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Wh hole numbe (2) ers Factors 1. F ectangular array is an arrangeme of objec in rows a columns. Each row has r n ent cts and w A re the same numb of object and each column ha the same number of o ber ts, h as objects. A rect tangular arra can be re ay epresented b a multipl by lication num mber mode el. ample Exa This rectangula array has 15 red dots s ar s. s w. It has 3 rows with 5 dots in each row *5=15 is a n number mod for this array. del 3* 3 and 5 are w whole-numb factors o 15. ber of 5 nd 15 is the product of 3 an 5. 3 and 5 are a factor pair for 15. r mbers can h have more th one fact pair. 1 a 15 are a han tor and another facto pair for 1 or 15 Num beca ause 1*15= =15. test r of number, divi the larger number b the ide by To t whether a number is a factor o another n sma aller number If the resu is a who number a the rem r. ult ole and mainder is 0, then the sm maller num mber is a fac of the la ctor arger number. Exa ample 4 is a factor of 12 because 12/4 gives 3 with a rem mainder of 0. 6 is not a factor of 1 14 beca ause 14/6 gives 2 with a remainde of 2. er One way to fin all the fac e nd ctors of a w whole numb is to fin all the fac pairs fo that ber nd ctor or num mber. ample Exa Find all the fac d ctors of the number 24. n Nu umber Factor r Mo odels Pairs 1, 24 24= =1*24 2, 12 24= =2*12 24= =3*8 3, 8 24= =4*6 4, 6 The factors of 2 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 1 24. e 24 12,

actice in cla ass Pra List all the who t ole-number factors of e each numbe er. 1. 8 , 2. 27, 3. 49, 4. 36, 5. 13, 6. 100 ,

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2. • Any whole number with 0 or 5 in the ones place is divisible by 5. • If the sum of the digits in a whole number is divisible by 9. so 88 is not divisible by 5. • All numbers with a 0. The remainder is not 0. even large ones. Practice in class Which numbers are divisible by 2? By 3? By 5? By 6? By 9? By 10? 1. Here are divisibility tests that make it unnecessary to divide. 6 because it is divisible both by 2 and by 3. 105 2. 9 because the sum of its digits is divisible by 9. then the number is divisible by 9. then the first number is divisible by the second number. it is divisible by 6. 216 is divisible by 2 because 6 in the ones place is an even number 3 because the sum of its digits is 9. Example Tell which numbers 216 is divisible by. 6. Example 124/4 31 R0 The remainder is 0. Example 88 / 5 17 R3. or 8 in the ones place are divisible by 2. 711 5. then the number is divisible by 3. 526 4. 216 is not divisible by 10 or 5 because it does not have a 0 or 5 in the ones place. 13. which is divisible by 3. • Any whole number with 0 in the ones place is divisible by 10. it is possible to test for divisibility without dividing. • If the sum of the digits in a whole number is divisible by 3. so 124 is divisible by 4. they are even numbers. • All numbers are divisible by 1.270 3. then the first number is not divisible by the second number. For some counting numbers. Divisibility When a counting number is divided by a counting number and the quotient is a counting with a remainder of 0. • If a whole number is divisible by both 2 and 3. 6.Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework 2.680 2 . When counting number is divided by a counting number and the quotient is a whole number with a non-zero remainder. 4.

60 3 .Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework 3. A prime number is divisible only by 1 and itself. The number 48 can be renamed as the product 2*2*2*2*3. A composite number is a counting number that has more than two factors. Example Find the prime factorization of 48. Its factors are 1. 4. 36 5. Example 11 is a prime number because its only factors are 1 and 11. Repeat the process for these two factors. write the number. Prime and Composite Numbers A prime number is a counting number greater than 1 that has exactly two factors: 1 and the number itself. 32 6. First. Continue until all the factors are prime numbers. 24 24 3*8 6* 4 3* 2* 4 2*3* 2* 2 3* 2* 2* 2 24= 2*2*2*3 The prime factorization of 24 is 2*2*2*3. 2. The prime factorization of 48 can be written as 24*3. 28 3. 50 4. No matter which two factors are used to start the tree. and 20. write any two factors whose product is that number. 12 2. 10. 20 is a composite number because it has more than two factors. underneath. Then. 1. One way to find the prime factorization of a number is to make a factor tree. Example Find the prime factorization of 24. Practice in class Make a factor tree to find the prime factorization of each number. This is called the prime factorization of that number. Every composite number can be renamed as a product of prime numbers. the tree will always end with the same prime factors. 5.

Adjust the 10s and 100s: 15 tens = 1 hundred and 5 tens. 100s + 10s 5 9 14 15 5 1s 9 8 17 7 7 3 2 5 5 6 329+298 = 658 4 . trade the 1 hundred into the hundreds column. one column at a time. • If the sum of any column is a 2-digit number. add from left to right. To add numbers using the column-addition method: • Draw lines to separate the 1s. To use the partial-sums method. 8+70 Add the partial sums. 10s.Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework 4. Trade part of the sum into the column to the left. but it is not a good method for finding sums mentally. Example 348+177=? Add the 100s. Adjust the 1s and 10s: 17 ones= 1 ten and 7 ones. 100s. Addition Algorithms Partial-sums method The partial-sums method is used to find sums mentally or with paper and pencil. trade the 1 ten into the tens column. 300+100 Add the 10s. Example 329+298 = ? Add the numbers in each column. adjust that column sum. Write each sum in its column. • Add the numbers in each column. 400+110+15 348+177= 525 100s 3 + 1 4 1 10s 4 7 0 1 1 2 1s 8 7 0 0 5 5 5 Column-addition Method The column-addition method can be used to find sums with paper and pencil. or any other places. Then add the partial sums. 40+70 Add the 1s.

