For immediate release Wednesday, October 1, 2008

September 2008 Franklin & Marshall College Poll
SURVEY OF PENNSYLVANIANS SUMMARY OF FINDINGS Prepared by: Center for Opinion Research Floyd Institute for Public Policy Franklin & Marshall College
BERWOOD A. YOST DIRECTOR, FLOYD INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC POLICY DIRECTOR, CENTER FOR OPINION RESEARCH HEAD METHODOLOGIST, FRANKLIN & MARSHALL COLLEGE POLL

G. TERRY MADONNA DIRECTOR, CENTER FOR POLITICS AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS DIRECTOR, FRANKLIN & MARSHALL COLLEGE POLL

BRAD A. NANKERVILLE PROJECT MANAGER, CENTER FOR OPINION RESEARCH PROJECT MANAGER, FRANKLIN & MARSHALL COLLEGE POLL

JENNIFER L. HARDING PROJECT MANAGER, CENTER FOR OPINION RESEARCH PROJECT MANAGER, FRANKLIN & MARSHALL COLLEGE POLL

KAY K. HUEBNER PROGRAMMER, CENTER FOR OPINION RESEARCH

October 1, 2008

Table of Contents
METHODOLOGY .......................................................................................................................... 2 KEY FINDINGS ............................................................................................................................. 4 TABLE A-1. PRESIDENTIAL VOTE CHOICE BY SELECTED DEMOGRAPHICS ........ 10 MARGINAL FREQUENCY REPORT....................................................................................... 11

Methodology
The survey findings presented in this release are based on the results of interviews conducted September 23 – 28, 2008. The interviews were conducted at the Center for Opinion Research at Franklin and Marshall College under the direction of the poll’s director, Dr. G. Terry Madonna, Head Methodologist Berwood Yost, and Project Manager Brad Nankerville. The data included in this release represent the responses of 767 adult residents of Pennsylvania who are currently registered to vote. Telephone numbers for the survey were generated using random digit dialing, and respondents were randomly selected from within each household. The sample error for registered adults is +/- 3.5 percent. In addition to sampling error, this poll is also subject to other sources of non-sampling error. Generally speaking, two sources of error concern researchers most. Non-response bias is created when selected participants either choose not to participate in the survey or are unavailable for interviewing. Response errors are the product of the question and answer process. Surveys that rely on self-reported behaviors and attitudes are susceptible to biases related to the way respondents process and respond to survey questions.

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The Franklin and Marshall College Poll is produced in conjunction with the Philadelphia Daily News, WGAL-TV, Pittsburgh Tribune Review, WTAETV, WPVI-TV6/ABC, and Times-Shamrock Newspapers. It may be used in whole or in part provided any use is attributed to Franklin & Marshall College.

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Key Findings
The Presidential Election The September 2008 Franklin and Marshall College Poll of registered Pennsylvania adults finds Democrat Barack Obama leading Republican John McCain by seven points, 45% to 38%. Obama’s advantage is smaller when undecided but leaning voters are included, 48% to 43%. Obama holds a sizable lead among younger residents, non-whites, college graduates, women, and residents of Philadelphia and Allegheny County. McCain has an advantage among men, Protestants, fundamentalist Christians, military veterans, and residents of Northwestern Pennsylvania (see Table A-1). White working class voters narrowly favor McCain over Obama 44% to 42%, but his advantage among these voters has shrunk since August when he was ahead 45% to 39%. McCain’s advantage among white men (51% to 30%) has increased since August (48% to 36%) while Obama has increased his margin among white women (49% to 36% now compared to 42% to 35% in August). Candidate preference among partisans has strengthened since our August survey; both candidates have about equal support among members of their own party. Obama has an advantage among Independent voters (Figure 1). Both candidates’ favorability ratings increased from August as well. Obama’s favorable ratings have increased from 43% favorable to 49% favorable. McCain’s favorable ratings have increased from 39% to 48%.

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Figure 1. Presidential Preference in Pennsylvania by Party Registration

September 2008
Obama McCain Other Don’t know

Republicans

12

73

2

13

Democrats

72

13

2

13

Independents/ Other

52

24

4

20

August 2008
Obama McCain Other Don’t know

Republicans

11

70

4

15

Democrats

68

14

2

16

Independents/ Other

49

27

10

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Perceptions about the candidates’ skills and abilities tend to provide an advantage for Barack Obama in Pennsylvania. First, far more respondents believe Obama best understands the concerns of ordinary Americans and he is perceived as better able to handle the economy. More voters believe McCain has the experience needed to be president, although his advantage on this attribute has decreased in the past month (Figure 2).

