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NO. Comprehensive Water Management Solution Pvt. (CWMS) 820 / 2. (CWMS) M. :. CURRENT/OFFICE ADDRESS: .91 – 20 2565 5545. Pune – 411 004. Ltd. FAX NO.CURRICULUM VITAE 1. www. Ltd.Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . 2. D. Manas Lane Bhandarkar Institute Road.cwms.JYOTI PANSE. :. TEL.in 3. NAME: . Runanubandh.co. India.91 – 20 2567 2994 91 – 20 6500 1518 4.

New Delhi. 5. Water quality. admin@cwms. E-mail :.co. bar chart etc.in cmwspune@gmail.5. Monitoring and regulations. 3.Arch M. INSTITUTION SUBJECT YEAR 2. The along with sanitation systems 2 1999 2006 2008 2008 2009 . New Delhi. Emerging technologies. Pune.E. Method of roof water harvesting. Course on ‘Decentralized Measures in decentralized water water supply and sanitation’ in supply. 4. SHORT COURSES:SR. Pune. Development and Resources Development and Management of groundwater with Management Supported by the special reference to Watershed FORD FOUNDATION. The course was focused on project management. (C. Centre of Science and Rain Water Harvesting – Environment.) Year 1975 – 80 Urban Planning 1980 – 82 7.NO.co. 1. Management. assessment and planning. (Town & Country planning) Major field of Specialisation Architecture Institution Abhinavakala Mahavidyalaya.in.com 6.E.P. Indian Institute of Management Excellence in Services – (IIM).D. surface water harvesting. Ahmedabad. Wastewater and Reuse – Details on Conventional technologies.jyotipanse@cwms. Delft. its purification. Plumbing network. Calculating water potential. timely delivery. quality of work. distribution UNESCO-IHE. College of Engineering. Academic Qualification:Degree G. Advanced Center for Water Planning. Centre of Science and Training Programme on Environment.O.

ARTICLE & PAPER PRESENTATION : The knowledge and insight thus acquired was put to use on the sites. Holland aspects. China along with UNESCO-IHE river basin team. 10. MEMBERSHIPS: 1. 3. Alongside she presented papers at International Conferences on various projects of ‘Water Management’ done by her – 1. 4. World Aqua Congress. – International workshop on Rain water harvesting and Ground water recharge in developing countries – HRD and technology transfer partially sponsored by PGTF of G-77 countries.I. AWARDS AND FELICITATION: Builders Association Award for ‘Rain Water Harvesting Project’ at Bhugaon. Netherlands Short course on River Basin Training on river basin Management (IRBM) at management with its issues on UNESCO-IHE. 9. The core-group member of ‘Women Entrepreneur Wing’ of Mahratta Chamber of Commerce. Murtijapur – Seminar on Rain Water Harvesting – 2010s 11. Industries and Agriculture. Associate Member of Forum for Exchange and Excellence in Design (FEED). Makong basin Loas & Combodia and Yellow reiver. Published articles in various newspapers on water management issues. Brantas Basin in Indonesia.C. SOCIAL PROJECTS : - 3 .A. New Delhi – 2008. 2.C.6. The economic and development Netherlands. In addition exhaustive study on ‘Ganga-river basin management’ with detailed report. Our project on National Media circulation. Maharashtra Knowledge Corporation Ltd. 2. 8. Brasil. 4. The core group member of ‘Environmental Forum’ of M. 5. Siyaram Foundation. 2009 While doing course in ‘Integrated River Basin Management’ actively involved in the study of ‘Sao Francisco. 3.

approached me to work with them. ground water. 2. work under ‘Ministry of Human Resource Development’. without disturbing the 4 . The group called ‘Citizens ’Development Society of India’ who were planning to take active role in Pune’s development.About six months back. environmental engineers. execute and put to use the available water for different usage after studying its quantity and quality.Ltd. 3. civil engineers. where we work on turn-key as well as consultation jobs on ‘water management’. storm water and waste water. 12. Thereafter I started writing on this topic in the news-paper . plan the available water. The entire exercise will be planned and executed in a sustainable way. Government of India. so as to reduce the water dependency from external sources. My report along with others was submitted to Pune Municipal Corporation. It is based on available supply and demand. AIM : 1. without disturbing the ‘natural balance’. Make water available for drinking. sanitation after the detailed water audit.1. A group called ‘Hirvaee’ was instrumental in developing ‘canal-garden’ with public initiative. It is a team of people such as architects. Water management is a practice of planning. After a year I joined a group called ‘save river committee’ (Nadir Bachau Samiti) engaged in development of Mutha River in Pune city. where I live. We developed a plan. that is taking into account the needs of present and future users. convinced the Pune Municipal Corporation and got it sanctioned. distribution and optimum utilization of water resources. The subject given to me was ‘proposed river development in Pune city’. CONCEPT : ‘Integrated water management’ means managing our water resources in a sustainable way. But now the work is in progress. 14. To plan. 2004) 3. The State Resource Centre asked me to write on ‘river pollution’ under ‘adult education scheme’. (CWMS) on 7th May 2008. 5. waste water management experts. We audit the entire water. It got delayed by some political intervention. 4. (Yr 2004) 2. To assess. give plumbing layouts and implement the project. It started with canal development project in my community. Department of Education. development. 13. Worked with Sakal Rehabilitation Program for Flood. WATER MANAGEMENT WORKS : A new company is formed under the name – Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.affected people. I wrote a small book-let for them. geologists. capture and collect the total water available in the land through different sources as rain water. hand wash. water quality experts. (Yr. It is an organization.

This water can be used by direct storing as well as for ground water recharge. planning desilting chamber. 5. 4. ground. 3. – Turnkey project Rain Water Harvesting  Autocomp Corporation Panse Pvt. shallow aquifers. recharge bore well and main bore well location as per the site slope. four major sources are considered . Pune. 7. It can also be used for storing the excess rain water through the ‘recharge borewells’. Also considering the recycling of waste and plant location and its plumbing. In this. the location of recharge bore-wells can be finalized. The entire plumbing layout according to all storages of water – through rain. However we get a huge quantity in a short spell of time. other usage as per the quality. Studying rock type. its desilting. Ltd. such as drinking. Water softening and purification plant its location. storm and waste water. Awarded by ‘BUILDERS ASSSOCIATION OF INDIA’. reuse and recycle. we will never face water shortage. Water is a scarce resource.rain water. water recharge rate of the strata. The experts will be consulted and report will be submitted to you.Turnkey project Rain Water Harvesting 5 . 8. deep aquifers. FEW OF OUR SUCCESSFUL PROJECTS –  Our Award Winning RESIDENTIAL PROJECT AT BHUGAON. storm water and flow study. Ground water is used for various purposes. washing. storm water and waste water . Similarly use of waste water is now inevitable. Considering the roof water. Ltd. ground recharge rate and such other Hydrogeology study. The locations of these bore-wells will be on the basis of ‘hydrogeological mapping’. 15. The survey gives complete picture of rock type. METHODOLOGY : 1. storage and usage. On the basis of experts findings.  Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute. at Chakan . As per these findings. at Moshi. soil type. Rain water is in abundance in India. hand wash. Check with the supply and demand and plan it accordingly & recharge. 2. The experts will be consulted and their report will be submitted and as per the experts recommendation – planning remedial measures on water quality.If we consider all this water together and put to use for different purposes like for drinking. water table. 6. ground water.‘natural balance’.  Panse Autocomp Pvt. sanitation. Quality of all water collected & stored. Planning to channelise storm water. Now the time has come to plan our ‘water’ carefully’. The collection of storm water and its use for secondary usage after treatment is possible. underground storage (UG tank) & overhead storage (OH tank). water-table. collect and use. landscaping as per its available quantity and quality.

Rain water harvesting project for Kumar Builder. Pune Integrated water management for Amcor Rigid Plastics India Pvt. Goa  Rain water harvesting for JCB Manufacturing ltd..Turnkey project Rain Water Harvesting Rain water harvesting at Endurance Technologies Pvt. Goa Rain water harvesting project for Indoco Remedies..              Farm house at Bhugaon. Mumbai  Rain water harvesting and Crystallization Plant for BILT graphics. Pune  Integrated water management for Synefra (Suzlon group)  Integrated water management for Shreyas Builders  Rain water harvesting for Taco group --------------------------------------------------- 6 .. Pune Rain water harvesting for Supriya Garden. Pune Rain water harvesting project for Kamakshi Construction. Pune Rain water harvesting project for FDC Limited. Thane . Goa – Rain water harvesting Rain Water harvesting project of Nyati Environs at Vishrantwadi. Goa Construction of reservoirs for Tata Motors. Pune. Pune FEW PROJECTS UNDER ACTIVE CONSIDERATION –  Rain water harvesting and Crystallization Plant for Deepak Fertilisers & Petrochemicals Corporation Ltd. Taloja.. Pune Rain Water Harvesting & Landscaping project of Deshpande Builders at Bellflower Apartment. Goa  Rain water harvesting and Crystallization Plant for Colgate Palmolive. Pune (Alloy Wheel Divison) Siemens Kalawa. Pune Storm water management for Archivista Engineering (Tetra Pak). Bhigwan  Rain water harvesting and Crystallization Plant for Lupin Pharma.Storm Water Management Siemens . Ltd. Baner. Pune – 3 Nos. Ltd.  Rain water harvesting project for Kumar Properties. . Talegaon.

(CWMS) PRESENTS PRESENTATION ON ‘I N T E G R A T E D W A T E R M A N A G E M E N T’ T FOR BUILDERS BUILDERS’ ASSOCIATION OF INDIA. PUNE INDIA . COMPREHENSIVE WATER MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS PVT.Make Every Drop Count . LTD. . .

Ltd. . .WE NEED WATER FOR - Make Every Drop Count . For Agriculture For Living For Cultural Activity F C lt l A ti it For Industries Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. .

. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . .Make Every Drop Count . Ltd.

Make Every Drop Count . Use Drinking Cooking Handwash Bathing Washing-clothes Washing Utensils Flushing Total Lits/person /day 3 7 10 20 20 20 20 100 O OUR S STD. . STD. STANDARD OF WATER USAGE IN URBAN AREAS U. Ltd. Use Drinking Cooking Handwash Bathing Washing-clothes Washing Utensils Flushing Total Lits/person /day 4 10 13 27 27 27 27 135 Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . .N.

. . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.5 MLD.Make Every Drop Count .000 lits/day = 60.000.00.75.00. As per the population the daily consumption of Pune region is – = 45 00 000 x 135 li /d 45. .000 lits/day = 607 5 MLD 607. Ltd.00. The population of Pune (including Pimpri-Chinchwad) Pimpri Chinchwad) as per 2011 census is around 45.

. .. Ltd. SOME FACTS..Make Every Drop Count . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. .

8% OF THAT IS POTABLE !.MORE THAN 71% IS WATER.. .. WATER IS IMPORTANT Content BUT ONLY 0. Make Every Drop Count .. . 29% IS LAND LAND.. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt Ltd ...

3% 9 % 97% Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. . . .

.Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . .. WATER CANNOT BE MANUFACTURED.

Ltd. . . . . . WE GET POTABLE WATER FROM THE .Make Every Drop Count . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

. Water comes from water cycle Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . .Make Every Drop Count . Ltd.

. O O G C NATURE IN FOLLOWING THE PRINCIPAL O OF RECHARGING REUSING RECYCLING Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd. .Make Every Drop Count . .

Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. REUSE RECYCLE RECHARGE Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . . .

. . THAT IS… ‘INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT…’ TODAY IN ENTIRE WORLD THIS IDEA IS BEING PROMOTED TO OVERCOME THE SHORTAGE OF WATER… Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. .Make Every Drop Count . Ltd.

. . Ltd. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.MAJOR WATER SOURCES ARE THE PRIMARY SOURCE – RAIN GROUND WATER SURFACE WATER WASTE WATER Make Every Drop Count . .

INDIA’S AVERAGE RAINFALL IS 1170 MM. . AGAINST WORLD AVERAGE OF 860 MM. . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. .

325 cms. GOA. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.225 cm. . SOLAPUR – 55 cm. . KOLHAPUR – 105 cm cm. .Make Every Drop Count .60 cm. NAGPUR – 120 cm. RAINFALL PATTERN IN MAHARASHTRA PUNE . MUMBAI . Ltd. NASHIK – 280 cm.

WE RELY ON THEM THE MOST.Make Every Drop Count .GODAVARI GOA . Ltd. . BHATSA LAKE. TANSA LAKE Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. J IF WE SEE OUR MAJOR CITIES GETS WATER FROM RIVERS – PUNE. VIHAR LAKE.MULA/MUTHA KOLHAPUR – PANCHGANGA SOLAPURSOLAPUR HUGLI NAGPUR – WAINGANGA NASHIK. TULSI LAKE. . . SURFACE WATER (RIVERS AND LAKES) LOW LYING SURFACE WATER FORMS RIVERS.MANDAVI MUMBAI – POWAI LAKE.

