Nureen Hanisah binti Mohamad Zaki 511 / 10410 MARA JUNIOR SCIENCE COLLEGE TAIPING Jalan Bukit Larut, 34000 Taiping, Perak Darul Ridzuan

Firstly, I would like to express my gratitude to God, for without His blessings and grace, it would be impossible to complete this career guide in order to meet the graduation requirements of MJSC Taiping. My gratitude also goes to my mother who provided continuous support in my chosen career field whilst making time for me despite her hectic schedule. Not forgetting the teacher counselor, Encik Abdullah bin Kamaruddin and Puan Zamzuriana bt Che Hamid, who had given me advice and encouragement, henceforth guiding me upon identifying my interests and abilities at a tender age. I would also like to express appreciation to Mr Ekhwan Fahmi b Abdul Khalik, an experienced engineer whom I interviewed and was fitted into this career guide. Finally, thanks to fellow colleagues from MJSC Taiping 10/11 for your assistance during the production of this career guide.

- Nureen Hanisah bt Mohamad Zaki

 Tadika Koperasi Minden 1998-2000  Sekolah Kebangsaan Bukit Gambir 2001-2006 (Primary 1-6)  Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Bukit Jambul 2007-2009 (Secondary 1-3)  MARA Junior Science College Taiping 2010-2011 (Secondary 4-5)

Academic Achievements Name
Nureen Hanisah Binti Mohamad Zaki

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Top 3 Students (Primary 1-6) Top 10 Students (Secondary 1-3) PNG 3.98 1st Semester 2010 PNG 3.96 2nd Semester 2010 Physics Mentor (2010-2011)

I.C Number
 940927-07-6028

     Head Librarian (2006) Karate Club Treasurer Public Speaking Club – Secretary Tennis Club – Secretary Student’s Representative Council’s - Treasurer (2010/2011)

Date of Birth
 27 September 1994

 6-11-4 Villa Sri Kenanga,
Jalan Batu Uban 11700 Gelugor, Pulau Pinang.

Co-curricular Activities
      Karate Blue Belt In-House Karate Tournament Public Speaking Tennis State Level Recorder Competition Inter School Engineering Competition

  0176289930

Reading, Learning, Japanese Culture, Music, Applied physics, bridge

Acknowledgement introduction specification duties and responsibilities places to study – courses, title of course (MBBA blah3) pay – estimated, depend on field, country, ranking work conditions – place of work implication for lifestyle – schedules, how it affects daily life, worth it or not nature of work – routine AT work, ppl they interact with at work needed by society – how, why ppl need mech eng entry, training and prospects – exams, characteristics, GPA, training, internship, pathway related occupation successful personal attributes – personal qualities, social skills,E.Q scholarships requirement interview about author resources

An engineer is a professional concerned with applying and ingenuity to develop problems. Engineers design and systems while imposed by cost. The word the Latin root ‘cleverness’. practitioner of engineering, scientific knowledge, mathematics solutions for technical materials, structures, machines considering the limitations practicality, safety and engineer is derived from ingenium, meaning

Engineers are grounded in applied sciences, and their work in research and development is distinct from the basic research focus of scientists. The work of engineers forms the link between scientific discoveries and the applications that meet the needs of society.

Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical engineering is a discipline of engineering that applies the principles of physics and materials science for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves the production and usage of heat and mechanical power for the design, production, and operation of machines and tools. It is one of the oldest and broadest engineering disciplines. The engineering field requires a vast understanding of core concepts including mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, and structural analysis. Mechanical engineers use these core principles along with tools like computer-aided engineering and product lifecycle management to design and analyze manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery, heating and cooling systems, transport systems, aircraft, watercraft, robotics, medical devices and more.
Mechanical engineering comprises the design, analysis and usage of heat and mechanical power for the operation of machines and mechanical systems. Subdiscipline Vehicle engineering Scope The design, manufacture and operation of the systems and equipment that propel and control vehicles Major specialties Automotive engineering, the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles, buses and trucks Aerospace engineering, the design of aircraft, spacecraft and other air vehicles Marine engineering, the design, construction, operation and support of marine vehicles

Thermal engineering Acoustical engineering

Concerns heating or cooling of processes, equipment, or enclosed environments Concerns the manipulation and control of vibration, especially vibration isolation and the reduction of unwanted sounds

The field of mechanical engineering can be thought of as a collection of many mechanical engineering science disciplines. Some of these subdisciplines are unique to mechanical engineering, while others are a combination of mechanical engineering and one or more other disciplines. Most work that a mechanical engineer does uses skills and techniques from several of these subdisciplines, as well as specialized subdisciplines.

1. Mechanics
The study of forces and their effect upon matter. Used to analyze and predict the acceleration and deformation (both elastic and plastic) of objects under known forces (also called loads) or stresses. Subdisciplines of mechanics:
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Statics, the study of non-moving bodies under known loads, how forces affect static bodies Dynamics (or kinetics), the study of how forces affect moving bodies Mechanics of materials, the study of how different materials deform under various types of stress Fluid mechanics, the study of how fluids react to forces[22] Continuum mechanics, a method of applying mechanics that assumes that objects are continuous (rather than discrete)

2. Kinematics The study of the motion of bodies (objects) and systems (groups of objects), while ignoring the forces that cause the motion. For example, the movement of a crane and the oscillations of a piston in an engine are both simple kinematic systems. M.E use kinematics in the design and analysis of mechanisms. Kinematics can be used to find the possible range of motion for a given mechanism, or, working in reverse, can be used to design a mechanism that has a desired range of motion. 3. Mechatronics and robotics Mechatronics is an interdisciplinary branch of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and software engineering that is concerned with integrating electrical and mechanical engineering to create hybrid systems. For exmaple, a CD-ROM drive.

Robotics is the application of mechatronics to create robots, which are often used in industry to perform tasks that are dangerous, unpleasant, or repetitive. These robots may be of any shape and size, but all are preprogrammed and interact physically with the world. To create a robot, an engineer typically employs kinematics (to determine the robot's range of motion) and mechanics (to determine the stresses within the robot). 4. Structural analysis Structural analysis is the branch of mechanical engineering (and also civil engineering) devoted to examining why and how objects fail and to fix the objects and their performance. Structural failures occur in two general modes: static failure, and fatigue failure. Static structural failure occurs when, upon being loaded (having a force applied) the object being analyzed either breaks or is deformed plastically, depending on the criterion for failure. Fatigue failure occurs when an object fails after a number of repeated loading and unloading cycles. Fatigue failure occurs because of imperfections in the object: a microscopic crack on the surface of the object, for instance, will grow slightly with each cycle (propagation) until the crack is large enough to cause ultimate failure. Structural analysis may be used in the office when designing parts, in the field to analyze failed parts, or in laboratories where parts might undergo controlled failure tests.

