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Global Warming
By Holli Riebeek Design by Robert Simmon June 3, 2010

Throughout its long history, Earth has warmed and cooled time and again. Climate has changed when the planet received more or less sunlight due to subtle shifts in its orbit, as the atmosphere or surface changed, or when the Sun’s energy varied. But in the past century, another force has started to influence Earth’s climate: humanity
Previous versions of this article were published in 2007 and 2002. Archived versions are available as PDF files.

(NASA astronaut photograph ISS022-E-6678.) What is Global Warming?

Global warming is the unusually rapid increase in Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released by people burning fossil fuels.
How Does Today’s Warming Compare to Past Climate Change?

Earth has experienced climate change in the past without help from humanity. But the current climatic warming is occurring much more rapidly than past warming events.
Why Do Scientists Think Current Warming Isn’t Natural?

In Earth’s history before the Industrial Revolution, Earth’s climate changed due to natural causes unrelated to human activity. These natural causes are still in play today, but their influence is too small or they occur too slowly to explain the rapid warming seen in recent decades.
How Much More Will Earth Warm?

Models predict that as the world consumes ever more fossil fuel, greenhouse gas concentrations will continue to rise, and Earth’s average surface temperature will rise with them. Based on plausible emission scenarios, average surface temperatures could rise between 2°C and 6°C by the end of the 21st century. Some of this warming will occur even if future greenhouse gas emissions are reduced, because the Earth system has not yet fully adjusted to environmental changes we have already made.
How Will Earth Respond to Warming Temperatures?

The impact of global warming is far greater than just increasing temperatures. Warming modifies rainfall patterns, amplifies coastal erosion, lengthens the growing season in some regions, melts ice caps and glaciers, and alters the ranges of some infectious diseases. Some of these changes are already occurring.
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Introduction Global Warming

How is Today’s Warming Different from the Past? Is Current Warming Natural?

How Much More Will Earth Warm?

How Will Global Warming Change Earth?

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GLOBAL WARMING AWARENESS
Global Warming Skeptics - Skeptics of global warming think that global warming is not an ecological trouble. Global Warming Facts - 8 Facts about Global Warming Causes of Global Warming - The Green house gases are the main culprits of the global warming. The green house gases like carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide are playing hazards in the present times. Green House Gasses are the ingredients of the atmosphere that add to the greenhouse effect. Al Gore Global Warming Initiative - Gore has written a book that archives his advice that Earth is dashing toward an immensely warmer future.

The average facade temperature of the globe has augmented more than 1 degree Fahrenheit since 1900 and the speed of warming has been almost three folds the century long average since 1970. This increase in earth’s average temperature is called Global warming. More or less all specialists studying the climate record of the earth have the same opinion now that

Based on the study on past climate shifts. are perhaps the leading power driving the fashion. methane. notes of current situations. global warming may be the only most danger to our planet earth. and computer simulations. and burning forests. . These power plants emit large amounts of carbon dioxide produced from burning of fossil fuels for the purpose of electricity generation. many climate scientists say that lacking of big curbs in greenhouse gas discharges. the 21st century might see temperatures rise of about 3 to 8 degrees. About twenty percent of carbon dioxide emitted in the atmosphere comes from burning of gasoline in the engines of the vehicles.human actions. or a fatal plague. With the probable exemption of one more world war. Global Warming Causes As said. vehicles. The major source of carbon dioxide is the power plants. climate patterns piercingly shift. ice sheets contract and seas rise several feet. nitrous oxide etc into the atmosphere. the major cause of global warming is the emission of green house gases like carbon dioxide. but stopping some of the ensuing heat from radiating back to space. This is true for most of the developed countries. a huge asteroid. mainly the discharge of green house gases from smokestacks. The gases append to the planet's normal greenhouse effect. Buildings. both commercial and residential represent a larger source of global warming pollution than cars and trucks. permitting sunlight in.

As an effect of global warming species like golden toad. These modifications may boost the occurrence and concentration of severe climate events. lesser summer stream flows. bacteria in bogs and fossil fuel manufacture. such as floods. including an increasing sea level and modifying the quantity and pattern of rainfall. When fields are flooded. These diseases are occurring frequently due to the increase in earths average temperature since the bacteria can survive better in elevated temperatures and even multiplies faster when the conditions are favorable. Global Warming is Inspiring Scientists to Fight for Awareness Scientists all over the world are making predictions about the ill effects of Global warming and connecting some of the events that have taken place in the pat few decades as an alarm of global warming. famines. The main sources of nitrous oxide include nylon and nitric acid production. cars with catalytic converters. Another cause of global warming is deforestation that is caused by cutting and burning of forests for the purpose of residence and industrialization. releasing methane to the atmosphere. tornados. A rise in earth’s temperatures can in turn root to other alterations in the ecology. Methane is obtained from resources such as rice paddies. genus extinctions and rise in the ranges of disease vectors. and twisters. bovine flatulence. The effect of global warming is increasing the average temperature of the earth. Various diseases due to . Other consequences may comprise of higher or lower agricultural outputs. heat waves. the use of fertilizers in agriculture and the burning of organic matter. There are number of species that have a threat of disappearing soon as an effect of global warming. Methane is more than 20 times as effectual as CO2 at entrapping heat in the atmosphere. As an effect of global warming various new diseases have emerged lately. The global warming is extending the distribution of mosquitoes due to the increase in humidity levels and their frequent growth in warmer atmosphere. glacier melting. harlequin frog of Costa Rica has already become extinct.Building of these structures require a lot of fuel to be burnt which emits a large amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. anaerobic situation build up and the organic matter in the soil decays.

The effect of global warming will definitely be seen on some species in the water. but studies prove the fact that human activities are increasing the earth’s temperature.ebola. . Perhaps the most disturbing changes are expected in the coral reefs that are expected to die off as an effect of global warming. Each day passing brings yet new proof that we are now in front of a global emergency. The marine life is also very sensitive to the increase in temperatures. Likewise. a climate emergency that needs instant action to piercingly decrease carbon dioxide emissions worldwide in order to turn down the earth's rising temperatures and avoid any catastrophe. A survey was made in which the marine life reacted significantly to the changes in water temperatures. This ice would be enough to raise sea level 20 feet worldwide if it broke up and slipped into the sea. earlier one more team of scientists reported that the in a single year Greenland witnessed 32 glacial earthquakes between 4. global warming and sea level would be likely to go on to rise for more than a millennium. A group of scientists have recently reported on the surprisingly speedy rise in the discharge of carbon and methane release from frozen tundra in Siberia.6 and 5.1 on the Richter scale. whereas various other species. even if no further greenhouse gases were discharged after this date. The scientists tell us that the tundra is in danger of melting holds an amount of extra global warming pollution that is equivalent to the net amount that is previously in the earth's atmosphere. will increase tremendously. It is not easy to attach any particular events to global warming. hanta and machupo virus are expected due to warmer climates. It is expected that many species will die off or become extinct due to the increase in the temperatures of the water. which prefer warmer waters. Even though most predictions focus on the epoch up to 2100. The global warming is expected to cause irreversible changes in the ecosystem and the behavior of animals. since carbon dioxide has a long average atmospheric life span. This is a disturbing sign and points that a huge destabilization that may now be in progress deep within the second biggest accretion of ice on the planet. now starting to melt because of human cause increases in earth’s temperature.

Also the warming can be due to the variation in cloud cover. and internal variability. the recent enhancement in the earth's average temperature is no reason for alarm. if calculations are made the last few decades must have been much worse as compared to actually happened to be." and written a book that archives his advice that Earth is dashing toward an immensely warmer future. the former vice president of United States has given various speeches to raise an awareness of global warming. He has warned people about the ill effects of Global warming and its remedies.S. Most of the global warming skeptics believe that the global warming is not actually occurring. They stress on the fact the climatic conditions vary because of volcanism. the obliquity cycle. According to the models. the global . Skeptics of global warming think that global warming is not an ecological trouble. One such effort is the Kyoto agreement that has been made between various nations to reduce the emissions of various green house gases. According to the global warming skeptics. which in turn is responsible for the temperatures on the earth. The variations are also a result of cosmic ray flux that is modulated by the solar magnetic cycles. Al Gore was one of the foremost U. politicians to heave an alarm about the hazards of global warming. According to them earth's coastlines and polar ice caps are not at a risk of vanishing. changes in solar output. He has produced a significantly acclaimed documentary movie called "An Inconvenient Truth. But an interesting side of the global warming episode is that there are people who do not consider global warming as something that is creating a problem. Al Gore. Also many non profit organizations are working for the cause. Global Warming Skeptics The global warming skeptics are of the view that the global warming is a good phenomenon and should not be stopped.You Can Help Fight Global Warming Many efforts are being made by various nations to cut down the rate of global warming. According to the skeptics. There are various benefits of global warming according to them. Global warming skeptics consider that the weather models used to establish global warming and to forecast its impacts are distorted.

