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OCEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY STATUS & PERSPECTIVES IN BRAZIL

Segen Estefen COPPE/UFRJ – Ocean Engineering Department Brazil NEET Workshop – Brasília, 19-20 November 2007

Contents

Wave Energy

Pilot Wave Energy Plant • Wave Climate • Wave Converter
Brazilian Program for Ocean Renewable Energy

Tides. Tide and Current  Sea water density is 835 times the air density (energy concentration).  Oceans cover 70% of the planet surface (disponibility of area for installation).Wave. Temperature gradient. Salinity. Type Tides Source Earth-Moon-Sun Development Phase Mature (commercial) World Potential 3 TW Waves Currents Winds Winds. Prototypes Prototypes 10 TW 5 TW .  80% of the population live on a strip of 80 km close to the coast (consumption market).

5 Hs2 Te kW/m .Wave Energy Solar Energy 2-6x 5x Wind Energy Wave Energy  Earth global potential 10 -10 12 13 Joules (1-10 TW) ~ world electricity demand  Wave energy power per crest width : P = 0.

Portugal (400 kW)  Offshore PELAMIS.Wave Energy Converters  Coastal LIMPET. Scotland (500 kW) OWC. Netherlands (2 MW) . UK (750kW) AWS.

Brazilian Energy Resources • Tides in the North Region: 5 to 11 m 27 GW 8 GW • Waves: Hs = 1.2 to 3 m T = 5 to 12 s Region 14 GW Energy Potential (GW) 27 22 30 35 114 North (Tides) Northest 30 GW Southest 35 GW South Brazilian Potential .

 Procedures already established for oil&gas offshore as well as market rules for conventional electricity generation should be considered. Fonte: Ibama .Regulation Framework  No legislation for electricity generation from wave energy.

Wave Energy Plant – Pecém Port .

Wave Climate .Datawell Directional Waverider 45 40 35 Frequency (%) 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 30 25 Wave Height (cm) Frequency (%) 20 15 10 5 0 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 Wave Period (s) .

Wave Climate .Datawell Directional Waverider 25 300 250 Wave Period (s) Wave Height (cm) 20 200 150 100 50 0 15 10 5 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Wave Direction (degree) Wave Direction (degree) 12 Power (kW/m) 10 8 6 4 2 0 r n J a Feb Ma Apr May n Ju l J u Aug Sep t v c O c No De Months Annual Months .

COPPE Concept for the Wave Converter .

5 .Laboratorial Tests – Scale 1:6.

Pressure for two different Pumps 500 450 Power (kW) Pump 1000 psi Pump 600 psi 400 350 300 250 200 300 400 500 600 Pressure (meter water column) 700 800 .Power vs.

• Efficiency parameter represented by the ratio between wave power and device power output was in average 35%. . • Prescribed pressure has significant influence on the device power output.5 models. • Scaled wave data from local monitoring has been employed in experimental tests using 1:6.Conclusions • Research work conducted at COPPE – Federal University of Rio de Janeiro is focused on a hiperbaric wave energy device to be installed on Brazilian Northest coast in cooperation with ELETROBRAS and Ceará State Government.

Wave Energy Plant at Pecem Port FILM – 3 min (click below) .

PNERM BRAZILIAN PROGRAM FOR OCEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY .

PNERM – Brazilian Program for Ocean Renewable Energy  Data aquisition of the ocean energy potencial (wave. Research. Data on energy resources from near shore. D & I network. development and prototype installation of electricity converters. Energy Companies and Governmental Agencies for R. Program 1 . offshore and islands. Program 2 . Research Centers. tide and current) and development of converters to produce electricity.Electricity Converters .  Join initiative from University Labs.  Aims: 1.Ocean Energy Resources 2.

Program 1 . SC.Ocean Energy Resources  LeOnda – GIS – Wave Data CE. RJ. RS  LeCoMar – GIS – Current and Tide Data Delta of the Amazonas River Delta of the Bacanga River São Marcos Bay Estuário do Bacanga São Luiz MA .

UFSC-UNISUL .Onshore Wave Converter: Installation and Monitoring  Pecém Port .SC. ELETROBRAS-COPPE-Ceará State Gov.Program 2 – Electricity Converter ConvOn .CE . ELETROSUL-COPPE. UFC-CEPEL  Imbituba .

PE . Fernando de Noronha  RN.CHESF . CELPE.Program 2 – Electricity Converter Desalination & Electricity CHESF.CELPE Salt Solution Pure Water .

Seahorse Wave Energy S/A .Program 2 – Electricity Converter ConvOff – Development & Prototype Installation COPPE .

ELETRONORTE .UFMA .Program 2 – Electricity Converter Bacanga – Tide Energy Lab COPPE .

.Amapa State Gov.ELETRONORTE .Program 2 – Electricity Converter ConvCor – P&D Current Converter COPPE .

D & I Brazilian Network  LeOnda  LeCoMar  ConvOn  ConvOff  Bacanga  ConvCor .R.

Perspectives  Identification and evaluation of technical.  Research. . development and innovation of electricity converters for the Brazilian coast and EEZ.  Studies on economic evaluation of the ocean energy.  Cooperation with electrical and offshore industries for the development of construction and installation strategies as well as transmission links and connections to the national grid. legal and environmental aspects related to ocean energy sources to be used for electricity generation. considering social and environmental impacts.