# Curso “Análisis Estructural con el Uso del Programa StaadPro”

Material de Apoyo StaadPro Knowledge Base

Ing. José Gerardo Castillo

Research Engineers International

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Issue #: SP-8866 Date Posted: 3/16/2006

Description: Is it possible to quickly find out the total number of nodes & beams in a model? Version: Build No: Solution: Yes. On the left side of the screen, click on the Setup page. On the right side of the screen, click on the button called "More". Another place to get this from is the button that looks like a question mark. It is called Info. See the figure below.

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Research Engineers International

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Issue #: SP-2629 Date Posted: 6/13/2002

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31/05/2006

Research Engineers International

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Issue #: SP-2793 Date Posted: 6/25/2002

Description: What is the difference between a JOINT WEIGHT and a JOINT LOAD? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The JOINT WEIGHT option is specified under the DEFINE UBC LOAD command and is used merely to assemble the weight values which make up the value of "W" in the UBC equations. In other words, it is the amount of lumped weight at the joint and a fraction of this weight eventually makes up the total base shear for the structure. A JOINT LOAD on the other hand is an actual force which is acting at the joint, and is defined through the means of an actual load case.

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Research Engineers International

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Issue #: SP-2794 Date Posted: 6/25/2002

Description: I am trying to model a beam connecting to the flange of a column instead of at the center. How is this modeled? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You have to use a facility called member offsets. You "offset" the face of the beam by a distance equal to half the depth of the column cross-section. An example of this can be found in Example # 7 in the STAADPro Examples Manual.

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Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. For the SRSS scheme.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2998 Date Posted: 7/12/2002 Description: I am currently working on a seismic model which requires a response spectrum input. With the CQC method. the effect of damping has to be reflected on the spectral acceleration or spectral displacement that is being input. the acceleration that the user should provide ought to be A1 corresponding to period T1. Is this right? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The damping factor that one specifies in the input has no effect at all if the combination method is SRSS. the effect of damping is built into the spectrum values (period vs. the acceleration ought to be A2 for the same period T1. the damping factor is an explicit term in the equation used in CQC. If the damping factor is f2. it is a different story. In other words. for the SRSS method. What I am finding is that regardless of the value I specify for damping.reiworld. The damping coefficient by itself does not have a direct impact on the results. It's effect is indirect. because.reiworld. the displacements and forces appear the same. please use the following URL: http://www. Damping will generally have an impact on the results.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-2998 http://www. if the damping factor is f1. acceleration or period vs. displacement) that the user specifies.asp?id=2747 31/05/2006 . In other words.

25 0. 2) The PRINT SECTION FORCES command This is the command whose output will consist of the displacements in global X.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3065 Date Posted: 7/16/2002 Description: I want to calculate and display the vertical deflection along the span length of a beam.3 ALL PRINT SECTION FORCES SECTION 0.asp?id=2820 31/05/2006 .8 0.6 ALL PRINT SECTION FORCES SECTION 0.1 0. The Query dialog box has a Displacement tab in which displacements at any point within the member span can be obtained for any load case.reiworld. For example SECTION 0.5 0.reiworld.86 ALL PRINT SECTION FORCES You can also obtain the section displacement values using the Member Query option of the Tools menu.2 0.65 0.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Y and Z directions at the locations listed in the SECTION command explained above.com/Search.asp?id=SP-3065 http://www. or by double clicking on the member. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Could you please tell me what would be the commands required to obtain these values? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You can obtain displacements at intermediate points along the member span by specifying two commands in your input : 1) The SECTION command This is the one with which you specify the location where you want the displacement.4 0.8 ALL PRINT SECTION FORCES SECTION 0. Upto 3 locations can be specified per one instance of the command. please use the following URL: http://www. and that number represents the distance from the start node. The location is specified with the help of a number between 0 and 1. as a fraction of the member length.7 0.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.

You may refer to example problem 24 in the examples manual if you want details.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.). Poisson. etc. the only information required is their geometry (node numbers and their coordinates).reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search.reiworld.asp?id=SP-3066 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3066 Date Posted: 7/16/2002 Description: How do you assign properties to solids? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You do not have to assign any properties for solid elements. For solids.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=2821 31/05/2006 . and material constants (E.

So if the bracing points are at every alternate node. or should I highlight the entire top chord and then specify the correct unsupported length. two member lengths being unsupported). if I have a truss whose top chord is laterally supported at every other node (i.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3235 Date Posted: 8/1/2002 Description: I am not sure how STAAD deals with the specifications of the unsupported length for top flange compression. and is 7. For example.3 ft long and both the top and bottom flanges are braced at nodes 10 & 12. you have to specify the corresponding values for UNT & UNB. Make sure the focus is on the Steel sub-page.asp?id=SP-3235 http://www. specify the value.5 ft long Member 6 connected between nodes 11 and 12. if you have Member 5 connected between nodes 10 and 11. UNL has been replaced with UNT and UNB for these codes. If the Lb value for the top flange is different from that for the bottom flange. you can assign UNIT FEET PARAMETER CODE AISC UNT 13.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.e.8 MEMB 5 6 UNB 13.reiworld. select the proper code name from the list box on the top. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Starting from Version 2001. then should I highlight every two members (of the top chord) seperately and then tell the program to take their combined length as being unsupported. Click on the Define Parameters button along the bottom right side. please use the following URL: http://www. For example.reiworld. and assign it to the appropriate members. first determine the distance between the alternate nodes.8 MEMB 5 6 To assign these parameters using the GUI. select the tab for UNT and UNB. In the dialog box which comes up.asp?id=3011 31/05/2006 . Then assign that value for both beams which exist between those nodes. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The value you specify for UNL is what STAAD uses for the expression Lb which you will find in Chapter F of the AISC ASD & LRFD codes. while in the Modelling mode. and is 6. select the Design page from the left side of the screen.com/Search. On the right side.

" How can I get around this situation? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: STAAD performs concrete design for shear and torsion at locations defined by (d + SFACE) from the start of the member and (d+EFACE) from the end of the member respectively.1 of ACI 318-99. In case you are not familiar with the parameters SFACE and EFACE.0.com/Search. you will see in Chapter 3 of the Technical Reference Manual in Table 3. "d" is the effective depth of the member. that triggers the error message you encountered. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. The default value for SFACE and EFACE is 0. DESIGN FOR SHEAR AND TORSION NOT PERFORMED. If these locations are beyond the mid-point of the member.1. That will result in (d+SFACE) and (d+EFACE) becoming zero.asp?id=SP-3254 http://www. this is what you can do.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3254 Date Posted: 8/1/2002 Description: I am performing concrete design for a beam per the ACI code and I encounter an error message : "LOCATION FOR DESIGN FOR SHEAR AT START OF MEMBER 2 IS BEYOND THE MIDPOINT OF MEMBER. You can set the values for SFACE and EFACE to be negative quantities equal in magnitude to "d". So. specify these parameters along the following lines : START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI SFACE -d MEMB 110 EFACE -d MEMB 110 DESIGN BEAM 110 END CONCRETE DESIGN where "d" is the effective depth of the member.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.1 that these are values which the user may specify to convey to STAAD how far the face of the member is from the nodal point of the member.3. in your input file. under the START CONCRETE DESIGN command. The basis for this assumption can be found in Section 11. So. which means that the design will be performed at the nodal points of the member.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www. thereby avoiding the situation of the design point being beyond the mid-point of the member.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=3030 31/05/2006 .

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3302 Date Posted: 8/5/2002 Description: Can you please explain the concept behind member offsets? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When creating a model consisting of beams and columns.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 3 STAAD. In other words. and the end face at node 13. when a beam meets a column. This assumption may not always reflect the true physical condition on the structure. then.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. generally. for example. the start face of the member is located at node 12. the START or END face of the member is assumed to be located at the nodal point. if member 47 is defined as being connected between nodes 12 and 13. For example. the common node between the beam and column is usually defined as being at the shear center (centerline for symmetrically shaped) of the column. the distance from the respective node to the start or end face of the member is treated as zero.asp?id=3079 31/05/2006 . Thus. http://www.

if the offset values in X. but at half the column depth away from the node. Hence. One may choose to ignore this "shift" if the column depth is negligible in comparison to the span of the beam. whose length is defined by the offset. b and c. he/she may consider this using the member offset command. However.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 3 But. The face of the member is then assumed to be "d" away from the node. the length of that region is d=sqrt(a*a + b*b + c*c). The member offset is a way of declaring that the region.asp?id=3079 31/05/2006 . if one wishes to take advantage of the high stiffness that the half-depth region of the column offers. physically. is a rigid zone. http://www. the start face of the beam is not at that node. Y and Z coordinates are a.reiworld.

asp?id=SP-3302 http://www. not at the node. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. then the member end force may not be equal in magnitude to the corresponding support reaction terms. the member end forces must be transferred from the member face to the support node taking into consideration the rigid link defined by the offset. when an offset is specified.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. If one is interested in checking static equilibrium based on the free body diagram at that support.asp?id=3079 31/05/2006 . If the offset is applied at the base of a column.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 3 The member end forces that STAAD reports are at the face of the member.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. or to a greater sensitivity using Newton units. there isn't any method available to control the number of decimal places to which values are displayed. the maximum that you can go upto is 3. (In Output File or Report or for values displayed on pictures using Result>View Values). You can only change the units in which the values are reported.asp?id=SP-3518 http://www. The other suggestion we can offer is that you may change the basic unit in which the particular value is being displayed.com/Search.reiworld. depending on the type of result whose display you wish to modify. For example. However.Options dialog box mentioned above. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: To set the number of decimal places for the information presented in tables or annotated diagrams.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Just specify a UNIT command prior to the PRINT command. Then. UNIT KNS METER PRINT MEMBER FORCES Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. or Structure Units. For example. and selecting the appropriate tab of the ensuing dialog box. select Section Units. click on the View . You can change the basic unit in which results are displayed by going through the View .reiworld. or by selecting the Set Current Display Unit option from the Tools menu.asp?id=3327 31/05/2006 . All of them have an edit box called "Show" alongside the individual result items.Options menu. Force Units. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3518 Date Posted: 8/21/2002 Description: Is there any command in STAAD. As far as the STAAD output file is concerned.Pro to change the number of decimal places upto which the results are displayed in the output. The number of decimal places is set over here. a force which you wish to display in upto 6 decimal places in kip unit can be just as effectively displayed in 3 decimal places if you use pound units.

The difference is that when a spring constant (stiffness) has to be defined. it is sometimes rather difficult to determine what that spring constant should be.asp?id=SP-3824 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. 0. This makes modeling a connection much easier. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Partial moment releases allow you to describe the amount of force or moment to be transferred as a percentage rather than a stiffness (i. but instead.75 or 0.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3824 Date Posted: 9/18/2002 Description: What is the difference between a partial moment release and providing a spring with a stiffness as a release? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Both of these types of releases accomplish the same thing. A value like 1200 kip/in can be somewhat esoteric when describing the percentage of fixity of a connection.50).e.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/Search. They provide a connection where the transfer of force or moment is somewhere between 0 and 100%. the stiffnesses corresponding to the DOFs from the connection are not fully statically condensed out. at the percentage specified.asp?id=3684 31/05/2006 . Mathematically.

reiworld.asp?id=3812 31/05/2006 . In o the coordinate location (-5. he/she would see the following : http://www. using the "ST" specification (not "RA").Research Engineers International Page 1 of 4 STAAD. What do I have to do to orient it so that its longer leg is parallel to the global XY plane as shown? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: By default.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3927 Date Posted: 10/3/2002 Description: I have a one member structure.0.0. The coordinates of its 2 ends are : Node 1 : (0. STAAD orients the above member in such a way that its local Y axis is parallel to the global Y axis.12) It has been assigned a single angle L50356 from the AISC table.0.12) and look along the positive direction of the global X axis.12) Node 2 : (10.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

It shows a total of cases. Referring to case 14 on page 1-12 of the STAAD. Hence.Pro 2002 Technical Reference manual.Alpha where N is an integer multiple of 90 Alpha is the "inclination angle" in degrees between the geometric axis and the principal axis. the beta angle is very easily computed as N .reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 4 There are two simple methods you can adopt to orient it in the way you desire.08 degrees http://www. Alpha is 25. the beta angle hence is 90 .25.92 = 64.Pro 2002 Technical Reference manual.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.92 degrees.486.asp?id=3812 31/05/2006 . Alpha is readily obtained from t For our specific case. Tan(Alpha) is listed in the code as 0. 1) Take a look at the figures on page 1-12 and 1-13 of the STAAD.

2) As is explained in Section 5. which we saw in the previous method. The other two are the expressions "ANGLE" and "RANGLE".12).2 of the STAAD. the orientation of the member after the beta angle is applied will be http://www.asp?id=3812 31/05/2006 . the output file will contain a report consisting of the beta angle value among other th As seen from the point (-5.26.0.Pro 2002 Technical Reference manual wh In other words.08 degrees.Pro 2002 Technical Reference manual. There is a figure on page 5-108 of the STAAD. we can specify the following set of commands in the STAAD input file CONSTANT BETA ANGLE MEMBER 1 If we were to specify the command PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION in the file.reiworld. we just have to apply a beta angle of 64. These exp calculate the BETA value on its own.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. and run the analysis engine. there are 3 possible values one can numeric value.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 4 Hence.

asp?id=SP-3927 http://www.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 4 of 4 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=3812 31/05/2006 .reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

then use the PLATE MAT option. Since many mat foundation problems have plates defining the entire mat. Add "PRINT" to the end of the command to see the areas assigned to each joint where a support is generated. please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. You may have to subdivide the region into several sub-regions with several ELASTIC MAT commands. Lastly. Avoid convex angles.com/Search. the algorithm may not do what the user expects and one may end up with springs with unreasonable spring constant values.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4549 Date Posted: 11/21/2002 Description: What's the difference between ELASTIC MAT and PLATE MAT for spring support generation? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: With the ELASTIC MAT you enter a list of joints from which STAAD will attempt to form a perimeter which encloses an overall area. Otherwise use the ELASTIC MAT option. However for mats with irregular edges or holes.reiworld.asp?id=SP-4549 http://www. we have added the PLATE MAT option where you enter a list of plates that entirely define the mat. the algorithm works well. This is done with a convex hull algorithm. With this option please observe the rules listed in the Tech Ref Manual. Roughly 1/4th of the area of each plate is assigned to each joint in the plate in the same manner as uniform pressure or self weight is distributed.reiworld. areas are assigned to each joint.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. So if you have the foundation support entirely defined by plates. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. If the convex hull rules are met.asp?id=4478 31/05/2006 .

and z directions. there is the section that shows the mass participation factors in the x. What is the reference point for this? I mean. does Staad select a 'base' or is the value just the sum of all forces in that particular direction? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Each mode has a base shear that comes from the modal displacement at each joint with mass in the direction being excited by the base acceleration and the input spectral acceleration and the modal frequency. all supported joint directions form the base where the displacement of every mode is zero.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=4588 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Then it shows the 'base shear' in all 3 directions. In effect.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4648 Date Posted: 12/16/2002 Description: In the output file of a response spectrum analysis.com/Search. y.asp?id=SP-4648 http://www. These modal base shears are combined by SRSS or any other method in STAAD that you select. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.

while others end at node 57.26. The default value is 0. 12.asp?id=SP-4650 http://www. 0) while node 57 is at (17. and the ensuing dialog box will ask for a tolerance. You can set it to a non-zero value if you want.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=4590 31/05/2006 .25. there are several pairs of nodes which are separated by a very small distance. and not to 57. how do I merge node 57 with node 43? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Under the Tools menu. I want all those members attached to node 43. please use the following URL: http://www. set the tolerance to the desired value.reiworld. Some members are connected to node 43. Click on that. what I am asking for is. So. thus expanding the definition of duplicate nodes to include points which are physically separated due to the manner in which the model was generated. The program will then bring up a list of all such points in the structure which are separated by that distance. node 43 has the coordinates (17.0. and you have the freedom to decide which number to keep.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4650 Date Posted: 12/16/2002 Description: In my model. 12. You can then selectively merge them in such a way that the 2 separate node numbers will be replaced by a single one. or must I change the points one by one in the incidences table? In the example I explained above. I want to merge such pairs so that the program treats the 2 points of each pair as a "single" joint and not 2 separate joints. Is there a quick way to do this. which represents the distance by which the "duplicate" nodes are separated. which indicates that 2 points have the same coordinate.com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. 0). but different node numbers. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld. you will find a facility called Check Duplicate Nodes. So. For example.

asp?id=4704 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.reiworld.asp?id=SP-4755 http://www.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4910 Date Posted: 1/25/2003 Description: In the post-processing mode. What are these 4 corners? Version: Build No: Solution: Please see the diagram below.asp?id=4880 31/05/2006 . http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 3 STAAD. Corner Corner 4.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. This diagram is applicable for models where Y is the global vertical direction. the title row of the Beam Stresses table contains the headings Corner 1.

Research Engineers International Page 2 of 3 Print this Page Close Window http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=4880 31/05/2006 .

com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-4910 http://www.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=4880 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 3 To send this page to a friend or colleague.

Research Engineers International

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Issue #: SP-5194 Date Posted: 4/9/2003

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Issue #: SP-5206 Date Posted: 4/9/2003

Description: I want STAAD.Pro to perform a steel design based on the LRFD 3rd Ed rather than the 2nd Edition. The output always says "LRFD 1994". How do I tell it what code to use? Version: 2002 Build No: ALL Solution: If you wish to use LRFD 3rd Edition Code, you can write CODE LRFD3 when providing the design parameters. The 3rd edition of the American LRFD steel code has been implemented along with the 2nd edition. In general, the principles outlined in the code for design for axial tension, compression, flexure, shear etc., are quite similar to those in earlier versions of the code. The major differences are in the form of incorporation of the Young’s modulus of steel in the various equations for determining various limits like slenderness and capacities. Consequently, the general procedure used in STAAD for design of steel members per the AISC-LRFD code has not changed significantly. Users may refer to Section 2 of the STAAD.Pro Technical Reference manual for these procedures. Those who wish to use the 1994 edition of the code can still do so by specifying the code name as: CODE LRFD2 An example of commands used for performing design based on the new and old codes are as shown. Example for the LRFD-2001 code (3rd Ed) UNIT KIP INCH PARAMETER CODE LRFD or CODE LRFD3 FYLD 50 ALL UNT 72 MEMBER 1 TO 10 UNB 72 MEMB 1 TO 10 MAIN 1.0 MEMB 17 20 SELECT MEMB 30 TO 40 CHECK CODE MEMB 1 TO 30 Example for the LRFD-1994 code (2nd Ed) UNIT KIP INCH PARAMETER CODE LRFD2 FYLD 50 ALL UNT 72 MEMBER 1 TO 10 UNB 72 MEMB 1 TO 10 MAIN 1.0 MEMB 17 20 SELECT MEMB 30 TO 40 CHECK CODE MEMB 1 TO 30

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Research Engineers International

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Issue #: SP-5271 Date Posted: 4/9/2003

Description: I am using STAAD.Pro 2003 and I want to use physical members to do a steel design. I know how to manually create physical members by selecting the individual members, right-clicking the mouse and choosing Form Member. But if I have hundreds of these members, can I do it faster? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: In STAAD.Pro 2003, you can use the Auto-Form member option to let the program automatically create physical members for you. From the Member Design page in the Steel Design Mode, go to Member Design | Physical Members | Auto Form Members. The rules it uses to create physical members are as follows: 1) All elements must form a single continuous line. But they do not have to form a straight line. Thus curved members may be formed. 2) There must be a free end. Whilst curved members are allowed, they cannot form a closed loop. 3) All elements should have the same beta angle. 4) All elements must point in the same direction. Check with the orientation labels if necessary. Use the reverse element command on elements that point the wrong way. 5) None of the elements can be part of another member. 6) The section properties must be consistent at each element end. Elements can taper along their length, but where one element ends and the next starts, they must have the same section reference. 7) All elements must be made from the same material. 8) Vertical segments are converted into columns first.

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Research Engineers International

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Issue #: SP-5357 Date Posted: 4/29/2003

Description: How does the sign convention (positive or negative) of bending moments work in STAAD.Pro? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Given a simply supported, statically determinate beam of length L, with a midspan concentrated load P:

The support reactions are both P/2 and the shear diagram in STAAD is as follows:

However, some people draw the bending moment diagram using the convention that a positive moment produces compressive stress in the “top” of a beam. STAAD plots bending moments on the tension side of the member. The side on which the plot appears is the side where the extreme fiber is in tension due to bending. For this example, the bending moment would look like this:

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Research Engineers International

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Issue #: SP-5358 Date Posted: 4/29/2003

Description: I usually include the STAAD Output file (*.anl) in my documentation for projects. But the printed pages are too light. Is there an easy way to change the print style in STAAD to bold for this output? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: First, go into the STAAD output file viewer. This is available under File | View | Output File | STAAD Output. Once the viewer window comes up, go to the File menu (of the viewer), and choose Font Setup. Change the Font style from Regular to Bold.

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You can use the following steps to accomplish this.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 5 STAAD.asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. switch on the Generate Surface Meshing cursor.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5360 Date Posted: 4/29/2003 Issue: Modelling walls and slabs Description: I have a structure consisting of a wall and a slab.Pro 2002 or 2003 tools? Version: Build No: Solution: The mesh generation tools available in STAAD can be quite useful in modeling this structure so that the wall and slab are properly connected along their common boundary. How do I model this structure using finite elements in an efficient way using available STAAD. http://www. Step 1 : Mesh the slab To do this.

reiworld. select the element (by using the Plate Cursor).asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 . click the right mouse button. you can go to the Select menu. and select Generate Mesh. and choose Mesh Generation Cursor.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 5 Alternatively.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. http://www. Or.

http://www. click on the nodes that comprise the outer boundary of the slab in the following order : 1-2-3-4-1 STAAD's mesh generation cursor can handle any shaped polygon (even with holes or cutouts).com/support/kb/FaqDet1. You will also be presented with the option of adding holes or cutouts. If you choose Quadrilateral Meshing. you will get triangular elements.reiworld. For either one.asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 . you will get 4-sided elements. When you finally click on node 1 the second time. you have to specify the number of divisions along each of the 4 sides. you will see the following dialog box: If you choose the Polygonal Meshing option.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 5 If you choose the mesh generation cursor approach (figures 2 or 3).

The perimieter beams will automatically be broken up for continuity purposes.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Specify the number of divisions along each edge.Research Engineers International Page 4 of 5 If you choose the figure 4 approach. the following dialog box will appear. You will have to remember the incidence order of the slab plate to understand the layout of the 4 edges. The end result will be something like that shown in the following diagram: http://www. Make sure that the number of divisions you specify for the wall along the side 2-3 is the same as that you specified for the slab along that side.reiworld.asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 . Step 2 : Mesh the wall Repeat the above steps with the wall plate.

Research Engineers International Page 5 of 5 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-5360 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.

Sometimes. I wish to create a beam from an existing node to a point within the beam span that is not defined by a node.com/Search.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5424 Date Posted: 5/8/2003 Description: I am using the Add Beam cursor to create a beam or column between two existing members.Pro will split the beam if necessary. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.asp?id=5470 31/05/2006 . The Insert Node dialog box will popup requesting you to specify where along the beam a node is to be created.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. STAAD. simply click on any point along the beam.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-5424 http://www. Is there a quick way of doing this? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When the Add Beam cursor is on. please use the following URL: http://www.

Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.reiworld. The icon is shown below.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. The structure will now rotate about the new point.Pro 2003.reiworld. Select an exisiting node where you would like the new center of rotation to be. there is new feature called "Select Node to Set Center of Rotation".Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5425 Date Posted: 5/8/2003 Description: How can I change the axis or point of rotation from the current point which is always at the center of the structure? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: In STAAD.asp?id=SP-5425 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. Click on the icon to activate the Rotation cursor.asp?id=5471 31/05/2006 .

com/Search. Thus.reiworld. there is an SMAX and an SMIN on each of the 2 surfaces of each element. In the Plate Stress Contour tab of this box.reiworld. The procedure for obtaining these is explained in example problem 18 of the examples manual. for each load case.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. if you select the Plate page along the left side of the screen.asp?id=SP-5436 http://www. The absolute maximum from among these 4 numbers is the quantity termed as "Max Absolute" under the Plate Stress Contour facility.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5436 Date Posted: 5/13/2003 Issue: Max Absolute Stresses in plates Description: In the post processing mode. please use the following URL: http://www. What does it represent? Version: Build No: Solution: The membrane stresses and bending stresses can be combined to form the principal stresses on the top and bottom surfaces of plate elements.asp?id=5483 31/05/2006 . there is a stress type listed by the name Max Absolute. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. it brings up a dialog box called Diagrams.

