1

1he Cther S|de of App|e II

Þo||ut|on Spreads through App|e's Supp|y Cha|n




Ir|ends of Nature
Inst|tute of Þub||c Ǝ Lnv|ronmenta| Affa|rs
Green 8eag|e
Lnv|rofr|ends
Green Stone Lnv|ronmenta| Act|on Network
















Cover Þhoto by Chuong Nguyen


Lxecut|ve Summary
ln Lhe reporL LlLled '1he CLher Slde of Appleţ' publlshed !anuary
Lh
ţ 11ţ a coallLlon of
envlronmenLal organlzaLlons broughL Lo llghL problems of polluLlon and polsonlng ln Apple's supply
chaln ln ChlnaŦ ?eL Lo Lhls dayţ Apple has sysLemaLlcally falled Lo respond Lo all querles regardlng Lhelr
supply chaln envlronmenLal vlolaLlonsŦ
laced wlLh an ever evaslve Appleţ a group of Chlnese nCCs declded Lo dlg deeper and carry ouL
furLher lnvesLlgaLlons lnLo Lhe envlronmenLal problems LhaL exlsL wlLhln Apple's supply chalnŦ
1hrough flve monLhs of research and fleld lnvesLlgaLlons we have found LhaL Lhe polluLlon dlscharge
from Lhls $3 blllon dollar company has been expandlng and spreadlng LhroughouL lLs supply chalnţ
and has been serlously encroachlng on local communlLles and Lhelr surroundlng envlronmenLsŦ

I|gure 1ť Mapp|ng of some suspected App|e supp||ers



3

1hrough our lnvesLlgaLlonsţ we dlscovered LhaL Lhe polluLlon from some of Apple's suppllers had
already caused severe damage Lo Lhe envlronmenLŦ AmongsL Lhese companles ls Lhe Melko LlecLronlcs'
planL ln Cuangzhouţ a suspecLed ÞC8 suppller Lo Apple lncŦ 1hls company had prevlously schemed Lo
conceal Lhelr envlronmenLal vlolaLlonsŦ Poweverţ Lhls plan was folled by Lhe LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon
ueparLmenLŦ WlLhln [usL a few monLhsţ Lhls company was penallzed for more Lhan Len vlolaLlonsŦ
lurLhermoreţ Lhe amounL dlscharged from Lhe Melko LlecLronlcs ÞC8 planLţ ln Wuhanţ ls even more
Lhan LhaL aL Lhe planL ln CuangzhouŦ 1he nelghborlng lakeţ named nanLalzl (or SouLhern Þrlnce)ţ ls
serlously conLamlnaLedŦ 1hrough Lhlrd parLy monlLorlng Lhe waLer ln Lhe dlscharge channel Lo Lhe slde
of Lhe company's premlses was found Lo conLaln heavy meLalsţ lncludlng copper and nlckelţ whlch are
sLandard polluLanLs from ÞC8 planLsŦ 1he copper conLenL ln Lhe sedlmenL sampleţ Laken from Lhe
nanLalzl Lake and Lhe dlscharge channel lnLersecL reached as hlgh as 4 mg/kgţ whlch ls 36 Lo 193
1

Llmes Lhe amounL found ln Lhe sedlmenL ln Lhe ma[or lakes ln Lhe mlddle reaches of Lhe ?angLze 8lverŦ
1he large volume of dlscharge ln Apple's supply chaln greaLly endangers Lhe publlc's healLh and safeLyŦ
1hrough Lhe process of our lnvesLlgaLlonsţ we dlscovered several suspecLed suppllers Lo Apple LhaL
have been Lhe LargeL of numerous complalnLs from local communlLlesŦ LocaLed ln kunshanţ Lhe Lwo
companles kaedar LlecLronlcs and unlmlcron LlecLronlcs have been sub[ecL Lo repeaLed complalnLs
from local resldenLs due Lo Lhelr emlsslons dlschargeŦ 1he resldenLs of Lhls communlLy worry LhaL Lhe
healLh of Lhelr chlldren wlll be severely damagedŦ More serlouslyţ a vlllage ln Lhe vlclnlLy of Lhe
company has experlenced a phenomenal rlse ln cases of cancerŦ
loxconn LlecLronlcsţ locaLed ln 1alyuanţ Shanxl Þrovlnceţ has a huge producLlon capaclLy and ls
lnvolved ln serlous polluLlon resulLlng from lLs meLal surface processlngŦ ln recenL years Lhe local
resldenLs have repeaLedly flled complalnLs wlLh local agencles agalnsL Lhe loxconn facLory's lrrlLanL
gasesŦ 1hese gases ofLen leave Lhe nearby resldenLs wlLh lrrlLaLed nasal passagewaysţ waLerlng eyes
and Lhey someLlmes make lL hard for resldenLs Lo open Lhelr wlndowsţ due Lo polluLlon belng so
lnLenseŦ 1he local governmenL has called on Lhe company Lo conLrol lLs polluLanL dlscharge many
Llmesţ buL Lhe polluLlon LhaL severely affecLs Lhe quallLy of llfe for Lhe resldenLs has yeL Lo be resolvedŦ
We have found from Lhls lnvesLlgaLlon LhaL Lhe volume of hazardous wasLe produced by suspecLed
Apple lncŦ suppllers was especlally large and some had falled Lo properly dlspose of Lhelr hazardous
wasLeŦ Lach dayţ lblden LlecLronlcs 8el[lng Company produces several dozen Lons of hazardous wasLe
conLalnlng heavy meLals copperţ nlckel and cyanldeŦ Poweverţ durlng furLher checks Lhe
envlronmenLal agency dlscovered LhaL even Lhough Lhere are sLrlcL naLlonal regulaLlons for Lhe
hazardous wasLe LransporL manlfesLs Lo be fllled ouLŤ ln Lhls case Lhey were all lefL blankŦ AfLer checksţ
Lhe agency also dlscovered LhaL Lhe exacL whereabouLs of Lhe heavy meLals sludge was noL clearŦ
Moreoverţ Lhe Shenzhen Munlclpal Pazardous WasLe 1reaLmenL SLaLlon who are responslble for Lhe
LreaLmenL of hazardous wasLe from Lhe elecLronlcs lndusLryţ lncludlng loxconn'sţ was also found Lo
have dlscharged polluLanLs agalnsL Lhe auLhorlzed sLandardsŦ

1
ln Marchţ 6ţ a Lask group chose sampllng polnLs aL flve places ln Lhe lakes of Lhe mlddle reaches of Lhe ?angLze 8lver or places relaLlvely
lsolaLed from Lhe maln rlverŦ 1he places were 1lan'ezhou Chlnese 8lver uolphln ConservaLlon slLe ln !lanll counLyţ Pubel ÞrovlnceŤ uongLlng Lake
(!unshan SouLh)Ť Ponghu ueepwaLer Area and Wuhan uonghu and Llangzl Pu (lankou)Ŧ Accordlng Lo Lhe resulLs of Lhls researchţ Lhe lowesL levels
of copper ln Lhe sedlmenL of lakes of Lhe mlddle reaches of Lhe ?angLze were ppm and Lhe greaLesL was 3ppmŦ ?u Cuoanţ Wang Zhaoylnţ Llu
Chengţ Puang Wendlanţ sLudy lnLo Lhe quallLy of sedlmenL ln Lhe mlddle reaches of Lhe ?angLze 8lverţ sLudy lnLo sllLţ Ŧ

4

Pazardous wasLe ls noL only dlrecLly Loxlc Lo humans and anlmalsţ lL may also polluLe Lhe sLreamsţ
rlversţ lakes and seas and may lnfllLraLe and conLamlnaLe soll and ground waLer Lhrough raln and
snowţ causlng longŴLerm lmpacLs LhaL are exLremely dlfflculL Lo remedy and clean upŦ Apple's
re[ecLlon Lo fulflll lLs responslblllLy Lo dlsclose envlronmenLal lnformaLlon wlll llkely cause an lmmense
amounL of hazardous wasLe released lnLo Lhe envlronmenL from lLs supply chalnţ whlch could
ulLlmaLely lead Lo hldden longŴLerm envlronmenLal and publlc healLh dangersŦ
lrom Lhese Lwo lnvesLlgaLlonsţ Lhe coallLlon has dlscovered more Lhan suspecLed suppllers Lo Apple
LhaL have had envlronmenLal problemsŦ Poweverţ ln Lhe '11 Suppller 8esponslblllLy 8eporL'
publlshed by Apple lncŦţ where core vlolaLlons were dlscovered from Lhe 36 audlLsţ noL a slngle
vlolaLlon was based on envlronmenLal polluLlonŦ 1he publlc has no way of knowlng lf Apple ls even
aware of Lhese problemsŦ Agalnţ Lhe publlc has no way of knowlng lf Apple has pushed Lhelr suppllers
Lo resolve Lhese lssuesŦ
1hereforeţ desplLe Apple's seemlngly rlgorous audlLsţ polluLlon ls sLlll expandlng and spreadlng along
wlLh Lhe supply chalnŦ Meanwhlleţ on May
Lh
ţ 11ţ a dlsasLrous lncldenL lnvolvlng an exploslon
Look place aL a producLlon llne responslble for lÞads aL Lhe pollshlng workshop aL loxconn Chengduţ
causlng Lhe deaLhs of Lhree workers and ln[urlng 13 moreŦ AfLer Lhls lncldenLţ lL was dlscovered LhaL
Lhe flrsL phase of Lhls enormous planLţ was expecLed Lo be Lhe largesL lÞads suppller globallyţ Laklng
only 6 days Lo consLrucLŦ A medla lnvesLlgaLlon revealed LhaL ln order Lo expedlLe consLrucLlonţ Lhe
pollshlng workshop machlnery was lnsLalled aL Lhe same Llme as LhaL producLlon was Laklng placeŤ
meanwhlleţ Lhe second baLch of workersţ afLer havlng only Lwo or Lhree days Lralnlngţ were senL Lo
Lhelr posLs Lo begln workŦ
lor Lhls klnd of company Lo have passed an audlL led by Apple's vlceŴÞresldenL and Lhen go on Lo wln
Lhe maln conLracLs for Apple's global lÞad markeLţ lL musL surely leave one Lo quesLlon Apple's audlLlng
processŦ Poweverţ Lhere has been no way Lo conflrm any of Lhese querles wlLh Apple lncŦţ as Lhe
company wlll noL acLlvely dlsclose any lnformaLlonţ nor wlll lL even passlvely respond Lo quesLlons
regardlng Lhelr suppllersŦ under Lhe cover of Apple's annual audlLlng reporLţ Lhe company conLlnues Lo
lssue conLracLs Lo polluLlng companles for lLs CLM producLlonţ so as Lo pursue blood sLalned proflLs aL
Lhe cosL of Lhe envlronmenL and communlLlesŦ
uurlng Lhe pasL year and four monLhsţ a group of nCCs made aLLempLs Lo push Apple along wlLh
oLher l1 brands Lo face Lhese problems and Lhe meLhods wlLh whlch Lhey may be resolvedŦ Cf Lhese
9 brandsţ many recognlsed Lhe serlousness of Lhe polluLlon problem wlLhln Lhe l1 lndusLryţ wlLh
Slemensţ vodafoneţ AlcaLelţ Þhlllps and nokla belng amongsL Lhe flrsL baLch of brands Lo sLarL uLlllzlng
Lhe publlcly avallable lnformaLlonŦ 1hese companles Lhen began Lo overcome Lhe spread of polluLlon
creaLed by global producLlon and sourclngţ and Lhus Lurn Lhelr sourclng power lnLo a drlvlng force for
Chlna's polluLlon conLrolŦ
Poweverţ Apple has become a speclal caseŦ Lven when faced wlLh speclflc allegaLlons regardlng lLs
suppllersţ Lhe company refuses Lo provlde answers and conLlnues Lo sLaLe LhaL ºlL ls our longŴLerm
pollcy noL Lo dlsclose suppller lnformaLlonŦ" A large number of l1 suppller vlolaLlon records have
already been publlclzedŤ howeverţ Apple chooses noL Lo face such lnformaLlon and conLlnues Lo use
Lhese companles as suppllersŦ 1hls can only be seen as a dellberaLe refusal of responslblllLyŦ

