Times really seem to be challenging, unpredictable and are foreseen to have a large impact on the future course of action

on the social, economic and political front. Industries and business will have positive and negative implications and one needs to be careful and prompt while formulating business strategies. Though the high crude prices are having a toll on the technical textile industry, this industry is here to stay and flourish on the basis of performance leading to better and safe living.

The climate change warning call has been ringing for quite a while now, and the experts really need to be taken seriously for what Japan has experienced during the recently occurred natural catastrophes which have created situations which are beyond repair. The Japanese have shown extreme courage and confidence in these difficult times and like always are vowing to be back even stronger thus exuberating the true Japanese spirit to the world. On the other side the Middle East region is facing testing times as far as political stability is concerned. Wiki leaks are on the other hand adding fuel to fire covering the entire global spectrum. Times really seem to be challenging, unpredictable and are foreseen to have a large impact on the future course of action on the social, economic and political front. As far as India is concerned it is playing a significant role and is moving fast despite all speed breakers. The first figures of the 2011 India census are out and India's population now officially stands at 1.21 billion. The Union budget announced on the 28th February 2011 gave out positivity in terms of the GDP which has grown at 8.6% in 2010-11 in real terms and industry at 8.1%. The Indian government expects to take the share of manufacturing in GDP from about 16% to 25% over the next 10 years. Noteworthy is that infrastructure which is critical to India's development has for 2011-12, an allocation of over USD 47.5 Bn which amounts to 48.5% of the gross budgetary support to plan expenditure. With literacy rates gone up to 74% coupled with the strong growth and buying power seen in the rural India (Bharat) the hygiene sector amidst others is in for exponential growth in the coming decade. In a recent statement made by the environment minister of India “Companies that comply with environmental norms may soon get incentives while those who flout them would be penalized”, there seems to be enough room for bringing products and practices adhering to the above need. Though the Union Budget of India was overall inline with the growth of the economy, the reduction in duties in import of finished disposable hygiene products gave a blow to the Indian manufacturer as the current tax structure favors the trader/ importer. The year just seems to fly by. We are already at the end of March 2011. The ICERP, composites show in Mumbai was a huge success, the IFAI Asia 2011 conference and Expo concluded successfully and the Indian participation was really overwhelming . The Filtech show in Germany was also a successful show and the 1st Business Forum Technical Textiles 2011 at Frankfurt in Germany where BCH delivered a speech was also well attended. The JEC composites show is on while we go to print and I am sure it will be a huge success too. In the next two months the industry shall witness the 2 most important shows in Europe, the INDEX 2011 in Geneva dedicated to nonwovens and Techtextil 2011 in Frankfurt. The business activity we are seeing in our industry globally, specially over the last 2 years has made us deliver this time a very interesting cover story especially for the decision makers to analyse from the industry movement, be it consolidation through mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures or buy/sell outs. Hope you all enjoy reading this issue!

Owner
Samir Gupta

Published at:
Business Co-ordination House Pvt. Ltd. UGF- 3 & 4, Arunachal, 19 Barakhamba Road, New Delhi Tel: + 91-11- 23328130, 41520207 Fax: + 91-11- 23316008 E-mail: info@bch.in

Printed at:
Lustra Print Process Pvt. Ltd., B-249, Naraina Industrial Area, Phase- I, New Delhi- 110028.
Reproduction of any of the content and illustration from this issue is forbidden unless prior written permission is obtained from the publisher.

Publisher & Printer
Samir Gupta

Editor
Ritika Gupta

Apr - Jun 2011

2

Inside the issue
Cover Story
M Killing Me Softly With Yourx Love Joint Ventures, Mergers & Acquisitions, Buy/Sell Outs
www.bch.in

4

TechTex India
Jan - Mar 2011 Vol.5, Issue 1, Rs. 20

Focusing on Technical Textiles, Nonwovens & Composites

BCH Newsline

Government Interface

14

Government Order On Technology Mission on Technical Textiles (2010-11 to 2014-15) Recent FTAs (Foreign Trade Agreements) Union Budget (2011-2012)

Special Feature
A tête-a-tête with Mr. Manohar Samuel, Birla Cellulose

18

A tête-a-tête with Mr. Milind Hardikar, Arvind Ltd.

Sector Focus
Industrial Textiles: Application of Nonwoven Filter Media in the Filtration Industry

32

A tête-a-tête with Mr. Anand Singh & Dr. G.V. Rao Pg 17 & Pg 40

Solar Textiles: Light Pathway to a Brighter Future Pg 20

The Meltblowns in India ... Pg 42

Clothing Textiles: Seemless.......Seems more Protective Textiles: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). An Indian Perspective Home Textiles: Nonwovens in Mattresses Agro Textiles: Indian Standard Set for Shade Nets for Agri - Horticulture Geotextiles: “Oilskill” for Oilspills

I find the articles are very informative and particularly focus on the relevance of technical textiles to the Indian users, which is the need of the hour. The newsletter is a cornucopia of latest developments in this field and I look forward to reading your newsletter regularly. Charudatta Prayag, Pvt. Ltd. Truetzschler India

BCH Info
BCH Invites You To...

48

It was a pleasure reading the article that we discussed with you in the magazine. All looked neat and I really compliment you the efforts that you have put into this activity. Dhiren Shah, Aim Filtertech Pvt. Ltd. The publication presents a broad view of technical textile manufacturing issues, companies, materials and applications in one of the world's hottest development zones. Dr. GV Rao, Saimaster Geoenviromental Service Pvt. Ltd. I have seen the Techtex India newsletter, which is quite informative with lot of market information. Subhro Ghosh, Chemolutions I should commend BCH for a clear focus in taking the Indian Nonwoven industry forward through the active support and engagement. Manohar Samuel, Birla Cellulose

In Every Issue
Forthcoming Events Products in Focus Latest News Members’ Column

23 27 28 47

INDEX 2011 Technical Absorbents Ltd. Reicofil Techtextil BCH Filterex

8 9 12 16 19 22

Samhwa Machinery Co. Oerlikon Dornbirn MFC Teijin Dilo GDM

26 30 31 35 45 46

If you have a product or service that you want to vend into this escalating global market place of Technical Textiles & Nonwovens, look no further. For the most effective way to show your presence through advertising in the BCH publication TechTex India & website - www.bch.in, simply contact us at info@bch.in

3

Cover Story

M Killing Me Softly With Your Love... ...Consolidation Giving Birth to Evolution
Although these are just words to a popular song yet they hold true in reflecting what really is happening in the business world today. Consolidations are taking place via entities being dethroned or renamed or eliminated. In other words we can say that the natural process of evolution is happening seemingly at a much faster pace whilst new companies are given birth in lieu of old ones dying over a kill.One would hit the chicken from the underside of the wings, slowly working up to the neck. Some people call this "killing me softly", but the reason why this is done is because the blood will clot and make the chicken taste better. One must admit, despite the weird preparation, it tastes really good. Taking a positive cue from all the changes that are surfacing the minds of the decision makers of the Technical Textile industry too it is time to analyze what, where, why and how things are happening in order to interpret the future course of action. Recent years have been marked with a spate of mergers and acquisitions all over the globe in both developing and developed countries. Business either grew organically or by acquisitions and mergers. Companies are constantly looking to both improve their businesses and address various challenges set before them due to industrial and market environment. Inorganic growth has become a synonym to strategizing by increasing output & business reach by acquiring new businesses by way of mergers, acquisitions & take-overs or joint ventures. This kind of growth also takes place due to government policies, leading to enhancement of business in some identified priority sector/area. The inorganic growth rate also factors in the impact of foreign exchange movements or performance of other economies. It is also a faster way for companies to grow compared with organic growth (where the main focus is productivity enhancement & cost reduction to expand sales). It is clear that you cannot stay in the top league if you only grow internally. You cannot catch up just by internal growth. If you want to stay in the top league, you must combine.
Daniel Vasella, CEO, Novartis

Right move wrong time! Right move wrong guy! Right move wrong place!…Eventually are all wrong moves!

Movements can be desirable weapons in the organizations to influence businesses but one needs to understand how they work. A movement is something people choose to do. Ripple effects in movements spread ideas and make the movement itself viral, but it can be hard to predict what action will make that first ripple. The rule of the game is to take a initiative with caution after doing enough homework so as to simply make the right move to be successful. On one hand you have many small and micro-enterprises for whom growth is a critical stage and they have started to consolidate themselves in the market after a successful beginning. On the other hand there are companies with global ambitions which are not scared to grow & that want to generate wealth through competing globally. Next time you flip open the newspaper's business section, odds are good that at least one headline will announce some kind of M&A or a JV transaction. A high level of competitive pressure and an increasing appetite for growth have led firms Some Recent Examples of Inorganic Growth Seen in the across geographies and industries to choose the inorganic growth Global Technical Textile Scenario path. There could be various reasons to the same namely: Mergers & Joint Buy/Sell l To stand apart through product and technology differentiation Acquisitions Ventures Outs l To provide wider product offerings to the customers Indorama, Sinterama Fiberweb & Balta Group l Companies want to be focused on core competencies & Domo Group Chisso & Trevira l To enable innovation and R&D Low & Bonar CareFusion & Blackstone & PGI l For wider market penetration & Alujain Medline l To capitalize on resources obtained Ontex & GS Aqua-Aerobic & Daimler & l For diversification Capital Partners Mecana Toray l To avail economies of scale Umwelttechnik & TPG Boddingtons & l To avail the economies of vertical integration BMW & SGL Rheinmetall & Fiberweb Verseidag l To obtain strength of size lto synergy in Brand value Due Lenzing & DuPont & RadiciGroup & Dorix GEP Arvind But all said and done - what may be envisaged may not happen and ripples could be experienced by many in the industry. Ultimately Saertex RKW & Danafilms & Kemrock time is the only teller, the only healer & the only leveler. Time to analyze… Indorama & INVISTA AUDI & Voith And interpret your analysis by looking at those who have taken a step towards change by entering into Mergers & H&V & Nath Group Acquisitions, Joint Ventures & Buy/Sell Outs…
APRIL 01. 2011.

contd...

4

Cover Story Cover Story
...contd

APRIL 01. 2011.

Mergers & Acquisitions
Sure, M&A deals grab headlines and are a big part of the corporate finance world. A merger refers to the process whereby at least two companies combine to form one single company. Acquisition can be defined as the act of gaining a majority stake in the target firm by an acquiring firm. The target & acquiring companies may remain independent entities but the control of the company may rest with the acquiring company. The acquiring company might be looking to establish a parent-subsidiary relationship, break the target firm & dispose off its assets or take the target firm private by a small group of investors. The process of mergers and acquisitions has gained substantial importance in today's corporate world. The increased competition in the global market has prompted the companies to go for mergers and acquisitions as an important strategic choice. Business firms make use of mergers & acquisitions for consolidation of markets as well as for gaining a competitive edge in the industry. Mergers & Acquisitions & Takeovers provide a robust growth vehicle often best suited for such firms seeking an entry into a market, geography, product category or broadening its product or client base. The best mergers or acquisitions follow a structured and disciplined approach with clear strategic objectives, detailed implementation plans and a focus on creating and capturing value. Lets have a look at some recent ones of the Technical Textile Industry.
Fibres Europe Asia

Polyester Consortium Takes Over Trevira

Trevira GmbH is to have new owners. A consortium of Indorama Ventures PCL (Thailand) and Sinterama (Italy) is taking over Tr e v i r a , t h e p o l y e s t e r f i b r e manufacturer headquartered in Bobingen, Germany. On 4 Feb 2011 the consortium signed a share purchase agreement for the acquisition.With The alliance of a i t s G e r m a n European specialist in dyed yarns with locations in global footprint & with Bobingen, Guben the world's largest and Hattersheim, manufacturer of and the Polish polyester offers Trevira now a production site in sustained & Zielona Góra, secure perspective Trevira GmbH will Schneider, Chair of be included in the the Supervisory Board
Trevira
Nonwovens

Filter & Filter Media a meric N. A rope Eu

global network of This acquisition is seen as an Indorama and Sinterama, under a opportunity to strengthen our new joint venture leadership in company established innovation & by the new owners. speciality fibres strategy Indorama’s products a r e P T A , P E T, Aloke Lohia, CEO, IVL Group Polymers & Polyester fibres & yarns whereas Sinterama manufactures dyed polyester yarns.
We see Trevira as a long-term investment & important extension. Our products & assets complement each other.
Paolo Piana, President Sinterama

Aqua-Aerobic Systems, Inc. Purchases Swiss Company

Move
? Product

extension Synergetic ? bonding for global reach

a meric N. A merica N. A

Blackstone Completes Acquisition of Polymer Group Inc.
announced acquisition of Polymer Group, Inc. The transaction helps continue to position PGI as a leader in the nonwovens industry. PGI, one of the world's leading producers of nonwovens, is a global, t e c h n o l o g y - d r i v e n d e v e l o p e r, producer & marketer of engineered materials. The Blackstone Group is one of the Move world's leading Strategic performance investment & ? advisory firms. oriented move
? Expanding reach

Scorpio Acquisition Corporation, an affiliate of Blackstone Capital Partners Blackstone is excited has completed its previously to close on the
acquisition of Polymer Group. We look forward to working with the management team to further enhance the company's already strong global position & reputation & to extend its reach into new products & markets.
Anjan Mukherjee, Senior M.D., Blackstone

The sale to Blackstone is the culmination of our strategic review process & we believe that this transaction represents the best value alternative available to our stockholders.
M. Hagen, CEO, PGI

through different markets & products

Aqua-Aerobic Systems, Inc., a leader in the design and manufacture of water and wastewater treatment equipment & systems, announces its purchase of Mecana Umwelttechnik Ag of Re i c h e n b u r g S w i t z e r l a n d . Mecana, the original inventor of cloth media filtration, has served the municipal, commercial & industrial sectors specializing in biological, compact This purchase follows s e w a g e our corporate vision t r e a t m e n t & strategic plan for systems & growth in global cloth media water & wastewater markets through filtration geographic technology. expansion, T h e internationally. Robert Wimmer, acquisition President, Aquaprovides Aerobic Systems A q u a Aerobic Systems with worldwide control of proprietary cloth filtration technology & further advancement of the company's filtration capabilities. Mecana will continue to operate from its facility in Reichenburg Switzerland Move serving the needs of its ? Vertical integration customers ? Global reach with its proven technologies.
contd...