As a result. so they die. water vapor. Many cannot take the change. as compared to today's 15. the present chilly climate on the earth is an abnormality when judged over the geographical scale. Over geologic time. but it can’t get back out. This is what the greenhouse effect does to the earth. But this can be readily adapted. This is because the heat and light from the sun can get into the car. the car gets hotter when it is out in the parking lot.5 degrees C. which increases the temperature. Also the higher levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere trigger plant growth. Another argument of global warming skeptics is that earth has been warmer than today as seen in its history. and plants. This is like when heat is trapped in a car.warming will increase humidity in tropical deserts. but it can’t get out. by going through the windows. the earth’s mean temperature is 22 degrees C. the temperature rises. On a very hot day. As predicted. Animals and plants appeared to do just fine in those eras of warm climate on the earth. This hurts many people. What is the greenhouse effect? The greenhouse effect is when the temperature rises because the sun’s heat and light is trapped in the earth’s atmosphere. nitrous oxide. Projects by Students for Students • • • • Library | FAQ | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use About this Site X What is global warming? Global warming is when the earth heats up (the temperature rises). due to the global warming the sea levels will rise. . and methane) trap heat and light from the sun in the earth’s atmosphere. The heat and light can get through the atmosphere. The thought is that global warming is nothing to get afraid of because it just takes us back to a more natural set of environment of the past. animals. According to few skeptics. It happens when greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide.

Once the light is inside the car. Without it. a The squiggle lines building. especially during the summer. During the day. The greenhouse effect makes the earth appropriate for people to live on. This infrared light. plants.The sun’s heat can get into the car through the windows but is then trapped. or coming from the sun the earth’s are visible light and atmosphere. it would be burning because the sun would be up with no atmosphere to filter it. the earth would be freezing. This makes what ever the place might be. the lines and arrows inside the car are hotter. Sometimes the temperature can change in a way that helps us. . diagram shows the heat coming into a car as visible light (light you can see) and infrared light (heat). just like it does in the earth’s atmosphere. so people. a greenhouse. We would not get the sun’s heat and light to make the night somewhat warm. a car. and animals would be exposed to all the light and heat. it is trapped and the heat builds up. It would be freezing at night because the sun would be down. or on the other hand it would be burning hot.

the water covers many low land islands. and animals would all die of hunger. animals. When they die. Global warming makes the sea rise. wheat. or a chain reaction. This is a big problem for many of the plants. They would die because there would be less food (plants like corn. Gradually. and when the sea rises. they may die also. When the plants and animals die. they would also have to leave the area or die. With too many greenhouse gasses in the air. and people on islands. if there gets to be too many gases. one thing happening that leads to another and so on. the earth can get unusually warmer. and people will die. people lose two sources of food. people. With less food. plant food and animal food. This would happen because the plants would not be able to take the heat. What are greenhouse gasses? Greenhouse gasses are gasses are in the earth’s atmosphere that collect heat and light from the sun. . and plants would die because the heat would be too strong. This would cause us to have less food to eat. This would be called a break in the food chain. They may also lose their homes. As a result. animals. What is global warming doing to the environment? Global warming is affecting many parts of the world. animals. The water covers the plants and causes some of them to die. Although animals have a better ability to adapt to what happens than plants do. and other vegetables and fruits).Although the greenhouse effect makes the earth able to have people living on it. for the animals that we need to survive (like cows) we would even have less food. the animals lose a source of food. the earth’s atmosphere will trap too much heat and the earth will get too hot. plants. but it would also limit the food that animals have. As a result people. and many plants. like grass. along with their habitat.

The oceans are affected by global warming in other ways. Electricity causes pollution in many ways. some worse than others. Algae is a producer that you can see floating on the top of the water. Many pollutants (chemicals that pollute the air. but it is also destroying many huge forests. Global warming is also causing many more fires that wipe out whole forests. There are many others like crabs. It is killing algae.) One kind of a consumer is small fish. (A consumer is something that eats the producers. In forests. as well. One thing that is happening is warm water. fossil fuels are burned to create electricity. Acid rain gradually destroys almost everything it touches. This happens because global warming can make the earth very hot. The pollution that causes global warming is linked to acid rain. and land) are . (A producer is something that makes food for other animals through photosynthesis. Many things that are happening to the ocean are linked to global warming. and many other animals. Global warming is doing many things to people as well as animals and plants. caused from global warming. Fossil fuels are made of dead plants and animals. some plants and trees leaves can be so dry that they catch on fire. is harming and killing algae in the ocean. What causes global warming? Many things cause global warming. One thing that causes global warming is electrical pollution. Some examples of fossil fuels are oil and petroleum. In most cases. like grass. Fewer algae is a problem because there is less food for us and many animals in the sea. water.) This floating green algae is food to many consumers in the ocean. some whales.

Some of these chemicals are called greenhouse gasses. We use these sources of energy much more than the sources that give off less pollution. Petroleum. Some other examples of using energy and polluting the air are: Turning on a light Watching T.sent into the air when fossil fuels are burned. is used a lot. making electricity. it is used for 38% of the United States’ energy. It is used for transportation. Greenhouse gasses are sent into the air because creating the electricity you use to do these things .V. Although this source of energy gives off a lot of pollution. one of the sources of energy. and making many other things. Listening to a stereo Washing or drying clothes Using a hair dryer Riding in a car Heating a meal in the microwave Using an air conditioner Playing a video game Using a dish washer When you do these things. you are causing more greenhouse gasses to be sent into the air.

collects light and heat (radiant energy). The least amount of electricity you use. which is a greenhouse gas. Plants collect the CO2 that we breathe out. we breathe oxygen. T h e d i r t y This gas. and we don’t breathe CO2. This means that it is very important to protect our trees to stop the greenhouse effect.causes pollution.) e l l This layer is called the core. there is less air for us. about w 27. Trees and other plants collect carbon dioxide (CO2). and also so we can breathe and live. such as algae. and more greenhouse gases are sent into the air. Just like a core of an apple. it is harder for people to breathe because there is more CO2 in the air. Landfills are those big hills that you go by on an expressway that stink. The garbage is then sometimes burned. Carbon dioxide is the air that our body lets out when we breathe. The heat and light from the sun is produced in the center of the sun.000. You even have to add in how many other people do these things! That turns out to be a lot of pollutants going into the air a day because of people like us using electricity. When we throw our garbage away. the garbage goes to landfills. They are full of garbage.000°F. With less trees and other plants. produced by the sun. CO2. If you think of how many times a day you do these things. With fewer trees. and they give back oxygen that we breathe in. This sends an enormous amount of greenhouse gasses into the air and makes global warming worse. (The sun has y layers just like the earth. Another thing that makes global warming worse is when people cut down trees. Here there is a very high temperature. and this makes the earth warmer. it’s a lot. This heat escapes out of this layer to the next . the better. it is in o the middle.

The government made a law called The Clean Air Act so there is less air pollution.000°F. This is called radiant energy (heat and light).500.000°F. This helps our planet out a lot. about 4. As a result. Watch what you buy. Many things. As a result of this process we get light and heat. What are people doing to stop global warming? People are doing many things to try to stop global warming. Planting trees and recycling also helps. One thing people are doing is carpooling. they are spending more time outdoors. Global warming is making people get very bad . If you recycle. Finally. the temperature is about 10. the radiative zone. Less greenhouse gasses will rise into the air. and less trash gets burned.000°F. the heat and light is sent into space. and global warming will slow down. The radiant energy reaches the earth’s atmosphere. Carpooling is driving with someone to a place that you are both going to. less trash goes to the dump. This layer is cooler. such as hairspray and deodorant. What is the government doing to stop global warming? The government is doing many things to help stop global warming. more people are even riding busses. Another thing that people are doing is being more careful about leaving things turned on like the television. computer. and riding their bikes to lower the amount of greenhouse gases in the air. When it gets to the surface. walking to school. This minimizes the amount of greenhouse gases put into the air by a car. Now.000. so more heat and light cannot escape from the earth’s atmosphere. A lot of people are taking time away from the television. and instead. there are fewer greenhouse gasses in our atmosphere. Gradually.layer. the heat and light will pass through the convection zone at a temperature of around 2. you send chemicals into the air that destroy our atmosphere. When you pollute. and the lights. now are made to have less of an impact on the atmosphere.

