This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Category 1 cable (Cat 1) a.k.a. voice-grade copper is a misnomer, probably adopted by those who assumed that TIA set up "Categories" for all types of cables originally defined by Anixter, the distributor, under the grades called "Levels." TIA-568 only recognized cables of Category 3 ratings or above. Anixter "Level 1" was a grade of unshielded twisted pair cabling designed for telephone communications, and was the most common on-premises wiring. Cat1 Used for telephone communications. Not suitable for transmitting data.
Category 2 cable, or simply Cat 2, is a misnomer, probably adopted by those who assumed that TIA set up "Categories" for all types of cables originally defined by Anixter, the distributor, under the grades called "Levels." TIA-568 only recognized cables of Category 3 ratings or above. Anixter "Level 2" was a grade of UTP cable capable of transmitting data at up to 4 Mbit/s. Cat 2 cable was frequently used on ARCnet and 4 Mbit/s token ring networks, but it is no longer commonly used.
Category 3 cable, commonly known as Cat 3, is an unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable designed to reliably carry data up to 10 Mbit/s, with a possible bandwidth of 16 MHz. It is part of a family of copper cabling standards defined jointly by the Electronic Industries Alliance and the Telecommunications Industry Association. Category 3 was a popular cabling format among computer network administrators in the early 1990s, but fell out of popularity in favor of the very similar, but higher performing, Cat 5 standard. Presently, most new structured cable installations are built with Cat 5e or Cat 6 cable. Cat 3 is currently still in use in two-line telephone systems, and can easily be adapted to run VoIP as long as a dedicated LAN for the VoIP telephone sets is created. While Cat 5 or higher is often recommended for VoIP,the reality is that the 10 Mbit/s
This use of balanced lines helps preserve a high signal-to-noise ratio despite interference from both external sources and other pairs (this latter form of interference is called crosstalk). 2. It was used in token ring networks. token ring. Note that unlike Cat 1. It was formally defined in 2001 as the TIA/EIA-568-B standard. Cat 5e cable is an enhanced version of Cat 5 that adds specifications for far end crosstalk. allowed older Cat 3 based infrastructures to achieve a much higher bandwidth. with clarification in TSB-95. such as 100BASE-TX Ethernet. which no longer recognizes the original Cat 5 specification. is a twisted pair high signal integrity cable type often referred to as Cat5. Cat 5 cable typically has three twists per inch of each twisted pair of 24 gauge copper wires within the cables. Although 1000BASE-T was designed for use with Cat 5 cable.2-2001. which achieves speeds of 100 Mbit/s by using all 4 pairs of wires. over short distances). 4. . and is no longer common or used in new installations. its defining standard. although IEEE 802. The seldom used 100BASE-T4 standard. It is most commonly used for 100 Mbit/s networks. Cat 5e cable performance characteristics and test methods are defined in TIA/EIA-568-B. this comes to a total of the previous mentioned 100m maximum).bandwidth a Cat 3 network can provide is far more than the 0. The specification for category 5 cable was defined in ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A.Gigabit Ethernet over category 5 cable.08 Mbit/s a VoIP phone needs at full load. 100BASE-T4. Category 5 Category 5 cable. 10BASE-T. Category 4 Category 4 is a description of a cable that consists of four unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) wires with a data rate of 16 Mbit/s and performance of up to 20 MHz. and is also used to carry many other signals such as basic voice services. Despite the stricter performance specifications. Cat 3 is still recognized by TIA/EIA-568-B. Category 5 has been superseded by the Category 5e specification structured cabling for computer networks such as Ethernet. These documents specified performance characteristics and test requirements for frequencies of up to 100 MHz.3ab defines standards for 1000BASE-T . and Cat 3 is even compatible with 802. Category cable includes twisted pairs in a single cable jacket. the tighter specifications associated with Cat 5e cable and connectors make it an excellent choice for use with 1000BASE-T. It was quickly superseded by Category 5/5e cable. and ATM (at up to 155 Mbit/s.3af PoE. Cat 5e cable does not enable longer cable distances for Ethernet networks: cables are still limited to a maximum of 100 m (328 ft) in length (normal practice is to limit fixed ("horizontal") cables to 90 m to allow for up to 5 m of patch cable at each end. both of which have 100±15 ohm impedance. Many such cables are unshielded but some are shielded. and 5 cables.