Any suggestions on how this can be done? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Please go through the document available at the link below for a detailed procedure. combineModels. please use the following URL: http://www.chm Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5449 Date Posted: 5/14/2003 Description: I have two separate STAAD models that I wish to merge into a single structure.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=5497 31/05/2006 .reiworld.asp?id=SP-5449 http://www.reiworld.com/Search.

as well as inclined axis supports. for this condition. The local X axis for the inclined supports will then point from the perimeter towards the center of the circle.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5494 Date Posted: 5/23/2003 Description: How does Staad "direct" a spring to determine if it is in compression or tension? In view of the above. how should one specified radially directed springs located around a circular tunnel or pipe and designate them as "compression" only in the physical sense of the term? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: For the purpose of defining the sense of the force in the SPRING TENSION/SPRING COMPRESSION facility.asp?id=5546 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. for this condition. A support reaction force is considered COMPRESSIVE if it is along the positive direction of the axis under consideration. the displacement along that axis of the support node is in the same direction as the positive direction of that axis. Another way of putting it is that. The supports around the circumference can then be assigned COMPRESSION only springs.com/Search. the displacement along that axis of the support node is in the direction opposite to the positive direction of that axis. use the center of the circular pipe as the REFERENCE POINT for the INCLINED supports. Hence.asp?id=SP-5494 http://www. the following rules are adopted in STAAD : A support reaction force is considered TENSILE if it is opposite to the positive direction of the axis under consideration.reiworld. Another way of putting it is that.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. These rules are applicable for global axis supports.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www.

please use the following URL: http://www. however. In other words.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5895 Date Posted: 9/11/2003 Issue: Ignore Inplane Rotation for Plate Elements Description: What is the application of the IGNORE INPLANE ROTATION specification for plate elements? Version: Build No: Solution: Imagine that you have a wall upon which you apply a concentrated force at the top along the plane of the element (see figure). which means that the distance between two points that are at the far corners of the wall would change as force is applied to the wall.reiworld.asp?id=SP-5895 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=5978 31/05/2006 . If the wall was a rigid body. STAAD normally assumes that the wall has some inherent flexibility. If you wanted the plate to behave as a rigid body. you would add this Ignore Inplane Rotation specification and assign it to the plate.reiworld. STAAD normally takes into consideration in-plane rotation action. This feature is not used very often. It is available in case you wish to compare STAAD’s analysis results with those of another structural analysis program that ignores in-plane rotation by default. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search. the distance between the two points would remain the same.

they use "strength reduction factors". These strength reduction factors account for unavoidable variations in material strength.75 Bearing on concrete .85 for limit states involving compression buckling For the American concrete code ACI 318-02.65 etc. Instead. For example.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. These are requirements placed by the code. we do not have parameters for altering these. please use the following URL: http://www. some of the values used are Tension-controlled sections .75 for limit states involving rupture 0.7 Shear and Torsion .reiworld. So. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.0. is there any parameter to define the material factor or is it already included? Version: Build No: Solution: The American codes do not have explicit material factors.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5991 Date Posted: 9/12/2003 Issue: Material factor for design Description: If using an American code for code check. members with spiral reinforcement .0. in the American steel code LRFD 2001.asp?id=6067 31/05/2006 .9 Compression controlled sections.reiworld.90 for limit states involving yielding 0.0.0.com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. fabrication and erection. design equations.asp?id=SP-5991 http://www. these factors are : 0.

please use the following URL: http://www. MY and MZ in this command? Version: Build No: Solution: By default. If you want the connection to be of the type which does not permit one or more forces/moments to be transmitted.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. The degrees of freedom FX through MZ that you release are based on the local axis of the member at whose end the release is specified. This is usually achieved in practice by moment resistant connections. STAAD assumes the connection between any 2 members to be fully capable of transmitting all 3 forces and all 3 moments from one member to the other. See section 5. use member releases.22.1 and the figures in Section 1.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6339 Date Posted: 10/20/2003 Issue: Why Member Releases Description: What is the purpose of the "member release" command? What is the basis for the terms MX. A shear connection is such an example.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. such as between a concrete beam and a concrete column which are monolithically cast.reiworld.Pro Technical Reference manual for additional information.19 of the STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search.asp?id=6419 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-6339 http://www.

The problem is this: when I apply any in-pl moments can not be zero. For this particular model.reiworld. SY and SXY.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6657 Date Posted: 11/25/2003 Issue: Bending moments in a slab Description: Shown below is a STAAD model for a simple plate fixed at bottom. Version: Build No: Solution: In plate results.asp?id=6741 31/05/2006 . http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. in-p actions such as SX.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. MX & MY are moments which cause the plate to bend out of plane.

com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=SP-6657 http://www.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=6741 31/05/2006 .reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 5 STAAD.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 .Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6798 Date Posted: 1/7/2004 Issue: Orienting unequal leg single angles along global directions Description: I am trying to model a box type structure which has an unequal leg single angle at its ridges (see figure below http://www.

the short leg horizontal. from the center of the box.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 2 of 5 I want to orient the angles in the manner shown in the figure below. How do I model this? http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. The long leg has to be vertical.

one using the "RA" type of angle. Solution 1 using the "ST" type angle specification. Below are two suggestions. http://www.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 5 Version: Build No: Solution: The critical issue in modelling this is choosing the right beta angle for the angles.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. http://www.Research Engineers International Page 4 of 5 Solution 2 using the "RA" type angle specification.reiworld.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 .

Research Engineers International Page 5 of 5 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-6798 http://www.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6897 Date Posted: 1/7/2004 Issue: Applying selfweight selectively Description: I was wondering if the option of "Selfweight" loading generates the selfweight for all of the members and elements of any model? Can I specify that the weight should be calculated for only some members and elements and not all? Version: Build No: Solution: The selfweight command takes into consideration the weight of all beams.reiworld.com/Search. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=6999 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-6897 http://www. if you wish to have the selfweight calculation excluded for some entities. or a very small value for those entities. plates and solids in the model.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. you will have to assign a Density of 0.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. No entity is left out.reiworld. So.0. please use the following URL: http://www.

com/Search.asp?id=7082 31/05/2006 .reiworld. parallel to the local Y axis.reiworld. the unit width is a unit distance at the center of the element. parallel to the local X axis. For My. What is the per unit width? Would that be the thickness of the plate element? Version: Build No: Solution: For Mx.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.1 of the Technical Reference manual. Attached is a diagram to clarify this.pdf Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6976 Date Posted: 1/13/2004 Issue: Moments in a slab modelled with plate elements Description: I am modelling a concrete slab using plate elements. I noticed that the output gives the bending moments per unit width. Mx_and_My_in_plates. please use the following URL: http://www.6.asp?id=SP-6976 http://www. the unit width is a unit distance at the center of the element.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. I am looking for the moments in the slab at the center of each element. It is taken from section 1.

Once the nodes are selected.asp?id=SP-6985 http://www.asp?id=7092 31/05/2006 . the nodes between which the members are to be created must be selected first using the Nodes cursor. Have they been eliminated? Version: Build No: Solution: No.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro.reiworld. I do not find those features in STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6985 Date Posted: 1/14/2004 Issue: Connecting nodes by creating beams and columns Description: STAAD-III used to have features called "Connect Beam Along" and "Connect Column".reiworld.com/Search. For both these options. The "Connect Column" feature is also available in the Geometry menu. The "Connect Beam Along" option is available under the same name from within the Geometry menu.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. these options can be activated. under the name "Create Colinear Beams". Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.

The analysis stops with the error message that I need to specify IZ. what is needed is IZ.reiworld. and that is why IX is not needed.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7068 Date Posted: 1/21/2004 Issue: Member properties for analysis of a plane frame Description: I am analysing a plane frame. which shows the properties required for various types of structures.1 from the Technical Reference manual.asp?id=7179 31/05/2006 . IX is the torsion constant. which explains the need for IZ. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. What is the need to specify IZ? Version: Build No: Solution: For plane frames with no beta angle. IZ is the moment of inertia about the Z axis. Members of a plane frame with a beta angle of zero will bend about the Z axis.asp?id=SP-7068 http://www.com/Search.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www. They are not prone to twisting. I specify a prismatic section with IX. Table 1. not IX. is reproduced below.reiworld.

you could ignore the messages if there are no FX.asp?id=SP-7181 http://www. Why? Version: Build No: Solution: The Elastic Mat instability messages have to do with the Y option versus the YONLY option. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=7296 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. You could switch to the Y option or perhaps fix FX. FZ. Since STAAD automatically applies very small springs at one joint to stabilize an unstable structure.com/Search. FZ and MY directions at certain joints. The Y option automatically fixes the FX and FZ directions at all mat joints whereas the YONLY option does not. your structure is unstable in these directions and MY as well.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Without any support in the FX and FZ directions.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7181 Date Posted: 2/3/2004 Issue: Mat foundation spring supports and instability conditions Description: When we generate the spring supports for a raft foundation using the command "list-of-joints Elastic mat Dir YONLY SUB 10000" we get instability warnings in FX.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. FZ and MY at one joint near the center. or MY loadings and if the displacements are small in those directions.reiworld.

reiworld.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. If you change the display unit for Density to lb/cu. But.com/Search. Since the values are printed to 3 decimal places.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Section Units and change the units for density to lb/ft3. it will come out in your printed report as 0.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. go to Tools . you should be able to see the right value. the printed report shows the density as 0.Set Current Display Unit . I have added the item Materials to the Report Setup. To do this.0000868 kip/cu. the density value should be in accordance with this new unit.ft. The default value in STAAD for density of concrete is 0. please use the following URL: http://www.000.0.asp?id=7613 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-7480 http://www. If you then print the report again.in.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7480 Date Posted: 3/12/2004 Issue: Material values in Report Description: All the members in my model have been assigned Concrete as the material. Version: Build No: Solution: This is very likely due to your units being in kip/in^3.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.asp?id=SP-7858 http://www. When I open that document in Word.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. and re-start it after the exporting is complete.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7858 Date Posted: 5/6/2004 Description: In STAAD. Disable that feature before you export to Word.Pro. symbols and assembly language characters. I find that it is filled with smiling-faces.com/Search. How do I get around the problem? Version: 2004 Build No: 1001 Solution: This is most likely caused by a feature called "Script stopper" in your virus-scan program. It prevents the export process from taking place properly. I create a report and export it to a Microsoft Word document.asp?id=8005 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.

choose By Specification .reiworld.asp?id=8006 31/05/2006 . Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. You can then isolate them into a New View to examine them in greater detail. 1) From the Select menu.Query . One of the tabs of that table is Failed Members. go to the Beam page along the left side of the screen. please use the following URL: http://www. and click on each row of the table to look at each such member individually. A table will appear along the right side of the screen.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. 2) In the Post processing mode. Select this tab. The members which fail the check will be highlighted. I am doing a code check and I want to find out which of those members have failed.All Failed beams.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Can I get a list of just those members without having to scroll through hundreds of pages of steel design output? Version: Build No: Solution: There are 2 methods for finding just those members which have failed the steel design checks.com/Search.Member to access a dialog box with tabs called Steel Design and Design Property to see the cause of the failure along with allowable and actual stresses and critical conditions.reiworld.asp?id=SP-7859 http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7859 Date Posted: 5/6/2004 Issue: Viewing members which fail the steel design checks Description: I have a large model with several hundred members which have been assigned steel sections. Double click on those members or use Tools . One of the sub-pages will be Unity Check.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7881 Date Posted: 5/11/2004 Issue: Order of member lists for output Description: I could use a little help with a truly aggravating condition which I will explain by way of an example. the command gets written into the input file as PRINT MEMBER STRESSES LIST 2 4 7 14 16 18 This happens with any file saved from the graphical modeling mode. if we were to add the command PRINT MEMBER STRESSES. Scroll down till you come to the desired command which currently has its list in the ascending order. change the list of the commands you are interested in so that they are in the order you want. http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. Command: PRINT MEMBER STRESSES LIST 72 14 122 45 I would like the STAADPro output to give me the member stresses in the following order: 72 14 122 45 Instead I get the output results in an ascending sequence. the output of member stresses will be in the order you seek. You can make changes to any line of the file using the editor. you make any changes to the file using the graphical modelling mode. and save it from the graphical modelling mode.reiworld. If you were to now run the analysis. the list is going to be re-arranged once again into the ascending order. the lists associated with those commands are saved in the ascending order. which is not what I want. You can do the following to get around that problem. (From the Edit menu. This also happens if you use the File-Save As option of the graphical modelling mode to save an existing file into one with another name.asp?id=8028 31/05/2006 . and using the option "Assign to Edit List". For example. as follows: 14 45 72 122 What can I do to get the output in the order I have specified? Version: Build No: Solution: When you assign a command using the graphical screens.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. After the file has been saved from the graphical screen. But please understand that if subsequently. there is no way currently available to change the order of these lists. assign it to members in the following order 14 2 16 4 18 7 and save the file from the graphical screen. For the command in the earlier example. So. Unfortunately. go to the editor. choose Edit Input Command File). change it to PRINT MEMBER STRESSES LIST 14 2 16 4 18 7 Save the file from within the Editor.

asp?id=8028 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-7881 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. close the file.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 So.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.reiworld. after you arrange the lists using the editor in the order you want. and make a backup of it using Windows Explorer.

reiworld. what do the terms TRESCAT and TRESTAB stand for? How are they calculated? Version: Build No: Solution: TRESCA is 2. See the link http://www.5 * max [abs((s1 – s2)) . s3.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Example problem 18 in the examples manual shows the calculation of TMAX Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. abs((s2 – s3)) .asp?id=SP-7893 http://www.com/Search.reiworld. abs((s3 – s1))] where s1 and s2 are the inplane principal stresses and the 3rd principal stress.asp?id=SP-1549 for more information on the meaning of TOP and BOTTOM surfaces for plates. please use the following URL: http://www. TRESCAT is the value for the top surface of the element.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7893 Date Posted: 5/13/2004 Issue: What is the TRESCA Stress Description: In the plate element stress results. TMAX is the maximum inplane shear stress on a plate element. TRESCAB is on the bottom.0 times TMAX. TMAX = 0. Top and bottom are in accordance with the direction of the local Z axis.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. is zero at the surface.asp?id=8040 31/05/2006 .com/Search.

