Main article: Name of Brazil The etymology of Brazil remains unclear. Traditionally, the word "Brazil" comes from the brazilwood, a timber tree which many sailors traded from Brazilian regions to Europe in the 16th century.[17] In Portuguese brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil commonly given the etymology "red like an ember", formed from Latin brasa ("ember") and the suffix -il (from -iculum or -ilium).[18][19][20] This theory is taught as official in schools of Brazil and Portugal. However, the Brazilian scholar José Adelino da Silva Azevedo has postulated that the word is much older, either of Celtic or Phoenician origin. The Phoenicians traded a red dye which was extracted from a mineral mined Celtic lands, from Iberia to Ireland.[21] In Irish mythology there is a Western island called Hy-Brazil, and this is seen by some, including Tolkien,[22] as one of the most likely etymological sources for the name "Brazil". The same theory was also advanced by 16th century scholars.[17] In the Guarani language, an official language of Paraguay, Brazil is called "Pindorama". This was the name the natives gave to the regionOn this page:
• • • • • • • • • •
Profile People History Government Political Conditions Economy Foreign Relations U.S. Relations Travel/Business Background Notes A-Z

March 8, 2011Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs

Background Note: Brazil

Official Name: Federative Republic of Brazil Top of Form


Powered by JRank

Bottom of Form

Encyclopedia of the Nations

Encyclopedia of the Nations » Americas » Brazil

Ads by Google

China Mobile Connect with over 120,000 suppliers from Hong Kong, China and Taiwan Export Import Worldwide Find Buyers and Suppliers at Global Foreign Trade Portal Go4WorldBusiness.Com MBA Brazil Relations Partnership With Brazilian Embassy Join The Full-Time MBA, Apply Now! Doing Business in Brazil We Prepare, Study, Plan, Research Your Business for Brazilian Market Federative Republic of Brazil República Federativa do Brasil


Wholesale Suppliers Lover prices for goods & services Contact Suppliers & Manufacturers Business in Brazil Export and Import to brazil We are the complete solution Global Market Dashboard Discover investment risk and upside with our global market dashboard

Production Reporting Production reporting and hydrocarbon allocation. On Demand. Located in South America, Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world, after Russia, Canada, China, and the United States. Brazil has an area of 8,511,965 square kilometers (3,286,482 square miles), extending 4,320 kilometers (2,684 miles) from north to south and 4,328 kilometers (2,689 miles) from east to west, and a total coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 miles). Brazil borders all the countries of South America except Chile and Ecuador. Brazil's capital city, Brasília, is located in the country's midwest; its largest cities, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, are located in the southeast.

The population of Brazil was approximately 172.86 million in July 2000, which was an increase of 17.7 percent from the 1991 population of 146.83 million. In 2000 the birth rate was estimated at 18.84 births per 1,000, and the death rate at 9.37 deaths per 1,000. The population growth rate declined by an average of 1.9 percent annually between 1980-1990, to 0.94 percent in 2000, reflecting the effect of birth control programs developed by the Brazilian government during the 1990s. It was forecasted that the population would reach approximately 190 million by the year 2010. Brazil is the most populous country in Latin America and the fifth most populous country in the world. The highest concentration of Brazilians live in the Atlantic coastal region. Of the total population, the states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo contain approximately 41 percent; the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Bahia, Pernambuco, and Ceará contain about 23 percent; and the remaining states hold about 36 percent. The population is extremely urbanized with 78 percent of the population living in cities. Approximately 29 percent of the population is between 014 years old, 66 percent is between 15-64 years old, and only 5 percent is over 65 years old. About 55 percent of the Brazilian population is comprised of whites, the descendants of Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, and Polish immigrants; 38 percent are mixed white and black; 6 percent are blacks of African descent; and others comprise 1 percent. Immigration was a major determinant of the population structure in

Brazil. During colonial times, Portuguese and Africans immigrated to the northeastern region of Brazil. During the period between 1821-1945, approximately 5.2 million Europeans immigrated to Brazil, settling in the southern agricultural regions. After World War I, the Japanese community in Brazil grew to become the largest expatriate Japanese group of the world, with more than 1 million immigrants.

Brazil's coffee production increased from 1 million metric tons in 1995-96 to 2.14 million metric tons by 1998-99, more than doubling in 4 years. However, production decreased slightly to 1.85 million metric tons in 1999-2000. The decline in production for 1999-2000 was linked to an agreement of the Association of Coffee Producing Countries (ACPC). ACPC developed a program to reduce the world supply of coffee in order to increase its price. The volume of coffee held back by each country is set at 20 percent of exports. However, Brazil still remains the largest producer and exporter of coffee in the world.

Soybean production in Brazil increased considerably for the 1999-2000 harvest. The average production of soybeans for 1994-99 was 28.23 million metric tons and for 1999-2000 alone was 32.5 million metric tons. The increase in soybean production for the 1999-2000 harvest was equivalent to 15 percent over the 1994-99 average. This increase was due to favorable weather in the southeast area of Brazil, where most of the farms are located. Another positive effect was that the world market increased imports from Brazil after the currency devaluation. The increase in soybean exports was equal to 24 percent, from 8.93 million metric tons for 1998-99 to 11.16 million metric tons for 1999-2000. Brazil is the second largest soybean producer and exporter (after the United States) in the world. The total area used for soybean production is equal to 13.4 million hectares (33.16 million acres).

Brazil is the largest producer and exporter of oranges and orange juice in the world. Brazil's total production was equal to 1.1 million metric tons in 1999-2000, or 47 percent of the world total. Orange juice consumption in Brazil is very small, only 18,000 metric tons for 1999-2000. The remainder is exported, at 1.16 million metric tons for 1999-2000 (including tangerine juice). Brazil's orange production and

Brazil is the third largest producer (after China and India) and largest exporter of tobacco in the world. Brazil is the third largest cocoa producer and exporter in the world (after Côte D'Ivoire and Ghana). Cocoa production in Brazil has suffered the effects of mixed weather patterns and infection by the witches-broom fungus since 1989. The Brazilian government developed research and financial incentives for utilization of alcohol in passenger vehicles after the world oil crisis in 1973-74. Cocoa production for 2000 was the lowest in 30 years.100 in 2000. respectively. Brazil's chocolate consumption rose 89 percent from 1988-89 to 199596. Since the time of Portuguese colonization. Exports.500 metric tons.700 metric tons to 118. 493. The government tried to develop new cocoa strains resistant to the fungus.000 metric tons in 1996 to 493.export volume declined from 1998-99 levels by 19 and 11 percent. . increased by 3 percent.100 metric tons in 2000. from 62.1 million metric tons.3 million metric tons. from 159. TOBACCO. or solely alcohol. Tobacco production in Brazil increased from 365. COCOA. Sugar exports for 1999-2000 were equal to 11. SUGAR.119 metric tons in 1999 to 125. but without success.000 metric tons of tobacco were exported from Brazil. in 1999-2000.100 metric tons were produced and 350. Sugar is mostly exported to the rest of the world while alcohol is mostly used as fuel for passenger vehicles. from 93. from 50. however. an increase of 24 percent.295 metric tons in 1999 to 96. Brazilian companies process sugarcane into sugar and alcohol. Passenger vehicles in Brazil are powered by either a combination of oil and alcohol.500 metric tons in 1996 to 350.000 in 2000.290 metric tons in 2000. Cocoa imports in 2000 increased by 67 percent. Brazil's sugar production in 1999-2000 was equal to 20. Brazil has been the largest producer and exporter of sugar in the world. and to use pest management systems. setting an all-time high. Tobacco exports in Brazil increased from 282. During the 2000 calendar year.100 metric tons in 2000. Sugarcane production is concentrated in the northeastern area. decreasing by 21 percent.350 metric tons in 1999 to 84. an increase of 35 percent. Tobacco is another major agricultural product. Despite these problems.

