GLOSSARY OF ESL ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS --GLOSSÁRIO DE SIGLAS E TERMOS RELATIVOS AO ENSINO E AO ESTUDO DE INGLÊS AAAL - American Association

for Applied Linguistics AAIEP - American Association of Intensive English Programs AASB - Association of American Schools of Brazil AASSA - Association of American Schools of South America AAVE - African American Vernacular English. O mesmo que "Black English", "Ebonics", "Black Vernacular English". ABRATES - Associação Brasileira de Tradutores ACCESS - Auxiliary Closed Captioned English with Simplified Spelling ACCET - Accrediting Council of Continuing Education & Training ACT - Australian Capital Territory ACT - American College Testing's Examination - an evaluation test for undergraduate admission to colleges and universities in the U.S., equivalent to the SAT (exame de avaliação para cursos de graduação em universidades norteamericanas, eqüivalente ao SAT). ACT ASSET - ACT Assessment of Skills for Successful Entry and Transfer ACTFL - American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages ACT PEP - ACT Proficiency Examination Program AE - American English AIESEC - Association Internationale des Etudiants en Sciences Economiques et Commercial. Organização internacional que desde 1950 promove intercâmbio de jovens estudantes e profissionais recém-formados nas áreas de economia e administração predominantemente. ALEC - Association of Language Excellence Centres (England) ALM - Audio-Lingual Method - a widely used language teaching approach popular in the 50s and 60s based structuralism and behaviorism. Classroom activities are primarily rote memorization and habit formation. ALTE - Association of Language Testers in Europe. Veja também. AmE - American English APIRS - Associação dos Professores de Inglês do Rio Grande do Sul AQA - Assessment and Qualifications Alliance Órgão britânico que emite certificados de qualificação profissional, inclusive de proficiência em inglês. ARELS - Association of Recognised English Language Schools (est.1940). An inspecting body for EFL/ESL/ESOL schools in the U.K. ARELS merged with FELCRO in the 1980s. Associação de escolas de inglês para estrangeiros na Inglaterra. A escola paga aproximadamente 1000 libras esterlinas por ano para tornar-se membro. ARELS/FELCRO SCHOOLS - Schools which have been inspected by these two bodies, which merged in the 1980s. AYUSA - Academic Year in the USA. Uma organização norte-americana sem fins lucrativos, sediada em São Francisco, Califórnia, que oferece programas de intercâmbio para jovens adolescentes (15 a 18 anos). BA - Bachelor of Arts. A common undergraduate degree (4 years of college). Título de graduação. BAAL - British Association of Applied Linguistics BALEAP - British Association of Lecturers in English for Academic Purposes BASCELT - the British Associaton of State Colleges in EFL Teaching represents state-owned EFL institutions in the U.K. BATQI - British Association of TESOL Qualifying Institutions, a voluntary non profit association of UK educational institutions which offer courses leading to ESL/EFL teaching qualifications. Provides information to those seeking routes to becoming qualified TESOL professionals, maintains a code of practice for institutions offering TESOL programs and publishes a register of TESOL courses. Membership includes institutions offering courses ranging from short courses to PhD's. Fifteen non-teaching organizations with an interest in teacher qualifications are currently represented on the BATQI Advisory Council (ARELS, BAAL, BALEAP, the British Council, Accreditation Unit, CfBT, the College of Preceptors, the English Speaking Union; IATEFL, IELTDHE, NATECLA, RSA Examinations Board, SATEFL, Trinity College London, and UCLES). BBC - British Broadcasting Company

the 24-hour US TV news service with world coverage. based in Atlanta. Level 3 approximates to the level of CAE and Level 4 to a grade B/C of CPE.Comprehensive English Language Test CELTA .Certificate in English Language Teaching to Young Learners in Language Schools CfBT .Computer Adaptive Testing CBT . popular in the U. A common undergraduate degree (4 years of college).Cambridge Integrated Language Teaching Schemes (UCLES) CLBA . Canadian State on the west coast BE . BrE .Community Language Learning. Método de ensino de línguas desenvolvido por Charles Curran. Europe. not-forprofit organization providing standards for assessing adult English as a Second Language in Canada. CAH . Título de graduação.K.Canadian English CAPLS . Communicative Language Teaching.one of the certificate programs for teachers from the University of Cambridge. 2.Business English Certificate .Centre for British Teachers CILTS .Certificate in English for International Business and Trade.a British information organization similar to USIS BS . the Middle East. COTE .the fourth of Cambridge's series of exams. writing.BC . formerly known as C-TEFLA) CELTYL . Tests for high level English competency for the workplace.Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults (Cambridge/RSA Teaching Certificate.. CLT . CALL .British Columbia. 