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Mobile Substations

Ideas that work for the continuity of Service

IEM was established in 1948 by Westinghouse Electric Corporation and Mexican investors. Today, it is one of the most diversified electrical industries in Mexico, and its a part of GRUPO CONDUMEX, one of the largest Mexican industrial groups. Our mission is to manufacture electrical equipment in cost-effective manner, in order to deliver price-competitive products with the quality and service that satisfy our customers requirements. IEM transformers are designed, manufactured and tested in compliance with ANSI/IEEE, NEMA, IEC standards and customer specifications. Since 1995, IEM has been ISO-9001 certified in recognition of the quality systems implemented for the production of its multiple products.

Mobile Substations

Mobile Substations

A mobile substation is a complete electrical substation mounted on one or more trailers. IEM mobile substations are turn-key solutions designed and manufactured to comply with customer specifications in order to provide a top class product.

Applications of IEM Mobile Substations:

Increase the continuity of service during emergencies by replacing a complete substation in case of failure condition Ensure service during maintenance Temporary over-capacity for - new neighborhoods - new industrial plants - remote locations - rural electrification projects For permanent and semi-permanent installations Integrate communications within electrical services

IEM Mobile Substation 45 MVA, FOA, HV: 230 kV, LV:23 kV, 60 Hz Wye-Wye

Benefits of IEM Mobile Substations:

Reduced maintenance costs Continuity of service by reducing downtimes Electrical flexibility for maximum utilization and return on investment Maximum mobility Rapidly placed in service Quickly available for service Maximum reliability through of ordinated design Minimum clearance height for greater utilization Maximum KVA with minimum weight

IEM Mobile Substation 45 MVA, FOA, HV: 230 kV, LV:23 kV, 60 Hz Wye-Wye

Mobile Substations


IEM Mobile Substation 20 MVA, FOA, HV: 34.5 KV, LV: 13.8 KV 60 Hz, Delta-Wye
8 4 1 2 7 5 9



13 11 3 6

High Voltage Section

Transformer Section
16 10 15

a) Potential transformer, b) Disconnecting switch with ground switch blade c) Dead tank SF6 circuit breaker with rotating table and, d) lightning arrester.

Lightning Arrester Protection level in coordination with transformer insulating level. In case windings have two or more voltage levels, multiple lightning arresters are used (one for each voltage level), which are interchanged at the same time the winding voltage level is changed. Disconnecting Switch Single or three pole with capacity to interrupt transformer magnetizing currents. Can be operated locally or from a remote location. HV Breaker Dead tank SF6 circuit breakers are commonly used, with motor-wound spring operating mechanism, operable on even loss of auxiliary power. S&C Circuit Switcher Circuit switchers feature SF6 gas filled interrupters and single-pressure puffer technology for restrike-free, non-current chopping performance. Used when limited capacity due to space or alarm conditions are presented. Power Fuses Normally mounted between the lightning arrester and the transformer. Selected in accordance with voltage and current ratings. Potential transformer and current transformer Used to reduce voltage to 120 V and current to 5A for metering and protective relays. They also provide insulation between the primary and secondary circuits. For 25 kV and above PTs and CTs are suitable for outdoor use and below this range for indoors or outdoors in accordance with customer specifications.

Low Voltage Section

45 MVA, FOA, Core type power transformer with HV and LV silicon bushings

Bushings Bushings can be supplied as standard ceramic or with silicon insulation. Bushings are selected in accordance to voltage and current requirements. Transformer Core or Shell type, with same thermal, mechanical, dielectric and economic advantages of IEM power transformers. - Compact design to optimize the transformer volume and reduce its total weight. - Designed to handle average winding temperature rise of 65, 75 or 95 C. - NOMEX/ pressboard or NOMEX insulation Forced oil and air cooling (FOA) Forced oil cooling consists of a seamless tubular cooler heat exchanger plus a submerged pump and motor .A bearing wear monitor is proposed which stops the pump in the event bearing wear has reached and unsafe level. Tap Changers The transformer could have one or more de-energized tap changers (DTC) on high or low voltage winding, delta-wye switches or on load tap changer (LTC) on high or low voltage winding. On all cases, external operating mechanism allows the voltage connections to be changed without opening the tank. LTC may be Resistive or inductive type and DTC may be Series-Parallel type. High temperature liquid Several high temperature oil types may be used for the transformer: Midel, FR3, Silicone oil or Beta fluid Monitoring Equipment Online monitoring is an important tool for early fault detection and real time condition assessment. IEM may provide online DGA and moisture monitoring, online PD monitoring and temperature and load monitoring.

