Transpiration Click on the appropriate answers 1.

In which part of plant does maximum loss of water take place (evaporation). stem root flower leaves. 2. Under ordinary condition of light, temperature and humidity, almost maximum transpiration takes place through the -------------. cuticle stomata lenticular epidermis. 3. Stem of woody plants have opening on their surfaces called ------------. cuticle stomata lenticular epidermis. 4. Name a very thin covering of a leaf. cuticle stomata lenticels epidermis. 5. Which part of the leaf remain open during the day allowing diffusion of gases. cuticle stomata lenticels epidermis.

6. Name the part of the leaf which has numerous pores called stomata. cuticle lenticels epidermis none of the above. 7. Transpiration is more rapid, when the wind velocity is high low still air all conditions 8. When the atmosphere is dry, its capacity to receive moisture-------------. increases decreases remains stagnant. 9. In morphological adaptations, leaves may be modified into ------------ as in desert plants. deciduous trees evergreen trees spines none of the above. 10. The shrubs and trees develop a waterproof covering of cork bark both a & b none of the above. 11. Name the internal tissue of a leaf, which withdraws water from the xylem tracheids in the veins. epidermis mesophyll cuticle lenticel.

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Transpiration Click on the appropriate answers 1. In which part of plant does maximum loss of water take place (evaporation). stem root flower leaves. 2. Under ordinary condition of light, temperature and humidity, almost maximum transpiration takes place through the -------------. cuticle stomata lenticular epidermis. 3. Stem of woody plants have opening on their surfaces called ------------. cuticle stomata lenticular epidermis. 4. Name a very thin covering of a leaf. cuticle stomata lenticels epidermis. 5. Which part of the leaf remain open during the day allowing diffusion of gases. cuticle stomata

lenticels epidermis. 6. Name the part of the leaf which has numerous pores called stomata. cuticle lenticels epidermis none of the above. 7. Transpiration is more rapid, when the wind velocity is high low still air all conditions 8. When the atmosphere is dry, its capacity to receive moisture-------------. increases decreases remains stagnant. 9. In morphological adaptations, leaves may be modified into ------------ as in desert plants. deciduous trees evergreen trees spines none of the above. 10. The shrubs and trees develop a waterproof covering of cork bark both a & b none of the above. 11. Name the internal tissue of a leaf, which withdraws water from the xylem tracheids in the veins. epidermis

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Click on the appropriate answers 1. Which of the following is a process driven by solar energy chemosynthesis photosynthesis respiration none of the above 2. Which type of respiration takes place in the absence of oxygen aerobic anaerobic both a & b none of the above 3. Which type of respiration takes place in the presence of oxygen aerobic anaerobic both a & b none of the above 4. Name an anaerobic process, which takes place in the cytoplasm of the cell kreb's cycle fermentation glycolsis none of the above

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The Respiratory System

5. Name an anaerobic process, which takes place in the mitochondria of the cell kreb's cycle fermentation glycolsis none of the above 6. During the process of glycolsis, what is glucose converted into carbon dioxide water vapour oxygen pyruvic acid 7. In which part of the cell does glycolsis take place cell wall cytoplasm mitochondria none of the above 8. During the process of Kreb's cycle _________ is converted in CO2 and water vapour pyruvic acid glucose water oxygen 9. In which part of the cell does Kreb's cycle takes place cell wall cytoplasm mitochondria none of the above 10. Which of the following is an anabolic process, in which food substances are synthesized respiration photosynthesis burning chemosynthesis

11. Name a catabolic process in which food substances are synthesized respiration photosynthesis chemosynthesis none of the above 12. Which of the following process occurs only in the chlorophyllus cells chemosynthesis photosynthesis respiration both a & b 13. Which of the following are metabolic processes respiration photosynthesis none of the above both a & b 14. The apparatus used to demonstrate the process of respiration is respirometer respiroscope thermometer none of the above 15. An apparatus used for measuring the rate of respiration respirometer respiroscope thermometer none of the above 16. A cell or plant which consists of cells require large amounts of ________ to carry out its nature of work energy water

oxygen carbon dioxide 17. Which of the following processes are driven by the solar energy respiration chemosynthesis photosynthesis all of the above 18. Which of the following processes are driven by the energy released by inorganic chemical reaction. respiration chemosynthesis photosynthesis all of the above 19. In the process of photosynthesis __________ is used to synthesize food carbon dioxide oxygen energy water 20. In the process of respiration ________ is used to oxidize food substances carbon dioxide oxygen energy water
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Click on the appropriate answers 1. What is formed during respiration, when organic substances are broken down to release energy.

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The Excretory System

salt water CO2 bile pigments 2. What are proteins or amino acids broken down into nitrogenous compounds CO2 bile pigments none of the above 3. What is derived by the decomposition of the haemoglobin of the erythrocytes CO2 bile pigments salt and water none of the above 4. Which of the following remove undigested food in the form of solid faces kidney gastro-intestinal tract skin lungs 5. Which organ removes salt, water and urea skin lung kidney none of the above 6. Which organ removes carbon dioxide skin lung kidney none of the above

7. The production and excretion of urine is termed excreta urea uric acid diuresis 8. A short muscular tube which leads from the urinary bladder to the outside is bladder ureter urethra none of the above 9. Which of the following constituents could indicated diabetes mellitus albumin bile pigment leucocytes none of the above 10. Which constituents indicates infection in the kidney or any part of the urinary tract leucocytes glucose albumin bile pigment 11. Which constituent indicates inflammation or bleeding of some part of the urinary tract erythrocytes leucocytes glucose albumin 12. Which constituent indicates an increase in the permeability of the capsular membrane albumin leucocytes bile pigment glucose

