yef;OD;yefol ]]oDwm}}

queryde

yef;OD;yefol ]]oDwm}}
queryde
tif; usaemh&JU yxrOD;qkH; udk,fvufESD;aESm cspfcJhbl;wJh tawGUtBuKHudkajym&&ifawmh toufu 18 ESpf?
10 wef; 'kw,
d ESp?f ajrvwfyikd ;f u --- NrKdUrSm? wu,fausmif;wufwmu tckaejynfawmfjzpfaewJah e&m? tywfpOf
ausmif;ydwf&ufwdkif;vdkvdk ta':wdkYrdom;pk&SdwJh tJ'DNrKdUav;udk jyefaeus? ta':wdkYu tJ'DNrKdUav;&JU aps;xJrSm -- qdkifzGifhxm;w,f? ta':horD;BuD; trjzpfolu i,fi,fuav;uwJu tdrfrSmtwlaepm;vmMuawmh usaemhudk
olYarmift&if;xuf awmif ydkcspfw,f? ñSmvnf;ñSmw,f? tJawmh tywfpOf ausmif;ydwf&ufawGqdk usaemfu
tJ'DrSm oGm;aeus/
usaemhaumifrav;u oDwm wJh? rsufESmcsif;qdkif --- qdkifu? olYtaru bmjzpfvdkYvJawmh rodbl;
aps;xJrSm emrnfBuD;? oluvJ olYtwdkif;twmeJYol emrnfBuD;? bmjzpfvdkYvJ qdkawmh olrsufvkH;? NyD;awmh
ud k , f v k H ; ud k , f a yguf ? usaemf w d k Y &G , f w l a wG M um;xJ r S m ol Y ud k , f v k H ; uk d , f a yguf u d k aemuf u Munf h r d & if
wHawG;eifwwfw,fvdkY vlajymrsm;vGef;vdkY usaemfwpfcgMunfhrdygw,f/ *vk--- [kwfw,fAsKdU/
olYt&yfu ykw,fvdkYajym&r,f? tom;u ñdkw,f? qHyif t&rf;aumif;w,f? uspfqHNrD;uspfxm;wmawmif
ajcovkH;avmufxda&mufw,f? rsufvkH;uvJ &S,f? olrdkY pdkufMunfhvdkufNyDvm;qdk usaemhrSm [dk[mvGwfus? 'D[m
vGwfuseJY? bmvkyfvdkY bmudkif&rSef;udk rodatmif jzpf&wm tcgcg/
usaemfuvJusaemf vdYk ajymNyD; ud,
k u
hf u
kd ,
dk rf w
d q
f uf&rvm; rodb;l / usaemf wdYk u qif;&Jw,fvYkd ajym&r,f?
rcsrf;ombl;/ tazu i,fi,fuav;xJu qkH;oGm;vdkY rkqdk;rom;? tarvkyfolu a&mif;vdkY&wm tukefa&mif;?
tvkyfrsKd;pkHvkyfNyD; ausmif;xm; cJhvdkY udk,ft&yf udk,f&GmrSmawmh NrKdUausmif;om; qdkNyD; rsufESmyGifhw,f qdkygpdkY/
xm;yg/ 'gu t"du r[kwfbl;/ t"duu rdef;uav;uHvdkYajym&rvm;? usaemf tifrwef pef;yGifhw,f?
tazqk;H NyD;ump 13 ESpo
f m;? bke;f BuD;ausmif;om; usaemhukd txu (2) vomu 16 ESp&f ,
G f ( 8 ) wef;ausmif;olu
jyefBuKdufowJh? cifAsm;wdkY pOf;pm;om Munfhawmh? usaemhwpfoufwmrSm &nf;pm;aygif; (11) a,mufwdwd
&SdcJhbl;w,f? wpfa,mufrS ]]rm'*F}} vdkZGJcwf vdkufcJh&wm rygbl;bl;/ ukefukefajymr,fAsm? &nf;pm;pm
vdkufray;bl;bl;/ cifAsm;wdkY ,kHcsifrSawmh ,kHvdrfhr,f/ usaemfh i,foli,fcsif;t&if;awGuawmh usaemfh arG;&myg
]]pef;}} udk tifrweftm;usMuw,f/ usaemf tifrwef &Sufwwfw,f? tm;uvnf; emwwfao;w,f?
vla&SUola&SUvnf; pum; rajymwwfygbl;/ [movnf; rajymwwfb;l / ½ky&f nfuvnf; rif;om;acsm racsmwmawmh
usdef;aow,f/
1?

