Automatic Cell Planning (ACP

)
User Guide

Version 3.13

www.actix.com

Documentation Version: Software Version:

ACP-v3.13, June 2010 Actix Radioplan ACP v3.13 Actix Radioplan v3.13

The content of this manual is provided for information only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation. Copyright © 2001–2010 by Actix GmbH. All rights reserved. Trademark Notice Radioplan is a registered trademark of Actix GmbH in the European Union. Actix and the Actix logo are trademarks of Actix Ltd. All other product or brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. Contact: Actix GmbH Altmarkt 10 D-01067 Dresden Germany tel.: +49 (0) 351 404 29 – 0 fax: +49 (0) 351 404 29 – 50 e-mail: sales@actix.com www.actix.com Actix Ltd 200 Hammersmith Road Hammersmith London, W6 7DL United Kingdom www.actix.com

Contents
1 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................... 7
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF NETWORK OPTIMIZATION ................................................................. 7 1.2 CHALLENGES IN RADIO NETWORK OPTIMIZATION........................................................ 8 1.3 ADVANTAGES OF THE ACTIX RADIOPLAN SOLUTION ..................................................... 9

2 RADIOPLAN ACP OVERVIEW......................................................................... 11
2.1 RADIOPLAN ACP NETWORK OPTIMIZATION PROCESS .................................................. 11 2.2 ACTIX RADIOPLAN INTEGRATION IN THE PLANNING AND OPTIMIZATION PROCESS ................. 13 2.3 OPTIMIZATION TASKS ....................................................................................... 14 2.3.1 Site Selection and Site Integration .......................................................... 14 2.3.2 Capacity and Coverage (Cell Parameter) Optimization ............................... 15 2.3.3 Overshooting Cells Detection and Handling .............................................. 16 2.3.4 Optimization Series ............................................................................... 16 2.4 MAIN ELEMENTS IN THE GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE ................................................. 17

3 OPTIMIZATION - GENERAL SETTINGS .............................................................. 20 4 OPTIMIZATION PROJECT CONFIGURATION......................................................... 24
4.1 NETWORK LAYER ............................................................................................. 24 4.2 AREAS ......................................................................................................... 25 4.3 CLUTTER CLASSES SETTINGS .............................................................................. 28 4.4 ANTENNA SETTINGS ......................................................................................... 29 4.5 SITE SETTINGS .............................................................................................. 32 4.6 CELL SETTINGS .............................................................................................. 34 4.6.1 Optimization Capabilities ....................................................................... 35
4.6.1.1 Conditions for Shared Antenna Parameters .............................................. 39

4.6.2 General Settings ................................................................................... 40 4.6.3 Resources Settings ............................................................................... 41 4.6.4 HSDPA Settings (UMTS only).................................................................. 45 4.6.5 Transmitters Settings (GSM and iDEN only) ............................................. 48 4.6.6 Custom Parameters Settings .................................................................. 50 4.7 ADDITIONAL ANTENNA SETTINGS ......................................................................... 52 4.8 REPEATER SETTINGS ........................................................................................ 52 4.9 USER, TRAFFIC, AND REVENUE CONFIGURATION ........................................................ 54

5 OPTIMIZATION WIZARD .............................................................................. 56
5.1 ANALYSIS SETTINGS ........................................................................................ 56 5.1.1 Analysis Settings for CDMA and UMTS ..................................................... 56 5.1.2 Analysis Settings for GSM and iDEN ........................................................ 57 5.1.3 Analysis Settings for WiMAX ................................................................... 59 5.1.4 Analysis Settings for LTE ....................................................................... 59 5.1.5 Network Load Slider (CDMA and UMTS only) ............................................ 60 5.1.6 Calculation Pixel Size ............................................................................ 64 5.1.7 Advanced / Computation Effort Settings .................................................. 64 5.1.8 Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Margin ........................................................ 66 5.1.9 Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Method (GSM and iDEN) ............................... 66 5.1.10 Traffic and Area Masking ...................................................................... 66 5.1.11 Reconfigurable Cell Selection ................................................................ 69 5.1.12 Relevant Cells Plot .............................................................................. 70

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5.1.13 HSDPA (UMTS only) ............................................................................ 70 5.1.14 EVDO (CDMA only) .............................................................................. 72 5.1.15 Use GPEH Data (UMTS only) ................................................................. 72 5.2 OPTIMIZATION WIZARD..................................................................................... 73 5.2.1 Template Selection ............................................................................... 73 5.2.2 Optimization Task Selection and Optimization Plot Settings ........................ 74
5.2.2.1 5.2.2.2 5.2.2.3 5.2.2.4 CDMA or UMTS Target Network Layer(s) ................................................. 74 GSM or iDEN Target Network Layer(s) ..................................................... 76 WiMAX Target Network Layer(s) ............................................................. 77 LTE Target Network Layer(s) .................................................................. 78

5.2.3 Sites To Be Integrated........................................................................... 79 5.2.4 Target and Constraint Network Layers for Multi-Layer Optimization ............. 80 5.2.5 Settings for Target Layers (Analysis Settings) .......................................... 81
5.2.5.1 5.2.5.2 5.2.5.3 5.2.5.4 Additional Thresholds (CDMA and UMTS only) .......................................... 82 Neighbor Cell Detection ......................................................................... 83 Method for Electrical Tilt Optimization ..................................................... 84 Overshooting Cell Compensation ............................................................ 84

5.2.6 Settings for Constraint Layers ................................................................ 85 5.2.7 Cost Control ......................................................................................... 88 5.2.8 Configuration Summary ......................................................................... 92 5.2.9 Optimization Results ............................................................................. 92 5.3 REVENUE ANALYSIS ......................................................................................... 93 5.3.1 Covered Revenue Function ..................................................................... 93

6 OPTIMIZATION ANALYSIS ............................................................................ 94
6.1 OPTIMIZATION PROGRESS .................................................................................. 96 6.1.1 Updating the Automatic Optimization Plots ............................................... 96 6.1.2 Optimization Progress Chart ................................................................... 97 6.2 ANALYSIS PLOTS ........................................................................................... 100 6.2.1 Best Pilot Received Power / Best RxPower / Best Pilot RSCP / Best Pilot RSSI (CDMA, UMTS, WiMAX, and LTE) ........................................................... 100 6.2.2 Best RxLev_DL Power (GSM and iDEN only) ........................................... 102 6.2.3 Best Cell Areas of All, Reconfigurable, and Relevant Cells ........................ 103 6.2.4 RSSI (CDMA and UMTS only) ............................................................... 104 6.2.5 Best Pilot Ec/Io (CDMA and UMTS only) ................................................. 107 6.2.6 Best Pilot CINR / Best C/I (WiMAX only) ................................................ 108 6.2.7 Best Pilot SINR (LTE only).................................................................... 109 6.2.8 Best C/I (GSM and iDEN only) .............................................................. 110 6.2.9 Pilot RSCP Coverage (CDMA, UMTS, and LTE) ........................................ 111 6.2.10 Pilot RSSI Coverage (WiMAX only) ...................................................... 112 6.2.11 RxLev_DL Coverage (GSM and iDEN only) ............................................ 113 6.2.12 Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold (CDMA, UMTS, and LTE) ........................ 113 6.2.13 Pilot RSSI Coverage Threshold (WiMAX only) ........................................ 114 6.2.14 RxLev_DL Coverage Threshold (GSM and iDEN only) ............................. 114 6.2.15 Pilot Ec/Io Coverage (CDMA and UMTS only) ........................................ 114 6.2.16 Pilot CINR Coverage (WiMAX only) ...................................................... 115 6.2.17 Pilot SINR Coverage (LTE only) ........................................................... 115 6.2.18 C/I Coverage (GSM and iDEN only) ..................................................... 116 6.2.19 Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold (CDMA and UMTS only) ......................... 116 6.2.20 Pilot CINR Coverage Threshold (WiMAX only) ....................................... 117 6.2.21 Pilot SINR Coverage Threshold (LTE only) ............................................ 117 6.2.22 C/I Coverage Threshold (GSM and iDEN only) ...................................... 117 6.2.23 Best Cell Overlap .............................................................................. 118 6.2.24 Cell Overlap Ratio per Cell.................................................................. 119 6.2.25 Site Overlap Ratio per Site ................................................................. 119 6.2.26 Equivalent DL or UL Traffic per Pixel (CDMA and UMTS only) .................. 120

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......1 Preferred Coverage Objective .. 170 8...........................................26.................................................................................5 Algorithm Sequence .............................................. 168 8.........1...........2...........26..............................1...................1..............2....................................... 169 8............................. DL or UL Service Correction Factor .......3 GRAPHICAL ANALYSIS OF CHANGES AFTER OPTIMIZATION ............................ 145 7..............2 SITE SELECTION OPTIMIZER ....................2..................................1 Focus on RF Network Characteristics ......... 149 7..............................2 6.........6 ROI and Revenue Thresholds .2...........38 Lost Revenue per Cell ..2.........3 CAPACITY AND COVERAGE OPTIMIZER ................................................... 158 8............2......... 145 7.....3..............31 Cell Sizes ......3 Capacity and Coverage Optimization Configuration .....................1.......................2................... 138 6..33 Total Revenue .......2...........5 User Activity Factor ...... 165 8.................2......................3 Required Performance Improvement (RPI) ........................................1 Basic Optimization Method .............2...................................................2......................3 6....................................................1 Change List ............................ 178 8............................................ 132 6................................................................. or Power Changes ...4 Coverage Constraints ...................... 134 6........4................ 161 8.......2.......................6..............26...... 135 6..... Special Case: HSDPA Users ...........................1 6..2............... 126 6.............................. 176 8...............1........................... Ec/Io Slider ....... 142 6.......1 RESULTS DIALOG ...............................................26........................................... 157 8...................................................................... 175 8.....................................................................................................2 Search Window Defined by Max...................................1.... 140 6.................2 Problem Analysis ..........................................36 Total Revenue per Cell .... 184 www........................................................................2................................................2..................................3.................. 143 7 OPTIMIZATION RESULTS .......1.....1.. 166 8...............27 Absolute Traffic ..... 179 8......................2..3.............................1..................... 180 8................com ..........37 Covered Revenue per Cell .......................................5 Difference of the Covered Revenue per Cell.............................................................3...............................................2 Work Order ...2.........2..........2 Problem Analysis .......2..... 138 6.............................................................3......................................1..................4 Objective Function and Side Constraints ........ 168 8..........2 OPTIMIZATION SUMMARY REPORT ..................4 Relative Score per Cell ...................35 Lost Revenue ........3 SUBMIT TO DATABASE .............................. Azimuth.................................................32 CQI (UMTS only) .... 160 8....29 Relative Load per Cell (CDMA and UMTS only) ....................... 137 6........................................................... 130 6...........1 OPTIMIZATION PRINCIPLES ... 154 8 OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHMS .........................28 Relative Traffic per Cell (CDMA and UMTS only) ............. 149 7............. 149 7..1 Project Configuration....................................................1 Project Configuration............................1 Cell Changes (Overview) ...................................................................2........................................actix.................1.................3.............26..................... 157 8....3 Difference of the Relative Load per Cell (CDMA and UMTS only)................. 130 6.........................4 Objective Function and Side Constraints for CDMA and UMTS Target Network Layers depending on the RSCP vs................................ 166 8... 178 8.............2 Tilt............ 129 6............3 Site Selection Optimization Configuration ............................4 6...................................................2........................5 Optimization Performance ........3.........6 Difference of the Lost Revenue per Cell ........................ 127 6........34 Covered Revenue ............................... 159 8..............2..... 133 6............. Steps Up and Down ................ DL or UL Service Activity Factor ............. 162 8......3................................................3......................... 128 6................................... 122 123 124 125 126 6........... 141 6.... 139 6........ 136 6.............................................................30 Users per Cell ......................... DL or UL Radio Bearer Activity Factor ..3.................

.......... 192 8.........................8.....3 Site Integration Optimization Configuration ....................................................................................................................... 191 8............4... 196 10 RUNNING OPTIMIZATION SERIES .............................................. 195 9................................... 192 8........4.......................................4 SITE INTEGRATION OPTIMIZER .............................................................. 191 8...6 Additional Side Constraints by Constraint Network Layers .............................................................................................................. 222 12 REFERENCES ............4 Objective Function and Side Constraints ................................. 189 8...... 191 8............ 187 8...1 Project Configuration.......................com ...............2 CUSTOMIZABLE CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS ..... 191 8.......................5............. 192 8..................................................................... 224 www.... 192 8....................................................................... Overlap Slider .3 Overshooting Cells Optimization Configuration ..................................5.........4 Objective Function and Side Constraints ............. 195 9....................................................5 Objective Function and Side Constraints for GSM and iDEN Target Network Layers depending on the RxLev_DL vs.....actix..........5...............2 Problem Analysis ................4.......5....................2 Problem Analysis .4................................. 190 8.5 OVERSHOOTING CELLS OPTIMIZER .........................1 DEFAULT AND USER-DEFINED CONFIGURATION FILES ....7 Algorithm Sequence .................................................. 192 8.....................................1 Project Configuration..........................3............3...........3......... 193 9 CUSTOMIZATION ............. 219 11 ABBREVIATIONS .....................................

capacity.1 Objectives of Network Optimization Network optimization is the process of steadily improving the network setup from the planning stage up to the live optimization of the running network.13 User Guide Introduction 7 1 Introduction The Actix Radioplan software comprises the Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) tool. of certain cell parameters. It is characterized by: the selection of the base station sites the initial cell configurations. It is characterized by: maximizing the coverage.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. and service quality at minimum costs. The launch task corresponds to the initial deployment of the network as well as to the extension of an existing network by additional sites.com . The post-launch task corresponds to stabilizing and adapting the launched network best to the real-world environment. and service quality through the reconfiguration of the existing infrastructure by means of the optimization of the network layout.actix. Thus. and possibly Radio Resource Management (RRM) parameters.e. i. 1. it ensures a profitable network setup for achieving the maximum coverage. which enables a highly efficient automated 2G and 3G network optimization that is easily integrated into the network operator‟s planning and optimization processes. The key objectives of network optimization are thus: Cut down operational and capital expenditures significantly Increase data service revenues and maintain a high quality of service with a costefficient network setup Reduce the time to market for new network setups and new services significantly Evolve the network in a controlled manner in alignment with the marketing traffic forecast Ensure a leading edge position regarding network quality and capacity against competing networks Two main tasks can be distinguished where the optimal network setup has to be found: the deployment of the required infrastructure (launch) and the maximum utilization of the existing infrastructure (post-launch). capacity. and www.

the network deployment and the maximum utilization of the existing infrastructure. the network optimization needs to consider that traffic data. However. traffic distribution. whether manual or automated. namely by the predictions and. the capacity and quality of a 3G W-CDMA network strongly depends on the spatial multi-service traffic distribution. an automated process relieves the planning and/or optimization engineer from the repeating manual tasks and can thus save much engineering time. Generally. thus providing the engineer with a network setup that is much more comprehensive and cost-effective. would not be independent from each other. and service mix. which incorporates the assumptions on the traffic load.13 User Guide Introduction 8 1. a successful automated optimization is not only required to quickly produce its results. and error-prone.actix. the optimization and the validation method. Moreover. This approach is very time-consuming.2 Challenges in Radio Network Optimization So far both tasks. www.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. rely on experienced planning engineers that manually select sites or reconfigure the planned network setup based on their RF and radio technology expertise thereby usually using extensive drive test data and/or a planning tool for evaluation. Such a planning tool incorporates pathloss predictions as well as terrain and clutter information and may also include a static simulator.com . Even more than in 2G TDMA radio networks. if 3G traffic measurements or at least forecasts are already available and reliable. incorporated measurements of the pathloss and the user behavior. if available. both using simulations. Therefore. Last but not least. Moreover. it may be validated by a planning tool using static simulations. tedious. Instead. especially for large areas. is predetermined by the accuracy of the planning data. it enables the evaluation of many more possible network setups based on clearly defined performance measures and cost constraints. but also to be closely integrated into the planning process and workflows as well as to provide comprehensive analysis and reporting capabilities as well as a high usability. Hence. the success of the network optimization in the planning process. the traffic-relevant evaluation of each configuration change during the iterative optimization process by means of reliable simulation results is very time-consuming. before applying the optimized network setup to the network.

the Radioplan ACP approach is designed to find the maximum improvement in coverage. Corresponding optimization tasks of Radioplan ACP are described in section 2.1 and the optimization technique in more detail in chapter 8. clutter maps. the optimization results can easily be validated by drive-test measurements from the live network. Moreover. Highly reliable because already in the planning process the optimization results can be independently validated by static and dynamic simulations using the integrated Radioplan Network Simulator. the user can decide to what extent the possibly uncertain traffic forecasts shall be incorporated in the optimization. DEM terrain maps. the optimization process totally relies on planning data. The graphical user interface effectively supports the user throughout the entire optimization process. Thus. www. Closely supports both launch and post-launch optimization tasks by individual optimization algorithms that match the specific planning goals. This validation of the performance improvement resulting from the optimization is very reliable because the objective functions used for capacity and coverage optimization do not apply simulations and are thus independent from the validation method. The customization is described in chapter 9.3. and quality in the shortest time. multi-service traffic maps (optionally). This approach is justified by the sophisticated computation of the objective function that accounts for the network load induced by users according to the multi-service traffic distribution as well as the interference between cells due to the network load.g. The optimization technique is described in chapter 8. Highly efficient because its basic approach does not utilize an inherent network simulation in the iterative optimization process. namely the network setup. The usability is well illustrated by the description of the application scenarios in chapter 2.com .13 User Guide Introduction 9 1.actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. capacity. Entire planning data configurations can be imported into Radioplan ACP in a single step without any further modification – e. Thereby cost constraints defined by the network operator are incorporated. Customizable such that configuration settings can be predefined for certain optimization scenarios. Additionally. and the optimization constraints. pathloss maps.3 Advantages of the Actix Radioplan Solution Actix Radioplan ACP has superior characteristics compared to competing approaches due to the following aspects: Simple to integrate into existing 2G and 3G network planning and optimization workflows. via the Atoll Synchronization Module (ASM) or other planning-tool-specific plugins to Radioplan ACP. The Radioplan ACP optimization process and its workflow integration is described in chapter 2.3 as well as by the overall description of the configuration and analysis capabilities in the present documentation. In particular. which enable an instant start of the optimization. Moreover. The planning data can also be tuned and updated with measurement data from drive tests in the real network. Easy and intuitive to use. The optimization process is described in section 2. it provides comprehensive reporting and graphical analysis capabilities including powerful direct comparisons of the initial and the optimized network setups and the optimization progress is permanently communicated to the user including an animated presentation of the performance improvements through the reconfigurations.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com .13 User Guide Introduction 10 www.actix.

DEM terrain maps. 2-1 Network optimization process supported by Radioplan ACP The initial network setup can be analyzed instantly by a set of analysis plots that highlight optimization-relevant performance measures and illustrate the objective functions.actix. the clutter map. antenna azimuths. and www. 2-1.1 Radioplan ACP Network Optimization Process The Radioplan ACP network optimization process relies on planning data that is possibly tuned and updated with measurement data from the live network.com .Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. cell powers. the network setup can be reconfigured by selecting: site locations and antenna heights as well as by changing: antenna types. and the optimization constraints are fed into the optimization process. the network setup. multi-service traffic maps (optionally). Fig. network setup DEM map pathloss maps clutter map traffic maps constraints Simulations or Measurements (optional) pre-analysis Simulations or Measurements (optional) reconfiguration of the network setup objective function QoS validation High-speed iterative process Fig. In particular. pathloss maps.13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 11 2 Radioplan ACP Overview 2. Generally. Thereby problem areas can be identified and the need for and required extent of optimization can be determined. electrical and mechanical antenna tilts.

2-1.3. the optimization process is an iterative procedure where alternately the objective function is computed over the optimization region and then certain network parameters are adjusted.including progress results analysis indication and and reporting automatic optimization plots Fig. the deterministic Direction Set (“Powell‟s”) algorithm that is applied in the optimization method – combined with a partitioning into local groups of affected cells and with heuristics based on Actix‟s extensive radio network expertise – ensure that the optimum network setup can be found within the huge parameter space of the optimization problem extremely fast. Appropriate objective functions have been defined for these optimizers: An objective function that represents the coverage probability is used to maximize the coverage. with respect to coverage. Optimization capabilities configuration in each project Problem analysis Optimizer Optimization process Optimization configuration .13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 12 The optimization tasks that are targeted by the Radioplan ACP optimization algorithms are described in section 2. and above all costs. exporting functions support the feedback of the optimization results in the planning and optimization process and their application in the live network. e. balanced network load.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. This means implicitly that apart from the calculation of the objective function.com . Moreover. During the automated optimization process animated plots and charts illustrate the progress of the reconfigurations that are accepted by the evaluation heuristics as well as their impact on performance measures and objective functions. As also illustrated in Fig. An objective function that represents the cell load or cell overlapping is used to minimize interference and power consumption in order to maximize the capacity and service quality.actix. the objective functions are additionally combined with constraints. which is based on the available planning and measurement data. Analysis and validation capabilities allow a direct comparison of the network setup before and after optimization as well as reporting. This fact greatly contributes to the extreme efficiency of the method applied. In addition to that all available system resources can be efficiently exploited because Radioplan ACP supports parallel processing. The optimization algorithms employ these objective functions in different ways – as described in chapter 8. Since the optimization is often a trade-off between conflicting goals. Moreover. 2-2 Optimization sub-steps of Radioplan ACP network optimization process www.g. no expensive simulation of the network is performed during capacity and coverage optimization.

www. & Focus Areas Pathloss Maps DEM & Clutter Maps Traffic Maps Constraints Planning Tool Drive Test Analysis Tuning of Planning Data Network Layout & Performance Database Automated Network Optimization Optimizing of Planning Data Site and antenna height selection and adaptation of: • antenna tilt • antenna azimuth • antenna type/pattern • cell power Dynamic & Static Network Simulation Fig. Optimization process: by a visualization of the optimization progress – see chapter 6.2 Actix Radioplan Integration in the Planning and Optimization Process As a part of Actix Radioplan. Radio Access Network Planning Database Measurement Equipment Network Setup Investig. 2-3 Actix Radioplan ACP Tool Integration The current network setup and further information required for planning and optimization is usually contained in the planning database of the radio network planning tool.com . For instance.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. for the Atoll planning tool by FORSK the entire planning configurations can be imported via the COM-based ATOLL Synchronization Module (ASM) into Radioplan ACP in a single step without any further modification. the automated network optimization provided by Radioplan ACP is integrated with planning tools and measurement equipment usually applied in the planning and optimization process as depicted in Fig. Problem analysis for an appropriate optimizer configuration: by a large variety of Analysis Plots as part of the comprehensive Radioplan data visualization and analysis capabilities – see chapter 6. Likewise the confirmed optimized network setup can be exported via the ASM to the planning tool. Optimizer configuration: by the Optimization Wizard – see chapter 5. 2-2: Optimization capabilities configuration in the Radioplan project: by optimization-relevant settings that can be specific to each project – see chapter 4.13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 13 Radioplan ACP efficiently supports the following sub-steps of the network optimization process – as illustrated in Fig.actix. Optimization results analysis and reporting: by a variety of plots and reports as part of the comprehensive Radioplan data visualization and analysis capabilities – see chapters 7. 2-3. 2. Radioplan has interfaces to such planning tools in order to seamlessly import and export the planning data thereby applying automated data conversion functions.

the Site Selection Optimization can automatically remove those sites which are not required to meet specified coverage and capacity objectives taking the absolute traffic to be served by the remaining sites into account.1 Site Selection and Site Integration For the evaluation whether certain available sites should be added to the network configuration or could be removed from the network configuration. through a combination with the Capacity and Coverage Optimization.com . 2. Either approach or a combination of both is supported by Radioplan as it contains not only the drive test analysis. Possible scenarios include the following: Investment Planning for 3G Network Launch or Major Expansion (possibly reusing existing 2G sites) Upon an initial 3G network launch.g. Moreover. site selection combines two objectives: select the existing 2G sites to be reused for 3G and select the optimal sites from additional 3G candidates. Thereby. a comprehensive validation including coverage. and LTE. Please refer to [R-UG] for more information on Radioplan and its modules. As the evaluated sites may have different antenna heights. an antenna height optimization is possible as well. WiMAX.13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 14 Through the incorporated drive test data import and analysis. Especially for an incumbent network operator with an existing 2G network infrastructure. and quality requires either live measurements or network simulations. GSM. the planning data. the cell parameters of the selected sites can automatically be optimized.3. Hence. Therefore. the pathloss maps. e. in order to limit the degree of freedom to a great extent. Moreover. of course. While the example scenarios described below may refer to specific systems. can be tuned automatically based on measurements from the live network. www.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. capacity. but also incorporates Network Simulators for Monte-Carlo snapshot simulations as well as for fully dynamic network simulations including realistic network models for true and efficient QoS validation. too. the algorithms can be applied to network configurations of all radio technologies supported by Radioplan: CDMA. iDEN. UMTS. sites that must remain in the network setup may be fixed and the initial cell configurations of the remaining sites can be optimized automatically. 2. The planning database that is updated with the optimized network setup can already be used to independently validate the results of the automated network optimization against the planning tool with respect to coverage and capacity indicators.3 Optimization Tasks The optimization algorithms of Radioplan ACP have been designed primarily for the following optimization tasks. Approved network operator practices for initial cell configurations can be applied. an existing 2G network potentially makes it easier to rollout a 3G network but can also create problems due to inter-site distances that are not ideal for 3G.actix. However. the locations for the base station sites have to be selected and initial cell configurations have to be applied in order to meet initial coverage and capacity objectives with respect to the investment goals. Also 3G operators that still need to increase their coverage footprint and/or provide more network capacity through a considerable number of new sites usually may select from a larger number of possible site locations – according to their investment goals. the 2G coverage objectives may not align with the 3G coverage objectives. the Site Selection Optimization can be used.

However. However.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The objective is to maximize the coverage and minimize the interference by the optimization of the existing network. 2.2 Capacity and Coverage (Cell Parameter) Optimization Given an existing network (post-launch). which may not be required if the network design would be optimized according to the coverage and capacity requirements of the current network rollout phase. bad interference conditions and a lack of clearly dominant cell areas may prevent new frequency plans with tighter frequency reuse that can cope with increasing capacity requirements and limited spectrum availability. given an existing network (post-launch). Then it is still in the interest of the network operator to get the most from the investment in new sites and to maximize the coverage and capacity of the network. for example to the radio network equipment vendor (turn-key). Through the combination of Site Selection and Capacity and Coverage Optimization the network operator has powerful means to independently validate the proposed sites and the site configurations and eventually identify better site configurations and even sites. cell parameter optimization is vital for the capacity and service quality.3. a group of several alternative candidate locations for each new site may be available. namely through the reconfiguration of the following cell parameters: antenna type antenna mechanical tilt. According to this need. the Site Selection Optimization can automatically add sites through a selection of the optimal site from each group of alternative candidates in order to achieve the maximum coverage and capacity including the optimization of the initial cell configurations. In FDMA networks like GSM.actix.com . Hence. the Site Integration Optimization can automatically optimize the initial cell configurations of such a site in accordance with also optimized cell configurations of the surrounding sites in a very straightforward manner. and remote electrical tilt antenna azimuth cell transmit power of a beacon signal and of possibly other control channels. Thereby. the maximum utilization of the existing infrastructure is decisive for the cost effectiveness of the network operation. Thus. as the GSM network evolves over time by inserting new sites. electrical tilt. These candidates can also be cell sites at the same location.13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 15 Radio Network Design Validation Network operators in many cases outsource the network design. depending on the propagation environment. Thereby.e. the network still continuously evolves and new sites have to be filled in to provide additional coverage and capacity. i. less cell overlapping. often the existing sites are not adapted to the denser site configuration. Radioplan ACP can be used to validate the radio network design proposed by the equipment vendor. a too high cell isolation may reduce the coverage. www. interference is basically controlled by frequency planning and the capacity mainly by the installation of the appropriate number of transceivers. but with different antenna heights thus enabling Antenna Height Optimization as well. If just a single site for a new location has to be integrated (as opposed to a selection from several alternative candidates). coverage and interference may be conflicting objectives because the interference can be minimized through a higher cell isolation. In 3G CDMA networks. Fill-in Site Optimization Moreover.

This overshooting cells detection and handling is available in Radioplan ACP either as a separate optimization algorithm or as an integrated task at the beginning of a Site Selection. can be identified by Radioplan ACP and. In case of an inhomogeneous traffic distribution the optimization of high-traffic regions is prioritized over low-traffic regions. Cost parameters (in Radioplan ACP so-called Required Performance Improvement thresholds) allow the user to control the degree of changes to the network setup and the associated costs.com . For more information see section 10. such cells (also known as “boomer” cells).Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. or Capacity and Coverage Optimization. Especially in the early days of 3G networks traffic data may not be available yet and traffic predictions may not be reliable enough to completely rely on them for network optimization. a homogeneous traffic distribution is assumed. the Capacity and Coverage optimization automatically optimizes the reconfigurable cell parameters and gives the user a number of choices in order to adapt it to the particular network and optimization objectives and constraints.3. they may have been designed for specific reasons at a certain point of time.actix. 2. You can create different Optimization configuration templates and run those consecutively on individual projects. Otherwise. depending on the cell coverage areas and the traffic distribution. which over-propagate many others and provide distant best server coverage or strong interference levels. Last but not least every cell parameter reconfiguration implies costs for its implementation in the live network. also down-tilted – both automatically – according to configurable settings. there may be a trade-off between interference minimization and traffic load balancing – both aimed at maximizing the capacity and service quality. Hence. They include for example: A slider allows the user to set the preference for those cases where maximizing coverage and minimizing interference might require different reconfigurations.4 Optimization Series Radioplan allows you to run optimization series.13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 16 Moreover. if available. Therefore.3. if desired. The user has the option to consider the spatial traffic distribution. Nevertheless. 2. Site Integration.3 Overshooting Cells Detection and Handling Overshooting cells can impair a consistent radio network design. www. This must be taken into consideration. in 3G networks.

2-5 Optimization menu www.com . analysis. 2-4. Fig. In addition to the main optimization functions. during. They can also be accessed by the Optimization menu.actix. 2-5. and customization.4 Main Elements in the Graphical User Interface The main optimization functions of Radioplan ACP can be controlled by the Optimization toolbar. Fig. Radioplan ACP provides more options for configuration. Fig. 2-4 Optimization toolbar: before. Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 17 2. and after optimization Run Optimization Stop Optimization Unload Optimization Module Request Plot Update During Optimization Run Optimization Summary Report… Show Progress Chart These functions can also be accessed by the Optimization menu.

The information in the memory speeds up further analysis plots.1). which can be configured in each Radioplan project as described in chapter 4. The Automatic Plot Update and the Request Plot Update During Optimization Run options are useful to control the Automatic Optimization Plots for a running optimization – as described in section 6.1. Additionally. This functionality is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Radioplan ACP: considers some General Settings – as described in chapter 3 – and takes project-specific optimization capabilities into account. The Revenue Analysis submenu contains some settings as well as a set of plots for revenue analysis – as described in sections 5.com . all important steps and decisions during both the configuration and the execution of optimizations are logged in the Optimization tab of the Message window below the main window. By the Unload Optimization Module option. Note that Unload Optimization Module is automatically called when selecting Run Optimization. The menu entries Load Configuration… and Save Configuration… support the management of such customer. Radioplan ACP can be customized using configuration files (*.actix. the memory occupied by an initialized or completed optimization is released.2.2. The Analysis Plots are described in section 6. After confirmation of the last wizard dialog the optimization is started.1).3 and 6.1. By the Stop Optimization option the user can stop a running optimization. 2-6. if certain Analysis Settings shall be changed (namely the Calculation Pixel Size . Generally. The Optimization Summary Report… gives a tabular overview of the optimization results – as described in section 7.1. The accessibility of the menus depends on the active network layers (refer to section 4. which guides the user through the configuration – as described in section 5. For information on Run Optimization Series. www. see chapter 10.2. respectively.2. Then.1.the Traffic and Area Masking as well as the UMTS HSDPA settings – see also section 5.ini). An Unload is required. Fig.and even user-specific configuration files – as described in chapter 9.13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 18 When selecting Run Optimization the Optimization Wizard is opened. the intermediate result is available for analysis. Show Progress Chart opens an interactive chart diagram that displays the performance improvements over the steps and accumulated costs as they evolve during the optimization – as described in section 6. The Analysis Settings… include all optimization settings that may affect the Analysis Plots – as described in section 5. like the result of an optimization.2. however.

13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 19 Fig.actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 2-6 Logging messages example in the Optimization tab of the Message window www.com .

General Settings 20 3 Optimization .13 User Guide Optimization . invoked by the menu entry Tools  General Settings….com .General Settings From the Radioplan General Settings dialog. 3-1 Radioplan General Settings dialog www.actix. the parameters relevant for Radioplan ACP are described in Table 3-1.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Fig.

which influences the memory and disk space consumption as well as the displaying performance – refer also to [R-UG].0 + 10. which can have different system bandwidths. iDEN. It is the pixel size effective for the display of matrices. and WiMAX projects. Message Logging Log Messages to File {true. false} If this box is checked. It is used for interference ratio calculations – including: Noise Figure LTE dB Ec/Io calculations in CDMA.g. This file is automatically stored in the user‟s Application Data\Actix\Radioplan directory. the LTE noise floor NLTE is defined as follows: NLTE [dBm] = -114.13 User Guide Optimization .T [K] / K) . C/I calculations in GSM. iDEN.General Settings 21 Table 3-1 Radioplan-ACP-relevant general settings Parameter Unit / Value Description Raster Matrix Display Settings Default Minimum Plot Pixel Size m The minimum dimension [m] of a single pixel used for raster matrix plots. a new one is created and a copy of the previous one is saved with a timestamp. upon starting Radioplan.lg(B [MHz] ) + NF [db] which assumes Nth [mW] =(1. the default Noise Floor for UMTS may correspond to N = Nth =-107dBm for B = 5MHz and T = 288K as well as NF = 0 and LT = 0.1). If.10-20 mWs. Noise in Interference Calculations Noise Floor dBm The noise floor N. B [Hz] with T = 288K and takes the Bandwidth B from the Network Layer Settings (refer to section 4. CDMA. which shall represent: the thermal noise power Nth within the channel bandwidth the noise figure NF at the terminal and and may additionally include: a network-wide additional loss LT at the terminal side. www. It can be easily accessed by clicking the Explore Log Folder… button.com . For example.txt).actix. the log output to the Message window is also written to a text file (LogMessages. and LTE projects. the existing log file is larger than 2 MB. GSM.38. for indoor users. which effectively increases the noise floor resulting in the total configurable value: N = Nth + NF + LT one for each of the following supported technologies: UMTS. e. and The noise figure NF for LTE. and WiMAX.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Based on this. UMTS.

2. 1.g.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com . the computations are automatically distributed to all available processor cores. Please note: In addition to the Radioplan general Plot Pixel Size. The parameter Total Downlink Network Load [%] applies only to the Best Ec/Io plot that is invoked using the menu entry View  Configuration Data Plots  Interference Ratio. the number of them can be specified.6). e. …} In Auto mode.13 User Guide Optimization . Radioplan ACP still defines the Calculation Pixel Size (refer to section 5.actix. If not all available processor cores shall be used. For more information on the Radioplan General Settings. please refer to [R-UG]. on customization of the General Settings in the user workspace. It is not used for optimization calculations. www.General Settings 22 Parameter Unit / Value Description Multithreading Number of Processors {Auto.1.

13 User Guide Optimization .Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.General Settings 23 www.com .actix.

g. 1.1 Network Layer A Radioplan project consists of one or more Network Layers. e. the UARFCN. icon (tooltip Manage Network Layers) from the .com . Higher values represent higher priority. 4. All Network Layers that are selected the same System.actix. RxPower Threshold. The Network Layers dialog. UMTS. one or In that dialog as well as in the combo box right next to it. i. Bandwidth [MHz] >0 For LTE network layers only: The LTE system bandwidth.e. e.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. It can also be used to distinguish frequency bands by strings. or frequency band of a GSM system. …] An integer identifier for the priority of a network layer. HCS – A string identifier for the Hierarchical Cellular Structure (HCS) layer. A network layer is characterized by the parameters listed in Table 4-1. Table 4-1 Network Layer parameters Parameter System Frequency Band Unit / Value {CDMA. WiMAX. more network layers can be selected. An integer identifier for: the carrier frequency (band) of a CDMA or UMTS system. further configuration requirements may apply (see below). www. It can be opened by clicking the Surface Plots toolbar.g. Fig. LTE} – Description The radio technology. It is used for the best serving cell decision in conjunction with the cell-specific Min. 2. gives an overview of the network layers in the project. a certain subset of cells within a system. together must have For optimization. Priority [0. GSM. iDEN. 4-1. These optimization settings are described in the following.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 24 4 Optimization Project Configuration Radioplan ACP considers project-specific configuration data.

13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 25 For the selected Network Layers. 4-3. two sets of network layers can be distinguished: The active Network Layers in the Network Layers dialog define the Target Layers for optimization.g. e.com . Further Network Layers can be defined as Constraint Layers for optimization in the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5. which is created by clicking the icon and shows for UMTS layers the Best Pilot Power. 4-2. Additionally. Radioplan core functions can be used for analysis. they can be created and modified in Radioplan.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. www.2 Areas For each Radioplan project a Simulation Area (brown polygon(s)) and an Analysis Area (yellow polygon(s)) can be defined in the Areas folder Fig. Fig. Usually. (tooltip Plot Received Power) Fig. 4. 4-2 Areas folder in the Configuration tree tab The areas are displayed in the main window as for example in Fig. a received power plot. 4-1 Example of the Network Layers dialog and the LTE-specific Network Layer Options For the optimization. For more information.actix. please refer to [R-UG]. the network layers in the Radioplan project are the result from the planning data import process.2).

com . 4-4 Area Settings dialog There are several ways to define areas in Radioplan: Areas can be imported automatically together with the planning data imported from a planning tool.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 26 Fig. www.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix. can be invoked by double-clicking an element in the Areas folder of the Configuration tab tree. Fig. 4-3 Example Simulation Area (brown polygon) and Analysis Area (yellow polygon) The Area Settings dialog. Areas can be imported based on common vector data file formats by the entry Import… in the context menu of the Areas folder or of any existing area item in the Area folder. Fig. 4-4.

