Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

Product Version V100R001 Product Name: WCDMA RNP

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WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance
For internal use only

Prepared by: Reviewed by: Reviewed by: Approved by:

URNP-SANA

Date: Date: Date: Date:

2003-12-15

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved

WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance

For Intanal Use

Revision Record
Date 2003/12/15 2005/03/16 1.0 Rev. Version Initial transmittal Change the date, no content updated. Description Author Znag Liang Qinyan

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WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance

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Table of Contents
1 Introduction..................................................................................................................................................7 2 Handover Algorithm Analysis.....................................................................................................................7 2.1 Handover Measurement ..........................................................................................................................7 2.1.1 Intra-Frequency Measurement .........................................................................................................8 2.1.2 Inter-Frequency Measurement .......................................................................................................13 2.1.3 Inter-System Measurement ............................................................................................................15 2.1.4 UE Internal Measurement ..............................................................................................................16 2.2 Handover Algorithms ...........................................................................................................................16 2.2.1 Softer Handover and Soft Handover Algorithms ...........................................................................16 2.2.2 Intra-Frequency Hard Handover Algorithm ..................................................................................18 2.2.3 Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Algorithm ..................................................................................18 2.2.4 Inter-System Handover Algorithm .................................................................................................19 2.2.5 Handover Caused by Load Balancing ............................................................................................20 2.2.6 Cell Penalty.....................................................................................................................................21 2.2.7 Active Set Synchronization Maintenance.......................................................................................21 2.2.8 Direct Retry Algorithm ..................................................................................................................23 2.2.9 Principle for Generating Adjacent Cell List...................................................................................24 3 Handover Parameter Setting ......................................................................................................................25 3.1 Description.............................................................................................................................................25 3.2 Handover Common Parameters ............................................................................................................26 3.2.1 Maximum Number of Cells in Active Set......................................................................................26 3.2.2 Penalty Time....................................................................................................................................27 3.2.3 Event 6F Trigger Threshold ...........................................................................................................27 3.2.4 Event 6G Trigger Threshold...........................................................................................................28 3.2.5 Time-to-Trigger Parameters for Events 6F and 6G........................................................................29 3.2.6 BE Service Handover Rate Decision Threshold ............................................................................29 3.2.7 Soft Handover Method Select Switch ............................................................................................30 3.2.8 Handover Algorithm Switches........................................................................................................31 3.3 Intra-Frequency Handover Measurement Algorithm Parameters ........................................................32 3.3.1 Soft Handover Relative Thresholds ...............................................................................................32 3.3.2 Soft Handover Absolute Thresholds ..............................................................................................33 3.3.3 Intra-Frequency Measurement Filter Coefficient (FilterCoef).......................................................34 3.3.4 Hysteresis Related to Soft Handover .............................................................................................35 3.3.5 Time-to-Trigger Parameters Related to Soft Handover..................................................................37 3.3.6 WEIGHT.........................................................................................................................................38 3.3.7 Detected Set Statistics Switch.........................................................................................................38 3.4 Inter-Frequency Handover Algorithm Parameters ...............................................................................39 3.4.1 Inter-Frequency Measurement Filter Coefficient (FilterCoef).......................................................39 3.4.2 Cell Location Property....................................................................................................................40 3.4.3 Hysteresis Related to Inter-Frequency Handover...........................................................................41 3.4.4 Time-to-Trigger Parameters Related to Inter-Frequency Hard Handover.....................................41 3.4.5 Compressed Mode Enable/Disable Threshold Denoted by RSCP.................................................42 3.4.6 Compressed Mode Enable/Disable Threshold Denoted by Ec/No.................................................43 3.4.7 Inter-Frequency Hard Handover RSCP Threshold ........................................................................44 3.4.8 Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Ec/No Threshold ........................................................................44 3.5 inter-system handover measurement algorithm parameter ..................................................................45 3.5.1 inter-system measurement filter coefficient FilterCoef..................................................................45 3.5.2 Inter-System Hard Handover Decision Threshold .........................................................................46 3.5.3 Inter-system Hard Handover Hysteresis .......................................................................................46 3.5.4 Time-to-Trigger Parameter for Inter-System Hard Handover........................................................47 3.5.5 Inter-System Measurement Periodic Report Interval.....................................................................47 3.6 Compressed Mode Algorithm Parameter .............................................................................................48 3.6.1 CFN Offset to Enable Compressed Mode.......................................................................................48

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3.6.2 Spreading Factor Threshold ...........................................................................................................49 3.7 Direct Retry Algorithm Parameter .......................................................................................................49 3.7.1 Maximum Direct Retry Times........................................................................................................49 3.7.2 Candidate Set Absolute Threshold .................................................................................................50 3.7.3 Minimum Ec/No Value...................................................................................................................50 3.7.4 Linear Factor of Relative Threshold and Time Interval.................................................................51 3.7.5 Maximum Relating Time for Direct Retry Decision......................................................................52

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List of Tables
table 1Recommended Soft Handover Hysteresis Settings for Different Movement Speeds.......................36 table 2Recommended Time-to-Trigger Settings for Different Movement Speeds......................................37 table 3Recommended Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Hysteresis Settings for Different Movement Speeds..........................................................................................................................................................41 table 4Recommended Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Time-to-Trigger Settings for Different Movement Speeds..........................................................................................................................................................42

List of Figures
Figure 1 Measurement Model.........................................................................................................................8 Figure 2 Example of Event 1A and Trigger Delay.......................................................................................10 Figure 3 Periodic Reporting Triggered by Event 1A....................................................................................10 Figure 4 Example of Event 1C......................................................................................................................11 Figure 5 Example of Event 1D......................................................................................................................12 Figure 6 Restriction of measurement reporting by means of hysteresis.......................................................12 Figure 7 Example of Event 1E......................................................................................................................13 Figure 8 Example of Event 1D1F.................................................................................................................13 Figure 9 Power Control Timing....................................................................................................................22 Figure 10 MML Client .................................................................................................................................26

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Finally.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Key words: handover algorithm. inter-system handover. and then analyzes the measurement control and decision rules in the implementation of the algorithm of each type of handover. List of abbreviations: (Omitted) 11-8-23 Confidential Page 6 of 52 . hard handover. parameter setting Abstract: This document first describes the measurements involved in the handover algorithms. it provides a detailed guidance for the setting of various types of handover parameters. soft handover. so that correct and effective handover parameter adjustments can be carried out based on the actual requirements during network optimization.

A typical handover process is: measurement control → measurement report → handover decision → handover execution → new measurement control. including handover. A handover algorithm involves such contents as measurement control and handover decision. we should first analyze handover measurement. 2 Handover Algorithm Analysis Mobility management is an important part of radio resource management. intra-frequency hard handover. soft handover. The second processing is implemented by the higher layer on the measurement result reported by the physical layer before event evaluation. All the measurements in the UE are dedicated measurement. Handover measurement is specific to the physical layer. the handover algorithm determines how the UE carry out handover measurements and report the measurement result. and the purpose is to filter off the influence of fast fading before the physical layer reports the measurement result to the higher layer. based on the knowledge of the handover algorithms. handover control method and handover type selection required for the handover decision. In Chapter 3. 2.1 Handover Measurement The radio resource management module (RRM) initiated measurements include dedicated measurement and common measurement. The first processing is in the physical layer. inter-frequency hard handover and inter-system hard handover. which provides measurement of various items for the higher layers. this document provides detailed descriptions of the specific parameter setting methods value assignment recommendations and ranges of effect of the related algorithms of various types of handover. This processing is to determine the filter coefficient according to the time 11-8-23 Confidential Page 7 of 52 . In Chapter 2. so as to provide a clear and practical guidance for parameter adjustments in network optimization. Therefore. Handover algorithms largely present themselves in the configuration of measurement control parameters. and then makes handover decision and guides the handover execution according to the reported measurement result. Based on the measurement value. The measurement result will go twice through smoothening processing.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use 1 Introduction Handover types include softer handover. reporting rules and related handover decision algorithms involved in various types of handover. so as to trigger various functions. while handover algorithms are the most important part of mobility management. to analyze a handover algorithm. this document discusses the measurement control.

and the remaining cells are in monitored sets. In the UE. Cells in an active set are surely intra-frequency cells. inter-frequency monitored sets and inter-system monitored sets. namely in soft handover and softer handover. and as the reported result.  Detected set cell: Detected set cells refer to those cells detected by the UE itself. in the measurement report mechanism field.1 Intra-Frequency Measurement UTRAN uses the measurement control message to inform the UE what events need to trigger measurement reporting. The latest measurement result after L3 filtering is used for evaluation of the reporting rule. 2. Generally. All intra-frequency measurement report events are identified with 1X. requires the UE to report event 11-8-23 Confidential Page 8 of 52 .  Monitored set cells: Among the cells included in the adjacent cell list delivered by the RNC. The types of measurement involved in handover include intra-frequency measurement. some adjacent cells may have already entered the active set at the time of soft handover. Active set cells refer to those that are demodulated and correlatively combined at the UE and communicate with the UE in the FDD mode.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use relation and implemented weighted averaging processing of the measurement result. inter-frequency measurement and inter-system measurement. the last two types of measurement reporting are involved in handover. rather than the cells in the active sets and monitored set. measured cells are divided into the following three types:  Active set cells: Cells in an active set communicate with the UE simultaneously. Monitored sets include intra-frequency monitored sets. which will be discussed in the following paragraphs. The process is as follows: Parameter Parameter A L1 filtering B L3 filtering C C' Evaluation of reporting rule D Figure 1 Measurement Model The reporting types include “on-demand reporting”. “periodic reporting” and “event triggered reporting” (Event A to Event F).1. Event 1A: A primary pilot channel enters the reporting range If the network.