Ltd. .Make Every Drop Count . GROUND WATER ABOUT 30 % OF SWEET WATER IS BELOW THE GROUND AVAILABILITY OF GROUND WATER DEPENDS ON LOCATION SOIL AND ROCK TYPE PRECIPITATION PATTERN Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . .

Ltd.WASTE WATER Make Every Drop Count . . . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. .

. .TODAY'S PICTURE… Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. .

HOUSING AREAS. Ltd. ROADS ETC UNTREATED WASTE IS LAID IN THE RIVERS AFFECTING THE AQUATIC LIFE IN RIVERS UNTREATED WATER GOES TO DOWNSTREAM CITIES AND TOWNS Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . RAIN WATER IS NOT UNATTENDED SO FLOWS AS RUNOFF BECAUSE OF INCREASING HARD SURFACES CLOGGING OF WATER ON ROADS RESULTING IN FREQUENT FLOODING OF RIVERS FLOODING PROBLEMS IN URBAN AREAS SUCH AS FACTORIES FACTORIES.Make Every Drop Count . . .

It includes – Rain Water Harvesting Watershed Management Micro-irrigation. Ltd. ground. . There should be an integrated policy for appropriate use of river. WE MUST ATTEND Effectiveness in water saving. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. sewage and other water resources.Make Every Drop Count . For achieving these goals integrated ware management is the right approach. rain. . equity in water sharing Eff i i i i i h i and delivery efficiency are essential for the sustainable use of available water resources. . sea.

. . Ltd.. .Make Every Drop Count . RAIN WATER HARVESTING A NEW SUBJECT FOR WE IS NOT INDIANS . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt..

Ltd. FOR AGES PEOPLE FROM RAJASTHAN STORE WATER IN TANKAS Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . . .Make Every Drop Count .

. Ltd.Make Every Drop Count . . . WE SEE THESE PERCOLATION PONDS IN ALL THE TEMPLES… Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

New Delhi Rain Water Harvesting at Millennium Dome.Rain Water Harvesting at Changi Airport. Singapore Rain Water Harvesting at Domed Stadium in Japan Up-Down umbrellas to harvest rain water irrigation and to shade the Papago Buttes Corporate Plaza in Tempe. Arizona. USA Rain Water Harvesting in Presidential Estate. London .

Make Every Drop Count . . . . Ltd. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

.Make Every Drop Count . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd... RAIN RAIN WATER HARVESTING WATER HARVESTING IS SIMPLY RAIN WATER HARVESTING CATCHING WATER WHERE IT FALLS FALLS. . .

.Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. . EVERY ROOF A CATCHMENT Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. .

. . . Ltd.Make Every Drop Count . We get ample quantity of water which otherwise flows unattended We get purest form of water – soft water It is free of cost Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

Make Every Drop Count . . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . Ltd. . DIRECT STORAGE METHOD GROUND WATER RECHARGE DEVELOPING WATER LAGOONS Methods of ‘Rain Water Harvesting’ varies as per available rainfall and the need.

Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. method the roof water will flow from down take pipe through sand filters. 1 : DIRECT STORAGE METHOD In direct storage method. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Though it is costly preposition we can store some part by this method. . . Sand filters to be installed on every down take pipe and then will flow to the storage tank. .

. Other elements Recharge Pits Infiltration Trenches Oil & Grit seperators Desilting Chambers Recharge Bore wells Soakaways Pits Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd. This water can be used for ground water recharge by putting it in auxiliary bore well.Make Every Drop Count . . . 2 : GROUND WATER RECHARGE Storm water can be collected through channel and gutters according to the existing topography.

Make Every Drop Count . Laying HDPE sheets will require murum filling. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd. . 3 : DEVELOPING WATER LAGOONS Water lagoons can be W l b prepared by using HDPE sheets. there will be less water seepage in the ground surface. . Due to HDPE sheets. . Therefore more water will be retained in the water lagoons.

x 0. x Rainfall X 0. .85 = 510 cu. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.m. The roof water potential comes at Roof area = 1000 sq. as we can not collect the entire water but some will be lost in evaporation. masonary or plastic tanks etc. x 0.6 m. . .6 M.85 sq m 0 85 (Note – Annual rainfall – in the area mm. (Roof area) sq.m. sand filters and storage facility. run off coefficient is 0. water. hence considered as just 0.Make Every Drop Count ..85. down take pipes. The types of storage tanks available .m. Rainfall in Pune – 0.000 Lits..10. Ltd.m = 5. evaporation spillage. For example – If we have roof area 1000 sq.85) The element of roof water harvesting is catchments.are RCC tank.

ELEMENTS OF ROOF WATER HARVESTING – CHANNELIZING THROUGH DOWN TAKE PIPE INSTALLATION OF SAND FILTERS TO REMOVE SILT

Make Every Drop Count . . .

DOWN TAKE PIPE WITH SAND FILTER

COLLECTING AND STORING FOR DIRECT USE OR USE IT FOR GROUND WATER RECHARGE Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

Make Every Drop Count . . .

ELEMENTS OF ROOF WATER COLLECTION
DOWN TAKE FILTER PIPE FOR COLLECTION OF ROOF WATER

Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

Make Every Drop Count . . .

Guide to sizing of gutters and downpipes for Rain Water Harvesting systems in Tropical Regions . . . Roof area (Sq.m.) served by one gutter 17 25 34 46 66 128 208 Minimum diameter of downpipe (mm) 40 50 50 63 63 75 90

Gutter width (mm) 60 70 80 90 100 125 150

Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

.OTHER ELEMENTS OF ROOF WATER HARVESTING Make Every Drop Count . S. TANK FOR COLLECTION OF ROOF WATER M. . . Ltd. JALI ROOF WATER GUTTER DESILTING CHAMBER Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF TANKS DOME SHAPED METAL TANKS POLYETHYLENE TANKS SLIMLINE METAL TANKS SINTEX TANKS FERRO-CEMENT TANK RCC TANKS Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd. . .Make Every Drop Count . .

Make Every Drop Count . RAIN & STORM WATER RECHARGE WELL FILTER UNDERDRAINS SYSTEM SELF CLEANING RWH FILTER Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd. . . .

. Ltd. WATER ANALYSIS OF RAIN WATER Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. .Make Every Drop Count . .

6 M.. . Rainfall in Pune – 0. infiltration trenches. . bioswales (grassed channels.6 m. oil & grit separators. (Open space) sq. and dry swales) y For example – If we have open area 10000 sq. Use of bioretention basins. evaporation and seepage. desilting chambers.00. wet swales.5 = 3000 cu.50 (Note – Runoff coefficient is 0.Make Every Drop Count .m x Rainfall x 0.5.000 Lits. Ltd. x 0. away pits.m.m. The storm water potential comes at Open Area = 10000 sq. pits.m = 30. x 0. therefore only h lf of the water can be ff i d h f l half f h b caught) Elements of storm water harvesting – channelisation recharge pits soak channelisation.. because in surface water the losses are runoff. recharge bore wells. . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

Ltd. . ELEMENTS OF STORM WATER COLLECTION DESILTING CHAMBER & RECHARGE BORE WELL Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.Make Every Drop Count . . .

STORM WATER – Channelising through gutters thro gh g tters Desilting chambers to remove silt l Direct usage or use it for ground water recharge We can use this to water our garden or road side bushes and tress Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd. .Make Every Drop Count . . .

BIO FILTER INFILTRATION BED VEGETATED FILTER STRIPS GRASSED SWALES POROUS PAVEMENT Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.STORM WATER MANAGEMENT WITH LANDSCAPE ELEMENTS Make Every Drop Count . . . . Ltd.

Methods to minimize Storm Water volumes Reduce impervious surfaces Detension ponds can be designed to remove contaminants Use of constructed wetland. bioretension on basin and vegetated filter strips . bioswales.

H .6 1 0 7 4 4 RECHARGE BORE WELL GROUND WATER – Constant pumping out the ground water may result in depletion of the yield Excess pumping may result in occurrence of chlorides and fluorides Therefore every bore well needs recharging Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.L . S A N G A M E X P L O R A T IO N C O L O N Y . B 1 1 7 .0 G . . Z O N E W E A T H E R E D S . 1 0 0 . D R A W IN G .Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. .0 3 6 0 0 .2 D E S IG N O F F IL T E R P IT A R O U N D T U B E W E L L F O R IN D IR E C T R E C H A R G E 2 0 0 .0 U N S E A L E D B O T T O M T U B E W E L L N O T E d = D E P T H P R E P A R E D 1 5 0 M M O F d ia . . 6 1 3 0 4 1 . N O .0 C O IR R O P E T IE D S P IR A L L Y P E R F O R A T IO N S C O A R S E S A N D B R IC K L IN IN G 2 0 0 M M T H IC K P E B B L E S S A N D / S T O N E 1 0 0 M M D U S T TUBE WELL RECAHRGING B O U L D E R S R C C 3 0 0 m m x 2 0 0 m m 3 0 0 0 . N E A R B Y : K IL A E N T E R P R IS E S M A ID A N IN D O R E P .S .

. . . WHY GROUND WATER IS IMPORTANT ? Ground water is the safest source of clean water Ground Water is available at point of use Ground Water plays a vital role in hydrological cycle as well as in the ecological cycle Extremely important for the areas where precipitation is limited (regions of lesser rainfall) Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.Make Every Drop Count . Ltd.

.WATER PURIFICATION W t Purification Systems Water P ifi ti S t • Filtering • Boiling • Carbon Filters • Distilling • Reverse Osmosis • ION Exchange Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

. . . secondary and tertiary treatment as per the requirement Location as per the natural colours Cost effective design We can use this water for landscaping and reflushing Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd.Make Every Drop Count . SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT – Primary.

Ltd. . . .Make Every Drop Count . CONVENTIONAL ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

Clarified water tank 8. Sand Filter 11. Chlorine dosing system 9. Bar screen & oil trap 2. . 8 3 1 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 22@ 12 2 13 Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Filter feed pump 10.1. Aeration tank 6. . Air Blower 5. Equalization tank 3. Ltd. Activated Carbon Filter 11 12. . Settling tank 7.Sludge Drying Bed (not required if sludge dewatering system installed ) 13. Sewage Lifting pump 4. Treated Water Storage tank Make Every Drop Count .

CONVENTIONAL STP/ETP AEROBIC METHOD REED BED REED-BED SYSTEM OZONATION CRYSTALLIZATION BIO DISK BIO-DISK FILTER Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd. .TYPES OF TREATMENTS ON WASTE WATER Make Every Drop Count . . .

Ltd. . . .Make Every Drop Count . INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT FOR AUTO INDUSTRY Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

Ltd. . AIM WAS TO ACHIEVE ‘SELF SUFFICIENCY’ IN WATER No tap water source Water demand was 33.000 lits/day Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. .Make Every Drop Count . .

/DAY (33.000 lits. WATER DEMAND TOTAL MANPOWER OF FACTORY : 500 NOS./day (2.m/day 2.0 cu. Ltd.m/day) HENCE THE TOTAL WATER NEED WAS 33./day (1.000 lits.000lits.000 lits.m/day) 10.0 cu.0 cu.m/day) 5. REQUIREMENT AS PER NORMS: Drinking 500 x 2 lits Hand wash 500 x 10 lits Sanitation 500 x 30 lits.000 LITS. ./day (5.m = 1.0 cu. ./day (10./day (15.000 lits Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.0 cu.m/day) NOTE: 1 cu.Make Every Drop Count . .m/day) 15.000 lits.0 cu. Water for processing Water for landscaping = = = = = 1.

..Make Every Drop Count .. HOW TO ARRANGE THIS WITHOUT ANY TAP WATER SOURCE. . . Ltd. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

Make Every Drop Count . . . PLOT AREA : 12,000.00 SQ.M. SLOPE FROM : SOUTH TO NORTH WITH A DIFF. OF 3.0 M NO TAP WATER SOURCE.

Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

BUILT UP AREA DETAILS BUILT UP AREA OF MAIN FACTORY UTILITY BUILDING TOTAL BUILT UP AREA

Make Every Drop Count . . .

: 4,800.00 SQ.M : 200.00 SQ.M : 5,000.00 SQ.M

Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

Make Every Drop Count . . .

WATER POTENTIAL OF SITE ROOF WATER (4,800 X 0.6 X 0.85 = 2,448 cu.m) STORM WATER (7,200 X 0.60 X 0.50 = 2,160 cu.m) GROUND WATER WASTE WATER ( (500 X 40 X 0.80 = 16.0 cu.m) ) : 2,400.0 cu.m/day

: 2,100.0 cu.m/day

: 15 .0 cu.m/day : 16.0 cu.m/day

AGAINST THE DEMAND OF 33,000 lits/day i.e. 33 cu.m/day
NOTE: 1 cu.m = 1000 lts.

Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

CONCEPTUAL WATER USAGE PLAN ROOF WATER STORM AND GROUND WATER HAND WASH SANITATION PROCESSING WASTE WATER DRINKING WATER LANDSCAPE Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . . Ltd.Make Every Drop Count . .

SAND FILTER .O. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . .100 cu.m/day Make Every Drop Count . ROOF WATER .ROOF WATER FOR DRINKING – 2.000 lits. DRINKING WATER POINTS & OVERFLOW TO DRY BORE WELL while drinking water requirement is 3. Ltd.00. .UG TANK .R O FILTER R.DOWN TAKE PIPE .

. . Ltd. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.RAIN WATER TESTING REPORT Make Every Drop Count . .

6 x 0. .TANK .5 = 2.TOILETS & PROCESSING Because of recharging treatment the borewells started giving more yield every year Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. 7200 x 0. Ltd.SOFTENING PLANT .m S C S O O SURFACE WATER – C CHANNEL – G GUTTERS .RAW WATER FROM BORE WELL U. .G. .100 cu.Make 2.m/day STORM WATER FOR GROUND WATER RECHARGE –Every Drop Count .160 cu.

Make Every Drop Count . IT WAS FOUND THAT DUE TO CONTINUOUS RECHARGING THE GROUND WATER YIELD HAS INCREASED SUBSTANTIALLY SECTION OF RECHARGE BOREWELL Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd. . . .

. .GROUND WATER TESTING REPORT Make Every Drop Count . . Ltd. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

COLLECTION TANK . . . Ltd. WASTE WATER RECYCLING WASTE WATER .WATER FOR LANDSCAPING Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.Make Every Drop Count . .STP PLANT .

Make Every Drop Count . . DISTRIBUTION NETWORK Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . Ltd. .

WATER USAGE TABLE USUAGE 1 DRINKING WATER HAND WASH SANITATION AND PROCESSING SOURCE ROOF WATER DEMAND 1 cu.m/day 20.m/day POTENTIAL 2400 cu.0 cu.0 cu.000 lits. Ltd. .Make Every Drop Count .m 3 WASTE WATER 16. 2.m/day 2100 cu. .m BALANCE FOR RECHARGING FOR RECHARGING 2 STORM WATER & GROUND WATER STP PLANT 20.m/day REUSED FOR LANDSCAPING SC G NOTE: 1 cu. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.0 cu.m/day. .m = 1.0 cu.

. . EMPHASIS ON METICULOUS EXECUTION. ROADS SLOPED ON ONE SIDE WITH CAMBER.Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . PUSH COCKS IN TOILET. ALLOCATION OF SERVICES AS PER NATURAL GROUND SLOPE. ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS FOR MAXIMUM COLLECTION OF WATER NORTH LIGHT ROOF TRUSS WITH GUTTER SLOPE ON BOTH SIDES .

000/. . 312. 500/tanker and 2 tankers/day / / y Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. .Make Every Drop Count . Ltd. 312 x 1.000/yr.= Rs. . WATER COST WITHOUT ANY WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN WOULD HAVE BEEN Rs.000/312= actual working days Rs. 312.

AS AGAINST Actual project cost was Rs. .000/p j so the payback time p y was little more than two years Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. 675. Ltd. .Make Every Drop Count . .

Make Every Drop Count . . purification and plumbing net-working plan. . Every year the water yield is increasing as ground water table is also improved substantially because of the treatments. RESULTS The entire plan of ‘Integrated Water Management’ was achieved by – detail augmentation plan. No external source of water is needed. . Ltd. Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. collection.

admin@cwms. LTD. .in Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.in COMPREHENSIVE WATER MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS PVT. Ltd.cwms.co. www.co.

. plan and implement water management solutions by integrating various water resources by appropriate technology and at optimal cost cost. Ltd. To design. To understand the water availability and usage in comprehensive manner for any given situation situation.Make Every Drop Count . audit water and give cost effective solution. . . Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. OUR AIM To provide sustainable integrated water management solutions at optimal cost to ensure water availability.

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CIVIL ENGINEERS /ARCHITECTS/LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS CHEMICAL ENGINEERS ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS ASSOCIATES – GEOLOGISTS WATER QUALITY EXPERTS STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS PLUMBING CONSULTANTS ELECTRICAL CONSULTANTS

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Calculate and measure existing water sources – Water audit Assess the demand Arrive at appropriate and cost effective solutions Execution Evaluation Monitoring and after sales service

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FEW OF OUR SUCCESSFUL PROJECTS – • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

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Our Award Winning RESIDENTIAL PROJECT AT BHUGAON, Awarded by ‘BUILDERS ASSSOCIATION OF INDIA’. Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute, Pune. Institute Pune Panse Autocomp Pvt. Ltd.at Moshi. – Turnkey project RWH Autocomp Corporation Panse Pvt. Ltd. at Chakan. Turnkey project RWH Rain water harvesting at Endurance Technologies Pvt. Ltd. (Alloy Wheel Divison) Siemens Kalawa, Thane - Storm water management Kalawa Siemens , Goa – Rain water harvesting Rain Water Harvesting project of Nyati Environs at Vishrantwadi, Pune Rain water harvesting project for Kumar Builder, Pune Rain water harvesting for Supriya Garden Pune Garden, Storm water management for Archivista Engineering (Tetra Pak), Pune Rain water harvesting project for FDC Limited, Goa Rain water harvesting project for Indoco Remedies, Goa Integrated water management for Amcor Rigid Plastics Alandi Pune Plastics, Alandi,

FEW PROJECTS UNDER ACTIVE CONSIDERATION – • Rain water harvesting and Crstallization plant for Deepak Fertilisers & Petrochemicals Coproration Ltd Mumbai Ltd., • Rain water harvesting and Crystallization Plant for Lupin Pharma, Goa • Integrated water management for Synefra (Suzlon Group)

Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

everyone Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt. . Our mission is to promote sustainable WATER MANAGEMENT as per the supply and demand without disturbing the natural balance and make it available for everyone. Ltd.Make Every Drop Count . . .

. Ltd.MAKE EVERY DROP COUNT… Comprehensive Water Management Solutions Pvt.

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have easy access to most of the comforts including drinking water. The dam will be called ‘damn’ thing after few years. Our government spends billions to construct dams. in 1986. Kumar Elixir. we read news about water. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are fighting for years for Cauvery water. boost agricultural produce. Today we don’t have either. But. Plantation is carried out after the soil has eroded and washed into backwaters. Dams and canals are constructed with misplaced priority and order.About the author: Prof. Interior Designer. There may be more wars for water in future. . After graduating in 1964. Pune 41104520-27292628 M – 9822089993email – umuchip@yahoo. This would have also been a constant source of revenue to local and national govt. He has presented his work at International Conferences at many places in many countries as well as in India.N. be it Tsunami or flood or drought. Pune. To achieve this we needed political willpower and nationalistic view. Andhra and Karnataka farmers attacked dams in Maharashtra for water. Architect. who are more organized and privileged due to their economic power. create employment for millions. The urban people. and provide easy transport to millions. it would have saved people from future floods. The construction of Ganga Cauvery canal. Andhra and Tamil Nadu have feud over Almatti Dam. for last 60 years. he spent many years in Kolkata and Middle East. Otherwise we have big problem on hand. Uday Chipalkatty teaches design at B. Last year. Had this project been completed. Let’s see how the water has been handled so far and at what cost. Pumping of ground water has resulted in this problem. He has developed a simple method called ‘JALODAY’ to create artificial aquifers. this may not be the case after few years. Mostly rural or backward areas are affected by these problems. For last 9 years he has been working on rain water harvesting. C-38.Baner Road. before settling down in Pune. College of Arch. The statesmen and wise men must rise.com ARTIFICIAL AQUIFERS by JALODAY METHOD No top to bottom but bottom to top A National Program for Rain Water Harvesting Almost every day. This project was seriously under consideration.

Generally.00. land required is huge and expensive. In short. but. This will also lead to recurring expenses on maintenance. the investment needed is Rs. but does not percolate deep in ground. A family of four members need (500 liters/day x 60 days) = 30. to show. is very expensive and costly.to 240. The cost per liter of storage is high. This is possible by a new method called……………………………. Construction of underground water tanks. then it will be a structural liability! Soak pits.000/-. The main concern in this article is. that too in a cheapest possible manner. If the tank is over head. The rulers of past era are no more there to construct such wells for their subjects. are not practical due to cost and hygiene issues. grounds. This is a popular concept. Percolated water runs horizontally and merges with streams and runs away. not practical in urban reference for many reasons. A 5 mtr. And the transportation is costly. A constructed well (bavdi). 000/. Construction of open wells. also.000/. possibly the lake will dry in summer. This percentage is likely to vary from city to city. This is other option. of the size of 15mX15mX20 m depth is not possible for obvious reasons. This will give water only until water table is higher than 15 meters. The cost of tank is in the range of Rs. To store this water. up to 80% of river water flows in to the sea. The rate is very slow and water does not percolate beyond first 4 to 5 meters of depth. No average family can afford this. a new way to harvest rainwater in urban areas without disturbing urban-rural balance and. needed for the buildings of various usages. Well for community. is approximately 55% to 60% of the city area or town.or more.8 per liter storage. as per porosity of soil. these well will have a dry summer. Deep well for individual use. As water spreads horizontally into the ground. parks etc. A New Way. We can store this water that falls on urban land which holds the buildings. The rest is occupied by roads. 3. harvest 55% of urban rain fall. In most of the cases. Also. services. in urban areas. We can save this water without depriving any farmer.X 15 mtr deep well will cost Rs.000 liters of water during summer. Any rain fall in urban areas adds to rivers and benefit rural areas. Such soak pits allows water to disappear.5 to Rs.150. To collect and store rain water. the land. Water seeps thro’ the top layers of earth.Construction of lakes. JALODAY YOJANA No top to bottom but bottom to top . But this has limited success. As per the study and available statistics. cleaning and protection of tank and water.

rivers and flow away to sea. to a depth of 100 meters. Also. Any residential / commercial / public development project can participate in this national program. Rainfall on one area may benefit other area. To a great extent. most of the water runs away to rivers and the sea. and. For most of the towns and cities. . And limit the involvement and dependence on state or local governing bodies. Any human settlement always starts on the banks of the river or the lakes. we can solve our problems of drinking water. in a short time. we think it is going down and down. When the rain water falls on the ground and disappears. It is easy to travel horizontally than vertically. The bore well may be dug on every 300 to 500 square meters area of land.The natural process of water seepage is very slow and depends on soil / murrum / rock strata. The idea is ‘EACH ONE CELL. rivulets. air and movement of creatures. the water percolated through ground joins running streams at a lower level and merge with nullas. collectively. All this led the author to think about individual participation. ONE BORE WELL. In urban areas we build thousands of residential / commercial buildings (units) for millions of people by spending billions of rupees. The vertical travel of water under the soil takes years to reach depth of 30 meters and bellow. the land gradient is in the range of 5 to 50 meters. due to compaction. The underground water veins also keep changing due to water. Whereas. The percolation depends on the soil strata where porosity of rocks and murrum play a big role. Upper layers are softer. it is only trying to find slope and run away. In the mean time. lower layers are harder. as per vicinity to river or lake as well as rain fall. There has to be a method to send the water deeper in earth. Each one cell has to bear the cost of one bore well.

even during heavy showers. Practical implementation All the bores of one project may be linked by a grid of plumbing pipes for charging and discharging water. If everyone contributes to this project. shall be benefited by the water. then everyone will benefit.X100meter 3000 liters. (on 300sq. the dry summer follows. As the soil water dries up by end of winter. during winter with underground flow of water. of rainy days No.meters land) = 1767 Liters. everyone shall bore the well or bear the cost of the bore well. the filling of bore well is-… No top to bottom but bottom to top It will also keep spreading horizontally and thus enrich all water zones. As this is a national program. until it can. The size and depth of the bore well. Once this contribution is made mandatory. the river too dries up and. then. If the water is stored below the river or lake bed level. . These underground water bulbs will merge with one another in later years and the whole city-town will float on water. of heavy shower in a season Volume of heavy shower Heavy Rainfall in one hour 900mm 120 days 35 to 60 days 5 to 7 days 10mm to 15mm 10mm Total water accumulated During heavy rains in one hour Bore well calculations 150mm. Each piece of land so punctured. Each aquifer can store water up to 500. The rain water sent through such bore well will first reach the bottom of the well and then slowly reach the top as the rainy season progresses. Later. EVEN WITH 50% RAIN FALL HARVESTING IS 100% Average rain fall calculations Rain fall in India Duration of rainy season No. because water flows speedily over the ground. This is exactly opposite of natural process. Thus. The grid.000 liters per year. river flow full banks. This will include many porous / non-porous strata of different heights. The 100 meters deep bore well will pass through many strata of soil during its vertical travel. 530 Liters. The flooding of river is seen during rainy season. shall be connected to filter tanks made for collecting rainwater. Because the land is extremely compact due to thousands of buildings. so developed.All the rain fall in urban area flows into the river. Add 30% Swing Of Drill Bit = Volume Of Bore Well =2297 Liters. the government should form suitable law. shall store every drop of rain. What it takes years is done in seconds. it will stay there for good. Filter tanks are essential to harvest clean rain water. then. as shown in the table above.

depleting water tables is due to non charging of water sources compared to usage. the contours. (government resolution) . chamber may be replaced by perforated metal cone. s soil. The main reason for s. The modern machines draw water from soil and dry the earth. And in few years. Today it varies from 40 to 200 meters. As per site conditions. Each housing society. the land strata.The rainwater collected from vertical pipes. the water table will rise to earlier levels. apartment block. roadside gutters shall be channeled to bore wells after proper physical filtration. The non-charging water table in 1950 was 3 to 8 meters. roadside individual building of residential / commercial / public usage should be asked by the local authorities to dig bore wells. the heights and the availability of rainfall. The number of bores / depth may be decided by experts after studying the size of the plot. The water so collected. The state / national government can do this with a single stroke of G.R. will enrich the soil to the depth of 100 meters. unwanted growth of vegetation and underground creatures. This results in arid land. It also helps to use perforated casing pipes.

