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WL- JDA Pre-School Program

Schlumberger Private

BASIC EQUIPMENT

Objectives
At the end of this presentation you WILL be able to:
Define the purpose of the following components: Sheaves, Sheaves Hangar, Tie-Down Chain, C-Plate, Sling, Shackle, Goose-Neck Physically identify the following components: Sheaves, Sheaves Hangar, Tie-Down Chain, C-Plate, Sling, Shackle, Goose-Neck Define the ratings and Retirement policy of : Sheaves, Sheaves Hangar, Tie-Down Chain, C-Plate, Sling, Shackle. Describe the function and 1 application of : Multimeter, Megger, and Safety meter. Define the mechanical and electrical purpose of a logging cable. State the cable nomenclature (e.g. what is 7-46 NT XS, 2-23 ZT MP). State what is meant by : N, T, Z, V, XS, MP. State the Safe Working load of : A standard and XS Hepta-cable, Standard Mono-cable Define the mechanical and electrical purpose of a rope-socket.

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WLH-JDA-PRE-SCHOOL

June 06

Objectives (cont.)
At the end of this presentation you WILL be able to:
State when a Rope-socket must be changed. Build (under-supervision) a Rope-Socket. Define and do a torture test. Define the Purpose of a Logging head. Identify, LEH, PEH, MH-22. Strip down and Build (Under supervision): LEH(OH-JFE) ; MH-22 or Shooting Bridle (MAXPRO-JFE). Define the purpose of a collector. Physically identify a collector. Open (under supervision) and rewire a collector. Define FIT-1,2,3. TRIM-1,2,3. Define RITE Methodology, Q-Checks, and RITE Tags system .

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WLH-JDA-PRE-SCHOOL

June 06

Rig-up Equipment
Some of the Basic Equipment is also referred to as Rig-up equipment since these components allow us to Rig-up our equipment at the Well-Site and are essential to running a Wireline operation.2
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This basic sketch shows the rig-up equipment which will be discussed in this section.

SLING

Sheave Hangar

Sheave Wheel

To truck/Unit RIG Floor TIE DOWN CHAIN Main Beam of the rig

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June 06

Sheave Wheels
Cable from the Truck/Unit to the well.

Sheaves are pulley wheels with a grooved rim that allow the safe movement of the Wireline

Normally 2 sheaves are used in a rig-up (lower Sheave and upper Sheave)
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Different wheels are used depending upon the type of 36 in Upper Sheave (with no finger guard) cable used and the type of operation.
36 in Standard Sheave Wheels used in Heptacable Operations (mostly Open-Hole operations) {Shown above and below}.

13 in Stainless Steel wheels

Nylon composite
sheaves available for both MONOCABLE and HEPTACABLE operations

36 in Lower Sheave (with finger guard)


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used in Monocable, {Cased Hole and production operations}

June 06

Vertical Make-Up Plate (C-Plate)


There are several types depending upon the types of tools being connected.

These allow the safe connection and disconnection of Wireline Tools on the Rig-floor.

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Standard Open Hole C-plate

Heavy Duty Make-up Plate used for long and heavy toolstrings

Standard Mini C-plate used for cased-hole operations

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June 06

Sheave Hangar and Wire-Sling


(Elevator side)

Sheave Hangar: Also known as a spade is used to connect between the upper sheave wheel and the Elevator of the rig.

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SLING: Safety device used to tie the Sheave hangar to the Elevators in case the elevators come open

(Upper Sheave side)


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June 06

Tie-Down Chain and Gooseneck


TIE-DOWN CHAIN

A tie-down chain is used to anchor the lower sheave to the rig superstructure. It has 5/8-in. diameter links and is available in 10-, 20- and 30-ft. lengths.

