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Office of Director Dam

I.D.R.,Jaipur

66020422.xls

DESIGN OF ABUTMENT
Name of project :

Ex 5.15, Varsney vol II

DESIGN DATA :

Units

Foundation level

291.75

Junction level of the abutment with concrete

294.70

Seating Level

305.50

Roadway level and top of abutment

307.50

D/S Slope Level

306.00

Pond level

303.00

U/S Slope (H/V)

1/12

D/S Slope (H/V)

0.63

Width at Seating

1.25

1.00

1.70
0.50

M
M

12 Braking force

2.00

13 Surcharge Intensity

0.584

Ton/Sq m

14 Vertical reaction of bridge,gates,operating platform etc.

15.00

t/m

15 Angle of internal friction ( )

30.00

Degree

16 Unit weight of Masonry

1.90

Ton/Cu m

17 Unit weight of dry earth

1.60

Ton/Cu m

18 Unit weight of wet earth

1.75

Ton/Cu m

19 Unit weight of saturated earth

2.00

Ton/Cu m

20 Unit weight of foundation concrete

2.25

Ton/Cu m

21 Bearing Capacity of soil

30.00

Ton/Sq m

22 Coeff of friction between concrete and masonry

0.65

23 Max. allowable compressive stress in masonry

100.00

Ton/Sq m

24 Max. allowable tensile stress in masonry

10.00

Ton/Sq m

10 Top width of abutment


11 Foundation concrete offsets

Program by- Sunil K Goyal

U/S
D/S

Office of Director Dam


I.D.R.,Jaipur

Program by- Sunil K Goyal

66020422.xls

Office of Director Dam


I.D.R.,Jaipur

66020422.xls

ABUTMENT SECTION AT JUNCTION LEVEL

L.L. SURCHARGE @

R.L.

10

1 1.00

307.50

0.584

t/m2
L.L. SURCHARGE

5
R.L. 305.50

15 t

R.L.

306.00

2 t
8

17

7
R.L.

12

303.00

1
1

16

13

14

15

R.L. 294.70
0.90

1.25

1.00

7.10

EARTH PRESSURE DIAGRAM


10.25
11

8.3

UPLIFT PRESSURE DIAGRAM

Program by- Sunil K Goyal

Office of Director Dam


I.D.R.,Jaipur

(i)

66020422.xls

Checking the stability of abutment section at the junction level i.e.at R.L.
HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL FORCES

S.No. Item
(A)

Description

Forces (t)
Lever arm
Vertical Horizontal
(m)

294.70

Moments in t-m
VM
HM

Vertical forces

1
1
2
3
4

Self weight of Abutment


1/2 X 10.80 X
0.90 X
10.80 X
1.25 X
12.80 X
1.00 X
1/2 X 11.30 X
7.10 X

1.90
1.90
1.90
1.90

9.234
25.650
24.320
76.216

0.600
1.525
2.650
5.517

5.540
39.116
64.448
420.454

Load due to bridge,gates etc.


1.00 X

15.00

15.000

1.525

22.875

6
7
8
9

Vertical weight due to earth retained on backfill


7.10 X
1.50 X
1.75
18.637
5.21 X
3.00 X
1.75
27.378
1/2 X
1.88 X
3.00 X
1.75
4.948
1/2 X
5.21 X
8.30 X
2.00
43.284

6.700
7.642
4.407
8.511

124.866
209.233
21.803
368.408

10

Vertical load due to surcharge


7.10 X

0.584

4.146

6.700

27.780

11

Uplift Pressure
1/2 X
8.30 X 10.250 X

1.00

-42.537

6.833

-290.661

(B)

Horizontal forces

1
12
13

Wet earth pressure


1/2 X
0.33 X
0.33 X
1.75 X

1.75 X
4.50 X

20.25
8.30

5.906
21.788

9.800
4.150

57.881
90.418

14
15

Saturated earth pressure


1/2 X
0.33 X
1.00 X
1/2 X
1.00 X
1.00 X

68.89
68.89

11.482
34.445

2.767
2.767

31.766
95.298

12.80

7.475

6.400

47.841

2.000
V=
H=
206.276
83.096

10.80
VM =

21.600
HM =

1013.863

344.804

Live load surcharge


16

0.584 X
Braking force

17
Total =

Program by- Sunil K Goyal

Office of Director Dam


I.D.R.,Jaipur

VM

Net stabilizing moments =


M=
M=
b

10.25 ,

=
=

1013.863
669.058

66020422.xls

M
669.058
-------- = ----------- =
V
206.28

HM
344.804

3.244

b/2 - X
1.881

Vertical stresses at Heel

= V/b(1-6e/b) =

-2.039

t/m2

<

Vertical stresses at Toe

= V/b(1+6e/b) =

42.289

t/m2

<

<

0.65

Hence

safe

>

1.5

Hence

safe

Sliding factor =

H
V

83.096
=
206.276

0.403

Factor of safety in overturning


=

Program by- Sunil K Goyal

VM
1013.86
HM = 344.804 =

2.94

10.00
safe
100.00
safe

t/m2
t/m2

Office of Director Dam


I.D.R.,Jaipur

66020422.xls

ABUTMENT SECTION AT FOUNDATION LEVEL

L.L. SURCHARGE @

R.L.

13

0 1.00

307.50

0.584

t/m2
L.L. SURCHARGE

7
6 15.00
R.L. 305.50

R.L.

306.00
10

2.00
9

20

8
R.L.

15

303.00

11

19
12

1
1

16
17

18

R.L. 294.70
5

2.95

1.70

0.90

1.25

1.00

7.10

0.50

EARTH PRESSURE DIAGRAM

12.45
14
11.25

UPLIFT PRESSURE DIAGRAM

Program by- Sunil K Goyal

Office of Director Dam


I.D.R.,Jaipur

(i)

66020422.xls

Checking the stability of abutment section at foundation level i.e.at R.L.


HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL FORCES

S.No. Item

Description

Forces (t)
Vertical

(A)

Lever arm

Horizontal

(m)

291.75

Moments in t-m
VM
HM

Vertical forces

Self weight of Abutment


1/2 X 10.80 X
0.90 X
10.80 X
1.25 X
12.80 X
1.00 X
1/2 X 11.30 X
7.10 X
Foundation concrete
12.45 X
2.95 X
Load due to bridge,gates etc.
1.00 X

7
8
9
10
11
12

Vertical weight due to earth retained on backfill


7.10 X
1.50 X
1.75
18.637
5.21 X
3.00 X
1.75
27.378
1/2 X
1.88 X
3.00 X
1.75
4.948
4.50 X
0.50 X
1.75
3.938
1/2 X
5.21 X
8.30 X
2.00
43.284
8.30 X
0.50 X
2.00
8.300

13

Vertical load due to surcharge


7.60 X

0.584

4.438

8.400

37.281

14

Uplift Pressure
1/2 X 11.25 X 12.450 X

1.00

-70.030

8.300

-581.240

1
2
3
4
2
5
3

(B)

1.90
1.90
1.90
1.90

9.234
25.650
24.320
76.216

2.300
3.225
4.350
7.217

21.238
82.721
105.792
550.022

2.25

82.635

6.225

514.397

3.225

48.375

8.400
9.342
6.107
12.20
10.211
12.20

156.548
255.776
30.215
48.037
441.990
101.258

15.00

15.00

Horizontal forces

1
15
16

Wet earth pressure


1/2 X
0.33 X
0.33 X
1.75 X

20.25
11.25

5.906
29.531

12.750
5.625

75.305
166.113

17
18

Saturated earth pressure


1/2 X
0.33 X
1.00 X 126.56
1/2 X
1.00 X
1.00 X 126.56

21.094
63.281

3.750
3.750

79.102
237.305

9.198

7.875

72.434

2.000
V=
H=
273.948 131.011

13.75

1.75 X
4.50 X

Live load surcharge


19

0.584 X

15.75

Braking force
20
Total =

Program by- Sunil K Goyal

VM =

27.500
HM =

1812.411

657.758

Office of Director Dam


I.D.R.,Jaipur

VM
HM
1812.411
657.758
1154.653
M
1154.653
-------- = ----------- =
4.215
V
273.95

Net stabilizing moments =


M=
M=
b

12.45 ,

=
=

66020422.xls

b/2 - X
2.010

Vertical stresses at Heel

= V/b(1-6e/b) =

0.689

t/m2

<

Vertical stresses at Toe

= V/b(1+6e/b) =

43.320

t/m2

<

<

0.65

Hence

safe

>

1.5

Hence

safe

Sliding factor =

H
V

131.011
=
273.948

0.478

Factor of safety in overturning


=

VM
HM

1812.41
657.758

2.76

********************

Program by- Sunil K Goyal

100.00
safe
100.00
safe

t/m2
t/m2