TOSHIBA

SURGE ARRESTER
RVLQ SERIES

1. General Introduction of Surge arrester
Toshiba surge arresters incorporate TNR elements

For over 80 years Toshiba has continuously endeavored to

(Toshiba Non-linear Resistor Zn0 Elements) with superior

improve surge arrester technology and product quality, and

non-linear voltage-current characteristics, high quality and

has achieved positive results in manufacturing and

reliability.

employing the world's top-level techniques.

Metal oxide type surge arresters offer such special features

With leading technology and manufacturing equipment,

inherent in gap-less structure as quick response to surge

Toshiba manufactures various surge arresters through

voltage, high energy dissipation capability, safe operation,

careful

compactness / lightweight and freedom from pollution.

Manufactured by modern facility under strict quality control,

application

of

our

accumulated

technology.

customers can depend on the high performance and
Toshiba surge arresters are applied for various systems

reliability of Toshiba surge arresters.

including substation equipment, ACDC converters, rolling
stock and power distribution units from 3.3kV to 800kV

In addition, we develop and manufacture various surge

system. These surge arresters demonstrate excellent

arresters, which can cope with such customer's requests as

protection properties as shown in Figure 3.

excellent

Furthermore, based on the advantage of installation in Gas

properties), compact design and lightweights, applying new

Insulated Switch-gear (GIS), these surge arresters are being

and accumulated technology.

performance

(improvement

of

protection

used widely in almost all power transmission fields.

Microstructure of TNR

Figure 1. Construction of 72kV Surge Arrester
Figure 2. Elements Series

2

3 .GIS Type Porcelain Type for Power Station for Distribution System for Rolling Stock for AC-DC Converter System Figure 3. Variation of Surge Arresters Toshiba surge arresters are applied to various systems to protect the power transmission apparatus from over-voltages Figure 4. Various Applications Toshiba 400kV surge arresters can be applied to extra heavy pollution area.

Superior Characteristics against Environmental Contamination Toshiba metal oxide type surge arresters successfully The V-I characteristics and energy absorption capability operate even in contaminated area. Each TNR element is subjected to the Toshiba surge arresters have simple construction and adopt check for the V-I characteristics. Toshiba surge arresters meet international standards IEC Using such a TNR element. switching and temporally RVLQ series TNR elements are lined up applying Toshiba's over voltages. since they have merits characteristics are extremely improved by applying the fruit such as excellent non-linearity and no-gap inherent in of our studies over many years. TNR elements can be used in various mediums. lightweight facilities and modern testing devices and quality assurance design. 4 . Feature Surge Arrester TNR Element Superior Protective Performance Applying the excellent operating performance TNR Superior Characteristics elements with high non-linearity of V-I characteristics and Toshiba has sufficient manufacturing experience and high energy absorption capability. Long term and sufficient manufacturing experience Variation certificate the high reliability and quality of Toshiba surge Various size TNR elements can be prepared for customer's arrester. such as the tropics.2. Lightweight makes it easy to simplify basement structures such as pedestal and brackets. Quality Assurance Toshiba operates a quality assurance program to achieve Reliability the best quality. the high reliable and robust porcelain housing. Compactness makes it possible to minimize systems. high non-linearity of V-I characteristics. such as the frigid zone. earthquakes occurred. these high and reliability techniques. Manufacturing System Compactness and Lightweight TNR elements are manufactured by using advanced Toshiba surge arresters feature compact. special type surge arresters are and ANSI and other relevant standards. gap-less structure. Toshiba metal oxide endeavor continue development and improvement of TNR surge arresters offer superior protective performance for the elements. superior life performance. conforming the standard IS09001. special requirements. in addition that the area where a series of SF6 gas and insulating oil. The surge arresters with firm and high quality construction are suitable Medium for applying the various circumstance. considering the technical and economical requests such as high-energy durability for Compliance with Major standards special application. protecting of various systems and equipment against the various duties. extremely high-energy absorption capability. installation space. such as lightning.

