This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Contact us External links Good books Visitor essays Our forum New essays Other site features Buy a CD of this site Vital notes Sponsored link. World religions BUDDHISM CHRISTIANITY Who is a Christian? Shared beliefs Handling change Bible topics Bible inerrancy Bible harmony Interpret Bible Persons Beliefs, creeds Da Vinci code Revelation, 666 HINDUISM ISLAM JUDAISM WICCA / WITCHCRAFT Other religions Cults and NRMs Comparing religions
Noah's ark and the flood
Comparison of the Babylonian and Noachian flood stories
Comparing the stories
The Chaldean Flood Tablets from the city of Ur in what is now Southern Iraq, describe how the Bablylonian God Ea had decided to eliminate humans and other land animals with a great flood which was to become "the end of all flesh". He selected Ut-Napishtim, to build an ark to save a few humans, and samples of other animals. The Babylonian text "The Epic of Galgamesh" 1,8 and the Hebrew story are essentially identical with about 20 major points in common. Their texts are obviously linked in some way. Either: Genesis was copied from an earlier Babylonian story, or The Galgamesh myth was copied from an earlier Hebrew story, or Both were copied from a common source that predates them both. In both the Genesis and Galgamesh stories: The Genesis story describes how mankind had become obnoxious to God; they were hopelessly sinful and wicked. In the Babylonian story, they were too numerous and noisy. The Gods (or God) decided to send a worldwide flood. This would drown men, women, children, babies and infants, as well as eliminate all of the land animals and birds. The Gods (or God) knew of one righteous man, Ut-Napishtim or Noah. The Gods (or God) ordered the hero to build a multi-story wooden ark (called a chest or box in the original Hebrew). The ark would be sealed with pitch. The ark would have with many internal compartments It would have a single door It would have at least one window. The ark was built and loaded with the hero, a few other humans, and samples from all species of other land animals. A great rain covered the land with water. The mountains were initially covered with water. The ark landed on a mountain in the Middle East. The hero sent out birds at regular intervals to find if any dry land was in the vicinity. The first two birds returned to the ark. The third bird apparently found dry land because it did not return. The hero and his family left the ark, ritually killed an animal, offered it as a sacrifice. God (or the Gods in the Epic of Gilgamesh) smelled the roasted meat of the sacrifice. The hero was blessed. The Babylonian gods seemed genuinely sorry for the genocide that they had created. The God of Noah appears to have regretted his actions as well, because he promised never to do it again. The were a number of differences between the two stories: Noah received his instructions directly from Jehovah; Ut-Napishtim received them indirectly during a dream. Noah's ark was 3 stories high and rectangular in shape. Two estimated dimensions are 547 x 91 ft. and 450 x 75 ft. The Babylonian ark was 6 stories high and square. Ut-Napishtim invited additional people on board: a pilot and some skilled workmen. Noah's ark landed on Mt. Ararat; Ut-Napishtim'sat on Mt. Nisir; these locations are both in the Middle East, and are located few hundred miles apart
Non-theistic... Atheism Agnosticism Humanism Other
About all religions Important topics Basic information Gods & Goddesses Handling change Doubt/security Quotes Movies Confusing terms Glossary End of the world One true religion? Seasonal topics Science v. Religion More info.