Trailer Chassis
High Voltage Section 1. Lightning Arrester 2. Disconnect Blades 3. HV Breaker Low Voltage Section 9. Fused Disconnect Switches Cabinet 10. Auxiliary transformer 11. LV Breaker 12. Lightning Arrester 13. Power Fuses
Lightning Arresters and Low Voltage Breaker on the low voltage section of a 10 MVA, FOA Mobile Substation

Transformer Section 4. HV Bushings 5. Core type Transformer 6. Forced oil and air cooling (FOA) 7. DTC 8. LV Bushings 14. Substation Metering, Control and Protection cabinet 15. Trailer chassis 16. Cable Rheels

Auxiliary transformer for control power Oil immersed, single or three phase and permanently connected to the low voltage of the main transformer. LV Breaker A vacuum or SF6 breaker normally provides low voltage protection against short circuit currents. The breaker and its controls are mounted on the trailers low voltage end or in a different trailer depending on customer specifications. Three phase, metal enclosed, metal clad single busbar switchgears may be used for indoor installation. This kind of switchgear has a hermetically sealed primary enclosure, which provides protection against accidental contact and is independent of environmental effects Protective Relays For protection against abnormal transformer differentials and sudden gas pressures. A wide variety of relays can be installed to meet specification needs Lightning Arresters For each voltage rating coordinated with transformer insulation level to allow ample margin between protective level and insulation strength.

Nelson trailer chassis and jeep dolly specially designed for mobile substations

All electrical equipment is distributed on a this special application. The equipment is distributed for maximum mobility and at electrical distances with enough safety operation.

trailer base designed for located so its weight is the same time, keeping margins for a reliable

Trailer chassis normally include: dual wheels with multiply pneumatic tires, air brakes with emergency breakaway on all wheels, fittings for connecting the brake system to the tractor, choke blocks for holding the trailer stationary when disconnected from the tires, four heavy-duty screw jacks for leveling and removing the load from tires, towing eyes and storage compartments. The trailer chassis is designed to meet with state and federal road regulations. The mobile substation will travel at 60 mph on first class paved highway. Since security is an important item on mobile substations, the trailer may be checked with off road testing for dynamic stress measurement using strain gauges.

Mobile Substations

Mobile Substations

Metering, Monitoring and Communication Equipment

The protection and operation of an IEM mobile substation may include remote monitoring and communication technologies to increase safety in order to ensure the continuity of service, the reliability and integrity of electrical equipment. Communications are needed when a mobile substation is connected in a ring and has data transfer with other substations

Local protection equipment:

Transformer protections (analogue) and substation protections (digital). Protection, control and measurement board, with necessary equipment to protect, control and send state and alarm signals from the corresponding feeder to the substation supervisory control system. Relays for indoor service, designed for extreme environmental conditions. Equipped with display, alarms (LEDs) and control buttons. SEL Differential protection: Phase & ground distance relays, directional over current and differential protection relays. Battery bank in order to ensure electrical power for all data acquisition and control equipment.

Local monitoring and data acquisition for electrical parameters

Mobile Substations

Remote protection equipment:

The substation teleprotection is flexible for several communication configurations. It may be equipped with redundancy modules, alarm integration and remote monitoring by a SCADA system.

LV feeder breakers

Communication Equipment:

In order to give an added value to the substation regarding communication technologies, IEM may provide band width services (voice, data and video) with technologies like SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierachy) and PDH (Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy) with different connection types for traffic and information flows. Access networks can be based on different technologies: Copper twisted pair, Fiber/copper (ONU), Fiber/coax and fiber optics (unimode and multimode).

