CALIFORNIA, Motions to vacate void judgments may be made at any time after judgment. (County of Ventura v.

Tillett, supra, 133 Cal. App. 3d 105, 110.). A judgment is void on its face if the trial court exceeded its jurisdiction by granting relief that it had no power to grant. Jurisdiction cannot be conferred on a trial court by the consent of the parties. (Summers v. Superior Court (1959) 53 Cal. 2d 295, 298 [1 Cal. Rptr. 324, 347 P.2d 668]; Roberts v. Roberts (1966) 241 Cal. App. 2d 93, 101 [50 Cal. Rptr. 408].) The court may on motion of either party after notice to the other party, set aside any void judgment or order. (For a discussion of the 1933 amendments to section 473 see Estate of Estrem, 16 Cal. 2d 563, 572 [107].
“Obviously a judgment, though final and on the merits, has no binding force and is subject to collateral attack if it is wholly void for lack of jurisdiction of the subject matter or person, and perhaps for excess of jurisdiction, or where it is obtained by extrinsic fraud. [Citations.]” (7 Witkin, Cal. Procedure, supra, Judgment, § 286, p. 828.). Section 437, subdivision (d) of U.S. Code, provides that a court, on noticed motion, may set aside void judgments and orders. Courts also have inherent power to set aside a void judgment. (Reid v. Baiter (1993)14 Cal.App.4th 1186, 1194.)

It is well settled that a judgment or order which is void on its face, and which requires only an inspection of the judgment-roll or record to show its invalidity, may be set aside on motion, at any time after its entry, by the court which rendered the judgment or made the order. [Citations.] [Citations.]” (Ibid; accord Plotitsa v. Superior Court (1983) 140 Cal.App.3d 755, 761
“[A] court may set aside a void order at any time. An appeal will not prevent the court from at any time lopping off what has been termed a dead limb on the judicial tree
--

a void order.”

(MacMillan Petroleum Corp. v. Griffin (1950) 99 Cal. App. 2d 523, 533 [222 P.2d 69]; accord: People v. West Coast Shows, Inc. (1970) 10 Cal. App. 3d 462, 467 [89 Cal. Rptr. 290]; Svistunoff v. Svistunoff (1952) 108 Cal. App. 2d 638, 641 -642 [239 P.2d 650]; and see: 6 Witkin, Cal. Procedure (2d ed. 1971) Appeal, § 7, pp. 4024-

” In People v. subdivision (d). Richert v. supra. Superior Court (1959) 53 Cal. “(Summers v. supra. [Citation. may be set aside on motion.App. It neither binds nor bars any one. West Coast Shows.2d 650]. 180 Cal. “A judgment is void on its face if the trial court exceeded its jurisdiction by granting relief that it had no power to grant. Stewart. App. 2d 295. Rptr. Section 437. 298 [1 Cal. all proceedings founded upon it are equally worthless.2d 668]. 347 P. 509. (Washko v. 133 Cal. Being worthless in itself. Jurisdiction cannot be conferred on a trial court by the consent of the parties. Svistunoff (1952) 108 Cal.]” ( Bennettv. p. v.2d 368] “Obviously a judgment. p. Inc. by the court which rendered the judgment or made the order. and which requires only an inspection of the judgment-roll or record to show its invalidity.) This rule holds as to all void judgments. Tillett.App. 390]. From it no rights can be obtained. 2d 638. Procedure (2d ed. provides that a court. 324. Judgment.). -- It is true that the statute of limitations does not apply to a suit in equity to vacate a void judgment. Courts also have inherent power to set aside a void judgment. accord Plotitsa v. 110.). Roberts v. in two other cases. supra. 374 [181 P.) (Ibid) “Motions to vacate void judgments may be made at any time after judgment. Wilson (1898) 122 Cal.). BaIter (1 993) 14 Cal. 569. 408]. Co. App. 761 “[A] court may set aside a void order at any time. pp. 2d 18.4th 1186. 2d 93. 101 [50 Cal. 368. accord: People v. Procedure.” (7 Witkin.3d 755. Cal. 1971) Appeal. Svistunoffv.” (Ibid. 2d 523. Benson Lbr. People v.677. .A “final” but void order can have no preclusive effect.. at any time after its entry. Griffin (1950) 99 Cal. Massengale and In re Sandel. 1194. § 7. the fact that a judgment is entered pursuant to stipulation does not insulate the judgment from attack on the ground that it is void. p. 4024-4025. “It is well settled that a judgment or order which is void on its face. 513514 [55 P.2d 69]. and perhaps for excess of jurisdiction. 467 [89 Cal. (Cadenasso v. Roberts (1966) 241 Cal. Superior Court (1 983) 140 Cal. Cal. App. supra.” (MacMillan Petroleum Corp. in legal effect. By it no rights are divested. Rptr. (1970) 10 Cal.” (County of Ventura v. An appeal will not prevent the court from at any time lopping off what has been termed a dead limb on the judicial tree a void order. 3d 462.) Time limitation does not apply where the judgment is based on a fraudulent return. 641-642 [239 P. App. has no binding force and is subject to collateral attack if it is wholly void for lack of jurisdiction of the subject matter or person. may set aside void judgments and orders. p. App. though final and on the merits. 648]. 3d 105. no judgment. “‘A void judgment [or order] is. Bank of Italy. supra. Rptr. 828. 2122 [183 P.318. App.). Estate of Pusey. on noticed motion. 290]. the courts hearing the respective appeals confirmed the judicial power and responsibility to correct void judgments (in excess of jurisdiction). (Reidv. 533 [222 P. One 1941 Chrysler Sedan (1947)81 Cal. § 286. or where it is obtained by extrinsic fraud.) “Thus. and see: 6 Witkin.

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