Other measurement values: 10 ⋅ LogM New  NA  ≥ W ⋅ 10 ⋅ Log ∑ M i  + (1 − W ) ⋅10 ⋅ LogM Best − ( R − H 1a / 2). then when a primary pilot channel enters the reporting range. the TIME-TOTRIGGER parameter is used so that the UE will not trigger measurement reporting before the primary pilot enters the reporting range and is maintained for a certain period of time. When the measurement values satisfy the following formulas.    i =1  2. MNew is the measurement result of the cell that has entered the reporting range Mi is the measurement result of the cells in the active set NA is the number of cells in the current active set MBest is the measurement result of the best cell in the current active set W is the weight factor R is the reporting range.    i =1  Where. An example of measurement reporting triggered by event 1A is given below: Measurement quantity P CPICH 1 Reporting range P CPICH 2 P CPICH 3 Time-to-trigger Reporting event 1A Time 11-8-23 Confidential Page 9 of 52 . This parameter is also used in other events. the UE deems that a primary pilot channel has entered the reporting range: 1.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use 1A while the UE has entered the Cell_DCH state. R equals to the signal strength of the best cell in the current active set minus a value H1a is the hysteresis value of event 1A In order to reduce the signaling traffic flow of the measurement report. With the signal strength as an example. the UE will send a measurement report. Path loss: 10 ⋅ LogM New  NA  ≤ W ⋅10 ⋅ Log ∑ M i  + (1 − W ) ⋅10 ⋅ LogM Best + ( R − H 1a / 2).

The UE will not stop sending periodically the measurement report until this cell is successfully added into the active set or leaves the reporting range. In this case. if event 1A is triggered. MOld is the measurement result of the cell that has left the reporting range Mi is the measurement result of the cell in the active set NA is the number of cells in the current active set 11-8-23 Confidential Page 10 of 52 . the UE will send a measurement report to UTRAN. and the content of the measurement report includes the information of the cells in the active set and the cells in the monitored set that has entered the reporting range.    i =1  2. However. due to insufficient capacity).    i =1  Where. Other measurement values:  NA  10 ⋅ LogMOld ≤ W ⋅ 10 ⋅ Log ∑ M i  + (1 − W ) ⋅ 10 ⋅ LogM Best − ( R + H 1b / 2). the UE deems that a primary pilot channel has left the reporting range 1. the UE will shift from event reporting to periodic reporting mechanism. Path loss: 10 ⋅ LogMOld  NA  ≥ W ⋅ 10 ⋅ Log ∑ M i  + (1 − W ) ⋅ 10 ⋅ LogM Best + ( R + H 1a / 2). UTRAN may give no response after the UE sends the measurement report (for example. as shown below: P C P IC H 1 P C P IC H 2 R e p o r t in g ra n g e R e p o r t in g t e r m in a t e d P e r io d ic re p o rt E v e n t .WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Figure 2 Example of Event 1A and Trigger Delay For Intanal Use Generally.t r ig g e r e d re p o rt P e r io d ic re p o rt P C P IC H 3 Figure 3 Periodic Reporting Triggered by Event 1A Event 1B: A primary pilot channel leaves the reporting range When the following formulas are satisfied. and UTRAN will deliver an ACTIVE SET UPDATE signaling message to update the active set.

the cells where P CPICH 1. P CPICH 2 and P CPICH 3 are belong to an active set. This event is used to replace the poor cells in the active set. Event 1D: The best cell changes 11-8-23 Confidential Page 11 of 52 . Event 1C: The primary pilot channel in a non active set is better than the primary pilot channel in an active set This event can be described through the following example: Measurement quantity P CPICH 1 P CPICH 2 P CPICH 3 P CPICH 4 Reporting event 1C Reporting event 1C Time Figure 4 Example of Event 1C In this example. while that of P CPICH 4 does not. the UE will sort the cells according to the measurement values and report all the measurement results. if the number of cells in the active set reaches or exceeds active set replacement threshold.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use MBest is the measurement result of the best cell in the current active set W is the weighted factor R is the reporting range H1a is the hysteresis value of event 1A If several cells satisfy the reporting condition simultaneously after the trigger delay.

we can use the hysteresis parameter. which results in unnecessary increase of the air interface signaling traffic flow. event 1D reporting is not triggered. as shown below: Measurement quantity P CCPCH 1 Hysteresis P CCPCH 2 Hysteresis Reporting event 1D Time Figure 6 Restriction of measurement reporting by means of hysteresis As we can see.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use Measurement quantity P CPICH 1 P CPICH 2 P CPICH3 Reporting event 1D Time Figure 5 Example of Event 1D In order to prevent frequent triggering of event 1D due to signal fluctuations when the channel difference is small. This parameter can also be used in other events. Event 1E: The measurement value of a primary pilot channel exceeds the absolute threshold 11-8-23 Confidential Page 12 of 52 . as the hysteresis condition is not met at the second time.

2C. 2D and 2E is defined as follows: 11-8-23 Confidential Page 13 of 52 .WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use Measurement quantity P CPICH 1 P CPICH 2 Absolute threshold P CPICH 3 Reporting event 1E Time Figure 7 Example of Event 1E Event 1E can be used to trigger the measurement reports of cells including those detected by the UE before it receives the adjacent cell list. 2B. The frequency quality estimation involved in events 2A.1.2 Inter-Frequency Measurement Inter-frequency measurement events are identified with 2X. Event 1F: The measurement value of a primary pilot channel is lower than the absolute threshold Measurement quantity P CPICH 1 P CPICH 2 Absolute threshold P CPICH 3 Reporting event 1F Time Figure 8 Example of Event 1D1F 2.

while that of the non-used frequency is higher than the threshold defined by IE “Threshold non-used frequency” delivered in the measurement control message.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use Qcarrier j = 10 ⋅ LogM carrier j Where. and “used frequency” refers to the frequency that the UE needs to measure and that is in the active set. and the hysteresis value and the “time to trigger” condition are satisfied. we should make the following two concepts understood: “non-used frequency” refer to the frequency that the UE needs to measure but that is not in the active set. and that of the non-used frequency is higher than a certain threshold If the estimated quality value of the used frequency is lower than the threshold defined by IE “Threshold used frequency” delivered in the measurement control message. Event 2B: The estimated quality value of the used frequency is lower than a certain threshold. event 2A will be triggered. Event 2D: The estimated quality value of the used frequency is lower than a certain threshold Event 2D can be used to enable the compressed mode to perform inter-frequency measurement. Event 2A: The best frequency changes If the estimated quality value of the non-used frequency is better than that of the best cell in the used frequency. event 2B will be triggered. and the hysteresis value and the “time to trigger” conditions are satisfied.  NA j = W j ⋅ 10 ⋅ Log  ∑ M i  i =1  j   + (1 − W j ) ⋅ 10 ⋅ LogM Best j − H .   Qcarrierj is the logarithmic form of the estimated quality value of frequency j Mcarrier j is the estimated quality value of frequency j Mi j is the measurement result of cell i with the frequency of j in the virtual active set NA j is the number of cells with the frequency of j in the virtual active set MBest j is the measurement result of the best cell with the frequency of j in the virtual active set Wj is the weight factor H is the hysteresis value Before we describe events 2x. This threshold is specified by IE “Threshold used frequency” in the measurement 11-8-23 Confidential Page 14 of 52 . Event 2C: The estimated quality value of the non-used frequency is higher than a certain threshold This threshold is specified by IE “Threshold non-used frequency” in the measurement control message delivered by UTRAN.

Event 2E: The estimated quality value of the non-used frequency is lower than a certain threshold This threshold is specified by IE “Threshold non-used frequency” in the measurement control message delivered by UTRAN. 3C and 3D is defined as follows: QUTRAN = 10 ⋅ LogMUTRAN  NA  = W ⋅ 10 ⋅ Log ∑ M i  + (1 − W ) ⋅ 10 ⋅ LogM Best .1. event 3A will be triggered. This type of parameters can be modified through MML commands.3 Inter-System Measurement Inter-system measurement events are identified with 3X. This threshold is specified by IE “Threshold used frequency” in the measurement control message delivered by UTRAN. 3B. 2.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use control message delivered by UTRAN. while that of the other system is higher than the threshold defined by IE “Threshold other system” delivered in the measurement control message. QUTRAN is the logarithmic form of the estimated quality value of the UTRAN frequency currently in use MUTRAN is the estimated quality value of the UTRAN frequency currently in use Mi is the measurement result of cell i in the active set NA is the number of cells in the active set MBest result is the measurement result of the best cell in the active set W is the weight factor Event 3A: The estimated quality value of the used UTRAN frequency is lower than a certain threshold. and that of the other system is higher than a certain threshold If the estimated quality value of the used UTRAN frequency is lower than the threshold defined by IE “Threshold own system” delivered in the measurement control message. and the hysteresis value and the “time to trigger” condition are satisfied. Event 3B: The estimated quality value of the other system is lower than a certain 11-8-23 Confidential Page 15 of 52 .    i =1  Where. Event 2F: The estimated quality value of the used frequency is higher than a certain threshold Event 2F can be used to disable the compressed mode to stop inter-frequency measurement. The quality estimation of a UTRAN active set involved in events 3A.