3 million metric tons. Corn imports were small. a decrease of 2 percent from the 1998-99 production of 32. However. Broiler production has increased significantly throughout the last 5 years.000 metric tons. an increase of 18 percent from the 1999 export of 550.000 metric tons .CORN.000 metric tons in 1995 to 850. Broiler meat exports from Brazil also rank third in the world (after the United States and Hong Kong). generating a need for imports. Total production of fresh cow's milk was equal to 22. Brazil is the world's second largest producer (after the United States) and third largest exporter of beef (after Australia and the United States). DAIRY. Brazil's dairy production is the sixth largest in the world (after the United States. amounting to only 1. India. Germany. In 2000 the mad cow disease in Europe helped boost beef exports from Brazil. POULTRY. Consumption after 1996-97 was higher than production.8 million metric tons in 2000. Russia. Beef production for 2000 was 6. Brazilian exporters expanded to other existing markets (such as the United States) and to new markets (mainly in Asia). Beef exports for 2000 were equal to 650. Brazil's poultry production ranks third in the world (after the United States and China). the United States joined Canada (its NAFTA partner) in temporarily banning all imports of beef in 2001.376 metric tons. It is expected corn production will surpass consumption in the future due to government production incentives. and France). Broiler meat production increased from 4. Even though exports to the United States rose 50 percent in 1999 to 50. Corn production for 1999-2000 yielded 31.45 million metric tons in 2000. Broiler meat exports went from 424.05 million metric tons in 1995 to 5. but all of its production is consumed domestically. BEEF. an increase of 4 percent from the 1999 production of 6.000 metric tons. Brazil is the third largest producer of corn in the world (after China and the European Union).35 million metric tons. an increase of 35 percent.6 million metric tons. In 1999 the European Union was the market for nearly 70 percent of Brazilian beef exports.79 million metric tons in 1999-2000.05 million metric tons.

8 percent of the workforce in 1998. Direct government participation is noticed in the oil processing industry and passenger jet aircraft industry through partial ownership of such companies. VCRs. MANUFACTURING. and 20 percent in 2000. but there are also new industries that have been developed in the last few decades with government aid. Poultry exports increased 26 percent in 1999. and 22. State participation in manufacturing occurs in the production of textiles and clothing. and lamb and sheep are not raised in Brazil due to the tropical weather. engaging 11. These industries comprise a large proportion of the manufacturing sector. The instability generated by inflation and uncertain government policies caused tremendous fluctuations in manufacturing growth rates. and beverages. OTHER. Machinery and transport equipment. mostly for domestic consumption. food. an increase of 100 percent in only 5 years. Intel. The manufacturing sector decreased as a percentage of gross domestic product from 31 percent in 1979 to 29. This was caused in part by a lack of foreign investment and inflationary problems during the 1980s and 1990s.5 percent in 1989. There are a few national companies that are domestically oriented. Indirect government participation is noticed in the textile industry and machinery industry through export subsidies and low interest loans. and computer chips. Major products in the manufacturing sector are televisions. The European Union increased its imports of Brazilian poultry by 50 percent in 2000. and Compaq.7 percent of the gross domestic product in 1999. sugar cane and wood 2000. such as Consul and Brastemp. when the devalued real boosted broiler meat exports. and chemicals are important manufacturing industries. such as Nokia. telephones.95 million metric tons in 2000.7 percent in 1998 and 1999. Brazil's pork production was equal to 1. Fishing is limited. In 2000 the mad cow disease in Europe helped to increase broiler meat exports. footwear. The manufacturing sector contributed 22. There are also companies that are primarily export oriented. . Most of the increase in exports happened in the years of 1999 and 2000. construction materials.

Brazilian shoes are exported mainly to Europe.6 billion in 1998. This was a setback for the development of the mining sector because domestic investors lacked the capital for extensive mineral .000 tractors in 1998. Ford. employing approximately 80.25 million passenger car units. Pulp and waste paper exports were US$1 billion for 1998. MINING. Brazil has the largest textile operating facilities in Latin America.000 people in forestry operations. 350.478 mostly small producers in 1998. PAPER. TEXTILES. Brazil's passenger automotive production was approximately 1. where they are famous for their quality. The industry consisted of approximately 200 companies. 292. Brazil has manufacturing plants for General Motors.43 million people in 1998. Machinery and transport equipment were the biggest exports from Brazil.000 people directly in their processing operations and 60. Total sales average US$19 billion per year. The Brazilian textile industry was comprised of 44. and luggage. employing 1. Crude steel production in 1998 was 25. The mining sector was protected by the 1988 constitution against foreign majority participation of direct mining companies. The textile industry is also labor intensive.76 million metric tons. Brazil exported US$3. or 25 percent of total exports. In 1998. accounting for US$12. The national textile industry is responsible for 3 percent of world production. shoes.9 billion in 1998. Automobiles are the most important manufactured items in Brazil.290 people were employed in the industry. Honda.TRANSPORT VEHICLES.000 metric tons of newsprint in 1998. Fiat. Fibers and leather are used to produce clothing. receiving the highest salaries among the manufacturing industries.67 million in steel and ore in 1998. STEEL. The Brazilian paper and pulp industry was responsible for the production of 273. Volkswagen. Workers are highly unionized. and 17. Vast reserves of ore and high domestic demand for steel products have helped the industry. exports were US$2. and Toyota.000 commercial vehicles.

tin. exporting 131 million metric tons in 1985. The country is the world's largest producer of bauxite. In 1994. columbium. extracting iron ore from the state of Minas Gerais. located in the midwest of Brazil. with its cable car. Argentina ranked first with 1.5 million visitors in 1999. In 1981 Brazil became the world's leading exporter of iron ore. and Germans ranked third with 0. 5.500 carats. Brazil's iron ore reserves are estimated at 20 billion metric tons.exploration.8 million foreign tourists visited Brazil. sixth in the world. and tin. excluding expenses of international airfare. Tourists are attracted to Rio de Janeiro for its notable sights: the Pão de Açúcar (Sugar Loaf Mountain).9 billion. Major exports are iron ore. Approximately 63 percent of the existing hotel rooms were occupied in 1998. have deposits of diamonds and other precious and semiprecious stones. manganese.000 and they spent an average of US$79 per day. and the privatization of state-owned mining plants. With the help of foreign investments. iron ore production increased to 59.6 million visitors. Private Brazilian investors and Brazilian corporations own the majority of the mineral industry. generating receipts of US$1. the state-owned Companhia Vale do Rio Doce was privatized. with its statue of Jesus . The states of Minas Gerais. and Goiás.3 million visitors.6 percent of the gross domestic product of Brazil. In 1999 mining contributed 0. The number of tourists that visit Brazil increased considerably during the 1990s. gold.000 hotels and other forms of accommodation. The average annual income of visitors in 1999 was US$37. Reserves of petroleum in Brazil were estimated in 1997 to be at 657 million metric tons. the Corcovado. TOURISM. However. iron ore. gemstones. Shortly afterwards. 1. and aluminum. mostly to Japan and Germany. and by 1985 output was 186 million metric tons. In 1991 production of diamonds accounted for 1. American tourists ranked second with 0. tantalum. deregulating investments. Hotels generate over 1 million jobs and pay over US$400 million in taxes. Bahia. in 1995 the Congress approved an amendment to the constitution allowing private companies (including foreigners) to participate in the mining industry through joint ventures . Mining operations started in 1942. In 1999.4 million metric tons in 1974.1 million foreign tourists arrived. kaolin. Brazil has over 10. spending over US$4 billion. The participation of foreign capital is very limited due to Brazilian mining laws. located on the country's Midwest.

starting in 1994. The 3 largest banks of Brazil—the Bank of Brazil. Federal Economic Register. It has 12.5 billion in total assets in 2000.246 people. Such investments helped attract an increasing number of tourists to the northeast region. Other investments funded by the IDB and Brazilian government are planned for the Amazon and Pantanal regions. the Federal Economic Register. and the State Bank of Rio de Janeiro (BANERJ).614 people in 2000.Christ the Redeemer. Rio de Janeiro's Desfile das Escolas de Samba (Samba Schools Parade) attracts millions of tourists every year. employing 90. The second largest bank. The historic city of Ouro Preto in Minas Gerais. Brazil is most famous for its Carnival. the largest component of the services industry. Foreign and government investments in tourism are important to the economy. preserving natural ecosystems. The government holds the majority of the stocks of 3 national banks and a variety of state banks.2 billion in the northeast region. had assets worth approximately US$63 billion. . and Copacabana Beach. Investments in that region were responsible for renovating airports. These investments rapidly boosted the tourist economy in the northeast. Ecotourism is developed in the Amazon Valley cities such as Belém and Manaus. and foreign investment helped with the construction of multimillion dollar resorts in the coastal areas of the northeast. that usually takes place in February. the Iguaçu Falls in the south. and in the south of Brazil.378 people. employing 1. The assets of the 3 major banks represented approximately 23 percent of the gross domestic product in 1999. with its beautiful people and mosaic sidewalks. improving public sanitation. the seventh largest bank in Brazil. The government owns most of the financial sector. The total assets of the Bank of Brazil were worth roughly US$71 billion in 2000. with the exception of the privatized State Bank of São Paulo (BANESPA). employing 102. BNDES's assets were worth approximately US$48 billion. and National Bank of Economic and Social Development (BNDES)— accounted for US$181. and restoring cultural practices. FINANCIAL SERVICES. and in the flooded areas of the Pantanal located in the western central region.9 million customers and agencies in 30 different countries. The Bank of Brazil is the largest bank in Brazil and the largest financial institution in Latin America. The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the Brazilian government invested 1. and the churches of Bahia also attract many tourists.

230 people in 2000. and other retail chains are located in the coastal areas whereas small family-owned businesses compose the retail sector in smaller cities. 50 centavos.6 million customers and more than 26 million checking accounts. respectively. 10. The number of companies that employ 500 or more workers is low. 5. The total assets of the 50 largest banks in Brazil were worth US$436 billion in 2000. 10. RETAIL. One real equals 100 centavos. Total assets for 2000 accounted for US$40 billion and US$27 billion for BRADESCO and Itaú. The bulk of employed people in this sector come from companies that employ less than 500 employees. Total sales in the sector amounted to approximately US$300 billion in 1998. and 31 companies with 500 or more workers in the wholesale section. and 100 reals. the real (R$). There are few retail chains in the economy. —Ecio F. grocery. BRADESCO has 3. there were 75 companies which hired 500 or more workers in 1997 in the retail section. Food. 20.The Brazilian Discount Bank (BRADESCO) and Itaú have the largest assets in the private sector . Costa CAPITAL: Brasília. was introduced on 1 July 1994. Combined retail and wholesale sectors were made up of 708. This part of the financial services sector employed 492. This sector is responsible for the highest number of employed people in all sectors of the services industry. MONETARY UNIT: Brazil's currency. The smaller retail businesses are responsible for employing a large number of people. DEPENDENCIES Brazil has no territories or colonies. and notes of 5. Most of them are located in the capitals of each state but are not part of the retail context in the less developed economies in rural areas.635 retail and wholesale outlets. and 1 real. 25. 50. This represented more than 50 percent of the total gross domestic product of that year. . There are coins of 1.

Imports: US$48. GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT: US$1. China and Taiwan www.).hktdc.057 trillion (purchasing power parity. chemical products. footwear.).CHIEF EXPORTS: Manufactures.. soybeans. oil.o. coffee. iron ore. 1999 est.o.b. electricity. CHIEF IMPORTS: Machinery and Export Import Worldwide Find Buyers and Suppliers at Global Foreign Trade Portal Go4WorldBusiness.Com . 1999 est.9 billion (f.). BALANCE OF TRADE: Exports: US$46.7 billion (f. Ads by Google China Mobile Connect with over 120. 1999 est.000 suppliers from Hong Kong.

Overview of economy Politics. and taxation Infrastructure. ask questions. of course. I can only say that if i would've foun it before hand it would've made my research 100% easier! Comment about this article. government. and communications Economic sectors Agriculture Industry Services International trade Money Poverty and wealth Working conditions Country history and economic development Future trends Bibliography User Contributions: 1 Carla Hundley Dec 15. power. or add new information about this topic: Top of Form . 2009 @ 8:20 pm Great article! I found this article after I had completed my report over Brazil.

add /economies/Amer Name: E-mail: Display email publicly Security Code: 3&(/ Comment: (50-4000 characters) Send Bottom of Form Brazil forum « Bolivia Canada » Copyright © 2011 Advameg.html#ixzz1Hthdg9dq .nationsencyclopedia. Soybeans. Population. Beef http://www. Tobacco. Read more: Brazil .Location and size. Corn. Inc. Oranges. Coffee.

2. and coastal lowland. Work force (2009 est.000 sq. km. and rolling plains in the southwest.7 million).2 million). semiarid along northeast coast. Ethnic groups: African. Japanese. German. Porto Alegre (1.PROFILE Geography Area: 8. and people of Middle Eastern descent. Population (2010): 190 million.4 million).7 million.511.).3% of adult population. Education: Literacy--90. Fortaleza (2. Curitiba (1. Cities: Capital--Brasilia (pop. Religion: Roman Catholic (74%). slightly smaller than the U. Indigenous peoples. Health: Infant mortality rate--21. mi. Portuguese. People Nationality: Brazilian. the world's largest wetland area. Recife (1.7 million). Rio de Janeiro (6. Other cities--Sao Paulo (11. Spanish. midwestern savannahs.5 million).290. hills. Belo Horizonte (2. Climate: Mostly tropical or semitropical with temperate zone in the south.000.4 million). . Annual population growth rate: 1. Language: Portuguese.02%. mountains.965 sq. including Mato Grosso.1 years in 2010.): 101.17/1. Terrain: Dense forests in northern regions including Amazon Basin. Salvador (2.3 million).5 million). (3. Life expectancy--73.4 million).S. Italian.

81% of the total population was living in urban areas. Exports--$202 billion. Green Party (PV).65 Brazilian reais. 1822. Chamber of Deputies (513 members popularly elected to 4-year terms). Major markets--China 15%. and the Labor Party of Brazil (PT do B). banking.S. and aluminum. footwear. sugarcane. Christian Social Party (PSC). coffee. petrochemicals. Brazilian Labor Party (PTB). wheat. chemicals. wood. Popular Socialist Party (PPS). security. Argentina 9%. Communist Party of Brazil (PC do B). uranium. Per capita GDP (purchasing power parity): $10. cement. Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB). Natural resources: Iron ore. Annual real growth (2010): 7. commerce. telecommunications. Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB). $1 = 1. and lumber. commercial aircraft. auto parts. PEOPLE AND HISTORY With its 190 million inhabitants. Independence: September 7. consumer durables. and Brazilian Labor Renewal Party (PRTB). Major suppliers--United States 15%. nickel. cotton. United States 10%. Political parties: Workers' Party (PT). the National Mobilization Party (PMN). Services (66% of GDP): Types--mail. cocoa. 2011): U. Rio de Janeiro. by 2005. the Brazilian Republican Party (PRB). energy.5%. corn. and political problems for major cities. Industry (28% of GDP): Types--steel. and Argentina 8%. China 14%. Democratic Workers Party (PDT). motors.900. livestock.194 trillion. Constitution: Promulgated October 5.185. and computing. Trade: Trade balance (2011)--$20 billion surplus. Judicial-Supreme Federal Tribunal (11 lifetime positions appointed by the president). GDP (purchasing power parity): $2. Agriculture (6% of GDP): Products--soybeans. oranges. Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB). 1988. rice. Brazil underwent rapid urban growth. Party of the Republic (PR).1 trillion. Economy (2010 est. Imports-$182 billion. which includes the industrial cities of Sao Paulo. vehicles. and tobacco. Brazil has the largest population in Latin America and ranks fifth in the world. machinery.) GDP (nominal exchange rate): $ 2. Brazilian Communist Party (PCB). Democrats (DEM). Socialism and Freedom Party (PSOL). The majority of people live in the south-central area. . Brazil has 14% of the world's renewable fresh water. Per capita GDP (nominal exchange rate): $11. oil. Christian Labor Party (PTC). environmental. Exchange rate (March 3. gemstones. and Belo Horizonte. manganese. bauxite. Legislative--Senate (81 members popularly elected to staggered 8-year terms). Humanistic Solidarity Party (PHS). Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and head of government popularly elected to no more than two 4-year terms). Progressive Party (PP). This growth aids economic development but also creates serious social.Government Type: Federative republic.