13. Which of the following is a function of kidney excretion osmeregulation regulates pH of the blood all of the above 14. In which of the following disorders, the glomerular filtration decreases or completely stops. gout renal failure kidney stones none of the above 15. In which disease is glucose excreted in the sweat diabetes mellitus kidney stones gout renal failure 16. In tubular secretion, the secondary capillaries unite and fuse to form renal veins renal arteries primary urine none of the above 17. The filtration taking place under tremendous pressure is called glomerular filtration ultra filtration both a & b none of the above 18. A proximal tubular segment comprises of a convoluted part a thick descending part of Henle's loop a descending limb of Henle's loop both a & b

19. Which of the following is an expanded region which opens into the ureter renal papillae renal pelvis convoluted part none of the above 20. Bowman's capsule and glomerules belong to renal tubule collecting tubule renal papillae malphigian capsule 21. Which of the following form the outer layer of the kidney renal cortex renal medulla renal tubules renal papillae 22. Which of the following form the inner layer of the kidney renal cortex renal medulla renal tubule none of the above 23. These fuse to form common ducts that lead into the pelvis and ureter collecting tubules renal tubules malphigian body none of the above 24. Which of the following is formed by the branching of the renal artery afferent arteriole efferent arteriole glomerular none of the above

25. It brings oxygenated blood into the kidney afferent arteriole efferent arteriole renal artery renal vein
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Click on the appropriate answers 1. What is formed during respiration, when organic substances are broken down to release energy. salt water CO2 bile pigments 2. What are proteins or amino acids broken down into nitrogenous compounds CO2 bile pigments none of the above 3. What is derived by the decomposition of the haemoglobin of the erythrocytes CO2 bile pigments salt and water none of the above 4. Which of the following remove undigested food in the form of solid faces kidney gastro-intestinal tract skin lungs

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The Excretory System

5. Which organ removes salt, water and urea skin lung kidney none of the above 6. Which organ removes carbon dioxide skin lung kidney none of the above 7. The production and excretion of urine is termed excreta urea uric acid diuresis 8. A short muscular tube which leads from the urinary bladder to the outside is bladder ureter urethra none of the above 9. Which of the following constituents could indicated diabetes mellitus albumin bile pigment leucocytes none of the above 10. Which constituents indicates infection in the kidney or any part of the urinary tract leucocytes glucose albumin bile pigment

11. Which constituent indicates inflammation or bleeding of some part of the urinary tract erythrocytes leucocytes glucose albumin 12. Which constituent indicates an increase in the permeability of the capsular membrane albumin leucocytes bile pigment glucose 13. Which of the following is a function of kidney excretion osmeregulation regulates pH of the blood all of the above 14. In which of the following disorders, the glomerular filtration decreases or completely stops. gout renal failure kidney stones none of the above 15. In which disease is glucose excreted in the sweat diabetes mellitus kidney stones gout renal failure 16. In tubular secretion, the secondary capillaries unite and fuse to form renal veins renal arteries primary urine none of the above

17. The filtration taking place under tremendous pressure is called glomerular filtration ultra filtration both a & b none of the above 18. A proximal tubular segment comprises of a convoluted part a thick descending part of Henle's loop a descending limb of Henle's loop both a & b 19. Which of the following is an expanded region which opens into the ureter renal papillae renal pelvis convoluted part none of the above 20. Bowman's capsule and glomerules belong to renal tubule collecting tubule renal papillae malphigian capsule 21. Which of the following form the outer layer of the kidney renal cortex renal medulla renal tubules renal papillae 22. Which of the following form the inner layer of the kidney renal cortex renal medulla renal tubule none of the above

23. These fuse to form common ducts that lead into the pelvis and ureter collecting tubules renal tubules malphigian body none of the above 24. Which of the following is formed by the branching of the renal artery afferent arteriole efferent arteriole glomerular none of the above 25. It brings oxygenated blood into the kidney afferent arteriole efferent arteriole renal artery renal vein
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Click on the appropriate answers 1. ----- is the change of activity in an organism due to a stimulus. response excitability dentrites none of the above 2. Our nervous system is controlled by which part of our body heart kidney liver none of the above 

  

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The nervous system and the sense organs

3. Which ability of nerve cells respond to stimuli and convert them into nerve impulse response excitability both a & b. 4. ----- are usually high branched, extension of the cytoplasm of the cell body axon myelin sheath dendrites axon terminals 5. Which is the white multilayered sheath, which surrounds the axons myelin sheath unmyelinated sheath nodes of Raniver none of the above 6. Which of the following is an aggregation of myelinated axon unmyelinated axons white matter gray matter axon terminals 7. Which of the following is a collection of unmyelinated cell bodies, dendrites or axon. myelin sheath gray matter white matter none of the above b. 8. What are unmyelinated gaps called mylin sheath gray cells nodes of Raniver white matter

9. Which of the following neurons carry nerve impulses to the brain and the spinal chord motor neuron sensory neuron connector neuron 10. Which neuron connects different neuron motor neuron sensory neuron connector neuron 11. What is bundle of axons enclosed in a tubular sheath called axon terminals nerves synapse none of the above 12. It conveys information from the periphery of the body to the CNS efferent system afferent system somatic nervous system autonomic nervous system 13. Which of the following is a part of the brain cerebrum diencephalons brain stem all of the above 14. Which of the following is an oval structure above the mid brain measuring 3 cm in length hypothalamus thalamus medulla oblongata none of the above

