Handout 4 – Gospel of Matthew and Gospel of Luke http://www.scribd.

com/my_document_collections/3176820

Recap

The Gospel of Mark and his emphasis on understanding what it means that Jesus is the Messiah.

The Gospel of Matthew

Matthew shares a lot with Mark

Matthew 1:1 - The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

The big thing to notice about Matthew is his strong emphasis on Jesus’ teaching.

The Sermon on the Mount

The entrance exam?

Handout 4 – Gospel of Matthew and Gospel of Luke http://www.scribd.com/my_document_collections/3176820  An impossible ethics?

This sermon is not about getting in – it’s about how you live once you are in.

Believing in Jesus means following him.

Jesus enables you to live the life you were always meant to live.

Hence Jesus says o
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For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven (Matt 5:20).

o Why adultery is more than not having sex with someone else’s wife

o The law is not simply about what NOT to do – it is about the kind of person you should become.

o Ticking boxes or character change?

o

“got to” OR “get to”

o Jesus forgiveness and the gift of the Holy Spirit enables us to obey God’s commands from the heart. He shows us that love is at the centre of the law, and love of God and love of others. (Matt 22:37-40).

The problem of Christian obedience in the modern world.

Handout 4 – Gospel of Matthew and Gospel of Luke http://www.scribd.com/my_document_collections/3176820

Gospel of Luke
If Matthew is likely written to a Jewish audience – Luke probably has a Gentile audience and is probably a Gentile himself.

It is Luke’s peculiar contribution to the story to emphasise the love of Jesus for outsiders. A key verse in Luke is:

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For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost (Luke 19:10)

Samaritans (10:25-37 and 17:11-19). See also 9:52

big sinners - like tax collectors Luke 18:9-14; 19:1-10 [Zaccheus]).

women (Luke 8:1-3; 10:38-42). And of course, that includes sinful women (7:36-50)

Luke has a strong emphasis upon the poor. (4:16-30; 14:7-24; 16:19-31)

There is a strong emphasis on the inclusion of the Gentiles throughout the Gospel (Lk 2:31-32; 4:25-27; 13:29; 21:24), which all finally gets fulfilled in the book of Acts.

Parables

Twenty eight of the forty passages most commonly classified as parables occur in Luke, and he has at least fourteen unique parables (including some of the most famous).

Do we get them?

Handout 4 – Gospel of Matthew and Gospel of Luke http://www.scribd.com/my_document_collections/3176820

Sermon illustrations?

o Surprising stories

o More about transformation than information

o Some examples – the Good Samaritan; The parable of the prodigal Son

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