You are on page 1of 4

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS The downloads are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. Need a free Acrobat Reader?

Click here What propeller model do I have? Your Hartzell propeller model is impression stamped on the propeller hub and should be recorded near the front of your propeller log. A slash mark separates the propeller and blade designations. The blade designation should be ink stamped or on a thermal decal located on the camber (front) side of the blade. Additionally, blades are permanently identified internally. Aluminum Hub Reciprocating Model Identification Steel Hub Reciprocating Model Identification Aluminum Hub Turbine Model Identification Steel Hub Turbine Model Identification What propeller should I use on my experimental home built aircraft? The determining factors in choosing the correct propeller for an experimental home built aircraft are safety, performance, weight, cost, noise, diameter limits and durability. Technical Issues Involved In Propeller System Selection For Your Kit-plane Brochure Application Guide Manual 159 What spinner goes with the propeller on my airplane? Always check the airframe type certificate data sheet or propeller or spinner supplemental type certificate (STC). Hartzell’s Application Guide Manual 159 also lists Hartzell spinners. Do I have any airworthiness directives that affect my propeller? You will need to know your propeller model and serial number to determine if it is affected by an airworthiness directive Link to Model Number above. Follow the link below to review a summary of all airworthiness directives that are applicable to Hartzell Propellers. For more specific information, there are links to the text of many of the airworthiness directives. When is my propeller due for overhaul? Hartzell Service Letter 61( ) is designed to answer questions dealing with propeller and governor overhauls, TBO extensions, calendar limits and long term storage. To determine when your propeller is due for overhaul you will need to know your propeller model number (example HC-C2YK-1BF). Within the service letter locate your propeller model and all pertinent notes. HC-SL-61( ) Why do I have to overhaul my propeller after 5 or 6 years when it has limited time since last overhaul and the aircraft has been stored in a heated hanger? Hartzell recommends the overhaul limits published in Service Letter 61( ) to protect your safety, your investment and to maximize the safe operating life of your propeller. During normal operation, an aircraft propeller is subjected to 10 to 20 tons of centrifugal force per blade. It is

Technicians will disassemble and conduct a thorough inspection of all reusable parts. Specific guidance for greasing your propeller can be found in the applicable Hartzell Owner's Manual. eddy current and penetrant inspections. The propeller is then reassembled to factory specifications. equipment and techniques. propeller repairman or the aircraft builder (experimental) in accordance with FAA Advisory Circular 43. Refer to Hartzell Manual 127 or an authorized propeller repair station for spinner damage acceptance and repair information.necessary to have the propeller overhauled at the recommended intervals to avoid a propeller-related incident/accident that could result in serious injury or death. they will dimensionally inspect all reusable parts ensuring they are within tolerance after any type of repair and eliminate all evidence of scratches. What grease should I use to lubricate my propeller? Aeroshell 6 is the "all purpose" grease used on all Hartzell new production propellers since 1989 except propellers installed on the Piaggio P180 and the Grob Egrett. inspection. corrosion and other damage. as specified in Hartzell Service Letter HC-61-61( ). repair. Specific guidance for greasing your propeller can be found in the applicable Hartzell Owner's Manual. Can Hartzell provide me a one-time extension for overhaul or AD compliance? Only your FAA (or foreign equivalent) controlling authority can grant extension approvals for overhaul or airworthiness directive compliance. annual and 100 hour inspections can be found in Hartzell’s General Maintenance . burrs. Procedures and limits are found in Hartzell Manual 135F (61-13-35). Can I repair cracks/damage to my spinner? Hartzell approved repairs or modifications to Hartzell metal spinners are included in Hartzell Manual 127. What will they do to my propeller during overhaul? An overhaul. the lubricating interval may need to be altered depending on the number of hours you operate your aircraft every year and the type of environment you fly or base your plane in. Have the propeller transported to a FAA approved propeller overhaul facility. Reference your propeller’s maintenance manual or contact Hartzell product support before using grease other than Aeroshell 6. is the periodic disassembly. aluminum hub or steel hub. Hartzell considers some temporary one-time overhaul extensions to be acceptable for scheduling flexibility. nicks. refinish and reassembly of a propeller system. Permanent overhaul extensions require a FAA approved sampling program. The specifics of the types of acceptable extension are specified in Hartzell Service Letter HC-61-61( ). Composite blade inspection and repair requires specific training. What should I be looking for during my preflight inspection? Basic guidelines for preflight. Additionally. I have a large nick on the edge of one of my blades. However. This facility should be equipped with all the specialized tools and fixtures required to disassemble and reassemble the propeller. For additional guidance refer to General Maintenance Practices. by definition. magnetic particle. The assessment includes visual.13-1B. In addition. can I repair it? Local repairs to aluminum blades may be made by an A&P mechanic. lubricated. balanced and returned to service having complied with all applicable service documents and airworthiness directives. and whether the propeller is installed on a reciprocating or turbine engine application. How and when do I grease my propeller? The procedures and intervals for lubricating (greasing) your propeller are based on the type of propeller you are operating.