15. ------ together with medulla, controls breathing mid brain pons thalamus hypothalamus 16. ----- is the interpretation centre for sensory impulses thalamus pons mid brain hypothalamus 17. ----- extends from the pons to the lower portion of the diencephalons medulla oblongata mid brain thalamus hypothalamus 18. ------ is an aggregation of nerve, cell bodies and the proximal potions of their process central canal reception ganglion none of the above 19. Nerves conveying impulses to the skeletal muscle constitute the afferent system efferent system somatic nervous system autonomic nervous system 20. In which system, do the nerves carry impulses to glands, involuntary muscles and heart muscles afferent system efferent system

somatic nervous system autonomic nervous system 21. Of all our special senses, the sense of ----- is least specialized sight smell taste hearing 22. Of all special senses, the sense of ---- is the most specialized equilibrium smell sight taste 23. The bulging white of the eye is cornea conjunctiva choroids retina 24. What regulates the amount of light entering the eye Iris cornea retina sclera 25. Which of the following nourishes the retina, through its blood supply choroids Iris cornea retina 26. What provides a surface for image formation choroids

Iris retina cornea 27. A loss of transparency of the eye is called presbyopia astigmatism cataract none of the above 28. In which of the following disorders of the eye, there is complete distortion of vision detachment of retina presbyopia astigmatism none of the above 29. ------ collects the sound waves through the auditory canal to the ear drum cochlea pinna vestibule utricle 30. ------- contain receptors for static balance utricle saccule both a & b none of the above 31. What helps to equalize air pressure on either sides of the ear drum ear ossicles Eustachian tube pinna cochlea

32. ----- carry impulses from the sensory cells (rod and cones) to the brain for interpretation optic nerve fibres retina ciliary body cornea
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Click on the appropriate answers 1. Which gas is tonic if present in excess amount oxygen hydrogen carbon-dioxide nitrogen 2. Which is the common passage at the back of the mouth for air and food trachea oesophagus pharynx none of the above 3. which of the following is another name for food pipe pharymx epiglottis trachea oesophagus 4. Which of the following is another name for wind pipe oesophagus pharymx trachea none of the above

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Respiration in plants

5. The opening of the wind pipe is guarded by a muscular flap, known as epiglottis pharymx trachea none of the above 6. The amount of air that is inhaled and exhaled during normal breathing is residual volume expiratory reserve volume inspiratory reserve volume none of the above 7. The volume of air that can be expelled forcibly from the lungs tidal volume inspiratory reserve volume expiratory reserve volume residual volume 8. The volume of air that remains in the lungs after maximal expiration residual volume tidal volume inspiratory volume none of the above 9. The quantity of air that can be inhaled forcibly over and above the normal tidal air residual volume tidal volume expiratory volume none of the above 10. The content of water vapour is low in expired air inspired air alveolar air none of the above

11. Oxygen, carbondioxide and nitrogen content is present in expired air inspired air alveolar air all of the above 12. The composition of atmospheric air is similar to alveolar air expired air inspired air all of the above 13. The part of the air that effectively takes part in the gaseous exchange is the alveoli is alveolar air dead spaces air inspired air expired air 14. A small amount of air breathed in remains in the respiratory tract and does not take part in gaseous exchange alveolar air dead spaces air inspired air expired air 15. The respiratory rate in elders per minute is 12 - 18 breaths 12 - 16 breaths 10 - 12 breaths 12 - 14 breaths 16. Which of the following provides lubrication for free movements of the expanding and contracting lungs parietal visceral

pleural cavity pleural fluid 17. The folds of pleura are separated by a narrow fluid containing space called parietal pleural cavity visceral none of the above 18. Pleura consists of two folds, the outer fold is called visceral pleural fluid parietal pleural cavity 19. Pleura consists of two folds, the inner fold is called visceral pleural fluid parietal pleural cavity 20. Which of the following diseases is an acute infection or inflammation of the lungs asthma pneumonia bronchitis TB 21. The physical process of inhaling and exhaling respiratory gases are called breathing respiration both a and b none of the above 22. The chemical process by which an organism assimilates oxygen and releases CO2 is called

breathing respiration both a and b none of the above 23. Which of the following involve gaseous exchange between the atmospheric and alveolar air pulmonary respiration internal respiration both a and b gas transport by the blood 24. Which of the following include, gaseous exchange between the blood and tissue internal respiration pulmonary respiration anaerobic respiration both a and b 25. The trachea divides the thoracic cavity into two vocal chords bronchi alveoli none of the above
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The Endocrine System Click on the appropriate answers 1. Which system along with endocrine system is responsible for controlling various parts of the body and coordinating them collectively? Circulatory system Nervous system Reproductive system Excretory system

2. Which gland is known as `Master gland' of the endocrine system? Brain Pituitary Adrenals Thyroid 3. Which part of brain controls mainly the endocrine orchestra? Cerebrum Cerebellum Hypothalamus Medulla oblongata 4. Hormones are studied under Endocrinology Neurology Cosmetology Genetics 5. Which of the following is a purely endocrine gland? Kidneys and pancreas Ovaries and testes Skin and placenta Adrenals and pineals 6. Endocrine glands are Duct glands Ductless glands Large glands Different in nature 7. Hormones which are released by endocrine glands and are carried to `target cells' by Lymph Blood Organ Mitochondria

