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INTEGRATED METHOD OF TEACHING
IT refers to the method of teaching wherein various styles are incorporated to each other in a way that should boost the learning experience that is to be imparted. IT Allows students to make natural connections between content areas without being limited by artificial boundaries. In doing so, students construct their own meaning and develop skills they will need in the workplace. Integrated Method involves one or all of the following: • • • • • • Examining a topic from different points of view (disciplines) Placing greater emphasis on projects Encouraging students to recognize the relationships among and between concepts Using thematic units as organizing principles Flexible schedules Flexible student grouping
B. Shoemaker defines an integrated curriculum as education that is organized in such a way that it cuts across subject-matter lines, bringing together various aspects of the curriculum into meaningful association to focus upon broad areas of study. It views learning and teaching in a holistic way and reflects the real world, which is interactive. An integrated curriculum is to teach a strategy based on the premise that learning is a series of connections. The integrated curriculum can be beneficial to teachers and students, using theme teaching, projects, and units to cover a variety of material and effectively teach many concepts and skills. This approach allows children to learn in a way that is most natural to them. Teachers can create a good deal of their curriculum by building webs made up of themes of interest to the children, with benefits for all. These benefits include more adequate coverage of curriculum, use of natural learning, and building on children's interests, teaching skills in meaningful contexts, more flexibility, and an organized planning device
Integrated teaching units work for children and teachers, and we can look for ways to "integrate" new ideas with our already effective teaching units. These integrated units allow us the opportunity to make sure children are learning relevant information and applying that knowledge to real life scenarios Curriculum studies with regard to integration in the teaching and learning refer
These will jump start children's interest and keep them motivated while they learn important concepts and skills. social studies. dramatic play. . Webbing out ideas in a semantic map is an excellent way to brainstorm activities. These connections help children in the way they learn best . This also allows for children to learn through their preferred learning modalities. including math.through meaningful experiences. Learning centers and hands-on activities are easily implemented through a theme approach. Many skills. It just makes more sense to start with a topic that is motivating to children. and then move to activities and skills. music.to a way of planning and organizing the instructional program so the discrete disciplines of subject matter are interrelated in an appropriate design that brings about effective learning Creating Integrated Learning in Classroom Integrated units can be planned around a book theme. are easily integrated in a theme study. Howard Gardner's multiple intelligences can be easily addressed through the implementation of a Integrated approach. including the benchmarks for each state. and literacy as well as art. an author study. or any topic that has interest for young children. The connections can be made among different subject areas. science. Portfolios and performance-based assessment compliment the Integrated learning . Games and reinforcement activities can be added to appropriate centers. and physical activities.
an ocean portfolio can be created that documents progress the students made during the ocean unit. Sequenced Description: Topics or units of study are rearranged and sequenced to coincide with one another. problem solve. including skills and concepts. animals. Example: Teacher relates the concept of fractions to decimals. and other subjects that motivate the teacher and children to read. Scrapbooks about various unit themes can be created to show what skills and concepts were mastered during the units. dinosaurs. the ocean. . Fine and Practical Arts. Examples of thematic units frequently used in the preschool or early elementary classroom include topics that interest young children such as nursery rhymes. sequencing. Example: English teacher presents a historical novel depicting a particular period while the History teacher teaches that same period. write. These make excellent assessment devices for children to share with their families. can be taught under the umbrella of an exciting theme topic. Connected Description: Within each subject area. the teacher targets multiple skills: a social skill. and think creatively. Book authors and quality children's books also make excellent springboards for creative theme studies. a thinking skill. grades.For example. Example: Teacher designs the unit on photosynthesis to target consensus seeking. Example: Teacher applies this view in Math. space travel. Social Studies. count. and plant life cycle. Humanities. camping. which in turn relates to money. pets. course content is connected topic to topic. Features Of Integrated Method Fragmented Description: The traditional model of separate and distinct discipline. map. which fragments the subject area. etc. concept to concept. and relates ideas explicity. Language arts OR Sciences. Nested Description: Within each subject. fairy tales. one year's work to the next. Science. Similar ideas are taught in concert while remaining separate subjects. and a content-specific skill. Benchmarks for a particular age level. vacations.
Science. and Science while Social Studies teacher targets forecasting current events. such as the circus. Integrated Description: This interdisciplinart approach matches subjects for overlaps in topics and concepts with some team teaching in an authentic integrated model. teachers look for patterning models and approach content through these patterns. Example: Student or doctoral candidate has an area of expert interest and sees all learning through that lens.Shared Description: Shared planning and teaching take place in two disciplines in which overlapping concepts or ideas emerge as organizing elements. subjects use the theme to sift out appropriate concepts. . Webbed Description: A fertile theme is webbed to curriculum contents and disciplines. and graphing as shared concepts that can be team-taught. and study skills through the various disciplines. social skills. and webs it to other subject areas. Example: Teacher presents a simple topical theme. Threaded Description: The metacurricular approach threads thinking skills. Example: In Math. Example: Teaching staff targets prediction in Reading. topics. technology. and ideas. multiple intelligences. Immersed Description: The disciplines become part of the learner's lens of expertise: the learner filters all content through this lens and becomes immersed in his or her own experience. etc. Math. Example: Science and Math teachers use data collection. charting. Fine Arts. Networked Description: Learner filters all learning through the expert's eye and makes internal connections that lead to external networks of experts in related fields. Social Studies.
