1.

1

CDMA2000-1X Link Budget
The CDMA link budget depends on four types of parameter: system parameter, Base Station parameter, terminal parameter, and margin.

1.1.1

Reverse Link Budget The reverse link budget result of different services in urban environment is listed in the table:

Table1 detailed reverse link budget procedure of MS in urban

Voice (kbps) 9.6 Max transmit power per traffic channel (dBm) EiRP of terminal (dBm)

PDS (kbps) 9.6 19.2 38.4 76.8 153.6

CDS(kb ps) 14.4

Formula

21.55

19.17

20.50

21.29

21.91

22.35

21.55

19.55

17.17

18.50

19.29

19.91

20.35

19.55

A, considering antenna gain and connect loss of MS B, use Agisson DX-806-96065-18i-0F for example Average Hb is 40m, C, Considering the loss of 5m 1/2-inch jumper and 0.2 dB loss of connectors. D E G=-174+D+E +10lg(Rb)+F

Antenna gain of BTS (dBi)

18

18

18

18

18

18

18

Feeder cable length in BTS (m) Loss of BS feeder cable and connector (dB) Noise figure of receiver (dB) Eb/No (dB) Receiver sensitivity (dB)

45

45

45

45

45

45

45

1.81

1.81

1.81

1.81

1.81

1.81

1.81

3.7 3.64
-126.84

3.7 3.37
-127.11

3.7 3.04
-124.43

3.7 2.52
-121.93

3.7 2.21
-119.23

3.7 1.99
-116.45

3.7

5.02
-123.70

4 128. we estimated the coverage radius of voice service and various data service as shown in Table 3 Table 3.8 126.024 . 2.88 PDS (kbps) 9.44 2. coverage radius estimation for urban environment Coverage Radius Estimation (Km) Environmen t Terminal type Voic e 9.604 38.4 130.57 152.63 153.35 156.23 158.29 14.6 124.5 5.71 126.74 PL = I – J + K –L–M–N And then.44 2. we can get the reverse link allowable propagation loss of other terminals in various environments by the same calculation method as table 1.29 130.5 5.6 1.4 1.2 130.44 133.6 133. reverse link allowable propagation loss for required coverage (dB) Environment Urban (indoor) Terminal type MS Voice 9.41 76.6 1.41 128.70 158.6 PDS (kbps) 9.5 5.648 Urban /indoor MS 2.76 CDS(kbps) 38.44 2.5 L 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 M N.82 159.44 2.8 1.44 2.Max path loss (dB) Body loss (dB) Soft handoff gain (dB) Shadow fading margin (dB) Penetration loss (dB) Interference margin (dB) Allowable propagation loss for required coverage (dB) 161.63 124. 50% reverse load.68 I=A+B–C –G–F–H J K 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5.756 19.88 131.65 154.76 130.246 153.71 19.6 131.432 76.065 CDS(kbps) 14.5 5.74 Depends on the reverse link budget result which is shown in the table 2.44 2. The calculation result is listed in the follows table 2: Table 2.2 1.5 5.5 5.4 1.

2kpbs.2. λ Thermal Noise Thermal noise =10Log(KTB)+Noise figure K=1.1 CDMA2000 EVDO Link Budget Parameters List and Analysis The key to the link budget is the analysis of related parameters. Here is the explanation of these parameters and their value analysis. 153.4kpbs.2kpbs.6kpbs.1.4kpbs. generally 300K B: System bandwidth .2 1.6kpbs.8kpbs. 1843. 38.6kpbs λ Process Gain Its value equals to the ratio of the spectrum spread bandwidth over the data rate. 76.8kpbs. λ System parameters: λ Carrier Frequency There are three frequency band can be used in CDMA2000 1x EV-DO: 450MHz. 1228. 800MHz and 1900MHz.6kpbs. 614. The link budgets in this document mainly use 800MHz. λ Spread Bandwidth Spectrum spread bandwidth of CDMA1x EVDO is 1. 307.38*10-23J/K Boltzman constant T: Absolute temperature. 921.2kpbs.8kpbs.2288MHz λ Data Rate Reverse rate: 9.4kpbs. 19.6kpbs Forward rate: 38. 76. 2457. and 153.

