorius claimed that she only bore Christ’s human nature in her womb, and proposed the alternative title Christotokos ("Christ-bearer" or "Mother of Christ"). The teachings of Nestorius were opposed by Cyril who argued that Nestorius was actually denying the reality of the incarnation by making Jesus Christ into two different persons, one human, one divine, sharing one body. The Council of Ephesus 431 A.D. was called to settle the matter. This council (reinforced by the Council of Chalcedon in 451) clarified orthodox Catholic doctrine, pronouncing that Jesus, true God and true man, has two distinct natures that are inseparably joined in one person and partake of the one divine substance. Nestorius was removed from office after the Council of Ephesus.
Here are a few more verses, Biblical proof that Jesus is not a human person. 2Corinthians 2:10; "And to whom you have pardoned any thing, I also. For, what I have pardoned, if I have pardoned any thing, for your sakes have I done it in the person of Christ." Did you notice that the verse said 'person' of Christ, singular, and not 'persons'? 1Corinthians 15:45-48; (45) "Thus it is written, "The first man Adam became a living being"; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. (46) But it is not the spiritual which is first but the physical, and then the spiritual. (47) The first man was from the earth, a man of dust; the second man is from heaven. (48) As was the man of dust, so are those who are of the dust; and as is the man of heaven, so are those who are of heaven." Elucidation to 1Corinthians 15:45-48; 1. 'The last Adam' is Jesus Christ. 'A life-giving spirit' cannot be a human person. 2. The second man, Jesus, was not a 'man of dust', as a human person would be. 3. The second man, Jesus, came from Heaven. 4. Since Jesus came from Heaven, He could not be a human person.
Did you notice in the above graphic, those two verses in RED, that it was ONE and the same person of Jesus Christ who spoke both as GOD and as Man? So, let us review those first two very important questions one last time. Is Jesus the Christ a human person? NO! Holy Scripture has clearly instructed us that He could not be a human person. Is Jesus the Christ a Divine person? YES! Holy Scripture has clearly taught us that He is a Divine person. THE TRIPLE BIRTH OF CHRIST. He was born into eternity of a Father without a mother. He was born into time of a Mother without a father. He is born into us at Baptism. + Father Dermot Dwyer + (1923-2005)