1) INTRODUCTION TO STRESS A lot of research has been conducted into stress over the last hundredyears. Some of the theories behind it are now settled and accepted; others arestill being researched and debated. During this time, there seems to have beensomething approaching open warfare between competing theories anddefinitions: Views have been passionately held and aggressively defended Definition: Hans Selye was one of the founding fathers of stress research. Hisview in 1956 was that “stress is not necessarily something bad – it all dependson how you take it. The stress of exhilarating, creative successful work isbeneficial, while that of failure, humiliation or infection is detrimental.” Selyebelieved that the biochemical effects of stress would be experienced irrespectiveof whether the situation was positive or negative.Since then, a great deal of further research has been conducted, andideas have moved on. Stress is now viewed as a "bad thing", with a range of harmful biochemical and long-term effects. These effects have rarely beenobserved in positive situations.The most commonly accepted definition of stress (mainly attributed toRichard S Lazarus) is that stress is a condition or feeling experienced whena person perceives that “demands exceed the personal and socialresources the individual is able to mobilize.” In short, it's what we feel whenwe think we've lost control of events.This is the main definition used by this section of Mind Tools, althoughwe also recognize that there is an intertwined instinctive stress response tounexpected events. The stress response inside us is therefore part instinct andpart to do with the way we think. The types of stress are as follows Mechanical Stress (physics), the average amount of force exerted per unit area. Yield stress, the stress at which a material begins to deform plastically. Compressive stress, the stress applied to materials resulting in their compaction. Biological Stress (biological), physiological or psychological stress; some typesinclude: Chronic stress, persistent stress which can lead to illness andmental disorder Eustress, positive stress that can lead to improved long-termfunctioning Workplace stress, stress caused by employment Music Accent (music). Stress (band), an early '80s melodic rock band from San Diego. Stress (punk band), an early '80s punk rock band from Athens. Stress (Neo-Psychedelic band), from the late 1980's. Stress, a song by the French band Justice on their debut album Other Stress (game), card game Stress (linguistics), phonological use of prominence in language Chronic Stress

According to the properties of the material. healthy diet. cast iron. stress management. in those individuals with lower levels of magnesium or those who have amagnesium deficiency. slender structural elements -. columns. etc). etc. Ensuring a healthy diet containing magnesium may help control or eliminate stress. In a review of the scientific literature on the relationship between stress anddisease. leads to shortening. relaxation techniques. and relaxing hobbies. It has been discovered that there is a huge upsurge in the number of people who suffer from this condition. failure will occur as yield for materials with ductile behavior (most metals. There are a variety of methods to control chronic stress.In long. When a material is subjected to compressive stress. A very large number of these new cases suffer from insomnia. which can be a factor in continued chronic stress.such as columns or truss bars – an increase of compressive force leads to structural failure due to buckling at lower stress than the compressive strength. Chronic stress can also lead to a magnesium deficiency. . including exercise. then this material is under compression. Symptoms of chronic stress can be: • upset stomach • headache • backache • insomnia • anxiety • depression • anger In the most severe cases it can lead to panic attacks or a panic disorder. Usually. Loading a structural element or a specimen will increase the compressive stress until the reach of compressive strength. and a whole host of other negative medical conditions caused by a magnesium deficiency. the authors found that stress plays a role in triggering or worsening depression and cardiovascular disease and in speeding the progression of HIV/AIDS.Chronic stress is stress that lasts a long time or occurs frequently. Chronic stress is potentially damaging. compressive stress applied to bars. some soils and plastics) or as rupture for brittle behavior (geometries. adequate rest. Compressive stress: Compressive stress is the stress applied to materials resulting in their compaction (decrease of volume). glass.

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