5

Cover Story Cover Story
...contd

Mergers & Acquisitions
Geosynthetics
Europe Europe

Acquisition of Boddingtons, a leading UK-based Specialist Geosynthetic & Accessory Manufacturer, for £9.4 million
Its business is h i g h l y complementar y to Fiberweb's Wa l e s - b a s e d T e r r a m business, the market leader for geotextiles in the UK. Boddingtons and Fiberweb's e x i s t i n g geotextile
Boddingtons is in a specialist construction area, which we have highlighted as an important part of our growth strategy. Boddingtons takes us beyond nonwovens in this market, adding successful product ranges & deepening our relationship & understanding with end-use customers.
Daniel Dayan, Chief Exec., Fiberweb

Fiberweb plc announced the acquisition of Boddingtons International Ltd. The parent company of the Boddingtons g r o u p o f c o m p a n i e s ("Boddingtons"), a leading UK based specialist geosynthetic and accessory manufacturer. Boddingtons is the only UK producer of geosynthetic nets as well as a wide range of accessories and laminates for use in civil engineering projects and for temporary ground protection.
Chemicals & Fibres pe Euro pe Euro

business will form a new business unit in the industrial division. An important growth initiative for the new division will be investment in a specialist, needlepunch geotextile production line in the UK. Fiberweb expects the acquisition to be m a t e r i a l l y accretive to Move earnings per Expansion share for the ? Strategy for 2011 financial ? inorganic year. growth

RadiciGroup acquires Dorix GmbH, a European leader in PA6 staple products. With this acquisition we The dorix GmbH
acquisition was an wanted to broaden our product offering in the textile floor covering market & others. Apart from many benfits, this acquisition brings to our Group is the brand name dorix® which stands for quality & tradition.
Oscar Novali, M.D., Radici Yarn SpA

RadiciGroup acquires the German firm dorix GmbH, a European important transaction in ® leader in the production of PA6 (dorix ) and our continued effort to PP (reilen) staple products. RadiciGroup, an strengthen our Groups Move polyamide vertical Italian multinational engaged in chemicals, integration, as well as to plastics and synthetic fibres, announced the ? Product expansion boost our presence in ? Strengthen acquisition of the German company dorix the floor covering sector. market position Maurizio Radici, Vice GmbH, formerly Selbitzer Chemiefaser Chairman and COO ? Vertical integration GmbH. Radici Group Board

Films

RKW acquires US Europe film producer N. America DANAFILMS

Polymer

Indorama Ventures to Purchase INVISTA's a Spartanburg, S.C. & Querétaro, Mexico meric N. A ia As Polyester Businesses
Indorama Ventures Public Company Ltd. has We believe INVISTA's signed an agreement to acquire PET polymer Spartanburg & Querétaro & resins manufacturing facilities located in businesses complement Indorama Ventures' Spartanburg, S.C. & Querétaro, Mexico from certain subsidiaries of INVISTA B.V. The existing U.S. business Chris Hamman, South Carolina facility of INVISTA produces President, INVISTA polyester resins used in bottles for carbonated soft drinks, water, beer, juice, & wine; food & customcontainer applications, & polyester staple fiber & specialty polymers for a variety of applications. The Mexico facility produces polyester resins & polyester staple similar to that This planned produced at INVISTA's Spartanburg operation. acquisition will allow IVL to build upon our The combination positions Indorama Ventures as the world's leading producer of PET & expanding global platform, make the enables IVL to better meet its customers' company the largest needs. In North America, the acquisition PET producer in the complements Indorama Ventures' existing PET world, & deliver on our strategy to enter into manufacturing site at Asheboro, N.C. (StarPET) & its state-ofnew higher growth Move regions like Central & the-art MTR PET Resin Latin America. f a c i l i t y a t D e c a t u r, ? Capacity expansion Aloke Lohia, CEO, IVL Alabama (AlphaPET). ? Wider market reach
contd...

R K W S E Joining the RKW Group a n n o u n c e d i t s is an important step for Danafilms' further a c q u i s i t i o n o f growth, stability and Danafilms, Inc., a sound future. USA, based film Roland Roth, CEO, RKW p r o d u c e r. T h i s expansion provides RKW & Danafilms the ability to better serve the North American market for plastic films. Danafilms products include lamination, label, lidding & barrier films. Sherman Olson, R K W Group are President, Danafilms manufacturers of high-quality Move polyethylene & Enhanced product polypropylene ? portfolio films, nonwovens ? Wider market reach & nets.
By joining the RKW Group, we have access to the resources of one of the global leaders in the industry. RKW and I see exciting opportunities to better serve existing customers & introduce Danafilms to new customers.

6

Cover Story Cover Story
...contd

APRIL 01. 2011.

Joint Ventures
A joint venture is a business agreement in which parties agrees to develop, for a finite time, a new entity and new assets by contributing equity. They both exercise control over the enterprise and consequently share revenues, expenses and assets. A Joint Venture can represent a significant reconstruction to the business. The venture can be for one specific project or a continuing business relationship. JVs are usually formed in order to combine strengths or to bypass legal restrictions within a country. Other reasons for forming a JV are reducing 'entry' risks by using the local partner's assets & goodwill; inadequate knowledge approach to local institutional or legal environment; access to local borrowing powers; access by one partner to better technology or expertise; economies of (international) scale and advantages of size ('industrial hubs'); 'globalize' without much fuss; preempting competition; gain speed to market; market diversification; develop pathways into R&D; outsourcing. Someone has rightly said “If you can't beat 'em, join 'em.”

Nonwovens

Fiberweb & Chisso to Establish Nonwovens Joint Venture in China
benefit from the long-standing & close relationships both partners enjoy with leading customers. Both Fiberweb & Chisso Corp. consider the personal hygiene market in Asian markets to be of strategic importance in the development of their non-woven businesses.
So far, our spunbond business has been targeted mainly in Japanese market based on Chisso's bicomponent fiber technology. It is quite exciting to conduct this study with Fiberweb that has leading roll in global market of spunbond business.
Shunichi Okada, COO & President, Chisso

L&B Join Hands with Alujain Corp. Geotextiles
Low & Bonar PLC , & N a t i o n a l Petrochemical Europe + Asia I n d u s t r i a l C o ., Asia (Alujain Corp.), announced a JV company in Saudi Arabia for the design, manufacture & sale of geotextile products for the fast growing civil engineering m a r k e t s i n The venture increases Asia. the Group's presence
«

The Consumer Fabrics Division of Europe + Asia Fiberweb plc and the Asia Fibers & Fabrics Division of Chisso Corporation of Japan announced the successful completion of their joint feasibility study in respect of a potential investment in a jointlyowned spunbond non-wovens manufacturing operation in China. The venture will Move focus on serving producers of ? Synergetic disposable hygiene approach for & personal care wider market products & will reach
«

Move
Vertical ? integration with market reach

in fast growing emerging markets & is a further step in our development as a global performance materials group.
Steve Good, Chief Executive, L&B

CFRP

Daimler & Toray to Establish JV for CFRP

CFRP

SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers Breaks Ground in Washington
Megacity This carbon fiber Vehicle. SGL plant, the most cost efficient of its kind Group is one worldwide, is a o f t h e benchmark in the w o r l d ' s industry. The l e a d i n g investment in Moses manufacture Lake underlines our rs of carbon- strong commitment to the State of b a s e d Washington & to the products. US. The first Andreas Wuellner, MD, SGL Group carbon fiber line will be commissioned in Move the third quarter New ? market of 2011.
penetration

Toray Industries, of Japan & a German Europe auto manufacturer Daimler AG have announced a JV for manufacturing and marketing of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics automobile parts. Toray, in addition to developing optimal carbon fiber intermediate materials for CFRP, has been working on the design & molding processes, with Daimler taking responsibility for designing p a r t s & Move developing ? Cost technologies competitveness for joining of ? Vertical integration the parts. ? market reach Wider
Europe + Asia «

A joint venture of the BMW Group & SGL N. America Group broke ground o n t h e n e w greenfield carbon fiber manufacturing facility in Moses L a k e , Washington. This This new carbon fiber joint venture's manufacturing strategy is to plant means new c o m m e r c i a l i z e jobs in Moses Lake, manufacturing of and is another indicator that lightweight c a r b o n f i b e r Washington State will continue to reinforced lead in the green plastics (CFRP) economy. for use in BMW Chris Gregoire, Governor, BMW Group's future
Europe + Europe «

contd...

7

d 1 an 1 st X , r DE ril ou IN Ap it t th is a 4 1 V 50 th -1 01 2 4 2 12

Cover Story Cover Story
...contd

Joint Ventures
Fabrics «

DuPont signs strategic alliance with Arvind for manufacturing DuPont™ Nomex® brand of fabric & garments in India
marketing and brand licensing agreement, DuPont will supply DuPont™ Nomex® brand fiber & provide technical support to Arvind for manufacture of Nomex® Flame Resistant (FR) fabrics. This agreement will ensure local availability of Move a u t h e n t i c DuPont™ Nomex® Vertical ? fabric in India and integration & shorten delivery market time to meet the accessibility o f ? synergy n e e d s Brand c u s t o m e r s . DuPont is a pioneer and a world leader in Safety & Protection applications especially in relation to fire safety.
This move is part of a long term strategy for our advanced materials business. We have set up an advanced. materials division which explores new technologies & innovative ideas in the field of technical textiles. We have developed a wide range of fire safety solutions by developing flame retardant & fire resistant fabrics for industrial applications. Our textile manufacturing competency along with the technical expertise from DuPont will have a very positive effect on the safety industry in India.
Sanjay Lalbhai, Chairman & M.D., Arvind

DuPont & a leading India-based textile N. America + Asia manufacturer Arvind Asia Limited,, announced a strategic alliance for Arvind to manufacture & market DuPont™ Nomex® brand fiber based ® DuPont™ Nomex fabrics F l a m e Resistant and garments will be marketed in India, (FR) fabrics SriLanka, Bangladesh & & Industrial Nepal. With this seamless apparels in alliance both DuPont & Arvind will bring the best I n d i a , SriLanka, safety solution to the customers. Bangladesh Vivek Sharma, & Nepal. Business Leader, Under the
«

SAERTEX and KEMROCK form JV
SAERTEX, the world leader in non-crimp glass, carbon and Europe + Asia aramide fabrics, is Asia setting up a 50:50 JV company in India with KEMROCK Industries and Exports Limited, Gujarat, one of the largest composite & carbon fibre manufacturing company in India. The JV to be named as SAERTEX« CFRP

KEMROCK INDIA LIMITED, will set up a new facility for producing
KEMROCK has a vision to set up a well flourished Global “Composite Village” in India. The joint venture with SAERTEX is part of our vision to partner with global leaders in design, development & manufacturing of niche technologies specially on carbon fiber based aeronautical components
Kalpesh Patel, Chairman & M.D., Kemrock

v a r i o u s SAERTEX-KEMROCK components for India Limited would Indian & global be the first facility outside Germany set a e r o n a u t i c a l up by SAERTEX to industry. produce high-end

Move
Market penetration l Vertical integration
l

carbon composite components for aeronautical applications.
Dr. P K C Bose, MD & CEO,SAERTEX

«

«

AUDI AG & Voith H&V Announces Expansion into India GmbH form Filter Media with Formation of JV with Nath Group. CFRP Hollingsworth & the majority The demand in India for development Vose Co. a provider owner and high quality engine & Europe + Europe partnership N. America + Asia industrial filtration of filter media, m a n a g i n g
AUDI AG & Voith GmbH signed a letter of intent regarding a development partnership to promote industrialization of fiber-reinforced materials, particularly through developing a highly automated process chain for high-volume automotive production. The d e ve l o p m e n t p a r t n e r s h i p i s intended to further strengthen Germany's Move position as a place for ? Vertical integration innovation. ? Innovation
Europe

battery separator materials & industrial nonwovens & Indiabased Nath Group have formed a joint venture to produce water- and solvent-based engine filter media; heating, ventilating & air conditioning ( H V A C ) We have been pleased with the progress of our f i l t r a t i o n team in the Asia Pacific products & region and see this b a t t e r y investment as the s e p a r a t o r logical next step in our p r o d u c t s . long term growth plan. Val Hollingsworth, H&V will be CEO, H&V
Asia

partner of the JV. The companies p l a n t o construct a mill near Maharashtra , India & establish warehousin g facilities to serve H&V's customers in India.

products is significant and growing. We have already created a successful base business of imported products with customers in India. We are pleased to be able to soon offer locally produced products incorporating our latest technology for our customers.
David von Loesecke, V. President, H&V

Move
Vertical integration ? with market reach
contd...

10

Cover Story Cover Story
...contd

APRIL 01. 2011.

Buy/Sell Outs
A sell-off, also known as a divestiture, is the outright sale of a company subsidiary. Normally, sell-offs are done because the subsidiary doesn't fit into the parent company's core strategy. Sometimes many small & big business owners eventually decide to sell their companies, though the reasons for such divestments vary widely from individual to individual. Some owners may simply wish to retire, while others are impatient to investigate new challenges—whether in business or some other area—or tired of the frustrations of the business in which they find themselves. Others decide to sell for reasons more closely associated with the health of the business itself; disputes with partners, incapacitation or death of principals, or downturns in the company's financial performance can all spur business owners to ponder putting their business on the block. Whatever their ultimate reason for selling, though, business owners can get the most out of their company by carefully considering a number of factors. A buyout is an investment transaction by which the ownership equity of a company, or a majority share of the stock of the company is acquired. The acquirer thereby "buys out" control of the target company. A buyout can take the form of a leveraged buyout, a venture capital buyout or a management buyout. Buy outs are generally intended for strategic growth and efficient running of businesses.
Europe Europe

Balta Group to buy Domo Group's floor covering activities
This is a splendid implicated in opportunity for us. t h i s Until today Balta had t r a n s a c t i o n . no activities related to B a l t a i s carpet tiles & needle granted use of felt. This will open up a whole new world of t h e D o m o products & distribution brand name channels. Jules Noten, w i t h i n CEO, Balta Group Floorcoverings until end of 2013. This acquisition will enhance Balta's product range which already Move consisted of Extension of broadloom ? carpet, rugs & product range & l a m i n a t e capacity ? Focussed strategy flooring with the addition of carpet tiles & needle felt.

Europe Asia

Balta is buying Domo Floorcoverings. More specifically, broadloom carpet & needle felt (production site in Oudenaarde), These past few years carpet tiles Domo Group's (production site strategy has been in Zele) & yarn aimed at creating a & f i b r e diversified company portfolio consisting of activities independent (production site businesses each with in Ghent) are their own strategies. s o l d t o t h e Gregory De Clerck, Domo Group Balta Group. The Domo artificial grass activities (production site in Sint-Niklaas) & Xe n t r y s n y l o n c a r p e t ya r n (production site Leuna) are not
Floor Coverings
Europe N. America

Hygiene Disposables

Ontex Agrees Sale to GS Capital Partners & TGP for € 1.2Bn
Ontex, Europe's leading private label hygienic disposables manufacturer, announced its sale to GS Capital Partners & investment funds managed by TPG Capital (TPG) for €1.2 Bn. This deal is the largest ever private equity transaction in Belgium, which is subject to customary
Ontex has been

Through our global reach & operational capabilities, we look forward to helping drive the next stage of the company's profitable growth.
Simon Henderson, TPG

CareFusion to Sell International Surgical Products Distribution Business to Medline
As part of the agreement, Medline will continue Move to distribute C a r e F u s i o n ? market Wider reach products in Focus c e r t a i n ? on core competencies geographies. T h e acquisition The divestiture of ISP will focus CareFusion on the is expected growth opportunities we to close in have outside the US for our core medical A p r i l , subject to technologies & disposable products. customary David Schlotterbeck, conditions. Former chairman & CEO,
CareFusion

Ontex has made significant advancements in the past few years & we are very excited about this opportunity to invest in a company with such an established presence & development potential.
Richard Butland, GS Capital Partners

C a r e F u s i o n Corporation, a global, medical technology company, and Medline Industries, Inc., the nation's largest privately held manufacturer and distributor of healthcare products announced an agreement to sell the CareFusion International ISP is a strong business with a lot of S u r g i c a l talented employees Products (ISP) who, like us, place a distribution high priority on business to customer focus, Medline for service, quality & integrity. approximately Andy Mills, President, $130 million.
Medline

Medical Health Care Products

regulatory successfully approvals, is transformed in recent expected to be years into a leading manufacturer of completed private label before the end hygienic disposables of the year. in Europe. The
management team is excited by the prospect of enhancing Ontex's existing position through the support, new capital & skill sets of our new owners.
Michael Teacher, CEO, Ontex
contd...