2. relative threshold algorithm is enabled.2 uses two soft handover algorithms: loose-mode algorithm and relative threshold algorithm. cell penalty. 1. 2. direct retry algorithm and active set synchronization maintenance and adjacent cell list maintenance method. RNC V1. algorithm 2. intra-frequency hard handover algorithm.2 Handover Algorithms This section will describer the handover-related algorithms already supported by RNC V1. By default. Event 3D: The best cell in the other system changes 2. namely.1 Softer Handover and Soft Handover Algorithms Presently. 2. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 16 of 52 . Loose-mode algorithm 1) When either event 1A or event 1E (referred to as “1A or 1E”) is satisfied.4 UE Internal Measurement Two UE internal measurement events are involved in the handover algorithms: 6F and 6G. load balancing handover algorithm. it will be deemed as the trigger condition for adding a soft handover branch.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance threshold For Intanal Use This threshold is specified by IE “Threshold other system” in the measurement control message.2. Event 6F: The time difference between downlink receiving and uplink transmission of the UE is bigger than an absolute threshold This threshold is specified in IE “UE Rx-Tx time difference threshold” delivered by UTRAN. so as to provide algorithm guidance for network optimization and parameter adjustments. inter-frequency hard handover algorithm.1. Event 3C: The estimated quality value of the other system is higher than a certain threshold This threshold is specified by IE “Threshold other system” in the measurement control message. The contents of this section include softer handover and soft handover algorithms. Event 6G: The time difference between downlink receiving and uplink transmission of the UE is smaller than an absolute threshold This threshold is specified in IE “UE Rx-Tx time difference threshold” delivered by UTRAN. The user can make selection between these two algorithms through the algorithm switch. inter-system hard handover algorithm.

the measurement control change process is started. 4) In case of event 1D. remove any cell among non-best cells and then add the reported best cell.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use 2) After event 1A or 1E is received. it is deemed as the trigger condition for removing a soft handover branch. and mark it as the best cell. 2. if the triggered cell doe not belong to the active set. then no processing will be made. with measurement control updated. 2) When event 1B is received. if the number of cells in the active set is 3. based on the best cell operation algorithm. and measurement control changes. 5) When the UE active set is full. and event 1C reporting starts 6) Event 1C is the trigger condition for cell replacement in the active set. but the triggered cell is the best cell. 3) In case of event 1C. if there are more than one links in the active set. then this cell link will be removed. if the active set is not full. event 1A and event 1E reporting is stopped. until the active set is full. until only one link is left. then this cell link will be added (if the active set is full. one of the non-best cell will be removed before this link is added) and marked as the best cell. and this cell is added into the active set. After successful operation. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 17 of 52 . if there is only one in the active set. no processing will be made. if the active set is already full. Relative threshold algorithm 1) When event 1A report is received. the UE will report the replacing and replaced cells in the event trigger list. then the braches are sequenced and removed in the order of poor quality to good quality (CPICH Ec/No) (in case that multiple cells report event 1B). no processing will be implemented. no processing will be made. if the active set is already full at this moment and the replaced cell is not the best cell in the active set. if the triggered cell is an active set cell. then the triggered cell link will be added. 8) Event 1D occurs in the monitored set cell. 7) Event 1D occurs in the active set cell. then links are sequenced and added in the order of good quality to poor quality (CPICH Ec/No) (in case that multiple cells report event 1A). If the active set is not full. If the active set is full. 4) If handover is triggered when either event 1B or event 1F is received. 3) When neither the relative threshold nor the absolute threshold (event 1B and 1F) is satisfied. then it will be marked as the best cell and measurement control is updated.

when the UE moves towards the direction in which the cell has no intra-frequency adjacent cell. The characteristic is that the cell does have an intra-frequency adjacent cell in a certain direction. For a carrier coverage center cell. The characteristic is that the cell has intra-frequency adjacent cells in all directions. RNC V1. Namely.2 decides to enable or disable interfrequency measurement through the reporting of event 2D and event 2F.2. In a carrier coverage verge cell. the event 1D triggered cell acts as the target cell of the handover. Simulation shows that CPICH Ec/No can still reach -12dB or so when CPICH RSCP is already lower than the demodulation threshold (about -110dBm). handover of high-rate PS Best Effort services that exceeds the rate threshold. Therefore. which usually affects the link quality and system capacity. Currently. but CPICH Ec/No can better reflect the actual link communication quality and the load situation of the cell. The absolute thresholds of events 2D and 2F are the enabling/disabling thresholds of inter-frequency measurement. 2. Basic concepts Carrier coverage verge cell: a cell located at the outmost verge of a carrier coverage area. handover between intra-frequency adjacent cells that belong to different RNCs. because too much forward capacity will be occupied if soft handover is adopted in this case. the CPICH Ec/No changes slowly because CPICH RSCP has the same speed with the fading of interference. the inter-frequency handover algorithm based on CPICH Ec/No measurement has actually failed. Enabling/disabling inter-frequency measurement Because inter-frequency measurement may use the compressed mode. it is more suitable and more efficient to use CPICH RSCP as the inter-frequency measurement quantity. between which no Iur interface is available. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 18 of 52 .WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use 2. 2. Carrier coverage center cell: a cell other than carrier coverage verge cells.2 Intra-Frequency Hard Handover Algorithm Intra-frequency hard handover will occur in two cases: 1. At this moment. we generally hope that inter-frequency measurement is not enabled unless necessary.3 Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Algorithm 1. if the interfrequency handover algorithm is enabled and an inter-frequency adjacent cell list is available for the best cell. When the UE enters the CELL_DCH state or when the best cell is updated. Event 1D is used as the judgment criterion for event intra-frequency hard handover. then the measurement of event 2D and 2F is configured.2. for a carrier coverage verge cell. 2. CPICH RSCP can also be used as the inter-frequency measurement quantity.

if the active set quality rises and becomes higher than the disabling threshold. are not supported. Presently. when the compressed-mode measurement of inter-system handover is enabled.4 Inter-System Handover Algorithm RNC V1. 3. 1) Inter-system handover is enabled only in cells located at the verge of WCDMA FDD system coverage. 3) Cells at the verge of WCDMA FDD system coverage are identified through the configuration of GSM/GPRS adjacent cell list for them. the absolute threshold decision method based on cell properties is used for inter-frequency handover decision. According to different cell properties (carrier coverage verge cell and carrier coverage center cell). different physical measurement quantities (CPICH RSCP and CPICH Ec/No) and handover thresholds are used for handover decision. In RNC V1. then the RNC will implement inter-frequency hard handover with the reported cell as the handover target cell.2 supports 3G->GSM/GPRS handover. If the measurement quantity is lower than the enabling threshold . such as load balancing. the periodic measurement reporting mode is used for inter-frequency measurement. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 19 of 52 . while disable the compressed mode at the carrier coverage center by means of parameter configuration (by setting the absolute threshold of event 2D to the minimum) to disable inter-frequency hard handover. and other types of inter-system handover. then event 2F reporting will be triggered and inter-frequency measurement will be stopped. it is recommended that inter-frequency handover be used only for necessary handover caused by discontinuous carrier coverage. Note: Due to lack of a special compressed mode control policy. the compressed-mode measurement of inter-frequency handover must be disabled. we can consider to enable the compressed mode only at the carrier coverage verge.2. In this case. event 2D will be reported. Based on the inter-frequency measurement result periodically reported by the UE. 2) Inter-system handover algorithms and inter-frequency handover algorithms are mutually exclusive. Inter-frequency hard handover decision Presently. and inter-frequency measurement will be enabled through decision. That is. if the measurement values exceed the absolute threshold and the hysteresis values and the “time to trigger” condition is met. inter-system handover is used only for inter-system handover caused by discontinuous coverage of 3G networks.2. 2.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use CPICH Ec/No or RSCP measurement quantity and thresholds will be adopted respectively according to the location property of the best cell in the active set (carrier coverage center or carrier coverage verge as previously described).

three compressed mode style sequences are used for concurrent measurement of GSM RSSI. while the handover thresholds of various cells are also obtained through the RNC database. it will necessarily result in damage to the soft handover state of this UE. the load control entity sends the source cell information and the target cell information to the selected UEs’ Handover Control entities . 2. the load balancing control algorithm is transparent to handover algorithms. When the loads become unbalanced among cells of different frequencies in the same Node B. Since handover algorithms obtain the Ec/No of the common pilot channel of adjacent cells through the measurement by the UE. At this time. namely. the load control algorithm will notify the handover algorithm to switch some UEs on heavy-load carries onto light-load carriers thus to balance the loads. 5) For inter-system handover.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use 4) For inter-system handover. 6) Periodic measurement reports are used for inter-system handover. but it only “forwards” the decision command made by the load control entity. Since the target cell’s synchronization information may be unavailable. In this kind of handover. and what the handover entity should to do is just to give out the handover command based on the message it has received. Therefore. and the configuration of parameters is oriented to the cell type. Upon selecting the UEs.5 Handover Caused by Load Balancing When the loads of the adjacent cells become unbalanced. Load balancing between different NodeBs is transparent to the handover algorithm. As RNC V1. two principles are followed for UE selection: (1) UEs in soft handover are not selected. the algorithm implements load balancing by changing the power of the common pilot channel between adjacent cells.2. the performance of the entire system may deteriorate. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 20 of 52 . Generally. if a UE in soft handover state is selected at this moment for load transfer. the load control algorithm will balance the loads between the adjacent cells through handover. In this kind of handover. the timming re-initiation hard handover procedure is used here. the load control entity selects the specific UEs. CPICH RSCP is used as the physical measurement quantity and events 2D and 2F are used to decide enabling or disabling the compressed mode. and increase call drop risk. In this case. the parameters can be selected and configured based on the cell characteristics and user mobility statistics characteristics. and the RNC decides whether to implement hard handover according to the measurement reports. BASIC identification and BASIC reconfirm. we mainly analyze handover requests caused by load balancing between different carriers in the same coverage area. without any direct interface in between. the handover entity actually does not make any specific decision.2 does not support immediate macro diversity.

