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Introducing Extreme Lost Circulation Materials and Application of such Materials in Varavi Gas Field of NICOFC

Yousef Soleymani, Petroleum University of Technology

Abstract Lost circulation or lost return is defined as the partial or total loss of whole drilling fluid to subsurface formations. Probably the most problematic situation is naturally fractured formations where the operator may face total loss with no mud return in the annular. The voids or large fractures encountered in this case are often too large to be plugged with conventional Lost Circulation Materials (LCM). Hence, massive lost circulation is a major and costly drilling problem. New approaches to cure extreme losses are “settable plugs”. This term is used for slurries which gel or solidify in seal zones. When these fluids are being lost to the formation they should gel quickly as it travels away from the wellbore, as the fluid velocity decreases. Some examples of such plugging products are gunks or cross-linked polymers. The objective of this paper is to explain extreme lost circulation problem and introduce different solutions in addition to recently developed materials to cure or mitigate this problem. And finally, the application of a polymer based wellplug is studied in one well of the Varavi Gas Field (National Iranian Central Oil Field Company) and the reasons of unsuccessful trial of this material with regard to future recommendations are examined.

and salt pills.Introduction Lost circulation is an extremely undesirable and potentially hazardous situation when encountered during drilling operation. The strata considered in this paper as so called “thief” formations [ 3] . Recently. time and temperature and when set. lost circulation has even been blamed for minimized production tests and samples. Many products and techniques have been used to attempt to restore circulation while drilling. Moreover. Therefore. 25-40% of total cost and contributes to non-productive time of drilling jobs. while the plugging of production zones led to decreased productivity. Moreover. spongy and ductile that . mica. In spite of their formation productivity damage effect. four types of formation are responsible for lost circulation phenomena. they are not effective in fractured and/or cavernous formations due to their small size in contrast with fractures opening to plug and also these types of materials increases the probability of pay zones damages of reservoir. • Natural or induced fractured formations • Vugular or cavernous formations • Highly permeable formations • Unconsolidated formations [8] Practically naturally fractured formations are the most problematic situation where total drilling fluid may loss and no mud return to surface. any mud loss increases the total cost i. Generally. The problem is normally addressed through the application of conventional lost circulation materials (LCM’s). treatments based on chemically activated crosslinked pills have shown their effectiveness to plug large fractures under downhole conditions of pressure and temperature [14 ] . During drilling operations. detrimental effects of mud losses such as stuck pipe. Lost circulation is defined as partial or total loss of circulation mud within the annulus escaping into formations [14 ] . the abandonment of expensive wells. should not forget. they produce a substance described as rubbery. drilling fluids account for over 5-10% of total costs.e. These pills are activated by crosslinking agents. Lost circulation problems may be encountered at any depth when the total pressure exerted against the formation exceeds the formation breakdown pressure. blow outs and frequently. such as calcium carbonate.

Main advantages of this crosslinked polymer system are firstly. When these fluids are being lost to the formation they should gel quickly as it travels away from the wellbore. Therefore many big oil companies invest on finding different solutions to remedy this problem. Therefore. Formation damages due to use of conventional LCM’s are another point. Extreme Lost Circulation Phenomena The most problematic situations in drilling fluid losses are the naturally fractured formations which may cause total loss with no mud return in the annular. a premature gelation can occur far before to penetrate the loss zones [14 ] . Some examples of such plugging products are gunks or cross-linked polymers [14 ] . A lot of remedial products have been developed to cure severe lost returns. The voids or large fractures encountered in this case are often far too large to be plugged with conventional LCM’s. the ability of penetrating into wide range of fracture widths. Main advantages of the settable fluids are. it can easily removed by acid treatment. In spite of this property. the ability of invading a wide range of fracture widths contrary to conventional Lost Circulation Materials. This term is used for slurries which gel or solidify in seal zones. The required properties of lost circulation pills are numerous: • It should provide an effective seal under both low and high differential pressure conditions • It should not have harm effect on mud chemistry • It should not plug bottomhole assembly or any circulation devices . The main disadvantage of the crosslinked pills lies in the placement of the fluid because the crosslinking reactions initiated on surface. as the fluid velocity decreases. and secondly. and secondly. no risk of bit nozzles plugging. therefore this material types will not damage the formations.shows a good sealing effect that does not let to drilling fluid to enter loss zones. firstly. no risk of bit nozzle plugging. New approaches to cure severe losses are “settable plugs”.