5. Thermodynamics and thermo-science An applied science used in several branches of engineering, including mechanical and chemical engineering. At its simplest, thermodynamics is the study of energy, its use and transformation through a system. Thermodynamics principles are used by mechanical engineers in the fields of heat transfer, thermofluids, and energy conversion. Mechanical engineers use thermoscience to design engines and power plants, heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems, heat exchangers, heat sinks, radiators, refrigeration, insulation, and others.

6. Design and Drafting Drafting or technical drawing is the means by which mechanical engineers design products and create instructions for manufacturing parts. A technical drawing can be a computer model or hand-drawn schematic showing all the dimensions necessary to manufacture a part, as well as assembly notes, a list of required materials, and other pertinent information. A U.S. mechanical engineer or skilled worker who creates technical drawings may be referred to as a drafter or draftsman. Drafting has historically been a two-dimensional process, but computer-aided design (CAD) programs now allow the designer to create in three dimensions. Drafting is used in nearly every subdiscipline of mechanical engineering, and by many other branches of engineering and architecture.

Career Paths
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Industry (the most common) Graduate School Entrepreneur/Business Owner Research Labs Military Government Preparation for other Professions (law, medicine, teaching, etc.)

Professional Societies
The primary professional society for mechanical engineers is the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, or ASME. There are many other societies that focus on different niches within the profession of mechanical engineering. These include the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME). Many of the societies generate codes and standards relevant to their specific interests. The Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code created by ASME is one of the oldest engineering standards generated in the United States, and is still maintained to this day.

Civil Engineering
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Bridge Engineering Construction engineering Environmental engineering Fire protection engineering Geotechnical engineering General engineering Hydraulic engineering Materials science Piles Engineering Structural engineering Surveying Timber Engineering Transportation engineering Water resources engineering

Tools used
Dump Truck

Front Loader


Mobile Cranes Truck Mounted Crane

Telescopic Crane

Overhead Crane

Tower Crane

Compact Excavator


The Wonders of Civil Engineering
Akashi Kaikyo Bridge
The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge also popularly known as the Pearl Bridge, has the longest central span of any suspension bridge. The central span is staggering 1,991 metres (6,532 ft) making it a truly marvelous civil engineer wonder. Located in Japan, Akashi Kaikyo Bridge was completed in 1998 with the purpose of linking the city of Kobe on the mainland of Honsho to Iwaya on Awaji Island by crossing the busy Akashi Strait. Construction Details Central span – 1,991 metres (6,532 ft) Steel – 181,000 tonnes ( It is said that total stell cable used in this bridge could encircle the entire world 7 times.) Workers – 2 Million Time- 10 years Concrete – 1.4 million cubic


The bridge is constructed by using two main cables which strech between two towers. The road is supported by other cables which are eventually tied up with main cables. Two large anchor blocks on either end support this gigantic structure.

Burj Dubai – The New Level Of Civil Engineering
On 4th Jan 2010, the biggest civil engineering marvel was inaugurated with a spectacular display of water, sound, light, and fireworks. Burj Dubai is the tallest man-made structure with a staggering height of 824.55 m (2,705 ft). This ambitious project began on 21 September 2004 and is now opened exactly on schedule.

Here is the chronological overview of the project The real structure began to rise in March 2005 and after 15months in June 2006 50th level is reached. Then came 2007 when all the records began to shatter as in February 2007, it surpassed The Sears Tower as the building with the most floors.Then on 13 May 2007 it sets a record for vertical concrete pumping on any building at 452 m (1,483 ft), shadowing the current record of Taipei 101 at 449.2 m (1,474 ft). Then on 21 July 2007, it minnowed Taipei 101 and reached level 141. Then till the year end, Burj Dubai had surpassed Sears Tower antenna and CN tower and reached 150 level. In 2008, it became the the tallest man-made structure at level 160. On 1 September 2008 its height tops 688 m (2,257 ft), making it the tallest man-made structure ever built, surpassing the previous record-holder, the Warsaw Radio Mast in Konstantynów, Poland.

Millau Viaduct France – Extreme Engineering
Millau Viaduct France (In French le Viaduc de Millau) is a large cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in France. It was designed by structural engineer Michel Virlogeux and architect Norman Foster.One of the summit of this bridge is at a height of 343 meters)1125 ft) which makes it is the tallest vehicular bridge in the world. The Millau Viaduct consists of an eight-span steel roadway supported by seven concrete pylons. The roadway weighs 36,000 tons and is 2,460 m (8,100 ft) long, measuring 32 m (100 ft) wide by 4.2 m (14 ft) deep, making it the world’s longest cable-stayed deck. The six central spans each measure 342 m (1,120 ft) with the two outer spans measuring 204 m (670 ft). The roadway has a slope of 3% descending from south to north, and curves in a plane section with a 20 km (12 mi) radius to give drivers better visibility. It carries two lanes of traffic and one safety lane in each direction. The pylons range in height from 77 m (250 ft) to 246 m (810 ft), and taper in their longitudinal section from 24.5 m (80 ft) at the base to 11 m (36 ft) at the deck. Each pylon is composed of 16 framework sections, each weighing 2,230 tons. These sections were assembled on site from pieces of 60 tons, 4 m (13 ft) wide and 17 m (56 ft) long, made in factories in Lauterbourg and Fossur-Mer by Eiffage. The

pylons each support 97 m (320 ft) tall masts.

Construction began on 10 October 2001 and was intended to take three years, but weather conditions put work on the bridge behind schedule. A revised schedule aimed for the bridge to be opened in January 2005. The viaduct was inaugurated by President Chirac on 14 December 2004 to open for traffic on 16 December, several weeks ahead of the revised schedule. Surface to allow for deformations of the metal deck under traffic, a special surface of modified bitumen was installed by research teams from Appia. The surface is somewhat flexible to adapt to deformations in the steel deck without cracking, but it must nevertheless have sufficient strength to withstand motorway conditions (fatigue, density, texture, adherence, anti-rutting, etc.). The “ideal formula” was found only after ten years of research.

Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science and life sciences with mathematics and economics, to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms. Chemical engineering largely involves the design, improvement and maintenance of processes involving chemical or biological transformations for large-scale manufacture. Chemical engineers ensure the processes are operated safely, sustainably and economically. Chemical engineers in this branch are usually employed under the title of process engineer.

Chemical engineering is applied in the manufacture of a wide variety of products. The chemical industry has a large scope, manufacturing inorganic and organic industrial chemicals, ceramics, fuels and petrochemicals, agrochemicals (fertilizers, insecticides, herbicides), plastics and elastomers, oleochemicals, explosives, detergents and detergent products (soap, shampoo, cleaning fluids), fragrances and flavors, additives, dietary supplements and pharmaceuticals. Closely allied or overlapping disciplines include wood processing, food processing, environmental technology, and the engineering of petroleum, glass, paints and other coatings, inks, sealants and adhesives. A variety of substances found in everyday life have been made under the supervision of a chemical engineer.

Chemical engineers design chemical production equipment and entire chemical plants: Piping and pump sizing and specification Chemical reactors o Continuous stirred-tank reactor o Plug flow reactor o Catalytic reactor Separation equipment o Distillation column o Extraction column o Evaporation o Filtering o Reverse osmosis Process Systems Engineering o Process control and instrumentation
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Modern chemical engineering
The modern discipline of chemical engineering encompasses much more than just process engineering. Chemical engineers are now engaged in the development and production of a diverse range of products, as well as in commodity and specialty chemicals. These products include high performance materials needed for aerospace, automotive, biomedical, electronic, environmental, space and military applications. Examples include ultra-strong fibers, fabrics, dye-sensitized solar cells, adhesives and composites for vehicles, bio-compatible materials for implants and prosthetics, gels for medical

applications, pharmaceuticals, and films with special dielectric, optical or spectroscopic properties for opto-electronic devices. Additionally, chemical engineering is often intertwined with biology and biomedical engineering. Many chemical engineers work on biological projects such as understanding biopolymers (proteins) and mapping the human genome.

Related fields and topics
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Biochemical engineering Bioinformatics Biomedical engineering Biomolecular engineering Biotechnology Ceramics Chemical process modeling Chemical Technologist Chemical reactor Computational fluid dynamics Corrosion engineering Electrochemistry Environmental engineering Earthquake engineering Fluid dynamics Food engineering Fuel cell

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Heat transfer Industrial gas Mass transfer Materials science Metallurgy Microfluidics Mineral processing Nanotechnology Natural environment Natural gas processing Nuclear reprocessing Oil exploration Oil refinery Pharmaceutical engineering Plastics engineering Polymers Process control

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Process design Process development Process Systems Engineering Process miniaturization Paper engineering Safety engineering Semiconductor device fabrication Separation processes (see also: separation of mixture) o Crystallization processes o Distillation processes o Membrane processes Textile engineering Thermodynamics Transport phenomena Unit operations Water technology

Electrical engineering
Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. The field first became an identifiable occupation in the late nineteenth century after commercialization of the electric telegraph and electrical power supply. It now covers a range of subtopics including power, electronics, control systems, signal processing and telecommunications. Electrical engineers are usually concerned with using electricity to transmit energy, while electronic engineers are concerned with using electricity to process information. More recently, the distinction has become blurred by the growth of power electronics.

Power Power engineering deals with the generation, transmission Electrical engineering Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. The field first became an identifiable occupation in the late nineteenth century after commercialization of the electric telegraph and electrical power supply. It now covers a range of subtopics including power, electronics, control systems, signal processing and telecommunications. Electrical engineers are usually concerned with using electricity to transmit energy, while electronic engineers are concerned with using electricity to process information. More recently, the distinction has become blurred by the growth of power electronics. Control Control engineering focuses on the modeling of a diverse range of dynamic systems and the design of controllers that will cause these systems to behave in the desired manner. To implement such controllers electrical engineers may use electrical circuits, digital signal

processors, microcontrollers and PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers). Control engineering has a wide range of applications from the flight and propulsion systems of commercial airliners to the cruise control present in many modern automobiles. It also plays an important role in industrial automation. Electronics

Electronic engineering involves the design and testing of electronic circuits that use the properties of components such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes and transistors to achieve a particular functionality.

Microelectronics The design and microfabrication of very small electronic circuit components for use in an integrated circuit or sometimes for use on their own as a general electronic component. The most common microelectronic components are semiconductor transistors, although all main electronic components (resistors, capacitors, inductors) can be created at a microscopic level. Nanoelectronics is the further scaling of devices down to nanometer levels. The field of microelectronics involves a significant amount of chemistry and material science and requires the electronic engineer working in the field to have a very good working knowledge of the effects of quantum mechanics. Signal processing The analysis and manipulation of signals. Signals can be either analog, in which case the signal varies continuously according to the information, or digital, in which case the signal varies according to a series of discrete values representing the information. Signal Processing is a very mathematically oriented and intensive area forming the core of digital signal processing and it is rapidly expanding with new applications in every field of electrical engineering such as communications, control, radar, TV/Audio/Video engineering, power electronics and bio-medical engineering.

Telecommunications The transmission of information across a channel such as a coax cable, optical fiber or free space. Popular analog modulation techniques include amplitude modulation and frequency modulation. The choice of modulation affects the cost and performance of a system and these two factors must be balanced carefully by the engineer.

Instrumentation Instrumentation engineering deals with the design of devices to measure physical quantities such as pressure, flow and temperature. The design of such instrumentation requires a good understanding of physics that often extends beyond electromagnetic theory. For example, radar guns use the Doppler effect to measure the speed of oncoming vehicles. Similarly, thermocouples use the Peltier-Seebeck effect to measure the temperature difference between two points. Computers Computer engineering deals with the design of computers and computer systems. This may involve the design of new hardware, the design of PDAs or the use of computers to control an industrial plant. Computer engineers may also work on a system's software.

Mechatronics is an engineering discipline which deals with the convergence of electrical and mechanical systems. Examples include automated manufacturing systems, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems and various subsystems of aircraft and automobiles. Biomedical engineering is another related discipline, concerned with the design of medical equipment. This includes fixed equipment such as ventilators, MRI scanners and electrocardiograph monitors as well as mobile equipment such as cochlear implants, artificial pacemakers and artificial hearts.

Computer Engineering
Computer engineering, also called computer systems engineering, is a discipline that integrates several fields of electrical engineering and computer science required to develop computer systems. Computer engineers are involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers, and

supercomputers, to circuit design.

Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems. Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors, communications, and sensors.