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Figure 2. Perceptions of Presidential Candidates in Pennsylvania

September 2008
Best understands the concerns of ordinary Americans Is most able to develop a comprehensive energy policy that will reduce dependence on foreign oil Will take on special interests in Washington Is most able to handle the economy

Obama
61% 50% 47% 46% 43% 43% 34% 28% 57% 38% 54%

McCain
28% 35% 39% 37% 47%

Will best handle the situation in Iraq Is closest to your views on values issues, such as abortion and gay marriage Will best protect the United States against terrorism Has the experience needed to be president

August 2008
Best understands the concerns of ordinary Americans Is most able to develop a comprehensive energy policy that will reduce dependence on foreign oil Will take on special interests in Washington Is most able to handle the economy

Obama
55% 47% 46% 42% 39% 40% 29% 22% 35% 53% 60%

McCain
32% 34% 31% 39% 48%

Will best handle the situation in Iraq Is closest to your views on values issues, such as abortion and gay marriage Will best protect the United States against terrorism Has the experience needed to be president

Question: Which candidate, (rotated) Barack Obama or John McCain, do you think is best DESCRIBED by each of the following statements?

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Half of registered adults believe that John McCain will mostly continue economic (49%) and foreign policies (60%) put into place by President Bush, although more Democrats and Independents than Republicans believe this is true (Table 1). Respondents who believe McCain will follow Bush policies are more likely to plan to vote for Obama. About the same proportion of voters would be concerned were Obama elected President (51%) as are concerned were McCain elected President (50%). More Independent voters are concerned about McCain than are concerned about Obama. Among those who would be concerned about McCain, more than one in ten voters from each party says his vice presidential choice concerns them. Obama’s lack of experience continues as the major concern voters have about him.

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Table 1. Perceptions of Presidential Candidates in Pennsylvania by Party
Republican McCain Economic Policy Like Bush’s Much different than Bush’s Don’t know McCain Foreign Policy Like Bush’s Much different than Bush’s Don’t know Concerned if McCain Elected President Yes No Concerned if Obama Elected President Yes No 22% 70% 9% 45% 45% 9% 24% 74% 75% 21% Republican Why Concerned about McCain | Obama McCain Views on policy issues 27% Too similar to Bush, would be no real change 15% Wishy-washy, wouldn’t follow through w/promises 3% Physical attributes, including age, health, race 18% Personality, morality, untrustworthy 10% Political party, ideology 2% Lack of experience, knowledge, ability 6% VP running mate 11% Don’t know enough about him 0% Everything 0% Assassination attempts 0% Religious background, affiliation 0% Terrorist links, how his name sounds 0% Other 1% Don’t know 6%
Obama

Democrat 69% 23% 8% 70% 22% 8% 70% 27% 32% 64% Democrat
McCain Obama

Independent/ Other 59% 37% 4% 68% 27% 5% 51% 45% 43% 54% Independent/ Other
McCain Obama

21% 0% 4% 4% 12% 11% 36% 1% 5% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1%

27% 26% 2% 13% 10% 4% 4% 11% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1%

17% 0% 7% 5% 9% 3% 38% 1% 3% 1% 5% 1% 1% 4% 5%

18% 19% 7% 11% 18% 0% 7% 16% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 5% 0%

16% 0% 9% 5% 12% 14% 28% 0% 5% 0% 5% 2% 2% 2% 0%

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Attitudinal variables are also associated with vote choice. Four in five (82%) registered adults in the state believe the country is “off on the wrong track,” and two in five (40%) say they are worse off financially this year than last. Obama is currently leading among both of these groups (Table 2). The economy (52%) is most often mentioned as the issue that will influence presidential vote choice in the fall, and Obama leads McCain among registered adults who are concerned primarily with this issue.
Table 2. Presidential Preference in Pennsylvania by Selected Attitudinal Items
McCain Direction of Country Right direction 73% Wrong track 31% Personal Finances Compared to Previous Year Better 54% Worse 22% About the same 49% Most Important Issue in Presidential Election Moral and family values 75% Foreign policy Taxes 72% Energy policy 59% The economy 29% The Iraq War 38% Healthcare 14% Something else 43% Obama 14% 52% 30% 58% 39% 11% 27% 9% 29% 54% 53% 73% 41% Other 1% 2% 4% 2% 2% 2% 3% 3% 0% 3% 1% 2% 2% DK 13% 14% 12% 18% 11% 12% 12% 16% 12% 15% 8% 11% 14%