8. Body chemistry is controlled by all the following except Hormones Enzymes Minerals Vitamins 9. Product secreted by exocrine glands are all, except Hormones Oil or sebum Sweat Enzymes 10. Chemically, hormones may be any of the following, except Polypeptides and proteins Amino acids and derivatives Steroids Nucleotides 11. Which of the following is a characteristic of hormones? They act close/near to the secretion site/short distant Specificity in action Secreted in large amounts Imbalancing the hacmostasis 12. Pituitary gland has a diameter about. 6.4 cm 3.4 cm 2.4 cm 1.3 cm 13. Which of the following hormones is released posterior lobe of pituitary? Growth hormone Thyroid hormone Oxytocin Melatonin

14. Undersecretion of vasopressin, results in Diabetes mellitus Gigantism Dwarfism Diabetes inspidus 15. Contraction of uterus during child birth is stimulated by Vasopressin Oxytocin Testosterone Estrogen 16. Two lobes of thyroid gland are located on either side of trachea, in front of Pharynx Larynx Oesophagus Spinal cord 17. Mineral metabolism, regulation of growth and development and organic metabolism are controlled by hormones released by Pituitary Thyroid Thymus Adrenals 18. Which of the following is also called as suprarenal gland? Kidneys Adrenals Ovaries Medulla 19. Hormones secreted by adrenal medulla are. Epinephrine Glucocorticoids

Mineralocorticoids Adrenocorticoids 20. Which of the following are also called as sex hormones? Adrenaline Mineralocorticoids Adrenocorticoids Glucocorticoids 21. Kidneys excrete excess of Sodium Chloride Potassium Phosphorus 22. Hypersecretion of parathyroid hormones results in Diapedesis Tetany Osteitis fibrosa cystia Leucodesma 23. Pancreas is An endocrine gland An exocrine gland Both the above Just a storage organ 24. Which of the following increase the blood sugar level? Glycogen Glucagen Insulin GHIH 25. Male hormones are broadly termed as Adrenocorticoids

Androgens Oestrogen Relaxin 26. Which of the following is not secreted by ovaries? Progesterone Testosterone Oestrogen Relaxin 27. Androgens are responsible for Secondary sex characteristics Absorption of calcium Lactation Fallopian tube growth 28. Hormones released by thymus are mainly Amino acids Nucleic acids Polypeptides Steroids 29. Thymus is Very small in babies Atrophied in a young child Maximum in adults Atrophies after puberty 30. Normal course of pregnancy is maintained by Progesterone Oestrogen Relaxin Growth hormone
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Cell Division Click on the appropriate answers 1. Of the following is a unicellular organism Man Amoeba Cyanobacteria Eucalyptus 2. Organisms grow and reproduce through. Cell Cell multiplication Cell division Cell modifications. 3. On an average how many cells in our body die each minute? 300 3,000 30,000 3 billion 4. Mitosis and meiosis occur in All organisms Organisms reproducing sexually. Organisms reproducing asexually. Only in few organisms. 5. Mitosis takes place in Gametes Reproductive Brain cells All cells. 6. Meiosis occurs in Gametes only

Reproductive cells and somatic cells Somatic cells All cells 7. Units of heredity are called Gametes Genes Chromosomes Cells 8. Physical basis of heredity is the Gamete Gene Chromosome Cell 9. Karyokinesis refere to Nuclear division Cell division Karyotype division Cytoplasmic division 10. Nucleolus is situated On the periphery Inside the cell Inside the nucleus Outside the chromatin 11. Anaphase is a stage during Cell division Cytokinesis Karyokinesis Reproduction

12. During which phase do the centriole divide and migrate towards the pole of the nucleus? Prophase Anaphase Metaphase Telophase 13. Karyokinesis is divided into various phases on the basis of changes taking place in the Cells Chromosomes Centriole Genes 14. Nuclear membrane disappears during Metaphase Telophase Anaphase Prophase 15. Sexual reproduction involves fusion of Nucleus and chromatin Gamete and sperm Gamete and ova Male and female gamete 16. Chromosomes become less distinct and finally disorganise into chromatin granules during Metaphase Prophase Anaphase Telophase 17. "Sister chromatids" are seen to split longitudinally into two halves during Prophase Metaphase Anaphase Telophase

18. `Crossing over' takes place during Prophase Mitosis Meiosis Metaphase 19. Main difference seen during Mitosis in case of plants than in case of animals is Formation of spindle New cell wall fromation Nuclear plate Moving chromosomes 20. Gametes produced during haploid division are Small Delicate Haploid Diploid 21. Stage during Meiosis, when identical chromosomes come together and lie side by side, is termed as Metaphase Crossing over Diakinesis Synapsis 22. At the end of Diploid division One nucleus is formed Two nuclei are formed Three nuclei are formed Four nuclei are formed 23. During meiosis, One division occurs Two successive divisions occurs

Many divisions occur in each phase Four successive division occur. 24. Mitosis results in formation of Gametes Two to three cells Two daughter cells Four daughter cells 25. Spermatogonia are Diploid Haploid Also termed as sperms Haploid chromosomes 26. Chromosomes number during Mitosis Increases by one Become double Reduces to half Remains same 27. Tissue cells are repaired and worn-out cells are replaced by New cells Meiosis Mitosis Cell division 28. Ovum are produced by Oocyte Oogonia Promary oocyte Secondary oocyte 29. Chromosomes are placed mid-way, aligned near the equator during Prophase