Shackles
Shackle is used to tie the Lower sheave wheel to the Tie-down Chain
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Gooseneck
The gooseneck is used to create a smooth bending radius between the cable and tool head. This prevents cable damage at the head when lifting tools from the catwalk. The longitudinal arm prevents the gooseneck from passing through the rotary table.
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Equipment Rating and Retirement Policy


SAFE WORKING LOAD SWL/lbs TIE-DOWN CHAIN (standard) Sheave Wheels (Standard 36-in) Sheave Hangar Retirement Policy (no of years to be used)

13, 000 24,000 24,000 17,000

2 Years 5 Years 5 Years 2 Years


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Sling

(vertical load) 24,000 3, 500 5 Years 2 Years

Shackle C-Plate
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June 06

Multi-meter, Megger, Safety Meter


Multi-Meter [Simpson] This meter is used to measure resistance, voltage and Current. It is used to check continuity of electronic cartridges and circuits in Logging tools

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Safety Meter
These are specially designed meters to limit the current output (<25 mA). This is the ONLY meter that can be used to check EXPLOSIVES circuits.

Megger (Megohmmeter)
The Megger is designed to check electrical insulation by sending 500 or 1000 V through the system. It is used to check insulation of Cables/Heads/Adaptors [Must NEVER be used to check EXPLOSIVES or LOGGING TOOLS]
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Electrical Logging Cables (The Wireline)


Logging Cables
The primary Functions of the cable are : Provide mechanical support of the down hole tools

3,Section 3

The logging cable is the basic tool required for Wireline work

Electrical Connection and communication with down hole tools


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Used mainly for OPEN HOLE Operations

There are 2 main types of cable represented by the number of wire conductors; HEPTACABLE (7 conductors shown above) and MONOCABLE (1 conductor shown right ). Within each type, there are a number variations depending upon the material used for the INSULATION and JACKET and also the treatment of the ARMOUR. These changes will give the cable different electrical and mechanical properties. You will learn to recognize the properties of the cable by its name and designation.
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Used mainly for CASED HOLE & PRODUCTION Operations

Cable Identification
nomenclature:

3,Section 3

All logging cables have a standard nomenclature (naming format) that tells you the properties of the cable. It is important to use the right cable for the right type of job. Here is the

7 - 46

N T

XS

1234 MP

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# of Conductors

O.D. in/100 (e.g. 46 = 0.46in Diameter)

Insulation Serial #
Armor strength type (blank if standard)

Gives Additional Information about the cable Armour. (Blank if standard)

Jacket (could be blank)

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Cable Properties
Material Insulation
P = Ethylene Propylene Copolymer insulation (EPC) V = Vectorene insulation (TPX) with Nomex tape Z = Tefzel bedding and/or insulating material T = Teflon insulation Good Excellent Fair Excellent

3,Section 3

These are the main Jacket and Insulation materials (a more complete list is given in the notes of this slide) Electrical Insulation Mechanical Toughness

Excellent Excellent Excellent Fair

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Jacket
N = Neoprene jacket material Z = Tefzel bedding and/or insulating material Poor Poor Good Excellent

Other Suffix XS = Extra Strength MP = Multi-phase (means H2S gas resistant)

Cable Safe Working loads Standard Heptacable XS Heptacable Standard Monocable = 8345 lbs = 9705 lbs = 2945 lbs

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The ROPE SOCKET


To bear the weight of the tool string

3,Section 7

The primary Functions of the Rope socket are : To connect the logging cable to the logging head The pins provide the electrical connection to the logging head (and therefore the down-hole tools)
78 mm
MAKE UP 57.5 mm

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USE OLD BOOT

A new Rope socket must be made:


Every month or; 25 jobs or; Pulled to Maximum Pull or visible damage/corrosion or

CABLE
REMOVE TUBING DOUBLED BACK GRAPHIT E CUT AT 65mm 6mm

WHICHEVER COMES FIRST !

There are 2 types of ROPE SOCKET:


MONOCABLE rope-socket (shown LEFT) HEPTACABLE rope-socket (shown ABOVE and ABOVE LEFT)

NOW MAKE YOUR OWN !!