SDH equipment


IEM started designing and manufacturing mobile substations in 1960 using Westinghouse technology. IEM is able to produce shell or core mobile substations with primary voltage up to 230 KV and transformer power rate up to 45 MVA.

IEM Mobile Substation 10 MVA, FOA, HV:110/69 kV, LV:13.8/6.9 kV Core type, CFE, 1982

IEM Mobile Substation, 15/20 MVA, FOA/FOA, HV: 115 kV, LV: 13.8 kV, 60 Hz Delta-Wye Core Type, PEMEX, 1987

IEM Mobile Substation, 30 MVA , FOA, HV: 110 (2 x 2.5%) kV, LV: 34.5/13.8 kV, 60 Hz , Delta-Wye Core Type, CFE Merida, 2001

Mobile Substations

IEM Mobile Substation, 40 MVA , FOA, HV: 115 (2 x 2.5%) kV, LV: 34.5/13.8 KV, 60 Hz Wye-Delta, Shell Type CFE, 2001 Short Circuit Tested

IEM Mobile Substation, 40 MVA , FOA, HV: 138/ 115 kV, LV: 34.5/13.8 KV, 60 Hz Delta-Wye, Shell Type CFE, 2002

IEM Mobile Substation 45 MVA, FOA, HV: 230 kV, LV:23 kV, 60 Hz Wye-Wye Core Type Luz y Fuerza del Centro, 2005 Mobile Substations



IEM technology derives from the knowledge, expertise and experience gained through almost 60 years of design and manufacture of transformers, coupled with our past associations with Westinghouse and ABB, which enriched IEM with the following: - Medium core type based on Westinghouse/Sharon-Muncie Hamilton - Large core type based on GE-Pittsfield - Shell type from Westinghouse-Muncie IEM has a strong engineering group, trained at the highest technical level, and is one of the few transformer manufacturers that can offer both shell and core type designs applying state-of-the-art tools and techniques. Mobile substations are designed in accordance with customers necessities and requirements. The most advanced software programs are used to ensure the performance and reliability of our equipment: - Thermal and mechanical analysis by FEM - Electrical and magnetic field analysis by FEM - Drafting by 2D and 3D CATIA systems
LV Internal Assembly of a Mobile Substation Shell Type Transformer

Tank wall mechanical analysis by FEM

Internal Assembly of a Mobile Substation Core Type Transformer


Mobile Substations

Infrastructure Production
The manufacturing plant has been continually updated with modern equipment and manufacturing processes to increase efficiency and improve the quality of our products: - Automatic cutting machine for electric steel with remote monitoring - Step lap stacking - Vertical CNC winding machines for high voltage transformers in order to achieve a more uniform winding in its natural working position - Vapor phase with automatic cycle control and remote monitoring - Core tightening

Automatic cutting machine for electric steel

Quality Assurance
Since 1995, IEM has been ISO-9001 certified in recognition of the quality systems implemented for the production of its multiple products.

Laboratories and Test Floor

All IEM test procedures comply with ANSI specifications. A new Models Laboratory was implemented on 2006 for supporting Power and Distribution Technology. IEM test floor has the ultimate test and measurement technologies, such as the new Loss Measurement System with an Accuracy on Power of <0.1% of reading @0.050 Power Factor, which was implemented on May 2007.

Core tightening

Mobile Substation on IEM test floor Mobile Substations


Contact us

Sales Office in USA:

Plant and Sales Office:

CONDUMEX INC. (HEADQUARTERS) 2590 114th STREET #200 GRAND PRAIRIE, TX 75050 Phones: (972) 352 2300 (800) 925 6473 Fax: (972) 352 2400 PO BOX 911520 DALLAS, TX 75391-1520 e-mail:

INDUSTRIAS IEM S.A de C.V VA DR. GUSTAVO BAZ No. 340 TLALNEPANTLA, EDO. DE MXICO C.P. 54000, MXICO Phones: 52 (55) 52 (55) Fax: 52 (55) 52 (55) 57 29 97 51 57 29 97 06 53 10 70 93 53 10 58 54