a . Dom Pedro II. Joao Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo (1979-85). About three-quarters of all Brazilians belong to the Roman Catholic Church. Nereu Ramos. Slavery had been abolished a year earlier by the Princess Regent Isabel while Dom Pedro II was in Europe. Germany. Carlos Luz. and the Middle East. The armed forces. Geisel began a democratic opening that was continued by his successor. and Japanese and other Asian immigrant groups who settled in Brazil since the mid-19th century. Dom Joao VI returned to Portugal in 1821. President Lula. was elected president in 2002. From 1875 until 1960. before his presidential inauguration. Brazil completed its transition to a popularly elected government in 1989. Despite class distinctions. In 1992. 1994 Fernando Henrique Cardoso was elected President with 54% of the vote. Marshal of the Army. Intermarriage between the Portuguese and indigenous people or slaves was common. and became emperor with the title of Dom Pedro I. Although the major European ethnic stock of Brazil was originally Portuguese. when Dom Joao VI and the rest of the Portuguese royal family fled from Napoleon's army. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. members of growing evangelical movements. His son. Parana. He was re-elected in 2006 for a second 4-year term. a major corruption scandal led to his impeachment and ultimately. Brazil prides itself on being open to all races but recently began a national conversation on racial equality and entered into a memorandum of understanding with the United States on addressing racial inequality. The largest Japanese community outside Japan is in Sao Paulo. from abdominal complications. and pursued a program of ambitious economic reform. 1995. Indigenous full-blooded Indians. Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking nation in the Americas. ruled from 1831 to 1889. most others are members of traditional Protestant denominations. and established its seat of government in Rio de Janeiro. Immigrants came mainly from Italy. an electoral college consisting of all members of congress and six delegates chosen from each state continued to choose the president. and Ernesto Geisel (1974-79). Juscelino Kubitschek. the government was a constitutional republic. in the presidency. make up less than 1% of the population. with the presidency alternating between the dominant states of Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais. national identity is strong. On October 3. and Janio Quadros. when a federal republic was established in a coup led by Deodoro da Fonseca. Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed Brazil for Portugal in 1500. Vice President Joao Goulart succeeded him. Between 1945 and 1961. Vice President Jose Sarney became President upon Neves' death. 1964. Santa Catarina. when Fernando Collor de Mello won 53% of the vote in the first direct presidential election in 29 years. all democratically elected presidents that followed Itamar Franco started and finished their mandate with no interruptions in the constitutional order. various other European. after his fourth campaign for the office. Figueiredo permitted the return of politicians exiled or banned from political activity during the 1960s and 1970s and allowed them to run for state and federal offices in 1982. Brazil had six presidents: Jose Linhares. all of whom were senior army officers. Middle Eastern. Goulart's years in office were marked by high inflation. Vargas himself. settling mainly in the four southern states of Sao Paulo. and indigenous peoples of Tupi and Guarani language stock. Cardoso took office January 1. followed by Arthur da Costa e Silva (1967-69). His son declared Brazil's independence on September 7. about 5 million Europeans immigrated to Brazil. Cafe Filho.Six major groups make up the Brazilian population: the Portuguese. Gen. staged a coup on March 31. To date. Their numbers are declining as contact with the outside world and commercial expansion into the interior increase. economic stagnation. resignation. Africans brought to Brazil as slaves. Japan. In January 1985. Emilio Garrastazu Medici (1969-74). From 1889 to 1930. who colonized Brazil in the 16th century. Concurrently. This period ended with a military coup that placed Getulio Vargas. When Quadros resigned in 1961. Vice President Itamar Franco took his place and governed for the remainder of Collor's term. Poland. The colony was ruled from Lisbon until 1808. The coup leaders chose Humberto Castello Branco as president. alarmed by these developments. the electoral college voted Tancredo Neves from the opposition Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) into office as President. Neves died 39 days later. Brazilian Government programs to establish indigenous reservations and to provide other forms of assistance have existed for years but are controversial. commonly known as Lula. subsequent waves of immigration contributed to a diverse ethnic and cultural heritage. a civilian. Spain. located mainly in the northern and western border regions and in the upper Amazon Basin. Gaspar Dutra. and Rio Grande do Sul. and the increasing influence of radical political elements. He was re-elected in 1998 for a second 4-year term. Vargas remained as dictator until 1945. or follow practices derived from African religions. 1822.

Each state is eligible for a minimum of eight seats. and 1. the proportion of congressional seats held by particular parties can change. GOVERNMENT AND POLITICAL CONDITIONS Brazil is a federal republic with 26 states and a federal district. Chamber terms are 4 years. Dilma had previously served as the Minister of Mines and Energy and the Executive Chief of Staff. President Rousseff has also been a vocal defender of human rights and promoter of social inclusion. Brazil held its sixth consecutive presidential and general elections since the reinstatement of democracy in 1985. About 130 million Brazilians. two-thirds of the country’s population. staggered so that two-thirds of the upper house is up for election at one time and one-third 4 years later. and 513 deputies. Since representatives to the lower house might switch parties.057 delegates to the 27 state assemblies. At the same time. a cabinet-member position. he made fighting poverty through conditional transfer payments an important element of his policies. most notably gender equality. Dilma Vana Rousseff. becoming the first woman president in Brazil. The president holds office for 4 years. and appoints his own cabinet. In office he took a prudent fiscal path. The 1988 constitution grants broad powers to the federal government. Industry. The major political parties are: Workers' Party (PT-center-left) Democrats (DEM-center-right) Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB-center) Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB-center-left) Green Party (PV-center-left) Socialism and Freedom Party (Psol-left) Brazilian Labor Party (PTB-center-right) Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB-center-left) Democratic Labor Party (PDT-center-left) Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB-left) Progressive Party (PP-center-right) Party of the Republic (PR-center right) Brazilian Republican Party (PRB-center) Christian Social Party (PSC-center) Chief of State and Cabinet Members President--Dilma Vana Rousseff Vice President--Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia Minister-Chief Casa Civil (Chief of Staff)--Antonio Palocci Filho Minister of Defense--Nelson Jobim Minister of Development. a mandatory civic duty. won a runoff election against the Social Democrat Party candidate. Up for election were the President. the governors of all 26 states and of the federal district of Brasília. There are 81 senators. is Brazil's first working-class president. with elections based on a complex system of proportional representation by states. warning that social reforms would take years and that Brazil had no alternative but to maintain tight fiscal austerity policies.former union leader. legislative. Rousseff took office on January 1. 2011 and has prioritized growth with equity policies to eradicate poverty and fiscal austerity. the largest state delegation (Sao Paulo's) is capped at 70 seats. in President Lula’s administration. In October 2010. three for each state and the Federal District. made up of executive. with the right to re-election for an additional 4-year term. 54 senators (two-thirds of the total). and Trade--Fernando Damata Pimentel Minister of Finance--Guido Mantega Minister of Foreign Affairs--Antonio de Aguiar Patriota . This system is weighted in favor of geographically large but sparsely populated states. all 513 federal deputies. were eligible to vote. Nineteen political parties are represented in Congress. the Workers Party (PT) candidate. and judicial branches. Senate terms are 8 years.