Metaphase Anaphase Telophase 30. During which phase two pairs of chromotids get separated and move towards opposite poles? Prophase Metaphase Enaphase Telophase
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Fundamentals of Genetics Click on the apropriate answers 1. The study of transmission of traits from parents to offspring is known as Genetics Variation Heredity None of the above 2. Which plant did Mendel select for his experiment Pisum sativum Sweet pea Both a & b None of the above 3. Sweet pea is a Self pollinated plant Cross pollinated plant Both a & b None of the above

4. In normal human beings, diploid cells have _____ number of chromosomes. 23 46 12 48 5. 5. In normal human beings, haploid cells have _____ number of chromosomes. 8 23 46 12 6. _____ is the description of an organism in terms of its genetic composition. Phenotype Genotype Allelotype 7. ______ describes an allele whose effects are seen in phenotype even when alternative allele is present. Recessive Dominant Homozygous Heterozygous 8. _____ is the term given to an individual with two different alleles of the same gene in its genotype. Heterozygous Homozygous None of the above 9. In ______ situation neither of two alleles are entirely dominant over the other, but both have some effect on phenotype when present together. Dominance Variation Incomplete Dominance All the above

10. If a person has 'AB' blood group, then his genotype will be AA or AO AB BB or BO OO 11. Characteristics like Height, Weight, & intelligence show Continuous variation Discontinuous variation Both a & b None of the above 12. _____ is the ratio of offspring's in F2 generation based upon only one pair of contrasting characters between parent plants Monohybrid ratio Dihybrid ratio None of the above 13. What will be the blood group of child if one parent is of type "AB" and other is of type "O" A B O A or B 14. The genotype which produces blood group "O" is Homozygous dominant Heterozygous Homozygous Recessive 15. Human egg cells have ____ Y chromosomes 1 2 0 3

16. The inheritance of _____ in humans is an example of Simple Menedelian genetics. Albinism Height IQ None of the above 17. If blood group of both the parents is "AB", what will be the blood group of their children? AB only A, B, AB, or O AB, A, B A or B only 18. If a tall pea plant is crossed with a dwarf pea plant, then all offspring's would be tall. If one of these new tall pea plant is crossed with a dwarf pea plant, then what would be the ratio of tall to dwarf in the next generation. All tall All dwarf 3 tall : 1 dwarf 1 tall : 1 dwarf 19. If a man with brown eyes marries a woman with blue eyes and their first child has blue eyes. What will be the eye colour of second child? Blue eyes Brown eyes Either brown or blue eyes None of the above
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The Skin Click on the appropriate answers 1. The branch of Science that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders is termed as Cytology Dermatology

Ethology Microbiology 2. Our body comprises of how many sense organs? Four Five Six Seven 3. Integumentary system of an organism comprises of Hair, nails Glands Specialised receptors All the above 4. 'Skin' is considered an organ because It is continuous. It is large, covers the entire body It is compact to give shape It consist of tissues structurally joined together to perform a specific function 5. Outermost lager skin is Stratum granulosum Stratum germinativum Epidermis Malphigian layer 6. Which of the following is not a skin derivative? Nail Sebaceous gland Sweat gland Veins 7. Skin visible to naked eye is Stratum corneum

Stratum germinativum Stratum granulosum Sebaceous layer. 8. Which of the following is not a function of cornified layer? Protection from mechanical damage Bacterial invasion Dehydration Hair formation. 9. Which of the following is a protein found in nails, hair, horns etc Melanin Keratin Carotene Xanthene. 10. Which of the following is not a part of epidermis? Granular layer Dermal layer Malphigian layer Cornified layer. 11. Colouration is given to the skin due to Keratin Chitin Melanin Serotonin 12. Albinism is An infection. A contageous disease A hereditary disease A physical disorder

13. Oil glands and sweat glands are derived from Granular layer Malphigian layer Cornified layer Dermal layer 14. What is the other name given to sensory corpuscles? Blood platelets Meissner's corpuscles Blood corpuscles Red corpuscles 15. Skin is kept soft and supple, thus preventing it from drying up by Sweat glands. Subcutaneous tissue Sebaceous glands. Fat glands. 16. Pacinian corpuscles are present in Reticular region Papillary region Epidermis Malphigian layer 17. Hair are present in animals all over except, Cheeks Face Soles, palms Abdomen 18. Only living tissue of hair is Follicle Bulb Papilla Shaft

19. In normal conditions, the hair in animals, Are absent. Are arranged at specific parts. Are present all over Are arranged at an angle to the surface of the skin 20. What helps to keep the hair from drying and becoming brittle? Water Sweat Sebum Mucous 21. Acne, Blackhead and pimple and Boil are all associated with Sweat glands Sebaceous glands Fat glands Subcutaneous tissue 22. Along with water and salt, what else the sweat contains? Sulphates, ammonia Urea, Uric acid, ammonia Urea, Oxalates Phosphates 23. Which of the following is not present in 'Sebum'? Cholesterol Proteins Organic salts. Inorganic salts. 24. Normal body temperature is 99oC 98.4oF 32oC 37oF

25. Nail comprises of all the following, except Alveolus Plate Bed Matrix 26. On exposure to sun, skin has the ability to synthesize small quantities of Vit A Vit B Vit C Vit D 27. Each mammary glands consists of 2 to 4 lobes 5 to 10 lobes 15 to 20 lobes 50 to 60 lobes 28. Which of the following does not cause fever? Heart attack Tumours Reaction to vaccines Hypertension 29. 'Bed' is equivalent to Nail Plate Nail root Matrix 30. --------- are modified sweat glands Pacini Mammary glands