2. The Connection-oriented cell penalty algorithm is as follows: (1) The cell penalty algorithm is to deny any handover access to the cell in penalty within the specified period of time.2.2. In order to avoid making redundant judgments. and the penalty flag is set to 0. in case of a handover failure (including soft handover and hard handover). Thus. otherwise. it will proceed with the next step of processing. (2) After the penalty time expires. the handover entity first implements handover decision to judge whether the two conditions previously mentioned are satisfied. 2. the involved UE is not allowed to initiate any further handover request to this cell. without this type of signaling.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use (2) UEs with inconsistent SRNC and CRNC are not selected. The penalty flag is set to 1. as shown below: 11-8-23 Confidential Page 21 of 52 .214 protocol. from the downlink receiving moment of the UE to the corresponding uplink transmission moment. If so. and the event periodic reporting interval is required to be equal to the penalty time. the involved UE will be restricted from initiating any further handover request to the same cell within the penalty time. the penalty is released. while the Iur is an open interface. it will reject the request and indicate the reason. Upon receiving the load transfer signaling. after a handover failure. and on the other the periodic reporting interval is made equal to the penalty time. namely. because this kind of transfer involves signaling interworking on the Iur interface.6 Cell Penalty The purpose of cell penalty caused by handover failure is to prevent the handover algorithm from deciding again on the handover of this UE to a cell that already has no more capacity. so as to ensure the normal 1-slot uplink and downlink power control. on one hand penalty is exerted on the target cell involved in the handover failure. there should be a 1024-chip delay. so that large waste of processing capability is avoided.7 Active Set Synchronization Maintenance According to the 25.

as result. However. because the selection of the downlink transmission time is obtained by the NodeB based on the RNC-configured frame offset and code offset after roundup by 256 chips (the minimum time resolution of the NodeB is 256 chips). there will be an error of ±(128+20) chips at the UE side. when it is out of this range. Figure 9 Power Control Timing As illustrated in the diagram. the UE-end processing time will be reduced. the design of UE and NodeB should be able to satisfy the 1-slot power control requirement. The UE Rx-Tx time difference is measured once every 10 frames. the system will be unable to guarantee the 1-slot power control requirement. and it will be likely that the uplink 1-slot power control cannot be guaranteed. resulting in power control performance deterioration. when the Rx-Tx time difference is within the range of 1024±148 chips. when the UE complete receiving the downlink PILOT bit. it has the time of 512 chips to generate the TPC bit for downlink power control according to the PILOT bit. When the UE is in the soft handover state.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Slot (2560 chips) For Intanal Use DL DPCCH at UTRAN PILOT Data1 T TF P CI C Data2 PILOT T Data1 P C Propagation delay DL-UL timing offset (1024 chips) Response To TPC (*3) Data2 PILOT Data1 T P C DL DPCCH at UE PILOT Data1 T TF P CI C 512 chips Response to TPC DL SIR measurement (*1) UL DPCCH at UE PILOT Slot (2560 chips) Propagation delay TFCI TPC PILOT UL SIR measurement (*2) TFCI TPC PILOT UL DPCCH at UTRAN *1. Other ways of measurement are allowed to achieve accurate SIR estimation. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 22 of 52 . in the actual system.2 *3 PILOT The SIR measurement periods illustrated here are examples. the NodeB-end processing will be reduced. the generation of the TPC bit should be based on the PILOT calculation of all links. If there is not enough time for UTRAN to respond to the TPC. when the Rx-Tx time difference is greater than 1172 (1024+148) chips. That is. and. there is an error of ±128 chips between the actual transmission time and the RNCconfigured time. the action can be delayed until the next slot. it will be likely that the downlink 1-slot power control cannot be guaranteed. When the Rx-Tx time difference is smaller than 876 (1024–148) chips. Plus errors in the UE movement speed and clock drift.

WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use There are two UE internal measurement events for the measurement of the protocolprovided synchronization maintenance information: event 6F and event 6G. deletes the originally saved cell measurement information after the RNC receives a new RACH measurement report. the network side will release this radio link. if the admission fails. Algorithm description: a) After the UE enters the CELL_DCH state. buffers the cells of which the measurement signal CPICH Ec/No is greater than MinSignalRequierd (basic access threshold). 11-8-23 Confidential Page 23 of 52 . D) The cell with its link released may retrigger other events and then new RL could be added to the active set. as described previously.8 Direct Retry Algorithm When the UE requests to leave the IDLE mode and enter the CONNECTION mode. which can be adjusted through background configuration. and records the reporting time. Algorithm description: (1) The direct retry algorithm is effective only when the UE initiates RRC setup request. The direct retry algorithm needs the following parameters: 1) DRMaxNumber: the maximum direct retry times for each direct retry candidate cell 2) DRDCSThreshold: a basic threshold for entering the candidate set 3) MaxRelatingTime: the maximum time that the RACH measurement report can continue to be used 4) LinearFactor: the linear factor for the relative threshold and time interval during candidate set screening 5) MinSignalRequired: basic access threshold. c) Once event 6F or event 6G occurs on a radio link. Such an access attempt is called direct retry.2. delays and hysteresis values of events 6F and 6G are used as algorithm parameters. 2. the algorithm enables the UE to report event 6F and event 6G through measurement control. (2) The direct retry algorithm buffers the cell measurement value in the RACH measurement report of the UE. another best cell will be selected for an access attempt based on the RACH measurement report previously reported by the UE. b) The thresholds.

(7) This method is relative simple. (5) If the best cell has been removed. the adjacent cell list will be modified. if the connection setup fails. (6) If event 1D occurs on a cell in the active set. 2. a new best cell will be selected based on the information obtained during the removal action. the adjacent cell list will not be changed. and discards the cells of which the buffering time is bigger than MaxRelatingTime 2) Based on the measurement value in the buffered RACH report and the LinearFactor. after it is successfully added. (4) Candidate cells are picked up as follows: 1) Read the current system time. until all the available cells (candidate cells) fail and the number of attempts reaches the maximum retry times. until the number of attempts reaches the maximum retry times (DRMaxNumber). 11-8-23 Confidential Page 24 of 52 . (2) If a cell is added by event 1D. and the adjacent cell list will be modified after successful removal of the best cell.2. the adjacent cell list will be controlled based on this cell. continue to retry. (5) Retry with the cell having the best estimated quality from the candidate set cells. but is may bring the problem of inaccurate control for UEs under the macro diversity. the adjacent cell list will be controlled based on this cell. (4) If the best cell has not been removed.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use (3) When the UE initiates an RRC setup requests. If retry fails. the RNC will choose a new cell with the best quality for a further access attempt based on the cell measurement information in the RACH measurement report carried in the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST message. Adjacent cell list control method based on the best cell When the adjacent cell list is controlled based on the best cell. (3) If a cell is added by an event other than event 1D. calculate the buffering time of the cell measurement value. convert the estimated value of the current cell signal quality: cell measurement value (CPICH Ec/No) – buffer time (s) × LinearFactor (dB/s) 3) Put the cells of which the estimated quality value is greater than DRDCSThreshold into the candidate set of the direct retry algorithm. the adjacent cell list will not be changed. the basic policy is as follows: (1) If there only one cell.9 Principle for Generating Adjacent Cell List There are two adjacent cell list control methods: 1.

Control method based on all the cells in the active set For Intanal Use A control method that can take the adjacent cells of all the cells in the active set is a good policy. 3 Handover Parameter Setting 3. If there are more than 32 adjacent cells after this action. If there are more than 32 adjacent cells after this action. Step 4: Consider adding the common adjacent cells of each active set cell into the adjacent cell list. remove randomly cells added in this step. The adjacent cell list is generated by means of the following method: Step 1: Add active set cells.2 version supports the adjacent cell list control method based on the best cell.1 Description The MML client utility can be used for handover parameter setting. If there are more than 32 adjacent cells after this action. This utility provide convenient command navigation and function description. remove randomly cells added in this step. Step 2: Add the common adjacent cells of the cells of all the active sets (3 active sets) into the adjacent cell list. Note: The RNC V1. detailed usage and parameter descriptions of various commands.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance 2. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 25 of 52 . starting from the adjacent cells of the best cell. remove cells by starting from the worst cell. Step 3: Add the common adjacent cells of every two active set cells into the adjacent cell list.

WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use Figure 10 MML Client According to the functioning scope. the adjustments of these parameters during network optimization are all cell-oriented settings. while RNC-oriented global parameter configuration commands facilitate modification of whole-network handover parameters.1 Maximum Number of Cells in Active Set Definition MaxCellInActiveSet.2. maximum number of cells in the active set 11-8-23 Confidential Page 26 of 52 . Handover common parameter configuration is RNC-oriented global parameter setting. For one same parameter. interfrequency handover measurement algorithm parameters and inter-system handover measurement algorithm parameters. Both RNC-oriented setting commands and cell-oriented setting commands are available for the configuration of intra-frequency handover measurement algorithm parameters.2 Handover Common Parameters 3. Generally. handover algorithm parameter configuration commands are divided into categories: RNC-oriented global parameter configuration and cell-oriented parameter configuration. 3. the cell-oriented command has higher priority.