Spirituality and ethics Spirituality Morality and ethics Absolute truth
The viciousness of the God or Gods who are said to be responsible for the flood is shown by the lack of concern for the men. The story is a legend with spiritual significance. 5. Thus the Noachian flood really happened exactly as stated in Genesis. children. and that the account in Genesis was written by Moses in the 1450's BCE. swallow and raven. God inspired Moses to write the book and preserved him from including any errors. shortly before his death. and wrote circa 848 BCE to 722 BCE in the southern kingdom of Judah. The similarities between the Babylonian and Hebrew texts were probably caused by two factors: both were accounts of the same worldwide flood.accuracyingenesis. Alternatively. Liberal theologians. 2 In the Babylonian account. the flood story in Genesis were mainly written by three unknown authors: "J" used Yahweh as the name of God. Symptoms. Genesis is inerrant: it is completely truthful and contained no error in its original form. A study of the language used in the tablets indicates that the story originated much earlier than 2000 BCE. portions of the story have been found on tablets from about 2000 BCE.Absolute truth Peace and conflict Attaining peace Religious tolerance Religious hatred Religious conflict Religious violence In the Bible. Atheists. "R". Noah released a raven once and a dove twice. etc.com www. the Babylonian text must be a corrupted version based on a Paganized adaptation of the true story in Genesis. sometime before 587 BCE. an unknown redactor. And the rains from above lasted for 40 days and nights." 7 To liberal Christians. This interleaving is shown elsewhere in this web site in color-coded text. However. contains the corrupted account as preserved and embellished by peoples who did not follow the God of the Hebrews. However there was no actual worldwide flood. who joined the writings of J and P and two other writers together. the flood story is pure myth.8 Thus. He added only one sentence to the flood story. A 40 day interval often symbolized a period of judgment in the Hebrew Scriptures. The Genesis account is absolutely true and was written during the Exodus of the Jewish people from Egypt. its author may have copied elements from the Hebrew story. derived largely from the earlier Babylonian account. "The Epic of Gilgamesh. youths. the water came only in the form of rain. 4 Many conservative Christians believe that the flood occurred circa 2349 BCE.com Health. Treatments & Fibromyalgia Stories at Health. "P" a priest who lived much later. Ut-Napishtim released three birds: a dove. The Babylonian account was written later. infants and newborns who died a terrible death by drowning. then. some of the water emerged from beneath the earth. rather than vice versa. To some Agnostics. women. The story is a myth.com Which Came First Noah or Ut-Napishtim? The Babylonian tablets which contain the full story of the flood have been dated circa 650 BCE. The flood account gradually evolved from the original Babylonian version to the Hebrew version. The Babylonian version may have been a distorted record of an ancient flood which occurred when the Mediterranean Sea partially emptied into the Black Sea circa 5600 BCE. 3 Variations of the original story have been found translated into other ancient languages. The myth shows how Gods are created by the minds of humans.DoorDam. noting the different names used to refer to God.com Noah's Ark Folk . and the different writing www. and lasted only 6 days. Laws and news Religious laws Religious news Sponsored link Religious watches by Whimsical Watches Building Noah's Ark How could an early man with little technology build a large vessel ? Need Flood Protection? Try DoorDam Products A Latest & Easy Solution to Floods! Fibromyalgia Find Causes. It was picked up by the ancient Israelites as an oral tradition and later written down by J and P. it might be an independent attempt at describing the world-wide flood. Sponsored link: "Hot" topics Very hot topics Ten commandments Abortion access Assisted suicide Cloning Death penalty Environment Equal rights gays/bi's Same-sex marriage Nudism Origins of the species Sex & gender Sin Spanking kids Stem cells Women-rights Other topics Significance of the two stories To conservative Christians.
com Need Flood Protection? Try DoorDam Products A Latest & Easy Solution to Floods! www.com Building Noah's Ark How could an early man with little technology build a large vessel ? www. Alexander Heidel.accuracyingenesis. "The Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels".com Go back to the previous page.org/pubs/imp/imp285. El Cajon. believe that Genesis was assembled over a 4 century interval. (1956) 5. Robinson Myths & Legends Live In The Thrilling Necromancer Buy Today and Save on Books www. Werner Keller. or choose: Web Search ReligiousTolerance. circa 950 to 540 BCE by authors from a variety of traditions. perhaps based on a massive series of floods in Ur and surrounding areas circa 2800 BCE which would be perceived by the local population as being very extensive. Abingdon Press. Alternatively. Related essays on this web site Who wrote the 5 books of Moses? Who wrote the book of Genesis? A possible source for the flood stories References 1.htm 8. Schofield Reference Bible. Laymon. ed. Impact #285: The Flood of Noah and the Flood of Gilgamesh".Noah's Ark Folk Art A Unique & Fun view of the Ark Prints & Puzzles of Eric Dowdle Art dowdlefolkart. NY. Saunders. "Myths of the flood: The flood narrative from the Gilgamesh epic. London UK (1964) 2. Frank Lorey.DoorDam.scu.icr. of Chicago. perhaps world wide. "The Epic of Gilgamesh". Numbers 14:34 3. New York.edu/netcours/rs011/restrict/ Copyright © 1999 to 2007 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance Latest update: 2007-DEC-19 Author: B. 6 J and P seem to have based their stories on two original stories from Mesopotamian sources.A. W. Morrow. Genesis.K. Institute for Creation Research. Penguin Books. CA (1997) Online at: http://www.M. C. or go to the Noah's Ark menu. it may have been based on the catastrophic flooding of the Black Sea. chapters 6 to 9 6.org .Overstock.com styles throughout the Pentateuch (first 5 books of the Hebrew Scriptures).. N. TN (1991) 7. Nashville. Chicago IL (1949) 4. "The Bible as History". Univ." at: http://www-relgstudies. "The Interpreter's One Volume Commentary on the Bible".