You are on page 1of 13

AGRON - 111

PRINCIPLES OF AGRONOMY AND AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGY

3(2+1)

Theory: Meaning and Scope of Agronomy; National and International Agricultural Research Institutes and Agricultural Universities of India; Agroclimatic zones of India and Rajasthan. Classification of crops; Tillage; Sowings; Planting geometry; Crop stand establishment and its effects on growth and yield; Cropping systems; Harvesting, threshing and winnowing Agrometeorology, weather and climate, micro-climate, weather elements; Earths’ atmosphere: composition and structure; solar radiation: nature, properties, depletion, solar constant and energy balance; Atmospheric temperature: factors affecting, horizontal and vertical distribution variations, global warming; Air pressure: Variations; Wind: Factors affecting cyclones and anticyclones and general circulation; Atmospheric humidity: vapor pressure and saturation, process of condensation, formation of dew, fog, mist, snow, rain and hail; Formation and classification of clouds; Introduction to monsoon ; Basics of weather forecasting. Practical: Study of tillage implements; Practice of ploughing and puddling; Study of seeding equipments and different methods of sowing; Study of manures, green manure crops; Seed & fertilizers calculations; Study of intercultivation equipments and practice; Study of fertilizer application methods and practice; Participation in on going field operations at Instructional Farm; Site selection for Agromet observatory and installation of instruments; Measurement of Atmospheric and Soil temperature; Measurement of rainfall, evaporation, relative humidity, atmospheric pressure, solar radiation and wind direction and velocity; Study of weather forecasting and synoptic charts. Suggested Readings: 1. Lal, D.S.2005. Climatology, Sharda Pustak Bhawan, Allahbad 2. Sahu, D.D.2003. Agrometeorology and Remote Sensing: Principles and Practices, Agrobios (India), Jodhpur 3. Varshneya, M.C. and Balakrishana, Pillai, P.2003. Textbook of Agricultural Meteorology, ICAR, New Delhi 4. Balasubramaniyan, P. and Palaniappan, S.P.2001. Principles and Practices of Agronomy, Agrobios (India), Jodhpur 5. Reddy, S.R. 2004. Principles of Agronomy, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana 6. Reddy, S.R.2000. Principles of Crop Production, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana 7. ICAR. 2006. Handbook of Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi 8. iksjoky] ch- ,y-] flag] iq"isUnz ,oe~ 'kekZ] Mh- Mh- 2000- lL; foKku ds ewy rRo] ds- ih- izdk'ku] mn;iqj

Jodhpur. crop weed competition and allelopathy. Biology of weeds. Weed Management. pulses. Study of herbicide application equipment and calibration.2003. New Delhi. Demonstration of methods of herbicide application.. Principals of Weed Science (2nd Ed. Study of phytotoxicity symptoms of herbicides in different crops and weeds. Computation of herbicide doses. Calculations on weed control efficiency and weed index. Problematic weeds and their control viz.. and Yaduraju.2002. Orobanche and Striga . ICAR. 2000. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 3. Jodhpur. Weed Management: Principles and Practices (2nd Ed. Practical: Identification of weeds. Classes of herbicides. Cynodon dactylon. methods of application. formulations. New Delhi. Concepts of weed prevention. oilseeds. N. O.S.AGRON -121 Theory: WEED MANAGEMENT 2 (1+1) Weeds: Introduction.T. Tours and visits of problem areas.Parthenium hysterophorus. cultural. fibre and forage crops. Gupta. propagation. Weed biology and ecology: crop weed association. Gupta. Determination of weed density and intensity. Preparation of weed herbarium. Integrated weed management. V.).M. Modern Weed Management. 2. Herbicides: advantages and limitations of herbicide use in India.P. O. Bhan. Economics of weed control practices. V. Physical weed control. Suggested Readings: 1. Weed management in major cereals. chemical and biological. Rao. Survey of weeds in crop fields and other habitats. Saraswat. Introduction to Adjuvants and their use in herbicides.N. Herbicide label information. Methods of weed control: physical. harmful and beneficial effects. control and eradication. Agribios (India).2005. Introduction to selectivity of herbicides. dissemination and persistence.P.). Preparation of list of commonly available herbicides. Agribios (India). . 4. classification. V.