The program does indeed design the section per the code correctly. Solution: The correction will be available in a later build of STAAD.com/Search. However. the Ratio value is not displayed in the Beam .US Issue: Steel design ratios and ASCE 52 and ASCE 72 codes Description: If design is done per the ASCE 52 or ASCE 72 codes.asp?id=8072 31/05/2006 . 2) For design per ASCE 52.Unity Check page.asp?id=SP-7924 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld. this is only a failure to display the value on the members. if a members (like single angles) fail the slenderness check. the following error exists : 1) For tapered poles designed per ASCE 72.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Unity Check page. please use the following URL: http://www.Output File .Pro 2004.STAAD Output to see the details of the design.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7924 Known Bug Date Posted: 5/18/2004 Date Discovered: 5/18/2004 Classification: Conservative Version(s) Affected: All versions of STAAD.Pro including and prior to 2003 Build 1004.View . Causes of Error(s): Programming oversight Affected Area(s): Display of interaction ratio values in the Beam Unity Check page of the post-processing mode Workaround (if any): Values may be obtained in the design output section of the output file. the Ratio value is not displayed in the Beam . You can go to the output file using File .reiworld.

com/Search. Let us consider the tube section 8X6X1/4 listed in the LRFD manual. Concatenate the numbers into a string whose first 3 characters are TUB. You get TUB80604 Related topics : http://www.asp?id=8129 31/05/2006 .reiworld.asp?id=SP-8031 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=SP-7980 http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. How does one relate the STAAD name with that in that manual? Version: Build No: Solution: The STAAD naming convention for Tubes is derived in the following manner.com/Search. which is the nominal width.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.com/Search.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7980 Date Posted: 5/27/2004 Issue: Naming convention for American steel tubes Description: STAAD lists American Tube sections using names like TUB80604. and multiply it by 10. Multiply the thickness by 16. Take the second dimension. Take the first dimension.asp?id=SP-7981 http://www.reiworld. and multiply it by 10. which is the nominal depth. please use the following URL: http://www. This is not the way the names are listed in the LRFD manual.

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Issue #: SP-8118 Date Posted: 6/15/2004

Issue: Warning stating "more than 12 DOF with zero stiffness" Description: I tried to model a concrete foundation using solid elements, basically following the approach described in example 24 of the examples manual. However, I got this warning stating "more than 12 DOF with zero stiffness". Can anyone please advise me what are the technical reasons for this and how I can possibly handle this warning? Version: Build No: Solution: A solid element by its basic nature does not have rotational degrees of freedom at its nodes. So, at all points on the structure where the only entities connected are solid elements, there is no rotational stiffness. There is an explanation on the reasons behind zero stiffness messages at http://www.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1496 If you are using STAAD.Pro 2003 Build 1003.US or later, and the only entities in your structure are solids (no plates or beams), the program automatically applies restraints along those rotational degrees of freedom and the messages will hence not appear. However, if beams or plates are present in the structure in addition to solids, those messages will be present. If you do not encounter instability warning messages in your output, and the applied loads are in equilibrium with support reactions, you may consider the zero stiffness warning messages harmless, and ignore them.

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Issue #: SP-8159 Date Posted: 6/21/2004

Issue: Applying a moment at the node of a solid element Description: How do I apply a moment load at the joint of a solid element? Version: Build No: Solution: You can directly apply a moment at the node of a solid element only if there is a beam or a plate attached to that node. If there isn't any beam or plate element attached to that node, create a fictitious beam which protrudes out of that joint, similar to that which is shown at the following link : http://www.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-3228 Then, apply the moment at the desired node, or an equivalent force at the free end of the beam.

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Issue #: SP-8235 Date Posted: 7/5/2004

Issue: KL/r for single angles per the AISC ASD code Description: The KL/r value that STAAD reports for the Y axis for a single angle does not match what I get from my hand calculation. Can you explain why? Version: Build No: Solution: For single angles, the local Y and Z axes are the principal axes as shown below:

The KL/r value is computed using ry and rz which are based on the principal axis system. Chances are that your handculation uses the geometric axes.

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Issue #: SP-8823 Known Bug Date Posted: 2/4/2005

Date Discovered: 2/4/2005

Classification:

Version(s) Affected: STAAD.Pro 2004 Build 1004.US Description: I am using STAAD.Pro 2004 Build 1004.US also known as the second edition. When I try to add plates using the new feature in the Geometry menu called "Create infill plates", I encounter the message "No closed polygon found to fill in with plates, please check beam selection"

What am I doing wrong? Causes of Error(s): Programming error Affected Area(s): Assigning plate elements to the model Workaround (if any): Solution: This error will be rectified in the US Build 1005. In the meantime, you can use the same facility from its icon which is shown below.

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Issue #: SP-8841 Date Posted: 12/29/2005

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the load generation is not being done correctly.reiworld. http://www.asp?id=9070 31/05/2006 . or supports and the ground along the lowest level and members on the remaining sides of the panel.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8844 Date Posted: 12/29/2005 Description: I am using the wind load generation feature. A panel is defined as an area bounded by members (beams and columns) on all sides.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 4 STAAD. On some parts of the structure.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. STAAD attempts to identify panels on the exposed faces of the structure. Can you explain why? Version: Build No: Solution: In order to generate loads due to wind pressure.

the bracing members cross each other.asp?id=9070 31/05/2006 . One of the reasons for this failure is when bracing members are part of the exposed face.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 4 However. In the next figure. the panel identification may fail.reiworld. but do not have an intersection point. under some circumstances.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. http://www.

3. In the above case. this will result in 4 distinct panels with no overlap.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 4 This is because. and exclude the bracing members from the list. there are 2 options : a) Split the bracing members at their point of intersection. that list would comprise of just members 2. by traversing the path along the member X-axis. the program finds overlap of various panels. WIND LOAD Z 1 TYPE 1 LIST 2 3 4 5 http://www. To get around this problem. In the above case. b) Provide a list of members in the WIND LOAD command.4 and 5. Loads are not generated when panels overlap.asp?id=9070 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.

asp?id=SP-8844 http://www.com/Search.reiworld.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=9070 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 4 of 4 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.

Is there some type of weak spring placed in X & Z directions. All the remaining 5 degrees of freedom are treated as unrestrained. Example : plate-list PLATE MAT DIR YONLY SUBGRADE 0.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. then. a spring support is generated in that direction.reiworld. a) a spring support is generated in that direction b) the other two translational directions are fully restrained c) the associated rotational degre of freedom is fully restrained d) the other 2 rotational degrees of freedom are treated as unrestrained Example : plate-list PLATE MAT DIR Y SUBGRADE 0. is it completely restrained.com/Search.reiworld. I have always used Y as the direction. I am required to give the subgrade modulus and supply a direction.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8845 Date Posted: 12/29/2005 Description: When using the foundation support.asp?id=9071 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www. or is it somewhere in between? Version: 2005 Build No: 1002 Solution: If X or Y or Z is specified for direction. However.4 FX is free FY gets a spring FZ is free MX is free MY is free MZ is free Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=SP-8845 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.4 FX is fixed FY gets a spring FZ is fixed MX is free MY is fixed MZ is free If XONLY or YONLY or ZONLY is specified. then. I am interested in knowing what would occur if I choose Y-only.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. as in the following example.03 END DEFINE MATERIAL CONSTANTS MATERIAL STEEL MEMBER 101 TO 121 So. What is the reason this message appears? Version: Build No: Solution: During steel design.8195 ALPHA 1. as in the examples below.344 ALPHA 1. and then later asking the member to be designed according to a steel code. This is because.reiworld.2e-005 DAMP 0. if you are specifying an E value which is significantly different from that for steel.05e+008 POISSON 0. you specify E either explicitly under the CONSTANTS command block or through the DEFINE MATERIAL block.asp?id=9074 31/05/2006 . E is a crucial term that appears in many equations for calculating section capacities and the program wants you to know if the value appears to be abnormal. such as say. WARNING : THE VALUE OF E FOR MEMBER 22 DOES NOT SEEM RIGHT.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8848 Date Posted: 1/13/2006 Issue: THE VALUE OF E FOR MEMBER NNN DOES NOT SEEM RIGHT Description: The steel design output for several members is accompanied by the following warning message : WARNING : THE VALUE OF E FOR MEMBER 21 DOES NOT SEEM RIGHT.03 END DEFINE MATERIAL CONSTANTS MATERIAL ALUMINUM MEMBER 21 TO 30 http://www. WARNING : THE VALUE OF E FOR MEMBER 23 DOES NOT SEEM RIGHT. UNIT FEET POUND DEFINE MATERIAL START ISOTROPIC ALUMINUM E 1.33 DENSITY 169. Example 1 : UNIT KIP INCH CONSTANTS E 29000 ALL DENSITY 0.44e+009 POISSON 0. In STAAD.28e-005 DAMP 0.3 DENSITY 76. there is a check for ensuring that the Modulus of Elasticity (E) specified for the member is within the range that is normal for steel.283E-3 ALL Example 2 : UNIT METER KNS DEFINE MATERIAL START ISOTROPIC STEEL E 2. Aluminum. the above-mentioned warning message will appear.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1..reiworld..Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 . . please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=SP-8848 http://www.asp?id=9074 31/05/2006 . PARAMETER CODE AISC CHECK CODE MEMBER 21 TO 30 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.com/Search.

Pro 2005 Builds 1001 and 1002.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Double click on the member.com/Search. Go to the Property tab.reiworld. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TABLE T W10X12 the following operation will cause a crash. please use the following URL: http://www. Causes of Error(s): Programming error Affected Area(s): Model generation Workaround (if any): Change the section by going to the General-Property page.Pro 2004 Issue: Crash when modifying a pre-assigned T section property Description: For a member which has been assigned a T section property. select the T section name from the displayed list. some builds of STAAD.Pro 2005 Build 1003 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=9075 31/05/2006 . such as in the following example.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8849 Known Bug Date Posted: 1/13/2006 Date Discovered: 1/5/2006 Classification: Severe Version(s) Affected: STAAD. Select Assign/Change Property.asp?id=SP-8849 http://www. Solution: The error will be corrected in STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. and click on Edit.reiworld.

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Issue #: SP-8851 Date Posted: 1/23/2006

Description: Several beams in my model have been defined with multiple intermediate nodes. So, a beam which is say, 45 feet long, is defined as three segments of 15 feet each. Please tell me what I should do to perform the deflection check for the 45 feet span, instead of the individual 15 ft spans. The allowable deflection is based on the length of the sum of the segments expressed in inches divided by 500. Version: Build No: Solution: The article below explains the procedure. The STAAD input file used in the article is also attached. Deflection Check for multi-segmented Beams

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Issue #: SP-8852 Date Posted: 1/23/2006

Description: I'm having a tough time editing member loads. What I am managing to do is remove or edit the loading from beams without deleting it entirely? Version: Build No: Solution: If you edit the load item from the General - Load page, all the members to which the load item is applied will rece

Since you want to change it for a specific member only, there are two methods for doing that. 1) Use the options of the Load Items page of Member Query. The article below is an extract from the software release report introduced.