synthetic. One reactive fluid is pumped through the drillstring at a high flowrate. The interface of the two fluids is designed to occur near the formation where losses are occurring. normally resulting in the rapid formation of a viscous and rubbery solid mass (commonly known as a ‘gunk’). Reactive Pills (Gunk) [ 20 ] Gunk is a mixture of diesel oil. First. consolidating and sealing the voids but also filling the open wellbore. If cement plug fails. Gunks present some disadvantages. there is sometimes difficulty in spotting them at the right location. At this interface the turbulent flow allows the fluids to mingle. .or water-based systems • It must allow permeability recovering of production layers Cement Plug [ 20 ] The cement plug is designed to penetrate into the loss zone. And secondly. but low enough to ensure removal by washing or jetting • It should have workable/controllable set time and should be functional in oil-. therefore it will add at final stage. not only in drilling fluid lost to the formation but also the time (tripping in and out of the wellbore and waiting-oncement) and money lost for remedial action. while the second reactive fluid is displaced down the annulus at a similar high flowrate. Many of these reactive pills come in the form of ‘dual injection’ fluids. bentonite and water. This practice uses two fluids. This technique is costly to drilling contractors.• Final plug shear strength should be high enough to support fluid column. Gunk is a mixture of high concentration of bentonite with diesel oil. Water causes the mixture to swell. the use of diesel oil may not be environmentally friendly and might be against environmental regulations. This fluid hydrates when mixed with water to form a hard plug. the other options may consider. Then pressure is applied on the annulus to squeeze the ‘gunk’ into the loss zone.

time and temperature.1 crosslinked polymer gels .1). This is the time taken for the polymer complex to reach maximum shear strength. This pill is activated by cross-linking when set.1). When activated with time and temperature. it produces a soft-to-medium strength. it produces a medium-to-hard strength. For induced fractures or matrix losses (i. The final set time is defined as the time required for the fluid to exhibit hard. rubbery ductile. the blend consists of medium molecular weight cross-linking polymers and fine sized fibrous materials. cross-linking agents. ductile plug (Fig. For losses in large natural fractures or vugular zones. When added with biopolymer and activated with a combination of cross-linking agent. spongy. the crosslinking polymer has been designed as a blend of high molecular weight cross-linking polymers.e.. The setting time is fully controllable by using either a retarder or accelerator that is based upon the thief formation/bottomhole temperature. viscoelastic properties. rubbery. spongy and ductile (Figure 1. Figure 1. set gel.Crosslinked Polymer Gels [ 28] A simple crosslinking definition is the linking of two independent polymer chains by a grouping (crosslinking agent) that spans or link two chains. In this case. micro-fractures network or permeable formations) the crosslinking polymer system has been re engineered for maximum penetration and higher strength. requiring rapid setting after the slurry leaves the bit. For a natural fracture or vugular thief zone at the bit. it produces a substance described as rubbery. and fibrous medium-to-coarse lost circulation materials. 1. the polymer placement is a straightforward spotting technique across the thief zone. the polymer designed for natural fractures or vugs incorporates the cross-linker in the pre-blend of products and for maximum agitation is mixed at the same time as the cross linking polymers. Thus.

it is imperative that the right process in decision making takes place. These properties should be compatible with target formations. therefore gelation time should be at fluid loss zone. Other factors that may cause unsuccessful polymer application to seal fractures opening can be mentioned as pH. A major disadvantage of this system lies in the placement of the gel. w is: |τ wall |= w ∂p 2 ∂x Therefore. Therefore a good program and methods to place the materials before dealing the loss zone is necessary. salinity and polymer ratios/concentrations. The higher the yield stress. the shear stress at the wall must not exceed the yield stress. If we consider the flow of a Bingham fluid between two plates in order to simulate the invasion of a fracture by sealing fluid. Pressure is another factor that can effect on polymer setting time. the pressure drop by fracture length unit and the fracture width. As planning and establishing a strategy prior to drilling a potential lost circulation zone is critical for preventing and controlling mud loss. As mentioned before. the higher the value of pressure drop that can be sustained by gel [14 ] . Higher pressure reduces the setting time of polymer system and it gels sooner. Three methods can be mentioned about the placement of the polymers. gelation time depends upon three variables: bottomhole temperature (BHT).The smaller particle-size distribution of the bridging material enhances the ability of the crosslinking polymer slurry to penetrate a porous or induced fractured zone. The most efficient gel plug correspond to the formulation with the highest viscoelastic properties (relating to the consistency of the gel) and shear strength. crosslinker concentration and mixing time. Because the reaction of this mixture is initiated at surface. . Transmitting and placement of these materials are very important. The equation relating the shear stress at the wall. τ wall . It can be seen that the shear stress is maximum at the walls. to ensure an efficient plugging.

