1. What type of stoichiometric defect is shown by AgBr 2. Explain the following term with suitable examples a) Schottky defect b) Frenkel defect c) Interstitials d) F-Centers a) ZnS B)

3) Why is glass considered a super cooled liquid? 4) Copper crystallizes into a FCC lattice with edge length 3.61 x 108cm. show that the calculated density is in agreement with its measured value of 8.92g/cm3. 5) Calculate the efficiency of packing in case of a metal crystal for i) Simple cube ii) Body centered cube iii) Face centered cube. 6) State Henry’s law and mention some important applications? 7) Concentrated nitric acid used in laboratory work is 68% nitric acid by mass in aqueous solution. What should be the molarity of such a sample of the acid if the density of the solution is 1.504g/mL1?. 8) Calculate the depression in the freezing point of water when 10g of CH3CH2CHClCOOH is added to 250g of water.Ka=1.4x 10-3..Kf= 1.86 Kkgmol-1. 9) Vapour pressure of water at 293K is 17.535 mm Hg. Calculate the vant hoffs factor and dissociation constant of flouroacetic acid? 10) The conductivity of 0.20M solution of KCl at 298K Is 0.0248 S cm-1. Calculate its molar conductivity? 11) How much charge is required for the following reductions?

a) 1 mole of Al3+ to Al? MnO4- to Mn+2?

b) 1 mole of Cu+2 to Cu? c) 1 mole of

12) How much electricity is required in terms of faraday is required to produce (i) 1 mole of H2O to O2? II) I mole of FeO to Fe2O3?

13) State and explain Raoults law? 14) Distinguish between ideal and non-ideal solution? 15) What is a pseudo first order reaction? Give an example? 16) Derive an expression for the rate constant of a first order reaction? 17) The t1/2 of a first order reaction is 60min. what percentage will be left after 240min? (6.25%) 18) Explain the factors influence the rate of a chemical reaction? 19) Explain the effect of catalyst on the rate of a reaction? 20) From the rate expression for the following reactions, determine their order of reaction and the dimensions of the rate constants. (i) 3 NO (g) → N2O(g) Rate = k[NO]2 (ii) H2O2(aq) + 3 I−(aq) + 2 H+→ 2 H2O (l) + Rate = k[H2O2][I−]0

(iii) CH3CHO(g) → CH4(g) + CO(g) Rate = k[CH3CHO]3/2 (iv) C2H5Cl(g) → C2H4(g) + HCl(g) Rate = k[C2H5Cl] 21) Describe the limitation of valence bond theory? 22) Define osmotic pressure of a solution? Describe how the molecular mass of a substance can be determined by a method based on osmotic pressure measurement? 23).A solution containing 8g of a substance in 100g of diethyl ether boils at 36.860c.whare as pure ether boils at 35.600c.determine the

molecular mass of the solute.[for ether Kb= 2.02 Kg/mol-1. 24). The half-life for decay of radioactive C-14 is 5730 years. An archaeological artifact containing wood had only 80% of C-14 activity as found in a living tree. Estimate the age of the artifact. 25) .[Cu(NH3)4]SO4 Has a square planar geometry but Ni( CO)4 has tetrahedral geometry .Explain? 26). Differentiate between coordination compounds and double salts? 27) .State and explain the postulates of Werner’s theory of coordination compounds? 28). Describe magnetic behavior of Ni (CO)4? 29).[Fe(CN)6]4- and [Fe( H2O)6]2+ Are of different colors in dilute solutions. Why? 30). What is crystal field splitting energy? How does the magnitude of ∆0 , decide the actual configuration of d orbitals in a coordination entity? 31) .Why is sulphuric acid not used during the reaction of alcohols with
KI? 32) .Draw the structures of major mono-halo products in each of the following reactions:

(i) (iii)


(iv) (v)


33. Which alkyl halide from the following pairs would you expect to react

more rapidly by an SN2 mechanism? Explain your answer. (i)


34. In the following pairs of halogen compounds, which compound
undergoes faster SN1 reaction? (i)


35. Identify A, B, C, D, E, R and R1 in the following:

36. Write the reactions of Williamson synthesis of 2-ethoxy-3-methylpentane
starting from ethanol and 3-methylpentan-2-ol. 37. Predict the products of the following reactions:





37. Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:

(i) (iii)


38. Distinguish between SN1 and SN2 reactions? 39. What are enantiomers? Give an example. 40. Para-dichlorobenzene has higher M.P and solubility than those of ortho and meta isomers. Give reason.

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