The builders who guarantee water may even sell their products faster. The selling price of these units is approximately Rs.500. This proposal is far better and acceptable. enough work and the rates shall be brought down by the market forces.000/-.150. results in construction of minimum 350 sq.UNDP can play vital role in this matter. 00. .000/.Add Rs. the entire urban area shall be floating on water in a short time. The above 6 or 4 units shall share the cost of one bore well. 5000/. If the bore is dug during any time of the year. This project was sponsored by Rotary Club of Pune Shivajinagar. People may stop cheating themselves after realizing the advantages.to 240. The authorities may control the usage of water. meters to 450 sq. The entire money is spent by the user and/or recovered from the user.per running meter.as opposed to the investment of Rs. They have even started summer activities as plenty of water is made available as a result of JALODAY YOJANA. revenue to Governments. Drawing water from bore wells may not be allowed until reasonable water table is reached. 19000/-.000 or even more for a residential cell and similar amount for a commercial cell. The government need not spend any money for this project.15. 000 to 5.000/. There is still more! 300 sq. Generally. even the villagers come to school to fetch water. The average cost thus comes to about Rs. meters as per local bylaws. and guarantee water. the builders will find it attractive to invest.000/. Presently cost of 6” dia bore is Rs. the industry shall have uniform work.to 50. If each one is made to spend the cost of one bore well (approx. This school at Nirvi on Nagar road faced severe water problem which resulted in lack of students’ attendance. meters of land. 24. 2 BHK units.25 % of the unit cost. The right time for digging bore can be any time of the year and at any locations on the plot.5000).000. Today not only students love to come to school. This will also create employment to thousands. Rs. 00. We know that in urban areas.500/-This is just about 0. people spend Rs. 1 BHK units or 4nos. This brings pressure on the industry and results in high rates. Cost and economics The cost factor is of great importance.000/.which was limited to drinking water for a family of four and limited to summer.to 4.for the filtration chamber and casing pipe. Maximum cost per unit shall be Rs. They should ask the governments to constitute suitable law. The results being guaranteed. it is done during the months of April and May. 3. In urban areas this FSI is suitable for 6 nos.000/. So the cost of 6” x 100 mts shall be Rs.190/.

Hinjewadi Nirvi. Pune Pune SataraSatara-1 ShirvalShirval-1 ShirvalShirval-2 - 100% 100% 100% 100% 90% 100% Results still expected Collective wisdom must prevail. none of us will ever face the problem of water shortage. We must implement the bore well project through ‘Jaloday Method’. Once we learn to recycle and reuse the same water for many times. In addition to Rain Water Harvesting we must also learn to reuse waste water. The author has created artificial aquifers at 40 places in different parts of India. This water is as clean as any river water. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- . which is available in India. The available results are shown in the following chart. to a great extent. With SBR technology. I strongly believe my suggestions can solve the drinking water problem of the future.1 HyderabadHyderabad. The wise men in the government and politics must come together and support this concept. Due to mental block we are not able to consume this water. we can get back 95% of water for reuse. RESULTS: RESULTS: Work completed at Site Bhugaon Results of Artificial Aquifer in the year 2002 30% 2003 50% 70% 50% 2004 50% 80% 60% 2005 70% 80% 70% 60% 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Not known 90% 80% 70% 90% 90% 90% 90% 90% 100% 90% 90% 90% 90% 90% 100% 90% 90% 90% 90% 90% 95% 90% 90% 90% 90% 90% 95% HyderabadHyderabad. by the people and for the people. We have plenty of water and let us not be ashamed of using it lavishly.2 50% Mumbai Yelhanka Bangaluru Chakan Mann. Time will force us to clean this water further and use it.This is a project of the people.

Griha. having graduated from University of Pune. . Kanchan further wants to develop expertise in energy efficient technologies for Building design and Construction. energy simulation and environmental performance of designs in architecture. Eco Housing etc.Ar Kanchan Sidhaye (IGBC AP. Green Townships. She has pursued her post graduation in the area of environmental design and is a top ranked M. Kanchan strongly believes and envisages the integration of architecture with environment.Teri Griha Trainer) Environmental Project Architect at VK:e environmental Kanchan has 3 years professional experience in core Architecture. Green Factories. IGBC Green Homes.Arch in Environmental Architecture from the University of Pune. She is currently working on Facilitation of Green Building rating systems such as LEED. energy and ecology. Energy efficient Building design and its performance analysis are her key areas of interest. With this zeal she is working as an Environmental Project Architect with the VK:e environmental team.

It is observed that appreciable water savings can be achieved with simple planning interventions.. exploring development of surface. Kanchan Sarbhukan – Sidhaye (VK:e environmental) Email – ksidhaye@vke-environmental. but part of a larger natural system.Rain Water Harvesting – What for ??? . Rain water harvesting is linked with the human environment in a dual manner – firstly with integrated planning..legal requirements. rain water has always been looked as the necessity of the rural / forest requirement rather than the requirement of urban settlements as well. township and city level. Capturing of this rainwater for the benefit of the urban population resulting in the conservation of precious natural resource is utmost important. ground and storm water as an integrated resource. the issues involved. Water use in India has been prioritized with Drinking water as the top priority and environmental flows as the last priority. is continually escalating with development. necessity for water conservation . This absence of integration of water resources and reliance or dependability only on one type of water source. development and management of surface.whatever reasons... The possibilities of these integrations can be worked on at different scales – site.. ground and run-off water and secondly. . Urban water resource development is predominantly dependent on surface water resource in Pune.M. storm water.. the possible integrations as an effort to create more awareness and consciousness amongst us all.. . recharging.. the integration of anthropogenic and ecological interfaces of the water environment. The anthropogenic factors include regulating water demand. and you gotta do it the right way!!! The write up highlights the purpose of Rain water harvesting. bottom line you gotta do it... fear of future water costs. has caused over exploitation of the available resource and encroached upon the so called low priority water requirements like environmental flows (natural drainage systems).Sarbhukan (Former Director GSDA) The urban demand for Water – “a life sustaining resource”. biodiversity and natural water drainage. It is worth noting that water is not only a human need. water reuse. economics of water and energy. The ecological aspects include soil.. Sustainability of water resource. Even though urban settlements require the highest quantities of the water per unit space. and reuse of treated waste water have not been developed as mainstream water resources. society.com Rohit Bhagwat (VK:e environmental) M. Additional resources including ground water. The ultimate source of the water – ‘the rain’ has not fully been appreciated in urban scenario.

the intensity of rainfall and the finish/type of the catchment. the rain water harvesting potential is calculated. the primary filtration system is designed. enables to size on the the conveyance Depending properties of the catchment areas and the expected water quality.Either the harvested water is stored for use or it is used for recharging ground water.RWH meaning Rain water harvesting is one of the age old techniques to collect water during the monsoons and store it for use during non-monsoon periods or as required. The details of How to harvest. Design considerations: Based on the size of the catchment. Traditionally the kunds of the Thar Desert. how much to harvest and where to harvest need to be worked out keeping in mind the water balance of the projects. Kul irrigation of the TransHimalayan region. In order to actually undertake rain water harvesting. where additional filters like oil and grease traps. the filtration required is different from when the catchment is a parking lot over the podium. Photo 1: Water from roof top down-takes led to recharge bores . the bamboo drip irrigation of the Northeastern region. run-off calculations and so on. the geological conditions. This RWH Potential system. In urban agglomerations successful RWH has become a challenge. the stepped wells etc are fine examples of rain water harvesting structures designed conducive to the respective local environments. grit filters etc may be additionally required. there are 2 options . For example when catchment is a roof top. Rain water harvesting has to be based on simple but technical methods. RWH involves simple steps: 1) Collection from a dedicated catchment 2) Conveyance of the rain water run-off from catchment to filter 3) Primary Filtration (can be online or off line) 4) Conveyance of the rain water run-off from filter to RWH Tank 5) The RWH Tank can be sized to either store water for per-decided usage or to convey the same to recharge structures to bring about artificial recharge.

The challenge in open RWH systems are evaporation losses that need to be reflected back in designs. Large podium areas have added to increased run-offs Issues involved in Collection of rain water: 1) Mixing of roof-top water and podium or ground level run-off 2) Pre-planning of services so that rather than a problem solving approach.com So in-spite of being an age-old and simple water conservation measure of – “catch water where it falls”. Generally RWH is done as an afterthought. depending on specific requirements. .Further. bores etc based on the aquifer conditions and hydro-geological conditions. The designs do not always consider the site as a live unit having natural systems within it. Incorporating RWH in the design documents from initial stages. trenches. the gathered rain water can either be stored in water tanks for use or can be led to artificial recharge structures. as water streams etc thereby not only enabling RWH but also enhancing bio-diversity of the site. These recharge structures can be designed in form of pits.smithgroup. Image Ref: http://www. The RWH system can be designed creatively as a landscaping feature using bio-retentions techniques for filtration. The stored water may be used up during the monsoons itself. In the first place the insensitivity about more and more hard areas amongst architects and planners. 2. in which case it can be a common water tank or could be used in the dry periods or water scarcity periods. what issues does RWH faces at individual site level? Design level Issues: 1.

Issues involved in Storage of harvested rainwater: 1. It is definite that the ground water or natural water systems will not follow the political sub-divisions. Thus each planning unit can have their own Rain water bank. Other low cost measures like storage – open ponds. while the zones which are geologically conducive to ground water recharging can also be identified. most of the harvested water shall overflow from the recharge structures. If the rain water from different catchment areas is mixed. etc that can be integrated as landscaped features etc need conscious land-planning. but also at a City or Ward level – based on the Water Banking concepts – planned as a mini-watershed. 2. but it seems to be the best chance to undertake mass level RWH in a coordinated manner – including all stake holders – water users . The sizing and recharging capacity of the aquifer can be challenging and needs meticulous technical information. Beyond the Site – Rain water Harvesting Concepts: Rain water harvesting can not only be undertaken at individual site level.shall ensure the implementation appropriately on site. This can be done by superimposing the political sub-divisions over the hydrological data such as basin map or ground water map of the city. If the structures are not sized appropriately. thereby defeating the purpose. The storage tank capacity works out to be too high and hence uneconomical to be constructed in RCC. Further the stored water may get exhausted in a few months depending on frequency and intensity of usage. This may occur as in the monsoons the sub-surface and aquifer may already be saturated. Based on this further smaller planning modules for rain water harvesting can be strategized. beyond which the RWH Tank is rendered useless. from which the water users can withdraw as required. This discourages the storage option for Rain water harvesting. the filtration system would land up either being under-designed or over-designed. Issues involved in Recharge of harvested rainwater: 1. Within a ward common spaces such as garden or space allotted for infrastructure could incorporate the common storage tanks for harvested rainwater of that particular planning module. Issues involved in Filtration of harvested rainwater: The filtration system needs to correspond to the catchment type and conveyance (open or closed). Non-availability of such hydro-geological information can hinder the design development of artificial recharge structures.