Sebaceous glands Ink glands
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THE LIVING AND THE NON-LIVING Click on the appropriate answers 1. Science of living things is called Cytology Botany Biology Zoology 2. Physical basis of life is Cell Protoplasm Nucleus Tissue 3. Various life processes in the body are collectively termed as Anabolism Metabolism Catabolism Physiology 4. Breaking down process which results in release of energy is called Anabolism Metabolism Catabolism Physiology 5. Response to stimuli is Movement Irradiation

Irritability Growth 6. 'Assimilation' in animals is an example of Nitration Anabolism Excretion Secretion 7. Catabolism is seen in case of Digestion Respiration Excretion All of them 8. End product during catabolism of carbohydrate is Glucose Fats & fatty acids Proteins Amino acids 9. In case of living organism, growth is Temporary Reversible Uniform throughout Permanent 10. Respiratory organ in case of birds is Body surface Lungs Skin Gills 11. Earthworm respires through Body surface

Gills Skin Lungs 12. A burning candle Utilizes carbon dioxide of air Forms water vapour. Reduces itself to form carbon dioxide Can be considered living. 13. Locomotion in Hydra is called as Drifting Sliding Somersaulting Hopping 14. 'Diaphragm' moves upwards during Exhalation Inhalation Reproduction Excretion 15. Growth inducing chemicals in plant body are called Toxins Auxins Hormones Gibberlins 16. Pseudopodia are organs / projections for locomotion in Hydra Amoeba Molluscs Echinoderms

17. Even if Amoeba is deprived of food for sufficiently long period, it survives because It sleeps It forms cyst It doesn't respire It doesn't excrete. 18. Organ which filters out metabolic waste in case of mammals is Ovaries Kidneys Lungs Urinary bladder. 19. Green plants synthesize their food from simple substances like Carbon dioxide & Monoxide Carbon monoxide & water Water & carbon tetrachloride Water and carbon dioxide 20. Irritability is a property of Protoplasm Mitochondria Nucleus Golgi bodies 21. Root responds to Stimulus stimuli of touch stimuli of gravity stimuli of gravity & water. 22. Which of the following stimuli is 'internal' in nature? Heat Thirst Light Chemicals

23. Secretions of living organisms are non-living as they, Are harmless Are gelatenous Can not regenerate themselves Lack cellular structure 24. 'Leather' is Living thing Non-living thing Dead thing none of the above 25. Silk thread is derived from which glands of silk moth? Tear glands Salivary glands Shell glands Sebaceous glands. 26. Arrangement of various stages in the life of an organism sequentially should be Birth, Reproduction, Growth, Death Growth, Reproduction, birth, Death Birth, Reproduction, Death, Growth Birth, Growth, Reproduction, Death 27. Animals find their food by Touch Smell Taste Sight 28. Response in case of mouse-trap is basically Chemical Physical Mechanical Sensitive

29. Filtered wastes in human body are carried by Kidneys Ureters Urinary Blader Uterus 30. Elimination of gums and rasins in case of plants is Excretion Rejection Elevation Exudation
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Cell
Click on the appropriate answers 1. The folds of the mitochondria are called Crysomes Cristae Matrix 2. The smallest cells are those of Mycoplasma gallisepticum Neoplasma gallium Plasmolena gallium 3. The cell wall is made up of Protein Cellulose Fiber 4. It is secreted by the cell wall itself for its protection Cell wall

Cell membrane Cytoplasm 5. The clearer layer of the cytoplasm is called Endoplasm Ectoplasm Enoplasm Plasma membrane 6. The path way for the distribution of nuclear material from one cell to the other Ribosomes Endoplasmic reticulum Chromatin Fibroids 7. The powerhouse of the cell Golgi bodies Mitochondria Lysosomes Ribosomes 8. It does not occur in cells of bacteria, blue-green algae and red blood cells of animals Cell membrane Golgi complex Pigments Nucleus 9. The main function of the Golgi bodies is Secretory Excretory Respiratory Circulatory 10. These are tiny spherical sac-like structures evenly distributed in the cytoplasm Ribosomes

Phybosomes Lysosomes Hydrosomes 11. The chief function of lysosomes is Respiration Digestion Excretion Secretion 12. The full form of A.T.P. is Adenosine-tri-phosphate Adenosine-tru-phosphate Adenosine-tri-phosphite Arinosine-tri-phosphite 13. Colourless, rod-shaped or spheroid plastids Chromoplasts Leucoplast Chloroplasts Horoplasts 14. Very fine thread-like coiled filaments uniformly distributed in the nucleoplasm is called Chromatin fibers Chloron fibres Cryon fibers Chromatid fibers 15. These are clear spaces present in the cytoplasm enclosed by a membrane Protoplasm Nucleoplasm Xanthophyll Vacuoles

16. The main component of protoplasm is Air Gel Water Plasma 17. The process in which chloroplasts capture light energy and partly convert it into chemical energy Glycolysis Photosynthesis Proteinosis Lycolysis 18. Fungi contain these instead of plastids Chloroplasts Chromoplasts Chromophores Chromotaphores 19. The major constituents of ribosome's are Ribo-nucleic acids and proteins Ribo acids Ribo-nucleic acids and fats Ribo-nucleic acids and Carbohydrates 20. One millimeter is 100 m 1,000m 10m 10,000m 21. The interior cavity of the mitochondria is filled with Proteinaceous matrix Fatty matrix