Conductivity Mechanism of TNR Element series gaps.3. The current flowing through the TNR element at the nominal line-to-ground voltage is on the order of micro-amperes. so the normal operating voltage is almost all applied to its boundary layer. Figure 6 shows the V-I characteristics of the 550kV class surge arrester for example. the energy band model is shown as Figure 5. which are mixed. even though without Figure 5. Operating Principle Boundary Layer The TNR element consists of the main component of ZnO and several kinds of additives. Composed of series and parallel connections of the ZnO grains and the boundary layers. Figure 6. The boundary layer has a vary high impedance for a small current region. formed and sintered into a complete block with electrodes on the both surfaces. As a result. Figure 5 shows a typical internal view of the TNR element under a scanning electron microscope. the protective performance of the TNR elements is stable in long term use. Representative V-I Characteristics for 500kV Arrester(RVLQA-420VY) 5 . granulated.

provide highest duty and lowest protective characteristics than the other four types. RVLQC type surge arresters are applicable up to 420kV power systems.60099-4. This is because life performance and absence of thermal runaway is designed based on the magnitude of the MCOV in case of the surge arrester. Table 1.3 2. 1991) and ANSI (IEEE Std C62. Continuous (MCOV) The maximum permissible rms value of power frequency voltage between the terminals of surge arrester at which it is designed to operate correctly under temporary over-voltage conditions as established in the operating duty test. The rated voltage is used as a reference parameter for the specification of operating characteristics.4.11-1993) or other relevant standards as station type surge arresters. Their principal characteristics of each type surge arrester are summarized in Table 1. Rated Voltage Max. and the detailed characteristics of each rating surge arrester are listed in Table 2 through Table 6.6 2. RVLQD type surge arresters are applicable up to 245kV power systems. comply with the latest revisions of IEC (IEC Pub. having no gap. MCOV is one of the most important rating given to the surge arrester. 6 . Standard Ratings Type of surge arrester RVLQD RVLQC RVLQB RVLQE RVLQA System voltage [kV] 3-245 60-420 60-550 60-550 60-800 Rated voltage [kV] 3-198 54-360 54-492 54-492 54-624 In[kA] 10 10 20 20 20 IEC Class2 Class3 Class4 Class5 Class5 ANSI Station Station Station Station Station Nominal discharge current Line discharge class High current impulse capability [kA] 100 100 100 100 100 Pressure relief class [kA] 20/50 50 65 65 65 Discharge voltage level ratio (Residual voltage at 1OkA / Rated voltage) 2.3 2.7 2. Operating Voltage The maximum designated rms value of power frequency voltage that may be applied continuously between the terminals of the surge arrester. Performance Toshiba's surge arresters.2 Energy capability 4. 2) The energy capability values mean the dissipated total energy per two shots of switching surge that the surge arresters can withstand thermally with these values. RVLQA type surge arresters are applicable up to 800kV power systems.5 7 11 15 28 [kJ/kV-Ur] Note 1) Surge arrester with more heavy energy capability is available if required. RVLQB/E type surge arresters are applicable up to 550kV power systems.

Toshiba must be informed of the details. When placing an order. against switching surge is well expressed by the magnitude 4) H designates the pollution level in accordance with IEC of kJ/kV (arrester rated voltage). especially at nominal discharge current An example of the standard type designation is given below. standard are found in the designation. Outline Dimensions Pollution Performance Dimensions RVLQ type surge arresters are applicable to heavy pollution Figure 7 and Table 7 show the representative dimension of area.25mm/kV -------------. 2) B designates the type of the used TNR element. Toshiba can also supply a surge arrester of *Medium (M) -----------. D: class 2 respectively).16mm/kV *Very Heavy (V) -------. C: class 3. Where the energy capability is inadequate in our *Light (L) standard series. which is associated with IEC line discharge class (A: class 5. *Heavy (H) --------------.Protective Characteristics Type of Designation Protective characteristics are summarized into residual The type designation gives the following information.31 mm//kV Pressure-relief Class Creepage distance over 31 mm/kV are available on The classification of standard pressure-relief is listed in request. The capability of the surge arrester in energy dissipation 3) 360 means rated voltage in kV. Heavy). 2) Steep current impulse residual voltage 3) Switching impulse current residual voltage RVLQB-360HY The maximum guaranteed values of the surge arresters are 1) RVLQ is family name listed in Table 2 trough Table 6. pollution level in accordance with IEC 1) Residual voltage for Impulse current of 8/20 sec. 1) Ambient air temperature within the range from 40 ー C to +40 ー C 2) Altitude not exceeding 1000m 3) Power voltage frequency from 48Hz to 62Hz 7 . when the creepage distance of the porcelain housing the standard class surge arrester (Pollution Level: Very is designed to meet such a customer's requirements. Table-1. E: Capability of Energy Dissipation class 5. Following 4 different series are prepared for dissipated total energy per two shots of switching surge that standard. the surge arresters can withstand thermally with these values. Toshiba will appropriate the customer's coincide requirements concerning the pressure-relief requirements. B: class 4. These values show the standard. Standard Mechanical Strength Nominal Service Condition The maximum permissible bending strength of surge Toshiba surge arresters are designed for normal indoor or arrester can be calculated by dividing the listed maximum outdoor operation under the following conditions: bending moment with the surge arrester height.20mm/kV higher capability upon request. The voltage classified as follows: rated voltage. 5.