Move
? Extension of resources ? Profitable growth

11

Cover Story Cover Story
...contd

Buy/Sell Outs
Europe Europe

Protective Equipment

Rheinmetall takes over complete control of Verseidag Ballistic Protection GmbH

Europe Europe

Lenzing Sells Plastics Filaments Business to GEP Consortium

Fibres

The Rheinmetall Group is now sole owner of Verseidag Ballistic Protection GmbH of Krefeld, Germany. Rheinmetall had already acquired a 51% stake in the company- a leading producer of advanced civilian and military protection equipment in July 2010. Effective 31 December 2010, Rheinmetall took over the remaining 49% interest held by Jagenberg AG, thus giving the Düsseldorfbased defence group 100% control of the company. Ontex has been Rheinmetall is now able to supply makers of military successfully land vehicles as well as the civilian auto industry with transformed in recent a full range of protection technology. Verseidag years into a leading manufacturer of Ballistic Protection GmbH's high-tech solutions private the provide label occupants of civilian and military hygienic disposables vehicles with reliable protection from ballistic threats in Europe. The and bomb blasts management team is on land, in the excited by on Move air and the the water. The prospect of companyOntex's develops, produces and enhancing Vertical markets solutions based on ? existing position integration through the support, state-of-the-art ceramic and Strengthening new capitalmaterials as well as fibre ? and skill metallic of position sets of composites made of high-tech our new owners. textiles. Teacher, Michael
CEO, Ontex

Austria-based Lenzing AG has We want to focus our sold its plastics filaments resources more on our business to a consortium of core business cellulose fibers in the future private investors headed by explaining that the Global Equity Partners (GEP), plastics business no Austria, for an undisclosed longer fits into the price. The business, which company's strategy and would have better produces primarily plastic development potential bristle & monofilaments for under a different owner. industrial and consumer Peter Untersperger, CEO, Lenzing products, includes Pedex GmbH & Hahl The business is Filaments GmbH, both based in well positioned, Germany. The company has their market position is very invested considerable monies to good and they expand its fiber manufacturing ideally fit our capacity worldwide and anticipates investment focus positive results in the coming year & on expanding b e y o n d medium-sized Move because of its industrial ? on core Focus companies. strong position competencies Michael Tojner, in the cellulosic CEO, GEP. ? Strategy for fiber sector. Partners expansion

Analyzing enough from what we have read in this article one can surely say that companies are choosing to grow inorganically in order to gain access to new markets and fresh ideas through successful mergers and acquisitions or joint ventures. In many industries, growth is often accelerated through i n c r e a s e d innovation, and one way for firms to compete is to align Mr. Samir Gupta, MD, BCH themselves with those companies that are developing the innovative technologies. A lot of movement is also seen to cut cost competition by adoption of growth through vertical integration as this eliminates another member of the value chain thus bringing down the cost apart from availing economies of scale and low cost of production. New market penetration is another hot strategy which can be viewed as most of the tie ups are between the developed and emerging markets. Companies are assessing current markets, identifying untapped markets and seeking opportunities for revenue growth through new market opportunities. It is interesting to watch component manufacturers of different industries tying up with the textiles companies to be cost competitive in their offerings ; Mergers between two competitive fibre or fabric makers is happening today to not only avoid competition but to enhance strength in different regions. But to top it all it is the joining of hands between the developed and the developing world that takes the cake. Another very important strategy witnessed is the extension of existing product portfolio in order to maximize customer satisfaction and also capitalize on each other's brand value. Whereas some companies are strategically reducing their product offerings in order to focus on core competencies and maintain a leading position in the world. Capacities are getting expanded with no gestation period and time remains the essence of all these activities that are taking place.

13

Government Interface

Government Order On
Technology Mission On Technical Textiles (2010-11 to 2014-15)
Introduction
1.Technical textiles are textile materials and products used for their technical performance and functional properties. Technical textiles are critical for thust areas of Government of India in terms of infrastructure development, social responsibility, security of nation and food security. Government has taken many initiatives like implementing scheme for growth and development of Technical Textiles, inclusion of major machinery for technical textiles under modified TUFS for 10% capital subsidy etc. 2.In spite of government taking such initiatives, the technical textiles industry still suffers from a number of problems like lack of basic infrastructure in terms of testing facilities, lack of market development support, skilled manpower, lack of R&D, absence of regulatory measure, specifications and standards for technical textiles etc. 3.To address the above issues government has launched technology mission on Technical Textiles with two minimissions for a period of five years (from 2010-11 to 2014-15) with a fund outlay of Rs. 200 crore. MINI-MISSION-1 Objectives: Standardization, creating common testing facilities with national/international accreditation, indigenous development of prototypes and resource centre with I.T infrastructure. Interventions 1. Setting up of four Centres of Excellence (COEs) to provide infrastructure support at one place for the convenience of manufacturers of technical textiles: In addition of four COEs already established, four additional COEs will be set up for Nonwovens, Composites, Indutech and Sportech to support the manufacturers of technical textiles of respective segments. 2.Upgradation of existing four Centres of Excellence: 4 COEs have already been established but these centres are not having facilities for development of prototypes, incubation centre for products of their segments and provision for recurring expenditure for appointment of experts. Therefore, the existing COEs will be upgraded in line with the new COEs MINI-MISSION-2 Objectives: Support for domestic & export market development of technical textiles Interventions 1. Support for business start-up: The COE and other associations/ institutes/ independent reputed consultants will be empanelled by the MOT/ Office of the Textile Commissioner who will prepare project reports and do the hand holding of the potential entrepreneurs till the completion of the projects. Physical Target-30 projects. 2. Providing fund support for organizing workshops: Technical textiles are still at nascent stage and their awareness levels are very low. Hence, National and International Conferences, Seminars, Workshops and short term training programmes will be organized across the country to dissipate the knowledge among stake holders of technical textiles. Physical Target-52 Workshops. 3. Social Compliance through Standardization, regulatory measures: Consultants will be engaged to identify the needed regulatory changes required along with international best practices and also the strategy to facilitate such changes in the rules and regulation. Physical Target -5 Major Ministries. 4. Market Development support for marketing support to bulk and institutional buyers etc.: Under the scheme buyers-sellers meet will be organized across the country wherein the indigenous manufacturers can showcase their products and institutional buyers will be invited for enhancing their market competitiveness. Physical Target-30 Buyer-Seller meetings. 5. Market development Support for export sales: The support includes participation in Technical Textile fairs/Application based fairs by the Indian technical textile manufacturers to exhibit their products. Physical Target- 50 Units to be supported.

6. Contract research and development through IITs/TRAs/Textile Institutes: Technical textiles is high technology area where most of the new material high-end converted products are imported, there is a strong need for indigenous development of products for which R & D is of prime importance. Therefore, contract research will be covered under this head. Individual unit or two or more unit may come together for a contract research proposal.
Physical Target- 20 Research Projects.
Table 1: Mission wise expenditure detail (Amount in Rs. Crore)
Sr.No 1. 2. Component Setting up of COEs Upgradation of existing COEs 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 Total 20 44 60 6 20 6 100 56
156

Mini Mission 1

Sub Total Mini Mission II
1. 2. Support for business start up Workshops /Seminars Consultation fee for identifying regulatory changes required Market Development support for sale to institutional buyers Market Development Support for Export Sales Fund support for Contract R&D

64

66

26

-

-

-

1 1

1 2

1 1

1

3 5

3.

4

1

-

-

-

5

4.

1

3

3

4

4

15

5.

1

1

1

1

1

5

6.

1

3

2

2

3

11
44

Sub Total Grand Total

7 71

10 76

9 35

9 9

9 9

200

14

Government Interface

Recent FTAs Foreign Trade Agreements ...setting the tone evenmore
India-Japan Signs CEPA (Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement)
Shri Anand Sharma, Union Minister of Commerce and Industry and Japanese Foreign Minister, Mr. Seiji Maehara signed the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) between India and Japan on the 16th February 2011. This Agreement is the most ambitious agreement signed by India so far and covers trade in goods, services and investment under its ambit. India stands to gain significantly through this Agreement and 90% of tariff lines are covered while Japan has covered 5% more lines than India. Apart from this, Indian agricultural produce including instant tea, seafood will find their way in the Japanese market. Highlights:
l Protection

India & Malaysia Signs CECA (Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement)
Shri Anand Sharma, Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Mr. Mustapa Mohamed, Minister for International Trade & Industry, Malaysia, signed the India-Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) in the presence of Malaysian Prime Minister, Mr. Mohd Najib Razak at Putrajaya in Kuala Lumpur on 18th February 2011 . The Agreement will come into effect on 1st July 2011 and the first review will be held within a year of coming into force. The India-Malaysia CECA is a comprehensive and ambitious agreement that envisages liberal trade in goods and services and a stable and competitive investment regime to promote foreign investment between the two countries. Highlights:
l Under

of sensitive sectors for India including agriculture, fruits, spices, wheat, basmati rice, edible oils, wines and spirits and also certain categories of industrial products such as auto and auto parts

l Access

to a highly developed Japanese market for the pharmaceutical sector

the agreement, India will get market access in the Malaysian market for goods including fruits such as mangoes, banana and guava, basmati rice, two wheelers and cotton garments continues to be provided for the sensitive

l Protection

l The

textile products including readymade garments stand to gain significantly in terms of market access

sectors
l Malaysia

l The

Agreement also envisages the conclusion of a social security agreement within three years and the negotiations have commenced in Jan, 2011

l bilateral For

investment, India has committed to the current national policy on foreign investment and this signals the greater participation of Japanese investors into Indian economy

has offered comparatively higher level of FDI in key sectors of interest to India such as construction services (51%), computer and related services (100%), management and consultancy services (100%). This is a breakthrough in investments, given that Malaysia has a Bhoomiputra policy which mandates 30% equity participation by local companies

l Malaysia

l A set

target of doubling bilateral trade to US $ 25 billion by 2014 and reiterated suggestion of establishing a Joint Revolving Fund of US $ 9 billion for kick starting the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project

is the 3rd largest trading partner of India amongst the ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) countries. India-Malaysia trade increased from US $ 3.52 billion to US $ 9.03 billion between 2005 & 2010 after reaching a peak of US $ 10.65 billion in 2008

l Shri

l The

Japanese side have also lowered their tariffs for petrochemicals and chemical products, jewellery and cement

Sharma hoped that the bilateral trade target of US $ 15 billion by 2015 set during the visit of Indian Prime Minister to Malaysia in October 2010 should be

India’s Pact with EU
After inking free trade agreements with two countries recently-a comprehensive Economic partnership Agreement with Japan and CECA with Malaysia negotiation for a proposed comprehensive market opening pact with the 27-nation European Union is also on the verge of getting signed. 12 rounds of negotiations between India and EU have been completed. To make these pacts useful for stakeholders and common man, a commerce ministry team has decided to travel across the country to explain the impact of these agreements.

www.bch.in

Apr - Jun 2011

15

Government Interface

Union Budget (2011-2012)
Introduction
The Finance Minister Shri Pranab Mukherjee assured the textiles industry the Government's continuous support to upgrade technology , manufacturing processes and conducive policy enviornment to facilitate its proper growth and th enhance productivity while presenting the Union Budget 2010-11 on the 28 February 2011. Apart from taking various initiatives the government has made many fiscal changes in context to the Indian textile industry, as stated below.

Central Excise
1. 2. 3. Enhance the lower rate of Central Excise duty from 4% to 5%. Uniform 10% mandatory excise duty on branded RMG & madeups. Full SSI exemption to RMG & Madeups.[SSI exemption is available to first clearances upto Rs.1.50Cr for manufacturers having clearances not exceeding Rs. 4 Cr in the preceding financial year] Reduction in central excise duty on sanitary napkins, baby and adult diapers from 10 % to 1% without cenvat facility and 5% with cenvat facility. 1% excise duty has been imposed on handmade carpets, carpets & other textile floor coverings, hand woven tapestries, labels, badges & articles of textile materials, adhesive tapes & laminated jute bags. Excise duty has been reduced on parts of 40 specified textile machinery and equipments. Excise duty of 5% has been imposed on automatic looms and projectile looms. Excise duty has been exempted on crank shaft / arm shaft used for manufacture of sewing machines, other than those with in-built motors.

4.

5.

6. 7. 8.

Customs
Customs duty on Acrylonitrile reduced from 5% to 2.5%. 10. Customs duty on Caprolactum reduced from 10% to 7.5%. GUJARAT- The Textile hub of India Gujarat houses the third largest denim production in the world and is the largest producer(35%) and exporter(60%) of cotton in India. The state also contributes about 33% of mill-made fabric & 25% of power loom fabric of the country. To further augment the growth of the sector, Gujarat has introduced various schemes for textile sector such as: Financial assistance by way of interest subsidy in technical textiles, spinning, weaving, knitting, apparel, Financial assistance for technology acquisition & up-gradation, Assistance for establishing Apparel Training Institutions, Support for setting up Apparel/Sewing Parks, Weaving Park for cotton/Synthetic Textiles, Exclusive Technical Textile Parks on PPP basis.
Attractiveness of the State on Key Parameters Factor Conditions Government Incentives-Fiscal Government Incentives-Non-fiscal Overall Attractiveness Andhra Gujarat Pradesh High High High High High High

9.

11. Customs duty on Nylon chips reduced from 10% to 7.5%. 12. Customs duty on Rayon Grade Woodpulp reduced from 5% to 2.5%. 13. Customs duty on Raw Silk(not thrown) is being reduced from 30% to 5%. 14. Customs duty on Cotton waste is being reduced from 10% to nil. 15. Customs duty on Nylon yarn & fibre are being reduced from 10% to7.5%. 16. Diphenylmethane 4,4-diisocyanate (MDI) for use in the manufacture of spandex yarn reduced from 7.5% to 5%. 17. Polytetrametylene ether glycol for manufacture of spandex yarn reduced from 7.5% to 5%. 18. The list of specified goods, allowed to be imported duty free for use in the manufacture of textile and leather garments, is being expanded by including anti-theft devices like labels, tags and sensors therein. 19. Benefit of duty free import is being extended to trimmings, embellishments,components etc. against exports of leather goods, footwear and textile garments by merchant exporters also subject to certain conditions. 20. Specified tools used in the handicrafts sector are being included in the list of specified goods, allowed to be imported duty free to the Handicrafts exporters. KARNATAKA- To Set up new Textile parks Karnataka Government has called for fresh investments in the textile sector, saying the states had made rapid strides in textile & clothing segments & Bangalore was emerging as a new national sector hub. The state government is committed to the growth of this industry and has already implemented its textile policy from 2008 by making Rs.10,000 crore investment, envisaging jobs for over five lakh people in five years, said State Textile Minister Govind Karjol. Karnataka accounts for nearly 20% of the national garment production & 8% of exports, according to the minister. Karjol who was speaking at the All India Textile Conference disclosed government proposals to set up Textile parks at Korategere, Belgaum, Bellary.
Tamil Nadu High High Moderate Haryana Karnataka Himachal Pradesh High Moderate High High Moderate High High Moderate Moderate High Moderate Moderate

Indian States Wooing the Textile Industry

Table 1: Comparison of Indian states for business activity Kerala Moderate High High High

Very High Very High Very High

Source:India Brand Equity Foundation (www.ibef.org)

17

Special Feature

A tête-a-tête with
Mr. Milind Hardikar
The Arvind Ltd. was set up with the pioneering effort of the Lalbhai brothers in 1931 in India. Today, Arvind Limited is the flagship company of US $ 1.1 billion Lalbhai Group and is vertically integrated in the manufacturing of Denims, Shirtings, Khakis, Knits, Voiles and Lifestyle Apparels (Jeans and Shirts) and has realy ventured into fire retardent textiles. BCH brings you an interview with Mr. Milind Hardikar, Group President- Strategic Initiatives, working with ARVIND Ltd. In this capacity he is responsible for identifying various new business opportunities and diversification projects. During the last 17 years of tenure with Arvind, he managed different responsibilities. He is currently developing the advance materials Business. The current portfolio includes Fire, Ballistic Protection textiles for PPE, Filtration Textiles solutions for Filtration, Para- Araminds for anti- Ballistic applications and textiles substrates for Composites Applications using mono, multi filaments and glass fabrics. BCH: Arvind is one of the leading textile conglomerates in India and an established fabric and ready-to wear garments producer with a huge brand portfolio. Please tell us about Arvind's strengths? AS: Arvind is a company with Global perspective. We have always focused on innovation. Diversification to Advanced Materials has been one such effort. BCH: Having established itself as one of the largest fire protection fabric producer in India. This move would not have been so easy. We would like to know about the journey of Arvind from denims to advanced materials? AS: It was a strategic decision to expand our horizon into new growth areas, build on our core competency of fabric manufacturing. Advanced performance fabrics are required in many areas such as fire safety, ballistic protection, filtration, wind energy and many other advanced technology sectors. We have tied-up with world leaders in each of these areas. It has helped us to distinguish from the rest. Some of these are first timers in India. Before launching products in market, we have done huge background work to understand and absorb the technology. Our portfolio consists of fire protection fabrics and coveralls in combination with Hi-Vis, anti-static properties and woven filtration fabrics for filtration and separation industry. We also offer para-aramid antiballistics fabrics for bullet proof jacket applications. BCH: Creating a niche in the advanced materials area too, there has been seen in the past many strategic decisions. What made you decide on setting up strategic partnership with DuPont for Nomex and Rhodia group for Proban? AS: DuPont and Rhodia are world leaders in protective technologies in their own rights. The partnership brings in a lot of experience on material engineering and many hi-tech applications. These are well respected names. Our relationship with them is strategically important. BCH: According to us, Arvind's efforts would really help in the growth of the protective textile industry in India? Comment? AS: Arvind would look at it with Global perspective. While we see many opportunities in other countries, the prospects in the Indian market depends on the safety awareness and government's initiatives to enforce safety norms on industries and public places.