(under supervision of your Crew-Chief)
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The Logging Equipment Head (LEH)


The primary Functions of the Logging head are :

3,Section 7

Interface between the Rope Socket and Down-hole tools Contains the Weak-point (emergency release device)
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The LEH ;
Used to connect to the HEPTACABLE Contains the THERMOMETERS (if required) Has 31 pins on the bottom / 10 lines on the top

There are 3 main types of HEADS:


MONOCABLE Head (MH) PERFORATION EQUIPMENT HEAD (PEH)

NOW GO BUILD YOUR OWN !! (OH-FE)


(under supervision of your Crew-Chief)
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LOGGING EQUIPMENT HEAD (LEH- shown here)

Perforation Equipment Head (PEH) and MONOCABLE HEAD (MH)


3,Section 7

The PEH (shown LEFT) ;


Similar to the LEH , used to connect to the HEPTACABLE Contains the THERMOMETERS (if required) Has 10 pins on the bottom / 10 lines on the top Can be used for Explosives and Open-Hole Logging Mostly replaced by the LEH for Open Hole Logging
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MONOCABLE HEAD- MH (shown above):

NOW GO BUILD YOUR OWN !! (MAXPRO-FE)


(under supervision of your Crew-Chief)
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Connects to the MONOCABLE Used for PERFORATION and PRODUCTION LOGGING Has a single pin connection at the bottom

Collector

3,Section 5

Description of the Collector


Provides the rotating cable with a constant electrical contact 8 collector rings are attached to the cable conductors (7-conductors and ground) Connected to the inner-most end of the cable on the drum Designed to be Intrinsically Explosion proof
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NOW GO AND SERVICE ONE


(under supervision of your Crew-Chief)

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FIT and TRIM


FIT: Fast Inspection of Tool:
THREE TYPES: 1. 2. 3. FIT-1 Mechanical FIT-2 - Electrical FIT-3 Operational Check

Maintenance to be done on tools and equipment BEFORE and AFTER each job. : Cleaning, greasing, Change seals, O-rings changes, Filling oil. : Check insulation and continuity of the circuits. : Check the tool under simulated operating conditions
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TRIM : TOOL REVIEW and INSPECTION MONTHLY:


Maintenance to be done on tools and equipment every MONTH. THREE TYPES: 1. 2. 3. TRIM -1 - Mechanical TRIM -2 - Electrical TRIM -3 Master Calibration : Opening enclosed housings, checking internal seals. : Check insulation and continuity of the circuits. : Calibrates sensors according to design and then Operational Check.

NOW GO AND DO FIT AND TRIM OF THE TOOLS MAIN LOGGING TOOLS USED IN THE LOCATION
(under supervision of your Crew-Chief)
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RITE Methodology
RITE: Routine Inspection of Tools and Equipment:

This is a system of procedures (METHODOLOGY) to sustain operations through preventative maintenance and product modifications. There is a RITE database program used to track all the TOOLS and Equipment in the location, their maintenance and modifications. RITE also records all the history of the jobs done by the tool and any failures that have occurred.
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SYSTEMS THAT MAKE UP RITE:


FIT and TRIM Q-Checks : detailed inspections and quality check of tools at specified intervals (usually Quarterly) Tag system to ensure that only fit and worthy tools are in operation: 1. 2. 3. Green Tag Yellow Tag Red Tag : : : Tools fit and ready to go on a job. Intermediate tags to specify things such as repaired. Equipment that has failed to function. Must be accompanied by a Failure report.

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References

1- Basic Equipment Reference Page:


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http://intouchsupport.com/intouch/methodinvokerpage.cfm?caseid=3264507 2- Rig-up Equipment Reference page: http://intouchsupport.com/intouch/methodinvokerpage.cfm?caseid=3258434 3- Operators manual online download http://intouchsupport.com/intouch/methodinvokerpage.cfm?caseid=4033414

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