yef;OD;yefol ]]oDwm}}
BuHzefNyD; udk,fzgomudk,f trTrf;wif&&ifawmh usaemfu bmvkyfvkyf ]]apwem}} xm;vkyfwwfw,f?
udk,ftusKd;r&SdayrJh olYtusKd;&Sdw,fqdkwm aocsm&if? bmjzpfaeae usaemf 0ifygwwfw,f? oli,fcsif;awGMum;
qk;H jzwfp&m udpw
ö pfc&k adS e&if bufrvdu
k w
f wfb;l ? wnfwnfMunfMunf aewwfw,f (ud,
k x
f ifwm ajymwmaemf)?
aemufqkH;eJY ta&;tygqkH;vdkY ajym&rvm; rodbl;? rdef;uav;awG bufu ]]apwemh0efxrf;}} a&SUaevkyfwwfw,f?
[dk[m 'D[m zGefaMumifwmrsKd; r[kwfbl;aemf? Oyrm- rdef;uav;awG rygwJh a,mufusm;av;awGcsnf; ajymaewJh
pum;0dkif;rsKd;rSm ]]rdef;rawG raumif;bl;}} qdkwmrsKd; usaemfvufrcHbl;? ]]a,mufusm;awGxJrSmvnf; [kwfrmolawG
trsm;BuD;}} vdkY acsyajymqdk&if;? ]]aumif;wJhrdef;r}} awGtaMumif; &Smajymwwfw,f? [kwfvnf; [kwfw,f rdkYvm;Asm/
tJ 'geJYyJ vdk&if;ra&mufEdkif&aumif;vm; qdkNyD; &Gmpm;BuD;wdkY usaemhf e&if;tkyfvdrfhOD;r,f? a&SUqufOD;rS/
wdkwdkajym&&if usaemftvnfoGm;wJh tywfpOf pae? we*FaEGwdkif;vdkvdk oDwmu qdkifrSm NrJaewwfw,f/
t&ifw;Hk u qdik o
f yd rf xdik w
f wfb;l ajymMuwmbJ? usaemhtrqD (aps;qdik cf si;f u rsuEf mS csi;f qdik q
f akd wmh) taMumif;r&Sd
taMumif;&Sm pum; vSrf; vSrf;ajym? qdkifudk rMumcPvm? rkefYawG 0,f0,fauR;? usaemhtaMumif; awG pyfpk?
vkyf vkyfvmw,f/ usaemfvnf; tpuawmh rodygbl;/ txufrSm ajymcJhovdk vlajymrsm;vGef;vdkY wpfcg ESpfcgbJ
aemufuae Munfhbl;wmyg/ enf;enf;pdwf0ifpm;ayrJh vlu owÅdodyfr&SdwmrdkY ]]*vk&if;eJY}} bmodbmom ae
aerdw,f/ jyóemtpu usaemhtr/
]]'Daumifr 'Davmufawmif jzpfaewm BuKdufvdkufprf;[,f}} wJh? trtajym ckxd rSwfrdae ao;w,f?
i,fvnf; i,fMuao;wmudk;? oDwm u yJrsm;vdkYqdkNyD; olwdkY rdef;rcsif; odyfrMunfMubl;? trSefuawmh
usaemhtrxuf oDwmu ydkay:jyLvmjzpfwm udk remvdkwmvnf; ygr,fxifygw,f/ tJ'DrSm atmifoG,fawmf
Zwfvrf; pawmhwmygbJ/ trvkyfolu usaemf rajymbJ ajym? usaemf 0,frvmbJ ay;eJY odyfMum Mum
rzefwD;vdkuf&ygbl;/ wpfvavmufrSm oDwmeJY usaemf &nf;pm; jzpfoGm;Muw,f/ t[D; - rif;uawmh