An inaccurate tachometer means inaccurate engine performance therefore. leaking. If you already know how to hand prop an aircraft. remember to secure all loose articles of clothing and have a qualified person at the controls. How does my propeller work? Hartzell Propeller Inc. supplying or draining oil as appropriate to maintain constant engine speed. manufactures only controllable and constant speed. For questions. It is important to have an accurate tachometer for these reasons: • • Some engine / propeller combinations have restricted operating ranges that. My propeller is (surging. facsimile (937. What should I accomplish during the engine run-up? Engine run-up and exercising of the propeller should be accomplished per the Pilot’s Operating Handbook.Guidelines. can lead to overstressing the blades or hub. . Additionally.4391) or E-mail (techsupport@hartzellprop. This pump increases engine oil pressure for supply to the propeller. General Maintenance Guidelines. fax (937. tradeshows. Hartzell product support may be reached by phone (937.778. to maintain a constant engine/propeller RPM by changing blade pitch. basic guidelines for engine run-up and static RPM check can be found in Hartzell’s General Maintenance Guidelines.778. The governor uses an internal pump that is driven by the engine. vibrating) what should I do? For troubleshooting of common problems refer to General Troubleshooting Guidelines. Business hours are 8:00am through 5:00pm. therefore. Is my propeller still under warranty and what expenses will Hartzell cover? The Standard Warranty period is one year / 1000 hours whichever occurs first. A constant speed propeller system is controlled by an engine speed-sensing device (governor).778. or to determine if your propeller is covered under warranty please contact the Hartzell Warranty Administrator via phone (937.778. fly-ins and inspection authorization seminars throughout the year. members of the Hartzell product support team visit several air shows. What is the proper procedure for hand propping an aircraft? Hand propping an aircraft is not recommended by Hartzell.com.4380). Who can I contact at Hartzell for technical support? Hartzell Propeller is ready to assist you with questions concerning your propeller system. or email at Warranty@hartzellprop.4379). In addition.com).4391). the number one cause of propeller-related injuries and fatalities is people being struck by a turning propeller. if ignored. Engine speed sensing hardware within the governor controls the supply of oil to the propeller. Warranty starts on the date the propeller is installed on the aircraft. Hartzell recommends that mechanical tachometers should be checked annually. Where is my nearest Hartzell repair/service facility? Hartzell distributors and recommended repair facilities are endorsed by Hartzell for servicing our products. Remember. hydraulically actuated propellers for power plants that range from 150shp (reciprocating) to 2180shp (gas turbines). additional fuel can be burned that was not figured into the original flight plan calculations. United States Eastern Time Monday through Friday. At what interval should I have my tachometer checked? Mechanical tachometers are notoriously inaccurate. feathering.

damage to an aluminum blade requires removal of material and ultimately the blade must be retired from service. consisting of: 1) mechanical spring action. pick up debris that can contact the blades and cause nicks. Feathering Some constant speed propellers. 3) counterweights. thus increasing single engine performance. The propeller forces. primarily installed on twin engine aircraft. Advantages of composite blades include higher life limits and substantial weight reduction over conventional aluminum blades. . This results in quieter operation and reduced tip vortices. Reverse is any blade angle less than zero degrees. A variable hydraulic force (oil pressure from the engine driven governor) opposes these forces. decrease. This blade angle produces thrust in a direction opposite to that of normal thrust. How can I be trained on Hartzell Propeller’s products? Hartzell Propeller provides several training classes on site in Piqua. These courses are typically designed for propeller shops and airline operators. are constantly present while the propeller is operating.Propeller blade pitch change is accomplished via a hydraulic piston/cylinder combination mounted on the forward end of the propeller hub. Beta Range is any blade angle below flight idle (Hydraulic low pitch stop). The 90° bend reduces the vortices that. are equipped to reposition the blades until they are nearly aligned with the relative wind. Aerodynamic improvements include a reduced diameter and decreased tip speeds. What is a Q-Tip propeller? What are its advantages? Q-tip propeller blades are formed by bending the tip section of the blade 90° toward the face side. Ohio. is used to minimize drag. This position. either increases or reduces blade angle. gouges and scratches. independent of the throttle setting. or reduces blade pitch to increase engine RPM. Such propellers are typically installed on aircraft with turbine engines and are used for to reduce landing roll. Oil pressure is metered by the governor to oppose this constant force. most damage to composites can be repaired and returned to service where. the governor maintains constant engine RPM (within limits). termed feathering. 2) cylinder air charge. on traditional blades. the propeller forces. or maintain the current setting. which are in direct opposition to the lost variable hydraulic force. If oil pressure is lost at any time. Propeller forces. Oil under pressure from the engine-driven governor is supplied to the hydraulic cylinder through the pitch change rod. 4) and centrifugal twisting moment on the blades. depending upon propeller model. opposed by the variable hydraulic force cause the propeller blade pitch to increase. in a variety of combinations. Increasing or decreasing the oil volume within the hydraulic cylinder either increases blade pitch to reduce engine RPM. Additionally. What is beta? What does feathering mean? Beta Range/Reverse Some constant speed propellers are equipped for beta/reverse operation. What is a composite propeller and what are its advantages? The Hartzell composite blade is composed of a metal blade shank retention section into which is molded a lowdensity foam core that supports built-up layers of composite laminate. By changing the blade pitch.