# Olym mpiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homew l work

Wh hole numbe (2) ers Factors 1. F ectangular array is an arrangeme of objec in rows a columns. Each row has r n ent cts and w A re the same numb of object and each column ha the same number of o ber ts, h as objects. A rect tangular arra can be re ay epresented b a multipl by lication num mber mode el. ample Exa This rectangula array has 15 red dots s ar s. s w. It has 3 rows with 5 dots in each row *5=15 is a n number mod for this array. del 3* 3 and 5 are w whole-numb factors o 15. ber of 5 nd 15 is the product of 3 an 5. 3 and 5 are a factor pair for 15. r mbers can h have more th one fact pair. 1 a 15 are a han tor and another facto pair for 1 or 15 Num beca ause 1*15= =15. test r of number, divi the larger number b the ide by To t whether a number is a factor o another n sma aller number If the resu is a who number a the rem r. ult ole and mainder is 0, then the sm maller num mber is a fac of the la ctor arger number. Exa ample 4 is a factor of 12 because 12/4 gives 3 with a rem mainder of 0. 6 is not a factor of 1 14 beca ause 14/6 gives 2 with a remainde of 2. er One way to fin all the fac e nd ctors of a w whole numb is to fin all the fac pairs fo that ber nd ctor or num mber. ample Exa Find all the fac d ctors of the number 24. n Nu umber Factor r Mo odels Pairs 1, 24 24= =1*24 2, 12 24= =2*12 24= =3*8 3, 8 24= =4*6 4, 6 The factors of 2 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 1 24. e 24 12,

actice in cla ass Pra List all the who t ole-number factors of e each numbe er. 1. 8 , 2. 27, 3. 49, 4. 36, 5. 13, 6. 100 ,

1

2. • Any whole number with 0 or 5 in the ones place is divisible by 5. • If the sum of the digits in a whole number is divisible by 9. so 88 is not divisible by 5. • All numbers with a 0. The remainder is not 0. even large ones. Practice in class Which numbers are divisible by 2? By 3? By 5? By 6? By 9? By 10? 1. Here are divisibility tests that make it unnecessary to divide. 6 because it is divisible both by 2 and by 3. 105 2. 9 because the sum of its digits is divisible by 9. then the number is divisible by 9. then the first number is divisible by the second number. it is divisible by 6. 216 is divisible by 2 because 6 in the ones place is an even number 3 because the sum of its digits is 9. Example Tell which numbers 216 is divisible by. 6. Example 124/4 31 R0 The remainder is 0. Example 88 / 5 17 R3. or 8 in the ones place are divisible by 2. 711 5. then the number is divisible by 3. 526 4. 216 is not divisible by 10 or 5 because it does not have a 0 or 5 in the ones place. 13. which is divisible by 3. • Any whole number with 0 in the ones place is divisible by 10. it is possible to test for divisibility without dividing. • If the sum of the digits in a whole number is divisible by 3. so 124 is divisible by 4. they are even numbers. • All numbers are divisible by 1.270 3. then the first number is not divisible by the second number. For some counting numbers. Divisibility When a counting number is divided by a counting number and the quotient is a counting with a remainder of 0. • If a whole number is divisible by both 2 and 3. 6.Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework 2.680 2 . When counting number is divided by a counting number and the quotient is a whole number with a non-zero remainder. 4.

60 3 .Olympiads School Math grade 5 class 2: notes and homework 3. A prime number is divisible only by 1 and itself. The number 48 can be renamed as the product 2*2*2*2*3. A composite number is a counting number that has more than two factors. Example Find the prime factorization of 48. Its factors are 1. 4. 36 5. Example 11 is a prime number because its only factors are 1 and 11. Repeat the process for these two factors. write the number. Prime and Composite Numbers A prime number is a counting number greater than 1 that has exactly two factors: 1 and the number itself. 32 6. First. Continue until all the factors are prime numbers. 24 24 3*8 6* 4 3* 2* 4 2*3* 2* 2 3* 2* 2* 2 24= 2*2*2*3 The prime factorization of 24 is 2*2*2*3. 2. The prime factorization of 48 can be written as 24*3. 28 3. 50 4. No matter which two factors are used to start the tree. and 20. write any two factors whose product is that number. 12 2. 10. 20 is a composite number because it has more than two factors. underneath. Then. 1. One way to find the prime factorization of a number is to make a factor tree. Example Find the prime factorization of 24. Practice in class Make a factor tree to find the prime factorization of each number. This is called the prime factorization of that number. Every composite number can be renamed as a product of prime numbers. the tree will always end with the same prime factors. 5.