If you have ever been to California you can see a lot of smog in some places. Smog is a kind of pollution that you see in the form of a cloud. like gasoline. Almost all of the other chemicals that could be harmful will have this label on them hopefully by this time (2015) as well. By 2015 all products listed on the Clean Air Act will have this label on them: WARNING:contains or manufactured with (the chemical would go here. Sometimes the smog gets so bad that you cannot see at all! Smog forms when car exhaust. The Clean Air Act is making many companies change their products to decrease these problems. The Clean Air Act has also made car companies change some of the things inside of the cars. pollute the air when the fuel is burned. and sometimes even die. ozone-destroying chemicals (chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s). Cars pollute a lot. It comes out as a chemical and when mixed in the air. Hairspray and some other products. trucks. had this problem. and motorcycles. a substance whichharms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upperatmosphere. Part of the law says that you may not put a certain amount of pollutants in the air.illnesses that could make them disabled. For example chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s). forms smog. Some things that are inside of cars. like foam cups. While cars make more than half of the world’s smog (visible pollution in the air). many things that cars need to move and heat up make even more pollution. buses. Now. Making and using these products let out too much volatile organic compounds (VOC’s). almost all of these products have a label on them telling people what this product can do to the environment and many people. very sick. and pollution . and related chemicals (such as CO2) into the air. pollution from homes.

lung injures. NOx (nitrogen dioxide). The sun’s heat and light add to the reaction.from factories mixes in the air and has a chemical reaction. trouble breathing. CO (carbon monoxide). What are some of the other dangerous chemicals? Some other chemicals that cause air pollution and are bad for the environment and people are: Ozone. This chemical can cause cancer. It causes blood vessel problems and respiratory failures. This chemical can eat away buildings and statues. The . It causes acid rain. This chemical causes problems in the respiratory system (including the lungs). It can damage plants and limit sight. coal. It can cause death and lung damage. and trucks are also responsible for over 50% of dangerous chemicals let into the air. and it can damage trees. like gas.The source of this chemical is burning sources of energy. Some of the pollutants are so harmful that they can even cause death. brain and nerve damage. It can make it hard for people to breathe. buses.VOC’s are let into the air when fuel is burned.This chemical forms smog. It can also harm plants. birth defects. It causes many different kinds of health issues dealing with the lungs. Cars.Ozone is produced when other pollution chemicals combine. PM-10 (particulate matter). Some of these chemicals can cause cancer.The source of this chemical is plowing and burning down fields. It is the basic element of smog. It can also cause a lot of property damage. and burning eyes. and by cars. and oil. It is also formed by burning sources of energy. smog formers). VOC’s (volatile organic compounds.

your environment. Mahwah: World Almanac Books. EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency).This chemical is produced by making paper and metals. It can cause acid rain which kills trees and damages building and statues.” World Almanac 2000. This chemical can cause permanent lung damage. leaded gasoline. turn off your lights or go play outside. ash. Global Warming Kids Site. but we can do easier things like not watching as much TV. http://globalwarming. . and the world.This chemical is in paint. When you enter this website. too!! Although adults do many things to help stop global warming. Last visited: December 2001. you will have to click on Global Warming Word Search to enter the page. soot. Lead. It can cause many brain and nerve damages and digestive problems.smoke. 2000.org/games/ Kid can help stop global warming. Listening to them and actually trying to help can help you.epa.gov/globalwarming/kids. and in lead storage batteries. http://www. Sulfur Dioxide. kids can do just as much. Kids can’t do hard things like making a law. smelters. Click on the website below to test yourself on global warming.enviroweb. Test yourself on global warming by figuring out a word search at the website below. You can listen to your parents when they say. Bibliography: “Environment Global Warming and Greenhouse Effect. and dust formed by this chemical can make many cities dirty.

1978. EPA. Power Scorecard. Is Bleaching Coral’s Way of Making the Best of a Bad Situation? http://news. The Plain English Guide To The Clean Air Act. Jaramillo. who works at the Smithsonian's Tropical Research centre.way beyond the planet-busting thresholds set by the UN .html. Not so much. 12th November 2010 11:48 GMT Free whitepaper – Trying to keep smartphones off your network? OK. Electricity and the Environment. Disaster. Global warming is actually good for rainforests.gov/oar/oaqps/peg_caa/pegcaain. Last visited: January 2002.html.lungs of the planet . 1000ppm CO did jungles a world of good last time 2 By Lewis Page • Get more from this author Posted in Environment.org/elec_env. Last visited: January 2002.will die.National Geographic. “Sun. according to top boffin Carlos Jaramillo of the US Smithsonian Institution. so let's take it that global warming is coming: that temperatures are set to rise by easily 3°C by the end of the century. say boffins • • • • • Alert Print Post comment Retweet Facebook +3°C. http://www.nationalgeographic.and yet the rainforests flourished.com/news/2001/07/ 0725_coralbleaching.” World Book Encyclopedia.epa. CO2 levels will thus rise even faster. . says that 60 million years ago temperatures were up to 5°C higher than now and atmospheric CO2 was running close to 1000 parts per million . Last visited: December 2001. a runaway process will set in and planet Earth will be transformed into a baking lifeless hell.cfm. http://powerscorecard. right? The tropical rainforests .

say boffins • • • • • Alert Print Post comment Retweet Facebook . significantly-hotter "thermal maximum" period studied by the scientists. with a set of new taxa. in contrast to speculations that tropical ecosystems were severely compromised by heat stress. can be read by Science subscribers here. mostly angiosperms. The boffins write: We observed a rapid and distinct increase in plant diversity and origination rates. They found that rather than making species extinct the warmth drove diversity and brought many new species into the world . Jaramillo and his colleagues' paper. There is no evidence for enhanced aridity in the northern Neotropics."It is remarkable that there is so much concern about the effects of greenhouse conditions on tropical forests." says Jaramillo's Smithsonian colleague Klaus Winter. added to the existing stock of low-diversity Paleocene flora. "Rainforests were doing very well" during the high-carbon. Scientists led by Jaramillo examined the fossil record of the Paleocene-Eocene jungles of Colombia and Venezuela. ® Global warming is actually good for rainforests. the consequences may not be disastrous after all. So it would seem that even if temperatures do climb as many forecasters predict.including both passionflowers and chocolate. Their research is published today in leading boffinry mag Science. Effects of Rapid Global Warming at the Paleocene-Eocene Boundary on Neotropical Vegetation. The tropical rainforest was able to persist under elevated temperatures and high levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide.

so let's take it that global warming is coming: that temperatures are set to rise by easily 3°C by the end of the century. The tropical rainforest was able to persist under elevated temperatures and high levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. in contrast to speculations that tropical ecosystems were severely compromised by heat stress. CO2 levels will thus rise even faster.lungs of the planet . added to the existing stock of low-diversity Paleocene flora. Their research is published today in leading boffinry mag Science. They found that rather than making species extinct the warmth drove diversity and brought many new species into the world . . The boffins write: We observed a rapid and distinct increase in plant diversity and origination rates.and yet the rainforests flourished. says that 60 million years ago temperatures were up to 5°C higher than now and atmospheric CO2 was running close to 1000 parts per million ." says Jaramillo's Smithsonian colleague Klaus Winter. mostly angiosperms. significantly-hotter "thermal maximum" period studied by the scientists. "It is remarkable that there is so much concern about the effects of greenhouse conditions on tropical forests. 12th November 2010 11:48 GMT Free whitepaper – Trying to keep smartphones off your network? OK.will die.way beyond the planet-busting thresholds set by the UN . who works at the Smithsonian's Tropical Research centre. Jaramillo. 1000ppm CO did jungles a world of good last time 2 By Lewis Page • Get more from this author Posted in Environment. according to top boffin Carlos Jaramillo of the US Smithsonian Institution. with a set of new taxa.including both passionflowers and chocolate. Disaster. Scientists led by Jaramillo examined the fossil record of the Paleocene-Eocene jungles of Colombia and Venezuela.+3°C. a runaway process will set in and planet Earth will be transformed into a baking lifeless hell. Not so much. "Rainforests were doing very well" during the high-carbon. right? The tropical rainforests . There is no evidence for enhanced aridity in the northern Neotropics.