Mr. Milind Hardikar Group President (Strategic Initiatives) Arvind Limited

BCH: We would like to know about your brand PRO 1? AS: These are high performance fabrics for very complex applications. Their performance is definitive, measurable & proven. Hence they have been appropriately branded as PRO1. BCH: Please tell us in brief about your product range in the protective textile industry? AS: We have been licenced by RHODIA UK, for manufacturing and selling PROBAN brand of FR fabrics and industrial coveralls. It offers comforts of cotton and life time durable FR properties. It is the best solution for steel industries. We also offer Pyrovatex treated FR fabrics. As you can see, our range of protective fabrics is complete, from treated cotton to inherently FR fabrics. PROBAN, NOMEX, PROTEX, catering to all safety clothing needs. The fabrics are designed selectively for different applications in Oil and Gas, Steel Plants, Emergency Services. We are also equipped to service FR curtains for Indian Railways and FR blankets for in-flight use. BCH: What are the innovations or the future trends that will be seen in the protective textile industry in India and globally in the coming years? AS: Enhancing the safety performance and improving the comfort for the wearer are the important directions for further innovation. Our product development teams have been working on it. PROBAN denims jeans is one such development which will be launched soon. BCH: If the protective textile industry has strengths and opportunities, then it must be having the threats and weaknesses also. What would be your SWOT analysis of this industry? Please highlight the government's role too in this aspect? AS: Lack of safety regulations in the developing world is the prime concern for this industry. In countries with high awareness counterfeits and fake low performing products from china may be the threat. We tackle it by selecting our channel partners and tag the supplies. BCH: What advice you would give to this protective textile industry? AS: India has to catch-up a lot. There is no point wasting time in developing Indian standards for fire safety clothing. We need to quickly adopt the European standards. We need to be absolutely sure about deliverables. This business offers no second chance. Get in only if you are sure.

18

Special Feature

A têtê-a-tete with Mr. Manohar Samuel
Aditya Birla Group is a US $ 30 billion Group (current), headquartered in India with operations spanning 25 countries and more than 100,000 dedicated employees. Amongst other businesses, the Group has a rich heritage in textiles with facilities for, Viscose staple fibre, Acrylic fibre , Viscose filament yarn, Spun yarn in 5.5 Lakh spindles in 4 countries, Fabric brands Grasim and Gravera in India and Garment brands - Louis Phillipe, Van Heusen, Allen Solly, Peter England. Birla Cellulose is the umbrella brand of the Group's Pulp and Fibre business, which spans 4 Mr. Manohar Samuel countries, India, Thailand, Indonesia and Canada. It is the largest manufacturer of Viscose Joint President (Strategic Marketing) Rayon staple fibre in the world. The Group encourages cultivation of Pulp grade trees and has Grasim Industries Limited judiciously supported this renewable resource through plantations. Birla Viscose and Birla Modal are used in almost all the leading brands across the globe. The Aditya Birla Group's Birla Cellulose operation has launched “Textile Research and Application Development Centre” (TRADC), in India for facilitating innovation, quality upgradation and efficiency improvement in fibres, yarns and fabrics. BCH brings you an interview with Mr. Manohar Samuel, Joint President (Strategic Marketing) of Grasim Industries Limited’s Pulp and Fibre division of Aditya Birla Group. He joined the ABG group in the year 1999 and today is the functional head of Strategic Marketing with four departments viz; Marketing & Sales of Birla Celluose Fibres in India, Specialty fibre marketing, Business Development till retail for fibre business and Textile Research and Application Development Centre (TRADC). Mr. Manohar Samuel has been in the Man Made Fibre industry for the past 25 years and has in depth experience in marketing and customer service in India and International markets. He has widely travelled and has shared fibre developments and its benefits across the entire textile value chain in many forums.
BCH: Could you first please share some highlights in general of your experience in the viscose fibres, yarns and fabric industry?

Cellulose efforts are more directed towards the Indian consumer space and the potential for nonwoven disposables is viewed as high by us with a vision in place. BCH: Birla Cellulose is the umbrella brand of the Aditya Birla Group's range of cellulosic fibre. Could you throw some light on the company's product offerings and expertise by way of technology and global market presence? AS: Birla cellulose the umbrella brand denotes 'Fibres from Nature’, our heritage. It exemplifies our responsibility towards nature in all our product offerings and also process too. Birla Cellulose, made from wood pulp saves land area 7 times to that of cotton whilst also providing green coverage for a seven year cycle. It also saves water 2-4 times as the case may be. The plantation are managed responsibly even in semi arid land allowing more fertile land for food crops. Viscose fibre is the main for us and we have a 21% world market share in it. We have our inhouse technology for our fibres, Viscose, Modal, spundyed and Excel. BCH: Out of the different Viscose brands offered by your company such as Birla Viscose, Birla Viscose Plus, Birla Modal, and Birla Excel which ones are most fit for manufacturing different types of nonwovens and why? AS: Functional and Eco benefits of disposability, biodegradability, purity have made us as a vital ingredient much application needing such attributes. I would first
contd...

AS: Viscose fibre has strengthened itself as an important member of the cellulose fibre family by spanning all applications, be it apparel, home textiles or technical textiles. The current scenario for cotton has entailed supply tightness and price volatility putting many in the textile value chain out of gear around the globe. Viscose has well addressed the need gap for cellulose fibres with products like cotton viscose blends, spundyed viscose and expanded usage with a variety of applications. The Spinning Industry using viscose has done well in the domestic and export markets with increase particularly in the domestic 100% viscose segment going into applications like ladieswear, stoles, knit tops, carpets, etc; Finer counts have been especially made by the spinning industry to augment supplies to such applications which need fine cellulose ingredients. The fabric industry has increased usage of viscose in India in 100% viscose, poly viscose and cotton viscose blends. The export of fabrics however has not been to the potential which India possesses. We are the second largest after China in poly viscose fabric exports but we have quite a few markets target like Guatemala, Russia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Vietnam to engage further. In Nonwoven, Ginni has played a lead role in Spunlace technology and has been able to progress their products in the International markets which is commendable. Birla

20

Forthcoming Events
April-June 2011
Smart Fabrics 2011 04-06 April; London, UK; www.smartfabricsconference.com INDEX 11 12-15 April; Geneva, Switzerland; www.edana.org Techtextil 2011 24-26 May; Frankfurt, Germany; www.techtextil.com World of Wipes Conference 14-16 June; Atlanta, Georgia, USA; www.inda.org Composites India Expo (CIE’11) 17-19 June; Chennai, India; www.cieonline.in

www Fo .bch cusing on .in Tech ni

Tech
cal Text iles,

Nonw

Tex Indi a
oven s& Com posit
Jan Mar

es

2011

BCH

Vol.5, Issu

Rs. 20 New slin e

e 1,

July-September 2011
50th Dornbirn Man-Made Fibres Congress 14-16 September; Dornbirn, Austria; www.dornbirn-mfc.com ITMA 2011 22-29 September; Barcelona, Spain; www.itma.com Outlook Conference 2011 28-30 September; Budapest, Hungary; www.edana.org
A têt Mr. e-a-tête An Pg 17 and Sin with gh & & Pg Dr. 40 G.V. Rao Solar to a Textile s: Pg 20Brighter Light Futur Pathw e ay The Me Pg 42 ltblow ns

in Ind ia ...

October-December 2011
Techtextil India 2011 10-12 October; Mumbai, India; www.messefrankfurtindia.in SINCE 2011 12-14 October; Shanghai, China; www.since11.com JEC Show Asia 2011 18-20 October; Singapore; www.jeccomposites.com FILTREX ASIA 2011 06-07 December; New Delhi, India; www.edana.org

Inside TechTex India Government Interface. Industry Updates. News & Events. Special Feature. Sector Focus. Product in focus. Shopping Update...

Why Advertise with Us
Distribution of the newsline is targeted to key players of the worldwide Technical Textile industry (including Nonwovens and Composites) reaching all manufacturers, distributors, academicians, media, government bodies & consultants

January-March 2012
Vision 2012 24-26 January; New Orleans, Louisiana; www.inda.org

IFAI Tent Conference 2012
26-28 February; New York, USA; www.tentexperts.org Techtextil Russia 2012 12-14 March; Moscow, Russia; www.techtextil.messefrankfurt.ru Jec Show Europe 2012 27-29 March; Paris, Europe; www.jeccomposites.com

TechTex India is an Indian publication covering worldwide happenings, technologies, markets and events of the Technical Textile Industry

It has a focused reach with no waste factor thus enhancing the ad’s OTS (Opportunity to See) and recall factor. Your presence would be acknowledged in the national & international forums

To access the previous issue and other information about TechTex India, kindly log on to www.bch.in or contact info@bch.in

23

2011- Interactions Dur uring the Last Quarter
Interactive Workshop on Nonwoven Textiles 10 February 2011, Mumbai, India
Eminent Speakers from the Industry & Government

FILTECH 22-24 March 2011, Wiesbaden, Germany
The world of filtration and separation came to Wiesbaden for FILTECH 2011 from 22-24 March. During these three days, over 5200 visitors from all over the world visited the leading filtration and separation (F&S) event to catch up on innovations & equipment as well as related cutting edge products & services displayed at the show. The reported number of contacts & the deals made at FILTECH 2011 clearly marked a willingness to invest & reflected the positive market development in the F&S sector. The show was accompanied by a three day conference that attracted experts, problem solvers, & all those interested in the latest F&S research from around the globe. With an encouraging increase of exhibitors by 46% and visitors by 38%, FILTECH reaffirms its claim to be the largest special interest event world-wide devoted to filtration & separation technology. FILTECH also successfully extended its range & featured many closely associated industries, among these were adhesive applications, activated carbon, cutting, ultrasonic welding & sewing innovations as well as plasma treatment technologies. The exhibition was accompanied by a three day conference during which the latest advances & techniques in liquid/solid & gas/particle separation were presented and discussed. More than 180 papers were held by experts of the F&S sector from all over the world, attracting a truly international audience.

Table Top Displays

An interactive workshop on Nonwoven Textiles was organized jointly by FICCI & Office of the Textile Commisioner, Government of India. The Technical Sessions discussed the market size, investment opportunities, future prospects, financing, and applications of nonwovens in detail. The workshop was inaugrated by Shri Sujit Gulati, Jt Secretary, Ministry of Textiles, Government of India. Higlighting the importance of Technology Mission he appealed to the industry to fully avail of the benefits & schemes offered under TMTT. Implementation of the Technology Mission on Technical Textiles will result in the market size for technical textiles in India to grow from Rs. 51488 crore in 2009-10 to Rs. 86433 crore in 2014-15 and increase exports from Rs. 3000 crore to Rs. 8600 crores, triggering investments of Rs. 5000 crore during the five year period into technical textiles, said Smt. Shashi Singh, Joint Textile Commissioner, Office of the Textile Commissioner, Govt. of India. Eminent Speakers Mr. Arun Jariwala, Indian Technical Textile Association, Shri V.N. Ghanekar, Chief Engineer, MMRDA, Shri Mohan Kavrie, MD, Supreme Nonwovens Industries Pvt. Ltd., Mr. Pierre Wiertz, EDANA and many others expressed their views on the scope

Exhibitors experiencing busy days

Ideal Platform for Networking

Speaker: Mr. Pierre Wiertz, EDANA

Booth Presentations

IFAI Expo Asia 22-25 March 2011, Singapore
IFAI Expo Asia 2011 was held in Singapore from 22-25 March 2011. The trade exhibit opened with a ribbon-cutting ceremony officiated by IFAI president and CEO Stephen Warner, chairman of the board Peter McKernan and a representative from the Singapore Tourism Bureau. IFAI member company & exhibitor TenCate sponsored the opening ceremony with dancers in traditional lion costumes accompanied by drums and cymbal corps, leading the delighted delegates & media through the entrance to the exciting premiere of the new IFAI trade event. The technical symposiums held throughout the show had capacity attendance & reports from the 90 exhibitors have been positive. One of the seminars in particular, the E-Textiles Symposium, was a popular choice among visitors. IFAI Expo Asia 2011 attracted visitors and delegates from a diverse cross-section of the technical textiles industry, medical, geosynthetics, nonwovens, e-textiles, smart fabrics, protective clothing, military and Mr. Pierre Wiertz, GM, EDANA, Mr. Stephen Warner, CEO, IFAI, Mr.Samir Gupta,MD,BCH at the BCH Booth a r c h i t e c t u r e shade/structures.

Technical Textiles 2011 23-24 March 2011, Frankfurt, Germany
Characterized by cross-industry collaborative efforts & interdisciplinary research, Business Forum Technical Textiles 2011 was held from 23rd to 24th March in Frankfurt am Main, Germany & was organized by the Deutscher Fachverlag GmbH of Germany. This event gave a clear & compact picture of which developments are expected in the technical textiles market, where there is growth potential, & how one can best take advantage of the possibilities. Overall the forum proved to be a great success which drew the largest number of delegates from all over the world. The top themes covered were : Trends ? and market potential ? Textiles for hotel furnishings: from premium to budget hotels Requirements from the ?eld: from textile reinforced concrete to ? membrane construction, Intelligent clothing: applications for sports, outdoors and medicine ? market for medical The textiles: healthcare technologies for industrialized countries Dependence on exports and ? economic recovery for the German textile industry ? Developments in the RIC (Russia, India & China) Ms. Ritika Gupta from BCH in discussion markets: growth & with Hans J. Koslowski of DFV GmbH investment

Inauguration of IFAI Expo Asia 2011

Ms. Claudia Van Bonn of Technical Textiles with Delegates

Conference in progress

Attentive Delegates

Key Note Speaker: Mr. Peter McKernan

Mr. Zirnzak of IVGT with Mr. Dieter Knape from TÜV Rheinland

24

25

Product in Focus
RKW US Launches New Roofing Underlayment Products
RKW US has introduced two new products Aptra Elements™ and Roof TopGuard Craftsman™ at the International Roofing Exposition, Feb. 14-18 in Las Vegas, NV. The products will further differentiate the company's strength in the roofing underlayment and construction industries. “These products are designed to advance our roofing and construction business in a way that our customers want most,” said Morris Collins, president of RKW US Inc. “We see a new era of opportunity to provide greater value to our customers by expanding our cornerstone products: Aptra® UV8 film and RoofTopGuard II™ underlayment. Aptra Elements™ and RoofTopGuard Craftsman™ will better address the need for energy savings and installation speed in the new world of construction. Only RKW has the intellectual property, global relationships and might to launch these products.” Aptra Elements™ is a metallic, highly reflective roof underlayment that reduces home and building energy costs. The second product, RoofTopGuard Craftsman™ roof underlayment, is based on RKW's premier RoofTopGuard II™ technology but weighs 40 percent less, and installs faster and easier than 30 lb. felt paper. Aptra Elements™ keeps the house warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer. The advanced material maintains strength and flexibility without the metal surface rub-off or oxidation. Breathable, waterproof and durable, the engineering breakthrough is available in various weights for wall and other roofing components.

Empa and Tisca Tiara Have Developed a Novel Bicomponent Fibre
Empa researchers, together with TISCA TIARA, a Swiss manufacturer of artificial turf, have developed a novel fibre for artificial turf. The bi-component fibre returns to an upright position again and again thanks to a hard core and avoids abrasions and grass burns after a fall because of a soft sheath. The turf has already been laid on two football pitches in Switzerland. Artificial turf is robust, durable and stands up to any weather. It allows to practise and to play all the year round and therefore became essential for today's football. It contains two different polymers. The polyamide core has excellent recovery properties and therefore the fibre returns to an upright position again and again. The low-friction sheath of polyethylene avoids injuries after a fall. The turf has already been laid on two football pitches, one in Ecublens near Lausanne and the other in Bürglen in the Canton of Thurgau and to the complete satisfaction of the footballers.