pdwfrygbl;vm;vdkY rar;eJYaemf/ odwådom r&Sdwm? [dk[muawmh &Sdw,fav? tcspfpdwfudk ajymygw,f/
usaemfqdkwJhaumifuvnf; &nf;pm;ESpfa,mufxm;cJhbl;ayrJh vufawmif &J&Judkif&Jwm r[kwf?
pm;csifwmvnf; jymvdkY? vufaES;wmvnf; csmvdkY qdkwm usaemfrS tppf? a&mufwJhtcg vSrf;NyKH;jy? olYtarvpf&if
pum;av;bmav;ajym? rkefYav;bmav; twlpm;? 'gavmufbJ &Sdw,f/ olubJ pdwfr&Snfwmvm;? usaemfh ]]pef;}}
ubJ xvGef;wmvm; rodbl;/ wpfaeYawmh --]]tudkBuD; roDwmu olvdkufcJh&rvm; wJh? ar;aew,f}}
]][if}}
usaemf bmjyefajym&rSef; rodbl;jzpfaew,f/ tjzpfu 'Dvdk/ usaemf&,f? usaemfhnD (wpf0rf;uGJ) &,f
qdik u
f ae trwdYk 0,fay;wJh [if;csupf &mawG o,fNyD; xrif;csuMf uzdYk tdrt
f jyefrmS ? usaemfn
h u
D kd oDwmu wd;k wd;k av;
ar;vdkufwmwJh/ usaemhnDu ig;wef;t&G,f uav;omomudk;? olwdkYcsif;uvnf; t&ifuwnf; ydk&if;ESD;MuwmrdkY
olYudk ar;vdkufykH&ygw,f/ olar;vdkufwm trwdkY rodvdkufbl;/ tlaMumifaMumif jzpfaewJhusaemhudk
usaemhnDuawmif pdwfr&Snfbl;xifyg&JU/
]]tudkBuD;uvJAsm? vdkufcJhvdkY ajymvdkufr,f}} wJh
wu,fajymwmyg? usaemf bmrSef; nmrSef; &nf&G,frxm;bJeJY? wHawG;awG *vkueJ NrKdcs&if; ]]at;uGm}}
vdkYajymvdkufw,f/ ]]oGm;ESifh olaemufuvdkufcJhr,f}} wJh usaemhfnDu pum;jyefvkyfw,f/
usaemf w d k Y td r f a &muf N yD ; cPaeawmh puf b D ; av;eJ Y ol a &muf v mw,f / vS v d k u f w mAsm?
uspfqNH rD;av;ESpzf ufcseJY? wpf&pfaewJh ud,
k v
f ;Hk av;udk uspfvpfaeatmif ywfxm;wJh (ta&mifawmh rodawmhb;l Asm)
xrDav;eJY? cg;ao;ao;av; ay:atmifcsKyf0wfxm;wJh vufjywftuFsDav;0wfvdkY? rSwfrdao;wmuawmh a&SUuGJ
ESdyfoD;wyfvufjywftusFD av;As? xbDuyg;yg; aysmhaysmhav;qdkawmh 0wfxm;wJh twGif;cHabmif;bDu
wifom;atmufajcwpf0dkufrSm wpfNyD;? wifom;av;awGudk rD;armif;xdk;jyaeovdk jzpfaew,f/ olYrsufvkH; (rsufvkH;
tifrwefvSwm txufrSmajymcJhNyD;NyD aemf) av;awGuvJ MunfNyD; t&nfav;awG awmufaeovdkbJ/
vufjywftusFD0wfxm;vdkY wpfwpf&pf&pf jzpfaewJh olvufarmif;om;av;awGuvJ (rSefwJhtwdkif;ajymwm)
queryde