® World View of Global Warming THE PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE World View of Global Warming needs your financial support to expand its coverage of climate change. Jaramillo and his colleagues' paper. the consequences may not be disastrous after all. If you find this Web site informative and valuable. Effects of Rapid Global Warming at the Paleocene-Eocene Boundary on Neotropical Vegetation.So it would seem that even if temperatures do climb as many forecasters predict.   Home Climate News & Photos New Gulf Oil Spill Intro Copenhagen Report    Antarctica  Arctic Alaska Glaciers     Coastlines New Temperate Zone   England Weather  Oceans and Tropics   About Global Warming Paleoclimate   Advisors References  Project Background  "Climate Change" Exhibit '09  Polar Thaw . through Blue Earth Alliance. please make a taxdeductible donation to benefit this project. Or contact us directly. can be read by Science subscribers here. Thank you.

its implications. OR 97207 USA Phone: 503. this book shows how the earth is being .860. Take Action Gary Braasch Photographer & Journalist PO Box 1465 Portland. and what action is being taken about it. In dramatic photographs and quotes from world climate science leaders. Read the press release here. They are also important supporters of conservation and nature photography. Earth Under Fire: How Global Warming is Changing the World is a comprehensive look at the world wide effects of climate change. Up to Date Paperback A new paperback edition of Earth Under Fire is now available in stores and for on-line ordering. Review in Smithsonian Blog Now Available.1228 Environmental Photography Website The brilliant climate prints on display at the American Assn for the Advancement of Science from November through May were made by Fine Print Imaging of Colorado.

Chosen one of the 50 Best Environmental Books and Media by Vanity Fair Information and preview at earthunderfire. lesson plans and links about teaching climate change in all grades.AAAS John Burroughs Young Reader Book "NSTA Recommends" National Science Teachers Assn. by Lynne Cherry and Gary Braasch. is an engaging and empowering look at the science of climate and how kids can learn by becoming citizen scientists.changed right now. visit Climate Change Education Climate Photo of the Week . and a special page shows how much carbon dioxide can be reduced as kids work together to reduce climate change. Winner of Best Middle Grade Science Book of 2008 -.com New films about kids taking climate action in their schools and communities. It was written especially for middle schoolers and their teachers. How We Know What We Know About Our Changing Climate: Scientists and Kids Explore Global Warming. books. Please explore this book at HOW WE KNOW For thousands of ideas. This book replaces fear and dread over global warming with knowledge and the assurance that actions can be taken that help everyone and the world. Earth Under Fire ends with a vision of how we can slow global warming and improve the lives of people everywhere.

Kern County. When completed these 190 turbines made in Pueblo Colorado by Portland Oregon-based Vestas will provide 570 megawatts of power -. which is under threat from a wrong-headed and perverse election proposition funded by out of state oilmen. engineers and crane operators work to install the 300 foot towers for Terra-Gen's vast expansion of the Alta Wind center.000 mW. photographing and learning about the solar and wind energy being installed. Truck drivers are delivering huge Vestas wind turbines. AB 32.Throughout California and the Southwest. Hydro power from Lake Mead nears a dangerous point because of the record low water behind Hoover Dam. . new energy sources are being constructed and connected to the grid. and electricians. More on this in a later dispatch. We are just returning from a two-week documentary trip from Lake Mead across to Los Angeles and up north back to Oregon. The work on solar and wind shows the success of California's climate protection law. We saw hundreds of people at work on the energy future encouraged by the California climate laws.and the entire project is estimated to create more than 3.

along with road builders. used frequently in Spain and being demonstrated also now in India. The 5 mW plant is a demonstration that this technology.will be relocated to nearby habitat. The nation's only concentrated solar power station. with input by BLM and NGO endangered species advocates. So besides 50 fence installers. and other solar innovations like walls of glass that filter sunlight as well as generate photo-voltaic energy. The BrightSource Energy installation to provide about 400 mW of power. focuses the sun on central towers with 20. A new set of three similar solar plants is just beginning on BLM land near the NevadaCalifornia border -. The animals -.an estimated 32 of them live on the solar site -. owned by eSolar in Lancaster CA. . BrightSource reduced the size of the plant and its footprint to lessen its impact on the land and the tortoises. is feasible for wide application.Solar power is burning bright all around southern California and Nevada. Eventually the project will put an average 650 to work in construction over the coming few years. is on land that is habitat for the California desert tortoise. Federally listed as threatened.000 ordinary mirrors.and already employs hundreds. the BLM and the company have 40 biologists patrolling the site to keep tortoises from being killed or injured. Other energy issues and solutions in the West will be covered in coming reports. During the planning and public comment phase of the project. engineers and security staff being employed. energy and water saving technology. boiling water for a standard GE turbine. including new housing with solar roofs.

at http://www. Do something today to reduce greenhouse gas output -please Take Action .html and from the Smithsonian. and what action is being taken about it. its causes and threats.php and Science journal. Understand the problem. Braasch documents this change through science reporting and photography from the Arctic to Antarctica.noaa. now in its 11th year. Rapid climate change is occurring now and its effects are fast becoming one of the prime events of the 21st century. World View of Global Warming is an independent documentary project by photojournalist Gary Braasch.gov/satellite/baa/index. presenting a comprehensive look at global warming science. Every citizen of the world needs to be aware of rapid climate change: 1.org/pub_releases/2010-10/stri-srr101210. at http://news.sciencemag. they are even worse than those of 2005 which bleached and damaged so much of the coral there.html Please see Climate News and Views. from glaciers to the oceans. 2. Information.org/sciencenow/2010/10/caribbean-coral-die-off-could-be.Meantime ocean temperatures in the western Pacific and the Caribbean are extraordinarily high. including endangered coral species in Virgin Islands National Park. Let your leaders know the facts and that you expect them to act. its implications. In the Caribbean. another reminder that global warming's effects are continuing. 3. the world wide effects of climate change.eurekalert. alerts and maps are available from NOAA at http://coralreefwatch.

please click HERE. Site updated January 2010. Photographers' Perspectives on Global Warming October 14 November 6. World View of Global Warming is funded by donations and grants. 2005 was shown at JW Gallery. Brooklyn. Posters from this exhibit are available. Please email your request. If you would like to contribute.2010 by Gary Braasch. Text and photography Copyright © 2005 .Locations documented since April 1999. .

© Gary Braasch.org.1228 Top of Form Enter your Bottom of Form • Blog . OR 97207 USA USA Phone: 503. without whom I could not complete the work. Information about how to contribute is on the Blue Earth web site. For other information about Gary Braasch's climate change projects and books. and the exhibit "Climate Change in Our World" (information to the right above on this page). World View of Global Warming is a project of the Blue Earth Alliance. grants. Please contact requestinformation@worldviewofglobalwarming. This project is privately supported and I seek donations through Blue Earth Alliance. a 501(c)3 taxexempt organization. Photography is available for license to publications and other uses.org Podcast GlobalWarming. Photographer • • • • • OpenMarket. View more of Gary Braasch's photography here. please see the books Earth Under Fire and How We Know What We Know About Our Changing Climate. The project is supported entirely by donations. Use of photographs in any manner without permission is prohibited by US copyright law.860. Seattle Washington. Link to PDF version COPYRIGHT NOTICE: Photography and text Copyright © 2005 . or contact Gary Braasch. funders and major advisors. and Reference for documentation.2010 (and before) Gary Braasch All rights reserved.org Facts About Ethanol Control Abuse of Power PO Box 1465 Portland. Advisors.This project would be impossible without scientists and observers around the world who have provided hundreds of scientific contacts and papers. and license fees for the photographs. Thank you. See Background.