More than the 2 area definitions for Analysis Area and Simulation Area may be loaded into the Areas folder. Shall define a buffer zone.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Optimization capabilities Determines the reconfigurable cells (refer to section 5.11). www. is the computation area. i. which includes sites with potential interdependencies with the sites inside the Analysis Area. please refer to [R-UG]. Fig. Table 4-2. any area can be selected as the Analysis Area or Simulation Area by the entry Set as Analysis Area or Set as Simulation Area. e. 4-4.actix.g. Only active site candidate groups inside are optimized. respectively. For more information. please refer to the respective description in chapter 8. Only removable sites inside may be removed.com . in the context menu of that area item in the list. The Analysis Area must be completely inside the Simulation Area. respectively.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 27 Areas can be drawn and modified using the corresponding paint mode.) Shall never be reduced. Table 4-2 Impact of the area definitions Analysis Area General Sets the focus for optimization. The Simulation Area and the Analysis Area may have a different impact in conjunction with the different Optimizers of Radioplan ACP.1. – Optimization objective Shall be maximized. Each area may be composed of several subpolygons. only the Analysis Area may be considered for optimization. (For the specific objectives of each optimization algorithm. Then. Optionally. or the Modify Analysis Areas can be edited in the Area Settings dialog.e. which can be opened by doubleclicking an existing area item in the Areas folder. which is activated by clicking the Modify Simulation Area icon Area icon from the Paint toolbar. Simulation Area Is considered by the optimization.

e. Optimization results Automatic visualization and reporting of coverage and other performance figures.com . 4-5 Clutter Classes Settings dialog www.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Simulation Area Scales with the number of trafficrelevant pixels inside. 4. Fig. These optimization parameters are defined in Table 4-3.3 Clutter Classes Settings In order to define clutter-specific thresholds for coverage calculations. in: Layer legend details.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 28 Analysis Area Optimization run-time Scales with the number of evaluation steps resulting from the optimization capabilities and from the optimizer settings. Optimization Progress Chart Optimization Summary Report. and the number of reconfigurable cells and their reconfigurable parameters and reconfiguration ranges.actix. Fig. 4-5. the number of removable sites. This dialog can be invoked by double-clicking the Clutter Classes element in the Configuration tab tree.g.e. i. a pathloss offset as well as an Ec/Io or C/I offset can be defined for each clutter class in the Clutter Classes Settings dialog.: the number of site candidate groups.

e. consequently. 4.1. www. by which additional losses for users in special environments can be taken into account. Electrical Tilt. for a successful network access can be defined.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 29 Table 4-3 Clutter-specific optimization parameters Parameter Pathloss Offset [dB] (Optimization) Unit / Value dB Description A clutter-specific pathloss offset.4 Antenna Settings For supporting antenna type and electrical tilt optimization. It is added to the area-wide default target value for beacon signal received power of the respective system. for UMTS and CDMA network layers it is added to the area-wide default Minimum Pilot RSCP in order to determine the Pilot RSCP Coverage.2.1. Ec/Io Offset [dB] (Optimization) or C/I Offset [dB] (Optimization) dB A clutter-specific offset.actix.com . it may account for a fading margin.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2). the antenna settings given in Table 4-4 are specifically required. Electrical Tilt Antenna Family. these clutter-specific offsets are applied to the coverage calculations – as described for the respective (…) Coverage plots in section 6. please refer to section 5. For example. Table 4-4 Antenna parameters specifically required for optimization Optimization of: Electrical tilt Antenna type Mandatory antenna parameters Antenna Family. by which different interference ratio requirements for a successful detection of the beacon signal and. For the respective area-wide default value. Moreover. Antenna Group All optimization-relevant antenna parameters are described in Table 4-5. for indoor and in-car users. For the respective area-wide default value. The clutter-specific thresholds that result from these offsets can be viewed using the corresponding (…) Coverage Threshold plots (refer also to section 6. for UMTS and CDMA network layers it is added to the area-wide default Minimum Pilot Ec/Io in order to determine the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage. based on the defined Clutter Matrix. For example. and for GSM network layers it is added to the area-wide default Minimum RxLev_DL in order to determine the RxLev_DL Coverage. It is added to the area-wide default target value for beacon signal interference ratio of the respective system. Then. please refer to section 5.g.

www. Fig.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 30 Usually the Antenna Families are automatically defined during the data import process from the planning tool to Radioplan. which can be invoked by double-clicking the respective Antenna in the Configuration tab tree.com . all antennas without a defined Antenna Family are contained in the No Family subfolder of the Antennas folder in the Configuration tab tree. Fig. 4-8. 4-7. Fig. 4-6 A „No Family‟ subfolder contains antennas without a defined Antenna Family The antenna settings required for optimization can be configured in the Antenna Settings dialog. Fig.actix. Fig. which can be invoked by the entry Settings Overview… in the context menu of any Antenna or Antenna folder in the Configuration tab tree. Moreover.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. All antenna configurations of a family are placed in a subfolder with the name of the respective Antenna Family. 4-6. 4-7 Antenna Settings dialog The antenna settings can also be configured for all antennas at once in the Antenna Settings Overview dialog.

13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 31 Fig.g. can be used to instantly define the Antenna Families for all Antenna IDs that comply with the naming scheme: <familyname>_<electrical-tilt-value-in-degree> or <familyname>_T<electrical-tilt-value-in-degree> . 4-8 Antenna Settings Overview dialog If the Antenna Families in the Radioplan project are not defined. A cell may refer to such an Alternative Antenna Group (refer also to section 4. Likewise. 4-8.com . the button Update Antenna Families in the Antenna Overview Settings dialog. Table 4-5 Optimization-relevant antenna parameters Parameter Antenna Family Unit / Value string Description Identifies all antennas that belong to the same family. An Antenna Group is a set of antenna configurations for different antennas.actix. during antenna type optimization. the antenna type of that cell may be reconfigured by replacing its original antenna with antennas of that Alternative Antenna Group. During antenna tilt optimization the electrical tilt may be reconfigured by replacing the original antenna configuration with another configuration of the same family – just with a different electrical tilt. For example. the Update Electrical Tilt from Antenna ID button allows to instantly update the Electrical Tilt parameter.6). Fig. Identifies all antennas that belong to the same group.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. An Antenna Family is a set of antenna configurations for the same antenna just with different electrical tilts. www. the antenna name Sector_BW62_Var1_G17_2 results in the Antenna Family Sector_BW62_Var1_G17 and an Electrical Tilt of 2 degrees. Electrical Tilt Beamwidth Alternative Antenna Group degree degree string The electrical tilt inherent to the antenna diagram. Then. given the same naming scheme. The 3dB-beamwidth inherent to the antenna diagram. different in their Beamwidth and Gain – irrespective of their inherent electrical tilt. e.

5 Site Settings Site-specific optimization capabilities and constraints can be defined in the Site Settings dialog. which can be invoked by the entry Settings Overview… in the context menu of any site in the Configuration tab tree. all sites can be configured at once in the Site Settings Overview dialog.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. These optimization parameters are described in Table 4-6. Fig. Fig. 4-9.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 32 4.actix. Fig. It can be invoked by double-clicking the respective site in the Configuration tab tree or by the entry Settings… in the context menu of the respective site. 4-10. www.com . 4-9 General tab of the Site Settings dialog Alternatively.

this flag makes the azimuth a shared parameter across all those layers. Lock Angle between Cells during Azimuth Optimization {true. € For Revenue Analysis only: The cost of a site visit. e. the antenna azimuth of any cell at this site can only be changed for all cells together without changing the azimuth relations between the cells (antenna installation with coupled azimuths. The currency unit depends on the Windows OS Regional and Language Options. For a site with cells of multiple network layers. the reconfiguration of any cell and parameter of this site is blocked. Otherwise. e. as usual.actix. 4-10 Site Settings Overview dialog Table 4-6 Site-specific optimization parameters Parameter Unit / Value Description Relevant for Capacity and Coverage optimization (also as a task of Site Selection) or for Site Integration or Overshooting Cells optimization Is Reconfigurable {true.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. false} If enabled. the reconfiguration capabilities and constraints of the cells and of the optimization algorithm apply.g.g. Visit Cost Currency unit. turning the entire antenna mast).com .13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 33 Fig. false} If disabled. the antenna azimuth of the cells can be changed independently for each cell. Otherwise. www.

Planned for Acquisition.actix. the flag must not be set. Planned for Acquisition. Not Existent} {No Group. and for UMTS cells.6. mainly the parameters of the installed antenna – as defined in section 4. which is interpreted as “the transmitter is on. www.7): RPI parameters as well as cost and effort limits are only applied to changes at the sites with Rollout Status “Existent”.6 Cell Settings The parameters that can be configured on a per cell basis include: the Cell Active flag in the Configuration tab tree. so that the cell is radiating power”. Sites outside of the Analysis Area are generally considered not to be removable.6. However. the General Settings.6.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 34 Parameter Rollout Status Unit / Value {Existent.e. By definition. the system-technology-specific power and further cell resources parameters – as defined in section 4.2.com . false} Indicates this site as removable for the “Remove Redundant Sites” task of the Site Selection Optimizers. i. This flag is only observed for sites located in the Analysis Area. what kind and extent of reconfiguration is feasible for each cell parameter – as defined in section 4.1.4. Defines for the “Site Candidate Groups” task of the Site Selection Optimizer to which of the 10 possible site candidate groups this site belongs to.6. which is interpreted as "the cell is existing in the network".2. the HSDPA Settings – as defined in section 4.e. only one site from all candidates in each group will be required as a new fill site for additional coverage and capacity. and for GSM and iDEN cells.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.6. Rollout Status {Existent. including the Transmitter (or Subcell) Active flag. …. Site Candidate Group 4.2. which list the configured transmitters or radios – as defined in section 4.e. if the site shall definitely remain in the optimized network setup – e.7): The “Rollout Status” is used as a priority for evaluation and as a criteria how to consider the cost of changes. whether or not this site location is not necessarily required to be part of the optimized network setup. the Optimization Capabilities. i. the Transmitters Settings.3.g. Group 10} If “Consider Configured Rollout Status of Sites“ is enabled in the Cost Control settings (refer to section 5. Not Existent} Description If “Consider Configured Rollout Status of Sites“ is enabled in the Cost Control settings (refer to section 5. Relevant for Site Selection Is Removable during Site Selection {true. i. i.e. the Resources Settings. because it is already in place in the live network. Group 01.5.

The antenna model might only support a certain electrical tilt range. For Revenue Analysis: The costs associated with implementing a certain type of change at the cell. may differ for each cell. Fig.g. For more information on the Cell Settings than in the following sections. and the applicable power are defined by discrete reconfiguration steps with a given step size between a minimum and a maximum value. These reconfiguration capabilities include whether a certain cell parameter may be changed as well as the possible reconfiguration range or constraints: The reconfiguration ranges for the antenna tilt. The reconfiguration constraints for the antenna type can be defined by up to 5 Antenna Groups.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 35 Generally. cell-specific reconfiguration capabilities for optimization can be defined in the Cell Settings dialog. The mounting of the antenna equipment might support remote electrical tilting (RET). this data may not be available yet.actix. For example the following circumstances may restrict the optimization capabilities of a cell: The mounting of the antenna equipment might only allow a certain mechanical tilt range. might not be allowed. Inactive Cells without pathloss matrix are ignored. Above all they arise from the installed equipment. However. can still be defined at a later step of the optimization process in the respective Optimizer Settings according to the optimization objectives (refer to chapter 8). The budget for a network optimization campaign may only allow a limited number of cell changes. 4-11. antenna azimuth. 4.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. neither tilt nor azimuth. For regulatory reasons (e. In contrast to that. www. the constraint whether the reconfiguration of a certain cell parameter shall be actually used for an optimization and to which extent.e.6.com . The mounting of the antenna equipment and possibly obstacles on the roof might only allow a certain azimuth range. what kind and extent of reconfiguration is feasible for each cell parameter. Therefore. these cell-specific reconfiguration capabilities should be contained in the planning database used for optimization so that it can be imported to Radioplan ACP. Usually. i. The Shared flag can be applied as an additional constraint in case of multi-band and multi-system antennas. near a hospital) the change of the antenna orientation. with the parameters described in Table 4-7.1 Optimization Capabilities The optimization capabilities. but may also consider network planning and operation guidelines as well as regulatory requirements and costs of changes. please refer to [R-UG]. each active cell must have a pathloss matrix.

com . are available for selection. 4-12. 4-11.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 36 The cell-specific costs are only considered for optimization if Use Cell/Site Individual Cost is selected in the Cost Control settings (refer to section 5. Fig. the Antenna Groups dialog is opened. www.4). it will be automatically added.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Fig.7). 4-11 Optimization tab of the Cell Settings dialog (example for a UMTS cell) By clicking the Select Antenna Groups button in the Optimization tab of the Cell Settings dialog. The originally configured value should be included in the reconfiguration steps.2. the Antenna Groups. which must have been defined before in the Antenna Settings (refer to section 4.actix. If it is not included. Here. Fig.

false} Description Indicates whether the respective cell parameter can be reconfigured at all. Since this option makes electrical tilt changes cheaper it can be associated with a specific Required Performance Improvement value for optimization (refer to section 8. For azimuth. The reconfigurable power parameter depends on the System: UMTS. Min = Max declares the full circle as allowed range including the step across 360°   0°. 4-12 Antenna Groups dialog Table 4-7 Cell-specific optimization parameters Parameter Reconfigurable … Tilt Mechanical Unit / Value {true.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. false} Please make sure to disable e.3).13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 37 Fig. please refer to section 5. WiMAX: Pilot Power GSM. Min must be smaller than Max. Min Max degree Absolute lower and upper limit for the respective cell parameter defining the possible range of: Mechanical Tilt (THETA) Electrical Tilt Azimuth (PHI) Power dBm For tilt and power. Indicates whether the electrical tilt can be changed remotely.com .actix.1. For more information on electrical tilt optimization within the Antenna Family. Step Size degree dB Step size for the reconfiguration of: both electrical and mechanical antenna tilt antenna azimuth power www. a Reconfigurable Mechanical Tilt for omnidirectional cells. CDMA.1. iDEN: Output Power (THETA) Electrical Tilt (within Antenna Family) Azimuth (PHI) Power Antenna Type Remote Electrical Tilt (RET) Installed {true.g.

Azimuth Power Antenna Type For Revenue Analysis only: The cost associated with the implementation of an optimization change for the respective cell parameter.actix. www. a multi-band or multi-system antenna may transmit signals of multiple technologies and on multiple frequency bands. false} Description Indicates whether the respective cell parameter can only be reconfigured together for all cells that share this antenna. € Identifies up to 5 groups of antennas that may replace the installed antenna as a result from antenna type optimization. The currency unit depends on the Windows OS Regional and Language Options.com .13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 38 Parameter Shared Tilt (PHI) Mechanical (THETA) Electrical Tilt Azimuth Unit / Value {true.1 for further information. For example.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.g. Costs Tilt Tilt (PHI) Mechanical Electrical Tilt Remote El. 4-13. Maximum Users per Cell – The target number of users for this cell (irrespective of their service). If the defined “groups” contain only a single antenna each. the azimuth and mechanical tilt could be shared for all signals. Refer to section 4. which can be opened by the entry Optimization Settings Overview… in the context menu of any cell in the Configuration tab tree. all cells can be configured at once in the Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog. Alternatively.1. The overview dialog contains all cells that belong to the same System like the cell. Thereby. Please make sure to set the Shared flag at the respective antenna parameters of all cells that share the antenna. e. whereas the electrical tilt could be reconfigurable for each signal independently. Antenna Groups {all Alternative Antenna Groups defined in the Antenna Settings} Currency unit. Fig. which it was opened from. this option can also be used to specify 5 individual alternative antennas.6.

which are defined in other tables such as the Cell Settings Overview. 4-13 Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog (example for UMTS network layers) In contrast to that. The cells with a shared antenna must be at the same site in the Radioplan project. Y. the shared parameter must: ▫ ▫ ▫ have the same current value be reconfigurable be shared. However. Z} position. The cells must have the same {X. 4. 4-14.com .actix.1. 4-14 Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog (example for ALL network layers) The grey columns in the overview tables are read-only parameters.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. in case of inaccuracies of the cells‟ coordinates in the imported planning data. Fig. of course. At all respective cells. www.2). can be opened by the entry File  Current Project  Cell Optimization Settings in the main menu. Fig.6. a technology-independent Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog.1 Conditions for Shared Antenna Parameters The following conditions apply to the recognition of antennas with shared parameters. a snap radius for each the X-Y Offsets and the Height over Ground can be defined in the configuration file (refer to SharedAntennaPositionThresholdXY and SharedAntennaPositionThresholdZ in section 9.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 39 Fig.

and WiMAX cells a parameter in the General Settings tab. The Network Layer parameter can be used as a filter for a group of cells to be optimized together – refer also to section 4. whereas the Cell Active flag in the Configuration tab tree is interpreted as "the cell is existing in the network". a number of general parameters are considered by Radioplan ACP.6. www. This distinction can be used for the configuration of repeaters and additional antennas. the Transmitter Activated flag is defined in the Transmitters Settings (refer to section 4.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 40 If cells and antenna parameters are configured to be shared.6. UMTS. They are highlighted in Fig. 4. The Transmitter Activated flag is only for CDMA. then a warning message in the Message window indicates the respective cell and parameter and shared settings are ignored during the optimization. They are also the basis for all propagation calculations.com . or WiMAX cell) The Transmitter (or Subcell) Activated flag is interpreted as “the transmitter is on air”.1.actix. Fig.2 General Settings For all cells of any network layer.2. For GSM and iDEN cells. but do not meet the aforementioned conditions.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.g. UMTS. e. like for the Pilot Received Power as described in section 6.1. which are to be optimized.5). 4-15. The highlighted General Settings include the parameters of the current antenna installation. 4-15 General tab of the Cell Settings dialog (for a CDMA.

4-16. or WiMAX cells are highlighted in Fig. is the basis for the calculation of the Pilot Received Power – as described in section 6. 4-19. CDMA. and 6. Fig. The Output Power of a GSM or iDEN cell is the basis for the calculation of the RxLev_DL – as described in section 6. all highlighted power parameters of UMTS.1.5. The relevant parameters for UMTS. iDEN.actix.2.1.8. or Pilot Power.2 – as well as for interference calculations – as described in section 6.com .13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 41 4. GSM.5. Fig. or WiMAX cells.6.2. 6. 4-18.3 Resources Settings The Resources Settings considered by Radioplan ACP depend on the network layer of the cell. For UMTS.2.2. respectively. 4-20. the PCPICH Power. and defined in Table 4-8. or WiMAX cells are considered for interference calculations – as described in sections 6. and Fig. Moreover.2. CDMA. respectively. Fig.2. Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. CDMA.4. 4-16 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a UMTS cell www. 4-17. FPICH Power.6 – as well as for the interpretation of the Network Load parameter – as described in section 5.

4-18 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a GSM cell www.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 42 Fig.com .Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 4-17 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a CDMA cell Fig.actix.

com .actix. 4-20 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a WiMAX or LTE cell www.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 43 Fig. 4-19 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for an iDEN cell Fig.

PFPICH PotherCCH Ptotal.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The cell‟s pilot transmit power.max dBm The cell‟s output power for the pilot signal. RxPower Threshold WiMAX or LTE Pilot Power Symbol Unit / Value Description Ptotal. The cell‟s PCCPCH output power defined as offset in relation to the PCPICH Power.max dBm dBm default: -130 dBm The cell‟s output power on the BCCH carrier.actix. PPCPICH PPCCPCH PFirstSCCPC H AFFirstSCCPC H PAICH AFAICH PPICH AFPICH dBm dBm dBm dBm dBm Ptotal.com .max dBm dBm dBPCPICH dBm The cell‟s maximum output power . The cell‟s output power for DL common channels other than the FPICH defined as offset in relation to the FPICH Power. PPilot.max dBm dBm dBm The cell‟s maximum output power . The output power of the cell‟s first SCCPCH defined as offset in relation to the PCPICH Power. The cell‟s pilot transmit power.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 44 Table 4-8 Resources parameters for cells of different network layers Parameter UMTS Maximum Power PCPICH Power PCCPCH / SCH Power Offset First SCCPCH Power Offset First SCCPCH Activity AICH Power AICH Activity PICH Power PICH Activity CDMA Maximum Power FPICH Power Other CCH Power Offset GSM or iDEN Output Power Min. The cell‟s PICH activity factor. min. The cell‟s AICH activity factor. Pr . www. The cell‟s PICH output power defined as offset in relation to the PCPICH Power. The activity factor of the cell‟s first SCCPCH. The cell‟s AICH output power defined as offset in relation to the PCPICH Power. The minimum DL received power required at a pixel to serve a pixel and the corresponding traffic by this cell.

13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 45 4.6. Residue: The HSDPA is dynamically allocated with the power not used for DCH connections.actix.com .1.4 HSDPA Settings (UMTS only) The HSDPA can be configured on a per cell basis with the parameters defined in Table 4-9. 4-21.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The HSDPA parameters considered by Radioplan ACP are shown in Fig. Power Mode – {PCPICH Offset. Residue} www. Choice of the HSDPA power mode: PCPICH Offset: The HSDPA has a fixed power defined by the PCPICH Offset. 4-21 HSDPA tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a UMTS cell Table 4-9 HSDPA parameters for UMTS cells Parameter Activate HSDPA Symbol – Unit / Value {true. Fig.13). false} Description Activates the HSDPA in this cell. For the consideration of the HSDPA settings in the optimization. HSDPA must still be enabled in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.

actix. if Residue is selected as HSDPA Power Mode: The maximum HSDPA power depends on the DCH load. withDCH . The total power allocated to all common channels (except HS-PDSCH) and to all DCHs can be calculated as: Ptotal . SCCPCH.max mW PPCPICH mW 10 PHS PDSCH [dB-PCPICH] is the (HSDPA) PCPICH Offset configured for the cell. For Residue power mode only: The maximum cell power including the HSDPA power is set to this Power Margin below the Maximum Power of the respective cell.used mW PPCPICH mW PotherCCH .com . PCCPCH. AICH. The HS-SCCH power defined as an offset in relation to the PCPICH power.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. assuming that the HSDPA is fully loaded.allocated mW PDCH . and HS-SCCH) with the contributions as defined in the Table 4-8 and Table 4-9 as well as with the HSDPA activity factor as defined in section 5. www. the HS-PDSCH power can be calculated as: PHS PDSCH PHS PDSCH dB 10 PHS PDSCH.1. Otherwise. PHS PDSCH Ptmargin . the cell‟s maximum HSDPA power is calculated as follows: If PCPICH Offset is selected as HSDPA Power Mode: The maximum HSDPA power is fixed and defined by the PCPICH Offset [dB-PCPICH] – as defined in the Table 6-9.e. The number of available HS-SCCHs.13. because it is allocated on top of the power allocated for DCH transmissions. Then.allocated PotherCCH . HS PDSCH Number of HS-SCCH HS-SCCH Resources: PCPICH Power Offset n HS SCCH – dBPCPICH PHS SCCH Depending on the HSDPA power mode.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 46 Parameter PCPICH Offset Power Margin Symbol Unit / Value dBPCPICH dB Description For PCPICH Offset power mode only: HSDPA power in relation to the PCPICH power.total mW mW is the total power of all DL common control channels other than the PCPICH (i. PICH.

2. the maximum power including HSDPA load is either the cell‟s Maximum Power Ptotal.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.5).13: PHS PDSCH . whichever term is higher: Ptotal.1.max mW 10 Ptotal . respectively). Moreover. the HSDPA power affects the optimization result.total mW allocated to all DCH transmissions is estimated based on the Relative Load per Cell (as defined in section 6. and 6.com . if the left term is smaller than the right term.max PDSCH .withDCH .2.HS dB .allocated mW Which portion of the maximum HSDPA power is actually used can still be defined by the HSDPA Activity Factor – as defined in section 5.used mW AFHSDPA PHS PDSCH.with DCHAndHS Ptotal. HS PDSCH [dB] or still the power allocated to all common channels (except HS-PDSCH) and to all DCHs.max mW The HSDPA power is considered in the calculation of the RSSI and dependent measures such as the Pilot Ec/Io and the CQI (refer to sections 6. max dBm PDSCH dBm Pmargin.2.5.allocated dBm Moreover. HS PDSCH dB 10 PHS PDSCH.1.13 User Guide PP CP ICH dBm PP CCP CH dB 10 dBm PF irstSCCP C H Optimization Project Configuration 47 PotherCCH . Then. Ptotal.with DCH .used mW 10 PP CP ICH dB 10 AFFirstSCCPC H 10 PP CP ICH dBm PA ICH dB 10 dB 10 dBm PHS SCCH AFAICH 10 PP CP ICH dBm PP ICH AFPICH 10 PP CP ICH dB 10 AFHSDPA n HS SCCH 10 PotherCCH .allocated : PotherCCH .4.max dBm Pmargin.max reduced by the Residue Mode Power Margin Pmargin .5) and the Maximum Output Power of the highest loaded cell.29) as well from the configured DCH Network Load (as defined in section 5.1. 6.32.2.used AF * 1 The total power PDCH . by its consideration in the Network Load (refer to section 5. the maximum available HSDPA power PHS PDSCH. www.actix.max can be calculated as: Ptotal.

5 Transmitters Settings (GSM and iDEN only) The transmitters and their frequency plan parameters considered by Radioplan ACP can be configured on a per cell basis with the parameters shown in Fig. 4-22 and defined in Table 4-10. Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com . www.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 48 4.2.actix.8.6. 4-22 Transmitters tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a GSM cell The channel numbers are considered by the interference calculation – as described in section 6.

In case of frequency hopping. Hopping Sequence Number.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 49 Fig. Active GSM Hopping Strategy – {true. 4-23 Transmitters tab of the Cell Settings dialog for an iDEN cell Table 4-10 Transmitters parameters for GSM or iDEN cells Parameter GSM or iDEN Tx Symbol Unit / Value Description – {“BCCH”.com TCH List – Channel number or list of channel numbers HSN – [0. the one that transmits the BCCH. – {“BCCH”.e. 63] . i. Further transmitters are TCH transmitters with sequential numbering.e. There must be one BCCH transmitter. The number indicating the channel that is allocated to the respective transmitter. 2. The must be one BCCH transmitter.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. “TCH”} There is one row for each transmitter. www.actix. it is a semicolon separated list of the channel numbers in the mobile allocation. 3. the one that transmits the BCCH. 1. false} Indicates whether the transmitter is on air. i. …} There is one row for each transmitter (“radio”). Further transmitters are TCH transmitters.

4-24 Custom Parameters tab of the Cell Settings dialog www. as defined in Table 4-11.actix. They are listed in the table at the Custom Parameters tab of the Cell Settings. Fig. One custom parameter that may be used for optimization is the Overshooter flag.6 Custom Parameters Settings A cell may have parameters which are defined in addition to the standard Radioplan parameters for the technology of this cell.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Fig. 4. – Channel number The number indicating the channel that is allocated to the respective transmitter (“radio”).6. 4-24.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 50 Parameter MAIO GSM or iDEN Channel Symbol – Unit / Value – Description Mobile Allocation Index Offset.com .

actix.com . Likewise.1.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 51 Table 4-11 Optimization-relevant custom parameter for a cell Parameter Symbol Unit / Value Description any technology Overshooter – {true.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Refer also to Table 7-1 in section 7. Fig. then the values in the column New Overshooter Status are written to this custom parameter of the corresponding cell. if Overshooting Cells optimization results are submitted to the database. Fig. 4-25 Overshooter flag in the Cell Settings Overview dialog www. namely in the Custom parameters columns. This parameter is read by the Overshooting Cells Optimization Results dialog and displayed there in the column Original Overshooter Status. 4-25. false} Indicates this cell as an overshooting cell. The Overshooter flag can also be found in the Cell Settings Overview dialog.

i.e.com .1.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 52 4.6. 4-26 and defined in Table 4-12.8 Repeater Settings The parameters that can be configured for a repeater are a subset of the cell settings including: the Active flag in the Configuration tab tree.actix. Note that the additional antenna can be found below the cell with the main antenna: the Optimization Capabilities.6. GSM and iDEN.6. which is interpreted as “the transmitter is on. Note that the repeater can be found below the site where it is located: the Optimization Capabilities. including the Transmitter (or Subcell) Active flag. so that the repeater is radiating power”.6. including the Transmitter (or Subcell) Active flag – for all Systems incl. what kind and extent of reconfiguration is feasible for each repeater parameter – as defined for cells in section 4. i. what kind and extent of reconfiguration is feasible for each additional antenna parameter – as defined for cells in section 4. the Resources Settings.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. www. i. 4.6.e. the Repeater Settings include the parameters highlighted in Fig. the General Settings – as defined for cells in section 4.2. so that the additional antenna is radiating power”. which is interpreted as "the repeater is existing in the network". the system-technology-specific power and further cell resources parameters – as defined for cells in section 4.7 Additional Antenna Settings The parameters that can be configured for an additional antenna are a subset of the cell settings including: the Active flag in the Configuration tab tree. which is interpreted as "the additional antenna is existing in the network".1. which is interpreted as “the transmitter is on.e.3.2. the General Settings – as defined for cells in section 4. In addition to that.

13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 53 Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. “fiber”.actix. 4-26 General tab of the Repeater Settings dialog Table 4-12 Repeater parameters in addition to cell-type parameters Parameter Donor Cell Connection Type Symbol – – Unit / Value Radioplan Cell ID {“radio”. It is not recommended to automatically optimize repeaters with Connection Type “radio”. The connection type of the repeater.com . www. “microwave”} Description The reference to the donor cell.

revenue can be defined by revenue matrices.com . Fig. Fig. and Revenue Configuration Traffic based on one or more traffic matrices can be defined in the User folder of the Configuration tab tree. for Revenue Analysis.actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. A UE Profile is a combination of references to: an Equipment Profile a Mobility Profile a Service Profile ▫ ▫ with an associated Traffic Matrix an associated Revenue Matrix. 4-27. 4-28 UE Profile Settings (example for a Generic User definition) www.9 User. Likewise. and/or and a specific Network Layer (or ALL network layers). Fig.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 54 4. 4-27 Generic User definition with a Traffic Matrix and a Revenue Matrix A generic example definition is shown in Fig. Traffic. e.g. which can be defined in a similar way like traffic matrices (refer also to [R-UG]). 4-28. A traffic matrix must be linked to a user type – called UE Profile.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.27 for details. none of the parameters in the profiles is relevant. The Radioplan User configuration with the traffic matrices is used to calculate the relevant traffic for optimization.com .13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 55 At least one active UE Profile must be defined in order to consider a traffic distribution for optimization or a revenue distribution for revenue analysis. Please note: Parameter settings other than the Service Portion of a UE Profile are only considered for optimization traffic calculations of UMTS network layers. Each used Service Profile must have only one associated Traffic Matrix for optimization traffic calculations and one associated Revenue Matrix for revenue analysis. www. Typically. and with the revenue matrices it is used to calculate the revenue and return on investment (ROI) for revenue analysis.2. the Radioplan User configuration is automatically created from the traffic data as part of the project import from the planning tool. Mobility Profile parameters are not used at all for optimization traffic calculations. Alternatively. For revenue analysis.26 and 6. Please refer to sections 6. a generic set of profiles can be created by the entry Add Generic User Profiles in the context menu of the User folder.2.actix. Equipment Supports HSDPA is the only Equipment Profile parameter that is considered by the optimization traffic calculations and only for UMTS.

5-1 Analysis Settings dialog for a UMTS network layer www. The appearance of the dialog depends on the System of the Network Layer(s) selected for optimization. the according submenu contains the Covered Revenue Function settings – as described in section 5.ini – refer to chapter 9). the Analysis Settings dialog is shown in Fig.1 Analysis Settings The Analysis Settings include all optimization settings that may affect the Analysis Plots.2. The Analysis Settings dialog is opened by the menu entry Optimization  Analysis Settings… . the Analysis Settings – as defined in section 5.1. For revenue analysis. The default value of all Analysis Settings can be customized in the configuration file (optimization.3 – as well as a set of plots for revenue analysis – as described in section 6. 5. the user is always guided through the Optimization Wizard – as defined in section 5. 5.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 56 5 Optimization Wizard Before using any Analysis Plot.1 – should be adequately configured.2.1 Analysis Settings for CDMA and UMTS For UMTS and CDMA network layers.com . For running an optimization. which are described in chapter 6.actix. Nevertheless. most of the parameters apply to any network layer. respectively. 5-1 and Fig. they should be configured before creating any of the Analysis Plots. Revenue analysis is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Therefore. Fig. 5-2.

These parameters are described in the following subsections.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 5. www.1.2. 5-2 Analysis Settings dialog for a CDMA network layer The Minimum Pilot RSCP [dBm] and the Minimum Pilot Ec/Io [dB] define the area-wide (default) thresholds for the Pilot RSCP Coverage and the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage. the effective Pilot RSCP Coverage thresholds and Pilot Ec/Io Coverage thresholds can be defined per clutter class (refer also to sections 6.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 57 Fig.actix. 5-3 and Fig. 5-4. respectively. For CDMA network layers EVDO can be configured instead. The (DCH) Network Load is a parameter that is specific to CDMA and UMTS network layers.9 and 6. The HSDPA parameters apply to UMTS network layers only.com . the Analysis Settings dialog is shown in Fig. All other parameters apply to network layers of any system.15).2.2 Analysis Settings for GSM and iDEN For GSM and iDEN network layers. Based on these thresholds and clutter-specific Pathloss and Ec/Io offsets. respectively.

5-3 Analysis Settings dialog for a GSM network layer Fig. www.11 and 6. RxPower Threshold for Traffic Assignment checkbox applies to GSM network layers only. respectively.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 5-4 Analysis Settings dialog for an iDEN network layer The Minimum RxLev_DL [dBm] and the Minimum C/I [dB] define the area-wide (default) thresholds for the RxLev_DL Coverage and the C/I Coverage. Based on these thresholds and clutter-specific Pathloss and C/I offsets.actix. All other parameters apply to network layers of any system.com . the effective RxLev_DL Coverage thresholds and C/I Coverage thresholds can be defined per clutter class (refer also to sections 6.2.18).13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 58 Fig.2. The Consider Min. The option how to Evaluate the Best Cell Overlap is specific to GSM and iDEN network layers.

Fig. These parameters are described in the following subsections.3 Analysis Settings for WiMAX For WiMAX network layers.10 and 6.actix.com .1. www. 5. the Analysis Settings dialog is shown in Fig. respectively. 5-5.2.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 59 These parameters are described in the following subsections. the Analysis Settings dialog is shown in Fig.4 Analysis Settings for LTE For LTE network layers. 5-6. the effective Pilot RSSI Coverage thresholds and Pilot CINR Coverage thresholds can be defined per clutter class (refer also to sections 6.1.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.16). 5-5 Analysis Settings dialog for a WiMAX network layer The Minimum Pilot RSSI [dBm] and the Minimum Pilot CINR [dB] define the area-wide (default) thresholds for the Pilot RSSI Coverage and the Pilot CINR Coverage. Based on these thresholds and clutter-specific Pathloss and C/I offsets. All other parameters apply to network layers of any system.2. 5.

9 and 6. Fig.2. 5-7.1 as well as sections 6.5 Network Load Slider (CDMA and UMTS only) Radioplan ACP is to a great extent independent from the network load because minimizing interference and cell overlapping will improve the performance for any service at any point in the network at almost any load level. for the optimization objective functions.15).Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 5. the network is also not simulated in Radioplan ACP for a certain absolute traffic. Namely. All other parameters apply to network layers of any system.actix. the network load level is considered for aspects: for the degree of interference calculated for RSSI and Pilot Ec/Io analysis plots and for controlling the possible trade-off between interference minimization and traffic load balancing.2. Nevertheless. These parameters are described in the following subsections. 5-6 Analysis Settings dialog for a LTE network layer The Minimum Pilot RSCP [dBm] and the Minimum Pilot Ec/Io [dB] define the area-wide (default) thresholds for the Pilot RSCP Coverage and the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage. This parameter is defined in Table 5-1.com .13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 60 Fig. respectively.1. The Network Load is configurable in the Analysis Settings by the Network Load slider. 5-7 Network Load slider www.1. They are defined similarly to the CDMA and UMTS values (refer to section 5. Fig.