1 1 2 4 8 + 1 8 7 3 5 1 ten+4 tens+8 tens=13 tens=1 hunred+3 tens 1 hundred+ 2 hundreds+1hundres = 4hundreds The Opposite-Change Rule Addends are numbers that are added. and add the same number to the other added. Example 248 + 187 = ? Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: add the hundreds 1 1 2 4 8 + 1 8 7 4 3 5 add the ones 1 2 4 8 + 1 8 7 5 8 ones+7 ones = 15ones = 1ten+5ones add the tens. Here is the opposite-change rule: if you subtract a number from one added. Add one column at a time from right to left.Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework A Short Method This is the method for adding that most adults in the United States were taught. In 8+4=12. 75 +38 3. without displaying the partial sums. Use this rule to make a problem easier by changing either of the addends to a number that has zero in the ones place. 769 +348 6. (add 1) 59 60 + 26 (subtract 1) + 25 85 Practice in class Another way: Subtract and add 4 (subtract 4) 59 55 + 26 (add 4) + 30 85 Add. the sum is the same. 941 + 89 5 . 188 +33 4. 263 1. Example 59+26=? One way: Add and subtract 1. +425 5. the number 8 and 4 are addends. 538 + 427 2.

___ x 9 = 81 81 ÷ ___ = 9 18 ÷ 2 = ___ 4. 3 x 6 = ___ ___ ÷ 3 = 6 6. 254 + 46 _____ 5. ___ x 4 = 32 32 ÷ ___ = 4 4 x 8 = ___ ___ ÷ 4 = 8 4. 3. 33 + 430 2. 4 x ___ = 8 8 ÷ 4 = ___ 5. Complete 1. 3. 60 ÷ 10 = ___ 7. 45 ÷ 9 = ___ 6. 72 ÷ 9 = ____ 6 . 6 x 3 = ___ ___ ÷ 6 = 3 7. 32 ÷ 8 = ___ 8. 10 x ___ = 50 50 ÷ 10 = ___ 11. 777 + 968 Complete 1. 63 ÷ 7 = ___ 15 ÷ 5 = ___ 4. 21 ÷ 3 = ___ 5. 668 + 77 4.Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework Homework for G5 Basic problems Addition 1. 2 x ___ = 18 2. 456 + 67 ______ 6. ___ x 4 = 20 20 ÷ ___ = 4 ___ x 7 = 7 7 ÷ ___ = 7 10. ___ x 1 = 1 1 ÷ ___ = 1 8. 5 x 3 = ___ ___ ÷ 5 = 3 9. 40 ÷ 4 = ___ 2. 32 + 536 8. 775 + 82 7. 83 + 52 3.

3 9. 6 438 2. 5 771 3. 6 275 4. 40 ÷ 4 × 1 .083 6. 60 ÷ 3 + 4 .970 10. 5 4. 6 33.738 9. 78 ÷ 6 + 3 2.3 6.260 7. 63 ÷ 9 + 1 – 5 7 . 4 8. 552 ÷ 4 × 1 3. 7 7.3 × 4 5. 84 ÷ 4 × 2 7. 90 ÷ 5 × 5 10.563 12.738 Simplify. 7 + 16 ÷ 4 8.806 11.493 8. 5 655 5. 7 71. 1. 27 ÷ 3 + 4 . 8 + 4 × 16 ÷ 8 9.Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework Complete 1. 9 22. 2 8.1 4.

m. In 1998 Queen Olivia celebrated her Golden Jubilee. If there is three times more daylight than night.m. In 1991 the fourth graders at Mountain Springs Elementary School planted 15 maple trees around their school. a new group of fourth graders planted some elm trees. how many daylight hours are there? 3. It is currently 11:42 a. Summer days are long in Australia. If it takes him twenty-one minutes to shower. How many years was it from the time the maple trees were planted to the time the elm trees were planted? 8 . and the Nina nineteen men.Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework Word problems: 1. does Oba have enough time to do all three tasks before he has to be at the mosque? 5. How many crew members went on the famous voyage? 2. six minutes to get dressed and thirteen minutes to eat a meal. In what year did Olivia become queen? 4. If the Santa Maria had forty-one men aboard. the Pinta carried twenty-six men. When their leaves changed to crimson this fall. Oba needs to be at his neighborhood mosque by 12:27 p. The Golden Jubilee is celebrated 50 years after one becomes king or queen.

It is 1:53 p. How long does Jennifer have to get ready? 8. 1934. the wind speed on top of Mount Washington was recorded at 231 miles per hour. than the winds from Hurricane Gloria? 7. and twenty-six pounds of apples. The party begins at 3:44 p. Last year they harvested a lot of fruit: seventeen pounds of peaches. on August 11th. Jennifer has to shower. the highest recorded wind speed was 72 miles per hour. His flight will depart from New York at 3:50 p. and style her hair before she goes. Jennifer and her mother are going to a mother-daughter party. She used the rest of the fruit to make jelly. When Hurricane Gloria struck on September 28. Anthony's flight will make a stop in Vancouver.m.Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework 6. Ali's mother decided to dry twenty-nine pounds of the total amount of fruit in the sun. 1985.m.m. Jennifer and her mother want to leave for the party at 3:22 p. on August 10th and will arrive Beijing at 11:12 p. now. What's the total flight time without the connected service in Vancouver? 9. forty pounds of plums. How much faster was the wind on top of Mount Washington. Canada for 2 hours and 10 minutes. On April 12. Beijing is in a time zone twelve hours ahead of New York. get dressed. Ali's family has a large garden with many different fruit trees.m.m. Anthony plans to spend his vacation visiting China. How many pounds of fruit did Ali's mother have to make jelly? 9 .

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