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CPS2313 EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY
PREPARED BY: DARREL SINCLAIR YENG (4091007141)
PREPARED FOR: MDM. PANG
Chapter 11 : Schools¶ Role in Moulding Discipline It doesn't take a lot of research to tell us that discipline in school is different today than it was in the 1950s. but not sufficient to ensure academic growth. Various studies have shown that students who act up in school express a variety of reasons for doing so: y y y y y Some think that teachers don't care about them. Serious student misconduct involving violent or criminal behavior defeats these goals and often makes headlines in the process.´ ± By Joan Gaustad So if everyone agrees that discipline is key to safety in school. "the goal of good behavior is necessary. specific charges. students agree that discipline is needed in schools." ³School discipline has two main goals: (1) ensure the safety of staff and students. the school would not be distinguished from the street. Gottfredson and others (1989) calculate that in six middle schools in Charleston. But it does take some investigation to find out why. Others don't want to be in school at all. the commonest discipline problems involve noncriminal student behavior (Moles 1989). However.932 instructional days--44 years!--to in-school and out-of-school suspensions in a single academic year. why do we still have a problem? . Despite these hurdles. For example. They don't consider goal setting and success in school important anymore. and (2) create an environment conducive to learning. and disruptive students lose even more learning time. South Carolina. One high school student stated: "If there were no discipline. As education researcher Daniel Duke (1989) points out. and appeals. Disruptions interrupt lessons for all students. students lost 7. These less dramatic problems may not threaten personal safety. Discipline enforcers have to go through long procedures of due process: hearings. It is important to keep the ultimate goal in mind while working to improve school discipline. Students are unaware that their adolescent behaviors will result in punishment they won't like." Effective school discipline strategies seek to encourage responsible behavior and to provide all students with a satisfying school experience as well as to discourage misconduct. but they still negatively affect the learning environment. witnesses.
Out of fear of retaliation. many students don't mind detention. All adults in a community. . Detention lets them socialize after school. but make it very difficult to stop school discipline problems. others just don't care. teachers are intimidated by their students. Some fear lawsuits from parents. especially parents and teachers. These legal procedures do protect the rights of children. many school officials fail to enforce the rules or punish students for infractions.Basic factors that determine the discipline of a learner : 1) Student-Teacher Relationships In many schools. time-consuming and confusing procedures in regards to school discipline. or they're "burned out. 4) Modeling Very simply." 6) Time-out and Detention In-school suspensions. thus they're not punished as severely as other students. 3) Legal Procedures Because of the raised awareness of the civil rights of children. they fail to report problems or ignore them hoping that the students responsible will quit the bad behavior by themselves. 2) Troubled Students State and Federal laws require that some special needs students receive special attention. preferring it to going home to an empty or abusive household. Many consider time-out a quiet place to work. Yet today. honesty. And both time-out and detention get them attention from caring adults. 5) Enforcement Because of internal administrative problems or lack of procedures. Modeling the rules that students are to follow should be required of all adults. time-out and detention have been age-old solutions for troubled students. too many adults fail to model the behaviors they want from students. need to model integrity. Many adults and school systems believe that "troubled students" are not responsible for their actions. respect and self-control. the law requires adults to go through expensive.
" greeting students and teachers and informally monitoring possible problem areas. both by effective administration and by personal example. a principal should be able to create consensus among staff on rules and their enforcement. rude kids-but they feel good about themselves. They engage in what Duke describes as "management by walking around. This leads some school staff to mistakenly assume that they cannot enforce positive behavior and instead must resort to asking parents to "medicate" them. some principals create consensus by recruiting likeminded staff over the course of years (Duckworth). Administrative Leadership Is Also As Important The principal plays an important leadership role in establishing school discipline. rather than feared. Schools that successfully implemented a pilot program experienced distinct improve. Gottfredson and others concluded that stable and supportive administrative leadership was the "overriding factor" determining whether a discipline program was effective. Principals of well-disciplined students are usually highly visible models. Lots of school and classroom rules don't make sense to students. . middle schools. Some disruptive students are labeled with codes like ADHD (Attention Defecit/Hyperactivity Disorder) or Emotional Impairment. Ideally.7) "Fuzzy" Rules Studies have shown that many rules are not strictly enforced. 8) Self Esteem Many schools have emphasized self-esteem over and above everything else. and communicate caring for students as well as willingness to impose punishment if necessary (NAESP 1983). South Carolina. Duckworth (1984) found that teachers' satisfaction with school discipline policy was related to their relationship with the principal.ments in discipline. Good communication and shared values are important elements in this relationship. Some discipline codes are "fuzzy" and not clear on expectations and punishments. In a study involving eight Charlotte. or by arranging transfers for teachers whose views "don't fit in with goals and plans for their school" (NAESP). Some teachers are afraid to discipline or demand good behavior because it will hurt the child's self esteem. In practice. Effective principals are liked and respected. The result? Now we have ill-behaved.
School I. requires adult school members and student leaders to form a community of learners and leaders for improvement. there are fewer frustrations. not a recreation/social center for students. This new feeling of control makes students more motivated to learn.Alternative schools: Many school systems have found that by permanently removing chronically disruptive students from the classroom to an alternative school situation.Parental involvement: In Paterson. the punishment for some school discipline problems is to require the parents to attend school with their children. roles and responsibilities of students. Conclusion Schools play a definite role in moulding discipline among young learners. New Jersey. school systems are stressing that schools are a place for learning. By spreading lunches out for a longer period. It involves students in improving their schools. a very good solution to all the discipline problems from school is to develop a school-wide discipline plan.School scheduling: Many schools have found that a simple solution of rescheduling school lunches has dramatically decreased discipline problems.s: Many schools are also requiring their students to display a picture I.Recognition that school is a learning place: Repeatedly. . It has been a success in the 17 schools and is being introduced in more schools around the nation. This process alters school contracts. temper flare ups. . . This also eases the impersonal atmosphere of larger schools by letting students and teachers learn one another's names. in both Maryland and South Carolina. parents of truant students are not fined or jailed. Also.Reaching success through involvement: This process has been used in 17 schools across the nation. Once this "learning atmosphere" is established and enforced. and other problems resulting from the stress of having to put up with a crowded lunch period. Thus. the school discipline problems from the first school decrease drastically. Once the parents see that education is important for their children.D to cut down on unauthorized persons coming into a school to promote disruptions. This punishment leads to a decrease in truancy.Discipline Trends That Show Promise .D. they are required to come to school by the court. . The students work with the adults to help other students develop a sense of ownership and control. their children have not been repeat offenders. teachers and administrators. schools have a lower percentage of discipline problems. . .
References 1) Sherry H. and periodic evaluation and modification are needed to adapt a school discipline plan to the changing needs of the school community. Website: http://www. Website: http://www. ED350727 Dec 92 School Discipline. Ongoing administrative support. parents. Bowen. Georgia. inservice training in new techniques. Joan.org/library/viewarticle/553/ 2) Gaustad. Number 78. Retrieved on May 2nd 2011 from the College of Education.htm .ie/epsresources/biblio/ed350727. But a policy on paper is meaningless in itself. discipline policies must be communicated to staff. students. Retrieved on May 2nd 2011 from Buford.eduguide.Once developed. Discipline in School: What Works and What Doesn't.ul. continued communication. ERIC Digest. and community.
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