.016 ft with no additional losses. Although the water droplets are large. Five cement plugs were pumped.2). After drilling out the polymer pill. While drilling from 4. thus forming a solid mass and curing heavy mud losses. At 6. or emulsifier. the surface of the crosslinker is oil wet and remains in the oil phase. The term ‘loose’ or ‘shear-sensitive’ is defined as meaning that the prepared emulsion has a degree of instability to high shear forces. a total of 2. 3. The emulsion is maintained by a low concentration of a lipophilic surfactant. The SSPF consists of a single ‘loose’ or ‘shear sensitive’ invert emulsion (water-in-oil).990 ft to 6. The SSPF is fabricated from encapsulation of the crosslinker in the continuous oil medium and a water soluble polymer in the water phase. the surfactant enables good curvature around the water droplets. Injecting (squeezing) 2.300 bbl of fluid was lost. fitted with three 16/32-in nozzles. Nowadays these materials are used in most extreme lost circulation problems. or migration. But the last two methods are risky and are not recommended as standard procedures. Attempts to cure the losses with calcium carbonate and various fibrous materials failed.0 lb/gal was displaced through a 12 ¼-in.230 ft.230 ft.628 ft from 10. of the crosslinker from the oil to the water phase occurs (Figure 1. the operator circulated at full returns. a 100-bbl of a crosslinked polymer generation weighing 10. In this ‘loose’ state. due to easy applications and effectiveness. Bullhead the pill According to loss zone and well condition a method can be used. but could not stop the sustained losses. It is this instability of the emulsion that is exploited to create the new technology. For example an operator in the Algerian desert experienced severe loss of returns with a KCl/Polymer system. bit. Therefore minimal transfer. Drilling continued at 33 ft/hr ROP to 9. A Shear-Sensitive Plugging Fluid (SSPF) [ 20 ] The SSPF is a fluid designed to gel rapidly after passing through the BHA in normal drilling operations. The density was increased at 7.1.4 lb/gal with no further losses. Pump and pull and.0 lb/gal to 10.

Figure 1. the ‘loose’ invert emulsion undergoes very rapid deformation.3). causing the emulsion to flip to a more stable direct state (oil-in-water). The rapid setting of the crosslinked gel makes the setting time virtually temperature-independent. Upon exposing the SSPF to a pressure drop greater than 400 psi across a small orifice.2 Image of ‘loose’ emulsion state before deformation by high shear To exploit this new fluid technology a minimum shear threshold must be achieved to initiate the chemical reaction between the two reactive species. The SSPF is a cement free. .3 image of emulsion state after deformation by high shear From between 30 seconds to 30 minutes after this trigger event the fluid crosslinks into a rigid gel structure. The emulsion inversion at this point releases the crosslinker into the now water continuous phase initiating the crosslinking reaction (Figure 1. low-solids fluid which has a rehology similar to many drilling fluids. The high shear forces experienced as the emulsion is displaced through the drill bit triggers a rupture in the interfacial membrane of the emulsion.Figure 1. Therefore it flows easily into the areas of high permeability (loss zones).