3

Apple has already made a cholceŤ Lo sLand on Lhe wrong sldeţ Lo Lake advanLage of Lhe loopholes ln
developlng counLrles' envlronmenLal managemenL sysLemsţ and Lo be closely assoclaLed wlLh
polluLlng facLorles so LhaL lL can conLlnue Lo grab Lhelr own super proflLsţ aL Lhe expense of Lhe
envlronmenL and communlLlesŤ becomlng a barrler ln Chlna's paLh Lowards polluLlon reducLlonŦ
Consumers also need Lo make a cholceŦ We belleve Apple's consumers would noL accepL Lhe
polsonlng of Lhe envlronmenLţ Lhe harm Lo communlLles and Lhe sacrlflce of employee rlghLs ln
exchange for Lhelr Lrendy elecLronlc producLsŦ lor Lhe sake of Lhe healLh of Lhe publlcţ Lhe proLecLlon
of Lhe envlronmenLţ Lhe baslc rlghLs of workers ln Apple's producLlon llnesţ and ln order Lo glve our
chlldren a safe and clean place Lo llveŤ we ca|| upon consumers to express the|r concerns to App|eţ so
that App|e can hear the vo|ce of the pub||cŦ
































6


Contents

Lxecut|ve
SummaryŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦ ŧŧŧŧ2
IorewordŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŦŦŦŦŦŦŦŦŦŦŦŦŦŦŦ7

Sect|on 1 Ŵ Shock|ng Leve|s of Lnv|ronmenta| Þo||ut|onŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧ8
Ŵ Case 1 Ŷ Cuangzhou Melko LlecLronlcsť 8epeaLedly Lxceeded AuLhorlzed SLandards Ǝ
ulscharged 1hrough Pldden Þlpesŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧ8
Ŵ Case 2 Ŷ Wuhan Melko LlecLronlcsť Large volumes of WasLewaLer ulscharged lnLo
Surroundlng 8lvers and Lakesŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧ ŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŧŦŦŧŧŦ10

Sect|on 2 Ŵ Caus|ng D|rect narm to the Commun|tyŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŧŧŧ19
Ŵ Case 3 Ŷ kaedar Ǝ unlmlcronť AffecLed ClLlzens kneel Ǝ Ask for PelpŧŦŦŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŧŧŦŦŦ19
Ŵ Case 4 Ŷ loxconn 1alyuanť 8epeaLed ComplalnLs by 8esldenLs on ÞolluLlon LmlsslonsŦŧŧŦŧ2S

Sect|on 3 Ŷ nuge Amounts of nazardous Waste Leave n|dden Dangers for Ch|naŦŦ28
Ŵ Case S Ŷ lblden LlecLronlcs (8el[lng) CoŦţ LLdŦť Mlsslng Peavy MeLals SludgeŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŦŦŦ31
Ŵ Case 6 Ŷ Shenzhen Pazardous WasLe 1reaLmenL SLaLlon CoŦţ LLdŦť ulscharge Serlously Cver
Lhe AuLhorlzed SLandardsŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧ32

Sect|on 4 Ŵ Lven More Þo||ut|on kecords |n App|e's Supp|y Cha|nŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŦŧŦŧ33
Ŵ Case 7 Ŷ loxconnť 1hree lacLorles wlLh LnvlronmenLal vlolaLlon ÞroblemsŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŦ33
Ŵ Case 8 Ŷ 8oardLek CompuLer (Suzhou) CoŦţ LLdŦ Ǝ CaseLek CompuLer (Suzhou) CoŦţ LLdŦť
AdopLlng MeLhods Lo Lvade WaLer ÞolluLanL ulscharge Supervlslonŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧ34
Ŵ Case 9 Ŷ Shenzhen Alsheng Þreclslon ClrculL 1echnology CoŦţ LLdŦť ulscharglng Peavy MeLals
ln 8reach of Lhe AuLhorlzed SLandardsŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧ3S

Sect|on S Ŵ App|e's Aud|ts Cover Up 8|ood Sta|ned Þroduct|onŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŧŧ36
Ŵ Case 10 Ŷ loxconn Chengduť 1he 8lood SLalned lÞadŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŦŧŧ38

Sect|on 6 Ŵ Many I1 8rands nave 1aken Þos|t|ve Act|onŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŧŧŧŧŧ41
Sect|on 7 Ŵ Does App|e have a kespons|b|||ty for Þo||ut|on |n |ts Supp|y Cha|n? ŦŦŦŦŦ4S
Sect|on 8 Ŵ App|e Consumersť ¥ou Need to Make a Cho|ceŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŧŦŦŧŧ47







1rons/otion 4ccurocy uisc/oimerť 1bls Jocomeot bos beeo ttoosloteJ by llí fot tbe potposes of tefeteoce oolyŦ uoe to tbe
Jlfflcoltles of ttooslotloo sllqbt Jlffeteoces moy exlstŦ lf ooy poestloos otlse teloteJ to tbe occotocy of tbe lofotmotloo cootoloeJ
lo tbls ttooslotlooţ pleose tefet to tbe cbloese vetsloo of tbe Jocomeot wblcb ls tbe offlclol vetsloo of tbe JocomeotŦ Aoy
Jlsctepoocles ot Jlffeteoces cteoteJ lo tbe ttooslotloo ote oot bloJloq ooJ bove oo leqol effect fot compllooce ot eofotcemeot
potposesŦ



Ioreword
ln Lhe reporL LlLled '1he CLher Slde of Appleţ' publlshed !anuary C
Lh
ţ 11ţ Lhe coallLlon of
envlronmenLal organlzaLlons broughL Lo llghL many serlous problems ln Apple lncŦ's supply chaln ln
ChlnaŦ AfLer Lhe reporL was publlshedţ Apple wenL on Lo lssue Lhelr own annual CS8 reporL ln whlch
Lhey acknowledgedţ for Lhe flrsL Llmeţ LhaL 13 workers had been polsoned by nŴhexane whlle
worklng aL a producLlon llne for one of Lhelr producLsŦ ?eLţ Lo Lhls very dayţ some of Lhe polsoned
workers' very reasonable demands for LreaLmenL and compensaLlon have noL been fully resolvedŦ 1he
workers have wrlLLen Lhree leLLers Lo Appleţ buL Lhey have noL recelved a word of replyŦ
lurLhermoreţ Apple remalns compleLely nonŴresponslve abouL Lhe polluLlon cases ralsed by Lhe
envlronmenLal groupsŦ ln º1he CLher Slde of Apple" reporLţ envlronmenLal organlzaLlons had
hlghllghLed a serles of envlronmenLal vlolaLlon lssues ln Apple's supply chalnŦ 1hese lncluded a
hazardous wasLe leakage aL Suzhou Llan !lan 1echnology (WlnLek)ţ uongguan lugang LlecLronlcs'
admlnlsLraLlve penalLy of 1ţ 8M8 for serlous vlolaLlonsţ uongguan Wanshlda's rapld expanslon
LhaL led Lo an lncrease ln dlschargeţ repeaLed complalnLs from Lhe publlc abouL uongguang Shengyl
LlecLronlcs' emlsslonsţ as well asţ emlsslon lssues exceedlng Lhe auLhorlzed sLandards aL several
subsldlary companles of Lhe Cuangzhou nanbo CroupŦ Apple has noL responded Lo any of Lhese
problemsŦ
Cn Lhe one hand Apple has been sllenL abouL lLs envlronmenLal and soclal responslblllLlesţ yeL aL Lhe
same Llmeţ ln order Lo saLlsfy Lhe upsurge ln markeL demandţ Lhe company conLlnues Lo expand lLs
supply chaln ln ChlnaŦ Accordlng Lo relaLed reporLs on Lhe Loplcţ Apple's lÞhone sales volume for Lhe
1
sL
quarLer of 11 was more Lhan double Lhe volume for Lhe same perlod Lhe prevlous yearŦ

1hls
slgnlfles LhaL Lhe volume of moblle phone producLlon ln Chlna conLlnues Lo expandŦ AL Lhe same Llmeţ
ln order Lo saLlsfy Lhe producLlon demands of Lhelr new generaLlon of LableL compuLersţ Lhe lÞad ţ
Apple's prlnLed clrculL board producLlon ln Chlna has also seen a Lrend of rapld expanslonŦ
Apple lncŦ's pollcy of noL commenLlng and Lo bury Lhelr heads ln Lhe sand when querles are ralsed by
Lhe publlc does noL mean LhaL Lhe problems of polluLlon and polsonlng wlLhln Lhe supply chaln wlll
auLomaLlcally vanlshŦ Cn Lhe conLraryţ lLs conLlnuously expandlng supply chaln slgnlfles LhaL lLs
envlronmenLal rlsks wlll also slmulLaneously lncreaseŦ laced wlLh a sLubbornly evaslve Apple lncŦţ a
number of Chlnese envlronmenLal nCCs declded Lo dlg deeper and Lo furLher lnvesLlgaLe Lhe
envlronmenLal problems LhaL exlsL wlLhln Apple's supply chalnŦ 1hrough flve monLhs of research and
fleld lnvesLlgaLlons we found LhaL Lhe polluLlon dlscharge from Lhls enormous lndusLrlal emplre has
been expandlng and spreadlng LhroughouL lLs supply chalnţ serlously encroachlng on Lhe local
communlLles and Lhelr envlronmenLŦ



Apple ln Lhe flrsL quarLer surpassed nokla Lo become Lhe world's largesL moblle Lelephone company Ŵ 11Ŵ4Ŵ 3ť13ť3ţ Sourceť
tecbŦ16JŦcom/)


Sect|on 1 Ŵ Shock|ng Leve|s of Lnv|ronmenta| Þo||ut|on
Accordlng Lo a number of news channelsţ aL Lhe sLarL of 11ţ Apple flnallzed a second llsL of prlnLed
clrculL board (ÞC8) suppllers for lLs second generaLlon of LableL compuLersţ Lhe lÞad Ŧ 1he number of
suppllers had lncreased Lo seven and lncluded lbldenţ 11Mţ Cold ClrculL LlecLronlcs LLdŦţ nan ?a
ÞrlnLed ClrculL 8oard CorporaLlonţ PuaLongţ 1rlpod 1echnology CorporaLlon and Melko LlecLronlcsŦ
3

WhllsL looklng more closely aL Lhese suppllers Melko LlecLronlcs
4
caughL our aLLenLlonŦ

Case 1 Ŷ Guangzhou Me|ko L|ectron|csť kepeated|y Lxceeded Author|zed Standards Ǝ D|scharged
1hrough n|dden Þ|pes
Melko LlecLronlcs ls a llsLed !apanese companyŦ ln 199ţ Lhe company lnvesLed uS$3 mllllon
consLrucLlng Melko LlecLronlcs (Cuangzhou nansha) CoŦţ LLdŦţ Lhelr flrsL producLlon base ln Chlnaţ
whlch ls ln Cuangzhou MunlclpallLyţ Cuangdong ÞrovlnceŦ Cver Lhe pasL number of yearsţ Lhls
companyţ whlch ls locaLed ln Lhe nansha Lconomlc and 1echnologlcal uevelopmenL Zoneţ has ofLen
been added Lo Lhe llsL of local polluLlng enLerprlses due Lo serlous polluLlon dlschargeŦ
I|gure 2ť Sate|||te |mage of Guangzhou Me|ko L|ectron|cs (suspected App|e IncŦ supp||er)


Cn lebruary 3
rd
ţ 9ţ Lhe ' AssessmenL 8esulLs for Lhe key ÞolluLlon Sources LnvlronmenLal
ÞroLecLlon CredlL ManagemenL Þlanţ' lssued by Lhe Cuangdong Þrovlnclal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon
8ureauţ showed Lhe evaluaLlon resulLs for Melko LlecLronlcs (Cuangzhou nansha) CoŦţ LLdŦ Lo be an
'LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon CredlL ManagemenL Ŵ LnLerprlse under SLrlcL LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon
Supervlslon (8aLed Ŵ 8ed)Ŧ'
3


3
(LlsL of Second 8aLch lÞad ÞC8 Suppllers Conflrmedţ lÞ ulsplayţ Þubllshedť 11Ŵ1Ŵ3Ŧ
4
8ased on publlcly avallable lnformaLlonţ Lhls company ls also a suspecLed suppller Loť Sonyţ Þanasonlcţ PlLachlţ Canonţ MoLorolaţ Slemensţ Sanyo
and SamsungŦ
3
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ6161 Ŵ A company under serlous envlronmenLal supervlslon ls sald Lo be raLed
as º8edŦ" 8y carrylng ouL any of Lhe followlng acLs a company can be raLed as under sLrlcL envlronmenLal supervlslonŦ 1Ŧ ÞolluLanL dlscharge ls
serlously ln breach of Lhe auLhorlzed sLandardsŦ Maln wasLewaLer and wasLe gas polluLanLs are more Lhan double Lhe allowed amounLsţ or Lhe
9

ln 9ţ Lhe Cuangzhou Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau carrled ouL a supervlslon order
on Lhe companles wlLh envlronmenLal problems who were sub[ecL Lo publlc complalnLs and who
dlrecLly polluLed wasLewaLerŦ 1he Cuangzhou MLÞ 8ureau also carrled ouL supervlslon on Lhe 169
companles needlng focused regulaLlon wlLh boLh hlgh energy consumpLlon and hlgh levels of
polluLlon levels wlLhln seven lndusLrlal caLegorlesŦ Melko LlecLronlcs (Cuangzhou nansha) CoŦţ LLdŦ
was amongsL Lhese companlesŦ Cwlng Lo Lhe facL LhaL lL was a ºsLaLe monlLored key polluLlon sourceţ
wlLh lLs wasLewaLer dlscharge ln breach of auLhorlzed sLandards and lLs provlnclal envlronmenLal
proLecLlon credlL havlng been raLed as red"ţ Lhe company was llsLed as one of Lhe seven ºkey vlolaLors
needlng speclal enforcemenL" and was requlred Lo flnlsh all recLlflcaLlon work by november 3
Lh
ţ

