Plumbing and Fire Protection Engineering Design Criteria

1 INTRODUCTION Control of the design, engineering, procurement, and construction activities on the project will be completed in accordance with various predetermined standard practices and project specific programs / practices. An orderly sequence of events for the implementation of the project is planned consisting of the following major activities:
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Conceptual design Licensing and permitting etailed design Procurement; Construction and construction management Start-up, testing, and checkout; and Project completion

The purpose of this appendix is to summarize the codes, standard design criteria and practices that will be used during the project. The general plumbing and fire protection design criteria defined herein form the basis of the design for the fire protection components and systems of the project. More specific design information is developed during detailed design to support equipment and erection specifications. It is not the intent of this appendix to present the detailed design information for each component and system, but rather to summarize the codes, standards, and general criteria that will be used. Section 2 of this appendix summarizes the applicable codes and standards, Section 3 of this appendix includes the general design criteria and Section 4 describes about piping and valve design. 2 DESIGN CODES AND STANDARDS The design and specification of all work shall be in accordance with all applicable codes and standards of international code or the local and regional governmental agencies, and generally accepted industry standards organizations. Applicable codes and standards to be used in design and construction, but are not limited to, those published by the following entities: 2.1 NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA) CODES
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NFPA 1 Uniform Fire Code 2006 Edition NFPA 10 Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers 2007 Edition NFPA 14 Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems 2007 Edition NFPA 20 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection 2007 Edition NFPA 22 Standard for Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection 2003 Edition NFPA 25 Standard for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems 2002 Edition

2.2 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE (IPC) 2006 Edition. 2.3 AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS (ASME)
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ANSI/ASME B16.9 Factory-Made Wrought Butt welding Fittings

Power Piping.1 Hot water supply system. Socket-Welding and Threaded ANSI/ASME B16. (38. All the systems bellow will be designed base on this Standard code: y y y y Hot water supply system.4 AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS (ASTM) y y y ASTM A53/A53M Standard Specification for Pipe.1 .2 PLUMBING SYSTEM Plumbing system design will be complied with the International plumbing code (IPC) 2006 Edition. Rain water drainage system. .2.5 bar) at the outlet of the hydraulically most remote 11/2-in. Waste water drainage system. Black steel Welded and Seamless schedule 40 comply to ASTM A53/A53M Standard Specification for Pipe. Zinc-Coated. Cold water supply system. Polypropylene (PP-R) Pipe PN20 comply to ASTM F2389 Specification for Pressure-rated Polypropylene (PP-R) Piping Systems or equivalent will be selected to use for above ground piping installation of this system 3.7 m) of a hose connection provided with 11/2-in. It shall be provided with 11/2-in. Steel. Black and Hot-Dipped. The pressure of 65 psi (4.1-mm) hose stations so that all portions of each floor level of the building are within 130 ft (39. Steel.1 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM. Fire protection system design will be complied with the Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems 2007 Edition (NFPA14) Class II System.2. Electrical water heater storage tank will be designed and selected to generate hot water. Zinc-Coated. (38. Welded and Seamless ASTM D2241 Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pressure-Rated Pipe (SDR Series) ASTM D3350 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials 3 GENERAL ENGINEERING DESIGN CRITERIA 3.2 Cold water supply system. 3. Additional flow shall not be required where more than one standpipe is provided. (38.y y y ANSI/ASME B16.28 Wrought Steel Butt welding Short Radius Elbows and Returns ANSI/ASME B31.1-mm) hose station. Welded and Seamless or equivalent will be selected to use for above ground piping installation of this system 3. Black and Hot-Dipped. 2007 edition 2.1-mm) hose The minimum flow rate for the hydraulically most remote standpipe shall be 100 gpm (379 L/min). Cold water at temperature of 10ºc enters to electrical water heater to generate hot water at temperature of 60ºc to supply to various sanitary fixtures at different room as per room requirement.11 Forged Steel Fittings.

Carbon steel piping 2-1/2 inch through 24-inch nominal size will be ASTM A53 Grade B seamless (welded seam pipe shall be used for low-pressure water) or A106 Grade B. Waste water drainage system will be designed to convey waste water from various men and women toilet and sanitary fixtures at room of hospital to septic tanks and discharge to nearest public drainage system. Rain water drainage system will be designed to convey rain water from the roof gutter of building discharge to U-channel around the building and discharge to the nearest public drainage system. Upvc pipe class 8. Upvc pipe class 8. and undamaged. High-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe comply to ASTM D3350 with a Plastic Pipe Institute rating of PE 3406 or 3408 or equivalent will be selected to use for the underground piping installation of this system. The gravity cold water distribution system flows from elevated water tank to various sanitary fixtures at men and women toilet facility and room services of the hospital. Polypropylene (PP-R) Pipe PN10 comply to ASTM F2389 Specification for Pressure-rated Polypropylene (PP-R) Piping Systems or equivalent will be selected to use for above ground piping installation of this system 3.5 comply to ASTM D2241 Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pressure-Rated Pipe (SDR Series) or equivalent will be selected to use in this system. Materials to be incorporated in permanent systems will be new. Metallic underground piping will be wrapped in accordance with American Water Works Association (AWWA) standards. Underground water storage tank will be designed and selected as per cold water requirement of one day consumption for the usage in the hospital. One set of automatic transfer pump completed with main accessories and control panel to convey water from underground water tank to elevated water tank at roof floor. The material selection will be in accordance with service requirements. concrete or carbon steel. ductile iron. 3. High-density polyethylene pipe will conform to ASTM D3350 with a Plastic Pipe Institute rating of PE 3406 or 3408. Piping materials will be in accordance with the following criteria: y y y y y y Carbon steel piping 2-inch nominal size and smaller will be ASTM A53 or A106. with the indicated grades as a minimum.2. .4 Rain water drainage system. except for special cases such as lined steel pipe.The design of cold water distribution system will be designed to minimize the power consumption and water usage for the whole service in hospital. Grade B.2. Underground piping materials will be non-metallic.5 complies to ASTM D2241 Standard Specification for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pressure-Rated Pipe (SDR Series) or equivalent will be selected to use in this system. unused. 4 PIPING DESIGN 4. and ASME standards.3 Waste water drainage system. Pressure-rated Polypropylene (PP-R) Piping Systems will conform to ASTM F2389 4. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe will conform to ASTM D1785 or ASTM D2241.2 FITTING MATERIALS Fittings will be constructed of materials equivalent to the pipe with which they are used.1 PIPING MATERIAL Piping materials will be in accordance with applicable ASTM.

y y y Steel Fittings. Forged Steel Fittings. anchors.3 PIPE SUPPORTS AND HANGERS The term ³pipe supports´ includes all assemblies such as hangers. guides. and construction will be in accordance with the latest applicable provisions of the Power Piping Code. angle. design. Steel body gate.28. latest edition will be in accordance with the International Building Code (IBC). 4. sway braces. and end preparations will generally be as described herein. Butt Welded Fittings. and any supplementary steel required to attach pipe supports. Forged steel fittings will be used for socket weld and steel threaded connections and will conform to ANSI Bl6. and ASTM A234 or ASTM A403.5 VALVES Valve pressure classes. ASME B31-1 4. brackets. The wall thickness of butt weld fittings will be equal to the pipe wall thickness with which they are used. and check valves will be designed and constructed in accordance with ANSI B16. types.34 as applicable. vibration dampeners. Special features and special application valves will be utilized where required. body materials. ANSI B16. sizes.11.9. . globe. 4.4 DESIGN AND SELECTION CRITERIA All support materials. Steel fittings 2-1/2 inches and larger will be of the butt welding type or groove type and steel fittings 2 inches and smaller will be of the socket steel fittings threaded. floor stands. The fittings will be manufactured in accordance with ANSI B16. 5 STORAGE TANKS ± (Concrete water tank) Water tanks shall be designed and erected in accordance with AWWA D-100.

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