just like earlier copper cable standards. it doesn't matter which scheme is used. If components of the various cable standards are intermixed. The cable standard provides performance of up to 250 MHz and is suitable for 10BASE-T / 100BASE-TX and 1000BASE-T / 1000BASE-TX (Gigabit Ethernet). and most new 10/100Mb equipment. although with limitations on length if unshielded Cat 6 cable is used. The cable contains four twisted copper wire pairs. so long as the cable meets the specified testing standards. Mixing T568A-terminated patch cords with T568B-terminated horizontal cables (or the reverse) does not produce problems in a facility. Although Cat-6 is sometimes made with 23 gauge wire. Cat-6 connectors are made to higher standards that help reduce noise caused by crosstalk and system interference. The T568B Scheme is by far the most widely used method of terminating patch cables. often incorrectly referred to as "RJ-45" electrical connectors. and PSNEXT (Power Sum NEXT) are all significantly lower when compared to Cat-5/5e. Cat-6 features more stringent specifications for crosstalk and system noise. meaning that either a straight-through or crossover cable may be used for any connection. Crossover cables can be constructed by . The cable is terminated in either the T568A scheme or the T568B scheme. computer to computer. Category 6 cable can be identified by the printing on the side of the cable sheath. Cat-6 is normally terminated in 8P8C modular connectors. is a cable standard for Gigabit Ethernet and other network protocols that is backward compatible with the Category 5/5e and Category 3 cable standards. However. and a crossover cable to connect a switch to a switch or a client to a client. All gigabit Ethernet equipment. This applies for UTP cables only. The maximum allowed length of a Cat-6 cable is 100 meters (330 ft) when used for 10/100/1000baseT and 37 meters (120 ft) when used for 10GbaseT. Crossover is used for hub to hub. Attenuation. the performance of the signal path will be limited to that of the lowest category. the ANSI/TIA-568-B. wherever two-way communication is necessary. It is expected to suit the 10GBASE-T (10Gigabit Ethernet) standard. NEXT (Near End Crosstalk). this is not a requirement.2-1 specification states the cable may be made with 22 to 24 AWG wire. supports automatic crossover. older equipment requires the use of a straight-through cable to connect a switch to a client device. Some Cat-6 cables are too large and may be difficult to attach to 8P8C connectors without a special modular piece and are technically not standard compliant. etc) and the pairing is the same. So long as both ends of a cable are terminated using the same scheme. commonly referred to as Cat-6. pin 2 to 2. Shielded Cat 6 and Cat 7 cables are capable of 100m.Category 6 Category 6 cable. When used as a patch cable. they are both straight through (pin 1 to 1.
The most important point is a performance difference between ISO/IEC and EIA/TIA component specifications for the NEXT transmission parameter. The global cabling standard ISO/IEC 11801 will soon be extended by the addition of amendment 2. To achieve this. shielding has been added for individual wire pairs and the cable as a whole. (ISO/IEC 11801:2002 category 7/class F). Cat 6a can support 10 Gbit/s applications (especially 10GBaseT) up to a maximum distance of 100 meters (330 ft). is a cable standard for Ethernet and other interconnect technologies that can be made to be backwards compatible with traditional Cat 5 and Cat 6 Ethernet cable. When combined with GG45 or TERA connectors. Category 6a The latest standard from the TIA for enhanced performance standards for twisted pair cable systems was defined in February 2008 in ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B. 10-Gbit/s Ethernet now is typically run on Cat 6a). Cat 7 and Cat7a support 10 Gbit/s even with high margins.2-10. Category 7 Category 7 cable (Cat 7). This amendment defines new specifications for Cat 6a components and Class EA permanent links. Category 6a (or Augmented Category 6) operates at frequencies up to 500 MHz—twice that of Cat 6.wiring one end to the T568A scheme and the other end with the T568B scheme. The Cat 7 cable standard has been created to allow 10 Gigabit Ethernet over 100 m of copper cabling (also. Cat 7 cable is rated for transmission frequencies of up to 600 MHz . These new global Cat 6A/Class EA specifications require a new generation of connecting hardware offering far superior performance compared to the existing products which are based on the American TIA standard. This will ensure that the Transmit (TX) pins on both ends are wired through to the Receive (RX) pins on the other end. Cat 7 features even more strict specifications for crosstalk and system noise than Cat 6. Cat 7a is capable for 40 Gbit/s over copper. The cable contains four twisted copper wire pairs. 3 dB equals 100 % increase of Near End Crosstalk noise reduction when measured in absolute magnitudes. Cat 7 can be terminated either with 8P8C compatible GG45 electrical connectors which incorporate the 8P8C standard or with TERA connectors. just like the earlier standards. At a frequency of 500 MHz an ISO/IEC Cat 6a connector performs 3 dB better than a Cat 6a connector conforming with the EIA/TIA specification.