Electronic Engineering
Electronics engineering, also referred to as electronic engineering, is an engineering discipline where non-linear and active electrical components such as electron tubes, and semiconductor devices, especially transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, are utilized to design electronic circuits, devices and systems, typically also including passive electrical components and based on printed circuit boards. The term denotes a broad engineering field that covers important subfields such as analog electronics, digital electronics, consumer electronics, embedded systems and power electronics. Electronics engineering deals with implementation of applications, principles and algorithms developed within many related fields, for example solid-state physics, radio engineering, telecommunications, control systems, signal processing, systems engineering, computer engineering, instrumentation engineering, electric power control, robotics, and many others.

Typical electronic engineering undergraduate syllabus
    Electromagnetics Network analysis Electronic devices and circuits    Signals and systems Control systems Communications

QS World University Rankings 2010: Engineering & Technology
Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9= 9= 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19= 19= 21 22 School Name Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Stanford University University of California, Berkeley (UCB) University of Cambridge California Institute of Technology (Caltech) Imperial College London The University of Tokyo ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) National University of Singapore (NUS) University of Oxford Tsinghua University Carnegie Mellon University Georgia Institute of Technology University of Toronto University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign Kyoto University Delft University of Technology University of Michigan Cornell University Princeton University Harvard University Country United States United States United States United Kingdom United States United Kingdom Japan Switzerland Singapore United Kingdom China United States United States Canada United States United States Japan Netherlands United States United States United States United States Size Research Focus Score M VH CO 100.00 L XL L S L L L XL L L M L XL XL XL L L XL L M L VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH VH FC FC FC CO FC FC FO FC FC FC FC CO FC FC FC FC FO FC FC CO FC 83.00 83.00 73.00 68.00 67.00 64.00 62.00 59.00 59.00 58.00 55.00 54.00 54.00 53.00 53.00 50.00 49.00 46.00 46.00 45.00 45.00

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36= 36= 38 39= 39= 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Tokyo Institute of Technology KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology The University of Manchester The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology University of Texas at Austin Purdue University McGill University University of British Columbia Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne The University of Melbourne Peking University University of California, San Diego (UCSD) École Polytechnique Nanyang Technological University (NTU) Technische Universität München Seoul National University University of Waterloo Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen National Taiwan University (NTU) The University of New South Wales Shanghai Jiao Tong University The University of Sydney Australian National University University of Edinburgh Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB) Technische Universität Berlin Universität Karlsruhe Eindhoven University of Technology

Japan Korea, South United Kingdom Hong Kong United States United States Canada Canada Switzerland Australia China United States France Singapore Germany Korea, South Canada Germany




45.00 44.00 44.00 43.00 43.00 43.00 43.00 42.00 42.00 42.00 41.00 41.00 39.00 39.00 39.00 38.00 38.00 38.00 38.00 38.00 37.00 37.00 36.00 36.00 35.00 35.00 34.00 34.00

Australia China Australia Australia United Kingdom India Germany Germany Netherlands


An Educational Roadmap to Your Career in Engineering
Because of the diverse activities involved in engineering, technology, and technician careers, no single approach will guarantee a successful career. Prospective employers look for a wide range of characteristics. In addition to a solid technical background, employers look for such qualities as integrity, ambition, drive, organizational ability, oral and written communication skills, and interpersonal skills. Employers also seek graduates interested in expanding their knowledge and taking on advanced assignments.

Preparing for Your Career While You're Still in High School
Preparation for a career as an engineer, technologist, or technician begins in high school or even earlier. It requires strong grounding in the fundamentals of mathematics and science, with particular emphasis on physics and chemistry. An effective written and oral command of language and a basic understanding of history, culture, and current events are necessary. You can take one of three educational paths toward a career in the electrical, electronics, or computer engineering fields:    An appropriate Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Engineering degree (in electrical, electronics, or computer engineering), leading to employment as an engineer; or An appropriate Bachelor of Science in Engineering Technology or Bachelor of Engineering Technology degree (in electrical, electronics, or computer technology), leading to employment as a technologist; or An appropriate Associates degree (in electrical, electronics, or computer technology), leading to employment as a technician.

Typical High School Curriculum to Prepare for Your Career
Bachelors Degree Program in Electrical, Electronics, or Computer Engineering or in Computer Science: English--4 years Mathematics*--4 years Science**--3 years Social Science--2 years Electives 15 Units Total * including trigonometry and precalculus ** including chemistry and physics Bachelor's Degree Program in Engineering Technology English--4 years Mathematics--3 years Science--2-3 years Social Science--2 years Electives 15 Units Total Associate's Degree Program in Engineering Technology English--4 years Mathematics--2-3 years Science--2-3 years Social Science--2 years Electives 15 Units Total As you can see, the typical engineering program requires more mathematics and science in high school than does the Bachelors degree program in technology or the Associate's degree program for technicians. Mathematics, science, and English form an extremely important foundation for an engineering career.

Typical College Curriculum to Prepare for Your Career
Engineering Bachelor's Degree Programs
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Courses Math Physics & Chem. Intro. Computing Mechanics & Thermodynamics Electromagnetic Fields Logic Circuits & Lab Computer Architecture & Switching Circuits & Electronics & Labs Energy Conversion Linear Systems Oral/Written Communications Social Science/Humanities Other electives* % time 14 13 5 5 2 3 5 13 2 2 5 13 18

*Electives may include additional technical courses in Semiconductor Device Construction, Advanced Topics in Computer Languages, Computer Architecture, Computer Construction, Communications, Microwaves, etc., depending on the interests and the size of the faculty. Topics in business and arts and sciences may also be included. Computer Engineering Courses Math Physics or Chem. Intro. Computing Computer Hardware & Microcomputers Software Engineering Lab & Design Work Electrical engineering electives Other technical electives Oral/Written Communications Social Science/Humanities Other electives* % time 14 13 5 7 7 9 9 9 5 13 9