29) averaged over all cells. In case of HSDPA the HS-SCCH power and. Thereby.actix. the Network Load value is applied equally to all cells – independent from the cell size as well as from the traffic and interference conditions in the cell. also the HSDPA power – as defined in section 4. www. For the RSSI and Pilot Ec/Io analysis plots. First SCCPCH.4 – are also included in the Network Load referenced as 0%. The possible trade-off between interference minimization and traffic load balancing shall be discussed a bit further using UMTS as example.28).com . It is the objective of the UMTS Capacity and Coverage optimization to minimize the Relative Load per Cell (refer to section 6.2. - The Network Load value refers to the linear power stock range in [mW].6.2. Only the pilot channel (PCPICH for UMTS or FPICH for CDMA) and the other DL common control channels (PCCPCH. The traffic load is represented in Radioplan ACP by the Relative Traffic per Cell (refer to section 6. if the Network Load denotes the load in the highest loaded cell. Thus: 0 % refers to a cell without user traffic.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 40. respectively) are transmitting with their output powers (all configurable in the Cell Settings – refer to section 4. please refer to sections 6.13 User Guide Table 5-1 Network Load parameter Optimization Wizard 61 Parameter UMTS: DCH Network Load CDMA: Network Load Unit / Value % Description The assumed network load level of the highest loaded cell. Hence.4 and 6. It refers to the power stock available at a cell for user traffic.8 dBm). then 50 % Network Load corresponds to a total cell output power of 4 W + (20 W . That‟s why it is an additional optimization constraint to balance the traffic loads across the cells.5.2. 5-8.4 W) · 50% = 12 W (ca. 100 % refers to a full cell. the interference is very effectively minimized. The possibly conflicting optimization objectives of interference minimization and traffic load balancing are further illustrated by the (extreme) example in Fig. and PICH or Other CCH. while minimizing the interference and at the same time changing best cell areas.3). the resulting RSSI and Pilot Ec/Io are worst-case values.6. it can happen that traffic is shifted between cells. if the Maximum Output Power is 43 dBm (20 W) and the total output power of all DL common control channels is 36 dBm (4 W). which is transmitting with its Maximum Output Power. in PCPICH Offset power mode.2. AICH. For example. For a description of the calculation formulas. However.

reconfigurations to minimize the interference shall rather not lead to a less balanced traffic load.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 62 Relative Load per Cell representing the DL power due to traffic and interference Relative Traffic per Cell representing the traffic only more like UL load or DL code usage Hotspot Fig. two adjacent cells may have to serve a hotspot together (highlighted area at the cell border). traffic load can be shifted to a greater extent without risking traffic overload. i. this configuration may cause a too high UL load as well as cases of DL code and channel elements blockings in the cell that serves the high number of users in the hotspot. Thereby the cells consume too much DL power. interference minimization is always the primary www. Then.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.e. As a result. Namely. However. the Network Load also determines the preference of interference minimization and traffic load balancing. though (right sketch). this may diversify the number of users and amount of traffic served by the cells. 5-8 Possible conflict of interference minimization and traffic load balancing On top of a lower level of background traffic (not highlighted). Clearly. Interference minimization mainly helps to prevent cases of insufficient Pilot Ec/Io too high DL power. However. This leaves more opportunities for reconfigurations to minimize the interference. if the network load is high.com and of and also of . This could be prevented by more cooperatively serving the hotspot with as much cell isolation as possible. cause some degree of traffic load “un-balancing”. the cells could be reconfigured such that they are better isolated from each other. the interference of this configuration may not be minimized to the same extent. Note that if such limited optimization opportunities would lead only to small capacity improvements or just to a shifting of the blocking to other reasons. However. the hotspot is possibly covered by only one cell with minimized cell overlapping and interference (left sketch). Therefore. channel elements) or on the long run by adding new sites. while observing the coverage constraints. An appropriate solution to that conflict depends on the current load status of the network.actix. Traffic load balancing mainly helps to prevent cases of: DL code or channel element blocking too high UL noise rise. this would be an indication for the need to expand the network either by providing more resources (DL codes. this may also limit the opportunities for interference minimization. In contrast to that. However. if the network load is low.

www. the two extreme settings of the Network Load slider result in the following optimization behavior: Maximum opportunities for interference minimization. if the Network Load is configured with 75%. the change is not adopted. traffic load balancing is a weak constraint because the cells still have much headroom for shifted traffic. In between. If then a cell parameter change would increase at any cell the Relative Load per Cell or the Relative Traffic per Cell beyond 100% / 75% = 133% of the maxima identified before the optimization.ini – refer to chapter 9). Fig. Both performance measures are scaled to 100% and applied as the side constraints for the reconfiguration of all cells. Due to the high load. Most limited opportunities for interference minimization. traffic load balancing is a strong constraint. it is not adopted. the cells with the highest Relative Load per Cell and the highest Relative Traffic per Cell are identified before the optimization. 5-9. Namely. However. these values are applied as constraints to the optimization. Based on that. In order to control the trade-off between interference minimization and traffic load balancing. the higher the Network Load the more traffic load balancing is observed as an optimization constraint. traffic load must not be shifted to cells that are already full.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Constraint: Traffic Load Balancing Target: Interference Minimization Maximum Interference Minimization for 0% Network Load Maximum Traffic Load Balancing for 100% Network Load Fig. if a cell parameter change would increase either the Relative Load per Cell or the Relative Traffic per Cell beyond 100% Network Load. the configured Network Load value has an additional meaning to the one described in Table 5-1. Due to the low load. The default value of the Network Load can be customized in the configuration file (optimization. 5-9 Trade-off between interference minimization and traffic load balancing across the Network Load Consequently.actix.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 63 optimization objective. It is also assumed that both the highest Relative Load per Cell and the highest Relative Traffic per Cell out of all cells before optimization correspond to the configured DCH Network Load at the respective cells.com . the size of the headroom above the Network Load value accounts for more or less opportunities for interference minimization while maintaining a less or more balanced traffic load. Namely. For example.

the Calculation Pixel Size is configurable in the Analysis Settings. The Advanced / Computation Effort Settings for the Limitation of Considered Cells should not be changed without consulting your Actix Radioplan support in order to make sure that the settings do not sacrifice the reliability of the optimization result.6 Calculation Pixel Size The Calculation Pixel Size defines the spatial resolution of all calculations in Radioplan ACP. it is also a valid approach to select a bigger pixel size than the resolution of the input data. 500] Description The dimension [m] of a single pixel of all raster matrices used for calculations of the optimization algorithms.7 Advanced / Computation Effort Settings The Computation Effort dialog allows the advanced user to configure parameters that determine the computational effort of the optimization. Hence. The parameters of the Advanced / Computation Effort Settings are defined in Table 5-3.1. 5. This parameter is defined in Table 5-2..com . However. The Calculation Pixel Size has a significant impact on the optimization run-time. The Calculation Pixel Size should not be smaller than the pixel size of the input data for optimization. 5-10. select Unload Optimization Module or menu in order to reactivate it. which was opened by the menu entry Optimization  Analysis Settings… . Thus. as long as the smallest cell areas are still resolved by a reasonable number of pixels. of course. in addition to the Calculation Pixel Size. It can be opened by clicking the Advanced Settings… button in the Analysis Settings dialog.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. www. A pixel size of 50 m is recommended for the efficient optimization of large network setups. If the Calculation Pixel Size shall be redefined in the Analysis Settings dialog. Fig. it determines the computational performance of an optimization as well as the reliability of the optimization result. but this configuration option is not active. Therefore.1. Note that.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 64 5. Radioplan ACP still considers the Radioplan general Plot Pixel Size (refer to chapter 3).actix. it is the pixel size effective for optimization calculations. Table 5-2 Pixel size parameter from the Optimization toolbar Parameter Calculation Pixel Size Unit / Value m [5.

www. Max.actix. the Cell Outbound Interfering Area can be set to a percentage lower than 100%. especially with hilly terrain. less disk space is needed for caching on the expense of more computation time. 5-10 Computation Effort dialog (called from the Analysis Settings) Table 5-3 Advanced Settings parameters Parameter Enable Matrix Cache Unit / Value {true. a smaller number of cells and/or a smaller margin can save a considerable amount of optimization run-time. the optimization is accelerated by caching the original status of some matrices. Otherwise. but few points where it still contributes a recognizable interference level. by a reduction of the area to be considered for the optimization calculations. false} Description If enabled. Number of Cells. if they are not more than Max. Limitation of Considered Cells Beside the Calculation Pixel Size the depth of the 3-dimensional matrix of cell interdependencies for each pixel has a significant impact on the computational effort of the optimization. which can then quickly be restored if none of the evaluated reconfiguration steps were accepted as a change. Number of Cells Margin Below [ Best Pilot RSCP | Best RxLev_DL | Best Pilot RSSI ] – default: 20 [dB] default: 30 It defines the maximum number of the strongest cells that are considered at each pixel. However. the optimization may be accelerated in certain cases. it must be assured that the reliability of the optimization result is not sacrificed. In order to exclude an insignificant amount of such distant pixels. It defines the margin below the power received from the strongest cell until which cells are considered. if the cells‟ received power is still within the Margin Below Best Cell Rx Power. Therefore.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. A cell may have very distant. Cell Outbound Interfering Area % default: 95 If set to less than 100%.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 65 Fig.com .

8 Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Margin Coverage by too many cells causes high interference. Therefore. This method should be applied if frequency planning cannot only change the frequency at a cell within a band. per Frequency Band: Only cells of network layers with the same frequency band are counted as overlapping.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.10 Traffic and Area Masking Traffic consideration and area masking options can be configured using the parameters described in Table 5-6. Table 5-5 Best Cell Overlap Evaluation parameter – for GSM and iDEN network layers Parameter Overlap Margin Unit / Value - Description Best Cell Overlap is calculated by the following method: over all Frequency Bands: All cells received within the Overlap Margin are counted as overlapping – irrespective of their frequency band. but just not counted as “overlapping within the margin”. but also across bands (e. which they belong to. In this case. Table 5-4 Best Cell Overlap Evaluation parameter Parameter Overlap Margin Unit / Value dB Description A margin below the received power of the best serving cell. Nevertheless.1. for interference minimization it is at the same time an optimization objective to reduce the cell overlap. Traffic predictions may not be available or may not be reliable enough. Therefore. to not make the network optimization dependent on such forecasts or estimates. GSM900 and GSM1800).23). more cells are considered for interference calculations.com . GSM900). When evaluating overlapping cells. the best cell) are counted as overlapping at the respective pixel. but to perform the optimization without consideration of a specific traffic www.2.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 66 5.1. The number of overlapping cells can be analyzed using the Best Cell Overlap plot (refer to section 6. the Best Cell Overlap can be evaluated in two different ways using the parameter described in Table 5-5. This method should be used if frequency planning can only change the frequency at a cell within a band (e.1.g. Radioplan ACP observes the cell overlap based on the Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Margin parameter as defined in Table 5-4. which is defined in the network layer. all cells within this margin (incl. 5. it can make sense.9 Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Method (GSM and iDEN) For more than one GSM or iDEN network layer. 5.actix.g.

Radioplan ACP can incorporate the spatial traffic distribution in the optimization.26.2. 5-11 Impact of traffic on the area prioritization in an optimization To this extent. if either of the following options is applied.3. In all these cases. a homogeneous traffic distribution is always assumed. Otherwise. For CDMA and UMTS network layers. Then. However.2. refer to section 6. traffic areas with a traffic value of zero can be used to mask parts of the Simulation Area that shall not be considered by the optimization. only relative information from the traffic distribution is used for optimization. if reliable traffic data is available. On the other hand. the effective traffic can be shown by the Equivalent Traffic per Pixel plot and for GSM network layers by the Absolute Traffic plot. RxPower Threshold for Traffic Assignment (GSM and iDEN.3) Consider Min. and 8. Masked areas are not filled and remain transparent in the plots. 5-11.com .actix. regions in the Simulation Area with higher traffic density have higher priority than regions with lower traffic density.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 67 distribution. see below) Table 5-6 Traffic parameters Parameter Consider Traffic Distribution Unit / Value {true. false} Description If enabled. The higher the traffic in the pixels of an area the more significant is that area for optimization.2.3. The impact of the traffic in the pixels on the optimization is illustrated in Fig.4. Further regions can be masked out depending on the initial received signal level coverage and on the Analysis Area. optimized.3) Check Cell Load (Site Selection only.e. and displayed in all optimization analysis plots.3. i. refer to section 8. the entire area is equally significant for the optimization. 8. Moreover. only the considered areas are calculated.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. the spatial traffic distribution is taken into consideration by the optimization. www. As the result. all parts of the area would be equally important. a homogeneous traffic distribution is assumed. In other words. Traffic per Pixel high zero low Significance for optimization relevant optional: not relevant less  more important Fig. then the absolute traffic values become relevant: Check Maximum Users per Cell (refer to sections 8.

13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 68 Parameter Mask Regions With Zero Traffic Consider Min.com .9) already before optimization. Moreover.26) or the Absolute Traffic plot (refer to section 6. Namely. they are not considered by the optimization.0. Consider Analysis Area Only {true.27).1).2.2. all regions in the Simulation Area with a traffic value of zero are masked for the Optimizer objective function. also outside of the considered area.28) is proportional to the best cell area sizes. in case of multiple cells with a RxLev_DL high enough. Note that if Consider Traffic Distribution is disabled. contribute to the calculation of those functions.3). false} Consider Only Area with Initial [RSCP | RxLev_DL | Pilot RSSI] Coverage {true. The considered traffic is shown in the Absolute Traffic plot (refer to section 6. Only applicable if Consider Traffic Distribution is enabled. clearly. RxPower Thresholds and traffic is assigned to the cells accordingly. a degradation of the area outside of the Analysis Area in terms of the optimization target and constraint functions is not prevented. 1. However.6. false} If enabled.2. the optimization target and constraint functions are considered only on the Analysis Area. contribute to the calculation of those functions. in contrast to not using this option. Nevertheless. all active network elements of the selected network layers in the Simulation Area. false} Description If enabled. the traffic is assigned to the cell with the highest Min.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. {true. Target Grade of Service [0. best serving cells are determined based on their Min. Hence. if the cell‟s RxLev_DL at the traffic pixel exceeds that cell‟s Min. all active network elements of the selected network layers in the Simulation Area. RxPower Threshold (refer to section 4. The spatial traffic distribution effective for the optimization is shown in the Equivalent (DL) Traffic per Pixel plot (refer to section 6.2.0] The target Erlang B blocking probability that is used for the calculation of the number of logical traffic channels (TCH) required to serve the traffic assigned to the cell (refer to section 7.27). false} If enabled.actix. the Relative Traffic per Cell (refer to sections 6. the optimization target and constraint functions are considered only on the area that had received signal level coverage (as defined in section 6. The received signal level measure depends on the System of the network layer. Nevertheless. RxPower Threshold for Traffic Assignment Unit / Value {true. For GSM and iDEN network layers: If enabled and Consider Traffic Distribution is enabled. traffic is only assigned to a cell.2. www. also outside of the Analysis Area. RxPower Threshold – even if that cell provides a lower RxLev_DL than other cells.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Optimization Wizard 69

5.1.11 Reconfigurable Cell Selection
The Reconfigurable Cell Selection allows the user to define a specified set of cells to be reconfigurable in the Capacity and Coverage optimization. It is not relevant for Site Integration optimization. One out of 3 options can be selected in the Reconfigurable Cell Selection dialog, Fig. 5-12. It can be opened by clicking the Reconfigurable Cell Selection Settings… button in the Analysis Settings dialog. The 3 options are defined as follows: Cells Located in Analysis Area: all active cells within the Analysis Area. This option is suitable for the optimization of a precise group of reconfigurable cells surrounded by the Analysis Area. Best Cells in Analysis Area: all “Cells Located in Analysis Area” plus all active cells that are the best server at least at one pixel in the Analysis Area. This option is suitable for the approach that the Analysis Area defines a region to be optimized by all relevant actions – namely including the reconfiguration of cells in the surrounding that still have a major impact on this region. Cells Within Margin in Analysis Area: all “Best Cells in Analysis Area” plus all active cells that are received within a Margin below the best server at least at one pixel in the Analysis Area. The Margin [dB] is configurable below. This option is suitable if still more cells than just the best servers shall be reconfigurable in order to optimize the Analysis Area region. All options are still subject to the cell-specific parameter optimization capabilities (refer to section 4.6).

Fig. 5-12 Reconfigurable Cell Selection dialog (called from the Analysis Settings)

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Optimization Wizard 70

5.1.12 Relevant Cells Plot
The cells that should be considered in the surrounding of a given Analysis Area to be optimized can be easily identified by the Relevant Cells Plot – as defined in section 6.2.3. The margin for that plot is a parameter of the Analysis Settings, Table 5-7.
Table 5-7 Relevant Cells Plot parameter

Parameter Margin for Relevant Cells Plot

Unit / Value dB default: 15

Description A margin below the received power of the best serving cell. When evaluating relevant cells, all cells that are received within this margin at any pixel inside of the Analysis Area are displayed.

This parameter has no impact on the optimization. However, it is recommended to use the Relevant Cells plot for the definition of a reasonable size of the Simulation Area, i.e. the buffer zone around the Analysis Area.

5.1.13 HSDPA (UMTS only)
For UMTS network layers, the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer can also optimize the HSDPA by taking the CQI and the HSDPA coverage into consideration. Moreover, the UMTS Site Selection can also consider HSDPA. Therefore, specific parameters are configurable in the HSDPA Optimization Settings, Fig. 5-13, as defined in Table 5-8. This dialog can be opened by clicking the HSDPA Settings… button in the Analysis Settings dialog for UMTS network layers, if HSDPA is enabled there (refer to Fig. 5-1). More HSDPA parameters are configurable per cell (refer to section 4.6.4).

Fig. 5-13 HSDPA Optimization Settings

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide Table 5-8 HSDPA Optimization Settings

Optimization Wizard 71

Parameter Enable HSDPA

Unit / Value {true; false}

Description Enables the HSDPA optimization. If enabled, the HSDPA optimization can be configured by means of the parameters defined below.

Activity Factor

[0.0; 1.0]

The HSDPA activity factor AFHSDPA defines the level of average usage of the maximum allocated HSDPA power – as defined in section 4.6.4.

Min. PCPICH SIR for CQI 1

dB default: 8.5

The minimum PCPICH signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) required for a Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) of 1. Based on this parameter, the definition of all other CQI values of 2, 3, …, 30 is fixed: 1 dB more PCPICH SIR corresponds to the next CQI step. For example, with the default value of 8.5 dB, the PCPICH SIR for CQI 2 is 9.5 dB, and for (the highest) CQI 30 it is 37.5 dB.

Min. CQI for HSDPA Coverage Intracell Interference Factor

default: 6 [0.0; 1.0] 0 = full orthogonality, 1 = no orthogonality default: 0.4

The minimum CQI that is required for considering the pixel as covered by HSDPA. The degree of the intracell interference. All DL signals transmitted by a cell with the same scrambling code could be fully orthogonal so that the intracell interference vanishes. Due to multipath propagation, however, these signals are usually not completely orthogonal. Therefore, this factor describes to what degree intracell received power effectively contributes to the Pr ,intercell . total received power: Pr ,total c Pr ,intracell It is used for the PCPICH SIR calculation. The minimum required percentage of: the area to be covered with respect to the Min. CQI for HSDPA Coverage, and the traffic to be covered with respect to the Min. CQI for HSDPA Coverage.

Min. HSDPA Covere d Area Covere d Traffic

%

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Optimization Wizard 72

5.1.14 EVDO (CDMA only)
For CDMA network layers, the Capacity and Coverage Optimization can also take EVDO into consideration. Therefore, a specific parameter is configurable in the EVDO Optimization Settings, Fig. 5-14, as defined in Table 5-9. This dialog can be opened by clicking the EVDO Settings… button in the Analysis Settings dialog for CDMA network layers, if EVDO is enabled there (refer to Fig. 5-1).

Fig. 5-14 EVDO Optimization Settings

Table 5-9 EVDO Optimization Settings

Parameter Activity Factor

Unit / Value [0.0; 1.0]

Description The EVDO activity factor defines the level of average usage of the available power for EVDO. 0 corresponds to the case that the cells are transmitting only the FPICH Power and the Other CCH Power. 1 corresponds to the case that the cells are transmitting only the Maximum Power (as defined for CDMA cells in section 4.6.3). The Activity Factor refers to the linear power stock range inbetween in [mW].

5.1.15 Use GPEH Data (UMTS only)
The option to Use GPEH Data is supported for UMTS network layers. If enabled, then Ericsson General Performance Event Handler (GPEH) data can be used to tune the project data to enhance network statistics and optimization results. For more information, please contact support@actix.com on GPEH support in Radioplan ACP.

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With high user rights level.1 Template Selection The first page of the Optimization Wizard is shown in Fig.actix. If in a multi-layer project one or more constraint layers are selected. then an additional page is available.2 Optimization Wizard The Optimization Wizard guides the user through the complete configuration steps required for running an optimization.2. It is opened by clicking the icon of the Optimization toolbar (tooltip Run Optimization) or. alternatively. All wizard pages are described in the following. Then the Optimization Wizard consists of 6 main pages. the Optimization Wizard just allows the selection of an optimization template from the list of available templates at the first page and lists the optimization settings of the selected template at the second and last page. accordingly. by choosing the menu entry Optimization  Run Optimization. shows a different number of pages: With low user rights level. Fig.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 73 5. 5-15. the Optimization Wizard allows a different scope and. 5. the Optimization Wizard allows the configuration of all optimization settings as well as of new optimization templates. Depending on the user rights level. If the Wizard is canceled at any page the user is prompted by a message box whether or not changes made so far to the optimization settings shall be saved in the project.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com . 5-15 First page of the Optimization Wizard (example with 2 optimization templates) www.

13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 74 With low user rights level. Moreover. Moreover.g. For CDMA target network layers it is similar.2.2 Optimization Task Selection and Optimization Plot Settings The appearance of the Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard depends on the System of the target network layers. in case of Site Integration. This page is opened by clicking the Next button at the first page of the Optimization Wizard. 5. These plots are automatically generated during the optimization process.com . For detailed information on the optimizers and their configuration. the Automatic Plots can be selected. Note that not each optimization task supports all plots.2. the missing settings are taken from the current Radioplan project. which shows the final status after optimization. For each selected plot.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. … (Begin Opt.8) or. If memory and hard disk space is scarce the number of selected Automatic Plots should be reduced. 5. only predefined templates are available for selection and the Next button opens the last page of the Optimization Wizard with the Configuration Summary (refer to section 5. the Site Integration page. e. in the Surface Plots toolbar (refer to section 4. The … (Running Opt. if the Show Optimization Wizard box was checked.) plot. please refer to chapter 8.).) plot shows the initial status before optimization. www. One of the possible optimization tasks must be selected.actix.1). the Revenue-related plots are only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed. .) plot is changed into: an … (End Opt.2. At the end of the optimization each … (Running Opt. is automatically generated at the beginning of the optimization: The … (Begin Opt.) plot shows the progress during optimization (if Automatic Plot Update is enabled).) and … (Running Opt.1 CDMA or UMTS Target Network Layer(s) For UMTS target network layers. the Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard is shown in Fig. 5-16. which can then be configured by clicking the Configure Optimizer button.2. a pair of optimization plots. which are selected in the Network Layer combo box. If a selected template does not contain all optimization settings.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 75 Fig.actix. www. the … (Running Opt.) plots are continuously updated during the optimization. For more information on the optimization plots. Disabling this option further speeds up the optimization as no calculation time is consumed by the plot update functions. ) in If Automatic Plot Update is enabled. all unlocked optimization plots (symbol the Layer tab are removed before generating new automatic plots.com . 5-16 Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard for UMTS target network layer(s) (if the Capital Planning Module is licensed as well) The other Plot Options work as follows: If Remove Present Plots is enabled. please refer to chapter 6.

One of the possible optimization tasks must be selected.2.2. the Automatic Plots and the Plot Options work as described in section 5.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2. 5-17. please refer to chapter 8. This page is opened by clicking the Next button at the first page of the Optimization Wizard. For iDEN network layers it is similar. Moreover.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 76 5. Fig.com .2. the Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard is shown in Fig. 5-17 Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard for GSM target network layer(s) (if the Capital Planning Module is licensed as well) www.1 for CDMA or UMTS target network layer(s). which can then be configured by clicking the Configure Optimizer button.2 GSM or iDEN Target Network Layer(s) For GSM target network layers. if the Show Optimization Wizard box was checked. For detailed information on the optimizers and their configuration.actix.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. For detailed information on the optimizers and their configuration. Fig.2.3 WiMAX Target Network Layer(s) For WiMAX target network layer(s).2.actix. please refer to chapter 8. the Automatic Plots and the Plot Options work as described in section 5.1 for CDMA or UMTS target network layer(s). if the Show Optimization Wizard box was checked. which can then be configured by clicking the Configure Optimizer button. Moreover. This page is opened by clicking the Next button at the first page of the Optimization Wizard. One of the possible optimization tasks must be selected.2.com . 5-18.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 77 5. the Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard is shown in Fig. 5-18 Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard for WiMAX target network layer(s) (if the Capital Planning Module is licensed as well) www.2.

please refer to chapter 8. One of the possible optimization tasks must be selected.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com .2. 5-19. 5-19 Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard for LTE target network layer(s) (if the Capital Planning Module is licensed as well) www. the Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard is shown in Fig. Moreover.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 78 5. Fig.2. This page is opened by clicking the Next button at the first page of the Optimization Wizard.2. For detailed information on the optimizers and their configuration. the Automatic Plots and the Plot Options work as described in section 5.1 for CDMA or UMTS target network layer(s). if the Show Optimization Wizard box was checked.actix.4 LTE Target Network Layer(s) For LTE target network layer(s). which can then be configured by clicking the Configure Optimizer button.2.

3).13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 79 5. the user can make an own selection. The sites are automatically sorted according to their Rollout Status: first Planned. then Not Existent. Site with Rollout Status Planned are automatically pre-selected as To be integrated.com .3 Sites To Be Integrated In the Site Integration page of the Optimization Wizard – for Site Integration optimization – the sites to be integrated can be defined.2.actix. Nevertheless.4. the configured RPI thresholds are applied (refer to section 8. which are not selected as To be integrated. if Site Integration was selected as Optimization Task. Fig. if an optimization template for Site Integration has been selected. and finally Existent. This page is opened by clicking the Next button at the Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard. 5-20. It is also opened by clicking the Next button at the first page of the Optimization Wizard. It is independent of the System of the target network layer(s). www. 5-20 Site Integration page of the Optimization Wizard Here the sites have to be selected that shall be integrated in the existing network setup. This page of the Optimization Wizard is shown in Fig. The displayed Rollout Status has an impact on the consideration of cost for changes at the sites of the existing network setup during the optimization: Only for the Existent sites.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.

This page is opened by clicking the Next button at the Task Selection page of the Optimization Wizard. The following requirements apply to a valid selection of constraint layers: All selected network layers must have the same System.2. unless they have a different System.5).13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 80 For the Planned and Not Existent sites. the effective RPI is also zero as these sites are not built yet. if Site Selection or Capacity and Coverage optimization were selected. A selected network layer must not have the same Frequency Band like a target network layer. All selected CDMA or UMTS network layers must have the same Frequency Band. just click Next to continue with the next page (refer to section 5.e.2. 5-21. all layers that could be selected as constraint network layers are available for selection in the lower box. If the project does not contain further network layers or those do not need to be considered in the optimization. Then. However. Multi-layer dependencies can be: Shared flags for reconfigurable antenna parameters of cells (as defined in section 4. which are not selected as To be integrated. If Site Integration was selected.actix. i. For all these sites.1) as well as “Lock Angle between Cells during Azimuth Optimization” flags for sites (as defined in section 4. If such dependencies shall be considered during a multi-layer optimization. the effective RPI is zero. www. then this page is opened by clicking the Next button at the Site Integration page of the Optimization Wizard.4 Target and Constraint Network Layers for Multi-Layer Optimization The Multi-Layer page of the Optimization Wizard is shown in Fig.com .Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. the Consider Constraints by Shared Antenna Parameters option must be enabled. The upper box in this page lists – for illustrative purposes only – the target network layer(s) that were selected for optimization in the Network Layers dialog or combo box (refer to section 4. 5. then dependencies of the optimization parameters in the target network layers with cells and sites in the other layers can be considered as additional constraints in a multi-layer optimization. the configured RPI thresholds are ignored.1) before opening the Optimization Wizard. Thereby it is assumed that the cost for changes at these sites are minimal as they are not built yet.5). if the project contains multiple network layers.6. For the sites selected as To be integrated the Rollout Status is not relevant.

Again. This page is opened by clicking the Next button at the Multi-Layer page of the Optimization Wizard. disabled. as in Fig. therefore. 5-22. if the constraint network layer selection meets these requirements.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 81 Fig. www. In addition to those.1).actix. which may also affect the optimization result. for UMTS network layers and for GSM network layers. For Site Integration optimization. 5-21 Second page of the Optimization Wizard (example for a multi-layer project) The Next button is only enabled. 5. more settings can be defined here – as described in the following sections. e.5 Settings for Target Layers (Analysis Settings) The Target Layers page of the Optimization Wizard – for Site Selection or Capacity and Coverage optimization – contains for the target network layer(s) those Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. the Reconfigurable Cell Selection is not relevant and.g.com .Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2. the appearance of this page depends on the System of the selected target network layers.

5.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Fig.2.actix. Fig.com . 5-22 Target Layers page of the Optimization Wizard (example for GSM target network layer(s)) 5. 5-23 Additional Thresholds dialog www. 5-23.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 82 Fig.1 Additional Thresholds (CDMA and UMTS only) Through the Additional Thresholds… button at the Target Layers page of the Optimization Wizard the Additional Thresholds dialog can be opened.

Neighbor Cell Detection is the process of identifying cells that might be changed if the optimizer chooses to do so.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 83 The additional thresholds can be used for automatic reporting of the performance statistics in the Optimization Summary Report. There.15).2.4 for more information on the Site Integration Optimizer. and optionally clutter-specific areas for both the effective optimization thresholds and additional thresholds: the Pilot RSCP Coverage – based on the Minimum Pilot RSCP (see also section 6.2 Neighbor Cell Detection Site Integration is an optimization case where an existing network is extended with a single new site. While the effective thresholds defined in the Analysis Settings may be used by the optimization algorithms. they are useful to automatically report the performance with respect to other thresholds than applied by the optimization algorithm.2. This is necessary to avoid optimizing the entire network. then the surrounding cell is "detected as a neighbor" and will be considered by the site integration optimizer.9). the additional thresholds do not have any impact on the optimization. Now other surrounding cells are considered that have an Rx power within the Overlap Margin off of the new site's Rx power. See section 8. the following performance measures are always reported with respect to the Analysis Area. but to improve the network further. For more information on the Optimization Summary Report.actix.2. Instead.2. please refer to section 7. Fig.com . the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage – based on the Minimum Pilot Ec/Io (see also section 6. 5-24 Neighbor Cell Detection dialog The settings are: Rx Power Cutoff [dBm] Overlap Margin [dB] Minimum Overlap Area [%] Rx Power Cutoff sets a threshold for the newly integrated site's Rx power. some surrounding sites may be changed as well. If this area is above the Minimum Overlap Area ratio relative to the new site's best server area. That site is optimized. as an initial limitation of the considered area.23).Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.5. www. the Simulation Area. An area where this is fulfilled is called an overlap area between the surrounding cell and the new site.. 5.2. and the Cell Overlapping – based on the Cell Overlap Margin (see also section 6.

still the cellspecific optimization capabilities (refer to section 4. 5. The related parameters are described in Table 5-10.3 Method for Electrical Tilt Optimization Usually. Table 5-10 Overshooting Cell Settings Parameter Maximum Total Tilt Unit / Value deg Description The maximum total (i. 5-25. a higher mechanical value would tilt down the foreside of the antenna.2.5.e. which exceeds the defined ratio of its interference area in relation to its best serving area.6. is considered as an overshooting cell. Fig. 5-25 Overshooting Cell Settings dialog If the Overshooting Cell Compensation is enabled. At any pixel a cell is considered as interfering if it is received within this Overlap Margin below power received from the best serving cell.4). mechanical + electrical) tilt that is allowed at any overshooting cell as a result of the compensation. However. In addition to the tilt constraints defined in the Overshooting Cell Settings. Fig. In contrast to that. a set of antenna diagrams for the same antenna just with different electrical tilts (refer to section 4.2. A cell. if antenna families are not available. the Additional Electrical Downtilt (AEDT) approximation can be applied instead for electrical tilt optimization by checking the Use AEDT Approximation box at the third page of the Optimization Wizard.com .actix. boomer cells) can be enabled by the Tilt Down checkbox at the third page of the Optimization Wizard. Through the Settings… button next to it. Maximum Tilt Change Overlap Margin deg dB Minimum Interference to Serving Area Ratio (must be ≥ 1) www.4 Overshooting Cell Compensation The compensation of overshooting cells (a. overshooting cells are automatically identified and tilted down before starting the actual optimization process. The maximum relative change of the tilt (downwards) that is allowed at any overshooting cell as a result of the compensation. If it is enabled. i.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 84 5. the Overshooting Cell Settings dialog can be opened.e. but lift up the backside.a.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. both the foreside and the back side of the antenna diagram are tilted down for a higher electrical tilt value and up for a lower value.5. the electrical tilt is optimized in Radioplan ACP based on “antenna families”.1) apply.k.

CDMA GSM.1) for the parameters: ▫ CDMA. iDEN: WiMAX: CDMA. 5. 5-27. UMTS. e. UMTS. RxPower Threshold for Traffic Assignment Enable HSDPA. They have the same meaning as described for the target network layers in the following scopes: refer to the Analysis Settings (section 5. for UMTS network layers as in Fig. 5-26 and for GSM network layers as in Fig. iDEN: WiMAX: LTE: any system: GSM: CDMA.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 85 This feature is also available as a separate optimization algorithm – as described in section 8. Enable EVDO Target Grade of Service refer to the Settings for Target Layers (section 5. LTE: GSM. iDEN: Minimum Pilot RSCP Minimum RxLev_DL Minimum Pilot RSSI Minimum Minimum Minimum Minimum Pilot Ec/Io C/I Pilot CINR Pilot SINR ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Cell Overlap Margin Evaluate (Best Cell Overlap) [DCH] Network Load Traffic and Area Masking Consider Min. if constraint layers were selected at the Multi-Layer page of the Optimization Wizard. UMTS: GSM.5.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.6 Settings for Constraint Layers This Optimization Wizard page contains – for Site Selection or Capacity and Coverage optimization – all settings that may be defined for the selected constraint network layers different from the selected target network layers. LTE: GSM. iDEN: WiMAX: CDMA.g. UMTS: GSM. www.2.2.com . Again. iDEN: WiMAX: LTE: any system: any system: any system: any system: UMTS: Minimum Pilot RSCP Coverage Minimum RxLev_DL Coverage Minimum Pilot RSSI Coverage Minimum Minimum Minimum Minimum Pilot Ec/Io Coverage C/I Coverage Pilot CINR Coverage Pilot SINR Coverage ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Use Clutter Dependent Coverage Constraints Merge Clutter Classes with Equal Offsets Preferred Coverage Objective Check Maximum User per Cell Check Maximum Cell Load It is opened by clicking the Next button at the Target Layers page of the Optimization Wizard.5) for the parameters: ▫ CDMA. UMTS: any system: GSM: UMTS.actix. UMTS: Additional Thresholds refer to the optimizer configuration settings (chapter 8) for the parameters: ▫ CDMA. the appearance of this page depends on the System of the selected constraint network layers.

5-26 Constraint Layers page of the Optimization Wizard (example for UMTS) www.com .actix.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 86 Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com .actix. 5-27 Constraint Layers page of the Optimization Wizard (example for GSM) www.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 87 Fig.

as usual. the Cost Control Settings can be defined.) Cost Definition Mode If Use Cell/Site Individual Cost is selected: The cost values are taken from the site and cell settings (refer to sections 4.2. Site Integration optimization: The configured RPI values (refer to section 8. the optimization algorithms are affected as follows: Remove Redundant Sites or Cells tasks of a Site Selection optimization: The priority for the evaluation of site or cell removals is defined by the sites‟ Rollout Status (configurable in the Site Settings – refer to section 4. or at the additional Constraint Layers page.com .5). Any reconfiguration of a Not Existent site or a site Planned for Acquisition is assumed to imply no cost or effort at all. (The effort cannot be defined per site or cell.1. for CDMA or UMTS network layers).5 and 4. if Use Default Settings for all Cells/Sites is selected: The cost values are taken only from this Cost Control page of the Optimization Wizard and then apply to all sites and cells. Not Existent sites are evaluated first. Namely. respectively).) www. which are not declared To be integrated.actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Capacity and Coverage optimization: Cost and effort are only accumulated for Existent sites. if one or more constraint layers were selected. Table 5-11 Cost Control parameters Parameter Unit / Value Description Cost Settings Consider Configured Rollout Status of Sites {true. and finally the Existent sites are evaluated. the RPI values would be considered for all sites. The Cost Control parameters are described in Table 5-11. 5-28 (e. This page is opened by clicking the Next button at the Target Layers page of the Optimization Wizard. if no constraint layers were selected.1.3) are only considered for Existent sites. The Cost Control Settings slightly differ for different systems of the network layers due to the power definitions. false} If enabled. followed by the sites Planned for Acquisition. (Otherwise. This Cost Control page of the Optimization Wizard is shown in Fig.6.g.7 Cost Control In the Cost Control page of the Optimization Wizard. Otherwise.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 88 5.

Effort Cost and Effort Constraints Use Cost Limit Use Effort Limit {true. Currency unit. Cost Limit Effort Limit Default Costs and Effort for Parameter Cost Currency unit. the adoption of each reconfiguration that changes the original cell parameter value increases the accumulated cost and effort by the amount defined here.2). false} The consideration of cost and effort can be activated or deactivated separately. the accumulated cost and effort is reduced again by the amount defined here. if Use Default Settings for all Cells/Sites is selected.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.g. € Hour The limit for the cost and for the effort as accumulated over all adopted optimization changes. The cost value is only relevant. € Hour The amount of the cost (financial expenses indicated in the local currency) and effort (labor time indicated in hours). the cost control is applied in the Capacity and Coverage. During the optimization process. e. The currency unit depends on the Windows OS Regional and Language Options.actix. The Cost Control Settings have the following impact on the optimization: The accumulated values for cost and effort are always reported during the optimization in the Optimization tab of the Message window and after optimization in the Optimization Summary Report (see also section 7. € Hour Description The cost and effort associated with a site visit for the implementation of optimization changes in the live network. Electrical Tilt. If during the iterative optimization process a cell parameter is eventually reconfigured back to its original value. If activated. the Site Integration. www.g. the adoption of the first optimization change at any site increases the accumulated cost and effort by the amount defined here.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 89 Parameter Site Visit Cost Unit / Value Currency unit. During the optimization process. The currency unit depends on the Windows OS Regional and Language Options. which is associated with the implementation of certain optimization changes in the live network – depending on the type of cell parameter: Antenna Type Antenna Tilt (mechanical). e. and Remote Electrical Tilt Antenna Azimuth Power Effort The currency unit depends on the Windows OS Regional and Language Options. e. and the Overshooting Cells Optimizers as an additional constraint to the adoption of an optimization change during optimization.g.com .

1. the Optimization Progress chart can display the changed network performance over the accumulated cost and effort (see also section 6. If the limits are enabled.com . a very efficient way of cost control is already inherent to Radioplan ACP: the Required Performance Improvement thresholds (refer to section 8. www. the Cost Control Settings are used as an additional constraint to the optimization. This means that at the cost or effort limit.3). if the reconfiguration of a cell parameter would increase the accumulated value for cost or effort such that either value exceeds the respective limit. for example.actix. 5-28 Cost Control page of the Optimization Wizard (example for CDMA or UMTS) Apart from these Cost Control settings. the reconfiguration is not adopted. An overview of both options for cost control in Radioplan ACP is given in Table 5-12.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. a further reconfiguration of a cell that has been changed already in a previous optimization run.1.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 90 Moreover. Fig.2). further reconfigurations are only adopted if they do not further increase the accumulated value. Clearly.

always considered Cost Control Settings Cost and effort associated with the implementation of a certain parameter change in the live network.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.  ultimate optimization result for given benefit settings Necessity. Applicability mandatory.13 User Guide Table 5-12 Cost Control options in Radioplan ACP Optimization Wizard 91 Required Performance Improvement Definition Threshold for the performance improvement that is required to accept the change of a certain parameter during optimization.com .e. i.  required benefit Effect on the cost of the optimization result A high required benefit makes the respective parameter change less probable. i.actix.  hard limitation by suppressing further changes optional.e. but only considered if enabled and only in addition to the required benefit Cost Control settings page of the Optimization Wizard Point of configuration respective Optimizer settings dialog www. High required benefits result in lower implementation costs. When the limit is reached no more changes are allowed irrespective of their potential benefit.  cost and effort of the implementation Cost and effort limits are additional constraints to the optimization. always monitored.