This system may be subsequently removed with a simple hydrochloric acid treatment. CC has a Bingham fluid behavior before cross linking however its behavior changes on crosslink resembling a sand laden frac fluid. The cement plugs were placed unsuccessful.The flipped emulsion quickly penetrates into the loss zone before demonstrating any properties of gelation. An example of CC usage is in Neuquen basin in Argentina. Stable returns were observed through the entire displacement. Drill pipe was run to 50 ft across the loss zone. The drill bit was pulled one joint and all pumps were shut down. After the designated set time for the gel it is expected that the gel will have sealed the loss zone enabling normal drilling to continue. Sever lost circulation were observed in some wells in this field. CC is a combination of cement and frac products mixed as regular cement slurry in a gelled fluid. The well was left static for 60 minutes. Total loss of greater than 720 bph was observed and blind drilling was continued to 5220 ft. In one batch mixer tank 25 bbls of gelled water were prepared by adding to the water 35 ppt of gellant and allowing it to hydrate for 15 minutes. RCC was chosen. The losses were measured at 120 bph (a better than 80% improvement) and finally one cement plug applied to consolidate the loss zone. The other batch mixer tank was loaded with the required fresh water along with 1. Crosslinked Cement [16 ] Cross linked Cements (CC) can help to seal temporarily or indefinitely critical intervals where drilling and cementing operations are very difficult to be successfully accomplished due to extreme lost circulation.2% of buffer (calculated by gel volume) and agitated . In downhole conditions CC acquires highly cross linked frac fluid characteristics and can be engineered to set rapidly once the fluid is in place.5 inches wellbore diameter in a Middle East well.5 bbl/min to generate a pressure drop of 500 psi across the drill bit nozzles. The last 60 bbls of SSPF was hydraulically squeezed at 100 psi for 7 minutes. Eighty barrels of SSPF was displaced at 8. Due to non producing interval of loss zones. restoring the original permeability of the zone of interest. One of the successful experiences of this material was established in a fractured formation at 5054-5215 ft depth at 8.

i.8% crosslinker. . Mobil have found that in order for acid to work its way through the DOB2C plug. 0. This application allowed drilling to continue to the programmed well depth. such as calcium carbonate (CaCO 3 ). in the slurry.2% foam preventer and finally the quantity of Class “A” cement required to prepare 25 bbls of slurry were added. 0. Gelled water and slurry were pumped separately at 3 bpm.08 md. The above slurry is usually batch mixed and pumped down the drillstring. but a 1:2 ratio is most widely used. mud (the 'M' component) is bullheaded down the annulus at a rate calculated to give the desired ratio of mud to slurry.for 10 minutes. with both fluids mixing and crosslinking along the discharge line. the most successful ratio (for most applications) has been found to be DOB2C which uses two sacks of cement to one sack of bentonite. 50% of the cement is replaced with CaCO 3 . however it can be made acidisable by the inclusion of an acid soluble bridging agent. the cement must have a minimum permeability to water of 0. This ratio varies from 1 mud: 1 slurry (soft) to 1:3 (very hard). Subsequently. Although various mix ratios of cement to bentonite are possible for different applications. Acid Soluble Diesel Oil Bentonite 2 Cement Sacks (AS-DOB2C) [ 7 ] This is a downhole mixed gunk type treatment which has proven very effective in curing extreme losses in fractured and vugular formations. As the slurry leaves the drillstring. After waiting for three hours operations resumed and circulation was obtained. This mix ratio can give the slurry a good combination of gel strength to plug the loss zone and compressive strength to keep it sealed. The drillpipe was pulled out to observe the treatment theoretical top the treatment allowed setting. Mobil's work with acid soluble DOB2C (AS-DOB2C) suggests that the ideal ratio of CaCO 3 to cement is 50:50 by weight. Seven bbls of water was used as preflush and the slurry displaced with 5 bbls of water followed by mud.e. The components and nomenclature are listed below. DOB2C is basically a cement treatment and therefore can damage the formation.

This polymer is subjected to a well in Varavi during eight days work on it. During drilling severe mud losses even no mud return observed. in order to highly fractured formations and low reservoir pressure. mud will change to water based mud or oil emulsion mud and mud loss start while drilling the 8 1/2" and 6 1/8" hole section. The reasons of this unsuccessful trial will be examined in this paper. Nar and Tabnak anticlines. replaced in slurry downhole by mud Slurry gel strength Slurry compressive strength Table 1. But after running the 9 5/8" casing. Conventional Lost Circulation Materials could not cure the problem. . The mud which is used for drilling from surface to Dashtak-H is stiff foam so the mud system is open. Unfortunately. Sanul. Therefore a type of crosslinked polymer based material (WELLPLUG) is used to minimize drilling mud losses into reservoir formations. Application of Wellplug in Field Wellplug System Here is the plugging material information which is used to provide a rigid crosslinked gel structure intended for extreme lost circulation problems in Varavi Gas Field fractured formations.Letter Description M DO B C Mud or water diesel oil bentonite cement Function Hydration of slurry downhole Non hydrating carrier for bentonite & cement.1 The components and nomenclature of DOB2C components Case Study Varavi field is a structural anticline which is located in coastal Fars area between Homa. wellplug could not cure this problem either.