sugarcane. Irrigation: Theory and Practice. maize.1987. wheat. New Delhi. evapotranspiration and crop water requirement. Parihar. Scheduling of irrigation. Irrigation and Drainage. Water resources and irrigation development in India and Rajasthan.S. L. Michael. Methods of irrigation: surface. New Delhi. pH. and Sandhu B. Determination of permanent wilting point. Demonstration of irrigation methods viz. Conjunctive use of water.1987.1999. Mishra. M. Vikas Publishing House. and Ahmed... Irrigation efficiency and water use efficiency. Manual on Irrigation Agronomy.D.M. tensiometer. Calculation of irrigation water requirement (Problems)..S. A. New Delhi. D. Agricultural drainage. Methods of soil moisture determination. New Delhi. Ltd. 2000.R. Irrigation: definition and objectives. Water management of different crops viz. 3.H. Visit to farmers field and cost estimation of drip irrigation system. 2. Pvt. S. electrical resistance block and neutron moisture meter. Reddy. . Determination of field capacity by field method. Forms of soil water and soil moisture constants. New Delhi. Kalyani Pub. ICAR. sprinkler and drip irrigation.AGRON . Irrigation of Field Crops – Principles and Practices. Determination of soil moisture content by gravimetric method. Measurement of irrigation water through flumes and weirs.D. S. R. Acquaintance and upkeep of sprinkler and drip irrigation systems. Lenka. 1987. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.122 Theory: WATER MANAGEMENT 3(2+1) Importance of water in plants. Irrigation water quality and its management. Determination of EC. 5. and important pulses and oilseed crops. sprinkler and drip methods. surface. Calculation of irrigation efficiency. Principles of Crop Production. . and Ca ++ + Mg++ of irrigation water Suggested Readings: 1. rice. Kalyani Publishers. 4. Practical: Determination of bulk density by field method.

Value of biodiversity: consumptive use. effects of modern agriculture. man induced landslides. Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation. Water conservation. India as a mega-diversity nation. mining. Thermal pollution and Nuclear hazards. Wasteland reclamation. global warming. Need for public awareness. cyclone and landslides. conflicts over water. dams and their effects on forests and tribal people. Forest resources: Use and over exploitation. Unit 3. Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions. Pollution case studies. Case studies. Timber extraction. environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources. Disaster management: floods. effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes. case studies. Biogeographical classification of India. water logging. Food chains. Wildlife Protection Act. nuclear accidents and holocaust. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles. Forest Conservation Act. fertilizer-pesticide problems. and aesthetic and option value. structure and function of Forest ecosystem. Environment Protection Act. Energy resources: Growing energy needs. drought. Consumerism and waste products. Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss. Case studies. measures to create awareness for healthy environment. consumers and decomposers. Unit 2:Natural Resources: Renewable and non-renewable sources: National resources: Definition. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Ecosystem: Concept of ecosystem. salinity. and watershed management. productive use. soil erosion and desertification. changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing. renewable and non-renewable energy sources use of alternate energy sources. types and conservation. Energy flow in the ecosystem. types. national and local levels. Urban problems related to energy. dams benefits and problems. Hot-spots of biodiversity. Soil pollution and Marine pollution. characteristics features.ENVS . Ecological succession. Food resources: World food problems.. Role of an individual in prevention of pollution. Water pollution. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. . social ethical. effects and control measures of: Air pollution. Producers. land degradation. Mineral resources: Use and exploitation. Unit 6:Social issues and the environment: From unsustainable to sustainable development. poaching of wildlife. Unit 4:Biodiversity and its conservation: Biodiversity – definition and types. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. deforestation. Land resources: Land as a resource. Introduction. Public awareness. rainwater harvesting. Endangered and endemic species of India. Biodiversity at global. Desert ecosystem and Aquatic ecosystems. causes. Unit5: Environmental pollution: Definition. Resettlement and rehabilitation of people. Structure and function of an ecosystem. Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity. earthquake. man-wildlife conflicts. Noise pollution. Case studies. case study. Climatic change. floods. Solid waste management: Causes. case studies. Water resources: Uses and over utilization of surface and ground water. its problems and concerns. food webs and ecological pyramids. Grassland ecosystem. nature and Scope. acid rain ozone layer depletion.121 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 3(2+1) Unit 1: The Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies: Environmental studies: Definition.