With high user rights level. Fig.9 Optimization Results www. For more information on the storage folder.com .8 Configuration Summary The last page of the Optimization Wizard is shown in Fig. 5. Then. next time.2.actix.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 92 5. 5-29 Last page of the Optimization Wizard with an example Configuration Summary With low user rights level. any template saved in the automatically selected folder is available for selection in the first page of the Optimization Wizard with the name given to the file.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 5-29. the current optimization settings in the Optimization Wizard can also be saved as a new template.2. please refer to [R-Admin]. only the optimization can be started by clicking the Run button.

5-30. 1].3. RxPower [dBm]. if RxPower Min _ RxPower Max _ RxPower RxPower[dBm] Min _ RxPower[dBm] . 5. otherwise Max _ RxPower[dBm] Min _ RxPower[dBm] This ramp function is illustrated in the Covered Revenue Function dialog. Therefore. 5-30 Covered Revenue Function dialog www.com . This functionality is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed. the Covered Revenue ratio is defined as: 0 (zero).1 Covered Revenue Function The Covered Revenue function maps for each RAN technology the beacon signal received power level.1.3. based on a ramp function.actix.13 User Guide Optimization Wizard 93 5. which are described in section 6.2. This dialog is opened by the menu entry Optimization  Revenue Analysis  Covered Revenue Function… . Fig. to a ratio of Covered Revenue [0.3 Revenue Analysis The Revenue Analysis submenu contains a set of plots for revenue analysis. where also the Min and Max values can be configured. as well as the configuration settings for the underlying Covered Revenue Function – as described in section 5. Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. if RxPower 1.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.10). which can be configured by the Traffic and Area Masking options in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.1.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 94 6 Optimization Analysis Radioplan ACP provides a number of performance measures and corresponding surface plots for a profound analysis of the radio network setup before. Fig. Fig.com . They can be invoked either through: the Optimization menu of the main Radioplan application window. during. 6-2. 6-1 Analysis Plots available in the Optimization menu www. 6-1. Fig. or the buttons for the Graphical Analysis of Changes in the … Optimization Results dialog. The analysis is based on and all measures are displayed for the relevant area only.actix. and after optimization.

if a new plot of that type is created. Additionally. which appear in the Layer tab of the Tree window and can be further manipulated and analyzed using a comprehensive variety of functions – as described in [R-UG] – including: Tooltips for the Pixel values Scale and Color Customization – including Legend and Layer templates Alpha Blending Coinciding with other Layers. 6-2 Buttons for the Graphical Analysis of Changes in the optimization … Results dialog (example for CDMA. and WiMAX network layers (left) and GSM and iDEN network layers (right)) Fig. www.g.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 95 Fig.com . e. the progress of a running optimization can be analyzed as follows. UMTS. 6-3 Buttons for the Graphical Analysis of Changes in Revenue in the … Results dialog All resulting plots are common Radioplan Surface Plot layers. Deriving a Histogram from a Surface Plot Listing a Data Table from a Surface Plot Deriving Cell Statistics from a Surface Plot Deriving Clutter Statistics from a Surface Plot Layer Slide Show Normally the lastly plotted layer (corresponding to the top layer symbol in the list of the Layer tab) of the same plot type (e.actix. if the Shift key is being pressed when a plot is invoked.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Pilot RSCP Coverage) is reused. This way network setups before and after optimization can directly be compared easily. However.g. masking etc. Another way to save an existing layer from overwriting is to lock it. difference. the plot is created in a new layer and the existing plot of the same type is kept.

1 Updating the Automatic Optimization Plots Radioplan ACP automatically creates a number of plots of the key performance measures for the comparison of the status before optimization with the progress during the optimization and with the status at the end of the optimization – based on the Automatic Plots selected in the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5.1 Optimization Progress The optimization progress can be observed: by the log statements in the Optimization tab of the Message window (refer also to message logging as described in chapter 3). in the Automatic Optimization Plots.1. which can be updated automatically or on user request – as described in section 6.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 96 6.2. Fig.actix.1. 6-4 or in the Optimization Wizard (refer to chapter 5).1.com . Fig. During the optimization. if the Automatic Plot Update option is enabled in the Optimization menu.2). 6-4 Automatic Plot Update option in the Optimization menu Disabling the Automatic Plot Update option further speeds up the optimization as no calculation time is consumed by the plot update functions.1. these plots are automatically updated after each network reconfiguration.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. www. 6. and in the Optimization Progress chart – as described in section 6.

They can be plotted against: the steps of the optimization algorithm. For the case that the Automatic Plot Update option is disabled the plots can also be updated on user request at any time by clicking the Request Plot Update During Optimization Run icon of the Optimization toolbar. where each step refers to an evaluated object – e. An example for a UMTS Capacity and Coverage optimization is shown in Fig.actix. 6-6. a cell to be reconfigured or a site to be removed. there is one step for each reconfigurable parameter and each reconfigurable cell in each optimization run.7).g. the plot is updated after the next change to the network setup. The coverage criteria depend on the System of the target network layer(s): For CDMA and UMTS network layers the Pilot RSCP Coverage and Pilot Ec/Io Coverage are displayed. For LTE network layers the Pilot RSCP Coverage and the Pilot SINR Coverage are displayed. this option can be enabled and disabled at any time during the optimization in order to view the optimization progress. The Optimization Progress Chart can be opened by clicking the Show Progress Chart icon of the Optimization toolbar. 6.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. or the accumulated efforts – both based on the Cost Control settings as defined in the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5. 6-5 and for a UMTS Site Selection optimization in Fig. For GSM and iDEN network layers the RxLev_DL Coverage and the C/I Coverage are displayed. www. This may not be immediate.2.2 Optimization Progress Chart The Optimization Progress Chart displays: the coverage percentages – for the Covered Area and the Covered Traffic in the Analysis Area (AA) and for a Site Selection optimization also the ratio [%] of the number of active sites vs. the number of total sites in the Analysis Area (AA) as those measures evolve over the optimization.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 97 For convenience. the accumulated costs. This icon is only active during and after an optimization.1. For WiMAX network layers the Pilot RSSI Coverage and the Pilot CINR Coverage are displayed. For the definition of these coverage percentages please refer to the description of the respective analysis plots in chapter 6.com . Upon enabling this option.

6-5 Optimization Progress chart (example for a UMTS Capacity and Coverage optimization) Fig.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 98 Fig. 6-6 Optimization Progress chart (example for a UMTS Site Selection optimization) www.com .actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.

cost or effort trade-off by means of the same functionality like the final optimization results. 6-7. Copy to the clipboard: is available in the Edit menu. This function is only available as long as that dialog has not yet been closed after the end of an optimization. Fig. Select displayed criteria The display of all 4 criteria can be enabled individually in the View menu. Additionally. By this function. Fig. the intermediate optimization results for every point can be shown in the Optimization Results dialog by a right mouse click on the point and selecting Show in Results Dialog…. 6-7.com . also an intermediate result can be picked for submission to the Radioplan database. Convert to a table: is available in the Graph menu. Scale: Set the lower and upper limits of the chart in the boxes to the left of the chart.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Zoom out is possible by right mouse click while pressing the <Ctrl> key or by the menu entries Graph  Zoom Out and Graph  Fit to Window. 6-7 Tooltip in the Optimization Progress Chart and link to the Optimization Results dialog For the Optimization Results dialog and its related functionality. www. Fig. Tooltips are available for every point in the chart. please refer to section 7. intermediate optimization results can be selected and further analyzed for any user-defined coverage vs. Clearly.1.actix. if the mouse cursor is held over the point.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 99 Several functions are available to manipulate the chart: Zoom: Zoom in is possible by drawing a rectangle target zoom area with the mouse.

WiMAX = PPilot. It can be calculated according to the following formula with the parameters described in Table 6-1: RSCPPilot = PPilot – LDL – LAnt – PL For WiMAX network layers. UMTS. which is here used as a synonym for the received WiMAX pilot power.actix. which is used as the numerator of the Ec/Io ratio. The Best Pilot Received Power may also be referred to as Best RxPower. Best Pilot RSCP or for WiMAX also Best Pilot RSSI. Moreover. RSCPPilot.e. if available. The DEM matrix.com . For CDMA.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The pathloss between the antenna location of the cell and a pixel position – according to the cell‟s Pathloss matrix (refer to [R-UG]). the typical terminology is the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI). i.e. and LTE) For CDMA. UMTS. UMTS. WiMAX. and LTE target network layers.1). this received power is also known as the Received Signal Code Power (RSCP). there is a set of plots for Revenue Analysis.WiMAX – LDL – LAnt – PL Table 6-1 Parameters for the received pilot power calculation Parameter Symbol Unit / Value Description Radioplan Project Pilot Power PPilot dBm The pilot power of the cell – configurable in the Cell Settings. 6.6 and [R-UG]). Cable Loss DL Pathloss LDL dB PL dB Antenna Attenuation LAnt dB www. The downlink cable loss of the cell – configurable in the Cell Settings (refer to section 4. Clearly. it is not the total received power in the band as defined for CDMA and UMTS in section 6.6 and [RUG]).2 Analysis Plots The accessibility of the Analysis Plots in the Optimization menu depends on the selected active network layer(s) (refer to section 4.4). is used to determine the vertical angle with respect to the terrain heights at the cell site location and any pixel of the area. called target network layer(s).13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 100 6. For each System. The directed antenna attenuation of the cell towards the pixel – based on the cell‟s antenna type and orientation (refer to section 4. WiMAX and LTE target network layers. RAN technology. for CDMA cells the FPICH Power and for UMTS cells the PCPICH Power (refer to section 4. the Best Pilot Received Power plot shows for each pixel the received power [dBm] of the strongest pilot.6 and [RUG]). there is a corresponding set of Analysis Plots.2. if the Capital Planning Module is licensed. i.2.1 Best Pilot Received Power / Best RxPower / Best Pilot RSCP / Best Pilot RSSI (CDMA.

3).2. Moreover. alternatively.2.actix.9 and 4.4. 6. by choosing the menu entry View  Configuration Data Plots  Plot Received Power. The Best Pilot Received Power plot may look similar as in Fig. clutter-specific attenuations at the user side can be considered for the Pilot RSCP Coverage threshold by the Pathloss Offset in the Clutter Classes settings (refer to sections 6. Fig. However. 6-8.8. There.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 101 Note that this Pilot Received Power does not include any attenuation at the terminal side. 6-8 Example for the Best Pilot Received Power plot This Best Pilot Received Power plot is also a standard Radioplan plot (refer to [R-UG]).2.7). 6.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.6. www.2.2. and 6. a network-wide value for such an attenuation can be considered in the interference calculations (refer to sections 6. it can be invoked by clicking the icon of the Views toolbar (tooltip Plot Received Power) or.com .

The Best RxLev_DL Power plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Best Pilot Received Power plot (refer to Fig.2 Best RxLev_DL Power (GSM and iDEN only) Similarly to the Best Pilot Received Power for CDMA and UMTS.2. if available.2. The downlink cable loss of the cell. a network-wide value for such an attenuation can be considered in the C/I (refer to section 6. Antenna Attenuation LAnt dB www.com . This received power is also known as the RxLev on downlink.2.11 and 4. clutter-specific attenuations at the user side can be considered for the RxLev_DL Coverage threshold by the Pathloss Offset in the Clutter Classes settings (refer to sections 6.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 102 6.actix.8). is used to determine the vertical angle with respect to the terrain heights at the cell site location and any pixel of the area. Table 6-2 Parameters for the RxLev_DL calculation in the Best RxLev_DL Power plot of Radioplan ACP Parameter Symbol Unit / Value Description Radioplan Project (configurable in the Cell Settings – refer to section 4. the RxLev_DL is calculated according to the following formula with the parameters described in Table 6-2: RxLevDL = PBCCH – LDL – LAnt – PL Note that this Best RxLev_DL Power does not include any attenuation at the terminal side.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2. The DEM matrix. the Best RxLev_DL Power plot shows for GSM and iDEN target network layers for each pixel the received power [dBm] of the strongest BCCH.1).6 an [R-UG]) Output Power Cable Loss DL Pathloss PBCCH LDL PL dBm dB dB The output power of the cell‟s Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH). The pathloss between the antenna location of the cell and a pixel position – according to the cell‟s Pathloss matrix (refer to [R-UG]).3). In Radioplan ACP. Moreover. The directed antenna attenuation of the cell towards the pixel – based on the cell‟s antenna type and orientation. 6-8 in section 6. However.

2). for GSM and iDEN: ▫ The best server is measured by the Best BCCH carrier RxLev_DL (refer to section 6. The Best Cell Areas plot may look similar as in Fig. 6-9 Example for the Best Cell Areas plot with activated Additional Legend The Best Cell Areas plot can be created for different sets of cells – using the respective entries in the Optimization  (…) Analysis Plots  Best Cell Areas submenu. 6-9.2. UMTS. if a specific color other than black is defined in the Cell Settings (refer to section 4.2. Fig. Reconfigurable. The additional legend that contains the Cell IDs can be shown or hidden by clicking the icon of the Components toolbar (tooltip Draw Additional Legend). However. and Relevant Cells The Best Cell Areas plot (for all cells) shows for each pixel the best cell by the cell ID of the best server and a cell-specific color. The definition of the best server depends on the System of the target network layers: for CDMA.2).Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix. All Cells: Best Cell Areas for all cells Reconfigurable Cells: Best Cell Areas only for the cells that are reconfigurable: www. WiMAX. and LTE: ▫ The best server is measured by the Best Pilot Received Power (refer to section 6. 6-10.com .6.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 103 6. Fig.2. then that cellspecific color is applied. In all cases the associated colors are automatically defined. The Best Cells and the Reconfigurable Cells plots are also available as Automatic Optimization Plots in the Optimization Wizard.1).3 Best Cell Areas of All.

▫ Relevant Cells: Best Cell Areas only for the cells that are received at any pixel inside of the Analysis Area within a defined margin below the best serving cell. it is calculated for a configurable network-wide load as well as a configurable network-wide effective noise threshold according to the following formula with the parameters described in Table 6-3: RSSI = 10. the Relevant Cells plot can be used to determine the sites and cells that may have a relevant impact in the Analysis Area and.1. the output power Pi of cell i includes the output power of the pilot PPilot and of all other DL common control channels PotherCCH as well as the DCH Network Load and depends for cells with activated HSDPA on the HSDPA Power Mode of that cell (refer also to section 4.6.1.i – PLi)/10)] } Thereby. 6-10 Best Cell Areas menu in the Optimization  (…) Analysis Plots submenu The Best Cell Areas plot (for all cells) is the basis for all surface plots of cell-specific performance measures.actix.11).13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 104 ▫ for Capacity and Coverage optimization as well as for Site Selection: according to the Reconfigurable Cell Selection in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2. for Site Integration: The automatic plot from the Optimization Wizard shows the internally determined reconfigurable cells. therefore. the RSSI plot shows for each pixel the total received downlink power [dBm] – in UMTS or CDMA also known as the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI). The Best Cell Areas plot (for all cells) is also a standard Radioplan plot (refer to [R-UG]). This plot is especially is useful for the definition of the size of the Simulation Area. ▫ ▫ The applicable margin is a parameter of the Analysis Settings – as defined in section 5. alternatively. which are independent of the Reconfigurable Cell Selection that may be in the Analysis Settings.12).4 RSSI (CDMA and UMTS only) For CDMA and UMTS target network layers.i – LAnt. by choosing the menu entry View  Configuration Data Plots  Best Serving Cell. which is used as the denominator of the Ec/Io ratio. In order to consider all relevant cells in the surrounding of a given Analysis Area to be optimized. called Mapped Surface Plots. 6. should be included in the Simulation Area.com . There. it can be invoked by clicking the icon of the Views toolbar (tooltip Plot Best Serving Cell) or. The default value is 15 dB.4) as follows: if HSDPA is not activated at cell i or in case of the power mode PCPICH Offset: www. In Radioplan ACP. because the cell-specific value is mapped to the best cell area of the corresponding cell. Fig.lg{10N/10 + all_cells10^[(Pi – LDL.

Table 6-3 Parameters for the RSSI calculation in the RSSI plot (and consequently in the Best Pilot Ec/Io plot) Parameter Symbol Unit / Value Description Radioplan General Settings Configurable in the General Settings dialog (refer also to chapter 3).13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 105 Pi [mW] = Pcommon [mW] + .max as defined in section 4.com . The HSDPA activity factor AFHSDPA is defined in section 5. 10e PotherCCH.max [mW] – Pcommon. 10b + AFAICH .total. if HSDPA is not activated. nHS-SCCH .13. which can be invoked using the menu entry Tools  General Settings.actix.6 and [R-UG]) Cable Loss DL LDL. Noise Floor N dBm The noise floor N (refer to chapter 3).6. the activity factors are not used: Pcommon.max With Ptotal.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.used [mW] + AFHSDPA .total.max [mW] with Pcommon.4) are used: For UMTS: PPilot where a = (PPCPICH [dBm] + PPCCPCH [dB] ) / 10 b = (PPCPICH [dBm] + PFirstSCCPCH [dB] ) / 10 c = (PPCPICH [dBm] + PAICH [dB] ) / 10 d = (PPCPICH [dBm] + PPICH [dB] ) / 10 e = (PPCPICH [dBm] + PHS-SCCH [dB] ) / 10 where the last term for the HS-SCCH is always zero. www. in case of the power mode Residue: Pi Ptotal.used [mW] otherwise. 10c + AFPICH .withDCHAndHS-PDSCH.1.6.used |AF*=1 For CDMA: PPilot PFPICH and PotherCCH PotherCCH PPCPICH and 10a + AFFirstSCCPCH . Radioplan Project (configurable in the Cell Settings – refer to section 4. For the allocated transmit powers.used [mW] = PPilot [mW] + PotherCCH.max [mW] = Ptotal.4.i dB The downlink cable loss of cell i .allocated := Pcommon. 10d + AFHSDPA . PHS-PDSCH [mW] and PDCH. PDCH.allocated [mW] The following cell parameters (refer to section 4.withDCHAndHS-PDSCH.

However. 6-11. It refers to the power stock that is available for user traffic. The directed antenna attenuation of cell i towards the pixel – according to the cell‟s antenna type and orientation.5.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 106 Parameter Symbol Unit / Value dB Description Pathloss PLi The pathloss between the antenna location of cell i and a pixel position – according to the cell‟s Pathloss matrix (refer to [R-UG]). [DCH] Network Load % The relative DCH network load of the highest loaded cell. 6-11 Example for the RSSI plot An RSSI plot is also a standard Radioplan plot.e.i [mW] = Pi [mW].i dB Radioplan ACP: Network Load slider The Network Load slider is configurable in the Analysis Settings – refer to section 5. the calculation principle and the network load assumed for that plot may be different from the definitions above (refer to [R-UG]). Fig. www. Antenna Attenuation LAnt.1.actix. For power Prep. There.i considered from repeaters is derived from the donor cell power Pi by a gain factor as follows: Prep.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. PPilot. the range between the total power of all DL common control channels and the Maximum Output Power of each cell – refer to section 5. which is applied to all cells.rep.5 for details. it can be invoked by choosing the menu entry View  Configuration Data Plots  RSSI.1.i [mW] / PPilot. i.com .i [mW] The RSSI plot may look similar as in Fig.

13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 107 6. where the configured Network Load of the highest loaded cell is applied to all cells.5). one of the configurable Radioplan options for the network load calculation is applied. A Best Pilot Ec/Io plot can be invoked at two places in Radioplan. respectively.2. for the underlying calculations and considered parameters.2. 6-12. the DCH Network Load [%] of Radioplan ACP is applied (refer to section 5.2. By clicking the icon of the Views toolbar (tooltip (W)CDMA: Plot Ec/Io.actix. Due to the RSSI calculation principle in Radioplan ACP. GSM: Plot C/I. 6-12 Example for the Best Pilot Ec/Io plot www. Fig.1 and 6. Please note. this Ec/Io is a worst-case value.4. When choosing the menu entry Optimization  CDMA & UMTS Analysis Plots  Best Pilot Ec/Io. that the calculation principle and the network load assumed for that plot may be different from the definitions above (refer to [R-UG]).com .1. The Best Pilot Ec/Io plot of Radioplan ACP may look similar as in Fig. The second option is a standard Radioplan plot. the Best Pilot Ec/Io plot shows for each pixel the Ec/Io [dB] of the strongest pilot. GSM: Plot C/I) or when choosing the menu entry View  Configuration Data Plots  (W)CDMA: Plot Ec/Io. It is calculated from the Best Pilot Received Power (“Ec”) and the RSSI (“Io”): Ec/I0 [dB] = RSCP [dBm] – RSSI [dBm] Please refer to sections 6.5 Best Pilot Ec/Io (CDMA and UMTS only) For CDMA and UMTS target network layers.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.

Noise Floor NWiMAX dBm The noise floor N for WiMAX (refer to chapter 3).i LDL. The downlink cable loss of the cell i. which can be invoked using the menu entry Tools  General Settings. www.6 and [R-UG]) Pilot Power Cable Loss DL Pathloss PPilot.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2.i – LAnt.i dB The Best Pilot CINR plot may look similar as the GSM or iDEN Best C/I plot (refer to in Fig. 6-13 in section 6.1.lg{ 10a + where a = NWiMAX/10 b = ( PPilot.i PLi dBm dB dB The cell‟s WiMAX pilot power.8).i – LDL. Antenna Attenuation LAnt.com . The interference is calculated for a configurable network-wide effective noise floor according to the following formula with the parameters described in Table 6-6: I = 10. it is calculated as the difference of the WiMAX Best Pilot RSSI (C) and the interference (I): CINR [dB] = RSSIPilot. The pathloss between the antenna location of cell i and a pixel position – according to the cell‟s Pathloss matrix (refer to [R-UG]).actix. Radioplan Project (configurable in the Cell Settings – refer to section 4. In Radioplan ACP. The Best Pilot CINR may also be referred to as Best C/I. The directed antenna attenuation of cell i towards the pixel – according to the cell‟s antenna type and orientation. the Best Pilot CINR plot shows for each pixel the channel-to-interference and noise ratio of the strongest pilot.i – PLi ) / 10 Table 6-4 Parameters for the co-channel interference calculation in the Best C/I plot all_other_cells_in_all_WiMax_network_layers 10b } Parameter Symbol Unit / Value Description Radioplan General Settings Configurable in the General Settings dialog (refer also to chapter 3).2.WiMAX [dBm] – I [dBm] For the WiMAX Pilot RSSI calculation and considered parameters please refer to section 6.2.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 108 6.6 Best Pilot CINR / Best C/I (WiMAX only) For WiMAX target network layers.

www.actix. it is calculated as the difference of the LTE Best Pilot RSCP (S) and the interference (I): SINR [dB] = RSCPPilot [dBm] – I [dBm] For the LTE Pilot Received Power calculation and considered parameters please refer to section 6.i – LDL.i – LAnt.i LDL. the Best Pilot SINR plot shows for each pixel the signal-tointerference and noise ratio of the strongest pilot. 6-13 in section 6.i dB The Best Pilot SINR plot may look similar as the GSM or iDEN Best C/I plot (refer to in Fig.i – PLi ) / 10 Table 6-5 Parameters for the co-channel interference calculation in the Best C/I plot all_other_cells_in_all_LTE_network_layers 10b } Parameter Symbol Unit / Value Description Radioplan General Settings Configurable in the General Settings dialog (refer also to chapter 3).i PLi dBm dB dB The cell‟s LTE pilot power.8). The downlink cable loss of the cell i. which is defined by the configured LTE Noise Figure NFLTE (refer to chapter 3). Antenna Attenuation LAnt.com . Radioplan Project (configurable in the Cell Settings – refer to section 4.lg{ 10a + where a = NLTE/10 b = ( PPilot. The interference is calculated for a configurable network-wide effective noise floor according to the following formula with the parameters described in Table 6-6: I = 10.2. Noise Floor NLTE dBm The noise floor NLTE for LTE. which can be invoked using the menu entry Tools  General Settings.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 109 6.6 and [R-UG]) Pilot Power Cable Loss DL Pathloss PPilot.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2.1. In Radioplan ACP.7 Best Pilot SINR (LTE only) For LTE target network layers.2. The pathloss between the antenna location of cell i and a pixel position – according to the cell‟s Pathloss matrix (refer to [R-UG]). The directed antenna attenuation of cell i towards the pixel – according to the cell‟s antenna type and orientation.

Radioplan Project (configurable in the Cell Settings – refer to section 4.2. 6-13.i – LAnt.2.8 Best C/I (GSM and iDEN only) For GSM and iDEN target network layers.2. The directed antenna attenuation of cell i towards the pixel – according to the cell‟s antenna type and orientation. the Best C/I plot shows for each pixel the cochannel DL C/I [dB] of the strongest BCCH.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.i – PLi ) / 10 Table 6-6 Parameters for the co-channel interference calculation in the Best C/I plot all_co-channel_transmitters_whether BCCH_or_TCH 10b } Parameter Symbol Unit / Value Description Radioplan General Settings Configurable in the General Settings dialog (refer also to chapter 3).i PLi dBm dB dB The output power of the cell‟s Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH).com . The co-channel interference is calculated for a configurable network-wide effective noise floor according to the following formula with the parameters described in Table 6-6: I = 10. which can be invoked using the menu entry Tools  General Settings.lg{ 10a + where a = N/10 b = ( PTx.6 and [R-UG]) Output Power Cable Loss DL Pathloss PBCCH LDL. Noise Floor NGSM or NiDEN dBm The noise floor N for the respective system (refer to chapter 3). The downlink cable loss of the cell i. Channel numbers of the BCCH and the TCHs.i dB – – The Best C/I plot may look similar as in Fig. The pathloss between the antenna location of cell i and a pixel position – according to the cell‟s Pathloss matrix (refer to [R-UG]). it is calculated as the difference of the Best RxLev_DL (C) and the cochannel interference (I): C/I [dB] = RxLevDL [dBm] – I [dBm] For the RxLev_DL calculation and considered parameters please refer to section 6.actix. Antenna Attenuation Channel Numbers LAnt.i – LDL. In Radioplan ACP.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 110 6. www.

A pixel is assumed to be covered if the best pilot received power Pr.2. the Pilot RSCP Coverage plot shows for each pixel whether the coverage condition with respect to the Best Pilot Received Power (as defined in section 6.min + PL(clutter) The area-wide coverage constraint Minimum Pilot RSCP Pr.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 111 Fig.min can be configured in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. otherwise 0 The applicable Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold may depend on the clutter class (refer to section 4.com .Pilot. 6-14.0) or not (value: 0.Pilot.BestPilot exceeds the applicable Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold RSCPmin(clutter): RSCP_Coverage = 1 if Pr. www. UMTS.9 Pilot RSCP Coverage (CDMA.2. 6.actix. The Pilot RSCP Coverage plot may look similar as in Fig.BestPilot ≥ RSCPmin(clutter). UMTS.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.1).0). 6-13 Example for the Best C/I plot Note that adjacent cells may have considerably different Best C/I values depending on the frequency plan. and LTE target network layers.1) is fulfilled (value: 1. and LTE) For CDMA.12): RSCPmin(clutter) = Pr.2.3 and 6.

1). 6-14 Example for the Pilot RSCP Coverage plot (using alpha blending) The picture is independent of the Preferred Coverage Objective (as defined in section 8.actix.2.BestPilot exceeds the applicable Pilot RSSI Coverage Threshold RSSImin(clutter): RSSI_Coverage = 1 if Pr.min can be configured in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.2.3 and 6.1).0) or not (value: 0.2. Clearly.1) is fulfilled (value: 1. but also the Covered Traffic is reported for each the Analysis Area (AA) and the Simulation Area (SA) in the lower part of the plot legend.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 112 Fig.10 Pilot RSSI Coverage (WiMAX only) For WiMAX target network layers.0).BestPilot ≥ RSSImin(clutter).com . 6. note that not only the Covered Area. A pixel is assumed to be covered if the best pilot received power Pr. the Pilot RSSI Coverage plot shows for each pixel whether the coverage condition with respect to the Best Pilot Received Power (as defined in section 6. www.min + PL(clutter) The area-wide coverage constraint Minimum Pilot RSSI RSSIPilot.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.9).1. However. it always displays the Covered Area. The Pilot RSSI Coverage plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot Power Coverage plot (refer to Fig. 6-14 in section 6.13): RSSImin(clutter) = RSSIPilot.2. otherwise 0 The applicable Pilot RSSI Coverage Threshold may depend on the clutter class (refer to section 4.4.

the RxLev_DL Coverage plot shows for each pixel whether the coverage condition with respect to the Best RxLev_DL (as defined in section 6. and LTE target network layers.2.min + PL(clutter) The area-wide coverage constraint Minimum RxLev_DL RxLevDL.2.9).2) is fulfilled or not.2.min(clutter).3 and 6.1.12 Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold (CDMA.2. otherwise 0 The applicable RxLev_DL Coverage Threshold may depend on the clutter type (refer to sections 4.min can be configured in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. Each clutter class can be assigned with a specific Pathloss Offset for Optimization – configurable in the Clutter Classes Settings (as described in section 4. The Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold plot may look similar as in Fig.actix.2. 6-14 in section 6. A pixel is assumed to be covered if the Best RxLev_DL RxLevDL. 6. and LTE) For CDMA.com .min(clutter): RxLev_DL_Coverage = 1 if RxLevDL. Radioplan supports the definition of clutter-specific offsets to the Minimum Pilot RSCP.4 and 6.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 113 6.1). Fig. UMTS. UMTS. 6-15 Example for the RSCP Coverage Threshold plot www.3).BestBCCH ≥ RxLevDL. the Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold plot shows for each pixel the applicable coverage threshold.14): RxLevDL.min(clutter) = RxLevDL. The RxLev_DL Coverage plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot Power Coverage plot (refer to Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. which determines the RSCP Coverage (refer to sections 8. 6-15.BestBCCH exceeds the applicable RxLev_DL Coverage Threshold RxLevDL.11 RxLev_DL Coverage (GSM and iDEN only) For GSM and iDEN target network layers.2.9).

12). The applicable Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold may depend on the clutter class (refer to section 4. The Pilot RSSI Coverage Threshold plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold plot (refer to Fig.3).Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. the RxLev_DL Coverage Threshold plot shows for each pixel the applicable coverage threshold. the general coverage threshold is -100 dBm and specific clutter classes are assigned with an offset of 10 dB or 15 dB.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 114 In this example. note that not only the Covered Area.15 Pilot Ec/Io Coverage (CDMA and UMTS only) For CDMA and UMTS target network layers. the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage plot shows for each pixel whether the coverage condition with respect to the Best Pilot Ec/Io (as defined in section 6.14 RxLev_DL Coverage Threshold (GSM and iDEN only) For GSM and iDEN target network layers. which determines the RSSI Coverage (refer to sections 8. Each clutter class can be assigned with a specific Pathloss Offset for Optimization – configurable in the Clutter Classes Settings (as described in section 4. it always displays the Covered Area.actix.2. Radioplan supports the definition of clutter-specific offsets to the Minimum Pilot RSSI. A pixel is assumed to be covered if the best pilot Ec/Io E c I 0 Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold E c I 0 min clutter : BestPilot exceeds the applicable EcIo _ Coverage 1 if E c I 0 BestPilot 0 otherwise E c I 0 min clutter .19): E c I 0 min clutter E c I 0 min E c I 0 clutter : The area-wide coverage constraint Minimum Pilot Ec/Io E c I 0 min can be configured in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. which determines the RxLev_DL Coverage (refer to section 6.3 and 6. 6-15 in section 6.2. Clearly. The RxLev_DL Coverage Threshold plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold plot (refer to Fig.2. The Pilot Ec/Io Coverage plot may look similar as in Fig.com .2. 6. Each clutter class can be assigned with a specific Pathloss Offset for Optimization – configurable in the Clutter Classes Settings (as described in section 4. However.2.13 Pilot RSSI Coverage Threshold (WiMAX only) For WiMAX target network layers.11).2.5) is fulfilled or not.1). The picture is independent of the Preferred Coverage Objective (as defined in section 8.10). 6-15 in section 6.1. 6.2. Note that the assumed DCH Network Load is included in the layer caption.12). but also the Covered Traffic is reported for each the Analysis Area (AA) and the Simulation Area (SA) in the lower part of the plot legend. the Pilot RSSI Coverage Threshold plot shows for each pixel the applicable coverage threshold.1. 6. Radioplan supports the definition of clutter-specific offsets to the Minimum RxLev_DL.2.4 and 6.1).2. www.4. which increase the effectively required coverage threshold accordingly. 6-16.3).

2.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2. A pixel is assumed to be covered if the best pilot CINR CINRBestPilot exceeds the applicable Pilot CINR Coverage Threshold CINRmin clutter : CINR _ Coverage 1 if 0 CINRBestPilot otherwise CINRmin clutter .6) is fulfilled or not.7) is fulfilled or not.2. the Pilot CINR Coverage plot shows for each pixel whether the coverage condition with respect to the Best Pilot CINR (as defined in section 6. the Pilot SINR Coverage plot shows for each pixel whether the coverage condition with respect to the Best Pilot SINR (as defined in section 6.16 Pilot CINR Coverage (WiMAX only) For WiMAX target network layers.2. A pixel is assumed to be covered if the best pilot SINR SINRBestPilot exceeds the applicable Pilot SINR Coverage Threshold SINRmin clutter : SINR _ Coverage 1 if 0 SINRBestPilot otherwise SINRmin clutter .2. 6-16 Example for the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage plot (using alpha blending) 6.19): CINRmin clutter CINRmin C I clutter : The area-wide coverage constraint Minimum Pilot CINR CINR min can be configured in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.15).com .actix.3 and 6. The Pilot CINR Coverage plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot Ec/Io Coverage plot (refer to Fig.17 Pilot SINR Coverage (LTE only) For LTE target network layers. 6.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 115 Fig. The applicable Pilot CINR Coverage Threshold may depend on the clutter class (refer to section 4. 6-16 in section 6.2. www.1).

2. 6-16 in section 6.com .15). The Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold plot may look similar as in Fig.19 Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold (CDMA and UMTS only) For CDMA and UMTS target network layers.1).min clutter : C / I _ Coverage 1 if C I DL.min can be configured in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.15). the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold plot shows for each pixel the applicable coverage threshold.3 and 6. the C/I Coverage plot shows for each pixel whether the coverage condition with respect to the Best C/I (as defined in section 6.21): SINRmin clutter SINRmin C I clutter : The area-wide coverage constraint Minimum Pilot SINR SINRmin can be configured in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. min C I clutter : The area-wide coverage constraint Minimum C/I C I DL.2. A pixel is assumed to be covered if the Best C/I C I DL.1). www.3 and 6. The Pilot SINR Coverage plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot Ec/Io Coverage plot (refer to Fig.2. 6. BestBCCH 0 otherwise C I DL. 6-17.2.15). which determines the Ec/Io Coverage (refer to section 6. 6-16 in section 6.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 116 The applicable Pilot SINR Coverage Threshold may depend on the clutter class (refer to section 4. Radioplan supports the definition of clutter-specific offsets to the Minimum Pilot Ec/Io.2. The applicable C/I Coverage Threshold may depend on the clutter type (refer to sections 4.3).actix.2.2. min clutter . The C/I Coverage plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot Ec/Io Coverage plot (refer to Fig. min clutter C I DL.2.22): C I DL. Each clutter class can be assigned with a specific Ec/Io Offset for Optimization – configurable in the Clutter Classes Settings (as described in section 4. BestBCCH exceeds the applicable C/I Coverage Threshold C I DL.18 C/I Coverage (GSM and iDEN only) For GSM and iDEN target network layers.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 6.8) is fulfilled or not.

2.19).2.2.2. The Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold plot (refer to Fig.2.20 Pilot CINR Coverage Threshold (WiMAX only) For WiMAX target network layers. Each clutter class can be assigned with a specific C/I Offset for Optimization – configurable in the Clutter Classes Settings (as described in section 4.actix. 6-17 in section 6.17). 6. 6-17 in section 6.16). 6.3).2. the Pilot SINR Coverage Threshold plot shows for each pixel the applicable coverage threshold. which determines the CINR Coverage (refer to section 6.2.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.21 Pilot SINR Coverage Threshold (LTE only) For LTE target network layers. the Pilot CINR Coverage Threshold plot shows for each pixel the applicable coverage threshold. www. which determines the Pilot SINR Coverage (refer to section 6. the general Ec/Io coverage threshold is -12 dB and specific clutter classes are assigned with an offset of 1 dB or 2 dB.com . Radioplan supports the definition of clutter-specific offsets to the Minimum Pilot SINR.22 C/I Coverage Threshold (GSM and iDEN only) For GSM and iDEN target network layers. Radioplan supports the definition of clutter-specific offsets to the Minimum Pilot CINR. Each clutter class can be assigned with a specific C/I Offset for Optimization – configurable in the Clutter Classes Settings (as described in section 4. which increase the effectively required Ec/Io coverage threshold accordingly. 6-17 Example for the Ec/Io Coverage Threshold plot In this example. 6.3). The Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold plot (refer to Fig. the C/I Coverage Threshold plot shows for each pixel the applicable coverage threshold.19).13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 117 Fig.

2.1. are not taken into account. for UMTS and CDMA network layers. which determines the C/I Coverage (refer to section 6. the frequency plan. 6. if the frequency plan is changed towards tighter frequency reuse. It is an objective of the GSM. 6-17 in section 6. Fig.2.actix.3 – depending on the System of the target network layers. it results in a usual definition for the pilot pollution zones.com .2. The C/I Coverage Threshold plot may look similar as the CDMA or UMTS Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold plot (refer to Fig.23 Best Cell Overlap The Best Cell Overlap plot shows for each pixel the number of cells – including the best cell – which are received within a configurable margin below the signal of the best cell. Moreover.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 118 Radioplan supports the definition of clutter-specific offsets to the Minimum C/I. 6-18 Example for the Best Cell Overlap plot Note that the applied Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Margin is included in the layer caption. This plot indicates areas with high interference (for GSM and iDEN network layers only disregarding the frequency plan).5).Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 6-18.e. Clearly.18). the BCCH and TCH channel numbers as well as BSICs of the cells. The applicable margin is the Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Margin. Each clutter class can be assigned with a specific Pathloss Offset for Optimization – configurable in the Clutter Classes Settings (as described in section 4. Hence. if the maximum active set size is subtracted from the number of overlapping cells. The best cell is defined according to section 6. iDEN.19). which is a parameter of the Analysis Settings – as defined in section 5.2. The Best Cell Overlap plot may look similar as in Fig.3). and LTE optimization to minimize the Best Cell Overlap averaged over all cells (refer to section 8. www.3. WiMAX. it illustrates soft handover zones and.8. a high number of overlapping cells indicates areas with high potential interference. for GSM and iDEN network layers. i.