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Table A-1. Presidential Vote Choice by Selected Demographics
McCain/Palin Gender* Male Female Age 18-34 35-54 55 and over 39% 38% 39% 51% 47% 43% 39% 45% 51% 48% 47% 45% 40% 84% 41% 48% 57% 45% 36% 61% 37% 48% 54% 43% 32% 48% 72% 39% 56% 43% 35% 42% 42% 12% 72% 52% 1% 1% 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 4% 2% 2% 3% 1% 2% 3% 2% 3% 2% 0% 2% 4% 3% 3% 1% 3% 2% 2% 4% 9% 13% 15% 16% 12% 12% 16% 12% 12% 15% 10% 15% 17% 5% 16% 13% 12% 12% 15% 12% 14% 14% 14% 15% 16% 11% 11% 15% 15% 15% 13% 13% 20% 47% 32% 35% 53% 3% 1% 15% 13% Obama/Biden Other DK

Education High School or Less 42% Some College 40% College Degree 34% Household Income Less than $35,000 34% $35-75,000 39% Over $75,000 41% Race* White 43% Non-white 5% Marital Status* Married 42% Not currently married 32% Single, never married 34% Religious Affiliation* Catholic 38% Protestant 48% Other/Unaffiliated 23% Born Again Christian or Fundamentalist* Yes 50% No 34% Household Union Member Yes 30% No 40% Military Veteran* Yes 51% No 36% Region* Philadelphia 13% Northeast 43% Allegheny 29% Southwest 44% Northwest 47% Central 43% Southeast 40% Party Registration* Republican 73% Democrat 13% Independent/Other 24%
* Significant differences (p<.05)

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Marginal Frequency Report
REG. Some people are registered to vote, and many others are not. Are you CURRENTLY REGISTERED to vote at your present address? 100% Yes

RegPARTY. Are you currently registered as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or as something else? 50% 40% 9% 1% Democrat Republican Independent Something else

Vote_Nov. Many people will vote in the election for president in November, however, many other people will not. What would you say are the chances you will vote in the November presidential election? Are you certain to vote, will you probably vote, are the chances fifty-fifty you will vote, OR don't you think that you will vote in the November election for president? 92% 5% 2% 1% Certain to vote Will probably vote Chances 50-50 Don’t think will vote

Pol_Int. Some people don't pay much attention to political campaigns. How about you? Would you say that you are…in the 2008 presidential campaign? Very much interested 71% 62% 65% 60% Somewhat interested 26% 33% 29% 35% Not very interested 3% 5% 6% 5%

Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Feb 2008 Jan 2008

Gen. When it comes to presidential elections, do you always vote, do you usually vote, do you only sometimes vote, or do you rarely vote? 84% 11% 3% 3% Always Usually Only sometimes Rarely

Vot04. Did you vote in the last presidential election in 2004 or not? 93% 7% Yes No

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IntFav. Please let me know your opinion of some people involved in politics today...Is your opinion of __ favorable, unfavorable, undecided, or haven't heard enough about __ to have an opinion? (rotated) (Note: Respondents in Aug 2008 and Sep 2008 who chose “favorable” or “unfavorable” were asked if their opinion was strongly or somewhat favorable/unfavorable). Strongly favorable BARACK OBAMA Sep 2008 Aug 2008 JOHN MCCAIN Sep 2008 Aug 2008 SARAH PALIN Sep 2008 JOE BIDEN Sep 2008 31% 25% 22% 15% 24% 26% Somewhat favorable 18% 18% 26% 24% 15% 20% Somewhat unfavorable 9% 7% 12% 13% 7% 9% Strongly unfavorable 21% 22% 24% 19% 26% 14% Undecided 17% 23% 14% 23% 13% 15% Don’t know 3% 5% 2% 6% 15% 17%

Favorable BARACK OBAMA Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Feb 2008 Jan 2008 Aug 2007 Jun 2007 Feb 2007 JOHN MCCAIN Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Feb 2008 Jan 2008 Aug 2007 Jun 2007 Feb 2007 Feb 2000 49% 43% 46% 41% 37% 32% 31% 48% 39% 45% 46% 31% 34% 37% 44%

Unfavorable 30% 29% 27% 27% 21% 21% 15% 36% 32% 26% 23% 30% 28% 23% 15%

Undecided 17% 23% 21% 23% 23% 20% 20% 14% 23% 21% 21% 22% 22% 23% 28%

Don’t know 3% 5% 6% 9% 19% 27% 34% 2% 6% 8% 10% 17% 16% 17% 13%

Pres08. If the November general election for president were being held today and the candidates were (rotated) John McCain and Sarah Palin, the Republicans, Barack Obama and Joe Biden, the Democrats, Ralph Nader and Matt Gonzalez, the Independents, and Bob Barr and Wayne Root, the Libertarians, would you vote for John McCain and Sarah Palin, Barack Obama and Joe Biden, Ralph Nader and Matt Gonzalez, Bob Barr and Wayne Root, or aren't you sure how you would vote? * Aug 08 44% 36% 4% 16% Sep 08 45% 38% 2% 14%

Barack Obama/Joe Biden John McCain/Sarah Palin Other Don’t know

* Vice Presidential running mates and third party candidates were not included before Sep 2008.

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Cert. Are you absolutely CERTAIN you will vote FOR [fill Pres08] in the election, or are you still making up your mind? 651 81% 19% Subsample size Certain Still making up mind

Lean. As of today, do you lean more to (rotated) John McCain and Sarah Palin, the Republicans, Barack Obama and Joe Biden, the Democrats, Ralph Nader and Matt Gonzalez, the Independents, or Bob Barr and Wayne Root, the Libertarians? 116 32% 21% 1% 46% Subsample size John McCain/Sarah Palin Barack Obama/Joe Biden Other Don’t know

IssPrim. What will be the single most important issue in your vote for president this year? (rotated) Foreign policy, the Iraq war, the economy, healthcare, energy policy, taxes, moral and family values, or something else? Aug 08 43% 12% 9% 10% 6% 8% 3% 7% 3% Sep 08 52% 10% 9% 6% 5% 4% 4% 7% 3%

The economy The Iraq War Moral and family values Healthcare Foreign policy Energy policy Taxes Something else Don’t know

McC1. If John McCain is elected president, do you think he will mostly continue the ECONOMIC POLICIES put into place by President Bush or do you think he will develop ECONOMIC POLICIES that are much different than President Bush's? Aug 08 55% 34% 11% Sep 08 49% 43% 8%

Mostly continue the economic policies put into place by President Bush Develop economic policies that are much different than President Bush's Don’t know

McC2. If John McCain is elected president, do you think he will mostly continue the FOREIGN POLICY put into place by President Bush or do you think he will develop a FOREIGN POLICY that is much different than President Bush's? Aug 08 58% 30% 12% Sep 08 60% 32% 8%

Mostly continue the foreign policy put into place by President Bush Develop a foreign policy that is much different than President Bush's Don’t know

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(Questions McC3 through Ob3y are rotated.) McC3. Regardless of how you plan to vote in November, would you be concerned if John McCain was elected president? Aug 08 46% 50% 4% Sep 08 50% 48% 3%

Yes No Don’t know

Mc3y. What would concern you about him? Aug 08 292 46% 39% 14% 0% 5% 0% 6% 3% 2% 10% 1% Sep 08 383 35% 33% 19% 16% 15% 7% 5% 4% 1% 3% 3%

Subsample size Views on policy issues Too similar to Bush, current administration, would be no real change Physical attributes, including age, health, race Vice Presidential running mate Personality, morality, untrustworthy Lack of experience, knowledge, ability Political party, ideology Tries to please everyone, wishy-washy, wouldn’t follow through with promises Everything Other Don’t know

* Responses total more than 100% because multiple answers were accepted. Ob3. Regardless of how you plan to vote in November, would you be concerned if Barack Obama was elected president? Aug 08 51% 45% 4% Sep 08 51% 45% 4%

Yes No Don’t know

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Ob3y. What would concern you about him? Aug08 322 39% 30% 7% 10% 12% 7% 6% 3% 2% 3% 2% 0% 11% 2% Sep 08 390 48% 26% 15% 12% 7% 6% 6% 3% 3% 1% 1% 1% 3% 3%

Subsample size Lack of experience, knowledge, ability Views on policy issues Personality, morality, untrustworthy Political party, ideology Tries to please everyone, wishy-washy, wouldn’t follow through with promises Don’t know enough about him Physical attributes, including age, health, race Assassination attempts Religious background, affiliation Everything Terrorist links, how his name sounds Vice Presidential running mate Other Don’t know

* Responses total more than 100% because multiple answers were accepted. IntD1. Which candidate, (rotated) Barack Obama or John McCain, do you think is best DESCRIBED by each of the following statements? September 2008 Obama Best understands the concerns of ordinary Americans Is most able to develop a comprehensive energy policy that will reduce dependence on foreign oil Will take on special interests in Washington Is most able to handle the economy Is closest to your views on values issues, such as abortion and gay marriage Will best handle the situation in Iraq Will best protect the United States against terrorism Has the experience needed to be president 61% 50% 47% 46% 43% 43% 34% 28% McCain 28% 35% 39% 37% 38% 47% 54% 57% Don’t know 11% 15% 14% 17% 19% 9% 13% 15% Obama 55% 47% 46% 42% 40% 39% 29% 22% August 2008 McCain 32% 34% 31% 39% 35% 48% 53% 60% Don’t know 13% 19% 23% 19% 25% 13% 18% 18%

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RatePres. How would you rate the way that George Bush is handling his job as president? Would you say he is doing… Excellent job 1% 3% 5% 8% 4% 5% 5% 8% 10% 9% 7% 10% 10% 12% 14% 18% 16% 15% 13% 15% 33% Good job 15% 18% 17% 22% 19% 19% 22% 23% 26% 24% 23% 26% 25% 31% 30% 31% 30% 34% 32% 32% 31% Only a fair job 27% 27% 25% 23% 28% 28% 27% 25% 27% 24% 24% 23% 24% 27% 28% 27% 26% 26% 26% 25% 19% Poor job 56% 51% 52% 47% 49% 48% 46% 43% 36% 43% 45% 40% 42% 30% 28% 24% 28% 24% 28% 28% 15% Don’t know 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2%

Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Feb 2008 Jan 2008 Aug 2007 Jun 2007 Feb 2007 Oct 2006 Sep 2006 Aug 2006 May 2006 Feb 2006 Sep 2005 Jun 2005 Oct 2004 Sep 2004 Aug 2004 Mar 2004 Feb 2004 Nov 2003 Apr 2003

UStrk. All in all, do you think things in the United States are generally headed in the RIGHT DIRECTION, or do you feel that things are off on the WRONG TRACK? 13% 82% 4% Right direction Wrong track Don’t know

MIP_YF. What do you think is the MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM facing YOU and YOUR FAMILY TODAY? 64% 8% 6% 3% 3% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 3% Economy, personal finances, cost of living Healthcare, insurance Gasoline/oil prices, energy Government, politicians Terrorism, foreign policy Taxes Values, morality, religion Elder issues, social security Iraq War Education, schools Personal illness, health problems Nothing Other Don’t know

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Gov. Do you think that the problems facing you and your family can be solved with the help of the government, or are these problems beyond what you think the government can do? 71% 22% 7% With help of government Beyond what government can do Don’t know

FinToday. We are interested in how people are getting along financially these days. Would you say that YOU and YOUR FAMILY are better off, worse off, or about the same financially as you were a year ago? Better off Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Feb 2008 Jan 2008 Nov 2005* Sep 2005* Jun 2005* Mar 2005* Nov 2003* Apr 2003* Sep 2002 Jun 2002 Jul 1999* Jul 1998* Mar 1998* Jul 1996* Feb 1996* Apr 1995* 12% 16% 20% 17% 20% 17% 24% 21% 17% 16% 25% 29% 31% 31% 31% 21% 21% 26% Worse off 40% 37% 29% 25% 28% 36% 24% 28% 29% 30% 26% 20% 16% 16% 16% 22% 21% 21% About the same 47% 46% 51% 57% 51% 47% 52% 51% 53% 54% 47% 50% 52% 52% 52% 56% 57% 52% Don’t know 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1%

*Question asked of all respondents regardless of registration status

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FinFut. Now looking AHEAD, do you think that A YEAR FROM NOW, YOU and YOUR FAMILY will be better off financially than you are now, worse off, or about the same as you are now? Better off Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Nov 2005* Sep 2005* Jun 2005* Mar 2005* Nov 2003* Apr 2003* Sep 2002 Jun 2002 Jul 1999* Jul 1998* Mar 1998* Jul 1996* Feb 1996* Apr 1995* 25% 28% 29% 27% 32% 31% 33% 27% 38% 35% 38% 41% 39% 24% 29% 37% Worse off 18% 15% 20% 23% 15% 20% 13% 17% 8% 6% 8% 9% 7% 12% 16% 12% About the same 42% 45% 48% 45% 48% 45% 49% 51% 43% 49% 50% 45% 50% 54% 49% 44% Don’t know 15% 12% 3% 5% 5% 4% 5% 5% 11% 10% 4% 5% 4% 10% 6% 7%

*Question asked of all respondents regardless of registration status

IntHard. Now I’m going to ask you about various events that happen to people. I’m interested in those that happened to you at any point during the last 12 months, that is since [fill one year ago’s date]. Did any of the following hardships happen to you in the last 12 months? (rotated) Yes Did you experience a reduction in pay for any reason? Did you lack health insurance coverage? Were you unable to purchase gasoline because you couldn’t afford it? Were you unable to get needed medical care because you couldn’t afford it? Were you unable to purchase needed food because you couldn’t afford it? Did you fall behind in paying your rent or mortgage? Were you unemployed and looking for work for as long as a month? Were you let go or permanently laid off from your job? Did you have any utilities, such as water, heat, or electricity, shut off because you couldn’t afford the bill? For financial reasons, did you have to temporarily live with others or in a shelter or on the street? Were you evicted from your apartment or house? 19% 10% 12% 11% 11% 8% 10% 6% 4% 2% 1% No 81% 90% 88% 89% 89% 92% 90% 94% 96% 98% 99%

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I now have a final few questions for statistical purposes only. CNTY. Region of state (What is the name of the county you live in?) 30% 19% 12% 12% 10% 8% 9% Central Southeast Northeast Allegheny Southwest Northwest Philadelphia

Resd. How many years have you lived at your current address? 17.9 Mean

AGE. What was your age on your last birthday? 2% 9% 15% 21% 25% 29% 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65 and older

EDUC. What was the last grade level of schooling you have completed? 3% 33% 14% 11% 22% 17% Non high school graduate High school graduate or GED Some college Two-year or tech degree Four year college degree Post graduate degree

MAR. What is your CURRENT marital status, are you single, married, separated, divorced, or a widower? 13% 61% 1% 11% 14% Single, Never Married Married Separated Divorced Widow or widower

PRTY1. Regardless of how you are registered, in politics, as of today, do you think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, or an Independent? 19% 11% 11% 8% 12% 11% 26% 1% Strong Republican Republican Lean Republican Pure Independent Lean Democrat Democrat Strong Democrat Do not know

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LABR. Are you or is any member of your household a member of a LABOR UNION? 18% 82% Yes No

VET. Are you a military veteran? 17% 83% Yes No

Hisp. Are you Hispanic or Latino, or not? 2% 98% Yes No

RACE. Which of the following categories best describes your racial background? 89% 11% White Non-white

REL. Do you consider yourself to be Protestant, Catholic, some other religion, or not affiliated with any religion? 42% 32% 14% 12% Protestant Catholic Some other religion Not affiliated with any religion

BAC. Do you consider yourself to be a born-again Christian or fundamentalist, or not? 29% 70% 2% Yes No Don’t know

NumA. Including yourself, how many adults 18 years of age or OLDER CURRENTLY live in this household? 31% 57% 10% 3% One Two Three Four or more

WORK. Are you currently working FULL-time, PART-time, going to school, keeping house or something else? 48% 9% 1% 6% 3% 3% 29% 1% Full-time Part-time Going to school Keeping house Unemployed Disabled Retired Don’t know

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INC1. And, just for statistical purposes, we need to know if your total family income is above or below $50,000 per year? 15% 14% 12% 22% 14% 21% 3% Under $25,000 $25-$35,000 $35-50,000 $50-75,000 $75-100,000 Over $100,000 Don’t know

DONE. Sex of respondent: 56% 44% Female Male

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