2?

yef;OD;yefol ]]oDwm}}
ukef;ukdufcsifpdwfawmif aygufvmrdw,f/ cifAsm;wdkY rsufaphxJjrifomatmifajym&&if cif,karvdk ar0if;armifvdk
eE´mvIdifvdk rsufESmaygufrsKd;Asm? tJ tom;uawmh ñdkw,f? udk,fvkH;udk,faygufu r,fawGvdk tcsKd;usaewmrdkY
'DaeYacwfpm;aewJh rif;orD;awGeJY eIdif;ajymp&m r&Sdbl; jzpfaew,f/
queryde

tckjyefajymjy&if;awmif tmacgifxJu ajcmufvmw,f/ tJ'DwkH;u touf 18 ESpft&G,f taetxm;udk
pOf;pm;omMunfh? zGm;bufawmfawG atmifhvmatmifudk axmifrwfaewJh nDav;udk vlrjrifatmif vdrfuspfae&wm
ae&cufvdkufwmAsm/ pdwfqE´[m t"duusw,fvdkY ajymwwfMuwm tifrwefrSefw,fAsKdU? rdepfydkif;twGif; rSm
usaemfn
h u
D kd xrif;csufzYkd ? [if;csufp&mawG vkyu
f ikd x
f m;zdYk jyoay;? rD;zdx
k rJ mS xm;cJNh yD;? oleYJ usaemftrd rf BuD;xJu0kd if
wHcg;rBuD;udk csufxdk;vdkuf Edkifw,f/ atmifr,f rSwfrdao;w,f? ]]oDwmudk *sL'dkoifay;rvdkY? 0kef; 'dkif;
toHawGMum;&if rvefYeJYaemf}} vdkYnDav;udk ajymcJhao;wm/ usaemfu *sL'dk? u&maw; pDeD,mjzpfNyD;? oDwmu
*sL'dkoifwef; tckrSwufaewmudk odwJh usaemhnDu ]]roDwmudk ynmay; vdkufprf;yg tudkBuD;&m}} wJh/
wHcg;ydwfvdkufawmh oDwmu]]tJ bmvdkY ydwfwmvnf;? jyefzGifh}} wJh
vSnfhMunfhvdkufawmh rsufarSmifav;ukwfNyD; Za0Z0g ykHav;eJYajymwmyg/ jyif;jyif;xefxef ajymwm
r[kwfbl;/ b,f&rvJ/ *vkaecJh&wm MumNyDbJ/
]]cPav;yg oDwm&,f}} qdkNyD;ydwfvdkufwJh wHcg;em;rSmwif zuferf;rdw,f?
]]tm . .}}
tpawmh vufESpfzufeJY &ifbwfudkwGef;xm;NyD; awmifhawmifhBuD; vkyfaeao;w,f/ cPaeawmh
vufuav;ESpfbuf atmufusoGm;w,f/ ESpfudk,fhwpfpdwf jzpfatmif zufxm;csdefrdkY apmapmu vlrjrufatmif
vdrfuspfxm;&wJh nDav;udkvnf; cRef;zGifhvTwfvdkufawmhw,f/ olu t&yfedrfhawmh olYcsufavmufrSm nDav;u
oGm;axmufrad ew,f/ rmawmifaeayrJh El;nHt
h ad xG;aewJh nDav;&JU txdtawGU u? olYAu
kd o
f m;eJY usaemhq;D ckMH um;rSm
ylylaEG;aEG;BuD; jzpfaew,f/ vufESpfbufuvnf; vlysdKUvuf 0ufNrD; qdkwmvdk? olYaMumjyif? vufarmif;om;
tdtdaxG;axG;? wpfwpf&pf&pf wifom;awGudk r&yfrem; yGwfoyfaerdw,f/ bk&m;pl;&ygap&JU b,fausmif;rS
roif b l ; ygbl ; ? ol Y z gomol tvd k v d k u d k vk y f a erd a wmh w m/ Bud w f r S d w f N yD ; *vk c J h & wJ h wif o m;awG a y:
vufa&mufoGm;wdkif;? rmuD0g&mwdkifudk txdk;usifhvmwJh u&maw;vufawGeJY vufacsmif;awGqefYum;?
vufeJYtjynfhqkyf r r wif? qwfueJ qwfueJ cg;aumhNyD; olYAdkufom;jyifav;udk nDav;eJYyGwfxdk;aerdw,f/
olYwifom;awGuvnf; rmuspfaewmbJAsm? aMumufpdwfeJY zifusKUHNyD; uspfxm;wmvnf; ygrSmayghav? olYxrD?
twGif;cHabmif;bDeJY usaemhykqdk;om Mum;u cHrae&if tJ'DtcsdefrSm olYcsufuae0ifoGm;Edkifavmufw,f/
]]udk&,f . . . awmfygawmh? [if; [if tm .. t}}
olYEIwfcrf;av;tpkHudk armifydkifpD;vdkufw,f? atmufEIwfcrf;av;udk vSdrfhvSdrfhNyD;pkyf? tay:EIwfcrf;ajymif;?
ESpfcgavmuferf;vdkufrdawmh? oluvJ usaemhatmufEIwfcrf;udk jyefpkyferf;vmwmudk owdxm;rdw,f/
eIwfcrf;csif;cGmvdkufNyD; ]]J>ywf}}
olYezl;av;udkerf;? olYvufuav;udk qGJNyD;? cg;odrfodrfav;udkwif;aeatmifzuf&if;u wpfa&GUa&GUeJY
ta':wdkY ukwifem;udk rodrom a&TUa&TUoGm;awmh]]udk awmfawmhuGm? bmrSef;vJ rodbl;? wtm;qdk;wmbJ}} wJh
]]oDwm&,f? udkYudk cGifhvTwfyg? oDwmudk jrifwdkif; &ifxJrSm rcsifhr&JjzpfcJh&wmawG rsm;vSygNyD}}
]]bmvkyfOD;rSmvJ? [m awmfNyDuGm}}
r&awmhygbl;? ukwifem;udka&mufaeNyDav? ta':wdkYukwifu ESpfa,muftdyf uRef;ukwifBuD;? 'DukwifBuD;
MunfhMunfhNyD; olYudkaemufzufu jrif&ykHrSef;rSef;NyD; tdyfraysmfcJhwm MumNyDbJ/
]]cspfvdkYyg oDwm&,f}}
ukwifapmif;udk zdcsvdkufw,f?
3?