t bUVjus'kuy ¼izk½ fyfeVsM] ubZ fnYyhA 6.y. 3. Population explosion – Family Welfare Programme.isDl ifCyf'kax gkml] mn. Pratap 2004. etc. birds..i.u] . and Verma A.k v/.k v/.u] . Visit to a local polluted site – Urban/Rural/Industrial/Agricultural. Case studies. Study of simple ecosystems-pond.kZoj. New Delhi. Study of common plants. Himanshu Publishing House.w .kZoj.k] ch. Unit 8:Fieldwork: Visit to a local area to document environmental assetsriver/forest/grassland/hill/mountain. tkxsfV. 2005. hill slopes. S. Environmental Studies. HIV/ Aids..k v/. Rathore. Human Rights. N. variation among nations.iqjA 5.oa ikaMs] ftrsUnz.u] U. Choudhary. insects.i..R. Environmental Studies.iqjA . dkSf'kd] vuqHkk . and Pandey.oa dkSf'kd] lh.2005. B. Value education.xzksVsd ifCyf'kax . 2004. Udaipur. Bamaniya. pkS/kjh] ch. B... river. N. Fundamentals of Environmental Studies.. Environment and human health. Yash Publishing House. Women and Child Welfare. 2.ih.y. Verma. Suggested Readings: 1.Unit 7: Human Population and the Environment: Population growth.kZoj. Apex Publishing House.dsMeh] mn. L.i.. Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health.2004. and Singh.vkSj iqjksfgr] iadt 2005.L. 4. J. Bikaner.

Sunnhemp. Clusterbean. New Delhi. Mothbean. Singh.Seed and sowing. Plant protection measures.2003. Crop harvesting and processing. Modern Techniques of Raising Field Crops. 3. Judging physiological maturity of various crops. Fertilizer. ICAR. Maize. Sorghum. Fertilizer application in various crops and study of Fertilizer experiments. Chhidda. Soybean. water and weed management. Irrigation operation in various crops. Kalyani Publishers. P. dqekj 2000. Prem and Singh. Preparation of seed material for sowing. oSKkfud Qly izcU/ku] .S. New Delhi. Study of forage experiments. Cultural practices viz . Rathore. S. Text Book of Field Crop Production. Singh. Rajendra 2002. New Delhi 'kDrkor] eksgu flag .oa O. Mungbean. Pearl millet. Jatropha and Jojoba. Effect of seed size on germination and seedling vigour of soybean/ groundnut. Plant protection measures. Rice. Crop Management Under Irrigated and Rainfed Conditions. 2000. Sunflower. 6. Singh. varieties. Prasad. Cowpea. Study of package of practices of the following crops: Minor millets.S. Origin. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Study of crop varieties and important agronomic experiments. Calculation of harvest index. Bio energy crops viz.1993. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Suggested Readings: 1. Techniques and Management of Field Crop Production. Practical: Identification of seeds and crops of kharif season & others inputs. Intercultural operations.S. Groundnut.. Geographic distribution and production in Rajasthan and India. Kalyani Publishers. Handbook of Agriculture 2006. 4. Seed bed preparation and sowing of kharif crops . Jodhpur.kl] vHk. Weed control in kharif crop and study of weed control experiments.'k ifCyf'kax gkml] chdkusj . Soil and climatic requirements. ICAR.AGRON . 7. Agrobios (India). Pigeonpea and Cotton. Castor.1998. Working out cost of production of two crops. Calculations on seed rate. New Delhi. Sesame and Napier. New Delhi. Study of yield attributing characters and yield calculations in kharif crops.211 Theory: FIELD CROPS-I (KHARIF) 3(2+1) Study of following crops with reference to their importance. 5. Kalyani Publishers. Urdbean. Rajbir. 2. Principles and Practices of Agronomy. New Delhi. Harvesting and yield. Singh. S.