.2. 3.3) Working range Integer(1. use the command set hocomm. so the actual value range of this parameter is 1 to 60 seconds. use the command set hocomm. and therefore the penalty is meaningless. as described in Section 2. Working range Integer(1. and this is bad for link QoS improvement.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Scope Per RNC Range and unit Integer(1. Scope Per RNC Range and unit Integer(1.60) Recommended value 30. radio links will fail to be timely added. the average duration of a call is 60s. s. According to the general traffic statistics result. to view the current configuration of the parameter.. Modification/query For Intanal Use To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter.. the resources will not be timely released. If this value is too small.6. Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter..2.3 Event 6F Trigger Threshold Definition 11-8-23 Confidential Page 27 of 52 . cell penalty time parameter. if this value is too big. namely the penalty time is 30 seconds Balance in setting The setting of this parameter is related to traffic statistics.2. use the command lst hocomm.2 Penalty Time Definition PenaltyTime.255). use the command lst hocomm.3) Recommended value 3 Balance in setting Modification of value is not recommended. 3. to view the current configuration of the parameter.

decrease the value of this parameter. Modification/query 11-8-23 Confidential Page 28 of 52 . otherwise. To guarantee the 1-slot power control. use the command lst hocomm. chip. Scope Per RNC Range and unit Integer(768. it could be increased. otherwise radio links will be removed too early. Namely. It is recommended that this parameter be adjusted within the range of 876±3 chips.. To guarantee the 1-slot power control.2. otherwise radio links will be removed too early. 3..WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use RxTxtoTrig6F. absolute threshold for triggering event 6G.1024)chip Recommended value 876 Balance in setting The value of this parameter should not be too close to 1024.1280). to view the current configuration of the parameter. It is recommended that this parameter be adjusted within the range of 1172±3 chips.. event 6F will be triggered. Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter.1280)chip Recommended value 1172 Balance in setting The value of this parameter should not be too close to 1024. otherwise. use the command set hocomm. increase the value of this parameter. Working range Integer(1024.4 Event 6G Trigger Threshold Definition RxTxtoTrig6G.1280). the trigger threshold of event 6F.. if the time interval between the UE’s downlink receiving and the corresponding uplink transmission is greater than this absolute threshold. it could be increased. Working range Integer(768. chip. Scope Per RNC Range and unit Integer(768.

The time delay on internal processing shall also be taken into consideration. D40. with measurement accuracy being 1. 64k. 2560. 384k) bps. 120. 640. 20. D2560. D120. When the PS BE service rate exceeds this threshold. 200. 128k. 3. D384). use the command lst hocomm. 80. 256k. Working range Enum(0. to view the current configuration of the parameter. 40. Scope Per RNC Range and unit Enum(D0. 5000)ms Recommended value D240. Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter.5 Time-to-Trigger Parameters for Events 6F and 6G Definition Time-to-trigger parameters for event 6F and event 6G.2.2. 60. D100. D64. intra-frequency hard handover will be implemented. 320.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter. a delay can be set in the event trigger time. Balance in setting UE Rx-Tx time difference type1 is measured once per 100ms. to view the current configuration of the parameter. D144. 1280. D128.5 chips. 240. D80. 160. D320. D200. when it is lower than this threshold. D160. 3. D640. including TrigTime6F and TrigTime6G. D5000). D1280. D60. ms. Scope Per RNC Range and unit Enum (D8. D20. 10. Working range 11-8-23 Confidential Page 29 of 52 . 100.6 BE Service Handover Rate Decision Threshold Definition BEBitRateThd. We recommend that this parameter be set at 240ms. use the command lst hocomm. To avoid wrong judgment caused by measurement errors of the UE. 32k. use the command set hocomm. D32. use the command set hocomm. 144k. D10. D240. D256. so that the UE can perform measurement at least twice for judgment. corresponding to (8k. soft handover will be implemented.

Algorithm 2 is the relative threshold algorithm. 3. Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter. soft handover algorithm 2 Working range Enum(SHO_METHOD1.7 Soft Handover Method Select Switch Definition SHOMechod.2. soft handover algorithm 1. Scope Per RNC Range and unit Enum(SHO_METHOD1. and removes a cell from the active set as soon as it triggers event 1B. It adds a cell into the active set as soon as it triggers event 1A. the system will perform soft handover for the service user so as to ensure the QoS for the user.D128.D32. SHOMETHOD2) Recommended value Soft handover algorithm 2. use the command lst hocomm. use the command set hocomm. SHO_METHOD2).WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Enum(D8. which does not involve events 1E and 1F. use the command lst hocomm.D144. Balance in setting Algorithm 1 is the loose-mode algorithm that adds a cell into the active set no matter the cell triggers event 1A or event 1E. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 30 of 52 . when the maximum rate of the BE service transmission channel exceeds this threshold.D64. When the maximum rate of the BE service transmission channel is smaller than this threshold.D384) Recommended value D64. use the command set hocomm. Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter. used to select the loose-mode algorithm or the relative threshold algorithm for soft handover decision. Balance in setting For Intanal Use It is the rate decision threshold deciding whether soft handover is to be implemented for the BE service. the system will implement intra-frequency hard handover for the service user so as to prevent excessive influence on the system capacity caused by soft handover. and removes a cell only after it triggers both event 1B and event 1F simultaneously. to view the current configuration of the parameter. to view the current configuration of the parameter.D256.

WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use 3. The specific algorithm parameters can function only after the corresponding algorithm switches being enabled.8 Handover Algorithm Switches Definition This parameter defines the switches of various algorithms related to connection-oriented handover.2. Currently there are the 17 handover algorithm switches. each bit can be set at 0 or 1 to control a handover algorithm. 0~4294967295. namely 00000010010000111: Soft handover — On (1) Compressed mode maintenance algorithm at soft handover synchronization — On (1) Intra-frequency hard handover — On (1) Inter-frequency hard handover — Off (0) 3G-2G inter-system hard handover — Off (0) 2G-3G inter-system hard handover— Off (0) 11-8-23 Confidential Page 31 of 52 . arranged as follows from the lowest bit to the highest: Soft handover Compressed mode maintenance algorithm at soft handover synchronization Intra-frequency hard handover Inter-frequency hard handover 3G-2G inter-system hard handover 2G-3G inter-system hard handover Compressed mode Uplink compressed mode 6G & 6F measurement Cell penalty Location RTT enhanced location Relocation Relocation based on time delay optimization Relocation based on Iur transmission resource optimization CS UE relocation based on Iur transmission resource optimization Direct retry Working range Integer(0~32767) Recommended value 1159. Scope Per RNC Range and unit 32 bits.

The relative threshold parameters for soft handover include IntraRelThdFor1A (relative threshold for event 1A) and IntraRelThdFor1B (relative threshold for event 1B). then it is the quality of the best cell).1 Soft Handover Relative Thresholds Definition These parameters define the difference between the quality of a cell (currently it is evaluated with PCPICH Ec/No) and the overall quality of the active set (if w=0. 3. When the main switch is off. use the command set/lst corrmalgoswitch. 2) Test inter-frequency hard handover: inter-frequency hard handover + compressed mode switch should be enabled.3. 1) Test compressed mode: compressed mode switch should be enabled. 3) Test inter-system hard handover : inter-system handover enabled + compressed mode switch should be enabled. Scope 11-8-23 Confidential Page 32 of 52 . the following three will not function Relocation based on time delay optimization enable switch Relocation based on Iur transmission resource optimization enable switch CS UE relocation based on Iur transmission resource optimization enable switch Modification/query For RNC-oriented settings.3 Intra-Frequency Handover Measurement Algorithm Parameters 3. 4) Test relocation: relocation enable switch — a main switch.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Compressed mode — Off (0) Uplink compressed mode — On (1) 6G & 6Fmeasurement — Off (0) Cell penalty — Off (0) Location — On (1) RTT enhanced location — Off (0) Relocation — Off (0) Relocation based on time delay optimization — Off (0) Relocation based on Iur transmission resource optimization — Off (0) For Intanal Use CS UE relocation based on Iur transmission resource optimization — Off (0) Direct retry — Off (0) Balance in setting Corresponding configuration should be carried out based on the implementation of each version of algorithm.

different relative threshold values can be set for event 1A and event 1B to reduce the ping-pong effect and change the soft handover proportion in some special applications. L3 filter coefficient and hysteresis value should used to reduce the ping-pong effect. if the adjustment of the hysteresis values for events 1A and 1B is insufficient for good control of the ping-pong effect. dB. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings.-10).5dB). Otherwise. However.2 Soft Handover Absolute Thresholds Definition These parameters correspond to the signal strength that satisfies the basic QoS assurance. but it must be bigger than 3dB. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 33 of 52 . in special applications. Working range Integer(0~16) Recommended value 10. 5dB. To save system resources. corresponding to 0 to 14. when the relative thresholds are set at 5dB. it is required that the UE proportion in soft handover should be 30% to 40% so as to ensure smooth handover.3.. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set intrafreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell. instead. namely.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(0~29). The default configuration is 5dB. The soft handover absolute threshold parameters include IntraAblThdFor1E (absolute threshold for event 1E) and IntraAblThdFor1F (absolute threshold for event 1F). this figure can be gradually decreased with the growth of the number of subscribers. Based on the simulation result. It is recommended that this value be slightly bigger in the early stage of deployment (5 to 7dB). the proportion of UEs in the soft handover state (number of active set cells ≥ 2) is around 35%. For example. 3. Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(-20.5dB. the relative threshold for event 1B can be set larger than that for event A to reduce the ping-pong effect. In a CDMA system. configuration step: 1 (0. the relative thresholds for events 1A and 1B should generally be kept consistent. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellintrafreqho. In addition. Balance in setting For Intanal Use Settings of these parameters determine the size of the soft handover area and the soft handover subscriber proportion. the time-to-trigger setting.