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2) Use the Load Edit cursor. The article below describes the procedure. Editing Loads using the Load Edit Cursor

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Issue #: SP-8853 Known Bug Date Posted: 1/24/2006

Date Discovered: 12/5/2005

Classification: Severe

Version(s) Affected: STAAD.Pro 2005 Builds 1001 and 1002 Issue: Error in renumbering plate elements Description: For models containing plate elements in which some or all of those elements have been assigned element loads, the following error occurs. If the elements are renumbered using Geometry - Renumber - Plates, some places in the input data where the elements are referred to, such as the element load data, are not updated to reflect the new plate numbers. Hence, as a result of the renumbering, some of those elements could end up not having any loads, or the loads could end up being applied on nonexistent or wrong elements. Causes of Error(s): Programming error Affected Area(s): Model generation when plate elements are involved. Workaround (if any): One workaround, although an inconvenient one, is to renumber the plates before the loads are applied. Solution: The error will be fixed in STAAD.Pro 2005 Build 1003

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Issue #: SP-8854 Date Posted: 2/1/2006

Issue: Graphically removing loads from members Description: How do I remove a load from a member without removing the load from the load case? Version: Build No: Solution: Please go through the document below. How do I remove a load from a member.pdf

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reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8859 Known Bug Date Posted: 2/14/2006 Date Discovered: 2/14/2006 Classification: Version(s) Affected: STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro 2004 Issue: Assigning Materials Description: When material data is assigned through the Graphical modeling mode. and some of the builds of STAAD. surfaces and solids in some situations. it fails to get applied to some members. It involves two steps : a) specifying the material data under the DEFINE MATERIAL block b) assigning it to the members. This problem occurs when the material is assigned along with the property or thickness from the General-Property page.asp?id=9085 31/05/2006 .Pro 2005 Build 1003 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. plates and solids under the CONSTANTS command.Pro 2005 Builds 1002 and 1001. or when it is assigned explicitly from the General-Material page. Causes of Error(s): Programming error Affected Area(s): Model generation Workaround (if any): Assign the material data through the editor.com/Search. Solution: The error will be fixed in STAAD.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-8859 http://www. plates.

Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro? Version: Build No: Solution: From the File menu of the main program screen. The dialog box that comes up has a facility to turn off the Autosave feature.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. See the attached figure.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=9091 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-8865 http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8865 Date Posted: 3/16/2006 Description: How do I stop the Auto Save screen from appearing over and over again in Staad.reiworld.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld. select "Open Backup Manager".

Click on OK.reiworld.reiworld. The Assign option should be set to "To Selection". select the Plates Cursor.asp?id=SP-1308 http://www. Choose the Local Axis direction to point towards or away from the Reference Point. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1308 Date Posted: 6/13/2002 Issue: How to change the orientation of the local Z axis so that it points to the opposite direction Description: I would like to change the direction of the local Z axis of an element so that it points in the opposite direction. please use the following URL: http://www. From the Commands menu. How do I do it? Version: Build No: Solution: From the Select menu at the top. Then select the element for which you want the Z axis direction changed.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=1027 31/05/2006 . select Geometric Constants followed by Plate Reference Point and give the coordinates of this point.com/Search.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www. for plate elements.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1312 Date Posted: 10/26/2001 Issue: What is the difference between the normal contour method and the enhanced contour method for Plate Elements ? Description: In STAADPRO.asp?id=1031 31/05/2006 .reiworld.asp?id=SP-1312 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. The contour regions are located along the edges of the plate & the diagonal between each node & the center point. This method will take longer to complete as twice as many data points are calculated when compared to the normal contour method. The enhanced contour method uses the same points as the normal contour method plus an additional mid point stress along each edge of the plate. This additional mid point stress is calculated using the interpolation of all the plate center stresses associated with that edge. what is the difference between the normal contour method and the enhanced contour method? Version: Build No: Solution: The normal contour method uses stress points at each corner of the plate along with the center stress to calculate contours.

reiworld.asp?id=1081 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1486 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.

com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www. At the start node. it is due to a load acting along the local X axis of the member. and a negative value indicates axial compression.reiworld. The difference in magnitude of the axial forces at start and end should be equal to the load acting along the local X axis of the member. Generally.reiworld. and a negative value indicates axial tension. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. At the end node. why is it that sometimes the numerical values of these two are the same and sometimes they are not? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: There are two values because member end force output consists of the forces and moments at the start node as well as at the end node of the member.asp?id=SP-1487 http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1487 Date Posted: 10/26/2001 Description: In the member end forces output. A typical example of this is a column (vertical member) subjected to selfweight loading. why are two values being reported for axial forces? Also.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=1082 31/05/2006 . if the values at the start and at the end are not the same in magnitude. a positive value indicates axial tension. a positive value of the axial force indicates axial compression.

reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=1091 31/05/2006 .reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1496 http://www.

the basic property values of the section can be assigned through the simple PRISMATIC property type (See sections 5.20 and 5. Moments of Inertia. there is presently no direct facility for defining built-up sections like the one above.20.20 of the STAAD. one would have to first calculate the basic properties such as Area. A way around this limitation is to use one of the methods explained below: Method 1: A user table GENERAL section: The user provided table (UPT) is a facility by which one can define non-standard standalone sections. Details of this facility are available in sections 5. An example that illustrates the graphical method of creating and assigning these sections is available at http://www. However. or the user table GENERAL type.reiworld. How do I assign a cross section of this type to a member? Version: Build No: Solution: The steel section databases available in STAAD contain most of the standard section types available in the market. Arbitrary shaped sections will have to be defined through either the user table PRISMATIC type.19 and 5. Consequently. (one may use the Section Wizard program to simplify the task of calculating these values) before one can assign them. etc. not built-up sections.2 of the http://www. However.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro Examples manual.com/Support/Pro/SearchSolution.reiworld. as well as arbitrary shaped sections.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD.Pro Technical Reference Manual. An example that shows the usage of UPT sections is available in problem 17 of the STAAD. the sections available through this facility are stand-alone sections.asp?id=1155 31/05/2006 .Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1560 Date Posted: 11/2/2001 Description: Some of the beams in my model are built-up steel sections comprised of a channel on top of a wide flange as shown below.asp?pid=136 Method 2: An ordinary prismatic section type: If one wants to avoid the tedium of creating a user provided table. A built-up section can be classified as an arbitrary shaped section.. Torsion Constant.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.asp?id=SP-1488 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=SP-1560 http://www. Graphically.reiworld. etc.reiworld. An example that shows this is available in problem 8 of the STAAD.Pro Technical Reference manual). Moments of Inertia. Again.com/Search. this type is created through the dialog boxes shown below. (one may use the Section Wizard program to simplify the task) before one can assign them. Torsion Constant.Pro Examples manual.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 STAAD. Related topics : http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. one would have to first calculate the basic properties such as Area..com/Search.asp?id=1155 31/05/2006 .

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1630 Date Posted: 1/11/2002 Description: What is the LX parameter used for? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The LX is the parameter used in calculating the axial compression capacity for flexural torsional buckling Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=1227 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1630 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.

How do I do this? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You can do the following to compute the capacity of the concrete section: Model the strucuture.asp?id=1231 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search. Specify the existing profile to the member properties Specify all the required member specification and Support condition Specify the load on the strucutre Specify the Concrete design parameters Specify the parameter MinMain and Maxmain to the provided bar size Do the design Check the results.asp?id=SP-1634 http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1634 Date Posted: 1/11/2002 Description: For an existing concrete member. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Adjust the load and redo the design until the reinforcement matches with the provided steel. I need to compute the capacity of the section.

Negative = Opposite to local Y axis Moment-Z (MZ) : Positive = Along local Z axis. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Positive at the end node indicates tension at the end node. Negative at the end node indicates compression at the end node. please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. Negative = Opposite to local Z axis For axial forces. Negative = Opposite to local X axis Shear-Y (FY) : Positive = Along local Y axis.asp?id=1367 31/05/2006 . Negative at the start node indicates tension at the start node. Negative = Opposite to local X axis Moment-Y (MY) : Positive = Along local Y axis.asp?id=SP-1760 http://www. Negative = Opposite to local Y axis Shear-Z (FZ) : Positive = Along local Z axis.reiworld.com/Search. Positive at the start node indicates compression at the start node.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1760 Date Posted: 1/22/2002 Description: What are the sign conventions for moments in a 3-D structure? Version: Build No: Solution: The sign conventions are as follows: Axial (FX) : Positive = Along local X axis. Negative = Opposite to local Z axis Torsion (MX) : Positive = Along local X axis.

e.ini.asp?id=SP-1763 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. STAADPRO20010.asp?id=1371 31/05/2006 . Change "QL" from 1 to 0.ini).com/Search.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1763 Date Posted: 1/22/2002 Description: How can I remove the REI logo from my report? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Go to the StaadPro ini file (i. It should be in your Windows folder. STAADPRO20000.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www.

4) Go to Edit \ Copy 5) Open up the second std file. press down the left mouse button and release it when you reach another endpoint such that everything inside is what you want to select. A cursor with circles on either side should now appear.the one you want to paste onto 6) Go to Edit \ (Beam. To create the window go to one endpoint. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. select the "Reference Pt" button.com/Search. Press OK The model has now been copied/merged to the new file..reiworld. b) In the "Specify reference point" window specify the reference point by clicking on that point c) Click the "OK" button.reiworld.) depending on what you are trying to copy. A dialog box comes up. inside of which everything will be highlighted. etc.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. etc.the one with the model to copy from 2) Select the appropriate cursor (beam. please use the following URL: http://www."Paste with Move" 7) If you want the copied model to be pasted starting from the origin." (Appropriate cursor) 3) Select all or whatever part of the model you want to copy. press the "OK" button. You can do this by going "Select\ .Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1767 Date Posted: 1/22/2002 Description: How can I merge 2 models together? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: 1) Open up the first std file. ) Paste. plate. Plate. This can be done by creating a window.asp?id=SP-1767 http://www.asp?id=1378 31/05/2006 . a) If you want the model pasted somewhere else.. d) Reselect the reference point e) The "Paste with Move" dialog box comes up.

reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1784 Date Posted: 1/22/2002 Description: I am using STAAD to perform steel design on a member per the AISC ASD code.com/Search.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. If you want to specify the unbraced length for the purpose of computing allowable stresses in axial compression.1 of the STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www. use the parameters LY and LZ.Pro Technical Reference Manual for details. How do I correct this problem? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The parameters UNT and UNB are for specifying the unsupported length of the compression flange for the purpose of computing allowable stresses in bending compression.asp?id=1394 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-1784 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. See Table 2. I have set the UNT and UNB values to 20 ft.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. I want the column to be designed based on an unbraced length of 20 ft. but STAAD appears to consider only a 10 feet length in its KL/r calculations.

9 ALL CHECK CODE ALL Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1708 Date Posted: 1/23/2002 Description: I'm trying to modeling lateral supports in the roof members. You may also wish to refer to example problem 1 of the examples manual under the command PARAMETERS. please use the following URL: http://www.1 of Section 2 of the STAAD.asp?id=SP-1708 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Instead.2 MEMB 3 4 LY 25 MEMB 3 4 LZ 20 MEMB 5 6 UNT 15 MEMB 8 TO 15 RATIO 0. UNT and UNB. you provide the information by specifying the distance between points where the roof members are restrained against LTB.reiworld. It does not necessarily prevent a physical displacement at that point on the roof member whose flange is being restrained.0 ALL KY 1.asp?id=1309 31/05/2006 .85 ALL BEAM 1. Beam members are tapered sections. You will find an explanation of these in Table 2. The values you may wish to specify are the terms LY.Pro Technical Reference Manual.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. LZ. as in the example below : PERFORM ANALYSIS PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0. Nodes 3 9 to 16 and 4 17 to 24 are zee purlins on the roof. how do I modeling the zee purlins as lateral stability? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The lateral support information is generally not specified through supports because it typically acts only as a mechanism for preventing lateral torsional buckling (LTB) of the flange it is connected to.reiworld. Using the support command.

