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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Garbage disposal" redirects here. For the mass-scale disposal of waste, see waste management.
An installed garbage disposal with air switch. The clear tube conveys the air that activates the switch
A garbage disposal unit or waste disposal unit is a device, usually electrically powered, installed under a kitchen sink between the sink's drain and thetrap which shreds food waste into pieces small enough²generally less than 2 mm (0.079 in)²to pass through plumbing.
Garbage disposal units are widely used in North American households, but far less commonly used elsewhere.
1 History 2 Adoption 3 Rationale 4 Operation 5 Environmental impact 6 References 7 External links
The garbage disposal was invented in 1927 by John W. Hammes, an architect working in Racine, Wisconsin. After eleven years of development, hisInSinkErator company put his disposer on the market in 1940.
and was highly successful in convincing many localities to rescind these prohibitions. Burned in waste-to-energy facilities.  In Sweden.  The premise behind the proper use of a disposal is to effectively regard food scraps as liquid (averaging 70% water. sanitation and environmental problems at each step.  compared with only 6% in the United Kingdom. the city of Raleigh. but rescinded the ban one month later. food scraps decompose and generate methane gas. garbage disposals were illegal in New York City because of a perceived threat of damage to the city's sewersystem.  Operation .  In many cities in the United States in the 1930s and the 1940s the municipal sewage system had regulations prohibiting running food waste (garbage) into the system. like human waste). beginning with internal storage and followed by truck-based collection. the high water-content of food scraps does not generate energy. and are a problematic component of municipal waste. NYC Administrative Code. North Carolina attempted a ban on the replacement and installation of garbage disposals which also extended to outlying towns sharing the city's municipal sewage system. because in 1935 General Electric introduced to the market a garbage disposal unit. the ban was rescinded in 1997 by local law 1997/071 which amended section 24-518. with advanced facilities also capturing methane for energy production. and utilize existing infrastructure (underground sewers and wastewater treatment plants) for its management. subsidise the purchase of garbage disposal units in order to reduce the amount of waste going to landfill.1.   Many localities in North America mandated the use of disposers. For many years.  Adoption In the US some 50% of homes had disposal units as of 2009.There are some who dispute Hammes claim. InSinkErator spent considerable effort. which is considered to be a potent greenhouse gas. creating public health. Modern wastewater plants are effective at processing organic solids into fertilizer products (known as biosolids). buried in landfills.   Some local authorities in Britain Rationale Food scraps range from 10% to 20% of household waste  .   In 2008. After a 21-month study with the NYC Department of Environmental Protection. some municipalities encourage the installation of disposers so as to increase the production of biogas.
.400±1.The parts of a garbage disposal A high-torque. permanent magnet motor ensures in most cases that there will be no blockage. allowing waste to be added as the unit runs. Except for special models. such as metal cutlery. partially due to the  higher speeds and partially because the commutator brushes rub on the slotted armature. finer. the grinding chamber can be seen when it is removed from the sink Waste is fed into a chamber above the turntable and drops on the turntable. including fibrous material which could cause a drain clog. Waste that cannot be ground successfully can be removed manually. Very hard objects accidentally or deliberately introduced. can damage the waste disposal unit and become damaged themselves. most of the food waste disposers do not have any sharp blades or scissors. The chamber may have a rubber partial closure through which waste can be pushed without letting cutlery and other objects fall in. which has sharp slots. The turntable is surrounded by a shredder ring. etc. Batch-feed models are also available with a lid that must be locked before operation. and are usually lighter. insulated electric motor.800 rpm and have low starting torque. commutator motors rotate at higher speeds (about 2. have high starting torque. but essentially the chamber is open at the top. usually rated at 200±750 watts (¼ to 1 horsepower) for a domestic unit. A garbage disposal from above. Many models have some degree of sound insulation.  However commutator motors are noisier than induction motors. The food waste sits on the turntable and through centrifugal force is forced to its perimeter and through the shredder ring. Most units are of the continuous-feed type. These disposals can handle fibrous waste such as artichoke leaves that cannot be successfully ground in a standard disposal. Induction motors rotate at 1. Some commercial and high-end domestic disposals also have an undercutter blade that revolves below the turntable and chops the ground waste. Waste disposal units may jam but can usually be cleared either by forcing the turntable round from above or by turning the motor using a hex-key wrenchinserted into the motor shaft from below. The higher starting torque of those appliances with a The added weight and size of induction motors might be of concern. The turntable has a number of swiveling lugs²similar to little hammers attached to its topside²which assist in forcing the waste through the shredder. This is useful in the case of a jam: The turntable can be forced round by pushing with a wooden spoon handle or similar object until the jam clears. from falling in. spins a circular turntable mounted horizontally above it. More problematic are drain blockages caused by shredded waste that is fibrous (artichoke leaves) or starchy (potato peelings).800 rpm). and there is access to the turntable. making it impossible to run the machine when a user is trying to clear a jam by hand and preventing cutlery.
