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The Brochure For Italy

Landforms
Italys landforms are extremely diverse. It has a complex geological history combined with the wide variety of its substratum rock types. The rock types often dislocated by numerous fault-lines and folding of the rocky strata by orogenic forces. The forces have contributed to Italy's extremely diverse morphology. Plains form 23% of its total territory. Mountainous areas occupy 35% of its surface. Finally, over 42% consist of hill zones. On the border with France, Italy's maximum height above sea level corresponds with the summit of Mt. Bianco, 4,810 m.. The far eastern section of the Po-Plain has in contrast some zones slightly below sea level, which are generally subject to subsidence phenomena. However, physically, the Italian territory can be considered to consist of the following regional units, characterized by a certain morphological similarity and at times also climatic. The Alpine system and Po-Venetian Plain in the continental section; the Apennine system and anti-Apennine relieves in the peninsula section; and the large islands of Sicily and Sardinia.

Climate
Italy is a country with strange climates. Its winters are cloudy and rainy. In the North, winter days are chilly. Winter regularly brings snow to the higher slopes of then Alps and the Apennines. At the same time, lower regions of the mountains enjoy mild temperatures. Evergreens grow in the Alps and Apennines. On the rolling hillsides, everywhere are chestnuts, beeches, oaks, pines, and olive trees. Only prickly pear, agave, and eucalyptus trees can endure the dryness in the South. On the coastal plains, warm, moist winds support oleanders and palm trees.

Venice and Its Lagoon, Italy


Venice, Italys third largest port, also known as the City on Water, is located in the south of Italy. Its not built on solid ground. Instead it lies on a cluster of small islands at the edge of the Adriatic Sea, and it also opens to the Mediterranean Sea. With canals for streets, splendid buildingsmost centuries oldrise directly out of the water. Beautiful old bridges everywhere allow people to stroll

through the city. Gondolas, or flat-bottomed boats of different sizes, serve as taxicabs. Venice began as a city of refuge for Roman citizens, who were seeking the protection of the Byzantines from Lombard invasions. The city developed on the Rialto islands between 810 A.D. and 825 A.D.. The basilica was constructed in 828 A.D.; it occupies the site where the vestiges of Saint Mark had been placed. The links between Venice and the Emperor of the East facilitated the establishment of the Dalmatian Empire. At the end of the 10th century, when Venice was an independent ally of Byzantium, the city continued to establish a network of trading posts on the other side of the Mediterranean. In the context of the Crusades, it also founded trading posts at Sidon in 1102 A.D. and in Tyre in 1123 A.D.. At the end of the 13th century, Venice was at the peak of its power. The Turkish takeover of Constantinople in 1453 A.D. constituted a threat to the maritime empire of Venice. Despite this first setback, the city's economic prosperity was maintained and its urban landscape took shape during the 16th century. The plan of Venice developed around its principal waterway, the Grand Canal, and is made up of a combination of sinuous forms that follow the meandering of the lagoon and rectilinear forms that cross at right angles. Numerous small squares were created in front of the churches. Eastern and Western influences can be found in Venice's colors, materials (marble, stone and brick) and architectural forms. The resultant play between exuberance and sobriety, along with its numerous masterpieces, make Venice unique. The moving rapport between its waterways and its stones makes it at the same time fascinating and exciting. An unforgettable landscape, the Venice lagoon houses one of the most important concentrations of masterpieces in the world. Its one of the best places for tourists to go.

Italys Products
In Italy, farmers develop terrace farming. Flat fields are cut into hillsides. The terraces look like steps going up the fertile hills, where they grow grapes and olives. They export them to parts of the world. Italy also exports furs and leathers, which are famous throughout the world. In addition, shipmaking is popular in Italys watered parts, over a third of Europe countries depend on them. In terms of art, famous drawings like Mona Lisa, The Last Supper and so on came out from Italy. Art galleries and museums collect them.

An Activity
Soccer is the most popular sport of the world, and also of Italy. Nearly over half of the worlds greatest players are in Italys soccer clubs. And because of that, Italys league matches is called the Worlds Small World Cup. Every year, billions of fans go to travel in Italy and watch soccer games.

Traveling Places
The country of Italy is crystallization of traveling places. Other than the famous cities of Rome, Milan, and Venus, therere still many wonderful cities. These include Florence, San Marino, Livorno, Genoa, Vatican City, and the islands of Sardinia and Sicily. After my own investigations on Italy, Ive found that these cities are very beautiful. So I wish that some days I can go to see them with my own eyes.