Home Sign Up!

Browse Community Submit
All Art Craft Food Games Green Home Kids Life Music Offbeat Outdoors Pets Photo Ride Science Tech

Build a Real Ray Gun at Home (Homemade Ray Gun or Burning Pulse Laser Pistol)
by TheHomebrewGuru on July 9, 2011 Table of Contents Build a Real Ray Gun at Home (Homemade Ray Gun or Burning Pulse Laser Pistol) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intro: Build a Real Ray Gun at Home (Homemade Ray Gun or Burning Pulse Laser Pistol) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 1: Getting Cameras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 2: Make a Capacitor Bank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 3: Power Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 4: Wiring the Charging Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 5: Ionizer and the SSY-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 6: Optional Addons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 7: Author's Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Related Instructables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7

http://www.instructables.com/id/Build-a-Real-Ray-Gun-at-Home-1/

(I will post soon) In addition. A SOLID STATE laser is pumped with intense light from a flash lamp in a single pulse onto a lasing medium. it should be able to punch through plastics. I will explain the difference. In this tutorial we will be using Neodymium:YAG as our lasing medium. and make sure that capacitors are adequately insulated. although it was made humorous. WARNING: Due to the inherent dangers of this project. but these tutorials are almost always only reliant on weak laser diodes. This video is not meant to be serious. Before you begin this project. though the capacitors can be charged faster using alternative methods.instructables. This tutorial simply gives basic instructions for a way to build the pistol but does not go into great detail on how it will work.Author:TheHomebrewGuru TheHomebrewGuru Channel Hello I'm Mad Scientist Trevor Nestor. wood. but is only to showcase the laser pistol. A video will be posted to better show it in action (firing). This pistol is a SOLID STATE PUMPED laser. I will be detailing how to build a working charger with only disposable cameras. it is. styrafoam. Make sure to shield your eyes properly when firing solid state lasers. Never point the ray gun at any living thing.com/id/Build-a-Real-Ray-Gun-at-Home-1/ . Perhaps many of you have seen tutorials online on how to build a laser pistol. it is advised that you first watch this brief instructional video covering the bare basics (read below): NOTE: NEVER fire a laser without proper eye protection or handle bare capacitors!! I was in no danger throughout the video. and always make sure to have proper supervision. In order to prevent confusion.com/user/HomebrewGuru?feature=mhee Intro: Build a Real Ray Gun at Home (Homemade Ray Gun or Burning Pulse Laser Pistol) Is it possible to build a space-age ray gun at home? With mostly houshold items. for the sake of simplicity (and cost). make sure to take all necessary safety precautions including eye protection.youtube. If you build this pistol properly. or even thin metals instantaneously or make blind spots on television screens. http://www. If you like my instructables see my youtube channel! http://www.

Politely go to a nearby photo developing store and ask if they have any used disposable cameras. Image Notes 1. the store employees' willingness to cooperate is dependent on a few things: 1. IONIZATION CAPACITOR 5. BATTERY TERMINAL 8. CAPACITOR 2. CHARGING CIRCUITS 7. Though there are many different designs for disposable camera circuits.com/id/Build-a-Real-Ray-Gun-at-Home-1/ . they all work similarly. its time to start shucking! Inside each camera there are many useful components we will need. From my experience. THE INSTRUCTIONS WILL REQUIRE A MINIMUM OF 3 FOR A 2 ROW CAPACITOR ARRAY) 2.) How dangerous your project sounds when they ask you what you need the cameras for Once you have a big bag full of cameras. Depending on how powerful you would like your ray gun to be.) How much you look like you know what you are doing 3.instructables. and have a thick piece of metal insulated from your hand. Once the capacitor is discharged and the battery is removed. you will choose how many disposable cameras (though at a sufficient amount there is a ceiling to how much the pistol can pump out). BATTERY TERMINAL http://www. But before removing the outer plastic container. IONIZATION COIL 7. SSY-1 LASER HEAD/RESONATOR 6. POWER SECTION 4. REMOVE BATTERY FROM HERE 4. INDICATOR LIGHTS 8. you are going to need a ton of disposable cameras. TRIGGER(S) Step 1: Getting Cameras To begin with. FLASH TRIGGER 5.) How old you look 2. Remove them. I have attached a photo with the basic information on it. you must first remove the camera's battery. DISCHARGE THESE 3. the electronics are safe to touch. SWITCH ARRAY (4 SWITCHES ON MY MODEL. INDICATOR LIGHT 6.Image Notes 1. Use this to discharge the camera's capacitor very carefully by tapping the two pieces of metal jutting out from it. SPEAKER 3.

instructables. Image Notes 1. Tape the two rows together and connect the two rows in series. Make sure that you are observing the correct polarity! Do the same with the negative end. We will need it later.Step 2: Make a Capacitor Bank Use a soldering iron to remove the capacitors from the camera circuits. SWITCH 1 4. NEGATIVE to SSY-1 Step 3: Power Section On the circuit that you saved with the capacitor still in it. Most capacitors will have a label telling you their designed voltage and capacitance. In the bank you are making. but to be safe you should use much less). SWITCH 2 5. CONNECT THESE TWO WIRES TO CONNECT THE TWO ROWS IN SERIES 3. The terminal is where you first removed the battery from the disposable camera circuit. Keep in mind that the more capacitors you add. Gather an even number of capacitors with the same ratings. Make sure that it is set to charge ON.terminals! Failure to regard polarity with these flash capacitors will lead to all sorts of nasty things! A stripe on the side of the capacitors indicates NEGATIVE polarity. WIRED IN PARALLEL 2. If yours forces you to hold the button to charge. do the same. Get a 2x AA battery holder (usually $2 online) and solder the positive end from the holder to both the positive battery terminal on the circuit with the capacitor and the one without it. The amount recommended is between 4 and 10 120uF capacitors. there should be a charge button on the disposable camera circuit. Do the same with the other half in a different row. solder the button connection so that it is always ON. POSITIVE to SSY-1 6. Save one disposable camera circuit with the capacitor still in it. Refer back to step 2 for a simple labeled picture of the flash circuit. On another circuit with the capacitor removed.terminals are connected to other . you need all of the same type of capacitor. MAKE SURE that when you are connecting in parallel. STRIPES INDICATE NEGATIVE SIDE Image Notes 1. http://www. Use the soldering iron to wire half of the capacitors in parallel.com/id/Build-a-Real-Ray-Gun-at-Home-1/ . the less life your flash lamp will theoretically have (though I have used over 20 100uF capacitors and mine continually works. + terminals are connected to other + terminals and .

) BLACK (goes to the NEGATIVE on the capacitors. Refer back to step 1. Find where the Ionization coil is labeled. Touching the capacitor terminals at any time is DANGEROUS! Use adequate insulation. Refer back to step 2 for a picture. Although the capacitors will be connected directly to the SSY-1 laser head at all times. WHITE WIRE (2) 4. Solder in switches to switch between charging either of the two rows of capacitors in the capacitor bank with the other board. Image Notes 1.) RED (goes to the POSITIVE on the capacitors. see picture on step 2) 3. Use HEAVY DUTY switches also. We will use it later. So make sure the positive from the charging circuit is connected to the positive on the capacitors and vice versa. see picture on step 2) 2. Desolder the metal on top of the ionization coil on the board that you left the capacitor in. SSY-1 Laser Head 2. the gas in the flashlamp must be IONIZED. First. The indicator light with the capacitor on the board that it was left in should blink almost immediately when turned on.com/id/Build-a-Real-Ray-Gun-at-Home-1/ . Step 5: Ionizer and the SSY-1 You will need a laser head. 2X AA BATTERY HOLDER 2. Similar insulation to what is found in disposable cameras should work fine (thick plastic).instructables." Remember. Remove metal trigger bits from the other board. BLACK WIRE (3) http://www. I used an SSY-1 laser head off of ebay (approximately $100). RED WIRE (1) 3. all of the capacitors must be charged. 9V BATTERY CONNECTION FOR AUDIO CIRCUIT (OPTIONAL) Step 4: Wiring the Charging Circuits For the raygun to work. Solder a hanging wire to it. polarity is very important. but if you are lucky you can salvage it from a laser rangefinder. The two different places the switch should switch to are labeled "Switch 1" and "Switch 2.) WHITE (solder to the hanging wire from the ionization coil that we discussed) Get a trigger button and solder the two ends of it to the flash trigger on the board in which you had left in the capacitor. the energy from them cannot flow through. NOTE: You will need to wire switches so that before switching between charging ROW 1 and ROW 2 the row that you were charging is DISCONNECTED otherwise there will be a big spark.Image Notes 1. The SSY-1 has 3 wires: 1.

One troll I was dealing with suggested that 800v was too much for the flashlamp to handle. That's it! Image Notes 1. Whether or not a MOT is dangerous at a distance is not the issue (almost all dangerous devices have instances when they aren't dangerous). At this point the usual thing should be harped on again.com/id/Build-a-Real-Ray-Gun-at-Home-1/ . using MOT power supplies. though it can handle 900v! In addition. if handled in a safe way. It's not so much that some idiot will look into the laser. cars. there should be no problem. but hey. A child could do it. what's a guy to do when he is poor and has to pay for college and can only afford a handy cam and a small place to live? XD http://www. just as you should for any other dangerous tutorial. Any laser device can pose a hazard to bystanders. and the q-switch limits how much goes into it (though I do not recomment pumping too much into the laser.. Even some of the trolls that I have dealt with have eventually agreed that closing eyes and/or shielding with the hand is adequate (not optimal) protection! On Capacitors: Capacitors need to be discharged by an insulated piece of metal. Hogwash! The SSY-1 is a well-documented laser. If you follow the necessary safety precautions. the leading SSY-1 hobbyist: "these surplus lasers are great for educational purposes. but make sure NEVER TO LEAVE THE CAPACITOR TERMINALS WHERE YOUR HANDS WILL BE. Recently. There are plenty of ways that any dangerous project may pose a hazard to others. tirelessly ad nauseam. campfires.instructables. We have all heard it before. In the words of Sam. should be fine. Beating a Dead Horse to Stop Trolls and Flame Wars from Condescending Enthusiasts On "Proper Eye Protection" I know that I have discussed the necessity to shield one's eyes several times. AC power (as suggested by Edison because of the dangers of AC over DC). An infrared lens may be useful in focusing the laser beam and can be used to burn holes in metal or causing air to break down into a plasma at the focus point (it will appear like a ball of light the size of a BB). yet. The SSY1 laser was used in the tank's rangefinder. (but) these surplus lasers are great for educational purposes.” If you do not have access to infrared safety wear. one should use laser safety glasses when working with this unit. Safety. try a screwdriver with a rubber/plastic handle." I am arguing feasibility and necessity. but that this is a fun little device. Glue everything together how you like it. On Posting a Dangerous Tutorial: This project is no more dangerous than building a tesla coil. the flashlamp does not stay ionized before all of the capacitors have a chance to discharge." Optics engineer “Sam” from a leading solid state laser enthusiast site who has had experience with these lasers has this to say: “What can be said. One story I've also heard was that a guy was experimenting in his garage with high voltage and set his house on fire. It was extremely easy to get the laser to work the first time. Some trolls have suggested that somehow solid state laser DIY'ing is a "secret knowledge" that should not be made available to the public. as long as the user is following safety precautions. but I cannot stress it enough! I cannot tell you about all of the senseless banter and condescending comments that I have received about the safety of this project and my apparent "lack of respect for the laser. FIRE AT DARK SURFACES Step 7: Author's Notes Safety. laser pointers. These ND:YAG lasers have been replaced with an eye-safe kind. I am saying that unsafe projects should not be banned for the sake of them posing a danger such as tesla coils or MOTs (which DO pose just as strong a hazard). If one does not have them. one story in the news was that a guy with a laser pointer forced a helicopter to land! This is not the sort of activity I suggest fostering. planes.. Do not touch the metal portions of the capacitors at any time! Use as much insulation as possible. (Unless you wish to also ban archery. or many other hobby projects that exist with tutorials online. at least cover your eyes! I cannot tell you how many times people have mistaken this advisory with "you don't need infrared safety goggles" and argued with me about how I lacked "respect for what I was dealing with. Even professionals sometimes make mistakes. It's also the only part of an Abrams tank I will likely ever own. FOR BEST RESULTS. I hold no responsibility for the abuse or partial reading of my tutorial. and pretty much any other item that can possibly pose a hazard). shooting skeet. It is no easier or harder to observe necessary safety measures for using a MOT device as it is to use an SSY-1 device." On Video: Sorry.Step 6: Optional Addons Adding in a sound bit is optional. closing the eyes during firing is better than nothing. Safety. As long as sufficient safety precautions are taken. not optimization. and you can get a recordable sound module from your local Radio Shack or electronics retailer. no problems should arise. SSY-1's have a wide range of performances). it is more likely that a reflection could come back from an unintended target and strike the eye. MOTs can be lethal if not handled properly.

I had a scary event personally a few years ago with a disposable camera charging circuit.instructables.com/id/Build-a-Real-Ray-Gun-at-Home-1/ . Be VERY careful with these things. and scary.Related Instructables CR-TutorialsK'nex Ray Gun / Ray/Laser Gun Pistol by The Prop(And Sensei Effect) (video) by ChemicalReaction New 007 Laser Weapon Revealed! by Kipkay Steampunk Radium Pistol (Photos) by glitchus ez blue ray laser (video) by jayandersons 405nm Handheld laser (video) by adgmlaser Comments 10 comments Add Comment llamatard says: could this possibly b fatal? Jul 18. 2011. 2011. 11:28 AM REPLY You arn't kidding when you say dangerous. to say the least. I went into shock briefly. It was painful. 2011. 9:13 AM REPLY niac says: Jul 11. http://www. 9:14 PM REPLY It is much like a BB gun. I had a scare when it went from one hand to the other and it felt like a punch in the chest! The experience was shocking. 2011. when I accidentally discharged a single charged cap from it through me. 2011. DynoYoshi says: wow this instructable was superb! Jul 20. 10:47 PM REPLY TheHomebrewGuru says: Jul 21. 3:36 PM REPLY It's also a good idea to try and keep only one hand at a time close to the capacitors and anything that conducts from them. 2011. 5:10 PM REPLY tinker234 says: wow hey how could i make it go thourgh hevay metals in the compact size Jul 15. but not kill. CShaffer212 says: Jul 12. Capacitors can (possibly) leave a pretty nasty sting so respect them! As for the laser it may damage eyesight.

instructables. 2011.com/id/Build-a-Real-Ray-Gun-at-Home-1/ . Sorry about that thanks Jul 10. And not offer a ground path or something via somewhere else through your body.stripes on capacitors mark NEGATIVE terminal .niac says: Jul 12. 2011. 1:06 PM REPLY MikrySoft says: Jul 10. 2011. TheHomebrewGuru says: Yes. 8:27 PM REPLY http://www.have you noticed those nice minus signs painted on them? TheHomebrewGuru says: Oh whoops you are right! I wrote this instructable quickly I will fix it immediately. 2011. except for one small mistake . totally. 4:07 PM REPLY Yeah. please make sure that you have shorted the terminals and make sure that capacitors are adequately insulated! Jul 11. 4:55 PM REPLY Everything is great. It /is/ good advice to work with only one hand when doing that.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful