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c 3.” originally named “Chant national. At 5.” was written by Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French lyrics) and Calixa Lavallée (music) and first performed in Quebec City in 1880. .43 Interesting Facts About . Lawrence-Iroquoian word for "village" or "settlement. it is the world's . . including 1. Canada 1.538 miles between Canada and Alaska. The song was approved by the Parliament of Canada in 1967 as the unofficial national anthem and adopted officially on July 1. The border between Canada and the United States is officially known as the International Boundary. Kanata is the St.525 miles."m 2. “O Canada. 1980.
the first North American child to be born of European parents (Thorfin and Gudrid).855. an organization that now has more than 28. The Mounted Police were formed in 1873. The Canadian motto. Newfoundland was the first part of Canada to be explored by Europeans.c 14. 1000. Basketball has become popular around the world since being invented by a Canadian . is the northernmost permanent settlement in the world. Although Nova Scotia was granted the British Empire's first flag by The Canadian flag is known as The King Charles I in 1625. when its maple leaf flag was adopted by its parliament. the Mounted Police merged with the Dominion Police to become the famous Royal Canadian Mounted Police. when the British North America Act was passed by the British Parliament. According to the 2001 census. means "From sea to sea.f 7. based on games that have been played since the tenth century. was in general use. and 16% claim to have no religion. The east coast of Canada was settled by Vikings around the year A. 23. Ice hockey is Canada's official national game. making Canada the ninth-most sparsely populated nation in the world. Canadian James Naismith invented basketball to give his physical education students at the YMCA Training School in Springfield. 1000. in Nunavut territory. Ironically. The United States ranks 46th. in 1949. Before that.3% are Protestant.l 12. At 3. Canada is the second largest country in the world. The average life expectancy at birth for a Canadian is 81. the red ensign. Canada became a country on July 1. behind Russia. A Mari Usque ad Mare."m 5. they founded Montreal.a 18. with nine officers.b 13.j 17.f 9. Led by Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve and an Ursuline nun name Jeanne Mance.m 4. 1867. Snorri.c The rules were first published in the Montreal Gazette in 1877.m 6. Archaeological evidence of a settlement has been found at L'anse aux Meadows. the eighth highest in the world.6 people per square mile.6% of Canadians are Roman Catholic. Alert. was born in Vinland around A. a group of religious mystics from France were inspired by a vision to build a missionary city in the Canadian wilderness. Newfoundland.D. at 78. a British maritime flag.m 11. 1965.D.longest border between two nations. Its population density is 8.14 years.103 square miles.l 16. 42.m 15. it was the last area to become a province. Canada did not have a national flag until Maple Leaf or l'Unifolié February 15.000 members.f 8.16 years.a The modern game of ice hockey was developed in Canada.k 10. In 1642.g In 1920.
m 30.l 22. 20. Throughout Canada's history up to the current time. currently Queen Elizabeth II. an indoor team sport to play during the long winters. a poet from Halifax. Charles Fenerty.c 33. Richard Cross. Tensions between French Canada and English Canada reached a head in October 1970. there have been conflicts between English and French-speaking Canadians. Canada is a major producer and consumer of cheese. The official languages of Canada are English and French. A black bear cub from Canada named Winnipeg (or “Winnie.m 26. was originally named Bytown after Colonel John By. and committed a number of other crimes—kidnapped the U.000-year-old stone tools and animal bones have been found in caves on the Bluefish River in northern Yukon. Ottawa. The army put an end to the revolt and arrested several hundred suspects. the IMAX film system. on February 3. In 1997. John Rut of St. Winnie became a .l 28. and Alice Munro (Lives of Girls and Women). sent a letter to King Henry VIII—the first letter sent from North America.4 pounds per person.b 27.000 species of insects and about 11. and the electric cooking range.d 25. with cheddar being the most popular.Massachusetts. Newfoundland. Nova Scotia. North America's lowest recorded temperature was -81. the snowmobile.000 tons of at least 32 varieties of cheese and ate an average of 23. 1947. insulin. Many famous authors have come from Canada.4 degrees Fahrenheit (-63 C) at Snag. robbed banks. including Kerosene. The regent of England.m 21. when the Front de Liberation du Quebec (FLQ)—a terrorist organization that had bombed cities. Trade Commissioner.600 miles. He started experimenting in 1839 and produced paper from wood pulp in 1841. Margaret Atwood (The Handmaid's Tale). including Lucy Maud Montgomery (Anne of Green Gables). is the Canadian head of state. Canada contains 9% of the world's renewable water supply. North America's earliest undisputed evidence of human activity. John's. Yukon Territory. Canada has the longest coastline of any country in the world at 151.m 29.e 19. the electron microscope.c Thomas Ahearn of Ottawa invented the electric cooking range in 1882 31. Canadians have made many important inventions. who headquartered there while building the Rideau Canal to connect the Ottawa River with Lake Ontario. was the first person to use wood fibers to make paper.K.” for short) was one of the most popular attractions at the London Zoo after it was donated to the zoo in 1915. Canada is known as the home of large animals like the moose and grizzly bear. The capital city.000 species of mites and spiders.m 23.k 20.m 24. In 1527. the electronic organ. but it is also home to about 55.c 32. Canadians produced 350.
Alberta has 50% of the world's supply of bitumen. New Brunswick. The natives of eastern Canada tell several stories of a mythical giant named Glooscap. Avril Lavigne. Steppenwolf.c 39. British Columbia. Milne. A. Ontario. Canada: Lester & Orpen Dennys Limited. who carved out many of the region's natural features to help him overcome his evil twin brothers. Bryan Adams. The Moosehead Brewery in Saint John. British Columbia.m -.favorite of Christopher Robin Milne and inspired the stories written by his father. a giant sloth-like creature known as the beaver-eater. Craig. about Winnie-the-Pooh.c 38. Brown. 2009. was once the world's largest shopping mall. turns out 1.m Galaxyland at the West Edmonton Mall is the world's largest indoor amusement park 41. Canada has made a significant contribution to rock and roll. The West Edmonton Mall in Edmonton. 2009. the Guess Who.1 square miles). Canadian Museum of Nature.c 43. The current has been measured at speeds up to 18. and a number of lake monsters.” Accessed: January 29.i 36. b c The Canadian Encyclopedia. The CN Tower in Toronto was the world's tallest free-standing structure until it was eclipsed in 2007. It is believed that these Glooscap stories might be the origin of many of the Paul Bunyan legends. but it still contains the world's largest indoor amusement park. 2009. such as Ogopogo in Lake Okanagan. Bachman Turner Overdrive. a cannibalistic wildman named Windigo. and Barenaked Ladies. 1987. “Early Days of Hockey.642 bottles of beer per minute. The Illustrated History of Canada.m 42.m 40. Rush. "Biological Survey of Canada (Terrestrial Arthropods). Cryptozoologists claim that Canada is the home of several cryptids.4 miles per hour. d . References a Backcheck: Hockey for Kids. 2009. Neil Young. including Sasquatch.c 34. beginning with “Sh-Boom” by the Crew-Cuts in 1954. Guy Lombardo of London.m 35. Updated February 22.h Other famous Canadian rock-and-rollers include Paul Anka. The world's strongest current is found in the Nakwakto Rapids at Slingsby Channel. Alberta. Toronto.e 37. Accessed January 30." Accessed January 30.Posted January 15. Manitou Lake on Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron is the world's largest lake within a lake (41. It now ranks fifth.A. when he and his brothers toured the rural areas that had been settled by Scots around his hometown. 2009. first heard “Auld Lang Syne” as a teenage musician.
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