Symmetrix SAN Architecture

This document will be using the EMC symmetrix configuration. There are a number of EMC Symmetrix configurations but they all use the same architecture.

Front End Director A channel director (front end director) is a card that connects a host to the symmetrix, each card can have upto four ports. Cache Symmetrix cache memory buffers I/O transfers between the director channels and the storage devices. The cache is divided up into regions to eliminate contension. Back End Director A disk director (back end director) transfers data from disk to cache. Each back-end director can have upto four interfaces (C,D,E and F). Each back-end director interface can handle seven SCSI ids (0-6) Disk Devices The disk devices that are attached to the back-end directors could be either SCSI or FC-AL. Interconnect The direct matrix interconnect is a matrix of high speed connections to all componentswith bandwidth up to 64Gb/s SAN Components The are many components to a SAN Architecture. A host can connect to a SAN via direct connection or via a SAN switch.
Host HBA SAN Cables Host bus adaptor cards are used to access SAN storage systems There are many types of cables and connectors:

FLOGI . SAN Zoning SAN Login The below table documents the various proccesses that occur when a fibre channel device is connected to a SAN Information/process FLOGI (fabric login) .Driver utilities PRLI (process login) .S_ID . The VCM database in a symmetrix would contain the LUN masking information. VCM Database .Zoning .Persistent binding . only one zone set can be active at any one time.WWN .PLOGI .Cable .HBA and driver .Syslog . switch ports and SAN ports. SC (1Gb).S_ID .Device mapping (initiator) .Host based volume management Windows . Storage array is were all the disk devices are located.Driver setting (initiator) What is need ? What information is passed .Event viewer .Zoning . LC (2Gb) The primary function of a switch is to provide a physical connection and logical routing of data frames between the attached devices.Host based volume management .Driver Ulitities Windows .>500m) and copper Connectors: ST. FCIP. iSCSI. iFCP Type of switch: Workgroup.WWN .Types: Multimode (<500m).N_port to F_port Unix . Directors Zoning is used to partition a fibre channel switched fabric into subsets of logical devices.LUN Who does the communication ? .Driver setting .ULP . Members are HBA's. soft and mixed Zone set s Storage arrays Volume access control This is a group of zones that relate to one another.Device masking (target) .Protocol .Link initialization .Device Manager If any one of the above were to fail then the host will not be allowed to access the disks on the SAN.syslog . SAN Switches Support multiple protocols: Fibre channel.BB Credit . Types of zoning: hard. The storage array maintains a database that contains a map of the storage volumes and WWN's that are allowed to access it.Driver Utilities .Switch Port . Each zone contains a set of members that are permitted to access each other.switch utilites where to find the information ? Windows . This is also know as LUN masking.Syslog .Switch viewer PLOGI (port login) .ULP( scsi-3 to scsi-3) Unix .N_port to N_port Unix .Class .Class .

such as the front-end directors and storage ports to which they are mapped Masking operations performed on Symmetrix storage devices result in modifications to the VCM database in the Symmetrix array. initialized and activated. The following tasks can be set on most switches: y y y y y Configure network params Configure fabric params (BB Credit. E_D_TOV. switch PID format. The Symmetrix SDM Agent must be running in order to perform VCM database operations (except deleting backup files). B-series (Brocade) and the MDS-series (Cisco). referred to as the VCMDB device. restored. Domain ID) Enable/Disable ports Configure port speeds Configure Zoning . R_A_TOV. Information stored in the VCM database includes. on each Symmetrix storage array. The VCM database resides on a special system resource logical device. The VCM database can be backed up. Each of the switch offer a web interface and a CLI. but is not limited to: y y y Host and storage World Wide Names SID Lock and Volume Visibility settings Native logical device data.The Symmetrix Volume Configuration Management (VCM) database stores access configurations that are used to grant host access to logical devices in a Symmetrix storage array. Switches There are three models of switchs M-series (Mcdata).

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