while adapting the CAD/CAM technology for design. “especially from students with the poorest test results” schools have a more positive work climate. parental contact is more frequent. networks with programmers and expands her knowledge base. ADVANTAGES Integrated instruction also allows for authentic assessment students have a chance to work with multiple sources of information. DISADVANTGES . and improvement in standardized test scores. 1991). Other benefits of utilizing themes in the early childhood classroom include: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Learning in-depth factual information Becoming physically involved with learning Learning process skills Learning "how to learn" Integrating learning in a holistic way Promoting group cohesiveness Addressing individual needs The results of the program increased attendance rates. Integrated units also address the diverse learning styles of the students we serve. They provide an environment that fosters and encourages process learning and active involvement of ALL students (Fisher. “Proceed at a pace commensurate with their interests. teachers can better differentiate instruction to individual student needs.Example: Architect. They build on students' interests and prior knowledge by focusing on topics relevant to their lives. teachers report a higher job satisfaction. and student achievement scores in schools that team are higher than those that do not team Pumerantz & Galanto find that interdisciplinary teaching allows for students to. Integrated units provide one of the best vehicles for integrating content areas in a way that makes sense to children and helps them make connections to transfer knowledge they learn and apply it in a meaningful way. and experiences Integrated instruction helps teachers better utilize instructional time and look deeper into subjects through a variety of content-specific lens. thus ensuring they are receiving a more inclusive perspective than they would from consulting one textbook Integrated teaching units involve a group of correlated activities that are designed around topics or themes and cross several areas of the curriculum. skills. They help children relate to real-life experiences and build on what they know.
examples in all forms of information presentation because this practice likely allows for greater interest in the subject matter and better information-retention rates. potentially. If the student can not only hear but see what is being taught. Lectures. . Learning a list of facts provides a detached and impersonal experience while the same list. often become a setting more geared towards factorial presentation than a setting for narrative and/or connective learning. offer a way for the students to put into perspective the numbers or stats that are being used. Which take lot of time to complete the whole curriculum in the respective duration of time. Often in lecture numbers or stats are used to explain a subject but often when many numbers are being used it is difficult to see the whole picture. It allows another way for the student to relate to the material. containing examples and stories. supplementary. judging by its prolificacy. putting things into a clearer perspective and allowing for increased neural representation in the brain.1). The uses of storytelling and examples have long since become standard practice in the realm of textual explanation. thus. The use of examples and storytelling likely allows for better understanding but also greater individual ability to relate to the information presented. it is more likely they will believe and fully grasp what is being taught. this practice sometimes becomes one of the more ignored aspects of lecture. personally relatable. A teacher may use experimentation to demonstrate ideas in a science class. 3). 2).Some of them are. Visuals that are bright in color. especially in a collegiate environment.Due to integrated method of learning there is unnecessary repetition of the content. Confusion in student's mind due to difference in opinion which in turn leads to 4). But while a more narrative style of information presentation is clearly a preferred practice in writing. Disunity and hence the subject as a whole is never grasped. This discourages students from learning and they get disinterested in applying the knowledge achieved into practice. Therefore. How To Use Integrated Method In Classroom Teaching There are several ways that a teacher can use this method in classroom teaching. as by reasoning or showing evidence.- Demonstrating Demonstrations are done to provide an opportunity to learn new exploration and visual learning tasks from a different perspective. A demonstration may be used in the circumstance of proving conclusively a fact. Disjointed approach to teaching. it is important to provide personable. becomes. Furthermore. Unnecessary repetition:. etc. storytelling in information presentation may also reinforce memory retention because it provides connections between factorial presentation and real-world examples/personable experience.
discussions may well take up most of the lesson. These make excellent assessment devices for children to share with their families. . Examples of thematic units frequently used in the preschool or early elementary classroom include topics that interest young children such as nursery rhymes. Collaborating allows students to talk with each other and listen to all points of view in the discussion. the teacher may be trying to assess the lesson by looking at the student's: ability to work as a team. map. Discussions can take a variety of forms. and other subjects that motivate the teacher and children to read. Collaborating (kinaesthetic) is great in that it allows to actively participating in the learning process. It is one of the direct instructional methods. animals. space travel. fairy tales. These students who learn best this way by being able to relate to the lesson in that they are physically taking part of it in some way. dinosaurs. vacations. problem solve. camping. count. the ocean. including skills and concepts. leadership skills. When this lesson plan is carried out. Scrapbooks about various unit themes can be created to show what skills and concepts were mastered during the units. with the teacher only giving short feedback at the end or even in the following lesson. EXAMPLES For example. write. and think creatively. an ocean portfolio can be created that documents progress the students made during the ocean unit. It helps students think in a less personally biased way. Book authors and quality children's books also make excellent springboards for creative theme studies. pets. can be taught under the umbrella of an exciting theme topic.Collaborating Having students work in groups is another way a teacher can direct a lesson. or presentation abilities. A different kind of group work is the discussion. After some preparation and with clearly defined roles as well as interesting topics. Benchmarks for a particular age level. Group projects and discussions are a great way to welcome this type of learning.
and is an excellent medium for bringing children and skills together. but also knowing they learned something meaningful and helpful at school . Integrated teaching works for teachers and children. We must send children home at the end of the day with increased skill development. and projects to motivate children and teach them the necessary skills and concepts to be successful in school and life. it's important to blend the old with the new rather than completely tossing tried and true methods. topics of interest. With all the new emphasis on test scores and isolated skill development. Teachers have long used children's literature.CONCLUSION The integrated teaching curriculum has been around in early childhood education for years. Integrated teaching still has a significant place in our early childhood classrooms.
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