80 4.82 3.41 2.01dBm) λ 18 dBi λ Antenna Gain Feeder loss Urban Antenna Height(m) Feeder Cable Length(m) Feeder Cable Type Feeder Cable Loss(dB/100m)800MHZ 40 45 7/8 4.82 1.5% 38.5% 153.35 1.67 1.6 1% 3% 0.6 1% 3% λ Transmitter Power Maximal transmit power of base stations is 20W (43.λ Base Station parameters: Data Rate(kbps) PER 0.5% 19.80 1.59 1.27 1.28 2.03 .73 1.2 1% 3% 0.21 1.54 9.96 1.5% Urban 1.4 1% 3% 0.04 3.8 1% 3% 0.5% 76.

the mobile terminal is not close to the human body and the human body loss can be ignored in this case.23 4. λ Body Loss In the data service.14 4.42 6.5% 1% .2 4 0.5% 153.80 5. λ Forward Link Eb/Nt (800Mhz) Slots PER 0.59 7.50 7.8 8 1% 3% 0.01dBm) λ Gain of Antenna Generally. λ Subscriber station parameters λ Transmitter Power Maximal transmit power of mobile station is 200mW (23.5% 307.2 2 1% 3% 307.λ λ Reverse Link Eb/Nt (800Mhz) Noise Figure of Receiver The receiver will add noises into the signal when it passes the receiver. Different equipment has a different noise factor.4 16 1% 3% 0.32 Data Rate(kbps) 38.57 4.5% Urban 6. The noise figure of the Huawei BTS is 3. And it is the property of the equipment.41 6.61 7.6 4 1% 3% 0. it is taken that the MS antenna and the connection loss are 0dB.26 7.34 6.15 4.33 6.7 dB.5% 76.

39 15.88 7.5% 614.62 9.77 8.5% 1843.70 7. λ Margin: λ Shadow fading margin Situation Area Coverage Probability Urban 90% .8 1 1% 3% 0.61 6.2 1 1% 3% 0.40 8.8 2 1% 3% 0.5% 1228.42 4.4 2 1% 3% 0.46 Noise Figure of Receiver Generally.89 8.34 7.50 6.5% 1228.4 1 1% 3% 0.5% 921.31 4. the noise figure of the MS is 9 dB.25 5.26 13.21 6.75 10.5% 2457.5% 614.3% 0.6 1 1% 3% λ 4.78 7.10 13.04 11.6 2 1% 3% 0.21 16.71 9.

89 162.27 -124. Detailed reverse link budget procedure of 800 MHz & single antenna terminal & 3 sectors & indoor: Morphology Data Rate(kbps) Data Rate(dB-Hz) MS Transfer Power(mW) Max Transmit Power per Traffic Channel(dBm) MS Cable & Connector Loss (dB) MS Rx Antenna Gain(dBi) EIRP(dBm) Antenna Gain of BTS(dBi) Feeder Cable Length in BTS(m) Loss of BTS Feeder Cable and Connector(dB) Noise Figure of Receiver(dB) Required Eb/Nt per Antenna @ 0% Loading(dB) Receiver Sensitivity(dB) Actual Environment Sensitivity(dB) Max Path Loss(dB) Body Loss Soft Handoff Gain(dB) Standard Deviation of Shadow Fading(dB) Area Margin Coverage Probability Shadow Fading Margin(dB) Clutter Loss(dB) Urban Formula 19.2 42.00 23.2.5 20 A B C D E=B-C+D F G H I J=-174+H+I+A K=J L=E+F-G-K M N O P .0 90% 5.0 1.01 17 45 3.2 Reverse link budget table 75% 5.01 0 0 23.67 0 4.1 8.5 Table 1.Marginal Coverage Probability Shadow fading Margin (dB) 1.89 -124.83 200.23 4.

526 And then.1 0 0 136.6 127.836 1.4 130.01 50% 2.9 38.26 19. Loss for required coverage (dB) Outdoor Coverage Radius (km) 133.Interference Margin(dB) Reverse System Load Differential Fade Margin(dB) Reverse Noise Floor Correction(dB) Second Environment Correction(dB) Allowable Propagation Loss for Required Coverage(dB) Antenna Height of Terminal(m) Antenna Height of BTS(m) RL Coverage Radius(km) 3.526 1.8 129.6 Allowable Prop.02 1. reverse link budget of single Antenna terminal for urban area (800MHz) Data Rate (kbps) 9. The calculation result is listed in the follows table 2: Table 2.75 76. we can get the reverse link allowable propagation loss in various environments by the same calculation method as table 1.357 1.08 153.656 1.178 .5 40 1.2 131.16 Q R S T U=L-M+N-O-P-QR-S-T 1.

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