queryde

yef;OD;yefol ]]oDwm}}

]]tdk [m rvkyfeJYqdk? oDwmatmfvdkufrSmaemf}}
usaemfhAdkufom;jyifeJYxdaewJh olYqD;ckH aEG;aEG;tdtd av;udk cHpm;vdkY&aew,f?
]]udk 'ku©a&mufrSmudk jrifcsif&if atmfav? udkuawmh cspfvdkY raeEdkifvGef;vdkYyg oDwm}}
]][m udku t&rf;qdk;w,fuGm? 'DvdkrSef;od&if vdkufrvmygbl;? awmfNyD aemuf b,fawmhrS rvmawmhbl;}}
ol u t&yf e d r f h w mrd k Y uk w if a tmuf M urf ; jyif e J Y rxd w xd j zpf a ewJ h ol Y ajcaxmuf E S p f z uf M um;
usaemfhajcaxmufwpfzuf tvG,fwulxnfhvdkufEdkifw,f/
]]'DwpfcgxJyg oDwm&,f}}
usaemhaygif olYajcaxmufESpfzufMum;u qD;ckHazgif;azgif;tdtdudk yDyDjyifjyif tkyfpD;rdvdkufwmeJY
]]tmh}}
aygifwpfzufeJY tvdkufoifh yGwfwif? yGwfqGJcsNyD; olYqD;ckHav;udkyGwfay;&if;u? EIwfcrf;tdtdawGudk
ikHxm;vdkufw,f? vufESpfzufuvnf; vufarmif;om; axG;axG;uspfuspfav;awGudk yGwfoyfay;aeNyD;?
EIwfcrf;av;awGudkerf;&muae yg;rdkYrdkYav; udkjiifjiifomomav; erf;rdao;w,f/ em;&Gufuav;udk tomikHNyD;
udkufvdkufawmh
]]tm; ,m;w,f udk&m? awmfyg tmh}}
olYwpfudk,fvkH; MuufoD;arG;ñSif;xoGm;wmudk xdawGUodeJY odvdkuf&w,f? usaemhaMumjyifudkvnf;
uspfaeatmif olzufxm;w,f/
jyKwfukefygNyD? ol0wfvmwmu ESdyfMu,foD;wyf &ifaphtusFDav/ tay:uzdxm;? wGef;xdk; wGefYvdrfNyD;?
'DavmufyGwfoyfaerSawmh oHcsyfumtusFD0wfxm;&ifawmif yGef;NyD; yGifhukef avmufw,f/ bmcHEdkifrSmvJ/
twGif;cHabmfvDay:vmw,f/ olY&ifESpfrTmMum; acgif;xdk;xnfh&if; ESmacgif;eJYzdarTjypfvdkufw,f/
]]tm; . . tm . [if; . . . . tmh}}
olYwpfukd,fvkH; wGefYvdrfoGm;w,f? cg;aumhxdk;w,f? usaemhaoG;awG yGufyGufqlukefw,fvdkY xifw,f/
olYnDrav;ae&mrSef;NyD; usaemhnDav;eJYzdawh yGwfwGef; jypf vdkufw,f/ qD;ckHESpfckuyfNyD; quf quf añSmifhw,f/
]]tm;}}
usaemfatmf&wm? vufarmif;udkukwfqGJwm? olwrifvkyfwmawmh [kwfykHr&ygbl;/ armhMunfhvdkufawmh?
olvnf; pdwfeJYvleJY uyfykHr&bl;? rsufaphESpfvkH;udk twif;ydwfNyD; acgif;udk b,fbuf&rf;vdkuf? nmbuf&rf;vdkufeJY?
touf½IoHawGvnf; t&rf;jrefwmbJ? jiD;oHvdkvdk? bmvdkvdk toHawGuvnf; w&pyf Mum;ae&w,f/
twGif;cHabmfvDudk cRwfw,f? r&bl;/ usaemfrSwfrdwmawmh? a&SUuGJ? olYtartusDrsm;0wfvmwmvm;
rodbl;/ acsmifuvnf; acsmifaeao;w,f/ tJ'gawmif usaemf &atmif rcRwfEdkifygbl;Asm/
vufxdk;EIdufw,f? olYvufeJUjyefqGJxm;w,f? El;El;nHhnHh tdtdaxG;axG; &ifom;tpkH&JU txdtawGUudk yxrOD;qkH;
xdawGUbl;wm/ t&rf;udk El;nHhwmbJAsm/ EdkYoD;acgif;ao;ao;av;udkvnf; prf;rdw,f/
]]cRwfay;yg oDwm&,f}}
yg;av;udk MuifMuifememerf;&if; aemufqkH;awmif;yef&awmhw,f?
]]awmfyg udk&,f? oDwm t&rf;tae&cufw,f}}
]]erf;csifvdkYyg? cRwfay;ygaemf}}
]]udk,fzgomudk cRwfygvm;}}
]]cRwfvdkYrS r&wm}}
]]bmrSef;vnf; rodbl;? 'gbJaemf erf;½kHbJerf;&rSm}}
]]tif;yg}}
csdyfav;jyKwfoGm;w,fqdkwmeJY? zwfueJ eD;&mtvkH;udk qGJikHvdkufw,f? rmrmuspfuspf EdkYao;ao;av;udk
yg;pyfxJtjynfhxnfhNyD; tm;eJYqGJpdkYypfvdkufw,f/
]]tmh? trav; . . . tara&? tmh . . udkY}}