Carbonaceous matrix Plasma 22. Ribosome's provide the surface on which the synthesis of the following takes place Fats Carbohydrates Proteins Starch 23. The site of the dark reaction during photosynthesis is The grana Leucoplast The matrix None of the above 24. The grana of the chloroplast are inter-connected by a network of Capillaries Fibers Chromatin Tubules 25. The light reaction during photosynthesis takes place in The stroma The grana The chloroplast None of the above 26. Colourless, rod-shaped or spheroid plastids are called Leoplasts Leucoplasts Lanoplasts Any of the above 27. The selectively permeable envelope-like structure around the nuclear contents which separates the nucleoplasm from the cytoplasm is called

Nuclear membrane Cell membrane Nucleolus Nucleoplasm 28. These are responsible for the transmission of hereditary characteristics from one generation to another Sap Genes RNA Ribosome's 29. The vacuoles are large and permanent in Plant cells Animal cells Mitochondria Golgi bodies 30. The cell wall is made up of complex polysaccharide carbohydrates called Centrosome Cellulose Vacuoles Cytoplasm
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The Tissue Click on the appropriate answers 1. The grouping of the same type of cells is called organ tissues cells system

2. The xylem and phloem tissues in plants together form the vascular tissue system molecular tissue system water tissue system none of the above. 3. Parenchyma cells are iodiametric idodiametric inodiametric isodiametric 4. The tissues that perform photosynthesis are called parenchyma collenchyma chlorenchyma sclerenchyma 5. It is generally absent in monocot stems parenchyma collenchyma chlorochyma all of these 6. These cells resemble fibres parenchyma collenchyma sclerenchyma all of these 7. An elongated cell with sloping wall enclosing a large empty cavity are called vessels sclerenchyma tracheids phloem

8. You generally find sieve-tubes, companion cells and phloem parenchyma in xylem all cells phloem tracheids 9. The cells having the power of dividing are called meristematic tissue permanent tissue menmatic tissue all cells 10. The cells located at the base of the internode are called innercalary intercalary intocalary nodalcalary 11. The connective tissue surrounding the bone by which muscles and tendons are attached to the bone are called peristium periostium perrystium any of the above 12. The red blood corpuscles are also called Erythrocyte leucocyte arteries only red blood corpuscles 13. The white blood cells are also called platelets whitecytes

leucocytes none of the above 14. Bone cells lie between the lamellae in fluid filled spaces called lamellae lacuna plasma water 15. Along with the blood cells, there are minute structures floating in the plasma, they are called R.B.C. W.B.C. platelets none of the above 16. These disintegrate at the site of injury and help in the clothing of blood ribosomes blood platelets plasma all of the above 17. Lateral meristem causes the organ to increase in length diameter and grith height and weight all of the above 18. Tissue made up of several layers of epithelial tissue is called simple epithelial stratified epithelial compound epithelial complex epithelial 19. These consist of cube-like cells which are square in section but the free surface appears hexagonal

cuboidat epithelium ciliated epithelium columnar epithelium squamous epithelium 20. The cytoplasm of the oval or rounded adipose tissue cell is characterized by the presence of carbohydrates fat droplets protein all of these 21. Collagen fibres bound together by areolar connective tissue are called ligament cartilage tendon fibrils 22. Ligaments are elastic inelastic fluid none of the above 23. Which of the following joins skin to the muscles, fills spaces inside organs, found around muscles, blood vessels and nerves. cartilage tendon tendron ligament 24. The lymph occurs in a set of minute channels called lymph vessels which form the circulatory system lymphatic system leukocytes none of the above.

25. The striated muscles are also known as voluntary muscles involuntary muscles straightened muscles none of the above 26. Mature cells incapable of cell division are temporary permanent meristematic none of the above.
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Anatomy of Roots and Stems Click on the appropriate answers Q-1 A typical angiosperm plant consists of A root system. A shoot system. Both root system and shoot system. Any of them. Q-2 Which of the following is incorrect, regarding the root system It grows towards soil and water. It grows away from light. It is not differentiated into nodes & internodes. Root tip is protected by a cap or bud. Q-3 Innermost layer of cortex, formed of single layer of closely packed barret-shaped cells is called Epiblema Stele Pericycle Endodermis

Q-4 Transverse section of a Dicotylednours root shows a zone of cells encirding the vascular bundles and pith and on outer side surrounded by endodermis is called as Epiblema Pericycle Xylem Casparian strip Q-5 Vascular bundle of a Gram root consists of Xylem and Cambium Phloem and Cambium Both Xylem and Phloem Xylem, Phloem and Cambium Q-6 The central cylinder of a root (stem) consisting of pericycle, vascular bundes, pith & medullary rays is called as Stele Epiblema Cambium Casparian strip Q-7 Space between Xylem and Phloem is filled up by which cells in a Dicot root ? Collencheyma cells Parenchyma cells Epiblema cells Plasma cells Q-8 Increase in the diameter of a root is brought about by Stele Cambium Phloem Xylem Q-9 In a Monocot root, the outermost zone, of single layer of parenchymatous cells is Root hair Epididymis

Epiblema Cortex Q-10 In a Monocot root, Metaxylem is Present Absent Towards the periphery Towards the center Q-11 Phloem in case of Monocot roots, is made up of Sieve tubes Companion cells Phloem parenchyma All the above Q-12 Region between Xylem and Phloem bundle in case of Monocot roots is filled up by Collenchyma cells Parenchyma cells Pith Plasma cells Q-13 A vascular bundle, where Phloem is present outer to Xylem, and are separated by Cambium, it is known as Radial type Conjoint type Open collateral type Concentric type Q-14 Which of the following are true in an Angiosperm shoot system, the functions as Support, Protection Food storage & perennation Vegetative Propagation, food manufacture All of the above

Q-15 Resin ducts are seen in Monocotyledonous root Dicotyledonous root Monocotyledonous shoot/stem Dicotyledonous shoot/stem Q-16 In a Dicot Stem, Protoxylem is Present Absent Present towards the periphery Present towards the centre Q-17 Cambium in a Monocot stem is Present Absent Present towards the pith Present towards ground tissue Q-18 Main zones recognized in the cortex of a Dicot stem are Hypodermis, general cortex and endodermis Endodermis, Parenchyma, Pericycle Pericycle, Vascular bundle and Epidermis Epidermis, Phloem, Xylem and Cambium Q-19 Cells of hypodermis are characterized by unevenly thickened cell walls, which is due to deposits of Cellulose, Keratin Keratin, Pectin Cellulose, pectin Melanin and cellulose Q-20 Vascular bundle in Dicot Stem is Radial Conjoint, collateral and open

Conjoint, collateral, closed Concentric Q-21 Given below are functions of Medullary ray, except Storage of food Transmission of water and raw material outwards to the peripheral tissues Secondary growth Seat of origin of inter-fascicular cambium Q-22 Which of the following components is absent in an animal cell while present in a plant cell Cell membrane Cell wall Gogibodies Ribosomes Q-23 Cortex made of three distinct cell types i.e. Collenchyma, Sclerenchyma and Parenchyma is seen in Monocot stem Monocot root Dicot stem Dicot root Q-24 Root hair are Present in shoot system Multicellular Absent in Angiosperms Never cutinized Q-25 Mature Dicotyledonous root Has no epidermis Lacks pith Lacks endodermis Has no pericycle

Q-26 Function of Phloem is Conduction Conduction of food Conduction of water and minerals Storage of food Q-27 Function of Xylem is Secondary growth Conduction of food Conduction of water and minerals Formation of cambium Q-28 Which of the following is cutinized in stem ? Epidermis Vascular bundle Endodermis Pericycle Q-29 In case of a root, Xylem is Exarch, Radial Endarch, conjoint Endarch, radial Collateral, exarch Q-30 In case of a Dicot stem, which of the following components absent ? Pith Bundles of uniform size Bundle sheath Medullary rays
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Manufacture of food by plants Multiple-choice questions

1. Which source of energy of plants carries out their vital activities? carbohydrates proteins fats a & b. 2. Which source of energy is essential for growth and repair by the synthesis of new protoplasm? carbohydrates fats proteins a & c. 3. Which is the bye-product released after the process of photosynthesis. carbon dioxide water vapor a&b oxygen. 4. Which are the sources of raw material for photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide water oxygen a&b a & C. 5. Photosynthesis occurs in which part of the plant leaves root stem all of the above. 6. The loose arrangement of which tissue allows rapid diffusion of gases in leaves. cuticle palisade

mesophyll protoplasm. 7. The high concentration of ------------ in the mesophyll, help trap solar energy required for the process. chlorophyll chloroplast sunlight all of the above. 8. The splitting up of the water molecule in the presence of light is called leucoplast photosynthesis photolysis photophosphorylation. 9. In which solution is the leaf dipped to show the presence / absence of starch methylated spirit alcohol iodine none of the above. 10. ------------ that are formed during photosynthesis, form the food of man and herbivorous animals. protein carbohydrates both a & b none of the above. 11. Which of the following bacteria's converts complex nitrogenous compounds to ammonia. nitrifying bacteria nitrosifying bacteria de-nitrifying bacteria ammonifying bacteria.

12. Which bacteria oxidizes ammonia to nitrites. nitrifying bacteria nitrosifying bacteria de-nitrifying bacteria ammonifying bacteria. 13. Which bacteria oxidizes nitrites to nitrates nitrifying bacteria nitrosifying bacteria de-nitrifying bacteria ammonifying bacteria. 14. Which bacteria decomposes nitrates into free nitrogen nitrifying bacteria nitrosifying bacteria ammonifying bacteria none of the above. 15. Which element in a constituent of protoplasm potassium iron sulphur calcium. 16. Which element is a synthesis of chlorophyll? iron magnesium calcium a & b. 17. ------------ is the animal and vegetable matter in the decaying state. manure humus compost none of the above.

18. -------------- element promotes nuclear and cell division. iron sulphur calcium none of the above. 19. Which of the following is a constituent of amino-acid cystine. sulphur iron calcium magnesium. 20. Which element maintain semi-permeability of protoplasm. potassium iron calcium none of the above. 21. While distarching which colour shows absence of starch. blue brown blue-black black. 22. While de-starching, which colour shows presence of starch. blue brown blue-black black. 23. What is used as a solvent to dissolve out the chlorophyll from the leaf. methylated spirit iodine alcohol boiled water.

24. Atmospheric oxygen and nitrogen in the air combine during lighting discharge forming----------nitrogen dioxide nitric oxide nitric acid both a & b. 25. What does the oxygen in the air convert the nitric oxide into nitric acid nitrogen dioxide soluble nitrates none of the above.
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