You are on page 1of 3

ONE

4PNFQFPQMFTBZ*µNQSFDPDJPVT5IFZTBZJUNBJOMZCFDBVTF
UIFZ UIJOL * LOPX EJG¾DVMU XPSET GPS B MJUUMF CPZ 4PNF PG
UIF EJG¾DVMU XPSET * LOPX BSF TPSEJE  EJTBTUSPVT  JNNBDV
MBUF QBUIFUJDBOEEFWBTUBUJOH5IFSFBSFOµUSFBMMZUIBUNBOZ
QFPQMFXIPTBZ*µNQSFDPDJPVT5IFQSPCMFNJT*EPOµULOPX
UIBUNBOZQFPQMF*LOPXNBZCFUIJSUFFOPSGPVSUFFOQFPQMF 
BOEGPVSPGUIFNTBZ*µNQSFDPDJPVT5IFZTBZ*MPPLPMEFS
0SUIFPUIFSXBZBSPVOEUIBU*µNUPPMJUUMFUPLOPXXPSET
MJLFUIBU0SCBDLUPGSPOUBOEUIFPUIFSXBZBSPVOE TPNF
UJNFT QFPQMF UIJOL *µN B EXBSG #VU * EPOµU UIJOL *µN QSF
DPDJPVT8IBUIBQQFOTJT*IBWFBUSJDL MJLFNBHJDJBOTXIP
QVMMSBCCJUTPVUPGIBUT FYDFQU*QVMMXPSETPVUPGUIFEJDUJPO
BSZ&WFSZOJHIUCFGPSF*HPUPTMFFQ*SFBEUIFEJDUJPOBSZ.Z
NFNPSZ XIJDIJTSFBMMZHPPE QSBDUJDBMMZEFWBTUBUJOH EPFT
UIFSFTU:PMDBVUEPFTOµUUIJOL*µNQSFDPDJPVTFJUIFS)FTBZT
*µNBHFOJVT IFUFMMTNF
´5PDIUMJ ZPVµSFBHFOJVT ZPVMJUUMFCBTUBSEµ


%PXOUIF3BCCJU)PMF

"OEIFTUSPLFTNZIFBEXJUIIJT¾OHFSTDPWFSFEJOHPME
BOEEJBNPOESJOHT
"OZXBZ  NPSF QFPQMF TBZ *µN PEE TFWFO "OE KVTU CF
DBVTF*SFBMMZMJLFIBUTBOEBMXBZTXFBSPOF8FBSJOHBIBU
JTBHPPEIBCJUJNNBDVMBUFQFPQMFIBWF*OUIFTLZUIFSFBSF
QJHFPOTEPJOHUIFJSCVTJOFTT*GZPVEPOµUXFBSBIBUZPVFOE
VQXJUIBEJSUZIFBE1JHFPOTIBWFOPTIBNF5IFZEPUIFJS
EJSUZCVTJOFTTJOGSPOUPGFWFSZPOF XIJMFUIFZµSF¿ZJOH5IFZ
DPVMEFBTJMZEPJUIJEEFOJOUIFCSBODIFTPGBUSFF5IFOXF
XPVMEOµU IBWF UP TQFOE UIF XIPMF UJNF MPPLJOH BU UIF TLZ
BOEXPSSZJOHBCPVUPVSIFBET#VUIBUT JGUIFZµSFHPPEIBUT 
DBOBMTPCFVTFEUPNBLFZPVMPPLEJTUJOHVJTIFE5IBUJT IBUT
BSFMJLFUIFDSPXOTPGLJOHT*GZPVµSFOPUBLJOHZPVDBOXFBS
BIBUUPCFEJTUJOHVJTIFE"OEJGZPVµSFOPUBLJOHBOEZPV
EPOµUXFBSBIBUZPVFOEVQCFJOHBOPCPEZ
*EPOµUUIJOL*µNPEEGPSXFBSJOHBIBU"OEPEEOFTTJT
SFMBUFEUPVHMJOFTT MJLF$JOUFPUMTBZT8IBU*EF¾OJUFMZBNJT
NBDIP'PSFYBNQMF*EPOµUDSZBMMUIFUJNFCFDBVTF*EPOµU
IBWFBNVN*GZPVEPOµUIBWFBNVNZPVµSFTVQQPTFEUPDSZ
BMPU HBMMPOTPGUFBST UXPPSUISFFHBMMPOTBEBZ#VU*EPOµU
DSZ CFDBVTFQFPQMFXIPDSZBSFGBHHPUT8IFO*µNTBE:PM
DBVUUFMMTNFOPUUPDSZ IFTBZT
´$IJOVQ 5PDIUMJ UBLFJUMJLFBNBOµ
:PMDBVUJTNZEBEEZ CVUIFEPFTOµUMJLFJUXIFO*DBMM
IJN%BEEZ)FTBZTXFµSFUIFCFTUBOENPTUNBDIPHBOHGPS
BUMFBTUFJHIULJMPNFUSFT:PMDBVUJTBSFBMJTUBOEUIBUµTXIZ
IFEPFTOµUTBZXFµSFUIFCFTUHBOHJOUIFVOJWFSTFPSUIFCFTU
HBOHGPS LJMPNFUSFT3FBMJTUTBSFQFPQMFXIPUIJOLSFBM
JUZJTOµUIPXZPVUIJOLJUJT:PMDBVUUPMENFUIBU3FBMJUZJT


