ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1.2.

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User Requirement Report

Project Number: IST-1999-11994 Project Title: European Chronicles On-Line (ECHO) Deliverable Type: RP*

Deliverable Number: D1.2.1 Contractual Date of Delivery: 30 April 2000 Actual Date of Delivery: 22 June 2000 Title of Deliverable: ECHO User Requirement Report Work-Package contributing to the Deliverable: WP1 Nature of the Deliverable: RE Author(s): Annemieke de Jong, Netherlands Audiovisual Archive (NAA) Johan Oomen, Netherlands Audiovisual Archive (NAA) Pasquale Savino and Paola Venerosi, Istituto di Elaborazione della Informazione - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (IEI-CNR) Hanneke Smulders, Infomare consultancy Version: 1 (13 June 2000)

Abstract: Five relevant user communities were identified, along with three user types per user community. To collect user requirements in these user communities two questionnaires were constructed and used to interview 58 representatives. All content providers (Institut National de l'Audiovisuel, Stichting Nedelands Audiovisueel Archief, Istituto Luce S.p.A., Memoriav), as well as the IEI-CNR, cooperated in this collecting process. The completed questionnaires have been processed into Excel spreadsheets and summarised in an overview of functionality (appendix 5). This also forms useful input for WP2 and WP4. The final user requirements were derived after a thorough analysis of these data. The technical state of the art is taken into account, so that the final user requirement list reported also indicates the desirable future development of ECHO. Keyword List: ECHO user requirements; research on end-user information needs; digital video library; automated indexing; speech recognition; audio visual archives. *Type: PU-public, LI-limited, RP-restricted **Nature: PR-Prototype, RE-Report, SP-Specification, TO-Tool, OT-Other

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ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1.2.1

User Requirement Report

Table of Contents
Introduction Chapter 2 The process of capturing user requirements 2.1 Capturing user requirements 2.1.1 Selection of user types 2.1.2 The group of interviewees 2.1.3 Using ECHO for different goals 2.1.4 Construction of questionnaires 2.1.5 Collecting the user requirements 2.2 Analysing the questionnaires Chapter 3 Results of the analysis 3.1 Formulating user requirements 3.2 User Requirements List 3.2.1 Data entry management 3.2.2 Interface and related databases 3.2.3 Administration 3.2.4 Cross-linguality 3.2.5 Retrieval 3.2.6 Presentation of search results 3.2.7 Visual abstract 3.2.8 Browse copy 3.2.9 Storyboard 2.2.10 Cross document viewing 3.2.11 Reuse of content Appendix 1: Choice of user types Appendix 2: User communities and user types Appendix 3: Questionnaire for documentalists and archivists Appendix 4: Schedule of the completed questionnaires Appendix 5: Overview of functionality Appendix 6: Types of usage of ECHO Appendix 7: Number of interviewees related to type of usage Appendix 8: Usage A - data entry for archiving Appendix 9: Usage B - retrieval for reference searching Appendix 10: Usage C: retrieval and viewing the content for general public Appendix 11: Usage D - scientific study of the content Appendix 12: Usage E - reuse of the content Glossary 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 7 7 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 15 18 19 55 57 70 73 74 76 78 80 84 88

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ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1.2.1

User Requirement Report

Introduction
The ECHO Project aims at developing a reusable software infrastructure to support audio visual digital libraries, and to provide Web-based access to collections of historical documentary films. The project will build on the existing Informedia (developed by the Carnegie Mellon University) and Media Archive ® (developed by Tecmath) technologies. These two technologies have been developed in order to handle digital video data. The project will, moreover, extend them in order to be able to handle digital film data and will integrate them so as to build a basic, open infrastructure supporting digital film services. On top of this open architecture, the project will build the following innovative features: (i) a new film metadata format, (ii) full-content and knowledge-based retrieval (iii) monolingual query and retrieval for each collection language; (iv) multilingual query and cross-language retrieval capabilities for topics and story content, (v) integration of speech recognition engine(s) (for each collection language) for content-based indexing, (vi) a mechanism supporting collections (vi) a film summarisation/abstracting tool and (vii) an authentication and accounting mechanism. The list of new features included in ECHO has been defined by taking into account the functionality provided by existing commecial systems, including Informedia and Media Archive. In addition, the experience of ECHO content providers was taken into consideration. However, given the unique characteristics of ECHO's audio-visual material and the specific characteristics of potential users of ECHO, we concluded that it was important to collect user requirements for the ECHO system. These requirements will be used to validate the functionality listed above by adding - if needed - new functionality that could emerge from the analysis of user needs. In addition, the requirements will be used to specify in more detail the system functionality. The user requirements will be used to as a guide in the definition of the metadata model and system architecture. In order to collect the user requirements we have prepared an extensive questionnaire (see Appendix 3). The questionnaire has been submitted to approximately 15 users per participating country (giving a total of 58 users). Given that the questionnaire is quite complex, and that the ECHO system functionality are particularly innovative, we preferred to directly interview most of the users. Users belonging to different categories have been selected. A detailed description of the approach used for user requirement collection and analysis is given in Chapter 2. The results of the analysis, together with a synthetic list of requirements, is reported in Chapter 3.

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2.33% are concerned with making new AV products .data entry in ECHO (6%) .18% on a monthly basis .reuse of historical film material in new AV products (19%) .reuse of historical film material for teaching (3%).10% of the interviewees are working in an educational environment .1 – 15/12/99. See also: appendix 1 for an explanation of the choice of user types.36% on a weekly basis . Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 4 . These include: Educational Environment.1 and T1.26% are doing scientific studies on either (contemporary or film) history or on AV media .24% are working in different functions in an AV archiving environment . three different user types were identified per target market or user community.29% use online databases on a daily basis .2. Cultural Heritage Institutions. The interviewees themselves indicated their expected future use of ECHO in the questionnaire as follows (in decreasing order): .1 Selection of user types In order to fulfil tasks T1. See appendix 2: Overview of interviewees per user type.1. 2.research on historical film material (24%) . The experience of the interviewees in searching online databases differs: . page 11-12.7% are concerned with the marketing of AV media. Film and Entertainment Industry (broadcasting companies).ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. and on scientific historical research were chosen because they were expected to provide interesting comments on the functionality of ECHO and because they were identified as potential future users of ECHO.). Audio Visual Industry and Large Audio Visual Archives. the participating partners agreed on the identified Target Markets (See: ECHO-Project N.browsing historical film material (20%) .1 User Requirement Report Chapter 2 The process of capturing user requirements 2.18% hardly at all. on film making and film history. the user types identified had different levels and special focuses of experience in searching traditional film archives catalogues. the content providers selected a total of 58 representatives of the identified user types. The selection of interviewees was very thorough. Each identified user type was expected to have different interests in the ECHO system and to use ECHO in different ways. For various reasons. The sample of interviewees represent the four national archives and the customers of these national archives. The interviewees all work with AV media or are interested in AV media for their work: . on information retrieval.1. Experts on indexing video.1 Capturing user requirements 2. Furthermore. 11994 Revision 2.2 The group of interviewees In order to collect the user requirements.

without interest in viewing the content C Retrieval and viewing the content for the general public D Professional retrieval and viewing the content for scientific study (history or film science) E Professional retrieval. and specifically with full-text retrieval and subject indexing of video. technically speaking. the ECHO project aims at developing a digital library service for historical films belonging to large. The project team distinguished the following types of usage: A Data entry for archiving B Retrieval for reference searching. two different questionnaires (see appendix 3). etc. Of the five types of usage that are identified. In particular. each has.1.1 User Requirement Report 2. The design and content of the questionnaires was based on: the !" experience of the NAA ECHO project team and the other content providers in analysing end-users' information needs. specific consequences for the system building of ECHO.2. in cooperation with the content providers and CNR. These differences in usage and demands were derived from an analysis of the global trends that became clear during the collection of user requirements via the 58 interviews. ECHO can be used for different purposes. Consequences for the metadata model were not taken into account. The system will allow a user to see an event that is recorded and documented in the country of origin and compare it with the way the same event has been registered in other countries to see how different countries have interpreted a particular historical period.1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. national audiovisual archives. In this way interviewees could indicate the relative importance of the requirement for their work.4 Construction of questionnaires NAA constructed.3 Using ECHO for different goals From an application point of view. Desirable and Optional was based on these standards. In appendix 6 the differences in usage of ECHO are explained per type of usage. 2. In the graph of appendix 7. This graph makes it clear that professional retrieval for either reuse or scientific study is very important for the future users of ECHO. the !" knowledge of the functionality of Mediasite and MediaArchive1 the !" knowledge of what end-users might expect of a digital video archive (from several previous projects in the same area. information retrieval and (digital) video archives in general. viewing and (non-)profit reuse of the content E+ Educational usage Each type of usage refers to a specific goal for which someone might want to use ECHO. the division of the Yes-answers into Mandatory. the distribution of the interviewees over the types of usage defined by the project team is presented. 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 5 . external as well as internal) the !" general process of information retrieval (from data entry. via indexing and retrieval to output/viewing/export) IEEE Standard 830-1984 Guide to Software Requirements Specifications and !" Standard P1233-1992 Guide for Developing System Requirements Specification2 1 2 See also the overview of functionality related to the questions in the questionnaire in appendix 5.

3 Data entry management Indexing Textual features incl. The primary purpose of the questionnaire was to capture major functional aspects of ECHO. and Dutch speech recognisers !" query language on multiple languages !" collection metadata !" film summarisation. While the project team had the opportunity of direct contact with potential future customers of the ECHO system.2. Questionnaire 2 was used to interview Group 2. possibly leading towards reuse of the retrieved content.3 2 3 3.2).3 4 5 6 7 7. resulting in the user requirements list (see: chapter 3).1 3. The main categories of questions correspond with the main steps of the general process of information retrieval.2 3.1 1. a series of questions on possible interesting themes (category 6) was added to the questionnaire. the questionnaire was Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 6 . Questionnaire 1 (appendix 3) was used to interview Group 1 archivists and documentalists working for audiovisual archives and broadcasting companies. The decision to use two different questionnaires for the collection of user requirements was based on the fact that the group of interviewees could be split up into two major groups.1 7." !" The questionnaire has a systematic and hierarchical structure. Moreover. Multilinguality Visual features Audio features Retrieval process and Searching techniques Output Presentation of Search Result Viewing functionality Printing functionality Export and Reuse Billing and account Content Usage in general Interface Security Information retrieval in general. Group 2: those who were concerned with database consultation.2 1.1 User Requirement Report the !" following quote from the ECHO project plan: "The project will integrate these two technologies (the Informedia and the MediaArchive® technologies) and extend them by adding other important functionalities: full !" Web-based interface metadata editor !" integration of Italian. French.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. Questionnaire 2 did not include the questions on Data entry management (Category 0) and on Security (Subcategory 7. Group 1: those who were professionally concerned with the database creation process. The answers to these questions were analysed and proved a valuable input for Workpackage 2 on Content Selection.2 7. 0 1 1.

In order to be able to retrace the data that led to a specific user requirement. the unique ID's of the completed questionnaires and the names of the ECHO partner' contact persons.iei.cnr. NAA has translated the questionnaires into Dutch and sent them around to the interviewees. global user requirements. via the ECHO FTP site.1. 2. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 7 . The completed questionnaires were expected to form a valuable source of information for the entire ECHO project. divided into five groups of possible usages of the ECHO-system (see also par. To be able to formulate these ‘macro level’ user requirements. NAA was able to contact almost 20 interviewees. In this way. all answers were put into Excel sheets. Only those interviewees that asked for assistance were contacted personally.1 User Requirement Report constructed extensively enough to give as good an idea as possible on what the interviewees think about using a digital video archive like ECHO.3).1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. The completed questionnaires are at the disposal of. Chapter 3 presents the list of the user requirements that were eventually extracted from these results. See also: Appendix 4 for all the names of the interviewees. and will be so throughout the entire duration of the project.pi.2 Analysing the questionnaires The questionnaire was analysed using a numerical approach. The percentage spread per answer option was then calculated for the non-open questions. To gain a quantitative insight into the results. 2. 2. and finally to the list of general. the analysis has been performed in an inductive manner.2. the overview of functionality (appendix 5) contains references to the questions in the questionnaire as well as to the user requirements in Chapter 3. the technical partners and the ECHO partners cooperating in the Workpackages Content Selection and Metadata. in three steps: from the detailed level of the questionnaire to the level of functionality.5 Collecting the user requirements To actually collect the user requirements. not solely for Workpackage 1. but instead conducted interviews orally and directly noted down the answers on the English version of the questionnaire.it/echo/Workpackage1/Excel_sheets). The other partners did not choose to translate the questionnaires into their native language. The answers of all completed questionnaires were collected into one spreadsheet per category of questions (see ECHO website: http://pc-erato2.

1 The total answers Yes. were not always suitable for transformation into directly related user requirements those questions in the questionnaire which asked for a detail of the same major functional !" aspects of ECHO were analysed together the !" questions concerning the content (category 6) were left out of the analysis for this user requirements report. 2 Qualitative aspects: in the case of a rather equal spreading of the percentages over the answers or when a relatively large number of interviewees answered No or Yes. This category is analysed in Workpackage 2: Content Selection. the following was taken into account: 2. 1. 1. desirable were important. The macro-level of the user requirements could be obtained.2. The results concerning the manual formal and subject indexing will be discussed and decided upon in the context of Workpackage 3 on Metadata.2. to give as good an idea as possible on what the interviewees think about using a digital video archive like ECHO. mandatory or Yes. All other !" questions that might have an impact on the metadata model of ECHO.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. were not analysed for the general user requirements list of ECHO. desirable answers was more than 55%.1 User Requirement Report The method of analysis was carried out in different steps.2 the type of usage of ECHO that can be expected of the interviewees (see paragraph 2. optional to a functionality that is generally regarded as essential to a digital video-archive. mandatory and Yes.3 When the total Yes. It was therefore decided to analyse these answers together. to a more global user requirement. The spreading over the group of Yes-answers (Yes. 1 Quantitative aspects: thorough analysis of the spreading of the percentages over the answers. either direct or indirect. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 8 . the functionality concerned was transformed into a user requirement. mandatory and Yes.3 the spreading of the answers of the interviewees interested in the types of usage concerned (this implied an extra calculation in the Excel sheets). 1. desirable depended more on the character of the interviewee than on the actual necessity of the functionality concerned. while: the !" answers to the open questions that were added.1 the type of usage of ECHO for which that functionality is relevant (see appendix 5) 2.2 Differentiation into three possible Yes-answers offered the possibility of prioritising the user requirements. only those questions referring to automatically created metadata were analysed. concerning manual formal and subject indexing. as well as the total of No-answers. mandatory / desirable / optional) and the group of No-answers (No and Not applicable) was also taken into account.3) 2. The contact persons had the strong impression that the choice in answering Yes.