BAE Systems to Protect Frontline Troops with Liquid Armour
A counterintuitive liquid which hardens when struck has been developed by BAE Systems as part of a project to create future body armour offering soldiers greater ballistics protection and ease of movement in combat situations. The technology, dubbed 'liquid armour' by scientists and engineers at BAE Systems, harnesses the unique properties of shear thickening fluids which 'lock' together when subjected to a force to enhance the existing energy absorbing properties of material structures like Kevlar. Ceramic based armour plates used in current body armour systems to cover large areas of the torso are heavy and bulky, restricting movement and contributing to fatigue, particularly in harsh environments like Afghanistan. Liquid armour has been designed to address a requirement for materials which can offers troops increased protection with reduced mass, wider area cover, greater manoeuvrability and easy integration with other systems. The technology can be integrated into standard Kevlar body armour to offer superior, freedom of motion and a reduction in overall thickness of up 45 percent. An early prototype of the technology has been demonstrated to the UK Ministry of Defence and in the future BAE Systems hope to further develop liquid armour to create a super lightweight version of the material and incorporate the technology into body armour systems.

Teijin to Launch First Polyester Fabric Offering Stable pH
The core company of the Teijin Group's polyester fibers business, announced that it has developed a new polyester fabric that remains gentle to human skin by stably maintaining its mildly acidic pH level, similar to healthy skin. At launch, it will be the world's first commercial polyester material to offer pH control. Teijin Fibers will begin selling the new fabric in time for spring and summer 2012 sportswear. It also will be marketed for general apparel and other applications. The fabric will be exhibited at two international sports trade shows in the near future: Outdoor Retailer in Salt Lake City, U.S.A. from January 20 to 23, and ISPO in Munich, Germany from February 6 to 9.

27

News

Transport Textiles

Magna Seating Continues Expansion in South America with Acquisition of Pabsa
Magna Seating, an operating unit of Magna International which develops and manufactures complete seating solutions and mechanisms, continues its growth in South America with the acquisition of automotive seat supplier Pabsa S.A. Pabsa, previously part of the L'Equipe Monteur Group, is based in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and is a vertically integrated supplier of complete seats, foam products, trim covers and seat structures. The acquisition which includes two production facilities in Buenos Aires and one in Cordoba, Argentina, increases Magna Seating's global footprint and further positions the company as a leading supplier of automotive seating solutions in South America. Magna Seating recently announced the acquisition of automotive seating supplier Resil Minas and the establishment of a manufacturing facility in the São Paulo area to produce complete seats for General Motors and Volkswagen.

Construction Textiles

Argentina:

Usa: Freudenberg to Tap Growing
Market for Airport Acoustics in India
Freudenberg, a leading familyheld global business group, announced that it plans to tap the growing market for airport acoustics in India. Following successful implementations of cutting edge acoustic design and solutions at Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai and Amritsar Airport in Punjab, the group announced today that Freudenberg Nonwovens, one of the group's ten operating companies in India has successfully implemented an ingenious world class acoustic solution at Delhi International Airport's T3 terminal as well. Built around SoundTex, a high performance acoustic nonwoven that blocks noise of planes and traffic outside from penetrating the terminal building, the solution ensures a relaxed and comfortable environment for the 34 million passengers expected to pass through the terminal each year. Explaining the innovative solution developed for the Delhi's T3 terminal, Milind Karhanis, Freudenberg Sales Manager Technical Nonwovens India, said, “SoundTex was applied across 140,000 square meters of ceiling and its design pays careful attention to every detail in order to ensure the best and most pleasant sound experience for the 34 million passengers using the terminal annually. The acoustic nonwoven cuts noise significantly and improves acoustics by shortening reverberation time”.

SA: Tencate Named as CoRecipient of 2011 JEC Composite Innovation Award
The 2011 JEC Thermoplastic Composite Innovation Award was awarded to Cutting Dynamics Inc., with TenCate Advanced Composites, A&P Technology and Ticona Engineering Polymers, which teamed to develop a thermoplastic modular composite seat frame used in passenger seat assemblies on lighter, more fuel-efficient aircraft. The 2011 JEC award winning modular composite seat frame from Cutting Dynamics consists of a match molded seat back and seat pan that supports the seat cushion. The frames depend on TenCate Cetex® TC 1100, a PPS / carbon fibre unitape that is braided into a pre-form by A&P Technology, then shaped by Cutting Dynamics into a complex tube using a process that can achieve high volumes unique in the aerospace industry.

U

Geotextiles

Tencate Finalizes Acquisition of Geosynthetics Activities of Emas Kiara
Ten Cate Geosynthetics Asia announces the successful closing of the acquisition of the geosynthetics activities of Emas Kiara Industries Berhad, a publicly listed company based in Rawang, Malaysia. The completion of this transaction provides TenCate Geosynthetics with a significantly larger position in the supply of geosynthetics solutions to the Southeast Asian markets. Emas Kiara Industries is an important full-line producer and supplier of a wide range of geosynthetic products and solutions with primary focus on the Asian markets. This addition of the Emas Kiara production capabilities, employees, and product brands will strengthen the position of TenCate Geosynthetics activities in this rapidly growing region of the world. In addition to continuing other nongeosynthetic related business, Emas Kiara maintains their geosynthetic construction and installation activities with exclusive product supply support from TenCate.
contd...

Netherlands:

Germany: Vw-suzuki Partnership
Making Progress
Volkswagen has said it will work on powertrains & efficient drive technologies with Japanese partner Suzuki while also targeting the Indian small car m a r k e t t o g e t h e r. V o l k s w a g e n Chief Executive Martin Winterkorn said at the company's annual conference that the two companies have been trying to work out joint programmes to take their partnership forward after the German company bought 20% stake in the Japanese manufacturer in late 2009. “Volkswagen group sales in India will double in 2011” Winterkorn said ”growing beyond the market growth rates. Volkswagen is growing faster than the market there.”

28

News
...contd

Technical Textiles

South Korea: Toray to Embark on
Full-scale Carbon Fiber Business in Republic Of Korea- To Build a Mass Production Plant with Annual Capacity of 2,200 Tons; Start Operations in 2013
Toray Industries, Inc. and Toray Advanced Materials Korea Inc. announced that the companies have decided to build a plant for mass production of carbon fibre in Republic of Korea. The new plant will introduce the most-advanced technology from Toray, the world leader in quality competitiveness. The plant will be constructed at TAK's Gumi Plant No. 3 (Gumi-si Gyeongsangbuk-do) with an investment of approximately 63 billion won (5 billion yen). The construction of the plant, which will have an annual production capacity of 2,200 tons, is expected to start in early 2011 and go into operation in January 2013. TAK will produce standard modulus carbon fibre with high-strength, which have become the de-facto standard in industrial and sporting goods applications. The construction of the new plant at TAK would enable the domestic production and a stable supply of carbon fibre in Republic of Korea.

Medical Textiles Protective Textiles

North Carolina: Readi Mask from
Global Safety First Receives 2011 Visionary Award
Designed to help save lives and protect individuals from harm from air-borne particles, the Readi Mask from Global Safety First, of Manasquan, NJ, was named the recipient of the prestigious 2011 Visionary Award presented at the VISION 2011 consumer products conference organised by INDA in Carlsbad, California. The Readi Mask was selected over four other finalists by the attendees at the tenth annual VISION Conference, which was held from January 10-12 at the Park Hyatt in Carlsbad, California. Readi Mask is a patented particle respirator designed to eliminate the problems with mask fit that plague the respirator market. Readi Mask is light, portable, effective and made in the USA.

Thailand:

Establishment of a Spunbond Manufacturing Company in Thailand

Allma CC4 Wins "award for Innovation and Excellence 2011”
At the "Tire Technology Expo" in Cologne from 15 to 17 February 2011, Oerlikon Saurer, Allma Product Line, has received the coveted "Tire Technology Award for Innovation and Excellence 2011" in the "Tire Industry Supplier of the Year" category. The winners have been selected in five categories by an internationally renowned jury of tire industry experts. Oerlikon Saurer, Allma Product Line, was awarded this prize for its groundbreaking new development of the Allma CC4. Energy costs are the greatest cost pool in the entire tire cord cabling process. They account for 30 to 50 percent for plants with write-down requirements, and even for 40 to 80 percent for machinery already depreciated. The energy-saving miracle Allma CC4 allows for energy savings of up to 50 percent, depending on the yarn count and spindle type. Thus tire cord manufacturers can benefit from enormous, even revolutionary production cost savings. “With the new development Allma CC4, Oerlikon Saurer proves yet again its innovative strength offering a sustainable and resource-saving solution. We are all delighted and very proud that we have won the award", says Jan Röttgering, Head of Oerlikon Saurer, Senior Vice President.

G ermany:

Asahi Kasei Fibres will establish a subsidiary in Thailand for the manufacture and sale of spunbond nonwovens. The disposable diaper market in Asia is forecasted to continue to grow at a high rate, and the new subsidiary will enable Asahi Kasei Fibres to significantly expand business in the Asian market for materials for disposable diapers and other hygienic products, with a new 20,000 ton/year Eltas™ spunbond plant scheduled to begin production in September 2012.

Wacker Presents a Novel Binder with Reduced Formaldehyde Content for Permanent Flame-retardant Textiles
The Munich-based WACKER Group has developed a novel dispersion tailored to textiles with stringent flame-retardancy requirements. The new VINNOL® CEN 2752 is an aqueous copolymer dispersion made from vinyl chloride and ethylene. It is an excellent binder for coating modern textiles and nonwovens. The high proportion of vinyl chloride in the base polymer makes it especially suitable for flameretardant finishing of textiles such as upholstery fabrics and sun-protection articles, e.g. sunshades and blinds, used in the domestic and commercial sectors. It has excellent stability in combination with flame-retarding additives such as inorganic and organic phosphates or aluminum hydroxide and also offers many more benefits.
contd...

Germany:

29

News
...contd

Technical Textiles

50th DORNBIRN MANMADE FIBERS CONGRESS (DORNBIRN-MFC) 14-16 September 2011
Communicating the Future of Man-made Fibers through: Brochure celebrating 50 years DORNBIRN MFC The 1st DORNBIRN MAN-MADE FIBERS CONGRESS (DORNBIRN-MFC) was held from the 16th to the 19th of July 1962 under the leitmotiv “Manmade Fibers today and tomorrow”. In view of the 5th anniversary a brochure will be published, providing an overview of the history of the congress, its founders, long-term supporters and sponsors and other associates. Main theme 2011: “The next 50 years”, an attempt of a glimpse into the future The 50th DORNBIRN-MFC will take place from 14- 16 September 2011 with the main theme “The next 50 years”. The total number of lectures will be around 100, of which 2 plenary lectures with determining influence. New topic “Visionaries” The individual lectures on the topics: New Developments in Fibers, Functional Textiles, Sustainability, Fibers for Technical Textiles, Sustainability, Finishing and EU Research Projects will include some 15 lectures of so called “Visionaries”. The global challenges will be transformed in fields of requirements (e.g. health, mobility, safety, communication, emotion etc.) and the driving key technologies for the development of new products, processes and services will be defined. General assembly of Association of Textile, Fashion, Shoe and Leather Industry (TBSL) will be held one th day before the opening of 50 DORNBIRN-MFC to facilitate the exchange of know-how among participants of both events.
Register at: www.dornbirn-mfc.com

Technical Textiles

Austria:

DSM Acquires Majority Share in UHMWPE Fiber Manufacturer in China
Royal DSM N.V., the global Life Sciences and Materials Sciences company headquartered in the Netherlands, announced today that it has signed an agreement to acquire the majority shareholding in Shandong ICD High Performance Fibre Co Ltd. (“ICD”), based in Laiwu, Shandong province, China. Closing of this transaction is expected in the course of 2011. The acquisition of the majority share in ICD will bring complementary manufacturing and technology assets to DSM in addition to strengthening the company's presence in this key market. The agreement with ICD, a manufacturer of UHMWPE (ultra high molecular weight polyethylene) fibre and a potential strong player in the Chinese market for high performance fibres, concludes an extensive selection process by DSM to find the right company in the Chinese market. This strategic step underlines DSM's commitment to its sales growth and strategic objectives in China and reflects its policy of acquiring businesses with strong potential and a proven track record of success. The acquisition of the majority share in ICD also fits in DSM's corporate strategy DSM in motion: driving focused growth with expansion in High Growth Economies as one of the growth drivers. Nico Gerardu, member of the DSM Managing Board and responsible for DSM’s Performance Materials cluster said: “China is a key market for DSM and we will continue to grow our long term commitment to it. We have invested significant time and effort to identify the right partner to ally with for this acquisition and we are extremely excited about the prospect of bringing ICD into the DSM portfolio.”

Netherlands:

31

Industrial Textiles

Application of Nonwoven Filter Media in the Filtration Industry
Dr. S.K. Chinta, A.V. Ravrane, S.S. Menon, D.K.T.E's Textile & Engg. Institute, Ichalkaranji

There are many similarities between the fibre, textile & nonwoven fabric industry and the filtration industry. The most obvious is that textile materials are used widely in the filtration as filter media. However, what is not so obvious & what few in the textile industry realize is that the filtration industry is as broadly segmented and highly fragmented as are the materials and applications in the fibre, textile and nonwoven fabric industry. Textile materials are used for a variety of dry & wet filtration processes allowing either the increase of the purity of the material filtered or the recovery of solid particles. Nonwoven filter materials continue to grow & capture a growing share of the filter media market because of their excellent performance and economical cost. It is a large industry, but very diverse with many types of filter producers supplying a wide variety of filtering systems & filter media to meet a wide variety of liquid, air and gaseous

Introduction
Technical textiles is a fast emerging trend all over the world & nonwoven fabrics plays a major role in many application like geotextiles, filtration, transportation & many more. Filtration textile is one of the important application areas where in separation of one kind of substance from another kind like suspended solid particles from gas, liquid, & even solid takes place. Filtration industry mega-trends provide many challenges for nonwoven fabrics, such as; environmental consciousness, finer filtration, specialized media & one-world business. Environmental consciousness suggests that nonwoven media should be reusable, have extended-life, chemical or vapour capture capabilities, compost ability and/or be recyclable. The ideal filter media for most applications will provide high filtration efficiency, low pressure drop & high dirt holding capacity. The filter media can accomplish all these attributes if it captures the desired particles, minimizes pressure drop, & requires infrequent filter changes. investments in the coming years, most notably in 'nonwovens'. Another significant filtration segment is identified as the Liquid filtration sector which constitutes of the vacuum & pressure blood filters, membrane backing filters, coolant filters etc. India is strong & manufactures virtually all woven fabrics within its borders which see a lot of usage in these liquid segments. Needle felt filter bags sales USD120 million worldwide, with China being main driver of growth. According to the findings the current total market for all liquid applications is nearly 50% of the total INR 270cr. - $ 54 million but is seeing better growth than the dry segments as many applications have just been introduced & primarily the filters are imported. Nonwoven media for Liquid filtration are on the rise & are positively being accepted. In the woven category only special materials like fine precision mesh is imported. The domestic woven filter media industry is strong & growing. In terms of synthetic nonwoven fabric sales, filtration totaled $735 million in 2007, according to the Association of the Nonwoven fabric Industry (INDA), which reported filtration as the largest dollar end use nonwovens market. In case of wet laid cellulose filtration media, total nonwoven fabric filtration media sales reached $2.3 billion worldwide. Air applications consume approximately 65 to 70% of the nonwoven filter media with liquid uses consuming the remaining 30 to 35%. Liquid applications end uses tend to generate higher margins for the nonwovens producers because of specialized constructions and performance requirements.

Filtration Trends and Drivers
Several factors are driving nonwoven fabric filtration media growth, but two megatrends dominate. First manufacturers worldwide are filtering with greater frequency at finer micron levels to achieve higher product quality. Second, environmental thinking worldwide is expanding at an increasing rate in virtually every segment of our economy. Nonwoven offers specific construction with technical advantage in filtration. Also nonwoven has low production cost compared to woven construction. Today filtration industry is growing at 2 to 3 percent per year. So, the industry`s best years are ahead with steady growing future. The filter media market in India in 2009 amounted to 108.2 Mn USD (INR 541 crores) & is growing at a healthy rate of 17-18 %. India is a fast growing filtration market, although the current technology is not totally at the same level as compared to other major markets. The need for 'transition' is well recognized to expect significant

Mechanisms
There are four types of mechanisms in filtration. They are briefly reviewed below (See Fig.1): Surface Loading is a mechanism where the pores are smaller than the particles collected on the surface of the filter. As the surface loads the differential pressure increases.
contd...