Lentil. 6.D. New Delhi. Important Agronomic experiments of rabi crops. morphological characteristics of wheat. Fertilizer. Singh. Practical: Identification of seeds and crops of rabi season.221 Theory: FIELD CROPS-II (RABI) 3(2+1) Study of following crops with reference to their importance. 4. New Delhi . New Delhi 3. Judging sugarcane maturity and quality test. Rajendra 2002. Modern Techniques of Raising Field Crops. Crop distribution in the state and region.1998. Suggested Readings: 1. Handbook of Agriculture. Visit to research stations related to rabi crops. Weed flora and there control measure and study of weed control experiment. P. S.S. Lemon grass. 1993.. Origin. Chickpea. Prasad. N. 2. Crop Management Under irrigated and Rainfed Conditions Kalyani Publishers. Sugarcane. Prajapati. Prem and Singh. Rajbir 2003. Calculation of harvest index. Rathore. Agrobios (India). Preparation of seed material for sowing. 2006 & 1980. water and weed management.. Soil and climatic requirements. Cultural practices viz . A. Harvesting and yield: Wheat. A Handbook of Medicinal Plants: A Complete Source Book. An introduction to the importance and cultivation of Medicinal & aromatic plants viz. Working out cost of production of two crops. Potato and. Kalyani Publishers. ICAR. Crop harvesting and processing.. New Delhi. Citronella and Palma rosa. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Frenchbean. Sharma. ICAR.Techniques and Management of Field Crop Production. Irrigation and plant protection measures. Purohit. Safflower. T. Chhidda. Rapeseed and mustard.S. Judging physiological maturity of various crops. 2003. Opium poppy. Singh. 2000.. Agrobios (India). Berseem. Intercultural operations. Sugarbeet. Barely. sugarcane. Singh. Seed bed preparation and sowing of rabi crops. Principles and Practices of Agronomy. New Delhi.K. varieties. Jodhpur. Plant protection measures. and Kumar.AGRON . Mentha. Singh. Calculations on seed rate. chickpea and mustard. S. 5. and Oats. Text Book of Field Crop Production.S. Isabgol.S. Geographic distribution and production in Rajasthan and India. Lucerne Study of package of practices of the following crops: Linseed.Seed and sowing. S. Jodhpur 7. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Fertilizer application in crops and study of fertilizer experiments.

] eqdqy pUnz. N. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. dqekj 2000.oSKkfud Qly izcU/ku] . Kumar.. P. 'kDrkor] eksgu flag . Plantation Crops. d`f"k vuqla/kku ifj"kn~] ubZ fnYyh .8. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Ltd. 1997. Abdul.2004 tM+h cwfV. and Irulappam.kl] vHk. New Delhi 9.'k ifCyf'kax gkml] chdkusj 10.oa ikaMs. I.oa O. Introductin to Spices. Rangaswami. Kader Md. pUnzk] ohjsUnz . JBM..ksa dh [ksrh] Hkkjrh.