By definition. STAAD designs the element for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of the element. The design of that element hence has to be done on the basis of a unit width. since that is what they are. as in 43.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1791 Date Posted: 1/26/2002 Description: When I perform concrete design on an element.5 KN-m/m. The results are hence in the form Area of steel/unit-width of element. They have units of Force-length/length.MM/MM"..5 KNmm/mm.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Thus. or 43. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.. one needs to use a one metre width of slab. "SQ. in order to design an element for a 43. or DESIGN SLAB .5 KN-m.5 KN-m/m moment.reiworld.asp?id=SP-1791 http://www.asp?id=1400 31/05/2006 . the output reports reinforcement in terms of "SQ. please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search. if you take a one metre width of the slab at the centroid of the element in question.reiworld.MM/MM". In other words. the moment over that one metre width on that element is equal to 43. as in. Can you please explain why? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When you ask for an element design or a slab design using the commands DESIGN ELEMENT .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. The reinforcement required for that element is thus reported in terms of unit width of the element. MX and MY are termed as Moments per Unit width.

asp?id=SP-1792 http://www. to find the following maxima : Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum positive Mx negative Mx positive My negative My The element is then designed for all those four quantities. "TRANS. and is denoted in the output by the expression "LONG. The output will consist of the steel area required for all of four maximas.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.".Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1792 Date Posted: 1/26/2002 Description: When I perform concrete design on an element. and a "bottom" face. The output report of reinforcement provided on those faces contains the terms "TOP" for top face. the rules governing provision of reinforcement for shrinkage and temperature are used in calculating minimum reinforcement. or if the reinforcement required to resist that moment is less than the capacity of the element with minimum reinforcement. The reinforcement calculated to resist Mx is called longitudinal reinforcement.com/Search. As described earlier. The reinforcement calculated to resist My is called transverse reinforcement. the program first scans through all the active load cases. please use the following URL: http://www.". The procedure used by the program to arrive at these quantities is as follows : For each element. "BOTT. For the ACI code.". etc. they will be reported using the terms LONG. and the steel for transverse moment is the inner layer. and compression on the other.asp?id=1401 31/05/2006 . and is denoted in the output by the expression "TRANS.".".reiworld. "TOP". Every element has a "top" face. A similar effect will be caused by My. TOP and BOTT. REINF. The rules applicable for design of a beam for flexure are used in calculating the steel areas. REINF. For determination of the effective depth.reiworld. REINF. The sign of Mx and My will determine which face of the element the steel has to be provided on. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. If any of these moments happen to be zero. the output contains expressions such as "LONG. TRANSVERSE. Can you explain what these terms mean? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The design of an element involves determination of the reinforcement for moments Mx and My at the centroid of the element. REINF. and "BOTT" for the bottom face. as defined by the direction of the local Z axis of the elements. Mx will cause tension on one of those faces. only minimum reinforcement is provided. the steel for longitudinal moment is assumed to be the outer layer. The width used in this calculation is a unit width of the element.

In the Results Setup dialog box. switch on the “Absolute Values” option. Select Moment-Z as the degree of freedom to be used as the basis for sorting. From the left side of the screen. Keep the sorting order as “List from High to Low”. go to the Beam | Forces page. select Report | Beam End Forces. The Beam End Force dialog box will appear. From the top of the screen. sorted from high to low.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. select only those load cases that are the combination cases. select Mode | Post Processing.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1564 Date Posted: 1/27/2002 Description: Is there a way to obtain a report of the moment Mz at the beam ends for load combination cases. If you want sorting to be done on the basis of absolute values and not algebraic values. select the beams for which you want the results. http://www.asp?id=1159 31/05/2006 . Using one of the standard selection methods. for some of the beams in the model? Version: 2001 Build No: ALL Solution: From the top of the screen.

Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=1159 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 Click on OK. The values will be displayed in a tabular form.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1564 http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1793 Date Posted: 1/27/2002 Description: I am performing concrete design for a beam per the ACI code. At the start as well as the end nodes of the member. That will result in (d+SFACE) and (d+EFACE) becoming zero.reiworld. The default value for SFACE and EFACE is 0. The basis for this assumption can be found in Section 11.1 that these are values which the user may specify to convey to STAAD how far the face of the member is from the nodes of the member.com/Search.asp?id=1402 31/05/2006 . in your input file.asp?id=SP-1793 http://www. specify these parameters along the following lines : START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI SFACE -d MEMB 110 EFACE -d MEMB 110 DESIGN BEAM 110 END CONCRETE DESIGN where "d" is the effective depth of the member.0. "d" is the effective depth of the member. you can set the values for SFACE and EFACE to be negative quantities equal in magnitude to "d". So. under the START CONCRETE DESIGN command.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Why is that? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: STAAD performs concrete design for shear and torsion at locations defined by (d + SFACE) from the start of the member and (d+EFACE) from the end of the member respectively.1 of ACI 318-95. the value "Vu" which is reported in the shear design output does not match the shear force Fy from the member end force output. which means that the design will be performed at the nodal points of the member. please use the following URL: http://www. If you want the shear & torsion design to be performed using the member end forces (the nodal values) and not those at the location mentioned in the previous paragraph.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. you will see in Chapter 3 of the STAAD.3.reiworld. In case you are not familiar with the parameters SFACE and EFACE.Pro Technical Reference Manual in Table 3.

asp?id=1431 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-1816 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1816 Date Posted: 1/29/2002 Description: When one does the AISC code check or member selection.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. what are the calculations the program is performing? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The checks done as per the AISC ASD 9th edition code are : 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Slenderness .com/Search.Checks for KL/r limits per Chapter B Local Buckling per Chapter B Axial Compression + Bending per Section H Axial Tension + Bending per Section H Shear per Section F Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.

does STAAD take into consideration the effect of L/rt while calculating the allowable bending stress? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The effect of L/rt is indeed being taken into consideration while calculating the allowable bending stress.asp?id=SP-1863 http://www.com/Search.asp?id=1480 31/05/2006 . The L used for this purpose is the value specified for the unsupported length of the compression flange through the input parameters UNT and UNB. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1863 Date Posted: 2/1/2002 Description: When performing steel design per the AISC 9th edition ASD code.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. as per Section F of the specifications of the code.reiworld.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1864 Date Posted: 2/1/2002 Description: I am looking at Section 5. For the “RA” option.Pro Technical Reference Manual.2 of the STAAD. I have 2 options to choose from . In general. when y is the major axis.5.reiworld.20. and the local Y is the m be observed in Figure 1.reiworld. and the local Z is the minor axis.the “ST” option and the “RA” option. the local Z is the major axis. An extract from that figure is show Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. What is the difference between these optio Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The difference has to do with the way in which the local Y and Z axes of the angle are defined.Pro Technical Reference Manual.6 in Section 1. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=SP-1864 http://www.1 of the STAAD. If I want to assign a single angle my model.com/Search.asp?id=1481 31/05/2006 .

the joint coordinate data and member incidence data are written into the .reiworld. separated by semi-colons.open the input file.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1510 Date Posted: 2/1/2002 8:45:05 AM Description: When I save a file from the STAAD.Input File Format.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Is there some setting in the program to facilitate this? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Close all input files. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Then. choose File .asp?id=1105 31/05/2006 . Click on Accept.std file in such a manner that there are several entries per line. From the File menu.asp?id=SP-1510 http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. This setting will ensure that all desired data will henceforth be saved in the single line format. select Configure .com/Search.Pro GUI. please use the following URL: http://www. Switch on the items for which you wish to have the single line format.Open . I would like it to be written in a way that the joint coordinate data is written as one joint per line and the member incidence data is written as one member per line. Click on Save.

the dead weight puts it into compression. please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1848 Date Posted: 2/1/2002 8:59:45 AM Description: Why do tension-only members fail when kl/r is less than 300? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: It is probably due to the fact that. the end of the beam is so close to compression that.asp?id=1465 31/05/2006 .0.asp?id=SP-1848 http://www.reiworld. To alleviate this you can turn off the slenderness test by setting the MAIN parameter to 1.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1884 Date Posted: 2/6/2002 Description: What are the differences between the full and limited versions of STAAD.asp?id=SP-1884 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=1502 31/05/2006 .reiworld.Pro? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The limited version has everything the full version has except: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Concrete Design (using concrete sections and materials are accepted) Non-Linear Analysis Time History Analysis Response Spectrum 3D Solid (Brick) Elements It has no restrictions on the size of the model.com/Search.reiworld.

43263 0.507 29.83 0.05000 6 1.61674 0.752 6 4. 0.------1 -4. MODE FACTOR ACCELERATION-G DAMPING ---.85 0. 0.com/Search.2 20 we got the following output.reiworld.62 53.96 3.13 2359.313 3.495291E-03 2.41 2510. please use the following URL: http://www.247175E-02 5.74 156.155636E-01 5.31 3. 0.23 8 71.asp?id=1410 31/05/2006 .1 10.393 34.798 2 1.12 0.87 90. The Acceleration-G column indicates the spectra acceleration that STAAD interpolated from the input SCALE and spectra curve.29 5.559065E-02 2.208 33.08 124 1437.28 13.05000 Note that you can divide the base shears by the above accelerations and get the modal weight which will sum the previous modal weight line.27839 0.------------.97 94.92 0.12 25.882 5 2.-------------.05000 3 2.812 57.918 3 61.21 7 --------------------TOTAL SRSS SHEAR 1816.reiworld.04 47.15 15.00 7 2.asp?id=SP-1801 http://www.721 BASE SHEAR IN PO ------------------X Y 1104.14 2.524380E-03 2.07394 0.858 56.14 1 54.44 1.96 87.05 5.71 30.05000 2 3.80 24.00 0.438 1.934 56.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.70 149 Close Window Print this Page To send this page to a friend or colleague. MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT ---------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 24.779840E-03 1.43 2556.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 2682.56480 0.682 40.919 4 0.00 87.49 125 TOTAL 10PCT SHEAR 1859. 0.19 0.90 2354.05000 5 1.07 28.84369 0.507 29.957 59.980 57.55 133 TOTAL ABS SHEAR 2719.05000 4 2.70 3.

the absolute maximum at joint 1 and that at joint 2 are most probably occurring at different instances of time. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Both of these are approximate methods.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-1474 http://www. Hence. doing a P-Delta Analysis under such conditions does not make any sense.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. the member forces cannot be used as a basis for obtaining the secondary forces on the structure.com/Search.reiworld. Another fact to be considered is that the response of the individual modes is combined using either the SRSS or the CQC methods depending on the input provided by the user.asp?id=1069 31/05/2006 . The result is that the joint displacements and consequently. This also means that these displacements do not necessarily occur at all joints at the same instant of time. In other words.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1474 Date Posted: 2/8/2002 11:31:59 AM Description: Can I do a Pdelta analysis using STAAD for Response Spectrum load cases? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: A response spectrum analysis by definition provides the user with joint displacements which are the absolute maximum displacements which can occur at the joint when the structure is subjected to dynamic loads represented by the spectrum.

to do so. Can I model these as 'FIXED BUT' supports released in FX and FY. if the only purpose of these is to provide lateral bracing against buckling. But.reiworld.asp?id=SP-1624 http://www. and if they do not necessarily behave as support points which restrain certain types of deformation.com/Search. However. you can declare the unsupported length in buckling by using steel design parameters such as LY.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1624 Date Posted: 2/10/2002 2:55:05 PM Description: To limit the deflection in the local Z direction I plan to add lateral support(s). please use the following URL: http://www. UNB. or is there a better method? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: If these are physical restraints which prevent the member from undergoing a certain deformation at a specific point. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. LZ. declaring a support is certainly the right method. etc.asp?id=1221 31/05/2006 . you have to divide the beam into sub-segments so that nodes are created where you wish to define these intermediate supports.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. UNT.reiworld.

If the deflection criteria ends up being the worst condition.com/Search. the member is deemed safe for deflection.asp?id=SP-1621 http://www. "DFF" is the value you input. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. You can verify whether a member has passed the deflection check by looking at the terms "DFF" and "dff" in the steel design output.asp?id=1218 31/05/2006 . it checks several conditions required by the code.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. The one which gives rise to the highest unity check is the one determined as critical. "dff" is the value the program calculates as the actual "L/d" ratio.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1621 Date Posted: 2/12/2002 9:49:11 AM Description: Will STAAD explicitly state that the beam has passed the deflection criteria? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When STAAD performs steel design (code checking as well as member selection). you will see it being reported as the critical condition.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. If "dff" is larger than "DFF".reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.

please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1620 Date Posted: 2/12/2002 9:50:24 AM Description: Can I get STAAD to check deflection in both axes? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Yes. STAAD finds the resultant deflection "d" and compares the "L/d" (length to deflection ratio) against the allowable limit specified by you through the DFF parameter.com/Search. rather than check the deflection for each axis independently.asp?id=1217 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-1620 http://www. However.reiworld.