4?

yef;OD;yefol ]]oDwm}}
usaemfhausmjyifudk wif;aeatmifzuf&if;u cg;aumhNyD;vSefxdk;&Smw,f/ b,fbufvufu rodrom
atmufa&mufoGm;ygNyD/ olYnDrav;&Sd&m aygifNcHav;udk prf;vdkufrdawmh a,mifNyD; vufjyefajr§mufrdw,f/ pd . . .
pd eJY &TJ&TJpdkaewmudk oGm;prf;rdwmudk;/ qwfueJ olwGefYoGm;w,f/ olYvufeJY twif;jyefqGJz,fw,f/
]][ifhtif;uGm? [ifh . . . [ifh . . tif;}}
[ifh eJY tif; udk wGJrajymEdkifawmhygbl;/ ESpfa,mufom;vl;&if; vSdrfh&if;u ukwifay:udk trdt&
a&muf o G m ;ygNyD / ol Y a ygif M um;ud k zG z G a v;yG w f a y;aewJ h ud k , f v uf u d k jyef x d k ; rd a ewJ h ud k , f n D a v;ud k
renf;z,fae&w,f/ twGif;cHabmif;bDaum? olYxrDawGyg? aygifNcHrSm &TJ&TJpdkaeygNyD/ olYxrD txufqifhpudk
tomav;qGJjzKwfw,f/ olYvufESpfzufpvkH;eJY twif;udk uspfaeatmif qkwfxm;w,f/
]]r&bl;? rcRwfeJYuGm}}
xyfBuKd;pm;Munfhw,f? r&bl;/ rwwfEdkifbl;/ atmufubJ vSefEIdufzdkY pOfpm;rdw,f/ ajcovkH;av;awGudk
zGzGav;yGwfay;rdw,f? wpfajz;jz;eJY tay:wdk;wdk;yGwfay;&if; aygifzsm;av;awGqDa&mufvmw,f? olYaygifESpfacsmif;
ajcusif;0wfcsif;vdrfzdkY BuKd;pm;w,f/ uref;uwef; usaemh'l;udk olYaygif;ESpfacsmif;Mum; xJhvdkuf&w,f/
tay:uvnf; yg;pyfaum? ESmacgif;yg r&yfrem; tvky½f yI o
f xuf½yI af tmif vkyaf erdw,f/ armwmawmh r[kwb
f ;l /
'gayrJh armvdkufwmAsm/ tif; rdef;rvkyfwm rvG,fygvm;vdkY BuKd;pm;ae&if;u awG;rdao;w,f/
cPaeawmh olYaygifNcHu nDrav;ae&mudk vufa&mufoGm;w,f/ ylaEG;pdk&TJaevdkY enf;enf;awmif
wGeYf ovdjk zpfomG ;rdw,f/ 'gayrJh usaemhvufta&mufrmS jzpfomG ;wJh oDwmrsufEmS av;ay:u yg;pyfuav;[oGm;wJh
trlt&meJY xGufay:vmwJh w [if; [if; toHav;awGu usaemhvufudk a&SUqufoGm; a&SUqufoGm; vdkY
cdik ;f aeMuw,f/ olYnrD av; EIwcf rf;om; azmif;azmif; tdtad v;awGukd twGi;f cHabmif;bDay:uae prf;vdYk &aew,f/
vuf ñ S d K ; vuf c v,f vuf a csmif ; av;awG e J Y xuf a tmuf pk e f q ef yG w f o yf a y;aerd w ,f / yxrawmh
