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Chapter 5 Paper 1

Water and Solution

Each question is followed by four options. Choose the best answer for each question. 1 Which of the following is a physical characteristic of water? I Boils at 100o C under normal pressure II Freezes at 0oC under normal pressure III Changes anhydrous copper sulphate from white to blue IV Expands when it freezes A I and III only B II and IV only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV

2
Temperature (0 C)

H G

Time (minutes)

The graph in the figure above shows how water temperature changes with heating time. What do parts G and H represent? G H A Boiling Freezing B Melting Boiling C Evaporation Boiling D Melting Freezing 3 An activity was carried out to determine the boiling points of different samples of water. The results are recorded below. Boiling point ( C)
0

Sample X 100

Sample Y 103

Sample Z 105

What do X, Y and Z represent? X Y A Rainwater Pure water B Seawater Pond water C Pure water Pond water D Seawater Rainwater

Z Seawater Pure water Seawater Pure water

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Which of the following is not a test for detecting the presence of water? A Determination of the boiling point B Test using anhydrous cobalt chloride paper C Test using copper sulphate solution D Determination of the freezing point Questions 5 to 7 are based on the figure below.

An experiment was carried out using the apparatus as shown in the figure above. What tests can be carried out to determine the identity of gas X and gas Y? I Use a glowing wooden splint II Use a burning wooden splint III Use universal indicator IV Use a standard sodium hydroxide solution A I and II only B II and IV only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV 6 The activity was repeated using a platinum anode and a copper cathode. What gases were formed at X and Y? X Y A Hydrogen Carbon dioxide B Oxygen Sulphur dioxide C Hydrogen Oxygen D Oxygen Hydrogen The above process is known as A distillation B evaporation C neutralisation D electrolysis

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What is an electrolytic cell? A Carbon or platinum electrodes B A container in which the electrolysis process takes place C An electric cell with dilute acid D A cell that produces current What type of reaction takes place when slightly acidified water is electrolysed? A Synthesising B Neutralisation C Decomposition D Oxidation

10 Which of the following is an electrolyte? I Kerosene II Distilled water III Acidified water IV Sea water A I and II only B III and IV only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV 11 How are the processes of boiling and evaporation similar? A Both take place at specific temperatures B Both occur under high air pressure C Both involve water changing into a gas D Both are different states of water 12 Which of the following graphs shows the correct relationship between evaporation rate and humidity levels?
Rate of evaporation

Humidity B
Rate of evaporation

Humidity

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Super Score Science Form 2

Rate of evaporation

Humidity

D
Rate of evaporation

Humidity

13 What happens to the water molecules as evaporation takes place? A They become smaller B They move closer together C They gain more energy D They contain one hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom 14 How does the evaporation process help in preserving food such as anchovies, when dried out in the Sun? A Bacteria in the anchovies dry up B Bacteria cannot grow without water C Dried anchovies can be salted D The Sun kills the bacteria in the anchovies 15 Which of the following factors does not affect the rate of evaporation? A The amount of sunlight B The movement of the air C The humidity level of the air D The pH value of the air 16 A little potassium manganate was dissolved in 100 ml of water. Which of the following statements is correct? I Potassium manganate is the solution II Water is the solvent III A potassium manganate solution is formed IV If more solute is added, a concentrated solution is formed