AGRON . 1993. Suggested Readings: 1. S. Preparation of balance sheet including cost of cultivation. and Bokde. Management of insect. Agarwal. winnowing. Kalyani Publishers. K. S. 2. water and weed management.S. Nutrient. Harvesting. Principles of Agronomy. 1992.P. Jodhpur. Kalyani Publishers. storage and marketing of produce.311 Practical: PRACTICAL CROP PRODUCTION-I (KHARIF CROPS) 1(0+1) Crop planning. drying.. seed treatment.S. Agrobios (India). Reddy. S. P.. AgriHorticultural Pub. net return per student as well as per team of a group of student. . R. Principles and Practices of Agronomy. House. Nagpur. Principles and Practices of Agronomy. threshing.. 2004. S. and Palaniappan. Yawalkar. sowing. Ludhiana.2001. Singh. Manures and Fertilizers. Balasubramaniyan. P. Raising field crops in multiple cropping systems: field preparation. pest and diseases of crops. J. Ludhiana.

and Palaniappan.C. scope and components. Preparation of Vermicompost. Ameliorative measures and management practices for sustainable agriculture viz.fVdkÅ [ksrh] Hkkjrh. and Sivaraman. 6. 2. P. New International Pvt. Agrobios (India) Ltd. A Handbook of Organic Farming. Factors affecting ecological balance. utilization and economics. 4.312 Theory: FARMING SYSTEMS AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE 2(1+1) Farming systems: definition. waste lands and their development. Interactions among components of different enterprises. Study of profitable utilization of agricultural wastes. 2004. Land degradation and conservation of natural resources. LEIA & HEIA.P. 2004.AGRON . d`f"k vuqlU/kku ifj"kn] ubZ fnYyh . Palaniappan. 7. Components of Farming systems. Sustainable agriculture: Introduction.2004. 2002. Emerging issues fro present day technologies. goal and current concepts. Surbhee Publications. Rajeev K. Coimbatore. LEISA. 8. Visit to urban waste recycling unit. principles. K. Panda. Sustainable Agriculture. soil. Principles and Practices of Agronomy.P. Principles of Agronomy. Practical: Preparation of cropping scheme for irrigated situations. xkSre] vkj. and TNAU. Wiley Easter Ltd. Visit to an organic farm to study various components and utilization. Cropping Systems in the Tropics: Principles and Management. . and dryland situations. Kalyani Publishers.1985. IFS models for wetland. definition. Agrobios (India). S. rain water and integrated pest management. Preparation of integrated farming system model for drylands. 1996. New Delhi. S. Jaipur Palaniappan. 3.. water sources. Study of degraded lands. Arun K. Resource management under constrained situations. Preparation of enriched Farm Yard Manure. Preparation of cropping scheme for dryland situations. 2004.lh. Suggested Readings: 1. Study of existing farming systems in nearby villages. Jodhpur Sharma. Preparation of integrated farming system model for wetlands. 5. R. Cropping system in Tropics. S. Visit to poultry and dairy units to study resource allocation. irrigated. Cropping Systems and Farming Systems. Indices of sustainability. Reddy S. Shukla. Jodhpur. S.P. Irrigation problems.oa flag] iatkc-1997. Jodhpur Balasubramaniyan. Low cost and non monetary inputs particularly for wasteland and problematic soils. Agrobios (India). Ludhiana.