oDwmvufawGu twif;qGJz,faeao;ayrJh ESpfcg okH;cgavmuf yGwfoyfay;tNyD;rSm usaemhvufaumuf0wfudk
wif ; wif ; qk y f x m;½k H u vG J vd k Y qG J z ,f w mrsKd ; rvk y f a wmh b l ; / aygif v k H ; BuD ; awG u vnf ; puf b D ; pD ; ovd k
wpfvkH;wufwpfvkH;qif;eJY olYcrsm wGefYvdrfaumufauG;aeygw,f/
a&SUwef;udk twlygvmwJh nDav;u twif;acgif;xdk;0ifw,f? olYaygifNcHudk acsmfxdk;rdw,f? yGwfay;aewJh
vufudktomz,f? nDav;&JUacgif;eJY olYnDrav; rdkYrdkYazgif;udk tomawh? vufu cg;ao;usifusifudk yGwfoyf&if;
wifom;wpfwpfav;awGudk r ayGUayGUNyD;? qkyfe,fvdkufw,f/ nDav;uvnf; t&nfMunfawG &TJpdkaeNyDrdkY?
twGif;cHabmif;bDwpfckbJ jcm;awmhwJh nDrav;udk rxdom xdom xufatmuf tajrmif;vdkufyGwfoyfNyD;
omomav; zdaqmifhaerdw,f/
]]udk cRwfvdkufawmhr,f aemf}}
twGif;cH abmif;bDcGav;udk vufxdk;&if;u cGifhawmif;ajym ajym&if; rodromav; wGef;cs cRwfvdkufw,f/
oDwm cjrm pum;rajymEdkifawmhygbl;/ rsufaphESpfvkH;pkHrSdwfNyD; w [if; [if;eJY vl;vdrfhaewm tckawmif rsufaphxJ
jrifaerdw,f/
wG e f ; csvd k u f w J h twG i f ; cH a bmif ; bD ? axmif w uf v mwJ h aygif w pf z uf v G w f o G m ;wmeJ Y usaemf
quf r cRwf a wmh b l ; ? b,f b uf v uf u ol Y cg;av;ud k z uf usef v uf w pf z uf u ol Y b,f b uf y k c k H ; ud k
atmufuvQKdzufxm;NyD;? usaemhcg;udk zdNyD; nDrav;qD wdk;0ifzdkY rodromav; BuKd;pm;ygawmhw,f/
]]jyvGwf}}
]]tm; . . . bmvkyfwmvJ? tmh . . rvkyf . . tm}}
usaemhnDav;wm0efausygw,f/ usaemfuom tlcsmaygufaewm/ odwJhtwdkif; yxrOD;qkH;tBudrf
tqifajyajy jzpfEdkifcJygbdeJY? acsmfxGufoGm;ayrJh nDav;u nDrav;&JU tarmufuav;udk rxdom xdom
erf;oGm;ykH&w,f/ oDwmav;cjrm rsufjzLvefoGm;w,f/ &ifbwfvnf;aumhwufvmw,f/ jynfhwif;vSwJh
olYwifom;awGu usaemhzdxm;wJh tav;csdefaMumifh oludk,fcE¨mab;bufrSm ykHYykHYtdtdav; &SdaeNyD;? olYzifu tvdkvdk
aemufqGJoGm;w,f/ r&bl;/ usaemf twif;vdkufzdxm;w,f? quf zdxdk;w,f/
]]jyvGwf . . . jypfpf}}
]]tm; . . . tmh . . udkY . . tm . . tif; . .[if; . . udk&,f . .}}

queryde

5?

