STEEL

Project Fact Sheet

HOT OXYGEN INJECTION INTO THE BLAST FURNACE
BENEFITS
• Increased coal injection leading to decreased coke consumption • Ability to increase the extent of oxygen enrichment in the vicinity of the injected powdered coal plume • Increased coal injection leading to an increase in the net amount of fuel gases generated in the mill • Direct savings at the blast furnace of $2.24 million per year • Reduction of fugitive emissions from coke-making due to reduced coke requirements

DIRECT

HOT INTO FURNA INJECTION OF HOT OXYGEN INTO BLAST FURNACE

IMPRO OPERATING TUYERES YIELDS IMPROVEMENTS IN OPERATING COST, ENERGY CONSUMPTION, AND EMISSIONS
Direct oxygen injection into the tuyere, rather than further enrichment of the hot air blast, provides the ability to increase the extent of oxygen enrichment in the vicinity of the injected powdered coal plume. Materials and energy balances on the blowpipe/raceway zone of the blast furnace show that injection of ambient temperature oxygen offers little overall benefit, but hot oxygen injection offers several mechanisms for improving burnout. Praxair, Inc. has developed a Thermal Nozzle which generates a hightemperature, high-momentum oxygen jet that should provide superior mixing and combustion conditions for blast furnace coal injection. Oxygen and fuel are introduced to a combustion chamber where they react to produce a hot oxygen gas at temperatures up to 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit. This hot oxygen then passes through a nozzle to produce a high-velocity jet, the momentum of which ensures penetration of the oxygen jet into the blast stream and good coal mixing.

APPLICATIONS
Projected savings for a typical 4,000 ton per day blast furnace are up to $930,000 every year. This represents the value of lower coke consumption less the incremental costs of coal and oxygen. The resultant acceleration of coal ignition and burnout is expected to increase the level of coal injection from the current limit of 400 pounds per therm (lbs/thm) to at least 475 lbs/thm resulting in decreases in coke consumption.

PRAXAIR THERMAL NOZZLE FOR HOT OXYGEN INJECTION

Oxygen Hot Oxygen Jet Fuel

Oxygen and fuel are introduced to a combustion chamber at the end of a lance where they then react with one another to produce a hot gas made up mostly of oxygen. The hot oxygen passes through a nozzle to produce a high-velocity jet.

OFFICE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGIES ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY • U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

Phone: (914) 345-6459 Fax: (914) 345-6405 mike_riley@praxair. • Phase I testing of injecting hot oxygen on two tuyeres of a commercially operating blast furnace. PLEASE CONTACT: Michael F.C. tests will involve injecting hot oxygen on two tuyeres of a commercially operating blast furnace to verify that the injection lance is commercially viable and to determine any furnace operating problems likely to be encountered with hot oxygen injection. • Final report documenting the project activities and results is expected to be completed by the end of March 2001. April 2001. or suggestions to webmaster. Steel Group.oit. Inc. • Project completion date. OH Praxair.doe. at U. • Project review meeting planned for May 2000. NY U. Inc. • Phase II testing of injection of hot oxygen on all tuyeres of a commercially operating furnace is expected to be completed by the end of February 2001. During Phase I.oit. USX Corporation Pittsburgh. NV Progress and Milestones • Project start date. March 1998. Phase two will involve injected hot oxygen on all tuyeres (typically around 20) of the furnace and gradually increased coal injection rates.oit@ee.S.Project Description Goal: Improve ignition and early combustion of powdered coal injected into blast furnaces. Tarrytown.org http://www.PA Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corporation Wheeling. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION. is expected to be completed by the end of March 2000. PA LTV Steel Company Cleveland. Stable furnace operation and a reduction in coke rate of 60 to 75 lb/thm are anticipated.gov Office of Industrial Technologies Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.doe. PROJECT PARTNERS American Iron and Steel Institute Washington. D. questions. Visit our home page at www. DC Bethlehem Steel Corporation Bethlehem.doe. Department of Energy Washington.gov/steel Please send any comments. increasing peak blast furnace coal injection rates from 400 lb/thm to 475 lb/thm at high furnace production rates.S.com http://www.gov. Steel’s Gary Division.steel. Riley Praxair. 20585 April 2000 .S.

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