k is from IE "Filter coefficient". namely “FilterCoef” here. D2. D2. 11.-10)dB Recommended value -18. D8) Recommended value D5. a = (1/2)(k/2). D6. 9. D5. D11. 3. D6. 4. corresponding to (0. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellintrafreqho. -18dB is deemed to be a reasonable value. When k=0 11-8-23 Confidential Page 34 of 52 . This value affects the trigger of events 1E and 1F. D13. 3. where. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. D7. Otherwise. D4. corresponding to the signal strength that satisfies the basic QoS assurance. for access judgment. 1. this value should be relative loose. 5. 7. D15. 8. With value settings in IS-95 and the lower threshold of -20dB. D17. D9.3 Intra-Frequency Measurement Filter Coefficient (FilterCoef) Definition The measurement filtering coefficient used in L3 filtering of intra-frequency measurement report Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Enum(D0. D3. Fn-1: the old measurement result of the previous moment after filtering processing. 19) Working range Enum(D0. 2. namely 5 Balance in setting The following formula is used for the calculation of measurement value filtering: Fn = (1 − a ) ⋅ Fn −1 + a ⋅ M n Where. D4. 6. 13. Mn: The latest measurement value received from the physical layer. but not a sufficient one. 15. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set intrafreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell. D8. D7. D3. Fn: the updated measurement result after filtering processing. D19). Because an absolute threshold is only a necessary condition. D1..3. D1. D5.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Working range Integer(-20. Balance in setting For Intanal Use This value is the absolute threshold value used in the measurement reports of events 1E and 1F in the soft handover algorithm. 17.

the stronger the burr filtering capability will be. Otherwise. According to 25.4 17 Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings.1.2. the typical handover distance between two cells is about 150m.6 1 1. FilterCoef should be configured as follows: 5 as the default setting for intra-frequency filter coefficient. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellintrafreqho. a balance must be made. typical values are recommended as follows: a.4 0. we recommend that the commonly used value of the filter coefficient be in the range of {0. L1 reports the intra-frequency measurement result to L3 at a cycle of 200ms.5.4 2 3 4.3. the intra-frequency filter coefficient can be 3. the table above will become: Filter coefficient Intrafrequency tracking time (s) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 0. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set/lst intrafreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell.6}. the tacking time needs to be further reduced. if the cell covers suburbs. in the CELL_DCH state. the intra-frequency filter coefficient can be 7. c.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance and a=1. the intra-frequency filter coefficient can be 6. while it takes only 5 to 6 seconds for a mobile station that is moving at the speed of 100km/h to go across the handover area. b.3. but the weaker the signal tracking capability will be. Table 1 Filter coefficient Iteration times Filter Coefficient vs. Based on the analysis above.4. For Intanal Use According to R2-000809. When such factors as hysteresis and trigger delay in event judgment are taken into account. if the cell covers urban area. for different cell coverage types. if the cell covers rural area. and this parameter can be adjusted according to the actual situation. L3 filtering is not implemented. the distance between two NodeBs is 1000m.133. while calculated based on the 40%soft handover ratio of the entire system. In addition. When the iteration times are substituted with Intra-frequency tracking time. Intra-Frequency Tracking Time 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 85 1 2 3 5 7 10 15 21 30 42 The table above lists the iteration times required when different filter coefficients are used to obtain 85% of the final output value.4 Hysteresis Related to Soft Handover 11-8-23 Confidential Page 35 of 52 . Calculated based on the typical handover area size [3]. The bigger the filter coefficient is. Therefore.2 6 8.2 0. 3. A mobile station that is moving at the speed of 20km/h goes across the handover area in averagely 20 to 30 seconds.

If the number of UEs entering the handover area is the same as the number of UEs leaving the handover area. In order to ensure timely handover. but not be too smaller. while for UEs leaving the soft handover area. the soft handover proportion will be affected. configuration step 1(0. and thus the better the ping-pong effect will be suppressed.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Definition For Intanal Use Hysteresis for event triggering. Therefore. 1F. it means increase of the soft handover range. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. than those for 1B.5dB. increase of the hysteresis value means decrease of the soft handover range. Hystfor1C... The bigger the hysteresis value is. Otherwise. 1A and 1E are critical events. hysteresis adjustment should generally be considered together with the filter coefficient and time-to-trigger settings. Hystfor1D. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set intrafreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell.7. the hysteresis value for event 1A can be smaller. otherwise. the stronger the signal fluctuation resistance capability will be. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellintrafreqho. As events that add cells to the active set. not only the radio environment (slow fading characteristic) but also the actual handover distance and the UE movement speed should be taken into due consideration. and 8(4dB) for events Balance in setting For UEs entering the soft handover area.15) .5dB) Working range table 1 Recommended Soft Handover Hysteresis Settings for Different Movement Speeds Speed (km/h) 5 50 120 Typical configuration Recommended value 6(3dB) for events 1A and 1E. corresponding to 0. The setting of this parameter can be adjusted within the range of 2 to 5dB. Hystfor1B. In addition. 1C and 1D. including Hystfor1A. in the setting of this parameter. there will be no influence on the actual soft handover proportion. In addition. but the slower the handover algorithm can react on signal changes. Hystfor1E and Hystfor1F Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(0. Range 6~10(3~5dB) 4~10(2~5dB) 2~6(1~3dB) 4~10(2~5dB) Recommended Value 10(5dB) 6(3dB) 2(1dB) 6(3dB) 11-8-23 Confidential Page 36 of 52 .

20. 120. including TrigTime1A. 1280 Recommended value (ms) 1280 640 640 640 11-8-23 Confidential Page 37 of 52 . TrigTime1D. 640 240. D160. D100. D640. and it should be as close as possible to an integral multiple of 200ms. Different types of events have different requirements on the time-to-trigger setting: events that add cells to the active set (event 1A and event 1E) generally require a small time-to-trigger setting. D40. TrigTime1B. the less the average handover timers will be. 60. D5000). simulation also shows that mobile stations moving at different speeds respond differently to the time-to-trigger value. Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Enum(D0. while events that replace cells in the active set (event 1C and event 1D) generally require low ping-pong Range (ms) 640. 40. the increase of the hysteresis value will bring more risks of call drop. 640 640.6. Therefore. In addition. 80. 1280 240. D80. D60.133V3. while it is less sensitive when the mobile station is in low-speed movement. D320. D20.3. D1280. D10. for cells where there are more high-speed moving mobile stations. D200. 320. corresponding to (0. D2560. a time-to-trigger value below 200ms does not make any practical sense. 1280. 100. 200.0 that the physical layer of intra-frequency measurement updates the measurement result every 200ms. The bigger the hysteresis value is. 640. D2560. D1280. However. TrigTime1E and TrigTime1F. D5000) Recommended value table 2 Recommended Time-to-Trigger Settings for Different Movement Speeds Speed (km/h) 5 50 120 Typical configuration Balance in setting Simulation shows that the setting of the hysteresis value can effectively reduce the average handover times and mis-handover times. TrigTime1C. this value can be relatively big. D120. and thus can prevent the occurrence of unwanted handover.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use 3. D200. this value can be relatively small. D640.5 Time-to-Trigger Parameters Related to Soft Handover Definition Time-to-trigger parameters. Therefore. 10. The call drop rate is more sensitive to the time-to-trigger value when the mobile station is in highspeed movement. corresponding to the six events for intra-frequency measurement respectively. 2560. D240. while for cells where there are more low-speed moving mobile stations. and ping-pong handover and mis-handover are suppressed to a certain extent. 5000)ms Working range Enum(D0. It is stipulated in TS 25. 160. D240. 240.

Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set intrafreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell.6 WEIGHT Definition Weighted factor (see formulas on Section 2.20).10) Recommended value 10. namely 1 Balance in setting This parameter is used to determine the soft handover relative threshold based on the measurement value of each cell in the active set. 3. The bigger this parameter is. the higher the relative threshold obtained under the same condition will be.3. the initial setting can be the same as that for event 1A and event 1E.2.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use handover and mis-handover and do have produce remarkable influence on the call drop rate. 3.. For events that remove cells from the active set (event 1Band event 1F).1. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set intrafreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell. For the latter type of events. When W=0.7 Detected Set Statistics Switch Definition 11-8-23 Confidential Page 38 of 52 . the time-to-trigger setting can be properly big. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellintrafreqho. and can be properly adjusted based on the actual network statistics result.1 Working range Integer(0.1) Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(0.. the determination of soft handover relative threshold is related to only the best cell in the active set. Otherwise.3. step: 0. Otherwise.. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellintrafreqho. the time-to-trigger value is set mainly to reduce ping-pong handover. corresponding to 0.

2. 17. After network optimization. D15. D2. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set intrafreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell. D4. D2. namely 5 Balance in setting The following formula is used for the calculation of measurement value filtering: 11-8-23 Confidential Page 39 of 52 . when you are not absolutely sure about the adjacent cell configuration. D3. 3. 6.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use DetectStatSwitch. D6. this switch can be set to OFF. D4. D3. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. 7. D19). D5. 5. so as to provide statistics data for future network optimization. 3. 11. D5.1 Inter-Frequency Measurement Filter Coefficient (FilterCoef) Definition The measurement smoothening coefficient used in L3 filtering of inter-frequency measurement report Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Enum(D0. Otherwise. D7. D7.OFF) Recommended value OFF Balance in setting In the beginning of network operation. this switch can be set to ON so that missed adjacent cells can be detected and thus handover can be smoothly implemented. D17. D13. 1. OFF) Working range Enum(ON. 13. D6. corresponding to (0. Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Enum(ON. D1. D1. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellintrafreqho.4 Inter-Frequency Handover Algorithm Parameters 3. 9. 8. used to control whether the UE measurement report contains the information of cells in the detected set. 4. D11. D8. 19) Working range Enum(D0. D9.4. D8) Recommended value D5. 15.