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A B C D

I and II only III and IV only II, III and IV only I, II, III and IV

17 100 cm3 of a copper chloride solution contains 100 g of copper chloride. 50 cm3 of this solution is poured into a measuring cylinder. 100 cm3 of water is added to the measuring cylinder. What is the volume of the solution in the measuring cylinder and how much copper chloride is found in the new solution now? Volume(ml) Amount of copper chloride (g) A 150 50 B 250 150 C 200 50 D 200 50 18 400 g of sodium chloride was dissolved in 1000 cm3 of water to produce a saturated solution. What will happen when 40 g of sodium chloride is dissolved in 2000 cm3 of water? A An alkaline solution is formed B An acidic solution is formed C A dilute solution is formed D A concentrated solution is formed 19 A copper sulphate solution is made by dissolving copper sulphate crystals in water. How can the solubility rate be increased? A By using a bigger container B By using warm water C By making the solution outdoors on a windy day D By using a dye to stain the solution 20 Based on the information given below, which of the following will dissolve the fastest? Form of sodium chloride Volume of water (cm3) Temperature (oC) A 10 g of fine powder 100 40 B 10 g of fine powder 200 65 C 10 g of coarse powder 200 70 D A piece of 10 g crystal 200 75

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21 Which of the following substances is soluble in petrol? I Iodine II Paint III Grease IV Blood A I and II only B II and III only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV 22 Feels soapy Turns red litmus paper blue Has OH- ions Which of the following groups of substances fits the description above? A Copper sulphate, sodium chloride and lime juice B Tea, milk of magnesia and sea water C Copper chloride, calcium hydroxide and sodium sulphate D Calcium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide 23 How can the quality of acidic soil be improved? A By adding shells B By adding stones C By adding sand D By adding earthworms 24 Which of the following methods is not used in a water treatment plant? A Sedimentation B Filtration C Distillation D Coagulation 25 Which of the following domestic waste products will cause the most serious water pollution problem? A Spoilt milk B Dishwashing liquid C Water used to wash rice grains D Fruit skins

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Paper 2 Answer all the questions. Section A 1 The Straits of Malacca is very busy with sea-going vessels. Research carried out has shown that very little marine life thrives in the area. (a) What is the reason for the low level of marine life in the Straits? (b) Give two causes for your answer in (a). (c) Apart from few marine organisms, how else will the fishing industry be affected by the problem in (a)? (d) Give two suggestions how the problem in (a) may be overcome. 2

The above shows a water treatment plant. (a) (i) What is the first step in treating water? (ii) Why is the step mentioned in (a) (i) done? (iii) What is added to the water to help this process?

figure

(b) Mark on the figure the chambers where filtration and chlorination of water take place. (c) Why is (i) chlorine added to the water? (ii) fluorine added to the water? (d) Instead of chlorination, what is another treatment method that achieves the same aim?

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Section B 3

The apparatus above was used in an activity to determine the solubility of substances in non-aqueous solutions. The following steps were carried out: Step 1 : Five clean test tubes were placed in a rack. Step 2 : Each test tube was filled with 5 cm3 of turpentine, ether, acetone, alcohol and kerosene respectively. Step 3 : A glass rod with a little grease on one end was placed in each test tube. The glass rod was observed to determine if the grease dissolved in the solvent or not. Step 4 : Steps 1-3 were repeated with glass rods with lipstick and iodine. Step 5 : All observations were recorded in a table. (a) Name the variable that (i) is kept constant (ii) is manipulated (iii) responds (b) What is a non-aqueous solution? (c) Complete the table below. Tick the substances that dissolved in the respective non-aqueous solutions. Solvent Turpentine Petrol Acetone Alcohol Kerosene (d) Give three uses of non-aqueous solutions in everyday life. (e) What is the chemical used in the dry-cleaning process? (f) Which non-aqueous solvent in this activity would you use to remove green grass stains from clothes? Grease Substance Lipstick Iodine

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The apparatus above was used in an experiment between sulphuric acid and sodium hydroxide. (a) Which liquid is in the (i) burette? (ii) conical flask? (b) Where would you add the universal indicator? (c) Name the variable that (i) is kept constant (ii) is manipulated (iii) responds (d) What is the colour of the universal indicator in a (i) neutral solution? (ii) acidic solution? (iii) alkaline solution? (e) What type of reaction took place in this experiment? (f) Write the chemical equation for the reaction that took place in this experiment. (g) What is the pH level of the product in this experiment?

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Super Score Science Form 2