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It's hard to believe that most ancient number systems didn't include zero. The Mayan civilization may have been among the first to have a symbol for zero. The Mayas flourished in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico about 1300 years ago. They used the as a placeholder, in a vertical placevalue system. It is considered one of their cultures greatest achievements. The ancient Egyptians, Romans, and Greeks alike had no symbol for zero. In Greek geometry, zero and irrational
. The Greek astronomer Ptolemy (ca. A. For this he used a circular symbol.D. There's a definite possibility that the Babylonians used this mark for a zero within a number.C. The Greeks made great strides in mathematics.numbers were impossible. as early as the end of the eighth century B. In ancient Babylonian history there was no use of the zero. came into use for a zero. but it was all done with a number system without zero. which was also used as a separation mark between sentences. 150) was the first to write a zero at the end of a number. In the later Babylonian or during the Seleucid period a special symbol.
there seems to be no evidence that the Babylonians ever regarded zero as a number. He was a merchant's son. born in the Italian city-state Pisa. When he was still a boy. he moved to the Muslim city of Bugia. In Pisa. he studied the work of Euclid and other Greek mathematicians. late in the twelfth century. Western mathematics was held back by the Roman's traditional numbering system. There he . in North Africa. Throughout the Dark Ages. Aristotle discussed division by zero in connection with speed through a vacuum.Up until the time of Aristotle. The first to think differently was Leonardo Fibonacci.
In the sixth century. mathematicians in India developed a place-value system. Egypt and Syria. These ideas spread rapidly throughout the Arabic world. the numerals we use today. They introduced the concept of zero to keep their symbols in their proper places. . Leonardo got an education in Arabic culture as he traveled around the Mediterranean to Constantinople. were superior to the Roman numerals he had grown up with in the West.examined leather and furs before they were shipped back to Pisa. Six centuries later. Hindu scholars introduced to Islam the ideas of zero and place-value. He recognized that the Hindu-Arabic numerals. In the seventh century.
Fibonacci was so impressed with the ease of Hindu-Arabic numerals that he wrote a book entitled Liber abaci. ignored Fibonacci's book. They were wallowing in prosperity and did not want to be bothered with giving up Roman numerals and adopting a zero. the numerals were showing up on coins and gravestones. Western mathematics had emerged from the Dark Ages. the trading class. By the fifteenth century. The . Ferbonacci's mathematician friends liked the new number system and slowly over time gave up the Roman numerals. and was flourishing into a new number system with a zero. the Hindu-Arabic numerals. The Pisan local merchants.
immediate advances in mathematics after that time are proof of the importance of.com/56048-history-zero. the zero. more at http://www.html#ixzz1W9R9FBsO .citehr.