he is a former Brazilian football player listed among the most illustrious football players of all times. His contribution to the field of sculpting is also laudable. He had good command over English. He joined the United Nations in 1969. There was a period when he had become controversial. 1945. while he was studying in Paris. Livestock and Food Supply--Wagner Goncalves Rossi Minister of Mines and Energy--Edison Lobao Ambassador to the United States--Mauro Vieira Ambassador to the United Nations--Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti Ambassador to the OAS--Ruy de Lima Casaes e Silva Edison Arantes do Nascimento: Best known by the name 'Pele'. Oscar Niemeyer: Born on December 15. He is named the football ambassador of the world by FIFA and is a member of the American National Soccer Hall of Fame. He is the founder of the 'NeoPentecostal' Universal Church of the Kingdom of God. after his death. At the age of 100. 1907. Spanish. who have made their nation proud. This famous architect from Brazil is the proud winner of the Pritzker Prize and the Mies van der Rohe Prize. football star Pele. After graduating as an engineer architect in 1943. Edir Macedo: Born on February 18. Edir Macedo is a religious leader from Brazil. 1948 in Rio de Janeiro. Sergio Vieira de Mello: Born on March 15. He was considered one of the most suitable candidates for the position of UN Secretary General. Paulo Mendes da Rocha: He was born on October 25. 1928 in Victoria. he is still a part of many reorganizational works. The use of unconventional patterns and a blend of volumes and empty space characterize the buildings of Niemeyer. French and Italian. he received his nickname Pele in his years of schooling. as it was believed that the people following his teachings were offered material rewards. He has been a part of many buildings of cultural significance in Sao Paulo. He started as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva and became a senior political advisor in 1981 and 1983. Brazil and is admired for his contributions to bringing about reforms in the city. and also Portuguese. is an asset for the Brazilian Government. he is second to Oscar Nieymeyer who won it in 1988. He graduated as an architect in 1954 and has worked exclusively in Brazil since then. They have made a deep impact on society through their outstanding work. and a variety of other projects. A doctor of Theology and Christian Philosophy.Minister of Justice--Jose Eduardo Cardozo Minister of the Environment--Izabella Teixeira Minister of Agriculture. He was given the 'Statesman of the Year Award' in 2004. Winning the Pritzker Prize in 2006. These were only a few of those famous people from Brazil. he continues to be one of the prominent figures in Brazil. His early training and determined efforts turned him into a great football player of Brazil. he started working in architecture studios. Oscar Niemeyer is a Brazilian architect of world acclaim. Born in 1940 and named after Thomas Edison. This all-time top scorer from Brazil. Sergio Vieira de Mello grew up to become one of the very famous diplomats of Brazil. He attained international renown for his plan of the city of Brazilia. His father trained him in football. His death meant the loss of a great political personality of Brazil. The International Olympic Committee named him as the Athlete of the Century in 1999. He was accused of charlatanism and had to spend time in jail. .

salvador Rio de janerio Most important newspaper Below. The boards (owners) of O Globo and O Estado are more . that make them a source of information for everyone in Brazil. O Estado de Sao Paulo and Folha de Sao Paulo. are distributed throughout the country. some notices about the most important national newspapers. visit the corresponding page on the States of Brazil section. Jornal do Brasil. For information about papers covering each Brazilian State. these newspapers have a comprehensive coverage of politics. The four major newspapers are O Globo. however. economy and international issues. even if having a local section. Most Brazilian newspapers have regional circulation (usually within State borders). Some newspapers.

as opposed to the factual news. which also includes a magazine. many columnists are published in more than one paper. It faced financial problems in the 1990s. O Estado de Sao Paulo Published in Sao Paulo. with impact in the workforce. the most important in Brazil. It used to be the most important financial newspaper in Brazil. closer to the center of Government. this is a good source of political information. This newspaper is a joint-venture between Globo and Abril. Gazeta Mercantil Focus on economy. however. Click the next link for a Brazilian newspapers on line Acre Amapá Amazonas Pará Rondônia Roraima Tocantins Alagoas Bahia Ceará Maranhã o Paraíba Pernamb uco Piauí Rio Grande do Norte Sergipe Espírito Santo Minas Gerais Rio de Janeiro São Paulo Distrito Federal Goiás Mato Grosso Mato Grosso do Sul . Not as big as the other four. Jornal do Brasil Published in Rio de Janeiro. this is the one with most restrict access. The newspaper is a member of O Globo Corporation. English version available. while JB and Folha are more liberals.conservative. but it faced a crisis in the 1990s. The editorial staff seems to be completely independent. radio and TV Globo. O Globo Published in Rio de Janeiro. but. Valor Econômico Focused on economy. the opinions are very clearly labeled. Folha de Sao Paulo Published in Sao Paulo. Of the major on-line newspapers. Correio Braziliense Published in Brasilia. the two largest media groups in Brazil. bordering bankruptcy. one of the largest media groups in Brazil.

Paraná Rio Grande do Sul Santa Catarin a Brasil Travel info Tourism in Brazil From Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. search .

and safety and security (ranked 128th). and sixth in the Americas. Among the most popular destinations are the Amazon Rainforest. the most visited destination in Brazil by foreign tourists for leisure trips. and third place to travel for leisure. and second place for business travel. Both arrivals and revenues fell in 2009 as compared to the previous year due to the effects of the 2008-2009 economic crisis. Tourism in Brazil is a growing sector and key to the economy of several regions of the country. the Pantanal in the Center-West Region. and natural resources.[1] Brazil offers for both domestic and international tourists. and adventure travel. In terms of 2008 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI). which is a measurement of the factors that make it attractive to develop business in the travel and tourism industry of individual countries. where Brazil ranks sixth at the worldwide level. in terms of the international tourist arrivals. The country had 4.[3] Contents [hide] • 1 International tourism ○ ○ 1.3 billion in 2009.8 million visitors in 2009.Rio de Janeiro. ground transport infrastructure (ranked 95th). cultural and historic tourism in Minas Gerais and business trips to São Paulo city. mainly sun and beach.2 Tourist visa . an ample gamut of options. as well as historic and cultural tourism. Revenues from international tourists reached US$5. second among Latin American countries. Brazil reached the 49th place in the world's ranking. and third when only the natural resources criteria is considered. a combination of ecotourism with leisure and recreation. beaches and dunes in the Northeast Region. São Paulo. beaches at Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina. and second in Latin America after Mexico.[2] Brazil main competitive advantages are shown by the subindex measuring human. the most visited destination in Brazil for foreign tourists who travel on business. cultural. The TTCI report also notes Brazil's main weaknesses. with natural areas being its most popular tourism product. information and communications technology infrastructure (ranked 58th). the main destination in South America.1 Comparison with other Latin American destinations 1.

3 0. and one of the top destinations by Brazilian nationals and international tourists.019 5.953 14.861 19.780 16.794 5.316 1.1 Southeast Region 3.802 972 1. . is the center of Afro-Brazilian culture.8 5.050 4.222 30.8 3.133 4.3 Center-West Region 3.025 5.1 0.9 4.358 5.7 5.1 2005[6] 2006[6] 2007[7] [8] 4.5 North Region Historical international tourism arrivals 1995-2008 Total Internatio Annu Annu revenu nal al al e tourist growt growt (millio arrivals h h ns (x1000) (%) (%) USD) 1.4 Northeast Region 3.2 Southern Region 3.305 -8.313 4. capital of Bahia state.8 -6.2 2008[9] [10] 2009[1] Salvador.5 -4.0 3.479 - Year • • • 4 See also 5 References 6 External links 1995[4] [5] [edit] International tourism 2000[4] [5] 2003[4] [5] 2004[4] [5] 16.0 11.810 2.• • 2 Domestic tourism 3 Tourism by regions of Brazil ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ 3.991 5.