Organic Farming. 'kekZ] v:. Practical: Aerobic and anaerobic methods of compost making.2005.313 ORGANIC FARMING 3 (2+1) Theory: Introduction. Jodhpur 3.AGRON . 1999. Agrobios (India).k ds. Bikaner 2. Dhama. 2006. macro quality analysis. Suggested Readings: 1.xzksck. tSfod [ksrh & fl)kUr] rduhd o mi.2002. . Udaipur. biofertilizers. Organic production requirements. recycling of organic residues.1999. S. packaging. Quality considerations.ksfxrk] . vegetable and ornamental nursery raising. Soil improvement and amendments. green manuring. Visit to organic farm. 5. Publising Academy. Integrated diseases and pest management – use of biocontrol agents. U and Tripathy. post harvest management.P.ksl ¼bf. Sharma.k½] tks/kiqj . exports. grading. K. trap crops. Biological intensive nutrient management-organic manures. vermicomposting. Jodhpur 4. Use of Azotobacter. Arun K. Organic Farming – Theory and Practice. biopesticides pheromones. Agro Botanica. labeling and accreditation processors. Agrotech. Raising of crops organically through nutrient. bird perches. Principles. certification. relevance in present context and future prospects. Weed management. objectives and components of organic farming. Techniques of treating legume seeds with Rhizobium culture. concept. composting. A Handbook of Organic Farming.K.M. Azospirillum and PSB culture in field crops. Organic Farming in India: Problems and Prospects. and Anandurai. Thapa. marketing. vermicomposting. Scientific Pub. Palaniappan. A. diseases and pest management. P.

Principles of Agronomy. Agrobios (India). Agri-Horticultural Pub. J. water and weed management. Manures and Fertilizers. winnowing. storage and marketing of produce. Harvesting. Yawalkar. Ludhiana. Nagpur..S. K. and Bokde.AGRON . Suggested Readings: 1. Ludhiana. Nutrient. Kalyani Publishers. . Jodhpur. pest and diseases of crops. Agarwal. P. P.S. S. 2. Principles and Practices of Agronomy. Preparation of balance sheet including cost of cultivation.321 Practical: PRACTICAL CROP PRODUCTION-II (RABI CROPS) 1(0+1) Crop planning. drying. Management of insect. Principles and Practices of Agronomy. S. Reddy. R. seed treatment. 1992. Kalyani Publishers. threshing. and Palaniappan. Raising field crops in multiple cropping systems: field preparation. House. 1993. 2002. net return per student as well as per team of a group of student. Balasubramaniyan. Singh S. S.P. sowing.2004.

role in house hold design making. History of Agricultural Development.S. (Ed. ICAR. Group dynamics for farm women. Suggested Readings: 1. Choudhary. New Delhi 4. A History of Agriculture in India Vol. And Nena. Verma. dry and irrigation agriculture. Concept Publication Company. 1980. marine. 1983. AGRICULTURAL SCENARIO AND GENDER EQUITY IN AGRICULTURE) 1(1+0) Theory: Art. Factors affecting crop production. A History of Agriculture in India Vol. Randhawa. liabilities. Rajasthan College of Agriculture.S. A History of Agriculture in India Vol. G. Empowerment of women. Basic elements of crop production. Ancient India Agriculture in Civilization Era. New Delhi 2. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. 1982. New Delhi 7. Women in Agriculture (A Socio-economic Analysis). M. 1989. Y. Udaipur .B. Sharma. work stress factors. value addition. Economic ecology.L. New Delhi 8. requirements in new technology. Proceedings of the Summer School held from 28 May-17 June. rural women. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. M. Handbook of Agriculture. IV. Nutritional and rural life standards. Randhawa. Agricultural growth. 2006. Soil groups. ICAR. women friendly agricultural technology. Crop Production and Management. Indian Agriculture. Diversity in physiography. ICAR. Assets and Contrasting trends (DATA).) 2000. New Delhi 6.. New Delhi 5. S. II. Chronological Agricultural Technology development in India. Y. Morachan. Liabilities: Soil factors. livestock and water. Ancient and Medieval History of Indian Agriculture. Randhawa. balance sheet. M. I. New Delhi 3. III. Science and business of crop production.AGRON . S. The nucleus of Agricultural Extension and Training.S. A History of Agriculture in India Vol. 1992. Women in Agriculture: multifaceted roles and tasks. ICAR.S. drudgery reduction for farm women.322 INTRODUCTORY AGRICULTURE (ANCIENT HERITAGE. ICAR. 1986. M. weather factors.S.L. Randhawa. 1999.