+VBO1BCMP7JMMBMPCPT

MJLFUIJTBOEUIBUµTJU5PVHIMVDL5IFSFBMJTUµTGBWPVSJUFTBZ
JOHJTZPVIBWFUPCFSFBMJTUJD
*UIJOLXFSFBMMZBSFBWFSZHPPEHBOH*IBWFQSPPG(BOHT
BSF BMM BCPVU TPMJEBSJUZ 4P TPMJEBSJUZ NFBOT UIBU  CFDBVTF *
MJLFIBUT :PMDBVUCVZTNFIBUT MPUTPGIBUT TPNBOZUIBU*
IBWFBDPMMFDUJPOPGIBUTGSPNBMMPWFSUIFXPSMEBOEGSPNBMM
UIFEJGGFSFOUQFSJPETPGUIFXPSME"MUIPVHIOPXNPSFUIBO
OFXIBUTXIBU*XBOUJTB-JCFSJBOQZHNZIJQQPQPUBNVT*µWF
BMSFBEZXSJUUFOJUEPXOPOUIFMJTUPGUIJOHT*XBOUBOEHJWFO
JUUP.J[UMJ5IBUµTIPXXFBMXBZTEPJU CFDBVTF*EPOµUHPPVU
NVDI TP.J[UMJCVZTNFBMMUIFUIJOHT*XBOUPOPSEFSTGSPN
:PMDBVU"OETJODF.J[UMJIBTBSFBMMZCBENFNPSZ*IBWFUP
XSJUFMJTUTGPSIJN#VUZPVDBOµUCVZB-JCFSJBOQZHNZIJQQP
QPUBNVTUIBUFBTJMZ JOBQFUTIPQ5IFCJHHFTUUIJOHUIFZTFMM
JOBQFUTIPQJTBEPH#VUXIPXBOUTBEPH /PPOFXBOUTB
EPH*UµTTPIBSEUPHFUB-JCFSJBOQZHNZIJQQPQPUBNVTUIBU
JU NJHIU CF UIF POMZ XBZ UP EP JU JT CZ HPJOH UP DBUDI POF
JO-JCFSJB5IBUµTXIZNZUVNNZJTIVSUJOHTPNVDI"DUV
BMMZNZUVNNZBMXBZTIVSUT CVUSFDFOUMZ*µWFCFFOHFUUJOH
DSBNQTNPSFPGUFO
*UIJOLBUUIFNPNFOUNZMJGFJTBMJUUMFCJUTPSEJE0S
QBUIFUJD

*OFBSMZBMXBZTHFUPOXFMMXJUI.B[BU[JO)FPOMZBOOPZTNF
XIFOIFµTTUSJDUBOENBLFTNFTUJDLUPPVSTUVEZQMBOSJHJE
MZ.B[BU[JO CZUIFXBZ EPFTOµUDBMMNF5PDIUMJ)FDBMMTNF
6TBHJ XIJDIJTNZOBNFJO+BQBOFTF CFDBVTFIFMPWFTFWF
SZUIJOHGSPNUIFFNQJSFPG+BQBO8IBU*SFBMMZMJLFBCPVU