See appendix 5. because of the obviousness of the requirement: • Everyone would like the highest possible quality of all parts of ECHO.1 User Requirement Report Chapter 3 Results of the analysis 3. according to each type of usage made of the ECHO system. The user requirements list contains requirements for the ECHO system from the end-users point of view. the user requirements are presented here below. several answers to questions dealing with one aspect were combined into a more globally formulated user requirement. a transcript of speech in a degraded form than to have none at all. desirable were transformed into a user requirement. but were not. For each user requirement. which aspects are of importance. End-users can either be professional and non-professional searchers or professional staff of national archives. There were several issues that could thus be transformed into a user requirement.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. we have also indicated. Nevertheless. The formulation of user requirements therefore has the following characteristics: in business terms. This was the first step towards lifting the sometimes detailed aspects of a digital video archive to a more global level.1 Formulating user requirements In this chapter the final user requirements list is presented. The answers to the questions from the questionnaire were first grouped into an overview of functionality. All those aspects where more than 60% of the interviewees for the type of usage concerned answered Yes. mandatory or Yes. For each of these issues. responsible for database construction. it is without details that would blur the overall view on the requirements. it is without concrete technical implications and in global terms. specifically. The entire user requirements' list was discussed with the technical partners. namely: • Data entry management • Interface and related databases • Administration • Cross-linguality • Retrieval • Presentation of search results • Visual abstract • Browse copy • Storyboard • Cross document viewing • Reuse of content. Sometimes.2. In this overview. The next step was to formulate the main issues that are important for information retrieval in general and. This gave an insight into the requirements that concern functionality that are still in the domain of research or that are technically too complex to be realised within the timeframe of the ECHO project.g. for the ECHO project. which type of usage it is mandatory is indicated. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 9 . it is obviously preferable to have e. See appendices 8-12 for the user requirements' lists per type of usage.

that full-text retrieval on the transcript of speech is not always the best way of finding interesting shots for reuse by program makers or marketing & sales people.g.4 1.2 1. Also. someone is talking about politics while shots of Amsterdam are shown).1 User Requirement Report • The general performance of ECHO should be as good as possible. However. • Efficiency and userfriendliness is important for all parts of ECHO. according to presently existing technical standards. in order to provide the documentalists with the opportunity to control.1 1.2. 1 ECHO should have a cataloguing environment. Other reasons were that: it !" was not clear enough what the majority wanted (less than 50% responded with a yes mandatory or yes desirable) many open questions were suitable in getting an impression of the global attitude towards !" digital video libraries in general. some trends could be derived from the questionnaires that may have an impact on the functioning of ECHO: • The general impression which was given by the future users of ECHO was that the visual content is more important than the audio content. (usage A) ECHO should provide an environment for control and correction of the automatic scene detection (usage A) ECHO should provide an environment for control and correction of the automatic transcript of speech (usage A) ECHO should provide a precataloguing aid. ordering and billing) administration or the layout of the query interface. but not applicable for transformation into a user requirement an !" issue was too specific. like automatic keyword extraction. (usage A) 13 June 2000 1. or metadata editor. for example. so that it was included within a requirement on a broader level.2 User Requirements List 3. annotations on shot sequence level or similarity search with a known shot can be a very important way of finding relevant visual content. This implies. correct and index all formats of the content as well as the complete catalogue description. (usage A) The ECHO cataloguing environment should facilitate offline as well as real-time cataloguing.2. the cataloguing environment as well as the (account. 3.1 Data entry management Manually added metadata as well as semi-automatic metadata extraction from digital film information are distinct features of ECHO.5 Originator: NAA Version 1 10 . • It is important to keep in mind that the visual content may be totally different from the subject of a speech (e. This was the case when the subject belonged to the Workpackage Metadata or Content Selection. Analysing the questionnaires sometimes led to useful information that is not included in this user requirements list.3 1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. (usage A) ECHO should provide the means to add keywords or annotations on the program level as well as on sequence or shot levels. This means that visual content will not be neglected if the corresponding speech is not understandable or is irrelevant.

(usage C. 4 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are too complex to be realised withing the timeframe of the ECHO project. a full Web-based interface is planned. (usage B. (usage A. D. E) 5. Use of colour is important to distinguish between different concept areas on the graphical interface. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 11 . then this should be clearly indicated. authentication.2 Interface and related databases To provide for retrieval in ECHO. on demand. like presenting the links to the websites of the national archives. (usage D.2.1 It should be possible to link automatically extracted keywords to a national thesaurus. D. Although any possibility. The ECHO query interface should contain a simple query interface with just a free text box and some filters. Although any possibility. (usage D. B. (usage A-E) 2.1.g. plus categories to browse within a theme. 1. E) 5 3. ECHO should alert the user if there is additional content on the query subject at the cooperating national archives that is not in the ECHO database itself. ECHO should provide for the possibility of searching the traditional catalogues of the ECHO content providers. will be welcome. D. E.1 User Requirement Report 2 The existing thesaurus modules of the national archives should be connected to the ECHO cataloguing environment as well as to the query interface.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. will be welcome. (usage A. (usage D. and accounting. 1 2 3 A login procedure for internal and for external users should look after the control of the read and write rights and accounts. (usage A-E) 3. a query form for structured searching on the most frequently used metadata in combination with the free text box (usage D.3 (usage D. E) 7. B. icons used in MS-Office. (usage A-E) ECHO should always indicate if the material is copyrighted.2. independently from actually visiting a national archive. 5 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are too complex to be realised withing the timeframe of the ECHO project. The ECHO query interface should also provide. The graphical interface should be as consistent with well-known applications as possible.2. E) If part of the ECHO material is not for reuse. ECHO should provide for the possibility of searching multiple archives of other institutions via the ECHO query interface. privacy. E) 4. ECHO should provide a choice of language for the query interface. (usage D. additional metadata. like presenting the links to the websites of the national archives. E) 3 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research or too complex to be realised withing the timeframe of the ECHO project. (usage A) 3.3 Administration ECHO will have pricing and billing mechanisms in order to take care of access control. D) 2. ECHO should provide for the possibility of saving and changing personal preferences concerning the interface and the presentation of search results.2.1. C. ECHO will provide the opportunity to search in multiple archives of one or more countries in different languages. E)4 7. E) 4. Also. (usage A-E) 4. plus. E) 6. on demand.

ECHO should provide similarity search on the visual content with one known keyframe or with a known sequence of still keyframes. online translation of nouns from the textual abstract or from the transcript of speech might become feasible. transmission rights. D. speech and language technology will be adopted in order to search the diverse film collections with satisfactory recall and precision. literary copyrights. (usage C. (usage C. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 12 .1 User Requirement Report 4 The administration of ECHO should comprise information on copyrights and licenses. music rights. D. transcript of speech. the genre attribute. D. re-use rights.g. (usage C. Translation of those parts of the catalogue description that consist of controlled vocabulary. (usage C. German and Italian speech recognisers. Y and Z. is feasible within the timeframe of the ECHO project. (usage C. ECHO should provide similarity search with an audio fragment of speech.e. e. That can only be expected in the far future. i.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. E) 3. ECHO should provide for the possibility of structured searching. e. E)7 7. (usage A-E) 4. 8 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research. ECHO should provide for the possibility of literal searching or exact matching. ECHO should provide a combination of free text and structured searching. (usage C. E) 2. D. E) 8 8. The architecture of ECHO will enable integration of these software tools as soon as this content can be indexed. D. E) 5. 7 It is not required that a moving sequence of keyframes could be used as a query.g. (usage A-E). the original speech of the ECHO content will be converted into text via Dutch. (usage C. visual abstract. browse copy.1 Price differentiation for different service levels (e.4 Cross-linguality To make full-text retrieval and automatic keyword extraction possible. a collaborative interaction of image. (usage AE) Presentation of the search results. Boolean filters and exclusion. (usage A-E) 5 The accounting mechanism of ECHO should be based on subscription. ECHO should provide for the opportunity of browsing through the database by theme or by class of object on the basis of manually added metadata. As the content is conveyed in both narrative (speech and language) and image form. D. In the future.5 Retrieval ECHO will provide content-based searching and film-sequence retrieval. ECHO should provide tools for natural language and concept searching. 1. (usage A-E) 6 This requirement as a whole is a long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research. ECHO should be able to prolong the searching process by searching within the first result set.2. should be done in the same language as the query.g. (usage C. E) 6. French. exploitation rights and license period. D. catalogue description. E) 3. (usage A-E) 3.2. E) 5. 1 2 A query in language X should find catalogue descriptions in language X. copy of original material) is expected. catalogue descriptions as well as the textual abstract and the transcript of speech. 6 3 The original texts should be presented on demand. D.2. image copyrights.

However. 9 According to the interviewees that would like to use ECHO according to usage D or E. the original historical films will be converted into a browse copy (after digitisation of the original material).1 These preferences should be either saved as personal preferences or just used for the actual session. E) 3. It should be possible for a user to change the length of the visual abstract by himself/herself. In essence. 1 The first presentation of search results should be a list presentation in decreasing order of relevance. while preserving the chronological order. E) 9 ECHO should provide for specific tools to retrace content that was retrieved earlier.1 User Requirement Report 8. D. the first keyframe of the storyboard. E) 2.2 The user should be able to let the system interpret the query in a fuzzy way.2 ECHO should provide for the possibility of creating bookmarks to specific parts (e. E) 9. However. a visual abstract should give a good overview of the entire documentary. (usage C. (usage D. the storyboard itself. the transcript of speech or the visual abstract) that should be presented in the list presentation on the screen or that should be printed. ECHO should provide for the possibility of resorting the hitlist in a different order than relevancy. (usage D. E) 9. D.1 ECHO should provide for the possibility of creating a virtual collection or project folder with a selection of ECHO material. (usage C. E) 8. (usage A-E) 3. The visual abstract should summarise the semantic content of the full film. B.2.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1.7 Visual abstract A visual abstract is an automatically created (moving) visual summary that can be viewed in the same way as the browse copy. D. It should capture the content and structure of the underlying documentary film for intuitive understanding. (usage A. (usage C.1 The user should be able to pinpoint the subject of interest by marking relevant hits or by marking search terms suggested by ECHO and then starting the next query. (usage D.8 Browse copy To be able to view the content of ECHO via computer networks and via the internet.2. 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 13 . this requirement is left out of the user requirements list because it is undesirable that end-users edit the ECHO metadata. E) 3 After a Boolean structured search.g. (usage D. (usage A-E) 2 ECHO should provide for the possibility of personally deciding on the items of the catalogue description and other ECHO items (e.2. D. E)9 3. (usage C.6 Presentation of search results To be able to evaluate the retrieved content. on demand. 1.2. the possibility of adding personal annotations to (parts of) the storyboard is very important. E) 3. known users are free to name bookmarks with or without any comment. D. The audio content should be included with the visual abstract.g. E) 2. keyframe in storyboard or browse copy of program) of the ECHO content. ECHO will provide several presentations either at the document level or at the level of the search result (cross document viewing). (usage D.

(usage D. E) ECHO should provide for combinations of the possible views of the search result.2. geographical and/or subject (personality. (usage E) 2. E) 1. D. E) 2. (fast) back. on demand.11 Reuse of content The (non-)profit reuse of the content. E) 1. on demand together with some metadata or text of the transcript of speech. (usage C.9 Storyboard In order to have a quick overview of the visual content of a retrieved program and to be able to start the browse copy at any point. E) It should be possible for a user to ask for the keyframes surrounding the query-related keyframes as a next step towards the viewing of the whole storyboard. or in other software that is applicable. either the browse copy or a digital copy of the original material. E) 2 The audio content should be included with the browse copy. B. (usage D. namely: 1. event) context of the retrieved content. (usage D. (fast) forward. (usage D.3 (part of) the storyboard (usage D. E) 1. 1 2 3 4 The storyboard should be shown on demand. E) On demand.10 Cross document viewing The visualisation and summarisation of the content across all the stories in a retrieval result set is a viewing functionality that can help the user to understand the chronological.4 (part of) the browse copy (usage D. (usage D. (usage E) Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 14 .2 the visual abstract (usage D. (usage D. E) ECHO should provide for a personality view of the search result. D.2. 1 2 3 4 5 ECHO should provide for subject clustering of the search result. D. D.1 User Requirement Report 1 ECHO should provide for as many manipulation functionality of the length of the browse copy as possible (e. E) 2 ECHO should provide for the possibility of exporting ECHO material in file formats that can be used in office or editing software.7 a specific view on a specific search result (usage D. a storyboard will be made of each item in ECHO. (usage D. teaching or creating new AV products.1 It should be possible to see the transcript of speech time-aligned while viewing the browse copy. 1 ECHO should provide for the possibility of exporting specific parts separately. E) ECHO should provide for a geographical view of the search result. E) The storyboard should represent the pictorial content of the full film.1 ECHO should provide for tools to create an Editing Decision List on the basis of the Browse copy. is expected in several planned user communities that are active in: public and commercial broadcasting.2.2. (usage C. E) 3. freeze).1 (part of) the catalogue description (usage A.6 the transcript of speech (usage D. E) 1.5 the audio (speech or music separately) (usage D. E) 2. E) 1. (usage D. zoom. E) 3. (usage C. (usage D.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. E) ECHO should provide for a chronological view of the search result. historical studies. it should be possible that only the query-related keyframes of the storyboard are presented. E) 1.g.

) researchers Film and Entertainment Industry (broadcasting companies) documentary makers news editors/journalists librarians/documentalists Cultural Heritage Institutions keepers/custodians employees of the educational department exhibition organizers Audio Visual Industry product developers news media/application designers researchers Large Audio Visual Archives archivists marketing and sales managers researchers Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 15 .ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 1: Choice of user types Overview of user types per user community A 1 2 3 B 4 5 6 C 7 8 9 D 10 11 12 E 13 14 15 Educational Environment teachers (film/television/new media) students(history and/or film.2..

1 keepers/custodians Custodians with video or film in their collection will have ideas on how to bring that part of the collection to the public.2 employees of the educational department These employees can make judgements on the usefulness of ECHO for educational purposes. Teachers from this domain know a lot about video and film. 3 Cultural Heritage Institutions User types: 3. 1 Educational Environment User types: 1. 3. film) History students could use ECHO for research of the themes chosen. Used to retrieval and viewing video for decisions on its usefulness. This user type is different from the previous one because of different retrieval demands: fast result is important => fast retrieval & export facilities. 2.3 exhibition organizers These employees might have special requirements as to the export and reusage of ECHOmaterial.1 User Requirement Report Choice of user types explained For each user type.2 application designers (They design applications for DVD's or other digital video products) Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 16 . in a public system like ECHO. 1. 4.1 documentary makers Important target.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. 4.3 researchers Researchers have the same interests as students. They might decide to publish a DVD on Daily life in the 30s) They will have requirements as to the content.2 students (history. 2 Film and Entertainment Industry (broadcasting companies) User types: All user types interested in copyrights 2.2 news editors/journalists Same usage of ECHO expected. They can make sound judgements on what the important search criteria will be. but they have far more experience with retrieval. reuse of documentary material in ECHO is expected.2. registration and subject indexing) of the same event within different countries.e. we briefly explain here why they were chosen as representative user types for that target market and why they are interesting people to collect user requirements from. the export formats and copyright matters. Useful contributions expected.1 product developers (e. therefore we expect that they will be able to contribute seriously to the collection of user requirements.1 teachers (film/television/new media) Teachers can use the low res material in courses. Both could comment on ways of retrieval.g. 2. They could also research the differences in description (i. Film students could be interested in researching the way in which films were made in the 20’s – 60’s. 4 Audio Visual Industry User types: All probably have a great interest in copyright matters. 1. 3.3 librarians/documentalists Very important user type: they know a lot about the sort of questions program makers would ask ECHO.

viewing functionality and indexing strategies. 5. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 17 . content. Possibly also commercial aspects of the content. They will be interested in the visual abstracts and other facilities in ECHO to use for promotion purposes.2 marketing and sales managers They will be interested in the way ECHO could be brought to market (web). 5.1 archivists Archivists will have specific requirements on metadata.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. They are used to digital video and the possibilities around it. 5 Large Audio Visual Archives User types: 5. They will have concrete wishes as to viewing and exporting functionality.3 researchers These researchers have different goals and therefore have different retrieval requirements to researchers from an educational or archival environment.3 researchers (= power users) These researchers have a lot of experience with retrieval on the collection.2.1 User Requirement Report They will have requirements on the viewing and export functionality. copyright matters. 4.

Env.2. Her. 13 14 archivists Total nr of int's per partner 15 CNR NAA IL INA MEM Total per user type Total per user community 1 1 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 4 0 0 2 3 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 2 0 2 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 3 1 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 2 2 1 0 1 0 2 0 sales managers researchers 0 0 1 1 0 application designers researchers 5 17 10 15 11 58 58 5 16 2 9 3 13 3 7 2 7 2 3 5 9 3 1 8 13 3 2 Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 18 .ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Deliverable 1. 5 news editors/ journalists D Audio Visual Ind.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 2: User communities and user types with the numbers and names of the planned interviews user community A Educ. Ind. Inst. 4 documentary makers C Cult. user type 1 teachers 2 students 3 academic researchers B Film & Ent. 8 educational department 6 librarians 7 custodians 9 exhibitionars 10 product developers 11 12 E Large Audio Visual Arch.

. [ ] not at all !"spoken French [ ] very well. Questionnaire 1 Name: Function or educational grade: Organisation: Could you give us an indication of the frequency of you using online catalogues?: daily / weekly / monthly / hardly at all. [ ] reasonably. [ ] reasonably. [ ] not so well. [ ] reasonably. [ ] not so well. [ ] reasonably. [ ] not so well. [ ] reasonably. [ ] not at all !"written French [ ] very well. Please indicate you linguistic skills concerning the following languages: !"spoken Dutch [ ] very well. [ ] not so well. [ ] not so well. [ ] not so well. [ ] not at all !"spoken Italian [ ] very well. Italy. [ ] not at all !"spoken English [ ] very well. [ ] reasonably. [ ] not at all !"written English [ ] very well. [ ] not so well. [ ] not at all !"spoken German [ ] very well. Could you tell us why or how you would like to use ECHO?: data entry / browsing historical film material / reference / research / scientific studying / reuse of historical film material in new products / other. [ ] not at all ECHO partner: Contact person: Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 19 . [ ] reasonably. [ ] not at all !"written Italian [ ] very well.2. [ ] not so well.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. [ ] reasonably. [ ] not so well. [ ] not at all !"written German [ ] very well. namely…. [ ] not so well. [ ] reasonably.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 3: Questionnaire for documentalists and archivists European Chronicles On – line (ECHO) The ECHO project aims at developing a digital library service for historical films belonging to large the National Audiovisual Archives of France. [ ] reasonably. [ ] not at all !"written Dutch [ ] very well. The Netherlands and Switzerland.

please tick 'No comment'. please look in the glossary at the end of this questionnaire.2. keep the reference numbers of the questions attached to the answers concerned. Please answer to the yes-or-no questions by ticking one of the following answers: [ ] Yes. Table of contents 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 DATA ENTRY MANAGEMENT INDEXING RETRIEVAL PROCESS AND SEARCHING TECHNIQUES OUTPUT EXPORT AND REUSE BILLING AND ACCOUNT CONTENT USAGE IN GENERAL Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 20 . desirable [ ] Yes. Whenever you find a question is not applicable for your situation. The questionnaire contains yes-or-no questions and open questions. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Please.1 User Requirement Report Instructions If the meaning of a specific term isn't clear to you. you could take a look at the images at the end of this document. Before starting to fill in this questionnaire. Please give your opinion as clear as possible on the open questions. Feel free to add an explanation if applicable.

1. Open question [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. period keywords. person names. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report Questions 0 0.5 Event assignment? 0. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.6 And topic assignment? 0. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory 21 . desirable [ ] Yes.1.8 Do you think that term normalisation and validation of Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.1.1.7 Do you expect the thesauri of the national archives could be useful input for the automated assignment of geographical keywords.4 Affiliation coding? 0.1. mandatory [ ] Yes.3 People coding? 0.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. [ ] Yes.1.1. affiliations.1 Data entry management ECHO will be offering functionality like automated keyword extraction and automated textual annotation on the basis of speech and film content. events and topics? 0. mandatory [ ] Yes.2. desirable [ ] Yes.1.1 Geographical coding? 0. Do you think that human control is necessary on the time-aligned automated (this means you expect that the speech and the texts in the film won't be enough): 0. [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2 Time coding? 0. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.

optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. Open question 0. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.1. mandatory [ ] Yes.9 Do you think human control on the automatic scene recognition is necessary? 0. mandatory [ ] Yes. 22 Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 . Open question Open question [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. so that the right terms.1.5 Can you imagine what role an automatically created visual abstract of a documentary can play in comparison with the textual abstract of the content you write for the catalogue description today? What consequences do you expect the visual additions (visual abstract and storyboard) to a film description will have for construction of the textual description as you make them today? Do you expect an automated index on the transcript of speech of the historical films will be useful for full-text retrieval? Open question [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report the automatically assigned keywords (of all kinds) is important? 0. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 Do you think it is important that. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes.2.2. desirable [ ] Yes.8.4 0. [ ] Yes. with the right meanings are assigned to the film description? 0.3 Do you want to browse the thesaurus in your own language? [ ] Yes.2 Do you think that it is important to be able to browse through a systematical representation of thesauri. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes. the users will be able to search it with their own language via the multilingual thesauri? 0.10 Do you think human control on the automatic transcript of speech is necessary? Can you name the metadata that should be added manually? 0.2. desirable [ ] Yes. even though you are making a film description in your own language. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes.1 How would you want to be assisted during the manual fulfilling the film description? 0.2 0. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1.3 0. [ ] Yes.

mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. 0. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. As we explained (See 0. 0. desirable [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. is it necessary that different persons can edit [ ] Yes. An annotation of the content could be manually entered and coupled directly to the scenes concerned. mostly automatically created. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 What do you expect concerning the balance in Open question automated and manual video cataloguing? 0. desirable metadata they are specialised in? [ ] Yes.6 Would you prefer distributed manual data entry. has a [ ] Yes. optional logical place? [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory that different persons from different locations can edit the [ ] Yes.2 What improvements of the indexing depth of videofiles Open question can you imagine compared to today's cataloguing traditions? Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 23 .8.8.1 User Requirement Report 0.2 How many historical terms (period 1920 – 1960) do you Open question think the thesaurus of your national archive contains at the moment? 0.5.1) there will be a lot more time-aligned metadata in ECHO. mandatory step of indexing a film.6.1 Or do you expect that a humanly constructed annotation in today’s language will be more useful? [ ] Yes. 0.1 And if so. mandatory the metadata of the same film simultaneously? [ ] Yes. meaning [ ] Yes.2.5.8 What do you expect of future video cataloguing in Open question general? 0.7 At the moment the only time-related metadata you are Open question probably familiar with is the timecode.6.2 Or would you prefer a certain procedure where every [ ] Yes. 0. including the correction of [ ] Yes. What other metadata would you like to add manually that should be timealigned? 0. desirable automated indexing and the manual indexing. desirable [ ] Yes.

desirable for searching the film descriptions? [ ] Yes.1. desirable [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report 1 Indexing (See Library Creation in Workflow figure at the end of this document) Textual features 1. mandatory transcript and the metadata in your own language? [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory translation of the original transcript to your own [ ] Yes. to be able to read the [ ] Yes.3 Do you want to restrict the search result to a given [ ] Yes. mandatory set of one or more languages? [ ] Yes.5.5.3.1. 1. mandatory closed captions. desirable [ ] Yes.3 Do you want to have keywords extracted from the [ ] Yes. 1.2 Do you think cross-language querying is as [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 If so.1.1. mandatory [ ] Yes.1. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1. 1.5. 1. desirable [ ] Yes.1 Is cross-language querying important for your work? [ ] Yes.? [ ] Yes.5.4 How important is it for you. to which language(s)? Open question 1.4 Should there be relations between the extracted [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 Is it important for you that you can search a high quality [ ] Yes.1. 1. optional [ ] No Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 24 . mandatory important for searching the transcript of speech as [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.5. 1.2.2 Or would a degraded text or just some keywords do? [ ] Yes.5 Multilinguality 1. 1.1 1. desirable language? [ ] Yes. mandatory keywords as in a thesaurus? [ ] Yes.1. speech etc.

2 Do you want to be able to change the length of a visual abstract yourself? 1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. forest.6.2 Visual features 1.2. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. season.1.2.3 Should the audio track be included with the visual abstract? [ ] Yes.6. weather.2. other settings like interior. [ ] Yes. especially when the original speech is not your own language? (Image 1) Do you want to be able to retrieve contradictory citations of the same person (in other words: find films where the same person says different things on the same subject)? 1.1. desirable [ ] Yes.5 Would it be helpful if you heard the original spoken text and at the same moment saw the transcript on the screen. e.3 Environment (more precisely: outdoor/indoor. cars. mountain scenery)? [ ] Yes. 1. mandatory [ ] Yes.2 object (classes. [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.5.2. optional [ ] No 25 Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 .ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.1.1.1. animals. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. landscapes.1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. buildings)? 1.1 Visual abstracts 1.6.1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 Would visual abstracts (short video clips characterising the content of a full-size film) be useful for your work? 1. 1. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.6 Are the following automatically generated parameters (grouping criteria) on subject important to you?: 1. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report 1. mandatory [ ] Yes.5.1. [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.g. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.2.1 Persons (descriptors on VIPs and their affiliation)? 1. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.6 [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. park.1.

g. mandatory intensity) [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2.2. mandatory text generated by title machines). optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1. mandatory [ ] Yes.4.2 Question left out 1. desirable [ ] Yes.4.1 User Requirement Report [ ] Not applicable.2.4. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1. 1.5 Do you think it is important that the visual abstract [ ] Yes.2.1. desirable [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. mandatory / both be useful for your work? [ ] Yes.1. desirable [ ] Yes.2.1. 1. mandatory [ ] Yes. flowers) [ ] Yes.4. [ ] Yes.1.2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. motion [ ] Yes. mandatory your query (See Image 3)? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. 1.4.2.4 Are the following properties of the abstract important for your work? 1.4 Summarise the mood of the video (colour. desirable [ ] Yes.3 Summarise the visual content (objects shown in the [ ] Yes.2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory video.1.4. 1.2.2 Browse copy 1.2. desirable [ ] Yes.2. mandatory keeps the chronology of the film? [ ] Yes.2. 1. 1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. 1.1 Summarise the content (semantics) of the full film [ ] Yes.2.1.5 Concentrate on people (faces) [ ] Yes. 1. e.3 What sensibility in the parsing of keyframes is Open question Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 26 . desirable [ ] Yes.1 Would a browse copy of the film in keyframes / clips [ ] Yes. 1.2 Summarises the content of the film in relation to [ ] Yes.2. cars.2. desirable [ ] Yes.6 Concentrate on appearance of text (scene text and [ ] Yes.2.

flowers? [ ] Yes.4 important to you (e.g.1 Represent the content (semantics) of the full film? [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2. mandatory [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes.1 Do you want to be able to specify the default length of a storyboard as a percentage of the whole film? 1. 1.3.3.2 Represent the visual objects shown in the film. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.5 Concentrate on appearance of text (with storyboard [ ] Yes. cut detection)? Would the audio track have to be included with browse copy? [ ] Yes.2. [ ] Yes.2.3.3. [ ] Yes.2.2. mandatory cars. 1.2.1 User Requirement Report 1. mandatory [ ] Yes. i. e.3.3. mandatory facilities)? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3. desirable [ ] Yes. motion [ ] Yes.3.4 Concentrate on people (faces)? [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. 1.3.3. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes.3 Represent the mood of the video (colour. 1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.2.3. 1.2 Do you want to be able to zoom in on the storyboard. desirable [ ] Yes.e. mandatory [ ] Yes.3 Storyboard (Image 1 + 2) 1.2.2. ask for more keyframes to be shown? 1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4 Is the following descriptive information important for Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 27 .2.3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes. camera movement. mandatory intensity)? [ ] Yes.g. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. mandatory [ ] Yes.3 Are the following properties of the storyboard important for your work: 1.2. 1.2.3.

mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.4.2. Open question [ ] Yes.4. optional [ ] No 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 28 . desirable [ ] Yes.4. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.2 on the technical quality 1.2. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2.2. mandatory [ ] Yes.2.4.1. mandatory [ ] Yes.2. namely…… 1. [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.4.2.1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.4.4 Other. [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes.2.2.2.3 Length 1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes.1. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.2 Available formats 1. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 on the videofile itself 1.4 Clean feed [ ] Yes.4.1 Of the film itself 1.3 Camera-systems 1. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report your work: 1.2.4.2 Format 1.2.2.4.1.1 Producer 1. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes.2.4.2.

4. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 29 .4.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes.3. [ ] Yes. namely…… 1.4. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2.4. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2.2.2.2.4.3.2.2. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report 1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes.3 on camera movement 1. desirable [ ] Yes.2.4. [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. Open question [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes.4. namely….2 Brightness [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.2 Pan 1. [ ] Yes.4 on aesthetic quality 1. mandatory [ ] Yes.3 Zoom in/out 1.4. 1.6 Other. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.5 Aspect-ratio 1.2.4 Other.3.3.2.4.4.2. desirable [ ] Yes.. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 Camera moves right/left 1. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 Light 1. desirable [ ] Yes.

[ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. Open question [ ] Yes.2.4. desirable [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report 1.2.2.4.6 on the actual movement (e.5 Other.g. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4.. [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3 Colours 1. mandatory [ ] Yes.4.1 Is it important that you can distinguish between film Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 [ ] Yes.4.4 Other. 1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.5 on movement in general 1.2.. Open question [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes.2. desirable [ ] Yes.2. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory 30 . car from left to right. desirable [ ] Yes.5.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.4. mandatory [ ] Yes.3.5.2. news reel.4. documentary. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. desirable [ ] Yes.7 on the genre (e.4. [ ] Yes.3 1.4. landing plane)? 1. 1. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4. mandatory [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. medium shot. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 Walking 1. etc. namely….4 Framing (close-up. entertainment) [ ] Not applicable.2. [ ] Yes.2. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.3 Turmoil 1.g.4.) 1. namely….2.5. Audio features 1.5.4.2 Running 1.4.

3.3. [ ] Yes.5 Other. [ ] Yes. namely…. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. voice over)? [ ] Yes. telephone.1 Timbre 1. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. Open question Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 31 . mandatory [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2 Pitch 1.g. mandatory [ ] Yes. 1. [ ] Yes.2 Is it important for you that you can distinguish between the source of the sound (e.3.3.3.3 Is the following descriptive information important for your work: 1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4 Samplefrequency (quality) 1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report fragments with sound or speech AND soundless fragments? 1..3 Original soundtrack 1.3.3.3. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2.3.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. studio.3.3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.

only? [ ] Yes. for a [ ] Yes. 2. in the background. [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. 2. 2.g. 2. would you like assistance like an index [ ] Yes.2 on a selected stratum. optional lines? [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.g.1.1. 2.4 Do you expect that the system.1 Do you prefer a free query entrybox (See Image 2) [ ] Yes. desirable Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 32 . optional those criteria)? [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. e. mandatory [ ] Yes.g.2 If you look for specific criteria (e. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. desirable while formulating your query? [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. transcript of speech. that you can ask for a concrete [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory criteria (e. mandatory so a freely formulated search: [ ] Yes. no films from the thirties or no politicians) [ ] Yes. mandatory citation? [ ] Yes. mandatory more than a query form in which you can enter period [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. 2.3 Is it important for you that you can exclude certain [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report 2 Retrieval process and searching techniques 2.1 on all possible information strata at once? [ ] Yes.2 Is it important for you to be able to do a natural language. mandatory aspect of the content (structured search on the selection [ ] Yes.2.2.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. 2. 2. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory interprets your question literally or conceptually? [ ] Yes.g. desirable or keyword or title or producer name on the appropriate [ ] Yes.2. desirable criteria we mentioned at category 1)? [ ] Yes. mandatory affiliation).1 Is it important for you. a person or an [ ] Yes.2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.5 Do you need the possibility to search literally. mandatory [ ] Yes. desirable lookup list (an alphabetical list of the index entries for [ ] Yes. e.

2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. search for citations. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory descriptors like 'typical. love. 2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. 2. desirable examples of the situation. e.g.2 Do you want to be able to refine a (first) search result? [ ] Yes.2.2.10 Is it useful for you to be able to make a distinction [ ] Yes.7.7. [ ] Yes.2. mandatory question in a fuzzy way instead of answering with 'No [ ] Yes. 2.8 Is it important for you to be able to search for the [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable hits found' when you typed a person’s name wrongly? [ ] Yes. mandatory abstract or theoretical subject of the content (e.2. mandatory [ ] Yes. 2. happiness)? [ ] Yes. desirable jealousy. desirable day-related.1 Or do you prefer to start with a global question and [ ] Yes. unusualness. mandatory between voice over and original speech? Give [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2. hate. iconic. optional curious'? [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.11 Do you want to be able to save a query for reuse? [ ] Yes. cliché. normal. 2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.6 Do you expect that the system can interpret your [ ] Yes.g. common' versus 'untypical.2. mandatory then search more specific or browse associatively [ ] Yes.2. loneliness. 2. desirable within the collection? [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. 2. 2. desirable [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report [ ] Yes.2.7 Do you like to formulate your first question in full detail? [ ] Yes.9 Is it important for you to be able to search for [ ] Yes. every[ ] Yes.2.12 What do you miss now in the possibilities of query Open question formulation? 2.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. mandatory [ ] Yes.3 Do you think that a table of content (hierarchical Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 33 .

3. 2.5. desirable with browsing such a selection? [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.4. mandatory [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.3 National archive [ ] Yes.5. which points of view are important for you: 2.4 Would you like to be able to directly select a part of the [ ] Yes. 2. mandatory [ ] Yes.)? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 User Requirement Report presentation with zoom functionality) is an important navigation tool: 2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.5.3. 2.2. namely….3 For each film? [ ] Yes. 2. and start [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.1 Period [ ] Yes.4 Other. 2.3.3.1 One known keyframe? [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. mandatory ECHO collection from different points of view. mandatory example for similar frames: [ ] Yes. desirable Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 34 . optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3.? Open question 2. 2.3. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 For the whole collection? [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.5. 2. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes.4 Is it important for you that you can search with a visual [ ] Yes.2 For a part of the ECHO collection according to the [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.3. mandatory source (French collection etc. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3.5 If yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2 Theme [ ] Yes.3. 2.

