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Adaptation of animal- Webbed feet of a duck made to help it paddle Adaptation of a plant- drip tip of any plant adapted

for the water to runoff easily Abscisic acid- plant hormone helps bud dormancy and water potential (usually found in the roots Actin Amniotic egg- an egg given birth to by reptiles and birds, in which the yolk gives nourishment to the baby inside, and protect the organism as well as aid in gas and energy exchange Amylase- a group of enzymes that are present in saliva, pancreatic juices, and parts of plants that catalyze the starch into sugar and used as carbohydrate derivatives Angiosperm- a plant thats enclosed in the ovary; a flowering plant Animal that has a segmented body- on a lobster, its cephalothorax and abdomen. Annelid- characterized by elongated, cylindrical segmented bodies including earthworms and leeches Anther and filament of a stamenArthropod- insects, crustaceans, arachnids, and myriapods, that are characterized by a chitinous exoskeleton and a segmented body to which jointed appendages are articulated in pairs Archaebacteria Autotroph- An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy. Green plants, algae, and certain bacteria are autotrophs. Auxin producing area of a plant- plant hormone that basically affects the stems growth to light Basidiomycete- Any of a large and diverse phylum of fungi (kingdom

Fungi), including jelly and shelf, or bracket, fungi; mushrooms, puffballs, and stinkhorns; and the rusts and smuts. The clubshaped, spore-bearing organ (basidium) is borne on a usually large and conspicuous fruiting body.

Batesian mimicry- A form of protective mimicry in which an unprotected species, especially of an insect, closely resembles an unpalatable or harmful species and therefore is similarly avoided by predators. ex] moth mimics the sound of high frequence noises to imitate the bat predators Biological magnification- The build-up of toxins from pesticides, herbicides, and domestic and industrial waste such that these toxins are more and more concentrated in living organism
Ex] pesticide

Bryophyte- A plant of the Bryophyta, a division of photosynthetic, chiefly terrestrial, nonvascular plants, including the mosses, liverworts, and hornworts. C4 plant- A plant that produces the 4-carbon compound oxalocethanoic (oxaloacetic) acid as the first stage of photosynthesis.

Calvin cycle- The second stage of photosynthesis, not requiring light to occur, and during which energy released from ATP drives the production of organic molecules from carbon dioxide Carbohydrate (fibrous) - Because they are high in fiber, fibrous carbohydrates typically take longer to digest than more refined carbohydrates. Because they take longer to digest, fibrous carbohydrates can help you feel full for longer
ex] veggies


In plants, a layer of actively dividing cells between xylem (fluid-conducting) and phloem (foodconducting) tissues that is responsible for the secondary growth of stems and roots, resulting in an increase in thickness. A cambium may also form

within callus tissues. ex] The cellular layer of wood tissue between the bark and sapwood of a tree.


Cellulose- A complex carbohydrate, (C6H10O5)n, that is composed of glucose units, forms the main constituent of the cell wall in most plants, and is important in the manufacture of numerous products, such as paper, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and explosives.
Ex] paper, wood, and cotton

Chitin- Chitin is the key component (a tough polysaccharide) of the exoskeletons of arthropods and the shells (also really exoskeletons) of crabs, lobsters, and insects. It is also present in the hard structures of some coelenterates, hard corals, and sea anemones. Chitin is actually a natural polymer that is structurally related to the sugar called glucose; it has been made into water-resistant paper and edible food wrapping ChlorophytaCnidarian- Any of various invertebrate animals of the phylum Cnidaria, characterized by a radially symmetrical body with a saclike internal cavity, and including the jellyfishes, hydras, sea anemones, and corals Coelomate - A coelomate organism has a fluid filled body cavity and

have a complete lining from the mesoderm. This allows organs to be attached together in a specific order but still have space to move around. Most bilateral organisms are coelomates. Ex] squid Conifer leaf- pine tree needle Commensalism a relationship between two animals where one has benefits and the other is unaffected Connective tissueCuticle layer of a plantDeciduous leaf- leaves that fall off seasonally and grow maple leaf Deuterosome- any mammal with a mouth and an anus. Dicot plant with leaf and flower- Dicotyledons are not a monophyletic group, and therefore the names "dicotyledons" and "dicots" are, strictly speaking, deprecated. However, the vast majority of "dicots" do form a monophyletic group called the eudicots or tricolpates. These may be distinguished from all other flowering plants by the structure of their pollen. Diploid chromosome numberEchinoderm- Any of numerous radially symmetrical marine invertebrates of the phylum Echinodermata, which includes the starfishes, sea urchins, and sea cucumbers, having an internal calcareous skeleton and often covered with spines Ectotherm- Any so-called cold-blooded animal; that is, any animal whose regulation of body temperature depends on external sources, such as sunlight or a heated rock surface Endosperm- . The nutritive tissue within seeds of flowering plants, surrounding and absorbed by the embryo. Endotherm- So-called warm-blooded animals; that is, those that maintain a constant body temperature independent of the environment. Some fishes are also endothermic If heat generation exceeds the heat loss, mechanisms such as panting or perspiring increase heat loss.

Unlike ectotherms, endotherms can be active and survive at quite low external temperatures, but because they must produce heat continuously EnzymeEpithelial tissueEthylene- A colorless flammable gas, C2H4, derived from natural gas and petroleum and used as a source of many organic compounds, in welding and cutting metals, to color citrus fruits, and as an anesthetic. Eukaryote- All living organisms are composed of cells. A eukaryotic cell is a cell with a nucleus, which contains the cell's chromosomes. Plants, animals, protists, and fungi have eukaryotic cells, unlike the Eubacteria and Archaea, whose cells do not have nuclei and are therefore termed prokaryotic. Flower ovaryGastropod- Any of various mollusks of the class Gastropoda, such as the snail, slug, cowrie, or limpet, characteristically having a single, usually coiled shell or no shell at all, a ventral muscular foot for locomotion, and eyes and feelers located on a distinct head. Gymnosperm Cone- the male cones that are small and you usually see on the tree Heartwood- the central, woody core of a tree, no longer serving for the conduction of water and dissolved minerals; heartwood is usually denser and darker in color than the outer sapwood. Keratin- Any of a group of fibrous proteins occurring in hair, feathers, hooves, and horns. Keratins have coiled polypeptide chains that combine to form supercoils of several polypeptides linked by disulphide bonds between adjacent cysteine amino acids. Lepidoptera- The order of scaly-winged insects, including the butterflies, skippers, and moths. This is one of the largest orders in the class Insecta. It has more than 100,000 species,

about 10,000 in North America, and between 125 and 175 families Lichen- Complex oxygen-containing organic compound, a mixture of polymers of poorly known structure. After cellulose, it is the most abundant organic material on Earth, making up one-fourth to one-third of the dry weight of wood, where it is concentrated in the cell walls. Removed from wood pulp in the manufacture of paper, it is used as a binder in particleboard Long-day Plant- A plant whose flowering is triggered by long hours of daylight or artificial light MeristemMyceliumMyosin- The commonest protein in muscle cells, responsible for the elastic and contractile properties of muscle. It combines with actin to form actomyosin. Nematode- a worm Nymph stage of an insect- EGG Parenchyma cells- muscle cells