This was piloted tested in the mud lab and applied to the mix water for the Wellplug premix. LWD & MWD tools etc. Particle size does not exceed 100 microns and can therefore be safely pumped through downhole motors.The drillwater temperature in mud pit was 27° C which was relatively low for Iran. sodium bicarbonate but only Na 2 CO 3 . For agreed 200 bbls of final well plug this required 168 bbls of D. 168 bbls water+27bbls worth of ‘wellplug’).Delayed Activator accounts for 5 bbls volume when added. . It can be mixed and kept as a premix and held for extended periods but may require treatment if used in hot climates. The recommendation was to treat the ca++ with NaHCO 3 .2 Properties of wellplug system The wellplug material was consisted of 640 sacks of wellplug and 320 sacks of H.5. PRODUCT COMPONENT A combination of biological polymers and ground borate mineral Specially treated mixture of Halite & Alkaline earth metal oxide FUNCTIONS Viscosifier and crosslinking agents pH control Cross-link activator and gel enhancer WELLPLUG WELLPLUG H. The table below is the summary of the basic components and their functions. if NaHCO 3 were used. which were respectively 1600ppm and 7. Completed mixing the premix was 195 bbls (water+400 sacks ‘wellplug’. To use Na 2 CO 3 meant that the final pH would be +/-11 compared with +/-9. pH was 8 and ok.W.T.Delayed Activator .The wellplug system is a blend of milled borate mineral and selected polymer designed to mix in water or recommended non-calcium brine.The drillwater checked for Ca++ content and pH.T.H.T DELAYED ACTIVATOR Table 1. The consequence of this is that it would require greater amount of Citric Acid to lower the neutral pH of 7. sodium carbonate was available.

therefore the reason of failure should be investigated in other factors. First point can be mentioned is whether the inherent properties of the polymer are working properly or not? For instance pH is ok for this material or not? Is polymer ratios/concentrations are good enough? The setting time is adjusted for this particular case or not with regard to reservoir temperature and pressure? Is amount of accelerator/retarder is adequate? Due to application of the wellplug in similar conditions in different reservoirs in different countries and successful results and preplanning of this crosslinking polymer system according to subjected reservoir. 1. all above situation was satisfactory and acceptable. But it seems that it could not prevent mud losses even after repeating the procedure adding Fibrous material to wellplug premix. The Wellplug System Contractor’s library has not seen detrimental effect of material on rock and should remain unimportant. There are also some another question may be important that it is better to know from the Wellplug System Contactor. Is it possible that mud had an adverse effect on Wellplug setting properties? Generally speaking and based on the applied field experiences Wellplug has in so many occasion been used with both oil base and water based muds.and everything was ready to deal with problem but the decision is delayed to continue drilling 100 m. 2. more in problematic zone without any usage of wellplug system.Total mud loss was observed at depth of 2553m. After continuing drilling blind and pumping water downhole. According to the contractor . Does the wellplug affect the rock? Wellplug is a water based system that contains a portion of saline (NaCl) solution in the set material. Conclusions Reasons of unsuccessful trial of crosslinking polymer in One well of Varavi Gas Field can be examined from different point of view. Therefore the polymer wellplug trial in a well at Varavi Gas Field was unsuccessful and drilling continued blind with injection of water into well. Afterward a 100 bbl pill of “wellplug” allowed to be pumped to attempt to cure the losses. it was decided not to drill further and stop at 2553m.

Continued drilling can only compound the problem which can lead to a) total failure to cure the problem and b) reduce the ability to learn more about the zone. when a well starts to lose drilling fluid in high volumes to adjacent formations the problem may be cured by employing a cross-linking polymer plugging system like 'WELLPLUG'. The second step would be to pump a prepared ‘WELLPLUG’ mixture into the thief zone. . that although serious losses had been encountered before. All the components of Wellplug are listed as PLONOR for the North Sea Chemical Acceptance Scheme. However. According to accepted drilling practice through the world. One of the major decisions to make is 'what volume needs to pump? 10bbls? 50bbls? 200bbls? There are no real measurement guides as to how much volume is to be pumped. If it had been known that the conditions encountered were to be the case the trial would not have been accepted. it can be concluded that no detrimental effect was reported on the effect of mud system on Wellplug or vice versa. is it one zone?. If it had been known that drilling ahead after the losses had been encountered was to be carried out the trial would not have been accepted. Wellplug is listed as 'E' classification meaning it is safe to use by people and in the aquatic environment. Wellplug has neither been tried with synthetic mud nor with silicated based mud system. usually it depends on experience and to make a fresh start on a new location can be a bit of a guess. many zones?. prior to the work being carried out on the rig. it has been a complete satisfaction of compatibility between Wellplug and two mentioned mud systems. assess the situation and prepare to attempt to seal off the zone. a cavern?. total losses were highly unlikely. In the Varavi case it would appear that there was very little previous data to go on and it had been intimated to Wellplug System Contractor. The historical knowledge also can help. meaning 'Poses little or No Risk'. Once the major loss zone has been encountered the first step is to stop drilling. In latter case. Hence. However the losses can be categorized to some degree depending on the rate of loss and the nature of the formation someone may be in.best knowledge. how long might the zone be or how long might each zone be if there is more than one?. It is all non-hazardous and non-toxic. there might be an adverse effect of high pH of silicate mud on setting property.