2. 2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.5 Is it important for you that you can search with an audio example: 2. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2 With a selected fragment of speech? [ ] Yes.5. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.6 Is it important that you can search for objects or themes [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.4.5. 2.1 User Requirement Report 2. mandatory or semantical network to help you formulate your query [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes. mandatory via browsing? [ ] Yes.6. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. 2. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. 2. 2 before and 2 after the relevant keyframe)? [ ] Yes.2 a known shot or sequence of keyframes (e. desirable [ ] Yes.2 Would you find it helpful to browse through a thesaurus [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 35 . optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. 2.7. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 Do you expect a dialogue output in case of zero hits or [ ] Yes.g.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.6. II? [ ] Yes.O. 2. mandatory too many hits or do you want to see the most relevant [ ] Yes.7 System feedback 2.1 Must the thesaurus be in your own language? [ ] Yes.6. mandatory [ ] Yes. desirable search results anyway? [ ] Yes.1 With a selected fragment of music? [ ] Yes. 2.1 Would you like to browse within a category e. mandatory Emigration movements after W.g. desirable subject more accurate? [ ] Yes.

mandatory per hit? [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.7.1 User Requirement Report 2. 2. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 36 .3 Do you need to see the meaning of a link beforehand? [ ] Yes. so that [ ] Yes.7.8.4 Do you expect the system to group the search results [ ] Yes. mandatory into thematic aspects of your question on demand? [ ] Yes.3 Do you expect the system to calculate the relevancy [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable opinion? (More like this-button) [ ] Yes.8 Would a hypertext structure be important for you. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.8. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. mandatory you can browse from one film to related [ ] Yes. 2. give an example of when you would find Open question hyperlinks very useful.8. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional episode)? [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes.2 What meanings of a link would be important to you? Open question 2. mandatory the films found by the system are very relevant in your [ ] Yes.7. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes.1 Please. 2. 2. mandatory [ ] Yes. 2. desirable scenes/videofiles (or: for series: browse to next [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes. 2.7.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.2 Do you expect the system to present possible topics related to your query and in your own query language? [ ] Yes.5 Do you expect the possibility to indicate that some of [ ] Yes.

optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1.1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. but are spoken in a language you don't [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1. desirable the film description? [ ] Yes.1. e. mandatory [ ] Yes. to get an overview? 3.1.1 Film description 3. 3.2.8 Would you like to receive results for all films matching [ ] Yes. 3. 3.6 What do you think are other essential elements of the Open question short presentation? 3. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory query. desirable [ ] Yes.1.1.1.1. mandatory elements of the description should be shown? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 User Requirement Report 3 Output 3. mandatory given item. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable formulate your query? [ ] Yes.1. period? [ ] Yes.1 Or would you like to see the film descriptions [ ] Yes.1. 3. mandatory your query to be presented in the original language of [ ] Yes.1.g.3 Do you want to be able to resort the search result on a [ ] Yes.1.2 Do you expect relevance ranking as a first [ ] Yes.1.8. mandatory concerned translated to the language you used to [ ] Yes.1 Presentation of Search Result 3.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1. 3. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory presentation? [ ] Yes.1.7 Would you like to be able to indicate yourself which [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1.2 Would you ignore films that are relevant to your [ ] Yes.1.5 Do you want to see directly in the first list presentation [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.8.1 Do you expect a short presentation per hit in a list view? [ ] Yes.1.1.4 How many hits would you like to see at least per Open question screen.1. 3. 3. mandatory from which archive a film originates? [ ] Yes. desirable Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 37 .

optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4 The following question is only applicable if you have [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.1.2 How would you like to see: 3.8. desirable with it that the search result will always be sorted on the [ ] Yes. mandatory visual content anyway.1 The visual abstract: immediately in the first [ ] Immediately presentation / on demand together with the large [ ] On demand presentation? 3. desirable [ ] Yes.2 Is it important for you that it is properly formulated? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.3.1.3 Do you expect a textual abstract of the content of a [ ] Yes. 3.1.2. desirable language? [ ] Yes. Can you agree [ ] Yes. mandatory experience with Boolean searching.1.3.2. mandatory your own language? [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. 3.3.2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3 Is it important for you that the textual abstract is in [ ] Yes.2 The first keyframe: immediately / on demand? [ ] Immediately [ ] On demand 3.1 User Requirement Report [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2.1.1 At what point would you like to see it: immediately / on [ ] Immediately demand? [ ] On demand 3. irrespective of the spoken [ ] Yes.1.1.1.1.1. 3. 3. 3.2. optional relevancy of the found items compared with the query? [ ] No And that to calculate the relevancy of an item the [ ] Not applicable.1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1.1 Or would degraded text do? [ ] Yes. 3. 3.1.3 The start of the storyboard : immediately / on [ ] Immediately demand? [ ] On demand 3. mandatory video file to be useful while judging the search result? [ ] Yes.3. mandatory [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.4 The transcript of the speech: on demand together with [ ] Immediately the large presentation / together with the storyboard / [ ] On demand together with the viewing of the browse copy.2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 understand? 38 .3 Or would you take a look at the visual abstract or the [ ] Yes.

3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1. desirable [ ] Yes. 3. mandatory search result to be built up. mandatory specific aspect.2. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. taking into account the size [ ] Yes. 3. 6 and 7) [ ] Yes.2. 3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes.1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.5. desirable [ ] Yes.2.2 Viewing functionality 3.3 by personality (See image 5)? [ ] Yes.2 Do you want to be able to change those preferences [ ] Yes.1. mandatory result? (See Image 4.2. desirable [ ] Yes.1. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.6 Do you want to be able to sort the search result on a [ ] Yes. other than the relevancy? [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. 3.1.1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory per query? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 User Requirement Report relation between the search terms of the query will automatically be an OR-relation? 3.1 Do you want to save those preferences as your [ ] Yes.1 Cross document viewing: what collages or personal profiles would you like to create on demand 3. 3.5. desirable of the digital library and assuming that the quality of the [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional retrieval result will be good enough? [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. 3. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 39 .2 by location for a geographical view of the search [ ] Yes.1.5 Do you want to be able to decide which aspects (or fields or metadata) are shown in the search result list? [ ] Yes. mandatory (See Image 5) [ ] Yes.7.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.1 by time for a chronological view of the search result? [ ] Yes.7 Are you prepared to wait for the presentation of the [ ] Yes.1.1 How many seconds? Open question 3.2. mandatory personal settings? [ ] Yes.

mandatory [ ] Yes.2.2 Manipulation of film: zoom.2.2. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 40 .1. [ ] Yes.4 Is it important to you that you can view the transcript together with listening to the audio track only? 3.3. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2.2. namely….3 Is it important to you that you can listen to the audio track without the aligned images? [ ] Yes.2.3 Other.1. fast forward. then expand the storyboard to more keyframes.5 In what combinations of the above would you like the search result to be summarised (see screendumps as an example)? 3. mandatory original film? [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. if wanted then starting the low res videofile from each keyframe? (Image 3) 3.6. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 Including/excluding sound? [ ] Yes. fast backward [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.2 Is it important for you that you can first view the keyframes that are relevant to your query.1 Would you like an order form to order a copy of the [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.6. desirable [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report 3. Open question 3. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2.? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. mandatory [ ] Yes.2. 3. 3.6 What is important for you when playing a video file: 3. desirable [ ] Yes.2. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. 3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.6. [ ] Yes. mandatory etc. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.5 Do you want to see the full textual description of a film by clicking on the title for instance? [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. Open question 3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3 Printing functionality 3.4 by event? 3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.

3. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4 Would you like to be able to print the whole transcript? [ ] Yes. desirable this order form? [ ] Yes. 3.2. to be already filled in [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.3.1 User Requirement Report 3.2 Do you want the timecodes of requested sequence that [ ] Yes.5 Please.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. 3. 3. mandatory correspond with the original film.3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3 Would you like to be able to print a list with a certain [ ] Yes. mention if there is other printing functionality Open question that is important for you: Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 41 . mandatory [ ] Yes. mandatory selection of the description? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3.

namely… [ ] editing suite [ ] presentation software [ ] office software [ ] personal project folder [ ] Other.1.1 User Requirement Report 4 4. namely… [ ] editing suite [ ] presentation software [ ] office software [ ] personal project folder [ ] Other.8 Parts of the browse copy to your Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 .2 Transcript of speech to your 4. namely… [ ] editing suite [ ] presentation software [ ] office software [ ] personal project folder 42 4.3 Speech track to your 4.5 Visual abstract to your 4. namely… [ ] editing suite [ ] presentation software [ ] office software [ ] personal project folder [ ] Other. namely… [ ] editing suite [ ] presentation software [ ] office software [ ] personal project folder [ ] Other. namely… [ ] editing suite [ ] presentation software [ ] office software [ ] personal project folder [ ] Other.4 Sound track to your 4.1.7 Browse copy version of the whole film to your 4.1.6 Storyboard to your 4.1.1 Textual description to your 4.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.1.1. namely… [ ] editing suite [ ] presentation software [ ] office software [ ] personal project folder [ ] Other.2.1. namely… [ ] editing suite [ ] presentation software [ ] office software [ ] personal project folder [ ] Other.1.1 Export and Reuse Do you want to export X to your [ ] editing suite [ ] presentation software [ ] office software [ ] personal project folder [ ] Other.

4. 'the first 10 years of fascism'. desirable aligned transcript of speech [ ] Yes.3.3 Downloading them as they are (low res format)? [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. 4. 4. 4. mandatory editing application you can quickly find the keyframes [ ] Yes.2.2 Adding them to a virtual collection or storing them in a [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. please describe what you expect of a virtual Open question collection (personal metadata. mandatory [ ] Yes. 4. mandatory project folder? [ ] Yes.5 Creating an editing decision list. mandatory [ ] Yes. desirable while the browse copy is being played in a separate Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 43 .3.3. desirable you want via the timecodes? [ ] Yes.3.1 Do you want to be able to annotate the scenes online [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. namely… 4.3. so that later in an [ ] Yes.g.1 If so. Would you like to be able to retrace relevant fragments by: 4. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.g. 4.2 Is it important for you to be able to export the browse [ ] Yes. create it as a personal collection. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. e.3. desirable [ ] Yes. but with the time.4 Bookmarking them? [ ] Yes. 4. desirable [ ] Yes.3.1 User Requirement Report [ ] Other. desirable [ ] Yes. defined for working on a thesis.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.[ ] Yes. create it on demand e.3 Retracing relevant fragments.1 keeping them in a shopping cart? [ ] Yes.6 Annotating relevant scenes with your own remarks? [ ] Yes. 4. mandatory [ ] Yes. possibility to make a personal collection public).6. mandatory copy of the film without the audio track.

2. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.3.7 Copy them as clips or files to another server or mail them to someone else? [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report window? 4. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 44 .

Photo copyrights. mandatory organisation or personal? [ ] Yes.2. mandatory [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 Are you willing to pay per view? [ ] Yes.g. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional browse copy. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. desirable [ ] Yes. Exploitation [ ] Yes.1.1 Copyright must be paid? [ ] Yes. 5.2. mandatory Image copyrights.1. visual abstract. Re-use rights.g. desirable speech.2.3 the material is not for reuse (e. mandatory levels (e. 5. mandatory [ ] Yes.2. 5. desirable [ ] Yes.3 What do you expect to be able to administrate in relation Open question to copyright matters: 5. indicated by the owner [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report 5 Billing and account 5. desirable copyrights. transcript of [ ] Yes.3. Art Copyrights. copy of original film)? [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2 the material is not recently used? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. storyboard in different sizes.1.2 Are you willing to subscribe to ECHO as an [ ] Yes. 5. mandatory nostalgic/oldest? [ ] Yes. 5.1.1 The sort of rights: Transmission rights. 5. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory or by the persons in the film)? [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3 Do you expect a price differentiation for different service [ ] Yes.4 the material is rare/new. Music Rights. [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. desirable [ ] Yes. Literary [ ] Yes. textual description only. optional Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 45 . mandatory [ ] Yes. 5.2 What do you expect in ECHO on billing mechanisms in Open question general? 5.1 Is it important for you that the systems informs you that: 5. recent/latest or [ ] Yes.

ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.2.1

User Requirement Report

rights? 5.3.1.1 Which rights do you miss? 5.3.2 Number of transmission rights

5.3.3 Rights Conditions

5.3.4 Rights Territory

5.3.5 Rights Jurisdiction

5.3.6 Rights type

5.3.7 Rights ID

5.3.8 Other copyright matters, namely?

[ ] No [ ] Not applicable. Open question [ ] Yes, mandatory [ ] Yes, desirable [ ] Yes, optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes, mandatory [ ] Yes, desirable [ ] Yes, optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes, mandatory [ ] Yes, desirable [ ] Yes, optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes, mandatory [ ] Yes, desirable [ ] Yes, optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes, mandatory [ ] Yes, desirable [ ] Yes, optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. [ ] Yes, mandatory [ ] Yes, desirable [ ] Yes, optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. Open question

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6 Content
At the end of the project, the ECHO application will contain 200 hours of film from the period 1920-1960.The following themes are likely to be covered by the ECHO digital library. Please indicate per theme and per sub-theme if it is interesting for you or not.

Theme 1 Post war Reconstruction Marshallplan Continuing life in the city Babyboom Emigration movements Rebuilding the military forces

Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable
13 June 2000

Theme 2 Youth culture in the 50s and 60-s Fashion, clothing, life-style developments Student revolts Sexual revolution Television and radio The arts

Theme 3 Sports in the 20th Century Sociological developments National Sports Mass-events European contests

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Sponsoring

Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable

Theme 4 Celebrating in Europe National anniversaries Religious feasts Folklore (fairs, carnival) Birth, marriage, funerals Europeans on holiday

Theme 5 Pre-war Europe The gay twenties Theatre, cabaret Movie industry Pre-war state & politics Financial crises

Theme 6 The World Wars

Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Aftermath World War 1 Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable The Interbellum Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable 1940-45 Propaganda Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable 1940-45 Major events and daily life Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable 1940-45 Aftermath Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Theme 7 Daily Life 1. Work and leisure Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable Yes, very interesting / Yes, moderate / No / Not applicable
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moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes.1 User Requirement Report 2. very interesting / Yes. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / No applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes. 4. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. Women and children 3. very interesting / Yes. very interesting / Yes. Woman in wartime 5. very interesting / Yes. The European family Education Food & drink Sickness & health Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable 13 June 2000 Theme 8 Women in Europe 1. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. 3. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. political and economical issues De-colonisation processes Native culture Religious life and mission work Originator: NAA Version 1 49 . very interesting / Yes. very interesting / Yes. 5. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. The arts Theme 9 The European Community Traffic & transport The European borders Predecessors EC The environment Language & Culture Theme 10 The Colonies Daily life in the colonies Social. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes. Women in politics 4. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. very interesting / Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. moderate / No / Not applicable Yes. Emancipation movements 2.2.

3 Please arrange the themes (not the sub-themes) from most important to less important: Which themes do you really miss? Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 50 .1 User Requirement Report 6.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.2 6.2.

desirable [ ] Yes. period. can you indicate how important (1) or annoying (5) the following presentation tools would be to you: 7.1.1.8 Concerning the graphical appearance of the interface. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1. desirable information (e. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.6 Do you want an advanced query interface with a free [ ] Yes.1. mandatory a text box where you can enter your free textual query? [ ] Yes.1. desirable Italian)? [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report 7 Usage in general 7. mandatory of ECHO (e. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. for query interface. German or [ ] Yes. 7.8.3 Do you want to have the possibility to choose your own [ ] Yes.1 Is important for you that the query interface is in your own native language? [ ] Yes. 7. desirable [ ] Yes.2 Would an English query interface be useful for you? [ ] Yes.2. 7.g.7 Do you want to be able to save your personal settings [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1.1. mandatory search box and the possibility of looking for specific [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. title. desirable [ ] Yes. 7. mandatory interface language (Dutch. desirable [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4 Do you want the simple query interface to contain only [ ] Yes. language)? [ ] Yes. 7.1.g. query language.5 Do you want to be able to choose a browsing option in [ ] Yes. French. 7. desirable viewing parameters)? [ ] Yes. English.1. mandatory the simple query interface? [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.1 Different colours for different concept areas in the [ ] Very important interface [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 51 . optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 Interface 7. 7.