Fn-1: the old measurement result of the previous moment after filtering processing.2. the inter-frequency filter coefficient can be 3. 3. where. the inter-frequency filter coefficient can be 6. Scope Per CELL Range and unit Enum(CARRIER_FREQUENCY_VERGE_CELL.2 Cell Location Property Definition CellProperty (cell location property). The location property of a cell determines whether RSCP or Ec/No should be used as the 11-8-23 Confidential Page 40 of 52 . if the cell covers urban area. it is located at the verge of carrier coverage. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterfreqho.3. L3 filtering is not implemented. Therefore. the inter-frequency filter coefficient can be 7. indicating whether the cell is located at the verge or center of the carrier coverage. otherwise. Fn: the updated measurement result after filtering processing.6}. a = (1/2)(k/2). Otherwise. For different cell coverage types. (cell located at carrier coverage verge / cell located at carrier coverage center) Working range Enum(CARRIER_FREQUENCY_VERGE_CELL. c. According to R2-000809.4. CARRIER_FREQUENCY_CENTER_CELL). namely “FilterCoef” here. The bigger the filter coefficient is. the stronger the burr filtering capability will be.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use Fn = (1 − a )⋅ Fn −1 + a⋅ M n Where. but the weaker the signal tracking capability will be. if the cell covers rural area. b. Mn: The latest measurement value received from the physical layer. When k=0 and a=1. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. typical values are recommended as follows: a. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interfreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell.5. a balance must be made.1. this cell is located at the center of carrier coverage.4. k is from IE "Filter coefficient". if the cell covers suburbs. we recommend that the commonly used value of the filter coefficient be in the range of {0. CARRIER_FREQUENCY_CENTER_CELL) Recommended value None Balance in setting If a cell has intra-frequency adjacent cells around it in all directions.

use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterfreqho. Hystfor2F (hysteresis for event 2F) and HystforHHO (hysteresis for hard handover) Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(0.15) .3 Hysteresis Related to Inter-Frequency Handover Definition Hysteresis for event triggering. including Hystfor2D (hysteresis for event 2D). not only the radio environment (slow fading characteristic) but also the actual handover distance and the UE movement speed should be taken into due consideration. but the slower the handover algorithm can react on signal changes. corresponding to 0.5dB.4. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. Otherwise.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance measurement object for event 2D and event 2F.. and thus the better the ping-pong effect will be suppressed. in the setting of this parameter. 3. Therefore.4.7. hysteresis adjustment should generally be considered together with the filter coefficient and time-to-trigger settings. The setting of this parameter can be adjusted within the range of 2 to 5dB. TrigTime2F (time-to-trigger for event 2F) and TrigTimeHHO (time-to-trigger for hard handover) 11-8-23 Confidential Page 41 of 52 .. Modification/query For Intanal Use For cell-oriented settings. including TrigTime2D (time-to-trigger for event 2D). Range 6~10(3~5dB) 4~10(2~5dB) 2~6(1~3dB) 4~10(2~5dB) Recommended Value 10(5dB) 6(3dB) 2(1dB) 6(3dB) 3. the stronger the signal fluctuation resistance capability will be. use the command add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterfreqho.5dB) Working range table 3 Recommended Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Hysteresis Settings for Different Movement Speeds Speed (km/h) 5 50 120 Typical configuration Recommended value 6(3dB) Balance in setting The bigger the hysteresis value is. configuration step 1(0. In addition.4 Time-to-Trigger Parameters Related to Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Definition Time-to-trigger parameters. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interfreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell.

640 640.5 Compressed Mode Enable/Disable Threshold Denoted by RSCP 11-8-23 Confidential Page 42 of 52 . 5000)ms The value range of TrigTimeHHO is 0 to 64000ms Working range Enum(D0. 80. Otherwise. D240. D200. D1280. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interfreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell. 120. The call drop rate is more sensitive to the time-to-trigger value when the mobile station is in highspeed movement. D240.6. while for cells where there are more low-speed moving mobile stations. the less the average handover timers will be. D120. this value can be relatively big. D1280. D320. 240. simulation also shows that mobile stations moving at different speeds respond differently to the time-to-trigger value. 1280 240. 3. However. D20. 40.0 that the physical layer of intra-frequency measurement updates the measurement result every 200ms. 200. D5000) Recommended value table 4 Recommended Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Time-to-Trigger Settings for Different Movement Speeds Speed (km/h) 5 50 120 Typical configuration Balance in setting Range (ms) 640. 100. D5000). and thus can prevent the occurrence of unwanted handover. 1280 Recommended value (ms) 1280 640 640 640 Simulation shows that the setting of the hysteresis value can effectively reduce the average handover times and mis-handover times. 10. It is stipulated in TS 25. D80. D160. In addition. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings.4. a time-to-trigger value below 200ms does not make any practical sense. 60. and it should be as close as possible to an integral multiple of 200ms. Therefore. 20. D100. this value can be relatively small. The bigger the hysteresis value is. D10. corresponding to (0. 640. 1280. D200. 160. the increase of the hysteresis value will bring more risks of call drop. 320.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit For Intanal Use Enum(D0. The setting can be properly adjusted based on the actual network statistics result. while it is less sensitive when the mobile station is in low-speed movement. D640. and ping-pong handover and mis-handover are suppressed to a certain extent. D640. for cells where there are more high-speed moving mobile stations. D40.133V3. D2560. D2560. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterfreqho. Therefore. 2560. D60. 640 240.

.-25). set a big value. set a small value. including InterThdUsedFreqFor2DEcNo (absolute threshold for event 2D) and InterThdUsedFreqFor2FEcNo (absolute threshold for event 2F) Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(-24.0)dB Recommended value -24dB Balance in setting 11-8-23 Confidential Page 43 of 52 . Otherwise. otherwise.4..WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Definition For Intanal Use This parameter corresponds to the absolute thresholds for inter-frequency measurement events when RSCP is used as the measurement object. including InterThdUsedFreqFor2DRSCP (absolute threshold for event 2D) and InterThdUsedFreqFor2FRSCP (absolute threshold for event 2F) Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(-115. Working range Integer(-24. Working range Integer(-115. dBm. When the cell is located the verge of carrier coverage. the RSCP measurement value will be used as the decision criterion for event 2D and event 2F.-25)dBm Recommended value -95dBm Balance in setting Events 2D and 2F are the switches to enable/disable the compressed mode..6 Compressed Mode Enable/Disable Threshold Denoted by Ec/No Definition This parameter corresponds to the absolute thresholds for inter-frequency measurement events when Ec/No is used as the measurement object. if you hope to enable the compressed mod as early as possible.. dB. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterfreqho. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings.0). use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interfreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell. Therefore. 3.

use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interfreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell. HHOThdRSCP.4. Scope 11-8-23 Confidential Page 44 of 52 . the periodic reported RSCP measurement value will be used as the decision criterion for inter-frequency hard handover.-25).4. If this cell is located at the verge of carrier coverage. Otherwise.. 3. Therefore. set a big value. If this value is too big. Working range Integer(-115. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterfreqho. set a small value. otherwise.7 Inter-Frequency Hard Handover RSCP Threshold Definition This parameter corresponds to the absolute threshold for inter-frequency hard handover when RSCP is used for measurement.8 Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Ec/No Threshold Definition This parameter corresponds to the absolute threshold for inter-frequency hard handover when Ec/No is used for measurement. 3. dBm. When the cell is located the center of carrier coverage. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. this cell can be used as the target cell for inter-frequency hard handover.. call drop is likely to occur due to failure of timely initiation of inter-frequency hard handover. it may result in excessively frequent verge hard handover. if it is too small. if you hope to enable the compressed mod as early as possible.-25)dBm Recommended value -85dBm Balance in setting When RSCP is used as the physical measurement quantity and the quality of the measure cell is higher than this threshold. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interfreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use Events 2D and 2F are the switches to enable/disable the compressed mode. Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(-115. the Ec/No measurement value will be used as the decision criterion for event 2D and event 2F. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterfreqho. Otherwise. HHOThdEcNo.

9. D2. 7. D4. D5. D1. namely 4 Balance in setting See Section 3.. 1. D19). Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. D3.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(-24. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interfreqho as the configuration for the concerned cell. this cell can be used as the target cell for inter-frequency hard handover.5. the Ec/No measurement value will be used as the decision criterion for inter-frequency hard handover.5 inter-system handover measurement algorithm parameter 3. call drop is likely to occur due to failure of timely initiation of inter-frequency hard handover. If this cell is located at the center of carrier coverage. D2. 8. the better the signal filtering effect will be. Otherwise. 13.0). D17. corresponding to (0. and the stronger the anti-fading capability will be. Working range Integer(-24. 3. D8.. D7. D9. 19) Working range Enum(D0. D3. 11. but the weaker the signal tracking 11-8-23 Confidential Page 45 of 52 . D4. 4. D6.1. D15. D1. D11. if it is too small. D8) Recommended value D4. 17. 3.0)dB Recommended value -16dB Balance in setting For Intanal Use When Ec/No is used as the physical measurement quantity and the quality of the measure cell is higher than this threshold.4. D5. If this value is too big. it may result in excessively frequent verge hard handover or call drop after handover due to weak signals of the target cell. 2. 5.1 inter-system measurement filter coefficient FilterCoef Definition The measurement smoothening coefficient used in L3 filtering of inter-system measurement report Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Enum(D0. D6. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterfreqho. 6. D7. The bigger this parameter value is. D13. 15. dB.

use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interratho as the configuration for the concerned cell 3. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interratho as the configuration for the concerned cell. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. 2:-109. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterratho. Working range Integer(0. Otherwise. namely -85dBm Balance in setting The quality requirement for inter-system cells during inter-system handover. inter-system hard handover hysteresis. 3.63).5.5dB.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance capability will be. 63:-48 ) dBm. . This value should be adjusted according to the actual network situation.5.15) Recommended value 4(2dB) Balance in setting This parameter and the inter-system quality threshold jointly decide whether to trigger a 11-8-23 Confidential Page 46 of 52 . use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterratho. Modification/query For Intanal Use To implement cell-oriented settings. Otherwise.7. Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(0.63) Recommended value 26.. corresponding to 0...5dB) Working range Integer(0. Note: ”0” in the parameter value range means the value is smaller than -110dBm.... corresponding relation: (1:-110. namely the RSSI threshold required for handover to the GSM system.2 Inter-System Hard Handover Decision Threshold Definition GSMRssiThd. configuration step: 1(0. Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(0.15)...3 Inter-system Hard Handover Hysteresis Definition HystThd.