0 57.6 74.7 229 27.8 29.05 12.3 289 34.8 39 2 45.3 90.9 98.4 41.5 45 5 56.7 105 115 120 130 135 151 168 131' 198 214 228 241 271 301 331 361 391 422 432 452 482 492 499 V10kA 8.5 44 8 52.8 24 8 26.7 107 115 126 132 143 148 165 184 197 216 230 249 263 296 329 362 395 428 461 472 494 526 537 545 ** Steep current impulse residual voltage [kVcrest] V20kA 9.7 61 9 72.5 17.44 9.9 85.6 53 5 58.2 47.5 21.2 153 20 4 264 31.2 167 22.7 19.3 103 114 125 135 145 159 166 180 187 208 232 249 273 291 315 332 374 415 457 498 540 582 595 623 665 678 689 .2 107 117 126 136 139 146 156 159 160 Max.0 89:7 96.0 83 1 93.9 18.6 3.4 43 8 48. residual voltage at indicated impulse current at 8/20us * Max.9 88.8 81.6 27 7 34.1 16.4 34 2 37.6 37 8 47.5 31 1 33.9 41.Table 2.8 30 1 37.4 26 3 32.1 29.9 109 117 126 138 145 157 163 181 202 217 238 253 274 290 326 362 398 434 470 507 519 543 579 591 600 20kA 10.1 22.23 13.76 10.5 20.8 15 3 17.9 24 3 26.6 341 36 5 38.8 87 5 97.0 102 113 124 137 148 159 174 182 197 204 228 254 273 299 319 345 364 410 455 501 546 592 637 652 683 728 743 754 500A 6.4 37 5 40.30 11.5 239 28.9 91.9 22 7 24.2 31.1 19.1 20.2 90 1 98.4 25.3 97.5 106 111 120 124 138 154 166 182 194 210 221 249 277 304 332 360 387 396 415 442 452 458 The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows.9 21 6 23.5 6 7.9 49.0 65. * Switching surge current impulse ** Steep current impulse :virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us :virtual front time of 1 us with limits 8 10kA 8. 0 53 9 62.0 10 2 12.65 12 9 16.5 75 5 84. Performance of t e RVLQD Rated Voltage Max.9 55 3 62.0 56 2 65.7 72 4 81.2 36 2 45.5 9 10 10.9 77.8 22.7 85 9.9 5.8 73.7 94 0 103 113 123 132 144 151 164 170 189 211 227 248 264 286 302 340 378 415 453 491 529 541 566 604 617 626 V40kA 11.31 16.7 19.1 20.3 29 8 32.2 32.9 40.6 43.4 918 101 105 114 118 132 147 158 173 184 199 211 237 263 290 316 342 368 377 395 421 430 436 [kVcrest] 2000A 6.7 67 8 78.2 67.6 52 6 59.4 63 2 68. continuous operating voltage [kVrms] [kVcrest] 3 4.6 62 8 69.1 64 7.2 31.0 41 6 51.17 926 12.0 14.1 72.4 37.5 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 39 42 45 48 51 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 108 120 132 144 156 168 172 180 192 196 198 2.1 68 8 75.1 65.2 60.9 27.4 101 109 113 126 141 151 166 177 191 202 227 252 278 303 328 353 362 379 404 412 418 1000A 6.9 89.8 24.9 82. switching surge protective level [kVcrest] V5kA 7.0 75 7 81.85 133 17.7 50 5 56.0 19.5 719 78.0 96.6 83.1 13.