.. Chris Horner on Overestimation of Emissions Added on 08 November 2010 View More Videos: • • • Angela Logomasini On The Risk of BPA Ben Lieberman on Consumer Costs of Regulations Lieberman on Regulations Spotting the “Corporate Greed” by Brian McGraw 11 November 2010 @ 12:31 pm .○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ • • • Features Kyoto Negotiations Politics Science Small business Students videos Cooler Heads Digest Events Global Warming 101 Will EPA Regulators Leave America In The Dark? by Ben Lieberman There’s no doubt that federal regulations lead to economic harm. but could the wave of Obama regulations affecting electric power plants lead to electricity shortages as well? A new study from the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) finds reason… Currently Playing.

On January 2. And I’m going to be looking for other means to address this problem. EPA’s guidance document is intended to assist permit writers and permit applicants determine what constitutes “best available control technology” (BACT) for greenhouse gas (GHG) emitting facilities. 2011. Any firm planning to build or modify a large GHG-emitting facility (e. “Cap-and-trade was just one way of skinning the cat.” The President said that there were several areas where he might be able to find common ground with the Republicans in… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (0) . the President spoke at length about alternatives to cap-and-trade. PoliticsComments (0) EPA’s Permitting Guidance for Greenhouse Gases .The Renewable Fuels Association posted a note today deploring the recent lawsuit by the American Petroleum Institute over the EPA decision to increase the maximum blend wall for ethanol in conventional gasoline by 50% from E10 to E15. which has been released by CBS ahead of its broadcast on Sunday night. posted online yesterday in Politico. making GHGs air pollutants “subject to regulation” under the Clean Air Act’s Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) pre-construction permitting program.” Oil companies are in the… Read the full story Posted in: Blog. He said.g. It was a means. It is a question addressed in EPA’s long-awaited PSD and Title V Permitting Guidance for Greenhouse Gases. an oil… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (0) Reaction to Obama’s Reaction to Shellacking by Myron Ebell 10 November 2010 @ 12:30 pm President Barack Obama left on Friday for a ten-day trip to Asia beginning in India. They claim that it is motivated by “corporate greed. Before he left.Does It Endanger Coal? by Marlo Lewis 11 November 2010 @ 8:00 am Can environmental agencies use BACT determinations to require major emitting facilities to switch fuels? This arcane-sounding question is of great practical importance to energy consumers and the economy. not an end. In reply to two questions at his press conference. EPA’s motor vehicle GHG emission standards will go into effect. a coal-fired power plant. he held a press conference on the election results and gave an interview to Sixty Minutes. it was not the only way.

provide data on the numbers and types of climate-related lawsuits.or maybe the oiled bird that didn’t fly – the BP oil spill had virtually no impact at the polls on November 2nd. They then reached a plateau for three years. discuss their prospects for success and potential consequences.Deutsche Bank by Marlo Lewis 10 November 2010 @ 8:00 am Deutsche Bank Climate Change Advisors (DBCCA) have just published Growth of U. The language had been changed to insinuate the seven-member panel of outside experts . My thanks to climate scientist Chip Knappenberger for spotlighting the DBCCA report in his column yesterday on MasterResource. DBCCA offer a bird’s eye view of the U. courts “will make the final decisions” about climate policy. The fact that the biggest ecological scare of the summer was nearly forgotten by fall says a lot about where the American people stand on energy and environmental issues.who reviewed a draft of various safety recommendations . The largest increase in litigation has been in the area of challenges to… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (1) Gulf Oil Spill Doesn’t Spread To Voting Booths by Ben Lieberman 09 November 2010 @ 1:07 pm Call it the election-day dog that didn’t bark . climate litigation landscape. absent congressional intervention. Politico reports: “The White House rewrote crucial sections of an Interior Department report to suggest an independent group of scientists and engineers supported a six-month ban on offshore oil drilling. and emphasize that.White House Science Scandal Obfuscated with Creative Grammar by Chris Horner 10 November 2010 @ 12:28 pm In a blockbuster story soon to be swept under the carpet. .S. the Interior inspector general says in a new report. DBCCA summarize their findings as follows: The number of climate change filings doubled between 2006 and 2007.endorsed the moratorium. according to the IG report obtained by POLITICO. Climate Change Litigation: Trends and Consequences.Org.S. but already in 2010 are on a path to triple over 2009 levels. In the wee hours of the morning of May 27.” In weasel words that even make this Washingtonian… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (0) “Dramatic Increase” in Climate Litigation . a staff member to White House energy adviser Carol Browner sent two edited versions of the department report’s executive summary back to Interior.

environmentalist policies in some European countriesbut especially Germany-have rendered them increasingly… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (1) On Cap-and-Trade: They Lost.” has become economically viable. . More significant is the fact that the new Republican majority in the House is largely skeptical of the claim that global warming is a potential crisis and is close to unanimously opposed to cap-and-trade and other energy-rationing measures. however.Next Phase of the Fuel Economy Fetish by Marlo Lewis 05 November 2010 @ 8:00 am Today at MasterResource. On the contrary. As I’ve noted elsewhere. In the first few months after the April 20th spill. they claimed that passage in the House of the WaxmanMarkey cap-and-trade bill did not cause Democrats to lose. many Congressional Democrats joined… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (0) What Is the President Thinking When It Comes to Fracking? by William Yeatman 08 November 2010 @ 1:26 pm There has been a technological revolution in the natural gas industry over the last decade. Environmental pressure groups moved quickly to spin the election results as having nothing to do with them. a drilling process known as hydraulic fracturing. as I argue in Politico’s Energy Arena. the free-market energy blog. thereby allowing for the exploitation of huge natural gas reserves that had been too expensive to recover. In particular. I offer comentary on the Obama Administration’s proposed rule to establish first-ever greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and fuel economy standards for semi-trucks and other “heavy duty” (HD) motor vehicles. the reality is that WaxmanMarkey did contribute to the defeat of a number of Democrats. As a result. or “fracking. This was not for lack of trying. America’s natural gas supply has roughly doubled. His administration’s record. is decidedly mixed on the issue. the State Department is a big proponent of the technology.Org.” there is scant evidence that even a single Congressional race was affected by it. which it sees as a long term deterrent for Russia. In his post-election address last Wednesday. In that time. Not only is… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (1) EPA’s Regs for Rigs . On the one hand. President Barack Obama indicated support for the fracking revolution. We Won by Myron Ebell 08 November 2010 @ 1:03 pm “Greens Desperate to Avoid Blame” was the headline on Darren Samuelsohn and Robin Bravender’s story in Politico on Wednesday.Less than five months after President Obama gave a primetime address hyping the Deepwater Horizon spill as “the worst environmental disaster America has ever faced.

Boucher lost and took many coal-state Democrats with him. the Rockies. Obama will soon… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (1) Election Exegesis: Cap-and-Trade Hurts by William Yeatman 03 November 2010 @ 4:10 pm House Democrats who voted for the Waxman-Markey cap-and-trade bill were big losers in the congressional elections. negotiated the deal that led to passage of Waxman-Markey by a 219-212 vote on June 26. But now. Sound familiar? Just as cap-and-trade proponents tried to sell their stealth energy tax as a “green jobs” program when they couldn’t sell it as climate protection.Although the rule’s ostensible purpose is to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and oil imports. 2009. his antienergy policies. Representative Rick Boucher. This does not include Democratic losses in open seats in which the incumbent chose not to run for-reelection. Approximately thirty Democrats who voted for Waxman-Markey were defeated. “One of the clearest messages voters sent last night was a repudiation of cap-and-trade and other policies to raise energy prices. the Obama administration has tried to slam the door shut on domestic production of coal. western Gulf states. and shade in the regions that rely on energy jobs – places like Appalachia. the only Democratic congressional candidates who won in these areas were those able to distance themselves from President Obama’s energy policies – or to be more accurate. With few exceptions. Alaska – and that’s where we saw some of the strongest anti-Obama sentiment succeeding on election day. Other House Democrats who voted for Waxman-Markey and… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (2) .S. many of the administration’s Congressional allies in this effort have gotten a pink slip from their constituents. truckers will make out like bandits by adopting fuel-saving technologies they would already have purchased if they were as smart as the bureaucrats at EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). and natural gas. Director of CEI’s Center for Energy and Environment. In its first two years. oil. Supposedly. a senior fourteen-term Democrat from Virginia’s coal district (the 9th).” said Myron Ebell. about 93% of the claimed net benefits have nothing to do with either climate change or energy security.… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (2) An Election-Night Win For Domestic Energy Jobs by Ben Lieberman 04 November 2010 @ 4:24 pm Draw up a map of the U.