D120. this value can be relatively small. 120. 100. The setting can be properly adjusted based on the actual network statistics result. 2560. 240. 320. D2560. 160.5. D160. 1280.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use inter-system handover decision. D320. 10. D100. 3. D20. D640. corresponding to (0. D1280. D240. Otherwise. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interratho as the configuration for the concerned cell. 5000)ms The value range of TimeToTrigForSysHo is 0 to 64000ms Working range Enum(D0. the network will start the inter-system handover process. This value can be properly decreased in areas with small shadow fading and properly increased in areas with big shadow fading. D2560. this value can be relatively big.5. D5000). 20. Scope Per RNC/CELL 11-8-23 Confidential Page 47 of 52 . 3. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterratho. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. Otherwise. D200. while for cells where there are more low-speed moving mobile stations. 80. the time interval at which the UE reports the inter-system measurement result to the RNC. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interratho as the configuration for the concerned cell. D40. time to trigger Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Enum(D0. D5000) Recommended value 5000 Balance in setting If the inter-system quality satisfies the decision condition for inter-system handover within the time specified by this parameter. 60. For cells where there are more high-speed moving mobile stations. D1280. D80. D240.5 Inter-System Measurement Periodic Report Interval Definition RptInterval. 640. D10. 200. 40. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterratho. D60. D200.4 Time-to-Trigger Parameter for Inter-System Hard Handover Definition TimeToTrigForSysHo. D640.

D32000. 500. D20000.255)frame Recommended value 80 Balance in setting The value of this parameter depends on the sum of the maximum delay in the transmission of signaling from the RNC to the UE and NodeB and hardware preparation 11-8-23 Confidential Page 48 of 52 . 28000.1 CFN Offset to Enable Compressed Mode Definition DeltaCFN. resulting in handover failure. D24000. 12000. 20000. 64000) ms Working range Enum(D250. D64000) . Scope Per RNC Range and unit Integer(0. 8000. D64000) Recommended value D1000 Balance in setting If the value this parameter is too big. 16000. use the RNC-oriented global settings configured with the command set interratho as the configuration for the concerned cell. 1000. D1000. D12000. use the commands add/mod/rmv/lst cellinterratho. D32000. D4000. D16000. D12000. D3000. the measurement result will be frequently reported. D16000. D24000. D8000. 2000. Otherwise. Modification/query To implement cell-oriented settings. D28000. 3.corresponding to the physical range of (250. 4000. D500. In order to ensure that the UE and the NodeB enable the compressed mode simultaneously..6. D3000. If the value of this parameter is too small. D28000. D6000.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Range and unit For Intanal Use Enum(D250. 3000. resulting in increase of the signaling burden of the system. D500. D6000.. D2000. D8000. 6000.6 Compressed Mode Algorithm Parameter 3. frame Working range Integer(0. D4000. and thus the best handover chance may be missed. D20000. D1000. 32000.255) . D2000. 24000. the delay of the compressed mode enabling moment in relation to the current processing moment should be preset. the measurement result may fail to be timely reported.

corresponding to 4.1 Maximum Direct Retry Times Definition DRMaxNumber. Alternatively. use the command add/mod/lst/rmv cellcmcf to add/modify/remove celloriented parameter settings.8. When the spreading factor used in the downlink is greater than or equal to this parameter. Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter.D64.2.D128.7. use the command set cmcf. Scope Per RNC Range and unit 11-8-23 Confidential Page 49 of 52 .D8.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use time required to start the compressed mode. In WCDMA. use the command set cmcf. to view the current configuration of the parameter. so the recommended value of this parameter is between 50 and 150. the maximum allowed retry times for the direct retry module after the initial failure.D16.D64. Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Enum(D4.7 Direct Retry Algorithm Parameter 3. as described in Section 2.D32.D256) Recommended value D64 Balance in setting None Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter.2 Spreading Factor Threshold Definition SFTurnPoint. otherwise the compressed mode will be implemented by means of the punching method in priority. to view the current configuration of the parameter.128. which has a higher priority.D32. a parameter used to select the compressed mode implementation method. use the command lst cmcf. the compressed mode will be implemented in priority by means of the spreading factor minus half. the duration of one frame is 10ms.256 Working range Enum(D4.8.D256).D8.64. 3. and it is generally between 500 and 1500ms.16. use the command lst cmcf. 3.32.D128.D16.6.

which makes direct retry meaningless. this cell will be included in the direct retry candidate set.2 Candidate Set Absolute Threshold Definition CsThreshold. which has a higher priority.5) Recommended value 2 Balance in setting None Modification/query For Intanal Use To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Integer(1.. it will be difficult for the adjacent cells to enter the candidate set. which will all turn out to be failures.. use the command add/mod/lst/rmv celldrd to add/modify/remove cell-oriented parameter settings. if this threshold is too low. Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(-19. to view the current configuration of the parameter.0) Working range Integer(-19. to view the current configuration of the parameter. Alternatively. the direct retry algorithm will automatically initiate direct retry request to the cells in the candidate set.0) Recommended value -16 Balance in setting After the UE fails to initiate an access process. 3. use the command set drd.3 Minimum Ec/No Value Definition 11-8-23 Confidential Page 50 of 52 . Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter.7.7. use the command lst drd. and thus the UE will not be able to access timely the adjacent cells. many cells can enter the candidate set but they may be all of low quality. When the signal quality of a cell is higher than this threshold. use the command lst drd...5) Working range Integer(1. 3. and a large amount of time will be used on retry attempts. use the command set drd. If this threshold is too high.

01 Working range Integer(0.00. this parameter can be properly decreased. as described in Section 2. In areas with big shadow fading (such as a town center full of tall buildings). Scope Per RNC/CELL Range and unit Integer(-19.4 Linear Factor of Relative Threshold and Time Interval Definition LinearFactor.100). step: 0. Use the command set drd. 3. use the command add/mod/lst/rmv celldrd to add/modify/remove cell-oriented parameter settings. otherwise the cells with poor signal quality will be neglected.. use the command lst drd.0) Recommended value -18 Balance in setting In the direct retry algorithm. which means 0 to 1.8.. this parameter can be properly increased. the cell signal measurement value in the RACH report must be higher than this threshold before the direct retry algorithm can consider this cell.8. Scope Per RNC Range and unit Integer(0. This parameter and the candidate set absolute threshold can jointly prevent the occurrence of latter case mentioned above.7. the linear factor for the relative threshold and time interval during candidate set selection. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 51 of 52 . The basic access threshold described in Section 2. Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter.2.0) Working range Integer(-19. which has a higher priority.. to view the current configuration of the parameter.. while in areas with small shadow fading (such as open areas or the suburbs).100) Recommended value 80 Balance in setting This parameter reflects to what an extent the signal quality varies with the time.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance For Intanal Use MinSignalRequired. namely the minimum requirement of the UE form the receiving CPICH Ec/No density during normal demodulation.2. Alternatively.

Scope Per RNC Range and unit Integer(0. if it is too small. the measurement report will become invalid.29) Recommended value 20 Balance in setting If the duration from the time the measurement report is received to the time the measurement report is processed exceeds the value of this parameter. the measurement result used for judgment may vary from the actual situation due too long a duration and affect the judgment. step: 100 Working range Integer(0. Use the command set drd.29). to view the current configuration of the parameter. then a lot of useful measurement information is likely to be discarded. meaning 0 to 2900ms.. 3.5 Maximum Relating Time for Direct Retry Decision Definition MaxRelatingTime. use the command lst drd.. Modification/query To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter. This parameter reflects the maximum effective time of the measurement report used for direct retry. Use the command set drd. 11-8-23 Confidential Page 52 of 52 . use the command lst drd. the maximum time that the RACH measurement report can continue to be used for the direct retry candidate set. to view the current configuration of the parameter.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance Modification/query For Intanal Use To configure this RNC-oriented global handover parameter.7. If the value of this parameter is too big.

2003/6 [4] Li Zhen. WCDMA RNP System Parameter Setting Guidance. 3Ghandover planning. 2002/09 [2] Xie Zhibin. 2003/04 11-8-23 Confidential Page 53 of 52 . 2003/10 [5] Zhou Xinjie. WCDMA RNC V100R002 RAA Handover Parameter Configuration Specification.WCDMA RNO Handover Algorithm Analysis and Parameter Configuration Guidance List of references: [1] 3GPP R99 25_series. WCDMA RNC V100R002 RAA Handover Algorithm Requirement Specification. 2001/08 For Intanal Use [3] Li Zhen.

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