1 Toolbar icons from MS Office? 7. "<.1.1.1.2 Fancy graphics for special tasks and operations? 7.5.8..1.8.8.5.1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.8." or the Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 [ ] Not applicable [ ] Very important [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying [ ] Not applicable [ ] Very important [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying [ ] Not applicable [ ] Very important [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying [ ] Not applicable [ ] Very important [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying [ ] Not applicable [ ] Very important [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying [ ] Not applicable [ ] Very important [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying [ ] Not applicable [ ] Very important [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying [ ] Not applicable [ ] Very important [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance 52 .8..1 User Requirement Report 7.8.4 Audio feedback? 7.2 Blinking parts of the screen? 7.g.1.5 Consistency with well-known applications ? 7.Click here to begin" sweeps over your taskbar)? 7.8.2.3 Visual clues / graphics for different actions? 7. Please wait.7 Icons asking for understanding the reaction time needed for building up the interface (consider the "Starting Java applet.8.1.6 Animated clues (e.1.

mandatory [ ] Yes.3.4.2 How important will it be for your work to be able to query a digital library that contains films on subjects of your interest in multiple languages? Open question [ ] Very important [ ] Important [ ] Of average importance [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying [ ] Not applicable [ ] Yes.2 for a specific profession? 7. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 53 .5. [ ] Yes [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2.3 Do you want to have profiles for current awareness service on newly indexed (!) films? 7. select and export relevant filmmaterial? 7. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 for a special theme? 7. [ ] Yes [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.4 Would you like to join a user group of ECHO? 7. edit metadata.3 Information retrieval 7.4.2 Security 7. 7. mandatory from the content of the national archives involved that [ ] Yes.3.5 Concerning the relation of ECHO with the outside world: 7.2.3.3 Is there now a login procedure for internal users accessing the catalogue of your (national) film archive? 7. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3. desirable cannot be viewed in ECHO (yet)? [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.3.3. [ ] Yes. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes.1 What are your expectations of the usability of the enhanced search facilities of ECHO? 7.3. listen.2 Is there now a login procedure for external users accessing the catalogue of your (national) film archive? 7.2.1 Do you expect a lot of external unknown users (accessing via internet) to be interested in ECHO? 7. desirable [ ] Yes.2. desirable [ ] Yes.2.4 Do you expect a login procedure to take care of the authorisation to search.3.1 Would you like to be informed on other relevant items [ ] Yes.1 User Requirement Report hourglass)? [ ] Not so important [ ] Annoying [ ] Not applicable Open question Open question Open question Open question 7. view.

3. mandatory [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes.5. [ ] Yes.5. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.2 Would you like to be able to search in the original online catalogues of the national archives from within ECHO. You have reached the end of the questionnaire. desirable [ ] Yes. [ ] Yes.3. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.3 Is it important for you to be able to search. mandatory [ ] Yes. desirable [ ] Yes.3. desirable [ ] Yes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. mandatory [ ] Yes. mandatory [ ] Yes. at the same time. mandatory [ ] Yes.3.5.5. desirable [ ] Yes.5.3.3 In different languages? [ ] Yes.3.3. [ ] Yes. even though these catalogues contain mostly textual descriptions? 7. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable.1 User Requirement Report 7. optional [ ] No [ ] Not applicable. Thank you very much for your time and effort! Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 54 .3.1 In the same country? 7.2 In different countries? 7.2. desirable [ ] Yes. multiple archives? 7.

Marco Rendina Gabriele D'Autilia Gabriele D'Autilia Marco Rendina.d.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 4: Schedule of the completed questionnaires Unique ID for each Q C01 C02 C03 C04 C05 *********** IL01 IL02 IL03 IL04 IL05 IL06 IL07 IL08 IL09 IL10 *********** I01 I02 I03 I04 I05 I06 I07 I08 I09 I10 I11 I12 I13 I14 I15 *********** M01 M02 M03 ECHO partner CNR-IEI CNR-IEI CNR-IEI CNR-IEI CNR-IEI ************ IL IL IL IL IL IL IL IL IL IL ************ INA INA INA INA INA INA INA INA INA INA INA INA INA INA INA ************ Memoriav Memoriav Memoriav Contactperson Name of interviewee Michele Battini Marcella Binchi Lorenzo Cuccu Alessandra Lischi Paolo Pezzino User type Received d. Enrico Rendina Gabriele D'Autilia Gabriele D'Autilia Gabriele D'Autilia Francesco Aquilanti Giampiero Brunetta Nicola Caracciolo Giovanni De Luna Cristina D'Osualdo Gigliola Fioravanti Andrea Minucci Renato Parascandolo 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 ************* 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 03-04-00 ************* 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 24-03-00 ************* 23-03-2000 23-03-2000 23-03-2000 55 C7 A1 B4 A1 E15 C7 B5 D10 Giannarelli E13 ********************** ************************ ******* Laurent Vinet Michèle Wautelet E 13 Laurent Vinet Liane Willemont B4 Laurent Vinet Micheline Poure B6 Laurent Vinet Olivier Maurice D 11 Laurent Vinet Xavier Lemarchand D 11 Laurent Vinet Liliane Leclerc B6 Laurent Vinet Gisèle Bertrand A3 Laurent Vinet Michel Dauzats E 13 Laurent Vinet Claude Longérinas D 10 Laurent Vinet Aurélie Neau A3 Laurent Vinet Joëlle Olivier E 14 Laurent Vinet Philippe Raynaud D 12 Laurent Vinet Monique Ageron E 14 Laurent Vinet Olivier Lescurieux C9 Laurent Vinet Philippe Poncin E 15 ********************** ************************ ******* Elena Spoerl Guido Ghiesi B6 Elena Spoerl Gianluca Grossi B5 Elena Spoerl Theo Mäusli A3 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 .ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Paola Venerosi Paola Venerosi Paola Venerosi Paola Venerosi Paola Venerosi A3 A1 A3 A3 A3 ********************** ************************ ******* Gabriele D'Autilia.2. Antonella Pagliarulo E13 Marco Rendina Gabriele D'Autilia Gabriele D'Autilia Gabriele D'Autilia.

W. Catherine Cormon Kurt Deggeller Kurt Deggeller Kurt Deggeller 27-03-00 27-03-00 27-03-00 Yves Collart Denise Barcella Monika Iten 27-03-00 27-03-00 Mercedes Matas 27-03-00 Lewinski 29-03-00 on paper M11 Memoriav May Broda B4 on paper *********** ************ ********************** ************************ ******* ************* N01 NAA Johan Oomen Henk Verheul E13 Received N02 NAA Johan Oomen Nellien Goslinga E13 Received N03 NAA Cancelled N04 NAA Cancelled N05 NAA Johan Oomen Sandra Buijel B6 Received N06 Cancelled N07 NAA Johan Oomen Nick Ceton D10 Received N08 NAA Johan Oomen Pierre Tuning B5 Received N09 NAA Johan Oomen W. Felix Rauh Kurt Deggeller. Memoriav Kurt Deggeller.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Blanchetta D11 Received N14 NAA Johan Oomen Pim Slot C8 Received N15 NAA Johan Oomen Bert Hogenkamp A1 Received N16 NAA Johan Oomen Pieter van der C9 Received Heijden N17 NAA Johan Oomen Carine Hekker C9 Received N18 NAA Johan Oomen Annemiek Iking D10 Received N19 NAA Johan Oomen Edward Schenk1 C8 Received N20 NAA Johan Oomen Annemieke de Jong E13 Received 1 Questionnaire completed together with Pim Slot N14. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 56 .2.1 User Requirement Report Unique ID for each Q M04 M05 M06 M07 M08 M09 M10 ECHO partner Contactperson Name of interviewee Michel Dind Jürg Hut User type E13 B6 A1 B6 A2 A3 A3 Received d.J. Doff E14 Received N10 NAA Johan Oomen Harco Gijsbers A2 Received N11 NAA Johan Oomen Irene Vermeij B6 Received N12 NAA Johan Oomen Karl Mulder D10 Received N13 NAA Johan Oomen D. Memoriav Memoriav Memoriav Memoriav Memoriav Memoriav Catherine Cormon Kurt Deggeller.d.

Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 57 . to types of usage and to user requirements.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. we distinguish the following types of usage: A Data entry for offline archiving1 B Retrieval for reference C Retrieval and viewing the content for the general public D Professional retrieval and viewing the content for scientific study (history or film science) E Professional retrieval.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 5: Overview of functionality including search results. speech B Cross document viewing (per search result) B1 Chronological view B2 Geographical view B3 Personality view B4 Event/subject view B5 Combination of those views Reuse of content Billing. where the questions in the questionnaire refer to. encoding & indexing Research & retrieval Search with text Search with image Search with audio Cross-linguality Presentation of search results: evaluating the retrieved content A Document viewing A1 Presentation metadata per document A2 Textual abstract A3 Visual abstract A4 Browse copy A5 Storyboard A6 Audio. The relevant functionality. account & user administration Interface in general ECHO can be used for different purposes. linked to questions in the ECHO questionnaire. are grouped as follows: Data entry.2. so that editing metadata while the encoded video is streaming in can be a possible future usage of ECHO. viewing and (non-)profit reuse of the content E+ Teachers 1 Data entry for "real time"archiving.

Cdv=Cross document viewing.1: 92% of documentalists think that searching with a thesaurus in ones own native language through the database is mandatory). C.2.8. 0. I=Interface.2. 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 58 . Automatic keyword extraction (from transcript of speech and film content into several types of keywords) is agreed upon (± 91% Yes).2 Automatic keyword extraction 2. Yes desirable and Yes optional.2.8.1. but human control is desired.2 0. E DE2 DE1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.1.1.1. 0.1 1 Yes 2x means: total of answers Yes mandatory and Yes desirable. During data entry it should be possible to copy from either a controlled lookup list or an index lookup list. 2 DE= Data entry management. encoding & indexing General opinion regarding data entry in digital video archiving Assistance for manual data entry Cat. 1.1 – 0.8. D.2 0.2.2 A A Various opinions: a lot of faith as well as a lack of faith in the system 0. Pr=Presentation. though there is a large difference in size of the thesauri of the national archives concerned.8.6.8.6: No special demands on distributed data entry needed.7. Ru=Reuse. Visual abstract=Visual abstract.5.6. S=Storyboard. C=Cross-linguality.1 User Requirement Report Functionality Related questions Relevant for specific usage Result from questionnaire and comment Related to User Require ment Data entry.8. not included DE12 DE1 DE2 DE2 0.2.1. Every documentalist is in favor of using the thesauri. During data entry it should be possible to browse in the systematical representation of the thesaurus or classification scheme in ones own native language (0.1 2.1. 0 +1 0. 0. R=Retrieval.3 0. Bc=Browse copy.3 DE2.4 A. 0. Thesaurus browsing for a free text: subject query is helpful for 81% Yes 2x1. Automatically extracted keywords should be related to thesaurus-keywords.1 A 0. 0. Query assistance in the form of index lookup-lists for a specific field/metadata is very important (95% yes 3x).1.3 1.1.1. Yes or Yes 3x means: total of answers Yes mandatory.1. A=Administration.

E 1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. event and topic of the film as a whole. E: 54% Yes 2x. 0. The metadata editor should provide the means to control and correct: automatically generated keywords for subject indexing. 71% are in favor of full-text indexing of transcript of speech.1.1 DE1. The transcript of speech should be of a rather high quality (64% Yes.speech in combination with manual annotation.2. 18% No.3 DE1.1.1 C.5. E Transcript of speech 0.2 not included Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 59 . There is a strong belief in the usefulness of t.g.o.1. 0.6 Manual entry of timealigned subject annotation.1 User Requirement Report Human control on automatic 0.5. it seems desirable to be able to annotate specific scenes with personal remarks.1. 42% No.7 4.4 R9. 0. E: 54% Yes 2x.1. ECHO should provide for control and correction of the automatic transcript of speech. especially for usage E: total: 61% Yes 2x . D.3. affilliation. E: 71% Yes 2x.1.2 DE1.6 A. people.10. 29% No). DE1. 21% No) rather than in a degraded form (58% Yes. D.9. 0. 1.2 A encoding 0.1/. There is no agreement on the necessity of human control of automatic time coding (55-45). geographical. Moreover.1.2 E ECHO should provide for control and correction of the automatic scene detection. The metadata editor should provide the means to add subject indexing and annotations to specific scenes (readable time-aligned with storyboard). e.

2.1.4.9) • Metadata on technical quality seem very important • The metadata on camera-systems and aspect-ratio seem less crucial (1.6.1: 85% Yes 2x ).1.4.original soundtrack or not (1.4.2: Not recently used: 59% Yes 2x.3: 50% Yes 2x).2.8) • Metadata to select typical or untypical scenes seem less important (2.4. optional (1.2. E: 62% Yes 2x • Metadata on genre are mandatory (1.1.2. • Most important are keywords on persons (VIPs and affilliation) (1. it seems unimportant for about 50% of the interviewees who answered No or n.2.2) • Keywords on the environment seem a bit less important.6) Language of the film is an important metadata.3. the following seems important: the distinction between . not included Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 60 .6.3.3 A All subquestions of 1. Quantative analysis will be necessary because many answered Yes. It is not yet clear which metadata can be created automatically in ECHO.) • Metadata on black-and-white and color are desirable.4: Alert on rareness.1 User Requirement Report Metadata 1. 1. . In deciding on the metadata model these answers can be relevant input.camera moves right or left • The aesthetic quality seems unimportant for about 40% of the interviewees (1.10: 75% Yes 2x).3.2.4. recentness. E: 69% Yes 2x • 5.2: 66% Yes 2x).2.) In decreasing order of importance: zoom in/out – pan .soundless fragments or not (1.2.light – framing – brightness • If the metadata on movement in general cannot be generated automatically.voice over and original speech (2.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.5 tot.) • Metadata on actual movement seems important for 22% (1.source of the sound (1.1.4.1.a. • Concerning Audio.6.2.3 tot.4…. but still rather desirable (1.2.3. .4 asked about the importance of metadata.7) • Also important are metadata on the abstract subject of the film (2.3.4 with subquestions) In decreasing order of importance: colours .1) • Also important are keywords on the objects in the film (1. nostalgic: 53% Yes 2x.2.3) 5.2. . • Metadata on camera movement are more desirable than mandatory (1.2 tot.

4.5%: desirable.5 1.2/3 2. (3. E I4 R1 R4 R1 R8. speech and language technology will be adopted in order to search the diverse film collections with satisfactory recall and precision.2. D.1.2 7.2.2.2) .4 7. 2.2. D. Four speech recognisers (Italian. 2.concept searching (2.3.2. Usage D: 15.1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. French. 2 + 7.2. 23. C.5 2. a collaborative interaction of image. As the content is conveyed in both narrative (speech and language) and image forms.3. Dutch. C.5. E A.2. natural language.6 C.1% optional Literal search/Exact match is mandatory: 88% yes 2x 2.2.1: open question on General expectations of ECHO.3.1 User Requirement Report Research & retrieval3 Search with text Free. E 2. Query assistance in the form of index lookup-lists for a specific field/metadata is very important (95% yes). C.6 A. 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 61 . Excluding certain criteria (NOT) is mandatory (88% Yes 2x). 2. The project will provide content-based searching and film-sequence retrieval. Information retrieval is an increasingly complex process due to digital integration of video. concept query Cat.1/2) .natural language search (69% Yes 2x. D. D.7: Start a broad search and then refine: 40% yes 2x Interviewees have great interest in: . C. (2.5.searching through all strata at once or through a selected stratum only (2. E A.4) Marking highly relevant hits to use as a new query: 75% yes 2x Great interest in best match searching (74% Yes 2x). 2.1.3. and text resources. 79% yes 2x The most simple interface should contain filtering functionality (81% Yes 2x).2. E D.1 Pr1 not included Exact matching Structured querying and filtering on metadata 2.4% Yes mandatory and 15% No 38. 87% Yes 3x) (2.1/2. 2. D. and German) will be built and integrated into the system architecture.1. associative.1) . 2. E D.4) Without proper natural language and concept searching it will be impossible to retrieve contradictory or similar citations of the same person.7.2.1: Structured query is expected: 78% Yes 2x.3) Distinction of national archive/source is very important: 83% yes 2x . audio.3. 3.1.free text query box (59% (Yes 2x) prefer it over Query by Form). B. (2.1.1. B. B.1/2.1. E C R2 R3 not included R3 R3 R3 3 The utility of the digital film library can be judged by the ability of the users to get the information they need from the library easily and efficiently. although 20% replied No.3 2. 2. ± 74% Yes.1.