” is not only… Read the full story Posted in: BlogComments (1) See more articles in the archive • • • • • • • • • Popular Most Comments Most Emails Climategate: Alarmist Scientists Plan a Snow Job Cold. isolated with that difficult vote. International Assistance Blocked by Regulations Obama Had The Authority To Waive Bastardi: Today’s frigid weather similar to 1970s when Ice Age was alarm Will EPA Regulators Leave America In The Dark? . Theirs. final pre-election surveys of voter sentiment indicates a that “it’s the spending. only to see their trust misplaced. We also see that cap-and-trade’s ugly Plan B cousin.Election Exegesis: BTU Tax Redux by Chris Horner 03 November 2010 @ 4:01 pm Reconciling the various.” It is remarkable how quickly public consciousness has developed to know that debt equals taxes. stupid. as we predicted serially. As opposition grew more intense from the people-who were not at the table when their wealth was redistributed to various interests-the senators realized that they wanted to save jobs. to be the 1993 BTU tax. Members in the House voted on both measures on the assurance the Senate would not leave them hanging out to dry. bitter winter is “proof” of global warming The New York Times Fights Back Against Climategate Obama Blocked Clean Up of BP Oil Spill by Friendly Countries. Cap-and-trade is now dead. “green jobs. redux. having proven.

On The Way . Inhofe demolishes energy independence rationale for cap-and-trade Young money family: Xbox...4 comments A "Do Nothing Congress" on Ethanol Would Do a Lot of Good . I do think that people will take advantage of.. Aggravated by Biofuels and Global Warming Legislation . What Is Obama Thinking? LibertyWeek 101: The IPCC’s Bunker Mentality Blowout Prevention Act — or Oil Production Prevention Act? Green Stimulus Fails To Be “Timely.. and Temporary” A new low for science and the NAS — the “Black List” Sen.5 comments Smart Grid: The Biggest Rip-Off in Contemporary Energy Policy (Besides Ethanol) . Camron: 93-95% of warming is due to water vapor. Eldridge Scinto: This is the second post I've read on this blog and.5 comments More Fuel Ethanol . Howard Fisher: Yes..4 comments Global Warming 101: Solutions 127 emails Global Warming 101: Science 118 emails EPA Suppresses Internal Global Warming Study 40 emails Obama Blocked Clean Up of BP Oil Spill by Friendly Countries.6 comments Global Food Crisis Forecast. BobRGeologist: What else could one expect from a slimy bunch of w.. 5-7% . Renowned Physicist resigns from American Physical Society .. Targeted..And More Trouble . International Assistance Blocked by Regulations Obama Had The Authority To Waive 37 emails Global Warming 101: Costs 36 emails • Al Gore American Clean Energy and Security Act BP California cap cap and trade carbon Carol Browner cei china chris horner classical liberal Climate climate change Climategate competitive enterprise institute copenhagen corn CRU Economy elections energy energy rationing environment epa ethanol FOIA global warming green energy greenhouse gases green jobs ipcc james hansen John Kerry kerry Michael Mann New York Times Obama Phil Jones renewable scandal senate tax trade White House . But Drilling Still Blocked Government Did Not Develop the Internet LibertyWeek 102: The Future of the Gulf Regarding the Gulf..• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Moratorium Lifted..

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org. Many ex-pats looked for a convenient Asian trading post with a stable government. a Project of the Competitive Enterprise Institute Powered by Wordpress.• • • • • Evergreen Freedom Foundation Heartland Institute Heritage Foundation Institute for Energy Research National Center for Public Policy Research © 2010 GlobalWarming. The reason for this is simple. New York and Tokyo. 25% of the gross national product of Singapore comes from refining of raw materials. the republic was another centre of the British Empire. They follow only London. 100 years ago 90% of the land of Singapore was rain forest. That number plummeted to less than 15% before reforestation measures restored the rain forest to almost 25% of the usable land. Since 1997 economic growth of this island nation located at the tip of the Malay peninsula has exploded. The country is comprised of 63 individual islands. . Singapore is geographically small. When the British returned Hong Kong to China after their 99 year lease ran out in 1997. Singapore: A leader in creating greener industry Singapore is unlike any other Asian city in that this tiny republic has managed to maximize every potential financial opportunity that has been presented to it since the end of World War II. Few people are aware if it but Singapore is now the fourth largest financial trading center in the world. Until 1965. Another 25% is derived from transport and brokerage of same. All of this industrialization has not come without an ecological price. Enter Singapore with its pro UK recent past. The total area of the city state numbers just 271 square miles.

Not only is the project location itself setup for minimum eco-impact and maximum sustainability. Simple ideas such as implementation of underground parking and passive lighting are blended with high tech solar power installations. Situated on 50 hectares of land the project. » Return to the category » Continue to the next article This option will reset the home page of this site.Singapore has become one of. Singapore became one of the wealthiest nations in the world by refining raw materials and exporting them around the word. but the work within the park is all focused upon development of clean tech solutions. Land optimization seems to be the central theme as all buildings are designed to return more of the original rain forest to the island. A shining example of this is Singapore’s new Clean Tech Industrial Park. the development of which having taken place in Singapore. technologically advanced nations of the world. Singapore is a unique South Pacific weigh station in that it prospers as the ultimate global corporate middleman. Emphasis on the development in placed on minimizing the office and industrial impact on the land. The park streets will be lit exclusively with LEDS. if not the most. This new industrial park will exist to develop sustainability technologies as well as incorporate them. As part of a grand plan to achieve energy efficiency and total sustainability the government’s economic development board has partnered with the local corporate community to set up a Green Development area. to be completed by 2030 will accommodate 20. They lead the world in implementation of cutting edge clean technologies.000 workers. Restoring any closed widgets or categories. The specific designs of these are then licensed for manufacture throughout the world. It is the plan of the government of Singapore to lead the world in this area. Rainwater is collected on the roofs of the massive office buildings. . Now they will likely pioneer the “Green age” by refining sustainability techniques and selling those ideas. The system used for this gathering is further developed and marketed.

com Contact GlobalWarming.com Contact Information Top of Form About GlobalWarming.Reset • • • • • • • Home What is Global Warming ○ ○ ○ • News ○ ○ ○ • ○ ○ ○ • ○ ○ ○ ○ • ○ ○ ○ • About ○ ○ Overall Mission of GlobalWarming.com RSS feed The Causes The Effects Climate Change History Climate Science News Featured Stories Events Around the Globe Sustainability Clubhouse Getting Involved Resources for Kids Clean Energy Transportation Recycling At Home Environmental Concerns in Business Companies and Sustainability Companies making a difference For Children Solutions Business Submit Bottom of Form A brighter tomorrow using LED lighting .

The mainstay of this arrival of the future in lighting is the light emitting diode. The most widely discussed of these failings is the use of mercury within the lamps. While compact fluorescent bulbs have proven superior to the original electric light they are not without their drawbacks. Few substances are as eco-unfriendly as mercury. Eventually even CFLs wear out and when they do proper disposal of the lamps can be difficult. They put out equal or greater light.A brighter tomorrow using LED lighting Compared to incandescent light bulbs. From humble beginnings as device indicators in the 1980s to those emergency flashlights we have fastened to keychains we all uses to open doors with at night. . What if we were to look upon CFLs as less of a long term solution and more of a bridge to a truly sustainable lighting future. These panels were cool to the touch and allowed for an endless amount of lumens. LEDs have evolved to be the efficient light source for the future. Many people may remember futuristic movies and television programs that depicted entire rooms being powerfully lit by panels. Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) are a marvel. and last up to 15 times longer than Thomas Edison’s resistance based design. It seems odd that ideas created for films such as 1972’s “Logan’s Run” are now reality. use 1/3 the electricity. We are all now well indoctrinated into a world where these blue white lights are heavily used.

