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Test 6

Due: 11:59pm on Sunday, April 24, 2011

Note: You will receive no credit for late submissions. To learn more, read your instructor's Grading Policy [Switch to Standard Assignment View]

Exercise 31.7

In each circuit described next, an ac voltage source producing a current additional circuit element. Part A The ac source is connected across a resistor . Sketch graphs of the current in the circuit and the is connected to an

potential difference across the resistor as functions of time, covering one cycle of oscillation. Put both graphs on the same set of axes so you can compare them. ANSWER:

View Answer Requested

Part B Do the same as in part A, except suppose the resistor is replaced by an inductor graphs as in part A, but this time across the inductor instead of the resistor. ANSWER: . Sketch the same

View Answer Requested

Part C Do the same as in part A, except suppose the resistor is replaced by an capacitor graphs as in part A, but this time across the capacitor instead of the resistor. . Sketch the same

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ANSWER:

View Answer Requested

Part D Sketch phasor diagram for resistor. Draw the phasors with their tails at the dot. The orientation of your vectors will be graded. The exact length of your vectors will not be graded. ANSWER:

View Correct

Part E Sketch phasor diagram for inductor. Draw the phasors with their tails at the dot. The orientation of your vectors will be graded. The exact length of your vectors will not be graded. ANSWER:

View Correct

Part F Sketch phasor diagram for capacitor. Draw the phasors with their tails at the dot. The orientation of your vectors will be graded. The exact length of your vectors will not be graded.

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ANSWER:

View Correct

Exercise 31.26

In a series L-R-C circuit, the components have the following values: 350 . The generator has an rms voltage of 120 20.0 , . 140 , and and a frequency of 1.25

Part A Determine the average power supplied by the generator. ANSWER: = 7.32 Correct

Part B Determine the average power dissipated in the resistor. ANSWER: = 7.32 Correct

Problem 31.51

An - series circuit is connected to an ac source of constant voltage amplitude . and variable angular frequency Part A Find the current amplitude, as a function of . , , , , and .

Express your answer in terms of the variables ANSWER: =

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Correct

Part B Find the average power dissipated in the resistor. Express your answer in terms of the variables ANSWER: = Correct , , , , and .

Part C Show that and are both maximum when ; that is, when the source frequency equals the

resonance frequency of the circuit. Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces). ANSWER: My Answer:

Part D Graph as a function of for = 100 , = 200 , = 2.0 , and = 0.50 .

ANSWER:

View Correct

Part E Compare to the light purple curve in the Figure 31.19 in the textbook. Discuss the behavior of the limits = 0 and . and in

Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces). ANSWER: My Answer:

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**Problem 31.55: Parallel Resonance
**

The impedance of an - parallel circuit is .

Part A Show that at the resonance angular frequency , and is a minimum.

Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces). ANSWER: My Answer:

Part B Since is a minimum at resonance, is it correct to say that the power delivered to the resistor is also a ?

minimum at ANSWER:

it is correct it is not correct Correct

Part C Explain. Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces). ANSWER: My Answer:

Part D At resonance, what is the phase angle of the source current with respect to the source voltage? ANSWER: = 0

source current

leads the source voltage

by

Correct

Part E How does this compare to the phase angle for an series circuit at resonance?

ANSWER:

Phase angles are different. Phase angles are the same.

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Correct

Part F Draw the circuit diagram for an - parallel circuit.

Draw the phasors with their tails at the dot. The orientation of your vectors will be graded. The exact length of your vectors will not be graded but the relative length of one to the other will be graded. ANSWER:

View All attempts used; correct answer displayed

Part G Justify the following statement: When the angular frequency of the source is flowing between the part of the circuit that includes the source and the resistor. ANSWER: there is no current

Yes, statement is valid. No, statement is invalid. Correct

Part H Justify the following statement: When the angular frequency of the source is there is no current flowing between the part that includes the inductor and capacitor, so you could cut the wires connecting these two parts of the circuit without affecting the currents. ANSWER:

Yes, statement is valid. No, statement is invalid. Correct

Part I

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Is the statement in part H still valid if we consider that any real inductor or capacitor also has some resistance of its own? ANSWER:

Yes, it is. No, it is not. Correct

Part J Explain your answer in part I. Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces). ANSWER: My Answer:

Problem 31.58

An - series circuit consists of a 2.20 capacitor, a 5.50 inductor, and a 50.0 resistor connected across an ac source of voltage amplitude 18.0 Part A At what frequency is the average power delivered to the circuit equal to ? having variable frequency.

ANSWER:

4 = 1.99×10 Correct

Part B Under the conditions of part (a), what is the average power delivered to each circuit element? Enter your answers numerically separated by commas. ANSWER: = 0.810,0,0 Correct

Part C What is the maximum current through the capacitor? ANSWER: = 0.180 Correct

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Problem 32.38

Part A For a sinusoidal electromagnetic wave in vacuum, such as that described by the equations and , find the average energy density in the electric field in terms of the average energy density in the magnetic field ( Express your answer in terms of the variable ANSWER: = ).

and appropriate constants.

All attempts used; correct answer displayed

Exercise 32.25

An intense light source radiates uniformly in all directions. At a distance of 5.6 radiation pressure on a perfectly absorbing surface is Part A What is the total average power output of the source? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER:

5 = 7.8×10 Correct

from the source the

6.6×10−6

.

Problem 32.45

Two square reflectors, each 2.00 extremely light, 1.00on a side and of mass 4.00 , are located at opposite ends of a thin, rod that can rotate without friction and in a vacuum about an axle perpendicular to it

through its center (the figure ). These reflectors are small enough to be treated as point masses in moment-of-inertia calculations. Both reflectors are illuminated on one face by a sinusoidal light wave having an electric field of amplitude 1.15 that falls uniformly on both surfaces and always strikes them perpendicular to the plane of their surfaces. One reflector is covered with a perfectly absorbing coating, and the other is covered with a perfectly reflecting coating.

Part A

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**What is the angular acceleration of this device? ANSWER:
**

−13 = 5.85×10 Correct

Problem 32.49

Part A A circular loop of wire can be used as a radio antenna. If a 21.0-cm-diameter antenna is located 2.40 away from a 94.0-MHz source with a total power of 65.0 , what is the maximum emf induced in the loop? (Assume that the plane of the antenna loop is perpendicular to the direction of the radiation's magnetic field and that the source radiates uniformly in all directions.) ANSWER:

−2 = 5.61×10 Correct

Problem 32.57

Electromagnetic radiation is emitted by accelerating charges. The rate at which energy is emitted from an accelerating charge that has charge light. Part A If a proton with a kinetic energy of 5.7 radius of 0.800 is traveling in a particle accelerator in a circular orbit with a and acceleration is given by where is the speed of

, what fraction of its energy does it radiate per second?

**Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER:
**

−11 = 1.2×10 Correct

Part B Consider an electron orbiting with the same speed and radius. What fraction of its energy does it radiate per second? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER:

−8 = 2.1×10 Correct

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Exercise 33.6

Light of a certain frequency has a wavelength of 438 Part A What is the wavelength of this light in benzene having a refractive index of 1.501? ANSWER:

−7 = 3.89×10 Correct

in water.

Exercise 33.29

A beam of polarized light passes through a polarizing filter. When the angle between the polarizing axis of the filter and the direction of polarization of the light is , the intensity of the emerging beam is . Part A If you now want the intensity to be , what should be the angle (in terms of ) between the polarizing

angle of the filter and the original direction of polarization of the light? Express your answer in terms of the given variable. ANSWER: = Correct

Exercise 33.7

A parallel beam of light in air makes an angle of 53.0 with the surface of a glass plate having a refractive index of 1.69.

Exercise 33.31

Unpolarized light of intensity 20.6 is incident on two polarizing filters. The axis of the first filter is at an Part A angle of 23.6 counterclockwise from the vertical (viewed in the direction the light is traveling) and the axis of What is the angle between the reflected part of the beam and the surface of the glass? the second filter is at 60.2 counterclockwise from the vertical. ANSWER: Part A = 53.0 Correct

What is the intensity of the light after it has passed through the second polarizer? ANSWER: Part B = 6.64 Correct What is the angle between the refracted beam and the surface of the glass? ANSWER: = 69.1 Correct

Problem 33.40

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In a physics lab, light with a wavelength of 490 . When a slab of glass with a thickness of 0.820 the photocell. Part A What is the wavelength of the light in the glass? Use 3.00×108 figures. ANSWER: = 210 Correct

travels in air from a laser to a photocell in a time of 17.6 is placed in the light beam, with the beam incident to travel from the laser to

along the normal to the parallel faces of the slab, it takes the light a time of 21.1

for the speed of light in a vacuum. Express your answer using two significant

Problem 33.44

A glass plate 3.45 wavelength 520 Part A How many wavelengths are there between the source and the screen? ANSWER: 3.98×104 Correct thick, with an index of refraction of 1.35, is placed between a point source of light with (in vacuum) and a screen. The distance from source to screen is 1.95 .

Exercise 33.12

A horizontal, parallel-sided plate of glass having a refractive index of 1.52 is in contact with the surface of water in a tank. A ray coming from above in air makes an angle of incidence of 33.0 with the normal to the top surface of the glass. Part A What angle does the ray refracted into the water make with the normal to the surface? Use 1.33 for the index of refraction of water. ANSWER: = 0.422 radians Correct

Part B What is the dependence of this angle on the refractive index of the glass? Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces).

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ANSWER: My Answer:

Score Summary:

Your score on this assignment is 85.8%. You received 85.75 out of a possible total of 100 points.

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