In this situation theoretically the 'wellplug' should squeeze into the loss zone rather than just being just spotted in wellbore. And finally drilling blind into loss zone and increasing the length of it. the time must give to the material until it could start to get firm to show its plugging property. In this technique drilling continues with a variable length of annular fluid column which is maintained above a formation that is taking injected fluid and drilled cuttings without returns to surface. But in this case . although not necessarily very safe. when a plugging material which will activated into wellbore condition is subjected into hole. In some cases where the loss zone can be so large that the 'open volume' to be filled is cavernous.000!!!!) When the loss zone is as extreme as this and the volume required to fill the loss zone becomes impractical no chemical material can be the answer and the practical alternative. To be successful under these conditions however. which increased the length of formation encountered to loss. would cause a 'multi-loss zone' according to different interbedded layers and anisotropy of formation. and should cure the loss. is to turn to 'MUD CAP DRILLING'. needs greater amount of wellplug material which in this case it seems that it was not adequate and the plug was not able to plug all loss zone intervals and the volume of material becomes one of the key factors. Mud cap drilling is a technique for managing severe lost circulation in an over pressured environment. The result of this was only to compound the problem and make the situation worse as explained above. According to simple understanding of well condition.000. to determine the right volume under these circumstances can be at best a 'good guess' which can only be improved on with experience. the key factor is to pump the correct volume of plug. without losing well control.After hitting the initial loss zone drilling continued ahead for a further 64 meters through formation known to have a high probability of encountering further losses. The plug should find its own flow path of least resistance out of wellbore and into the open structure. Additionally drilling ahead. This can mean that it may take not hundreds of barrels of plug but thousands and perhaps tens of thousands of barrels!! (For example in Kazakhstan where one mud company pumped over 9000 barrels of their property product as a trial and it cost over $2.

and was now rendered useless. Hence.e. Hence. Although the well is a very well equipped rig on the whole. . Recommendation for Future Application of Extreme Drilling Mud Loss Materials For future application of such material. a dead space volume of 10 bbls had to be discarded. it lacked a small pit of ± 100 bbl. Because the well did not have such a pit each time a wellplug volume had ‘H. all parties should involve and discuss about changes. After placement the pill must be allowed to set for recommended time. unless circumstances change and matter discussed.after pumping the second wellplug into troublesome formation. huge volume of water injected into the well to control the gas pressure into the well. And if it was necessary to change the procedure. it can not be judged that was it correct to use this materials again or it is better to shift directly to mud cap drilling method. the pumped water will probably wash away all the wellplug that was carefully placed into formation. 20-50 bbls pumpable. it means that no water or mud must be pumped into the well behind the pill. i. Leave pill static after placement. • Small volumes of activated plug can be utilized. Ensure small pit pill pit/slug pit is available for use in line with the mud system. Another suggestion is about “pit availability”. when the setting time was needed to give to crosslinked polymer based material to get hard. This is really essential so that. one of the simple but important factors to get successful result in mud losses case is accurate planning procedure and coordination between all parties involved. With a pill/slug pit on site the dead space can usually be reduced to < 1bbl. it can be said that with regard to not properly usage of wellplug e. • Pit/tank ‘dead space volume’ is reduced to a minimum.T Delayed Activator’ added for use. thereby reducing waste of costly material. Therefore to summarize the reasons of not successful application of crosslinked type materials. if the material placed according to its procedure and it would fail. continuing drilling ahead in problematic formation without any adequate information about the stratigraphy of formation and lower volume amount of plugging material.g. it was easy to choose mud cap drilling method in this field in future.

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