NGO’s and so on. GSDA. Pune City – Prority wise Stormwater base map Source: PMC website . local authorities – PMC.group. Irrigation department.

vermi-composting. These organizations . LEED. The action of buying house not only involves accountability but also contributes to the environment in small or big ways . faucets. Govt. On these lines. who does not buy a house which does not have any of these. Policies should also include regulations on limiting the hard areas within site and have vegetated open spaces. Water demands can be reduced by using low flow taps. Pollution Control Boards. To conclude. solar water heating. GRIHA etc. Mandatory or Voluntary compliances: With gradually increasing awareness on green buildings and environment.per 100 sqm of built space shall be levied from the owner.whether public or private should incorporate more stringent inspections and compliance requirements to ensure working conditions of the proposed green measures such as rain water harvesting. For example – if the site is not apt for recharging. . the development projects get clearances and green ratings from MoEF. IGBC GH. Similarly. a notification has been issued by the Urban development section. This can be a step towards ensuring that correct RWH approach is included in mainstream during sanctioning. then the project has to consider storage or vice versa. more specific calculations and RWH design based on the Geo-Hydrological settings of the site should be included in the sanction plan. energy efficient lighting etc. it must be not be forgotten that we need to reduce our potable water demands so as to make RWH more effective. of Maharashtra on the 23rd of March 2011.example if one buys a house with maintained green amenities such as rain water harvesting. Awareness: As citizens we need to ask the developer about such environmentally conscious measures that the project has undertaken… should get involved in maintaining and ensuring that these systems are operational once the societies are handed over.Policy level Interventions: Just like any new development is based on Land-use zoning – the project follows the proposed land use and seeks building permissions from the local authorities. shall be contributing to the environment in a good way as against someone. rather than standard approach. renewable energy. specifying that in event of non-maintenance of the Rain water harvesting structures/system a fine of ` 1000/.

thereby not only fulfilling human needs. reuse of treated waste water.dual flushing. but also ensuring environmental flows in our major natural drainages or rivers… giving water to the natural systems. RWH can work in a brilliant way if implemented in its true sense. With Integrated water management. reducing distribution losses. . water metering and so on.

Indian Plumbing Association • Life Member. KPIT Software. Pune . Hinjewadi. We have been a part of the Designer team ( PHE & FP ) for the Platinum certified LEED project Yamuna. The Company has Projects going on PAN India. IBM. Corporate office for the KBL. Radisson Group. Oakwood as well as with Multinational companies like John Deere. Syntel Software. Pune Chapter Mr. He brings with him. Institute of Engineers.ft. Cognizant and Tech Mahindra. After this he also has worked with a Services Consultancy company in Pune & then started his own company M/s Ace Consultant in Dec 2002 Ace Consultants has been in the field of Engineering Consultancy for PHE & FP for the better part of the decade and has worked with several International Hotel Chains like Marriott. rich experience which he gathered while working with some of the Prestigious companies like Tata Electric Company.000 sq. Barclays Bank. UPCI.T Parks: 28. NFPA (American) and FM Global.Nilesh Gandhi is also associated with many Institutions as below 1) Life Member of Indian Plumbing Association 2) Life Member of Institute of Fire Engineers 3) Life Member of Institute of Engineers PROJECT EXPERIENCE I. Mr. Pune in 1995. Institute of Fire Engineers • Member of Juries Panel for Builders Association of India. thus providing Customized services to all its Clients. Pune University • Life Member.E Civil. The company adheres to all the Codes (both National and International) such as NBC.50.000 sq.00. Pune Chapter • Member. Nilesh Gandhi is a Civil Engineer from MIT. Software Park “EON”.ft Tech Mahindra Campus at MIDC. at MIDC Kharadi for M/s Panchshil ( SEZ project with MOEF approval) 5. Shapoorji Pallonji & Co Ltd.NILESH A GANDHI Proprietor M/s Ace Consultants PHE & FP Services Consultants • B.

3. COB IT Software Park for M/s Deepak Nitrate Group 1.50. for M/s Wadhawa Developers.000 sq. Ltd.ft.ft. Pune 'Pratham' a 250 Bungalow project at Wakad.00.00.Project. ‘Dwarka’ Township at Chakan for M/s Naik Navare Associates 50.000 sq.80. 5.00.000 sq.ft ‘Eagles Nest’ Townships at Wadgaon Maval for Naiknavare Associates Hotels & Hospital: Court Yard Marriott a 156 rooms 3 . for M/s Cognizant Technologies 1.ft. 2.ft.25.Star Hotel at Hinjewadi.00.25.000 sq.00.T.ft. 3 about 80 acres of township development ‘UK Valley.000 sq.000 sq. Marriott International at ICC Pune. Hinjewadi 4.50.ft.000 sq. for UGS Software at Hinjewadi for M/s Panchshil 1.ft.Star Hotel 110 rooms. Hinjewadi 1. for M/s Panchshil 2.Techpark-1 M/s IBM.000 sq.ft. shopping malls.ft. club house etc. for M/s Vascon Eng.ft. Ram Manohar Lohiya Hospital @ Delhi Commercial Complexes & Malls: Nucleus Commercial complex in Camp Pune.00. Swiss County project at Wakad 7. Pune 2.ft Cross Over County project. multiplex.50.000 sq.ft.000 sq.000 sq.T. 5. Talewade MIDC.000 sq.00. Premier Township for Shapoorji Pallonji at Manjari Pune Park Street Phase-1. Green County project at Narhe.000 sq. Pvt. I. (This project has received the Best commercial complex for 2006 ) . EON Hinjewadi I.000 sq. Park for Sathe Thirth JV at Baner Mass Housing Projects: 78.70.ft.00. 4 star 100 room’s service apartment Hotel at Pune.000 sq. Campus for KPIT-Cummins ph-1. 430 rooms 5 .000 sq. Dr.15.ft for KPIT Cummins ph-2. Lonavala’ about 50 acre premium township development inclusive of villas.ft.18. 4 Star Hotel @ Pune for Raddison Group Seasons-III. 289 Beds. 34 acres Infra-structure planning for Kirti Developer’s at Balewadi Stadium for 70 bungalow plots 'Alstom Project' Colony for French Engineers at Uttranchal state 9. Pune 5. for Kanbay Software.

00.ft. Hostel building for I2IT @ Hinjewadi. (The first Platinum rated LEED certified project in Maharashtra. Chandrapur Wirtgen Plant at Yavat.) Aker Power Gas (APG) Corporate office. project in Pune. High Rise Buildings: Modibaug Project at Pune Kastur-Kunj project at ICS Bhosale Nagar Ved. at Hadapsar 2.2 & 3 Honeywell (I) Pvt.Pate group Residential projects with M/s Darode Jog Group Kapil Abhijat for M/s Bal Developers Sankul Condominium.Y. Ltd. for M/s Amit Enterprises Various residential projects with M/s B. Pune L’OREAL India Pvt.Vihar project.Patil @ Nigdi. 300000 sq.7. A 16 storey residental tower at Khar. . at Talegaon.ft. Pune Logistic Park for Real Term Cummins India Projects ETP for Crude Oil Terminals at Mundra & Bhatinda refineries for Hindustan Dorr – Oliver Ltd. Pune.000 sq. Commercial mall at ICC Pune Offices & Institutions: Offices for Barclays in Pune. a 3.00. Mumbai KBL Corporate office. Chennai & Noida. Pune Hostel building for VIT College @ Pune.000 sq.) Global Design Centre for M/s John Deere at Magarpatta – Phase 1. (We are doing Barclays projects on pan India basis.ft.000 sq. Ltd.ft. Ltd. Pharmacy College for D. Mumbai Industrial: Jabil Circuit Phase II at Ranjangaon. Pune Liebherr CMCtec India Pvt. at Chaufula.50.K. Academic building for I2IT @ Hinjewadi for Finolex. Pune ACC Cement Plant.

RAIN WATER HARVESTING : A CASE STUDY NILESH GANDHI .

� Advantages & disadvantages of RWH � Overview of RWH.� Definition of Rain water Harvesting � Basic Hydrological Cycle � Requirement of RWH � Method of Rain water Harvesting � Rain water harvesting illustration for a Residential project. .

. rainwater harvesting consists of intercepting rainfall where it occurs. One part of rain falling on land flows in rivers and streams towards the ocean. storing the water in various storage structures. It is within this simple. prevention of losses through evaporation & and beneficially using stored water locally. The remaining part circulates underground as soil water and groundwater. Life has sustained on our Earth for 3. and yet profound framework that rain harvest needs to be understood. which can be natural or manmade. and one part of it goes back to atmosphere as evaporation. river. One such attribute is the hydrological cycle. In the universe. by which a small fraction of one per cent of all freshwater in the Earth is circulated over and over again. and as transpiration by plants. life is known to exist nowhere except the Earth. Modern science unequivocally believes that life cannot exist without water. sea etc.5 billion years because of some extraordinary attributes of the Earth. percolating it in ground to raise water table level. The principle behind RWH is to prevent excess loss of water by evaporation which occurs in open lakes.Definition of Rain water Harvesting : In principle.

This has also resulted into over exploitation of surface sources like wells for drinking and industrial use. abnormal changes in hydrological cycle. � Global warming. � Growing difference between availability & requirement of water globally You will be surprised to know that the Cherapunji in Assam which receives highest rain fall in India to the tune of 11000 mm per year also suffer from acute shortage of drinking water not because rain water is not consumed but allowed to be drained away.RWH is the need of time today for following reasons : � Growing population � Modernization / Industrialization & ill effect associated with it. . resulting to dropping of water levels and drying up of bore wells.

.Any rainwater harvesting system will typically have following four elements 1) Catchments area 2) Conduits 3) Settlement Tank 4) Recharge facility or storage facility.

The simplest way to start doing Rain water harvesting .

galvanized or locally available metal like earthen pipes. The conduits may be of any materials like PVC. which receives rainfall directly. It can be any surface such as paved area like a terrace or courtyard of building or an unpaved area. Run-off factors for wooded or grassy land is very less say 10% rest is absorbed by percolation. Run-off factor determines the quantity of water which will be available from the catchment. whereas run-off factor for paved or terraced area is 70 to 90% as most of the rainwater is available for recharge or storage except for water lost due to evaporation. . Temporary structures like sloping sheds can also act as catchments. like Lawn or open ground. 2) Conduits : Conduits or the pipes carry rainwater from the catchments or roof tops to harvesting/storage system.1) Catchment area :The catchment is the area or surface. RCC pipes . HDPE .

Water settles there & overflow is connected to recharge facility. . These settlement tanks are required to be cleaned from time to time. all this matter is removed by introducing a settlement tank with mud filter. dirt along with it. mud. rain water carries lot of dust.3) Settlement Tank :For rural areas .

then we try to percolate this water in the nearby aquifer by connecting harvested water to dry bore. hand pump etc. we provide grating at the inlet of down take pipes. There is major difference between methods adopted for RWH in Urban area & rural area. As volume of water generated by RWH is very large it becomes uneconomical to store all the water in tanks.Recharge facility or storage facility:Whenever we try to store the rain water from terrace directly. So we do contour terracing of land & rain water is held at intermediate intervals for percolation.Finally it is diverted to deep wells / ponds. In urban areas you have lot of hard terraced area. so you get a good quantity & reasonably pure water from collection. So we store bare minimum & try to percolate maximum water to underground aquifer. Also we flush out the first rain to storm water drain & then clean water from further rains are collected in storage tanks. . But problem is limited & costly space for storage. In case of rural area we do not have much of water from paved or terrace area. but we have major quantity from surface runoff. existing well. A typical arrangement of recharge is shown in the sketch below. paved pathways & roads.

Rain water recharge (percolation in ground) .

Rain water storage for direct use .

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Rain Water Harvesting for Rural Areas : .

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Case study of the RWH project for one of the Residential scheme .

52 2 Parking slab area 7754.79 (m3/min) Total rain water discharge after development Rain water discharge calculation before development We propose to recharge the same through percolation borewells.69 0.9 0.5 18 252.61 6 Road in open area 3554 0.95 18 132.5449 m3/day .Rain water discharge calculation after development Sr.3554 0.77549 0.79 252.3318 252.No.3595 0. Type of area Area in m2 Area in Ha 'C' value Avg Rain fall mm/day Discharge m3/day 1 Terrace area of all buildings 8100.808743 0.810069 0.33 Sr.61 3 Paved area 3595 0.6 Total rain water discharge after development Rain water discharge calculation before development 410.65 18 42.55 5 Landscape gardens 1290 0. pits.129 0.5 18 11. Type of area Area in m2 Area in Ha 'C' value Avg Rain fall mm/day Discharge m3/day 1 Barran land before development Heavily countoured Total rain water discharge before development m3/day 28087.No.75 18 47.3793 0.4 2.06 4 Open space 3793 0.95 18 138. 410.55 18 37.98 Total of area 28087.7869 157.