32

Industrial Textiles
...contd

Cake Filtration is a mechanism where a thick layer or cake of particles accumulates on the top the medium. These particles are usually larger than the pores in the medium. The mechanism is advantageous in solid recovery because as the cake gets thicker the efficiency can improve. Depth Straining is a mechanism where the particles move through the medium & are physically entrapped in the web structure. The pore sizes are smaller than thepartuckes retained. Particles smaller than the pore structure will penetrate through the medium. This application is widely used in liquid applications & in less critical air applications. Depth Filtration is a mechanism where particles smaller than the pore structure are trapped within the medium. The mechanism involves several complex forces such as impaction, interception & diffusion, which act on the particles & result in high efficiency. These forces all depend on relationship between media construction & particle size to provide high efficiency. Depth Straining & Depth Filtration are both mechanisms that work in gradient structure media. Both these filtration mechanism allows great utilization of the filter media in the direction of fluid flow.

to form, which in turns collects the particulate & allows the air to flow through the fabric. So the fabric should be able to permit the development of a loose & porous cake on its surface & also to release the cake during Cleaning. As far as fabric is concerned, its abrasion resistance, chemical resistance, tensile strength & permeability should be considered.

Filtration Parameters
Drop in Pressure: Difference between pressure before & after filtration. Filter Efficiency: The ratio between the quantity of particles retained in the filter & the Suitability of number of dispersed particles the textiles filter is found in the suspension. determined by: Filter Penetration: The number l material Basic of particles that manage to pass Method through the filter, in relation to l of manufacture l Weight/unit area those existing in the suspension l Density before getting through the filter. l Surface characteristics Special Filter Capacity: The amount of l finishes particles deposited in it and that accumulated before a drop in pressure begins. Cleaning Efficiency: The ratio of dust retained by fabric after cleaning to total dust deposited expressed in percentage.

Nonwoven Liquid Filtration Media
Surface Filter: A nonwoven with a two-dimensional structure & a uniform or narrow pore size distribution will generally form a filter cake on its surface. As the cake forms it performs the majority of the mechanical filtration. As more & more solids are loaded on the surface of the filter, the pressure drop increases & the filter becomes more efficient. Depth filters have low dirt holding capacities, nominal efficiencies & moderate pressure drops. Depth Filters: A nonwoven depth filter consists of a bed of fibres with a wide pore size distribution & a very open three dimensional structure. Larger particles become trapped within the tortuous path created by the maze of fibre. As particles become lodged within the depth filters structure, the openings or channels become narrower & begin to trap finer & finer particles. Depth filters become more efficient as particles are trapped within its structure. Depth filters have high dirt holding capacities, low initial pressure drops, nominal efficiencies & long life. Depth filters work best with dilute feeds. Adsorption: A nonwoven media that utilizes charge to capture particles and remove them from the fluid stream is an adsorptive filter. Adsorptions generally occur with colloidal particles & are highly dependent on the concentration, charge & polarity of the particles, fluid & filter material. Nonwoven adsorptive filters bind particles to the surface of the fibres by chemical or physical means. All colloidal and most biological materials have some surface charge. Glass, nylon & some cellulose materials have enough surface charge to attract & bind the particles to the fibres. Nonwovens can be surface treated to produce or enhance the surface charge on the media. The life of an adsorptive filter depends on the surface area & number of binding sites available. Once all the binding
contd...

Surface Straining

Cake Filtration

Depth Filtration

Fig.1 - Filtration Mechanisms

Materials of Construction
The most popular fibres used are polyester, polypropylene & glass. Following are acrylics, rayon, nylon, cotton, fluoropolymers & a host of others that fill niche applications because of their special material compatibility for particular applications. The media vary by materials of construction, processing method & performance characteristics. They can be classified into two distinct types based on their method of formation. The first method is a dry laid process, which includes carded, needled, spunbond & meltblown media. The second process uses a wet laid formation, which is generally done on a paper machine.

Factors for Selection
To manufacture filter media it is important to consider a number of properties. Factors related to the carrier or scrim material are temperature, humidity, degree of turbulence, mass flow, & chemical composition. The factors related to the particles are size, particle composition, type of material, & particle concentration. The fabric should have great possible collection efficiency, low pressure drop, small filtration area, low penetration of dust in the fabric and cost. In case if fabric filters, the fabric performs very little of actual filtering, it provides substratum or matrix for the primary dust cake

33

Industrial Textiles
...contd

sites are exhausted, particles will pass right through the filter. Adsorptive filters do not exhibit any significant increase in pressure drop with particle removal.

Liquid Filters based on Nonwovens
Selecting a suitable nonwoven for use in liquid filtration, the filter technical properties are, in addition to the chemical and thermal resistance of the fibre materials essential. In addition to that, the type of filter designs, the wear and tear behaviors of the nonwoven when in operation and the economy have to be taken into consideration. Vacuum belt filters: Depending on the way work, a distinction between belt filters with and without vacuum is made. Vacuum belt filters RT (reciprocating tray) shows a sliding vacuum tray. Filter beds are continuously loaded and drained. The dry filtration cake is then loaded and drained. The dry filtration cake is then thrown off. Prior to using the belt again it will be thrown off. Filtration efficiency is between 30-1500 kg/m2h, remaining moisture content may be 10-80%. Gravity bed filters: These simple often small types of filters & the filter media is on a roll & rolls off in one direction. The suspension is loaded on to the belt & the solid particles remain on the belt. Gravity allows the fluid to escape through the filter medium. The filter medium is eventually rolled off & waste is disposed. Liquid bag filters: These are simple types of filters in which the suspension flows into the centre of the bag; the solid particles are being held back & the filtrate flows to the outside. Bag filters are usually placed in a supporting basket. Candle filters: The filter vessel is similar to that of liquid bag filters. Filter elements however are completely different. They contain activated carbon, string wound, resin treated membrane candles. They are well suited for surface & sieve filtration. Their large filtration surface allows low initial pressure differential at same time throughput. Vacuum drum filters: Of all continuous filters, drum filters are most widely used. They are mainly used where high concentration of solids has to be treated. Here the filter cake which is built up by suspension is washed by the vacuum & drained. Filtrate & wash element are separately disposed of. Filter cleaning is accomplished by separation filtration equipment. Vacuum drum filters are available with filter surfaces between 1 & 120 m2 & the drum diameter may vary & be as large as 4.5 m.

polyolefin raw materials. The media components must be compatible with the filtrate to provide maximum performance. Temperature, pH, & the fluid path are all parameters to consider. The media chosen should be chemically inert in the system to maintain strength & performance under the most stringent operating conditions. Dirt holding capacity: The dirt holding capacity indicates the amount of debris the filter media will trap & hold before the flow is restricted such that the media must be changed out in the filter press. The frequency at which the media is replaced with clean media is called the index time. Fewer indexes correlate to less frequent roll changes & reduction in media consumption. Efficiency: The filtration efficiency of the media should accommodate the range of particles in the application. This range includes a variety of shapes, such as spheres, chips & slivers, to be filtered as well as the size of the particles. By manipulating the fibre characteristics & fibre arrangement, the pore size distribution of the media can be tailored to the particle stream. Filter Performance l fabric structure influenced the performance of the The filter l Thicker fabrics have the potential for pressure drop and higher collection efficiency l fabrics with multifilament yarns are much more The efficient at the recovery of the smaller particles than monofilament yarns l performance is greatly influenced by the yarn The variables, the fabric variables and the process variables l of texturised yarns provides much larger filtration Use surface area Operating problems can however occur while bag cleaning or rupture of the cloth, over load of temperature, bleeding or chemical attack due to corrosive chemicals present in the process effluent.

Conclusion
In the last decades, the manufacture of nonwovens has developed from an industry utilizing all kinds of textile waste to an independent textile branch which complements the classical textile production. At the same time the rapid growth of nonwovens indicates products have found the market & shows how wide the range of goods may be. Specialized filtration media is the key to nonwoven growth. As a result, the best years are ahead for nonwoven fabrics as both suppliers & filter manufacturers continue to exploit untapped opportunities for specialized & performance nonwoven filtration media. References:
Gregor, l E.C., Filtration A Growth Market for Technical Textiles, Article, Edward C. Gregor & Associates, LLC, pp. 1. Albrecht, W., Fuchs, H., and Kittleman, W., Nonwoven Fabrics, Wiley-VCH, pp. l 140. 6th IFC, l Nonwoven Liquid filtration Media construction & Performance, Lyndall filtration and Separation, Rochester NH, pp 2-4. Deka, lG.C., Arnold, B.D., Cox, R.C., Earley, S.R., Gradient Density Filter Media for Liquid Application, Kimberly Clark Corporation, pp 2-3. Purchas, Derek, Handbook of Filter Media, Elsevier Science Ltd., 1996, pp 27l 30. l E.C., Primer on Nonwovens, Article, Edward C. Gregor & Associates, Gregor, LLC, pp-2. l Characterizing the Liquid Filtration Performance of Non-woven Media, Lyndall filtration and Separation, Rochester NH, pp 5-8.

Characteristics - Filtration Media
Filtration demands several major characteristics of the media, such as strength, chemical & temperature compatibility, dirt holding capacity & efficiency. Each of these characteristics has a role & an order of importance in every filtration application. Strength: The media must be able to withstand the process conditions to which it is subjected. The media must allow for high liquid flow rates, heavy contaminant loads & provide the tensile strength to withstand indexing forces. Chemical & temperature compatibility: Commonly used filter media are made from cellulose, polyester &

34

Clothing Textiles
...contd

Some Present Day Applications
Intimate Apparel Intimate Apparel produced on seamless machines blend comfort, fit and versatility. These machines yield high performance, seam-free, easy-care, silky-smooth garments that feel similar to one's second skin. In a bid to speed-up the development of the circular seamless innerwear market, Santoni has introduced a new single jersey machine for the production of swim wear and sanitary garments. Sport Textiles Seamless apparel construction focuses on supporting muscles. The development of advanced second-skin textiles has led to renewed interest in seamless garment construction. A diverse range of products such as hand gloves, hats, socks, are some of the obvious applications. Swimwear offers exceptional fit through the use of elastic and quick-drying yarns. Sports Bra Features Heart-sensing Technology NuMetrex® by Textronics® has premiered a new seamless control heart-sensing sports bra designed for even greater support during high impact sports. It features electronic sensing technology integrated directly into the fabric. The textile electrodes are knitted into the bra so that stretch and move, maintaining contact with the wearer's skin and sensing the heart's electrical pulse. The sports bra is made with seamless “no sew” technology with soft, micro-fibre trim. Ready to Wear and Night Wear Those who desire instant fashion enjoy the versatility and creativity that is in constant evolution. Smart fibres or intelligent garments lend themselves to any occasion. Sophisticated garments capture glamour in motion. Seamless apparel offer both fashion & function for those who want to create their own benchmark for style. As nightwear garments produced create comfort during times to relax and unwind as products offer freedom of movement on one's own schedule at one's own pace.

Automotive Industry Automotive seat covers made by seamless knitting also provide great potential for the automotive market by way that the three dimensional knitting process cuts lead time by eliminating cut-&-sew operations, bring down warranty costs and add quality. Seamless knitting for automotives also provides a potential for designing a more ergonomic seat through the ability to alter the knitted tube size. In the automotive, aerospace and a number of industrial fields, seamless products could be used in a variety of belts, hoses and specialized covers. Protective Textiles KEVLAR offers seamless filament-knit gloves and apparel which are lightweight, flexible and comfortable for workers in electronics, food-handling, paint, plastics and other high-precision business sectors which require high levels of safety in addition to contaminant-free cleanliness.

Medical Textiles With the incorporation of high performance fibres and additional sensors or electronics, unique combination of fibres which are designed for comfort and purpose has been achieved. Some applications include tubular dressing, circular meshes and cuffs for surgery uniforms. Tubular Dressing A light weight tubular bandage are ideal for dressing retention & skin covering any part of the body. It is manufactured from viscose with very fine elastane threads knitted into the fabric radially and longitudinally to provide light elasticity. Because of the tubular construction, bandages are particularly suitable for holding dressings in place on difficult areas of the body. The tubular bandages holds dressings securely, without constriction or compression. The light elasticity promotes freedom of movement. Circular Meshes for Subjection One of the most visible examples are the elastic meshes for subjection of bandages, compresses and the subjection of post-operating implants drop by drop. Meshes are produced on warping circular machines, with a mixture of polyester yarns /polyamide & recovered elastic count 90. Advantages in front of the traditional fabrics: transpiration of the skin avoiding allergies, easy application and adaptability to any part of the body & more oxygenation of the wound. Cuffs for Surgery Uniforms The rib tubular fabrics of small diameters are commonly used for confection but due to its compressive effect they are also used for the confection of sleeves for surgery uniforms, optimising their capacity of closing and avoiding the dispersion of micro-organism in the surgery processes.
This article is taken from many references such as: Santoni; P. Kanakaraj and R.Ramachandran, PSG College of Technology; Aravin Prince . P and G.S.Sivakumar; A.Kalaiselvan and P.Sivarajmoorthi; Textiles Review (Jan 2011)

37

Protective Textiles

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
an Indian Perspective
In India, defense textiles are now being given a more serious attention after the major attacks in Mumbai and Delhi. Constant terrorism and unrest at the Indian borders has created the need to maximize warrior's survivability, sustainability, mobility, combat effectiveness and quality of life. Even more the industrial development specifically talking about industries such as cement, chemicals, mining, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, there is a huge need for PPE for the safety of the workers. Technical textiles offer invaluable properties for military land forces in particular, who are required to live, survive and fight while they migrate in hostile environments. Ballistic Textiles have been used for human protection from time immemorial, Protection primarily for protection from cold and rain. Primitive humans used hides Suits and bark for protection. As civilization advanced, wool felts in Northern C NB its Europe and Woven cotton fabrics in India started to clothe the populations. Su But as civilizations have moved the PPE has taken a very advanced stage in the shape of high performance apparel which has been introduced lately in gh Hi ude t India (See Fig. 1) lti ing
l ria st du e s In lov G
gh Hi ility ib g Vis thin Clo

Ballistic Protection Suits

Suits which are designed for ballistic protection against bullet, knife and bombs need to be having extra strength and impact resistance. The bullet-proof jackets protect the Fig. 1: Types of Personal Protective Equipments wearer by dissipating the kinetic energy of the projectile into the equipment layers by deformation of the fabric layer cutting across yarns. In India for ballistic protection multilayer para-aramid or ultra high modulus polyethylene (UHMPE) fabrics are used as a main constituent body of the ballistic armour which is generally priced at INR 25000 per piece. The number of the layer depends upon the level of protection required and for any particular level of protection the fibre property is important to determine the number of layers. This fabric is mainly imported from DuPont, DSM, Teijin and Honeywell but recently a joint venture between the Saati group of Italy and Kusumgar corporates of India has been set up for the manufacture of Para aramid fabrics.

Fire Retardant Suits

A th o Cl

Nuclear Biological and Chemical (NBC) Suits
Hazardous material (Hazmat) suits were designed to protect users handling hazardous waste material such chemicals, radioactive material etc. A more specialized variety of these suits are NBC (Nuclear Biological and Chemical) suits. Developed to protect soldiers, these are designed to protect the user in a hostile environment with chemical/biological agents and against radioactive fallout dust. The suits are designed to be worn for extended periods while continuing to operate in a combat environment. The NBC suit consists of a trouser and jacket and can be used directly over the under garments. The suit is permeable and allows evaporation of sweat (breathable).The suit is composed of three layers., Inner Layer: Fabric Cotton, Middle layer: Active charcoal treated nonwoven and the outer Layer: Fabric with chemical and fire retardant fibres (inherently retardant). In India these NBC suits are being procured domestically from the ordinance factories and some private converters. The fabric too is being provided domestically mainly by Entremonde Polycoaters. Market for such suits is picking up drastically.

