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AS - My hands were as cold as ice my hands were very cold and ice is very cold - John is as tall as me I am 1.89 ms tall and John is 1.89 ms tall negative: NOT SO/AS... AS - Peter is not so old as Sarah - This park is not as beautiful as the park near my house INFERIORITY (<) To express inferiority we use LESS - Jimmy is less tall than Paul Jimmy is 1.69 ms and Paul is 1.72 - Your books are less heavy than mine SUPERIORITY (>) To express superiority we have two different forms, depending on how many syllables the adjective has. Short adjectives (1 syllable) We add -ER to the adjective and then we use the conjunction THAN. tall taller nice nicer old older - Paul is taller than Jimmy Paul is 1.72 and Jimmy is 1.69 - I like Susan, but Mary is nicer (Mary is nicer than Susan) - My father is 25 years older than me Long adjectives (3 or more syllables) We put MORE before the adjective and THAN after the adjective. - Paul is more intelligent than Jimmy - This film is more interesting than the one we saw yesterday 2-syllable adjectives If they end in -Y they take the ending -ER. happy happier easy easier If they don't end in -Y they usually use MORE. - Tom is more polite now than he used to be - Hats were more common in the past But some of them can take -ER or both constructions. SPELLING If the adjective ends in -E they just add the -R. nice nicer late later If the adjective ends in one single vowel + one single consonant, it doubles the final consonant.
fat big thin
fatter bigger thinner
IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES These three adjectives have irregular forms for the comparative: good - better bad - worse far - farther Now you can practise here: Comparatives Exercise. (here you have exercises about the comparative and the superlative, so if you don't know the superlative you can't get some of them right). INTENSIFIERS (>>) If we want to express that the two things that we compare are very different we can use MUCH or FAR before the comparison. - Mark is much taller than Nick Mark is 1.86 and Nick is 1.55 ms - Your house is far more beautiful than mine In colloquial English we can also use WAY - A car is way heavier than a bicycle (heavy heavier) We can intensify it even more by saying: - He's much much older than me