Sub-horizontal and horizontal sheet-joints are Subsheetubiquitous in the lava flows.� GEOLOGICAL SET UP AND TERRAIN CONDITIONS: � The area under investigation forms the part of the volcanic sequence of basaltic rocks belonging to the Deccan Volcanic activity. They are normally restricted to the amygdaloidal (top and base) portions of the flow and to the interflow horizons. . The area has undulating (Murum). Vertical and inclined cooling joints are not as prolific in the flows and are restricted to individual flows only that are unevenly spaced. The flows exposed in the area are compound type and has limited thickness of 4 to 6 meters. covering over 80 percent area of the state of Maharashtra. which is one of the largest known geological formations in India. the upper flow is mantled by a soil horizon which is followed by weathered basalt (Murum). topography. The rock exposed is highly amygdaloidal in nature.

The test is conducted by driving four metal spikes to serve as electrodes in to the ground along a straight line at equal distances. The potential ‘V’ thus obtained divided by the current ‘I’ applied gives the resistance ‘R’ of the ground. The resistivity is usually defined as the resistance between opposite phases of a unit cube of the material.� Methodology : � Electrical Resistivity Method (IS: 1892-1979 Appendix B clause 18923. A direct voltage is imposed between the two outer potentiometer electrodes and the potential drop is measured between the inner electrodes. it is necessary to make preliminary trial on known formations. compaction and composition. is the resistivity of the ground. which is depending upon the disposition of the electrodes.3 B-2): B� By applying this method the resistance to the flow of an electric current through the subsurface materials is measured at intervals on the ground surface. To interpret the resistivity data for knowing the nature and distribution of the subsurface formations. The product of the resistance and the spacing factor. � . Each material has its own resistivity depending upon the water content.

Arrangements in which the curvature of the potential function is measured using a closely spaced current electrode pair as well as a closely spaced measuring electrode pair. 1.This method is routinely used for: 1. Determining the sub-surface strata classification 2. Arrangements in which a potential gradient or electric field intensity is measured using closely spaced pair of measuring electrodes. . 2. 3. Estimation of overburden thickness and hard rock quantities and 4. Determination of hard rock foundation 3. Determination of the suitability of the area for quarrying and excavation A great variety of electrode arrangements have been used to measure the earth resistivity but essentially they may be grouped into three classes. Arrangements in which the potential differences between two widely spaced measuring electrodes are recorded.

All the sounding data were modeled for the existing sections. . the above interpretation gives generalized geological situation with depth-wise variations. As discussed above the sounding points with typical curves at selected sites give point information. In nutshell.RESULTS AND DATA PROCESSING: In the area to understand the shallow subsurface geological and aquifer conditions extending up to 70-90 meters depth. The VES data on apparent resistivity values was modeled by using IPI2 WINDOW based software to get different layers depicting their thickness. vertical electrical soundings were conducted at seven different locations. Using IPI2 WINDOW based software the data obtained from field was processed. depth and true resistivity (see appendix I). This software helps in interactive semi-automated interpretation of the field data. which was further utilized to build comprehensive picture of subsurface geological situation depth-wise by preparing 2-D geoelectrical sections.

the effect of material at depth on the measurements becomes more pronounced. The first type of measurement is called as ‘Vertical Electrical Sounding’ (VES) and the second one is ‘Horizontal Profiling’ (HP). In the present work both VES and HP were conducted at 10 different locations at Chakan-Dwaraka.Any one of these arrays may be used to study variations in resistivity with depth or in lateral condition. various electrode configurations are adopted and the array is moved as a whole along a traverse line. as in the case of a layered medium the spacing between the various electrodes is gradually increased. . With larger spacing. In studying the lateral as well as vertical variations. The L sections generated on the basis of values of electrical resistivity for the site have been used to depict 2-D subsurface images of the strata that are also included in this report. In studying the variation of resistivity with depth.

5 -8 Weathered basaltic aquifer Aquiclude (Hard and Compact basalt) .Profiles Weathered basaltic aquifer Aquiclude (Hard and Compact basalt) 3.

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Using IPI2 software. The values of true resistivity have been computed and thickness. depth and true resistivity have been presented in appendix. as beyond these depths there is sudden drop in the reistivity values indicating highly fractured and therefore more porous strata. the values of true resistivity of strata (ρ). its thickness (h) and depth (d) have been obtained after modeling of data and are depicted in table form besides each curve. which broadly match the true resistivity of formations. and 5 the rock strata is conducive as potential aquifer up to variable depth. It can be seen that at at VES point 1 and 2. � � . It is to be noted that these are apparent resistivity L sections.� The geoelectrical cross-sections passing through various points crosshave been presented in the above figures. at point 1 the strata is favourable for occurrence of Ground water beyond 12 meters depth while at point 2 it is good beyond 45 meters and at point 5 it is favourable beyond 12 meters only.

4. At point 7 the rock strata is conducive beyond 46 meters and this zone continues up to 64 meters depth. at point 4 up to a depth of 68 meters while at point 6 between the depth of 14 and 80 meters. whereas at point 8 the conditions are favourable beyond 50 meters. At point 3it is favourable up to 32 meters. . may be by taking a bore well or by constructing a suitable recharging structure like the recharging pit. The point 8 therefore has priority over point 7 for locating the bore well for the exploration of groundwater while point 7 can best utilized for the purpose of groundwater recharging.At point 3. while point three can be used for recharging the aquifer. Of these points point 4 and 6 can be utilized for siting the bore well for the exploration of groundwater. and 6 although strata is conducive but of limited nature i. Point 9 is not recommended for either purpose while point 10 is favourable for the purpose of locating recharging bore well where the strata between depth 15 and 30 meters is favourable for the storage of groundwater. Similarly point 7 and 8 also shows presence of favourable hydrgeological conditions but of variable thickness.e the strata has limited thickness and so is the aquifer thickness.

Public places .If we want RWH to become a real success story then it has to be implemented phase wise starting from Government offices & institutions. Government shall encourage people by passing subsidiary & rebates in taxes. large scale residential scheme etc. Corporate world. If RWH is made compulsory overnight then there are more chances that we will have strong reaction & it might become a political issue like ban on helmet compulsion. .

Appendix: Modelled electrical resistivity data output .

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there RWH is a boon. 2) We can not generate water artificially on such large scale. now let us see Pro & Cons of Rain Water Harvesting. 3) Hot & arid places like Rajasthan in India where there is huge scarcity of water. with the help of RWH we can use this water for mankind. .Advantages & Disadvantages of RWH ::We have seen above the different methods of RWH. 4) RWH provided of self sufficiency of water supply. Whatever rain falls in desert is absorbed in soil or evaporates. Advantages are as below ::Water which will runoff & join ocean is not useful directly for human consumption. RWH is the best way one can capture large volume of water.

Also it takes many years to purify these underground resources by natural means. This also had an ill-effect illon hydrological cycle. during rains sulage water gets mixed with storm water & pollute under ground water . 2) If the catchments area is polluted with any biological / chemical material then it will have major impact on quality of underground water storage. 3) Some time overflow of septic tank is not properly connected to nalla or sulage line. In such cases.Disadvantages are as below ::- RWH on a very large scale will reduce the flow of streams to river. which plays important role in transporting sediments & nutrients as well as sustaining the habitats of many plants and animals. collectively referred to as ecosystems.

� � . A large number of tanks were cut in the rocks to provide drinking water to tradesmen who used to travel along this ancient trade route. Rainwater from these rooftops was directed into underground tanks. This system can be seen even today in all the forts. palaces and houses of the region. tanks rockand wells that are still in use today. In ancient times.� Overview of Rain Water Harvesting ::� One of the oldest water harvesting systems is found about 130 km from Pune along Naneghat in the Western Ghats. houses in parts of western Rajasthan were built so that each had a rooftop water harvesting system. ponds. Each fort in the area had its own water harvesting and storage system in the form of rock-cut cisterns. A large number of forts like Raigad had tanks that supplied water.

ponds. tanks and wells rockthat are still in use today. A large number of forts like Raigad had tanks that supplied water. This system can be seen even today in all the forts.� Overview of Rain Water Harvesting ::� One of the oldest water harvesting systems is found about 130 km from Pune along Naneghat in the Western Ghats. Rainwater from these rooftops was directed into underground tanks. A large number of tanks were cut in the rocks to provide drinking water to tradesmen who used to travel along this ancient trade route. In ancient times. Each fort in the area had its own water harvesting and storage system in the form of rock-cut cisterns. � � . houses in parts of western Rajasthan were built so that each had a rooftop water harvesting system. palaces and houses of the region.

making it mandatory to install RWH in all buildings . They display the urban RWH systems.Formation of Rain Center ::Rain Center is like a working laboratory. prior to inaugurating the Rain Centre. see actual field installations of the different RWH methods. It is conceived that this Rain Centre and many related activities played a role in the new ordinance passed across the State of Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu. India's FIRST Rain center opened in August 2002 in Chennai. It is reported that the CM Jayalalitha insisted on installing a RWH system in her own official residence. People can walk in.P There is a possibility of a Rain Center at Nature Park in Mahim Mumbai in coming year . Recent Rain Centers have come up in Trichur Kerala and Meerut U. learn about RWH.

stream flow. groundwater. and water conservation practices will become components of integrated water management. . One should be able to make local people participate in this work. surface water. in a situation of limited resources. and other data.Even as rain-harvesting is implemented to meet the water crisis in rainthe short-term. It has to be guided by local values. or economics. artificial recharge. and institutions. governments at various levels need to formulate shortlong-term plans for integrated water development. technology. traditions. presents extraordinary challenges and unprecedented opportunities for shared living. Such management cannot be based exclusively on science. Based on climatic. a water budget would help assess overall water availability over the watershed. groundwater withdrawal. This coming together of science and human values. Carefully longchosen watersheds of suitable size would constitute ideal units of management. soil. To beneficially manage the available water.

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95 0.7869 157.06 37.79 252. Discharge m3/day 252.98 1 2 3 4 5 6 Terrace area of all buildings Parking slab area Pav ed area Open space Landscape gardens Road in open area Total of area 8100.3595 0.3318 252.33 Sr.52 132.69 7754.810069 0. Type of area Area in m2 Area in Ha 'C' value Avg Rain fall mm/day 18 18 18 18 18 18 Discharge m3/day 138.Rain water discharge calculation after development Sr.3793 0.129 0. 410.No.61 42.75 28087.77549 0.95 0.5 (m3/min) Total rain water discharge after development Rain water discharge calculation before development We propose to recharge the same through percolation borewells.6 Total rain water discharge af ter dev elopment Rain water discharge calculation before development Type of area Area in m2 Area in Ha 'C' value Avg Rain fall mm/day 18 410.9 3595 3793 1290 3554 0.61 47.No.5449 m3/day .79 1 Barran land bef ore dev elopment Heav ily countoured Total rain water discharge bef ore dev elopment m3/day 28087.5 0.65 0. pits.808743 0.3554 0.55 11.55 0.4 2.

nilesh@aceconsultant.in .THANK YOU M/s Ace Consultant Mr. Nilesh Gandhi Email:.

M. when it was becoming apparent that the water management paradigm based on exploitation of surface and groundwater resources even as it neglected capturing rain to recharge or for direct use would lead the country to a huge water crisis. The report was released at 15 different places in India in collaboration with the country's civil society to take the message across India and to establish a network of people interested in promoting community-based water management systems. Nambiar WATER HARVESTIN Overview CSE started its work on water issues way back in the 80s. as a technological solution that can be adopted by all. To support this policy advocacy. particularly in urban areas. The central message of the book was that harvesting rainwater makes eminent sense in a monsoon-type climate (where most rain occurs in less than 200 hours in a year and engenders community participation. B. . CSE’s campaign to promote water harvesting began with its in-depth research on India’s rich traditions in using rainwater for a sustainable. The report provided a comprehensive overview of India’s traditions in community-based water harvesting. CSE undertook intensive and extensive awareness campaigns. CSE has been promoting the concept of water harvesting. Fall and Potential of India’s Traditional Water Harvesting Systems. CSE first focused on pushing for policy reforms in the water sector to mainstream harvesting rainwater in both urban and rural areas. participatory and equitable management of water.Downloaded & Compiled by Er. capacity building workshops and informational materials. The research culminated in the book. The outcome of this work was that there were supportive policy initiatives in urban and rural areas to promote water harvesting and all this was met with public support. DYING WISDOM: Rise. Indians can learn from their traditions to develop new approaches for sustainable water management and meet the water crisis of today. their decline and relevance in the modern context.