Distinction of object (70%. D. 2. R3. D.3. e. A link must express a relation like "see also" between two objects (people. Table of Contents.filtering on language (65% Yes 2x.1. rest of the documentation about a film. .Distinction of period (99% Yes 2x) .filtering on film fragments with or without sound.1 2. Conceptual relations between objects.1 User Requirement Report 1. expressed also a demand for methodologies and systems able to automatically detect particular features of video. E Boolean filtering on metadata is mandatory.3) . 2. improving non-manual analysis of the forms.1. browse within a theme: 79% + 83% yes 2x . with or without speech (85.Distinction of voice over / original speech (75% Yes 2x) . D. context surrounding the film.3 Browsing through database 2. 2.5. 1.2 2. R5 not included Search with image 2.1. answers to specific examples of browsing 75 – 99% yes 2x.2. events.3. 1.8 (totally) C. 1.1 1.g: . 2.Distinction of environments (49% yes 2x. D. The same event if described on video within different countries.5. besides a need for similarity search. browse within a class of objects 79% yes 2x) .4 (totally) C. E 2. 7.Distinction of theme (96% yes 2x) .Distinction of VIPs (people) (87% yes 2x)\ .2. B.5 2.3.6. E 2.10 2.3 (totally) C.2.3.3. searching with one known keyframe: 61% yes 2x searching with a sequence of keyframes: 55% yes 2x Cinema historians.5: 69% Yes 2x.6.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. etc. Links to geo-historical context. 68% yes 2x in favor of browsing options in simple query interface.1.distinction of stratum (74% Yes 2x) .1.1.3). A. 1.5.2. especially interesting for broadcasters and program makers) Large majority in favor of browsing in a certain selection of the database.2.6.3.). 7.5% Yes 2x) .6.2.2. details not included R5 I4.5.8: 74% yes 2x Answers given: Scenes within a film. and film language recognition (styles).1.1. In pointing out relationship between objects/persons in different AV docs.filtering on source of sound (66% Yes 2x) .1.6 1.2. E R6 R6 Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 62 .excluding certain criteria (NOT) is mandatory (88% Yes 2x).6. C. (2.

then film is ignored: 41% Yes 3x.5 (totally) C.5.7. E C. enabling to verify the interpretation in detail. B.5.2 relevancy per hit is expected by 55% yes 2x. E C3 C3 Presentation of search results: evaluating the retrieved content Cat.1..1.1.1. C. 7.5.8.1.1. Film descriptions translated into query language in presentation of results: 20% mand. relevance ranking / best match is expected 74% Yes 2x For most interviewees (26% mand. S2 Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 .6 3.1. E C.1 User Requirement Report Search with audio Cross-linguality Cross-language querying 2.E: 54% yes 2x 70% yes 2x 76% yes 2x.D.) C.5.2..2. CNR: " Users had laid special stress on multilingual capabilities They consider the translation of the transcript and metadata in the native language of users a chance improving archives exploitation. 1. 47% desirable) this seems a logical order: first view the keyframes in context. D. D. E Limit search to one or more 1. If spoken language is not understandable. E searching with a known fragment of music: C.2. 3." Original language of film description is unacceptable for 28%. C.1. B. D. German and Italian. D. Mandatory 9%.4 3. D.1) If spoken language is not understandable. 57% No.3.D. next the rest of the storyboard and then start browse copy 63 Pr1 Pr1 not incl.E 3.3(.E: 46% yes 2x searching with a known fragment of speech: C. 32% desirable.2.8 (tot. 53% desirable A large part of the interviewees indicated having difficulties in reading Dutch.1.3. then visual abstract or visual content will be viewed anyway: 77% Yes 2x Conclusion: visual content is often more important than audio content.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. R7 R7 C1 1. D. E R3 C2 3.1. 25% No. 2.1. 3 +4 2.1.2 A. 65% Yes 2x 27% mandatory. (3. At the same time appreciation was expressed on the opportunity to have at their disposal the audiofile in the source language.4 speech and metadata should be translated to native language C.7.1) languages Transcript of original 1.1. For the work of 59% it is (very) important to be able to query a digital film library in multiple languages.D.

3 (tot.1 User Requirement Report System feedback 2.1. E A. genre.3. so 72% Yes 2x).1. 10% expect less than 10. C. 50% expect 10.3 3.1. quality. E Pr3 Pr2. broadcaster.1. Other important metadata will be decided upon in WP 4 because the answers are too diverse. nr. abstract.1 C.5): 67% Yes 2x. date.1. 80% Yes 2x. 71% Yes 2x.7. D.5: 56% (24% mand. but it does not need to be part of the short presentation (62% want to read/see it on demand).3 3. 3.1.7.7.5(.1 (totally) 3. D..1. One answered: depends on how important the question is for me.1.2.2.2 not included C2 Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 64 . E C. language. and do we have budgets for manually constructed abstracts? Almost everyone would like the abstract in their own language (75% Yes 2x). D. so 80% Yes 2x).1. D. color/B&W.4 per screen Resort hitlist Decide personally on short presentation .2) 3. E D.2 no hits. Resorting the hitlist seems very important to all: 95% Yes 2x. 10% expect 25-30 hits per screen.5) Only 13% are not prepared to wait. of hits. Change presentation settings per query: 51% mandatory.2. geographic location. Should contain source of film (3. E B. E D. D. origin. C.1 Pr2. producer. (3. costs. year of production. E 83% Yes 2x.1. 3. Suggestions for new search terms: 67% yes 2x R8.1.1.1 A Document viewing A1 Presentation metadata per document Short presentation per hit 3.1. It is very desirable to be able to open the full description by clicking on the titlehyperlink: 59% desirable. 91% Yes 2x A textual abstract is seen as very useful: 86% Yes 2x.1.) A. person.2 76% yes 2x would like the system to repeat the query with a fuzzy search in case of R8. Pr1 not included Waiting for search result list 3.. 81% Yes 3x. 3.1. 82% Yes 2x.for printing A2 Textual abstract 3.1.1. B. B A. 48% are against degraded text.6 C.1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Note: On the other hand. Very desirable. owner of rights. 3. B. how experienced are the interviewees with reading degraded text. 2. 30% expect 15-20.7: 53% (19% mandatory.7/. Seconds mentioned vary from 5 – 10 – 30 – 50 –60. E 2.3 Pr2.1 Minimum number of hits 3.1. It would be best if the abstract is properly formulated (80% Yes 2x). length.1. D. so online translation is welcome….6 Answers given: title. availability.

Change the length of the visual abstract yourself D: 23% Yes 2x E: 61% Yes 2x Audio track included with v. D.2.8 C.3.concentrates on text in film D: 38% Yes 2x E: 41% Yes 2x V. D. 30% optional. 3.2 4. 14% to personal project folder.. 3. C.the semantic content of the full film D: 85% Yes 2x E: 100% Yes 2x It is desirable that the visual abstract: .2. they prefer office software / Exporting parts of the browse copy should be possible (33 answers): 45% to office software.7.4 to editing suite.2. It is preferred that the abstract is properly formulated (80% Yes 2x).1.1 3.2.1. abstract D: 46% Yes 2x E: 79% Yes 2x The visual abstract should summarise: .1.3.1 User Requirement Report Construction manually or automatically 0. E 64% of the interviewed documentalists (=7) find a manually constructed abstract necessary.1 3. E: 20% Yes 2x. D. 4.5 1. 4.1.5.1. E C.2.1. E A4 Browse copy 1. E A3 Visual abstract 0. 4. but with time-aligned transcript of Ru1 speech (4.1.1. 36% optional.2.1 A.1.4.1. abstract should keep chronology of film: D: 92% Yes 2x E: 88% Yes 2x A browse copy is very important: D: 92% Yes 2x.2 – 1.1. D: 20% Yes 2x.5: Most interviewees would like to export the visual abstract to office software (64%).1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.2/.5% optional.a.5 specifications on Visual abstract D. 18% to editing suite/ presentation software/ personal project folder.concentrates on people D: 46% Yes 2x E: 58% Yes 2x . If interviewees want to export parts of the browse copy.2 Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 65 . Export the browse copy without audio track.2.1 Ru1.1.2. 48% are against degraded text.2 Va1 Va2 Va3 #sema ntic content Va3 Preference for seeing the first keyframe on demand: 80%. 4. 36% don't.2. 0. 1.1: 21% want to see the visual abstract immediately with the short presentation. 20% Ru1. not included Pr2. Pr2 Exporting browse copy is very desirable (35 answers): 48% to office software. 57% No or n. E: 86% Yes 2x.concentrates on the mood of the film D: 46% Yes 2x E: 38% Yes 2x . 17% to presentation software.2): doesn't seem very necessary for everyone: 26. 77% want to see the visual abstract on demand when asking for the large presentation.

43% desirable.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Change the default length of storyboard yourself D: 62% desir. D and E: C: 14% mand. 3.represents objects in the film Bc2 not included Bc1 Bc2.1 User Requirement Report specifications on Browse copy 1..6 (totally) C. 41% desirable.represent the semantic content of the full film .3. E: 29% mand.1.2. forward. D. To hear the original speech and at the same time see the time-aligned transcript of speech with the video is not equally important for C. E S1 Ru1. 61% desir. 61% des.1.2.2 Originator: NAA Version 1 D...2. E: 30% mand.3: sensitive parsing of keyframes seems important (Note: this was an open question!): 70% Yes 2x. D.3 D. 13% to personal project folders.2.5. .represent the mood of the film .. D: 23% mand.1 A5 Storyboard 3..2. The audio track should be included in the browse copy (68% Yes 2x.1.1 Pr2.3 S3 S3 specifications on Storyboard 1. D. Preference to see the transcript of speech on demand together with: . E: 73% Yes 2x) Including/excluding sound is desirable: 43% des. 50% desir. freeze/standstill) is very important: 38% mand. Manipulation of film (back. 13% to presentation software. 4. 50% des.5 at the same time see the time-aligned transcript of speech with the browse copy. 24% optional.2. E C.storyboard 28% .2. 62% desir.4 3. D: 58% Yes 2x.3 – 1.concentrate on people It is desirable that the storyboard: .2.2. E S4 D: 85% Yes 2x E: 87% Yes 2x D: 77% Yes 2x E: 52% Yes 2x D: 62% Yes 2x E: 68% Yes 2x D: 46% Yes 2x D: 67% Yes 2x E: 54% Yes 2x E: 83% Yes 2x 66 not included S2 1.1 – 1.1.3. E C.large presentation 53% ..4 1.3. E D. E: 38% mand.1.browse copy 19% Note: it seems as if there is some confusion about the terms. E 13 June 2000 See storyboards in context of the query .6 D. Zoom in on storyboard D: 39% mand.2.2.2. zoom..2.4. fast forward. The storyboard should be on demand (79%) Exporting the storyboard: 73% to office software. E Hear the original speech and 1. Storyboard should: .

Most interviewees want to be able to export (a selection of) the textual description.4 4 The results may indicate that a specific view is more relevant to D than to E.3. Viewing the transcript while listening to audio track is mandatory for 13% and desir.6 Cdv1 Cdv2 Cdv4 Cdv3 Cdv1 Cdv5 4.1. 4.3. E D.3 C.4. Subject clustering of search result: 67% Yes 2x 78% Yes 2x 52% Yes 2x 57% Yes 2x 66% Yes 2x Answers given: Time. events.3. 10% to personal project folder.B.1.2 3.2.4 3. E D. 28% to editing suite. Personality/time (location).7 E Ru1.3 3.2. 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 67 . Those who would want to export the transcript of speech (35 answers): 57% to office s.. D. 17% to presentation s.1. E 4.1. Export to / Reuse in office software is most popular.. Events/time (location). Time. 10% to personal project folder..5 D.2.1 Ru1. (51% to Office software). Downloading the browse copy is very important: E: 75% Yes 2x. geographic.1..3.2. C.2. for 34%.1.) 2. E 3.2. Those who would want to export the audio track (29 answers): 45% to office s.7.1 4. E D. 11% to personal project folder.1..2 B Cross document viewing (per search result) B1 Chronological view B2 Geographical view B3 Personality view B4 Event/subject view B5 Combination of those views Reuse of content 3. speech details 3. D.4 3.2. 18% to presentation s.1 (tot.1.2.: Export to "personal project folder" is only answered by 8 NAA-interviewees (very different user types) and 1 documentalist from a Swiss broadcasting company. Those who would want to export the speech track (28 answers): 43% to office s.5 Ru1.1 3. 4. E: 67% Yes 2x Bc2 Bc2.2.1 User Requirement Report A6 Audio.4 4. for 36%. 14% to editing suite.4 3.1 Ru1.1. E Listening to the audio without the images is mandatory for 19% and desir.2. personality.1. 17% to presentation s. E D.5 Ru1.1 (totally) E Ru2 4. Time. N. E4 D. 27% to editing suite.3 3..4.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.

music rights and exploitation rights in ECHO. Willing to pay per view: 54% No.3 (tot.4 4.2. So here we will also look at the specific user types.3. D. E E C.2): Indication of costs and usage during the session. 5 + 7 D.2. 5.2. 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 68 .3 (tot.2.1. D. account & user administration 5 Access control 7. mostly online public catalogues are accessible without a password. but especially for marketing & sales manager's + product developers. 74% Yes2x A lot of interviewees would like to join an ECHO user group: 40% Yes 2x.3.1 5.) 4.3. image copyrights. Alert on copyright: 94% Yes 2x. Try to avoid paperwork. 23% Yes 2x.1. B.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.2 A login procedure for internal and for external users will be necessary to control the rights and accounts. E: 92% Yes 2x The majority want to see the transmission rights.3. Willing to subscribe: 15% No.4 C.1 4. One place for every transaction.1 R9. 54% Yes 2x Answers to open question (5.2.2 5.3 5. C.3. 4.3. E 7. Special prices for subscribers.3. E Billing mechanisms C.3.1. E D.2. D.1 4. this issue is important for every potential ECHO user. An order form for a copy of the original film is necessary: 83% Yes 2x.1 not included 5 6 At the end of the project each Archive partner will be able to set up a commercial activity providing Web-based access to its collection.5 Cat. E D. E6 These tools seem indeed mandatory or desirable for the interviewees of whom usage D and E is expected.1 Billing. E D. E Copyright administration 5. Creditcard payment. Billing by email. E D.2 E 7.3.3.2 (totally) A. literary copyrights. 22% No for a special theme: 91% Yes 2x for a specific profession: 77% Yes 2x À1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A5. 3.4. D.2 B. 5. Depending on the agreements for pricing mechanisms.1. 58% Yes 2x Price differentiation for different service levels: 16% No.4.1 R9.) 5.2 Ru2. E: 96% Yes 2x Indication if material is not for reuse: 92% Yes 2x.1 7. E: 76% Yes 2x E: 77% Yes 2x E: 81% Yes 2x E: 67% Yes 2x R9 A5. D.3.1 User Requirement Report Tools for retracing relevant content Shopping cart Virtual collection or project folder Bookmarks Create an editing decision list 4. E User groups for ECHO 3. For the current catalogues of the national archives this is not always the case. re-use rights. C.

8. 29% annoying .1.1.audio feedback: 24% (very) important.8. D.alert on relevant content from content providers that is not in ECHO: 71% Yes 2x I6 I7 . 20% annoying I1 .8.1.animated clues: 24% (very) important.1. 23% annoying D. E Interface in general Graphical appearance of interface in general 7.7 .consistency with well-known applications: 67% (very) important.1.1.1 .2 7. B.1.5. 79% Yes 2x 60% Yes 2x 73% Yes 2x 72% Yes 2x 68% Yes 2x 81% Yes 2x 69 I2 Save personal presentation preferences other personal preferences Query interface must be in: native language English language of choice 3.5 7.icons asking for understanding the reaction time needed for building up the interface: 54% (very) important.3.3 I5 I5 I3 Simple query interface with only a free text box with browsing options with filtering functionality Originator: NAA Version 1 I4 7. .5. .1. German and Italian. E A.8.search in multiple archives:72% Yes 2x in one country: 76% Yes 2x .6 7.1 7.7 7. in different languages: 77% Yes 2x A.1 User Requirement Report Relation between ECHO and the outside world 7.5 7.1.blinking parts of the screen: 24% (very) important.visual clues / graphics for different actions: 39% (very) important.1.1. 44% annoying .1.different colours for diff.8.8. B.5.5 7.5.. 14% annoying .toolbar icons from MS Office: 55% (very) important.6 C C C 13 June 2000 .8 (tot.1 7.1 7.3.3 7. 79% Yes 2x Many interviewees indicated having difficulties in reading Dutch. 5% annoy. 15% annoy. D.4 7.4 7.2 7.1.2.3.1.1.8.3 D.. B.5. C. E A.1 7. C. 30% annoying .ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.8.1.1.1 7. D.2 7.) 7.8.2 7. concept interface areas: 65% (very) imp. E Save general personal presentation preferences: 48% mandatory! 78% Yes 2x.3. 12% annoying .fancy graphics for special tasks and operations: 28% (very) imp.5.search traditional catalogues of ECHO content providers: 74% Yes 2x I7. in more countries: 88% Yes 2x . E .1.