Integration of today’s LED technology with past power supplies allows us to light the present but how will we continue to reduce energy waste while improving home and commercial lighting? Lighting Science Group’s second area of emphasis is on research. . Currently Lightning Science Group is hard at work developing more efficient Light Emitting Diodes. This commitment is shown in two areas. What is the result of all this present and future green planning? Each street lighting fixture converted from an incandescent. fluorescent or halogen process to low power consuming LSG products results in the savings of 1 barrel of oil. From the Times Square New Year’s Eve Ball with 32. This one feature alone results in huge energy savings. Passive lighting from fiber optics along with reflective and focal technologies will also help us change the way we light the world. LSG research is looking forward to cool running LEDs that can emit as much as 200 lumens per watt. Lighting Science Group has integrated existing power supplies to their high tech low current luminescence. The first area that Lighting Science Group is working hard in to create a well lit yet green planet is in their product line. LED based lighting from Lighting Science Group will surely be one of them. Lighting solutions reliant upon low current draining LEDs are of course but one step towards a sustainable Earth.000 brilliant LEDs to the “light bulb” you screw into the ceramic fixture in your closet. » Return to the category » Continue to the next article ShareThis Comments are closed. LEDs used in Lighting Science Group product give off a bright blue white 80 lumens per watt. At the present time most commercial grade LEDs release around 60 lumens per watt. In an environmentally friendly plan for the future we will want to and need to use all of the resources available to us. High lumens per watt LEDs from LSG are incorporated into every conventional lighting source imaginable. and ½ ton less of CO2 placed into the atmosphere every year. This integration goes even further with production of brilliant commercial lighting for areas such as parking lots and playgrounds.Lighting Source Group is more committed to the future of LED lighting than any other corporate entity in the world. Plus LED based commercial lighting uses 50% less electricity.

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But. cobalt and even lead. Golf ball ingredients include heavy metals such as tungsten.*Name: *Email: *Subject: *Message: The recyclable golf balls of Dixon Golf Do you think of recycling as something ne Recently some clever people at Dixon Golf e627f3ce84b2bc SendCancel Bottom of Form Powered by SimpleModal Contact Form The recyclable golf balls of Dixon Golf Do you think of recycling as something new? 100 years ago people were returning glass bottles for refills of a new beverage called Coca Cola. With that said. represent an item that is virtually indestructible. the chemical components of most major manufacturer’s golf balls are some of the toughest to breakdown in existence. Of course a golf ball is not a soda bottle or a plastic bag. Recycling is certainly not new. Nearly 300 million golf balls are discarded yearly in the United States alone representing a definitive green Earth hazard. In fact. That . It is not a simple item to grind up and melt down to make other goods. like our Coke bottle and pair of Wingtip shoes. being as durable as they are. A good pair of shoes was meant to last 20 years as long as you had them resoled from time to time. Another example would be shoes. perhaps a golf ball could be refilled or resoled. the folks at Dixon Golf knew that making a biodegradable golf ball was not really an option. Recently some clever people at Dixon Golf set out to create a recyclable golf ball. Most of the items we call disposable and allow to fill our landfills with today were at one time expected to be repaired and reused. They took on this challenge because golf balls.

Golf balls are manufactured to exacting standards. The same test showed that the Dixon Golf “Earth” ball received a 92% approval rating. and Wind. The core of a Dixon Golf Ball is made from a special polymer that is 100% renewable. Every part of a Dixon Golf Ball is reusable from the core to the cover. When you purchase a Dixon Golf ball you can trade in your old Dixon Golf ball for a one dollar credit towards the purchase of Dixon Golf balls. The release of that compression sends the ball outward at a great speed. the owners of Dixon Golf had spent years working in the golf ball industry for a manufacturer that made name brand balls. the core of a golf ball is designed to compress upon forceful impact from the club. Dixon Golf will even give you a 50 cent credit on any non Dixon Golf balls returned. While it is true that a Dixon Golf ball shanked into a pond will still need to be rescued by a diver. Further. But the principals of Dixon Golf didn’t need anyone else’s secret technology to aid them. Also. To make a golf ball that could be rebuilt and consequently reused. The construction of a Titleist differs greatly from a Nike ball and neither company is sharing their design secrets. Following through on this marketing swing. The Dixon Golf Fire ball will be available beginning this summer. strikes the ball at an average speed of eighty miles per hour. Inside. at least when it is recovered it can be recycled. because making a completely recyclable golf ball is precisely what Dixon Golf has done. But green golf doesn’t stop there. Marketing is a major part of Dixon’s Green Golf Planning. The head of a golf club. Earth. the 100 percent recyclable golf balls would need to perform equally as well as other brand name balls. So how did Dixon Golf founders and Principals William Carey and Dane Platt create a recyclable golf ball that can out play the best on the market? Fortunately. The trick would be to make a ball out of green materials that was designed from the outset to be rebuilt and resoled. In independent testing Dixon Golf balls outperformed higher priced Titleist. They had a combined 30 years of ball making experience between them and knew firsthand the design characteristics that went into making a competitive ball. Nike and Callaway balls.was the exact development direction Dixon Golf chose. all of the materials used to make and market Dixon Golf Balls are recyclable including packaging and displays. Each of these is designed for particular playing conditions and player abilities. . At the present time there are two grades of Dixon Golf Balls. All of those little dimples in a golf ball act as tiny wings to give the ball aerodynamic lift and control. the covers of Dixon Golf Balls are made of materials that are easily recycled to make other consumer products. Making a golf ball that meets the requirements of amateur and pro golfers alike is no small feat. We say “almost” of course. swung by an amateur. Making a ball that is also recyclable is almost impossible. Dixon Golf has created a superbly crafted high quality golf ball that is the equal of any ball in play today. This was accomplished by creating a ball that used a different material for its core.

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The recyclable golf balls of Dixon Golf
Do you think of recycling as something new? 100 years ago people were returning glass bottles for refills of a new beverage called Coca Cola. Recycling is certainly not new. Most of the items we call disposable and allow to fill our landfills with today were at one time expected to be repaired and reused. Another example would be shoes. A good pair of shoes was meant to last 20 years as long as you had them resoled from time to time.

Recently some clever people at Dixon Golf set out to create a recyclable golf ball. They took on this challenge because golf balls, being as durable as they are, represent an item that is virtually indestructible. Nearly 300 million golf balls are discarded yearly in the United States alone representing a definitive green Earth hazard. Of course a golf ball is not a soda bottle or a plastic bag. It is not a simple item to grind up and melt down to make other goods. In fact, the chemical components of most major manufacturer’s golf balls are some of the toughest to breakdown in existence. Golf ball ingredients include heavy metals such as tungsten, cobalt and even lead. With that said, the folks at Dixon Golf knew that making a biodegradable golf ball was not really an option. But, like our Coke bottle and pair of Wingtip shoes, perhaps a golf ball could be refilled or resoled. That was the exact development direction Dixon Golf chose. To make a golf ball that could be rebuilt and consequently reused. This was accomplished by creating a ball that used a different material for its core. The core of a Dixon Golf Ball is made from a special polymer that is 100% renewable. Also, the covers of Dixon Golf Balls are made of materials that are easily recycled to make other consumer products. Every part of a Dixon Golf Ball is reusable from the core to the cover. Golf balls are manufactured to exacting standards. All of those little dimples in a golf ball act as tiny wings to give the ball aerodynamic lift and control. Inside, the core of a golf ball is designed to compress upon forceful impact from the club. The head of a golf club, swung by an amateur, strikes the ball at an average speed of eighty miles per hour. The release of that compression sends the ball outward at a great speed. Making a golf ball that meets the requirements of amateur and pro golfers alike is no small feat. Making a

ball that is also recyclable is almost impossible. We say “almost” of course, because making a completely recyclable golf ball is precisely what Dixon Golf has done. Dixon Golf has created a superbly crafted high quality golf ball that is the equal of any ball in play today. In independent testing Dixon Golf balls outperformed higher priced Titleist, Nike and Callaway balls. The same test showed that the Dixon Golf “Earth” ball received a 92% approval rating.

So how did Dixon Golf founders and Principals William Carey and Dane Platt create a recyclable golf ball that can out play the best on the market? Fortunately, the owners of Dixon Golf had spent years working in the golf ball industry for a manufacturer that made name brand balls. The construction of a Titleist differs greatly from a Nike ball and neither company is sharing their design secrets. But the principals of Dixon Golf didn’t need anyone else’s secret technology to aid them. They had a combined 30 years of ball making experience between them and knew firsthand the design characteristics that went into making a competitive ball. The trick would be to make a ball out of green materials that was designed from the outset to be rebuilt and resoled. Further, the 100 percent recyclable golf balls would need to perform equally as well as other brand name balls. But green golf doesn’t stop there. Marketing is a major part of Dixon’s Green Golf Planning. When you purchase a Dixon Golf ball you can trade in your old Dixon Golf ball for a one dollar credit towards the purchase of Dixon Golf balls. Dixon Golf will even give you a 50 cent credit on any non Dixon Golf balls returned. Following through on this marketing swing, all of the materials used to make and market Dixon Golf Balls are recyclable including packaging and displays. At the present time there are two grades of Dixon Golf Balls, Earth, and Wind. The Dixon Golf Fire ball will be available beginning this summer. Each of these is designed for particular playing conditions and player abilities. While it is true that a Dixon Golf ball shanked into a pond will still need to be rescued by a diver, at least when it is recovered it can be recycled.

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A Volt from the blue

That current then drives the Volt’s electric motor. What is perhaps the most remarkable aspect of this new car that Chevrolet refuses to call a hybrid is its conventionally attractive styling. What type of car was this? And how could it come from GM of all people? It didn’t seem possible that General Motors could create such an innovative idea let alone produce such a forward thinking car. if your commute is within the national average of 33 miles daily then you might go weeks without visiting a gas .A Volt from the blue When Chevrolet released photographs of their new electric hybrid car “The Chevy Volt” the automotive world was abuzz. This will be necessary with a planned initial sticker price for the car of $40. Most automotive insiders thought this was strictly a clay model concept car or at most some imaginary idea still sitting on GM drawing boards. In fact. if your batteries are fully charged and you run out of gas. The engine on the Volt runs at an economically constant speed so as to keep the 16 lithium ion batteries used at a steady current.500. When running by way of the current generated by the Volt’s gasoline generator into its 140 horsepower electric motor. you will still have 40 miles of driving in order to reach a station. Sure most people will marvel at the Voltec drive train which differs from the Toyota Prius’ and Honda Insight’s in that the onboard internal combustion engine used has no direct mechanical connection to the drivetrain.000. The exterior of the Chevy Volt is more than attractive enough to lure buyers. Perhaps the one feature found in the Volt that anyone over thirty and born in the last fifty years has anticipated is the ability to drive the car for 40 miles before the gasoline engine is required. This figure is offset by a hefty tax credit of $7. But it turns out that the Volt is a real car and a beaut of one at that. the car averages a mere 50 miles per gallon fuel consumption but average in the mileage achieved from battery only “silent running” and that figure leaps off the line to a tremendous 150 MPG! On a fun note. which of course drives the wheels.

982 views on this post Print this post • Advertisement . » Return to the category » Continue to the next article ShareThis Comments are closed. 7. charge overnight and drive to work in the morning. Write your own comment now. You will have to plug your car into a conventional wall socket every night for a ten hour recharge. The Volt’s platform also allows for a quick 3 hour charge if plugged into a 240 volt socket such as those used by a clothes dryer. Information • • • • • Posted in Environmental Concerns in Business This post has no comments yet. An electric car that can drive around town and go 70 miles per hour on the freeway was not too long ago the stuff of science fiction.pump. We may not yet have the predicted flying cars for the new millennium but come November of 2010 there will be an automobile that we can plug into the socket just above the washing machine.

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○ ○ ○ • News ○ ○ ○ • ○ ○ ○ • ○ ○ ○ ○ • ○ ○ ○ • About ○ ○ The Causes The Effects Climate Change History Climate Science News Featured Stories Events Around the Globe Sustainability Clubhouse Getting Involved Resources for Kids Clean Energy Transportation Recycling At Home Environmental Concerns in Business Companies and Sustainability Companies making a difference Overall Mission of GlobalWarming. Use less juice and we use less fuel to make that juice. Televisions using LCD screens consume 70% less power than their cathode ray tube predecessors. For over twenty years major appliance makers have been manufacturing refrigerators and the like that are designed to use less electricity. Burn less fuel and we send less pollution into our atmosphere. But that kind of after the fact adjustment will not reduce our carbon footprint.com Contact Information Top of Form For Children Solutions Business Submit Bottom of Form Ricoh is planning fifty years into the future Ricoh is planning fifty years into the future Where does environmental concern by business begin? Obviously when black soot is billowing out of smokestacks and the community is in an uproar most corporate entities will take action. Saving energy is the most direct route in existence towards reducing greenhouse emissions. Even .

While the process itself uses some energy. While most office copy systems require a lengthy nonproductive warm up time the new Ricoh models are ready to run in under ten seconds. No one could read the message unless they knew to warm the note over an incandescent light bulb. This savings pales in comparison to Ricoh’s rewriteable paper system. As companies such as Ricoh continue to develop these ubergreen technologies everyone on earth will delight in maintaining a high quality of life and convenience without sacrificing environmental comfort. pollution prevention and reduction of paper use entirely. The manufacturing sector has been making great strides towards saving us money on power used by many of our modern conveniences. Now consider that Ricoh has developed an image printing and erasing system that uses heat in the same manner to write on a sheet and erase it up to 200 times. Top of Form . This is the ultimate form of paper recycling. resource conservation. Once heated slightly the top secret magically appeared. Ricoh should be commended further for their overall eco-strategy that is based on a year 2050 long-term environmental vision. that use is minute compared to the energy used to produce a sheet of paper. Point of use recycling saves energy so definitively that business costs for items such as copy making can be cut by as much as 90%. This planning embraces energy conservation. » Return to the category ShareThis Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.PCs are being driven by latest generation Intel processors that are adaptable for lower energy consumption. This allows the machine to be “at rest” in energy-saver mode yet come quickly to life resulting in an overall power usage savings of almost 50%. The solution is to take one giant step further with new designs that plan for a green future. Perhaps you remember as a child writing secret messages with lemon or potato juice on paper. One such idea in the making is Ricoh’s quick warm up copier. This does not even factor the submerged labor costs of purchasing and delivery of paper supplies.

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average global temperatures will continue to rise. more intense precipitation. insurers must conduct a comprehensive assessment of their global warming exposure and support responsible policy action to reduce heat-trapping pollution. To maintain consistent and affordable consumer coverage. Although the daily weather can’t be attributed to global warming.• • • • • • Global Warming and Our Children Featured Articles Climate Change History Global Warming Community Global Warming Statistics GlobalWarming. Over the past century we have seen rising temperatures. A Supreme Court ruling on heat-trapping emissions is likely to create new liability for polluters and their insurers. and floods.org 202-289-2435 The Reality of Global Warming The earth is heating up far faster today than at any time in history. the overall trend is clear. droughts. melting . like that championed by NRDC and industry leaders. For more information.com Copyright © 2010 Global Warming Climate Facts Global Warming Heats Up the Insurance Industry Without action to curb global warming pollution. A changing climate means instability in the insurance industry: in 2005 insurers paid out a record $80 billion in weather-related catastrophic losses worldwide. while the following year brought record profits. contact: David Tuft dtuft@nrdc. heat waves. increasing the frequency and intensity of wildfires.

concluded that heattrapping pollution has “very likely” caused most of the rise in global average temperatures since 1950. They predict that without action to curb global warming pollution. and all 10 warmest years on record have occurred since 1990.com a message Top of Form *Name: *Email: *Subject: *Message: e627f3ce84b2bc SendCancel Bottom of Form Powered by SimpleModal Contact Form x Send GlobalWarming.org/policy more intense.nrdc. And it’s only getting hotter—the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projects that the global average temperature will increase by between 4 to 11 degrees Fahrenheit this century if our reliance on fossil fuels accelerates. NASA reported that 2005 tied with 1998 for the hottest year on record. it is very likely that heat waves and heavy precipitation events will continue to become more frequent and hurricanes are likely to become www. reflecting the consensus view of hundreds of the world’s preeminent climate scientists. and rising sea-levels—all due to increasing concentrations of heat-trapping gases caused by the burning of fossil fuels. The IPCC. © NOAAx Send GlobalWarming.ice caps.com a message Top of Form .

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