11. a solution is available at : http://www.asp?id=SP-1894 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=1516 31/05/2006 . it is not possible to include storey drift checks into the steel design calculations at present. then my drift ratio is 18x12/1.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.42 = 152.com/Search. and checking them to determine the serviceability/safety of the structure. For this reason. then where is the dff being measured? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When the DFF parameter is specified. the deflection checks during steel design are performed on the basis of so called "local axis deflection".Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1895 Date Posted: 2/12/2002 11:41:24 AM Description: If I understand correctly.reiworld. If you want some general information on obtaining storey drift values. please use the following URL: http://www. and Section 5.42 of the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.asp?id=SP-1895 http://www. If you want additional information on local axis deflection. not the nodal displacements in the global axis. What if I want to check the drift of a column / beam frame? If my joint displacement printout says that joint of a column/beam joint has moved 1. utilizing DFF in STAAD only helps one check the local deflection.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. please refer to example # 13.reiworld.42 inch in the global X. but the "dff" says 1072 for the same column.com/Search.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Hence.asp?id=1562 31/05/2006 . one should make sure that the members/joints that are exposed to the wind make up a closed surface (ground may form an edge of the closed surface).Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 based on the members in the ranges above and their end joints.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www. the area calculated for the region may be indeterminate and the joint force values may be erroneous. to a close tolerance.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. The individual bounded areas must be planar surfaces. The area within this closed surface is determined and the share of this area (influence area) for each node in the list is then calculated. Without a proper closed surface.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1938 http://www. the number of exposed joints should be at least 3. Consequently. or they will not be loaded.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-1949 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Values of Rw are listed in Tables 16-N and 16-P of the UBC 1994 and 1997 codes. please use the following URL: http://www. It is to be used in the equation for computing base shear.asp?id=1573 31/05/2006 . etc.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1949 Date Posted: 3/16/2002 Description: What is the significance of the Rw Value in the UBC code? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The UBC 1997 code defines Rw as a Numerical Coefficient representative of the inherent overstrength and global ductility capacity of lateral-force resisting systems.com/Search.reiworld.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. such as whether the system is a Light-framed wall with shear panels or Shear wall made of concrete or a special moment resisting frame. Its values are dependent on the type of lateral-force resisting system in the building.

asp?id=1588 31/05/2006 . and all have the same member property. If so. and before opening any file.001. The potential cause of this difference in coordinates is the following. you ought to have the base units in English. make the necessary correction so both ends of the column have the same Z coordinate.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1957 Date Posted: 3/18/2002 Description: The STAAD graphical interface is showing a steel column in my model in an incorrect orientation. one end may have a Z value of 5. you could do the following to correct it. If the model you are going to create is in Metres and KNs. and I know for a fact that I haven't done this. go to the File menu. I have the exact same data for this graphically-incorrect column as the one below it that shows up the correct orientation.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-1957 http://www. Select the Geometry-Beam page along the left side of the screen. If the model you are going to create is in Feet and Kips. chances are that you will find the Z coordinate of the 2 ends to be different by a very minute value. can you think of some other possible sources of this particular error? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: If you look at the coordinates of the columns which appear to be oriented in the wrong way. I have checked my input file (and also by double clicking on the actual member) and all of my columns consistently start at the lower node and go in the +y direction. For example. a .If yes. select Configure. Mixing unit systems causes the program to perform internal unit conversions which can result in loss of digits because the built-in conversion factors have only upto 8 digits of accuracy.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www. such as 0. and it will display the node coordinates in the tables on the right hand side. In those tables. you ought to have the base units in Metric.Is the graphical interface a reliable representation of my input? b . In fututure versions of STAAD.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.999 while the other end may be at 6. You can find this by starting the program. and see if it says "English" or "Metric". Yet another column shows a slightly skewed column orientation as if I had assigned it something other than 0 or 90 degrees. all have a beta of 0. there will be a feature which will enable you to select the "offending" column and make the Z coordinate of its 2 ends to be equal so it becomes truly vertical. The program has something called a Base Unit system.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.000.

com/Search. check the External Table check box and provide the filename in which the section database will be stored. A dialog box appears for inputting property values applicable to the section type chosen for the current table. If you click on the New Table button.19 User Steel Table Specification of the Technical Reference Manual for details on the property value requirements for various section types. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. the Select Section Type dialog box appears for inputting the Section Type for the new User Provided Table (UPT). Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: To create a user-defined Go to "Tools | Create User Table".asp?id=SP-1965 http://www.asp?id=1598 31/05/2006 . If the sections are saved in an external file.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1965 Date Posted: 3/19/2002 Description: How do you a create a user-defined or user-provided table? I want to add sections that are not part of the standard STAAD section library.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www. you may select it from the drop-down list box labeled "Select Existing Table" for further editing.reiworld. Refer to Section 5. click the Add New Property button to specify a customized UPT section. If you have already created a User Provided Table. Select the Section Type from the drop down list and click OK. After creating a new table or selecting an existing table.

Press the "OK" button.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. and assigning that name to the selected members. please use the following URL: http://www. Once you have done this. Click on the "Group" button and select the group name which contains just those members for which you want to view the results. Next. This can be done by selecting the appropriate members. go to the "Range" tab. This can be done by selecting Mode | Post Processing.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1967 Date Posted: 3/20/2002 Description: How do I create tabularized results for a few selected members? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: First you will need to classify the selected members using Group names. After the analysis is successfully completed. then going to Tools | Create New Group. When the "Results Setup" box comes up. analyze the structure by going Analyze | Run Analysis and pressing the "Run Analysis" button.reiworld. the tables along the right side of the screen in the Beam Forces page will contain the results for only those members. go into the Post Processing Mode. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Now.asp?id=1600 31/05/2006 .com/Search.asp?id=SP-1967 http://www. creating a group name. select the desired load cases.reiworld.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1988 Date Posted: 3/23/2002 Description: I would like to adopt a numbering scheme for the beams in my model based on the floor they are located in. For example.reiworld. specify whether you want the numbering to be performed in Ascending or Descending order. select Renumber | Members. Provide the starting number for the series. In version 2002.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www. From the Geometry menu.reiworld. those of the second storey level to be numbered from 2001. etc.asp?id=SP-1988 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. How can I do this? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Select the members of the first floor level. I want the beams of the first storey level to be numbered from 1001. Click on OK.asp?id=1621 31/05/2006 .

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=1636 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-2001 http://www. In that case.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2001 Date Posted: 3/27/2002 Description: When modelling plate elements.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www. if the span in either direction is less than 10 times its thickness. and thick plate theory may not be adequate. they do not have to.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. should the individual elements satisfy any minimum requirements for the ratio of the length of their side to their thickness? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: No.com/Search. However. for the overall slab or wall. then the slab or wall becomes more like a solid than like a plate. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld. 8-noded solid elements may be necessary.

Results menu .asp?id=1780 31/05/2006 . The derivation for principal stresses is shown in example 18 of the STAAD Examples manual. Since the bending stresses have distinct signs for the top and bottom surfaces of the element.reiworld.asp?id=SP-2141 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/Search. the principal stresses too are distinct for top and bottom. there are two options called Max Top and Max Bottom.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2141 Date Posted: 4/25/2002 Description: In the post processing mode .reiworld.Plate Stress Contour. bending stresses (caused by MX and MY) and inplane shear stresses (SXY).com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www. Are these direct stresses or flexural stresses? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: These are the principal stresses SMAX and SMIN. Principal stresses are a blend of axial stresses (also known as membrane stresses SX and SY).

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Issue #: SP-2477 Date Posted: 6/1/2002

Description: I am doing a footing design in STAAD.Pro 2002. I am unfamiliar with the term "dowel reinforcement". I am guessing that this is a term used by American engineers. Could you explain what that is? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The longitudinal reinforcement in the column must be extended into the footing so that the forces and moments at the base of the column can be properly transferred into the footing. However, since the construction sequence requires the footings to be constructed before the columns, reinforcement is placed in the footing and extends upwards. So when the column is constructed, it becomes part of the column bars. This reinforcement which comes up from the footing into the column is called the dowel reinforcement.

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Issue #: SP-2616 Date Posted: 6/11/2002

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Issue #: SP-119 Date Posted: 6/13/2002

Description: How to model Pile cap attached to batter and vertical piles in STAAD.Pro? Version: Build No: Solution: 1) The pile cap can be modelled using either plate elements or solid elements. If the thickness of the cap is comparable to its plan dimensions, a solid element model is preferable. If the plan dimensions are much larger than its thickess, plate elements should be a better choice. One drawback of using solid elements is that, by their very nature, they lack rotational degrees of freedom. Consequently, for a monolithic structure such as a concrete pile cap with concrete piles, the rigid connection between piles and the pile cap cannot be properly accounted for, if the cap is modelled using solids. 2) The piles themselves can be modelled using frame members. The supports for the pile come in 2 varieties - skin friction and end bearing. Skin friction action can be accounted for by modelling each pile as several collinear members and specifying a support at each of those common nodes. End bearing action can be modelled using fixed or pinned supports. The support spring stiffness is obtained by multiplying the soil subgrade reaction by the influence area of the associated support node. A standard text book on pile analysis should be a great source of information on obtaining the spring constant of the supports.

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Issue #: SP-166 Date Posted: 6/13/2002

Description: For elastic mat spring support generation, how do I find out the influence area computed by STAAD for each of the nodes where a support is generated? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: If you have STAAD.Pro 2001 Build 1005 and later, use the word PRINT at the end of the line where the ELASTIC MAT command has been specified. For example, 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 10.0 PRINT You will get an output which looks like the following : JOINT INFLUENCE AREA ----- -------------1 8.500000 2 25.145125 3 33.292374

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Issue #: SP-1311 Date Posted: 10/26/2001

Issue: How to graphically view the response spectrum in STAAD.Pro Description: How does one view the plot of the response spectrum in the STAAD.Pro GUI? Version: Build No: Solution: To view the plot of the spectrum, Select General - Load page from the left. Select the Spectrum button on the right. In the dialog box, select the "Define forcing function" page. The plot should be displayed.

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The load will continue to be present on the other members on which it was originally applied. 1 .Question : How do I remove a load from a member without removing it from the load case? Answer : To demonstrate this.. The following picture will appear on the screen. We will explore two different ways of removing a load from a specific member. let us open EXAMP_01 located in the UK examples folder: X:\SPRO2005\STAAD\EXAMPLES\UK where "X:" is the drive. and "SPRO2005" is the name of the installation folder.

2 . let us first switch the beam numbers on. we can either press Shift + B on the key board or go to View | Structure Diagrams from the main menu and then switch on the beam numbers on from the Labels tab. To do this.Say that we want to remove the load from member 10. To identify the member.

3 .Next. go to the Load Page from the left side of the screen.

4 . expand Load Cases Details. there is a dialog box titled Load. Here.On the right side of the screen.

and 13.5 kN/m. 10. Our goal is to remove the load from member 10. 12. highlight the expression UNI Y -13.Under load 1. 9. 11. We will notice that this load is currently assigned to members 8. 5 . Here are the two methods: Method 1 – using the Toggle Load button The Toggle Load button is a switch setting which turns on what is called the toggle mode.

Click on the same entity again. Let us use this Toggle Load option to remove the load from member 10. click on the Assign button. Then. the following happens. Click on the same entity a second time . Thus each click will result in an assign if the attribute was un-assigned. • • • Click on the entity once .the attribute gets assigned. . 6 . The cursor will change as shown below.In this mode. when an attribute is selected and assigned using the "Use Cursor to Assign" method. First. and a de-assign if the attribute was assigned.the attribute gets re-assigned. switch the Toggle Load box on. after making sure that the ‘Use Cursor To Assign’ method is selected.the attribute gets de-assigned.

You will see that the load applied on member 10 has been removed.Using this cursor. click on member 10. To stop the process of removing loads. either hit the ‘Esc’ key or go back and click on the Assign button again. 7 .

8 . make sure that the load item is selected.Method 2 – using the Edit button In this method. we will use the Edit button in the Load dialog box. click on the Edit button. First. Then. (You may also double-click on the expression UNI Y -13. This will also bring up the Edit dialog box shown in the next page).5 kN/m.

click on the Change button. Once that is done. 9 . Then. close the Edit dialog box. Here. Let us uncheck the box next to Member 10.The following Edit dialog box will appear. notice that the members on which the uniform force has been applied are listed.

10 .You will see that the load has been removed from member 10.

STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. 2 5 0 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 321 1 2. select Labels. The following dialog box comes up.Editing Loads on a specific member using the Load Edit Cursor To test this feature. LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 321 352 UNI GY -10 FINISH Click the right mouse button. you may use any model which has more than 2 members. Both members must have the same loading intensity. 3 10 0 0. Turn on Load Values. One such simple model is a 2-span beam shown below. 352 2 3. and from the pop-up menu. .

The dialog box disappears and the load diagram must appear on the members. Turn on Loads. .Click on the Loads and Results tab. Click on OK. Select the desired load case number.

Change the value of W1 from -10 to -15. Also. . Double click on the distributed load lines on member 321. choose the Load Edit cursor. The cursor changes to the one shown below. uncheck member 352.Let us say that we wish to change the intensity of the load on member 321 from 10 kN/m to 15 kN/m. From the Select menu. The following dialog box comes up. since the load is to be changed for member 321 only.

. The diagram should now indicate the new load on member 321.Click on the Change button. Or simply select the Beams Cursor from the Select menu. Hit the Esc key on your keyboard to go back to the regular cursor.

Figure 132 . To access the member query facility.Pro 2004 – Software Release Report 128 AD.14 Adding. go to Tools – Query – Member.STAAD. modifying and deleting loads using Member Query New load items can now be added to existing load cases. existing load items edited or deleted using the Member Query window. or. and.2004. and double-click on the member. select the Beams cursor.

Pro 2004 – Software Release Report 129 In the dialog box which comes up. . or remove pre-assigned load data from that member.STAAD. one of the tabs will be Loading. choose the load case to which you want to add new load data for the selected member. Figure 133 From the Select Load Case drop-down list. This list will be empty if no primary load cases have been defined in the model.