High Altitude Clothing
High altitude clothing are used for protection against extreme weather conditions like extremely low temperature, high velocity winds, snow fall etc. especially in critical combat areas like the Siachen. This clothing consists of Jacket, waist coat, trousers, glacier cap and gloves. The material used for these clothing is typically hydrophilic polyurethane coating, Gore-Tex coating or Sympatex coating. The hydrophilic properties are introduced by these coatings or laminates. The Ordnance Factories in India have developed high altitude clothing as substitute for the Gore-Tex suit. In India this suit consists of 3 layers of clothing conforming to an extended cold weather clothing system. The outermost garment is made of a 3 layer fabric having PTFE sandwiched between 2 layers of nylon fabric which acts as breathable membrane. The middle layer is made up of a wind stopper fleece. The innermost layer is made up of a knitted PP fabric which facilitates fast evaporation of sweat by wicking action. Being antifungal and antibacterial this polypropylene layer is best suited next to the skin. The key manufacturer of high altitude clothing in India is the Ordinance factory and some local manufacturers. Most of it is being imported.
contd...

38

Protective Textiles
...contd

Fire Retardant Suits
There is a unique difference between civilian and military fire events. The majority of civilian fires are accidental events, whereas the majority of military fires are deliberate, planned events specifically intended to destroy equipment and installations, or to maim and kill human life. Military textile materials are often the first materials to ignite. These propagate small fires leading rapidly to large conflagrations. The fire retardant fabrics are primarily of two types: 100% cotton fabric with coating of fire retardant chemical and Inherently fire retardant fabric. Though volume wise the market for the coated FR material is more in India, the high end Fire protection suits such as the Fire entry suits and Fire Proximity suits are gaining much importance in which generally a four layered fabric is used. The four layers constitute of Aluminized Fibre glass fabric , a vapour barrier film, a woven meta aramid fabric or carbon fabrics and an inner most layer made of Cotton FR fabric which is sometimes of Polyester FR too. Meta Aramid and fibre glass fabrics are generally imported into India. These fire retardant apparels are used in refineries, iron and steel plants, aluminium plants and welding industries also. The thread used for sewing of these apparels is also fiber retardant such as nomex, kevlar, fiberglass, carbon and quartz.

High-Visibility clothing
High visibility clothes (also known as Reflective-wear) have become very essential for the protection of people working in poorly lit environments like mines, highways, airport runways, cyclist etc. In the dark, the high visibility clothing increases the ability to spot working and guiding personnel. The market in India is nascent and almost all the products are imported and marketed in India. There are new manufacturers of these fabrics in India and these are sourced from Korea and China.

Industrial Gloves
Industrial hand gloves serve as an item of protective apparel for workers in factories. They are classified under CutSlash Protection as well as Thermal Protection. Hand gloves are of various types (leather, knitted, nitrile) and sizes (varying gauges). The materials that go in the production of hand gloves vary from cotton fabrics and asbestos to variety of leathers, p-aramid etc. The awareness and usage level of these gloves in the Indian industry is limited. Majority of the Indian production gets exported with little demand from domestic market. Exports account for 80% of the total production in India. Many developments are in progress mainly for minimizing weight and maximizing wear comfort. Defense sector is also turning to nanotechnology through which new personnel camouflage systems can be developed that can change patterns and colors as environments changes. The protective textile segment is a very interesting opening market in India for times to come and is catching the attention of many stakeholders who want to offer quality products from India. Some Recent Global Developments are: Honeywell Grows Spectra Shield Portfolio with New Ballistic Materials that Lighten Body Armor US company, Honeywell has added new ballistic materials to its Spectra Shield® II line that offer further weight reduction, greater ballistic performance, & improved safety in soft armor applications, including military & law enforcement vests. The new product, offers a 25 percent improvement in ballistic performance, helping keep military & law enforcement personnel safer against variety of threats, including military-grade pistol rounds & fragments. The material can also reduce the weight of personal armor systems by as much as 30 percent, allowing frontline personnel greater mobility in dangerous situations.

CutMaster Aramax Sleeves Provides Worker Safety & Comfort
Magid Glove & Safety, America’s leading manufacturer, importer & distributor of work gloves, protective clothing and safety equipment, delivers cut resistant sleeve wearers the best of both worlds protection & comfort with the introduction of Cut Master Aramax Sleeves. Offering double-ply cut resistance in a single-ply construction, these one-ofkind sleeves are machine knit from Magids very own Aramax & Aramax FR Yarns in the companys Chicago manufacturing facility. Consisting of a unique spinning technique & a special combination of paraaramid, fiberglass and synthetic fibres, Aramax Yarn has up to two times greater cut protection & abrasion resistance than yarns of a similar weight made from 100% aramid or other cut resistant synthetic fibres.

High Tech Textiles give Dual Radiation Protection
A joint project by the Hohenstein Institute & the Institute for Textile Chemistry & Chemical Fibres has developed the first textiles that will protect against both electro-magnetic & infrared (thermal) radiation. The double protection has been achieved by treating fibres with indium tin oxide, a transparent oxide compound that is also used in the touch screens on smart phones. In tests the treatment proved resistant to washing, abrasion & weathering.

39

Home Textiles

Nonwovens in Mattresses
The Sufis have a proverb: If you sleep on the floor, you won't fall out of bed. The Ayurveda says, sleep on a floor because prevention is better than cure. True enough. Surprisingly, sleeping without a mattress can provide numerous benefits. Sleeping on floor will align the spine & help the growth hormone travel through the body unimpeded. Sleeping on floor provides just the right amount of resistance we need for proper alignment, optimal breathing and healthy circulation. Mattresses actually play havoc with the body's natural alignment, causing the hips to sink in & the lower back to collapse, much like sitting in a chair, where the body becomes tight and hunched. Nevertheless, recent research has shown that people sleeping on floor, do have better spine alignment. But theIrony of the situation is that people still use a mattress as they provide comfort. Since mattresses are soft, the spinal column is not braced by any hard material. Therefore, this leaves a scope for research and development and THE need for a mattress that would be comforable & provide health benefits instead of negating them. Comfort is synonymous with mattress. Mattresses are

A mattress is defined as a large thick pad filled with resilient material (cotton/ springs/ coir/ foam/ water/ air etc.) used as a bed or part of bed. Historically, mattresses have been filled with a variety of natural materials, including straw and feathers. Modern mattresses usually contain either an inner spring core or materials such as latex, viscoelastic, or other polyurethane-type foams. Mattresses may also be filled with air or water, or a variety of natural fibres, such as in futons. Mattresses prevalent today in the market are of various types but have some or the other disadvantages in them: Coir mattresses are mattresses that contain layers made from the coir fibre: fibre taken from the husk of a coconut. Although Coir fibre is heat & moisture resistant, has good ventilation, is moth proof and flame retardant, But Coir is a bad conductor of heat so it is not beneficial to use such mattresses in winters. At a later stage when coir becomes hard, it acquires yellowish-golden color because of the lignin deposits on its walls. Therefore coir mattress is never advisable for long term. PU Foam Mattresses are the mattresses made from polyurethane foam that consist of one or more sheets of polyurethane, which can be of various density, composition, & color. Although dimensional stability of PU foam mattresses is little better than the coir & rubber padding mattress but Polyurethane foam is made up of many chemicals & carcinogens. These chemicals are really harmful for our atmosphere & human beings also. PU foam mattresses are less durable as compared to rubber padding mattresses. Latex foam mattresses are made up of natural latex & thus the natural resilience and flexibility of the latex allows these mattresses to be used effortlessly with all types of frames, including electronically controlled ones. Although this mattress is eco & health-friendly, hypoallergenic, anti-microbial, has better resilience and does not generate static electricity but is not water repellant which is an important requirement these days. Spring Mattresses were developed around 1900. The core of a Spring Mattress is formed by a high coil count inner spring units. Although Spring Mattresses allow moisture regulation, air circulation and are characterized by good orthopedic and anatomic

properties but the mattress may began to sag and a lump may appear in the center of the bed in about 1-2 years . The pressure exerted by springs cause back pain, numbness and tiredness. Many gaps seen in these kinds of mattressses have been addressed by Nonwovens which came to be used in many parts of the mattresses ( See Fig. 1)
Mattress Ticking Backing Needle Punched Nonwoven Fabric Springs Wood Frame Flanges
Source: INDA

Fig. 1: Cross Section of a mattress with nonwoven

Mattress Ticking: Nonwovens in matterss ticking provide stability, strength and ability to resist tearing during sewing operations and is the fabric used for covering mattresses which is generally spunbonded

Backing: Backing is any fabric that is used during quilting to anchor the stitches. when used as a backing material, this nonwoven material increases the longevity of mattresses and reduces internal abrasion which makes them five times more durable than the other traditional materials. Insulators: Needle punched nonwovens are also used as insulators which cover springs and prevent sagging of the mattress. They reduce the pressure exerted by the springs and thus inturn reduce backpain, numbness and tiredness. Flanges: Nonwovens when used as side panels in mattresses provide adequate strength and resist abrasion. Needle punched fabrics are favored as they are heat sealable which is an important characterstic required to join the mattress top and the bottom together and hence increase the durability of the mattresses.
contd...

40

Home Textiles
...contd

otherwise nonwovens can also be used as covering layers in order to overcome the loop holes of the traditional cores in the mattresses. For eg. They can be used to cover the core made up of latex foam, as they are good water repellant and the liquid can easily be wiped out. They can also be used to cover the core of the PU foam mattresses because they resist attack by the harmful chemicals and also in coir mattresses as they are heat resistant. Nonwoven composites can also be laminated to bedding and mattress materials to protect allergy sufferers from dust and mites without using any chemical additives. Relative to their weight, nonwoven fabrics can be designed to wear better than comparable weights of woven and knitted materials. Today, nonwovens are used in the case of approx. 80-90% of foam backed mattresses as they provide comfort to every inch of the body. There are two types of nowovens that can be used in a mattresses:
Carded, mechanically entangled and thermally bonded needle punched Needle punched nonwovens are high-strength textile like fabrics made of staple fibres. They are designed to last & provide the mattress with longterm comfort & durability. The noise-free textile-like surface & the high-strength characteristics have made the needlepunched nonwovens a successful component for pocket springs & mattresses. Needlepunched nonwovens are carded & mechanically entangled, so that every single fibre is first bonded into the web & then thermally bonded. This ensures high abrasion resistance. The result is an extraordinary strong & tough fabric with extreme antipilling characteristics. Thermally bonded

The use of spunbonded nonwovens is an alternative to needlepunch in mattress manufacturing when longterm durability & noise reduction are not top priorities. Spunbond is a nonwoven consisting of two or three individual layers of continuous filament made of the same polymer. These layers are thermally bonded (calandered). This bonding gives the spunbonded nonwoven an even surface with a characteristic embossed pattern. Optimising the bonding & avoiding stiffness is one of the critical elements in spunbond manufacturing. The result is a nonwoven fulfilling basic requirements for pocket springs and mattress construction.

But still a lot needs to be achieved and it is an ongiong research and development process. Some of the innovations that are taking place in the todays world are: Easy-to-Install ActiveGuard™ Mattress and Box Spring Liners from Allergy Technologies LLC Kill Bed Bugs Dead within 72 Hours ActiveGuard mattress liners have quickly become a popular tool that pest management professionals are recommending to residential customers battling bed bugs. ActiveGuard is an effective tool that kills bed bugs in mattresses and box springs. The breathable, thin ActiveGuard liners can be installed onto a mattress or box spring in less than a minute, and the liners are comfortable. Haiku Releases three New Eco-friendly Mattresses Haiku Designs has launched new and improved mattress line, featuring three new eco-friendly mattresses free from synthetic petrochemical based foams, metal coils, chemical linings, and blended synthetic additives. Each mattress is constructed from all-natural materials such as latex foam, bamboo, organic wool and unbleached cotton. In addition, mattresses offer the benefit of a negative carbon footprint, meaning they take more carbon out of the atmosphere during their growth cycle than is released from their harvesting.

Warp-knitted spacer textiles in mattresses & mattress covers guarantee sound, healthy sleep What might sound like a daydreamer's wish list can be met easily but effectively by warp-knitted spacer textiles. These voluminous spacer textiles are specifically designed to be compression-resistant, breathable & effective in dealing with moisture. Perspiration & water vapour are consistently wicked away through the 3D construction & the structure of the cover faces. Emergence of Nonwovens in Home Textiles: Nonwovens can be found in almost every area of home. More than 2.0X103 million m2 nonwovens are used in home textiles worldwide. According to information from EDANA, approx. 5% of the nonwovens produced in Western Europe are used in interior design, including upholstery material. Today, nonwoven fabrics, which have been produced by different methods, have acquired a significant share of the market in the home textiles sector. Nonwovens lie in the midst of the not-so-obvious areas around the home, such as carpet underpaddings, drapery liners, ironing board pads, lamp shades, slipcovers, scrims, tickings and upholstery backings as well as in more obvious places including bed sheets, bed spreads, futons, draperies, mattress covers and pads, pillows, quilts and tablecloths.
References: Fibertex Nonwoven, Nonwovens Industry, Nonwoven Fabrics.

41

Agro Textiles

Indian Standard Set for Shade Nets For Agri - Horticulture
Introduction
Standardization is the process of developing and implementing technical standards. The goals of standardization can be to help with independence of single suppliers (commoditization), compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the National Standards body of India, functioning under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution, Government of India. A country like India offers tremendous potential for growth & development of technical textiles. Realizing the importance of standards for technical textiles, BIS has set up a technical committe TECHNICAL TEXTILE FOR AGRO TECH SECTIONAL COMMITTEE, TX 35 under the Textile Division Council (TXDC) to formulate Indian Standards on textile products used for agricultural applications.
Mr. J K Gupta, Deputy Director, Bureau of Indian Standards

Status- Standards For Agrotextiles in India
BLISHED STANDARDS PU gh Density s-Laminated Hi 1:2008- Textile fa br ic (g eo 1) IS 1535 D PE ) w oven ) lte thyl en e (H Po g (First Revision water proof linin membrane) for nsity iles - High De 10- Agro text be ds fo r 2) IS 15907:20 D PE ) W ov en ly et hy le ne (H Po Specification Vermiculture ED ARDS FINALIZ and DRAFT STAND for agriculture Shade nets tion 1) Textilesposes - Specifica horticulture Pur and th of plants extiles for grow 2) Jute Agro-t tion weeds-Specifica suppression of ION CONSIDERAT DRAFT UNDER growth of pling bags for Agro-textile- Sa 1 Jute g- Specification seedling/saplin

SCOPE This standard prescribes constructional and other requirements for shade nets for agriculture and horticulture purposes in protecting/ increasing crop yield by providing controlled climatic conditions for the intended crops. TYPES Based on the shading factor, the material is classified as follows: a) Type I - having shading factor of 50% b) Type II- having shading factor of 75% c) Type III - having shading factor of 90% REQUIREMENTS Dimensions and Mass The shade nets shall be made to the shade and dimensions as specified in the contract or order. The dimensions shall be determined by the method prescribed in IS 1954. The following tolerance shall be permissible for length, width and mass (g/m2): Dimension Tolerance, Percent Length +1 Width +1 Mass (g/m2) ±6 The shade net fabric shall confirm to the requirements specified in Table 1.
Table 1: Requirements of Shade Nets S. No. Characteristic Requirement
Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 1 Mass g/m2, Min Average breaking strength of shade net fabric, Min (Ravelled strip method, 325 mm x 70 mm see Note 2), N (see Note 3) (kgf) Warpway Weftway Average breaking strength of UV stabilized shade nets after exposure to UV radiation and weathering Color Fastness to artificial light 1) Bursting pressure Min, Kgf/cm2 Heat shrinkage percent, max at 60°C at 95°C Haze, percent, Min 100 120 140 IS 1964

Method of Test

200

250

290

IS 1969

Indian Standard Set for - Shade Nets For Agriculture And Horticulture Purposes
The shade nets is the most vital agriculture and horticulture applications particularly in countries like India where the scorching heat of the sun plays a major role in damaging the crops by sun burning and thus severe financial loss. The varying climatic conditions throughout the year, together with the slow but constant rising temperature in the summer months prove the need for shade nets to maximize growth and crop yields. The shade nets help controls the temperature by accumulating the day heat to withstand the low temperatures of night thus help in off season ripening of fruits and vegetables. It also act as a wind shield and prevent damage to young plants from damage.
2

85 % of actual original value

85 % of actual original value

85 % of actual original value

Annex-B

3

4 or better

4 or better

4 or better

IS 2454

4

5

6

9

IS 1966

5

5 8 15

5 8 18

5 8 22

Clause 5.6 of IS 6192

6

Annex C contd...