Balneário Camboriú.9 billion in 2007. in 2006 a slow down took place. Paraná. According to the World Tourism Organization (WTO). is one of the largest off-season carnivals in Brazil. from USD 3. but on the other hand. and international arrivals have had almost no growth both in 2007 and 2008. However. in Brasília. which began in 2004. is one of the top destinations by domestic and international tourists. Brasília's Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady Aparecida. in Curitiba. mainly Argentines. This favorable trend is the result of the strong devaluation of the American dollar against the Brazilian Real.9 billion in 2005 to USD 4. in Santa Catarina state. making Brazil a more . a one billion dollar increase despite 333 thousand less arrivals. international travel to Brazil began to grow fast since 2000. revenues from international tourism continue to rise.[9][6][11][12] In spite of this trend. Botanical Garden of Curitiba. Carnatal in Natal. particularly during 2004 and 2005.

[20] In 2006 Rio de Janeiro and Fortaleza were the most popular destinations by national visitors.[15] In 2005. representing a net deficit of USD 3. a 42. In 2005.76 billion in 2006. Foz do Iguaçu. Rio de Janeiro. and represented 7% of direct and indirect employment in the Brazilian economy. 0 3rd São Paulo 13. a 125% increase from the previous year. Florianópolis and Salvador were the most visited cities by international tourists for leisure trips.[18] and direct revenues from Brazilian tourists reached USD 21.[21] Main destinations visited by international tourists in 2005[20] Top 10 ranking by travel purpose Leisure Business events & conventions Other purposes Ranki ng (2005) Destination % Ranki Destinatio ng (2005 n ) % Ranki Destinatio ng (2005 n ) % 1st Rio de Janeiro 31. as compared to USD 1.[17] Domestic tourism is a fundamental market segment for the industry. The most popular destinations for business trips were São Paulo. 5 2nd Foz do Iguaçu 17. São Paulo. 1st 5 São Paulo 49. resulting in a net negative foreign exchange balance. Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre. the number of Brazilian tourists travelling overseas has been growing steadily since 2003.26 billion in 2007.[14] This trend is caused by Brazilians taking advantage of the stronger Real to travel and making relatively cheaper expenditures abroad. to USD 8.expensive international destination. 2nd 0 Rio de Janeiro 22.21 billion in 2007. Tourism expenditures abroad grew from USD 5.[1] Despite continuing record breaking of international tourism revenues.9% of the country's population.[13] This trend changed in 2009.87 million people. 2nd 3 Rio de Janeiro 25.[19] 5.6 times more receipts than international tourists in 2005.8 billion. 4th Curitiba 5. 3rd 6 Porto Alegre 8. tourism contributed with 3.3 .4 4th Florianópolis 12.45 billion in 2006. as 51 million traveled throughout the country in 2005.45% increase.2 3rd Belo Horizonte 6. as more money is spent abroad by Brazilian than receipts from international tourist visiting Brazil.[14] Brazilian traveling overseas in 2006 represented 3.[16] In 2006 direct employment in the sector reached 1.2% of the country's revenues from exports of goods and services. when both visitors and revenues fell as a result of the 2008-2009 economic crisis. 1st 4 São Paulo 32.4 4th Salvador 6.

061 75 5 1 3 2nd 12.8 10th s Brasília 3.6 7th Fortaleza 6.0 10th Florianópoli 1.169 721.6 20.3 13.0 s 8th Natal 5.3%).4 7th Florianópoli 4.2%).1 18. 5th 5 Belo Horizonte 4.506 9 1 1 .7 9th Fortaleza 3.7 6th Campinas 4.4 10th Manaus 4.210 933.3 18.4%) and from Italy (5.1 5th Salvador 11.0 8th Porto Alegre 3.6 9th Búzios 5.1 Most international visitors in 2008 came from Argentina (20.1 6th Balneário Camboriú 6.1 5th Foz de Iguaçu 5.4 9th Salvador 2.633 United States 625.4 7th Brasília 3.[9] Top international arrivals by country of origin between 2006 and 2008 are: Top 15 visitor arrivals to Brazil by country of origin (2006– 2008)[9][7] Ranki ng 2008 Country of origin Foreign Foreign Foreign % % % tourist tourist tourist tota tota tota s s s l l l 2008 2007 2006 1st Argentina 1.9 14. while as a region most visitors came from neighboring South American countries.6 920.1 6th Curitiba 4.8 8th Foz de Iguaçu 3. from the United States (12.4 699. mainly from Mercosul.017.

111 4.00 13th Peru 93.336 1.97 8th France 214.685 5.34 6th Portugal 222.66 86.18 167.23 55.75 260.846 1.39 12th Colombia 96.958 3.373 4.627 3.25 254.179 3.624 4.264 5.122 1.002 1.92 64.211 5.97 7th Paraguay 217.948 3.01 216.724 5.06 275.41 280.31 206.53 5th Chile 240.169 1.349 5.92 45.558 4.693 1.62 83.936 1.087 4.913 5.91 50.072 1.26 268.357 3.438 5.75 4th Germany 254.403 3.554 1.86 96.03 257.50 255.28 14th Bolivia 84.719 5.990 1.367 5.35 287.103 1.838 0.66 61.52 169.59 176.58 299.10 15th Netherlands 81.31 211.10 11th United Kingdom 181.95 226.13 277.323 4.440 4.741 4.3rd Italy 265.898 5.182 5.72 .430 5.11 198.23 10th Uruguay 199.51 9th Spain 202.709 4.

2 821. .9 33 78 28 3rd North America 765.4 855.0 1.906. and relevant economic indicators are included to show the relative importance that international tourism has on the economy of the selected countries. [edit] Comparison with other Latin American destinations The following is a comparative summary of Brazil's tourism industry key performance indicators as compared with countries considered among the most popular destinations in Latin America.818.9 36.776.0 Iguazu Falls.0 37.5 35.2 91 51 52 2nd Europe 1.906.951.3 41.International visitor arrivals by region of origin (2006 to 2008)[9][22] 1st South America 2.921 16.380 15.4 1.3 1.098 17.2 37.3 1. in the State of Paraná.9 38.070.

99 4.4 11.018 n 2 Republi c 408 353 36.8 9.20 Bra 4.43 .075 1.8 57 4.568 0 570 151 73 5.916 9 entina 905 115 57 7.3 1.2 43 4.40 2.2 0.8 72 3.5 8. visitor an 200 2009[ 2009[1] 1] countr 9[1] (USD/tu ies (x (USD 1000 (x100 ) 0) rista) Tourist arrival Rece s ipts per per 1000 capit inhab a [24] (estim 2005 ated) 2007[6] USD [11][23] Reven ues as % expor ts of goods and servic es[16] 2003 % Tour Direct World ism and inco indirect ranking 2011 me employ Tourism TTCI Competi % Inde ment [ tiv.3 44 4.[25] GDP in 16] TTCI x[25] tourism 2003 [16] 2011 2005 Arg 4.99 Mex 21.Inter Inter nl.9 6.27 Cos 1.36 Chil e 2.2 54 75 ico 525 201 103 5.2 18.105 2 zil 26 18 3.1 13.5 7.1 60 4.065 1.75 1.305 1.7 1. Averag Select touri touri e ed sm sm receipt Latin arriv recei per Americ als pts.80 5.4 1.32 3.079 3 ta Rica 442 343 17.080 5 865 188 169 n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Do minica 3.92 2.43 a Cub 2.0 52 4.6 14. nl.8 19.