Pro 2004 – Software Release Report 130 Clicking on Add new Load Item brings up the following dialog box for assigning new load items. To remove an existing load item.STAAD. choose the type of load from the list along the left side and follow the prompts. Figure 134 In the above box. highlight the item and click on Remove Selected Load Item. Figure 135 .

choose Edit Selected Load item.STAAD. See the following figure for the steps. Figure 136 .Pro 2004 – Software Release Report 131 To change the details of a pre-assigned load item.

Answer : Let us look at the figure below which has 3 horizontal members. Together.Deflection check of a beam modelled as multiple segments Question : Several beams in my model have been defined with multiple intermediate nodes. Please tell me what I should do to perform the deflection check for the 45 feet span. instead of the individual 15 ft spans. . 45 feet long. These two parameters are assigned to the 3 segments . The deflection check on this physical beam is achieved by doing two things : 1) The start and end nodes of the physical beam have to be conveyed to the program using the steel design parameters DJ1 and DJ2. a physical beam or a physical member. they form a single beam that stretches from node 201 to 204. DJ1 is assigned the node number 201. a beam which is say. 2002 and 2003.2001. set DFF to be 500 for the 3 members. So. We call this single beam. is defined as three segments of 15 feet each. This parameter stands for the permissible limit of length divided by maximum allowable deflection. If we do not want that limit to be less than 500. and DJ2 is set to node number 204. The allowable deflection is based on the length of the sum of the segments expressed in inches divided by 500. 2) The 3 segments are assigned the DFF parameter.

The above two steps are represented using the following commands in the STAAD input file: PARAMETER CODE AISC TRACK 2 ALL DJ1 201 MEMB 2001 TO 2003 DJ2 204 MEMB 2001 TO 2003 DFF 500 MEMB 2001 TO 2003 CHECK CODE MEMB 2001 TO 2003 .

Step 1 – create a new view. . save that view.std that is located in the following folder: X:\Spro2005\STAAD\EXAMP\US The model will appear on the screen as shown below. I have a saved view to which I want to add some members. Step 2 – modify the saved view using the ‘Add to View’ facility. We will do the following to demonstrate the Add to View feature. EXAMP01. Answer: To demonstrate this facility. Then.Q: I want to know how to use the View > View Management > Add to View option. such as say. let us open any example file.

In the first case. To do that. the "parent" view window highlights the members in the "child" window. The following dialog box will appear. So. select that and click on OK. highlight those members. whenever the "child" window becomes active. right click and select the New View option. Let us go with the first option. The radio buttons determine whether the selected view would be opened in a new ("child") window or whether it would replace the current ("parent") view window. Then. .Step – 1 Let us create a new view displaying the truss members only.

Let us save this view by going to View > View Management > Save View. .The highlighted portion of the model will be displayed in a new window.

. we want to add the top chords also to our saved view. First. go to View > Open View to open the previously saved view. Provide a name for the new view and click on OK.The following dialog box will be displayed. Step . Let us also close the new view window.2 Next.

highlight the top chords.) Next. Select the view titled ‘a’ and click on OK.The following dialog box comes up. (The radio buttons determine whether the selected view would be opened in a new window or whether it would replace the current view. .

. The following dialog box will be displayed. Confirm the view to be modified (in our example.Then. and click on OK. we have created only one view – ‘a’). go to View > View Management > Add to View.

Notice that the title of the newly modified view window says a*. Make sure the New window is the one with the focus (title bar should be blue) and then. . the contents of that window will be the one which the view will be updated with. go to View > View Management > Save View. we have to save this view again. Once we are satisfied with the modifications. If the wrong window is in focus.

The following dialog box will appear where the view can be renamed. the original view will be modified to include the top chords as well. go to View > View Management > Rename View. In that case. We may provide a new name for the modified view and click on OK. first open the view by going to View > Open View. the following message box will appear. . there will be two saved views – the original view showing the truss members only and the modified view showing the truss members along with the top chords. Choose ‘Yes’ to overwrite the old view. If we wish to rename our saved view. Next. When a new name is given. there are two ways to save the new view. The other option is to use the original title by selecting it from the dialog box. This way.In the dialog box that comes up.

Such a series or matrix of coplanar finite elements is often referred to as a mesh.10) K (18.Pro Input Editor method In this example.6) G (8.10) Ι (4.0) B (20.0.1 Mesh Generation of a mat with openings In this example. STAAD offers four alternative methods to do this. our goal is to create a plate element model of a mat foundation with a polygonal hole and a circular hole.0.0. we will be exploring the Mesh Generator method.18) Z Our slab will be modeled with a series of finite elements.0.14) C (28.0.6) H (8.18) Radius = 3 ft. and the process of creating a series or matrix of elements is known as mesh generation. A (0.0.0. • • • • Structure Wizard method Super-element method Mesh Generator method STAAD. .0. D (24.0.10) E (0.0) X F (4.0.

2 The number of divisions along each side of the slab will be as shown in the table below. SIDE AB BC CD DE EA FG GH HI IF Circle NUMBER OF DIVISIONS 10 4 5 12 9 2 2 2 2 9 divisions around the circumference .

then click on the STAAD.Pro program group.Pro. click on the STAAD. .Pro icon. select the Programs option. go to the Windows Start menu.3 To start STAAD.

4 When STAAD. the following screen is displayed. To get to that option. That choice will serve as the default until we specifically change it. If you need to change the default units.Pro starts up.Pro is this base unit system setting. . one of the choices made at the time of installing STAAD. If you recall. the place from where we can do that is under the File | Configure menu. first close down the dialog box shown in the earlier figure by clicking on Cancel.

Feet. A dialog box with title New will open. click on the File | Configure menu option (see next figure). pull down the File menu and select the New command. For this tutorial.). choose the appropriate units and click on Accept. etc. let us choose the English units (Kip.5 Then. . Next. In the ensuing dialog box.

Pro graphic environment now appears. A dialog box with title Where do you want to go will be displayed. Click the Next button. then click the Finish button. • • • • Select a Space type project. • Toggle on the Add Plate check box. The STAAD. and a grid will be displayed. . Select Foot for Length Units and KiloPound for Force Units.6 In this dialog box. Enter a project name in the File Name edit box provided for that purpose.

we need to set the grid dimensions accordingly.7 We are now in the Geometry-Plate page. and the grid allows us to draw either a 3 noded or a 4 noded element. we will create the corner nodes of our slab by keeping the ‘Ctrl’ key pressed and clicking on the appropriate grid intersection point. we really are not going to be drawing a plate on the grid. Our slab is 5-sided. Even though we chose Add Plate on the previous screen. To enable us to correctly locate the slab corners. Instead. .

This will allow us to see the X = 20. 0. 0) (20. Set the number of lines along X to 7 with a 4 ft spacing. the nodes would become connected. 0. Keeping the ‘Ctrl’ key pressed and clicking at points on the grid successively is a way of creating new nodes without connecting those nodes with beams or plates. hold down the ‘Ctrl’ key and click on the grid in the following 5 points. change the plane to X-Z.8 In the Snap Node/Plate dialog box. After activating the Snap Node/Plate button. (It is very important to hold down the ‘Ctrl’ key. 0 10) (24. If the ‘Ctrl’ key weren’t kept pressed. 18) . For the Z direction. 0. 0) (28.) (0. we will have 9 lines at 2 ft spacing. 18) and (0. 0. thus giving us easy access to the Z = 10 and Z = 18 ft lines. X = 28 and X = 24 ft lines.

close the Snap Node/Plate dialog box by clicking on the Close button at the bottom of that dialog box. The screen should now look as shown below.9 The purpose of these steps was to merely create the five nodes. or in the grid tables of the Geometry-Plate page control area. any of the several methods available in the program could have been used to create those nodes. Consequently. We could have typed the data into the editor. . or even used the Snap Grid/Node – Beam option of the Geometry menu from the top of the screen to graphically create the points. After clicking on the points.

In the ensuing dialog box. You can also display the Node Points by pressing the K key while holding down the Shift key. select the Mesh Generation Cursor from the Geometry toolbar.10 If you are unable to see the points. the Mesh Generation Cursor will be activated. right-click anywhere on your screen and select Labels. Next. toggle on the Node Points check box and click the OK button. . Either way. Another way to activate this same cursor is to pull down the Geometry menu and click on the Surface Mesh Generator command.

When you click again on your starting node. You can designate any node as your first node. 0. let us click at the five node points in succession as shown below. Close the loop by clicking at the start node (or the first clicked point) again. So. Click the cursor on the first node ((0. but that should not have any adverse impact on the analysis results. We will worry about the holes later. click on successive nodes around the perimeter of your slab. Then. The five points we just created are those points. Remember to go in either clockwise or counterclockwise order. . the program understands that you have fully defined a closed figure designating the boundary of your mesh.11 We now have to select the points which form the boundary of the superelement from which the individual elements will be created. 0). The order will have a bearing on the direction of the local axes of the elements.

. A value of 1 means all elements along that edge will have equal lengths. These numbers can be changed if desired.12 A dialog box labeled Define Mesh Region will be displayed. Bias is a factor using which we can specify the ratio of the length of the side of the last element to first element for the edge under consideration. The Boundary tab shows the corner nodes and associated XYZ coordinates of the superelement. that is. Let us set the Divisions for the boundaries of the polygon as shown in the figure below. It also shows the number of divisions. Leave the Bias at 1. the number of elements to be created along each side of the polygon.

13 DO NOT CLICK ON THE OK BUTTON JUST YET. (If you do not want to add openings. The Define Mesh Region dialog box will be dismissed and the program will create a mesh and display the elements in the main view. we do want to insert two openings within the slab. you may click on OK in the above dialog box. WE HAVE NOT YET ADDED THE OPENINGS.) But in our exercise. .

first. You will see 2 new icons appear just above the tabs. So. highlight HOLES and click on the Add New Hole icon. we are going to create 2 new holes. click on the expression Holes to highlight it. Repeat this until you have two new sub-tabs titled Hole 1 and Hole 2. If you click on the icon called Add New Hole.14 To insert holes. For this exercise. . additional tabs for each hole will appear as shown in the next figure.

Choose the Polygon shape for the first hole. highlight Hole 1 and select Polygon from the drop-down list. A drop-down list will appear that lets you set the shape of the hole. For doing that. . Next. click on the cell titled “Polygon”.15 Feel free to rename the holes.

the program will remind us of the same with an error message. If you don’t. Notice that the coordinates shown in the first row and the last row are the same. You may have to click on the Add New Row icon to add new rows and specify the various corners of the Hole. This is because. DO NOT CLICK ON OK YET. we ought to close the loop by specifying the coordinates of the first point again. and specify the corner points of that hole as shown in the following figure. WE NEED TO SPECIFY THE DETAILS FOR THE CIRCULAR HOLE. while specifying the corner points of the polygon. .16 Next. highlight Hole 1.

let us specify the following parameters. 0.17 After specifying the corners for the first hole.9 . In the drop-down list that comes up. choose the Circle shape for the second hole. Here. Click on the cell titled “Polygon”. 14) Radius – 3ft Divisions Along Periphery . Coordinates of the Origin – (18. highlight the second tab – Hole 2.

all the data is complete.18 Now that we have specified the boundaries of the Polygonal plate and the parameters for the two openings. Hit the ‘Esc’ key to deactivate the Mesh Generation Cursor. The Define Mesh Region dialog box will be dismissed and the program will create a mesh with a polygonal and a circular opening and display the elements in the main view. . So. click on OK.

If you go to View | Structure Diagrams and choose Fill Plates. Click on the color palette against Default Plate Color and choose a color. It is set to black. . Here. Another dialog box titled Define Colors will appear. select Plate from the drop-down list against Select Structural Entity. our elements will appear in black. notice in the above dialog box a color button alongside Default Plate Back Color. You can change the color of the plates by going to View | Set Structure Colors menu option.19 Notice that the plates are drawn in green color. Also. click on the Entities button. In the ensuing dialog box.

do the following. . Switch on the Plates Cursor and select all the elements (by rubber-banding around them).20 It shows that the back of the elements is on the upper surface of the slab – a result of the order in which we went about selecting the nodes of our superelement. If you want to change this so that the back is at the under side of the slab. Turn off the Fill Plates option from View | Structure Diagrams menu. Go to the Commands menu on the top of the screen and choose Geometric Constants – Plate Reference Point.

click on OK. set Y = 100 for the Reference Point and keep the button on Local Z Axis Towards Ref. Your screen will now look as shown below. Point.21 In the dialog box that comes up. . Then.

22 To confirm that the local Z axis points upwards. In the dialog box that comes up. . switch on Plate Orientation. click the right mouse button in the drawing area and choose Labels.