6

Cn !uly 4
Lh
ţ 9ţ Lhere was a complalnL made from a member of Lhe publlc who reporLed LhaL ln
nansha ulsLrlcL ºln Lhe evenlng or on resL daysţ one of Lhe facLorlesţ l don'L know whlch oneţ
dlscharges emlsslons LhaL have a smell LhaL lrrlLaLes Lhe LhroaLŦ" 1he nansha ulsLrlcL LnvlronmenLal
Supervlslon unlL Lhen carrled ouL lnvesLlgaLlons lnLo mulLlple enLerprlses operaLlng ln Lhe nansha areaŦ
1he resulLs of Lhe lnvesLlgaLlons showed LhaL aL one Llmeţ Cuangzhou Melko ºwas dlrecLly dlscharglng
organlc gases from Lhree dlscharge ouLleLs wlLhouL uslng acLlvaLed carbon absorpLlon devlcesŦ" 1he
lnspecLlon resulLs also showed LhaL Lhe Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau lssued an
admlnlsLraLlve penalLy Lo Lhe company ln !uly for havlng a generaLor produclng exhausL gases LhaL
were ln breach of Lhe auLhorlzed sLandardsŦ

uurlng medla lnLervlews ln !uly 9ţ Lhe head of Lhe Cuangzhou Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon
8ureauţ ulng Pongţ sLaLed LhaL ºover a perlod of one and a half yearsţ we lnspecLed Melko LlecLronlcs
9 Llmesţ and on 13 of Lhose occaslons we found Lhelr emlsslons dlscharge Lo be ln breach of Lhe
auLhorlzed sLandardsŦ"
9

Cn !anuary
Lh
ţ 1ţ Lhe Cuangdong Þrovlnce LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon ueparLmenL's !olnL
Supervlsory Cfflce convened a press conference Lo deLall Lhe provlnclal envlronmenLal problem
supervlslon work for 1Ŧ AL Lhe meeLlng companles were llsLed for speclal enforcemenL
supervlslon due Lo ºsecreL or dlrecL dlscharge of polluLlonţ emlsslons LhaL serlously exceeded
auLhorlzed sLandards and acLs relaLlng Lo lllegal consLrucLlon pro[ecLsţ all wlLh severlLyŦ" Cuangzhou
Melko's name was ranked aL Lhe Lop of Lhe llsLŦ
1

Cn !une 4
Lh
ţ 1ţ Lhe program ºundercurrenLs" on CC1v's regular Lconomlcs Ǝ Law segmenL
exposed Lhe speclflcs of Cuangzhou Melko LlecLronlcs' emlsslons dlscharge LhaL exceeded Lhe
auLhorlzed sLandardsţ as well as how Lhe company used an overflow ouLleL as a hldden dlscharge plpe
Lo dlrecLly dlscharge polluLed waLerŦ
11
uurlng Lhe lnvesLlgaLlonţ Lhls company repeaLedly aLLempLed Lo
hlde lLs vlolaLlons from Lhe Cuangzhou Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau's lnspecLlon Leam

LoLal polluLanLs dlscharged are more Lhan Lwlce Lhe allowed llmlLŦ Ŧ Pazardous wasLe noL enLrusLed Lo a quallfled company for LreaLmenL and
dlsposalŦ 3Ŧ 1he facLory has recelved a noLlce Lo make a paymenL wlLhln a speclfled deadllne buL has noL made a paymenL for dlscharge fees
wlLhln LhaL deadllneŦ 8een handed Lwo or more admlnlsLraLlve penalLles or had Lwo or more penalLles enforced by a courL of lawŦ 4Ŧ Pas had a
large scale or very large scale envlronmenLal polluLlon lncldenL (noL lncludlng Lhose caused by naLural dlsasLers)Ŧ 3Ŧ lound Lo have on Lwo or
more occaslons secreLly dlschargedţ dlscharged Lhrough leakage or dlrecLly dlscharged polluLanLsŦ 6Ŧ lallure Lo reporL polluLanL dlscharge LhaL
was Lhen dlscovered by Lhe LÞ8Ŧ Ŧ 8ecelved an admlnlsLraLlve penalLy from Lhe LÞ8 for conducL LhaL resulLed ln envlronmenLal polluLlonŦ
6
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ643

ƌ1he Cuangzhou MunlclpallLy 9 LlsL of Supervlsed Companles wlLh ÞromlnenL LnvlronmenLal ÞroblemsŦƌ Cuangzhou Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal
ÞroLecLlon 8ureau CovernmenL lnformaLlon ulsclosureţ 9ŴŴŦ

8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ643
9
Cuangzhou LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau head glves a ruLhless speechť nanbo ÞlanL ÞolluLlon Mlshandllngţ 8eslgnaLlonŦ ?angcheng Lvenlng
Þaperţ 9ŴŴŦ
1
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ61336
11
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ61336
1

by maklng false sLaLemenLsŦ Poweverţ Lhe Cuangzhou LÞ8 sLaff saw Lhrough Lhe Lrlcks and penallzed
Lhe company more Lhan 1 Llmes over Lhe nexL few monLhs of lnspecLlonsŦ

I|gure 3ť Cversp||| out|et ad[usted over the poo|



Cn Aprll 1Lhţ 11ţ Cuangdong Þrovlnclal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon ueparLmenL lssued Lhe
ºÞubllcaLlon of AssessmenL 8esulLs for Lhe key ÞolluLlon Sources LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon
CredlL ManagemenL ÞlanŦ" 1he resulLs of Lhe assessmenL showed LhaL Melko LlecLronlcs (Cuangzhou
nansha) CoŦţ LLdŦ was sLlll raLed as '?ellow'
1
meanlng LhaL LhaL Lhelr envlronmenLal problems had sLlll
noL been compleLely resolvedŦ
Case 2 Ŷ Wuhan Me|ko L|ectron|csť
13
Large Vo|umes of Wastewater D|scharged |nto Surround|ng
k|vers and Lakes
AfLer esLabllshlng Lhelr facLory slLe ln Cuangzhou ln 199ţ Melko LlecLronlcs declded ln 3 Lo
esLabllsh anoLher facLory ln Lhe Wuhan Lconomlc and 1echnologlcal uevelopmenL Zone (Zhuankou
uevelopmenL Zone) ln Wuhan MunlclpallLyţ Pubel ÞrovlnceŦ 1he facLoryţ named Melko LlecLronlcs
(Wuhan) CoŦţ LLdŦţ acLed as a new ÞC8 producLlon base for Lhe company on Lhe Chlnese malnlandŦ 1he
lnlLlal lnvesLmenL ln Lhls facLory was consldered Lo be uS$ mllllonţ wlLh plans for flnal lnvesLmenL

1
Companles wlLh an envlronmenLal warnlng are sald Lo be raLed as º?ellowŦ" 8y carrylng ouL any of Lhe followlng acLs a company can be raLed as
havlng an envlronmenLal warnlngŦ 1Ŧ ÞolluLanL dlscharge ln breach of Lhe auLhorlzed sLandards buL noL serlously overŦ Maln wasLewaLer or wasLe
gas polluLanLs are less Lhan double Lhe amounL allowed ln Lhe sLandardsŦ 1he LoLal volume of maln polluLanLs dlscharged ls less Lhan double Lhe
amounL allowedŦ 1he level of nolse ouLslde Lhe facLory boundary ls over Lhe auLhorlzed sLandards and ls provlng a nulsance for Lhe local
communlLyŦ lor a facLory ln an urban area lf Lhe level of nolse ls over Lhe auLhorlzed sLandards Lhen a warnlng can be lssuedŦ Ŧ Solld wasLe (noL
lncludlng hazardous wasLe) noL LreaLed and dlsposed of accordlng Lo regulaLlonsŦ 3Ŧ 1he facLory has recelved a noLlce Lo make a paymenL wlLhln a
speclfled deadllne buL has noL made a paymenL for dlscharge fees wlLhln LhaL deadllneŦ 8een handed one admlnlsLraLlve penalLy or had one
penalLy enforced by a courL of lawŦ 4Ŧ lound Lo have on one occaslon secreLly dlschargedţ dlscharged Lhrough leakage or dlrecLly dlscharged
polluLanLsŦ 3Ŧ 1o have been found by Lhe LÞ8 Lo have mlsreporLed or concealed Lhe dlscharge of polluLanLsŦ 6Ŧ ComplalnLs from Lhe general publlc
have been conflrmed by lnvesLlgaLlons yeL Lhe company has noL Laken any measures Lo make lmprovemenLsŦ Ŧ 1he company has some sorL of
envlronmenLal vlolaLlon and does noL cooperaLe wlLh Lhe LÞ8's lnvesLlgaLlons resulLlng ln polluLlon and harm Lo Lhe economy or lf Lhey are
exposed ln Lhe medlaŦ
13
AL Lhe Melko Croup's largesL producLlon base ln Chlnaţ Lhelr maln cllenLs are Apple lncŦţ MoLorolaţ Slemensţ Samsungţ Þanasonlcţ 1oshlba and
SonyŦ
11

Lo reach a LoLal of uS$ 33 mllllonţ creaLlng a large scale manufacLurlng base wlLh an annual
producLlon value of uS$ 4 mllllonŦ
8oLh Lhe volume of waLer used by Lhe Melko LlecLronlcs producLlon llne and Lhe amounL of
wasLewaLer dlscharged by Lhe planL are very largeŦ As Lhe dally dlscharge volume of wasLewaLer ls
expecLed Lo reach 1ţ Lons afLer Lhe company ls bullL and reaches full operaLlng capaclLyţ and as
Lhe company's wasLewaLer conLalns Lhe heavy meLals nlckel and copperţ local resldenLs had mlsglvlngs
abouL waLer polluLlon slnce Lhe facLory was flrsL bullLŦ
14
lor Lhese reasonsţ Lhe relevanL deparLmenLs
seL sLrlngenL regulaLlons for Lhls company's polluLanL sLandards and requlred LhaL afLer LreaLmenLţ Lhe
wasLewaLer from Lhe company be plped and dlrecLly dlscharged lnLo Lhe ?angLze 8lver lnsLead of
nearby lakesŦ
8y consulLlng offlclal lnformaLlon abouL Lhls company we found LhaL ln 3ţ Lhere was lnformaLlon
descrlblng lLs advanced LreaLmenL processes and sLrlngenL LreaLmenL sLandardsŦ AfLerwardsţ we
dlscovered LhaL Lhe relevanL deparLmenLs had pushed Melko LlecLronlcs Lo dlscharge LreaLed waLer
lnLo Lhelr nelghborţ Chenmlng Þaper lacLory'sţ large dlscharge ouLleLţ Lherefore reduclng polluLlon
emlsslonsŦ We learned LhaL Lhe facLory had a chlorlne accldenL ln Aprll LhaL led Lo Lhe polsonlng
and hosplLallzaLlon of 1 workersŦ
13
8y lebruary 11ţ relaLed documenLaLlon polnLed ouL LhaL as a
company produclng hazardous wasLeţ Lhls company dld ln facL fall Lo fully observe Lhe rules of wasLe
managemenL and handllngŦ
16

I|gure 4ť Wuhan Me|ko L|ectron|csţ D|scharge Channe|ţ Nanta|z| Lakeţ Dongfeng S|u|ce Gate Goog|e
Larth Sate|||te Image

ln order Lo furLher undersLand Lhe dlscharge sLaLusţ ln Aprll 11ţ lrlend's of naLure's Wuhan 8ranch
and Lhe lnsLlLuLe of Þubllc Ǝ LnvlronmenLal Affalrs wenL Lo Lhe Wuhan Melko LlecLronlcs slLeŦ 1he
lawyer Zeng xlangblnţ who ls Lhe person ln charge of lrlend's of naLure's Wuhan 8ranchţ lnvlLed

14
Wuhan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau 8eporL on Lhe SlLuaLlon Surroundlng Melko LlecLronlcsŦ Wu Puan (3) noŦ4ţ
3Ŵ1ŴŦ
13
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ3939
16
Pubel Þrovlnclal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon ueparLmenL ÞolluLlon ÞrevenLlon CfflceŤ Concernlng Lhe 1 Pazardous WasLe ÞolluLlon ÞrevenLlon
Supervlslon SlLuaLlonţ ?l Puan 8ao (1) noŦ 31ţ lebruary 13
Lh
ţ 11Ŧ
1

Zhang Zhllalţ an exŴemployee of Melko LlecLronlcs and Wan Zhengyouţ a nanLalzl Lake flsh farmer Lo
parLlclpaLe ln Lhe lnvesLlgaLlonŦ
1o Lhe easLern slde of Lhe Melko LlecLronlcs facLory and separaLed by a road and small green belL of
land ls a waLer channel abouL 13 meLers ln lengLh LhaL leads lnLo nanLalzl LakeŦ Walklng along Lhe
slde of Lhe dralnage channel we were very sLarLled Lo dlscover LhaL Lhe whole waLerway was flowlng
wlLh a mllky whlLe llquldŦ We rode ln a small flshlng boaL ouL lnLo nanLalzl LakeŦ 1he waLer ln Lhe lake
was an ash grey color wlLh whlLe bubbles accompanylng groups of black floaLlng ob[ecLsŦ 1he waLer
carrylng Lhese ob[ecLs Lhen slowly flowed Lowards Lhe mosL dlsLanL parLs of Lhe lake unLll Lhey
blended lnLo a haze on Lhe horlzonŦ nanLalzl Lake ls dlrecLly llnked Lo Lhe ?angLze 8lver meanlng Lhe
conLamlnaLed waLer wlll evenLually feed lnLo Lhe ?angLze 8lverŦ
I|gure Sť CnŴs|te Invest|gat|onţ Þhotoť Ma Iun


We Lurned around and rowed back Lowards Lhe small dralnage channel and found LhaL Lhe waLer
around Lhe channel's ouLleL was qulLe shallow reveallng a small ash grey mudflaLŦ Wan Zhengyou
Lurned hls oar ln Lhe waLer sLlrrlng up Lhlck grey mudŦ Cn enLerlng Lhe small dralnage channelţ Lhe
color of Lhe waLer changed from ash grey Lo a mllky whlLeţ maklng lL seem as lf we were rowlng on a
rlver of mllkŦ lL was only each Llme an oar cuL Lhrough Lhe waLer LhaL black mud was broughL up Lo Lhe
surface and churned LogeLher wlLh Lhe mllky whlLe llquldŦ

13

AbouL half way along Lhe dralnage channel was a concreLe plllar where we dlscovered many dlfferenL
layers of green marksŦ 1he exŴemployee from Wuhan Melko LlecLronlcsţ Zhang Zhllalţ LhoughL LhaL
Lhese marks were very llkely Lo have come from Lhe green oll LhaL ls ofLen used on prlnLed clrculL
boards Lo creaLe a greenţ solder reslsLanL area on Lhe boardŦ Wan Zhengyou also Lold us LhaL aL nlghL
Lhe volume of waLer belng dlscharged ls ofLen much largerţ so much so LhaL lL almosL obscures Lhe
concreLe plllarsŦ
AfLer paddllng furLher along Lhe dralnage channel we came across a several meLer wlde culverL wlLh a
road passlng overhead and even furLher onţ Lhe roof of Melko LlecLronlcs could be seen ln Lhe
dlsLanceŦ AfLer [usL a few drops of raln landedţ sLeam appeared ouL of Lhe polluLed mllky waLer ln Lhe
Lunnel enLrance and was blown over by Lhe wlndţ brlnglng wlLh lL an acldlc odor LhaL made everyone
wanL Lo coughŦ ºCur generaLlon drlnks polluLed waLer buL Lhe nexL generaLlon wlll be drlnklng
polsoned waLer" sald Wan ZhengyouŦ


I|gure 6ť Lead|ng to Nanta|z| Lake D|scharge Channe|ţ Þhotoť Ma Iun





14

I|gure 7ť D|scharge Channe|'s Wastewater Samp|e Inspect|on kesu|ts

uurlng Lhe onŴslLe lnvesLlgaLlon we Look a sample of Lhe mllky whlLe waLer ln Lhe dralnage channel
LhaL ran lnLo nanLalzl LakeŦ 1he sample was Lhen senL Lo Lhe Wuhan Munlclpal Pongshan ulsLrlcL
LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon MonlLorlng SLaLlon for LesLlng Lo be carrled ouLŦ 1he resulLs of Lhe LesLlng
showed LhaL Lhe waLer sample conLalned Lhe heavy meLals copper and nlckelŦ 1he concenLraLlon of
nlckel ln Lhe sample was found Lo be Ŧ3mg/Lţ whlch was 11Ŧ13 Llmes over Lhe auLhorlzed sLandards
llmlLs of Ŧ mg/L
1
for cenLrallzed waLer deslgnaLed Lo be a source of domesLlc drlnklng waLer or
surface waLerŦ
ln facLţ ln 6ţ ln order Lo remove Lhe rlsk LhaL Lhe Chenmlng noŦ1 lacLory's wasLewaLer posed Lo
Lhe downsLream Zhuankou drlnklng waLer source polnLţ and Lo llghLen Lhe polluLlon load on nanLalzl
Lakeţ Lhe Wuhan Munlclpal Lconomlc and 1echnologlcal uevelopmenL Zone AdmlnlsLraLlve
CommlLLee bullL a dlscharge plpe for Lhe sole use of Chenmlng noŦ1 and noŦ lacLorles and Melko
LlecLronlcsŦ 1he producLlon wasLewaLer from Lhese Lhree facLorles was collecLed lnLo one plpe and
dlscharged dlrecLly Lo Lhe ?angLze (downsLream from Lhe Zhuankou drlnklng waLer planL)Ŧ


Accordlng Lo Lhe Wuhan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ wlLh regards Lo Melko
LlecLronlcs (Wuhan) CoŦţ LLd's second phase prlnLed clrculL board producLlon llne pro[ecL
envlronmenLal lmpacL reporL approvalţ lLs ºproducLlon wasLewaLer (copperţ nlckelţ cyanldeţ fluorldeţ
degreaslng agenLs conLalned ln producLlon wasLewaLer as well as oLher cleanlng and acldlc
wasLewaLer) needed Lo be collecLed and LreaLed separaLelyţ so as Lo reach Lhe 'Comprehenslve
WasLewaLer ulscharge SLandard' (C89·1996) 1able 1 and 1able 4Ŧ Cnce Lhe wasLewaLer had

1
Surface WaLer LnvlronmenLal CuallLy SLandard C833Ŵţ naLlonal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ naLlonal CuallLy Supervlslon
lnspecLlon CuaranLlneţ 8aLlfledť Ŵ4ŴŦ
13

reached Lhe Level l sLandard lL could Lhen be dlscharged lnLo Lhe ?angLze rlver Lhrough dedlcaLed
dralnage plpesŦ"
1

Cn uecember 9
Lh
ţ ţ Lhe MlnlsLry of WaLer 8esources ?angLze 8lver WaLer 8esources Commlsslon
also lssued a documenL LhaL requlred LhaL Lhe wasLewaLer from Lhe Melko LlecLronlcs lacLory
wasLewaLer LreaLmenL planLţ afLer LreaLmenL LhaL meanL lL reached Lhe auLhorlzed sLandardsţ would
be dlscharged Lhrough Lhe pumplng sLaLlonţ whlch Lhe companles shall bulldţ lnLo Lhe ?angLze rlverţ
along wlLh LreaLed wasLewaLer from Lhe noŦ1 and noŦ Chenmlng Þaper lacLorles and Lhe LreaLed
wasLewaLer from Lhe Wuhan Lconomlc and 1echnologlcal uevelopmenL Zone wasLewaLer LreaLmenL
planLŦ 1he LreaLed wasLewaLer would Lhen flow of lLs own accord Lhrough Lhe uongfeng slulce gaLe
and lnLo Lhe ?angLzeŦ Among Lhe comblned dlscharge Lhe amounL of LreaLed wasLewaLer from Lhe
Melko LlecLronlcs facLory wasLewaLer LreaLmenL planL should noL exceed 1ţ Lons/dayŦ
19

We found Lhe Chenmlng Þaper lacLory dlscharge ouLleL and saw a very Lhlck meLal plpe dlscharglng
LorrenLs of brownlsh red wasLewaLer lnLo Lhe rlverŦ A large amounL of whlLe foam was formlng on Lhe
surface of Lhe rlver and flowlng on Lowards Lhe uongfeng slulce gaLeŦ AfLer arrlvlng aL Lhe uongfeng
slulce gaLe we saw LhaL Lhe wasLewaLer and whlLe foam were able Lo flow dlrecLly and unhlndered
sLralghL lnLo Lhe ?angLzeŦ An elderly keeper of Lhe slulce gaLe Lold us LhaL aL nlghL Lhe wasLewaLer
foam dlscharge was much greaLer and lL ofLen had a sLench LhaL was so bad he was unable Lo sleepŦ
I|gure 8ť D|scharge Cut|et Used by Me|ko L|ectron|cs Ǝ Chenm|ng Þaper Compan|esţ Þhotoť Ma Iun


1
Wu Puan Cuan () noŦ 33ţ Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ '8egardlng Melko LlecLronlcs (Wuhan) CoŦţ LLdŦ ÞC8 ÞroducLlon Llne
Þhase ll ConsLrucLlon Þrogram LlA 8eporL Approvalţ Wuhan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau Cfflceţ ÞrlnLedť !uly
Lh
ţ Ŧ
19
ƌ8egardlng Lhe Approval by Wuhan Munlclpal Lconomlc and 1echnologlcal uevelopmenL Zone ÞolluLanL WaLer 1reaLmenL ÞlanL for Lhe
lnsLallaLlon of a ÞolluLanL ulscharge CuLleL lnLo Lhe 8lverŦƌ Llcense żŽ noŦ 169ţ MlnlsLry of WaLer 8esources ?angLze 8lver WaLer 8esources
CommlLLeeţ Ŵ1Ŵ9Ŧ
16

Cn !une 3
rd
ţ 11ţ Lhe lawyer from Lhe Wuhan branch of lrlend's of naLureţ Zeng xlangblnţ and Lhe
Þony 1esLlng Company goL Lhe LesL resulLs from Lhe sampled mllky whlLe waLer from Lhe dralnage
channel leadlng Lo nanLalzl LakeŦ 1he resulLs showed LhaL Lhe CCucr concenLraLlon was 19 mg/Lţ
whlch ls 4Ŧ Llmes Lhe CaLegory v (4mg/L)

LnvlronmenLal Surface WaLer CuallLy SLandardŦ 1he
copper conLenL here ls belleved Lo be beLween 36Ŵ193 Llmes Lhe volume of copper found ln Lhe
sedlmenL ln Lhe mlddle reaches of Lhe ma[or lakes of Lhe ?angLze 8lverŦ
Conslderlng LhaL heavy meLals do noL degrade easlly and acLually accumulaLeţ Lhe Þony 1esLlng
Company was enLrusLed by Lhe nCCs Lo carry ouL LesLlng on a sample of sedlmenL from Lhe dralnage
channel and a sample aL Lhe polnL where Lhe dralnage channel flowed lnLo nanLalzl LakeŦ 1he resulLs
showed LhaL Lhe amounL of copper ln Lhe sample from Lhe dralnage channel conLalned 463mg of
copper per kgţ and Lhe sedlmenL sample Laken aL Lhe polnL where Lhe dralnage channel flowed lnLo
Lhe lake conLalned 4mg of copper per kgŦ


I|gure 9ť D|scharge Channe| Ǝ Nanta|z| Lake Sed|ment Samp|e Mon|tor|ng kesu|ts
(Mon|tor|ng 8odyť Þony 1est|ng Companyţ 1|me of Samp||ng Iune 3
rd
ţ 2011)



When conslderlng LhaL heavy meLals have dlfflculLy degradlng and can acLually accumulaLeţ Lhe Þony
1esLlng Companyţ commlssloned by Lhe coallLlonţ carrled ouL furLher LesLlng on samples of sedlmenL
Laken from Lhe dralnage channel and Lhe ouLleL of Lhe dralnage channel aL Lhe polnL aL whlch lL flows
lnLo nanLalzl LakeŦ 1he resulLs of Lhe LesLlng showed LhaL Lhe sedlmenL ln Lhe dralnage channel

Surface WaLer LnvlronmenLal CuallLy SLandard C8 33Ŵţ naLlonal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ naLlonal CuallLy MonlLorlng
lnspecLlon Ǝ CuaranLlneţ 8aLlfledť Ŵ4ŴŦ
1

conLalned 463mg of copper per kg and Lhe sedlmenL aL Lhe polnL where Lhe dralnage channel flowed
lnLo nanLalzl Lake conLalned 4mg copper per kgŦ
8y comparlng Lhe resulLs of Lhe LesLlng wlLh Lhe nCAA SedlmenL CuallLy SLandards
1
and ?angLze
8lver Maln SLream SedlmenL CuallLy SLandard Levelsţ lL ls obvlous LhaL Lhe levels of copper ln Lhe
sedlmenL ln Lhe dralnage channel are unusually hlghţ and Lhe levels of copper ln Lhe sedlmenL where
Lhe dralnage channel flows lnLo nanLalzl Lake are lncredlbly hlghŦ

Sample Copper mg/kg nlckel mg/kg
nanLalzl Lake SedlmenL 4 6
uralnage Channel SedlmenL 463 14
nCAA SedlmenL CuallLy SLandard L8L values

nCAA SedlmenL CuallLy SLandards L8M values
34

Ŧ9
31Ŧ6
?angLze 8lver SedlmenL CuallLy SLandards Level l
3

?angLze 8lver SedlmenL CuallLy SLandards Level ll
?angLze 8lver SedlmenL CuallLy SLandards Level lll
?angLze 8lver SedlmenL CuallLy SLandards Level lv
33
63
13
3
33
33
3
1

I|gure 10ť Compar|son of Sed|ment Inspect|on kesu|ts Ǝ Standards

1he nCAA SedlmenL CuallLy SLandards are seL Lo Lwo llmlL valuesţ L8L (LffecLs 8angeŴLow) and L8M
(LffecLs 8angeŴMedlan) where Lhe L8L value represenLs a ºlow" LoxlclLy effecL and Lhe L8M value
represenLs a ºmedlum" LoxlclLy effecLŦ When Lhe conLenL of heavy meLals ln Lhe sedlmenL ls less Lhan
Lhe L8L value Lhen Lhe probablllLy of produclng negaLlve effecLs (LoxlclLy lmpacL) ls less Lhan 1ƷŦ lf
Lhe conLenL of heavy meLals ln Lhe sedlmenL exceeds Lhe L8L value buL ls below Lhe L8M value Lhen
Lhe probablllLy of produclng LoxlclLy effecL lncreases Lo Ŵ3ƷŦ lf Lhe heavy meLals conLenL ln Lhe

1
1he nCAA SedlmenL CuallLy SLandard (LffecLs 8ange Approachţ L8A)ţ ls complled based on Lhe daLa compllaLlon of a large volume of chemlcal
and blologlcal effecLsŦ CurrenLly lL ls lnLernaLlonally Lhe mosL wldely accepLed meLhod of developlng sedlmenL quallLy sLandards and ls used by
some CovernmenL deparLmenLs as well as research bodlesŦ llrsLlyţ an lnLroducLlon Lo Lhls meLhod by Long and Morganţ from Lhe uS naLlonal
Cceanlc and ALmospherlc AdmlnlsLraLlon (nCAA) naLlonal sLaLus and Lrend research pro[ecL conLenLsţ sampllng hundreds of locaLlonsţ assesslng
Lhe blologlcal effecL of sedlmenL polluLanL adsorpLlonţ LesLlng Lhe appllcaLlon of balanced allocaLlon meLhodsŦ LaboraLory sedlmenL blologlcal
analysls meLhod and oLher Lypes of meLhods Lo obLaln Lhe sedlmenL quallLy sLandard sLaLlsLlcsţ Lhere are dlfferenL meLhods of observaLlon and
calculaLlon for Lhe chemlcal concenLraLlons Lo push Lhe blologlcal effecLs Lo carryŴouL a classlflcaLlon sequenceŦ 1o conflrm Lhe blologlcal effecL
sequence as 1
Lh
percenLlle and 3
Lh
percenLlle Lherefore correspondlng sedlmenL polluLanLs conLenL value ls deflned as (LffecLs 8angeŴLowţ L8ŴL)ţ
Lhe 3
Lh
percenLlle Lherefore correspondlng sedlmenL polluLanLs conLenL value ls deflned as (LffecLs 8angeŴMedlanţ L8ŴM)ţ CuoLe fromť Llu
Chengţ Wang Zhaoylnţ Pe ?unţ lnvesLlgaLlon lnLo WaLer quallLy SLandards of SedlmenL ueposlLlonţ SedlmenL 8esearchţ Þhase llţ Aprll 3Ŧ

SedlmenL CuallLy Culdellnes developed for Lhe naLlonal SLaLus and 1rends Þrogram
3
Llu Chengţ Wang Zhaoylnţ Pe ?unţ lnvesLlgaLlon lnLo WaLer quallLy SLandards of SedlmenL ueposlLlonţ SedlmenL 8esearchţ 3Ŧ
1

sedlmenL exceeds Lhe L8M value Lhen Lhe chances of produclng Loxlc effecL lncreases Lo beLween
6Ŵ9ƷŦ
4

Accordlng Lo Lhe resulLs of Lhe LesLlng carrled ouL by Lhe Þony 1esLlng Companyţ Lhe sedlmenL from
Lhe dralnage channel near Melko LlecLronlcs and Lhe sedlmenL ln nanLalzl Lake had amounLs of
copper ln Lhem LhaL far exceeded Lhe nCAA SedlmenL CuallLy SLandard L8M valuesţ meanlng LhaL Lhe
posslblllLy of produclng harmful LoxlclLy effecLs ls very largeŦ
Cn Aprll 13Lhţ 11ţ Lhe lawyer from lrlends of naLureţ Zeng xlangblnţ led Lhe Þony 1esLlng Company
Lo carry ouL LesLlng aL Lhe uongfeng slulce gaLe where Lhe comblned ouLleL from Melko LlecLronlcs
and Chenmlng Þaper lacLory dlscharges wasLewaLerŦ 1hey dlscovered LhaL Lhe CCucr was as much as
16mg/L and Lhe concenLraLlon of Lhe heavy meLal nlckel was as much as Ŧ13mg/LŦ Lven Lhough Lhe
wasLewaLer was heavlly dlluLed by Lhe nlckel free waLer belng dlscharged from Lhe Chenmlng Þaper
lacLoryţ Lhe LoLal concenLraLlon of nlckel was 3Ŧ3 Llmes hlgher Lhan Lhe predlcLed amounLŦ
3

8ased on Lhere belng 3 worklng days per yearţ by Laklng Lhe concenLraLlons ln Lhe samples and Lhe
volume of waLer belng dlscharged aL Lhls ouLleL per day (Chenmlng Þaper lacLory noŦ 1 Ŵ 3ţ
Lons/dayţ Chenmlng Þaper lacLory noŦ Ŷ 1ţ Lons/dayţ Melko LlecLronlcs Ŷ 1ţ Lons/day)
6
lL
was posslble Lo work ouL LhaL Lhe amounL of nlckel dlscharged per year could be as much as Ŧ1
Lonsţ

16Ŧ6 Llmes Lhe amounL permlLLedŦ

Cn AugusL 3Lhţ 11ţ we senL a corporaLe envlronmenLal conducL leLLer Lo Melko LlecLronlcs
lnqulrlng abouL Lhe company's envlronmenLal managemenLŦ As of AugusL 3
Lh
ţ 11ţ we have yeL Lo
recelve any klnd of response from Lhe companyŦ



4
?u Cuo'anţ Wang Zhaoylnţ Llu Chengţ Puang Wendlanţ lnvesLlgaLlon on SedlmenL CuallLy ln Lhe Mlddle ?angLze 8lverţ SedlmenL 8esearchţ
Ŧ
3
8ased on Lhe 'Wuhan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau 8eporL 8egardlng Lhe SlLuaLlon of Melko LlecLronlcs' Þrogramţ" Wu Puan
(3) noŦ4ţ Lhe Melko Company declded Lo use a compleLe seL of advanced envlronmenLal proLecLlon Lechnologyţ Lools and equlpmenL all
lmporLed from one of !apan's leadlng envlronmenLal proLecLlon companles ţLhe Lbara CompanyŦ 1he wasLewaLer esLlmaLlons are belowť Me|ko
L|ectron|cs' Wuhan Þ|ant Þr|mary Þo||utant D|scharge Chart (Un|tť mg]|)
1ota| Copper N|cke| 1ota| Cyan|de Þo||utant Water 1reatment Un|t
Cuangzhou ÞlanL (Measured) Ŧ43 Ŧ1 Ŧ9 SLLCC (Cuangzhou)
Wuhan ÞlanL (LsLlmaLed) Ŧ4 Ŧ4 Ŧ Lbara (!apan)
ulscharge SLandard Ŧ3 1Ŧ Ŧ3 ŴŴŴ
Surface WaLer LnvlronmenLal CuallLy SLandard 1Ŧ ŴŴŴ Ŧ Ŵ ŴŴŴ
uomesLlc urlnklng WaLer Pyglene SLandard 1Ŧ ŴŴŴ Ŧ3 ŴŴŴ

6
Wu Puan Cuan (9) noŦ 11ţ Wuhan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau 8eporL 8egardlng Lhe SlLuaLlon of Lhe uevelopmenL of key
Cases AfLer Supervlslon Workţ november 3
Lh
ţ 9Ŧ

Cn !uly
nd
ţ 11ţ 1he lÞL conLacLed Lhe Wuhan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau regardlng Lhe annual permlLLed volume of copper
and nlckel polluLanL dlscharge for Melko LlecLronlcs (Wuhan) CoŦţ LLdŦ 8ased on Lhe response from Lhe Wuhan LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau
on AugusL 1Lh 11 Lhe permlLLed polluLanL dlscharge volume for Melko LlecLronlcs (Wuhan) CoŦţ LLdŦ was seL aLŤ Copper Ŧ91 Lons and nlckel
Ŧ1 Lons per annumŦ

Wuhan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ 8egardlng Melko LlecLronlcs (Wuhan) CoŦţ LLdŦ LnvlronmenL lmpacL AssessmenL for Lhe
Annual producLlon of Ŧ4 mllllon m

of

prlnLed clrculL boards and 3Ŧ6 mllllon m

of base boardsŦ Wu Puan Cuan (3) noŦ43ţ Wuhan Munlclpal
LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau Cfflceţ AugusL 9
Lh
ţ 11Ŧ
Wu Puan Cuan () noŦ33 Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau 8egardlng Melko LlecLronlcs (Wuhan) CoŦţ LLdŦ ÞrlnLed ClrculL 8oard
ÞroducLlon Llne Þhase ll ConsLrucLlon Þro[ecL LnvlronmenLal lmpacL AssessmenL 8eporL Approvalţ Wuhan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon
8ureau Cfflceţ !uly
Lh
ţ Ŧ
19

Sect|on 2 Ŵ Caus|ng D|rect narm to the Commun|ty
1he large quanLlLles of dlscharge from Apple's supply chalnţ noL only causes serlous envlronmenLal
polluLlon buL even causes dlrecL harm Lo Lhe healLh and safeLy of Lhe publlcŦ 1hrough lnvesLlgaLlonsţ
we dlscovered many suppller companles Lo Apple LhaL have been sub[ecL Lo publlc complalnLsŦ
Case 3 Ŵ kaedar L|ectron|cs Ǝ Un|m|cron L|ectron|csť Affected C|t|zens knee| Ǝ Ask for ne|p
1he company kaedar LlecLronlcs (kunshan) CoŦţ LLdŦ (betelooftet tefetteJ to os kaedar LlecLronlcs) ls
locaLed ln kunshanţ !langsu ÞrovlnceŦ We came Lo know of Apple's relaLlonshlp wlLh Lhls company
Lhrough a commerclal brlbery scandalŦ
9

3

1hls company holds a 6 polluLlon record ln Lhe ÞolluLlon Map uaLabaseŦ 1hls record shows kaedar
LlecLronlcs as havlng ºexLended operaLlons wlLhouL auLhorlzaLlon and excesslve exLernal dlscharge of
unLreaLed wasLewaLerŦ" 1he kunshan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau ºordered a halL Lo
Lhe producLlon on Lhe exLended producLlon llne and lssued a 1ţ 8M8 flnanclal penalLyŦ"
31

Cn !une 3
rd
ţ 11ţ Lhe 'kunshan Munlclpal 1 lndusLrlal LnLerprlses LnvlronmenLal ConducL 8aLlng
noLlce ÞubllcaLlon' was releasedŤ sLaLlng LhaL kaedar LlecLronlcs had been raLed as a 'yellow
companyţ'
3
whlch means LhaL ºeven Lhough Lhe polluLanL dlscharge was wlLhln Lhe naLlonal
sLandards lL had exceeded Lhe LoLal volume conLrol LargeLs or some oLher vlolaLlon had Laken placeŦ"
33

kunshan unlmlcron LlecLronlc CoŦţ LLdŦ (betelooftet tefetteJ to os unlmlcron LlecLronlcs) ls also
locaLed ln kunshanţ !langsu ÞrovlnceŦ Accordlng Lo publlcly avallable lnformaLlonţ Lhls company serves
as Lhe kunshan producLlon base for 1alwan's unlmlcron Croupţ
34
and unlmlcron ls a suspecLed ÞC8
suppller Lo Apple lncŦ
33

unlmlcron LlecLronlcs holds a 3 record ln Lhe ÞolluLlon Map uaLabase and was raLed as a 'red
companyţ'
36
whlch means LhaL ºeven Lhough efforLs were made Lo conLrol polluLlonţ Lhe polluLanL
dlscharge sLlll had noL reached Lhe naLlonal polluLanL conLrol sLandardsţ or a ma[or polluLlon lncldenL
had Laken placeţ or Lhe company had a compllance raLe of more Lhan 3Ʒ and less Lhan ƷŦ
3
ln
ţ Lhls company was raLed as a yellow companyţ
3
whlch means LhaL ºeven Lhough Lhe polluLanL
dlscharge was wlLhln Lhe naLlonal sLandards lL had exceeded Lhe LoLal volume conLrol LargeLs or some
oLher vlolaLlon had Laken placeŦ"
39



9
AugusL 13
Lh
ţ 1ţ a mldŴlevel managemenL employee aL Lhe uS Apple lncŦ was sued for provldlng klckbacks Lo slx Aslan suppllers Lo Apple
accessory suppllersţ naLlonal 8uslness newsţ 1ŴŴ1Ŧ 1he suppllers lnvolved lnclude kaedar LlecLronlcs CoŦţ LLdŦ locaLed aL SuzhouŦ kaedar
LlecLronlcs parenL company ls Lhe llsLed company ÞegaLron CorporaLlon from 1alwanŦ 1he company's medla spokesperson Lln CluLan verlfled Lhls
by saylngť º1he person responslble has already been suspended and we are underLaklng followŴup lnvesLlgaLlonsŦ"
3
8ased on publlcly avallable maLerlalsţ Lhls company aL Lhe same Llme ls a suspecLed suppller Lo 1oshlbaţ PÞţ uell and LenovoŦ
31
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ6963
3
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ6694
33
noLlce on MaLLers 8elaLlng Lo Lhe lmplemenLaLlon of lndusLrlal LnLerprlses LnvlronmenLal 8ehavlor lnformaLlon ulsclosure SysLemsŦ kun Puan
(1) noŦ33ţ kunshan MunlclpallLy LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ Ŵ3ŴŦ
34
8egardlng xlnxlng ÞroducLlon 8aseť hLLpť//wwwŦunlmlcronŦcom/abouLŦhLm#
33
8ased on publlcly avallable lnformaLlonţ Lhls company ls also a suspecLed suppller Lo nokla
36
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ641
3
noLlce on MaLLers 8elaLlng Lo Lhe lmplemenLaLlon of lndusLrlal LnLerprlses LnvlronmenLal 8ehavlor lnformaLlon ulsclosure SysLemsŦ kun Puan
(1) noŦ33ţ kunshan MunlclpallLy LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ Ŵ3ŴŦ
3
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/com_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ3936
39
noLlce on MaLLers 8elaLlng Lo Lhe lmplemenLaLlon of lndusLrlal LnLerprlses LnvlronmenLal 8ehavlor lnformaLlon ulsclosure SysLemsŦ kun Puan
(1) noŦ33ţ kunshan MunlclpallLy LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ Ŵ3ŴŦ


I|gure 11ť A Goog|e Larth Sate|||te Image of kaedar and Un|m|cron and the Loca| Commun|t|esŦ


Whlle furLher searchlng Lhe relaLed daLaţ we came across many publlc complalnLs ln onllne forums
whlch were dlrecLed Lowards Lhese Lwo companlesŦ 1hls lnformaLlon sLaLed LhaL slnce 6ţ Lhe
resldenLs have been consLanLly sub[ecLed Lo Lhe effecLs of Lhe company's emlsslonsţ wasLewaLer and
nolse levelsŤ especlally Lhe spray coaLlng emlsslons from kaedar LlecLronlcs and Lhe acld gas emlsslons
from unlmlcron LlecLronlcsŦ Many of Lhose who complalned worry abouL Lhe lmpacL on Lhe healLh of
Lhelr chlldrenţ wlLh some resldenLs noLlng LhaL Lhey had already senL Lhelr chlldren Lo sLay elsewhereŦ
ln Lhese forumsţ some people had menLloned Lhey had reporLed Lhls maLLer many LlmesŦ
WlLhln Lhls kunshan forum some of Lhe resldenLs had reporLed Lhe problem many LlmesŦ ln amongsL
Lhe commenLs we came across an offlclal response posLed by a forum user saylngţ º?ou have reporLed
Lhe polluLlon problems of kaedar LlecLronlcs (kunshan) CoŦţ LLdŦ and kunshan unlmlcron LlecLronlc
CoŦţ LLdŦ Lo Lhe open mallbox of Lhe provlnclal parLy secreLaryţ Lhe head of our deparLmenL places
much lmporLance on Lhlsţ on one hand we have lnsLrucLed Lhe Suzhou Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal
ÞroLecLlon 8ureau Lo handle Lhe lnvesLlgaLlonsţ and on Lhe oLher hand we have arranged for Lhe
personnel from Lhe relevanL deparLmenLs Lo underLake supervlslonŦ
4

Accordlng Lo Lhe responseţ kaedar LlecLronlcs' maln producL ls Lhe ouLer caslng and lnLerlor of
noLebook compuLersţ Lhelr emlsslons malnly come from Lhe spraylng parL of Lhe producLlon process
and Lhe nolse ls malnly produced by fans and Lhe coollng LowersŦ unlmlcron LlecLronlc CoŦţ LLdŦ has
Lhree phases of consLrucLlon and a gold plaLlng producLlon llneţ wlLh acld gas and dusL as lLs maln
wasLe gas emlsslonŦ

4
AfLer seelng Lhe posL on Lhe kunshan lorumţ Lhe coallLlon made checks on Lhe slLuaLlon Lhrough Lhe !langsu Þrovlnclal CovernmenL webslLe's
ºÞrovlnclal ÞarLy SecreLary MallboxŦ" 1hls column lncludes Lhe secLlons ºvlew leLLers" and ºselecLed leLLersŦ" Powever Lhe ºselecLed leLLers"
column was empLy and ln order Lo vlew Lhe selecLed leLLers you need Lo enLer a ºserlal number" and ºquery passwordŦ"1he responses Lo Lhese
leLLers are noL open Lo Lhe general publlcŦ
1

Accordlng Lo Lhe responseţ kaedar LlecLronlcs and unlmlcron LlecLronlcs have boLh consLrucLed
LreaLmenL faclllLlesŦ 8y looklng aL Lhe resulLs from Lhe ordlnaryţ nonŴscheduled monlLorlng we can see
LhaL Lhe emlsslons for boLh companles are wlLhln Lhe level sLandard of Lhe 'ALmospherlc ÞolluLanL
Comprehenslve ulscharge SLandardsŦ' 1he facLory nolse aL kaedar LlecLronlcs was also wlLhln Lhe Lhlrd
caLegory sLandard of Lhe 'lacLory nolse SLandards for lndusLrlal LnLerprlsesŦ'
8uL Lhe response also sald LhaL ºLhrough holdlng many onŴslLe lnspecLlonsţ kunshan Munlclpal
LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau dlscovered LhaL because Lhe facLory was raLher close Lo a resldenLlal
areaţ even lf Lhe facLory's emlsslons and nolse were wlLhln Lhe auLhorlzed sLandardsţ Lhey were bound
Lo have an effecL on Lhe surroundlng envlronmenLŦ lor Lhese reasonsţ Lhe kunshan Munlclpal
LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau requlred LhaL Lhe Lwo facLorlesţ based on Lhe facL LhaL Lhey already
meeL Lhe dlscharge sLandardsţ should make furLher lmprovemenLs Lo Lhelr polluLlon conLrol faclllLles
so as Lo reduce Lhe affecL on Lhe surroundlng areaŦ Meanwhlle Lhe LÞ8 has also proposed LhaL
kunshan Munlclpal CovernmenL devlse a plan for Lhe Lwo companles Lo be relocaLedŦ"
Cn Aprll 19
Lh
ţ 11ţ nan[lng Creen SLone's Ll Chunhua and Lwo sLaff members aL Lhe lnsLlLuLe of Þubllc
Ǝ LnvlronmenLal Affalrs carrled ouL an lnvesLlgaLlon aL Lhe Wangfang Shul'an CommunlLyţ Lhe place
where Lhe onllne complalnLs were concenLraLedŦ lrom Lhe lnvesLlgaLlonţ a group of resldenLs gave an
accounL of Lhe annoyance caused by Lhe lasL 6 years of wasLe gas dlscharge aL kaedar LlecLronlcs and
unlmlcron LlecLronlcsŦ Accordlng Lo Lhe resldenLsţ Lhe ºpolsonous gas" LhaL ls someLlmes dlscharged
from Lhese companles mean Lhey do noL dare open Lhelr wlndowsţ oLherwlse Lhey wlll wake ln Lhe
mlddle of Lhe nlghL choklngŦ
We found many resldenLs concerned abouL Lhe emlsslon's healLh lmpacL on Lhelr chlldrenŦ uurlng
onŴslLe lnvesLlgaLlons we came across a young boy who ls a sLudenL aL Lhe communlLy's klndergarLenŦ
1he boyţ named 1ong Palylţ aged elghL years oldţ accompanled by hls moLherţ led us Lo Lhe ouLer
norLhern wall of Wangfang Shul'an communlLyŦ lL was Lhen LhaL we saw LhaL kaedar LlecLronlcs and
Lhe klndergarLen were only separaLed by an lron fenceŦ WlLh a gusL of wlnd came Lhe offenslve odorŦ
lL was aL Lhe slde of Lhls company and hls klndergarLen LhaL 1ong Palyl pulled on hls moLher's hand
and saldţ ºSomeLlmes when l come back home and l'm sLudylngţ l have chesL palnsţ and when you
come Lo feLch meţ l feel really dlzzyŦ SomeLlmes Lhere ls a really sLrange smell aL schoolŦ" Pls moLher
Lold us he ofLen has headachesţ dlzzlness and frequenL nose bleedsţ whlch makes her very concernedŦ
MsŦ Melţ who was Lhe flrsL Lo ralse complalnLs ln 6ţ also came wlLh usŦ She had sLarLed
complalnlng because she was pregnanL aL LhaL Llme and was especlally worrled abouL Lhe effecLs Lhe
emlsslons from kaedar LlecLronlcs would have on her chlldŦ SubsequenLlyţ her complalnLs came Lo no
avall as kaedar LlecLronlcs' polluLlon sLayed Lhe sameŦ ln order Lo proLecL her son's healLhţ she had no
opLlon buL Lo send hlm Lo be ralsed aL her parenL's homeŦ 1herefore she had no oLher cholce buL Lo
endure long perlods of separaLlon from her chlldŦ
AL Lhls Llmeţ Lhe vlllagers from Lhe nelghborlngţ unlL of 1ongxln vlllageţ came over Lo venL Lhelr
anger abouL Lhe grave lmpacL kaedar LlecLronlcs and unlmlcron LlecLronlcs has had on Lhelr llvesŤ
Lhey also wanLed us Lo go wlLh Lhem Lo have a look aL Lhelr vlllageŦ Leavlng Lhe communlLy and
byŴpasslng kaedarţ Lhe vlllagers Look us Lo a small brldgeŦ 8elow Lhe brldge ran a small sLreamţ wlLh


Lhelr vlllageţ populaLed by around LwenLy famlllesţ on lLs banksŦ 1he facLorles were very close Lo Lhe
vlllageŦ º1hls ls kaedar LlecLronlcsţ" sald one of Lhe vlllagersţ polnLlng aL a large facLory bulldlngŦ Cn
Lhe oLher slde of Lhe rlver Lhere were Lwo more facLorlesţ whlch accordlng Lo accounLs from Lhe
vlllagersţ were also elecLronlcs facLorlesŦ
Accordlng Lo Lhe vlllagers' commenLsţ 1ongxln vlllage was a once a prosperous model vlllageŦ 1en years
prevlously kaedar LlecLronlcs consLrucLed Lhelr planLţ occupylng Lhe arable land and glvlng Lhe
vlllagers very low compensaLlonŦ Accordlng Lo Lhe vlllagersţ ln Lhese Len yearsţ Lhe vlllage's sLream LhaL
once had relaLlvely clean waLer has now Lurned lnky blackŦ ln Lhe pasL few yearsţ Lhese elecLronlcs
companles have been dlscharglng wasLewaLer and emlLLlng wasLe gasesţ along wlLh nolse polluLlonŦ
Cver Lhe Len year perlodţ many people have fallen slckţ wlLh a sharp lncrease ln Lhe vlllage's cancer
raLesŦ 1he vlllagers had hoped Lo Lake Lhls maLLer up wlLh Lhe facLoryţ buL Lhey could noL flnd a means
Lo do soŦ 1hey have reporLed Lhe problems Lo Lhe local governmenL buL Lhe company seems Lo very
qulckly become aware of Lhls and so before someone goes Lo carry ouL monlLorlng aL Lhe facLoryţ Lhe
smell ofLen dlsappearsŦ
uurlng Lhe lnvesLlgaLlonţ Lhe vlllagers sponLaneously Look waLer from Lhe sLreamţ pourlng Lhe waLer
lnLo a plasLlc boLLleŦ Sufferlng from gasLrlc cancerţ Zhu Culfenţ who has already had her sLomach
removed due Lo cancerţ cluLched a plasLlc boLLleŤ along wlLh more Lhan Len mlddleŴaged vlllagers Lhey
assembled ln fronL of usŦ AL LhaL Llmeţ we were asLonlshed by Lhe scene ln fronL of our cameraŦ 1hese
ladlesţ wlLh an average age of 33 suddenly and slmulLaneously fell Lo Lhelr kneesţ cluLchlng Lhe boLLle
of polluLed waLer and pleaded ºWe beg youţ help us! Pelp us ordlnary people!"

I|gure 12ť Dur|ng the |nvest|gat|on the v|||agers sudden|y dropped to the|r knees and asked for he|pŦ
Þhotoť Wang I|ng[|ng

3

AfLerwardsţ Lhe 1ongxln vlllage resldenLs provlded us wlLh a sLaLlsLlcal charL of local resldenLs wlLh
cancerŦ AL Lhe end of May 11ţ we agaln vlslLed 1ongxln vlllageţ speclflcally Lo verlfy Lhe slLuaLlon of
cancer paLlenLsŦ We found LhaL slnce ţ from [usL Lhe noŦ secLlon of 1ongxln vlllageţ Lhe number
of people who have suffered from cancer or dled from cancer was more Lhan nlneţ and Lhe LoLal
populaLlon of Lhe secLlon of Lhe vlllage was less Lhan 6Ŧ





















4

I|gure 13ť Cancer S|tuat|on of 1ongx|n Commun|tyţ Loux|a V|||ageţ kunshan C|tyŦ


Cancer S|tuat|on of 1ongx|n Commun|tyţ Loux|a V|||ageţ kunshan C|tyţ I|angsu Þrov|nce

Group Name Gender I||ness D|agnos|s]
Death
Age
Zhu Laohu Male Llver cancerţ ueaLh 3
11 Pu !lhua Male Llver cancerţ ueaLh 3 43
1 1ang Welmlng Male Llver cancerţ ueaLh 6 49
11 Zhu ulnglln Male SLomach cancerţ ueaLh
Zhu !lnrong Male ÞrosLaLe cancerţ ueaLh 1
Chen 8ullong Male SLomach cancerţ ueaLh 6
!ln 8lngkun Male Llver cancerţ ueaLh 9 4
!ln Welsheng Male Llver cancer relaLedţ ueaLh 9 6
Chen !lnnan lemale Llver cancerţ ueaLh 9 1
1ang Axlao Male lnLesLlnal cancer whlch
moved Lo Lhe llverţ ueaLh
1 6
11 Zhu !ulln Male MallgnanL hepaLlLls 8ţ ueaLh 1 4
1 1ang Asu lemale nasal cancer surglcal removal 3 39
1 Shl Mlng Male Llver LransplanL 36
11 Zhu kangylng lemale Lymphoma removalţ
ChemoLherapy
9 39
11 Pu !lnhua lemale 8reasL cancer removalţ
ChemoLherapy
31
11 Zhu Welkang Male lull sLomach removalţ
8adloLherapy
9 6
leng xlngxlan lemale SLomach cancer Ŵ large parL surglcally
removedţ chemoLherapy
9 6
!ln ?onglln Male Lye cancer surglcal removal
(MulLlple myeloma)
63
Zhu Culfen lemale SLomach cancer removal
(MulLlple myeloma)
11 63
11 Zhu ?anyuan Male SLomach cancer Ŵ
large parL surglcally removed
11 3
ln Lhe 19ƌsţ only one personţ Chen 8ulylng dled from cancerŦ MrŦ Chen was a mess cook
for Lhe CounLy CovernmenL and dled ln hls early flfLlesŦ




3

Cn !uly 11
Lh
ţ 11ţ Lwo sLaff members from Lhe Creen SLone LnvlronmenLal AcLlon neLwork along
wlLh a volunLeerţ seL ouL for 1ongxln vlllage ln kunshan Lo carry ouL lnvesLlgaLlonsŦ under Lhe brldge
LhaL passes over Lhe rlver aL Lhe back of Lhe vlllageţ Lhe lnvesLlgaLors dlscovered a polluLlon dlscharge
plpe placed above Lhe surface of Lhe waLerţ polluLed waLer was consLanLly flowlng from Lhe plpe
mouLhŦ 1he vlllagers belleved Lhls polluLed waLer dlscharge plpe belonged Lo unlmlcron LlecLronlcsŦ

Cn AugusL 3
Lh
Ŵ6Lhţ we learned of Lhe clrcumsLances surroundlng boLh kaedar LlecLronlcs and
unlmlcron LlecLronlcsŦ We querled wheLher or noL Lhere were any plans for Lhe companles Lo relocaLe
or lf any preparaLlons had been madeţ wheLher or noL Lhls was because of exceedlng wasLewaLer
sLandardsţ for vlolaLlng dlscharge llmlLs and belng sub[ecLed Lo flnanclal penalLlesŦ We wondered lf
Lhey undersLood Lhe complalnLs of Lhe local resldenLs and lf Lhey were wllllng Lo communlcaLe wlLh
Lhe communlLy regardlng Lhelr complalnLsŦ We demand Lhls company explaln all of Lhelr dlscharged
wasLewaLer and emlsslonsţ Lhe maln componenLs ln Lhelr polluLanL and release Lhelr annual dlscharge
volumesŦ

We senL a leLLer Lo unlmlcron LlecLronlcs on AugusL 3
Lh
ţ 11Ŧ As of AugusL 3
Lh
ţ 11ţ we have noL
recelved a response from Lhls companyŦ kaedar LlecLronlcs refused Lo accepL Lhe remlnder leLLer from
Lhe nCCs LhaL was aLLempLed Lo be senL by fax on many occaslonsŦ

Case 4 Ŷ Ioxconn 1a|yuanť kepeated Comp|a|nts by kes|dents on Þo||ut|on Lm|ss|ons
loxconn 1echnology CoŦţ LLdŦ ls locaLed aL loxconn lndusLrlal Þarkţ noŦ 3 ulanzl SLreeLţ xlaodlan
ulsLrlcLţ 1alyuan clLy and ls malnly engaged ln Lhe producLlon and processlng of componenLs for
moblle phones and noLebook compuLersŦ WlLhln Lhls parkţ four producLlon pro[ecLs have been
consLrucLedţ respecLlvelyŤ magneslum alloy 3C elecLronlc mechanlsm surface LreaLmenL pro[ecLŤ
magneslum alloy 3C elecLronlc mechanlsm surface LreaLmenL exLenslon pro[ecLŤ 4ţţ seL
moblle phone componenLs englneerlng pro[ecLţ 3C producLlon supporLlng seL radlaLor serles producL
fabrlcaLlon exLenslon englneerlng pro[ecLŦ
I|gure 14ť Goog|e Larth Sate|||te |mage of Ioxconn (1a|yuan) and the res|dent|a| area nengda Cas|sŦ

6

lrom 9ţ Lhe local resldenLs sLarLed Lo reacL onllne Lo Lhe polluLlon problems aL loxconnŦ Cn AugusL

Lh
ţ 1ţ Lhe Shanxl Þrovlnce LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau on Lhelr webslLe secLlon
ºLnvlronmenLal AdmlnlsLraLlve ÞenalLy ƽ LlsL of Companles wlLh Supervlslon Ǝ LnvlronmenLal
Þroblems" publlshed Lhe 'lnvesLlgaLlve 8eporL lnLo Lhe handllng of Lhe LnvlronmenLal ÞeLlLlons Lo
loxconn 1echnology CoŦţ LLdŦ regardlng Lmlsslons ÞolluLlonŦ"
Accordlng Lo Lhls documenLţ Lhe 1alyuan ClLy LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ along wlLh Lhe
Lconomlc Zone LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureauţ carrled ouL onŴslLe lnvesLlgaLlons for legal
compllanceŦ AfLer dolng a compleLe search for polluLanL sourcesţ lL was ulLlmaLely conflrmed LhaLť
º1he reasons for Lhe creaLlon of Lhe aLmospherlc polluLlon were Lhe exhausLs from Lhe palnL
workshop and Lhe oll vapor produced by cuLLlng ln Lhe machlne workshop had been dlscharged
ouLsldeŦ"
41

locuslng on Lhe above menLloned lssuesţ Lhe 1alyuan ClLy LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau made
Lhese demands on Lhe companyť

1Ŧ MonlLorlng of amblenL alr ln Lhe surroundlng resldenLlal areas should be carrled ouL as soon
as posslbleŦ
Ŧ upŴgradlng lmprovemenLs should be made Lo Lhe palnL workshop emlsslons LreaLmenL
faclllLles and volume of dlscharge should be reduced as much as posslbleţ by uecember 1Ŧ
3Ŧ 1esLs should be performed on Lhe oll vapor produced durlng cuLLlng ln Lhe workshop before
SepLember 1Ŧ When Lhe resulLs are released Lhe besL course of acLlon should Lhen be
declded uponŦ
4Ŧ MonlLorlng of polluLanLs produced aL every dlscharge ouLleL should be carrled ouL ln
accordance wlLh naLlonal regulaLlonsŦ

1hls documenL clearly seL a deadllne of uecember 1 for Lhls company Lo compleLe Lhe upŴgrade
lmprovemenLs of Lhe palnL workshop emlsslons LreaLmenL faclllLlesŦ Poweverţ as of !uly 11ţ when
we Lalked Lo local resldenLsţ Lhe response we recelved was LhaL Lhe emlsslons were sLlll a nulsanceţ
wlLh some resldenLs respondlng saylng LhaL Lhe suffocaLlng gases had caused Lhem headaches and
nauseaŦ Some resldenLs expressed speclal concern regardlng Lhe posslble damage Lo Lhelr chlldren's
healLhŦ
Cn !une 1
sL
ţ 11ţ MsŦ Chenţ MrŦ Cuo and MrŦ Þengţ along wlLh seven resldenLs from Lhe Pengda
Casls communlLy ln 1alyuan ClLy conLacLed Lhe ºCovernmenL and AdmlnlsLraLlve PoLllneţ" Lhey had
complalned LhaL Lhe lrrlLanL gases dlscharged by loxconn ofLen lefL Lhe nearby resldenLs wlLh lrrlLaLed
nasal passagewaysţ waLerlng eyes and someLlmes lL was dlfflculL for Lhem Lo open Lhelr wlndowsţ due
Lo Lhe lnLenslLy of Lhe polluLlonŦ
4

1he 1alyuan Munlclpal MonlLorlng SLaLlon found LhaL Lhe smell causlng Lhls publlc reacLlon was malnly
due Lo Lhe acldlc gasses from Lhe producLlon processesţ whlle Lhe fumes from palnLlng and Lhe oll
vapor from producLlon processes comblned LogeLher made Lhese gases lrrlLanLŦ AlLhough Lhe LesLlng

41
1he documenL wenL on sLaLlngť ºPoweverţ durlng Lhe onŴslLe checksţ all areas of Lhe palnLlng workshop had been flLLed wlLh emlsslons cleanlng
equlpmenL and were runnlng normally and Lhere had been no requlremenLs menLloned ln Lhe envlronmenLal lmpacL assessmenL reporL Lo do
wlLh Lhe mlsL odor from oll vapor produced by cuLLlngŦ"
4
Þrovlnclal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon ueparLmenL ºCovernmenL and AdmlnlsLraLlve PoLllne" leedback Þageţ Shanxl ShlLlng Wangţ 11ŴŴ


LhaL followed dld noL flnd any lnsLances of sLandards belng breachedţ Lhe Shanxl Þrovlnclal
LnvlronmenLal Supervlslon 1eam Commlssloner xu 8ongmln dlsclosed LhaLţ ºuurlng Lhe perlod when
Lhe loxconn Croup had noL correcLly nor sLeadlly used Lhe polluLlon conLrol faclllLlesţ Lhe 1alyuan
Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau had also sub[ecLed Lhe company Lo a penalLy each Llme a
vlolaLlon was dlscoveredŦ"
Cn !uly
Lh
ţ 11ţ whlle parLlclpaLlng ln Lhe ºCovernmenL and AdmlnlsLraLlve PoLllne" processţ
Shanxl Þrovlnclal LnvlronmenLal Supervlslon 1eam Commlssloner xu 8ongmln sLaLedť
43
Cn Lhe
afLernoon of !ulyţ 3
Lh
ţ 11ţ Lhe 1alyuan Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau LogeLher wlLh
Lhe economlc zone's AdmlnlsLraLlve CommlLLee held a meeLlng wlLh Lhe persons responslble for Lhls
lssue wlLhln loxconn ln order Lo coŴordlnaLe how Lo deal wlLh Lhe company's lrrlLanL odorsŦ 1he
company was requlred Lo lmmedlaLely adopL measures Lo conLrol Lhelr polluLlon dlscharge and Lo
fundamenLally resolve Lhe dlsLurblng producLlon process gas lssueŦ
Accordlng Lo Commlssloner xu's brleflng on !uly 6
Lh
ţ loxconn should have adopLed several measures ln
accordance wlLh Lhe requlremenLs from Lhe negoLlaLlonsŦ Poweverţ over a Lhree day perlod beglnnlng
on !uly 9
Lh
ţ Lhe 1alyuan Munlclpal 1369 reporLlng hoLllne recelved 11 complalnLs regardlng Lhe
lrrlLanL odorŦ lL was for Lhls reason LhaL on !uly 11
Lh
ţ Lhe Munlclpal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau
and Lhe uevelopmenL Zone AdmlnlsLraLlve CommlLLee urgenLly lssued a leLLer regardlng Lhe
approprlaLe LreaLmenL of complalnL cases regardlng Lhe loxconn Croup's lrrlLanL gasesŦ 1he leLLer
requlred Lhe Lconomlc uevelopmenL Zone AdmlnlsLraLlve CommlLLee Lo adopL Lhe followlng
measuresť

1Ŧ lmmedlaLely conLrol Lhe company's lrrlLanL odor dlschargeŦ
Ŧ SLrengLhen Lhe company's supervlslon managemenL and aL all Llmes Lo monlLor Lhe polluLanL
daLaţ ensurlng LhaL all polluLlon prevenLlon faclllLles are operaLlng sLeadllyţ so LhaL polluLanL
dlscharge ls sLableŦ 8esoluLely puL an end Lo Lhe phenomenon of dlscharge sLandards belng
breachedŦ CuaranLee LhaL Lhe local resldenLs have a normal llfeŦ
3Ŧ 1ake measures Lo communlcaLe and coŴordlnaLe wlLh Lhe surroundlng resldenLs so as Lo avold
oLher adverse effecLs of producLlonŦ
Accordlng Lo our undersLandlngţ loxconn has already halLed producLlon of Lhe enLlre C Zone palnLlng
llne whlch ls close Lo Lhe Pengda Casls communlLyţ and has also sLopped uslng Lhe equlpmenL where
oll vapor collecLlng and separaLlon devlces were noL lnsLalled or where Lhe equlpmenLs' collecLlng
resulLs were poorŦ
lrom Commlssloner xu's brleflngţ on !uly 13
Lh
ţ Lhe LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon ueparLmenL convened a
speclal conference LhaL agreed LhaL Lhe envlronmenLal monlLorlng sLaLlon wlll conLlnue Lo organlze all
aspecLs of monlLorlng for loxconn's polluLanL sourcesŦ 1he supervlslon Leam was requlred Lo hand
down declslons on recLlflcaLlons Lo be carrled ouL durlng a seL Llme llmlLŦ uurlng Lhe Llme llmlL Lhe
company was glven Lo carry ouL recLlflcaLlon workţ Lhe Lconomlc uevelopmenL Zone LÞ8 was glven
Lhe Lask of carrylng ouL dally onŴslLe monlLorlngŦ AL Lhe same Llme Lhe consLrucLlon unlL was glven
Lhe Lask of carrylng ouL a flnal envlronmenLal lmpacL assessmenLŦ

43
Þrovlnclal LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon ueparLmenL ºCovernmenL and AdmlnlsLraLlve PoLllne" leedback Þageţ Shanxl ShlLlng Wangţ 11ŴŴ



Cn AugusL 3Lhţ 11ţ we senL a corporaLe envlronmenLal conducL leLLer Lo loxconn 1echnology
lnqulrlng abouL Lhe company's envlronmenLal managemenLŦ As of AugusL 3
Lh
ţ 11ţ we have yeL Lo
recelve any klnd of response from Lhe companyŦ
Sect|on 3 Ŵ nuge Amounts of nazardous Waste Leaves n|dden Dangers for Ch|na
ln AugusL 1ţ we ralsed wlLh Apple a problem concernlng one of lLs suspecLed suppllersŦ 1he
company was Llan[lan (Chlna) 1echnology CoŦţ LLdŦ (WlnLek) and Lhe problem was LhaL Suzhou
LnvlronmenLal ÞroLecLlon 8ureau had glven Lhem an ţ 8M8 admlnlsLraLlve penalLyţ due Lo Lhe
facL LhaL ln SepLember 9ţ ºLhey had noL adopLed Lhe approprlaLe measures whlch had resulLed ln
hazardous wasLe runŴoff and had falled Lo flll ouL a hazardous wasLe LransporL manlfesLŦ" ln Lhe
!anuary 11ţ reporL º1he CLher Slde of Appleţ" we agaln ralsed Lhese problemsŦ
AfLer a long walLţ aparL from a reply from Apple ln november 1ţ sLaLlng LhaL ºour long Lerm pollcy
ls Lo noL dlsclose any of our suppllersţ" Lhe coallLlon has noL recelved any sorL of reply from Apple
regardlng Lhls lssueŦ
1he reason LhaL hazardous wasLe ls glven so much aLLenLlon by envlronmenLal proLecLlon
organlzaLlons ls LhaL lL can be exLremely polsonous for humans and can also have a serlous effecL on
Lhe naLural envlronmenLŦ lormer LxecuLlve Chalrman of Lhe unlLed naLlons LnvlronmenL Þrogrammeţ
urŦ 1olbaţ has polnLed ouL LhaL ºnuclear warţ poverLyţ populaLlon lssuesţ Lhe mlsuse of energy and
hazardous wasLe are Lhe flve blggesL LhreaLs Lo manklndŦ" urŦ 1olba's successorţ MrsŦ uowdeswellţ also
polnLed ouL LhaL ºdeallng wlLh hazardous wasLe ls one of Lhe mosL dlfflculL problems LhaL Lhe world
has Lo faceŦ"
44

1he deflnlLlon of hazardous wasLe ln º1he Þeople's 8epubllc of Chlna Solld WasLe ÞolluLlon ÞrevenLlon
Lawţ" ls ºwasLe lncluded on Lhe naLlonal dlrecLory of hazardous wasLeţ or Lhe sorL of wasLe ldenLlfled
as havlng a hazardous naLure accordlng Lo naLlonally regulaLed wasLe dlsLlngulshlng sLandards and
meLhodsŦ ln research sLudlesţ hazardous wasLe ls deflned as any wasLe LhaL has dangerous Loxlc
(such as acuLe LoxlclLyţ slow effecL LoxlclLy and ecologlcal LoxlclLy)ţ exploslveţ corroslveţ lnfecLlousţ or
reacLlve characLerlsLlcsŦ"
43

laced wlLh Apple lnc's sllenceţ Lhe coallLlon carrled ouL a more ln depLh lnvesLlgaLlon lnLo Lhe
hazardous wasLe slLuaLlon ln Lhe l1 lndusLryţ and especlally Apple's suppllersŦ uurlng Lhe
lnvesLlgaLlon we found LhaL Lhe manufacLurlng of elecLronlc goods lnvolves eLchlngţ elecLroplaLlngţ
sprayŴcoaLlngţ ln[ecLlon moldlng and weldlng producLlon processesŦ 1hese producLlon processesţ aparL
from produclng a large amounL of wasLewaLer conLalnlng heavy meLals and cyanldeţ wasLe gases
conLalnlng vCCs and Lln and lead fumesţ also produce hazardous wasLe conLalnlng wasLe acldsţ wasLe
alkallsţ eLchlng fluldţ elecLroplaLlng fluldţ and wasLe sludge produced durlng Lhe wasLewaLer LreaLmenL
process LhaL conLalns heavy meLalsŦ

44
Llu Palylngţ An Approach Lo Pazardous WasLe 1reaLmenL/ulsposal and ManagemenL Measures ln Shanghalţ Shanghal LnvlronmenLal Sclencesţ

43
Llu Palylngţ An Approach Lo Pazardous WasLe 1reaLmenL/ulsposal and ManagemenL Measures ln Shanghalţ Shanghal LnvlronmenLal Sclencesţ

9

8y looklng aL Lhe amounLs of hazardous wasLe produced by groups of companles conLalned ln Lhe
lollotloo Mop uotoboseţ we dlscovered LhaL Lhe l1 lndusLry was one of Lhe groups LhaL produced Lhe
mosL hazardous wasLeŦ ln amongsL Lhese companles we found LhaL Apple's suspecLed suppllersţ
lncludlng 1rlpod (Wuxl) 1echnology CorporaLlon CoŦţ LLdŦţ 8oardLek CompuLer (Suzhou) CoŦţ LLdŦţ nan
?a ÞrlnLed ClrculL 8oard (kunshan) CorporaLlonţ Pongfu[ln Þreclslon lndusLry (Shenzhen) CoŦţ LLdŦţ
Shenzhen lu 1al Pong Þreclslon lndusLry CoŦţ LLdŦţ Llanneng 1echnology (Shenzhen) CoŦţ LLdŦţ Compeq
ManufacLurlng (Pulzhou) CoŦţ LLdŦţ Changshu ÞlanL of Cold ClrculL LlecLronlcs were produclng very
large amounLs of hazardous wasLeŦ
1he Lable below shows Lhe amounL of hazardous wasLe produced by Apple's suspecLed suppllers ln
ţ ţ 9 and 1Ŧ
I|gure 1Sť App|e Supp||er's nazardous Waste Þroduct|on S|tuat|on

name of Company Amount of nazardous Waste Þroduced (1ons)
2007 2008 2009 2010
1rlpod (Wuxl) 1echnology CorporaLlon
46

ŸŸ 6196 366
11633
Changshu ÞlanL of Cold ClrculL LlecLronlcs
47
14 193 1363Ŧ4 133
nan ?a ÞrlnLed ClrculL 8oard (kunshan) CorporaLlon
4
16 1449 14Ŧ3 19
8oardLek CompuLer (Suzhou) CoŦţ LLdŦ
49

ŸŸ 1996 94Ŧ33
394
CCMÞLC ManufacLurlng (Pulzhou) CoŦţ LLdŦ
3
11113Ŧ1 163Ŧ49 131Ŧ1 ŸŸ
Llanneng 1echnology (Shenzhen) CoŦţ LLdŦ
31
936 1399Ŧ4 1446Ŧ3 ŸŸ
Llanneng 1echnology (Shenzhen) CoŦţ LLdŦ noŦ lacLory
3
1196Ŧ ŸŸ ŸŸ ŸŸ
Pong lu[ln Þreclslon lndusLry (Shenzhen) CoŦţ LLdŦ
33
19136 1316Ŧ36 13Ŧ31 169Ŧ31
Shenzhen lu 1al Pong Þreclslon lndusLry CoŦţ LLdŦ
34
Ŧ4 ŸŸ 161Ŧ4 1493Ŧ94
uongguang Shengyl LlecLronlcs CoŦţ LLdŦ
33
13 396Ŧ34 31Ŧ9 ŸŸ
lblden LlecLronlcs (8el[lng) CoŦţ LLdŦ
36
ŸŸ ŸŸ
kunshan unlmlcron LlecLronlcs CoŦţ LLdŦ
3
ŸŸ 9Ŧ4 39 31
Pong Cun Sheng Þreclslon LlecLronlcs (?lngkou) CoŦţ LLdŦ
3
ŸŸ ŸŸ 663Ŧ ŸŸ

46
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1 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ11464ţ
3
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ6ţ hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ9393ţ
9 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ439ţ
31
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ39ţ hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ3ţ
9 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ436ţ
3
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ33ţ
33
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ41ţ hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ3ţ
9 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ6ţ 1 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ11311ţ
34
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ33ţ 9 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ3ţ
1 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ11313ţ
33
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ6946ţ hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ699ţ
9 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ11ţ
36
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ3631ţ 1 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ1136ţ
1 record's correspondlng name ls·+¹Ҝ¬¹Ƣ³l·ʀţ
3
8efer Loť hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ1134 9 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ1133ţ
1 hLLpť//wwwŦlpeŦorgŦcn/polluLlon/s_deLallŦaspx?ldƹ1134ţ

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