Consequences for the metadata model are not taken into account. NAA) Each type of usage refers to a specific goal for which people might want to use ECHO.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. The final overview might change as a result of further analysis of the questionnaires. N02. I08 IL01.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 6: Types of usage of ECHO linked to interviewees Interviewees related to types of usage (results of discussion in Hilversum. and of Johan Oomen. M05. on the basis of their function and user type. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 70 . M07 N01.2. Type of usage Database construction A Data entry for offline 3 archiving Short explanation Special demands1 !"Special display of the content and of the metadata !"Metadata editor !"Thesaurus building and management Interviewee ID2 I01. 3 Data entry for "real time"archiving. M04. IL10 M01. it is still a point of interest for the future owners of ECHO and can therefore influence the user requirements list. Although it wasn't appropriate to ask the interviewees for this. 2 Indication of expected usage of ECHO by the ECHO partners' contact persons. INA. such that editing metadata while the encoded video is streaming in can be a possible future usage of ECHO. technically speaking. combined with the input of Laurent Vinet. N20 1 Items of special demands mentioned here are based on the first analysis of the interviewees per ECHO partner. The five types of usage that are identified each have specific consequences for the system building of ECHO. I06.

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User Requirement Report

Type of usage
Database consultation B Retrieval for reference

Short explanation
Structured consultation of database to check on a specific item within the catalogue description. No need to view the content. Non-professional consultation of database with viewing of content. No need for reuse. Professional consultation of database, with interest in full content (images, and speech). Reuse of browse copy.

Special demands4
!"Query by form for direct, structured and monolingual searching.

Interviewee ID5
I01, I03, I10,I11, I12, 6 [I15] M09 N02, N05, N07, N12, N13, N18

C Retrieval and viewing the content for general public (schools, museums, internet)

D Professional retrieval and viewing the content for scientific study (history or film science)

!"Simple query interface for free text, crosslingual, conceptual and fuzzy searching. !"Browsing through database by theme. !"Straight forward display of content (document viewing). !"Advanced query interface for free text, crosslingual, conceptual and fuzzy searching plus filtering on specific issues. !"Browsing through database by theme. !"Cross document viewing. !"Personal settings of interface, presentation, annotations and collections. !"Advanced display of content (in context and with personal annotations) !"Downloading the browse copy => account/user administration plus rights administration; if billing, then not "pay per view". !"Connection with the catalogues of the national archives of the ECHO partners and other archives.

IL02, IL07 N10, N14, N19, N16, N17

C01, C03, C04, C05 [I01], I06, I07, I09, [I10], I13, I15 IL06 M08, M10 N15

4

Items of special demands mentioned here are based on the first analysis of the interviewees per ECHO partner. The final overview might change as a result of further analysis of the questionnaires. 5 Indication of expected usage of ECHO by the ECHO partners' contact persons, on the basis of their function and user type.
6

Although some interviewees could like to use ECHO for different types of usage, for the purposes of analysis their answers to the questionnaire are only considered for one type of usage per interviewee. Of course, the interviewees that will do data entry in ECHO are also likely to use ECHO in another way (type of usage B, C, D or E). 13 June 2000

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User Requirement Report

Type of usage
E Professional retrieval, viewing and (non-)profit reuse of the content: public and commercial broadcasting, historical study, teaching etc.

Short explanation
Professional consultation of database with main interest in visual content. Reuse of browse copy and/or original material.

Special demands4
!"Advanced query interface for free text, crosslingual, conceptual and fuzzy searching plus filtering on specific issues. !"Browsing through database by theme. !"Cross document viewing. !"Advanced display of content (in context and with personal annotations) !"Personal settings of interface, presentation, annotations and collections. !"Downloading parts of the browse copy => account & billing administration / rights administration. !"Tools for making an Editing Decision List and ordering a copy of the original material. (technical info) !"Connection with the catalogues of the national archives of the ECHO partners and other archives. !"Tools for constructing a new video in browse quality with the selected sequences. (extra supply)

Interviewee ID5
I02, I04, I05, [I09], I14 IL01, IL04, IL08, IL09, IL10 M01, M02, M03, M04, M05, M07, M11 N01, N08, N09, N11, N20

E+ Teachers (a special group within category E)

One extra demand:

C02, IL03, IL05, M06

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User Requirement Report

Appendix 7: Number of interviewees related to type of usage
Number of interviewees related to type of usage

25 25

20 13

15 Number of interviewees 10

12

12

7

5

0 1 Type of usage A Data entry for archiving B Reference searching C Retrieval and viewing the content for general public D Professional retrieval and viewing the content for scientific study (history or film science) E Professional retrieval, viewing and (non-)profit reuse of the content

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73

exploitation rights and license period. ECHO should provide for the possibility of saving and changing personal preferences concerning the interface and the presentation of search results. literary copyrights.g. The existing thesaurus modules of the national archives should be connected to the ECHO cataloguing environment as well as to the query interface.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. The complete user requirements list of ECHO is presented in Chapter 3. like automatic keyword extraction. correct and index all formats of the content as well as the complete catalogue description. music rights.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 8: Usage A .4 1. The graphical interface should be as consistent with well-known applications as possible. ECHO should provide a choice of language for the query interface. Data entry management 1 ECHO should have a cataloguing environment.1 Interface and related databases 1 2 3 4 Use of colour is important to distinguish between different concept areas on the graphical interface. 1. It should be possible to link automatically extracted keywords to a national thesaurus.2. The ECHO cataloguing environment should facilitate offline as well as realtime cataloguing. ECHO should provide an environment for control and correction of the automatic transcript of speech. in order to provide the documentalists with the opportunity to control.data entry for archiving This appendix presents the user requirements that are relevant for type of usage A: cataloguing and data entry management. re-use rights. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 74 . E.3 1.1 1. ECHO should provide a precataloguing aid. e. image copyrights.5 2 2. icons used in MS-Office.2 1. or metadata editor. transmission rights. ECHO should provide an environment for control and correction of the automatic scene detection. ECHO should provide the means to add keywords or annotations on the program level as well as on sequence or shot levels. Administration 1 2 A login procedure for internal and for external users should look after the control of the read and write rights and accounts. The administration of ECHO should comprise information on copyrights and licenses.g.

ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. 3 Reuse of content 1 ECHO should provide for the possibility of exporting specific parts separately. the transcript of speech or the visual abstract) that should be presented in the list presentation on the screen or that should be printed.2. should be done in the same language as the query. catalogue descriptions as well as the textual abstract and the transcript of speech.g. Presentation of the search results. Y and Z. the genre attribute. Presentation of search results 1 2 The first presentation of search results should be a list presentation in decreasing order of relevance.e. is feasible within the timeframe of the ECHO project. i.1 User Requirement Report Cross-linguality 1 2 A query in language X should find catalogue descriptions in language X. the first keyframe of the storyboard. e.g.1 Retrieval 1 2 3 ECHO should provide for the possibility of literal searching or exact matching. ECHO should provide for the possibility of resorting the hitlist in a different order than relevancy. After a Boolean structured search. Translation of those parts of the catalogue description that consist of controlled vocabulary. namely: (part of) the catalogue description 1 This requirement as a whole is a long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research. In the future. ECHO should provide for the possibility of structured searching. ECHO should be able to prolong the searching process by searching within the first result set. online translation of nouns from the textual abstract or from the transcript of speech might become feasible. ECHO should provide for the possibility of personally deciding on the items of the catalogue description and other ECHO items (e. Boolean filters and exclusion. the storyboard itself. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 75 .

The administration of ECHO should comprise information on copyrights and licenses. E. catalogue descriptions as well as the textual abstract and the transcript of speech.e. is feasible within the timeframe of the ECHO project.1 Retrieval 1 2 3 ECHO should provide for the possibility of literal searching or exact matching. ECHO should always indicate if the material is copyrighted. the genre attribute. ECHO should provide for the possibility of saving and changing personal preferences concerning the interface and the presentation of search results. In the future.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.2. i. re-use rights. Interface and related databases 1 2 3 4 Use of colour is important to distinguish between different concept areas on the graphical interface. transmission rights. online translation of nouns from the textual abstract or from the transcript of speech might become feasible. should be done in the same language as the query.g. ECHO should be able to prolong the searching process by searching within the first result set. 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 76 . music rights. Boolean filters and exclusion.retrieval for reference searching This appendix presents the user requirements that are relevant for type of usage B: retrieval for reference searching. 1 This requirement as a whole is a long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research. Presentation of the search results. without interest in viewing the content. e. e. Data entry management 1 The existing thesaurus modules of the national archives should be connected to the ECHO cataloguing environment as well as to the query interface. exploitation rights and license period.g.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 9: Usage B . icons used in MS-Office.g. ECHO should provide for the possibility of structured searching. image copyrights. Cross-linguality 1 2 A query in language X should find catalogue descriptions in language X. Administration 1 2 3 A login procedure for internal and for external users should look after the control of the read and write rights and accounts. Y and Z. The complete user requirements list of ECHO is presented in Chapter 3. The graphical interface should be as consistent with well-known applications as possible. ECHO should provide a choice of language for the query interface. Translation of those parts of the catalogue description that consist of controlled vocabulary. literary copyrights.

ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. the first keyframe of the storyboard. 3 Reuse of content 1 ECHO should provide for the possibility of exporting specific parts separately.g. ECHO should provide for the possibility of resorting the hitlist in a different order than relevancy.2. ECHO should provide for the possibility of personally deciding on the items of the catalogue description and other ECHO items (e. After a Boolean structured search. the transcript of speech or the visual abstract) that should be presented in the list presentation on the screen or that should be printed. the storyboard itself. namely: (part of) the catalogue description.1 User Requirement Report Presentation of search results 1 2 The first presentation of search results should be a list presentation in decreasing order of relevance. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 77 .

music rights. should be done in the same language as the query. the genre attribute. The ECHO query interface should contain a simple query interface with just a free text box and some filters. Translation of those parts of the catalogue description that consist of controlled vocabulary.g. ECHO should provide the opportunity of browsing through the database by theme or by class of object. online translation of nouns from the textual abstract or from the transcript of speech might become feasible. e.1 Price differentiation for different service levels (e. catalogue description. re-use rights. catalogue descriptions as well as the textual abstract and the transcript of speech. exploitation rights and license period. 2 ECHO should always indicate if the material is copyrighted. ECHO should provide for the possibility of structured searching. The complete user requirements list of ECHO is presented in Chapter 3. ECHO should provide a combination of free text and structured searching.g. Retrieval 1 2 3 4 5 ECHO should provide tools for natural language and concept searching. Administration 1 A login procedure for internal and for external users should look after the control of the read and write rights and accounts. literary copyrights. browse copy. 4 The accounting mechanism of ECHO should be based on subscription. icons used in MS-Office. 4. The graphical interface should be as consistent with well-known applications as possible.g.1 The original texts should be presented on demand. Y and Z.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. is feasible within the timeframe of the ECHO project. transmission rights. i.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 10: Usage C: retrieval and viewing the content for general public This appendix presents the user requirements that are relevant for type of usage C: retrieval and viewing the content for the general public. E. Cross-linguality 1 2 3 A query in language X should find catalogue descriptions in language X. visual abstract.2. ECHO should provide a choice of language for the query interface. image copyrights. ECHO should provide for the possibility of literal searching or exact matching. e. Interface and related databases 1 2 3 4 Use of colour is important to distinguish between different concept areas on the graphical interface. copy of original material) is expected. 3 The administration of ECHO should comprise information on copyrights and licenses. 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 78 . Boolean filters and exclusion. 1 This requirement as a whole is a long term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research. Presentation of the search results. plus categories to browse within a theme. transcript of speech.e. In the future.g. on the basis of manually added metadata.

2 It is not required that a moving sequence of keyframes could be used as a query. That can only be expected in the far future.g.3 8 ECHO should be able to prolong the searching process by searching within the first result set.2.1 It should be possible to see the transcript of speech time-aligned while viewing the browse copy. (fast) back. Presentation of search results 1 2 The first presentation of search results should be a list presentation in decreasing order of relevance. while preserving the chronological order. The visual abstract should summarise the semantic content of the full film. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 79 . 2. 8. Browse copy 1 ECHO should provide for as many manipulation functionality for the browse copy as possible (e. 8. 2 The audio content should be included with the browse copy. (fast) forward. after a Boolean structured search.1 The user should be able to pinpoint the subject of interest by marking relevant hits or by marking search terms suggested by ECHO and then start the next query. The architecture of ECHO will enable integration of these software tools as soon as this content can be indexed. 6 Visual abstract 1 2 The audio content should be included with the visual abstract. on demand. 3 Long term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research.2 The user should be able to let the system interpret the query in a fuzzy way. 2 7 ECHO should provide similarity search with an audio fragment of speech.1 User Requirement Report ECHO should provide similarity search on the visual content with one known keyframe or with a known sequence of still keyframes.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. freeze). ECHO should provide for the possibility of resorting the hitlist in a different order than relevancy. zoom.

5 ECHO should provide for the possibility of saving and changing personal preferences concerning the interface and the presentation of search results. e. additional metadata.g.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. like presenting the links to the websites of the national archives. plus categories to browse within a theme. music rights. literary copyrights. image copyrights. on demand. The complete user requirements list of ECHO is presented in Chapter 3. will be welcome. 4. on demand. 2 The graphical interface should be as consistent with well-known applications as possible.g. 1 1 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research or too complex to be realised within the timeframe of the ECHO project. ECHO should always indicate if the material is copyrighted. 6 ECHO should alert the user if there is additional content on the query subject at the cooperating national archives. a query form for structured searching on the most frequently used metadata in combination with the free text box 4. transmission rights.2. 2 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are too complex to be realised within the timeframe of the ECHO project. Although any possibility. Data entry management 1 The existing thesaurus modules of the national archives should be connected to the ECHO cataloguing environment as well as to the query interface. E.1 7 ECHO should provide for the possibility of searching the traditional catalogues of the ECHO content providers. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 80 . 4 The ECHO query interface should contain a simple query interface with just a free text box and some filters. Interface and related databases Use of colour is important to distinguish between different concept areas on the graphical interface. exploitation rights and license period. 3 ECHO should provide a choice of language for the query interface.1 The ECHO query interface should also provide.scientific study of the content This appendix presents the user requirements that are relevant for type of usage D: professional retrieval and viewing the content for scientific study.2 plus. 3 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are too complex to be realised within the timeframe of the ECHO project.1 ECHO should provide for the possibility of searching multiple archives of other institutions via the ECHO query interface. Although any possibility. If part of the ECHO material is not for reuse. e.2 7. like presenting the links to the websites of the national archives. which is not in the ECHO database itself. then this should be clearly indicated. history or film science.3 Administration 1 2 3 4 A login procedure for internal and for external users should look after the control of the read and write rights and accounts. will be welcome.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 11: Usage D . The administration of ECHO should comprise information on copyrights and licenses. re-use rights.g. icons used in MS-Office.

visual abstract.2 9 9.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. 4 The original texts should be presented on demand. online translation of nouns from the textual abstract or from the transcript of speech might become feasible. 7 According to the interviewees that would like to use ECHO according to usage D or E. The user should be able to pinpoint the subject of interest by marking relevant hits or by marking search terms suggested by ECHO and then starting the next query.2 ECHO should provide tools for natural language and concept searching.1 Price differentiation for different service levels (e. browse copy. ECHO should provide for the possibility of creating a virtual collection or project folder with a selection of ECHO material. That can only be expected in the far future. ECHO should provide for the possibility of creating bookmarks to specific parts (e.1 User Requirement Report 5 The accounting mechanism of ECHO should be based on subscription. Cross-linguality 1 2 3 A query in language X should find catalogue descriptions in language X. ECHO should provide for specific tools to retrace content that was retrieved earlier. 5.g. ECHO should provide for the opportunity of browsing through the database by theme or by class of object on the basis of manually added metadata.7 4 This requirement as a whole is a long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research.2. ECHO should provide a combination of free text and structured searching. keyframe in storyboard or browse copy of program) of the ECHO content. 6 ECHO should be able to prolong the searching process by searching within the first result set. e. should be done in the same language as the query. copy of original material) is expected. In the future. i.e.g. on demand. However.g. catalogue descriptions as well as the textual abstract and the transcript of speech. the genre attribute. Boolean filters and exclusion. this requirement is left out of the user requirements list because it is undesirable that end-users edit the ECHO metadata. Retrieval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8. ECHO should provide for the possibility of structured searching. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 81 . known users are free to name bookmarks with or without any comment. Presentation of the search results. is feasible within the timeframe of the ECHO project. 6 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research. Y and Z.1 9. The user should be able to let the system interpret the query in a fuzzy way. However. ECHO should provide for the possibility of literal searching or exact matching. 5 ECHO should provide similarity search with an audio fragment of speech. 5 It is not required that a moving sequence of keyframes could be used as a query. catalogue description. The architecture of ECHO will enable integration of these software tools as soon as this content can be indexed.1 8. ECHO should provide similarity search on the visual content with one known keyframe or with a known sequence of still keyframes. Translation of those parts of the catalogue description that consist of controlled vocabulary. transcript of speech. the possibility of adding personal annotations to (parts of) the storyboard is very important.

