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# Q1)Anup managed to draw 7 circle of equal raddi with their centres on the diagonal of a square such that the

two extreme circle touch two sides of the square and each middle circle touches two circle on other side.find the ratio of the radious of the circle to the side of the square.

Q2)

Given a collection of points P in the plane, a 1-set is a point in P that can be separated from the rest by a line, .i.e the point lies on one side of the line while the others lie on the other side. The number of 1-sets of P is denoted by n1(P). The minimum value of n1(P) over all configurations P of 5 points in the plane in general position(.i.e no three points in P lie on a line) is: sol:

Q3)
Sol:

If a person moves 15km straight and turns 45 km right and moves 15Km staright then how much distance he needs to walk to reach starting point??

.. Q4)An orange glass has orange juice. and white glass has apple juice. Both equal volume 50ml of the orange juice is taken and poured into the apple juice. 50ml from the white glass is poured into the orange glass. Of the two quantities, calculate the amount of apple juice in the orange glass and the amount of orange juice in the white glass Sol: To look simple assume both glasses have 200ml juice.50ml orange from glass1 added to apple in glass2. So glass1 have 150ml orange and glass2 have 250ml (200ml apple+50ml orange). In glass2 clearly, for every 1 ml of orange,there is 4 ml of apple. So if you take 50ml,there will be [40ml apple + 10ml orange].It is added to glass1. Now glass1 has [160ml org + 40ml app]. Subtract the same amount from glass2, it will have[160ml app+ 40ml org].But see the question, apple in orange glass= 40ml and orange in white glass=40ml.So both are equal.

Q5) Alok and Bhanu play the following min-max game. Given the expression N=40+X+YZ, where X, Y and Z are variables representing single digits (0 to 9), Alok would like to maximize N while Bhanu would like to minimize it. Towards this end, Alok chooses a single digit number and Bhanu substitutes this for a variable of her choice (X, Y or Z). Alok then chooses the next value and Bhanu, the variable to substitute the value. Finally Alok proposes the value for the remaining variable: Assuming both play to their optimal strategies,the value ofN at the end of the game would be: Sol: Numbers from 0 to 9 [0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9]

1)Let alok choose 0, without thinking bhanu will place it in X or Y. (Since 0 is part of lower values, see above) 2)So the expression becomes 40+X-Z. Now if alok chose 9 bhanu will keep in Z. So it becomes 31+X.Now alok will choose 9 in order to maximise. Now sum becomes 40. (Now Continued from step 2 only i.e after the expression became 40+X-Z. Don't think of step 1. It is explained later below. ) But alok has better way. He chose 5, then bhanu places it in Z (because 5 is a part of higher value). Expression becomes 35+X. Now alok will choose 9. So final value =44. Remember that the max value and min value for the expression (X-Z) will always be 4 if they play optimal strategies.Try keeping different values, you can get upto max of 44 only if they play optimal strategies. 3)Now see step 1. Alok can increase the value of Y upto 4.(Bhanu still places it in Y as it is lower value) So he can get upto 48. 4)Now first let alok chose 5, case i)Bhanu places it in Z. Expression becomes 35+X+Y. Alok must choose two 9's to maximize. So it is 35+18=53 case ii)Bhanu places it in Y or X(doesn't matter). Now the expression becomes 45+X-Z. Remember max or min value of (X-Z) can be 4 only. So value of expression = 45+4=49. Clearly (case ii) is lower. So if alok chose 5 bhanu should place in X or Y. 5)But alok is clever. He chose 6 as first number. Follow step 4 again. You get 2 cases. Now max value is 50. 6)Alok choses 7 as first number. Now see that the value becomes 51 in both cases of step 4. So here bhanu can place it in any variable, it doesn't matter. 7)But if alok chose 8 as his first number. (case i) of step 4 becomes 40+18-8 =50.So alok does not use 8 at all. So 51 remains max value for alok and min value for bhanu.

Q6) Alice and Bob play the following coins-on-a-stack game. 50 coins are stacked one above the other. One of them is a special (gold) coin and the rest are ordinary coins. The goal is to bring the gold coin to the top by repeatedly moving the topmost coin to another position in the stack.Alice starts and the players take turns. A turn consists of moving the coin on the top to a position i below the top coin. We will call this an i-move (thus a 0-move implies doing nothing). The proviso is that an i-move cannot be repeated; for example once a player makes a 2-move, on subsequent turns neither player can make a 2-move. If the gold coin happens to be on top when it's a player's turn then the player wins the game. Initially, the gold coinis the third coin from the top. Then a) In order to win, Alice first move should be a 0-move. b) In order to win, Alice first move should be a 1-move. c) Alice has no winning strategy. d) In order to win, Alice first move can be a 0-move or a 1-move

Sol:

Look at the figures and understand moves. All the moves shown here are with respect to initial position only. See that 0-move does nothing.

Q7)A CIRCULAR RADIUS OF DASH BOARD 2.0 FOOT IS AT DISTANCE 20 FEET FROM U .U THROW A DART AT IT IT HIT THE DASH BOARD AT SOME POINT Q IN A CIRCLE. WHATS THE PROBABILITY THAT Q IS CLOSER TO CENTRE OF CIRCLE THAN THE PERIFERY. Sol: Here the distance 20 feet is irrelevant. Don't think of it. Now see the diagram below:

Consider the general situation i.e radius = r. Now we divide the dart board into two halves. Any point in the inner circle is clearly closer to the center than perifery since we have divided the circle as r/2 and r/2. The dart can hit at any point in the circle. So total sample 2 space is whole area of the circle = (pi)(r )----------eq(1). Now we need to find area of the 2 2 inner circle. Its (pi)*(r/2) = (pi)*(r /4)-----------eq(2). Probability is (required event)/ (sample space) = eq(2)/eq(1) = 1/4=0.25.

Q8) There are two circles, one circle is inscribed and another circle is circumscribed over a square. What is the ratio of area of inner to outer circle?

Sol: For simplicity consider side of the square as 1. Now radius of inner circle =1/2. Formula for diagonal of the square = side*sqrt(2) = 1*sqrt(2). Half the diagonal = (1/2)*sqrt(2) = 1/sqrt(2). We got radiuses of both circles. So calculate areas and find ratio. Inner circle area= pi*(1/2)2.. Outer circle = pi*(1/sqrt(2))2. you will get ratio as 1:2 Q9) A metal strip of width 'X'cm. 2 metal strips are placed one over the other, then the combine length of 2 strips is 'Y'. if 'Z' strips are placed in that manner.what is the final width of that management? Sol: Total z strips with x width. width will be Y is only to are there So total Z*X. Length confuse you.