Trinidad & Tobago.2 3. Venezuela. Minas Gerais (10. Czech Republic. Morocco. Slovenia. Finland. Ecuador.046 0 956 65 41 9.9 56 4. Iceland. United Kingdom. Monaco. Bahamas. Portugal.6 10.14 2. Romania. Hong Kong. is a popular ecotourism destination. Russia. Greece. Norway. 51 million Brazilian nationals[18] made ten times more trips than foreign tourists and spent five times more money than their international counterparts. Lithuania. Belgium.7 58 4. Spain.7%). Argentina. Colombia. Chile. Guyana. France. San Marino. Israel.236 0 ama 330 211 10. Netherlands.30 Per u 2.[26] [edit] Domestic tourism Amazon Rainforest in Manaus. Slovakia.4%) and . Poland. Guatemala.8%). Costa Rica. Namibia. New Zealand. Vatican City.04 Uru 2. for visiting relatives and/or friends.20 1. Germany. Hungary. [edit] Tourist visa Main article: Visa policy of Brazil Tourist visa requirements have been waived for citizens of Andorra. Domestic tourism is a key market segment for the tourism industry in Brazil. Tunisia. Barbados. Bahia (7.311 5 guay • 638 525 145 14. Malta.6 7. Italy. Paraguay. Austria. Liechtenstein. Thailand. Bulgaria. Sweden. Denmark. Tourist visas also applies to lecturers at conferences. Luxembourg. Philippines. Peru. Ireland.0 1. South Africa. In 2005. unpaid participation in athletic or artistic event or competition (in this case an invitation letter from the sponsoring organization is Brazil is required). Malaysia.6 69 4.24 Note : The background green shadow denotes the country with the best indicator and yellow shadow corresponds to Brazil indicators. South Korea.05 1.Pan 1. Turkey. Macau. Rio de Janeiro (8. Bolivia. Croatia.3 12. Surinam. Panama. and unpaid participation in a scientific/academic seminar or conference sponsored by a research or academic institution (in this case an invitation letter from the sponsoring organization in Brazil is required).6 6.483 1. The main destination states in 2005 were São Paulo (27.4%). Switzerland. Uruguay.

8%). For 2005 the three main trip purposes were visiting friends and family (53.[15] [edit] Tourism by regions of Brazil [edit] Southeast Region Santinho Beach.2%). at Santa Catarina island. The colonial city of Ouro Preto.1%). The top three states by trip origin were São Paulo (35. Minas Gerais (13. The beaches in Santa Catarina's littoral are one of the main destination for Argentine tourists.2%). Florianópolis. is one of the most popular destinations in Minas Gerais.7%). the top earners by state were São Paulo (16.5%).[18] In terms of tourism revenues.7%). sun and beach (40. and cultural tourism (12.6%) and Rio de Janeiro (8. .Santa Catarina (7.4%) and Bahia (11. a World Heritage Site.

Mariana. Campos do Jordão. The dune beaches of Jijoca de Jericoacoara. Rio Grande do Norte. Anchieta. Superagüi National Park. Visconde de Mauá. São João del Rei. Resende. Nova Friburgo. Tiradentes. Campinas. Guarapari. near Natal. Piúma. Paranaguá. Caparaó National Park. Foz do Iguaçu. Petrópolis. São Lourenço. Paraty. Jaú • • • • [edit] Southern Region • Paraná: Curitiba. Atibaia. Morretes. Itu. Ribeirão Preto. Vassouras. Congonhas. Arraial do Cabo. Itatiaia National Park. Búzios. Saquarema. Santos.Genipabu beach and dunes. Diamantina. Iguape. São Vicente. Teresópolis. São José dos Campos. Araras. Sorocaba. Cananéia. Sabará. Caxambu. Ilha do Mel. Vila Velha. Domingos Martins. Marataízes. Antonina. Ilha Grande Espírito Santo: Vitória. Ceará. Serra dos Órgãos. Guarujá. Araçatuba. Pico da Bandeira. is one of the most popular destination among Portuguese tourists in the Northeast Region of Brazil. is one of the most popular destination among Europeans in the Northeast Region of Brazil. Ouro Preto. • • Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro State: Angra dos Reis. Araraquara. Botucatu. Barretos. Birigüi. Serra do Cipó National Park São Paulo São Paulo State: São Sebastião. Boiçucanga. Iguaçu Falls . Ilhabela. São Thomé das Letras. Santa Teresa Minas Gerais: Belo Horizonte. Americana. Lavras. Bragança Paulista. Cabo Frio.

Monte Roraima Rondônia: Porto Velho. Mossoró. Macau. Martins. Santarém Tocantins: Palmas. Sousa Rio Grande do Norte: Natal. Aparados da Serra National Park. Tefé. Lençóis Maranhenses National Park. Aracati. Olinda. Coxim. Canela. Baía da Traição. Ilha de Santa Catarina. Triunfo. Balneário Camboriú Rio Grande do Sul: Porto Alegre. Guajará-Mirim. Xapuri. Corumbá. Parintins. Laranjeiras. Chapada Diamantina National Park. Serra da Capivara National Park Maranhão: São Luís. Bonito. Abrolhos Marine National Park Pernambuco: Recife. Touros. Brasiléia. Barra de São Miguel. Jericoacoara. Morro de São Paulo. Natividade Amapá: Macapá. Aquidauana. Cape São Roque Piauí: Teresina. Estância. Cáceres. Petrolina Ceará: Fortaleza. Paripueira. Blumenau. Torres. Jardim • [edit] Northeast Region • Bahia: Salvador.• • Santa Catarina: Florianópolis. Alta Floresta. Sete Cidades National Park. Juazeiro do Norte Sergipe: Aracaju. Barra do Garças. Ingá. Guaporé Valley Acre: Rio Branco. The Pantanal. Goiás Velho. Parnamirim. Garanhuns. Sobral. Propriá Alagoas: Maceió. Gramado [edit] Center-West Region • • • Distrito Federal: Brasília Goiás: Goiânia. Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park. Canoa Quebrada. Caicó. Joinville. Carolina • • • • • • • • [edit] North Region • • • • • • • Amazonas: Manaus. Baturité. Oiapoque Roraima: Boa Vista. Penedo. Camocim. Campina Grande. Tatajuba. Arraial d'Ajuda. Itamaracá. Emas National Park. Tibau do Sul. Poconé Mato Grosso do Sul: Campo Grande. Porto de Galinhas. Galinhos. Maxaranguape. Fernando de Noronha. Ponta Porã. Parnaíba. Porto Seguro. São Miguel do Gostoso. Alcântara. Caruaru. Cachoeira. Serra Gaúcha. Cabedelo. Pirenópolis. Maragogi. Lençóis. Igarassu. Araguaia River Mato Grosso: Cuiabá. Itapema. Chapada dos Guimarães National Park. Tangará da Serra Waterfall Leap of the Clouds (Salto das Nuvens). São Cristóvão. Catimbau Valley. Mamirauá Pará: Belém. Ilha de Marajó. Ilhéus. Porto de Pedras Paraíba: João Pessoa. Ubajara National Park. Tibau. Imperatriz. Ilha do Bananal. Barão de Melgaço. Assis Brasil . Caldas Novas. New Jerusalem. Trancoso.

^ a b c d e EMBRATUR (2009). Retrieved 2008-03-30. Annex 12.169.p hp? Retrieved 2008-06-14. "Country/Economy Profiles: Brazil". ^ a b c d e f "UNTWO Tourism Highlights 2010 Edition".unwto. 2010. 8. Edition 2007". See tables 1. 2005 Edition". Retrieved 2008-06-14.^ Adair de Oliveira Júnior (2009-01-27).p hp?in_secao=404.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/Anuario/anuario_estatisti co_2009___ano_base_2008. ^ World Economic Forum (2008-03-06).unb. Click on the link "UNWTO Tourism Highlights" to access the pdf report. Retrieved 2010-1031. 4.php? option=com_content&task=view&id=823&Itemid=1. "Principais Emissores de Turistas para o Brasil 2006-2007" (in Portuguese). "Tourism Market Trends. UNWTO. [dead link] 5. Brazil's official tourist board Ministry of Tourism (Brazil) [edit] References 1. Retrieved 2008-09-05. http://www.1 and ^ a b c d World Tourism Organization (2005). "UNWTO Tourism Highlights. 2 9. http://www. Centro de Excelência em Turismo. http://200.pdf. "The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2008".weforum. ^ a b EMBRATUR (2008).org/facts/eng/pdf/indicators/new/ITR05_americas_US$.189.weforum. Ano v.189. World Tourism Organization.cet. pp. Switzerland.141/site/br/dados_fatos/conteudo/emissores_turistas. 2006 Edition".org/facts/eng/pdf/highlights/highlights_07_eng_hr. 2. "Gasto de turistas estrangeiros registra recorde em 2008".[edit] See also • • Embratur. http://unwto. http://200.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-14. http://200. The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2008. "Anuário Estatístico de Turismo 2009" (in Portuguese). World Economic Forum. Janeiro 2008. http://www.html. Retrieved 2008-03-30. http://unwto.141/site/br/dados_fatos/conteudo/emissores_turistas. Editors (2008). ^ a b c d World Tourism Organization (2006). Ministério de Turismo. nº 17. 3. 7. Retrieved 2008-06-19. "Boletim de Desempenho Econômico do Turismo" (in Portuguese).pdf.189. Retrieved 2008-06-19. http://unwto.pdf. Annex 5.8 10. ^ a b c d World Tourism Organization (2007). Retrieved 2008-0201.pdf. Ministério de Turismo. UNB. http://www. Ministério de Turismo.html. Source Brazilian Central Bank . ^ Jennifer Blanke and Thea "Tourism Market Trends.169. ^ Facultade Getúlio Vargas (2008).

pdf.worldtourism. Retrieved 2006-01-06.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/Anuario/anuario_estatisti co_2006_pdf. http://www.^ a b c Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas (2007). "El Turismo en América Latina y el Caribe y la experiencia del BID" (in Spanish). Ministério de Turismo. Inter-American Development Bank. "Distribução Espacial da Ocupação no Setor de Turismo: Brasil e Regiões" (in Portuguese). Technical Paper Series ENV-149.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/demanda %20turistica/relatorio_executivo___turismo_domestico___2002_e_2006. Retrieved 2008-08-08. "Tourism Highlights 2006 [pdf"]. "UNWTO World Tourism Barometer June 2008".^ [1] . Ministério do Turismo. [dead link] see 2.^ a b c d Carmen Altés (2006). pp.1 a 4.^ a b Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas e EMBRATUR (2006).com/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/demanda %20turistica/demanda_turismo_domestico_setembro_2006. 20. 17.cidadedesaopaulo.pdf.189. nº 13. http://www. Retrieved 2008-06-21.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/Boletimdedesempenho/b oletim_13___fevereiro_de_2007. http://200. Washington. http://www. "Pesquisa Anual de Conjuntura Econômica do Turismo" (in Portuguese). Ano IV.169.^ a b Facultade Getúlio Vargas (2008). Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada. 5785076. Sustainable Development Department.3 "Receitas setor trurístico 2005".pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-22. "Boletim Anual São Paulo Turismo" (in Portuguese) (PDF). http://200.pdf. Data corresponds to 2007 12. Ministério do Turismo. pdf. Ministério do Turismo.^ The World Tourism Organization.169. 11 as_spturis_%202006. Retrieved^ Diretoria de Turismo (2006). http://200. D. Março 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.pdf. 9 and 47.tourismroi. "Anúario Estatístico Volume 33 2006" (in Portuguese). 13. Fevereiro 2007. 16.iadb.^ a b EMBRATUR (2006).169.pdf. http://idbdocs.C. http://www.11.1.189.pdf.4: Summary Brasil by trip purpose 2004-2005 21.^ Margerida Coelho (2008). "Caracterização e Dimensionamento do Turismo Domêstico no Brasil 2002 e 2006: Metodologia e Desenvolvimento" (in Portuguese). p.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/pesquisaanual/pacet4_1 2_mar. UNWTO. pp. Ministério de Turismo. Prefeitura de São Paulo. Retrieved 2008-11-20..^ a b World Tourism Organization (2008).ipea. Tables 4. Retrieved "Boletim de Desempenho Econômico do Turismo" (in Portuguese). Ano IV. http://www. 3 14.^ Facultade Getúlio Vargas (2007). Retrieved 2008-06-21. "Caracterização e Dimensionamento do Turismo Domêstico no Brasil 2002 e 2006" (in Portuguese). http://200. Retrieved 2008-06-22.169.

Brazil [edit] External links • • Brazilian Tourism Portal by Embratur (Brazilian Tourist Board) New York Times Travel Guides: Brazil [show]v · d · e Brazil H i s First inhabitants · Colonization · Empire · Old Republic · Vargas Era · t Second Republic · Military rule · Contemporary o r y G e o g Regions · States · Municipalities · Islands · Coastline · Climate · r Environment · Extreme points · Protected areas · Capitals a p h y . 25. Editors (2011). Retrieved 2008-06-19. Geneva.pdf.169.pdf. Country profiles". "Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2011".^ Tourist Via .^ United Nations.weforum. Switzerland.aspx?crName=Argentina. 2006 Edition".un. Retrieved 2008-08-08. Retrieved 2008-03-30. "Tourism Market Trends. 26. http://www3. World Economic Annex 12. "UNData.$.22.141/site/arquivos/anuario_2008___internet. Population estimates for 2007 (search on each country profile) 24. Retrieved 2011-03-14. t_2011. Table 1.^ World Tourism Organization (2006).1: Tourist Arrivales to Brazil 23.^ a b Jennifer Blanke and Thea Chiesa. "Anuário estatístico 2008" (in Portuguese). Ministério de Turismo. http://data.^ EMBRATUR (2008).pdf.

G o v e r Constitution · President · National Congress · Foreign relations · Law · n Law enforcement · Military a n c e P o l i Elections · Political parties · Human rights (LGBT rights) t i c s E c o Real · Central Bank · List of companies · Agriculture · Industry · n Economic history · Telecommunications · Tourism · Transport · o Science and technology · Energy m y S o c Demographics · People · Languages · Religion · Immigration · i Education · Health · Crime · Social issues · Largest cities · Apartheid e t y .

C u l Art (general) · Carnival · Cuisine · Cinema · Holidays · Literature · t Music · Painting · Sculpture · Sports u r e Category · Portal · WikiProject [show]v · d · eEconomy of Brazil H i s Gold rush · Empire · Fazenda · Rubber boom · Plano Trienal · Samba t effect · Plano Collor · Stabilization plans · 2007–10 recession · o Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento r y A g r i c u Wine · Banana · Orange · Beer · Coffee · Irrigation l t u r e WBolsa Família · Cingapura project · Fome Zero e l f .

a r e E n e Renewable energy · Ethanol fuel (History) · Electricity · Vale · r Petrobras · Eletrobras g y O t h e r Industry · Automotive industry (Cars manufactured) · Mining · s Deforestation · Tourism · Telecommunications e c t o r s M i Real · States by GDP · States by HDI · Companies · Infrastructure · s BM&F Bovespa · Brazilian disease · Camelô · Water privatization · c Central Bank of Brazil . [show]v · d · eTourism in South America S Argentina · Bolivia · Brazil · Chile · Colombia · Ecuador · Guyana · Panama · Paraguay · o Peru · Suriname · Trinidad and Tobago · Uruguay · Venezuela v e .

r e i g n s t a t e s D Aruba · Bonaire · Curaçao · Falkland Islands · French Guiana · South Georgia and the South e Sandwich Islands p e n d e n c i e s a n d o t h e r t e r r i t o r i e ." Categories: Tourism in Brazil Hidden categories: All articles with dead external links | Articles with dead external links from October 2010 Personal tools • • • Views Log in / create account Article Discussion Namespaces Variants • • • Actions Search Read Edit View history Top of Form Special:Search Search Bottom of Form Navigation • • • • • • • • • • • Toolbox Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia What links here Interaction • .s Retrieved from "http://en.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. additional terms may apply.• • • • • • • • • • • • • Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Cite this page Create a book Download as PDF Printable version Español Bahasa Melayu Português This page was last modified on 18 March 2011 at 15:49. Inc. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.. a non-profit organization. See Terms of Use for details. Contact us Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Print/export Languages • • • • • • .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful