Curso “Análisis Estructural con el Uso del Programa StaadPro”

Material de Apoyo StaadPro Knowledge Base

Ing. José Gerardo Castillo

Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8866 Date Posted: 3/16/2006

Description: Is it possible to quickly find out the total number of nodes & beams in a model? Version: Build No: Solution: Yes. On the left side of the screen, click on the Setup page. On the right side of the screen, click on the button called "More". Another place to get this from is the button that looks like a question mark. It is called Info. See the figure below.

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Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-2629 Date Posted: 6/13/2002

Description: What are the meanings of the different parameters used in the STAAD.Pro UBC analysis and how do we use them in a practical situation ?How is the base shear calculated and applied? Is the UBC load applied as a joint load ? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The base shear calculated in STAAD from a properly defined UBC 97 loading is redistributed at each floor using the rules laid down in clause 1630.5 of the subject code. In STAAD, the UBC load is not interpreted as joint loads. The method of calculation, in brief, can be explained as follows: a) While defining the UBC load, the user specifies the the different co-efficients to calculate the base shear. The total inertia of the structure due to its selfweight and external loading on the joints & members are lumped at the joints. It is used to calculate the factor W required to arrive at the value of the base shear. b)The time period of the structure is calculated based on clause 1630.2.2.1(Method A) and 1630.2.2.2(Method B). The user may optionally provide a value of CT to calculate the time period by method A. The user may also override the period calculated by the progrom via Method B by specifying a value for PX or PZ depending on the direction of the UBC load. c) The governing time period of the structure is chosen from the two periods (calculated in (b) above) on the basis of the guidance provided in clause 1630.2.2.2. d) The numerical coefficient for lateral load (R) should be selected properly by the user to account for the effect of the contribution of panel zone deformations to over all story drift for steel moment frame systems (UBC-97, Volume #2: Section:1630.1.2(2)) . e) In table 16-I the seismic zone factor is tabulated.The importance factor is provided by Table 16-K. In STAAD, the STYP values 1 to 5 refer to the soil profile types Sa to Se as given in Table 16-J. Soil profile type Sf is not supported by STAAD.The seismic source type is tabulated in the Table 16-U.The factors Na & Nv are tabulated in Tables 16-S and 16-T. The zone factor, importance factor,soil profile type,Na and Nv must be input by the user as the UBC-97 parameters. Based on the above parameters(except the importance factor, which is directly used) the coefficients Ca and Cv are found out by STAAD from Tables 16-Q and 16-R . f) The design base shear is then calculated by equation 30-4 of clause 1630.2.1 and it is checked with equations 30-5,30-6 and, if applicable, with equation 30-7. g) If the ACCIDENTAL option is specified, the program calculates the additional torsional moments where the lever arm for calculation is 5% of the building dimension at each floor level perpendicular to the direction of the UBC load(clause 1630.6). h) The design base shear is distributed at each floor via clause 1630.5. The average lateral displacement of all joints at each vertical level of the structure can be printed through the command PRINT STORY DRIFT. i) The nodal displacements are then calculated. The forces/moments are then subsequently calculated.

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Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-2793 Date Posted: 6/25/2002

Description: What is the difference between a JOINT WEIGHT and a JOINT LOAD? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The JOINT WEIGHT option is specified under the DEFINE UBC LOAD command and is used merely to assemble the weight values which make up the value of "W" in the UBC equations. In other words, it is the amount of lumped weight at the joint and a fraction of this weight eventually makes up the total base shear for the structure. A JOINT LOAD on the other hand is an actual force which is acting at the joint, and is defined through the means of an actual load case.

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Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-2794 Date Posted: 6/25/2002

Description: I am trying to model a beam connecting to the flange of a column instead of at the center. How is this modeled? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You have to use a facility called member offsets. You "offset" the face of the beam by a distance equal to half the depth of the column cross-section. An example of this can be found in Example # 7 in the STAADPro Examples Manual.

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asp?id=SP-2795 http://www. where the facility for assigning various types of loads is available.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. I clicked on the wrong node.reiworld. Then assign the load to the same node once again. Switch on the Toggle Load option. and hence the load ended up being assigned to a node that wasn't supposed to receive it. you will see a check box called Toggle Load.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. How can I graphically remove the load from this node ? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: On the right side of the screen. You will see that the load gets deassigned.asp?id=2525 31/05/2006 . Then un-check the Toggle Load check box.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2795 Date Posted: 6/25/2002 Description: When assigning loads using the cursor. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www.

com/Search. You can do this in STAAD by defining the load intensity in the FLOOR LOAD command.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2926 Date Posted: 7/7/2002 Description: When does one use FLOOR LOAD and when does one use ELEMENT LOAD? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When modelling a grid system made up of horziontal beams and the slabs which span between the beams.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel.reiworld. However. The slabs are modelled using plate elements. and do not include the slabs in the model. In other words.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-2926 http://www. The question that arises is. The load can be applied on individual elements using the ELEMENT LOAD facility. we have found that there are 2 approaches that users take : 1) They model the beams only. similar to the squares of a chess board. 2) They model the slabs along with the beams. how does one account for the distributed loading (load per area of floor) which is present on top of the slab? If you model the structure using method (1).reiworld. the fact that the slab is part of the model makes it very easy to handle the load. The slab-beam grillage is assumed to be made up of a number of panels. the load can be assumed to be transferred directly on to the beams. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=2670 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www. In method (2). they take into account the large inplane stiffness of the slab by using the master-slave relationship to tie together the nodes of the deck so that a rigid diaphragm effect is simulated for the horizontal plane at the slab level. The connectivity between the beams and elements ensures that the load will flow from the plates to the beams through the columns to the supports. the pressure load on the slabs (which are not included in the model) are converted to individual beam loads by utilizing the FLOOR LOAD facility.

In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads.reiworld. and the region of the structure in terms of X.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2927 Date Posted: 7/7/2002 Description: I am modelling a steel building consisting of columns and beams. please use the following URL: http://www. Y and Z coordinates in space. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel.4 in the STAAD. similar to the squares of a chess board.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.32.asp?id=2671 31/05/2006 . STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels.reiworld. Since the slab is not part of the structural model. the input required from the user is very simple . The floor slab is a non-structural entity which. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. This is a facility where you specify the load as a pressure. is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method.Pro Technical Reference manual.com/Search. is there a way to tell the program to transmit the load to the beams without manually figuring out the beam loads on my own? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: STAAD's FLOOR LOAD option is ideally suited for such cases. though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself. and section 5. Additional information on this facility is available in example problem 15 in the examples manual.asp?id=SP-2927 http://www. Thus. of the area over which the pressure acts. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.load intensity in the form of pressure. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid. There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper).

5 times the weight of the structure acting along the X direction due to an earthquake. When you talk of a model like a pipe which is defined as line members attached to several collinear nodes.asp?id=SP-2939 http://www. and the rest gets distributed along the height. it involves computation of the base shear. I am unable to get STAAD to analyse this for UBC loads.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2939 Date Posted: 7/8/2002 Description: I am trying to analyse a structure which consists of a large dia pipe supported at discrete points. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. namely.5. between supports. all of which are at the same elevation. which then has to be distributed over the height of the building.asp?id=2683 31/05/2006 . so that one can then calculate the inter-story shears. The fact is.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. A certain amount of the weight gets lumped at the highest point of the building. and apply them along a horizontal direction like X or Z with a factor. you do not even need the elaborate procedure of the UBC code. and you will get what is normally expected in a seismic analysis. you just have to have LOAD 2 SELF X n where n is a number like 1. If you look at the UBC procedure. So.com/Search. You can take the selfweight. the principle is that a mass at any height of the building is subjected to an acceleration and the force caused by the acceleration is represented by a concentrated force where the mass is located. the points where the supports are located is at the lowest elevation with respect to the rest of the model.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld. which represents that there is a net force of 1.reiworld. and any imposed loads on the pipe. For better handling of the distributed loads. to analyse your structure for seismic effects. please use the following URL: http://www. the UBC rules become impossible to apply. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When the UBC committee came up with the recommendations for analysing structures subjected to earthquakes. the type of structures they had in mind were conventional style buildings where the base of the model. you might want to consider defining several nodes along the length of the pipe. The summation of all such forces at a given floor cause the columns beneath that floor to be subjected to a shear force. In other words.

How can they view these results? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The STAAD output file is the one which has the extension . You can request your colleague to rename the file from . or specify the extension . However.txt. For the most part.reiworld. on a disk. etc.anl to . STAAD generates a results file. such as Windows NotePad. If you are willing to accept a lesser quality presentation style for viewing.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. there are some special characters in the file which enables the STAAD output viewer to present the information in a more organized format. please use the following URL: http://www. the output file is a text file. and can hence be viewed using an text editor. This file can be viewed using the STAAD Output Viewer. the output file is called mast34.anl file.anl in the File . such as with a table of contents.asp?id=2698 31/05/2006 . you can use a text editor to view the .) to somebody who does not have STAAD on their computer.com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.anl. if the input file is called mast34.std.Open dialog box of the text editor. I want to send this file electronically (email. For example.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2953 Date Posted: 7/9/2002 Description: While the analysis and design takes place.asp?id=SP-2953 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.anl.

Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. For the SRSS scheme.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2998 Date Posted: 7/12/2002 Description: I am currently working on a seismic model which requires a response spectrum input. With the CQC method. the effect of damping has to be reflected on the spectral acceleration or spectral displacement that is being input. the acceleration that the user should provide ought to be A1 corresponding to period T1. Is this right? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The damping factor that one specifies in the input has no effect at all if the combination method is SRSS. the effect of damping is built into the spectrum values (period vs. the acceleration ought to be A2 for the same period T1. the damping factor is an explicit term in the equation used in CQC. If the damping factor is f2. it is a different story. In other words. for the SRSS method. What I am finding is that regardless of the value I specify for damping.reiworld. The damping coefficient by itself does not have a direct impact on the results. It's effect is indirect. because.reiworld. the displacements and forces appear the same. please use the following URL: http://www. Damping will generally have an impact on the results.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-2998 http://www. if the damping factor is f1. acceleration or period vs. displacement) that the user specifies.asp?id=2747 31/05/2006 . In other words.

25 0. 2) The PRINT SECTION FORCES command This is the command whose output will consist of the displacements in global X.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3065 Date Posted: 7/16/2002 Description: I want to calculate and display the vertical deflection along the span length of a beam.3 ALL PRINT SECTION FORCES SECTION 0.asp?id=2820 31/05/2006 .8 0.6 ALL PRINT SECTION FORCES SECTION 0.1 0. The Query dialog box has a Displacement tab in which displacements at any point within the member span can be obtained for any load case.reiworld. For example SECTION 0.5 0.reiworld.86 ALL PRINT SECTION FORCES You can also obtain the section displacement values using the Member Query option of the Tools menu.2 0.65 0.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Y and Z directions at the locations listed in the SECTION command explained above.com/Search.asp?id=SP-3065 http://www. or by double clicking on the member. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Could you please tell me what would be the commands required to obtain these values? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You can obtain displacements at intermediate points along the member span by specifying two commands in your input : 1) The SECTION command This is the one with which you specify the location where you want the displacement.4 0.8 ALL PRINT SECTION FORCES SECTION 0. Upto 3 locations can be specified per one instance of the command. please use the following URL: http://www. and that number represents the distance from the start node. The location is specified with the help of a number between 0 and 1. as a fraction of the member length.7 0.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.

You may refer to example problem 24 in the examples manual if you want details.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.). Poisson. etc. the only information required is their geometry (node numbers and their coordinates).reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search.reiworld.asp?id=SP-3066 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3066 Date Posted: 7/16/2002 Description: How do you assign properties to solids? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You do not have to assign any properties for solid elements. For solids.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=2821 31/05/2006 . and material constants (E.

please use the following URL: http://www. if you want to make sure the concrete pedestal takes only compressive force. You can model the support as an elastic mat foundation. then specify the SPRING COMPRESSION command for those joints in the direction KFY. How do I tell STAAD that the base plate will be on a concrete pedestal (f'c = 4. Equation 9-6a ) In addition.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. An example of this is SUPPORTS 1000 TO 1004 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFY 5467 SPRING TENSION 1000 TO 1004 KFY Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3068 Date Posted: 7/16/2002 Description: I have modeled a 40" x 40" column base plate with (4) 12" dia.reiworld. An example of this is SUPPORTS 1 TO 529 ELASTIC MAT YONLY SUBGRADE 987 SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 529 KFY If you have any anchor bolts attached to the baseplate. you first need to know the subgrade modulus of concrete. One of the methods by which the modulus can be computed is using the following equation: Ks = Es / B ( 1 .reiworld.asp?id=SP-3068 http://www.asp?id=2823 31/05/2006 . Bowels Page 503 . pipe columns on it (equally spaced in both directions).Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. they can be modeled as spring supports (tension only).com/Search. To do that.0 ksi)? My first guess is to assign supports at the mesh intersections: SUPPORTS 1 TO 529 ELASTIC MAT DIRECT Y SUBGRADE 4 Any suggestions? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Your guess is a good one.PoissonRation * PoissonRatio ) ( Reference: Foundation Analysis and Design ( Fifth Edition ) by Joseph E.

So if the bracing points are at every alternate node. or should I highlight the entire top chord and then specify the correct unsupported length. two member lengths being unsupported). if I have a truss whose top chord is laterally supported at every other node (i.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3235 Date Posted: 8/1/2002 Description: I am not sure how STAAD deals with the specifications of the unsupported length for top flange compression. and is 7. For example.3 ft long and both the top and bottom flanges are braced at nodes 10 & 12. you have to specify the corresponding values for UNT & UNB. Make sure the focus is on the Steel sub-page.asp?id=SP-3235 http://www. specify the value.5 ft long Member 6 connected between nodes 11 and 12. if you have Member 5 connected between nodes 10 and 11. UNL has been replaced with UNT and UNB for these codes. If the Lb value for the top flange is different from that for the bottom flange. you can assign UNIT FEET PARAMETER CODE AISC UNT 13.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.e.8 MEMB 5 6 UNB 13.reiworld. select the proper code name from the list box on the top. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Starting from Version 2001. then should I highlight every two members (of the top chord) seperately and then tell the program to take their combined length as being unsupported. Click on the Define Parameters button along the bottom right side. please use the following URL: http://www. For example.reiworld. and assign it to the appropriate members. first determine the distance between the alternate nodes.8 MEMB 5 6 To assign these parameters using the GUI. select the tab for UNT and UNB. In the dialog box which comes up.asp?id=3011 31/05/2006 . Then assign that value for both beams which exist between those nodes. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The value you specify for UNL is what STAAD uses for the expression Lb which you will find in Chapter F of the AISC ASD & LRFD codes. while in the Modelling mode. and is 6. select the Design page from the left side of the screen.com/Search. On the right side.

" How can I get around this situation? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: STAAD performs concrete design for shear and torsion at locations defined by (d + SFACE) from the start of the member and (d+EFACE) from the end of the member respectively.1 of ACI 318-99. In case you are not familiar with the parameters SFACE and EFACE.0.com/Search. you will see in Chapter 3 of the Technical Reference Manual in Table 3. "d" is the effective depth of the member. that triggers the error message you encountered. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. The default value for SFACE and EFACE is 0. DESIGN FOR SHEAR AND TORSION NOT PERFORMED. If these locations are beyond the mid-point of the member.1. That will result in (d+SFACE) and (d+EFACE) becoming zero.asp?id=SP-3254 http://www. this is what you can do.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3254 Date Posted: 8/1/2002 Description: I am performing concrete design for a beam per the ACI code and I encounter an error message : "LOCATION FOR DESIGN FOR SHEAR AT START OF MEMBER 2 IS BEYOND THE MIDPOINT OF MEMBER. You can set the values for SFACE and EFACE to be negative quantities equal in magnitude to "d". So. specify these parameters along the following lines : START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI SFACE -d MEMB 110 EFACE -d MEMB 110 DESIGN BEAM 110 END CONCRETE DESIGN where "d" is the effective depth of the member.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.1 that these are values which the user may specify to convey to STAAD how far the face of the member is from the nodal point of the member.3. in your input file. under the START CONCRETE DESIGN command. The basis for this assumption can be found in Section 11. So. which means that the design will be performed at the nodal points of the member.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www. thereby avoiding the situation of the design point being beyond the mid-point of the member.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=3030 31/05/2006 .

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3302 Date Posted: 8/5/2002 Description: Can you please explain the concept behind member offsets? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When creating a model consisting of beams and columns.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 3 STAAD. In other words. and the end face at node 13. when a beam meets a column. This assumption may not always reflect the true physical condition on the structure. then.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. generally. for example. the start face of the member is located at node 12. the START or END face of the member is assumed to be located at the nodal point. if member 47 is defined as being connected between nodes 12 and 13. For example. the common node between the beam and column is usually defined as being at the shear center (centerline for symmetrically shaped) of the column. the distance from the respective node to the start or end face of the member is treated as zero.asp?id=3079 31/05/2006 . Thus. http://www.

if the offset values in X. but at half the column depth away from the node. Hence. One may choose to ignore this "shift" if the column depth is negligible in comparison to the span of the beam. whose length is defined by the offset. b and c. he/she may consider this using the member offset command. However.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 3 But. The face of the member is then assumed to be "d" away from the node. the length of that region is d=sqrt(a*a + b*b + c*c). The member offset is a way of declaring that the region.asp?id=3079 31/05/2006 . if one wishes to take advantage of the high stiffness that the half-depth region of the column offers. physically. is a rigid zone. http://www. the start face of the beam is not at that node. Y and Z coordinates are a.reiworld.

asp?id=SP-3302 http://www. not at the node. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. then the member end force may not be equal in magnitude to the corresponding support reaction terms. the member end forces must be transferred from the member face to the support node taking into consideration the rigid link defined by the offset. when an offset is specified.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. If one is interested in checking static equilibrium based on the free body diagram at that support.asp?id=3079 31/05/2006 . If the offset is applied at the base of a column.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 3 The member end forces that STAAD reports are at the face of the member.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3332 Date Posted: 8/7/2002 Description: I have a model consisting of several members.reiworld. There is a little tool in STAAD. I would like to find the moments and axial forces at node 182? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Forces and moments are currently reported only at member ends.asp?id=3113 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. algebraically add them up along that axis system along with the applied loads at that location. The selected beams will now be independently displayed in a new window.Pro 2002 which can reduce the amount of effort it takes to obtain this. The first of these is reported in the individual member local axis system. etc. you will have to do this using a manual procedure.reiworld. Specify the node number as 182. The beams at node 182 will be highlighted.Beams". If you are asking about a way to gather up the forces from all members connected to node 182. while the other two are in the global axis system. From the Select menu. and then report that result. and choose New View . We will consider implementing this in a future version of STAAD. Click the right mouse button.Create a new window for the view. You can now double click on the beams to view the forces at node 182 on the individual beams for any load case. plate corners and as reactions at supports.asp?id=SP-3332 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.say the global axis system. to an enlarged scale. and use the load edit cursor to obtain the values of those loads.com/Search. there is presently no automated way of doing this. So. please use the following URL: http://www. resolve them so that they are all along the same axis system . Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Close the dialog box. You can switch on the load display. choose "Entity at Node .

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. the SET NL and CHANGE commands must be used to convey to STAAD that multiple analyses and multiple structural conditions are involved. would you use the syntax KFY -5000? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Use the SPRING COMPRESSION command.asp?id=SP-3428 http://www. It is very important to recognize that the input data must be provided in such a way that only one primary load case is provided for each PERFORM ANALYSIS command. please use the following URL: http://www. if I wanted my spring to act in one direction only. Compression-only springs are capable of carrying compressive forces only. Also.reiworld. they are automatically inactivated for load cases that create compression in them.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. they are automatically inactivated for load cases that create tension in them.com/Search. This input command does not create a spring. Thus. such as the negative Y direction. SPRING TENSION 12 17 19 TO 37 65 SPRING COMPRESSION 5 13 46 TO 53 87 KFY Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. The procedure for analysis of Tension-only or Compression-only springs requires iterations for every load case and therefore may be quite involved.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3428 Date Posted: 8/13/2002 Description: Can the spring constant values for a nodal support be a negative number? For example.reiworld.asp?id=3226 31/05/2006 . only that if a support spring exists at the joint in the specified direction then it will also be tension (or compression) only. Thus. Tension-only springs are capable of carrying tensile forces only. If no spring spec is entered then all translational springs at that joint will be tension (or compression) only.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. or to a greater sensitivity using Newton units. there isn't any method available to control the number of decimal places to which values are displayed. the maximum that you can go upto is 3. (In Output File or Report or for values displayed on pictures using Result>View Values). You can only change the units in which the values are reported.asp?id=SP-3518 http://www. The other suggestion we can offer is that you may change the basic unit in which the particular value is being displayed.com/Search.reiworld. depending on the type of result whose display you wish to modify. For example. However.Options dialog box mentioned above. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: To set the number of decimal places for the information presented in tables or annotated diagrams.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Just specify a UNIT command prior to the PRINT command. Then. UNIT KNS METER PRINT MEMBER FORCES Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. or Structure Units. For example. and selecting the appropriate tab of the ensuing dialog box. select Section Units. click on the View . You can change the basic unit in which results are displayed by going through the View .reiworld. or by selecting the Set Current Display Unit option from the Tools menu.asp?id=3327 31/05/2006 . All of them have an edit box called "Show" alongside the individual result items.Options menu. Force Units. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3518 Date Posted: 8/21/2002 Description: Is there any command in STAAD. As far as the STAAD output file is concerned.Pro to change the number of decimal places upto which the results are displayed in the output. The number of decimal places is set over here. a force which you wish to display in upto 6 decimal places in kip unit can be just as effectively displayed in 3 decimal places if you use pound units.

To prevent conflicts from duplicate numbers in the input file. you can use STAAD's RENUMBER command from the Geometry menu to renumber the entities in your model before you begin editing the input files. The copy/paste will not work correctly if you have duplicate entity members. R1 is a wide flange whereas in Model 2. You will need to exercise a certain amount of care in doing this.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3623 Date Posted: 8/29/2002 Description: How can I copy and paste an entire structure from one STAAD file to another without losing the properties. Suppose you have two models you want to merge. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. If there are duplicate numbers in the models you wish to merge. there are two items of concern you should be careful to consider. etc. member properties. etc. member incidences. Under this scenario. constants. you should check that each STAAD model you intend to merge has completely unique entity numbers. You see those in the Properties dialog box as R1. constants. 1. please use the following URL: http://www. R1 is a single angle. loading.STD files). 2. If you paste members with properties designated R1 from Model 2 to Model 1. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: A problem with simply copying and pasting the members from one STAAD file to another is that the properties can be lost. solids and/or nodes) numbers. members you had intended to be single angles will thus end up as wide flange sections. to merge the two smaller files into a single input file. STAAD uses reference numbers to identify the properties. the member incidences and joint coordinates must precede the properties. and now I want to put them together. R2.e.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. For example. etc. but in Model 1. Be careful to copy and paste the various items from you models in the correct order. during the process? I assembled my structure as separate components in separate STAAD models. you can open both of them and use the copy and paste commands in the editor to copy the joint coordinates. for the members and joints. If you have two STAAD models. plates.reiworld. You cannot tell the program that Member 35 is a W18x35 without first specifying the member incidences and joint coordinates for member 35. *.reiworld. R3. the program will assign the R1 members from Model 2 with the R1 properties the way they are defined in Model 1.com/Search.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Model 1 has members designated R1 and so does Model 2. One approach you can use that may help resolve this problem involves the use of your input files (i. You can copy and paste your member incidences and properties from your STAAD input file.asp?id=SP-3623 http://www.asp?id=3444 31/05/2006 . In particular. etc.

So. If you see such a message. the value equals the full amount of the applied torsional moment. Alternatively.reiworld. The results are unchanged even in the case of uniform torsional moment applied throughout the span.Pro WARNING .Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3794 Date Posted: 9/14/2002 Description: My model is a simple rectangular beam fixed at both ends. there are no displacements to solve for. look at the output file and see if the following message is present ***STAAD. it becomes a model with zero degrees of freedom. with fixed supports at both ends.com/Search.asp?id=SP-3794 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.ALL DEGREES OF FREEDOM FIXED. so that a node is create at the mid-span point. STAAD WILL RELEASE MOMENT-X AT FIRST JOINT ENTERED. For such a case.o. This will change the model from a zero d. break up the beam into 2 members. with an applied torsional moment at the mid-span point of the beam.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Results shows zero moment at one end. Then change the applied load from a concentrated moment to a joint load MX at the middle joint. go back to your model.f system.asp?id=3638 31/05/2006 . which hence wouldn't require STAAD to release anything on its own. STAAD by default releases the torsional degree of freedom at one end. please use the following URL: http://www.o. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: If you defined the beam as a single member. and a message to this effect will appear in your output file. Under those conditions.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. You will get the answers you expect.f system to a 6 d. and change the support at one of the nodes from FIXED to FIXED BUT MY. At the other end.

The difference is that when a spring constant (stiffness) has to be defined. it is sometimes rather difficult to determine what that spring constant should be.asp?id=SP-3824 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. 0. This makes modeling a connection much easier. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Partial moment releases allow you to describe the amount of force or moment to be transferred as a percentage rather than a stiffness (i. but instead.75 or 0.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3824 Date Posted: 9/18/2002 Description: What is the difference between a partial moment release and providing a spring with a stiffness as a release? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Both of these types of releases accomplish the same thing. A value like 1200 kip/in can be somewhat esoteric when describing the percentage of fixity of a connection.50).e.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/Search. They provide a connection where the transfer of force or moment is somewhere between 0 and 100%. the stiffnesses corresponding to the DOFs from the connection are not fully statically condensed out. at the percentage specified.asp?id=3684 31/05/2006 . Mathematically.

reiworld.asp?id=3812 31/05/2006 . In o the coordinate location (-5. he/she would see the following : http://www. using the "ST" specification (not "RA").Research Engineers International Page 1 of 4 STAAD. What do I have to do to orient it so that its longer leg is parallel to the global XY plane as shown? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: By default.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-3927 Date Posted: 10/3/2002 Description: I have a one member structure.0.0. The coordinates of its 2 ends are : Node 1 : (0. STAAD orients the above member in such a way that its local Y axis is parallel to the global Y axis.12) It has been assigned a single angle L50356 from the AISC table.0.12) and look along the positive direction of the global X axis.12) Node 2 : (10.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

It shows a total of cases. Referring to case 14 on page 1-12 of the STAAD. Hence.Pro 2002 Technical Reference manual.Alpha where N is an integer multiple of 90 Alpha is the "inclination angle" in degrees between the geometric axis and the principal axis. the beta angle is very easily computed as N .reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 4 There are two simple methods you can adopt to orient it in the way you desire.08 degrees http://www. Alpha is 25. the beta angle hence is 90 .25.92 = 64.Pro 2002 Technical Reference manual.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.92 degrees.486.asp?id=3812 31/05/2006 . Alpha is readily obtained from t For our specific case. Tan(Alpha) is listed in the code as 0. 1) Take a look at the figures on page 1-12 and 1-13 of the STAAD.

2) As is explained in Section 5. which we saw in the previous method. The other two are the expressions "ANGLE" and "RANGLE".12).2 of the STAAD. the orientation of the member after the beta angle is applied will be http://www.asp?id=3812 31/05/2006 . the output file will contain a report consisting of the beta angle value among other th As seen from the point (-5.26.0.Pro 2002 Technical Reference manual wh In other words.08 degrees.Pro 2002 Technical Reference manual. There is a figure on page 5-108 of the STAAD. we can specify the following set of commands in the STAAD input file CONSTANT BETA ANGLE MEMBER 1 If we were to specify the command PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION in the file.reiworld. we just have to apply a beta angle of 64. These exp calculate the BETA value on its own.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. and run the analysis engine. there are 3 possible values one can numeric value.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 4 Hence.

asp?id=SP-3927 http://www.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 4 of 4 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=3812 31/05/2006 .reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

then use the PLATE MAT option. Since many mat foundation problems have plates defining the entire mat. Add "PRINT" to the end of the command to see the areas assigned to each joint where a support is generated. please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. You may have to subdivide the region into several sub-regions with several ELASTIC MAT commands. Lastly. Avoid convex angles.com/Search. the algorithm may not do what the user expects and one may end up with springs with unreasonable spring constant values.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4549 Date Posted: 11/21/2002 Description: What's the difference between ELASTIC MAT and PLATE MAT for spring support generation? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: With the ELASTIC MAT you enter a list of joints from which STAAD will attempt to form a perimeter which encloses an overall area. Otherwise use the ELASTIC MAT option. However for mats with irregular edges or holes.reiworld.asp?id=SP-4549 http://www. we have added the PLATE MAT option where you enter a list of plates that entirely define the mat. the algorithm works well. This is done with a convex hull algorithm. With this option please observe the rules listed in the Tech Ref Manual. Roughly 1/4th of the area of each plate is assigned to each joint in the plate in the same manner as uniform pressure or self weight is distributed.reiworld. areas are assigned to each joint.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. So if you have the foundation support entirely defined by plates. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. If the convex hull rules are met.asp?id=4478 31/05/2006 .

com/Search. the 6 force/moments at each end of a beam will all be positive.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. I know that if a force is applied in the response spectrum load case. and STAAD extracts masses from those weights. Because of this.asp?id=4587 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4647 Date Posted: 12/16/2002 Description: This is a question dealing with response spectrum analysis. it will be converted to a mass that will in turn affect the modal response. possibly with the SRSS option. would I have to apply the force in a different load case to account for it? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Response spectrum analysis is a dynamic analysis based on ground motion spectral acceleration. will that input force still be applied as a static force in the analysis? Or. what you are entering as forces are weights. Since there is no direct input for masses. Also given the member forces/moments on one end. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld. If you want static loading results combined with spectrum results. then use load combinations. My question is. The acceleration usually varies with the period. The response spectrum result will be an absolute unsigned value for each output quantity which represents the maximum value for that quantity.asp?id=SP-4647 http://www. Hence.reiworld. the same weight value should be entered in all 3 global directions for general space structures in order to get the natural modes and frequencies correctly. you cannot compute those results on the other end because the values are considered independent much the same as if these were peak values in time history that all occurred at different times.

and z directions. there is the section that shows the mass participation factors in the x. What is the reference point for this? I mean. does Staad select a 'base' or is the value just the sum of all forces in that particular direction? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Each mode has a base shear that comes from the modal displacement at each joint with mass in the direction being excited by the base acceleration and the input spectral acceleration and the modal frequency. all supported joint directions form the base where the displacement of every mode is zero.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=4588 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Then it shows the 'base shear' in all 3 directions. In effect.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4648 Date Posted: 12/16/2002 Description: In the output file of a response spectrum analysis.com/Search. y.asp?id=SP-4648 http://www. These modal base shears are combined by SRSS or any other method in STAAD that you select. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.

while others end at node 57.26. The default value is 0. 12.asp?id=SP-4650 http://www. 0) while node 57 is at (17. and the ensuing dialog box will ask for a tolerance. You can set it to a non-zero value if you want.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=4590 31/05/2006 .25. there are several pairs of nodes which are separated by a very small distance. and not to 57. how do I merge node 57 with node 43? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Under the Tools menu. I want all those members attached to node 43. please use the following URL: http://www. set the tolerance to the desired value.reiworld. Some members are connected to node 43. Click on that. what I am asking for is. So. thus expanding the definition of duplicate nodes to include points which are physically separated due to the manner in which the model was generated. The program will then bring up a list of all such points in the structure which are separated by that distance. node 43 has the coordinates (17.0. and you have the freedom to decide which number to keep.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4650 Date Posted: 12/16/2002 Description: In my model. 12. You can then selectively merge them in such a way that the 2 separate node numbers will be replaced by a single one. or must I change the points one by one in the incidences table? In the example I explained above. I want to merge such pairs so that the program treats the 2 points of each pair as a "single" joint and not 2 separate joints. Is there a quick way to do this. which represents the distance by which the "duplicate" nodes are separated. which indicates that 2 points have the same coordinate.com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. 0). but different node numbers. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld. you will find a facility called Check Duplicate Nodes. So. For example.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. use PINNED.reiworld. The program's mesh generation fac reduce the work involved in creating multi-cell boxes.asp?id=4704 31/05/2006 . which is due first half of 2003. http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4755 Date Posted: 1/7/2003 Issue: Analysing box culverts Description: How can I use STAADPro to analyse a multi-cell box culvert? Version: Build No: Solution: For box culverts. support reactions. Alternatively. h) Perform the analysis to obtain displacements. FIXED or types the program offers. g) Apply the lateral earth pressure and water pressure using trapezoidal/uniform pressure loading on the elements which ma The built-in hydrostatic loading facility can simplify the task to some degree. create the model in AutoCAD using the 3DFACE entity. and have the program automatically generate the spring consta the element nodes. b) Specify the material attributes. and that on an individual element basis. i) Use the program's concrete design facility to obtain the reinforcement requirements on an element-by-element basis. plate element stresses and moments. A similar approach may be used for soil which abuts the side walls. STAADPro may be used in the following manner : a) Use the program's 3 and 4-noded plate element capability for modelling the structure. s import the model into STAADPro. specify the supports as unidirectio e) Specify the dead weight of the structure using the program's selfweight load generation capability. It of providing a bar arrangement. etc c) Specify the subgrade modulus of soil beneath the culvert. such as Modulus of elasticty. Poisson's ratio. Density. Limitations : The concrete design facility can currently provide the area of steel required only. and based on th arrangement on your own. as uniform pressure on the elements which make up the upper slab of t loads such as weight of vehicles on roadways above the culvert may be applied as concentrated or patch loads on elements. for t surfaces of slabs. and inside and outside surfaces of side walls. You will have to take the area of steel required from the program's output. Some of this limitation is expected to be addressed in version 2003 of the program. coefficient of thermal expansion.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. f) Apply the weight of soil resting on top of the box. Alternatively. d) If the base slab or side walls are likely to undergo uplift or loss of contact with the soil.

asp?id=4704 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.reiworld.asp?id=SP-4755 http://www.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-4910 Date Posted: 1/25/2003 Description: In the post-processing mode. What are these 4 corners? Version: Build No: Solution: Please see the diagram below.asp?id=4880 31/05/2006 . http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 3 STAAD. Corner Corner 4.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. This diagram is applicable for models where Y is the global vertical direction. the title row of the Beam Stresses table contains the headings Corner 1.

Research Engineers International Page 2 of 3 Print this Page Close Window http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=4880 31/05/2006 .

com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-4910 http://www.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=4880 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 3 To send this page to a friend or colleague.

Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-5194 Date Posted: 4/9/2003

Description: What is the difference between a LOAD COMBINATION and a REPEAT LOAD? Version: 2002 Build No: 1005 Solution: The difference lies in the way STAAD goes about calculating the results - joint displacements, member forces and support reactions. For a load combination case, STAAD simply ALGEBRAICALLY COMBINES THE RESULTS of the component cases after factoring them. In other words, for example, in order to obtain the results of load 10, it has no need to know what exactly constitutes load cases 3, 4 and 5. It just needs to know what the results of those cases are. Thus, the structure is NOT actually analysed for a combination load case. With a REPEAT LOAD case however, the procedure followed is that which occurs for any other primary load case. A load vector {P} is first created, and later, that load vector gets pre-multiplied by the inverted stiffness matrix. [Kinv] {P} to obtain the joint displacements. Those displacements are then used to calculate the member forces and support reactions. Thus, the structure IS analysed for that load case {P}.

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-5206 Date Posted: 4/9/2003

Description: I want STAAD.Pro to perform a steel design based on the LRFD 3rd Ed rather than the 2nd Edition. The output always says "LRFD 1994". How do I tell it what code to use? Version: 2002 Build No: ALL Solution: If you wish to use LRFD 3rd Edition Code, you can write CODE LRFD3 when providing the design parameters. The 3rd edition of the American LRFD steel code has been implemented along with the 2nd edition. In general, the principles outlined in the code for design for axial tension, compression, flexure, shear etc., are quite similar to those in earlier versions of the code. The major differences are in the form of incorporation of the Young’s modulus of steel in the various equations for determining various limits like slenderness and capacities. Consequently, the general procedure used in STAAD for design of steel members per the AISC-LRFD code has not changed significantly. Users may refer to Section 2 of the STAAD.Pro Technical Reference manual for these procedures. Those who wish to use the 1994 edition of the code can still do so by specifying the code name as: CODE LRFD2 An example of commands used for performing design based on the new and old codes are as shown. Example for the LRFD-2001 code (3rd Ed) UNIT KIP INCH PARAMETER CODE LRFD or CODE LRFD3 FYLD 50 ALL UNT 72 MEMBER 1 TO 10 UNB 72 MEMB 1 TO 10 MAIN 1.0 MEMB 17 20 SELECT MEMB 30 TO 40 CHECK CODE MEMB 1 TO 30 Example for the LRFD-1994 code (2nd Ed) UNIT KIP INCH PARAMETER CODE LRFD2 FYLD 50 ALL UNT 72 MEMBER 1 TO 10 UNB 72 MEMB 1 TO 10 MAIN 1.0 MEMB 17 20 SELECT MEMB 30 TO 40 CHECK CODE MEMB 1 TO 30

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Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-5271 Date Posted: 4/9/2003

Description: I am using STAAD.Pro 2003 and I want to use physical members to do a steel design. I know how to manually create physical members by selecting the individual members, right-clicking the mouse and choosing Form Member. But if I have hundreds of these members, can I do it faster? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: In STAAD.Pro 2003, you can use the Auto-Form member option to let the program automatically create physical members for you. From the Member Design page in the Steel Design Mode, go to Member Design | Physical Members | Auto Form Members. The rules it uses to create physical members are as follows: 1) All elements must form a single continuous line. But they do not have to form a straight line. Thus curved members may be formed. 2) There must be a free end. Whilst curved members are allowed, they cannot form a closed loop. 3) All elements should have the same beta angle. 4) All elements must point in the same direction. Check with the orientation labels if necessary. Use the reverse element command on elements that point the wrong way. 5) None of the elements can be part of another member. 6) The section properties must be consistent at each element end. Elements can taper along their length, but where one element ends and the next starts, they must have the same section reference. 7) All elements must be made from the same material. 8) Vertical segments are converted into columns first.

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-5357 Date Posted: 4/29/2003

Description: How does the sign convention (positive or negative) of bending moments work in STAAD.Pro? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Given a simply supported, statically determinate beam of length L, with a midspan concentrated load P:

The support reactions are both P/2 and the shear diagram in STAAD is as follows:

However, some people draw the bending moment diagram using the convention that a positive moment produces compressive stress in the “top” of a beam. STAAD plots bending moments on the tension side of the member. The side on which the plot appears is the side where the extreme fiber is in tension due to bending. For this example, the bending moment would look like this:

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-5358 Date Posted: 4/29/2003

Description: I usually include the STAAD Output file (*.anl) in my documentation for projects. But the printed pages are too light. Is there an easy way to change the print style in STAAD to bold for this output? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: First, go into the STAAD output file viewer. This is available under File | View | Output File | STAAD Output. Once the viewer window comes up, go to the File menu (of the viewer), and choose Font Setup. Change the Font style from Regular to Bold.

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31/05/2006

You can use the following steps to accomplish this.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 5 STAAD.asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. switch on the Generate Surface Meshing cursor.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5360 Date Posted: 4/29/2003 Issue: Modelling walls and slabs Description: I have a structure consisting of a wall and a slab.Pro 2002 or 2003 tools? Version: Build No: Solution: The mesh generation tools available in STAAD can be quite useful in modeling this structure so that the wall and slab are properly connected along their common boundary. How do I model this structure using finite elements in an efficient way using available STAAD. http://www. Step 1 : Mesh the slab To do this.

reiworld. select the element (by using the Plate Cursor).asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 . click the right mouse button. you can go to the Select menu. and select Generate Mesh. and choose Mesh Generation Cursor.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 5 Alternatively.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. http://www. Or.

http://www. click on the nodes that comprise the outer boundary of the slab in the following order : 1-2-3-4-1 STAAD's mesh generation cursor can handle any shaped polygon (even with holes or cutouts).com/support/kb/FaqDet1. You will also be presented with the option of adding holes or cutouts. If you choose Quadrilateral Meshing. you will get triangular elements.reiworld. For either one.asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 . you will get 4-sided elements. When you finally click on node 1 the second time. you have to specify the number of divisions along each of the 4 sides. you will see the following dialog box: If you choose the Polygonal Meshing option.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 5 If you choose the mesh generation cursor approach (figures 2 or 3).

The perimieter beams will automatically be broken up for continuity purposes.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Specify the number of divisions along each edge.Research Engineers International Page 4 of 5 If you choose the figure 4 approach. the following dialog box will appear. You will have to remember the incidence order of the slab plate to understand the layout of the 4 edges. The end result will be something like that shown in the following diagram: http://www. Make sure that the number of divisions you specify for the wall along the side 2-3 is the same as that you specified for the slab along that side.reiworld.asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 . Step 2 : Mesh the wall Repeat the above steps with the wall plate.

Research Engineers International Page 5 of 5 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=5398 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-5360 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.

Sometimes. I wish to create a beam from an existing node to a point within the beam span that is not defined by a node.com/Search.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5424 Date Posted: 5/8/2003 Description: I am using the Add Beam cursor to create a beam or column between two existing members.Pro will split the beam if necessary. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.asp?id=5470 31/05/2006 . The Insert Node dialog box will popup requesting you to specify where along the beam a node is to be created.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. STAAD. simply click on any point along the beam.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-5424 http://www. Is there a quick way of doing this? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When the Add Beam cursor is on. please use the following URL: http://www.

Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.reiworld. The icon is shown below.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. The structure will now rotate about the new point.Pro 2003.reiworld. Select an exisiting node where you would like the new center of rotation to be. there is new feature called "Select Node to Set Center of Rotation".Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5425 Date Posted: 5/8/2003 Description: How can I change the axis or point of rotation from the current point which is always at the center of the structure? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: In STAAD.asp?id=SP-5425 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. Click on the icon to activate the Rotation cursor.asp?id=5471 31/05/2006 .

com/Search. Thus.reiworld. there is an SMAX and an SMIN on each of the 2 surfaces of each element. In the Plate Stress Contour tab of this box.reiworld. The procedure for obtaining these is explained in example problem 18 of the examples manual. for each load case.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. if you select the Plate page along the left side of the screen.asp?id=SP-5436 http://www. The absolute maximum from among these 4 numbers is the quantity termed as "Max Absolute" under the Plate Stress Contour facility.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5436 Date Posted: 5/13/2003 Issue: Max Absolute Stresses in plates Description: In the post processing mode. please use the following URL: http://www. What does it represent? Version: Build No: Solution: The membrane stresses and bending stresses can be combined to form the principal stresses on the top and bottom surfaces of plate elements.asp?id=5483 31/05/2006 . there is a stress type listed by the name Max Absolute. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. it brings up a dialog box called Diagrams.

Any suggestions on how this can be done? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Please go through the document available at the link below for a detailed procedure. combineModels. please use the following URL: http://www.chm Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5449 Date Posted: 5/14/2003 Description: I have two separate STAAD models that I wish to merge into a single structure.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=5497 31/05/2006 .reiworld.asp?id=SP-5449 http://www.reiworld.com/Search.

as well as inclined axis supports. for this condition. The local X axis for the inclined supports will then point from the perimeter towards the center of the circle.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5494 Date Posted: 5/23/2003 Description: How does Staad "direct" a spring to determine if it is in compression or tension? In view of the above. how should one specified radially directed springs located around a circular tunnel or pipe and designate them as "compression" only in the physical sense of the term? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: For the purpose of defining the sense of the force in the SPRING TENSION/SPRING COMPRESSION facility.asp?id=5546 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. for this condition. A support reaction force is considered COMPRESSIVE if it is along the positive direction of the axis under consideration. the displacement along that axis of the support node is in the same direction as the positive direction of that axis. Another way of putting it is that. The supports around the circumference can then be assigned COMPRESSION only springs.com/Search. the displacement along that axis of the support node is in the direction opposite to the positive direction of that axis. use the center of the circular pipe as the REFERENCE POINT for the INCLINED supports. Hence.asp?id=SP-5494 http://www. the following rules are adopted in STAAD : A support reaction force is considered TENSILE if it is opposite to the positive direction of the axis under consideration.reiworld. Another way of putting it is that.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. These rules are applicable for global axis supports.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-5571 http://www. It is a simple text file. Orphan or empty load cases will no longer be deleted. this case gets deleted when I save the file from the GUI. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro 2002 Build 1006 and later. please use the following URL: http://www. Locate a file called staadpro20020. This is troublesome as we have template STAAD text files (which include all load cases). and can hence be opened using NotePad. so that is should read Delete Orphan Titles=0 Save and exit that INI file.ini).Pro 2003. 3) Locate a line called Delete Orphan Titles=1 Change the value from 1 to a zero.com/Search.asp?id=5628 31/05/2006 .pro.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Open that file.reiworld. if I have a load case that has no loads.ini (or in the case of STAAD. it is called staadpro20030. The steps are : 1) Exit STAAD. When we save. Start running STAAD. 2) Using Windows Explorer.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5571 Date Posted: 6/16/2003 Issue: Preserving empty load cases Description: Is there anyway to prevent STAAD 2002 Build 1006 US from deleting load cases with no loads specified in them? Currently. go to the WINDOWS or WINNT folder. STAAD truncates the file and deletes all empty load cases.pro again. Version: Build No: Solution: Please note that the solution provided below will work only with STAAD.

Any other suggestions on how I could get loads from an Excel table into Staad? Version: Build No: Solution: You cannot paste them into the loads table. I have done this by the copy paste method for beams and nodes. but the paste option is not available for loads. It opens up a simple editor with the data displayed in various colors. Or.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. If you do not have a physical copy of the manual.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-5590 http://www. If you understand the command syntax.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5590 Date Posted: 6/19/2003 Issue: Importing data from Microsoft Excel Description: I am curious if there is a way to import or copy load information from an Excel spreadsheet into STAAD. However. the electronic version can be accessed from Help .reiworld. Look for the option Edit Input Command File.asp?id=5647 31/05/2006 . you can create new load cases and paste the data into those load cases. If you go through any of the example and verification problems described in the examples manual. you can append the information to existing load cases too. the STAAD input file is a simple command file accessible from the Edit menu. That is to paste them directly into the STAAD input file.Contents in the main screen of the program. there is an alternative but just as easy a method. In case you are not aware. you will find that the syntax of the commands is explained and quite easy to understand. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.

com/Search. This will play a short movie explaining how to use this feature on the bridge deck model used in example problem 12 in the Examples manual. Other tutorials are also listed there.asp?id=5654 31/05/2006 . Can you help? Version: Build No: Solution: Please go to http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/Product/AllDemo.reiworld.Pro Tutorials.reiworld.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5597 Date Posted: 6/24/2003 Issue: Specifying a moving load Description: I am looking for some assistance in using the graphical method for specifying a moving load. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro under the STAAD. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-5597 http://www.asp and click on the link titled Moving Load generation on a bridge deck model using STAAD.

please use the following URL: http://www. however. In other words.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5895 Date Posted: 9/11/2003 Issue: Ignore Inplane Rotation for Plate Elements Description: What is the application of the IGNORE INPLANE ROTATION specification for plate elements? Version: Build No: Solution: Imagine that you have a wall upon which you apply a concentrated force at the top along the plane of the element (see figure). which means that the distance between two points that are at the far corners of the wall would change as force is applied to the wall.reiworld.asp?id=SP-5895 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=5978 31/05/2006 . If the wall was a rigid body. STAAD normally assumes that the wall has some inherent flexibility. If you wanted the plate to behave as a rigid body. you would add this Ignore Inplane Rotation specification and assign it to the plate.reiworld. STAAD normally takes into consideration in-plane rotation action. This feature is not used very often. It is available in case you wish to compare STAAD’s analysis results with those of another structural analysis program that ignores in-plane rotation by default. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search. the distance between the two points would remain the same.

they use "strength reduction factors". These strength reduction factors account for unavoidable variations in material strength.75 Bearing on concrete .85 for limit states involving compression buckling For the American concrete code ACI 318-02.65 etc. Instead. For example.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. These are requirements placed by the code. we do not have parameters for altering these. please use the following URL: http://www. some of the values used are Tension-controlled sections .75 for limit states involving rupture 0.7 Shear and Torsion .reiworld. So. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.0. is there any parameter to define the material factor or is it already included? Version: Build No: Solution: The American codes do not have explicit material factors.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5991 Date Posted: 9/12/2003 Issue: Material factor for design Description: If using an American code for code check. members with spiral reinforcement .0. in the American steel code LRFD 2001.asp?id=6067 31/05/2006 .9 Compression controlled sections.reiworld.90 for limit states involving yielding 0.0.0.com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. fabrication and erection. design equations.asp?id=SP-5991 http://www. these factors are : 0.

DFF : Permissible limit for checking length to deflection ratio. please use the following URL: http://www. mnz : Bending moment about local Z axis.reiworld. used in critical condition. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. PNC : Axial compression capacity.reiworld. dff : Actual length to deflection ratio. PZ : Plastic Section modulus about local Z axis. RZ : Radius of gyration about local Z axis.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. PNT : Axial tensile capacity. pnc : Axial compressive force used in critical condition. mny : Bending moment about local Y axis.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6000 Date Posted: 9/14/2003 Issue: Terms in AISC LRFD design output Description: I am running STAAD. AY : Area used in computing shear stresses along local Y axis.Pro 2003. VN : Shear capacity. PY : Plastic Section modulus about local Y axis. RY : Radius of gyration about local Y axis.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. vn : Shear force associated with critical load case and section location.asp?id=SP-6000 http://www. pnt : Axial tensile force used in critical condition. AZ : Area used in computing shear stresses along local Z axis. MNY : Nominal bending capacity about local Y axis.com/Search. MNZ : Nominal bending capacity about local Z axis. In the TRACK 2 output for the American LRFD code. used in critical condition. I find some terms that I am not familiar with.asp?id=6076 31/05/2006 . Can you tell me what those are? Version: Build No: Solution: The terms reported in the TRACK 2 output for American LRFD are : AX = Cross section Area.

Pro manual) that describes the "file extension names"? For example.std is the STAAD Input file and *.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.a. *.reiworld. Occasionally people want to save the ANL file under a different name or in a different folder so that they can preserve the results of an analysis.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www. then produce another ANL file and compare the results. The only exceptions might be the files BK1. They might be useful if your original input file became corrupted due to some system failure. People also might like to open the ANL file in a word processing program in order to edit it and format it for printing.scn. Both these files are in ASCII format.cod. make some changes to the input.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5952 Date Posted: 9/16/2003 Issue: STAAD input and result data files Description: Is there a document (or something in the STAAD. As you might know. Version: Build No: Solution: There are only two files you need to worry about: the STD file and the ANL file. the STD file is the input file. if you run the analysis and then make some changes to the input file and try to save the changes. What do the other extensions represent such as *. STAAD deletes the existing output file. The program uses these files to display results.reiworld. the Analysis file. BK2 and BK3. These files are backup files of the input file. There is no need to keep backup copies of any of these files.asp?id=6027 31/05/2006 .com/Search. As you already know. All the remaining files produced by STAAD are for the program's internal use only. The ANL file is the output file. a. etc. *.bmd is the bending-moment diagram file.k.asp?id=SP-5952 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. You can open them with any text editor.

you can just keep in mind to archive the EMF files along with your STD files. Still. type a space. In future. and provides a means of auditing the design process that is very important in a civil engineering software application. This *. it shouldn't take too long to open your existing files and make some insignificant change to the input file and save them. large file. then go to the STAAD. "black box") format not directly accessible to the users. The fact that you are not seeing this preview leads me to suspect that perhaps you have archived only the input (*. Save the file and close it. Open your existing file. however. Many experienced users find it much easier to do parts of their modeling and make changes to their projects by editing the input file. you should also see that information displayed in the Preview Pane of the File > Open dialog box.asp?id=6074 31/05/2006 . Client. Part or Ref edit boxes in the Job Info dialog box.reiworld. I can understand that you might also wonder why we save the preview in some peripheral file. then go to the Setup page in the Page Control. How do we get this feature back? Version: Build No: Solution: The preview image and the Job Info that appear in the lower half of the File > Open dialog box are stored in a file with an EMF extension.. rather than using the GUI.STD) files. You can go to Windows Explorer and verify that the EMF file is present after you modify and save the input file.Pro and open the existing file. run STAAD. Such an approach. Job No. If you also had entered anything in the Job. This action will add a START JOB INFORMATION command to your input file. There are a couple of ways you can make insignificant changes in the Input File: 1.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-5998 Date Posted: 9/16/2003 Issue: Snapshot and brief description of model Description: When opening an existing file. The next time you open it.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.e. then go to the Input File Editor.Pro.com/Search. We feel that the consequent need to generate various peripheral files for the program to use internally in displaying results is a relatively minor inconvenience compared to the benefits of our users being able to openly access the input file. then backspace over the space you just typed. make some inconsequential change. so that the preview feature will work the next time you open any of those files. Modifying and saving the input file in Notepad. To do this.EMF file is created when you save your input file inside STAAD. save the input file and close it.Pro editor. you can get the program to recreate the EMF files for you. I realize that the purpose of the preview is to save you the trouble of actually opening each file to look at it when you are searching for a particular project. we used to get a preview graphic image and a 5 line description for each file. please use the following URL: http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. for example. many other programs save everything in a single. Please keep in mind that in order to recreate the EMF file. 2. you should see the preview image. If this is the case. Open your existing file. Place your cursor at the beginning of the input file. After all. STAAD's text-based input exposes the internal workings of the program to the users. you have to use STAAD's GUI (Graphical User Interface) to modify and save the input file. requires that the file be in a proprietary (i. I believe the extension name stands for Extended Metafile. either from the File menu or using the Save button on the File toolbar. and the program will create an EMF file. will not generate a new EMF file.asp?id=SP-5998 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld. Now you can close the project file. enter something in one or more fields in the Job Info dialog box in the data area. then select the Save command.

please use the following URL: http://www. MY and MZ in this command? Version: Build No: Solution: By default. If you want the connection to be of the type which does not permit one or more forces/moments to be transmitted.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. The degrees of freedom FX through MZ that you release are based on the local axis of the member at whose end the release is specified. This is usually achieved in practice by moment resistant connections. STAAD assumes the connection between any 2 members to be fully capable of transmitting all 3 forces and all 3 moments from one member to the other. See section 5. use member releases.22.1 and the figures in Section 1.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6339 Date Posted: 10/20/2003 Issue: Why Member Releases Description: What is the purpose of the "member release" command? What is the basis for the terms MX. A shear connection is such an example.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. such as between a concrete beam and a concrete column which are monolithically cast.reiworld.Pro Technical Reference manual for additional information.19 of the STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search.asp?id=6419 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-6339 http://www.

2. I tried several times. but when I got to the screen titled "Calculate K Factors" as shown on page 2. If you want to purchase this. etc.Pro using the new embedded STAAD VBA Editor.2003. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro 2003.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. The normal version of OpenSTAAD (which is free) simply allows you to run VBA scripts data mining STAAD's results database or controlling its GUI from outside STAAD (like in Excel.asp?id=6721 31/05/2006 . The automatic calculation of the K factor in steel design has been added based on the nomograph method presented in the AISC ASD manual in Chapter 5 Section CC2.).Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6637 Date Posted: 11/21/2003 Issue: OpenSTAAD Macro for calculating K factors Description: I am using the Staad Pro 2003 build 1003 program on a computer running Windows XP. Any advice? Version: Build No: Solution: This problem may arise if you have not purchased the OpenSTAAD Professional version for STAAD. Within the help menu. and still got the same error message.13 Calculation of Effective Length Factors (K Factors) for Steel Design Purpose This feature is only available for users who have purchased the OpenSTAAD Professional Edition which enables users to run VBA macros within STAAD. In the Release Report for STAAD. and clicked the Load Selected Members it kept giving me an error.com/Search. saying "Internal Appication Error". you can contact our sales department at 1-800-FOR-RESE. The professional version of OpenSTAAD allows you to run VBA macros within STAAD itself. Word. figure 36 of the help menu.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. This will allow you to have access to other VBA macros REI writes in the future as well as VBA macros other people write and post on the REIWORLD site. I am trying to calculate the effective length factors for steel design.Pro 2003 2nd Edition. it says: AD. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. I printed out the instructions to use the VBA macro. reselecting the members and all.28. I made it through the beginning steps and located the macro.asp?id=SP-6637 http://www.

The problem is this: when I apply any in-pl moments can not be zero. For this particular model.reiworld. SY and SXY.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6657 Date Posted: 11/25/2003 Issue: Bending moments in a slab Description: Shown below is a STAAD model for a simple plate fixed at bottom. Version: Build No: Solution: In plate results.asp?id=6741 31/05/2006 . http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. in-p actions such as SX.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. MX & MY are moments which cause the plate to bend out of plane.

com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=SP-6657 http://www.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=6741 31/05/2006 .reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 5 STAAD.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 .Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6798 Date Posted: 1/7/2004 Issue: Orienting unequal leg single angles along global directions Description: I am trying to model a box type structure which has an unequal leg single angle at its ridges (see figure below http://www.

the short leg horizontal. from the center of the box.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 2 of 5 I want to orient the angles in the manner shown in the figure below. How do I model this? http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. The long leg has to be vertical.

one using the "RA" type of angle. Solution 1 using the "ST" type angle specification. Below are two suggestions. http://www.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 5 Version: Build No: Solution: The critical issue in modelling this is choosing the right beta angle for the angles.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. http://www.Research Engineers International Page 4 of 5 Solution 2 using the "RA" type angle specification.reiworld.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 .

Research Engineers International Page 5 of 5 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-6798 http://www.asp?id=6892 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6897 Date Posted: 1/7/2004 Issue: Applying selfweight selectively Description: I was wondering if the option of "Selfweight" loading generates the selfweight for all of the members and elements of any model? Can I specify that the weight should be calculated for only some members and elements and not all? Version: Build No: Solution: The selfweight command takes into consideration the weight of all beams.reiworld.com/Search. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=6999 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-6897 http://www. if you wish to have the selfweight calculation excluded for some entities. or a very small value for those entities. plates and solids in the model.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. you will have to assign a Density of 0.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. No entity is left out.reiworld. So.0. please use the following URL: http://www.

com/Search.asp?id=7082 31/05/2006 .reiworld. parallel to the local Y axis.reiworld. the unit width is a unit distance at the center of the element. parallel to the local X axis. For My. What is the per unit width? Would that be the thickness of the plate element? Version: Build No: Solution: For Mx.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.1 of the Technical Reference manual. Attached is a diagram to clarify this.pdf Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6976 Date Posted: 1/13/2004 Issue: Moments in a slab modelled with plate elements Description: I am modelling a concrete slab using plate elements. I noticed that the output gives the bending moments per unit width. Mx_and_My_in_plates. please use the following URL: http://www.6.asp?id=SP-6976 http://www. the unit width is a unit distance at the center of the element.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. I am looking for the moments in the slab at the center of each element. It is taken from section 1.

Once the nodes are selected.asp?id=SP-6985 http://www.asp?id=7092 31/05/2006 . the nodes between which the members are to be created must be selected first using the Nodes cursor. Have they been eliminated? Version: Build No: Solution: No.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro.reiworld. I do not find those features in STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-6985 Date Posted: 1/14/2004 Issue: Connecting nodes by creating beams and columns Description: STAAD-III used to have features called "Connect Beam Along" and "Connect Column".reiworld.com/Search. For both these options. The "Connect Column" feature is also available in the Geometry menu. The "Connect Beam Along" option is available under the same name from within the Geometry menu.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. these options can be activated. under the name "Create Colinear Beams". Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.

GENERATE LATERAL LOADS DUE TO UBC ALONG X UBC X 1.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. and each is demonstrated below : Method 1 : Generate the lateral load in one load case.0 MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 25 UNI GY -1.LATERAL LOADS + GRAVITY LOADS UBC X 1. combine the two in a load combination case. Consequently. In STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www.COMBINE THE LATERAL AND GRAVITY LOADS IN ONE CASE 1 1.SPECIFY GRAVITY LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1. Specify the gravity load in another load case.2 JOINT LOAD 10 39 FY -10.0 2 1. and insert it as input into the second file.2 JOINT LOAD 10 39 FY -10. In a second separate file with the same frame model.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7048 Date Posted: 1/19/2004 Issue: Combining lateral seismic loads with gravity loads Description: After determining the lateral loads using Staad UBC seismic analysis in a first file. or any other loads for that matter. Is there any shorter procedure for this? Please take note that I am using the Command File Editor. LOAD 1 . there are 2 ways in which this combination can be achieved. I note down the lateral loads computed at each joint.0 Method 2 : Create a single load case in which the lateral forces are generated. once the lateral loads due to UBC or IBC are generated.0 MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 25 UNI GY -1.com/Search. they are automatically available for combining with gravity loads. LOAD 1 .0 LOAD 2 .reiworld.0 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. Then. I consider this procedure of mine very tedious in case of a 3D high rise building most specifically in view of the first file. I apply the lateral loads from the first file combining them with the gravity loads and perform the analysis.0 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-7048 http://www.reiworld. and gravity loads are specified. Version: Build No: Solution: There is absolutely no need for you to take the lateral load data from the output of the first file.asp?id=7159 31/05/2006 .0 LOAD COMBINATION 3 .

The analysis stops with the error message that I need to specify IZ. what is needed is IZ.reiworld. and that is why IX is not needed.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7068 Date Posted: 1/21/2004 Issue: Member properties for analysis of a plane frame Description: I am analysing a plane frame. which shows the properties required for various types of structures.1 from the Technical Reference manual.asp?id=7179 31/05/2006 . IX is the torsion constant. which explains the need for IZ. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. What is the need to specify IZ? Version: Build No: Solution: For plane frames with no beta angle. IZ is the moment of inertia about the Z axis. Members of a plane frame with a beta angle of zero will bend about the Z axis.asp?id=SP-7068 http://www.com/Search.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www. They are not prone to twisting. I specify a prismatic section with IX. Table 1. not IX. is reproduced below.reiworld.

asp?id=7239 31/05/2006 .2 LOAD 4 SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.Pro version 2002 or later.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. 11 FY -35.asp?id=SP-7125 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7125 Date Posted: 1/28/2004 Issue: Repeating REPEAT LOADS Description: I would like to create a REPEAT LOAD case whose constituent load cases are themselves REPEAT LOAD cases.9 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. An example of this is shown below. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.com/Search. Is this allowed? Version: Build No: Solution: You can do this if you have STAAD.reiworld.0 LOAD 2 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. 6 UNI GY -1. LOADING 1 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 2 1.2 PERF ANALY LOAD LIST 3 4 PRINT ANAL RES FINISH In the above example. load case 3 repeats load case 2. 11 FY -35.reiworld.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15. . which in turn repeats load case 1.9 . 6 UNI GY -1. .

Douglas Fir comes in various species or combination of species. there are various commercial grades.Pro. Table 8A. Why isn't timber included? I am looking for the Modulus of Elasticity and Density of Douglas Fir. page 15 contains the specific gravity of Douglas Fir as ranging from 0.reiworld. 1997 edition. There is also a category called Visually Graded Decking.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7168 Date Posted: 2/2/2004 Issue: Material properties for Timber Description: In STAAD. with each variety having its own unique set of material properties. The American Wood Council and the American Forest & Paper Association publish a document called the "Supplement NDS for Wood Construction". Version: Build No: Solution: Unlike the 3 materials mentioned in your question. species. Under each species. It provides design values for structural sawn lumber and glued laminated timber. Under each category.46 to 0. you are providing Steel. ranging from 1000 ksi to 1900 ksi.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Concrete and Aluminum as standard materials with built-in default values. Douglas Fir alone comes in several varieties. In the 1999 edition of this document. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. If the category. as explained below.asp?id=SP-7168 http://www. and commercial grade is known. please use the following URL: http://www. Each of those grades have a unique value of E.reiworld. the E value can be read from the tables in this document.asp?id=7283 31/05/2006 . timber comes in several varieties. The American Wood Council and the American Forest & Paper Association also publish a document called the "ASD Manual for Engineered Wood Construction".5.

you could ignore the messages if there are no FX.asp?id=SP-7181 http://www. Why? Version: Build No: Solution: The Elastic Mat instability messages have to do with the Y option versus the YONLY option. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=7296 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. You could switch to the Y option or perhaps fix FX. FZ. Since STAAD automatically applies very small springs at one joint to stabilize an unstable structure.com/Search. FZ and MY directions at certain joints. The Y option automatically fixes the FX and FZ directions at all mat joints whereas the YONLY option does not. your structure is unstable in these directions and MY as well.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Without any support in the FX and FZ directions.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7181 Date Posted: 2/3/2004 Issue: Mat foundation spring supports and instability conditions Description: When we generate the spring supports for a raft foundation using the command "list-of-joints Elastic mat Dir YONLY SUB 10000" we get instability warnings in FX.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. FZ and MY at one joint near the center. or MY loadings and if the displacements are small in those directions.reiworld.

Pro. please use the following URL: http://www. STAAD's graphical environment is based entirely on the cartesian coordinate system. A file by the name "Copy of . But if I do this using STAAD's FileSave As. You will have to do the copying from outside the STAAD environment.. From the Edit menu of Explorer. You can now open the new file in STAAD.std and then Paste. all joints are listed in the new file in the cartesian coordinate system.asp?id=SP-7190 http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7190 Date Posted: 2/4/2004 Issue: Working in cylindrical coordinates Description: I have a model of a circular tank containing joint coordinates in the cylindrical reverse system (JOINT COORDINATES CYLINDRICAL REVERSE commands). select "Copy of portal. I would like to copy the data from this input file to another file and modify the input.asp?id=7306 31/05/2006 .reiworld.std". Exit STAAD. and provide the new name. click the right mouse button. In our example. and cannot preserve the data like you seek. it will create "Copy of Portal.com/Search. select Copy followed by Paste. go to the folder where the file is located. Select the file by single-clicking on it. Rename the copy. How can I copy the data and preserve the coordinates in the cylindrical reverse system? Version: Build No: Solution: Unfortunately.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. (For example. if you copy portal. " will appear. In Windows Explorer.reiworld.std". Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. and choose Rename.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

Why? Version: Build No: Solution: The unit system in which data is displayed in the tables and on the drawing is set using the facilities available under the View .asp?id=7521 31/05/2006 . Force". However.reiworld. please do the following : In the View menu.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. These are known as display units. In the category called "Distr.com/Search.asp?id=SP-7395 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. when I display the load values on the screen.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7395 Date Posted: 3/2/2004 Issue: Units for displaying load values Description: My current input units are Feet and Kips. select Options . To set the display units for uniformly distributed loads.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. they shown up as "Kn/m".Force units. select the units you desire and click on OK. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Options menu.

It then checks whether all the required parameters have been specified for that code.2626 PZ 0.asp?id=SP-7463 http://www.reiworld. So. Na and Nv are two of the fundamental parameters necessary to calculate the base shear. specify the NA and NV parameters. Version: Build No: Solution: This is due to the fact that. you will find that for Zone 4.2626 PZ 0.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=7596 31/05/2006 .6 PX 0. the coefficients Ca and Cv are dependent on Na and Nv.4 I 1 RWX 12 RWZ 12 STYP 1. and detects that NA and NV are missing. for your model.6 NV 1.reiworld. so that the commands look similar to the one below : DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. STAAD looks at the data under the DEFINE UBC LOAD command and concludes that you intend to analyse the structure per the UBC 1997 code. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7463 Date Posted: 3/10/2004 Issue: Missing input for Na and Nv for UBC analysis Description: I am applying a UBC seismic load on a bridge.com/Search.2 NA 1.2626 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. The analysis engine reports an error message which says that EITHER NA OR NV FACTOR HAS NOT BEEN SPECIFIED WHILE SEISMIC ZONE HAS BEEN SPECIFIED AS 4. You perhaps have an input similar to the one below : DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0.4 I 1 RWX 12 RWZ 12 STYP 1.2 PX 0.2626 For Zone 4.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. If you look at Tables 16-Q and 16-R on pages 2-34 & 2-35 of the UBC 1997 code.

reiworld.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. If you change the display unit for Density to lb/cu. But.com/Search. Since the values are printed to 3 decimal places.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Section Units and change the units for density to lb/ft3. it will come out in your printed report as 0.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. go to Tools . you should be able to see the right value. the printed report shows the density as 0.Set Current Display Unit . I have added the item Materials to the Report Setup. To do this.0000868 kip/cu. the density value should be in accordance with this new unit.ft. The default value in STAAD for density of concrete is 0. please use the following URL: http://www.000.0.asp?id=7613 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-7480 http://www. If you then print the report again.in.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7480 Date Posted: 3/12/2004 Issue: Material values in Report Description: All the members in my model have been assigned Concrete as the material. Version: Build No: Solution: This is very likely due to your units being in kip/in^3.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.asp?id=SP-7858 http://www. When I open that document in Word.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. and re-start it after the exporting is complete.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7858 Date Posted: 5/6/2004 Description: In STAAD. Disable that feature before you export to Word.Pro. symbols and assembly language characters. I find that it is filled with smiling-faces.com/Search. How do I get around the problem? Version: 2004 Build No: 1001 Solution: This is most likely caused by a feature called "Script stopper" in your virus-scan program. It prevents the export process from taking place properly. I create a report and export it to a Microsoft Word document.asp?id=8005 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.

choose By Specification .reiworld.asp?id=8006 31/05/2006 . Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. You can then isolate them into a New View to examine them in greater detail. 1) From the Select menu.Query . One of the tabs of that table is Failed Members. go to the Beam page along the left side of the screen. please use the following URL: http://www. and click on each row of the table to look at each such member individually. A table will appear along the right side of the screen.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. 2) In the Post processing mode. Select this tab. The members which fail the check will be highlighted. I am doing a code check and I want to find out which of those members have failed.All Failed beams.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Can I get a list of just those members without having to scroll through hundreds of pages of steel design output? Version: Build No: Solution: There are 2 methods for finding just those members which have failed the steel design checks.com/Search.Member to access a dialog box with tabs called Steel Design and Design Property to see the cause of the failure along with allowable and actual stresses and critical conditions.reiworld.asp?id=SP-7859 http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7859 Date Posted: 5/6/2004 Issue: Viewing members which fail the steel design checks Description: I have a large model with several hundred members which have been assigned steel sections. Double click on those members or use Tools . One of the sub-pages will be Unity Check.

resulting in a 3 hour difference between your respective times. please use the following URL: http://www. Explorer should automatically open it using SproView. and check to see if the output file is present.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Version: Build No: Solution: One possible cause is that the output file (the one which has the extension .reiworld. If it doesn't. and save the file. Substitute X with the numbers 0. Double click on the .exe where spro200X is the folder where the program is installed. I close the file and re-open it a little later. Choose \spro200X\staad\sproview. and emailed it to you who is sitting in the West coast.reiworld. The file will then have the date and time of your computer clock.Output file . If the file is present. 1. If none of the above is true. Go to View . If STAAD finds the input file to be newer than the output file. If this is the case. Another probable cause is that the input file is more recent in terms of date and time than the output file. 2. The fourth option is use Windows Explorer to go to the folder where the output file resides. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. 4.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7879 Date Posted: 5/11/2004 Issue: Viewing the output file Description: I ran the analysis earlier today. This too can be verified by using Windows Explorer to examine the date and time of the individual files. and the output file will then be newer than the input file.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. it could be that the file was created on one computer and moved to another. I notice that the icon for viewing the output file is greyed out. go to STAAD. 3. make an inconsequential change.STAAD output. it should come up in the Viewer window. enabling you to open it using the icon. your colleague in the east coast may have created the file. such as introduce an additional blank space on any line.std) is located.com/Search. Or. etc. The first computer may have a date and time setting newer than the latter. Run the file through STAAD's analysis engine once again. If you are wondering how such a thing may happen.ANL file.asp?id=8026 31/05/2006 . it interprets it as a sign that the file was modified since the last run which could mean the input data is no longer in sync with the output.ANL) simply does not exist. it will open a dialog box asking you to select a program using which to open it.asp?id=SP-7879 http://www.Pro's File menu. You can verify this by going to the folder where the input file (the one which has the extension . The message came up that the output file has been successfully created. The output file is made inaccesible in such an event. open the input file using Notepad.

com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www. PLEASE CHECK. If you believe that your E is specified correctly. you may ignore the message.750E+01) TIMES THE STIFFNESS OF CONCRETE ENTERED. If it falls below or above the range of these materials.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-7880 http://www. correct the number. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. or if he/she may have specified the value in an incorrect unit system.reiworld.asp?id=8027 31/05/2006 . This is done to notify the user in case he/she is not aware of this fact.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. concrete or timber. warning messages similar to the one you encountered are displayed.SOFT MATERIAL Description: In the output file. Version: Build No: Solution: STAAD checks to see if the E (Modulus of Elasticity) assigned to members and elements is comparable to the values of steel. Else. aluminum.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7880 Date Posted: 5/11/2004 Issue: WARNING . Please explain to me in plain English what StaadPro is trying to tell me. I see the following message ** WARNING ** A SOFT MATERIAL WITH (1.reiworld.0 / 1.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7881 Date Posted: 5/11/2004 Issue: Order of member lists for output Description: I could use a little help with a truly aggravating condition which I will explain by way of an example. the command gets written into the input file as PRINT MEMBER STRESSES LIST 2 4 7 14 16 18 This happens with any file saved from the graphical modeling mode. if we were to add the command PRINT MEMBER STRESSES. Scroll down till you come to the desired command which currently has its list in the ascending order. change the list of the commands you are interested in so that they are in the order you want. http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. Command: PRINT MEMBER STRESSES LIST 72 14 122 45 I would like the STAADPro output to give me the member stresses in the following order: 72 14 122 45 Instead I get the output results in an ascending sequence. the output of member stresses will be in the order you seek. You can make changes to any line of the file using the editor. you make any changes to the file using the graphical modelling mode. and save it from the graphical modelling mode.reiworld. If you were to now run the analysis. the list is going to be re-arranged once again into the ascending order. the lists associated with those commands are saved in the ascending order. which is not what I want. You can do the following to get around that problem. (From the Edit menu. This also happens if you use the File-Save As option of the graphical modelling mode to save an existing file into one with another name.asp?id=8028 31/05/2006 . and using the option "Assign to Edit List". For example. as follows: 14 45 72 122 What can I do to get the output in the order I have specified? Version: Build No: Solution: When you assign a command using the graphical screens.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. After the file has been saved from the graphical screen. But please understand that if subsequently. there is no way currently available to change the order of these lists. assign it to members in the following order 14 2 16 4 18 7 and save the file from the graphical screen. For the command in the earlier example. So. Unfortunately. go to the editor. choose Edit Input Command File). change it to PRINT MEMBER STRESSES LIST 14 2 16 4 18 7 Save the file from within the Editor.

asp?id=8028 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-7881 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. close the file.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 So.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.reiworld. after you arrange the lists using the editor in the order you want. and make a backup of it using Windows Explorer.

reiworld. what do the terms TRESCAT and TRESTAB stand for? How are they calculated? Version: Build No: Solution: TRESCA is 2. See the link http://www.5 * max [abs((s1 – s2)) . s3.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Example problem 18 in the examples manual shows the calculation of TMAX Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. abs((s2 – s3)) .asp?id=SP-7893 http://www.com/Search.reiworld. abs((s3 – s1))] where s1 and s2 are the inplane principal stresses and the 3rd principal stress.asp?id=SP-1549 for more information on the meaning of TOP and BOTTOM surfaces for plates. please use the following URL: http://www. TRESCAT is the value for the top surface of the element.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7893 Date Posted: 5/13/2004 Issue: What is the TRESCA Stress Description: In the plate element stress results. TMAX is the maximum inplane shear stress on a plate element. TRESCAB is on the bottom.0 times TMAX. TMAX = 0. Top and bottom are in accordance with the direction of the local Z axis.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. is zero at the surface.asp?id=8040 31/05/2006 .com/Search.