ATM. CDDI Common for current LANs It might seem that CAT5 and CAT5e are the same. . and CATV (862 MHz). Simulation results have shown that 40 Gigabit Ethernet is possible at 50 meters and 100 Gigabit Ethernet is possible at 15 meters.Category 7a Category 7a (or Augmented Category 7) operates at frequencies up to 1000 MHz. Cat4. suitable for multiple applications in a single cable including 40 Gigabit Ethernet. 100 Gigabit Ethernet. Pretty much they are. The reality is that most CAT5 cable is in fact CAT5e cable just not certified as such. Cat5. Cat5e. Here is a comparison of those extra specifications. Specifications for Cat3. Cat6. 4Mbps 16Mbps 1000Base-T 10GbE 40GbE 100GbE at 50m/40GbE at 100m Notes Now mainly for telephone cables Rarely seen Common for current LANs Emerging 100Base-Tx. and Cat7 Cables Category Type Cat3 Cat4 Cat5 Cat5e Cat6 Cat7 Cat7a UTP UTP UTP UTP UTP ScTP ScTP Spectral B/W 16 MHz 20 MHz 100MHz 100MHz 250MHz 600MHz 1000MHz Length LAN Applications 100m 100m 100m 100m 100m 100m 100m 10Base-T. the CAT5e specification simply included some additional limits over the CAT5 specification.
3 dB 27. at 100 MHz) PS-ELFEXT (Min.0 dB no specification Category 5e 100 MHz 22 dB 100 ohms ± 15% 35. It is a 2 in 1 solution providing backwards compatibility for standard RJ45 connectors in a CAT6 interface (Mode 1).1 dB 45 ns Category 6 250 MHz 19.8 dB 20.CAT5. The cabling system was standardized in 2001 as IEC 60603-7-7.8 dB 20. at 100 MHz) Return Loss (Min.8 dB 24. at 100 MHz) ELFEXT (Min.3 dB 23. and then selected as the worldwide CAT7 cabling standard within ISO11801. at 100 MHz) Delay Skew (Max. at 100 MHz) Characteristic Impedance NEXT (Min.3 dB 42. and CAT6 UTP Solid Cable Specifications Comparison Category 5 Frequency Attenuation (Min. per 100 m) 100 MHz 22 dB 100 ohms ± 15% 32. CAT5e.3 dB 32. at 100 MHz) PS-NEXT (Min.1 dB 45 ns Connectors: GG45 (where GG stands for GigaGate. where eight conductors are used for CAT6 (100/250 MHz) .8 dB 100 ohms ± 15% 44.8 dB 20.3 dB no specification no specification no specification 16. and 45 is to remind the backward compatibility with RJ45 connector) is a connector for high-speed CAT7 LAN cabling developed by Nexans.
In Mode 2 the 4 additional connectors will be used for 2 pairs. in the extreme corners. ARJ45 is an international standard IEC 61076-3-110. In addition. The latest revision of the standard (published in 2006) has extended the characterized performance up to 1000 MHz . 600MHz networks (Mode 2) that will run 10-gigabit Ethernet over copper LAN systems (note that 10-gigabit Ethernet is now running over 8P8C connectors using Cat 6A cable instead).that is pins 1. The ARJ45 performance up to 1000 MHz corresponds to category 7A connecting hardware. TERA is a shielded twisted pair connector for use with Category 7 twisted-pair data cables. GG45 has four additional connectors. 40 and 100 Gigabit Ethernet transmission copper cabling.2 and 7. ARJ45 HS is an 8-contact connectors and ARJ45 HD is a 12-contact connector. developed by The Siemon Company and standardized in 2003 by IEC 61076-3-104.8 ARJ45 ( Augmented Registered Jack 45 ) is an electronic connector for very high speed applications such as Class Fa installations ( as defined by the standard IEC11801) and 10. The connector operates in the frequency spectra between 600 MHz to 5 GHz with twisted shielded pair and twinax cables. the other 2 pairs will be connected to the most distant pins of the original RJ45 connector . ARJ45 utilizes an internal system of Faraday cages to reduce cross talk to 35 dB or better at 5 GHz. to interface with new high-speed CAT7.operation.
often incorrectly referred to as "RJ-45". permitting users to integrate video. voice and data services over a single cabling link. Useful link: Siemon’s Website .The connector has a different footprint from the more common 8P8C connector style. TERA is also the standard interface for broadcast communications technology (BCT) in SOHO (Small Office Home Office). This connector allows for cable sharing.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.