3 and 4. Level 2 to a grade C/D in FCE. CELT . . CAMBRIDGE EXAMS . Veja CALL na grade curricular dos cursos de letras.Communicative Acquisitionist Naturalistic.Computer-Assisted Language Instruction .Examinations of English proficiency leading to certificates of proficiency.Certificate of Advanced English . BEC Higher .British Council BC .Black English. Dialeto falado predominantemente por norte-americanos de raça negra. Inglaterra. BEC Vantage. Georgia. Tests the English competency of non-native teachers of English.Cambridge Examination in English for Language Teachers.Communicative Language Teaching. CCSE test the ability of candidates to use English communicatively in the four skills: reading. CEELT . é a versão britânica do movimento iniciado no início da década de 60 em reação ao audiolingualismo. listening and speaking.BEC Preliminary.Computer-Assisted Language Learning.Bilingual Vocational Training CAE . It was designed for non-native speakers of English and has been raplaced by the ICELT in 2005.British English BRITISH COUNCIL .Canadian Association of Private Language Schools CAT .Bachelor of Sciece.Cable News Network .Instruction in a second or foreign language provided via computer and intended to supplement (not replace) what is taught by a live teacher. baseado em técnicas de aconselhamento psicológico.designed to test English language ability used in the context of business.Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks. Level 1 corresponds approximately to PET. CNN .Canadian Language Benchmarks Assessment CLL .Computer-Based Test or Computer-Based TOEFL CCLB . A theory of language instruction based on a group of mutually supportive theories CanE . Um dos 5 exames (nível 4) de avaliação de proficiência em inglês do sistema da Universidade de Cambridge.Certificate for Overseas Teachers of English .a set of three examinations by the University of Cambridge . CCLB is a national. CCSE .Certificates in Communicative Skills in English. CEIBT . CAN . Each of the skills is assessed separately and can be entered for at any of four levels – Levels 1. também chamado Communicative Approach ou Functional Approach. BEC . and other areas.Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis CALI . BVT .

FFS .British Council English Languge Information Unit ELT . O mais avançado dos 5 exames de avaliação de proficiência em inglês do sistema da Universidade de Cambridge. to replace the D-TEFLA in September 1998) DOTE .District of Columbia DELTA .the fifth and the most advanced of Cambridge's series of exams (roughly comparable to a score of 600-650 on the TOEFL).Family Financial Statement FLES .Diploma for Overseas Teachers of English . EEP .Exam for the Certificate of Competency in English (Michigan University) targeted at a lower level ECPE .English as a Native Language EOP .Dental Admission Testing DC .one of the teaching awards by the University of Cambridge for teachers who are non-native speakers of English. ESOL .Foreign Language in Elementary School GED .English for Business and Economics ECCE . An inspecting body for EFL/ESL/ESOL schools in the U.English for Vocational Purposes FCE . CSIET . The ELICOS Association is the national professional association of accredited and government registered centres teaching English to overseas students in Australia.English as an International Language ELICOS . FELCRO merged with ARESL in the 1980s. C-TEFLA .K. ESLAT .Council on Standards for International Educational Travel. DAT .English for Employment Purposes EFL .Diploma in English Language Teaching to Adults (Cambridge/RSA Language Teaching Scheme. Inglaterra. EAD .Educational Testing Service EVP . FELCRO .Certificate of Proficiency in English .Certificate of Teaching English as a Foreign Language to Adults (Cambridge University).English as an Academic Discourse .General Educational Development Test. writing.English for Academic Purposes EBE .the third of Cambridge's series of exams (roughly comparable to a score of 500 on the TOEFL and 5.acronym used by Rutgers. D-TEFLA .English Language Teaching/Training ENL .Exam for the Certificate of Proficiency in English (Michigan University) targeted at a higher level. EAP . ELIU . Refers to college courses designed to assist students who have difficulty reading.English Language Intensive Courses to Overseas Students. The State University of New Jersey. ministrado pela University of Wisconsin.English for Specific/Special Purposes ESS . A high school equivalency exam of the American Council on Education's (ACE) Center for Adult Learning and .English as a Second Language.English as a Second Language Assessment Test.English for Speakers of Other Languages ESP . The CPE is the exam which many British universities request of foreign students.English for Occupational Purposes EPP .First Certificate in English .English for Professional Purposes ESL .Federation of English Language Course Organizations (Established in 1972). It was designed for non-native speakers of English and has been raplaced by the DELTA and the IDLTM in 2005. or speaking English for academic purposes.English for Social Sciences EST .CPE .English as a Foreign Language EGP . Um teste de avaliação de proficiência em inglês semelhante ao TOEFL.Diploma of Teaching English as a Foreign Language to Adults (University of Cambridge). Organização norte-americana sem fins lucrativos que estabelece padrões para programas de viagens educacionais e programas de intercâmbio para adolescentes em high school.English for General Purposes EIL .7 on the IELTS).English for Science and Technology ETS .

Exame equivalente ao supletivo no Brasil. G-TELP . a língua que se procura estudar ou assimilar) LAD .Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada . Curitiba. IDP Education Australia is a not-for-profit company owned by Australia's Universities and key recruiter of international students to Australia.Institute for English Language Teacher Development in Higher Education (UK) IELTS . Por exemplo.Key English Test .International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language ICELT . IELTDHE .Language Acquisition Device.Grade Point Average. GMAT . voltada ao intercâmbio cultural e profissional em áreas técnicas e ciências exatas. Veja também. IAESTE . The GMAT measures general verbal.Latin American Union of Registered English Language Schools LCCIEB . The University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES) and IDP Education Australia. inclusive de proficiência em inglês. K12 .Limited English Proficient LINC .The most elementary of Cambridge's series of exams L1 .General National Vocational Qualification. Refere-se à formação educacional do indivíduo. desde jardim de infância até a conclusão do ensino médio. IELTS is jointly managed by The British Council.International English Language Testing System.an evaluation test for graduate admission to colleges and universities in the U. LEP . podendo ser feito no Brasil nas cidades de Belo Horizonte. divide-se o valor por 2. Teste de admissão a programas de mestrado e doutorado de universidades norte-americanas na área de Administração de Empresas. Organização ligada à UNESCO. Most UK universities specify an IELTS score as an entrance requirement for non-native speakers. expressa numa escala de 0 a 4.Language 1 (the native language. Média total geral de notas escolares. Recife.Graduate Management Admission Test. UK GPA . exame que avalia o desempenho em Inglês de estrangeiros que pretendem estudar em universidade britânica) IIE .London Chamber of Commerce and Industry Examinations Board.Graduate Record Examination . IATEFL .Institute of International Education.Associação de 18 escolas de idiomas independentes de São Paulo. Rio de Janeiro.General Tests of English Language Proficiency.Independent Language Schools Association . Fortaleza.Kindergarten . Ministrado pelo ETS. Porto Alegre.International Association for the Exchange of Students for Technical Experience. Órgão britânico que emite certificados de qualificação profissional. an American agency that promotes higher education and the exchange of students and professors worldwide. KET . (Equivalente britânico ao TOEFL. Salvador e São Paulo.12th grade. equivale a um GPA de 3. LAURELS .Language 2 (the target language. A model of language learning in wich a child is credited with an innate predisposition to acquire linguistic structure.5. Para converter uma média expressa numa escala de 0 a 10 para uma escala de 0 a 4. o mesmo instituto que ministra o TOEFL. ILE .International Development Programme (for Australian Universities and Colleges). mathematical.In-service Certificate in English Language Teaching.International Phonetic Association . Substitui o antigo Certificate for Overseas Teachers of English (COTE). IPA . O G-TELP é um exame de avaliação de proficiência em inglês semelhante ao TOEFL e ministrado pela Universidade Estadual de San Diego. Atualmente o custo do GMAT é de US$190.Inglês como Língua Estrangeira ILSA . The most advanced of the of the University of Cambridge ESOL teaching awards. Brasília. The total testing time is 4 hours. IDP .S. and analytical writing skills and currently consists of nine separately timed sections: seven 25-minute multiple-choiche sections and two separately timed 30-minute writing tasks. GNVQ . (exame de avaliação de conhecimentos para admissão a cursos de pós-graduação em universidades norte-americanas). a língua mãe) L2 . se sua média total geral for 8. GRE .2. IDLTM .A society founded in France in 1886 that seeks to promote the science of phonetics and its practical applications.Educational Credentials.International Diploma in Language Teaching Management.

O mesmo que L1 e MT NLP . que oferece programas de intercâmbio para jovens adolescentes (15 a 18 anos). RSA/Cambridge D-TEFLA .Master of Business Administration MCAT .Non-Native Speaker NS . the Queen's English.o mais completo dicionário da língia inglesa. contendo mais de 500 mil entradas em 20 volumes.Old English OED .Recognised English Language Schools Association .National Vocational Qualification. É editado pela Oxford University Press. BBC English.Modern Language Association of America . Uma organização norte-americana sem fins lucrativos.Mother Tongue .Oxford English Dictionary .an Australian language test for overseas qualified medical and health professionals seeking admittance to training programs or in order to practice their profession in Australia and whose first language is not English. RELSA .Occupational English Test .Michigan Test of English Language Proficiency NAFSA .The major professional organization of US college and university teachers of English and modern languages.Law School Admission Test MAT .O mesmo que L1 MTELP .Non-Native Language NNS .refers to a variety of British English dialects representing the accent of educated BrE.Certificate of Teaching English as a Foreign Language to Adults.Master of Arts in Teaching English as a Second Language (uma das mais altas graduações para professores de Inglês) MBA . sediada em San Diego. NEST .National Association of Teachers of English for Speakers of Other Languages NCTE . MT . and popularly known as the King's English.Native Speaker NVQ .Native English Speaking Teacher NL .National Council of Teachers of English NCVQ . UK RSA/Cambridge C-TEFLA .LL . Advanced qualification for EFL teachers who have already completed . OET .Medical College Admission Test ME .Royal Society of Arts (also RSA Examinations Board). RP .Non-Native English Speaking Teacher NNL .Diploma of Teaching English as a Foreign Language.National ELICOS Accreditation Scheme.Language Learning LLBA .Pacific Intercultural Exchange.Role Playing Games RSA .Oral Proficiency Interview (by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages) OUDLE/AET .The second of Cambridge's series of exams.Oxford University Delegacy of Local Examinations/Arels Examinations Trust (UK) PET .Association of International Educators. UK OE .Native Language .National Association for Teaching English and other Community Languages to Adults (UK) NATESOL . A professional qualification for prospective EFL teachers.Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts LSAT . Califórnia. Tradução via software de computador. Publisher of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. Promotes the exchange of students and scholars to and from the United States) NATECLA . an Australian organization. and Public School English.Machine Translation.National Council for Vocational Qualifications NEAS . RPG .Michigan English Language Assessment Battery MLA .Middle English MELAB .An association of 18 EFL schools in England.Miller Analogies Test MATESL .Neurolinguistic Programming NLLIA . Oxford English.Received Pronunciation . MT .National Languages an Literacy Institute of Australia NNEST . OPI . PIE .Preliminary English Test .

SFL .Teaching English for Specific/Special Purposes TEYL . TOEIC . College students. SEVIS has enabled schools and exchange program sponsors to transmit electronic information and event notifications. Mais um dos muitos exames da Cambridge University. É o menos avançado de uma nova geração de exames que conferem um certificado para ensino de inglês. via the internet. TL . (Exame que avalia o desempenho em inglês de estrangeiros que pretendem estudar em universidades norte-americanas ou canadenses. O tempo que o(s) aprendiz(es) fala em uma situação de sala de aula.Teaching English as a Foreign Language TEIL . 2)Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (professional organization) TESP . SEVIS replaced an old manual.1)Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages.Scottish Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language SCT . SAE . EUA.a matrix of descriptions used to assess an English learner's oral proficiency.Student Talkink Time.the C-TEFLA. Test to measure English skills of prospective entrants to most U. developed by the California Department of Education. accurate information is updated and maintained through the use of a web-based application.an evaluation test for undergraduate admission to colleges and universities in the U.Scottish Vocational Qualifications TA . The SAT is a three-hour test that measures verbal and mathematical abilities.S.the new system developed by the U. a new test about teaching English to speakers of other languages by the University of Cambridge that corresponds to very basic skills.Simplified Spelling Society STT . A theory of language centred on language functionality. and also accepted by several British universities.S. to the Department of Homeland Security and the U. Também aceito por várias universidades britânicas).a theory of human development based on Vygotsky's work.Systemic Functional Linguistics.Teaching English as a Foreign Language to Adults TEFOL . SATEFL . Employees of international businesses.Teaching Assistant TEAP .Teaching English for Academic Purposes TEFL . It is broken down into two halves: reading and listening comprehension. Língua-alvo. the IELTS and the CPE).Second Language Acquisition SLACC/I . SEVIS .The TOEIC (pronounced "toe-ick") is a Test of English for International Communication. graduates and business people may take the TOEIC in their .Test of English as a Foreign Language.Second Language Acquisition through Classroom Communication/Interaction SOLOM .S. Department of State. evaluation purposes.Teaching English to Young Learners TKT .Teaching Knowledge Test. Government to keep track of all exchange visitors (J visas) and international foreign students (F & M visas) during their stay in the United States.Sociocultural Theory . TOEFL . recruits and business students might take the test.Student and Exchange Visitor Information System .S. (exame de avaliação de conhecimentos para cursos de graduação em universidades norteamericanas). a língua estrangeira que se deseja aprender.Teaching English as a Foreign Language TEFLA . paper-driven procedure and is now automated in real time. SLA .Teaching English as a Second Language TESOL .and Canadian universities. SVQ . as it is primarily used for recruitment. SSS .Standard American English SAT .Target Language.Student Oral Language Observation Matrix .Scholastic Assessment (Aptitude) Test .Teaching English as an International Language TESL . Um sistema de avaliação de proficiência oral em inglês usado no estado da Califórnia. The TOEIC is not a test for admission to universities for students that are not native to the host country (as are the TOEFL.

United States Information Service.(tip-of-the-tongue) refers to the difficulty of not having the right word come readily to mind. ESL www. TTT . Método de ensino de línguas desenvolvido por James Asher e baseado em atividade física em resposta a comandos proferidos na língua estrangeira. Related to the USIA.sk. USIS .br E-mail: emb@sk.Total Physical Response. USMLE .com.A professional qualification certificate for prospective EFL teachers.K.Teacher Talking Time.The University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate. YLE .University Language Centres Australia. TPR .United Kingdom (Reino Unido) ULCA . A TOEFL-related test. USIA . O tempo que o professor fala em uma situação de sala de aula.United States Medical Licensing Examination. Exame para estudantes de medicina estrangeiros que querem fazer residência médica ou pós-graduação nos EUA. (The TOEIC seems to be most popular in Japan) TOT . Cambridge tests to assess the English of primary learners between the ages of 7 and 12.home countries for all sorts of reasons except academic administration. Term used by Vygotsky when referring to the potential cognitive development in a social setting providing collaborative and non-intrusive assistance.br . ULCA is a network of twentyeight universities in Australia which offer English language courses to international students.Vocational English as a Second Language. A TOEFL-related test. TSE . Um dos complementos do TOEFL. ZPD . UCLA . A U. A U. Esta página é cortesia de Schütz & Kanomata. government agency for dissemination of information overseas. available in the U. government agency for dissemination of information.Test of Spoken English.S. The Cambridge Examinations governing body.United States Information Agency. A specialized branch of ESL that deals with English language skills needed in the workplace.University of California at Los Angeles UCLES . Um dos complementos do TOEFL.Zone of Proximal Development. UK . TRINITY COLLEGE CERTIFICATE TESOL .Young Learners English Tests.Test of Written English. Termo criado por Vygotsky para referir-se ao potencial de aprendizado da pessoa quando assistida por alguém de maior experiência. VESL . TWE .S.com.

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