The program does indeed design the section per the code correctly. Solution: The correction will be available in a later build of STAAD.com/Search. However. the Ratio value is not displayed in the Beam .US Issue: Steel design ratios and ASCE 52 and ASCE 72 codes Description: If design is done per the ASCE 52 or ASCE 72 codes.asp?id=8072 31/05/2006 . 2) For design per ASCE 52.Unity Check page.asp?id=SP-7924 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld. this is only a failure to display the value on the members. if a members (like single angles) fail the slenderness check. the following error exists : 1) For tapered poles designed per ASCE 72.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Unity Check page. please use the following URL: http://www.Output File .Pro 2004.STAAD Output to see the details of the design.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7924 Known Bug Date Posted: 5/18/2004 Date Discovered: 5/18/2004 Classification: Conservative Version(s) Affected: All versions of STAAD.Pro including and prior to 2003 Build 1004.View . Causes of Error(s): Programming oversight Affected Area(s): Display of interaction ratio values in the Beam Unity Check page of the post-processing mode Workaround (if any): Values may be obtained in the design output section of the output file. the Ratio value is not displayed in the Beam . You can go to the output file using File .reiworld.

choose Uninstall License system.com/Search. Exit that program. from the install menu.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7925 Date Posted: 5/18/2004 Issue: Crash while starting the analysis in STAAD. Next. On others. choose Install License system.Programs . please use the following URL: http://www. Then try running STAAD. Version: Build No: Solution: Please try the following.Pro 2002 Build 1006. A message should be displayed in the right pane of the window that the license system has been successfully uninstalled.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.License Administrator.reiworld. Exit the program.com. Log into the computer as the administrator. Please advise as to the solution to fix the problem.asp?id=8073 31/05/2006 .Pro 2002 . please contact the technical support department of the o send your problem report to support@reiusa. Go to Start .asp?id=SP-7925 http://www. The message in the right pane should now indicate that the license system has been successfully installed. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro again.Pro 2002 Description: We are using STAAD. From the Uninstall menu. When we run the analysis with any model. it runs fine.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.STAAD. the following error mess This happens on some computers. If you still encounter a problem.

com/Search. Let us consider the tube section 8X6X1/4 listed in the LRFD manual. Concatenate the numbers into a string whose first 3 characters are TUB. You get TUB80604 Related topics : http://www.asp?id=8129 31/05/2006 .reiworld.asp?id=SP-8031 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=SP-7980 http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. How does one relate the STAAD name with that in that manual? Version: Build No: Solution: The STAAD naming convention for Tubes is derived in the following manner.com/Search. which is the nominal width.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.com/Search.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7980 Date Posted: 5/27/2004 Issue: Naming convention for American steel tubes Description: STAAD lists American Tube sections using names like TUB80604. and multiply it by 10. Multiply the thickness by 16. Take the second dimension. Take the first dimension.asp?id=SP-7981 http://www.reiworld. and multiply it by 10. which is the nominal depth. please use the following URL: http://www. This is not the way the names are listed in the LRFD manual.

reiworld. This is not the way the names are listed in the LRFD manual. Related topics : http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-7981 Date Posted: 5/27/2004 Issue: Naming convention for American steel pipes Description: STAAD lists American Pipe sections using names like PIPX25. How does one relate the STAAD name with that in that manual? Version: Build No: Solution: These are the pipe sections listed in page 1-121 of the LRFD 2nd edition manual.reiworld. multiply it by 10. an Extra Strong 2 1/2 in pipe gets the name PIPX25.asp?id=SP-7980 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. The names of Standard Weight pipes start with the word PIPS.reiworld. So. Take the nominal diameter.asp?id=8130 31/05/2006 .com/Search. and DoubleExtra Strong pipes are named with PIPD. Extra Strong pipes start with the name PIPX.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. and append the resulting integer value with the corresponding 4-letter word.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-7981 http://www.asp?id=SP-8031 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.

com/Search. Click on the “Beam” tab on the left side and then click on the sub-tab labeled “Forces. you have to ask STAAD to Annotate the drawing with the axial forces.reiworld. click on “Axial” under the “Beam Forces” heading.” Click “Annotate” and then “Close. Can STAAD do this or must I print out a report to get these forces? Version: Build No: Solution: First.” From the “Loads and Results” tab. For this.asp?id=8178 31/05/2006 . These three methods are described at the following link: http://www. please go to the post processing mode after you have analyzed the structure. Uncheck the “bending zz” box and click “Apply” followed by “OK.” Maximize the screen and then go to the “Results” pull down menu and select “View Value…” Click on the “Beam Results” tab and then check the box under the “Axial” heading labeled “Ends. This is very similar to what would be put on to a plan sheet.com/Search.” The axial loading values should be displayed on your screen.asp?id=SP-8029 http://www.asp?id=SP-1552 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld. There are three methods to print this screen.” Click the right mouse button on the screen and select “Structure Diagrams. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8029 Date Posted: 5/27/2004 Issue: Printing the drawing with forces annotated Description: I want to print out a picture which consists of a truss I have modeled with the STAAD. I want the output forces labeled right on each member.

Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8118 Date Posted: 6/15/2004

Issue: Warning stating "more than 12 DOF with zero stiffness" Description: I tried to model a concrete foundation using solid elements, basically following the approach described in example 24 of the examples manual. However, I got this warning stating "more than 12 DOF with zero stiffness". Can anyone please advise me what are the technical reasons for this and how I can possibly handle this warning? Version: Build No: Solution: A solid element by its basic nature does not have rotational degrees of freedom at its nodes. So, at all points on the structure where the only entities connected are solid elements, there is no rotational stiffness. There is an explanation on the reasons behind zero stiffness messages at http://www.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1496 If you are using STAAD.Pro 2003 Build 1003.US or later, and the only entities in your structure are solids (no plates or beams), the program automatically applies restraints along those rotational degrees of freedom and the messages will hence not appear. However, if beams or plates are present in the structure in addition to solids, those messages will be present. If you do not encounter instability warning messages in your output, and the applied loads are in equilibrium with support reactions, you may consider the zero stiffness warning messages harmless, and ignore them.

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31/05/2006

Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8159 Date Posted: 6/21/2004

Issue: Applying a moment at the node of a solid element Description: How do I apply a moment load at the joint of a solid element? Version: Build No: Solution: You can directly apply a moment at the node of a solid element only if there is a beam or a plate attached to that node. If there isn't any beam or plate element attached to that node, create a fictitious beam which protrudes out of that joint, similar to that which is shown at the following link : http://www.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-3228 Then, apply the moment at the desired node, or an equivalent force at the free end of the beam.

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Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8235 Date Posted: 7/5/2004

Issue: KL/r for single angles per the AISC ASD code Description: The KL/r value that STAAD reports for the Y axis for a single angle does not match what I get from my hand calculation. Can you explain why? Version: Build No: Solution: For single angles, the local Y and Z axes are the principal axes as shown below:

The KL/r value is computed using ry and rz which are based on the principal axis system. Chances are that your handculation uses the geometric axes.

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Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8823 Known Bug Date Posted: 2/4/2005

Date Discovered: 2/4/2005

Classification:

Version(s) Affected: STAAD.Pro 2004 Build 1004.US Description: I am using STAAD.Pro 2004 Build 1004.US also known as the second edition. When I try to add plates using the new feature in the Geometry menu called "Create infill plates", I encounter the message "No closed polygon found to fill in with plates, please check beam selection"

What am I doing wrong? Causes of Error(s): Programming error Affected Area(s): Assigning plate elements to the model Workaround (if any): Solution: This error will be rectified in the US Build 1005. In the meantime, you can use the same facility from its icon which is shown below.

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Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8841 Date Posted: 12/29/2005

Description: Is it possible to specify a displacement and then have STAAD analyze a frame to give me a corresponding load (the load that would have been required to produce that displacement)? Version: 2005 Build No: 1002 Solution: You first need to know the pattern or arrangement of the loading which will eventually cause the displacement you wish to see. This is because, there can be millions of loading arrangements which cause that amount of displacement at that node, so one needs to have an idea of which of those patterns is the one that one wants. By pattern, we are talking of details like, is the load going to consist of concentrated forces at nodes, or distributed and trapezoidal loads on members, or pressures on plates, etc. For example, any of these loads will cause a certain amount of displacement at a node along a certain direction. So, the get 1.2 a unit load analysis would be the best approach for solving this kind of a problem. That means, all the components of loading pattern would be represented by unit loads. Let us say that by applying a member load of 100 pounds/ft, you 0.4 inches of displacement along global X at node 43. So, if the final desired displacement at node 43 along X is say, inches, the applied load should be simply (1.2/0.4)*100 = 300 pounds/ft.

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please use the following URL: http://www.Pro pick up the revisions.Pro model? Will Staad.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. etc. using the STAAD editor. Since the import. Is it possible to "re-import" the revised CAD drawing into the existing Staad.).com/Search.asp?id=SP-8842 http://www. the original drawing has been changed (beam spacings. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8842 Date Posted: 12/29/2005 Description: We have successfully imported an Autocad model into Staad.reiworld. you can import the new geometry into a new STAAD file.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. that is. you can copy all of the data which comes after the geometry from the old STAAD file to your new STAAD file.asp?id=9068 31/05/2006 . or do we have to start over? Version: 2005 Build No: 1002 Solution: If the only changes are in beam spacings.Pro. Then.reiworld. the actual number of beams and nodes has not changed.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8843 Date Posted: 12/29/2005 Description: I am trying to model loads from a conical section at the bottom of a product support tower.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-8843 http://www. One solution is to write a little macro in Excel which converts the load into a series of concentrated loads at discrete points along the member span and apply them on the member using the MEMBER LOAD option. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. When I check the sum of support reactions. I then realized that a trapezoidal load does not accurately reflect the mass distribution of a tapering cyliner or cone.asp?id=9069 31/05/2006 . Is there a feature to assign a member load based on a second order curve instead of a linearly varying function so that I can more accurately represent the vertical distribution of product in the silo? Version: 2005 Build No: 1002 Solution: The type of load you ask for is not currently available in STAAD.reiworld. its load creation functions may also be used in conjunction with your macro to directly input those concentrated loads into the STAAD input file. If you are familiar with the feature called OpenSTAAD. I discovered that this sum does not equal the load of the product in the silos. You could write the macro in such a way that the data is saved into a text file and you copy and paste the contents of that file into the STAAD input file.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/Search.

the load generation is not being done correctly.reiworld. http://www.asp?id=9070 31/05/2006 . or supports and the ground along the lowest level and members on the remaining sides of the panel.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8844 Date Posted: 12/29/2005 Description: I am using the wind load generation feature. A panel is defined as an area bounded by members (beams and columns) on all sides.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 4 STAAD. On some parts of the structure.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. STAAD attempts to identify panels on the exposed faces of the structure. Can you explain why? Version: Build No: Solution: In order to generate loads due to wind pressure.

the bracing members cross each other.asp?id=9070 31/05/2006 . One of the reasons for this failure is when bracing members are part of the exposed face.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 4 However. In the next figure. the panel identification may fail.reiworld. but do not have an intersection point. under some circumstances.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. http://www.

3. In the above case. this will result in 4 distinct panels with no overlap.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 4 This is because. and exclude the bracing members from the list. there are 2 options : a) Split the bracing members at their point of intersection. that list would comprise of just members 2. by traversing the path along the member X-axis. the program finds overlap of various panels. WIND LOAD Z 1 TYPE 1 LIST 2 3 4 5 http://www. To get around this problem. In the above case. b) Provide a list of members in the WIND LOAD command.4 and 5. Loads are not generated when panels overlap.asp?id=9070 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.

asp?id=SP-8844 http://www.com/Search.reiworld.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=9070 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 4 of 4 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.

Is there some type of weak spring placed in X & Z directions. All the remaining 5 degrees of freedom are treated as unrestrained. Example : plate-list PLATE MAT DIR YONLY SUBGRADE 0.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. then. a spring support is generated in that direction.reiworld. a) a spring support is generated in that direction b) the other two translational directions are fully restrained c) the associated rotational degre of freedom is fully restrained d) the other 2 rotational degrees of freedom are treated as unrestrained Example : plate-list PLATE MAT DIR Y SUBGRADE 0. is it completely restrained.com/Search.reiworld. I have always used Y as the direction. I am required to give the subgrade modulus and supply a direction.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8845 Date Posted: 12/29/2005 Description: When using the foundation support.asp?id=9071 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www. or is it somewhere in between? Version: 2005 Build No: 1002 Solution: If X or Y or Z is specified for direction. However.4 FX is free FY gets a spring FZ is free MX is free MY is free MZ is free Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=SP-8845 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.4 FX is fixed FY gets a spring FZ is fixed MX is free MY is fixed MZ is free If XONLY or YONLY or ZONLY is specified. then. I am interested in knowing what would occur if I choose Y-only.

Pro 2005 Build 1002 Issue: Viewing Selected Objects Only Description: In the View menu. the option called "View Selected Objects Only" does not work in STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8836 Known Bug Date Posted: 1/13/2006 Date Discovered: 11/1/2005 Classification: Version(s) Affected: STAAD. A box will appear offering 2 choices Create a new window for the view. If you choose this. The menu that comes up will contain an option called "New View". a new window will be created displaying the selected items Display the view in the active window. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro 2005 Build 1002 Causes of Error(s): Programming Error Affected Area(s): Graphical Viewing Facility Workaround (if any): After you select the entities you want to view exclusively. If you choose this.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld. A picture indicating that icon is shown below. you can restore the full structure into view by going to the top of the screen and selecting an icon called "Display Whole Structure".asp?id=SP-8836 http://www. the current window will be refreshed to display only the selected items If you choose the first option.asp?id=9062 31/05/2006 .com/Search. Solution: This will be corrected in STAAD. you can simply close that window when you no longer need that view. If you choose the latter.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. click the right mouse button.Pro 2005 Build 1003 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Select that.

That is because. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro. close that message box.com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. while it manages the structure geometry data.reiworld. What does it mean and how do I remove it? Version: Build No: Solution: Sort Disaster is an internal message that is generated to indicate that something has gone wrong when STAAD. save the file. I keep encountering a message called Sort Disaster.About STAAD. You can find the Release number by clicking on Help . plates. members.asp?id=SP-8847 http://www. If you are encountering the problem in STAAD.reiworld. a procedure for self-correction has been built into the recent versions of the program if it encounters such a condition. Date Posted: 1/13/2006 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8847 Issue: Sort Disaster Description: While building a model.Pro Release 2002 or older. If you are using STAAD.asp?id=9073 31/05/2006 . close it and re-open it. etc.Pro 2003 or a more recent version.Pro performs the operations required to ensure that there is no duplication of nodes.. this message should not appear.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. as in the following example.03 END DEFINE MATERIAL CONSTANTS MATERIAL STEEL MEMBER 101 TO 121 So. What is the reason this message appears? Version: Build No: Solution: During steel design.8195 ALPHA 1. as in the examples below.344 ALPHA 1. and then later asking the member to be designed according to a steel code. This is because.reiworld.2e-005 DAMP 0. if you are specifying an E value which is significantly different from that for steel.05e+008 POISSON 0. you specify E either explicitly under the CONSTANTS command block or through the DEFINE MATERIAL block.asp?id=9074 31/05/2006 . E is a crucial term that appears in many equations for calculating section capacities and the program wants you to know if the value appears to be abnormal. such as say. WARNING : THE VALUE OF E FOR MEMBER 22 DOES NOT SEEM RIGHT.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8848 Date Posted: 1/13/2006 Issue: THE VALUE OF E FOR MEMBER NNN DOES NOT SEEM RIGHT Description: The steel design output for several members is accompanied by the following warning message : WARNING : THE VALUE OF E FOR MEMBER 21 DOES NOT SEEM RIGHT.03 END DEFINE MATERIAL CONSTANTS MATERIAL ALUMINUM MEMBER 21 TO 30 http://www. WARNING : THE VALUE OF E FOR MEMBER 23 DOES NOT SEEM RIGHT. UNIT FEET POUND DEFINE MATERIAL START ISOTROPIC ALUMINUM E 1.33 DENSITY 169. Example 1 : UNIT KIP INCH CONSTANTS E 29000 ALL DENSITY 0.44e+009 POISSON 0. In STAAD.28e-005 DAMP 0.3 DENSITY 76. there is a check for ensuring that the Modulus of Elasticity (E) specified for the member is within the range that is normal for steel.283E-3 ALL Example 2 : UNIT METER KNS DEFINE MATERIAL START ISOTROPIC STEEL E 2. Aluminum. the above-mentioned warning message will appear.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1..reiworld..Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 . . please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=SP-8848 http://www.asp?id=9074 31/05/2006 . PARAMETER CODE AISC CHECK CODE MEMBER 21 TO 30 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.com/Search.

Pro 2005 Builds 1001 and 1002.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Double click on the member.com/Search. Go to the Property tab.reiworld. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TABLE T W10X12 the following operation will cause a crash. please use the following URL: http://www. Causes of Error(s): Programming error Affected Area(s): Model generation Workaround (if any): Change the section by going to the General-Property page.Pro 2004 Issue: Crash when modifying a pre-assigned T section property Description: For a member which has been assigned a T section property. select the T section name from the displayed list. some builds of STAAD.Pro 2005 Build 1003 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=9075 31/05/2006 . such as in the following example.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8849 Known Bug Date Posted: 1/13/2006 Date Discovered: 1/5/2006 Classification: Severe Version(s) Affected: STAAD. Select Assign/Change Property.asp?id=SP-8849 http://www. Solution: The error will be corrected in STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. and click on Edit.reiworld.

mdb Japan : Japanesesections.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. other section databases are US AISC : AISCSections. When you installed STAAD on your computer. When you add sections to these databases from within STAAD. make a backup of it before you place the updated file. take uscoldformedsections.mdb Similarly.reiworld.com/Search. 2004.mdb European : Europeansections.asp?id=SP-8850 http://www. what file do I take from his machine. if you chose the default folder that the STAAD. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Since we have each installed STAAD on our individual computers. and where do I put it? Version: Build No: Solution: The US coldformed section database is contained in the file called uscoldformedsections. these files are typically located in X:\spro200n\staad\sections where X stands for the drive letter and "200n" in spro200n stands for the version number like 2003. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro's GUI. 2005.Pro installation program recommends.mdb etc. that information goes into one of those files. and are not running it from a network installation. We both work on the same project and so I too need to use that updated database.reiworld. etc.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8850 Date Posted: 1/18/2006 Issue: Where to place section database files Description: My colleague added a few channel sections to the US coldformed section database.mdb from your colleague's computer and put that in the corresponding location on yours. Since your machine already contains a file by that name (which was put there during the installation). as applicable for that country. So.mdb British : Britishsections.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=9076 31/05/2006 .

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8851 Date Posted: 1/23/2006

Description: Several beams in my model have been defined with multiple intermediate nodes. So, a beam which is say, 45 feet long, is defined as three segments of 15 feet each. Please tell me what I should do to perform the deflection check for the 45 feet span, instead of the individual 15 ft spans. The allowable deflection is based on the length of the sum of the segments expressed in inches divided by 500. Version: Build No: Solution: The article below explains the procedure. The STAAD input file used in the article is also attached. Deflection Check for multi-segmented Beams

Sample STAAD Input file

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8852 Date Posted: 1/23/2006

Description: I'm having a tough time editing member loads. What I am managing to do is remove or edit the loading from beams without deleting it entirely? Version: Build No: Solution: If you edit the load item from the General - Load page, all the members to which the load item is applied will rece

Since you want to change it for a specific member only, there are two methods for doing that. 1) Use the options of the Load Items page of Member Query. The article below is an extract from the software release report introduced.

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Editing Loads using Member Query

2) Use the Load Edit cursor. The article below describes the procedure. Editing Loads using the Load Edit Cursor

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8853 Known Bug Date Posted: 1/24/2006

Date Discovered: 12/5/2005

Classification: Severe

Version(s) Affected: STAAD.Pro 2005 Builds 1001 and 1002 Issue: Error in renumbering plate elements Description: For models containing plate elements in which some or all of those elements have been assigned element loads, the following error occurs. If the elements are renumbered using Geometry - Renumber - Plates, some places in the input data where the elements are referred to, such as the element load data, are not updated to reflect the new plate numbers. Hence, as a result of the renumbering, some of those elements could end up not having any loads, or the loads could end up being applied on nonexistent or wrong elements. Causes of Error(s): Programming error Affected Area(s): Model generation when plate elements are involved. Workaround (if any): One workaround, although an inconvenient one, is to renumber the plates before the loads are applied. Solution: The error will be fixed in STAAD.Pro 2005 Build 1003

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-8854 Date Posted: 2/1/2006

Issue: Graphically removing loads from members Description: How do I remove a load from a member without removing the load from the load case? Version: Build No: Solution: Please go through the document below. How do I remove a load from a member.pdf

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asp?id=SP-8858 http://www. Tell me how I can update an existing view.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8858 Date Posted: 2/13/2006 Issue: Adding Members to a Saved View Description: I have created and saved a View to which I want to add some more members.com/Search. Adding members to a Saved View Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld. I noticed that STAAD has an Add to View function but I am not sure how it works.asp?id=9084 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Version: Build No: Solution: Please see the article below for the procedure. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.

reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8859 Known Bug Date Posted: 2/14/2006 Date Discovered: 2/14/2006 Classification: Version(s) Affected: STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro 2004 Issue: Assigning Materials Description: When material data is assigned through the Graphical modeling mode. and some of the builds of STAAD. surfaces and solids in some situations. it fails to get applied to some members. It involves two steps : a) specifying the material data under the DEFINE MATERIAL block b) assigning it to the members. This problem occurs when the material is assigned along with the property or thickness from the General-Property page.asp?id=9085 31/05/2006 .Pro 2005 Build 1003 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. plates and solids under the CONSTANTS command.Pro 2005 Builds 1002 and 1001. or when it is assigned explicitly from the General-Material page. Causes of Error(s): Programming error Affected Area(s): Model generation Workaround (if any): Assign the material data through the editor.com/Search. Solution: The error will be fixed in STAAD.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-8859 http://www. plates.

ini 2) Codes.ini will be present on his/her machine by default. Since the Codes. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8861 Date Posted: 3/15/2006 Description: I have created my own set of "Auto Load Rules". he/she needs to replace that one with the one received from you. please use the following URL: http://www.ini Both these files can be found in the folder X:\spro2005\staad Your colleague too should place them in the same folder on his/her machine. So.asp?id=9087 31/05/2006 .reiworld. if you created one for Belgium. In this example. For example.asp?id=SP-8861 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. a file called BelgiumLoad.reiworld.ini is created. Is there a way to send that data to someone else so that they don't have to create it all over again on their machine? Version: 2005 Build No: 1002 Solution: The "Auto Load Rules" you created are saved in an . send them the following 2 files : 1) The INI file which contains the Auto Load Rules you created.INI file by that name. it would be the file called BelgiumLoad.com/Search.

add the appropriate unit as shown UNIT POUND FEET For example UNIT KIP FEET LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8862 Date Posted: 3/15/2006 Description: One issue that I have encountered is that if I go into the load function and realize that I have the wrong units specified. choose Edit Input Command File.asp?id=SP-8862 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. Scroll down till you see commands like LOAD 1 or LOAD 2 Prior to the load case which has the units error.reiworld.asp?id=9088 31/05/2006 .2 UNIT POUND LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 33 FX 400 UNIT KNS METER LOAD 3 MEMBER LOAD 45 UNI GY -3.0 MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 25 UNI GY -0. the units have not changed. Is there another way to change the units once you enter the loading functions? Version: Build No: Solution: From the Edit menu. I cannot change the units by going back to the geometry menus and selecting the correct units to use.com/Search.0 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. When I enter the loading menus again.reiworld.

please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.2004.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=9089 31/05/2006 .Pro 2004's first edition.reiworld.reiworld.e. Alternatively.asp?id=SP-8863 http://www. The process is far less painful if the hole is specified before the meshing process commences. The similar procedure should work for your model with a rectangular opening. the corners of the triangle) to simplify removal of the rectangular feature inside? The angle of the triangle is very odd and I am concerned about the nodes defining the rectangle being slightly out of plane if I try to set the construction grid manually based on the coordinates and angle of the triangle. Is there a way to orient the construction grid (for the "snap node/plate" feature) to align with three pre-defined nodes (i. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. unless your plate elements are aligned in a manner that exactly matches the boundary of the opening.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8863 Date Posted: 3/15/2006 Description: I am trying to cut a rectangular hole in an arbitrary triangular region in space which has been meshed with plates. It is explained in the section called AD.5 Enhanced Mesh Generator in the software release report for STAAD. read the description of the parametric mesh generator. Version: Build No: Solution: Using STAAD's graphical tools. it is quite difficult to insert an opening after the plate has been meshed. Please have a look at the solution described at the following link Meshing an Irregular Slab It deals with the meshing of a plate which has a circular opening.

Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro? Version: Build No: Solution: From the File menu of the main program screen. The dialog box that comes up has a facility to turn off the Autosave feature.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. See the attached figure.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=9091 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-8865 http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-8865 Date Posted: 3/16/2006 Description: How do I stop the Auto Save screen from appearing over and over again in Staad.reiworld.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld. select "Open Backup Manager".

Click on OK.reiworld.reiworld. The Assign option should be set to "To Selection". select the Plates Cursor.asp?id=SP-1308 http://www. Choose the Local Axis direction to point towards or away from the Reference Point. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1308 Date Posted: 6/13/2002 Issue: How to change the orientation of the local Z axis so that it points to the opposite direction Description: I would like to change the direction of the local Z axis of an element so that it points in the opposite direction. please use the following URL: http://www. From the Commands menu. How do I do it? Version: Build No: Solution: From the Select menu at the top. Then select the element for which you want the Z axis direction changed.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=1027 31/05/2006 . select Geometric Constants followed by Plate Reference Point and give the coordinates of this point.com/Search.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www. for plate elements.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1312 Date Posted: 10/26/2001 Issue: What is the difference between the normal contour method and the enhanced contour method for Plate Elements ? Description: In STAADPRO.asp?id=1031 31/05/2006 .reiworld.asp?id=SP-1312 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. The contour regions are located along the edges of the plate & the diagonal between each node & the center point. This method will take longer to complete as twice as many data points are calculated when compared to the normal contour method. The enhanced contour method uses the same points as the normal contour method plus an additional mid point stress along each edge of the plate. This additional mid point stress is calculated using the interpolation of all the plate center stresses associated with that edge. what is the difference between the normal contour method and the enhanced contour method? Version: Build No: Solution: The normal contour method uses stress points at each corner of the plate along with the center stress to calculate contours.

and the user wishes to instruct STAAD that the end nodes of the larger beam are to be used in the evaluation of L/d.0. if that member is a component segment of a larger beam. and that leads to the unity check exceeding 1. rather than the local deflection. if a user wishes to instruct the program that L/d cannot be smaller than 900. The value is reported against the term "dff".reiworld. The default value for DFF is 0. That is because. However. A pictorial representation of DJ1 and DJ2. the member is assumed to have failed the deflection check. that means that the displacements exceeds the allowable limit. DFF : This is the value which indicates the allowable limit for L/d ratio. STAAD will then check that quantity against the allowable limit which the user specifies under the PARAMETERS option. as well additional information on these topics is available under the "Notes" section following Table 2. DJ1 and DJ2 : These 2 quantities affect the "L" as well as the "d" in the calculated L/d ratio. Notice that the expression is in lower-case letters as opposed to the upper-case "DFF" which stands for the allowable L/d. Print this Page Close Window http://www. The ratio of length to maximum deflection of a beam (L/d ratio) will be calculated by STAAD. They represent node numbers that form the basis for determining L and d. if this parameter is not specified as an input. unless the RATIO parameter is set to a value higher than 1. What are the limitations of this check? Since the "d" in L/d is the local deflection. this approach is not applicable in the case of a member which deflects like a cantilever beam. By default. the L/d ratio calculated for the member can be obtained in the STAAD output file.0. the "d" in L/d is calculated as the maximum local displacement of the member between the points DJ1 and DJ2. as well as in Example problem # 13 in the STAADPro Examples Manual.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. the distance between DJ1 and DJ2. then he/she may input DJ1 and DJ2 as the end nodes of the larger beam. Also.42 of the STAADPro Technical Reference Manual.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1486 Date Posted: 10/26/2001 Description: Can you provide me with some help on how I can include deflection check as one of the criteria in steel design? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Deflection of a beam or a column can be included as one of the criteria during code checking or member selection with most steel design codes in STAAD. DJ1 and DJ2 are the start and end nodes of the member for which the design is being performed. In other words. the maximum deflection in a cantilever beam is the absolute quantity at the free end.asp?id=1081 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. What are the design parameters which control deflection check ? 1. the DFF value should be specified as 900. If "DFF" divided by "dff" exceeds the value of the parameter RATIO.0. For example. Since the deflection which is checked is a span deflection and not a node displacement. and "L" is the length of the member. If "dff" is smaller than "DFF". a deflection check will not be performed.1 in Section 2.8 of the STAADPro Technical Reference Manual. What are the results one gets from STAAD for the deflection check? If the steel design parameter called TRACK is set to 2. namely. 2. the check is also not useful if the user wishes to limit story drift on a structure. The definition of local displacement is available in Section 5. This is usually a cause for failure.

reiworld.asp?id=1081 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1486 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.

com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www. At the start node. it is due to a load acting along the local X axis of the member. and a negative value indicates axial compression.reiworld. The difference in magnitude of the axial forces at start and end should be equal to the load acting along the local X axis of the member. Generally.reiworld. and a negative value indicates axial tension. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. At the end node. why is it that sometimes the numerical values of these two are the same and sometimes they are not? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: There are two values because member end force output consists of the forces and moments at the start node as well as at the end node of the member.asp?id=SP-1487 http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1487 Date Posted: 10/26/2001 Description: In the member end forces output. A typical example of this is a column (vertical member) subjected to selfweight loading. why are two values being reported for axial forces? Also.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=1082 31/05/2006 . if the values at the start and at the end are not the same in magnitude. a positive value indicates axial tension. a positive value of the axial force indicates axial compression.

On this model. An instability is a condition where a load applied on the structure is not able to make its way into the supports because no paths exist for the load to flow through. where cable members are pinned supported at their base will also generate these warnings for the rotational d.o.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. and may result in a lack of equilibrium between the applied load and the support reaction.f. What is the usefulness of these messages : A zero stiffness message can be a tool for investigating the cause of instabilities in the model. A tower held down by cables.o.o. A zero stiffness message can tell us whether any of those d. These warnings can also appear when other structural conditions such as member releases and element releases deprive the structure of stiffness at the associated nodes along the global translational or rotational directions. If the structure is defined as STAAD PLANE. it will result in a warning along the MZ d. these zero stiffness warning messages will appear. It means that the structural conditions which exist at that node and degree of freedom result in the structure having no ability to resist a load acting along that d. STAAD verifies that no active degree of freedom (d. that point may not be a trouble-spot.f. at all nodes where you have only solids. These are warnings and not errors because : The reason why these conditions are reported as warnings and not errors is due to the fact that they may not necessarily be detrimental to the proper transfer of loads from the structure to the supports.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1496 Date Posted: 10/26/2001 Description: What does a zero stiffness warning message in the STAAD output file mean? Version: Build No: Solution: Definition of a zero stiffness condition : The procedure used by STAAD in calculating displacements and forces in a structure is the stiffness method.f.f are obstacles to the flow of the load. one for each of MX.asp?id=1091 31/05/2006 . If no load acts at and along the d. at the supported nodes of the cables.o. Solid elements have no rotational stiffness at their nodes. if a joint exists where the only structural components connected at that node are truss members.o. So. there is no rotational stiffness at that node along any of the global d.f.o. defined as a PLANE or SPACE frame.f.o.f) has a zero value.o. During this process. and perhaps additional warnings for the translational d. A warning message is printed in the STAAD output file highlighting the node number and the d.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. MY and MZ. If it were declared as STAAD SPACE.f at that node. Examples of cases which give rise to these conditions : Consider a frame structure where some of the members are defined to be trusses. One of the steps involved in this method is the assembly of the global stiffness matrix.reiworld. there will be at least 3 warnings.o.o.f at which the zero stiffness condition exists. because a zero value could be a potential cause of instability in the model along that d.f where the stiffness is zero. http://www.

reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=1091 31/05/2006 .reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1496 http://www.

or as a sinusoidal loading as shown in example 22. that will be modelled using plate elements.asp?id=1127 31/05/2006 .reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1532 Date Posted: 10/26/2001 Description: Can I carryout a machine foundation analysis using STAAD PRO (Embedded Block foundation and Pile foundation)? Version: 2001 Build No: ALL Solution: The answer is Yes.com/Search. If the machinery sits on a slab.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. which may be modelled as springs.asp?id=SP-1532 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. The piles have to be modelled as columns. either as discrete time-force pairs as shown in example 16. The dynamic loads due to the machinery will be modelled as forcing function loading. The supports for the model are going to be the resistance (based on subgrade modulus) offered by the soil.

the basic property values of the section can be assigned through the simple PRISMATIC property type (See sections 5.20 and 5. Moments of Inertia. there is presently no direct facility for defining built-up sections like the one above.20.20 of the STAAD. one would have to first calculate the basic properties such as Area. A way around this limitation is to use one of the methods explained below: Method 1: A user table GENERAL section: The user provided table (UPT) is a facility by which one can define non-standard standalone sections. Details of this facility are available in sections 5. An example that illustrates the graphical method of creating and assigning these sections is available at http://www. However. or the user table GENERAL type.reiworld. How do I assign a cross section of this type to a member? Version: Build No: Solution: The steel section databases available in STAAD contain most of the standard section types available in the market. Arbitrary shaped sections will have to be defined through either the user table PRISMATIC type.19 and 5. Consequently. (one may use the Section Wizard program to simplify the task of calculating these values) before one can assign them. etc. not built-up sections.2 of the http://www. However.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro Examples manual.com/Support/Pro/SearchSolution.reiworld. as well as arbitrary shaped sections.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD.Pro Technical Reference Manual. An example that shows the usage of UPT sections is available in problem 17 of the STAAD. the sections available through this facility are stand-alone sections.asp?id=1155 31/05/2006 .Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1560 Date Posted: 11/2/2001 Description: Some of the beams in my model are built-up steel sections comprised of a channel on top of a wide flange as shown below.asp?pid=136 Method 2: An ordinary prismatic section type: If one wants to avoid the tedium of creating a user provided table. A built-up section can be classified as an arbitrary shaped section.. Torsion Constant.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.asp?id=SP-1488 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=SP-1560 http://www. Graphically.reiworld. etc.reiworld. An example that shows this is available in problem 8 of the STAAD.Pro Technical Reference manual). Moments of Inertia. Again.com/Search. this type is created through the dialog boxes shown below. (one may use the Section Wizard program to simplify the task) before one can assign them. Torsion Constant.Pro Examples manual.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 STAAD. Related topics : http://www. please use the following URL: http://www. one would have to first calculate the basic properties such as Area..com/Search.asp?id=1155 31/05/2006 .

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1566 Date Posted: 11/20/2001 Description: I would like to obtain the support reactions of my model in a Microsoft Excel friendly format.asp?id=SP-1566 http://www. leave the option "List with no sort done" unchanged. The support reaction table should now appear in the Excel sheet. Start Microsoft Excel and open a new document.asp?id=1161 31/05/2006 . there are 3 tabs.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www. From the Report menu. If you do not want any sorting performed. Click on OK. select the load cases for which you wish to see the results. select Post Processing. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. click the right mouse button and choose Copy or simply type Ctrl-C. Can you tell me how? Version: 2001 Build No: ALL Solution: Run the Analysis. Click on the cell called Node. Click on the cell A-1 and select Paste.reiworld. select the criteria for sorting. In the Sorting tab. In the Loading tab. From the Select menu. In the dialog box which appears.com/Search. The reaction values will be displayed in a table. select Support Reactions. From the Mode menu. To copy the contents of the table.reiworld. The entire table will be selected (highlighted in black). choose "By Specification | All Supports".

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1630 Date Posted: 1/11/2002 Description: What is the LX parameter used for? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The LX is the parameter used in calculating the axial compression capacity for flexural torsional buckling Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=1227 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1630 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.

How do I do this? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You can do the following to compute the capacity of the concrete section: Model the strucuture.asp?id=1231 31/05/2006 . please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search. Specify the existing profile to the member properties Specify all the required member specification and Support condition Specify the load on the strucutre Specify the Concrete design parameters Specify the parameter MinMain and Maxmain to the provided bar size Do the design Check the results.asp?id=SP-1634 http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1634 Date Posted: 1/11/2002 Description: For an existing concrete member. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Adjust the load and redo the design until the reinforcement matches with the provided steel. I need to compute the capacity of the section.

exe US SProStaadUS.Pro and then export them back to Frameworks when I am done analysing them? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: To use Frameworks with STAAD Pro.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1699 Date Posted: 1/13/2002 Description: Can I take files from Frameworks to STAAD. Design Codes STAAD Executable Name -----------.exe Indian SProStaadInd.asp?id=SP-1699 http://www.exe Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. if you have installed STAAD/Pro Rel 2. then for US codes the Posta.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.exe US + TT Codes SProStaadTT.exe US + Aluminum + TT SProStaadUSAlTT. The following is the list of STAAD executable names for different design codes.reiworld.exe Canadian SProStaadCn.ini file so that it points to appropriate STAAD executable.exe The STAAD executables will be in the /STAAD/SProStaad directory.com/Search. For example.exe German SProStaadGer.0 in C:\SPRO2_0 directory.Ini files in directory where FrameWorks PLUS executable is located.exe Indian SProStaadJp.---------------------British SProStaadBr.exe and Posta. You must have STAAD/Pro already installed on your system.reiworld. Step 2: Modify "ExeName" entry in the Posta.ini file should look like [StaadExe] ExeName=C:\SPRO2_0\Staad\SProStaad\SProStaadUS. please do the following: Step 1: Copy Posta.asp?id=1300 31/05/2006 .

The data may be brought into a new STAAD file or an existing STAAD file. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Plate or Solid sub-page depending upon the type of information you wish to bring in.reiworld. You should see the numbers you copied from Excel appear in those cells. and choose the Beam. plate incidence or solid incidence data. please use the following URL: http://www. plate element incidences. open a new file or an existing file.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. namely. come into the STAAD program. For beam incidence.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1741 Date Posted: 1/16/2002 Description: Can you please tell me how to transfer data from EXCEL to STAAD-PRO? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The only data which can presently be transferred from Excel to STAAD is the geometry information.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=1348 31/05/2006 . joint coordinates. click on the appropriate starting cell in the Beam Tables. close the Snap/Node dialog box which is open on the right hand side of the screen. click on the appropriate starting cell in the Node Tables grid on the right side.com/Search. and choose Copy from Excel's edit menu. and type Ctrl+V or select paste from the Edit menu. Next. To do this. and type Ctrl+V or select paste from the Edit menu. and solid element incidences. Plate Tables or Solid Tables grids on the right side. If you are looking to bring it into a New file.asp?id=SP-1741 http://www.reiworld. For copying the joint coordinate data. Select the Geometry page from the left side of the screen. member incidences. Accordingly. first select the cells in Excel where you have the numbers.

select the units you desire and click on OK.asp?id=SP-1755 http://www. The values are displayed in inch units. I want them in "cms" units.reiworld. These are known as the display units. To set the display units for the node displacements.reiworld. select Options .Structure units. I go to the View menu.com/Search. and select the load cases for which I want to see the values.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. select Tables | Node Displacements. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1755 Date Posted: 1/21/2002 Description: After running the analysis.asp?id=1362 31/05/2006 . Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The unit system in which results are displayed on the tables is set using the facilities available under the View Options menu. Changing the units using Tools | Set Current Unit doesn't seem to make a difference. In the category called Displacement.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please do the following : In the View menu. please use the following URL: http://www.

Negative = Opposite to local Y axis Moment-Z (MZ) : Positive = Along local Z axis. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Positive at the end node indicates tension at the end node. Negative at the end node indicates compression at the end node. please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld. Negative = Opposite to local Z axis For axial forces. Negative = Opposite to local X axis Shear-Y (FY) : Positive = Along local Y axis.asp?id=1367 31/05/2006 . Negative at the start node indicates tension at the start node. Negative = Opposite to local X axis Moment-Y (MY) : Positive = Along local Y axis.asp?id=SP-1760 http://www. Negative = Opposite to local Y axis Shear-Z (FZ) : Positive = Along local Z axis.reiworld.com/Search. Positive at the start node indicates compression at the start node.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1760 Date Posted: 1/22/2002 Description: What are the sign conventions for moments in a 3-D structure? Version: Build No: Solution: The sign conventions are as follows: Axial (FX) : Positive = Along local X axis. Negative = Opposite to local Z axis Torsion (MX) : Positive = Along local X axis.

e.ini.asp?id=SP-1763 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. STAADPRO20010.asp?id=1371 31/05/2006 . Change "QL" from 1 to 0.ini).com/Search.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1763 Date Posted: 1/22/2002 Description: How can I remove the REI logo from my report? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Go to the StaadPro ini file (i. It should be in your Windows folder. STAADPRO20000.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www.

4) Go to Edit \ Copy 5) Open up the second std file. press down the left mouse button and release it when you reach another endpoint such that everything inside is what you want to select. A cursor with circles on either side should now appear.the one you want to paste onto 6) Go to Edit \ (Beam. To create the window go to one endpoint. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. select the "Reference Pt" button.com/Search. Press OK The model has now been copied/merged to the new file..reiworld. b) In the "Specify reference point" window specify the reference point by clicking on that point c) Click the "OK" button.reiworld.) depending on what you are trying to copy. A dialog box comes up. inside of which everything will be highlighted. etc.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. etc.the one with the model to copy from 2) Select the appropriate cursor (beam. please use the following URL: http://www."Paste with Move" 7) If you want the copied model to be pasted starting from the origin." (Appropriate cursor) 3) Select all or whatever part of the model you want to copy. press the "OK" button. You can do this by going "Select\ .Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1767 Date Posted: 1/22/2002 Description: How can I merge 2 models together? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: 1) Open up the first std file. ) Paste. plate. Plate. This can be done by creating a window.asp?id=SP-1767 http://www.asp?id=1378 31/05/2006 . a) If you want the model pasted somewhere else.. d) Reselect the reference point e) The "Paste with Move" dialog box comes up.

reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1784 Date Posted: 1/22/2002 Description: I am using STAAD to perform steel design on a member per the AISC ASD code.com/Search.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. If you want to specify the unbraced length for the purpose of computing allowable stresses in axial compression.1 of the STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www. use the parameters LY and LZ.Pro Technical Reference Manual for details. How do I correct this problem? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The parameters UNT and UNB are for specifying the unsupported length of the compression flange for the purpose of computing allowable stresses in bending compression.asp?id=1394 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-1784 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. See Table 2. I have set the UNT and UNB values to 20 ft.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. I want the column to be designed based on an unbraced length of 20 ft. but STAAD appears to consider only a 10 feet length in its KL/r calculations.

9 ALL CHECK CODE ALL Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1708 Date Posted: 1/23/2002 Description: I'm trying to modeling lateral supports in the roof members. You may also wish to refer to example problem 1 of the examples manual under the command PARAMETERS. please use the following URL: http://www.1 of Section 2 of the STAAD.asp?id=SP-1708 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Instead.2 MEMB 3 4 LY 25 MEMB 3 4 LZ 20 MEMB 5 6 UNT 15 MEMB 8 TO 15 RATIO 0. UNT and UNB. you provide the information by specifying the distance between points where the roof members are restrained against LTB.reiworld. It does not necessarily prevent a physical displacement at that point on the roof member whose flange is being restrained.0 ALL KY 1.asp?id=1309 31/05/2006 .85 ALL BEAM 1. Beam members are tapered sections. You will find an explanation of these in Table 2. The values you may wish to specify are the terms LY.Pro Technical Reference Manual.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. LZ. as in the example below : PERFORM ANALYSIS PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0. Nodes 3 9 to 16 and 4 17 to 24 are zee purlins on the roof. how do I modeling the zee purlins as lateral stability? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The lateral support information is generally not specified through supports because it typically acts only as a mechanism for preventing lateral torsional buckling (LTB) of the flange it is connected to.reiworld. Using the support command.

By definition. STAAD designs the element for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of the element. The design of that element hence has to be done on the basis of a unit width. since that is what they are. as in 43.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1791 Date Posted: 1/26/2002 Description: When I perform concrete design on an element.5 KN-m/m. The results are hence in the form Area of steel/unit-width of element. They have units of Force-length/length.MM/MM"..5 KNmm/mm.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Thus. or 43. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.. one needs to use a one metre width of slab. "SQ. in order to design an element for a 43. or DESIGN SLAB .5 KN-m.5 KN-m/m moment.reiworld.asp?id=SP-1791 http://www.asp?id=1400 31/05/2006 . the output reports reinforcement in terms of "SQ. please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search. if you take a one metre width of the slab at the centroid of the element in question.reiworld.MM/MM". In other words. the moment over that one metre width on that element is equal to 43. as in. Can you please explain why? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When you ask for an element design or a slab design using the commands DESIGN ELEMENT .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. The reinforcement required for that element is thus reported in terms of unit width of the element. MX and MY are termed as Moments per Unit width.

asp?id=SP-1792 http://www. to find the following maxima : Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum positive Mx negative Mx positive My negative My The element is then designed for all those four quantities. "TRANS. and is denoted in the output by the expression "LONG. The output will consist of the steel area required for all of four maximas.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.".Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1792 Date Posted: 1/26/2002 Description: When I perform concrete design on an element. and a "bottom" face. The output report of reinforcement provided on those faces contains the terms "TOP" for top face. the rules governing provision of reinforcement for shrinkage and temperature are used in calculating minimum reinforcement. or if the reinforcement required to resist that moment is less than the capacity of the element with minimum reinforcement. The reinforcement calculated to resist Mx is called longitudinal reinforcement.com/Search. As described earlier. The reinforcement calculated to resist My is called transverse reinforcement. the program first scans through all the active load cases. please use the following URL: http://www.". The procedure used by the program to arrive at these quantities is as follows : For each element. "BOTT. For the ACI code.". etc. they will be reported using the terms LONG. and the steel for transverse moment is the inner layer. and compression on the other.asp?id=1401 31/05/2006 . and is denoted in the output by the expression "TRANS.".".reiworld. "TOP". Every element has a "top" face. A similar effect will be caused by My. TOP and BOTT. REINF. The rules applicable for design of a beam for flexure are used in calculating the steel areas. REINF. For determination of the effective depth.reiworld. REINF. The sign of Mx and My will determine which face of the element the steel has to be provided on. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. If any of these moments happen to be zero. the output contains expressions such as "LONG. TRANSVERSE. Can you explain what these terms mean? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The design of an element involves determination of the reinforcement for moments Mx and My at the centroid of the element. REINF. and "BOTT" for the bottom face. as defined by the direction of the local Z axis of the elements. Mx will cause tension on one of those faces. only minimum reinforcement is provided. the steel for longitudinal moment is assumed to be the outer layer. The width used in this calculation is a unit width of the element.

In the Results Setup dialog box. switch on the “Absolute Values” option. Select Moment-Z as the degree of freedom to be used as the basis for sorting. From the left side of the screen. Keep the sorting order as “List from High to Low”. go to the Beam | Forces page. select Report | Beam End Forces. The Beam End Force dialog box will appear. From the top of the screen. sorted from high to low.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. select only those load cases that are the combination cases. select Mode | Post Processing.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1564 Date Posted: 1/27/2002 Description: Is there a way to obtain a report of the moment Mz at the beam ends for load combination cases. If you want sorting to be done on the basis of absolute values and not algebraic values. select the beams for which you want the results. http://www.asp?id=1159 31/05/2006 . Using one of the standard selection methods. for some of the beams in the model? Version: 2001 Build No: ALL Solution: From the top of the screen.

Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=1159 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 Click on OK. The values will be displayed in a tabular form.reiworld.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1564 http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1793 Date Posted: 1/27/2002 Description: I am performing concrete design for a beam per the ACI code. At the start as well as the end nodes of the member. That will result in (d+SFACE) and (d+EFACE) becoming zero.reiworld. The default value for SFACE and EFACE is 0. The basis for this assumption can be found in Section 11.1 that these are values which the user may specify to convey to STAAD how far the face of the member is from the nodes of the member.com/Search.asp?id=1402 31/05/2006 . in your input file.asp?id=SP-1793 http://www. specify these parameters along the following lines : START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI SFACE -d MEMB 110 EFACE -d MEMB 110 DESIGN BEAM 110 END CONCRETE DESIGN where "d" is the effective depth of the member.0. "d" is the effective depth of the member. you can set the values for SFACE and EFACE to be negative quantities equal in magnitude to "d". So. under the START CONCRETE DESIGN command.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Why is that? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: STAAD performs concrete design for shear and torsion at locations defined by (d + SFACE) from the start of the member and (d+EFACE) from the end of the member respectively.1 of ACI 318-95. the value "Vu" which is reported in the shear design output does not match the shear force Fy from the member end force output. which means that the design will be performed at the nodal points of the member. please use the following URL: http://www. If you want the shear & torsion design to be performed using the member end forces (the nodal values) and not those at the location mentioned in the previous paragraph.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. you will see in Chapter 3 of the STAAD.3.reiworld. In case you are not familiar with the parameters SFACE and EFACE.Pro Technical Reference Manual in Table 3.

1 of the STAAD. For example. This column will be unstable in torsion but can be safely "fixed" by STAAD with a weak torsional spring. There is some explanation available in Section 1. this singularity can safely be "fixed" by STAAD with a weak torsional spring. as follows : ***WARNING . _______________________________________________________________________________ Question : If there are instability messages. if STAAD adds a weak spring.reiworld.000E-09 THE ABOVE CONDITIONS COULD ALSO BE CAUSED BY VERY STIFF OR VERY WEAK ELEMENTS AS WELL AS TRUE SINGULARITIES. Question : I have analyzed a structure and find that there are instability messages in the . In this case.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 26 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 5.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1794 Date Posted: 1/27/2002 Description: Do you have any information I can use in understanding instability messages? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Three questions and their answers are provided below to help explain this issue.Pro Technical Reference Manual for the typical cause of instabilities. If there is no torque applied.3274384E+03 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0. Similarly a column that is at a pinned support will sometimes be connected to members that all have releases such that they cannot transmit moments that cause torsion in the column. and causes excessive displacements at that degree of freedom. an applied load acts along an unstable degree of freedom. a section of a structure has members that are overly released to the point where that section can rotate with respect to the rest of the structure.0000000E+00 EQN NO 127 ***NOTE .18.anl (output) file. sometimes an engineer will release the MX torsion in a single beam or at the ends of a series of members such that technically the members are unstable in torsion.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. and may result in a lack of equilibrium between the applied load and the support reaction. WHEN A DECOMPOSED DIAGONAL IS LESS THAN THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR TIMES THE ORIGINAL STIFFNESS MATRIX DIAGONAL. Sometimes however. are there any simple checks to verify whether my analysis results are satisfactory? Answer : http://www. Another way of saying it is. does it mean my analysis results may be unsatisfactory? Answer : There are many situations where instabilities are unimportant and the STAAD approach of adding a weak spring is an ideal solution to the problem. there may be large displacements because there are loads in the section that are in the direction of the extremely weak spring. STAAD PRINTS A SINGULARITY NOTICE. THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR IS 1. What is the significance of such messages? Answer : An instability is a condition where a load applied on the structure is not able to make its way into the supports because no paths exist for the load to flow through. ______________________________________________________________________________ Question : If there are instability messages.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. You will find it under the heading "Modeling and Numerical Instability Problems".VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY **NOTE** STAAD DETECTS INSTABILITIES AS EXCESSIVE LOSS OF SIGNIFICANT DIGITS DURING DECOMPOSITION.asp?id=1403 31/05/2006 .

a) A static equilibrium check. for every primary load case that has been solved for : ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD ( KG METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 1 ) SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.00499E-04 25 Y = -3. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=1403 31/05/2006 .84 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. This check will tell us whether all the applied loading flowed through the model into the supports.23 MY= 0. the structure will undergo excessive deflections at that degree of freedom. This check will tell us whether the displacements in the model are within reasonable limits.07535E-03 8 Go through these numbers to ensure that i) The "TOTAL APPLIED LOAD" values and "TOTAL REACTION LOAD" values are equal and opposite. The STAAD output file will contain a report similar to the following.52966E-04 5 RY= 1.18980E-01 12 Z = 1. ii) The "MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS" are within reasonable limits.reiworld.00 MZ= -3598.50 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING 1) MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 291.00 MZ= 3598.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 There are 2 important checks that should be carried out if instability messages are present.reiworld.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -291. One may use the PRINT STATICS CHECK option in conjunction with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command to obtain a report of both the results mentioned in the above checks.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = -817.22373E-04 23 RZ= 1. A satisfactory result would require that the applied loading be in equilibrium with the support reactions.com/Search.50 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KG METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 1 ) SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.asp?id=SP-1794 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 817.84 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. b) The joint displacement check.18670E-02 23 RX= 1. If a load passes through a corresponding unstable degree of freedom.23 MY= 0.

asp?id=1431 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-1816 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1816 Date Posted: 1/29/2002 Description: When one does the AISC code check or member selection.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. what are the calculations the program is performing? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The checks done as per the AISC ASD 9th edition code are : 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Slenderness .com/Search.Checks for KL/r limits per Chapter B Local Buckling per Chapter B Axial Compression + Bending per Section H Axial Tension + Bending per Section H Shear per Section F Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. At the end STAAD is attempting to output the number of modes listed on the last CUT OFF MODE command.asp?id=SP-1817 http://www. For example. STAAD defaults to 6 modes. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=1432 31/05/2006 .Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1817 Date Posted: 1/29/2002 Description: How do I use the CUT OFF MODE command? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Please ensure that the CUT OFF MODE command is before the first load case and do not enter it after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. CUT OFF Mode 7 LOAD 1 MODAL RESPONSE IN X SELFWEIGHT X 1 *SELFWEIGHT Y 1 *SELFWEIGHT Z 1 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS *CUT OFF Mode 7 FINISH In this example.reiworld. without a CUT OFF MODE command before the PERFORM ANALYSIS.

asp?id=1451 31/05/2006 . Say you have a wall with uniform pressure. length etc. will improve the element stress and load distribution. A better alternative would be to compare the forces at the node rather than the stresses at the node. of the side of the elements adjacent to the support. The same will be true for the element force output of transverse forces. the output will consist of FX.MY.reiworld. and support reactions are in the global axis system.asp?id=SP-1834 http://www. In STAAD. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The element nodal stresses are obtained as the value of the stress polynomial at the coordinates of those joints.Pro. Staad computes the equivalent forces at the corner joints (same total force. However. temperature loads are applied internally to the element and plate releases will affect the load distribution to the joints.MZ with the 3 forces having units of force (not stress) and the 3 moments have units of moment (not moment per unit width).Pro 2001. center of force. Stresses in an element are most accurately determined only at the center of the element (in the middle of the joint displacement locations used in calculating that stress). Another consideration is the way in which element loads are evaluated and used. the comparison you suggest is not feasible. The transverse shears are OK at the center and too small at the base.com/Search.MX. you will require version 2001 of STAAD. to do so.. However. If I divide the support reaction values by the thickness.FZ.FY. shouldn't the values match the ELEMENT NODAL STRESSES? I am aware of the fact that element stresses are in the local axis system of the element. the output for the command PRINT ELEMENT FORCES consists of the 3 forces and 3 moments at each of the nodes of the elements. The remainder of the analysis and results are as if you had applied the loads as joint loads rather than as element loads. The stress values calculated at the nodes will only be approximate (only the displacements of the joints from this one element are used in calculating the stress).com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. the other half is applied to the line of joints at the top of these elements. and direction). Stresses at a joint would be improved if the stresses from the other elements at the joint (on the same surface) were averaged. Thus. those values must be equal to the support reaction.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Consequently. Half of the load on the elements along the base will be applied directly to the base. If you add up the values at the nodes of those elements which are connected to the support. the reactions will have the entire force.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1834 Date Posted: 1/30/2002 Description: I have a model where supports are defined at the nodes of some of the plate elements in the structure. So the internal transverse shears are too high at the top of the element. and near the base in particular. please use the following URL: http://www. reported in the global axis system. Two exceptions. A finer mesh in general. and am making the required transformations before making the comparison.reiworld.

does STAAD take into consideration the effect of L/rt while calculating the allowable bending stress? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The effect of L/rt is indeed being taken into consideration while calculating the allowable bending stress.asp?id=SP-1863 http://www.com/Search.asp?id=1480 31/05/2006 . The L used for this purpose is the value specified for the unsupported length of the compression flange through the input parameters UNT and UNB. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1863 Date Posted: 2/1/2002 Description: When performing steel design per the AISC 9th edition ASD code.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. as per Section F of the specifications of the code.reiworld.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1864 Date Posted: 2/1/2002 Description: I am looking at Section 5. For the “RA” option.Pro Technical Reference Manual.2 of the STAAD. I have 2 options to choose from . In general. when y is the major axis.5.reiworld.20. and the local Y is the m be observed in Figure 1.reiworld. and the local Z is the minor axis.the “ST” option and the “RA” option. the local Z is the major axis. An extract from that figure is show Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. What is the difference between these optio Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The difference has to do with the way in which the local Y and Z axes of the angle are defined.Pro Technical Reference Manual.6 in Section 1. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=SP-1864 http://www.1 of the STAAD. If I want to assign a single angle my model.com/Search.asp?id=1481 31/05/2006 .

the joint coordinate data and member incidence data are written into the .reiworld. separated by semi-colons.open the input file.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1510 Date Posted: 2/1/2002 8:45:05 AM Description: When I save a file from the STAAD.Input File Format.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Is there some setting in the program to facilitate this? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Close all input files. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Then. choose File .asp?id=1105 31/05/2006 . Click on Accept.std file in such a manner that there are several entries per line. From the File menu.asp?id=SP-1510 http://www.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. This setting will ensure that all desired data will henceforth be saved in the single line format. select Configure .com/Search.Pro GUI. please use the following URL: http://www. Switch on the items for which you wish to have the single line format.Open . I would like it to be written in a way that the joint coordinate data is written as one joint per line and the member incidence data is written as one member per line. Click on Save.

the dead weight puts it into compression. please use the following URL: http://www.com/Search.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1848 Date Posted: 2/1/2002 8:59:45 AM Description: Why do tension-only members fail when kl/r is less than 300? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: It is probably due to the fact that. the end of the beam is so close to compression that.asp?id=1465 31/05/2006 .0.asp?id=SP-1848 http://www.reiworld. To alleviate this you can turn off the slenderness test by setting the MAIN parameter to 1.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 3 STAAD.2 LOAD 5 TEMPERATURE LOAD 15 17 TEMP 40.after factoring them by the user specified factors. element pressure loads. etc. Talking about load combinations. joint loads. temperature loads. http://www. Why? Version: Build No: Solution: Before we can explain why.asp?id=1098 31/05/2006 .0 -25. LOAD 3 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3. Primary load cases A primary load case is one where the load data is directly specified by the user in the form of member loads. but instead asks the program to add up the results of the component cases . in Section 5. notes Item (2) mentions that the LOAD COMBINATION command is inappropriate for a PDELTA analysis.35 of the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. It is characterized by the title which has the syntax LOAD COMBINATION n where "n" is the case number of the combination load case. There are two types of load cases in STAAD : Primary load cases.reiworld. and Combination load cases.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1503 Date Posted: 2/3/2002 11:19:07 AM Issue: MEMBER TENSION and combination load cases Description: I understand that one should use the REPEAT LOAD command and not the LOAD COMBINATION command when analysing a model for cases where the MEMBER TENSION or MEMBER COMPRESSION command has been used. It is characterized by the fact that the data generally follow a title which has the syntax LOAD n where "n" is the load case number. we first need to understand a few facts about loads in STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.5 LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD 23 PR GY -1.4 JOINT LOAD 10 FX 12. and that one should use REPEAT LOADs instead.which are defined prior to the combination case .0 Combination load case Here. For example. This appears to be true for NON-LINEAR analysis also. the user does not directly specify the load data.

gathers the results of load case 4. and Which category does is belong to? A Repeat Load type is a Primary load case. Those displacements are then used to calculate the member forces and support reactions.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 3 LOAD COMBINATION 40 3 1. the structure is NOT actually analysed for a combination load case. STAAD internally converts the REPEAT LOAD case 10 to the following : LOAD 10 ELEMENT LOAD 23 PR GY -1. With a REPEAT LOAD case however. A load vector {P} is first created.reiworld. For a load combination case.6.asp?id=1098 31/05/2006 .0 -42.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. In the example shown above. Thus. a COMBINATION LOAD case http://www. factors them by 1. the structure IS analysed for that load case {P}. factors them by 1.7 STAAD creates a physical load case called 10 whose contents will include all of the data of load case 4 factored by 1.68 TEMPERATURE LOAD 15 17 TEMP 68. 4 and 5. In other words. Thus.3. Why should the difference in the way STAAD treats a REPEAT LOAD case vs.2.2 4 1. STAAD simply ALGEBRAICALLY COMBINES THE RESULTS of the component cases after factoring them. when you specify LOAD 10 REPEAT LOAD 4 1. and later.6 5 1. when the program runs into this command.joint displacements.4. That is because.7. member forces and support reactions. that load vector gets premultiplied by the inverted stiffness matrix. and adds them all together. gathers the results of load case 5. If we use the same data used in the definition of the primary load case above. It just needs to know what the results of those cases are. it physically creates the load data for this case by assembling together the load information from all the component load cases (after factoring them by the respective load factors) which the user wants to "REPEAT". factors them by 1. the procedure followed is that which occurs for any other primary load case.3 What is a REPEAT LOAD type. it gathers the results of load case 3. Thus.4 5 1. it has no need to know what exactly is it that constitues load cases 3. in order to obtain the results of load 10. [Kinv] {P} to obtain the joint displacements.5 What is the difference between a REPEAT LOAD case and LOAD COMBINATION? The difference lies in the way STAAD goes about calculating the results . and all of the data of load case 5 factored by 1.

or a NONLINEAR analysis.it should make no difference whether you specify REPEAT or COMBINATION.Research Engineers International Page 3 of 3 matter? Normally. (Results of Load A) + (Results of Load B) is not equal to (Results of Load (A+B)) Take the case of a PDelta analysis.asp?id=SP-1503 http://www.which is what a PERFORM ANALYSIS command does .asp?id=1098 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.. A REPEAT LOAD case achieves that. or cases involving MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION. In other words. it matters. If they do not act simultaneously.com/Search. The P-Delta effect comes about from the interaction of the vertical load and the horizontal load. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. However. That is because. the results of those individual cases acting simultaneously IS NOT the same as the summation of the results of those individual cases acting alone. A COMBINATION load case does not. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld. if you are doing a linear static analysis . And the only way to make them act simultaneously is to get the program to compute the displacement with both loads being present in a single load case. there is no P-Delta effect. if you are doing a PDELTA analysis. etc. in those situations.

each primary load case should be followed by 'CHANGE ' & 'PERFORM ANALYSIS' commands.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=1483 31/05/2006 . The total number of primary load cases being solved for. A member declared as a MEMBER TENSION carries axial force only and thus the MEMBER RELEASE command should not be used with it. 4. 2.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www. The REPEAT LOAD command should be used instead. If the results from individual load cases are to be combined. must be declared at the begining using the SET NL f1 command.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=SP-1866 http://www. f1 will be an integer equal to the number of the primary load cases one intends to include in the analysis.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1866 Date Posted: 2/5/2002 10:40:11 AM Issue: Proper usage of the MEMBER TENSION command Description: What are some guidelines for using the MEMBER TENSION command properly? Version: Build No: Solution: To use the MEMBER TENSION command properly. please note the following: 1. If multiple primary load cases are present.com/Search. then the use of the LOAD COMBINATION command will be inappropriate. 3. if more than 1.

Please use the PRINT LOAD DATA option with your PERFORM ANALYSIS command and you will get the information in your output file.asp?id=SP-1871 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1871 Date Posted: 2/5/2002 10:48:20 AM Description: For moving load generation.com/Search.asp?id=1489 31/05/2006 .reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. does STAAD provide the location of all the moving point loads in terms of member number and distance from the start of the member? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Yes.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.

std.asp?id=1484 31/05/2006 .com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www.txt.txt.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1867 Date Posted: 2/5/2002 10:52:24 AM Description: I want to use a regular text editor.std instead. Please do the following when you want to save your work: Go to File | Save As For "File Type".std (no quotes) it will be saved as filename. They MUST be in the File Name box.reiworld. If you go filename. type in "filename. such as WordPad.reiworld.std. to create my input (std) files.asp?id=SP-1867 http://www. but with the quotes it will be filename. How can I do that? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: To use a text editor besides STAAD-Edit to create input (std) files.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/Search. select Text Document For file name. To open a file in Staad Pro. Note the double quotes.std not filename. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. the name must be of the form filename.std". you need to save the document from that editor as a text file with an "std" extension.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1884 Date Posted: 2/6/2002 Description: What are the differences between the full and limited versions of STAAD.asp?id=SP-1884 http://www. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=1502 31/05/2006 .reiworld.Pro? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The limited version has everything the full version has except: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Concrete Design (using concrete sections and materials are accepted) Non-Linear Analysis Time History Analysis Response Spectrum 3D Solid (Brick) Elements It has no restrictions on the size of the model.com/Search.reiworld.

See Table 2.1 of the STAAD. The requirement to check this condition is in Section B of the AISC specifications. If this check results in a FAILure. the cause of the failure is reported using the phrase "L/REXCEEDS".asp?id=SP-1888 http://www. it goes through all the active load cases to see if the member is subjected to axial compression and/or axial tension. Set MAIN to 1. and design for that member is immediately terminated. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. please use the following URL: http://www. not the capacity of the section to carry the loads which act on it. failure to satisfy KL/r will result in the member being declared as unsafe as per the code requirement.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. you can switch off that check using a parameter called MAIN.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. the fact is. one passes.com/Search.asp?id=1509 31/05/2006 .Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1888 Date Posted: 2/7/2002 Description: I am using STAAD to do steel design per the AISC code. etc.0 for a specific member and it won't be checked for slenderness. Fact is. it compares the actual KL/r against the allowable KL/r.Pro Technical Reference Manual for details. For 2 members with similar cross sections. for the member which failed.reiworld. If the member passes the KL/r check. It must be noted that failure to satisfy the KL/r check is a reflection of the slenderness of the member. it adopts the following sequence : It first sets the allowable KL/r in compression to 200 and the allowable KL/r in tension to 300. The other is significantly more stressed but still passes. Even if the axial load or bending moment acting on the member is a negligible quantity.reiworld. the one which fails has almost no load on it. If you do not want the KL/r condition to be checked. Is something wrong in the steel design calculations that STAAD is doing? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You will notice that. When STAAD performs steel design on a member per the AISC code. only then does the program go on to do the remainder of the checks such as axial compression + bending. For the member being designed. the member is declared as FAILed. This means that the member has failed the slenderness check. the other fails. shear. Next.

SPECTRUM SRSS X 1 Y 1 Z 1 ACC SCALE 32.753447E+02 4. for Y = 5700. y=1.2 kips.asp?id=1410 31/05/2006 . this would also be the bas SRSS MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED. Y.0.reiworld.0) would be calculated as if all 3 were 1. Modal weight is the total weight in the modes. The reason is that CQC (and 10PCT) consider the interac spaced modal frequencies.118054E+01 -3.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1801 Date Posted: 2/8/2002 Description: The Software Release Report that accompanied the StaadPro 2001 release. The old base shear total combined the individual modal base shears by SRSS even if CQC were chosen. Now.873190E+02 3. Now the CQC result chosen as well as the results from several other combination methods. then I would suggest that you switch to CQC.165294E+02 8. you need to enter a factor of 1. the attached file resulted in base shears in each X. and Z directions even considering the fact th dynamic load is only applied in the X direction.165253E+02 8.707. Missing Weight is the amount of weight missing in the modes.4 (line 19) states shear reported for spectrum analysis now includes direction factors (which it did not previously)" In the old StaadPro 2000.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 8. Also.292104E+02 -4.840284E+02 POUN MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 7.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. and for Z = 6 This should be compared to the output file for the attached input file and noted not only a change in the actual numerical va no shears in the Y and Z directions.44 kips.707. What do these numbers now represent and how I can verify these numbers? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: In past versions the base shear results were not multiplied by the direction factor (as if the factors were all 1.165276E+02 POUN MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -4. to get all 3 in one table as in past. If you have chosen SRSS and find that the 10PCT me significantly different. The total potential amount of base shear as computed in STAAD will not include masses at support directions or lumped from member/element attached to a supported direction. z=. Otherwise you would enter 3 load cases. So a shock in the X-direction would list base shear values in the Y and Z directions as well as if the spectra curve applied to those directions as well.2 http://www. It should also be noted that the values of base shear in the old StaaPro 2000 were completely independent of the acceleratio coefficient and seemed to be only a function of the structure itself. However. it simply multiplies the spectra curve to convert it to the current units if necessary.2001. The dynamic weight line below contains the total potential weight for ba calculations. Section AD.0 for all 3 directions. in StaadPro 2001. one for each direction. the numerical values vary pr with the input acceleration scale.324991E+02 POUN For the following input 2681. if dire say (x=. Fo acceleration spectra excitation curve and the ABSOLUTE summation method of combining modes. the total base shear for X = 8505.0). The SCALE factor has not changed.

43263 0.507 29.83 0.05000 6 1.61674 0.752 6 4. 0.------1 -4. MODE FACTOR ACCELERATION-G DAMPING ---.85 0. 0.com/Search.2 20 we got the following output.reiworld.62 53.96 3.13 2359.313 3.495291E-03 2.41 2510. please use the following URL: http://www.247175E-02 5.74 156.155636E-01 5.31 3. 0.23 8 71.asp?id=1410 31/05/2006 .1 10.393 34.798 2 1.12 0.87 90. The Acceleration-G column indicates the spectra acceleration that STAAD interpolated from the input SCALE and spectra curve.29 5.559065E-02 2.208 33.08 124 1437.28 13.05000 Note that you can divide the base shears by the above accelerations and get the modal weight which will sum the previous modal weight line.27839 0.------------.97 94.92 0.12 25.882 5 2.-------------.05000 3 2.812 57.918 3 61.21 7 --------------------TOTAL SRSS SHEAR 1816.reiworld.04 47.15 15.00 7 2.asp?id=SP-1801 http://www.721 BASE SHEAR IN PO ------------------X Y 1104.14 2.524380E-03 2.07394 0.858 56.14 1 54.44 1.96 87.05 5.71 30.05000 2 3.80 24.00 0.438 1.934 56.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.70 149 Close Window Print this Page To send this page to a friend or colleague. MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT ---------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 24.779840E-03 1.43 2556.Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 2682.56480 0.682 40.919 4 0.00 87.49 125 TOTAL 10PCT SHEAR 1859. 0.19 0.90 2354.05000 5 1.07 28.84369 0.507 29.957 59.980 57.55 133 TOTAL ABS SHEAR 2719.05000 4 2.70 3.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. each axle is assumed to be comprised of 1 tire. and another longitudinal beam to the right of the tire. Thus. If the WIDTH option is specified.asp?id=1152 31/05/2006 . each axle is assumed to be comprised of 2 tires. For any given tire. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1557 Date Posted: 2/8/2002 10:47:19 AM Issue: How does STAAD's Moving Load Generator convert the truck load to beam loads ? Description: I am using the moving load generation. The truck that I am specifying is so wide (dimension perpendicular to direction of traffic) that within the width of one lane of traffic. The program looks at each tire independently. the above approach ensures that the tire weights get properly applied on the correct set of beams as concentrated member loads. Then it distributes the tire weight on those 2 beams as though the tire is located on a simply supported cross beam that spans the two longitudinal members on either side.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld. there are 3 or more parallel beams along the direction of traffic. You can get a listing of these concentrated member loads by using the command PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. even if a lane spans across 3 longitudinal beams or for that matter several beams. each truck is treated as a set of axles.reiworld. it looks for one longitudinal beam to the left of the tire.com/Search. If the WIDTH option is NOT specified. How does STAAD determine how the truck load should be converted to beam loads? Version: Build No: Solution: Based on the data you provide under the DEFINE MOVING LOAD command.asp?id=SP-1557 http://www.

You should look at the mode shapes of all the modes to get a sense of all the major vibration modes.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Local and torsional modes are associated with negligible mass participation. one tends to load the structure in a manner which generally resembles a large mass participation mode. which is Rayleigh based. there is no sense in comparing the Rayleigh frequency with the lowest frequency from the eigensolution. there is an option in STAAD for the user to provide his/her own value of the frequency. then the second mode will be a Z direction mode. Consequently. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld. Since when using the Rayleigh method. When you do find a match. if Y is the weakest direction of the structure. That may be true of structures which look like a cantilever.com/Search. Structures have local modes. It is entirely possible that a local mode is the lowest energy mode.0 PX 0.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1625 Date Posted: 2/8/2002 10:57:38 AM Description: As I understand The Rayleigh method is used for natural Frequency calculations (first mode only) in the command CALCULATE NATURAL FREQUENCY & also in the command DEFINE UBC LOAD or 1893 load. A structure has several modes of vibration. Instead.0 B 1. you will find that the Rayleigh frequency will be similar in value to the frequency of the matching mode. a Y direction mode will be the first mode. In many cases. Does this mean the values which we got by define 1893 load or Calculate natural frequency are wrong? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: It is not true that the lowest frequency is the one which is associated with significant amount of participation of the masses of the model. This is done using the PX and PZ options. Whereas the matrix method of iteration (like Staddola method) is used in the Response Specterum method of analysis .0 I 1. there is no guarantee that the fundamental mode is the most critical mode.reiworld. If you do not like the frequency being used in the IS 1893 load generation.asp?id=1222 31/05/2006 . torsional modes happen to be the lowest modes. as in the following example. The statement that the Rayleigh frequency is associated with the first mode of the structure too is not correct. the modes of vibration will follow the ascending order of strain energy. where a small region within the model vibrates while the rest of the model remains stationary.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.8 The values you provide for PX and PZ will be used in place of the one calculated by the Rayleigh method. ZONE 0.asp?id=SP-1625 http://www. If the structure were free to vibrate. please use the following URL: http://www. If the next weakest direction is Z.4 PZ 0.05 K 1. you have to try to compare the displaced shape of the model used in the Rayleigh calculations with the various modes from eigensolution until you find a mode shape which resembles the displaced shape. But if the spatial distribution of masses is extensive.

the absolute maximum at joint 1 and that at joint 2 are most probably occurring at different instances of time. please use the following URL: http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Both of these are approximate methods.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-1474 http://www. Hence. doing a P-Delta Analysis under such conditions does not make any sense.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. the member forces cannot be used as a basis for obtaining the secondary forces on the structure.com/Search.reiworld. Another fact to be considered is that the response of the individual modes is combined using either the SRSS or the CQC methods depending on the input provided by the user.asp?id=1069 31/05/2006 . The result is that the joint displacements and consequently. This also means that these displacements do not necessarily occur at all joints at the same instant of time. In other words.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1474 Date Posted: 2/8/2002 11:31:59 AM Description: Can I do a Pdelta analysis using STAAD for Response Spectrum load cases? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: A response spectrum analysis by definition provides the user with joint displacements which are the absolute maximum displacements which can occur at the joint when the structure is subjected to dynamic loads represented by the spectrum.

to do so. Can I model these as 'FIXED BUT' supports released in FX and FY. if the only purpose of these is to provide lateral bracing against buckling. But.reiworld.asp?id=SP-1624 http://www. and if they do not necessarily behave as support points which restrain certain types of deformation.com/Search. However. you can declare the unsupported length in buckling by using steel design parameters such as LY.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1624 Date Posted: 2/10/2002 2:55:05 PM Description: To limit the deflection in the local Z direction I plan to add lateral support(s). please use the following URL: http://www. UNB. or is there a better method? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: If these are physical restraints which prevent the member from undergoing a certain deformation at a specific point. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. LZ. declaring a support is certainly the right method. etc.asp?id=1221 31/05/2006 . you have to divide the beam into sub-segments so that nodes are created where you wish to define these intermediate supports.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. UNT.reiworld.

and will be treated as having failed.asp?id=1473 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-1856 http://www. if a user wishes to instruct the program that L/d cannot be smaller than 900. For example. the DFF value should be specified as 900.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1856 Date Posted: 2/12/2002 9:47:35 AM Description: What are the design parameters which control deflection check? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: 1) DFF : This is the value which indicates the allowable limit for L/d ratio. 2) DJ1 and DJ2 : These 2 quantities affect the "L" as well as the "d" in the calculated L/d ratio. as well as in Example problem # 13 in the STAADPro Examples Manual. This terms stands for the actual length to deflection ratio computed by STAAD. In other words. then he/she may input DJ1 and DJ2 as the end nodes of the larger beam.1 in Section 2. namely. Also. it means the member has violated the safety requirement for deflection.8 of the STAADPro Technical Reference Manual.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. If "dff" is smaller than "DFF". The definition of local displacement is available in Section 5. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. A pictorial representation of DJ1 and DJ2. as well additional information on these topics is available under the "Notes" section following Table 2. By default. However.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld. you will see a term called "dff" in the STAAD output file. the distance between DJ1 and DJ2.42 of the STAADPro Technical Reference Manual. The default value for DFF is 0. They represent node numbers that form the basis for determining L and d. if this parameter is not specified as an input. and the user wishes to instruct STAAD that the end nodes of the larger beam are to be used in the evaluation of L/d.0. If you use the design parameter TRACK 2. if that member is a component segment of a larger beam. a deflection check will not be performed. DJ1 and DJ2 are the start and end nodes of the member for which the design is being performed.reiworld. and "L" is the length of the member. the "d" in L/d is calculated as the maximum local displacement of the member between the points DJ1 and DJ2.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

If the deflection criteria ends up being the worst condition.com/Search. the member is deemed safe for deflection.asp?id=SP-1621 http://www. "DFF" is the value you input. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. You can verify whether a member has passed the deflection check by looking at the terms "DFF" and "dff" in the steel design output.asp?id=1218 31/05/2006 . it checks several conditions required by the code.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. The one which gives rise to the highest unity check is the one determined as critical. "dff" is the value the program calculates as the actual "L/d" ratio.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1621 Date Posted: 2/12/2002 9:49:11 AM Description: Will STAAD explicitly state that the beam has passed the deflection criteria? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When STAAD performs steel design (code checking as well as member selection). you will see it being reported as the critical condition.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. If "dff" is larger than "DFF".reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www.

please use the following URL: http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1620 Date Posted: 2/12/2002 9:50:24 AM Description: Can I get STAAD to check deflection in both axes? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Yes. STAAD finds the resultant deflection "d" and compares the "L/d" (length to deflection ratio) against the allowable limit specified by you through the DFF parameter.com/Search. rather than check the deflection for each axis independently.asp?id=1217 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-1620 http://www. However.reiworld.

11. a solution is available at : http://www.asp?id=SP-1894 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=1516 31/05/2006 . it is not possible to include storey drift checks into the steel design calculations at present. then my drift ratio is 18x12/1.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.42 = 152.com/Search. and checking them to determine the serviceability/safety of the structure. For this reason. then where is the dff being measured? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: When the DFF parameter is specified. the deflection checks during steel design are performed on the basis of so called "local axis deflection".Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1895 Date Posted: 2/12/2002 11:41:24 AM Description: If I understand correctly.reiworld. If you want some general information on obtaining storey drift values. please use the following URL: http://www. and Section 5.42 of the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.asp?id=SP-1895 http://www. If you want additional information on local axis deflection. not the nodal displacements in the global axis. What if I want to check the drift of a column / beam frame? If my joint displacement printout says that joint of a column/beam joint has moved 1. utilizing DFF in STAAD only helps one check the local deflection.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. please refer to example # 13.reiworld.42 inch in the global X. but the "dff" says 1072 for the same column.com/Search.

12 of the STAAD. is provided below. The exposure factor (e) is the fraction of the influence area associated with the joint(s) on which the load may act if it is also exposed to the wind load. If all of the members are selected and X (or Z) is used and the factor is positive.2 TYPE 2 ZR 10 11 LOAD 3 WIND LOAD X TYPE 1 XR 7 8 A minus sign indicates that suction occurs on the other side of the selected structure. "tube" or "box" for selecting members in the combined ranges. each reset from the one below or the one above. For example.0. The relevant extracts from Section 5. the basic algorithm for detecting the shape of the panels and the amount of load which should be calculated for the panel corners too has undergone significant improvements.6 JOI 1 TO 25 BY 7 29 TO 37 BY 4 22 23 TYPE 2 INT 0.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 2 STAAD. JOINT LOAD = (Exposure Factor) x (Influence Area) x (Wind Intensity). the built-in wind load generation facility has been enhanced to allow the user to specify the actual panels of the building which are exposed to the wind.Pro ? What is the exposure factor calculated and how is it calculated? In 2002.1 0. then the exposed surfaces facing in the -x direction will be loaded in the negative x direction (suction). If -X is entered and a positive factor.31. It is advisable not to use the SET Z UP command in a model with wind load. 1.reiworld. Total load on a particular joint is calculated as follows.3 of the STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.] A member list or a range of coordinate values (in global system) may be used.1 0. The loads generated are applied only at the joints at vertices of the bounded areas. Exposure factor (User specified) = (Fraction of Influence Area) x (influence width for joint). In STAAD. Note that areas bounded by beam members (and ground). All members which have both end coordinates within the range are assumed to be candidates for defining a surface which may be loaded if the surface is exposed to the wind. 2 or 3 ranges can be entered to form a "layer".PRO Technical Reference Manual. [If -X is entered and a negative factor.3 YR 0 500 LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. where the method for applying wind loading in the form of a data in load cases has been explained. If the exposure factor is not defined.asp?id=1562 31/05/2006 . especially when the exposed surface of the building lies in several vertical zones. the first value of intensity (p1) acts from the ground level up to the first height. the program takes the default value as 1. Further. Use ranges to speed up the calculations on larger models. The second intensity (p2) acts in the global vertical direction between the first two heights (h1 and h2) and so on.0 means that the wind force may be applied on the full influence area associated with the joints if they are also exposed to the wind load direction. The loading will be in the form of joint loads (not member loads).Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1938 Date Posted: 3/9/2002 Description: How is the wind load calculated/generated for a structure in STAAD. If X and a negative factor is used. then the exposed surfaces facing in the -x (or -z) direction will be loaded in the positive x (or z) direction (normal wind in positive direction). then the exposed surfaces facing in the +x direction will be loaded in the negative x direction (normal wind in negative direction).32. A closed surface is generated by the program http://www. In the list of intensities. I hear you can now define your own "panels"? What does this mean? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The DEFINE WIND LOAD command may be used to define the parameters for automatic generation of wind loads on the structure.Pro 2002. in the following set of commands: DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0. then the exposed surfaces facing in the +x direction will be loaded in the positive x direction (suction). The parameters for definition of the wind load types are described in Section 5.Pro Technical Reference Manual.12 HEIGHT 100 200 EXP 0.12 HEIGHT 100 900 EXP 0. All loads and heights are in the current unit system. A value of 1. and exposed to the wind. in terms of the direction of wind force. The user needs to define the intensity and corresponding heights along with the exposure factors. This user-level control will now allow the user to obtain a more accurate distribution of wind forces.0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD Z 1. The program assumes that the ground level has the lowest global vertical coordinate of any joint entered for the structure. are used to define loaded areas (plates and solids are ignored).

com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Hence.asp?id=1562 31/05/2006 . one should make sure that the members/joints that are exposed to the wind make up a closed surface (ground may form an edge of the closed surface).Research Engineers International Page 2 of 2 based on the members in the ranges above and their end joints.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www. the area calculated for the region may be indeterminate and the joint force values may be erroneous. to a close tolerance.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. The individual bounded areas must be planar surfaces. The area within this closed surface is determined and the share of this area (influence area) for each node in the list is then calculated. Without a proper closed surface.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1938 http://www. the number of exposed joints should be at least 3. Consequently. or they will not be loaded.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-1949 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Values of Rw are listed in Tables 16-N and 16-P of the UBC 1994 and 1997 codes. please use the following URL: http://www. It is to be used in the equation for computing base shear.asp?id=1573 31/05/2006 . etc.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1949 Date Posted: 3/16/2002 Description: What is the significance of the Rw Value in the UBC code? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The UBC 1997 code defines Rw as a Numerical Coefficient representative of the inherent overstrength and global ductility capacity of lateral-force resisting systems.com/Search.reiworld.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. such as whether the system is a Light-framed wall with shear panels or Shear wall made of concrete or a special moment resisting frame. Its values are dependent on the type of lateral-force resisting system in the building.

asp?id=1588 31/05/2006 . and all have the same member property. If so. and before opening any file.001. The potential cause of this difference in coordinates is the following. you ought to have the base units in English. make the necessary correction so both ends of the column have the same Z coordinate.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1957 Date Posted: 3/18/2002 Description: The STAAD graphical interface is showing a steel column in my model in an incorrect orientation. one end may have a Z value of 5. you could do the following to correct it. If the model you are going to create is in Metres and KNs. and I know for a fact that I haven't done this. go to the File menu. I have the exact same data for this graphically-incorrect column as the one below it that shows up the correct orientation.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=SP-1957 http://www. Select the Geometry-Beam page along the left side of the screen. If the model you are going to create is in Feet and Kips. chances are that you will find the Z coordinate of the 2 ends to be different by a very minute value. can you think of some other possible sources of this particular error? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: If you look at the coordinates of the columns which appear to be oriented in the wrong way. I have checked my input file (and also by double clicking on the actual member) and all of my columns consistently start at the lower node and go in the +y direction. For example. a .If yes. select Configure. Mixing unit systems causes the program to perform internal unit conversions which can result in loss of digits because the built-in conversion factors have only upto 8 digits of accuracy.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www. such as 0. and it will display the node coordinates in the tables on the right hand side. In those tables. you ought to have the base units in Metric.Is the graphical interface a reliable representation of my input? b . In fututure versions of STAAD.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.reiworld.999 while the other end may be at 6. You can find this by starting the program. and see if it says "English" or "Metric". Yet another column shows a slightly skewed column orientation as if I had assigned it something other than 0 or 90 degrees. all have a beta of 0. there will be a feature which will enable you to select the "offending" column and make the Z coordinate of its 2 ends to be equal so it becomes truly vertical. The program has something called a Base Unit system.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.000.

com/Search. check the External Table check box and provide the filename in which the section database will be stored. A dialog box appears for inputting property values applicable to the section type chosen for the current table. If you click on the New Table button.19 User Steel Table Specification of the Technical Reference Manual for details on the property value requirements for various section types. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. the Select Section Type dialog box appears for inputting the Section Type for the new User Provided Table (UPT). Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: To create a user-defined Go to "Tools | Create User Table".asp?id=SP-1965 http://www.asp?id=1598 31/05/2006 . If the sections are saved in an external file.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1965 Date Posted: 3/19/2002 Description: How do you a create a user-defined or user-provided table? I want to add sections that are not part of the standard STAAD section library.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. please use the following URL: http://www. you may select it from the drop-down list box labeled "Select Existing Table" for further editing.reiworld. Refer to Section 5. click the Add New Property button to specify a customized UPT section. If you have already created a User Provided Table. Select the Section Type from the drop down list and click OK. After creating a new table or selecting an existing table.

Press the "OK" button.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. and assigning that name to the selected members. please use the following URL: http://www. Once you have done this. Click on the "Group" button and select the group name which contains just those members for which you want to view the results. Next. This can be done by selecting the appropriate members. go to the "Range" tab. This can be done by selecting Mode | Post Processing.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1967 Date Posted: 3/20/2002 Description: How do I create tabularized results for a few selected members? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: First you will need to classify the selected members using Group names. After the analysis is successfully completed. then going to Tools | Create New Group. When the "Results Setup" box comes up. analyze the structure by going Analyze | Run Analysis and pressing the "Run Analysis" button.reiworld. the tables along the right side of the screen in the Beam Forces page will contain the results for only those members. go into the Post Processing Mode. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Now.asp?id=1600 31/05/2006 .com/Search.asp?id=SP-1967 http://www. creating a group name. select the desired load cases.reiworld.

namely. to enable the current versions of STAAD to analyze input files created using the older versions of STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. Instead. the UNL parameter continues to work the way it did.com/Search. but UNL is specified. If neither UNT nor UNB are specified. UNL will be ignored. UNT stands for the unsupported length of the TOP flange of the member for calculating the capacity in bending compression and bending tension.reiworld. However. we no longer mention the UNL parameter. 2 new commands were introduced.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1969 Date Posted: 3/20/2002 Description: In STAAD/Pro 2000 and STAAD. However. If UNT/UNB is specified in addition to UNL. the mechanism for specifying the unsupported length of the compression flange was through the means of the UNL parameter. the value of UNL will be used for both top and bottom flange. the drawback of this command is that if the value for the top flange is different from that of the bottom flange. there wasn't any means to communicate that information to STAAD. I no longer see the UNL parameter for the AISC ASD and LRFD codes. UNB stands for the unsupported length of the BOTTOM flange for calculating the capacity in bending compression and bending tension. I see the parameters UNT and UNB.reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Can someone please explain how these should be used? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: In versions of STAAD prior to STAAD/Pro 2000.asp?id=1602 31/05/2006 . Consequently. These 2 new parameters are to be used in place of UNL. please use the following URL: http://www.asp?id=SP-1969 http://www. To avoid the confusion that may arise from having 3 separate parameters to specify 2 items of input. UNT and UNB.Pro.

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Click on the group name you are interested in.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1986 Date Posted: 3/22/2002 Description: How can I edit a Group? I want to add members to a group that has already been created.. The data will be displayed in the STAAD editor. select Edit Input Command file. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: First. Method 1 : From the Tools menu.com/Search. The list of members currently in that group will be displayed in the list box. Save the file and exit the editor. find the member number of the member that you want to add to the existing group. Go down to the region containing the commands START GROUP DEFINITION . Method 2 : From the Edit menu. and click on the Associate button..reiworld. END GROUP DEFINITION Within that block. To this list.asp?id=SP-1986 http://www.com/support/kb/FaqDet1..reiworld. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.asp?id=1619 31/05/2006 . select Create New Group. . you will find the group name and associated member list. please use the following URL: http://www. add (type in) the member number that you want included in this group. Type in the member number at the end of the list. Then.

Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-1988 Date Posted: 3/23/2002 Description: I would like to adopt a numbering scheme for the beams in my model based on the floor they are located in. For example.reiworld. specify whether you want the numbering to be performed in Ascending or Descending order. select Renumber | Members. Provide the starting number for the series. In version 2002.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. please use the following URL: http://www. From the Geometry menu.reiworld. those of the second storey level to be numbered from 2001. etc.asp?id=SP-1988 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. How can I do this? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Select the members of the first floor level. I want the beams of the first storey level to be numbered from 1001. Click on OK.asp?id=1621 31/05/2006 .

Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.asp?id=1636 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-2001 http://www. In that case.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2001 Date Posted: 3/27/2002 Description: When modelling plate elements.reiworld. please use the following URL: http://www. if the span in either direction is less than 10 times its thickness. and thick plate theory may not be adequate. they do not have to.com/support/kb/FaqDet1. should the individual elements satisfy any minimum requirements for the ratio of the length of their side to their thickness? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: No.com/Search. However. for the overall slab or wall. then the slab or wall becomes more like a solid than like a plate. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld. 8-noded solid elements may be necessary.

com/support/kb/FaqDet1.Pro examples manual for guidance on analysing mat foundations. If not. You may wish to look the information posted at the following links for details on the issues involved in designing individual elements. The only tedious aspect of this is that the program can presently design individual elements only. This type of a unidirectional support requires those springs to be assigned an attribute call SPRING COMPRESSION. and the elements and members must share common nodes. and the influence area of each node of the mat.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/Search. STAAD contains an automatic spring support generation facility for mat foundations. 1) The mat foundation has to be modelled using finite elements. the structure has to be analysed.asp?id=1639 31/05/2006 . 3) Soil spring supports generally tend to be effective against resisting compressive forces only.reiworld. 4) The loads on the mat and the rest of the model have to be specified. One may refer to Section 5. one may use 8 noded solid elements.3 of the STAAD. In that example.27.reiworld. The following are the major steps involved in the modelling and design of mat foundations using STAAD.asp?id=SP-1549 http://www. plate elements can be used. the aspects explained in steps 1. They are ineffective in resisting uplift. http://www.reiworld. Then. columns and slabs also has to be modelled along with the mat. please use the following URL: http://www. the supports for the mat are derived from the subgrade reaction of the soil. 5) You can then use the program's concrete design ability to design the individual elements which make up the mat. 3 and 4 above are illustrated. The task of taking the reinforcement values from each element and assembling the reinforcement picture of the overall mat has to be done by you manually.com/Search. The remainder of the structure involving the beams. the beams have to be divided into several members. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search. the spring constant for the supports may be derived.reiworld. This will generate the plate stresses and corner forces needed to design the mat.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2004 Date Posted: 3/27/2002 Description: Can STAAD be used in designing a mat foundation? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The answer to the question is Yes.Pro Technical Reference Manual for details on this type of support generation.com/Search.asp?id=SP-1791 http://www. If beams share a common boundary with the mat and slabs. to ensure the proper transfer of load between the beams and the mat & slabs.asp?id=SP-1792 We suggest you take a look at example problem number 27 in the STAAD.asp?id=SP-2004 http://www. 2) Generally. the mat & slabs have to be divided into several elements.reiworld.2. Example problems 9 and 10 discuss concrete design of individual plate elements. If the length and width of the mat are atleast 10 times larger than its thickness. Using this attribute.

The entire table will be selected (highlighted in black). select Support Reactions.asp?id=1641 31/05/2006 .reiworld. choose "By Specification | All Supports". Click on the cell A1 (or the cell from which you want to begin copying the values) and select Paste. If you do not want any sorting performed. select the load cases for which you wish to see the results. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. Click on the cell called Node. In the Loading tab.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. The reaction values will be displayed in a table. From the Select menu. In the dialog box which appears. Click on OK.asp?id=SP-2006 http://www. click the right mouse button and choose Copy or simply type Ctrl+C.reiworld. there are 3 tabs. To copy the contents of the table. select Post Processing. select the criteria for sorting.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2006 Date Posted: 3/31/2002 Description: Is there a way to convert the output reaction files to an Excel-friendly format? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: You may follow these steps below : Run the Analysis. From the Mode menu. From the Report menu. In the Sorting tab.com/Search. leave the option "List with no sort done" unchanged. please use the following URL: http://www. The support reaction table should now appear in the Excel sheet. Start Microsoft Excel and open a new document.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.com/Search. The blast load has to be defined as discrete time-force pairs. with the force changing from a very small value to a large value.asp?id=1672 31/05/2006 . The examples manual contains examples on steel and concrete design illustrating the commands and parameters required to do this.reiworld.reiworld.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. and then back to a small value over a very small time interval. Please refer to example 16 for help in specifying an arbitrary time-force function. please use the following URL: http://www. STAAD can perform design for the maximum forces resulting from the time history analysis.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2035 Date Posted: 4/4/2002 Description: Is there any facility in STAAD to design buildings for blast loading? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The analysis for blast loading is done using the facilities of time history analysis.asp?id=SP-2035 http://www.

reiworld. as in. if member 1 is a composite beam made up of a 3. and the grade of concrete is 4.Pro Technical reference Manual. one has to use the "TA CM" option as explained in Section 5. Unless it is set to 1.3 ALL WID 60 ALL FPC 4 ALL THK 4 ALL SHR 0 ALL DIA 0.asp?id=SP-2063 http://www.1 of the STAAD. To do this. But the output does not show any evidence of this design.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2063 Date Posted: 4/13/2002 Description: I am using the composite beam design capabilities.9 of the STAAD. The beam will be designed as a pure steel beam section in the absence of the "CMP 1" parameter. Can you help me please? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: There are 2 sets of data associated with analysing and designing a composite beam. STAAD does not design the beam as a composite section. Step 1 : Define the member properties as a composite beam.0ksi.75 ALL HGT 4 ALL RBH 2 ALL CHECK CODE ALL The most important thing to note here is the usage of the parameter CMP. These are the attributes which are to be used in the actual design equations. one would have to specify UNIT INCH KIP MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TA CM W18X35 CT 3.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.0 FC 4. For example.20.0.0 Step 2 : Parameters for steel design. please use the following URL: http://www.Pro Technical reference Manual. This is what you find in Section 2. using the expression PARAMETER.reiworld.asp?id=1700 31/05/2006 . PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1 ALL TRACK 2 ALL FYLD 50 ALL CMP 1 ALL DR1 0.0 inch thick slab on top of a W18X35. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.

26.2.2 of the Technical Reference Manual. If you go to the Commands menu on top of the screen. Graphically.2 of the Technical Reference Manual. 1. 1. select Labels. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2124 Date Posted: 4/23/2002 Description: I need to analyze a frame whose members have been rotated about the local z axis. you may click the right mouse button. you can specify the REFERENCE POINT by going to the Commands menu on top of the screen. choose Geometric Constants . There are a couple of ways to change the orientation. changing the orientation of a member involves rotation about the local "X" axis.3 and 5. please use the following URL: http://www. and not the local "Y" or local "Z" axes. you will find the Properties dialog box on the right side and it contains a tab called Beta Angle through which the value can be specified. b) Using the REFERENCE POINT method. and switch on Beam Orientation to get a visual representation of the directions the local X and Y axes point to. In the STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=1762 31/05/2006 .asp?id=SP-2124 http://www.Pro GUI.5. You may also refer to example 1 of the Examples manual for a sample problem which shows the usage of the command.Member Reference Point.com/Search.2.3 and 5.reiworld. This too is explained in Sections 1.26. and local Z is generally the major axis of the member. When you use STAAD's default coordinate system. the local "X" is the longitudinal axis of the member. and choosing Geometric Constants . So. Is there anyway to model this situation using STAAD? Can you input a point and define the orientation of the local axis of that point? Or is there some other way to model this situation? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: We presume you mean that the member is rotated about the local "X" axis and not the local "Z" axis.Property page on the left side of the screen.5.5.reiworld.Beta Angle.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. you can specify the BETA angle from 2 places : If you go to the General .5. This is explained in Sections 1. Graphically. a) By specifying an angle using the BETA command.

Results menu .asp?id=1780 31/05/2006 . The derivation for principal stresses is shown in example 18 of the STAAD Examples manual. Since the bending stresses have distinct signs for the top and bottom surfaces of the element.reiworld.asp?id=SP-2141 http://www. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD.com/Search. the principal stresses too are distinct for top and bottom. there are two options called Max Top and Max Bottom.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2141 Date Posted: 4/25/2002 Description: In the post processing mode .reiworld.Plate Stress Contour. bending stresses (caused by MX and MY) and inplane shear stresses (SXY).com/support/kb/FaqDet1. please use the following URL: http://www. Are these direct stresses or flexural stresses? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: These are the principal stresses SMAX and SMIN. Principal stresses are a blend of axial stresses (also known as membrane stresses SX and SY).

5 Since the load is along the local Z axis of the element. especially if it is a fluid. In case (a) above. The program will use the linear interpolation method to find the intensity at each intermediate division. and since local Z is not parallel to any of the global directions. If the vertical wall has many divisions along the vertical direction.Pro GUI to simplify this task. select Commands . The silo has vertical and sloping walls. one will have to apply these as uniform pressure loads. this is not absolutely necessary. and provide the intensities at the top and bottom edges of the vertical wall. will exert a lateral pressure on the vertical walls of the tank.Load Commands .Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. if you know the pressure intensity at the top edge.reiworld. the average of these 2 intensities can be applied as a constant pressure on the entire surface of the element. the TRAP option is used and the intensities at the top and bottom edges must be specified. The loads on the structure consist of the weight of the grain contained in the silo. the TRAP load option cannot be used here. -4. please use the following URL: http://www.5 indicates the intensity at the upper edge.asp?id=SP-2244 http://www. There is a facility in the STAAD. b) A trapezoidally varying pressure. That means. However.Element . and the pressure intensity at the bottom edge.Loading .5 -2. and thus obtain a uniform pressure. If you take any individual element on the wall. What is the best method for applying the load when the silo is full of grain? As pressure loads on the inside? How should the load be applied on the sloping walls? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: There are 2 segments of the tank which have to be individually considered for application of the load.asp?id=1890 31/05/2006 . and hence along local Z. This pressure load can be applied on the tank using the ELEMENT PRESSURE load facility. The load value must be accompanied by the proper sign (positive or negative) which accounts for whether the load acts along or opposite to the direction of the local Z axis. you do not have to specify the axis name in the above command since local Z is the default for the axis. Hence. and -2. The sloping walls ----------------The load on the elements which make up these walls is derived from the weight of the column of material directly above these elements. and thus the trapezoidal variation is along the local Y. The load can be applied as a trapezoidal load. Since the element TRAP load facility that is available in STAAD allows a load to be applied only along the local Z axis. If local Y is in the same sense as global Y. The columns which support the structure are modelled as members and the walls of the silo (containment part of the structure) are modelled using plate elements. in which case. and then create the individual element TRAPEZOIDAL loads. the value of which has to be calculated for each sloping element as the average of the intensities at the 4 nodes of that element. Every element contained in a ring has the same intensity at its top and bottom edge. From the top of the screen.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2244 Date Posted: 5/9/2002 Description: I am modelling an elevated silo which will be used for storing grain. and acts along the global vertical downward direction.5 indicates the intensity at the lower edge. we decided to take the average of the pressures at the top and bottom edges. You can use one of 2 options to do this. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.com/Search.Hydrostatic Trapezoidal. An example of that is 45 PRESSURE TRAP Y -4. The load itself acts perpendicular to the surface of the element. There is no generation facility currently available in the program to automate this task. there will be several "horizontal rings" of elements.reiworld. it is assumed that the local Y axis of element 45 is along the vertical direction. as in the following example : 45 PRESSURE -3. the top & bottom intensity for each of those rings will have to be manually calculated.5 In this example. a) A uniform pressure. The vertical walls -----------------The material in the tank.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.

Principal stresses. let us first see what the choices are : SXY . and select just cases 4 and 5. Click the right mouse button inside the table. TMAX . do the following for getting a report of TMAX sorted in the order from maximum to minimum for all plates for load cases 4 and 5. with additional options like sorting done in ascending or descending order for a user-defined set of elements and a user-defined set of load cases. Click on OK. Select all plates. Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague. select Plate Results .asp?id=1907 31/05/2006 . A report will be displayed. From the Report menu. So.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2260 Date Posted: 5/13/2002 Description: How can I find the maximum shear stress on my plate element model ? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Since there are several types of shear stress results we can get from STAAD.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.This is the out-of-plane shear stress on the X face at the centroid of the element.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. this is the in-plane shear stress on the element and acts along the plate local X-Y axes directions. please use the following URL: http://www. As an example. SQX . and set the sorting order from High to Low. Click on the Loading tab. SQY . Switch on "Absolute values" also to perform sorting based on Absolute values.com/Search.This is the maximum inplane shear stress on the element and is a composite of SXY and the stress resulting from torsion MXY.For any given element. Go to the post-processing mode.reiworld.This is the out-of-plane shear stress on the Y face at the centroid of the element. the expression "maximum shear stress" needs to be clarified. and select Print.asp?id=SP-2260 http://www. Select TMAX. All of these results can be obtained in a report form.reiworld.

Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.reiworld.asp?id=SP-2385 http://www.Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. Frameworks provides the facility to input these structural attributes in its environment and the.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2385 Date Posted: 5/22/2002 Description: What is the difference between importing an AutoCAD DXF file and using Frameworks to create my model? Version: 2000 Build No: ALL Solution: When a model is imported as a DXF file (whether from AutoCAD or some other CAD package). Frameworks (a CAD package from Intergraph) has the ability to generate an entire STAAD file (. generates a STD file which can be opened directly with STAAD. supports and member specifications.com/Search.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.asp?id=2060 31/05/2006 .std) including loads. please use the following URL: http://www.reiworld. only the geometry (joint coordinates and member incidences) are imported.

you will find the following : element-list PRESSURE direction x1 y1 x2 y2 In this syntax. please use the following URL: http://www. from the centroid of the element. if you look at the syntax of the element pressure loading. In Section 5. Thus.32.0 1. it is possible to do this. (x1.y2) represent the corners of the region (on the element) over which the PRESSURE load is applied.y1) and (x2. if you omit the terms (x2.reiworld.3. where x1 and y1 are measured as distances. you can specify the following commands UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 1 CONCENTRATED LOAD ON WALL ELEMENT LOAD 73 PR GZ -580.y2). if you want to apply a 580 pound force along the negative global Z direction at a distance away from the centroid of (1.reiworld.com/support/kb/FaqDet1.2.3 of the STAAD.asp?id=2100 31/05/2006 .Research Engineers International Page 1 of 1 STAAD. of the point of action of the load. as a result of which I cannot use the JOINT LOAD option. Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: Yes. the load will be treated as a concentrated force acting at the point (x1.5 Print this Page Close Window To send this page to a friend or colleague.Pro Knowledge Base Issue #: SP-2418 Date Posted: 5/29/2002 Description: Is it possible to apply a concentrated force on the surface of an element? The point where the load acts is not one of the nodes of the element.3 2. However.Pro Technical Reference Manual.y1).asp?id=SP-2418 http://www.5)feet along the local X & Y axes of element 73.com/Search. along the local X and Y axes.

Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-2477 Date Posted: 6/1/2002

Description: I am doing a footing design in STAAD.Pro 2002. I am unfamiliar with the term "dowel reinforcement". I am guessing that this is a term used by American engineers. Could you explain what that is? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: The longitudinal reinforcement in the column must be extended into the footing so that the forces and moments at the base of the column can be properly transferred into the footing. However, since the construction sequence requires the footings to be constructed before the columns, reinforcement is placed in the footing and extends upwards. So when the column is constructed, it becomes part of the column bars. This reinforcement which comes up from the footing into the column is called the dowel reinforcement.

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-2616 Date Posted: 6/11/2002

Description: What is the difference between the LOAD COMB & REPEAT LOAD commands? Version: 2002 Build No: 1001 Solution: The difference lies in the way STAAD goes about calculating the results - joint displacements, member forces and support reactions. For a load combination case, STAAD simply ALGEBRAICALLY COMBINES THE RESULTS of the component cases after factoring them. In other words, for example, in order to obtain the results of load 10, it has no need to know what exactly is it that constitutes load cases 3, 4 and 5. It just needs to know what the results of those cases are. Thus, the structure is NOT actually analysed for a combination load case. With a REPEAT LOAD case however, the procedure followed is that which occurs for any other primary load case. A load vector {P} is first created, and later, that load vector gets pre-multiplied by the inverted stiffness matrix. [Kinv] {P} to obtain the joint displacements. Those displacements are then used to calculate the member forces and support reactions. Thus, the structure IS analysed for that load case {P}.

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Research Engineers International

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-119 Date Posted: 6/13/2002

Description: How to model Pile cap attached to batter and vertical piles in STAAD.Pro? Version: Build No: Solution: 1) The pile cap can be modelled using either plate elements or solid elements. If the thickness of the cap is comparable to its plan dimensions, a solid element model is preferable. If the plan dimensions are much larger than its thickess, plate elements should be a better choice. One drawback of using solid elements is that, by their very nature, they lack rotational degrees of freedom. Consequently, for a monolithic structure such as a concrete pile cap with concrete piles, the rigid connection between piles and the pile cap cannot be properly accounted for, if the cap is modelled using solids. 2) The piles themselves can be modelled using frame members. The supports for the pile come in 2 varieties - skin friction and end bearing. Skin friction action can be accounted for by modelling each pile as several collinear members and specifying a support at each of those common nodes. End bearing action can be modelled using fixed or pinned supports. The support spring stiffness is obtained by multiplying the soil subgrade reaction by the influence area of the associated support node. A standard text book on pile analysis should be a great source of information on obtaining the spring constant of the supports.

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-166 Date Posted: 6/13/2002

Description: For elastic mat spring support generation, how do I find out the influence area computed by STAAD for each of the nodes where a support is generated? Version: ALL Build No: ALL Solution: If you have STAAD.Pro 2001 Build 1005 and later, use the word PRINT at the end of the line where the ELASTIC MAT command has been specified. For example, 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 10.0 PRINT You will get an output which looks like the following : JOINT INFLUENCE AREA ----- -------------1 8.500000 2 25.145125 3 33.292374

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STAAD.Pro Knowledge Base
Issue #: SP-1311 Date Posted: 10/26/2001

Issue: How to graphically view the response spectrum in STAAD.Pro Description: How does one view the plot of the response spectrum in the STAAD.Pro GUI? Version: Build No: Solution: To view the plot of the spectrum, Select General - Load page from the left. Select the Spectrum button on the right. In the dialog box, select the "Define forcing function" page. The plot should be displayed.

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The load will continue to be present on the other members on which it was originally applied. 1 .Question : How do I remove a load from a member without removing it from the load case? Answer : To demonstrate this.. The following picture will appear on the screen. We will explore two different ways of removing a load from a specific member. let us open EXAMP_01 located in the UK examples folder: X:\SPRO2005\STAAD\EXAMPLES\UK where "X:" is the drive. and "SPRO2005" is the name of the installation folder.

2 . let us first switch the beam numbers on. we can either press Shift + B on the key board or go to View | Structure Diagrams from the main menu and then switch on the beam numbers on from the Labels tab. To do this.Say that we want to remove the load from member 10. To identify the member.

3 .Next. go to the Load Page from the left side of the screen.

4 . expand Load Cases Details. there is a dialog box titled Load. Here.On the right side of the screen.

and 13.5 kN/m. 10. Our goal is to remove the load from member 10. 12. highlight the expression UNI Y -13.Under load 1. 9. 11. We will notice that this load is currently assigned to members 8. 5 . Here are the two methods: Method 1 – using the Toggle Load button The Toggle Load button is a switch setting which turns on what is called the toggle mode.

Click on the same entity again. Let us use this Toggle Load option to remove the load from member 10. click on the Assign button. Then. the following happens. Click on the same entity a second time . Thus each click will result in an assign if the attribute was un-assigned. • • • Click on the entity once .the attribute gets assigned. . 6 . The cursor will change as shown below.In this mode. when an attribute is selected and assigned using the "Use Cursor to Assign" method. First. and a de-assign if the attribute was assigned.the attribute gets re-assigned. switch the Toggle Load box on. after making sure that the ‘Use Cursor To Assign’ method is selected.the attribute gets de-assigned.

You will see that the load applied on member 10 has been removed.Using this cursor. click on member 10. To stop the process of removing loads. either hit the ‘Esc’ key or go back and click on the Assign button again. 7 .

8 . make sure that the load item is selected.Method 2 – using the Edit button In this method. we will use the Edit button in the Load dialog box. click on the Edit button. First. Then. (You may also double-click on the expression UNI Y -13. This will also bring up the Edit dialog box shown in the next page).5 kN/m.

click on the Change button. Once that is done. 9 . Then. close the Edit dialog box. Here. Let us uncheck the box next to Member 10.The following Edit dialog box will appear. notice that the members on which the uniform force has been applied are listed.

10 .You will see that the load has been removed from member 10.

STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. 2 5 0 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 321 1 2. select Labels. The following dialog box comes up.Editing Loads on a specific member using the Load Edit Cursor To test this feature. LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 321 352 UNI GY -10 FINISH Click the right mouse button. you may use any model which has more than 2 members. Both members must have the same loading intensity. 3 10 0 0. Turn on Load Values. One such simple model is a 2-span beam shown below. 352 2 3. and from the pop-up menu. .

The dialog box disappears and the load diagram must appear on the members. Turn on Loads. .Click on the Loads and Results tab. Click on OK. Select the desired load case number.

Change the value of W1 from -10 to -15. Also. . Double click on the distributed load lines on member 321. choose the Load Edit cursor. The cursor changes to the one shown below. uncheck member 352.Let us say that we wish to change the intensity of the load on member 321 from 10 kN/m to 15 kN/m. From the Select menu. The following dialog box comes up. since the load is to be changed for member 321 only.

. The diagram should now indicate the new load on member 321.Click on the Change button. Or simply select the Beams Cursor from the Select menu. Hit the Esc key on your keyboard to go back to the regular cursor.

Figure 132 . To access the member query facility.Pro 2004 – Software Release Report 128 AD.14 Adding. go to Tools – Query – Member.STAAD. modifying and deleting loads using Member Query New load items can now be added to existing load cases. existing load items edited or deleted using the Member Query window. or. and.2004. and double-click on the member. select the Beams cursor.

Pro 2004 – Software Release Report 129 In the dialog box which comes up. . or remove pre-assigned load data from that member.STAAD. one of the tabs will be Loading. choose the load case to which you want to add new load data for the selected member. Figure 133 From the Select Load Case drop-down list. This list will be empty if no primary load cases have been defined in the model.

Pro 2004 – Software Release Report 130 Clicking on Add new Load Item brings up the following dialog box for assigning new load items. To remove an existing load item.STAAD. choose the type of load from the list along the left side and follow the prompts. Figure 134 In the above box. highlight the item and click on Remove Selected Load Item. Figure 135 .

choose Edit Selected Load item.STAAD. See the following figure for the steps. Figure 136 .Pro 2004 – Software Release Report 131 To change the details of a pre-assigned load item.

Answer : Let us look at the figure below which has 3 horizontal members. Together.Deflection check of a beam modelled as multiple segments Question : Several beams in my model have been defined with multiple intermediate nodes. Please tell me what I should do to perform the deflection check for the 45 feet span. instead of the individual 15 ft spans. . 45 feet long. These two parameters are assigned to the 3 segments . The deflection check on this physical beam is achieved by doing two things : 1) The start and end nodes of the physical beam have to be conveyed to the program using the steel design parameters DJ1 and DJ2. a physical beam or a physical member. they form a single beam that stretches from node 201 to 204. DJ1 is assigned the node number 201. a beam which is say. 2002 and 2003.2001. set DFF to be 500 for the 3 members. So. We call this single beam. is defined as three segments of 15 feet each. This parameter stands for the permissible limit of length divided by maximum allowable deflection. If we do not want that limit to be less than 500. and DJ2 is set to node number 204. The allowable deflection is based on the length of the sum of the segments expressed in inches divided by 500. 2) The 3 segments are assigned the DFF parameter.

The above two steps are represented using the following commands in the STAAD input file: PARAMETER CODE AISC TRACK 2 ALL DJ1 201 MEMB 2001 TO 2003 DJ2 204 MEMB 2001 TO 2003 DFF 500 MEMB 2001 TO 2003 CHECK CODE MEMB 2001 TO 2003 .

Step 1 – create a new view. . save that view.std that is located in the following folder: X:\Spro2005\STAAD\EXAMP\US The model will appear on the screen as shown below. I have a saved view to which I want to add some members. Step 2 – modify the saved view using the ‘Add to View’ facility. We will do the following to demonstrate the Add to View feature. EXAMP01. Answer: To demonstrate this facility. Then.Q: I want to know how to use the View > View Management > Add to View option. such as say. let us open any example file.

In the first case. To do that. the "parent" view window highlights the members in the "child" window. The following dialog box will appear. So. select that and click on OK. highlight those members. whenever the "child" window becomes active. right click and select the New View option. Let us go with the first option. The radio buttons determine whether the selected view would be opened in a new ("child") window or whether it would replace the current ("parent") view window. Then. .Step – 1 Let us create a new view displaying the truss members only.

Let us save this view by going to View > View Management > Save View. .The highlighted portion of the model will be displayed in a new window.

. we want to add the top chords also to our saved view. First. go to View > Open View to open the previously saved view. Provide a name for the new view and click on OK.The following dialog box will be displayed. Step . Let us also close the new view window.2 Next.

highlight the top chords.) Next. Select the view titled ‘a’ and click on OK.The following dialog box comes up. (The radio buttons determine whether the selected view would be opened in a new window or whether it would replace the current view. .

. The following dialog box will be displayed. Confirm the view to be modified (in our example.Then. and click on OK. we have created only one view – ‘a’). go to View > View Management > Add to View.

Notice that the title of the newly modified view window says a*. Make sure the New window is the one with the focus (title bar should be blue) and then. . the contents of that window will be the one which the view will be updated with. go to View > View Management > Save View. we have to save this view again. Once we are satisfied with the modifications. If the wrong window is in focus.

The following dialog box will appear where the view can be renamed. the original view will be modified to include the top chords as well. go to View > View Management > Rename View. In that case. We may provide a new name for the modified view and click on OK. first open the view by going to View > Open View. the following message box will appear. . there will be two saved views – the original view showing the truss members only and the modified view showing the truss members along with the top chords. Choose ‘Yes’ to overwrite the old view. If we wish to rename our saved view. Next. When a new name is given. there are two ways to save the new view. The other option is to use the original title by selecting it from the dialog box. This way.In the dialog box that comes up.

Such a series or matrix of coplanar finite elements is often referred to as a mesh.10) K (18.Pro Input Editor method In this example.6) G (8.10) Ι (4.0) B (20.0.1 Mesh Generation of a mat with openings In this example. STAAD offers four alternative methods to do this. our goal is to create a plate element model of a mat foundation with a polygonal hole and a circular hole.0.0. we will be exploring the Mesh Generator method.18) Z Our slab will be modeled with a series of finite elements.0.14) C (28.0.6) H (8.18) Radius = 3 ft. and the process of creating a series or matrix of elements is known as mesh generation. A (0.0.0. • • • • Structure Wizard method Super-element method Mesh Generator method STAAD. .0. D (24.0.10) E (0.0) X F (4.0.

2 The number of divisions along each side of the slab will be as shown in the table below. SIDE AB BC CD DE EA FG GH HI IF Circle NUMBER OF DIVISIONS 10 4 5 12 9 2 2 2 2 9 divisions around the circumference .

then click on the STAAD.Pro program group.Pro. click on the STAAD. .Pro icon. select the Programs option. go to the Windows Start menu.3 To start STAAD.

4 When STAAD. the following screen is displayed. To get to that option. That choice will serve as the default until we specifically change it. If you need to change the default units.Pro starts up.Pro is this base unit system setting. . one of the choices made at the time of installing STAAD. If you recall. the place from where we can do that is under the File | Configure menu. first close down the dialog box shown in the earlier figure by clicking on Cancel.

Feet. A dialog box with title New will open. click on the File | Configure menu option (see next figure). pull down the File menu and select the New command. For this tutorial.). choose the appropriate units and click on Accept. etc. let us choose the English units (Kip.5 Then. . Next. In the ensuing dialog box.

Pro graphic environment now appears. A dialog box with title Where do you want to go will be displayed. Click the Next button. then click the Finish button. • • • • Select a Space type project. • Toggle on the Add Plate check box. The STAAD. and a grid will be displayed. . Select Foot for Length Units and KiloPound for Force Units.6 In this dialog box. Enter a project name in the File Name edit box provided for that purpose.

we need to set the grid dimensions accordingly.7 We are now in the Geometry-Plate page. and the grid allows us to draw either a 3 noded or a 4 noded element. we will create the corner nodes of our slab by keeping the ‘Ctrl’ key pressed and clicking on the appropriate grid intersection point. we really are not going to be drawing a plate on the grid. Our slab is 5-sided. Even though we chose Add Plate on the previous screen. To enable us to correctly locate the slab corners. Instead. .

This will allow us to see the X = 20. 0. 0) (20. Set the number of lines along X to 7 with a 4 ft spacing. the nodes would become connected. 0. Keeping the ‘Ctrl’ key pressed and clicking at points on the grid successively is a way of creating new nodes without connecting those nodes with beams or plates. hold down the ‘Ctrl’ key and click on the grid in the following 5 points. change the plane to X-Z.8 In the Snap Node/Plate dialog box. After activating the Snap Node/Plate button. (It is very important to hold down the ‘Ctrl’ key. 0 10) (24. If the ‘Ctrl’ key weren’t kept pressed. 18) . For the Z direction. 0. 0) (28.) (0. we will have 9 lines at 2 ft spacing. 18) and (0. 0. thus giving us easy access to the Z = 10 and Z = 18 ft lines. X = 28 and X = 24 ft lines.

close the Snap Node/Plate dialog box by clicking on the Close button at the bottom of that dialog box. The screen should now look as shown below.9 The purpose of these steps was to merely create the five nodes. or in the grid tables of the Geometry-Plate page control area. any of the several methods available in the program could have been used to create those nodes. Consequently. We could have typed the data into the editor. . or even used the Snap Grid/Node – Beam option of the Geometry menu from the top of the screen to graphically create the points. After clicking on the points.

In the ensuing dialog box. You can also display the Node Points by pressing the K key while holding down the Shift key. select the Mesh Generation Cursor from the Geometry toolbar.10 If you are unable to see the points. the Mesh Generation Cursor will be activated. right-click anywhere on your screen and select Labels. Next. toggle on the Node Points check box and click the OK button. . Either way. Another way to activate this same cursor is to pull down the Geometry menu and click on the Surface Mesh Generator command.

When you click again on your starting node. You can designate any node as your first node. 0. let us click at the five node points in succession as shown below. Close the loop by clicking at the start node (or the first clicked point) again. So. Click the cursor on the first node ((0. but that should not have any adverse impact on the analysis results. We will worry about the holes later. click on successive nodes around the perimeter of your slab. Then. The five points we just created are those points. Remember to go in either clockwise or counterclockwise order. . the program understands that you have fully defined a closed figure designating the boundary of your mesh.11 We now have to select the points which form the boundary of the superelement from which the individual elements will be created. 0). The order will have a bearing on the direction of the local axes of the elements.

. A value of 1 means all elements along that edge will have equal lengths. These numbers can be changed if desired.12 A dialog box labeled Define Mesh Region will be displayed. Bias is a factor using which we can specify the ratio of the length of the side of the last element to first element for the edge under consideration. The Boundary tab shows the corner nodes and associated XYZ coordinates of the superelement. that is. Let us set the Divisions for the boundaries of the polygon as shown in the figure below. It also shows the number of divisions. Leave the Bias at 1. the number of elements to be created along each side of the polygon.

13 DO NOT CLICK ON THE OK BUTTON JUST YET. (If you do not want to add openings. The Define Mesh Region dialog box will be dismissed and the program will create a mesh and display the elements in the main view. we do want to insert two openings within the slab. you may click on OK in the above dialog box. WE HAVE NOT YET ADDED THE OPENINGS.) But in our exercise. .

first. You will see 2 new icons appear just above the tabs. So. highlight HOLES and click on the Add New Hole icon. we are going to create 2 new holes. click on the expression Holes to highlight it. Repeat this until you have two new sub-tabs titled Hole 1 and Hole 2. If you click on the icon called Add New Hole.14 To insert holes. For this exercise. . additional tabs for each hole will appear as shown in the next figure.

Choose the Polygon shape for the first hole. highlight Hole 1 and select Polygon from the drop-down list. A drop-down list will appear that lets you set the shape of the hole. For doing that. . Next. click on the cell titled “Polygon”.15 Feel free to rename the holes.

the program will remind us of the same with an error message. If you don’t. Notice that the coordinates shown in the first row and the last row are the same. You may have to click on the Add New Row icon to add new rows and specify the various corners of the Hole. This is because. DO NOT CLICK ON OK YET. we ought to close the loop by specifying the coordinates of the first point again. and specify the corner points of that hole as shown in the following figure. WE NEED TO SPECIFY THE DETAILS FOR THE CIRCULAR HOLE. while specifying the corner points of the polygon. .16 Next. highlight Hole 1.

let us specify the following parameters. 0.17 After specifying the corners for the first hole.9 . In the drop-down list that comes up. choose the Circle shape for the second hole. Here. Click on the cell titled “Polygon”. 14) Radius – 3ft Divisions Along Periphery . Coordinates of the Origin – (18. highlight the second tab – Hole 2.

all the data is complete.18 Now that we have specified the boundaries of the Polygonal plate and the parameters for the two openings. Hit the ‘Esc’ key to deactivate the Mesh Generation Cursor. The Define Mesh Region dialog box will be dismissed and the program will create a mesh with a polygonal and a circular opening and display the elements in the main view. . So. click on OK.

If you go to View | Structure Diagrams and choose Fill Plates. Click on the color palette against Default Plate Color and choose a color. It is set to black. . Here. Another dialog box titled Define Colors will appear. select Plate from the drop-down list against Select Structural Entity. our elements will appear in black. notice in the above dialog box a color button alongside Default Plate Back Color. You can change the color of the plates by going to View | Set Structure Colors menu option.19 Notice that the plates are drawn in green color. Also. click on the Entities button. In the ensuing dialog box.

do the following. . Switch on the Plates Cursor and select all the elements (by rubber-banding around them).20 It shows that the back of the elements is on the upper surface of the slab – a result of the order in which we went about selecting the nodes of our superelement. If you want to change this so that the back is at the under side of the slab. Turn off the Fill Plates option from View | Structure Diagrams menu. Go to the Commands menu on the top of the screen and choose Geometric Constants – Plate Reference Point.

click on OK. set Y = 100 for the Reference Point and keep the button on Local Z Axis Towards Ref. Your screen will now look as shown below. Point.21 In the dialog box that comes up. . Then.

22 To confirm that the local Z axis points upwards. In the dialog box that comes up. . switch on Plate Orientation. click the right mouse button in the drawing area and choose Labels.