CSE’s special website. New Delhi 110062. provides interested people comprehensive information on rainwater harvesting – on water crisis. including a database of different technologies for rural and urban contexts. It produced simple literature and organized dozens of meetings to explain the principles and practice of rainwater harvesting. The technical assistance will be provided on every Friday at CSE office at 41. 29956394. rainwaterharvesting. Mobile : 91 9013338906 . technologies. Phone : 011 29955124. Tughlakabad institutional area. CSE initiated an advocacy programme to promote the concept of community-based water harvesting and make it a national movement. In order to create awareness among opinion and decision-makers. Technical advice for planning and designing rainwater harvesting Every Friday between 2:00pm to 6:00pm Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) provides detailed technical guidance to interested individuals. In 2001. For urban audiences CSE’s programme to build model institutions shows people how rainwater harvesting is done. The CSE building.Internalizing the message. conflicts. CSE provided them with easily understandable briefing papers that explained how policy options can be developed and implemented. CSE has compiled a database of NGOs and individuals knowledgeable about water harvesting across the country. RWAs and institutions to implement rain water harvesting. water crusaders and policy. To provide information on resource persons and experts. solutions. Please get a prior appointment.org. which captures numerous case studies of village communities involved in water harvesting both in India and abroad. 41. If you are interested in setting up a water harvesting system at your place. Water Programme Unit Center for Science and Environment. 29955879 Email : debases@cseindia.org. 29956110. for instance. CSE published another book. Tughlakabad institutional area. Making Water Everybody’s Business: Policy and Practice of Water Harvesting. captures every drop of rain that falls on its premises.

filter used to remove pollutants. 5. catchment from where water is captured and stored or recharged. conveyance system that carries the water harvested from the catchment to the storage/recharge zone. This water run off can be either stored or recharged into the ground water. 2. • Improves quality and quantity of groundwater. Rainwater harvesting systems use the principle of conserving rainwater where it falls and have the following benefits: • Helps meet ever increasing demand of water. A rainwater harvesting systems consists of the following components: 1. first flush that is used to flush out the first spell of rain. parks. • Reduces flooding. Where? – Individual homes – Colonies – Apartments – Institutions – Schools/colleges/universities – Clubs – Hospitals – Industries – Slums – Everywhere……the potential for rainwater harvesting is huge How? Setting up a rainwater harvesting is not difficult but requires some sort of understanding of hydrology and architecture and as a result most people find it too complicated to do it themselves. roads. etc. 3. we have prepared a set of guidelines which will help you to set up your own . Storage tanks and/or various recharge structures.What is RWH? Rain water harvesting is collection and storage of rain water that runs off from roof tops. Why do RWH? Rain may soon be the only source of clean water. open grounds. 4. In order to make it simple and convenient for everyone to set up a rainwater harvesting system suitable for their needs.

6 171.1 0.7 1.2 139.8 141.9 49.0 12.9 2.2 0.2 May 30.7 7.5 0.1 0. Annual Rainfall (mm) Rainy Days 0.4 4.9 85.8 21.4 9.4 Total 781. RAINFALL DATA FOR PUNE 25 years average (1982-2006) Months Jan Feb Mar Apr 1.8 Av.5 7.7 1.5 9.rainwater harvesting system quickly and efficiently.0 Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 171.2 0.6 9.4 .

Two. The former have caused large-scale community displacement and ecological havoc. and canals are the major distributory route. The latter. An already bleak reality seems even more grim.. Such has been the level of extraction from rivers that most of India's river basins have degraded and the rivers are polluted. rural and urban. as it did in Gujarat and other parts of the country most recently in the year 2000. It is a kind of fostered parasitism since the state.CRISIS Inhumanly Mismanaged In India.. large-scale degradation of land via soil salinisation. Large dams are the major source of water storage.    Thus water availability. has declined to such an extent that many parts of India. this led to communities and households being no longer the primary agents of water provision and management.) Among other things. The postindependent state inherited this role. there came a growing reliance on surface water (primarily rivers) and groundwater. from the 19th century onward. the state took upon itself the role of sole provider of water. the earlier use of rainwater and floodwater declined. via its bureaucratic machinery. does not seem to possess the will to alter such a situation. Today. the effects of this way of managing water are clearly visible:  There is complete dependence on the state for any kind of water provision. One. the paradigm of managing water has followed two interconnected routes. today face a droughtlike situation. And when drought actually sets in. and continued with it. (It was the colonial state that centralized control over water resources. both in terms of quality and quantity. Groundwater resources have been heavily over-used. In its place. scarcity takes on a frightening visage. .

road-blockades. women begin to walk the village streets and city roads with pots and pitchers looking for a water-point. village squares and in front of municipality offices. of course River water.. Water is becoming a cause for social conflicts Protests. riots. Is there a way out? What should we do? Hang down our heads in shame? Or. People against people. As municipality water-tankers and government-run water trains begin to traverse the length and breadth of the country. tapwater.. demonstrations. even bottled water! The source of all water is rain. . and fight. should we look up? SOLUTIONS What is the source of all water? Rain. Along with it comes water crisis As wells. ponds and wells. Villages against towns. people gather on street corners. throw stones. Towns against cities. these (usually local) conflicts are taking on the general shape of a bitter war for water. They murmur. ponds and taps dry up. Increasingly. water that seeps into the ground. collecting in the belly of the earth. City-dwellers against farmers.WATER CONFLICTS Summer comes to India every year. water in lakes. Citizens against the government. growl.

The water-harvesting basis: catch water where it falls. the monsoon is a deluge.Let us understand this: Supply comes from the sky. But. and suck the earth dry. stored. In India. and block its flow. In essence. Not dam a river. and used over the other 8. In India the monsoon is brief. and create a structure to manage the extension.660 hours that make up a year. then. what we actually need to do is harvest the rain. scientific and still in use. It is this 100-hour bounty that must be caught. participatory and the basis of people's movements. The water harvesting experience: millennial and born of local wisdom. Let us apply this understanding: in order to meet demand. These structures are ecoregion specific. But merely harvest the rain. the focus of innovation in the present and the best way to a non-scarce future. Not boost water out the ground. The water harvesting rationale: extend the fruits of the monsoon. lay kilometers of pipes. We get about 100 hours of rain in a year. . what is the potential of rainwater harvesting? Understand the water arithmetic. harvesting water means harvesting the rain. lakes and ponds brim with water. Not build canals. Flash floods churn up dry river beds. The water harvesting method: build systems that enable such an extension. Dry wells come to life.

A Lesson There was a thirsty crow. We are cawing alarmed. Fills ponds.760 hours in a year. But we only keep cawing. Rivers heave.3. First recognize that the source of all water on earth is not the river. We receive most of its rainfall in just 100 hours out of 8. provide food security and eradicate rural poverty. recognize that in India the monsoon is a deluge. It didn't. is not the lake." it cawed alarmed. But the monsoon is also brief.mham can be captured through rainwater harvesting. the water rose to the top. Lakes brim. Drop by drop. The water arithmetic. This total 420 mham provide the country with river flows of 180 mham. at a resource scientifically misutilized. But this is enough to meet our water needs. is not the underground aquifer. Rain is the source of all water. Lets get on. The crow drank and flew away sated. well or stream. Rain spatters the earth. Another 20 mham flow in as surface water from outside the country. Second. Fashion a pebble-by-pebble approach to meet our needs. We stare at the dregs of our ingenuity. raucously at that. It peered into an earthen pitcher. India receives 400 million hectare meters (mham) of rain and snowfall. If even 20 . Water Balance in India According to a study. like the crow. "Dregs. Another 67 mham is available as groundwater. About 173 mham is lost as evaporation or becomes soil moisture . This water harvester of a crow could teach us a thing or two. There was water at the bottom. But it was thirsty. It began to drop pebbles into the pitcher.which can be captured directly as rainwater or as runoff from small catchments in and near villages or towns. It could have used a pneumatic drill to smash through to the water. tremendous .

bamboo etc. Synergies exist between rainfall. an Israeli scientist's study clearly demonstrates that ten dams with one hectare catchment will store more water than one dam of ten hectare. mud. Several other studies conducted by the Central Soil and Water Conservation Research Institute in different parts of the country revealed similar results. Third.stones. recognise the rainwater needs to be harvested through capturing.pressure can greatly extend the availability of clean water. The hidden link: The most beautiful thing about water harvesting is that there is a human-rain-land synergy. The key component of water management is 'storage' especially in India. storing and recharging it and later using it during prolonged parched periods. Small means even more water. Why is Cherrapunji today short of drinking water when it gets more than 11 meters of rainfall annually? Simply because it does not capture the rain that falls over it. What the table shows clearly is that rainwater harvesting is possible in all human-land-rain scenarios. (See potential) In tune with the terrain. human population density and land availability . It is just a matter of using material locally abundant . Michael Evenari. Any land can be used to harvest rainwater. with nothing imposed.

Number of people whose Surface Rain yield Annual Region level of potential from one land (*) Human population density Land availabili ty for water harvesti ng quality for water on efficien cy water needs can be met at per person per day from one hectare of land Ruralarid Ruralhumid 100 mm 2.000 mm 1 million litres 20 million litres Low High High Low More rooftops and built-up Urban Very high Very low surfaces available with high runoff (*)Assuming rainwater collection efficiency of 100 per cent 27 553 rainfall hectare of collecti 100 litres .

This is despite the fact that all these cities receive good rainfall. most of the rain falling on the surface tends to flow away rapidly leaving very little for recharge of groundwater. Japan.URBAN HARVESTING Urban rainwater harvesting Urban centre’s in India are facing an ironical situation today. Bangalore and Delhi where rainwater harvesting is a part of the state policy. countries like Germany. thereby reducing the load on treatment plants. rainwater harvesting offers an ideal solution. This is practiced on a large scale in cities like Chennai. (Most of the rain falls in just 100 hours out of 8. However. Elsewhere. United States. . the streets are often flooded during the monsoons. Most of the traditional water harvesting systems in cities have been neglected and fallen into disuse. this rainfall occurs during short spells of high intensity. worsening the urban water scenario. Because of such short duration of heavy rain. This has led to serious problems with quality and quantity of groundwater. One of the solutions to the urban water crisis is rainwater harvesting capturing the runoff. Why to harvest rain?  In areas where there is inadequate groundwater supply or surface resources are either lacking or insufficient.  Helps in utilising the primary source of water and prevent the runoff from going into sewer or storm drains. On one hand there is the acute water scarcity and on the other.  Reduces urban flooding. and Singapore are also adopting rainwater harvesting.760 hours in a year).

it is more feasible to use rainwater to recharge groundwater aquifers rather than for storage. Catchment area characteristics Runoff depends upon the area and type of the catchment over which it falls as well as surface features. preferably for a period of at least10 years. However. ii) Pattern: The number of annual rainy days also influences the need and design for rainwater harvesting. Hence in such regions. a. Rainfall i)Quantity: Rainfall is the most unpredictable variable in the calculation and hence. The fewer the annual rainy days or longer the dry period. Also. Influencing factors Among the several factors that influence the rainwater harvesting potential of a site. reliable rainfall data are required. All calculations relating to the performance of rainwater catchment systems . if the dry period is too long. to determine the potential rainwater supply for a given catchment. the more the need for rainwater collection in a region. it would be far better to use rainfall data from the nearest station with comparable conditions. b. Recharging water into the aquifers help in improving the quality of existing groundwater through dilution. eco-climatic conditions and the catchment characteristics are considered to be the most important. big storage tanks would be needed to store rainwater.

POLICY From now to the future Sometimes. Rainwater harvesting is what nations can choose.involve the use of runoff coefficient to account for losses due to spillage. From rain will come local food security. and move on to the solution. (Runoff coefficient for any catchment is the ratio of the volume of water that runs off a surface to the volume of rainfall that falls on the surface). You say: "YES!" You move from "NO!" to "YES!". From now to the future. We promise you. leakage. you have to grab an existing problem by the scruff of its neck. the future is bound to look up .water harvesting . when it looks into the future. Think rain. Catch water where it falls. It will cringe and cry. This is what the CSE water campaign is about. The CSE water campaign. which will all contribute to reducing the amount of runoff. people. To its demands. It will bring tears to your eyes.democracies. From rain will come biomass-wealth that will eradicate ecological poverty. From rain will come social harmony. From despair to problem-solving. you stop focusing on the problem. say "NO!" In this way. Give it a hard shake. sees only hope. It sees a world as an agglomeration of ecological . infiltration. catchment surface wetting and evaporation.

Rationale of the Formation of a NWHN: One of the main recommendations of the CSE conference on water harvesting was the setting up of a national water harvesters’ network to promote water harvesting. Accordingly the National Water Harvesters’ Network was set up in CSE. undertake policy research and lobby to bring about change in policy as required so that water management is decentralized and water availability increased. The objectives of the network is to create awareness. To serve as a forum for advocacy for appropriate change in policies.WATER HARVESTING Overall Objective of the National Water Harvesters Network (NWHN) To promote a people’s water management programme based on water harvesting. The need for a forum was strongly felt. and it was recommended that CSE take the lead and provide leadership. The Mission of the Network To harness the power and knowledge of individuals and communities to revive and develop the ancient techniques of water harvesting together with modern inputs from scientific knowledge for conservation and better management of freshwater resources. programmes and institutional structures to help the civil society to act as affective pressure group Goals of the Network To accomplish this overreaching objective. the network proposes to achieve the following goals: • Build coalitions by bringing like-minded people together • Promote communication amongst them by providing a forum that facilitates the coming together of people and exchange of ideas and perspectives. • Create and disseminate information on exemplary action and technologies • The network seeks to create water literacy and provide informational support to the .

especially Panchayati Raj institutions to promote water harvesting at the local level. • Work with all levels of the government. • Advocate relevant changes in policy and legislations.researcher. It also seeks to work towards improving access to information by serving as a clearinghouse for information on activities. if possible provide these different types of support directly. • Establish a documentation centre of educational and training materials prepared by field action groups for easy dissemination. legal and financial support and . • Organize a volunteer network in support of water harvesting. • Promote active links between field action groups and research. workshops and exhibitions around the theme of water harvesting. The network will take special care to reinforce and not replace existing local initiatives. issues and technological developments related to water harvesting • Educate the public and policy makers. projects. • Provide information about technical. • Provide support to local initiatives to overcome obstacle and impediments in implementation. • Empower the marginalized people and their knowledge systems in order to help them consolidate their power and efforts. • Document on an on-going basis the experiences and lessons learnt of outstanding government and non-government efforts. Activities of the Network In order to accomplish these goals the network will undertake the following activities: • Produce a newsletter • Create and maintain a database on people. legal and financial information. professional and academic institutions. • Develop links with people involved in water harvesting in South Asia and other parts of the . • Promote cultural connections an d rituals associated with water and water harvesting • Organize public meetings. writer and practitioner of water harvesting. organizations and technologies related to water harvesting • Create a network website • Establishing a clearinghouse to provide technical.

Membership of the Network The membership fee for joining the national water harvesters network is free. Small regional level networks should be invited to become a formal part of the proposed Water Harvesters Network. The structure should be one that is flexible and evolves as the needs. cseindia. • Organize training workshops • Set up investigates missions/working groups on important issues raised by local initiatives.org) to register yourself as a member.world. . • Organize interactions with government and other policy makers. aspirations and the capacity of the network grows. (refer : www. Structure of the Network The structure of the network should be one that fosters promotion of water harvesting. • Documentation of on-going research and study on specific issues of relevance • Organize regional and national conferences. It should also be a structure that can balance the need for infrastructure (and financial requirement for it) with that of accountability. Secretariat of the Network The Centre for Science and Environment has been appointed the Central Secretariat of the National Water Harvesters Network.

Institutional Members and Individuals of the National Rain Water Harvesting Network
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 ACADEMY OF HUMAN ENVIRONMENT & DEVELOPMENT ACTION FOR FOOD PRODUCTION AFPRO ACTION FOR SOCIAL ADVANCEMENT (ASA) ADCSW SOCIETY AGRAGAMEE ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURE RESOURCE CENTRE ANDHRA PRADESH POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD ASSOCIATION FOR RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BAIF DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH FOUNDATION BHORUKA CHARITABLE TRUST CENTRAL SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION RESEARCH CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTIONRESEARCH & DEVP. CENTRL GROUND WATER BOARD CHAITANYA RURAL EDUCATION & DEVELOPMENT SOCIETY CHARAK PHARMACEUTICALS CRISPINO LOBO CROP DALBARI GAON UNNAYAN SOMITY DEVELOPMENT PROMOTION GROUP DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT CENTRE DEVIKA BEVERAGES Pvt.Ltd DHAN FOUNDATION ELGITREAD (INDIA) Ltd. ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH FOUNDATION (INDIA) GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA GAVIPURAM GOVERNMENT OF ANDHRA PRADESH GOVERNMENT OF INDIA GRAM VIKAS NAVYUG MANDAL LAPOTIA GRAM VIKAS NAVYUVAK MANDAL HBLNIFE POWER SYSTEMS LIMITED INDIAN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF FOREST MANAGEMENT INDIAN INSTITUTE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTION OF PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERS INDIA INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOP. OF WEAKER SECTIONS INDIA INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ENTERPRISES ION EXCHANGE (INDIA) Ltd K.R.G. RAIN WATER HARVESTING Co. KERALA WATER AUTHORITY LAYA MADRAS INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES MAHARASHTRA WATER & IRRIGATION COMMISSION MANAV KALYAN TRUST

44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

MEHRANGARH MUSEUM TRUST MEWAD KRISHAK VIKAS SAMIT MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE DEPTT. OF AGRICULTURE AND NAGARIKA SEVA TRUST NATIONAL GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF WOMEN CHILD & YOUTH DEVE. NATIONAL SPIRITUAL ASSEMBLY OF THE BAHAI`S NATIONAL TREE GROWERS' COOPERATIVE FEDERATION LTD NAVA JYOTHI NORTH EASTERN REGIONAL INST OF WATER & LAND MGT. OFFICE OF THE CONTROLLER OF DEFENCE` P.H.E.D. PARTNERS IN CHANGE PRABHAT PRINTING WORKS PROJECT SWARAJYA PUNE CONSTRUCTION ENGG. RESEARCH FOUNDATION RAJPARIS CIVIL CONSTRUCTIONS LTD. RAMAKRISHNA MISSION ASHRAMA READ CENTRE ROYAL DANISH EMBASSY RURAL EDUCATION FOR ACTION AND DEVELOPMENT S.P.E.Q.L. S.V.U. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SAHABHAGI VIKASH ABHIYAN SEBA. SHREE VIVEKANAND RESEARCH AND TRAINING INSTITUTE SIRDI PROJECT SOCIO-ECONOMIC UNIT FOUNDATION SWISS DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION TANTRY & ASSOCIATES THE ASSOCIATION OF BENGAL THE JUDGE`S COURT THE SOCIAL WORK & RESEARCH CENTRE (SWRC) THODAYA TIMES SYNDICATION SERVICES UNICEF INDIA COUNTRY OFFICE UNITED NGO MISSION UNIVERSAL SUBSCRIPTION AGENCY UTKAL ALUMINA INTERNATIONAL LIMITED VANARAI TRUST. VASUNDHARA VIKSAT WATER & LAND MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE WATER AND POWER CONSULTANCY WATERAID YOUTH WELFARE CLUB YUSUF MEHERALLY CENTRE

Individuals
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 V. HARANATHA BABU, A.P.STATE IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION K. KISHORE, AICRP ON WATER MANAGEMENT (ICARD) V.C. JACOB, BETHEL M.K. MAITRA, INDIA CANADA ENVIRONMENT FACILITY PRAKASH KESKAR, C/O. MANGAL MURTI STD BOOTH K.C. NAIK, CENTRAL GROUND WATER BOARD SURESH CHAND SHARMA, CENTRAL GROUND WATER AUTHORITY M.K. GARG, CENTRAL GROUND WATER BOARD S. DAS, CENTRAL GROUND WATER BOARD S. DAS, CENTRAL GROUND WATER BOARD S.C. BEHERA, CENTRAL GROUND WATER BOARD G.K. ROY, CENTRAL GROUND WATER BOARD P. BALAMURUGAN, CENTRE FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT JANARDAN CHOUBEY, CHAKRIYA VIKAS NIWAS (SHRMS) KISHOR D SHROFF, CHARAK PHARMA Pvt. Ltd. V.P. JACOB, COMET MEDIA FOUNDATION MADHAV D. NANDESHWAR, CWRDM SUNIL BHATT, DEPARTMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS T.S. ANURAGA, ECOPATH C.S. RADHAKRISHNAN, GOA INSTITUTE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND ADMIN. C.D. KHOCHE, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA Y.B. KAUSHIK, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA M.K. GARG, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA LIBY T JOHNSON, GRAM VIKAS M.S. KODARKAR, INDIAN ASSOCIATION OF AQUATIC BIOLOGY (IAAB) P.B.S. SARMA, INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY B.S THANDAVESWARA, INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY S.N. PANDA, INDIAN ISNTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY B.N. CHETTY, JANA VIKAS SOCIETY C.N. MALPANI, JANAKEE NURSING HOME KAPIL SHAH, JATAN R.R. SHUKLA, KERALA FOREST DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION MANUBHAI K MEHTA, KUNDLA TALUKA GRAM SEWA VINOD SRIVASTAVA, LARSEN & TOURBO LIMITED N GOVINDAN, MARGO BIOCONTROLS PVT.LTD S.A. CHAR, MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES R.N. ATHAVALE, NATIONAL GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE D. MURALIDHARAN , NATIONAL GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OM PRAKASH MATHUR, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC FINANCE AND POLICY ASHOK KUMAR DWIVEDI, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HYDROLOGY BLAISE MIRANDA, NEW INDIAN COOPERATIVE

GUPTA. TOTAL WATER MANAGEMENT SERVICES INDIA Ltd.J.E. JURGEN PUTZ. RAMPRASAD . NARASIMHAIAH. RELEGAN SIDDHI PARIVAR V. PALMYRA TEJ RAZDAN. SEVA MANDIR I.J. PEOPLE`S RURAL EDUCATION MOVEMENT S. DAWARE JAYA ELLAPPAN JAYACHANDRAN B. TRAFFIC (INDIA) Y. PRASAD RAO BHARAT KUMAR BAWEJA BHASKAR SHARMA BINOD C SHARMA C. B.V.V. REMOTE SENSING APPLICATIONS AREA UDAY BHAT. S.D. ACHYUTHAN A. CHAKRABORTY D.K. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING NEELIMA KHETAN. WATER MANAGEMENT FORUM A. ROTARY CLUB OF PUTTUR DEBASIS RATH. SITECH CONSULTANTS T. KRISHNA REDDY.U. PANDIAN G. TAMILARASAN. LALLUNGHNEMA C.T. PEACE TRUST JACOB THUNDYIL. MANOJ MISHRA. SINGH.S. SUBRAMANIAN DILIP RANGACHARI EKKEHARD SCHWEHN G SAMPATHRAO G. PHYSICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY ASHOK C TANURKAR. PARPIA HARISH L. RAMACHANDRAN. VIVEKANANDA KENRA NARDEP B. SRI VENKATESWARA UNIVERSITY N.42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 DUNGLENA .K. RUSH G.G.H. RAODI AKSHAY KAUL ALMITRA PATEL AMAR HEBLEKAR ARIJIT DEY ARVIND A BOAZ ASHOK GHOSH B. P. PAMPOSH NURSING HOME J. SINHA. PAUL BHASKAR. UTTHAN TRUST SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. VASOYA.A . TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT CENTRE A.V. BHIMTE GANESH PANGARE H. UNIVERSITY OF RAJASTHAN SALIL MEHTA. A. SARVOTHAM RAO CAMELLIA SATIJA D.

S.L.D. GUPTA R. CHANDRA SHEKHAR S. RANGARAJAN R. CHOUDHARY N.P.C. SIVANAPPAN R. SHARMA P.S.G. BHATT PANKAJ KUMAR POONAM MULCHANDANI PRADEEP MUNOT PUNEET KUMAR R. VERMA RAJENDRAN RAMESH MURDESHWAR RANA CHATTERJEE RANBIR SINGH RITU BATRA ROBERT D COSTA S. KHOBRAGAR SACHIN K TENDULKAR SANDEEP JADHAV SANJAY P.V. SREENIVAS M.S.R. VISWANATH S. MEHTA K.P. NARAYANA SWAMY K. MENDIRATTA S. PUNDARIKANTHAN P. LATH M.N.K. SUBBARAO IFS K. VASUDEVA S. RAMANI R.K.90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 K. BANSAL SANJIV G PANDYA SARVAGYA KUMAR SRIVASTAVA SATISH GHALI SEHBA FAROOQUI SEKHAR RAGHAVAN SHAMJIBHAI ANTALA SHREE PADRE SNEHANSHU MUKHERJEE SRINIVAS SUBBAYYA VARMUDI . RAMAN KUMAR SHUBNURTHI M. MEHROTRA N.SRIMAN NARAYAN MOHAN RAO MOHO CHATURVEDI N.K.

RANA RAO UDAYA SHANKARA.HARANATHA BABU VARGHESE V DEVASIA VIJAY SHINGARE VIKRAM SINGH RAJAVAT . D V.138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 SUJIT PATWARDHAN SURENDRA KUMAR JAIN SURESH MISHRA SURESH PATEL SWAMY THAYAMMAL U.

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