yef;OD;yefol ]]oDwm}}
ckxdudk r0ifao;ygbl;Asm/ vufeJYudkifxnfh&rSmvnf; ½kef;aew,fvdkY xif&wJholYudk vGwfxGufoGm;rSm
pdk;w,fav/ olYvufeJY qGJz,fypfrSmvnf; pdk;w,f/ 'Dtwdkif; ESpfcg okH;cgavmuf zdxdk;Munfhw,f? r0ifygbl;Asm/
]]oDwm&,f? udkifxnfhay;ygvm; [if}}
]]tdk; bmvdkYxnfhay;&rSmvJ? rxnfhbl;? awmfawmh . . . tmh}}
jzpfykHrsm; ajymygw,f? usaemf awmfawmfnHhwmudk tckae jyefpOf;pm;rdwdkif; pdwfwdkaerdw,f/ b,fES,fAsm
17 ESpf&G,f tysKdav;? 18 ESpf&G,f vlysKdav; yxrOD;qkH;jzpfMuwJhOpöm b,fvdkvkyf olu udkifxnfhay;ygrwJhwkef;/
aemufq;Hk rwwfomawmh ud,
k t
hf m;udu
k ;kd NyD; b,fbufvufukd nDav;twGuf ppfujl yefyYkd&w,f/ aoG;awGeYJ
jynfhwif;NyD; wqwfqwfckefaewJh aoG;aMumawG &pfywfxm;wJh nDav;udk tomudkifNyD;? olYnDrav;&JU EIwfcrf;om;
rmxyfxyf rdkYrdkYazmif;azmif;ESpfckMum; xufatmufpkefqef tomav; yGwfqGJMunfhw,f/
]]tm; . . . tmh . . rvkyfeJY . . tm;}}
wpfcsDrSm olYnDrav;tarmufudk nDav;OD;xkyfeJY wdk;rdwdkufrdoGm;w,f . . . usaemfvufarmif;om;awG
pl;ueJ jzpfoGm;jyefw,f? NyD;awmh ausmjyifudk wif;aeatmifzufvmw,f? olYvufuav;awG wqwfqwf
wkefaew,f? eIwfcrf;av;awGuvnf; w&G&Gjzpfaew,f? rjrif&ufvdkY olYEIwfcrf;av;awGudk tomikHNyD;?
nDav;udktomudkifNyD; aemufwpfcsufyGwftqGJ? cg;av;udk tomñTwf tzd? wdkufwdkufqdkifqdkif olYcg;uav;u
aumhwuftvm/
]]tm; . . . udkY . . . tmh . . . tD;}}
rD;yGifhxGufoGm;ygawmhw,f/ wu,fudk rD;yGifhoGm;wmyg/ &ifxJrSmvnf; [mueJ at;ueJ? acsmufxJudk
vdrfhusovdkudk jzpfoGm;wmyg? wqwfqwfwkefaewJh olYvufuav;awGu usaemh ausmjyifudk wif;aeatmif
zufxm;&if;?
]]emw,f . . . emw,f . . . awmfygh . . . tm; . .t}}
'gayrJh olYwifom;av;awGu wNidrfhNidrfheJU wqwfqwfeJY avxJrSmyg/ olYajcaxmufESpfzufpvkH;[m
uDxdkifwm MumaewJh u&maw;orm; aygifawGvdk qwfqwfeJY wkefaew,f/
usaemfvnf; tHBudwfNyD; qwfqwf qwfqwfeJY cg;udkñTwf ñTwfNyD; zdxdk;txnfhrSm ylaEG;pGwfpdkaeayrJh
El ; nH h w if ; Muyf a ewJ h txd t awG U ? vuf e J Y t wif ; qk y f x m;ovd k jzpf a ewJ h ol Y & J U nD r av;tpG r f ; aMumif h
wpf u d k , f v k H ; "gwf v d k u f c H & ovd k jzpf N yD ; ? &S d o rQtm;tif a wG qG J p k y f c H v d k u f & ovd k qef Y iif q ef Y iif e J Y
olYtay:arSmufvQufom; usoGm;yg awmhw,f/
*vk xm;cJh&ovdk tm;&yg;&awmif raqmifhcJh&ygbl;Asm/ oleJY cspfcJhMuwJhwpfESpfavmuftwGif;rSm
av;Budrfwdwd aecJh&w,f/ 'kwd,tBudrfupvdkY aemufqkH;tBudrftxduawmh ydkNyD; tay;t,lrQcJhMuygw,f/
tm;ay;Mu&ifawmh qufa&;oGm;ygOD;r,f/

queryde

'DaeYtxd rarhEdkifygbl; oDwm? oDwmvnf; udk,fhvdkbJ qdkwm cHpm;odeJY odaeygw,f/
NyD;ygNyD/

6?

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