42

Agro Textiles
...contd

ANNEX B (UV RESISTANCE TEST)
B-1 TEST SPECIMENS The test specimens for breaking and seam strength shall be cut from the sample as specified in IS 1969 for modified grab test. B-2 TEST CONDITIONS B-2.1 The test shall be carried out with fluorescent UV-B lamp (313 nanometer or its equivalent). B-2.2 The duration of the test shall be 144 h (that is 6 days). B-2.3 The test cycle shall be 8 h at 60 + 3°C with UV radiation alternating after 4 h at 50 + 3° C with condensation. B-2.4 Irradiation level throughout the test shall be maintained at 0.63 + 0.03 W/m² B-3 TEST PROCEDURE B-3.1 Determine the original average breaking strength & seam strength of shade net specimens separately as per the modified grab test specified in IS 1969. B-3.2 Expose the specimens alternately to ultraviolet light alone and to condensation in one respective cycle. B-3.2.1 The type of fluorescent UV lamp, the timing of the UV exposure and the temperature of condensation shall be specified in B-2. B-3.3 Determine the average breaking strength & seam strength of the specimens separately after UV exposure as mentioned above. B-3.4 Determine the % retention of original strength and seam strength as follows: % retention of original breaking strength or seam strength = b x 100 a where , a = average breaking strength or seam strength before UV exposure as obtained in B-3.1 b = average breaking strength or seam strength after UV exposure as obtained in B-3.3. ANNEX C (TEST METHOD FOR HAZE % OF SHADE NETS) C-1 SCOPE This test method is used to measure the haze percentage of the shade nets. C-2 SAMPLING C-2.1 Laboratory Sample For the laboratory sample take a swatch extending the full width of the product, of sufficient length along the selvage from each sample roll so that the requirements of C-2.2 can be met. C-2.2 Test Specimens Select from the laboratory sample, sufficient number of samples each having a minimum diameter is 50 mm to facilitate clamping. Space the specimens along a diagonal on the unit of the laboratory sample. Take no specimens nearer the selvage or edge of the shade nets. C-3 Conditioning Bring the specimens to moisture equilibrium in the atmosphere for testing shade nets (65 + 5 percent

relative humidity and 27 ± 2oC temperature). Equilibrium is considered to have been reached when the increase in the mass of the specimen, in successive weightings made at intervals of not less than 2 h, does not exceed 0.1 percent of the mass of the specimen. C-4 APPARATUS C-4.1 Hazemeter- The instrument used for measurement shall meet the geometric and spectral requirements. C-4.2 A light source and a photo detector shall be supplied, and the combination shall be filtered to provide an output corresponding to the luminosity response of the 1931 CIE Standard Colorimetric Observer with CIE Standard Illuminant C or, alternatively, Illuminant A. The output shall be proportional to within 1% to the incident flux over the range of flux used. The photometric stability for source and detector must be constant throughout the test of each specimen. C-4.3 Use an integrating sphere to collect transmitted flux; the sphere may be of any diameter as long as the total port areas do not exceed 4.0 % of the internal reflecting area of the sphere. The entrance and exit ports shall be centered on the same great circle of the sphere, and there shall be at least 170° of arc between centers. The exit port shall subtend an angle of 8° at the center of the entrance port. With the light trap in position, without the specimen, the axis of the irradiating beam shall pass through the centers of the entrance and exit ports. For a haze meter, position the photocell or photocells on the sphere 90 ± 10° from the entrance port and baffle it from direct exposure to the entrance port. In the pivotable modification where the interior wall adjacent to the exit port is used as the reflectance reference, the angle of rotation of the sphere shall be 8.0 ± 0.5°. C-4.4 Illuminate the specimen by a substantially unidirectional beam; the maximum angle that any ray of this beam may make with the beam axis shall not exceed 3°. C-4.5 When the specimen is placed against the entrance port of the integrating sphere, the angle between the perpendicular to the specimen and a line connecting the centers of entrance and exit ports shall not exceed 8°. C-4.6 When the beam is unobstructed by a specimen, its cross section at the exit port shall be approximately circular, sharply defined, and concentric within the exit port, leaving an annulus of 1.3 ± 0.1° subtended at the entrance port. C-4.7 The surfaces of the interior of the integrating sphere, baffles, and reflectance standard, if used, shall be of equal reflectance, matte, and highly reflecting throughout the visible spectrum. C-4.8 A light trap shall be provided that will absorb the beam completely when no specimen is present, or the instrument design shall obviate the need for a light trap with a specific procedure.

43

Geotextiles

“Oilskill” for Oilspills
Barbara Schadler, Oilguard, Germany

Oil contamination & oil catastrophes are always unplanned, cannot be predicted & often lead to severe damage for both humans & nature. It is not only oil platforms which can cause oil catastrophes- (during the past few decades) ship & pipeline accidents & the illegal dumping of waste oil have also led to severe damage with the effects often lasting many years or decades.

Oilskill
Oil slicks can be absorbed by sponge sorbents or may simply be burnt by the cleaning crew or chemical called as dispersants. Although the chemicals break down the oil, they can pose danger to marine life. Oil spills can also be treated by using biological agents. One of the innovative ways that has been successful for handling a recent oil spill is by using nonwoven fabric for absorbing oil. The protective technology Oilskill, well known worldwide, was developed after the biggest oil catastrophe occurred last year, after the explosion of the deepwater horizon oil platform in the Gulf of Mexico. In response to this catastrophe, one of the world's leading nonwoven fabric manufacturers, the TWE Group from Germany as well as two Swiss companies- HeiQ Materials AG, a high tech company which researches, develops & manufactures sustainable fabrics & Beyond Surface Technologies AG which researches, develops & manufactures quality effects for the modification of textile surfaces together developed a nonwoven fabric which absorbs oil in seconds yet repels water at the same time (See Fig.1). The product is a needle punch nonwoven with a unique treatment which absorbs & binds oil yet repels water. The nonwoven is particularly strong against tear & therefore useful under influence from the elements. In addition to the nonwoven, unique anchoring systems have been developed to ensure solid fixation of the product under different conditions (See Fig.2). In addition, the Fig. 1 - Fabric absorbing oil & nonwoven fabric also repelling water

Fig. 2 - Oilskill fixed with different techniques as per local conditions

Fig. 3 - Fabric fully packed with oil- the beach remains clean

has a barrier function which prevents the absorbed oil from seeping through to the bottom layer & polluting for e.g. a riverbank or beach (See Fig.3). The Oilskill nonwoven fabric prevents the contamination of beaches & shorelines & at the same time reduces the costs that occur for protection & cleaning after an oil contamination. All other well known technologies only offer, at most, ways of cleaning up once an oil contamination has occurred. Extensive tests in Europe, India, South America and USA have shown that Oilskill keeps its promise and manages even more than the manufacturers expect the fabric absorbs not only crude oil from the water. Chemically dispersed oil can also be absorbed and removed from the water as well as smaller clumps of tar which get caught up on the fabric. This prevents them returning to a river, lake or sea- the nonwoven fabric works in all kinds of water bodies. Oilskill can ideally bind up to 6 to 9 times its own weight in oil. The speed the fabric is saturated depends on the actual conditions- with a high oil volume, like in the Gulf of Mexico, the fabric should be changed with the tide times. For this, personnel responsible for clearing up, cut the fabric into pieces on the coastline or on the beach or roll it up depending on the size and transport it away on lorries. If the fabric is being used on a large scale, it should be transported away using machines. A 100 m long roll weighs about 250 kg before use and reaches, after “ideal” saturation, a weight of 1 to 1.5 tons. However, this work is significantly easier than continuously removing sand of stones from beaches by people and excavators (See Fig.4). This involves considerably more effort and is unable to prevent long term environmental damage. Oilskill offers an overall excellent ecological balance from production to waste removal. The product is the combination of a nonwoven fabric with water repellent, oil absorbent and oil binding substances. All raw materials used are approved and ecologically sound components. The substances are registered under the Toxic Substance Control Act which is a basic requirement for use in the USA. So far, Oilskill has passed all inspections by the respective national environmental authorities. The US Environmental Protection Agency, for example, confirmed that Oilskill has fulfilled all requirements for use in the USA. The eco balance of Oilskill is faultless also after use at beaches and coastlines. With the absorption of the oil, the nonwoven fabric also makes a considerable contribution to energy recovery and can for example be used as a burning material in cement Fig. 4 - Traditional excavators & tractors handling nonwoven making. With this Oilskill
contd...

44

Geotextiles
...contd

can be regarded, without reservation, as a Cleantech product. The three companies have, meanwhile, developed their new technology further so that it can be used beyond coastline, coastal and beach protection. Oilskill products are now available for filter systems, as barriers for ships in contaminated waters and for cleaning rocks. Oilskill is a quality product which should be preventatively invested in as it is a protective technology for all kinds of oil contamination and this is the only way to prevent long term environmental damage. When a catastrophe occurs, crisis management doesn't usually

Oilskill’s Skills

Preventing contamination of long stretches of shoreline, coasts & beaches (US, South America, Germany) (See Fig.5) l Barrier protection for ships l Used in all types of filter- systems l Used for cleaning rocks & boats l Used as material covering pipes & sandbags for off-shore applications
l

have enough time to introduce the necessary preventive measures and oil often reaches coastlines and beaches in only a few hours. In November 2010 the product won the Swiss Fig. 5 - Fabric tested at Orange Beach, Alabama (USA) during the deepwater Technology Award in horizon oil spill confirms the protection the category Maturity of beaches from oil pollution Stage. The renowned prize has, for twenty years, been honouring the best and most innovative companies in Switzerland. The prize is awarded in three categories: Seed, Start-up and Maturity Stage. As Oilskill is a joint product of the Oilguard alliance comprising of TWE, HeiQ and Beyond Surface Technologies, it was the first time that a product co-developed, manufactured and distributed by a German company won the prize.

Oilskill has proved that it can absorb all forms of oil which can result from such an oil disaster.
Matthias Foessel, M.D., BST AG, Switzerland

The protection of beaches, coastlines, waterways, animals & of course people, must be taken into account before unpredictable disasters can occur.
Joerg Ortmeier, M.D.TWE, Germany

Oilskill is the only technology available to avoid coastline and beach contamination caused by oil.
Carlo Centonze, M.D., HeiQ, Switzerland

45

Members’ Column

GDM At Index 11; Stand 1570
In particular, the new items presented during INDEX 2011 are: l Customer Oriented Organization: In the
4 production site in China and The new after-sales branch in India
l For High

Japan: Teijin Establishes World's First Mass Production Technologies for Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic
Teijin Limited announced that it has established the world's first mass production technologies for carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP), achieving a significant reduction of the cycle time required for molding automobile cabin frame to less than one minute. The breakthrough overcomes one of the biggest challenges in the industry and represents a long stride toward the use of carbon fiber for the mass production of automobiles and other products. By impregnating carbon fiber with thermoplastic resin, Teijin developed three intermediate materials for the production of CFRP suited for use in mass-production vehicles. The new intermediate materials are as follows:
intermediate: ultra high strength in a certain direction. l Isotropic intermediate: optimum balance of shape flexibility and multidirectional strength. l Long-fiber thermoplastic pellet: high-strength pellet made from carbon fiber, suited for injection molding of complex parts.
l Unidirectional

Tech solutions:

4 START technological platform- GDM offers The new this platform to provide an answer to the D&E market & to all the producers who wish to consolidate and increase their production volumes through selling high-service competitive products at low costs of production. For Baby products: production speed of 500 ppm ; for the Adult (Incontinence) sector: production speed of 200 ppm. 4 For the “incontinence” sector, the X3M AT machine at 450m/min and able to produce multi-piece diapers for adults with rigid and elastic panels applied using “Zero Waste Adult” (ESPertA) technology.
l In the

R&D & innovation realm, GDM will present:

4 Culling Process System” solution which The “Single will enable waste reduction when changing raw materials of only one product. 4 The new DISCovery platform based on an innovative rotating process which joins some distinctive elements of this new “platform concept” such as :Technological innovation, High efficiency, High quality and Optimise and contain production & product costs

The first machine based on this new platform will be made for the Lady sector. It enables production capacities of up to 1500 ppm in fluff or airlaid configurations and to make lady products, panty liners and products for light incontinence.

Established REICOFIL technology, Biax melt blown and new energy concepts; Stand 2531
A live video stream from the REICOFIL Technology Centre to the company's booth at INDEX 2011 will enable the visitors to have a look at the latest REICOFIL spunbond and melt blown technologies. For the first time, they will also be given the opportunity to see the Biax meltblown technology in operation. Provided with an exchangeable die cassette, it can be directly integrated in a REICOFIL line. The melt blown fabrics produced using this combined technology are especially suitable for absorbents and elastic products. A further novelty are combined heat and power plants offered by REICOFIL in combination with existing and newly ordered REICOFIL spunbond and composite lines. Under optimal conditions, customized combined heat and power plants can achieve an overall efficiency of over 90 percent - far more than common central power stations. Producers disposing of their own heat and power plant are able to produce part of the required electricity while at the same time they can utilise the waste heat in a targeted way on different temperature levels. Additional information on the advantages of REICOFIL spunbond lines used in combination with heat and power plants, on further possibilities of optimising energy consumption, and of course on the REICOFIL 4® Technology will be given to the visitors to INDEX 2011 by the REICOFIL experts.

Diverse range of applications on show at INDEX11 for Super Absorbent Fibre (SAF®); Stand 2450 in Hall 2
UK-based Technical Absorbents, part of the Bluestar Fibres Company Limited, will be exhibiting the diverse range of applications for its ® Super Absorbent Fibre (SAF ) technology at INDEX11 which takes place in Geneva from 12th to 15th April. Produced in a range of fibre absorbency grades, lengths and dtex, & in filament and polymer solution form, visitors to the stand, number 2450 in hall 2, will be able to discuss opportunities on how to utilise SAF® within various markets & applications. These include food absorbent pads, diagnostic packaging, hygiene products, dental, medical applications such as wound care, performance apparel, coolant technology, cable yarns and tapes, geo-textiles & filtration. As a fibrous superabsorbent, SAF® can be converted via the traditional nonwoven, textile and yarn manufacturing routes, offering ease of handling & superiority within final fabric distribution profiles and integrity, making it the super absorbent of choice for many customers.

47

BCH Info

BCH Invites You To...
Visit us at index11
World's Leading Nonwovens Exhibition

BCH ....links the Technical Textiles, Nonwovens & Composites Industry
Unique Product Display Global Sourcing & Selling Marketing Solutions Tie-ups & Alliances Publication: TechTex India Research & Development Market Studies Symposiums

12-15 April Geneva Palexpo

BCH INDIA Stand No.: 4354 Visit Filtrex Asia 2011
6-7 December 2011 New Delhi, India

FILTREX ASIA 2011, your Filtration Conference & Exhibition. EDANA and BCH present a high-level conference and unique business opportunities, supporting the expected market growth for filtration across the Indian subcontinent and Asia.

Call for Papers on the following topics:
New lfilter media technologies Market trends l l Automotive filtration l Air filtration l filtration Liquid l Gas filtration l Emission- air pollution control/legislation l treatment Water l Co2 Emissions

To Book a Table Top :
Send your request to BCH (Business Co-ordination House) UGF- 3&4, Arunachal, 19 Barakhamba Road, 110 001 New Delhi-110001, India Phone: +91 11 23328130 / 41520207 Fax: +91 11 23316008 Email: info@bch.in Website: www.bch.in

Avail an excellent opportunity through a special report on
INDIA NONWOVEN AND WOVEN FABRICS FOR FILTRATION (Dry and Liquid Filtration) 2010

Published jointly by:
FILTER MEDIA CONSULTING, INC

.

48
Registration No. - DELENG/2007/24101

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful