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To establish 1min rapport with the group
Teaching /learning activity
A.V.Aids Method of evaluation
Introduction: Myself, Anupreet Kaur, student of m.sc (nursing) 1st year. Today I am going to present my teaching on the topic of OSCE and OSPE. Assessment of Teacher ask question from previous knowledge: Do you student
know anything about OSCP and OSPE. Teacher gives LCD introduction about the OSCE with the help of LCD What do you mean by OSCE.
To assess the 1min previous knowledge of the group. To introduce 2min the topic to the group.
means objective structured clinical examination. It is a form of multi-station examination for clinical subject first described by Harden et al in 1975.It was firstly adopted in north America. The widely adopted in the UK. The principal method for
clinical assessment in all developed countries is now the OSCE.
Meaning of OSCE:
*Objective: Because examiners use a checklist for evaluating trainers. *Structured: Because every trainee sees the same problem and performs the same task in same time frame. *Clinical: Because the tasks are representative of those faced in real clinical situations. *Examination: Because the skills are assessed in the form of examination. Definition: The OSCE or objective structured clinical examination is an approach to the assessment of clinical competence are assessed in a planned or structured way with attention being paid to
Teacher LCD define the term OSCE with the help of LCD.
What do you mean by OSCE
the objectivity of the examination. Harden 1988. Or The OSCE is a form of performance based testing used to measure candidates’ clinical competence. During an OSCE candidates are observed and evaluated as they go through a series of stations in which interview, examine and treat standardized patients who present with some medical problems. 5. Discuss features OSCE. the 2min of Teacher leaflet discuss the 1. Stations are short. of 2. Stations are features OSCE with numerous. the help of 3. Stations are highly leaflet. focused. 4 Pre-structured mark schemes are used. 5. Reduced examiner input.
What is the feature of OSCE.
Discuss the 2min methodology of OSCE. What candidates can do rather than what they know? 2. Examination hall is a hospital ward. OSCE methodology OSCE examination consist of about 15-20 stations each of which requires about 4-5 minute of time. Mix of stations types. What is the methodology of OSCE. 2.* Emphasis on 1. *Typically 1. 6. Atmosphere is active and busy. The application of knowledge rather than recall of knowledge. . 3. 4. The students are rotated through all stations and moved to Teacher LCD describes the methodology of OSCE with the help of LCD. All stations should be capable of being completed in the same time. Observer assessed using check-list.
Using 15 stations of 4 minute each. . available facility? On exam day you will go through following steps: 1. 15 students can complete examination within 1 hour Procedure of OSCE: although OSCE are performed in many settings in regard to the exam purpose. next station at the signal in which each candidate is examined on a one to one basis with one or two impartial examiners or each station has a different examiner or candidates would be assigned to an examiner for the entire examination. Registration Teacher charts explain the procedure of OSCE with the help of charts How OSCE is done.7. Marking them by the examiner on standardise mark sheet. Explain the 5min procedure of OSCE.
pencil. In this you will go through following process: • Show your exam invitation card or identity card • Be reminded about exam rules • Be checked for things which are allowed and which are not allowed • Receive your exam envelop which contains your ID. 2. notebook or clipboard.The first step is registration. stickers. procedures and policies will be reviewed . Orientation The next step after registration is orientation • Exam format.
Escorting to exam position Now it is exam time. Instructed about your starting station and how to proceed. patient and required task. you will be stopped by the assigned room door until long bell or buzzer announce the start of exam.• • • Introduce to your team and team leader. Read carefully and at the next . you will be escorting to your station. Your question will be answered. situation. 4. 3. Station Instruction time This is one or two minute to read the instruction about this station.
The encounter Start your encounter with the standardise patient. Post period encounter There are some differences over here. There is 5-20 min encounter. Stop at the next bell. 5. enter the room. Some OSCE will have no post encounter period. No more communication is allowed with the patient. Perform the required task. Some will have 1-2 min of the encounter period assigned to an oral question asked by the examiner inside the examination room. and then written questions to be answered on a paper or computer outside the .bell. 6.
Repeat step 4 to 6 Step 4-6 will be repeated until you have been in all the stations. You proceed to next station quickly. Some OSCE will offer 1 or 2 short rest period.exam room for 5-10 min. 8. You will be escorted back to dismissal area for signing out. You will be asked to handle back all what you have received on signing in. 7. . Exam ended Exam is over. you may be asked to stay for some time for exam security reason. At the next bell. first station ends as well as next station starts.
LCD Points to be done Teacher describes the during OSCE 1. 9 Explain the 2min advantages of OSCE. past medical & surgical history. medication as appropriate. occupational. Explain to patient what you do before doing it.8. Take psychosocial. of Teacher LCD What are the advantages of OSCE. 5. There is increased faculty-student interaction. 3. 3. things to be done during OSCE with the help of LCD What points to be kept in mind during OSCE. Do only what is requested. It ensures integration OSCE the help of of teaching and LCD evaluation. 4. If you are not sure what is wrong do not say. . Advantages OSCE explain the advantage of with 1. Describes the 2min things done during OSCE. 2. 2. No talking during the OSCE. Variety maintains student interest.
10.OSCE adaptable to local needs. Explain the 5min tips for organizing OSCE What are the tips for organizing OSCE . Teacher LCD Tips for OSCE explain the 1. 4. Risk of observer of OSCE with fatigue if the observer the help of has to record the LCD performance of several candidates on lengthy checklist. physical Disadvantages OSCE of Teacher What are the disadvantages of OSCE. 11. Equal time required for all. Costly and labour intensive. tips organizing What is to be tested with duringOSCE. A large number of students can be tested within a relatively short period. Explain the 2min disadvantages of OSCE LCD explain the Disadvantages 1. 2. 3.Assessment: Produce for a grid summarizing.Down the OSCE the help of left hand side list the competencies such as LCD history taking.
No of stations: Within the time constraints include in the examination as many stations as possible as there is good evidence that the reliability of the examination. patient education etc? 2. Use of examiners: Make sure that examiners are fully briefed prior to the examination. . 4.exam. Provide them with a list of resources that will be available at there stations. 5. Duration of stations: Once the duration has been fixed make sure that the task expected of the student can be accomplished with time. 3. both for examination in general and particular with regard to the station to which they are assigned.
7organizations of the examinations. If possible visit and watch their examinations.Resourc requirements: It is helpful to produce a checklist of the .7. 8. talk with no of individual from different settings who have previously made use of this technique.There should be co-ordinator appointed in advance of the examination that has the responsibility for taking overall charge of the advance planning of exam and its implementation on that day. Range of approaches: When planning an OSCE for first time. 6. New stations: New station should be tested with one or more student before use in examination.
Use of tape on the floor for direction can also be used.Change signal: Before examination.resources required for each station in exam.. 11. 10. rating scales and so on. checklists. master sheet of instruction to students.Plan examination and directions: After the exam is set up and the directions in place for student that they can find there way easily from one station to the next. direction arrows. Records: Keep an OSCE file into which all resources required such as station numbers. .Or 9. check that the audible signal can be hared clearly at all locations on the examination.
It is well known that conventional practical examination has several problems especially in terms of its outcome. is .12 Give introduction about OSPE 2 Min Teacher LCD introduces the (Objective structured topic with the practical examinations) Introduction: The term help of LCD OSPE is derived from OSCE in 1975 which was later extended to practical examination and was later extended to practical exam and modified by Harden and Gleeson. These attempts were largely related to the adoption of appropriate measures for bringing the practical exam towards objectivity so that they become valid and OSPE What OSPE. On the basis of such defect observe in the conventional practical exam several attempts have been made.
procedure of experiments. For clinical examination: in terms of history taking. of LCD 1. accessories for experiment. 2. For general experiment: in terms of identification of equipment. What do you mean by OSPE . Out of the various method adopted the OSPE was largely tested on the basis on success of OSCE.reliable. handling of instruments etc. 13 Define OSPE term 2 min Definition: OSPE is Teacher LCD an assessment tool in define OSPE which the competency with the help of a student is evaluated. physical examination.
14 Enlist feature OSPE the 2 of min Features of OSPE : 1. Adequate sampling of skills and content to tested. Teacher LCD the Separate explain feature of assessme with nt of OSPE the help of process LCD and product through observati on of performa nce of and assessme nt of and result.simple procedures etc. An analytica l approach What are the feature of OSPE . 2. 3.
4. the time for each stations should not be less than four minutes. Students are rotated through all the station methodology of OSPE with the help of LCD What is the methodology of OSPE . No of station may be reduced according to higher no of student to be evaluated. OSPE exam ideally consist of 15 – 20 stations for exam of a particular course. but in order to maintain the validity of exam. All the station should be completed in the same period of time.objectivity 5.to the assessme nt. 15 Describes the 2 methodology min of OSPE LCD Methodology of Teacher describes the OSPE: During this exam student pass through a number of station. Feedback to teacher and student.
. At some stations called the procedures station students are given task to perform on subjects. Thus 15 stations of four minutes duration each.and move to the next station at the ring of the bell. At all station there are observer with agreed checklist to mark the student performance. At other station called “response station” student write answer of objective type question or record their findings of the pervious procedure station. 15 students can complete the exam with in one hour. Each station is design to test experimental competences.
3. 5. Ask the subject to sit comfortably.16 Explain the 5 min procedure and response station of OSPE Teacher LCD explain the procedure and response station of 1. Keep the bell of stethoscope correctly on capital fosse. Deflates the pressure from the cuff properly. Explain to subject what he is going to do. . 2. Applies the pressure cuff correctly. procedure station : OSPE with Objective: to examine the help of the blood pressure of a LCD subject. Take care to repute to the procedure to Explanation of procedure and response station by example. 4. Check – list : 1. What do you mean by procedure and response station. 6.
. 3. Response station: Questions: 1.insure correct reading of systolic and diastolic pressure. 7. Reset the instrument and closes it down properly. Thanks subject at the end of recording. Write the specific name of the sound that you heard in the stethoscope. 2. 2. Write the name of instruments you have used at the first station. What was the posture of your subject during measure of blood pressure? 4. Which of the arm used preferably for measure of blood pressure. 8.
Calculate and mention the average blood pressure of subjects. 9. What is your conclusion about result you have obtained. What was the systolic and diasystolic pressure of subjects in your experiments? 7. 3.5. 6. The instrument used for blood pressure was aneroid or manometer type. Procedure station: Objective: To observe and identify a prepared slide under microscope. 10. Write down the name of arteries which was occluded during the measurements of blood pressure. subjects is normal or abnormal. . What was the unit of measurement? 8.
Write the name of tissues that you have identified from . Uses oil immersion at high magnification.Check-list: 1. 5. Uses both the course and fine adjustment to focus the object given in the slide. 2. Focus the slide first in low magnification. Places the slides correctly at the stages of microscope. 4. 4. 3. Adjust the binocular eyepiece to his eyes for viewing the objects. response station 1.
2. At the end of exam a separate questionnaire may . Write down the type of cells that you have observed from the section of tissues under microscope. 3. Write the magnification which you have used it see the tissues under the microscope. the slide placed under microscope. Write the mane of oil you have used to observe the tissues under microscope. Write the name of part of microscope on which the slide was placed. 4. 5.
It can also LCD examine both the clinical and experimental skills. 3. 2. Student take more interest due to verity and keep themselves alert during the of Teacher LCD What are the advantages of OSPE .be design for student and teacher both to get the feedback for the assessment of process and to get information for future improvement in OSPE. 4. 17 Explain the 2min advantages of OSPE Advantages OSPE : 1. Checklists are used for marking and evaluation. describes the advantages of with It is useful for OSPE the help of any subject.
18 Explain the 2min disadvantages of OSPE Disadvantages OSPE : describes the 1. 5. 2. 6. briefing to the the help of LCD student. of Teacher LCD What are disadvantages of OSPE .whole process. Separate observer for each station is required. preparation of procedure of response stations are not done properly then the whole process of OSPE may become failed. If proper disadvantages of OSPE with planning. Exam is modified easily as per institutional circumstances. Large no of students can be tested with in the short time.
Define OSPE. 12. Costly method.Points to be done during OSCE.Define OSCE. Advantages of OSCE. 6. the help of chalk board.Methodology of OSCE. 15. Summarization: . 19 Summarize the topic 2min Teacher Chalk board Today I discuss the summarize the topic with following topic: 1. 14. 5.Procedure of OSCE.Procedure and response station of OSPE. Advantages of OSPE.Methodology of OSPE. 11.Disadvantages of OSPE.Features of OSCE.3. 2. 13. 10.Features of OSPE.Tips for OSCE. Disadvantages of OSCE. 8. 9.Introduction of OSCE. 4. 3. 7.
What are the disadvantages of OSCE.com 2.ospe. 5.What are the disadvantages of OSPE. . What are the feature of OSPE.journal nursing image.wikipedia. What is procedure and response station.www.What are the tips for organizing OSCE.www. What are features of asking question. 3. 11. Recaptulize the topic 3 min Teacher 1. 2. Recaptulization: 21 Bibliography: 1.com 4.www.oscehome.www. What are the procedure of OSCE. Define OSPE. 4. 6. What are the advantages of OSPE.oucom 5. OSCE.What do you mean by recaptulize the topic by OSCE. 9. 10. 8.com 3. 7. What are the advantages of OSCE.20.
1 jan-2011 Presented by – Anupreet kaur M.Seminar On OSCE and OSPE Presented to – Miss Tarun madam Presented on.Sc(n) 1st year .
PHASE PAGE .
Explain the tips for organizing the OSCE 9. Describes Things to be done during OSCE 6. Define OSCE 2. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE: At the end of teaching the group will be able to: 1.LCD : 1 hour GENERAL OBJECTIVE: The group will be able to explain about objective structured clinical examination and practical examination. Explain the advantages of OSCE 7.handout. Discuss the feature of OSCE 3.Name Subject Topic Venue Class Teaching method A. Explain the disadvantages of OSPE . Explain procedure and response station of OSPE 13. Explain the disadvantages of OSCE 8. Explain the procedure of OSCE 5. Enlist the feature of OSPE 11.chart.Sc(N) 1st year (class room) :M. Define OSPE 10.leaflet.V.Aids used Duration : Anupreet kaur : Nursing education :Objective structured clinical examination and practical examination : M. Explain the advantages of OSPE 14. Discuss the methodology of OSCE 4.Sc(N) 1st year :Lecture cum discussion :Chalk board. Describes the methodology of OSPE 12.
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