8 48 6 53. switching surge protective level V5kA 128 144 154 172 186 199 212 225 260 286 313 339 371 397 405 424 450 463 472 477 485 511 543 569 596 609 622 657 683 696 715 728 741 768 807 847 V10kA 138 156 167 187 201 215 230 244 282 310 339 367 402 430 439 459 488 502 511 516 525 554 588 617 645 660 674 711 740 754 774 789 803 832 875 918 [kVcrest] V20kA 154 174 187 209 225 241 257 273 315 347 379 411 449 481 491 513 545 561 571 577 587 619 657 689 721 738 754 795 827 843 866 882 898 930 978 1026 V40kA 179 202 217 243 261 280 298 317 366 403 440 477 522 559 570 596 634 652 664 671 682 719 764 801 838 857 876 924 962 980 1006 1025 1043 1080 1136 1192 500A 1018 122 131: 146 157 168 180 191 220 243 265 287 314 336 343 359 381 392 399 404 411 433 460 482 504 516 527 556 578 590 605 616 628 650 684 717 1000A 112 127 136 152 163 175 187 198 229 252 275 299 326 350 357 373 396 408 415 420 427 450 478 501 524 536 548 578 601 613 629 641 652 676 711 746 [kVcrest] 2000A 118 133 142 159 171 184 196 208 240 264 289 313 342 367 374 391 416 428 435 440 448 472 501 526 550 562 574 606 631 643 660 672 684 709 745 782 The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows * Switching surge current impulse **Steep current impulse :virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us :virtual front time of 1us with limits 9 ** Steep current impulse residual voltage 10kA 152 171 184 205 221 237 253 268 310 341 373 404 442 473 483 505 536 552 562 568 578 609 647 678 710 726 741 783 814 830 852 867 883 915 962 1009 20kA 170 191 205 230 247 265 282 300 346 381 417 452 494 529 540 564 600 617 628 635 646 681 723 758 794 811 829 875 910 928 952 970 987 1023 1076 1128 .5 97 2 107 117 127 137 140 146 156 159 161 162 166 175 185 195 205 209 214 224 234 239 243 248 253 263 278 292 * Max.2 68.8 87.1 72. continuous operating voltage [kVrms] [kVcrest] [kVrms] 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 108 120 132 144 156 168 172 180 192 196 198 200 204 216 228 240 252 258 264 276 288 294 300 306 312 324 342 360 43.Table 3.5 58 4 63. residual voltage at indicated impulse current at 8/20us Max.9 77. Performance oft a RVLQC Rated Voltage Max.

5 58.4 63.9 77.5 97 2 107 117 127 137 140 146 156 159 161 162 166 175 185 195 205 209 214 224 234 239 243 248 253 263 278 292 307 316 321 341 360 380 399 5kA 116 128 146 157 169 181 193 205 232 256 284 308 332 361 368 385 409 421 421 457 441 465 489 513 537 553 566 590 614 626 645 657 662 693 734 770 806 830 842 890 950 998 1046 Max. * Switching surge current impulse ** Steep current impulse :virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us :virtual front time of 1 us with limits 10 10kA 137 152 166 186 200 214 228 243 274 303 337 365 394 428 436 456 485 499 499 542 522 550 579 607 636 656 670 698 727 741 764 778 784 821 869 912 955 983 997 1054 1125 1182 1239 20kA 152 168 183 205 221 237 253 268 303 335 373 404 436 473 483 505 536 552 552 599 577 609 641 672 704 725 741 773 804 820 845 861 867 908 962 1009 1056 1088 1104 1167 1246 1309 1372 .1 72.Table 4. continuous operating voltage [kVrms] [kVrms] 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 108 120 132 144 156 168 172 180 192 196 198 200 204 216 228 240 252 258 264 276 288 294 300 306 312 324 342 360 378 390 396 420 444 468 492 43. switching surge protective level ** Steep current impulse residual voltage [kVcrest] [kVcrest] [kVcrest] 1OkA 125 138 151 169 182 195 208 221 249 275 306 332 358 389 397 415 441 454 454 492 474 500 526 552 578 596 609 635 661 674 694 707 712 746 790 829 868 894 907 958 1023 1075 1127 V20kA 138 153 167 187 201 215 230 244 276 305 339 367 396 430 439 459 488 502 502 545 525 554 582 611 640 660 674 703 731 746 769 783 788 826 874 917 960 989 1003 1061 1132 1190 1247 V40kA 154 170 186 208 224 240 256 272 307 339 377 409 441 479 489 511 543 559 559 607 585 617 648 680 712 734 750 782 814 830 856 872 878 920 974 1022 1069 1101 1117 1181 1261 1325 1389 500A 99 109 119 134 144 154 164 175 197 218 242 263 283 308 314 328 349 359 359 390 375 396 416 437 457 471 482 502 523 533 549 560 564 590 625 656 887. 707 717 758 809 850 891 1000A 103 113 124 139 150 160 171 181 205 226 252 273 294 320 326 341 362 373 373 405 390 411 433 454 475 490 501 522 543 554 571 582 586 614 650 682 714 735 746 788 841 884 926 2000A 108 119 130 145 156 168 179 190 215 237 263 286 308 335 341 357 379 390 390 424 408 430 453 475 497 513 524 546 568 579 597 609 613 642 680 713 747 769 780 824 880 925 969 The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows.8 87. Performance oft type RVLQB Rated voltage Max.6 53.2 68.8 48. residual voltage at indicated impulse current at 8/20us *Max.

* Switching surge current impulse **Steep current impulse :virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us :virtual front time of 1us with limits 11 **Steep current impulse residual voltage 10kA 135 150 169 178 192 206 220 234 262 290 323 352 380 408 416 436 464 472 478 487 492 523 551 579 613 627 641 669 703 717 731 745 759 787 829 871 913 941 955 1026 1082 1138 1194 20kA 149 165 186 196 211 227 242 258 289 320 357 388 419 450 459 481 512 521 527 537 543 577 608 639 676 692 707 738 775 791 806 822 837 868 915 961 1008 1039 1054 1132 1194 1256 1318 .8 48. residual voltage at indicated impulse current at 8/20us * Max.6 53. continuous operating voltage [kVrms] [kVrms] Max.5 97 2 107 117 127 137 140 146 156 159 161 162 166 175 185 195 205 209 214 224 234 239 243 248 253 263 278 292 307 316 321 341 360 380 399 V5kA 115 127 143 151 163 175 187 198 222 246 275 298 322 346 353 370 394 401 406 413 418 444 468 492 520 532 544 568 596 608 620 632 644 668 703 739 775 799 811 870 918 966 1013 V10kA 123 136 154 161 174 187 200 213 238 264 294 320 345 371 379 396 422 430 435 442 447 476 501 527 557 570 583 608 639 652 664 677 690 715 754 792 830 856 869 932 983 1035 1086 V20kA 136 150 170 178 192 206 220 235 263 291 325 353 381 409 418 437 465 474 480 488 494 525 553 581 615 629 643 671 706 719 733 747 761 790 832 874 916 945 959 1029 1085 1142 1198 [kVcrest] V40kA 152 167 189 199 215 230 246 262 293 325 362 394 425 457 466 488 520 529 535 545 551 586 617 649 686 702 718 749 787 803 818 834 850 881 929 976 1023 1054 1070 1149 1212 1275 1337 500A 99 110 124 130 140 151 161 171 192 212 237 257 278 298 305 319 340 346 350 356 360 383 404 424 449 459 469 490 514 525 536 545 555 576 607 638 668 689 699 751 792 833 874 1000A 103 113 128 135 145 156 167 177 199 220 245 267 288 309 316 330 352 358 362 369 373 397 418 439 465 475 486 507 533 543 554 565 575 596 628 660 692 714 724 777 820 862 905 [kVcrest] 2000A 107 118 134 140 152 163 174 185 207 229 256 278 306 322 329 344 367 373 378 385 389 414 436 458 484 496 507 529 555 566 578 589 600 622 655 688 722 744 755 811 855 899 944 The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows. Performance oft a RVLQE Rated Voltage Max.2 68.1 72. switching surge protective level [kVcrest] 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 108 120 132 144 156 168 172 180 192 196 198 200 204 216 228 240 252 258 264 276 288 294 300 306 312 324 342 360 378 390 396 420 444 468 492 43.Table 5.9 77 8 87.5 58 4 63.