This increased carbon serves as an inexpensive and continuous source of carbon necessary for biologic nutrient removal. This can clear minor jams but is claimed to be unnecessary by some manufacturers: Since the late 1970s most disposal units have swivel impellers which make reversing unnecessary. and while that unit is still frequently cited in various articles and web searches. food waste produces three times the biogas as compared to municipal sewage sludge.  One result is larger amounts of solid residue from the waste-water treatment process. this alternative design had a water-powered unit with an oscillating piston with blades attached to chop the waste into fine pieces. By using a slightly more-complicated centrifugal starting switch. if the waste water treatment is finely controlled.  An Australian study that compared in-sink food processing to composting alternatives via a life cycle assessment found that while the in-sink disposal performed well with respect to climate change. . typically 500 to 1500 watts of power are used.  Metcalf & Eddy quantified this impact as 0.)  In a study at the Hyperion (Los Angeles) sewage treatment works. which in turn increases the consumption of oxygen.Some higher-end units have automatic reversing. it has not been commercially available since the early 2000s and the manufacturer filed for bankruptcy in 2007. disposer use showed minimal to no impact on the total biosolids byproduct from sewage treatment and similarly minimal impact on handling processes as the high volatile solids destruction (VSD) from food waste yield a minimum amount of solids in residue. However. it did contribute to eutrophication and toxicity potentials  This may result in higher costs for energy needed to supply oxygen in secondary operations.  There was another kind of garbage disposal unit powered by water pressure rather than electricity. Water-powered units took longer than electric ones for a given amount of waste and needed fairly high water pressure to function properly. acidification. day.04 pounds of biochemical oxygen demand per person per day where disposers are used.  Because of this cutting action. the organic carbon in the food may help to keep the bacterial decomposition running.  One survey of these food processing units found a slight increase in household water use. they could handle fibrous waste. but is typically one gallon of water per person per  comparable to an additional toilet flush. but only for a very short time. and energy usage. the split-phase motor rotates in the opposite direction from the previous run each time it is started. comparable to an electric iron.  Energy usage is not high.  Instead of the turntable and grind ring described above. as carbon may be deficient in that process. According to a study at the East Bay Municipal Utility District¶s wastewater treatment plant funded by the EPA.   Daily water usage varies. totaling approximately 3-4 kilowatt hours of electricity per household per year. Environmental impact Kitchen waste disposal units increase the load of organic carbon that reaches water treatment plant.  The value of the biogas produced from anaerobic digestion of food waste appears to exceed the cost of processing the food waste and disposing of the residual biosolids (based on a LAX Airport proposal to divert 8.000 tons/year of bulk food waste.
If something may be harder than what the disposal handles. preferably cut into small pieces. as well. and starches get thick). Keep anything too hard out of the disposal. just put it in your trash can or think about setting up a worm composting bin. You can also gain experience with your own garbage disposal. Do not put fibrous or starchy items in the disposal. or not at all: y y y y y y y banana peels celery potato peelings corn husk or corn cobs artichokes coffee grounds (in quantity) or coffee filters fruit pits and hard seeds from things like avocados or peaches .y 1 Use your trash can. The shredder will dull and become less efficient. The instruction manual usually specifies a list of objects to avoid. Both can cause particularly stubborn drain blockages (fibers get tangled. The more expensive models of the same brand tend to have higher hardness capacities.com/Machine y y y hard shells from shrimp. Strong vegetable fibres can jam some garbage disposals. crabs and other shellfish unpopped popcorn kernels hard bones y 2 No celery. Each garbage disposal has its own capacity for hard objects. Small hard objects can also get stuck and jam the rotating parts. The following items should be put in the disposal in minimal increments. Some items to avoid are: Ads by Google Paper Disposal Buy Paper Shredders Machine At Affordable Cost ! Call 9899001965 LeRayonInternational.
like the skins of melons.see the composting note and link below. which can wrap around the shredder ring) egg shells should not be put in the disposal as they turn into a sand-like substance that clogs piping. rubber bands glass. string. plastic. y If you find yourself with a lot of larger pieces to cut up. or other trash fabric.y y onion skins (unless you're especially careful to completely remove the thin membranes of each. nails. or sponges plant or flower clippings children's toys hair grease y 5 Cut large items into smaller pieces. Common sense will go a long way. screws. pull tabs. Avoid placing trash or hard items down the disposal. rags. it may be best to place them in the compost or trash instead. y 4 Keep this out of your disposal. cut them into smaller pieces and put them one at a time into the disposal instead of trying to shove a large amount in at once. If they are too large. utensils cigarette butts or bottle caps. but here are some examples of items to avoid: y y y y y y y y y twist ties. paper. y 6 . y 3 All the above are easily composted .
clean the inner side of the rubber in the center of the sink leading to the disposal. Just wipe it with a paper towel. While ice will not sharpen the shredders (as is commonly believed) it does knock off any debris buildup on the sharp edges that keeps them from grinding food properly. . Cold water keeps the motor. The waste still has a distance to go. Clean it regularly. because it can melt fat and allow it to resolidify as a blockage further down in the drain. y 7 Clean it regularly. Run cold water while the disposal is on. Throw some ice down once in a while. be sure to run cold water at the same time. While using the disposal. make special ice cubes from pure lemon juice or vinegar. For better results. and gives off an odor when not cleaned. or alternate with biodegradable cleanser (label them in your freezer!) Cover and seal ice trays used in your freezer for cleanser. y y With the disposal off. Keep disposer and water running for 30 to 60 seconds AFTER the waste matter has cleared your drain. Don't use hot water. and do not reuse trays for food or drink after having been used for cleanser. It also lets the waste go down easier because the water is pushing it down. bearings and shredder assembly from overheating. It gets very dirty.Run water while the disposal runs.
half a lime.g. but cut them into slices first as large pieces of citrus peel. . You can also use pieces of citrus fruit that may be too old to consume. to freshen the disposal and keep it smelling clean. Dispose orange peels. or any citrus rinds. You can freeze these pieces first.y Any citrus fruit will do. as long as they're not too spoiled to smell nice. can jam a disposal. if you wish. e.
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