The audio content should be included with the visual abstract. the transcript of speech or the visual abstract) that should be presented in the list presentation on the screen or that should be printed. (fast) forward. The storyboard should represent the pictorial content of the full film. freeze). 2. it should be possible that only the query-related keyframes of the storyboard are presented. while preserving the chronological order. ECHO should provide for the possibility of resorting the hitlist in a different order than relevancy.2. the storyboard itself. On demand.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. zoom. 2 ECHO should provide for the possibility of personally deciding on the items of the catalogue description and other ECHO items (e. The visual abstract should summarise the semantic content of the full film. 3 After a Boolean structured search. ECHO should provide for combinations of the possible views of the search result. ECHO should provide for a chronological view of the search result. on demand. ECHO should provide for a geographical view of the search result.1 It should be possible to see the transcript of speech time-aligned while viewing the browse copy. 2.1 These preferences should be either saved as personal preferences or just used for the actual session.g. as a next step towards the viewing of the whole storyboard. the first keyframe of the storyboard.1 User Requirement Report Presentation of search results 1 The first presentation of search results should be a list presentation in decreasing order of relevance. on demand together with some metadata or text of the transcript of speech. It should be possible for a user to ask for the keyframes surrounding the query-related keyframes. Browse copy 1 ECHO should provide for as many manipulation functionality for the browse copy as possible (e. ECHO should provide for a personality view of the search result. Visual abstract 1 2 3 It should be possible for a user to change the length of the visual abstract himself/herself. 2 The audio content should be included with the browse copy. Cross document viewing 1 2 3 4 5 ECHO should provide for subject clustering of the search result. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 82 . Storyboard 1 2 3 4 The storyboard should be shown on demand.g. (fast) back.

5 the audio (speech or music separately) 1.7 a specific view on a specific search result.2.4 (part of) the browse copy 1.1 User Requirement Report Reuse of content 1 ECHO should provide for the possibility of exporting specific parts separately.6 the transcript of speech 1.3 (part of) the storyboard 1.2 the visual abstract 1. namely: 1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 83 .1 (part of) the catalogue description 1.

exploitation rights and license period. authentication. viewing and (non)profit reuse of the content for teaching. image copyrights. The complete user requirements list of ECHO is presented in Chapter 3. transmission rights.g. then this should be clearly indicated. icons used in MS-Office. 3 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are too complex to be realised within the timeframe of the ECHO project.2 plus. will be welcome. If part of the ECHO material is not for reuse. music rights. 6 ECHO should alert the user if there is additional content on the query subject at the cooperating national archives. 4. ECHO should always indicate if the material is copyrighted.1 User Requirement Report Appendix 12: Usage E . 4 The ECHO query interface should contain a simple query interface with just a free text box and some filters. plus categories to browse within a theme. on demand. 1 5 1 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research or too complex to be realised within the timeframe of the ECHO project. on demand. 1 2 3 4 A login procedure for internal and for external users should look after the control of the read and write rights and accounts.2 7. additional metadata. Although any possibility. 3 ECHO should provide a choice of language for the query interface. 5 ECHO should provide for the possibility of saving and changing personal preferences concerning the interface and the presentation of search results. The accounting mechanism of ECHO should be based on subscription.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 84 .reuse of the content This appendix presents the user requirements that are relevant for type of usage E: professional retrieval. and accounting. that is not in the ECHO database itself. 2 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are too complex to be realised within the timeframe of the ECHO project. broadcasting or production of new AV products.1 ECHO should provide for the possibility of searching multiple archives of other institutions via the ECHO query interface. The administration of ECHO should comprise information on copyrights and licenses.1 The ECHO query interface should also provide. Interface and related databases Use of colour is important to distinguish between different concept areas on the graphical interface.g. a query form for structured searching on the most frequently used metadata in combination with the free text box 4.1 7 ECHO should provide for the possibility of searching the traditional catalogues of the ECHO content providers. Although any possibility. 2 The graphical interface should be as consistent with well-known applications as possible. like presenting the links to the websites of the national archives. like presenting the links to the websites of the national archives. privacy. will be welcome. E. literary copyrights.3 Administration ECHO will have pricing and billing mechanisms in order to take care of access control. re-use rights. e.2.

5 ECHO should provide similarity search with an audio fragment of speech. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 85 . catalogue description. Translation of those parts of the catalogue description that consist of controlled vocabulary. ECHO should provide for the possibility of creating a virtual collection or project folder with a selection of ECHO material. 7 According to the interviewees that would like to use ECHO according to usage D or E. online translation of nouns from the textual abstract or from the transcript of speech might become feasible. Y and Z. Boolean filters and exclusion. ECHO should provide for specific tools to retrace content that was retrieved earlier. browse copy.e. The user should be able to let the system interpret the query in a fuzzy way. However.2. visual abstract. keyframe in storyboard or browse copy of program) of the ECHO content. However.g. Cross-linguality 1 2 3 A query in language X should find catalogue descriptions in language X. 6 Long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research. i. copy of original material) is expected. catalogue descriptions as well as the textual abstract and the transcript of speech. The user should be able to pinpoint the subject of interest by marking relevant hits or by marking search terms suggested by ECHO and then starting the next query. 5 It is not required that a moving sequence of keyframes could be used as a query. on demand. Retrieval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8.g. In the future. ECHO should provide for the possibility of structured searching. known users are free to name bookmarks with or without any comment. e. ECHO should provide for the opportunity of browsing through the database by theme or by class of object on the basis of manually added metadata. ECHO should provide for the possibility of creating bookmarks to specific parts (e. ECHO should provide a combination of free text and structured searching. the possibility of adding personal annotations to (parts of) the storyboard is very important. Presentation of the search results. ECHO should provide similarity search on the visual content with one known keyframe or with a known sequence of still keyframes. That can only be expected in the far future. is feasible within the timeframe of the ECHO project.1 9. 6 ECHO should be able to prolong the searching process by searching within the first result set.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.1 8.1 Price differentiation for different service levels (e. the genre attribute. ECHO should provide for the possibility of literal searching or exact matching. transcript of speech.g.7 4 This requirement as a whole is a long-term requirement because the techniques concerned are still in the domain of research. this requirement is left out of the user requirements list because it is undesirable that end-users edit the ECHO metadata. should be done in the same language as the query.2 ECHO should provide tools for natural language and concept searching. 4 The original texts should be presented on demand. The architecture of ECHO will enable integration of these software tools as soon as this content can be indexed.1 User Requirement Report 5.2 9 9.

while preserving the chronological order. 1 2 3 4 The storyboard should be shown on demand. The visual abstract should summarise the semantic content of the full film. Visual abstract 1 2 3 It should be possible for a user to change the length of the visual abstract himself/herself.1 These preferences should be either saved as personal preferences or just used for the actual session. the transcript of speech or the visual abstract) that should be presented in the list presentation on the screen or that should be printed. on demand together with some metadata or text of the transcript of speech. Browse copy 1 ECHO should provide for as many manipulation functionality for the browse copy as possible (e. it should be possible that only the query-related keyframes of the storyboard are presented.1 User Requirement Report Presentation of search results 1 The first presentation of search results should be a list presentation in decreasing order of relevance. on demand. 13 June 2000 Originator: NAA Version 1 86 . ECHO should provide for combinations of the possible views of the search result. It should be possible for a user to ask for the keyframes surrounding the query-related keyframes. 2 The audio content should be included with the browse copy. (fast) back. the first keyframe of the storyboard.2. 2 ECHO should provide for the possibility of personally deciding on the items of the catalogue description and other ECHO items (e. ECHO should provide for a chronological view of the search result. zoom.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. as a next step towards the viewing of the whole storyboard. ECHO should provide for a personality view of the search result. 2. Storyboard To have a quick overview of the visual content of a retrieved program and to be able to start the browse copy at any point. ECHO should provide for the possibility of resorting the hitlist in a different order than relevancy. 3 After a Boolean structured search. the storyboard itself. On demand. freeze). (fast) forward. The audio content should be included with the visual abstract.g. The storyboard should represent the pictorial content of the full film. a storyboard will be made of each item in ECHO.1 It should be possible to see the transcript of speech time-aligned while viewing the browse copy. ECHO should provide for a geographical view of the search result. 2.g. Cross document viewing 1 2 3 4 5 ECHO should provide for subject clustering of the search result.

7 a specific view on a specific search result 2 ECHO should provide for the possibility of exporting ECHO material in file formats that can be used in office or editing software.5 the audio (speech or music separately) 1. namely: 1. 2.1 (part of) the catalogue description 1.3 (part of) the storyboard 1.1 User Requirement Report Reuse of content 1 ECHO should provide for the possibility of exporing specific parts separately.4 (part of) the browse copy 1.2.6 the transcript of speech 1.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.1 ECHO should provide for tools to create an Editing Decision List on the basis of the Browse copy. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 87 . or in other software that is applicable.2 the visual abstract 1.

the NOT-operator is used to exclude certain parts of the collection. The OR-operator is used to indicate that not all of the search terms should be found within one object of the collection. signboards etc. nor do they all have to be found in the same document. Browse copy A copy of the original film material in low resolution. Boolean searching Using so-called “Boolean logic” to formulate a query. without logo's or subtitles. Best match query Contrary to 'exact match query'. images. This makes it ideal for reuse. Content is subdivided into essence and metadata. the search terms that are typed in as a query don't have to be found exactly as they are in the database. Captions / closed captions All textual information that appears on-screen. This way the users of ECHO can find relevant film material Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 88 . Catalogue description Clean feed Concept search >>> See: Film description Original material.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. So this way of searching gives a search result where the first hits are supposed to be the most relevant (the best match). Finally. graphics. such as subtitles.1 User Requirement Report Glossary Annotation Freely formulated remarks on the subject. so that it is more easily handled by the computer(network). transcript and texts in the images) in other languages. video and audio. >>> See also: Essence >>> See also: Metadata Cross-language query A query formulated in a certain language used to search the textual content of the film (film description. Content Summary term for text. made by an individual and linked to a media object.2. The AND-operator is used to indicate that the search terms should be found in the collection. >>> See also: Exact match query Bookmark An electronic marker placed on a page of the ECHO system to function as a pointer to that piece of information and retrace it quickly. A search for the typed in search terms expanded with semantically and/or morphologically related terms that together form a concept rather than a single word.

title. title. annotations. abstract. Exact match query Only the documents that contain the exact words that you typed in the query box should be presented in the search result.1 User Requirement Report irrespective of the original spoken language in the film. E. Cut Degraded text An instantaneous change from one shot to another.g. Framing The use of the edges of the film frame to select and compose what will be visible on screen. Morphologically and/or syntactically imperfect text produced using machine translation or information extraction techniques. Dissolve A transition between two shots during which the first image gradually disappears while the second gradually appears. Geographical view Geographic references are automatically extracted from the video. Although the text is not perfect. highlighting the regions discussed at any point in the video through a map display synchronised with the video playback.outs brighten to pure white or to a colour. including e. Fade out A shot gradually darkens as the screen goes black. the search terms of the query may vary morphologically or via spelling. producer. transcript of speech. audio and image content allowing visualisation of results that emphasise time and space perspectives. Occasionally fade. annotation) of a film.g. in all the searchfields at once. Fuzzy search If you conduct a fuzzy search. a fuzzy search for ‘Gorbatsjov’ will also present documents or films that contain words like ‘Gorbatzow’ or ‘Gorbatsjow’. freely formulated in natural language or nouns only. different kinds of keywords.g. Free text searching Full-text retrieval >>> See: Full-text retrieval Conducting a textual query. The interface spontaneously generates and displays the geographic entities addressed in a given story.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 89 . video.2. length) and of the subject (e. graphics or stills. Essence can be audio. Film description The textual description of the formal characteristics (e. Essence The content without the metadata.g. it still retains much (if not all) of the semantic value. For a moment the two images blend in superimposition.

1 User Requirement Report Group search result Grouping objects within a search result on their common content.). Metadata Mood Natural language search Data describing other data (objects). Hyperlinks are used to relate specific information within one document or object and they could be used to present an associative browsing path through a collection. menu commands. Interface The interconnections that allow a device. Literally search Literary copyrights >>> See: Exact match query Copyrights concerned with printed literature. it produces a mobile framing which scans the space horizontally. Hardware interfaces are the cables that connect the device to its power source and to other devices.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Pan A camera movement with the camera body turning to the right or left. Media object Digital data object containing essence plus metadata and being processable on a computer. and user interfaces allow the user to communicate with the program (e. Keyword extraction Extracting words that describe the subject of the film in one way or another from the spoken text.g. Hypertext / Hyperlinks A method to organise information in texts. the topic assigned to it or the national archive it comes from).. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 90 . These parts of the search result can be graphically presented in separate folders. etc. Software interfaces allow the program to communicate with other programs (such as the operating system). if there is a connection between a book and the film. images or sound in a nonlinear way. via mouse. Keyframe Still images of video material derived by specific software on the basis of parameters like: shot transition or camera motion. with the help of dictionaries and thesauri. either by speech or by typing it.2. On the screen. motion and intensity of a film. Within ECHO: the colour.g. Conducting a query in a natural manner. voice commands. or a person to interact. using complete sentences in the query formulation. icons. this is done on the basis of recognising people and objects in the film and from the texts that appear in the film. In ECHO. on a specific characteristic (e. a program.

3 using a textual document as a query for similar texts. Related Term. Synonym. relations between them. a number of keyframes. Semantical network A semantical network is a collection of related words and terms. A systematically ordered vocabulary consisting of keywords and the. In any case every first keyframe of a new scene and. other texts appearing on screen in the film.2. Another possible relation could be: “French for.g. Structured searching Thesaurus Conducting a query in one or more selected fields. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 91 . with weights on how close the relationship is. mostly hierarchical.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1.”. There are three ways of conducting a similarity search: 1 searching with keyframes or a set of keyframes as a query for similar keyframes. the subtitles in a film. This information can be viewed together with those keyframes. Semantic content The content arising from the different meanings of words or other symbols.. the film description as a whole. so it forms a part of the metadata that belongs together. Usually the timecode of the original film is used to relate this information. This can be useful in searching for a specified meaning of a term (to avoid disambiguity) or in searching for synonyms only (like with a thesaurus). It produces a mobile framing that scans the space vertically. Shot Similarity search One uninterrupted image with a single static or mobile frame. Tilt A camera movement with the camera body swivelling upward or downward on a stationary support.1 User Requirement Report Scene A segment in a narrative film that takes place in one time and space or that uses crosscutting to show two or more simultaneous actions. Frequently used relations are: Broader Term. Storyboard The on-screen presentation of the keyframes of a film. the transcript of a speech. 2 using an audio-fragment as a query for similar audio-fragments. for every detected scene. Stratum (Information strata) A stratum is a certain documentation level. E. Time-aligned Time-aligned information is related to certain keyframes or scenes in the film. Narrower Term.. the manual annotation of the scenes.

a synthetic story or video magazine that summarises all the salient information.1 User Requirement Report Transcript Visual abstract The textual version of the original spoken words in the film.ECHO: IST-1999-11994 Delivereable D1. Web based interface Web-based interfaces are interfaces based on HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language). >>> See also: Interface Wipe A transition between shots in which a line passes across the screen. Originator: NAA Version 1 13 June 2000 92 . closing-in to (zoom in) or retreating from (zoom out) the image centre. near-duplicate or overlapping units of information. the proposed work will combine them into one unit. Zoom Camera work. Collages that summarise documents from text corpora. images. Given multiple. audio and video in one single abstraction.2. eliminating the first shot as it goes and replacing it with the next one.