23. The site overlap ratio is defined by the number of pixels in the best cell area of all cells of the site where the respective cells are overlapping with cells of other sites divided by the total number of pixels in the best cell area of all cells of the site. The cell overlap ratio is defined by the number of pixels in the cell‟s best cell area where the respective cell is overlapping with other cells divided by the total number of pixels in the cell‟s best cell area. it is likely that other sites‟ cells can still provide sufficient coverage. A high site overlap ratio corresponds to a small dominant best server area of the respective site‟s cells. 6-19. www.25 Site Overlap Ratio per Site The Site Overlap Ratio per Site plot shows the site-specific overlap ratios mapped to the best cell areas. it can be invoked by clicking the icon of the Views toolbar (tooltip Plot Cell Overlapping) or when choosing the menu entry View  Configuration Data Plots  Cell Overlapping. However.2.2).13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 119 A Cell Overlapping plot is also a standard Radioplan plot. There.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2). a different margin parameter is applied.2. It is defined in the General Settings dialog as the Cell Overlap Window [dB] (refer to [R-UG]).com . The Cell Overlap Ratio per Cell plot may look similar as in Fig. If a cell with high overlap ratio is removed during a site selection optimization (refer to section 8. 6-19 Example for the Cell Overlap Ratio per Cell plot 6. Fig.24 Cell Overlap Ratio per Cell The Cell Overlap Ratio per Cell plot shows the cell-specific overlap ratios mapped to the best cell areas. If a site with high overlap ratio is removed during a site selection optimization (refer to section 8.2. Cell overlapping is defined as in section 6.actix. it is likely that other cells can still provide sufficient coverage. 6. A high cell overlap ratio corresponds to a small dominant best server area of the respective cell.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.26 Equivalent DL or UL Traffic per Pixel (CDMA and UMTS only) For CDMA and UMTS target network layers. It represents for the DL part or for the UL part of a multi-service UMTS traffic mix the spatial distribution of the equivalent number of fully active speech users. 6-20. the Speech service requires a comparatively low transmit power due to its low transmission data rate and high spreading factor.actix. In other words: How many fully and continuously active speech users (with a given target Eb/N0) would create the same offered traffic like the service mix at each pixel to respective link direction of the air interface? Thus. 6-20 Example for the Site Overlap Ratio per Site plot 6. downlink or uplink.com . The pixel-based Equivalent Traffic is a specific measure of Radioplan ACP.1.23. For example. It is displayed in relation to the highest Equivalent Traffic value of all pixels. Fig. a homogeneous traffic distribution is assumed. the Equivalent DL or UL Traffic per Pixel plot shows for each pixel the relative Equivalent Traffic for the respective link direction. which results in a plot with a value of 100% at all pixels.2. the Equivalent Traffic takes into account that identical traffic values may result in different air interface loads depending on the services and the used radio bearers.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 120 Overlapping is defined as in section 6. For this plot the Consider Traffic Distribution option must be enabled in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. whereas a WWW session requires a comparatively high transmit power due to its high transmission data rate and low www.10).2. which is scaled to 100%. The Site Overlap Ratio per Site plot may look similar as in Fig. Otherwise.

Additionally. the Service Portion as well as reference “equivalent speech user” characteristics into account – as defined in section 6.2. 6-21.1. Note that by multiplying with the pixel area [km2] the value resulting for each pixel is not a traffic density [1/km2] anymore. the traffic values are multiplied by a factor k / n. The Equivalent Traffic per Pixel plot may look similar as in Fig. the Service Portion configured for the respective UE Profile.3.) may depend on the Service Profile – see section 6. which is part of a UE Profile: either directly. and the Service Correction Factor calculated for the respective UE Profile.26. DL or UL Service AF – as defined in section 6.26. UE Profiles that refer to a Service Profile without a Traffic Matrix are ignored.2.com . the DL or UL Service Correction Factor takes the DL or UL target E b/N0 . where n is the total number of network layers in the project and k is the number of active target network layers.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. and Service Profile with the Traffic Model as well as Network Layer. in any case the Traffic Matrix values denote at each pixel the spatial density per square kilometer: [1 / km2] . these weighted values are accumulated for each pixel over all active UE Profiles. The traffic values are taken from the Traffic Matrix. Finally. if the UE Profile refers to an active target network layer or proportionately. the traffic values are weighted with the uniform pixel area.4.2. but an absolute traffic value [“equivalent user”].5.2. HSDPA users are considered as a special case – with the assumptions defined in section 6.2. “UL”}.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 121 spreading factor. a DL or UL Service Correction Factor is calculated. which represent the offered traffic of the configured service mix. Then. which considers the following Activity Factors (AF): ▫ ▫ ▫ User AF – as defined in section 6.26. user data has actually to be transmitted in case of the Speech service only during the “active voice” periods and in case of the WWW session mainly during the download phases. if the UE Profile refers to „ALL‟ network layers.26.1. which is always associated to a Service Profile: ▫ ▫ The interpretation of the Traffic Matrix values (Erl / km2 or users / km2 etc. and DL or UL Radio Bearer AF – as defined in section 6.26.2. The DL or UL Equivalent Traffic is determined from the following contributions: Traffic Matrix. Moreover. Based on that information. which refer to the active network layer(s) – thus yielding the Equivalent DL or UL Traffic (ET) of the configured service mix: ET** PixelArea km2 ServicePortionUEProfile SCF** TrafficVal ue active _ UEProfiles referring _ to _ the active _ NetworkLay ers 1 km2 with ** = {“DL”. Note that the absolute maximum of all pixel-based Equivalent Traffic values is shown in the lower part of the plot legend. Equipment Profile.actix. User definition – including UE Profile. In the latter case. However.26.2. Although the unit “Erl” has been kept it does not represent an absolute traffic value in the traditional sense but the number of speech user equivalents. www.

There are two different interpretations – depending on the Traffic Model configured in the Service Profile: The default assumption for all traffic models is that the traffic matrix values denote the number of simultaneously active users per km2. The User AF depends on how the Traffic Matrix values are interpreted. Hence. Fig. It applies to both UL and DL. for the reason of compatibility with the simulation approach of the Atoll network planning tool (refer to [A-TR][R-Atoll]). Semi-Dynamic) VoIP File and WWW Streaming (Constant Bit Rate. 6-21 Example for the Equivalent Traffic per Pixel plot 6.com .10).2. For the probability that such users are actually active at a moment. VBR/OnOff.1.actix. the User Activity Factor (AF) is always AFUser following traffic models: ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Speech / Video (incl.0 for Service Profiles with the Thus.1 User Activity Factor The User Activity Factor (AF) denotes the probability that a user is temporarily using the service.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 122 This Equivalent Traffic can be used to prioritize the optimization calculations across the area (see also section 5. Atoll takes for simulations further activity parameters into account. In contrast to that.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. which are not necessarily all simultaneously active. VBR/Gauss) 1. the traffic matrix values of Service Profiles with the AtollCS or AtollPS traffic models denote the potential number of users per km2.26. www. the traffic matrix values of circuit-switched Service Profiles are interpreted as [Erlang / km2].

PacketC allCountMean TM . Thus.0 .0 . otherwise AFService. this concept is also applied in Radioplan ACP for the Equivalent Traffic calculations of Service Profiles with Atoll-Compatible traffic models.0 .2 DL or UL Service Activity Factor The DL or UL Service Activity Factor (AF) denotes the ratio of time during the service. Accordingly.26.FileSize * *Mean DataRate* *Max if DataRate**Max WWW: 0 . ActiveTimeMean TM . AFService.com . a Service Activity Factor (AF) – in case of asymmetric service. if TM .13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 123 Hence. DL AFService.** Activity** ServiceDuration with ** = {“DL”.** ActivityUL ActivityDL 1. otherwise AFService. “UL”} if ServiceDuration 0 .actix. ServiceDuration TM. Semi-Dynamic): AFService. ActiveTimeMean TM .Average DurationOfACall 3600 Atoll-Compatible Packet-Switched: AFUser 1. for which there is actually data to be transmitted on the respective link direction. For each traffic model. the User Activity Factor (AF) is calculated as follows: ▫ Atoll-Compatible Circuit-Switched: AFUser ▫ TM. ActiveTime Mean TM .Average NumberOfCallsPerHour TM. the traffic matrix values of circuit-switched Service Profiles with Atoll-Compatible traffic models are interpreted as [user / km2]. because it is assumed that they are associated with Atoll-originating traffic matrices.SilentTimeMean 0 . “UL”} if ServiceDuration with 0 .DL 1.2).0 .SilentTimeMean File: AFService.** Activity** ServiceDuration with ** = {“DL”.DatagramIATMean TM.26. “UL”} 8 TM .0 .2.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. otherwise Activity** 0.PacketC allCountMean 1 TM.DatagramCountMean 1 TM . separately for each UL and DL – is calculated as follows: Speech / Video (incl.UL TM .ServerResponseTime ActivityDL with ** = {“DL”.ServerResponseTime TM . otherwise AFService.2.** 1. because the calculated Service Activity Factors already include the user activity (see section 6. 6. with ServiceDuration and Activity** ActivityUL TM .ReadingTimeMean www.

** TM . “UL”} if DataRate**Max 0 . the parameter DPCCH/DPCH power ratio can be explicitely configured in the service profile  Atoll Service tab. For the radio bearer definitions as well as more information on the DPCCH/DPCH power ratio.PacketSize* * 0 0. “UL”} if TM .e.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 124 and ActivityUL and TM. **Efficiency Factor 0 and DataRate**Max 0 . otherwise Activity** Atoll-Compatible Circuit-Switched: 0. Then.PacketC allCountMean TM.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. TM. AFService. respectively.26.actix. the DPCCH is continuously transmitted even if no user data is to be transmitted.0 . specifically UTRA/FDD. during (short) periods of service inactivity.** 1. www.PacketC allCountMean 8 TM.0 otherwise with ** = {“DL”.0 . 6.UL TM .** 1. “UL”} Streaming (VBR/OnOff. * *Efficiency Factor DataRate* *Max 3600 with ** = {“DL”. otherwise AFService. VBR/Gauss): AFService.0 .RequestDatagramDistributionMean 40 DataRateULMax 8 TM.Average NumberOfSessionsPerH our 8 1024 TM . * *VolumePerSession TM . the DL or UL Radio Bearer Activity Factor (AF) denotes the additional probability and degree of the radio bearer still being active during periods of service inactivity. which depends on the Spreading Factor (SF). i.** min 1.3 DL or UL Radio Bearer Activity Factor The radio bearer may even be active when no user data needs to be transmitted.2. Streaming (Constant Bit Rate): AFService.0 if TM . For UMTS.108] and [R-TR]. please refer to [34. Hence. For Atoll-compatible services. otherwise AFService.DatagramSizeMean if DataRateDLMax ActivityDL TM. DL AFService.VAFUL Atoll-Compatible Packet-Switched: AFService.DatagramCountMean DataRate**Max 0 . Hence. the Radio Bearer AF can be derived from the power ratio of the DPCCH in relation to the DPCH.VAFDL TM . That is why the DL and UL service data rates (“nominal data rates of the radio bearers”) are mapped to a SF. each SF corresponds to a certain DPCCH/DPCH power ratio – as defined for DL and UL in Table 6-7 and Table 6-8. AvgDataRat * * e DataRate* *Max with ** = {“DL”.com .** 1. respectively.0.

34 Table 6-8 UL mapping of radio bearer data rate.com .429 0. ref 4. and DPCCH/DPCH power ratio UL Nominal Radio Bearer Data Rate [bps] >…144.400 otherwise UL SF UL DPCCH vs.038 0.1 0. Based on that.4 DL or UL Service Correction Factor The Service Correction Factor combines the User.25 0.000 >=…128. ref 7.26.125 0. SF. the Service Correction Factor (SCF) is calculated as follows: www. Service.000 >=…8. SF.265 0.ref 128 like the typical speech radio bearer as well as E b N 0 target .actix. DPCH Power Ratio [linear scale] 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 0.025 0.000 >…16. DL . and Radio Bearer Activity Factors and puts that together with the DL or UL target Eb/N0 values in relation to a reference “equivalent speech user”.000 >…64.0dB and SFDL.000 >…32.179 0.350 0. DPCH Power Ratio [linear scale] 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 0.5 6.000 >=…8.1 0.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 125 Table 6-7 DL mapping of radio bearer data rate.000 >…32.000 >…3. The “equivalent speech user” used as a reference shall have the following characteristics: on DL: ▫ ▫ on UL: ▫ ▫ E b N 0 target .UL.ref 64 like the typical speech radio bearer. and DPCCH/DPCH power ratio DL Nominal Radio Bearer Data Rate [bps] >…384.000 >…256.000 otherwise DL SF DL DPCCH vs.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.34 0.2.000 >=…16.05 0.0dB and SFUL.

1. 6. if the UE Profile refers to an active target network layer or proportionately. The Absolute Traffic plot may look similar as the Equivalent Traffic per Pixel plot (refer to Fig. RxPower Threshold (refer to section 5. if HSDPA is enabled in the Equipment Profile and in the Optimization Analysis Settings. where n is the total number of network layers in the project and k is the number of active target network layers. the traffic values are weighted with the Service Portion configured for the respective UE Profile. which is part of a UE Profile: either directly. Hence.2. the result is a plot with a value of 1 at all pixels. In the latter case.0 DL service activity: AFService. then the Absolute Traffic (Density) plot shows only the traffic that meets the serving cells‟ Min. only their A-DPCH is considered in the DL Equivalent Traffic matrix. 6-21 in section 6. For this plot the Consider Traffic Distribution option should be enabled in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.** DPCCH _ DPCH _ Ratio** 1 AFService. For the Absolute Traffic (Density). RxPower Threshold for Traffic Assignment is enabled. UE Profiles that refer to a Service Profile without a Traffic Matrix are ignored.com . The traffic values are taken from the Traffic Matrix. Otherwise. these weighted values are accumulated for each traffic matrix pixel over all active UE Profiles yielding the Absolute Traffic (Density) of the configured service mix: AbsoluteTraffic 1 km2 ServicePortion TrafficVal ue active _ UEProfiles referring _ to _ the active _ NetworkLay ers 1 km2 .DL DL Spreading Factor (SF) = 256 DL nominal (radio bearer) data rate: R RB . it can be a measure for the total user density (with any service).** Eb N 0 target. if the UE Profile refers to „ALL‟ network layers.27 Absolute Traffic The Absolute Traffic (Density) plot shows for each pixel the total sum of the traffic values [1/km2] over all traffic matrices of the active UE Profiles.1.2. ref SF** with ** = {“DL”. www.10). the traffic values are multiplied by a factor k / n. Thus.26.10). Then.26).** 10 Eb N 0 target. “UL”}.2.5 Special Case: HSDPA Users For HSDPA users.0 1. the DL ET is determined with the following special settings: user activity: AFUser 1.actix. DL 3400bps DL target Eb/N0: as configured for the service 6.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 126 SCF** AFUser 10 AFService. If the option Consider Min.**.ref SF**.

23).1. however. with a 1 dB margin. Otherwise.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 127 6. if the cell resources (mainly DL codes and channel elements) of a network setup are configured homogeneously.29). 6-22. Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2. The Relative Traffic per Cell plot may look similar to Fig. the assumed homogeneous traffic distribution results in a plot.2.com .10). 6-22 Example for the Relative Traffic per Cell plot www. the Relative Traffic per Cell plot shows the distribution of the amount of traffic offered to each cell. The cell-specific traffic values are mapped to the best cell coverage areas (“Mapped Surface Plot”). Cell overlapping is determined in the same way as applied in the Best Cell Overlap plot (refer to section 6. cells with high Relative Traffic per Cell indicate trouble spots where the capacity may not be sufficient. including an area overlapping with adjacent cells.2. The capacity optimization considers the Relative Traffic per Cell to a configurable extent. The Relative Traffic per Cell indicates the amount of traffic to be carried by each cell with respect to the number of users and the service-specific air interface resource requirements. due to soft handover.28 Relative Traffic per Cell (CDMA and UMTS only) For CDMA and UMTS target network layers. where the Relative Traffic per Cell values are simply proportional to the cell area sizes. when minimizing the Relative Load per Cell averaged over all cells (refer to section 6. strong deviations of the Relative Traffic per Cell over the cells indicate potential capacity reserves.26) for each cell over its best cell coverage area and. Since all cells received in such an overlapping area are considered to provide coequal coverage the respective Equivalent Traffic per Pixel is shared between the overlapping cells. Therefore. Moreover.actix.2. The Relative Traffic per Cell results from the accumulation of the Equivalent Traffic per Pixel (refer to section 6. which is scaled to 100%. The Relative Traffic per Cell is displayed in relation to the highest value of all cells. The Consider Traffic Distribution option should be enabled for this plot in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. which may be opened up by traffic load balancing.

6-23. Relative Load per Cell represents the cell‟s DL power consumption with respect to both: the propagation environment and interference situation and the traffic load per cell measured by the Relative Traffic per Cell – as defined in section 6. 6-23 Example for the Relative Load per Cell plot www.29 Relative Load per Cell (CDMA and UMTS only) For CDMA and UMTS target network layers. a homogeneous traffic distribution results in a plot. by a configurable degree. the Relative Load per Cell indicates the cell load in terms of transmit power including. Thus. strong deviations of the Relative Load over the cells indicate potential capacity reserves. the number of users and their amount of traffic. The Consider Traffic Distribution option should be enabled for this plot in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. cells with high Relative Load indicate trouble spots where the capacity may not be sufficient. the Relative Load per Cell plot shows the distribution of the load caused in each cell mapped to the best cell areas.actix. Moreover. Therefore. where the Relative Load per Cell depends to a great extent simply on the cell area sizes.1. which may be opened up by interference minimization. The capacity optimization aims to minimize the Relative Load per Cell averaged over all cells (refer to section 8.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.10).28. The Relative Load per Cell plot may look similar to Fig.com . It is displayed in relation to the highest value of all cells. provided that the cell resources (mainly transmit powers) of a network setup are configured homogeneously.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 128 6.3). which is scaled to 100%.2. Fig.2. Otherwise.

2.2. The Users per Cell value represents the total amount of traffic offered to the cell‟s best server area.com . 6-24 Example for the Users per Cell plot www.30 Users per Cell The Users per Cell plot shows total number of users within each cell‟s serving area based on the Absolute Traffic as defined in section 6. For example.actix. the assumed homogeneous traffic distribution results in a plot. Note that the total user density per pixel is shown by the Absolute Traffic plot (refer to section 6. A Users per Cell plot is shown in Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.27. 6-24.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 129 6.2. where the Users per Cell values are simply proportional to the cell area sizes. The maximum number of users per cell may be a constraint to the optimization.1. The Consider Traffic Distribution option should be enabled for this plot in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.27). Fig. if the traffic matrices represent speech users.10). then the plot shows the speech users per cell. The value is a multiple of the type of value in the traffic matrix. Otherwise.

6-25 Example for the Cell Sizes plot 6. for the current radio conditions. BestPilot Pr .CQI 1 – as defined in the Table 6-9 – the PCPICH SIR is mapped in steps of 1 dB to CQI values of 1 to 30: CQI 0 min 1 if SIRPCPICH dB SIRPCPICH . 30] based on the strongest pilot. According to [25.32 CQI (UMTS only) If HSDPA is enabled for UMTS target network layers in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.214].2.2. the PCPICH SIR SIRPCPICH [linear ratio] is calculated as: SIRHS Pr . BestPilot 256 PDSCH N UMTS Pr .intercell [mW] and an intracell www. However. 1. 6-25.4. ….1. the Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) is a value for UE reporting to the network. CQI 1 dB . PCPICH SIR for CQI 1 SIRPCPICH .31 Cell Sizes The Cell Sizes plot shows the area [km2] of each cell mapped to the best cell areas. The Cell Sizes plot may look similar to Fig. BestPilot [mW] is the Best Pilot Received Power as defined in section 6. 30 SIRPCPICH otherwise SIRPCPICH .2. N UMTS is the Noise Floor for UMTS as defined in section 6.2. the UE is able to receive data with a transport format corresponding to the reported CQI.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13).actix.intracell Pr .1. the CQI plot shows for each pixel the Channel Quality Indicator [0. Thereby. Starting at the Min. the UE indicates that. It is multiplied by the PCPICH spreading factor of 256.com .13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 130 6.4. here it is split into an intercell part Pr . Fig.2.intercell Pr . Primarily the CQI is a quantized representation of the signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) of the PCPICH. The total power received from all cells is calculated as defined for the RSSI plot in section 6. CQI 1 In Radioplan ACP.

CQI 1 Intracell Interference Factor [0. 1. and Mean CQI. i.1. respectively.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The HSDPA Coverage is a side constraint to the UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimizer. and for (the highest) CQI 30 it is 37. the PCPICH SIR for CQI 2 is 9. with the default value of 8. PCPICH SIR for CQI 1 Symbol Unit / Value dB default: 8.e.1). 30 is fixed: 1 dB more PCPICH SIR corresponds to the next CQI step. 6-26.com . the definition of all other CQI values of 2. PPCPICH Table 6-9 Parameters for the HSDPA CQI calculation Parameter Min. …. (0 = full orthogonality. the CQI averaged over the Analysis Area (AA) and the Simulation Area (SA).5 dB.5 dB.actix. 3.intracell [mW] of the cell with the best pilot. SIRPCPICH . Based on this parameter.0] The degree of the intracell interference. if HSDPA is enabled in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 131 part Pr . The intracell part excluding the received power of the useful signal is weighted by the Intracell Interference Factor in the Table 6-9. which is here defined as the percentage of the Analysis Area (AA) or the Simulation Area (SA) with a CQI greater than a threshold.5 Description The minimum PCPICH signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) required for a Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) of 1. Note that in the lower part of the legend the following performance indicators are reported: HSDPA Coverage.0. www.5 dB. is the power offset of the HS-PDSCH power PHS power PPCPICH [mW] of the best cell: PDSCH – as defined [mW] in relation to the PCPICH PHS PDSCH . 1 = no orthogonality) The CQI plot may look similar to Fig. For example.

6-26 Example for the CQI plot 6. where n is the total number of network layers in the project and k is the number of active target network layers. if the UE Profile refers to an active target network layer or proportionately.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 132 Fig. which is part of a UE Profile: either directly. UE Profiles that refer to a Service Profile without a Revenue Matrix are ignored. In the latter case. Note that in the lower part of the legend the following information is reported: Total Revenue [Currency unit] accumulated over all pixels of the Analysis Area (AA) as well as over all pixels of the Simulation Area (SA). www. The revenue values are taken from the Revenue Matrix. the traffic values are multiplied by a factor k / n. The Total Revenue plot may look similar to Fig. This plot is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed.com . 6-27. if the UE Profile refers to „ALL‟ network layers.2.33 Total Revenue The Total Revenue (Density) plot shows for each pixel the total sum of the revenue values [Currency unit / km2] over all revenue matrices of the active UE Profiles: TotalRevenue CurrencyUn it / km 2 active _ UEProfiles referring _ to _ the active _ NetworkLay ers RevenueValue CurrencyUn it / km 2 .

actix. if ROI consideration is enabled in the Optimizer Settings (refer to section 8. the Total Revenue in section 6.com . and RxPower is the beacon signal received power as defined in sections 6.2.33.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.3.2 for the respective system.34 Covered Revenue The Covered Revenue (Density) plot shows for each pixel the ratio of the Total Revenue [Currency unit / km2]. www.1. which is covered according to the Covered Revenue Function: CoveredRevenue CoveredRevenueFunction(RxPower[dBm]) TotalRevenue . This plot is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed. 6-27 Example for the Total Revenue plot 6.2.1. The Covered Revenue is a side constraint to the cell parameter optimization.2.1 and 6. The Covered Revenue plot may look similar to Fig.6). Note that in the lower part of the legend the following information is reported: ratio of the Covered Revenue against the Total Revenue accumulated over all pixels of the Analysis Area (AA) as well as over all pixels of the Simulation Area (SA). 6-28.2.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 133 Fig. The Covered Revenue Function is described in section 5.

2.com .actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 6-29 Example for the Lost Revenue plot www. See section 6. 6-28 Example for the Covered Revenue plot 6. which is considered as not covered according to the Covered Revenue Function: LostRevenue TotalRevenue CoveredRevenue .13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 134 Fig. Fig.35 Lost Revenue The Lost Revenue (Density) plot shows for each pixel the ratio of the Total Revenue [Currency unit / km2].34 for more information.2.

The Total Revenue per Cell plot may look similar to Fig.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 135 The Total Revenue plot may look similar to Fig. Fig. 6-27. 6-30 Example for the Total Revenue per Cell plot www.2.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The Total Revenue is defined in section 6.com .2. This plot is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed. 6. This plot is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed.actix. Note that in the lower part of the legend the following information is reported: ratio of the Lost Revenue against the Total Revenue accumulated over all pixels of the Analysis Area (AA) as well as over all pixels of the Simulation Area (SA).36 Total Revenue per Cell The Total Revenue per Cell plot shows the Total Revenue [Currency unit] accumulated over each cell‟s best serving area mapped to the best cell areas.33. 6-29.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.34. The Covered Revenue is defined in section 6. 6-31 Example for the Covered Revenue per Cell plot www. 6-27. Fig.37 Covered Revenue per Cell The Covered Revenue per Cell plot shows the Covered Revenue [Currency unit] accumulated over each cell‟s best serving area mapped to the best cell areas.actix. This plot is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed. The Covered Revenue per Cell plot may look similar to Fig.com .13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 136 6.2.2.

This plot is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed. 6-32 Example for the Lost Revenue per Cell plot www.35.2. The Lost Revenue per Cell plot may look similar to Fig.2. The Lost Revenue is defined in section 6.actix.com . Fig.38 Lost Revenue per Cell The Lost Revenue per Cell plot shows the Lost Revenue [Currency unit] accumulated over each cell‟s best serving area mapped to the best cell areas.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 137 6.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 6-27.

The plot may look similar as in Fig.1 Cell Changes (Overview) The Cell Changes plot shows the final best cell areas of the cells that were reconfigured by the optimization. icon of the Components toolbar (tooltip Draw The Cell Changes plot can directly be invoked through the Overview button for the Graphical Analysis of Changes in the … Optimization Results dialog. which contains the cell parameters and parameter combinations.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 138 6.3. Different colors for the cells indicate which cell parameters and parameter combinations have been reconfigured.com . They are referenced in the additional legend of the plot.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. can be shown or hidden by clicking the Additional Legend). The additional legend.3 Graphical Analysis of Changes after Optimization Graphical Analysis of Changes plots can be created from a number of buttons in the … Optimization Results dialog at the end of a Radioplan ACP optimization. The Graphical Analysis of Changes for Revenue Analysis plots are only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed. 6-33 Example for the Cell Changes plot www. Fig. 6-33. 6.actix.

Azimuth. or LTE optimization. Azimuth. or Power Changes plot shows for each cell the change of the respective parameter as resulting from the optimization mapped to the best cell areas.3. respectively. 6-34 Example for the Tilt Changes plot www. Fig. UMTS. The Pilot Power Changes [dB] plot can be invoked through the Pilot Power button in the … Optimization Results dialog at the end of a CDMA.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. for the Graphical Analysis of Changes in the … Optimization Results dialog. WiMAX. the Tilt Changes plot may look similar as in Fig.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 139 6. The Tilt Changes [°] and Azimuth Changes [°] plots can directly be invoked through the Tilt and Azimuth buttons. And the Output Power Changes [dB] plot can be invoked through the Output Power button in the … Optimization Results dialog at the end of a GSM or iDEN optimization.com . 6-34. For example. or Power Changes The Tilt.actix.2 Tilt.

The plot illustrates how load has been reduced and partially shifted between the cells so that some cells may have a higher Relative Load per Cell than before and many cells have less than before.3 Difference of the Relative Load per Cell (CDMA and UMTS only) The Difference of the Relative Load per Cell plot shows for UMTS Capacity and Coverage optimizations the Relative Load per Cell after optimization in relation to the original status before optimization over the final best cell areas. The plot may look similar as in Fig.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The plot also displays the new and old maximum values of the Relative Load per Cell over all cells to be considered by the optimizer. The Difference of the Relative Load per Cell plot can directly be invoked through the Load button for the Graphical Analysis of Changes in the Capacity and Coverage Optimization Results dialog at the end of a CDMA or UMTS optimization. 6-35 Example for the Difference of the Relative Load per Cell plot www.com . 6-35. Fig.3.actix.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 140 6. Note that the values [%] result for each cell from the difference of its Relative Load per Cell after optimization and the original Relative Load per Cell before. Their difference is already an indicator for the capacity reserves that have been opened up through optimization.

4 Relative Score per Cell The Relative Score per Cell plot shows over the best cell areas the Relative Score as resulting from a Capacity and Coverage optimization.3. 6-36 Example for the Relative Score per Cell plot www.1). The Relative Score per Cell plot can directly be invoked through the Improvement button for the Graphical Analysis of Changes in. It is a “scoring” number that indicates the significance of the cell changes in relation to each other.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix. The Relative Score value is also reported for each reconfigured cell in the Capacity and Coverage Optimization Results dialog (refer to section 7. the value is a comparative indicator for the benefit of the changes of the different cells. The value is actually the sum of two relative scores: one (scaled up to 50) for the cell‟s accumulated contribution to coverage improvements and another one (scaled up to 50) for the cell‟s accumulated contribution to capacity/interference improvements. A “scoring” value of 100 means that the respective cell has the biggest accumulated coverage improvement and the biggest accumulated capacity improvement (each contribution with a maximum score of 50). 6-36. Thus. Fig. The plot may look similar as in Fig.com . the changed cells with the highest values contribute the most to the targeted improvements.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 141 6. Namely.

The Difference of the Covered Revenue per Cell plot can directly be invoked through the Covered Revenue button for the Graphical Analysis of Changes for Revenue Analysis in the Capacity and Coverage Optimization Results dialog. This plot is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed.actix. The plot illustrates how Covered Revenue has been increased and partially shifted between the cells so that some cells may have a lower Covered Revenue per Cell than before and many cells have more than before. The plot may look similar as in Fig.5 Difference of the Covered Revenue per Cell The Difference of the Covered Revenue per Cell plot shows for Capacity and Coverage as well as Site Integration optimizations the Covered Revenue per Cell after optimization in relation to the original status before optimization over the final best cell areas. 6-37 Example for the Difference of the Covered Revenue per Cell plot www. Fig.3.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Note that the values [%] result for each cell from the difference of its Covered Revenue per Cell after optimization and the original Covered Revenue per Cell before.com . 6-37.13 User Guide Optimization Analysis 142 6.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Optimization Analysis 143

6.3.6 Difference of the Lost Revenue per Cell
The Difference of the Lost Revenue per Cell plot shows for Capacity and Coverage as well as Site Integration optimizations the Lost Revenue per Cell after optimization in relation to the original status before optimization over the final best cell areas. Note that the values [%] result for each cell from the difference of its Lost Revenue per Cell after optimization and the original Lost Revenue per Cell before. The plot illustrates how Lost Revenue has been reduced and partially shifted between the cells so that some cells may have a higher Lost Revenue per Cell than before and many cells have less than before. The Difference of the Lost Revenue per Cell plot can directly be invoked through the Lost Revenue button for the Graphical Analysis of Changes for Revenue Analysis in the Capacity and Coverage Optimization Results dialog. The plot may look similar as in Fig. 6-38. This plot is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed.

Fig. 6-38 Example for the Difference of the Lost Revenue per Cell plot

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Optimization Results 145

7 Optimization Results
7.1 Results Dialog
Depending on the optimization algorithm a specific results dialog is automatically opened at the end of the optimization: The Site Selection Results dialog is opened at the end of a site selection optimization (refer to section 8.2). The Capacity and Coverage Optimization Results dialog is opened at the end of a Capacity and Coverage optimization (refer to section 8.3), a Site Integration optimization (refer to section 8.4), or an Overshooting Cells optimization (refer to section 8.5). An example for a Capacity and Coverage Optimization Results dialog is shown in Fig. 7-1.

Fig. 7-1 Optimization Results dialog (example for a Capacity and Coverage optimization with enabled ROI consideration)

Each dialog contains a grid with the highlighted List of Changes. The contents of that grid can be copied via the clipboard to other applications. More specifically, the grid contains the columns defined in Table 7-1. All changes of the editable elements in the in the Optimization Results dialog affect the functions that are accessible through the buttons at the bottom of the dialog. Through the buttons below the grid, the following functions are provided. All of them are based on the current settings in the grid – including the editable elements. specific result plots for the Graphical Analysis of Changes (refer to section 6.3) the Change List – as described in section 7.1.1 the Work Order – as described in section 7.1.2 the Optimization Summary Report – as described in section 7.2 the Submit to Database buttons – as described in section 7.3 as well as

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Pick Intermediate Results from History Dialog, which opens the Optimization Progress Chart – as described in section 6.1.2; Based on the improved performance versus the accumulated change steps, costs, and efforts, which is shown in the Progress Chart, an intermediate result can be selected for display in the present Optimization Results dialog. Then such an intermediate result can be further analyzed and eventually submitted to the Radioplan database as mentioned above.
Table 7-1 Columns of the grid in the Optimization Results dialog

Name Site Original, New Site Active State

Column Properties read-only read-only

Description The ID of all sites of the active cells in the target network layer(s). Only in the Site Selection Results dialog: The site “active” state before and after optimization – per network layer. A site is considered inactive for a network layer, if the Transmitter Activated state of all this sites‟ cells in that network layer are inactive.

Site Candidate

read-only

Only in the Site Integration Results dialog: true, if the site was configured To be integrated in the Site Integration optimizer settings. Otherwise, false.

Cell Antenna Height [m] Confirm

read-only read-only editable

The ID of all active cells in all optimized network layers. It is the sum of he cell‟s antenna height and the corresponding site‟s Altitude. The Confirm flag is enabled for each cell with any optimization change. Only the optimization changes of the cells with enabled Confirm flag are submitted to the database (refer to section 7.3). However, there is one exception: The New Overshooter Status flag is submitted for all cells, even if the Confirm flag is not set. This allows to easily tag overshooting cells in the Radioplan project without the need to apply at the same time the proposed optimization changes.

Original, New Active State Original, New Antenna Original, New Mech. Tilt [°]

Original: read-only New: editable (in Capacity and Coverage Opt. Results) Original: read-only New: editable read-only

The cell‟s Transmitter Activated state before and after optimization.

The cell‟s antenna ID before and after optimization.

The cell‟s mechanical (down-) tilt before and after optimization. In order to change the mechanical tilt, the New El. + Mech. Tilt column must be edited accordingly.
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if the Consider Traffic Distribution flag was enabled: The number of logical channels required to serve the traffic assigned to the cell. An indication for the significance of the cell changes in relation to each other. The site ranking is a criterion for the Remove Redundant Sites/Cells task of the Site Selection Optimizer (refer to section 8. Tilt column must be adjusted accordingly. New El.2). New Required Number Logical Channels read-only Only in the GSM or iDEN Optimization Results dialog. + Mech. www.1.com . New Azimuth [°] Original. + Mech. New El. It is calculated using the Erlang B formula with the Users per Cell as offered traffic and the Target Grade of Service as the blocking probability (refer also to section 5. Original.3. Original: read-only New: editable The cell‟s azimuth before and after optimization. Exclusive coverage means that below the signal level received from the site‟s cells there is no other signal received within the margin for the Limitation of Considered Cells as defined in the Advanced Settings (refer to section 5. read-only Original. A change of the New Power affects the functions that are accessible through the buttons in the Optimization Results dialog.7).13 User Guide Optimization Results 147 Name Original. See also the respective analysis plot in section 6. In order to change the electrical tilt. It is scaled between 0% for the site with the highest exclusive coverage and 100% for the site with the lowest exclusive coverage.4.1. Original: read-only New: editable The cell power before and after optimization. It is actually the sum of two relative scores: one (up to 50) for the cells contribution to coverage improvements and another one (up to 50) for the cells contribution to capacity/interference improvements. RxPower Threshold defined in the cell must be exceeded. the New Antenna column must be edited and the New El. Site Ranking [%] read-only Only in the Site Selection Results dialog: A score for the exclusive received signal level coverage of all cells of a site – before optimization.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. the Min. Tilt [°] Original.actix. Thereby. Tilt [°] Column Properties read-only Description The cell‟s electrical (down-) tilt before and after optimization. New Power [dBm] Relative Score Original: read-only New: editable The cell‟s total tilt before and after optimization.10).

2. New Overshooter Status Original: read-only New: editable Only for Overshooting Cells Results dialog or any other.5. Original. By Submit to Database. for the capacity of all sites within each site candidate group – from their evaluation during the last optimization run. This may be an indicator for the (absolute) severity of the Interference to Serving Area Ratio. it represents an absolute ROI [Currency unit] or a relative ROI [Ratio] per cell. www. it is false.6). ROI read-only Only in the Capacity and Coverage Optimization or Site Integration Results dialog: The Return on Investment (ROI) per cell as combined for all optimization changes of this cell.6.5. Depending on the ROI and Revenue Thresholds settings (refer to section 8. It is not a criterion during optimization. It is a criterion for the detection of an overshooting cell. If not defined yet.1. if Overshooting Cell Compensation was enabled: The Original Overshooter Status is read from the Overshooter flag of the respective cell in the Radioplan project.3). Original.13 User Guide Optimization Results 148 Name Site Group Ranking [%] Column Properties read-only Description Only in the Site Selection Results dialog for an included Site Candidate Groups task: A score for the coverage or. if Overshooting Cell Compensation was enabled: The cell‟s ratio of its interference area in relation to its best serving area (as defined in section 5.com . the New Overshooter Status is saved as Overshooter flag in the Radioplan project (refer to section 4. The site group ranking is for illustration only. if Overshooting Cell Compensation was enabled: The number of pixels of the cell‟s serving area. if coverage cannot be improved.actix.4 and 8. It is scaled to 100% for the site candidate with the highest coverage (or capacity).Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.6). New Interference to Serving Area Ratio read-only Only for Overshooting Cells Results dialog or any other.4). New Serving Cell Pixel [Num] read-only Only for Overshooting Cells Results dialog or any other.2.5. Original. The New Overshooter Status is determined during the optimization according to the Overshooting Cell optimization settings (refer to sections 5.

which can be exported through the Save Work Order… button in the results dialog only.2 Work Order The Work Order is a tab-delimited ASCII file. If the Shift key is pressed when clicking the Summary Report button. especially spread-sheet. This file can easily be imported to other. the Summary Report can be opened into the main window of the Radioplan application by clicking the Summary Report button of the results dialog. 7. The Header contains the following information: Project title and comment Date and time of creation General settings Optimizer settings Optimization run-time www.13 User Guide Optimization Results 149 7. 7-2 and Fig. which can be exported through the Save Changelist… button in the results dialog. applications for further processing.1. The Change List contains: a header including the title and description of the Radioplan project a list of all cells and their parameter settings before and after optimization (similar to the list of changes in the grid of the results dialog).2 Optimization Summary Report The Optimization Summary Report gives an overview of the main optimization results as well as of a number of further. 7. configurable statistics – together with the applied optimization settings.1. This file can easily be imported to other. which indicates: whether a change needs to be carried out for a parameter at a cell if any.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. what the required change is.com . especially spread-sheet. 7-3. The Optimization Summary Report contains a header and several tables with the key results and corresponding performance measures.actix. The Work Order contains a complete list of all cell parameters for all sites and cells. applications for further processing.1 Change List The Change List is a tab-delimited ASCII file. After an optimization. The Optimization Summary Report may look similar as shown in Fig. the Optimization Summary Report is opened in a separate window on top of the other windows.

Pilot CINR Covered Traffic (for WiMAX). Clearly.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2. The Sites and Parameters table additionally distinguishes how many sites were reconfigurable and eventually modified in a certain cell parameter. Similar to the Sites table. Pilot SINR Covered Traffic (for LTE). UMTS. but also for the Additional Thresholds (refer to section 5. or RxLev_DL Covered Traffic (for GSM and iDEN) Pilot Ec/Io Covered Area (for CDMA and UMTS). those cells are counted for each cell parameter where the respective parameter value is at the lower or upper limit of the reconfigurable range based on the cell optimization capabilities (refer to section 4.1). and LTE).5. The following tables are available for the overall optimization result and for the analysis of multi-layer optimization results also separately for the Target Network Layer Set as well as for the Constraint Network Layer Set: The Sites table gives an overview of the total number of sites. Like the optimization calculations also the result reporting depends on the applied Traffic and Area Masking (refer to section 5. and the number of reconfigurable and eventually modified sites. For the analysis of multi-layer optimization results they are available separately for the Target Network Layer Set and the Constraint Network Layer Set: Pilot RSCP Covered Area (for CDMA. antenna families are thereby not considered. the total costs and effort accumulated during the optimization over all network changes are displayed. and LTE). though). which are always reported for the Simulation Area and the Analysis Area for each the Original and the Optimized network setup.6.com .13 User Guide Optimization Results 150 In the Costs and Effort table.10). Pilot RSSI Covered Traffic (for WiMAX). or C/I Covered Area (for GSM and iDEN) Pilot Ec/Io Covered Traffic (for CDMA and UMTS).7) these figures indicate the costs and effort required for the implementation of this optimization result in the live network.2.actix. Similar to the Sites and Parameters table. Namely. only the respective relevant areas in the Simulation Area and the Analysis Area are considered. www. The Limitation by Cell Optimization Capabilities table indicates in how many cells the optimization reached the allowed limit of the reconfiguration range of either cell parameter. Pilot RSSI Covered Area (for WiMAX). the Cells table shows the total number of cells as well as the number of reconfigurable and finally modified cells. Pilot SINR Covered Area (for LTE). or C/I Covered Traffic (for GSM and iDEN) Overlapping Cells The CDMA and UMTS performance measures are not only reported for the threshold applied by the optimization. Based on the Cost Control Settings (refer to section 5. These values are always reported whatever the cost or effort limitation setting in the Cost Control Settings. The following tables contain the key performance measures. the Cells and Parameters table additionally distinguishes how many cells were reconfigurable and eventually modified in a certain cell parameter.1. or RxLev_DL Covered Area (for GSM and iDEN) Pilot RSCP Covered Traffic (for CDMA. Pilot CINR Covered Area (for WiMAX). UMTS.

7-2 Example for the Optimization Summary Report (composed figure.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix. after a UMTS Capacity and Coverage optimization) www.com .13 User Guide Optimization Results 151 Fig.

13 User Guide Optimization Results 152 Fig. Moreover. then a further table report the Revenue statistics: Total Revenue in [Currency unit].com .actix. then a further table report the ROI statistics: Revenue Increment [Currency unit] Absolute and Relative ROI For a site selection optimization result. after a UMTS Capacity and Coverage optimization) For a site integration optimization result.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Covered and Lost Revenue in [Currency unit] and also as the percentage of the Total Revenue. If any cell parameter optimization was conducted on a project with at least one Revenue Matrix with non-zero revenue. the Site Candidates table additionally lists: all sites that were configured as To be integrated. if ROI consideration was enabled. 7-3 Example for the Optimization Summary Report (continued) (composed figure. the Site Selection Summary table additionally gives an overview of the following numbers: www.

the number of groups. the following additional tables are available: Extended Network Statistics (Load) ▫ Mean DL Load: each cell‟s total DL transmit power in relation to its Maximum Power [mW] averaged over all cells in the respective area Mean UL Load each cell‟s UL received power excluding noise in relation to its total UL received power including noise [mW] averaged over all cells in the respective area ▫ Extended Network Statistics (User) ▫ ▫ ▫ Mean Offered Users per Cell – distinguished for the cells that have the cell as Best Cell or as further cell in the Active Set Mean Served Users per Cell – distinguished for the cells that have the cell as Best Cell or as further cell in the Active Set DL and UL Rejections. then the key performance measures on the Covered Area and the Covered Traffic are additionally reported for each defined Clutter Class Area. further tables list the Removed Sites and the Removed Cells.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. After a Site Selection optimization. Removed Sites: for the Remove Redundant Sites task. Removed Cells: for the Remove Redundant Cells task. the number of groups.1. if HSDPA is enabled for a UMTS capacity and coverage optimization.. or. After closing the Optimization Results dialog.com . Moreover. the number of sites that were deactivated.4).. if the option Use Clutter Dependent RSCP Coverage Constraints was enabled in the Optimizer Settings (refer to section 8. the latest Summary Report can still be opened using the menu entry Optimization  Optimization Summary Report. the following additional tables are available: CQI Mean and Coverage (HSDPA) CQI Distribution (HSDPA) And if Extended Summary Statistics is enabled for a UMTS Capacity and Coverage optimization. by clicking the icon (tooltip Optimization Summary Report…) from the Optimization toolbar.actix. www. Removed Site Candidate Groups: for the Site Candidate Groups task in conjunction with the Remove Redundant Sites task.) Finally. alternatively. where the selected site candidate was deactivated by the subsequent site removal task. the number of cells that were deactivated. where the initially active site candidate was not the optimal candidate. which may occur due to: ▫ ▫ DL or UL load blocking or DL code blocking (It is assumed that each equivalent user needs SF 128.13 User Guide Optimization Results 153 Modified Site Candidate Groups: for the Site Candidate Groups task.

either action still has to be confirmed by the user in the appearing message box. or . e. These KPI Analysis functions are always based on the project status in the Radioplan database.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix. Moreover.g. The Submit to Database buttons are also useful to use KPI Analysis functions. the Radioplan KPI Analysis or customerspecific plugins. all confirmed changes in the grid of the Optimization Results dialog are also changed in the project in the Radioplan database. please refer to [R-UG]. when the … Optimization Results dialog is opened.13 User Guide Optimization Results 154 7. the original project in the Radioplan database is still unchanged. the New Overshooter Status flags is saved for all cells as Overshooter flag in the Radioplan project. Fig. indicated by dashed-line symbols. Restore Original Values: By clicking this button the Radioplan project is reset to its original status before optimization. even if the Confirm flag is not set for the respective cell. A changed active state affects the display of the respective cell symbols. 7-4. The optimization result is still held in the memory. 7-4 Message box to confirm the update of the Radioplan database The submission of the new values to the database also updates the displayed site and cell symbols. www. which can be accessed by entries in the Tools menu. Because of their impact on the project in the Radioplan database. New Overshooter Status Only by the Submit to Database buttons in that dialog.3 Submit to Database At the end of the optimization. Removed sites or cells are stored as inactive transmitters and. the original project in the Radioplan database is eventually modified: Submit New Values: By clicking this button the optimization result is applied to the Radioplan project.com . More specifically. therefore. Fig. e. A changed azimuth affects the orientation of the respective cell symbol.g. For more information on KPI Analysis plugins.

Close (Retain Last Submitted Values): closes the dialog without change to the Radioplan project. the … Optimization Results dialog must be closed by clicking the Close Dialog button. any previous changes through the Submit to Database buttons in the Results dialog are retained. 7-5.com .Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide Optimization Results 155 Finally. Fig.actix. Return: goes back to the does … Optimization Results dialog. However. the user is still prompted which status shall finally be saved in the Radioplan project: Submit New Values to Database: closes the dialog and thereby changes the Radioplan project like the Submit New Values button in the Results dialog. 7-5 Dismiss Optimization Results dialog www. Restore Original Values in Database: closes the dialog and thereby changes the Radioplan project like the Restore Original Values button in the Results dialog. In the opened dialog. Fig.

com .13 User Guide Optimization Results 156 www.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix.

interference. 8.4. Take problem-oriented heuristic information regarding the coverage.1. and 8. And all optimizers follow the optimization principles described in section 8. Moreover.g.1. www. Hence.5. it drastically reduces the number of reconfigurations to be evaluated to 5 .1.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix. 100 = 1500 for each of a small number of iterations (“optimization runs”). and in the cell parameter optimization tasks of the Site Selection optimizer. respectively. Thereby. shared antennas for the transmission of signals of more than one system).1. capacity. in the Site Integration optimizer. a set of target optimization layers can be optimized while taking a set of constraint layers into consideration. iDEN. All optimizers can be applied to UMTS. the last few percents (e. Therefore. GSM. in the Overshooting Cells optimizer. The applied Direction Set algorithm has been combined with heuristics based on Actix‟s radio network expertise – as described in section 8. Therefore.1. the Direction Set (Powell‟s) algorithm has been adopted as the basic optimization method – as described in section 8. For the example mentioned above. the overall parameter space contains 53^100 or 10209 possible reconfiguration settings.com . 8. The optimization performance is discussed in section 8. 5%) of gradual improvement can usually cost as much as the major improvement before (e. Capacity and Coverage (i. 8.g.1 Optimization Principles The optimization of a radio network setup is a very complex problem. and quality of a radio network into account. cell parameter optimization). and LTE network layers.3. Moreover. Evaluating all possible combinations in such an immense parameter space is simply impossible.g. WiMAX. cross-layer dependencies can be considered in the Capacity and Coverage optimizer.1. For example. CDMA. the 4 optimizers – including their system-specific aspects – are described in sections 8. Radioplan ACP applies an extremely efficient optimization method that meets the following requirements: Reach significant performance improvements very quickly and targetedly. and Overshooting Cells (a special case of cell parameter optimization). Any cell parameter optimization is also supported for multi-layer projects with dependencies between the layers (e. Site Integration (a special case of cell parameter optimization). 95%).2.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 157 8 Optimization Algorithms Radioplan ACP provides 4 main optimization algorithms (“optimizers”) with specific optimization objectives: Site Selection (optionally including cell parameter optimization). 3 . already for 100 cells with 3 cell properties that can be reconfigured each just by 2 steps around the original value.e.5.

stochastic methods as an alternative would be too time-consuming for the required parameter space – and. namely the Direction Set (or: Powell‟s) algorithm [Pow64] [Pres92]. Although finding the optimum solution in the mathematical sense cannot be guaranteed by that. the number of optimization runs (refer to section 8. (optionally) the multi-service traffic distribution. for the transient state of the network to be optimized. Several optimization algorithms (“optimizers”) and tasks tailored to site selection. It automatically prioritizes the most troublesome cells.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 158 Avoid time-consuming simulations for the evaluation of each cell parameter reconfiguration step. www. and operation.3). because the optimization is a trade-off between the resulting performance improvement as well as the available parameter space and the associated cost and effort to achieve the performance improvement.2.5). In contrast to the engineer. a heuristic objective function is calculated. the propagation environment and interference situation. Above all. because it can evaluate many more alternatives even in a shorter time – thereby still taking the complex interdependencies of the cell reconfigurations into account. site integration.com . rollout. Instead the main advantage of the Direction Set algorithm is that it is a very fast and targeted method. 8.2).7).1.actix. the Required Performance Improvements (refer to section 8. This advantage is even more enforced by its combination with problem-oriented heuristics as in the case of Radioplan ACP. the Cost Control Settings (refer to section 5. the parameters and ranges actually evaluated during optimization (refer to the search window in section 8. which can achieve significant improvements in the shortest time.1 Basic Optimization Method A deterministic optimization method.1. not to forget. it represents for example the cell-specific capacity or coverage with respect to: ▫ ▫ ▫ the radio network setup. Radioplan ACP works in a similar way to an engineer. and ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Tailor the optimization to the problems arising from different stages in 2G and 3G network planning. for cell optimization capabilities and the removable sites (refer to section 4). the automatic solution is much more efficient. and selects reasonably better configurations very quickly and targetedly. Instead.1. Depending on the applicable optimization objective. evaluates alternative network configurations more or less close to the current configuration. the user-defined settings include: ▫ the optimization capabilities defining the generally possible parameter space. Enable the user to control the extent of changes. e. and capacity and coverage optimization are available for selection.1. has been adopted as the basic optimization method of Radioplan ACP. of course.g. Finally the optimization results can independently be validated by simulations or measurements within the Radioplan application.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.

Actix is very well aware of the methodologies of simulations for a service.actix.4. also aware of their limitations. and 8. 8. Due to these many-faceted inputs. many assumptions including. Based on the evaluation of a parameter over its reconfiguration range this parameter is only reconfigured if this reconfiguration improves the objective function and thereby also meets the side constraints. coverage (refer to section 8. Namely.3.1 Focus on RF Network Characteristics Radioplan ACP is focused on optimizing directly the RF network characteristics and.1. Snapshot simulations are applied only for some specific constraint calculations. thus.5. cost and effort limits (refer to section 5.3. 8-1 RF network characteristics vs.2. creating the optimal RF network conditions for optimal service characteristics. core network). called the Required Performance Improvement (refer to section 8. The objective functions applied by Radioplan ACP are always deterministic and do not include simulations. for example: ▫ ▫ ▫ cost in terms of a minimum improvement of the objective function. respectively.4).1. 8.4. therefore. The particular objective function and applicable side constraints are specific to each optimizer – as described in sections 8. plus.and user-level network performance analysis and.4.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.1. due to the highly non-linear relation www.and user-level network performance . Fig.2. user characteristics.3). 8-1.even non-radio network aspects (access network. The algorithm is applied iteratively.7). service characteristics Through the Radioplan Network Simulator Modules (Static Monte-Carlo as well as Fully Dynamic).1.1. but not even limited to Radio Resource Management (RRM) algorithms and service parameters. Fig.1. 8.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 159 In order to achieve that. the plain Direction Set algorithm is incorporated in Radioplan ACP with the following principles: The algorithm steps for one reconfigurable parameter after the other through the configured parameter range and evaluates in each step the objective function.com . and spatial traffic distribution determine the service. where every assumption on a parameter introduces may naturally also introduce some inaccuracy. This approach is further explained in section 8.1.4.

optimized physical network conditions also allow for more capacity and service quality in the network. but to effectively and reliably optimize the live network against live network measurements. blocking. Fig. This optimization methodology has been proven in many trials and projects to be highly reliable because already in the planning process the optimization results can be independently validated by static and dynamic simulations. However. no parameter can be changed beyond the reconfiguration range (i. Radioplan ACP is designed in its core to directly optimize the physical conditions of the radio network. Instead. Steps Up and Max. cell dominance.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.6. namely beacon signal received signal level and signal quality (e. cell overlap. the application of that search window is illustrated in Fig. the optimization results can easily be validated by drive-test measurements from the live network. These physical measures can be predicted with much higher reliability and reliably tuned by live network measurements. Steps Down in the Optimizer Settings. define a search window around the current parameter value.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 160 between antenna parameter changes and service performance events (e. Steps Down in the Optimizer Settings dialog For a pure mechanical tilt optimization as an example. Fig. the parameters Max.1. that maximally possible reconfiguration range is not necessarily completely evaluated during an optimization. dropping). Generally. 8-3. 8-2 Max. In any case. www. pilot pollution etc. Pilot RSCP and Ec/Io).actix. coverage. “hard” limits) defined for each cell in the Radioplan project – refer to section 4. Moreover.g. Steps Up and Down The parameter space that is available during an optimization is defined by a combination of “hard” and “soft” limits. if available. Radioplan ACP also makes use of traffic density maps and.com . multiple service definitions in order to consider the mixed services traffic demand across the area as well as for each cell and to drive and prioritize the optimization accordingly. Additionally. 8-2. Steps Up and Max. cell areas. Radioplan ACP is designed to not only optimize a network plan on paper and against simulation assumptions.1. Of course. 8.2 Search Window Defined by Max. This validation of the performance improvement resulting from the optimization is very reliable because the applied optimization objective functions do not apply simulations and are thus independent from the validation method.e.g.

the RPI threshold is also considered again. Clearly. are not accepted. parameter changes. here 3 times.1. Especially. www. the different cell parameters can be weighted against each other by that. 8. the RPI thresholds are only considered upon each cell's and respective parameter's first change away from its original setting. In each optimization run the evaluated parameter range may be narrowed down by the search window. runs * Max Steps Up (or Down) hard limited range. Now the search window for the first optimization run includes 5 steps from the current value up to 7°.3 Required Performance Improvement (RPI) The Required Performance Improvement (RPI) settings allow the user to define how useful a change should be in order to be adopted (“required benefit” for any change).com . Accordingly. then the search window for the second optimization run is defined 5 steps up and 5 steps down from 6° .actix. 15°] in steps of 1°. here 5 steps up and 5 steps down (based on the step size defined in the cell). 8-3: 3 * 5 = 15 . in Fig. 7°]. Generally. Down to lower values.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 5 steps are not possible due to the hard limit at 0°. Due to the iterative principle of the applied optimization method. if the improvement exceeds the configured Required Performance Improvement (RPI) value.g. The search window has a significant impact on the optimization run-time. 8-3 Search Window per Optimization Run In this example. If we assume that the optimization changes this tilt from 2° to 6°.and so on. such that more expensive azimuth changes get a higher RPI than less expensive remote electrical tilt changes.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 161 Fig. a cell‟s mechanical tilt before optimization is 2°. the Radioplan ACP optimization algorithms observe the performance improvement in terms of the applicable objective function that can be achieved by the reconfiguration of a certain cell parameter. i. They are configurable in the respective Optimizer Settings. Thus. The rule of thumb for well exploiting the entire optimization range is: # opt. The maximally possible reconfiguration range for this cell is set to [0°. if by chance a cell's parameter had been changed back to its original setting and is changed away from that again. each cell is evaluated once per optimization run. Thus. which would not have a reasonable benefit and would not justify the cost for the change.e. the range for evaluation is [0°. And the reconfiguration away from the original state of the parameter at a cell is only adopted. for example. e.

actix. the change of the expensive parameters is harder and less probable.2. CDMA.1. and LTE: the pilot received power (called pilot RSCP for CDMA. with respect to the minimum received power of a systemdependent beacon signal.e. which is: for UMTS. UMTS. 8-4 Trade-off of performance improvements vs. the resulting performance improvement can then justify the high costs. the coverage can be weighted with traffic at the covered pixel – as defined in section 8.com . i. for GSM and iDEN: the BCCH carrier received power (called RxLev_DL) as defined in section 6.1.1.1) Minimum Pilot RSCP or Minimum Pilot RSSI or Minimum RxLev_DL dBm The area-wide threshold for signal level coverage. But if such an expensive parameter is eventually changed.2. expensive parameter changes should be associated with a higher RPI value than cheap parameter changes. while a limited number of changes is good to reduce the costs for the implementation of the optimization result in the live network. This trade-off is illustrated in Fig. It depends on both the RPI values and the possible parameter space defined by the cell optimization capabilities (refer to section 4.4. Consequently.2.4 Coverage Constraints Coverage constraints can be defined in Radioplan ACP with respect to both a useful beacon received signal level and a beacon signal-to-interference ratio. the performance improvement is usually higher for more allowed changes.1. 8-4. The applicable measures depend on the system of the optimized network layers – as defined in Table 8-1: Moreover.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 162 The RPI settings effectively control the sensitivity of the optimization. Table 8-1 Coverage constraints parameters Parameter Unit / Value Description Coverage Thresholds configurable in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. Lower thresholds result in a higher number of changes and higher thresholds result in a lower number of only very significant changes. WiMAX. www. Then. Of course.6).Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. and LTE and pilot RSSI for WiMAX) as defined in section 6. Parameter space: number of parameters & their ranges large maximum Performance Improvement medium small medium low lowest Costs for Implementation high RPI values Fig. costs for implementation 8.

com .6. which is: for UMTS and CDMA: section 6.3. the pilot Ec/Io as defined in the pilot CINR as defined in the pilot SINR as defined in for GSM and iDEN: the BCCH carrier-to-cochannel C/I as defined in section 6.3.4.1. and the traffic to be covered with respect to the signal quality coverage threshold.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 163 Parameter Minimum Ec/Io or Minimum CINR or Minimum SINR or Minimum Pilot Pilot Pilot C/I Unit / Value dB Description The area-wide threshold for signal quality coverage. Clutter-Specific Offsets configurable in the Clutter Classes Settings (refer to section 4.3) Pathloss Offset Ec/Io Offset C/I Offset or dB dB Clutter-specific offset to the signal level coverage threshold. Their consideration depends on the configured Preferred Coverage Objective (refer to section 8.2.1. Covered Traffic www.8.1.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.5). Their consideration depends on the configured Preferred Coverage Objective (refer to section 8. and the traffic to be covered with respect to the signal level coverage threshold. Pilot or Minimum Area Ec/Io CINR SINR C/I % The minimum required percentage of: the area to be covered with respect to the signal quality coverage threshold. Their consideration depends on the configured Preferred Coverage Objective (refer to section 8. Pilot or Min.2. Pilot RSSI or Min.3) Min.13) Minimum HSDPA Area Covered % The minimum required percentage of the area and the traffic to be covered with respect to the HSDPA CQI threshold.5).5.3.5). Covered Traffic Min. i. RxLev_DL Area Covered % The minimum required percentage of: the area to be covered with respect to the signal level coverage threshold. Pilot RSCP or Min. and 8.1. Clutter-specific offset to the signal quality coverage threshold. Coverage Percentages configurable in the respective Optimizer Settings (refer to sections 8.2. for LTE: section 6.e. Covered Covered Traffic Coverage Percentages configurable in the HSDPA Optimization Settings (refer to section 5. for WiMAX: section 6. 8.actix.2. with respect to the minimum signal-to-interference ratio of a system-dependent beacon signal. Pilot or Min.2.7.

1.2.3. Local area around each site: Through the application of the business rule “Avoid Large Coverage Gaps” of the Site Selection Optimizer the coverage constraints are also observed within the surrounding of each site (refer to section 8.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. the Simulation Area. Additionally. The specific optimization algorithms may consider these coverage constraints in different. clutter-type-specific areas. all pixels with a certain clutter class: This option can be enabled/disabled in the respective optimizer settings (refer to sections 8. The coverage percentages can be observed with respect to several areas: Analysis Area Simulation Area Clutter-type-specific areas.e. and. optionally.com . Covered Revenue % The minimum required percentage of the revenue to be covered with respect to the Covered Revenue Function.actix. the coverage percentages for both the Simulation Area (SA) and the Analysis Area (AA) are displayed in the legend of the coverage plots – as for example shown in Fig. 8-5 for the Pilot RSCP Coverage and Pilot Ec/Io Coverage plot. The coverage percentages with respect to (the pixels in) the Analysis Area. configurable ways.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 164 Parameter Unit / Value Description Coverage Percentages configurable in the ROI and Revenue Thresholds (refer to section 8.2). i.6) Min. www. are reported as “Covered Area” in the Optimization Summary Report – refer to section 7.3).

1. 8-6 Preferred Coverage Objective slider in the optimizer settings Three different settings are possible – as defined in Table 8-2. 8-6. Area and Traffic Traffic Only www.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 165 Fig. Fig.e. i. the traffic in the pixels where the applicable coverage threshold is fulfilled in relation to the total traffic of the traffic matrices inside the applicable area.actix. i. Both the covered area and the covered traffic are considered. Fig. Only the covered traffic is considered.4. It is part of all optimizer settings. the number of pixels where the applicable coverage threshold is fulfilled in relation to the total number of pixels in the applicable area.1 Preferred Coverage Objective Coverage as an objective function itself or as a constraint to another objective function can be defined based on the covered area and/or based on the covered traffic by means of the Preferred Coverage Objective slider.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com . Table 8-2 Preferred Coverage Objective slider settings Parameter Preferred Coverage Objective Unit / Value Area only Description Only the covered area is considered. 8-5 Coverage Percentages displayed in the legend of Pilot RSCP Coverage and Pilot Ec/Io Coverage plots 8.e.

Fig. More reconfigurable cells and parameters as well as wider reconfiguration ranges (search window – refer to section 8. Therefore.1).com .e.6.6). www.1. the following two measures are determined: the Revenue Increase [Currency unit].1. for the underlying revenue calculations.1. 8-7.1. 8.2).2) require more evaluation steps of the Direction Set algorithm.10).2. The extent of the optimization capabilities (refer to chapter 4) and the optimizer settings.1). the automatic optimization plots may for a small Plot Pixel Size consume much memory and extra computation power. which are dis-considered due to Traffic and Area Masking (refer to section 5. The number of optimization runs.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. which represents the area to be considered by the optimization (refer to section 4. at least one non-zero Revenue Matrix is required in the Radioplan project to be optimized.actix. specific parameters are configurable in the ROI and Revenue Thresholds dialog. The major improvement in terms of the objective function is typically achieved already after the default number of optimization runs.6 ROI and Revenue Thresholds Any cell parameter optimization can also take the covered revenue and the resulting Return on Investment (ROI) into consideration.1. the Plot Pixel Size can be configured separately and the automatic plots can be disabled by the user (refer to chapter 3 and section 6. for large areas. the difference of the Covered Revenue in the Analysis Area with that change versus without that change and the Cost [Currency unit] of the change based on all applicable Cost Control Settings (refer to sections 5.7 and 4. This dialog can be opened by clicking the Configure ROI and Revenue Thresholds… button in the respective Optimizer Settings dialog of a Capacity and Coverage or a Site Integration optimization. Due to the built-in heuristics very few runs are sufficient for optimization. all pixels in the Simulation Area. Moreover. For each cell parameter change. Moreover.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 166 8. then the following functionality is added to decisions on cell parameter changes during a Capacity and Coverage or a Site Integration optimization. However.5 Optimization Performance The optimization performance is mainly determined by: The size of the Simulation Area. If ROI consideration is enabled. which defines the resolution of all calculations during the optimization (refer to section 5. The Calculation Pixel Size. as defined in Table 8-3. reduce the calculation effort accordingly. This feature is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed.1. i. Therefore.

However. any parameter change is only accepted if: calculated ROI ≥ configured ROI Thresholds for the configured ROI calculation method. Use Relative ROI} [Currency unit] Description Enables the Return on Investment (ROI) consideration in any cell parameter optimization and selects the method of ROI calculation (see below this table). as an additional constraint to the optimization.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 167 Fig. if the Covered Revenue in the Analysis Area still exceeds the configured Min. Covered Revenue. The Relative ROI that is required to accept a parameter change.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. absolute or relative.actix. Target value for the Covered Revenue in the Analysis Area.com . then the previous condition is not required. 0 (zero) is the self-financing case. 8-7 ROI and Revenue Thresholds dialog Table 8-3 ROI and Revenue Thresholds settings Parameter ROI Consideration Absolute ROI Threshold Relative ROI Threshold Min. www. % % The ROI is calculated according to the selected calculation method: Absolute ROI [Currency unit] = Revenue Increase – Cost Relative ROI [Ratio] = Revenue Increase / Cost Then. 100% is the self-financing case. The Absolute ROI that is required to accept a parameter change. (Refer also to section 8. Use Absolute ROI.1.4). Covered Revenue Unit / Value {Don‟t Consider ROI.

The new site candidates are usually contained in an extended planning database and their pathloss predictions are calculated in a planning tool. but instead must be imported into Radioplan from the planning tool as well. Consequently. Moreover.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. all cells. all transmitters must be active in order to be considered for the site candidate groups task of the optimization. the box in front of the respective element in the Configuration tab tree must be checked.actix. the new site candidates including their initial cell and antenna configurations as well as pathloss predictions are not created in Radioplan. a site candidate‟s active cells with active transmitters are highlighted in green. cell parameter optimization of all remaining sites) 8.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 168 8. different priorities – as defined in the Site Settings (refer to section 4. the following optimization capabilities are configurable in each Radioplan project: Site candidate groups – as defined in the Site Settings (refer to section 4. In order to set a cell. all cells must be active and.5) www.5) Site candidates are displayed with special colors: ▫ ▫ ▫ While the usual color for a cell with active transmitter is black (or red if the radiation pattern display style is selected) and a cell with inactive transmitter is dashed.2 Site Selection Optimizer The Site Selection Optimizer combines several tasks into a single optimization algorithm: Site Candidate Groups Alternative Antenna Heights Only Optimize Site Candidates (i. only the transmit powers of cells and repeaters with active transmitter flag are considered.2.e.1 Project Configuration Basically. at least at one site.com . their cell parameters) Remove Redundant Sites Remove Redundant Cells Capacity and Coverage (i. and additional antennas that shall be considered by the optimization must be active. For site selection. i. Removable sites and their „rollout status‟. In each group of alternative site candidates.e.e. repeater. or additional antenna active. repeaters.

4). sites. and Cell Settings (refer to sections 4. www. the “favorite”. in each site candidate group. i. Shall include sites with potential interdependencies with the sites inside the Analysis Area. Simulation Area and Analysis Area (refer to section 4. 4.com . Site.: the number of site candidate groups. Optimization run-time Scales with the number of evaluation steps resulting from the optimization capabilities and from the optimizer settings. only one site. which shall be combined with the site selection – as defined in the Antenna. Only removable sites inside may be removed.1 and 5.2 Problem Analysis The problem analysis should be aimed at: an appropriate area definition for site selection optimization and the coverage and interference situation in the initial network setup with the all site candidate groups and/or all removable sites.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 169 Site and cell reconfiguration capabilities – including antenna families and alternative antenna groups – for the capacity and coverage optimization.actix. Table 8-4 Impact of the area definitions on the site selection Analysis Area General Sets the focus for optimization Simulation Area Is considered by the optimization. and 4. Determines the reconfigurable cells (refer to section 5.4.2. is the computation area.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The impact of the area definitions on the site selection is summarized in Table 8-4.e. – Optimization objective The applicable objective function shall be optimized. The objective function measure shall not be reduced below the lesser of its initial and its target value.2.11). Scales with the number of trafficrelevant pixels. Optimization capabilities Only site candidate groups inside are optimized.1. respectively) Target and optional Constraint Network Layers (refer to sections 4.6. the number of removable and the number of reconfigurable cells and their reconfigurable parameters and reconfiguration ranges.3) 8. i.5.e. should have active transmitter flags. thereby.2) Clutter-specific offsets to the area-wide coverage thresholds (refer to section 4.

13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 170 Analysis Area Optimization results Simulation Area Automatic visualization and reporting of coverage and other performance figures.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. e. this dialog can be opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button.2.actix. 8-9. for UMTS as in Fig. The specific parameters of the Site Selection optimizer are described in Table 8-5. 8-8 Site Selection Settings dialog (example for UMTS target network layer(s)) www. in: Layer legend details. The appearance of this dialog depends on the System of the selected target network layers. e. If the Site Selection optimizer is selected at the first page of the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5.g. Optimization Summary Report.2).2.3 Site Selection Optimization Configuration The Site Selection optimizer can be configured in the Site Selection Settings dialog. Fig. Note that by removing sites or cells in the site selection optimization. Pilot RSSI. 8. the Pilot RSCP. Optimization Progress Chart.com . or RxLev_DL Covered Area can never be increased. 8-8 and for GSM as in Fig.g.

iDEN.com . and WiMAX) www. All settings can be customized in the configuration file (*. Fig. 8-10 Business Rules dialog of the Site Selection optimizer (left: for UMTS.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 171 Fig.actix. right: for CDMA. GSM.ini) – refer to chapter 9. the Business Rules dialog of the Site Selection Optimizer is opened.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. 8-10 and Table 8-5. Fig. 8-9 Site Selection Settings dialog (example for GSM target network layer(s)) By clicking the Configure Business Rules button.

Pilot RSSI. Required {Pilot RSCP. Number of Optimization Runs – Each task is repeatedly performed for the number of optimization runs.1.1 for details. {true.com . after the Remove Redundant Sites or Cells task has been finished in a run. false} If enabled.4. The Coverage Percentages refer to the Simulation Area. interdependencies between the site candidate groups can be considered and also the cell parameters of surrounding sites can be optimized for the selected alternative site candidate. Pilot RSSI and Pilot CINR are the underlying measures for WiMAX network layers. Required {Pilot Ec/Io. Required Pilot RSCP. and local areas around each site. or RxLev_DL Coverage to each merged clutter area. Pilot RSCP and Pilot Ec/Io are the underlying measures for UMTS and CDMA network layers. Refer to section 8. Pilot SINR. the Capacity and Coverage optimization usually maximizes the coverage of the remaining network setup such that further sites can be removed in subsequent runs. false} If enabled. Pilot RSSI. the configured Min. the Analysis Area.1. the clutter areas with equal Pathloss and Ec/Io or C/I Offsets (refer to section 4. Required Pilot RSCP. Optimization Tasks Site Candidate Groups {true.actix. Pilot CINR. Enabling this option is recommended if there is a large number of clutter classes and the clutter types are very much fragmented.4. or RxLev_DL} Coverage Constraints Merge Clutter Classes with Equal PL and {Ec/Io or C/I} Offsets Unit / Value % Description The target values for the coverage percentages – as defined in section 8. or RxLev_DL} Covered Area or Covered Traffic Min. Their consideration depends on the selected Preferred Coverage Objective. or RxLev_DL Coverage is also applied to each clutter area. Pilot RSSI. {true. By that. Max. www. % – Defines which coverage shall be considered. Then only the Use Clutter Dependent {…} Coverage Constraints option could create a too hard constraint for a useful capacity and coverage optimization. Pilot RSSI. false} From each group of alternative site candidates for a new fill site. or C/I} Covered Area or Covered Traffic Preferred Coverage Objective Use Clutter Dependent {Pilot RSCP.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Moreover. the optimal candidate is automatically selected.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 172 Table 8-5 Specific Site Selection optimizer configuration settings Parameter Min. RxLev_DL and C/I are the corresponding measures for GSM and iDEN network layers.3) are merged in order to apply the configured Min.

e. an initial coverage optimization is aimed at reaching that target. are deactivated – taking the Business Rules into consideration.actix. false} {true. which are not required to meet the specified coverage and capacity objectives. it maximizes the coverage and minimizes the interference of the final network setup. This ensures that potential coverage gaps are kept small and evenly distributed across the entire area. which are not required to meet the specified coverage and capacity objectives. {true. all site candidate groups configured for the sites are ignored. false} From the initial network setup. the coverage constraints are also observed in a local area around each site. From the initial network setup. Therefore. this button opens a restricted Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog – as shown for example in Fig. www. Optimize Site Candidates Remove Redundant Sites {true. Capacity and Coverage {true. those cells of removable sites. However. the previous site selection tasks are interactively combined with a Capacity and Coverage optimization. if the initial Pilot RSCP or RxLev_DL Covered Area does not exceed the respective target. This option should be enabled only for exclusive antenna height optimization. This cell parameter optimization can reconfigure the reduced network setup such that further sites can be removed in the following optimization run without violating the coverage constraints.com . false} Configure Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Business Rules Avoid Large Coverage Gaps – If the Optimize Capacity and Coverage option is enabled. at least site removals are allowed that do not reduce the Pilot RSCP or RxLev_DL Covered Area. if then the target is still not met. are deactivated – taking the Business Rules into consideration – similar to the Remove Redundant Sites task. If enabled. The cell configurations of the network setup with selected site candidates and the sites remaining after site removal are automatically optimized using the Capacity and Coverage optimizer. false} Description If Site Candidate Groups is enabled: Enables an automatic detection of the site candidate groups. those removable sites. the groups of alternative candidates are automatically determined based on identical site positions (within 1 m).Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Note that site removals can never improve the Pilot RSCP or RxLev_DL Covered Area. 8-11. i. Remove Redundant Cells {true.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 173 Parameter Alternative Antenna Heights Only Unit / Value {true. Thereby. false} Applicable to the Remove Redundant Sites or Cells tasks: If enabled. Instead. no other site candidate groups to be considered. Moreover. false} If Site Candidate Groups is enabled: Enables an automatic Capacity and Coverage optimization of the initial cell configurations of the site candidates.

if the Maximum Users per Cell was already exceeded at a cell before the reconfiguration. false} Applicable to the Remove Redundant Sites or Cells tasks (only for UMTS network layers): If enabled.2.2).30.1) – is an additional constraint to the applicable optimization objective function. the reconfigurable cells in the Capacity and Coverage optimization are further confined to an impact area around the removed sites and cells. Then. The other Capacity and Coverage optimizer parameters are either inherited from the Site Selection Optimizer Settings or defined internally.3. Moreover. it can be prevented that the tool proposes changes of cells far away from removed sites or cells.6. RPI settings. Minimum Site Count – default: 0 Applicable to the Remove Redundant Sites task: The minimum target number of sites that shall remain after a Remove Redundant Sites optimization. Limit Capacity Optimization to Surrounding Cells {true. Check Cell Load {true. the constraint means that it must not be increased further. Sites will only be removed until the Minimum Site Count is reached. that would increase the number of users at any cell above its Max. For the “number of users” refer to section 6. if Consider Traffic Distribution is enabled. false} If enabled.actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. false} Description If enabled and. The Parameter Selection. Show Extended Summary Statistics {true.3. This option does not affect the optimization. Thus. Users value (refer to section 4.1).26). These statistics are then additionally reported in the Extended Network Statistics tables of the Optimization Summary (refer to section 7. the built-in Performance Predictor calculates the absolute DL cell transmit powers based on Monte-Carlo simulations using the Equivalent Traffic per Pixel (refer to section 6. Namely.com .2. no reconfiguration of the original network setup is accepted. the built-in Performance Predictor calculates certain UMTS network performance statistics based on Monte-Carlo simulations for the status before and after optimization. 8-11. The Capacity and Coverage optimization can be configured by a restricted set of the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings – as shown for UMTS target network layer(s) in Fig.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 174 Parameter Check Maximum Users per Cell Unit / Value {true. false} Applicable to the Remove Redundant Sites or Cells tasks in conjunction with Capacity and Coverage optimization: If enabled. a site or cell is not removed.6. if any DL cell transmit power would exceed the a cell‟s Maximum Output Power. the Maximum Users per Cell – as defined for the respective cell (refer to section 4. namely: www. They are then used as an additional constraint. and Business Rules can be defined as described in section 8.

At the same time. the coverage is a side constraint: the Coverage Percentages must not fall below their initial values.com . the beacon signal level Coverage and the beacon signal interference ratio Coverage for the respective systems are the objective functions.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 175 The RSCP <--> Ec/Io slider is set to RSCP Preference (for CDMA and UMTS). 8-11 Restricted Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog as called from the Site Selection Settings dialog (example for UMTS) 8. iDEN. In the Remove Redundant Sites task and the Remove Redundant Cells task. If HSDPA is enabled.3. Only if the Coverage Percentages exceed the configured targets they may be reduced down to the target. and WiMAX network layers. No site or cell removal must reduce the Coverage Percentages below their initial values.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.5).2. Moreover. www. sites can only be removed as long as the Minimum Site Count is still exceeded in the Analysis Area and if further selected Business Rules are not violated. Fig.actix. The RxLev_DL <--> Overlap slider is set to RxLev_DL Preference (for GSM and iDEN) – and for the other technologies in the same manner. Number of Optimization Runs is 1. Accordingly. the capacity objective function of the UMTS or CDMA Capacity and Coverage optimizer is applied (refer to section 8. Through minimizing the Relative Load per Cell averaged over all cells the candidate is selected that maximizes the capacity.4 Objective Function and Side Constraints There are different objective functions for the different tasks: In the Site Candidate Groups task for UMTS or CDMA network layers. this also applies to the HSDPA coverage percentages. Through minimizing the average cell overlap the candidate is selected that minimizes the interference.4). The Max. in the Site Candidate Groups task for GSM.3. the overlap objective function of the Capacity and Coverage optimizer is applied (refer to section 8.

3. www. which are: the Simulation Area. if the business rule “Avoid Large Coverage Gaps” is enabled: a local area around each site. Taking the Preferred Coverage Objective into consideration. in the Remove Redundant Cells task to the cells of the removable sites. and as well as if the Use Clutter Dependent Coverage Constraints option is enabled: each clutter class area inside of the Analysis Area and each clutter class area inside of the Simulation Area. Overlap slider for WiMAX network layers is implicitly set to RSSI Preferred. The further restricted and tailored configuration settings are described in section 8. The coverage in the target area shall be maximized while the coverage in the constraint areas must not be reduced. the Traffic and Area Masking applies – as defined in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. in the Remove Redundant Sites task to the removable sites.1. the Coverage Percentages are observed with respect to: a target area. Here.actix.5 Algorithm Sequence The sequence of this optimization algorithm is outlined in Fig. the RSCP vs. 8-12.2.3.com . the Direction Set algorithm is applied: to each selected task. and in the Capacity and Coverage task to the reconfigurable cell parameters of the reconfigurable cells. This constraint ensures that potential coverage gaps are kept small and evenly distributed across the entire area.7.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Overlap slider for GSM and iDEN network layers is implicitly set to RxLev_DL Preferred. Thereby. Ec/Io slider for CDMA or UMTS network layers is implicitly set to RSCP Preferred. For all objective functions and side constraints. and the RxLev_DL vs. in the Site Candidate Groups task to each site candidate group and to the site candidates of each group.10). 8.2.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 176 The Capacity and Coverage task applies the objective function and side constraints as described in section 8. which is the Analysis Area constraint areas. the RSSI vs.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. if Optimize Site Candidates is enabled: for each alternative site candidate: perform a capacity and coverage optimization with the alternative site candidate as the only reconfigurable site for each removable site . 8-12 Site Selection optimization algorithm www. Number of Optimization Runs not reached and the network configuration was changed in the previous run: for each cell of the removable sites .actix.com . Number of Optimization Runs not reached and the network configuration was changed in the previous run: for each site candidate group: find the alternative site candidate that improves the objective function the most while observing the side constraints thereby.in a defined order: evaluate beacon signal level Coverage and signal interference ratio Coverage in the applicable areas for the case that the site would be switched off if the coverage objectives and business rules are not violated: switch the site off if Optimize Capacity and Coverage is enabled and the network configuration was previously changed: perform a capacity and coverage optimization while Max.in a defined order: evaluate beacon signal level Coverage and signal interference ratio Coverage in the applicable areas for the case that the cell would be switched off if the coverage objectives and business rules are not violated: switch the cell off if Optimize Capacity and Coverage is enabled and the network configuration was previously changed: perform a capacity and coverage optimization Fig.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 177 if beacon signal level Coverage < corresponding Minimum Percentage: perform a capacity and coverage optimization while Max.

the user can set its preference by: the RSCP vs.5.1 Project Configuration Basically.actix. for CDMA and UMTS target network layers. and WiMAX network layers: pilot power. Overlap slider – as described for GSM and iDEN target network layers in section 8. the box in front of the respective element in the Configuration tab tree must be checked. mechanical and electrical antenna tilt.1. and the cell overlapping by: reducing the pathloss to the best serving cell and minimizing the interference through increasing the pathloss to interfering cells (higher cell isolation). and beacon signal transmit power. there may be a trade-off between interference minimization and traffic load balancing both aimed at maximizing the capacity and service quality. maximizing coverage and minimizing interference may sometimes be conflicting objectives.3. which is for CDMA. or the RSSI vs.5. 8. The cell parameter changes are aimed at optimizing the pathloss conditions. antenna azimuth.com . For a Capacity and Coverage optimization the following optimization capabilities are configurable in each Radioplan project: www. In order to set a cell. and additional antennas that shall be considered by the optimization must be active. all cells. the user can set its preference by the Network Load slider – as described in section 5. the best serving cell areas.3. Thereby. which is similar to the description on GSM and iDEN. only the transmit powers of cells and repeaters with active transmitter flag are considered.2). the RSCP vs. Therefore. Therefore. repeaters. Moreover.3. Moreover. Overlap slider for LTE target network layers. Ec/Io slider – as described for CDMA and UMTS target network layers in section 8.3 Capacity and Coverage Optimizer The Capacity and Coverage Optimizer automatically maximizes the coverage and minimizes the interference of an existing network setup by the reconfiguration of the following cell parameters: antenna type.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. for GSM and iDEN network layers: BCCH carrier output power. repeater. the RxLev_DL vs. UMTS. or additional antenna active. The Capacity and Coverage optimization can be part of the Site Selection optimization (refer also to section 8.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 178 8.4. Overlap slider for WiMAX target network layers.

4) Site and cell reconfiguration capabilities – as defined in the Site and Cell Settings (refer to sections 4. Optimization capabilities Optimization objective Determines the reconfigurable cells (refer to section 5.2 Problem Analysis The problem analysis should be aimed at: an appropriate area definition for Capacity and Coverage optimization the interference and load situation in the initial network setup. The applicable objective function shall be optimized.: the number of reconfigurable cells and their reconfigurable parameters and reconfiguration ranges. Shall include sites with potential interdependencies with the sites inside the Analysis Area. e.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 179 Antenna families and groups – as defined in the Antenna Settings (refer to section 4. in: Layer legend details. i. Optimization run-time Scales with the number of evaluation steps resulting from the optimization capabilities and from the optimizer settings. Table 8-6 Impact of the area definitions on the Capacity and Coverage optimization and Analysis Area General Sets the focus for optimization Simulation Area Is considered by the optimization. is the computation area.g.e.3.actix.e.2) Clutter-specific offsets to the area-wide coverage thresholds (refer to section 4. Optimization Progress Chart. – The objective function measure shall not be reduced below the lesser of its initial and its target value.3) 8.5 and 4. i. Optimization results Automatic visualization and reporting of coverage and other performance figures. Scales with the number of trafficrelevant pixels.com . Optimization Summary Report. www. The impact of these area definitions on the Capacity and Coverage optimization is summarized in Table 8-6.11).6. respectively) Simulation Area and Analysis Area (refer to section 4.1.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.

for UMTS as in Fig. 8-13 Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog (example for UMTS) www.actix. 8-13 and for GSM as in Fig. If the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer is selected at the first page of the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5.2). 8-14. The appearance of this dialog depends on the System of the selected target network layers. The specific parameters of the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer are described in Table 8-7.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 180 8.com .g. e. Fig.3 Capacity and Coverage Optimization Configuration The Capacity and Coverage Optimizer can be configured in the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog. this dialog can be opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button.2.3.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.

Fig. Fig. and WiMAX) All settings can be customized in the configuration file (*.actix.com . if antenna type reconfiguration is not enabled in any cell but enabled in the Optimizer Settings the antenna type can finally not be reconfigured. 8-14 Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog (example for GSM) By clicking the Configure Business Rules button. For example.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Optimization Capabilities The cell parameters and their relative reconfiguration ranges applied in the optimization cannot exceed the optimization capabilities defined in the cell settings of the Radioplan project. 8-15 Business Rules dialog of the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer (left: for UMTS.ini) – refer to chapter 9. 8-10 and Table 8-5. iDEN. right: for CDMA. Parameter Selection in the Optimizer Settings vs. GSM. www. the Business Rules dialog of the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer is opened.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 181 Fig.

false} If enabled. they define a search window per optimization run. always the entire applicable antenna group is evaluated in the optimization.actix.[Pilot] Power RPI {true. Remote Electrical Tilt refers to the cells . i.6). Tilt (Theta) .Remote Electrical Tilt .1.2.Mech.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The effective status is an AND combination of both the Optimization Capabilities and these settings. each allowed cell parameter change is associated with a Required Performance Improvement (RPI) value.com . Max. the optimizer does not accept azimuth changes that would violate the configured value. typically until 10% are appropriate for more expensive changes.e. which represents the minimum required benefit through a cell parameter change in order to be adopted.Azimuth (Phi) . The step size is defined in the Cell Settings (refer to section 4. The default tilt step size is 1° and the default azimuth step size is 10°.3. false} Defines – in addition to the Optimization Capabilities – whether the reconfiguration of the respective property shall be used in the optimization.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 182 Table 8-7 Specific Capacity and Coverage Optimizer configuration settings Parameter Unit / Value Description Parameter Selection Apart from the Optimization Capabilities (refer to section 4) it can be useful to further narrow the reconfiguration options down for an optimization run for strategic reasons.1. It is always defined in relation to the value of the applicable objective function before optimization. www. a user may want to select only one parameter to be reconfigured or to limit the degree of change by the optimization. Increase Steps Max. Thus. These steps are effective for the optimization and cannot exceed the Optimization Capabilities that are defined for each cell (refer to section 4. For example. Moreover.Antenna Type . the reconfiguration constraints to be applied in the optimization can be defined. The antenna type reconfiguration cannot be restricted here further.Electrical Tilt . Therefore.1). if enabled. Refer also to section 8. Refer also to section 8.6. Optimize: . Decrease Steps number of steps The maximum number of increase or decrease steps per optimization run for the reconfiguration around the cellspecific original value for the respective cell parameter.6). % The Required Performance Improvement for each cell parameter change. Business Rules Check Minimum Azimuth Separation {true. RPI values of 1% and below are appropriate for less expensive changes and RPI values higher than 1%. where the Remote Electrical Tilt (RET) Installed option is activated (refer to section 4.

if the Maximum Users per Cell was already exceeded at a cell before the reconfiguration. false} If enabled. or RxLev_DL Coverage is also applied to each clutter area.1) – is an additional constraint to the applicable optimization objective function. if Consider Traffic Distribution is enabled.4. the constraint means that it must not be increased further. Their consideration depends on the selected Preferred Coverage Objective.1. Use Clutter Dependent {Pilot RSCP.1.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 183 Parameter Minimum Azimuth Separation Check Maximum Users per Cell Unit / Value degree Description {true.4 for details. Required Pilot RSCP.2). false} If enabled. or RxLev_DL Coverage to each merged clutter area. Pilot RSCP and Pilot Ec/Io are the underlying measures for UMTS and CDMA network layers.6. Pilot RSSI.com . the clutter areas with equal Pathloss and Ec/Io or C/I Offsets (refer to section 4.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. that would increase the number of users at any cell above this threshold. no reconfiguration of the original network setup is accepted.actix. Then only the Use Clutter Dependent {…} Coverage Constraints option could create a too hard constraint for a useful Capacity and Coverage optimization. or RxLev_DL} Coverage Constraints Merge Clutter Classes with Equal PL and {Ec/Io or C/I} Offsets {true. Pilot RSSI. Pilot RSSI. the Maximum Users per Cell – as defined for the respective cell (refer to section 4. {true. false} If enabled and. Required Pilot RSCP. These statistics are then additionally reported in the Extended Network Statistics tables of the Optimization Summary (refer to section 7. Enabling this option is recommended if there is a large number of clutter classes and the clutter types are very much fragmented. Pilot RSSI. or RxLev_DL} Covered Area or Covered Traffic % The target values for the coverage percentages – as defined in section 8. This option does not affect the optimization. Required {Pilot RSCP. Show Extended Summary Statistics {true. Moreover.3) are merged in order to apply the configured Min. Pilot RSSI and Pilot CINR are the underlying measures for WiMAX network layers. the built-in Performance Predictor calculates certain UMTS network performance statistics based on Monte-Carlo simulations for the status before and after optimization. false} If enabled. Coverage Min. RxLev_DL and C/I are the corresponding measures for GSM and iDEN network layers. The Coverage Percentages refer to the Simulation Area and the Analysis Area as well as optionally to the Clutter Class Areas – refer to section 8. Then. the configured Min. www.

shall be exclusive or be preferred in case of a conflict. www.1. The coverage in the target area shall be maximized while the coverage in the constraint areas must not be reduced below the lesser of its initial and its target value.3. which are: the Simulation Area. The objective function for the capacity is the Relative Load per Cell averaged over all cells. Namely.3.com . which is the Analysis Area constraint areas.3. Refer to sections 8. respectively. Number of Optimization Runs – Defines which coverage shall be considered. Ec/Io Slider Maximum coverage on the one hand and minimum interference / maximum capacity on the other hand may be conflicting network optimization objectives. Overlap slider. Therefore. This process is repeated until the maximum number of runs has been completed. the reduction of the pathloss to a spot that shall be covered by a cell can increase the intercell interference at other cells such that the overall Ec/Io and the related capacity is decreased.5. This function shall be minimized in the Analysis Area without deterioration in the Simulation Area until the required Pilot Ec/Io Covered Area and/or Covered Traffic Threshold is fulfilled. 8.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 184 Parameter General Preferred Objective Unit / Value Description – Also denoted as the RSCP vs. Refer to section 8. Defines the degree to which either optimization objective. Preferred Coverage Objective Max. but less significant improvements.4. Ec/Io slider.actix. the Capacity and Coverage optimization for CDMA and UMTS defines two objective functions: The objective function for the coverage is the Pilot RSCP Covered Area and/or Covered Traffic – depending on the Preferred Coverage Objective. for details. Overlap slider. all reconfigurable cells and cell parameters are evaluated in a defined order.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The optimization algorithm is designed such that the major improvement is typically achieved already in the first run and consequent runs contribute further. and as well as if the Use Clutter Dependent Coverage Constraints option is enabled: ▫ ▫ each clutter class area inside of the Analysis Area and each clutter class area inside of the Simulation Area. The coverage is generally observed with respect to: ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ a target area.4 and 8. – Within each optimization run.4 Objective Function and Side Constraints for CDMA and UMTS Target Network Layers depending on the RSCP vs. RSSI vs.1 for details. maximum coverage or minimum interference. or RxLev_DL vs.

the change with the highest capacity improvement is adopted. Otherwise. Ec/Io Slider settings Parameter RSCP vs. but cell parameter changes improve the coverage objective function and fulfill all associated side constraints. Ec/Io Slider settings the following side constraints are observed. but cell parameter changes improve the capacity objective function and fulfill all associated side constraints. put different emphasis on coverage (RSCP) and capacity (Ec/Io) as optimization objectives. In addition to the RSCP vs. the change with the highest capacity improvement is adopted. By the RSCP vs. Ec/Io preferred (or: 66. if no capacity improvement is possible. The coverage objective function is applied with the capacity objective function as constraint and alternative.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2. the user must define to what degree either objective (coverage or capacity) shall be exclusive or preferred – in case of a possible conflict during optimization. if no coverage improvement is possible. Ec/Io slider.actix.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 185 The Relative Load per Cell represents the DL transmit power consumption and through the weighting with the Relative Traffic per Cell. Four different settings are possible – as defined in Table 8-8.3%) Description The coverage objective function is applied – without capacity constraints. Otherwise. the change with the highest Pilot RSCP Coverage improvement is adopted. 8-16. If cell parameter changes improve the capacity objective function and fulfill all associated side constraints including no coverage degradation. These settings differ in their combination of the two objective functions and the side constraints and. thus. Ec/Io only (or: 100%) The capacity objective function is applied – without coverage constraints. Ec/Io slider of the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog Table 8-8 RSCP vs. Ec/Io Unit / Value RSCP only (or: 0%) RSCP preferred (or: 33. Fig. If cell parameter changes improve the coverage objective function and fulfill all associated side constraints including no capacity degradation.com .6%) The capacity objective function is applied with the coverage objective function as constraint and alternative. 8-16 RSCP vs. it also represents the number of equivalent users (refer to section 6.29). the change with the highest Pilot RSCP Coverage improvement is adopted. www. Fig.

1.5). if ROI consideration is enabled (refer to section 8.3. the conditions to adopt a cell parameter change are the following: The objective function must be improved at least by the Required Performance Improvement configured for the respective cell parameter (refer to sections 8.3 and 8. additional side constraints are observed with respect to load balancing and costs.5).1. the minimum cell overlapping and pilot pollution.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 186 For the coverage objective function. If Check Maximum Users per Cell is enabled. the conditions to adopt a cell parameter change are the following: The objective function must be improved at least by the Required Performance Improvement configured for the respective cell parameter (refer to sections 8.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Namely.7). For the capacity objective function. The Relative Traffic per Cell at any cell must not exceed the value that corresponds to 100% of the Network Load of the worst cell before optimization as configured by the Network Load slider (refer to section 5. For all objective functions and side constraints. the maximum CQI resulting in www. additional side constraints are observed with respect to costs.2.1. Moreover.7). the maximum Pilot Ec/Io Coverage and overall SIR. if ROI consideration is enabled (refer to section 8. that would increase the number of users at any cell above this threshold.10). then no reconfiguration step is accepted. The cost and effort must not exceed the configured limits (refer to section 5. the constraint means that is must not be increased further.2.3 and 8.3). the Traffic and Area Masking applies – as defined in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.2. the maximum HSDPA Coverage. the HSDPA Coverage in the Analysis Area must not be reduced at any reconfiguration step as long as its target value is not reached yet.1. With different emphasis depending on the user-defined setting of the RSCP vs.1. The HSDPA Coverage is here defined as the percentage of the area with a CQI greater than zero (refer to section 6. If HSDPA is enabled.32). Namely.actix.6).3. if the Maximum Users per Cell was already exceeded at a cell before the reconfiguration step.6). The resulting ROI must exceed the configured threshold.1. the minimum transmit power.1. The resulting ROI must exceed the configured threshold. The resulting cost and effort must not exceed the configured limits (refer to section 5.3).com and . The Relative Load per Cell at any cell must not exceed the value that corresponds to 100% of the Network Load of the worst cell before optimization as configured by the Network Load slider (refer to section 5. Ec/Io slider these essential principles lead effectively to: the maximum Pilot RSCP Coverage.

This cell overlap is independent from the channel numbers. which are: the Simulation Area.3. which is the Analysis Area constraint areas. The objective function for the overlap (“capacity”) is the average cell overlap. minimum blocking and maximum HSDPA throughput thereby taking configured cost. Namely. Maximum coverage on the one hand and minimum interference and overlap on the other hand may be conflicting network optimization objectives.com . put different emphasis on coverage (RxLev_DL) and overlap as optimization objectives. thus. not only co-channel cells. The coverage is observed with respect to: ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ a target area. The coverage in the target area shall be maximized while the coverage in the constraint areas must not be reduced below the lesser of its initial and its target value. 8-17.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 187 the maximum accessibility and utilization of the existing network infrastructure. 8. 8-17 RxLev_DL vs. By the RxLev_DL vs. the Capacity and Coverage optimization for GSM and iDEN defines two objective functions: The objective function for the coverage is the RxLev_DL Covered Area and/or Covered Traffic – depending on the Preferred Coverage Objective. Overlap Slider The GSM or iDEN network setup is considered like a single-frequency network with the worst-case frequency reuse factor of 1. Overlap slider. and ROI constraints into consideration. the user must define to what degree either objective (coverage or overlap) shall be exclusive or preferred – in case of a possible conflict during optimization.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. and as well as if the Use Clutter Dependent Coverage Constraints option is enabled: ▫ ▫ each clutter class area inside of the Analysis Area and each clutter class area inside of the Simulation Area. Four different settings are possible – as defined in Table 8-9.5 Objective Function and Side Constraints for GSM and iDEN Target Network Layers depending on the RxLev_DL vs. This function shall be minimized in the Analysis Area without deterioration in the Simulation Area.actix. Overlap slider of the GSM Optimizer Settings dialog www. Fig. These settings differ in their combination of the two objective functions and the side constraints and. effort. the reduction of the pathloss to a spot that shall be covered by a cell can increase the cell overlap such that the potential capacity in case of tighter frequency reuse is decreased. Clearly. Therefore. Fig. it ignores the frequency plan and includes all cells.

the change with the highest overlap improvement is adopted. The resulting cost and effort must not exceed the configured limits (refer to section 5.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.1. The resulting ROI must exceed the configured threshold.3%) Description The coverage objective function is applied – without capacity constraints. the following side constraints are observed. if ROI consideration is enabled (refer to section 8. Overlap Slider settings Parameter RxLev_DL vs.3.3. the conditions to adopt a cell parameter change are the following: The objective function must be improved at least by the Required Performance Improvement configured for the respective cell parameter (refer to sections 8. Namely. if no coverage improvement is possible.3 and 8.6%) The overlap objective function is applied with the coverage objective function as constraint and alternative. Overlap preferred (or: 66.2. Namely. Overlap only (or: 100%) The overlap objective function is applied – without coverage constraints. Otherwise.1.6).3). The coverage objective function is applied with the overlap objective function as constraint and alternative. additional side constraints are observed with respect to costs. additional side constraints are observed with respect to costs. For the coverage objective function.com .7). the change with the highest RxLev_DL Coverage improvement is adopted. the change with the highest overlap improvement is adopted. Otherwise.1. Overlap slider settings. but cell parameter changes improve the overlap objective function and fulfill all associated side constraints. If cell parameter changes improve the overlap objective function and fulfill all associated side constraints including no coverage degradation.3). www. the change with the highest RxLev_DL Coverage improvement is adopted. if no overlap improvement is possible.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 188 Table 8-9 RxLev_DL vs. but cell parameter changes improve the coverage objective function and fulfill all associated side constraints. For the overlap (“capacity”) objective function. If cell parameter changes improve the coverage objective function and fulfill all associated side constraints including no overlap degradation. In addition to the RxLev_DL vs.3 and 8. the conditions to adopt a cell parameter change are the following: The objective function must be improved at least by the Required Performance Improvement configured for the respective cell parameter (refer to sections 8. Overlap Unit / Value RxLev_DL only (or: 0%) RxLev_DL preferred (or: 33.actix.

The beacon signal interference ratio Covered Area and/or Covered Traffic must not be reduced for any constraint network layer below the lesser of its initial and its target value. If Check Cell Load is enabled: Then. the constraint means that it must not be increased further.6. and ROI constraints into consideration. For all objective functions and side constraints. the following additional constraints are applied when a reconfiguration in a target network layer also requires a change in a dependent constraint network layer: The beacon signal level Covered Area and/or Covered Traffic must not be reduced for any constraint network layer below the lesser of its initial and its target value. The resulting ROI must exceed the configured threshold.6). if the Maximum Users per Cell was already exceeded at a cell before the reconfiguration step. e. the maximum C/I. if the Maximum Users per Cell was already exceeded at a cell before the reconfiguration. and resulting in the minimum cell overlapping opportunities to re-plan the frequencies.6 Additional Side Constraints by Constraint Network Layers Upon consideration of multi-layer dependencies (as defined in section 5. For CDMA or UMTS constraint network layers: No cell must get a higher Relative Load per Cell or Relative Traffic per Cell than the initial maximum values. 8.com ▫ . then no reconfiguration step is accepted.7). no reconfiguration of the original network setup is accepted. no reconfiguration of the original network setup is accepted.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 189 If Check Maximum Users per Cell is enabled.2.4). the Traffic and Area Masking applies – as defined in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5. that would increase the number of users at any cell above this threshold. if ROI consideration is enabled (refer to section 8.1. If Check Maximum Users per Cell is enabled: The Maximum Users per Cell – as defined for the respective constraint network layer cell (refer to section 4.10).1. With different emphasis depending on the user-defined setting of the RxLev_DL vs.3. effort. Then. Overlap slider these essential principles lead effectively to: the maximum RxLev_DL Coverage. with tighter reuse or such that frequencies can be released thereby taking configured cost. that www.actix. Moreover. the constraint means that is must not be increased further.g. that would increase the number of users at any cell above this threshold.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.2.1) – is an additional constraint. For UMTS constraint network layer: ▫ If HSDPA is enabled: The HSDPA Coverage in the Analysis Area must not be reduced below the lesser of its initial and its target value. The cost and effort must not exceed the configured limits (refer to section 5. Moreover.

13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 190 would increase any DL cell transmit power beyond the cell‟s Maximum Output Power. Here.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com . Overlap slider setting) if the side constraints are fulfilled: change the cell parameter and continue with this improved configuration Fig. the Direction Set algorithm applied to the reconfigurable cell parameters of the reconfigurable cells. azimuth. 4. Number of Optimization Runs not reached and the network configuration was changed in the previous run: for one cell parameter after the other: 1.3. calculate the objective functions (on the initial network setup) while Max.26). tilt.actix. 8-18. 8. The absolute DL cell transmit powers are determined by a snapshot simulation based on the Equivalent Traffic per Pixel (refer to section 6. antenna type. 2. pilot power for each reconfigurable cell – in a defined order: for each cell parameter value in the allowed reconfiguration range: calculate the objective functions find the value that improves the objective function the most (objective depends on the RSCP vs. Ec/Io or RxLev_DL vs.7 Algorithm Sequence The sequence of this optimization algorithm is outlined in Fig.2. 3. 8-18 Capacity and Coverage optimization algorithm www.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Consequently.1).3). Hence. in contrast to the Capacity and Coverage optimization (refer to section 8. The reconfigurable cells determined internally may also be outside of the Analysis Area.3 – please refer there for more information). For example. the same configuration capabilities apply as for the Capacity and Coverage optimization (refer to section 8.3. www.3 Site Integration Optimization Configuration The Site Integration Optimizer can be configured in the Site Integration Settings dialog. not all cells according to the AnalysisArea-based Reconfigurable Cell Selection option may also be changed. In accordance with the internal method for reconfigurable cell selection. the Site Integration optimization: addresses a typical small-scale optimization use case.actix. internally determines the reconfigurable cells in the surrounding of each site to be integrated and does not assume cost for cell parameter changes at the sites to be integrated (if Consider Configured Rollout Status of Sites is enabled in the Cost Control Settings – refer to section 5.4.4. In contrast to the Capacity and Coverage optimization.2 Problem Analysis The Analysis Area will still determine the starting point of the objective function and the potential of performance improvement.4.1 Project Configuration The Analysis Area must include all sites to be integrated and may also include some surrounding sites. it is recommendable to analyze the initial status of the targeted performance criteria based on the defined Analysis Area. Moreover. Furthermore. 8. the Simulation Area shall include a reasonable buffer zone around the sites to be integrated. 8. 8-13 in section 8.2. Moreover.2). the Reconfigurable Mechanical Tilt and the Reconfigurable Azimuth flags could be disabled in all such cells – using the Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog (refer to section 4.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 191 8.2.4 Site Integration Optimizer The Site Integration Optimizer is a Capacity and Coverage Optimizer that is tailored to the straightforward optimization of an existing network where new sites are to be integrated. Notwithstanding.1). the following sections describe just the specifics of the Site Integration optimization.com . the sites to be integrated are specified at one page of the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5. the sites to be integrated preferably should not have a strong downtilt already in the beginning.3. there must be always only one new candidate for each new site location. 8. Therefore. which is similar to the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog (as shown in Fig. In contrast to the Site Candidate Groups task of the Site Selection optimization. It can make sense to completely disable some types of parameter changes for the existing sites.7).6.3).3. where it differs from the Capacity and Coverage optimization (refer to section 8. the Site Integration algorithm automatically determines the cells that should be changed around the sites to be integrated.

1).6).5. also down-tilted according to configurable settings.actix. Fig.2. the RPI is only applied to sites with Site Status “Existent”.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. at the beginning of a Site Selection.4 Objective Function and Side Constraints The Site Integration optimizer applies the same objective functions and side constraints like the Capacity and Coverage optimizer (refer to section 8. then the value of this flag will be displayed in the Results dialog at the end of the Overshooting Cells optimization. The specific parameters of the Overshooting Cells Optimizer are identical with those described for the Overshooting Cell Compensation in section 5. If the custom parameter Overshooter is defined for cells to be optimized (refer to section 4. Nevertheless. 8-19. or Capacity and Coverage Optimization (refer to section 5.2. it can be selected which type of tilt shall be changed: mechanical tilt. electrical tilt. The same site and cell configuration capabilities apply as for the Capacity and Coverage optimization (refer to section 8. 8. 8.4).3).2. Therefore.3. which over-propagate many others and provide distant best server coverage or strong interference levels.4.3 Overshooting Cells Optimization Configuration The Overshooting Cells Optimizer can be configured in the Overshooting Cells Settings dialog.3. Overshooting cells can impair a consistent radio network design.2 Problem Analysis No specific problem analysis is required.4. 8. Additionally.5. if desired.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 192 8. This overshooting cells detection and handling is also available as an integrated task. or remote electrical tilt as well as any combination of the three options. Site Integration.5. can be identified by Radioplan ACP and. they may have been designed for specific reasons at a certain point of time. called Overshooting Cell Compensation.1 Project Configuration The Analysis Area must include all sites to be considered by the Overshooting Cells optimizer. such cells. www. The only difference is that. this dialog can be opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button.4).6.com . If the Overshooting Cells Optimizer is selected at the first page of the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5. 8. which are not declared a “To be integrated” at the Site Integration page of the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5.2).5.5 Overshooting Cells Optimizer The Overshooting Cells Optimizer is tailored to specifically detect and eventually modify overshooting cells (also known as “boomer” cells).2.5.

only from 2° to 8°. 10°]. 8-19 Overshooting Cells Optimizer Settings dialog (example for UMTS) 8. only the following side constraint is considered: The resulting cost and effort must not exceed the configured limits (refer to section 5. Fig. 8-20. and an antenna that allows electrical tilting between 0° and 6° . The mechanical tilt is still within the range allowed at this cell. Beside the tilt change constraints.13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 193 Fig. would result in the following optimization change: The Maximum Total Tilt must be 8°. Clearly.com .2. 8-19.7). Fig. let us assume a cell has a current total (down-)tilt of 2°. www. The new total tilt is then composed of the maximum possible electrical tilt of 6° plus 2° mechanical tilt. Moreover.5.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. then the default Overshooting Cell Settings. If this cell is detected as overshooting. which is composed of 0° mechanical and 2° electrical tilt.4 Objective Function and Side Constraints The Overshooting Cells optimizer is very simple. the allowed mechanical tilt range is [0°. It just determines the overshooting cells and then changes their tilts according to the configured optimizer settings and the cell optimization capabilities.actix. as shown in Fig. coverage or capacity objective functions are not considered for the decision on the changes. That‟s why the allowed Maximum Tilt Change is not possible. 8-20 Overshooting Cells optimization algorithm As an example for the tilt change constraints.

13 User Guide Optimization Algorithms 194 www.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix.com .

Additionally. user-defined configuration files cannot only be created by directly editing an *.2 can be customized in such an *. 9-1. This default configuration file is automatically loaded into every project that is newly created – typically by importing the project data from a radio network planning tool.8\ configuration .ini file used by the Radioplan application is located in the Radioplan configuration folder. 9-1 Customization functions in the Optimization menu Thus. respectively.8) by default: c:\documents and settings\all users\application data\actix\radioplan\3. which is (for Radioplan version 3.ini file.ini) – as described in section 9. The optimization. www.actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.1 Default and User-Defined Configuration Files The default optimization settings of an Radioplan project can be customized in the optimization. the entire optimization configuration data can be saved to and reloaded from user-specific configuration files using the entries Save Configuration… and Load Configuration… functions of the Optimization menu. Fig.ini file.com . All configuration parameters described in section 9. Fig.1. For more information on configuration and customization of the Radioplan application.ini file.13 User Guide Customization 195 9 Customization Radioplan ACP can be customized using configuration files (*. but also by defining the desired options in the configuration dialogs of Radioplan ACP and then saving this configuration to a user-defined file. please refer to [R-Admin]. Note that existing projects include their own copy of the optimization settings and are not automatically affected by a change of the default configuration file. 9.

10). which start with a semicolon. Enables/disables the Mask Regions With Zero Traffic option (refer to section 5.13 User Guide Customization 196 When editing a configuration file.1. Enables/disables the Automatic Plot Update option (refer to sections 5. comment lines.2.1.10).1. Margin Below Best Cell Rx Power for the Limitation of Considered Cells (refer to section 5.2 Customizable Configuration Parameters The following tables list for each section of the configuration file the customizable parameters. The upper limit [number of cells] in the legend of the Best Cell Overlap plot (refer to section 6. A section is identified by the respective starting tag in square brackets […].1. Note that the File_Version parameter (current value: 8) is not for customization.6).1.7). Moreover.1. 9.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. the revenue plots are only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed.2.7).2 and 6. Not each optimizer supports all plots. however.2). Enables/disables the Matrix Cache (refer to section 5. Target Grade of Service (refer to section 5. Enables/disables the Consider Analysis Area Only option (refer to section 5.1). Number of Cells for the Limitation of Considered Cells (refer to section 5.1.2.10).actix. Max. [AutomaticPlotsDuringOptimizationRun] Relative_Traffic_per_Cell Users_per_Cell Relative_Load_per_Cell Best_Cell_Overlap Pilot_RSCP_Coverage Each flag enables/disables the respective Automatic Optimization Plot (refer to section 5. Table 9-1 General customizable parameters Parameter [Matrix] PixelSize_m MaxCellsPerPixel MaxPilotDifference EnableBackupRestore CellOutboundInterferingArea _Percent [Traffic] ConsiderTrafficDistribution MaskZeroTrafficRegions MaskRegionsWithCoverageArea MaskRegionsWithAnalysisArea GradeOfService [Plots] BestCellOverlapMaxLegend_Num AutomaticPlotUpdate RemovePresentPlotsBefore NewOptimizationRun Description Calculation Pixel Size [m] (refer to section 5.23).10).1.1. may be added at any place.com . Enables/disables the Consider Traffic Distribution option (refer to section 5. Enables/disables the Consider Initial RSCP Coverage Only option (refer to section 5.2. www.7).2). All plots are described in section 6. Enables/disables the Remove Present Plots option (refer to section 5.7).1.1.10). Cell Outbound Interfering Area [%](refer to section 5.

2.3).com .11): 0: Cells Located in Analysis Area 1: Best Cells in Analysis Area 2: Cells Within Margin in Analysis Area MarginForReconfigurableCell Selection_dB MarginForRelevantCellPlot_dB The Margin [dB] for the Reconfigurable Cell Selection option Cells Within Margin in Analysis Area (refer to section 5.1).23. Enables/disables the Additional Electrical Downtilt approximation as the method for electrical tilt optimization (refer to section 5.2.2. Enables/disables the Show Extended Summary Statistics option (refer to sections 8.11). Defines the minimum azimuth separation.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.12).actix. if the above Business Rule is enabled. Reconfigurable Cell Selection option (refer to section 5.2.1.6. The Margin for the Relevant Cells plot [dB] (refer to sections 6.3.3.1.1. MinimumAzimuthSeparation_ Degree UseAEDTApproximation ForElectricalTiltOptimization ShowExtendedSummaryStatistics SharedAntennaPositionThreshold XY SharedAntennaPositionThresholdZ [CellOverlapStatistics] BestCellOverlapMargin_dB SecondBestCellOverlapMargin_dB ThirdBestCellOverlapMargin_dB [CellSelection] ReconfigurableCellSelectionMode Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Margin [dB] – as defined in section 6.3 and 8. Additional Thresholds for Cell Overlapping (refer to section 5.13 User Guide Customization 197 Parameter Pilot_Ec/Io_Coverage Best_Pilot_Ec/Io Cell_Overlap_Ratio_per_Cell Best_Pilot_Received_Power RSSI Best_Cell Reconfigurable_Cells CQI Plot_Covered_Revenue_per_Pixel Plot_Covered_Revenue_per_Cell Plot_Lost_Revenue_per_Pixel Plot_Lost_Revenue_per_Cell [General] CheckMinimumAzimuthSeparation Description Enables/disables the respective Business Rule of the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer (refer to section 8. www.5.2.5.3 and 5.3).1). which is applied as constraint to azimuth reconfigurations. Snap radius [m] for the conditions on the recognition of antennas with shared parameters (refer to section 4.1.3).

13 User Guide Customization 198 .Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.0 0.0 = 5.0 = 10.0 true 50 95.0 .0 false false false false 0.0 www.05 = 5 = false = false = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = false false false true true true true false true false false false false false false false false false 40 false false false 0.com . ============================================================================= [CellSelection] ReconfigurableCellSelectionMode MarginForRelevantCellPlot_dB MarginForReconfigurableCellSelection_dB = 1 = 15 = 5. === GENERAL SETTINGS ======================================================== [Version] File_Version = 8 [Matrix] MaxCellsPerPixel MaxBestPilotDifference EnableBackupRestore PixelSize_m CellOutboundInterferingArea_Percent [Traffic] ConsiderTrafficDistribution MaskZeroTrafficRegions MaskRegionsWithCoverageArea MaskRegionsWithAnalysisArea GradeOfService [Plots] BestCellOverlapMaxLegend_num AutomaticPlotUpdate RemovePresentPlotsBeforeNewOptimizationRun [AutomaticPlotsDuringOptimizationRun] Relative_Traffic_per_Cell Users_per_Cell Relative_Load_per_Cell Best_Cell_Overlap Pilot_RSCP_Coverage Pilot_Ec/Io_Coverage Best_Pilot_Ec/Io Cell_Overlap_Ratio_per_Cell Best_Pilot_Received_Power RSSI Best_Cell Reconfigurable_Cells CQI Plot_Covered_Revenue_per_Pixel Plot_Covered_Revenue_per_Cell Plot_Lost_Revenue_per_Pixel Plot_Lost_Revenue_per_Cell [General] CheckMinimumAzimuthSeparation MinimumAzimuthSeparation_Degree UseAEDTApproximationForElectricalTiltOptimization ShowMemoryWarning ShowExtendedSummaryStatistics SharedAntennaPositionThresholdXY SharedAntennaPositionThresholdZ [CellOverlapStatistics] BestCellOverlapMargin_dB SecondBestCellOverlapMargin_dB ThirdBestCellOverlapMargin_dB = = = = = = = = = = 20 30.0 = 8.actix.

Additional Thresholds for Pilot RSCP Coverage (refer to section 5. PCPICH SIR for CQI 1 (refer to section 5.0 = -10.actix.5.1.0 = -15.0 = 75 = = = = 10.4). The Pilot Ec/Io Threshold (refer to section 8.9).13 User Guide Customization 199 Table 9-2 Customizable Objective Function and Side Constraints parameters Parameter [ObjectiveFunction] PilotRxPowerMin_dBm SecondPilotRxPowerMin_dBm ThirdPilotRxPowerMin_dBm PilotEcToIoMin_dB SecondPilotEcToIoMin_dB ThirdPilotEcToIoMin_dB CurrentNetworkLoad_% RxLevMin_dBm CToIMin_dB ConsiderAllFrequencyBands ForCellOverlap ConsiderCellAccessConstraints Description The Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold (refer to section 8. RxPower Threshold for Traffic Assignment option (refer to section 5.13).1.4). The C/I Coverage Threshold (refer to section 8.2.1).0 = -20. Intracell Interference Factor (refer to section 5. If false.4).4). The RxLev_DL Coverage Threshold (refer to section 8.1.5.10).1. Enables/disables the Consider Min.5).0 = -75. Assumed Network Load (refer to section 5.1).1.13). Min.13). www.1. The Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Method (refer to section 5. Additional Thresholds for Pilot Ec/Io Coverage (refer to section 5.2. GSM CToIMin_dB RxLevMin_dBm ConsiderAllFrequencyBandsForCellOverlap ConsiderCellAccessConstraints = -100.1.1.1.com .1.0 = -90. the Best Cell Overlap is calculated per Frequency Band.0 true false Table 9-3 Customizable HSDPA and EVDO parameters Parameter [HSDPA] EnableHSDPA Default_Code_Orthogonality_Factor CQI_1_dB Description Enables/disables HSDPA optimization (refer to section 5.0 -100.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. . === OBJECTIVE FUNCTIONS ===================================================== [ObjectiveFunction] PilotRxPowerMin_dBm SecondPilotRxPowerMin_dBm ThirdPilotRxPowerMin_dBm PilotEcToIoMin_dB SecondPilotEcToIoMin_dB ThirdPilotEcToIoMin_dB CurrentNetworkLoad_% .

Type of tilt change (refer to section 8.13). Maximum Tilt Change [deg] (refer to section 5. .5.13).3).13 User Guide Customization 200 Parameter MinHSDPACoveredArea Probability_Percent MinHSDPACoveredTraffic Probability_Percent MinimumCQIforHSDPACoverage HSDPAActivityFactor [EVDO] EnableEVDO EVDOActivityFactor Description Min.14).4 = 8.1.1.5). respectively (refer to section 5. HSDPA Covered Traffic.5.2. HSDPA Covered Area and Min.2. HSDPA Activity Factor (refer to section 5.4).1.1.actix.4).5.13).2.0 95.2.0 .5 = = = = 95.4). Overlap Margin [dB] (refer to section 5.4). Min. Minimum Interference to Serving Area Ratio (refer to section 5. CQI for HSDPA Coverage (refer to section 5.0 Table 9-4 Customizable Optimizer Selection parameters Parameter [OvershootingCells] TiltDown MaximumTotalTilt_deg MaximumTiltChange_deg OverlapMargin_dB MinimumInterference ToServingArea_Ratio [OvershootingCellOptimizer] THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_Remote ElecTilt Description Enables the Overshooting Cell Compensation at the third page of the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5. EVDO Activity Factor (refer to section 5.14). Maximum Total Tilt [deg] (refer to section 5. ============================================================================= [HSDPA] EnableHSDPA Default_Code_Orthogonality_Factor CQI_1_dB MinHSDPACoveredAreaProbability_Percent MinHSDPACoveredTrafficProbability_Percent MinimumCQIforHSDPACoverage HSDPAActivityFactor = false = 0.1.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com . Enables/disables EVDO optimization (refer to section 5. www. ============================================================================= [EVDO] EnableEVDO EVDOActivityFactor = false = 1.0 6 1.5.2.5.

Optimizer_IDEN Optimizer_WIMAX Optimizer_LTE . for iDEN: either IDENOptimizer or IDENSiteSelectionOptimizer or IDENSiteIntegrationOptimizer or OvershootingCellOptimizer.0 5.1.1) for the respective system: Optimizer_UMTS Optimizer_GSM Optimizer_CDMA for UMTS: either CapacityOptimizer or SiteSelectionOptimizer or SiteIntegrationOptimizer or OvershootingCellOptimizer.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. for CDMA: either CDMAOptimizer or CDMASiteSelectionOptimizer or CDMASiteIntegrationOptimizer or OvershootingCellOptimizer. for LTE: either LTEOptimizer or LTESiteSelectionOptimizer or LTESiteIntegrationOptimizer or OvershootingCellOptimizer.13 User Guide [OvershootingCells] TiltDown MaximumTiltChange_deg MaximumTotalTilt_deg OverlapMargin_dB MinimumInterferenceToServingArea_Ratio = = = = = false 8. for GSM: either GSMOptimizer or GSMSiteSelectionOptimizer or GSMSiteIntegrationOptimizer or OvershootingCellOptimizer.2. ============================================================================= [OptimizerSelection] Optimizer_UMTS Optimizer_GSM = CapacityOptimizer = GSMOptimizer www.0 5. for WiMAX: either WIMAXOptimizer or WIMAXSiteSelectionOptimizer or WIMAXSiteIntegrationOptimizer or OvershootingCellOptimizer.15).com .2.actix.0 8. ============================================================================== [OvershootingCellOptimizer] THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt = true = true = true Table 9-5 Customizable GPEH parameters Parameter [GPEH] UseGPEHData [GPEH] UseGPEHData Description Enables the GPEH project data tuning (refer to section 5.0 Customization 201 . = false Table 9-6 Customizable Optimizer Selection parameters Parameter Description [OptimizerSelection] The default selection of the optimization algorithm (as defined at the first page of the Optimization Wizard – refer to section 5.

All optimization algorithms CoverageWeighting Preferred Coverage Objective (refer to section 8. IDEN.4.3 and 8. GSM. [IDENOptimizer]. The [CapacityOptimizer] parameters also apply to [SiteIntegrationOptimizer] and the [*Optimizer] parameters also apply to [*SiteIntegrationOptimizer]. [WIMAXOptimizer] The optimizer settings – as defined in section 8. [CapacityOptimizer].Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. WiMAX. [GSMOptimizer].13 User Guide Optimizer_CDMA Optimizer_IDEN Optimizer_WIMAX Optimizer_LTE = = = = CDMAOptimizer IDENOptimizer WIMAXOptimizer LTEOptimizer Customization 202 Table 9-7 Customizable Optimizer parameters Parameter Description Each of the following sections in the configuration file refers for each system to one of the optimization algorithms that are defined in chapter 8: [CapacityOptimizer] refers to the UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimizer [*Optimizer] refers to the „Capacity and Coverage‟ Optimizer for the respective system (CDMA.com . Decrease Steps Required Performance Improvement for the respective parameter Required Performance Improvement for electrical tilt changes only www.3.3).5).1. Increase Steps Max. GSM. or LTE).3. [CDMAOptimizer]. WiMAX. {THETA | PHI | ANTENNA | PILOTPOWER} _Active_flag { | _ElecTilt | _RemoteElecTilt} {THETA | PHI | PILOTPOWER} _MaxStepsUp_num {THETA | PHI | PILOTPOWER} _MaxStepsDown_num {THETA | PHI | ANTENNA | PILOTPOWER} _MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMargin ElectricalTilt_% Optimize checkboxes Max. or LTE). [SiteSelectionOptimizer] refers to the UMTS Site Selection Optimizer [*SiteSelectionOptimizer] refers to the Site Selection Optimizer for the respective system (CDMA. Parameters of the GSM or iDEN optimizer referring to Pilot Power are applied to the cell output power.3.1. IDEN.2. Maximum Number of Optimization Runs (refer to section 8.actix.1): 0: Area only 1: Area and Traffic 2: Traffic only CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell OptimizationRuns_num Enables/disables the Check Maximum Users per Cell option (refer to sections 8.

Required Pilot RSCP Coverage in section 8.4).1.4).1. [IDENSiteSelectionOptimizer]. 66. [LTEOptimizer] and [GSMSiteSelectionOptimizer].1. Required C/I Coverage in section 8. Required C/I Coverage in section 8. The required RxLev_DL Covered Traffic percentage (refer to Min.6%.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.3. Required RxLev_DL Coverage in section 8.1.13 User Guide Customization 203 Parameter THETA_MinChangeMargin RemoteElectricalTilt_% UseMorphologyDependent CoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqual PathLossandEcToIoOffsets Description Required Performance Improvement for remote electrical tilt changes only Defines whether the coverage constraints are also observed with respect to each Clutter Class Area.1. Required Pilot RSCP Coverage in section 8.1. for WiMAX the required Pilot CINT Covered Traffic percentage. 33. [GSMOptimizer]. The required Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Traffic percentage (refer to Min.1. The 4 steps correspond to 0%. [CapacityOptimizer]. MinRxLev_DL CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToI CoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToI CoveredTrafficProbability_% www. The required Pilot RSCP Covered Traffic percentage (refer to Min. [CDMAOptimizer]. and [CDMASiteSelectionOptimizer] MinPilotRSCPCoveredArea Probability_% MinPilotRSCPCoveredTraffic Probability_% MinPilotCToI CoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToI CoveredTrafficProbability_% The required Pilot RSCP Covered Area percentage (refer to Min. [SiteSelectionOptimizer]. and 100%.4). Required Pilot Ec/Io Coverage in section 8. [WIMAXSiteSelectionOptimizer]. Ec/Io slider (refer to section 8. [LTESiteSelectionOptimizer] MinRxLev_DL CoveredAreaProbability_% The required RxLev_DL Covered Area percentage (refer to Min.4). The required Pilot Ec/Io Coverage percentage (refer to Min.4).3%.4).4). The required C/I Covered Area percentage (refer to Min.4).actix.4). [WIMAXOptimizer]. [CapacityOptimizer] and [CDMAOptimizer] RSCP_vs_EcToIo_Balance_% Defines the setting of the RSCP vs. The required C/I Covered Traffic percentage (refer to Min. Required RxLev_DL Coverage in section 8. [IDENOptimizer]. Required Pilot Ec/Io Coverage in section 8. Values in between are mapped to the closest of these steps. Defines whether the clutter class areas with equal Pathloss and Ec/Io (or C/I) Offset values are merged for observing the coverage constraints.1.com . for WiMAX the required Pilot RSSI Covered Traffic percentage. for WiMAX the required Pilot RSSI Covered Area percentage. for WiMAX the required Pilot CINR Covered Area percentage.

3. and [LTESiteSelectionOptimizer] The optimizer settings – as defined in section 8. [LTEOptimizer] RxLev_vs_Overlap_Balance_% Defines the setting of the RxLev_DL vs.0 95. [SiteSelectionOptimizer]. [IDENSiteSelectionOptimizer]. and 100%.13 User Guide Customization 204 Parameter Description [GSMOptimizer].6%.2. .3%.3. for WiMAX the settings of the RSSI vs. Reconfiguration of the antenna tilt: THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% = 66. respectively (refer to section 8. [WIMAXOptimizer]. Overlap slider (refer to section 8.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.0 95. 66. === OPTIMIZER CONFIGURATIONS ================================================ [CapacityOptimizer] RSCP_vs_EcToIo_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinPilotRSCPCoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotRSCPCoveredTrafficProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num .2. [IDENOptimizer].com .0 = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2. [WIMAXSiteSelectionOptimizer]. Values in between are mapped to the closest of these steps.0 95. 33. [GSMSiteSelectionOptimizer].0 1.0 www.actix. Overlap slider.5). Perform_Site_Selection Perform_Group_Optimization Perform_Group_Capacity_ Optimization Perform_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Antenna_Height_ Optimization Enable_Cell_Selection Avoid_Large_Coverage_Gaps Consider_ Traffic_Dependent_Load LimitCapacityOptimization ToSurroundingCells Minimum_Site_Count Perform the task Remove Redundant Sites Perform the task Site Candidate Groups Perform the task Optimize Site Candidates Perform the task Capacity and Coverage Perform the task Site Candidate Groups as antenna height optimization only Perform the task Remove Redundant Cells Defines whether the Business Rules are applied. [CDMASiteSelectionOptimizer].3): Cells Avoid Large Coverage Gaps Check Cell Load (UMTS and CDMA only) Limit Capacity Optimization to Surrounding The minimum target number of sites that shall remain after a Remove Redundant Sites optimization.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. The 4 steps correspond to 0%.

Reconfiguration of the antenna tilt: THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% .2 false 2 2 2.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.actix.com .0 . ============================================================================= [GSMOptimizer] RxLev_vs_Overlap_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num .0 1. ============================================================================= [CDMAOptimizer] RSCP_vs_EcToIo_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinPilotRSCPCoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotRSCPCoveredTrafficProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% = 66.0 0.0 95.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.0 = false = 2. Reconfiguration of the antenna azimuth: PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% . Reconfiguration of the antenna type: ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% . Reconfiguration of the antenna azimuth: PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% . Reconfiguration of the outpu power: PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% .0 = = = = false 2 2 2. Reconfiguration of the pilot transmit power: PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% = 0.0 = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2.0 95.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.0 95.0 Customization 205 = false = 2. Reconfiguration of the antenna type: ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% = 66.0 95.0 www.0 false 2 2 2.13 User Guide THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% .0 95.0 95.2 = = = = false 2 2 2.0 .

============================================================================= www.0 .actix.0 95. Reconfiguration of the pilot transmit power: PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2.2 false 2 2 2.0 1.0 1.0 95.com .Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.0 = false = false THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% = false = 2. Reconfiguration of the antenna azimuth: PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% .0 = = = = false 2 2 2.0 = false = 2. ============================================================================= [IDENOptimizer] RxLev_vs_Overlap_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2.0 0.0 95.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.13 User Guide Customization 206 UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num .0 = 66.0 0.0 .2 false 2 2 2.0 false 2 2 2. Reconfiguration of the antenna type: ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% . Reconfiguration of the antenna tilt: THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% .

0 95.0 95.actix.0 1.2 false 2 2 2.0 false 2 2.0 = false = 2 = 2.13 User Guide [WIMAXOptimizer] RxLev_vs_Overlap_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% = 66.0 1.0 95.0 2 = false = 2.2 false 2 2 2.com .0 0.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.0 95.0 www.0 0.0 = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.0 95.0 Customization 207 = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.0 95.0 . ============================================================================== [LTEOptimizer] RxLev_vs_Overlap_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% = 66.

0 95.0 95.com .0 95.0 95.0 95.0 = 2 = = = = = true false true true false = false = true = false = false = false . ============================================================================= [CDMASiteSelectionOptimizer] CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell CoverageWeighting MinPilotRSCPCoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotRSCPCoveredTrafficProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% OptimizationRuns_num Perform_Site_Selection Perform_Group_Optimization Perform_Group_Capacity_Optimization = false = 0 = = = = 95. ============================================================================= [SiteSelectionOptimizer] CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell CoverageWeighting MinPilotRSCPCoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotRSCPCoveredTrafficProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% OptimizationRuns_num Perform_Site_Selection Perform_Group_Optimization Perform_Group_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Antenna_Height_Optimization Enable_Cell_Selection Avoid_Large_Coverage_Gaps Consider_Traffic_Dependent_Load UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets = false = 0 = = = = 95.0 95.0 = 2 = true = false = true www.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.0 95.0 = 2 = = = = = true false true true false = false = true = false = false .13 User Guide PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% = 2 = false = 2.0 95.0 Customization 208 .0 95.actix. ============================================================================= [GSMSiteSelectionOptimizer] CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell CoverageWeighting MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% OptimizationRuns_num Perform_Site_Selection Perform_Group_Optimization Perform_Group_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Antenna_Height_Optimization Enable_Cell_Selection Avoid_Large_Coverage_Gaps UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets = false = 0 = = = = 95.

0 95.com .0 95.actix.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95. ============================================================================== [LTESiteSelectionOptimizer] CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell CoverageWeighting MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% = false = 0 = = = = 95.0 www. ============================================================================= [WIMAXSiteSelectionOptimizer] CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell CoverageWeighting MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% OptimizationRuns_num Perform_Site_Selection Perform_Group_Optimization Perform_Group_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Antenna_Height_Optimization Enable_Cell_Selection Avoid_Large_Coverage_Gaps = true = false = false = false = 0 = = = = 95.0 MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% OptimizationRuns_num Perform_Site_Selection Perform_Group_Optimization Perform_Group_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Antenna_Height_Optimization Enable_Cell_Selection Avoid_Large_Coverage_Gaps UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets = 2 = = = = = true false true true false = false = true = false = false .Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.0 95.0 = 2 = = = = = true false true true false = false UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets .13 User Guide Perform_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Antenna_Height_Optimization Enable_Cell_Selection Avoid_Large_Coverage_Gaps Consider_Traffic_Dependent_Load UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets = true = false = false = true = false = false = false Customization 209 .0 95. ============================================================================= [IDENSiteSelectionOptimizer] CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell CoverageWeighting = false = 0 = = = = 95.0 95.

com .6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.13 User Guide Customization 210 OptimizationRuns_num Perform_Site_Selection Perform_Group_Optimization Perform_Group_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Capacity_Optimization Perform_Antenna_Height_Optimization Enable_Cell_Selection Avoid_Large_Coverage_Gaps Minimum_Site_Count UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets LimitCapacityOptimizationToSurroundingCells = 2 = = = = = true false true true false = false = true = 0 = false = false = false .0 95.0 1.actix. Reconfiguration of the pilot transmit power: PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% = 66.0 95.0 = false = 2.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.0 0.2 false 2 2 2.0 www.0 95. ============================================================================== [GSMSiteIntegrationOptimizer] RxLev_vs_Overlap_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% = 66.0 95. Reconfiguration of the antenna tilt: THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% .0 .0 95.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.0 = = = = false 2 2 2. Reconfiguration of the antenna type: ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% .0 = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2.0 95. ============================================================================== [SiteIntegrationOptimizer] RSCP_vs_EcToIo_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinPilotRSCPCoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotRSCPCoveredTrafficProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num . Reconfiguration of the antenna azimuth: PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% .

0 = false = 2.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. Reconfiguration of the antenna azimuth: PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% .0 1. Reconfiguration of the outpu power: PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% . Reconfiguration of the pilot transmit power: PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num = 66.0 false 2 2 2.0 95.0 .0 95.2 false 2 2 2.0 = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2. Reconfiguration of the antenna tilt: THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% .13 User Guide UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num .0 0.0 0. Reconfiguration of the antenna type: ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2.2 false 2 2 2.0 Customization 211 = false = 2. Reconfiguration of the antenna type: ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% .0 95. Reconfiguration of the antenna tilt: THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% .actix.com . ============================================================================== [CDMASiteIntegrationOptimizer] RSCP_vs_EcToIo_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinPilotRSCPCoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotRSCPCoveredTrafficProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num .0 1. Reconfiguration of the antenna azimuth: PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% .0 = false = 2 = 2 www.

0 0.2 false 2 2 2.0 95.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.0 www.0 = false = 2.com .0 95.0 95.0 95.0 1.0 .0 95.actix. ============================================================================== [WIMAXSiteIntegrationOptimizer] RxLev_vs_Overlap_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% = 66.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. ============================================================================== [IDENSiteIntegrationOptimizer] RxLev_vs_Overlap_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% = 66.0 Customization 212 .2 false 2 2 2.0 0.0 = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2.6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.13 User Guide PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% = 2.0 false 2 2 2.0 95.0 1.0 = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2.

6 = 0 = false = = = = 95.0 0.actix.com .0 95.2. The limit for the costs [local currency].2 false 2 2 2. UseCostLimit MaximumCosts_Currency Defines whether the cost limit shall be observed as additional side constraint.0 95.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3. In case of GSM optimization.13 User Guide PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% = = = = false 2 2.0 2 = false = 2.0 = false = false = 2 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = true true true 2 2 2. ============================================================================== [LTESiteIntegrationOptimizer] RxLev_vs_Overlap_Balance_% CoverageWeighting CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% UseMorphologyDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndEcToIoOffsets OptimizationRuns_num THETA_Active_flag THETA_Active_flag_ElecTilt THETA_Active_flag_RemoteElecTilt THETA_MaxStepsUp_num THETA_MaxStepsDown_num THETA_MinChangeMargin_% THETA_MinChangeMarginElectricalTilt_% THETA_MinChangeMarginRemoteElectricalTilt_% PHI_Active_flag PHI_MaxStepsUp_num PHI_MaxStepsDown_num PHI_MinChangeMargin_% PILOTPOWER_Active_flag PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsUp_num PILOTPOWER_MinChangeMargin_% PILOTPOWER_MaxStepsDown_num ANTENNA_Active_flag ANTENNA_MinChangeMargin_% = 66.0 . www. The local currency is taken from the regional Windows settings.0 2 Customization 213 = false = 2.0 false 2 2.0 Table 9-8 Customizable Cost Control parameters Parameter [CostControl] Description The Cost Control Settings – as defined in section 5.0 1.0 95. UseEffortLimit MaximumEffort_Hour Defines whether the effort limit shall be observed as additional side constraint. parameters referring to Pilot Power are applied to the cell output power. The limit for the effort [Hour].7.

actix.1 THETA_CostValueRemoteElectricalTilt_Currency = 0. The Relative ROI [%] that is required to accept a parameter change. Tilt.1.0 PHI_EffortValueDefault_Hour = 1. and Pilot Power.0 SITEVISIT_EffortValueDefault_Hour = 1. The effort [hour] associated with the reconfiguration of an electrical tilt or remote electrical. and Pilot Power. false = Use Default Settings for all Cells/Sites.0 PILOTPOWER_CostValueDefault_Currency = 1. respectively. The target value for the Covered Revenue in the Analysis Area. Tilt. {SITEVISIT | ANTENNA | THETA | PHI | PILOTPOWER} _CostValueDefault_Currency THETA_CostValueElectricalTilt _Currency THETA_CostValueRemote ElectricalTilt_Currency { SITEVISIT | ANTENNA | THETA | PHI | PILOTPOWER} _EffortValueDefault_Hour THETA_EffortValueElectricalTilt _Hour THETA_EffortValueRemote ElectricalTilt_Hour The cost [local currency] associated with a site visit or with the reconfiguration of either cell parameter: Antenna Type.0 ANTENNA_EffortValueDefault_Hour = 1.0 PILOTPOWER_EffortValueDefault_Hour = 1. The effort [hour] associated with a site visit or with the reconfiguration of either cell parameter: Antenna Type.01 PHI_CostValueDefault_Currency = 1.0 ANTENNA_CostValueDefault_Currency = 1. 1 = Use Absolute ROI. 2 = Use Relative ROI. respectively. respectively.0 THETA_CostValueDefault_Currency = 1.com . Azimuth. The cost [local currency] associated with the reconfiguration of an electrical tilt or remote electrical. Azimuth.0 THETA_EffortValueDefault_Hour = 1. .6.01 THETA_EffortValueRemoteElectricalTilt_Hour = 0.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.0 THETA_CostValueElectricalTilt_Currency = 0. ============================================================================= [CostControl] UseCostLimit = false UseEffortLimit = false MaximumCosts_Currency = 100000 MaximumEffort_Hour = 100000 SITEVISIT_CostValueDefault_Currency = 1. Cost Definition Mode: true = Use Cell/Site Individual Costs. respectively. ROIMode Enables the ROI consideration and selects the method: 0 = Don‟t Consider ROI.0 ConsiderRolloutStatus = false UseCellOrSiteIndividualCosts = true www. ROIThresholdAbsolute ROIThresholdRelative_% MinCoveredRevenueProbability _% The Absolute ROI [Currency unit] that is required to accept a parameter change.1 THETA_EffortValueElectricalTilt_Hour = 0. The ROI and Revenue Thresholds – as defined in section 8.13 User Guide Customization 214 Parameter ConsiderRolloutStatus UseCellOrSiteIndividualCosts Description Enables/disables the Consider Configured Rollout Status of Sites option.

2.2.0 -97.0 -70. MinRxPower_RampFunctionMode_ {UMTS | CDMA | GSM | IDEN | WIMAX | LTE } MaxRxPower_RampFunctionMode_ {UMTS | CDMA | GSM | IDEN | WIMAX | LTE } The minimum and the maximum RxPower value [dBm] for the ramp of the Covered Revenue Function for each technology. Enables/disables the Mask Regions With Zero Traffic option (refer to section 5.0 -97.6).com .23.0 -70.2. Enables/disables the Consider Analysis Area Only option (refer to section 5.1.0 -97.0 -70.0 -97. [RevenueCoverageFunction] MinRxPower_RampFunctionMode_UMTS MaxRxPower_RampFunctionMode_UMTS MinRxPower_RampFunctionMode_CDMA MaxRxPower_RampFunctionMode_CDMA MinRxPower_RampFunctionMode_GSM MaxRxPower_RampFunctionMode_GSM MinRxPower_RampFunctionMode_IDEN MaxRxPower_RampFunctionMode_IDEN MinRxPower_RampFunctionMode_WIMAX MaxRxPower_RampFunctionMode_WIMAX MinRxPower_RampFunctionMode_LTE MaxRxPower_RampFunctionMode_LTE = = = = = = = = = = = = -97. ConsiderTrafficDistribution MaskZeroTrafficRegions MaskRegionsWithCoverageArea MaskRegionsWithAnalysisArea BestCellOverlapMargin_dB www.13 User Guide ROIMode ROIThresholdAbsolute ROIThresholdRelative_% MinCoveredRevenueProbability_% = = = = 0 0.0 -70.6). Enables/disables the Consider Traffic Distribution option (refer to section 5.3.0 Customization 215 Table 9-9 Customizable Cost Control parameters Parameter [RevenueCoverageFunction] Description The Covered Revenue Function Settings – as defined in section 5.0 -97. respectively.0 Table 9-10 Customizable Optimizer parameters for constraint network layers Parameter ConsiderConstraintNetworkLayer Description Enables/disables the consideration of multi-layer constraints by shared antenna parameters (refer to section 5.0 -70.2.6).2. Enables/disables the Consider Initial RSCP Coverage Only option (refer to section 5.4).0 0.0 -70.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.actix.6).2.0 95. Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Margin [dB] – as defined in section 6.

1).2. Additional Thresholds for Cell Overlapping (refer to section 5.1.3.5).3.1.3. The Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold (refer to section 8. Traffic only) correspond to 0. The 3 steps (Area only. Additional Thresholds for Pilot RSCP Coverage (refer to section 5.5. Area and Traffic.actix. The required Pilot Ec/Io Covered Area percentage (refer to Min.4).com .4).3 and 8.4). Required Pilot Ec/Io Coverage in section 8.2.1.4). Additional Thresholds for Pilot Ec/Io Coverage (refer to section 5. Enables/disables Check Maximum Cell Load (refer to section 8. www. Defines whether the coverage constraints are also observed with respect to each Clutter Class Area (refer to section 8.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.4). The required Pilot Ec/Io Covered Traffic percentage (refer to Min.1). UseMorphologyDependent CoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqual PathLossandCToIOffsets For UMTS and CDMA network layers only CurrentNetworkLoad_% SecondBestCellOverlapMargin_dB ThirdBestCellOverlapMargin_dB PilotRxPowerMin_dBm SecondPilotRxPowerMin_dBm ThirdPilotRxPowerMin_dBm PilotEcToIoMin_dB SecondPilotEcToIoMin_dB ThirdPilotEcToIoMin_dB MinPilotRSCPCoveredArea Probability_% MinPilotRSCPCoveredTraffic Probability_% MinPilotCToI CoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToI CoveredTrafficProbability_% For UMTS network layers only EnableHSDPA Consider_ Traffic_Dependent_Load HSDPAActivityFactor Enables/disables HSDPA optimization (refer to section 5.4).1. The required Pilot RSCP Covered Traffic percentage (refer to Min. Preferred Coverage Objective (refer to section 8.1.1).13).5.3).3.4. 1. The Pilot Ec/Io Threshold (refer to section 8.5.3).2. and 2. Assumed Network Load (refer to section 5.1.13).13 User Guide Customization 216 Parameter CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell CoverageWeighting Description Enables/disables the Check Maximum Users per Cell option (refer to sections 8.1.2.1.4). HSDPA Activity Factor (refer to section 5.1). Defines whether the clutter class areas with equal Pathloss and Ec/Io (or C/I) Offset values are merged for observing the coverage constraints (refer to section 8.1.3). Required Pilot Ec/Io Coverage in section 8.1. Required Pilot RSCP Coverage in section 8. Required Pilot RSCP Coverage in section 8. The required Pilot RSCP Covered Area percentage (refer to Min.

UMTS & CDMA CurrentNetworkLoad_% = 75. Required C/I Coverage in section 8.1. The required RxLev_DL Covered Traffic percentage (refer to Min. The required RxLev_DL Covered Area percentage (refer to Min.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com . For GSM and iDEN network layers only GradeOfService Target Grade of Service (refer to section 5. If false.13 User Guide Customization 217 Parameter MinHSDPACoveredArea Probability_Percent MinHSDPACoveredTraffic Probability_Percent For CDMA network layers only EnableEVDO EVDOActivityFactor For GSM network layers only RxLevMin_dBm CtoIMin_dB ConsiderAllFrequencyBands ForCellOverlap MinRxLev_DL CoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToI CoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToI CoveredTrafficProbability_% ConsiderCellAccessConstraints Description Min.1. The Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Method (refer to section 5.6).6).0 = false = 0 = false = false .1. RxPower Threshold for Traffic Assignment (refer to section 5. HSDPA Covered Area and Min. EVDO Activity Factor (refer to section 5.4).13).1.actix.1. .4). Enables/disables EVDO optimization (refer to section 5.4).0 www. HSDPA Covered Traffic.1.1. Required RxLev_DL Coverage in section 8.9). respectively (refer to section 5.14). Consider Min. Required C/I Coverage in section 8.2.4).1. The required C/I Covered Area percentage (refer to Min.05 = 5. the Best Cell Overlap is calculated per Frequency Band. The RxLev_DL Coverage Threshold (refer to section 8. Required RxLev_DL Coverage in section 8. ============================================================================= [ConstraintLayerSettings] ConsiderConstraintNetworkLayer ConsiderTrafficDistribution MaskZeroTrafficRegions MaskRegionsWithCoverageArea MaskRegionsWithAnalysisArea GradeOfService BestCellOverlapMargin_dB CheckMaximumTrafficPerCell CoverageWeighting UseClutterDependentCoverageConstraints MergeClutterClassesWithEqualPLAndCToIOffsets = false = = = = = false false false false 0. The C/I Coverage Threshold (refer to section 8.1. The required C/I Covered Traffic percentage (refer to Min.1.4).14).4).2.

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Customization 218

SecondBestCellOverlapMargin_dB ThirdBestCellOverlapMargin_dB PilotRxPowerMin_dBm SecondPilotRxPowerMin_dBm ThirdPilotRxPowerMin_dBm PilotEcToIoMin_dB SecondPilotEcToIoMin_dB ThirdPilotEcToIoMin_dB MinPilotRSCPCoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinPilotCToICoveredTrafficProbability_% MinPilotRSCPCoveredTrafficProbability_% ; UMTS EnableHSDPA Consider_Traffic_Dependent_Load HSDPAActivityFactor MinHSDPACoveredAreaProbability_Percent MinHSDPACoveredTrafficProbability_Percent ; CDMA EnableEVDO EVDOActivityFactor ; GSM RxLevMin_dBm CToIMin_dB ConsiderAllFrequencyBandsForCellOverlap ConsiderCellAccessConstraints MinRxLev_DL_CoveredAreaProbability_% MinCToICoveredAreaProbability_% MinRxLev_DL_CoveredTrafficProbability_% MinCToICoveredTrafficProbability_%

= 8.0 = 10.0 = -100.0 = -90.0 = -75.0 = -15.0 = -10.0 = -20.0 = = = = 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0

= false = false = 1.0 = 95.0 = 95.0 = false = 1.0 = -100.0 = 10.0 = false = false = = = = 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0

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Running Optimization Series 219

10 Running Optimization Series
Radioplan allows you to run optimization series. You can create different Optimization configuration templates and run those consecutively on individual projects. To start the feature, from the Optimization menu, select Run Optimization Series… This opens a dialog that lists available ACP configuration templates.

Fig. 10-1 The Run Optimization Series dialog

Note that this dialog does not currently filter the templates in any way, so it is possible to select templates configured for UMTS even when in a GSM project. Therefore, ensure that the selected templates apply to the current project and optimization task. For more information on how to define templates, see section 5.2. The dialog also shows the target network layers and allows selecting constraint layers. For details on target and constraint layers, see sections 5.2.4 to 5.2.6. Note that the chosen templates must have the correct constraint layer settings if they are being used. The layer settings apply to all optimization runs/all selected templates. The Settings button allows you to enter an override value for the Calculation Pixel Size.

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Running Optimization Series 220

Fig. 10-2 The Automatic Settings dialog

To start the optimization, click Run. An indicator shows optimization progress. The optimization creates an Algorithm Results set for each ACP configuration template, which includes: Settings Config changes Statistics Plots After the optimization finishes, you can close the dialog. In the project's Results tab, Radioplan now shows a list of Algorithm Results set, which you can: Open Delete Apply to a database

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Running Optimization Series 221

Fig. 10-3 The Algorithm Results set

If you Open an Algorithm Results set, Radioplan displays a dialog that presents the included information in tabular form and lets you select the included plots to display them on the map. You can also select and copy the Algorithm Results to the clipboard.

Fig. 10-4 The Algorithm Results Viewer dialog www.actix.com

Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Abbreviations 222

11 Abbreviations
ACP AEDT AF AICH ASM BCCH BSIC CQI DL DPCH EIRP FDD GPEH GUI HCS HSDPA HS-SCCH HSN iDEN LTE MAIO OS PCCPCH PCPICH QoS PICH RAN RB RET RNC ROI RPI Rx RRM RSCP Automatic Cell Planning Additional Electrical DownTilt Activity Factor Acquisition Indicator Channel ATOLL Synchronization Module Broadcast Control Channel Base Station Identity Code Channel Quality Indicator Downlink Dedicated Physical Channel Effective Isotropic Radiated Power Frequency Division Duplexing General Performance Event Handler Graphical User Interface Hierarchical Cellular Structure High-Speed Downlink Packet Access High-Speed Shared Control Channel Hopping Sequence Number Integrated Digital Enhanced Network Long-Term Evolution Mobile Allocation Index Offset Operating System Primary Common Control Physical Channel Primary Common Pilot Channel Quality of Service Paging Indicator Channel Radio Access Network Radio Bearer Remote Electrical Tilt(ing) Radio Network Controller Return On Investment Required Performance Improvement Receive(d) Radio Resource Management Received Signal Code Power

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Abbreviations 223

RSSI SCCPCH SCF SF SIR TCH UARFCN UE UL UMTS UTRA UTRAN VBR VoIP WiMAX WWW

Received Signal Strength Indicator Secondary Common Control Physical Channel Service Correction Factor Spreading Factor Signal-to-Interference Ratio Traffic Channel UTRA Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number User Equipment Uplink Universal Mobile Telecommunications System UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network Variable Bit Rate Voice over IP Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access World Wide Web

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

References 224

12 References
[25.214] Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Physical layer procedures (FDD) (3GPP TS 25.214 version 5.9.0 Release 5) – ETSI TS 125 214, version 5.9.0. ETSI, Sophia Antipolis, France, June 2004. Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Common test environments for User Equipment (UE) conformance testing (3GPP TS 34.108 version 4.5.0 Release 4) – ETSI TS 134 108, version 4.5.0. ETSI, Sophia Antipolis, France, December 2002. Atoll. Global RF Planning Solution. Technical Reference Guide. Forsk, France. M. J. D. Powell: An efficient method for finding the minimum of a function of several variables without calculating derivatives. Comp. J., Vol. 7, 1964. W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, B.P. Flannery: Numerical Recipes in C. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992.

[34.108]

[A-TR] [Pow64]

[Pres92]

[R1-02-0675] TSG-RAN-WG1 HSDPA: Revised CQI Proposal. R1-02-0675, Paris, France, April 9-12, 2002. [R-Admin] Actix Radioplan. Administration Guide. Version 3.13. Actix, 2010. [R-Atoll] [R-TR] [R-UG] Actix Radioplan. Atoll™ Synchronization Module (ASM). Version 3.13. Actix, 2010. Actix Radioplan. WiNeS Dynamic Network Simulator Module: Technical Reference. Version 3.12. Actix, 2009. Actix Radioplan. User Guide. Version 3.13. Actix, 2010.

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actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com .13 User Guide References 225 www.

13 User Guide References 226 www.actix.Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.com .

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