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EMF Exposures and Depression and Suicide

3 March 2012

For other EMF-related bibliographies see:

48 Studies reporting effects of EMF exposures on depression and suicide: 1. Bachmann M, H Hinrikus, K Aadamsoo, U Vohma, J Lass, J Rubljova, A Suhhova, V Tuulik
(2007). Modulated microwave effects on individuals with depressive disorder. Environmentalist 27: 505510.

2. Baris, D., Armstrong, B. G., Deadman, J. and Thriault, G. (1996). A case cohort study of suicide
in relation to exposure to electric and magnetic fields among electrical utility workers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 53, 17-24.

3. Berk M, Sl Dodd and M Henry. (2006). Do Ambient Electromagnetic Fields Affect Behaviour? A
Demonstration of the Relationship Between Geomagnetic Storm Activity and Suicide. Bioelectromagnetics 27: 1-5.

4. Bortkiewicz A, Zmylony M, Szyjkowska A, Gadzicka E. (2004). [Subjective symptoms reported

by people living in the vicinity of cellular phone base stations: review]. Med Pr; 55(4):345-51. [Article in Polish]. Abstract:

5. Buchner K, Eger H (2011) Umwelt-Medizin-Gesellschaft 24(1): 44-57. Translated by Katharina

Gustavs and authorized by the authors and publisher. Available online:

6. Corra H, Duval F, Mokrani MC, Bailey P, Trmeau F, rt al (2002). . Serotonergic function and
suicidal behavior in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res.56(1-2):75-85.

7. Dowson, D. L., Lewith, G. T., Campbell, M., Mullee, M., Brewster, L. A. (1988). Overhead high
voltage cables and recurrent headache and depression. Practitioner. 232(1447). 435-436.

8. Friedman H, RO Becker & C Bachman (1963). Geomagnetic parameters and psychiatric hospital
admissions. Nature 200: 626-8.

9. Gobba F.(2002). [Subjective non-specific symptoms related with electromagnetic fields:

description of 2 cases]. Epidemiol Prev. 26(4):171-5. [Article in Italian].

10. Gordon C, Berk M. (2003). The effect of geomagnetic storms on suicide. S Afr Psychiatry Rev
6:2427. %20of%20geomagnetic%20storms%20on%20suicide).pdf

11. Hecht, K. (2001): [Effects of electromagnetic fields: A review of Russian study results 19601996], umwelt-medizin-gesellschaft 14(3): 222-231. [Article in German] %20med._Karl/showDoc.php?lang=de&header=Prof. Dr. Hecht&file=Auswirkungen von Elektromagnetischen Feldern.html&back=../showAuthor.php?target=Hecht_Prof. em. Prof. Dr. med._Karl

12. Hecht, K., Savoley, E. N. (2007): Overloading of Towns and Cities with Radio Transmitters
(Cellular Transmitter): a hazard for the human health and a disturbance of eco-ethics.

EMF Exposures and Depression and Suicide

3 March 2012

IRCHET International Research Centre of Healthy and Ecological Technology Berlin Germany. 6p

13. Hinrikus, H (2010) Spectral features of EEG in depression. Biomedizinische Technik/Biomedical

Engineering 55(3)

14. Johansen C (2004). Electromagnetic fields and health effects-epidemiologic studies of cancer,
diseases of the central nervous system and arrhythmia-related heart disease. Scand J Work Environ Health. 30 suppl 1:1-80 (P 16)

15. Kay RW. (1994). Geomagnetic storms: Association with incidence of depression as measured by
hospital admission. Br J Psychiatry 164(3):403409.

16. Kelsh, M. S., JD. (1997). Mortality among a cohort of electric utility workers, 1960-1991.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine 31: 534-544.

17. Lopez-Ibor JJ, Lana F, Saiz RJ. (1990). [Impulsive suicidal behaviour and serotonin]. Actas Luso
Esp Neurol. Psiquiatr Cienc Afines 18: 316325. [Article in Spanish]

18. Meltzer H, Griffiths C, Brock A, Rooney C, Jenkins R. (2008). Patterns of suicide by occupation
in England and Wales: 2001-2005. Br J Psychiatry. 193(1):73-6.

19. Navarro EA, Segura J, Portoles M, Gomez-Perretta C. (2003). The microwave syndrome: a
preliminary study in spain. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 22:1619. doi: 10.1081/JBC-120024625.

20. Oberfeld G, Navarro E A, Portols M, Maestu C, Gmez-Perretta de Mateo C. (2004). The

Microwave Syndrome further Aspects of a Spanish Study; prepared for the 3rd International Workshop on Biological Effects of EMFs, 4. - 8. October 2004, Kos, Greece.

21. Partonen T, Haukka J, Nevanlinna H, Lonnqvist J. (2004). Analysis of the seasonal pattern in
suicide. J Affect Disord 81(2):133 139.

22. Perry, F. S., Reichmanis, M., Marino, A. A. and Becker, R. O., (1981). Environmental power
frequency magnetic fields and suicide. Health Physics, 41: 267-277.

23. Perry, F.S., Pearl, L., and Binns, R. (1989). Power frequency magnetic field; depressive illness and
myocardial infaction. Public Health. 103: 177180.

24. Persinger MA, Ludwig HW, Ossenkamp P (1973). Psychophysiological effects of extremely low
frequency of electromagnetic fields. A review. Perception and Motor Skills 36: 1131-1159.

25. Poole, C., Kavet, R., Funch, D., P., Donelan, K., Charry, J. M. Dreyer, N. A. (1993). Depressive
symptoms and headaches in relation to proximity of residence to an alternating-current transmission line right-of-way. Am. J. Epidemiol. 137: 318-330.

EMF Exposures and Depression and Suicide

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26. Reichmanis, M., Perry, F S., Marino, A.A. and Becker, R.O. (1979). Relation between suicide and
the electromagnetic field of overhead power lines. Physiol. Chem. & Physics, 11: 395-403.

27. Reiter RJ. (1992). Alterations of the circadian melatonin rhythm by the electromagnetic spectrum:
a study in environmental toxicology. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 15 : 226-244.

28. Sabelli, H., Fink, P., Fawcett, J. and Tom, C. (1996). Sustained antidepressant effect of PEA
replacement. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 8: 168-171. %20replacement%20in%20depressive%20Illness

29. Sabelli, H.C and Javaid J.I. (1995). Phenylethylamine modulation of affect: Therapeutic and
diagnostic implications. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 7: 6-14.

30. Sandyk R, Anninos PA, Tsagas N. (1991). Magnetic fields and seasonality of affective illness:
implications for therapy. Int J Neurosci. 58 : 261-267.

31. Santini R, Santini P, Danze J M, Le Ruz P, Seigne M. (2002). Study of the health of people living
in the vicinity of mobile phone base stations: 1st Influence of distance and sex; Pathol Biol; 50: 369 73. [Article in French]

32. Santini R, Santini P, Danze JM, Le Ruz P, Seigne M. (2003). [Symptoms experienced by people in
vicinity of base stations: II/ Incidences of age, duration of exposure, location of subjects in relation to the antennas and other electromagnetic factors]. Pathol Biol (Paris). 51(7):412-5. [Article in French]

33. Savitz, D. A., Boyle, C. A. and Holmgreen, P. (1994). Prevalence of depression among electrical
workers. Am. J. Ind. Med. 25: 165-176.

34. Serotonin, Suicidal Behaviour, and Impulsivity (1987). The Lancet 330(8565): 949-950

35. Tamasidze AG, Nikolaishvili MI. (2007). [Effect of high-frequency EMF on public health and its
neuro-chemical investigations]. Georgian Med News. 142:58-60. [Article in Russian]

36. Thome S, Hrenstam A, Hagberg M. (2011). Mobile phone use and stress, sleep disturbances,
and symptoms of depression among young adults--a prospective cohort study. BMC Public Health. 11:66-77.

37. van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA, Kleckner RC, Cai J, Loomis D (2000). "Exposure to
electromagnetic fields and suicide among electric utility workers: a nested case-control study." Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 57(4):258-63.

38. van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA, Kleckner RC, Cai J, Loomis D. (2000). "Exposure to
electromagnetic fields and suicide among electric utility workers: a nested case-control study." The Western Journal of Medicine. 173(2):94-100.

39. van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA, Kleckner RC, Kavet R, Loomis D. (2001). "Mortality patterns by
occupation in a cohort of electric utility workers." American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 40(6):667-73.

EMF Exposures and Depression and Suicide

3 March 2012

40. van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA. (2000). "Occupational sunlight exposure in relation to suicide
among electric utility workers." American Journal of Industrial Medicine .38(2):149-54.

41. Verkasalo, P.K., Kaprio, J., Varjonen, J., Romanov, K., Heikkila, K. and Koskenvuo, M. (1997).
Magnetic fields of transmission lines and depression. American Journal of Epidemiology, 146, no 12, 1037-1045.

42. Wilson BW. (1988). Chronic exposure to ELF fields may induce depression. Bioelectromagnetics.

43. Yen CF, Tang TC, Yen JY, Lin HC, Huang CF, Liu SC, Ko CH. (2009). Symptoms of
problematic cellular phone use, functional impairment and its association with depression among adolescents in Southern Taiwan. J Adolesc. 32(4):863-73.

44. Zemerszky R, Zelena D, Barna I, Brdos G. (2009). Stress-related endocrinological and

psychopathological effects of short- and long-term 50Hz electromagnetic field exposure in rats. Brain Res Bull. 81: 92-99.

45. Zyss T, Dobrowolski JW, Krawczyk K. (1997). Neurotic disturbances, depression and anxiety
disorders in the population living in the vicinity of overhead high-voltage transmission line 400 kV. Epidemiological pilot study [Article in Polish] Med Pr; 48(5):495-505.

46. Zyss T, Dobrowolski JW, Krawczyk K. (1999) Epidemiological studies on neurotic disturbances,
anxiety and depression disorders in a population living near an overhead high voltage transmission line (400 kV). Psychiatr Pol 33(4):535-51.

47. Zyss T. (2009). May depression be a form of epilepsy? Some remarks on the bioelectric nature of
depression. Med Hypotheses. 73(5):746-52. Epub 2009 May 29.

48. Zamanian, Z., S. Gharepoor and M. Dehghani, 2010. Effects of electromagnetic fields on mental
health of the staff employed in gas power plants, shiraz, 2009. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 13: 956-960.
Scribd collections which may ne of interest: (Electrosmog and wildlife) (Conflict of interest in science) (EMF-related health risks) (Electrosensitivity) (Electrosmog and male fertility) (The precautionary principle)