8 48. continuous operating voltage * Max.5 58. * Switching surge current impulse **Steep current impulse :virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us :virtual front time of 1us with limits 12 * *Steep current impulse residual voltage 10kA 130 143 164 177 191 204 218 231 259 293 320 347 374 401 415 428 462 469 476 483 490 517 544 571 605 619 632 659 687 700 714 727 748 775 816 856 904 931 945 999 1060 1115 1176 1284 1345 1373 1400 1427 1454 1488 20kA 138 153 175 189 204 218 233 247 276 313 342 371 400 429 443 458 494 501 509 516 523 552 581 610 646 661 676 705 734 748 763 777 799 828 871 915 966 995 1009 1067 1133 1191 1256 1372 1438 1467 1496 1525 1554 1590 .5 97. Performance oft a RVLQA Rated Voltage [kVrms] 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 108 120 132 144 156 168 172 180 192 196 198 200 204 216 228 240 252 258 264 276 288 294 300 306 312 324 342 360 378 390 396 420 444 468 492 540 564 576 588 600 612 624 Max.2 68. switching surge protective level [kVcrest] [kVrms] 43.9 77.1 72. residual voltage at indicated impulse current at 8/20us Max.8 87.4 63.Table 6.2 107 117 126 136 139 146 156 159 160 162 165 175 185 194 204 209 214 224 233 238 243 248 253 263 277 292 306 316 321 340 360 379 399 437 457 467 476 486 496 506 V5kA 111 123 140 152 163 175 186 198 221 250 274 297 320 343 355 367 396 402 407 413 419 442 465 489 518 529 541 564 588 599 611 622 640 663 698 733 774 797 808 855 907 954 1006 1099 1151 1175 1198 1221 1244 1273 V10kA 118 130 149 161 173 186 198 210 235 266 291 315 340 365 377 390 420 427 433 439 445 470 495 519 550 562 575 600 624 637 649 661 680 704 742 779 822 847 859 908 964 1013 1069 1168 1223 1248 1273 1297 1322 1353 [kVcrest] V20kA 126 139 159 172 185 198 212 225 251 284 311 337 363 390 403 416 449 456 462 469 476 502 528 555 588 601 614 641 667 680 693 707 726 753 792 832 878 904 918 970 1030 1083 1142 1248 1307 1333 1360 1386 1413 1446 V40kA 141 156 178 192 207 222 237 252 281 318 348 377 407 436 451 466 503 510 517 525 532 562 591 621 658 672 687 717 746 761 776 790 813 842 886 931 982 1012 1027 1086 1152 1211 1278 1396 1462 1492 1521 1551 1580 1617 500A 101 111 127 137 148 159 169 180 201 227 248 269 290 311 322 332 359 364 369 375 380 401 422 443 469 480 490 511 533 543 554 564 580 601 633 664 701 722 733 775 822 864 912 996 1044 1065 1086 1107 1128 1154 1000A 104 115 131 142 153 164 175 186 208 235 257 278 300 322 333 344 371 376 382 387 393 415 436 458 485 496 507 529 551 562 573 583 600 622 654 687 725 747 758 801 850 894 943 1030 1079 1101 1123 1145 1166 1194 [kVcrest] 2000A 108 120 137 148 159 171 182 194 216 245 267 290 313 335 347 358 387 392 398 404 409 432 455 477 506 517 529 551 574 585 597 608 625 648 682 716 756 778 790 835 886 932 983 1074 1125 1147 1170 1193 1216 1244 The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows.6 53.

D dia.d1 [mm] [mm] 140 260 600 600 260 600 600 1400 300 300 600 1400 2000 325 600 325 1400 2000 600 345 1400 200 2500 A Base B C [mm] - [mm] - [mm] - 240 280 15 240 280 15 270 320 19 270 320 19 330 380 24 330 380 24 330 380 24 Creepage Distance Approx. RVLQA 13 6500 6500 10000 15000 21000 24000 31000 . Height H [mm] 300 750 1100 1500 2100 2850 1100 1500 2100 2850 4360 1500 2900 4400 5900 1550 2950 4500 5950 1550 2950 4500 5900 7300 Dimensions Grading Insulator Ring dia. [kVrms] RVLQD RVLQC RVLQB RVLQE RVLQA 3-12 15-39 42-84 90-120 132-174 180-198 42-84 90-120 132-174 180-216 228-360 54-120 132-216 228-390 396-492 54-120 132-216 228-390 396-492 54-120 132-216 228-390 396-492 540-624 (a) (b) (b) (b) (c) (c) (b) (b) (c) (c) (d) (b) (c) (d) (e) (b) (c) (d) (e) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Approx. Outline of type RVLQD. RVLQB. RVLQA Rated voltage Type Fig. RVLQB. mass Maximum Bending Moment [mm] [kg] [Nm] 220 1640 2990 4340 5980 8680 2990 4340 5980 8680 13020 4340 8680 13020 17360 4340 8680 13020 17360 4340 8680 13020 17360 26040 15 60 70 80 160 180 60 70 80 160 180 125 280 420 560 165 360 500 650 215 450 700 900 1200 5070 Figure 7. RVLQC. RVLQE.Table 7. Dimensions of type RVLQD. RVLQC. RVLQE.

housing and associated parts with insulating gas filling as shown in figures. Structure Typical structure of surge arresters are shown in Figure 8 (porcelain type) and Figure 9 (GIS type).6. The pressure relief diaphragm is structured with special metal plate. The surge arresters are basically composed of the TNR elements. 14 . If the detailed information about the GIS type surge arrester is required. which is ruptured when a sudden pressure rise occurs in case of the internal failure. please contact us. The hermetic sealing of the housing is constructed with weather-proof synthetic rubber.

Conparison of Microstructure of Each TNR Element Figure 11. the verification of equipment reliability over a long period is indispensable. Research and Development The development of TNR element has provided a great improvement of protective performance in surge arresters. After long term research and development. research and development activities on reliability verification and optimum application technology of the TNR element are also being conducted. the following representative new products as shown in figure 10. Basic data accumulated by steady efforts substantiate Toshiba's equipment reliability. Additionally. Toshiba conducts various long-term voltage application test on actual equipment or on insulating element models. a clear comprehension of the actual phenomena must be attained. Under continuous programs in our laboratory. To realize successful commercial application of the new products.7. Comparison V-I Characteristics of Each TNR Element 15 . 11 and 12 are High Gradient Type Grain Size: 5ųm Standard Type Grain Size: 10ųm Figure 10. thereby contributing to equipment reliability over expanded periods of operation.

Variation of TNR Elements used for 3. The measured value should be 16 . therefore the maintenance work should be done at the fine day. Maintenance Toshiba recommend the following maintenance work be carefully effected: Leakage Current Measurement Insulating Resistance Measurement Outer Visual Inspection The surge arrester have a possibility to lead into a failure by extremely heavy lightnings. considering the technical and economical requests such as high-energy durability for special application.1000kV and Various Type Surge Arrester Various size and series TNR elements can be prepared for customer's special requirements. which are supposed as over duty. 8.Figure12.3.

(a) Fig. Accessories The following special accessories can be supplied upon the customer's request: Surge Counter Surge Current recorder Leakage Current Measurement Device OUTLINE OF SURGE COUNTER Fig.9. (B) Performance Indication of Counter Minimum Operating Current Maximum High Current Withstand Capability Residual Voltage at 1OOkA(4/10 us) Switching Impulse Current Withstand Ammeter scale : 6 digit cyclometer at least 5 : 20A(8/20 us) : 100kA(4/10 us) : 5kV peak and below : 4000A x 2ms : 0-5mA rms(linear scale) 17 .

I. Toshiba's standard items will be supplied. CREEPAGE DISTANCE [mm] Fill number in each columns or place check mark (✓) in solid-line rectangle.10. L. I. VOLTAGE [kV] SYSTEM NOMINAL VOLTAGE [kV] NEUTRAL EARTHING CONDITION RATED VOLTAGE [kV] RATED FREQUENCY [Hz] LINE DISCHARGE CLASS NOMINAL DISCHARGE CURRENT [kA] at 5kA RESIDUAL VOLTAGE [kV] at 10kA at 20kA POWER WITHSTAND VOLTAGE [kV] FREQUENCY L. S. Designating Specifications When Placing an Order It is recommended that specifications are checked by using the type selecting check sheet below and attaching this sheet to your order sheet: Type selecting check list DATE: FILLED BY: SITE LOCATION / INSTALLED AT: CUSTOMER / COUNTRY: DELIVERY DATE: STANDARD: IEC ANSI OTHERS( ) INSTALLATION: AMBIENT CONDITION: DUSTY SALTY FLYASH OTHERS( ) REQUIREMENT FOR EARTH QUAKE: SYSTEM MAX. W. L. 18 . Should no marking be given. W.

General Introduction of Hamakawasaki Works Established Location :1962 : Kawasaki Main Products: Transformers Switchgears Surge Arresters Lasers Monitoring Systems CAD Software 19 .11.

TOSHIBA TOSHIBA CORPORATION POWER SYSTEMS AND SERVICES COMPANY 1-1.SHIBAURA 1-CHOME. TOKYO 105-8001.JAPAN PHONE: +81-3-3457-3770 ● The data given in this catalog are subject to change without notice. 5060-4 ’00-4 C2 . MINATO-KU.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful