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..

motherboard
.
power supply
..
RAM
VGA card ..
Processor
Hard disk ..
motherboard
.
motherboard ..
motherboard ..
Component
.. R
AM s lot .. nothbridge
southbridge super I/O . . restart
heat heat cut off
restart .. .. component

devices
1.CPU
2.RAM
3.VGA
4.ROMBIOS
5.NORTH BRIDGE
6.SOUTH BRIDGE
7.ENVIROMENT

8.MAINBOARD COMPONENTS
1.CPU
..CPU CPU socket c pu
socket
processor cut off . CPU
socket ..socket
motherboard m
otherboard



2.RAM
RAM .. R
AM
.. RAM RAM
m
otherboard ..R
AM
..R
AM .. R
AM
..bios beep ..
R
AM .. RAM slot
. .RAM
motherboard ..
3.VGA
VGARAM ..bios beep
.... built in onboard
..on board beep
..motherboard .. user
.. VGA motherboard
.. .
4.ROMBIOS
ROMBIOS ..motherboard
..bios
.. . .bios motherboard
..system hardware device
result .. bios
.. .. boot ..

bios chip Motherboard .. firmware


..bios upgrade ..software
bios upgrade bios program
.. b
ios
..motherboard ..
5.North bridge
CPU RAM controller mcc .. north
bridge restart motherboard ..
6.South bridge
South bridge .. .. electronic
devices heat .. motherboard
Heat .. ESD ..

s orth bridge short


processor restart ( ) shut down
.... restart ( ) shut down
.... motherboard

7.ENVIROMENT
support

motherboard
.. enviroment
..motherboard
..
8.Mainboard

components

Motherboard electronic component


Quality

..capacitor
..short capacitor
.. capacitor ..transitor
resistor . electronic circuit Component

motherboard .. circuit

transistor resistor capacitor
. . component
..
=============================================
power supply
..
power supply
peripheral device power AC DC
power distribute ..
p ower supply
..
Power supply
1.FAN
2.Components
3.Cord
4.Connector
5.Electrical surge
6.Default industry
1.FAN-power supply fan .. fan troubleshoot
.. p
ower supply fan
.. ..
.. .. power supply f an
Revolution per minute RPM
FAN power supply heat
.. Power supply fan
( ) power supply ..
2.Components power supply circuit board .. circuit board
components capacitor converter circuit
Power supply ..
3.Cord - leakage
m
otherboard component
( ) casing
short .. ..

..
4.Connector power supply DC motherboard
connector , hard disk,CD Rom P
ower connector power connector
( ..)

.. connector ..
hard disk connnector
power connector
hard disk CD Rom
power connector motherboard connecotor

motherboard connector ..

5.Electric surge - power supply power


load power supply ..
6.Default industry - Power supply
..
..Power
supply Power

supply

..
Power supply
Crashes power supply ( ) Restart
, processor RAM Heat power supply
symptom .. power supply failure error
message ....
Heat power supply
.. fan ..
cpu R
AM t emperature ..
Noise and Smell
Power supply fan

power supply
..fan ( )
power supply power supply
..
Startup Failure - Power power supply fan
power .. motherboard
peripheral device power motherboard power
power supply ..
Unexpected shut down shut down power supply

symptom
Quick shut down power on POST
shut down power freeze power supply
.. Power
..
Power supply
.. power supply .. user power
supply circuit condenser (capacitor)
capacitor power charge heigh voltage
.. ..
power supply watts .. power
supply

.. ..

RAM
RAM RAM CPU Hard disk
..RAM Volatile memory ..
Data ..power off
.... RAM RAM
..

RAM ..

RAM
1.Electro static Discharge (ESD)
2.Default industry
3.Enviroment
4.Low quality

1.Electro Static Discharge (ESD)


electro static charge .... computer electronic device
volt ..Volt heat
heat electronic devices
.. volt micro volt (or) mili volt
heat .. ..
casing
heat Discharge .. RAM RAM
..
RAM IC chip ..RAM chip
.. chip . .
..
... static
charge RAM c hip ..
.. ESD RAM
..RAM ..
2.Default industry
RAM stick
RAM hang restart

.. RAM
..RAM Default industry ..
RAM

(warranty)
..
3.Enviroment
Enviroment RAM failure
..RAM
.. .. RAM

environment
4.low quality
RAM
..
.. Architecture

..
kinston .... standard
..
RAM error
RAM monitor screen motherboard error beep sound .. BSOD
blue screen RAM failure error message
..technical information code ..RAM
( )
restart ..virus
..RAM
RAM .. RAM
RAM
RAM

.. error RAM
..
RAM
RAM RAM
..Physically RAM slot
.. slot s ound beep error ..
RAM
RAM

....memory test software memtest 86+ POST card

memory test software memtest 86+


.....
====================================================

VGA card ..

Video graphic array (VGA) card .


VGA ..
VGA card
VGA VGA processor heat
.. heat
.. graphic application
graphic processor overheat ..
VGA processor heat sink .. heat sink
VGA processor heat

.. heat electronic

.. VGA card c omponent capacitor
transistor VGA card .. component
..quality capacitor
..
..VGA built in .. built in motherboard
on board VGA slot .. VGA slot
..VGA slot VGA card built in
motherboard VGA slot motherboard
VGA card motherboard ...VGA card
card
VGA
VGA card ..
over heat VGA card card component
VGA card ..
1.monitor screen color
2.color ..color ..
3.screen cusor
( ) ..
4.video card failure message
5.motherboard beep sound ( ) vga error beep
.
VGA card ..
power ..on on
( LED ) power on
.. data cable
c able connector p in
pin error
VGA 15 pin 3 rows ( female connector )
DVI connector ..VGA card
.. data cable
VGA VGA
connector motherboard .. connector
confidence
..

power on card


..VGA card motherboard
.. company .. card
motherboard Compactible .. VGA card
..
.. VGA card
casing device
(shut down ).. power supply o n/off .. power
supply power 5V
power supply power distributer 20/24 pin
ATX connector pin no 9 .. expansion slot power ..
expansion slot card
( ) .. ATX power connector motherboard

electro static
discharge ATX power connector c ard
. ... .. monitor cable ..power supply
.. power supply on/off on .. p
ower supply on/off
.. power .. ..
VGA card ..
power c able .. card
() VGA card
..VGA card card processor fan fan
processor thermal compound () ..
.. VGA card
..
====================================================
Processor
processor ..
.. ..
cpu ..
..

CPU
1.cpu over heat
2.cpu pin
3.cpu fan
4.cpu heat sink
5.ESD
6.Enviroment cpu ..
1.cpu over heat
CPU over heat cpu power
cpu ..
Load .. cpu
heat sink ..heat sink cpu
heat sink fan
heat sink .. cpu
heat sink .. cpu heat sink
cpu chip ..
heat sink ..cpu heat sink
.. heat sink heat sink
.. heat sink .. over heat
fan .. heat sink fan heat sink

.. cpu
.. fan .. cpu fan
cpu ..cpu fan

..
cpu fan ..

2.cpu pin
Cpu pin maintainence
cpu ..
maintainence cpu motherboard socket
..cpu Pin pin
.. pin cpu
restart shut down ..
3.cpu fan
CPU fan cpu .. cpu fan
fan
.. fan cpu fan
wire cpu fan cpu fan
fan
.. fan fan cpu
shutdown .. cpu fan

cpu fan .. cpu fan cpu
..
.. restart
cpu fan
.. power on
.. ..cpu fan
.. cpu fan
fan .. cpu fan
.. cpu fan

.. fan restart
.. cpu fan
4.cpu heat sink
CPU heat sink cpu .. heat sink
cpu heat sink cpu

heat sink .. cpu heat sink

5.ESD
electro static charge .... computer electronic device
volt ..Volt heat
heat electronic devices
.. volt micro volt (or) mili volt
heat .. ..
casing heat
Discharge .. cpu cpu
.. cpu pin
..c pu
..
... static charge cpu pin
chip shock ..
.. ESD cpu
..cpu ..

CPU

6.Enviroment
Enviroment
cpu ..cpu
restart shutdown
freeze () ..
cpu problem cpu fan heat sink
.. cpu problem socket cpu
cpu motherboard socket
.. motherboard cpu
cpu .. motherboard socket
problem cpu
.. cpu ( )
service
..
cpu .. cpu

..
===================================================
Hard disk ..
Hard disk
Hard disk
1. Firmware Corruption / Damage to the firmware zone
2. Electronic Failure
3. Mechanical Failure
4. Logical Corruption
1. Firmware Corruption / Damage to the firmware zone
Hard disk firm ware chip firm ware chip hard disk
i nformation
..cylinder head sector

rpm .. firm ware zone


.. bios hard disk information ..auto
detect i nformation .. firm ware bios
hard disk firm ware information bios
.. firm ware corruption hard disk
hard disk firmware ..
2.Electronic Failure
Electronic failure logic board h
ard disk controller board
.. controller board over load
bios detect ..bios hard
disk
..
3. Mechanical Failure
Hard disk hard disk component
hard disk ..
4. Logical Errors
Hard disk p latter cylinder head sector cylinder
head sector bad sector hard
disk detect (hard disk bios ) operating system
OS OS hang
master boot record area
OS .. logic error .. hard
disk
Hard disk ..
bios detect hard disk .. operating
system
.. hard disk

RECOVERY bios detect
hard disk ..hard disk p ower connector

hard disk
. . hardware device
..hard disk IDE drive
jamper master /slave ..
.. bios first boot hard disk
..first boot device floppy disable
OS .. hard disk bios detect
detect
hard disk
.. hard disk service ..
hard disk h ard disk lab
.. 90% .. service
.

26.10.2010