Choosing an Engineering Major

Chemical engineering majors learn how to use chemical reactions in beneficial ways. They create products that solve hassles for consumers and industry. They also study ways of working with chemicals to minimize danger to consumers and damage to the environment. Mechanical engineering majors learn how to use the principles of physics to create machines that improve people's everyday lives. This is a broad field where students learn how all kinds of mechanical devices work, from blenders to cars to roller coasters. Aerospace engineering majors train to be rocket scientists-- literally! They learn how to design spacecraft, as well as commercial aircraft, helicopters, satellites, and all kinds of machines that fly. This field is closely related to mechanical engineering. Industrial engineering majors learn how to work with businesses and other organizations to make them more productive and less wasteful. They use engineering principles to make all the parts of a system, including employees and resources, run smoothly. This is the most business-oriented field of engineering. Civil engineering majors learn how to build civilizations-- or at least the physical infrastructure of civilization, including bridges, dams, and retaining walls. They learn how to work with the natural environment of the earth to build things that won't fall apart or damage the planet. Structural engineering majors learn how work with buildings and other structures so that they can withstand outside forces like wind, as well as their own internal weight. Structural engineering is a subfield of civil engineering. Electrical engineering majors become experts in electricity and how to use and control it. They learn how to create and maintain electrical devices of all kinds, from telecommunications systems to toasters. Computer engineering majors learn how to work with computer hardware and software, as well as computer-controlled devices. They learn both the technical side and the theoretical side to working with computers. This field is closely related to both electrical engineering and computer science. Biomedical engineering majors learn how to create and maintain medical devices. They work with everything from pacemakers to prosthetics, and study innovations like tissue engineering. This is a rapidly growing and cutting-edge field of engineering.

Mechanical Engineering Major
What is a mechanical engineering major? Mechanical engineering is the discipline of using energy, force, and motion to enhance quality of life. Mechanical engineering involves many diverse activities such as designing machines and mechanical devices, power generation and energy conversion, heat and fluid flow, manufacturing processes and systems, and processing of materials. Mechanical engineering impacts all areas of modern life, such as transportation, construction, electronic devices, biomedical prostheses, computer chip technology, nuclear power, aerospace technology, and the list goes on. In addition, the machines and instruments needed for these and many more industries are designed by mechanical engineers. What kinds of classes are engineering majors required to take? As a mechanical engineering major, you will take classes in the following:
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Math Physics Chemistry Solid Mechanics Fluid Mechanicals Thermodynamics Heat Transfer Materials Science Control Systems Design Manufacturing Processes

Classes typically follow a strict lecture-homework-exam format, with an emphasis on solving textbook problems. The core science classes will also involve hands-on labs, and many classes will also involve projects. Engineers (not just mechanical) generally work in teams which might comprise other engineers in your discipline or in other disciplines, technicians and other support staff, scientists, project managers, salespeople, market analysts, etc. Thus, more and more ME departments are emphasizing soft skills that are not directly related to engineering but which are critical for success in an engineering career. You will thus be required to take classes in writing and humanities, and it is also likely that many classes will emphasize team projects. Many ME departments have a senior project class, in which students form groups and are given one big semester or year-long open-ended project which usually involves designing

and building a mechanical device such as a machine, robot, or vehicle. This not only allows students to apply their textbook-learned knowledge to a real problem and gain hands-on experience, but also provides valuable lessons in teamwork and time management. Advantages and disadvantages of a mechanical engineering major? Advantages of this major: mechanical engineers are found in almost all sectors of industry; thus, employment prospects are good. Also, because it is a core engineering discipline, having a firm grounding in mechanical engineering enables you to enter fields or pursue advanced study in other areas such as bioengineering, environmental engineering, and nanotechnology, to name a few. Disadvantages: The workload is usually high and the atmosphere competitive, especially in classes where projects are assigned in addition to exams. You will probably not have as much time to party or pursue extracurricular activities as your non-engineering major friends. Also, despite recent increases in enrollment of women across all science and engineering disciplines, mechanical engineering still contains the lowest percentage of women; thus, if you are a woman you will probably find yourself a minority. What careers are available to mechanical engineering majors? Gone is the stereotype of a mechanical engineer being someone who drives a train! Today's mechanical engineers have varied job descriptions such as product designer, product tester, technical supervisor, high-tech researcher, sales and marketing personnel, CTO, etc.

Required Courses

Calculus is core to engineering and will be one of the first classes you take in college. Mechanical engineers usually take at least three semesters of calculus. In addition to calculus, you may also take classes in differential and partial differential equations as well as courses in advanced algebra (e.g. linear algebra) and calculus-based statistics.


All engineering students usually must complete a minimum of two semesters of physics. Like calculus, physics is fundamental to engineering, and engineers must have a thorough understanding of forces, energy, mechanics, thermodynamics, circuits, electromagnetics and optics. Some curricula require upper level physics classes as well.

Lab Science Courses

Most mechanical engineering programs require one year of coursework in a lab science other than physics. Be sure to check the requirements of your curriculum as some schools require two semesters of a single science while others allow you to take courses in two different sciences. For example, the mechanical engineering program at the University of Notre Dame requires two semesters of chemistry while Georgia Tech requires one semester of chemistry and one semester of a lab science. Acceptable lab sciences are typically chemistry, biology and physical science, but be sure to check your school's specific requirements.

Introductory Engineering Courses

After you've completed your core requirements and prerequisites, you'll move into your lower level engineering courses. You may take classes like statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials, computer aided design (CAD), and you'll probably take circuits and electronics. During this time you will likely take a computing class like computer science or numerical methods as well as a technical writing course.

Specialized Engineering Courses

By your junior and senior years, you'll be well into your mechanical engineering courses. These classes will be dedicated to the study of thermodynamics, heat transfer, fluid mechanics, system dynamics, control, manufacturing processes and design. This is when you will apply the knowledge from calculus, physics and the core science and engineering classes you've taken. Also, most mechanical engineering programs require their students to take a senior design course. This class is usually taken in the last semester but can span the entire senior year.

Fundamental Subjects
The fundamental subjects of mechanical engineering usually include:
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Statics and dynamics Strength of materials and solid mechanics Instrumentation and measurement Electrotechnology Electronics Thermodynamics, heat transfer, energy conversion, and HVAC Fluid mechanics and fluid dynamics Mechanism design (including kinematics and dynamics) Manufacturing engineering, technology, or processes Hydraulics and pneumatics Mathematics - in particular, calculus, differential equations, and linear algebra. Engineering design Product design Mechatronics and control theory Material Engineering Design engineering, Drafting, computer-aided design (CAD) (including solid modeling), and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)

Course description for Civil and Environmental Engineering (Worchester Polytechnic Institute)
CE 1030. Civil Engineering and Computer Fundamentals. CE 2000. Analytical Mechanics I. CE 2001. Analytical Mechanics II. CE 2002. Introduction to Analysis and Design. CE 2020. Surveying. CE 3006. Design of Steel Structures. CE 3008. Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures. CE 3010. Structural Engineering. CE 3020. Project Management. CE 3021. Cost Estimating, Scheduling and Project Control. CE 3022. Legal Aspects in Design and Construction. CE 3023. Architectural Engineering Systems. CE 3024. Control Surveying. CE 3026. Materials of Construction. CE 3030. Fundamentals of Civil Engineering AutoCAD. CE 3031. 3D Object-Oriented Parametric Software Applications In Civil Engineering. CE 3041. Soil Mechanics. CE 3044. Foundation Engineering. CE 3050. Transportation: Traffic Engineering. CE 3051. Transportation: Pavement Engineering. CE 3059. Environmental Engineering. CE 3060. Water Treatment. CE 3061. Waste Water Treatment. CE 3062. Hydraulics. CE 3070. Urban and Environmental Planning.

CE 3074. Environmental Analysis. CE 4007. Matrix Analysis of Structures. CE 4017. Prestressed Concrete Design. CE 4046. Experimental Soil Mechanics. CE 4054. Transportation: Infrastructure Materials Laboratory.

CE 4060. Environmental Engineering Laboratory. CE 4061. Hydrology. CE 4071. Land Use Development and Controls. CE 460X, Hazardous and Industrial Waste Management CE 4600. Hazardous and Industrial Waste Management.

Engineering Course Descriptions ( Tidewater Community College)
EGR 110 Engineering Graphics 3 credits Presents theories and principles of orthographic projection. Studies multi-view, pictorial drawings and sketches, geometric construction, sectioning, lettering, tolerancing, dimensioning and auxiliary projections. Studies the analysis and graphic presentation of space relationships of fundamental geometric elements: points, lines, planes and solids. Includes instruction in Computer-Aided Drafting. Prerequisite: MTH 164 or MTH 166 or placement into MTH 173. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. EGR 120 Introduction to Engineering 2 credits

Introduces the engineering profession, professional concepts, ethics, and responsibility. Reviews hand calculators, number systems, and unit conversions. Introduces the personal computer and operating systems. Includes engineering problem-solving techniques using computer software. Prerequisite: MTH 164 or MTH 166 or placement into MTH 173. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week. EGR 125 Introduction to Engineering Methods 4 credits

Applies problem-solving techniques to engineering problems utilizing computer programming and algorithms in a higher level computer language such as FORTRAN, PASCAL, or C++. Prerequisite: EGR 110. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week. EGR 140 Engineering Mechanics - Statics 3 credits

Introduces mechanics of vector forces and space, scalar mass and time, including S.I. and U.S. customary units. Teaches equilibrium, free-body diagrams, moments, couples, distributed forces, centroids, moments of inertia analysis of two-force and multi-force members and friction and internal forces. Prerequisite: EGR 120. Co-requisite: MTH 174. Lecture 3 hours per week. EGR 245 Engineering Mechanics - Dynamics 3 credits

Presents approach to kinematics of particles in linear and curvilinear motion. Includes kinematics of rigid bodies in plane motion. Teaches Newton’s second law, work-energy and power, impulse and momentum, and problem solving using computers. Prerequisite: EGR 140. Lecture 3 hours per week. EGR 246 Mechanics of Materials 3 credits

Teaches concepts of stress, strain, deformation, internal equilibrium, and basic properties of engineering materials. Analyzes axial loads, torsion, bending, shear and combined loading. Studies stress transformation and principle stresses, column analysis and energy

principles. Prerequisite: EGR 140. Lecture 3 hours per week. EGR 247 Mechanics of Materials Laboratory 1 credit

Examines mechanical behavior of bars, rods, shafts, tubes and beams subjected to various types of loading. Introduces experimental stress analysis techniques, such as the use of strain gauges and data reduction. Co-requisite: EGR 246. Laboratory 2 hours per week. EGR 248 Thermodynamics for Engineering 3 credits

Studies formulation of the first and second law of thermodynamics. Presents energy conversion, concepts of energy, temperature, entropy and enthalpy, and equations of state of fluids. Covers reversibility and irreversibility in processes, closed and open systems, cyclical processes and problem solving using computers. Lecture 3 hours per week. EGR 260 Circuit Analysis 3 credits

Covers topics in linear circuit analysis, including basic electrical properties, resistive circuits, network equations, operational amplifiers, network reduction techniques, network theorems, two-port parameters and networks, inductors, capacitors, first-order circuits, second-order circuits and phasor analysis. Co-requisite: MTH 279. Lecture 3 hours per week. EGR 261 Signals and Systems 3 credits

Covers topics including Laplace transforms and Laplace transform analysis of circuits, time and frequency domain representation of linear systems, methods of linear systems analysis including convolution and Laplace transforms, frequency domain representation of signals including frequency response, filters, Fourier series, and Fourier transforms. Prerequisite: EGR 260. Lecture 3 hours per week. EGR 262 Fundamental Circuits Laboratory 2 credits

Covers topics including microprocessor hardware and programming, lab test equipment, lab safety, technical report writing, and using a microprocessor, such as the MicroStamp 11, to control basic electric circuits. Experiments include topics such as resistive circuits, analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog conversion, pulse width modulation, and the design of power supplies. Prerequisite: EGR 125 and EGR 260. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week. EGR 267 Engineering Analysis Tools 3 credits

Covers topics in mathematics including calculus, differential equations, Laplace transforms, linear algebra, vector spaces, complex variables, discrete mathematics, data analysis and linear regression. Emphasizes engineering applications and the use of software tools, such as MatLab and Excel. Prerequisite: EGR 260. Lecture 3 hours per week. EGR 270 Fundamentals of Computer Engineering 4 credits

Covers the design and organization of digital systems, including

number systems, Boolean algebra, logic gates, Karnaugh maps, combinational and sequential logic circuits, timing diagrams, and synchronous and asynchronous controllers. Introduces hardware description language (HDL) and assembly language programming. Prerequisite: EGR 260 and EGR 125. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

Course description for Electrical & Computer Engineering (Norwich University)
EG 109: Introduction to Engineering I – 3 credits EG 110: Introduction to Engineering II – 3 credits EE 200: Engineering Programming – 3 credits EE 204: Electric Circuits I – 3 credits EE 215: Fundamentals of Digital Design – 4 credits EE 240 Electrical Concepts and Applications – 3 credits EE 242 Digital Systems Design – 4 credits EE 303: Electromagnetic Field Theory I – 3 credits EE 314: Elements of Electrical Engineering – 4 credits EE 321: Embedded Systems – 4 credits EE 325: Computer Architecture and Operating Systems – 3 credits CP 337: Operating Systems – 3 credits EE 350: Linear Systems – 3 credits EE 356: Electrical Circuits II – 3 credits EE 357: Electronics I – 3 credits EE 359: Electrical Engineering Laboratory – 1 credit EE 366: Electronics II – 4 credits EE 373: Electrical Energy Conversion – 4 credits CP 408: Programming Languages – 3 credits EE 411: Microprocessor-Based Systems – 4 credits CP 423: Computer Architecture – 3 credits CP 431: Network Security – 3 credits CP 433: Computer Communications Networks – 3 credits CP 440: Software Engineering III – 3 credits EG 450: Professional Issues – 3 credits EE 459: Power Systems Analysis – 3 credits EE 463: Communication Systems – 4 credits EE 468: Solid State Materials – 3 credits EE 478: Control System Design and Analysis – 4 credits EE 486: Digital Signal Processing – 3 credits EE 487: Digital Signal Processing Lab – 1 credit EE 490: Advanced Topics – 3 credits EE 491: Electrical System Design I – 3 credits EE 494: Electrical System Design II – 3 credits CP 495: Computer Systems Design I – 3 credits CP 496: Computer System Design II – 3 credits

Scholarship Opportunities
1. Taylor's World Class Scholarship 2011
experience with world-renowned multinationals. Unlike conventional scholarships that only provide financial assistance, TWCS recipients are guaranteed practical training with some of the world's most successful companies. The internship is carried out during the semester break of their degree course, and/or as a management training stint upon graduation, providing scholars with global recognition and the added edge to succeed in their careers after graduation. This year the scholarships are offered in partnership with: Taylor's in collaboration with leading worldclass multinationals, is once again awarding full scholarships to outstanding students with exceptional academic results and leadership qualities in the Taylor's World Class Scholarship (TWCS) 2011. This unique scholarship offers not only financial aid, but also the golden opportunity to intern or train with global brand names. This marks the sixth consecutive year of the scholarship scheme which has, to date, disbursed over RM7.8 million in scholarships that has benefited 93 students. This scholarship is truly one-of-a-kind, as not only do the recipients benefit from academic and soft skills development, they are also given the opportunity to acquire hands-on
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BDO BMW Group HSBC Bank Malaysia Leo Burnett Mandarin Oriental Shangri-La Hotel Kuala Lumpur The Nielsen Company Universal McCann Fields of study

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Biosciences Business Communication Computing and IT Design Engineering Hospitality, Tourism and Culinary Arts

Eligibility Students with good actual results obtained from one sitting in 2010: Minimum academic results:
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Possess strong communication skills Value of Scholarship

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SPM : 8A’s and above (Combination of A+, A, A-) Taylor’s Foundation : Minimum CGPA 3.20 / Distinction in all subjects Foundation / Matriculation : Minimum 85% / CGPA 3.50 from other colleges STPM : Minimum GPA 3.33 in 3 subjects (minimum Grade C) CAL : BBB & above SAM : ATAR 85 & above CPU : 80% & above UEC : Maximum 14 points in 6 subjects (excluding Chinese), and must include 5Bs, English minimum B5 Other important considerations:

Full tuition fee waiver for stipulated tertiary programmes conducted at Taylor's University in Malaysia Experience World Class internships and / or undergo management training programmes* (a 6-month minimum programme) at leading international corporations (subject to the discretion of the partner corporations) Global recognition

How to Apply Click here for the online application form. Deadline 8 April 2011 (Friday) For more information, please visit

An excellent record of extra curriculum activities – participation in clubs and societies, sports, community service and others Demonstrate a positive attitude and leadership qualities

2. Yayasan KhazanahCambridge Scholarship 2011

also be part of a cadre of future leaders that will be groomed to eventually lead Malaysia’s government-linked companies (GLCs). It is a career-long journey that offers Malaysia’s top talents an opportunity to realise their full potential in the transformation of Malaysia’s GLCs into globally competitive corporations. Eligibility Citizens of Malaysia who will be applying to, or who have already secured a conditional or unconditional offer to admission into the University of Cambridge, and meet the requirements below: Undergraduate studies
1. Below 20 years of age 2. Must have an excellent academic track record, with an actual or predicted minimum of 3 As, or show evidence of excellent performance throughout their pre-university studies 3. Must apply to pursue a full-time residential degree

The Khazanah-Cambridge Scholarship provides financial sponsorship to Malaysians who plan to study for an undergraduate and postgraduate degree at the University of Cambridge.The Khazanah-Cambridge Scholarship, established in 2009, is jointly sponsored by Yayasan Khazanah, the Cambridge Commonwealth Trust and the Malaysian Commonwealth Studies Centre.

The Khazanah-Cambridge Scholarship is a leadership development programme that is aimed at building Malaysia’s future leadership talent. Recipients of this scholarship are expected to not only demonstrate academic excellence, but also develop their leadership skills through training and participation in a number of activities. Scholars of the programme will undergo an enriching personal journey, and will

Value of Scholarship The scholarship will cover for the full duration of the course of study, and provides for tuition fees, monthly living expenses, return air passage and other provisions, such as book allowance, establishment and end of study allowances. How to Apply Apply online at /cambridge/index.php Deadline 3 April 2011

3. Yayasan Khazanah Global Scholarship2011

pursuing undergraduate and postgraduate studies at top universities in the United Kingdom, the United States and Australia. General Terms and Conditions 1. Posses strong leadership skills and active participation in extracurricular, social or voluntary activities 2. A personal statement (for undergraduate study) or a research outline (for postgraduate study) will be required 3. Applicants must have a consistent and outstanding academic achievement record as follows: For Foundation Studies
1. Obtained a minimum of 8As in the recent SPM examination 2. Not exceeding 18 years of age as at the enrolment date for the foundation studies.

The Khazanah Global Scholarship is a prestigious award that offers opportunities for bright and highachieving Malaysians to pursue Undergraduate and Postgraduate studies at selected leading universities around the world. In addition, recipients of the Khazanah Global Scholarship are provided with leadership trainings and job attachments at leading organisations in Malaysia. The trainings, job attachments and exposures, and the facility to gain professional experience at leading corporations in the world represent opportunities that we provide in our quest to nurture our scholars to realise their potential to become Malaysia’s future business and industry leaders. The duration of the scholarship will be for the full course of study, as stipulated in the offer of admission, subject to Yayasan Khazanah’s terms and conditions. The scholarship is open to all Malaysians planning to pursue or are currently

For Undergraduate Studies
1. Obtained a minimum 3As for A-level 2. Obtained a minimum of 3.50 CGPA for Bachelor’s Degree 3. Obtained admission to pursue or currently pursuing studies at renowned universities 4. Not exceeding 21 years of age as at the enrolment date for the degree programme

How to Apply Apply online at /global/index.php Deadline 3 April 2011

4. Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship for Undergraduate Studies 2012

the guidelines carefully. Unless stated otherwise, scholarship applications should be made to the Embassy of Japan, Kuala Lumpur. Fields of Study

Social Sciences and Humanities Law, Politics, Economics, Business Administration, Pedagogy, Sociology, Literature, History, Japanese Language and et cetera. Nature Sciences A Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Electronics, Electrical Engineering, Information Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Naval Architecture, Agriculture Engineering, Civil Engineering, Architecture, Environmental Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Industrial Chemistry, Textile Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Mining Engineering, Mercantile Marine, Biotechnology and et cetera. Nature Sciences B Agriculture, Agricultural Chemistry, Animal Science, Veterinary Medicine, Forestry, Food Science, Fisheries, Pharmacy, Hygienic, Nursing, Biology, Medicine, Dentistry and et cetera.

Eligibility The Embassy of Japan is pleased to announce that the Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho:MEXT) Scholarships for undergraduate studies is now open for Malaysian students who wish to study at Japanese universities as undergraduate students for the academic year 2012. The Government of Japan offers the following scholarship programmes each year for Malaysian nationals to apply. Interested applicants are advised to read
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Be Malaysian citizens Be from 17 to 22 years old as of 1st April, 2012 Have completed SPM / O-level with at 11 years of formal education (excluding remove class). STPM students (lower or upper) and those who will sit for A-Level, Diploma, UEC or Matriculation examination this year may also apply, provided that the results will be known by March 2012. Academic requirement: A (SPM/ UEC/ Matriculation/A-Level) or B+ (STPM/) or CGPA 3.4 and above (Diploma), in English/MUET (5 or 6),

Mathematics, Chemistry & Physics/ Biology for those applying for Natural Science A and B; and English/MUET (5 or 6) & Mathematics for those applying for Social Science & Humanities courses. Be willing to learn the Japanese language and to receive university education in the Japanese language.

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Download and complete the application form Submit the completed application together with required and relevant documents to: JAPAN INFORMATION SERVICE EMBASSY OF JAPAN NO.11, PERSIARAN STONOR, OFF JALAN TUN RAZAK 50450 KUALA LUMPUR

Value of Scholarship Estimated monthly allowances of 125, 000 yen (approx RM4,550) will be given to each grantee during the term of his / her scholarship. Fees for the entrance examination, matriculation and tuition at universities will be exempted. How to Apply

Deadline 1 April 2011 (Friday) For more information, please visit

5. AMCHAM-MACEE Scholarship Program 2011

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Secondary school results must be translated into English, certified as ta true copy and submitted with the application. TOEFL and SAT scores must be submitted Two letters of recommendation. Certified copy of IC or Malaysian Passport. Prior acceptance into U.S. university/college. Certified copy of acceptance letter or certified copy of I-20 from U.S. university/college.

The American Malaysian Chamber of Commerce (AMCHAM) and the Malaysian-American Commission on Educational Exchange (MACEE) are pleased to announce the competition for the AMCHAM-MACEE 2011 Scholarship. AMCHAM created a scholarship endowment program in 1998 to benefit deserving Malaysian students planning to pursue their undergraduate studies in the United States. The AMCHAM-MACEE 2011 Scholarship awards a US$20,000 scholarship, covering four years of undergraduate study in the United States ($5000.00/year renewable for four years subject to meeting the specified conditions). The scholarship is open to qualified Malaysian students who are accepted to an accredited university in the United States for four years of study culminating in a Bachelors degree. The student must be accepted for Fall semester, 2011. Transfer students are not eligible for this scholarship. Eligibility

Value of Scholarship The AMCHAM-MACEE 2011 Scholarship awards a US$20,000 scholarship, covering four years of undergraduate study in the United States ($5000.00/year renewable for four years subject to meeting the specified conditions). How to Apply Download and complete the application form. Completed forms and all relevant documents should reach: AMCHAM-MACEE Scholarship Program 18th Floor, Menara Yayasan Tun Razak, 200, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur Tel: (603) 2166 8878 Fax: (603) 2166 1878 Email: Deadline 30 May 2011 For more information, please visit

Malaysian Students who have completed SPM, O Levels, STPM or A Levels.

6. The UEM Group Scholarship 2011

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Study currently in their first year undergraduate study Outstanding Academic achievement in their pre-university qualification (STPM/Matriculation) with minimum CGPA of 3.50 Proficient in English, hardworking, possess positive personality traits and have an outstanding extra-curricular record.

The UEM Group Scholarship offers scholarships to support the national objective of creating elite scholars in local universities, and serve as a talent supply chain to develop world-class leaders who are capable of undertaking strategic positions in GLCs.

How to Apply Download and complete the application form. Completed forms and all relevant documents should reach: Yayasan UEM (Education Development & Support), 18-1, Mercu UEM, Jalan Stesen Sentral 5, Kuala Lumpur Sentral, 50470 Kuala Lumpur. Enquires can be directed to or contact +603 2727 6850 / 6851/ 6847 Deadline 1 March 2011

Fields of Study

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Business (Finance/ / Business Management / Economic / Accounting) Built Environment (Quantity Surveyor / Town Planning / Land Surveyor / Building Service / Building Management Engineering (Civil / Mechanical / Electrical)


Malaysian citizen

7. Merdeka Scholarships 2011

and the wider interests of Malaysia will benefit from a period of study at Oxford. Value of Scholarship Awards will include University and College fees, accommodation and subsistence allowances, and return air fares. Awards are renewable annually through the duration of the programme of study. How to Apply To apply, applicants are required to submit the following:
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Subject areas may be drawn from a range of fields. Candidates are required to demonstrate a high level of academic achievement, and how their study will make a contribution to the future needs of Malaysia. Fields of Study The fields of study covered by the Scholarship Programme include the following: a) Business: Economics, Finance, Investment, Law, Actuarial Science; b) Bio-medical Sciences: Bio-chemistry, Food Technology, Bio-technology, Bioengineering, Molecular Biology, Genomics and Bio-informatics; c) Engineering: Electronics, MicroElectronics, Nano-technology, Materials Science. Eligibility Candidates, who must be citizens of Malaysia, should have an excellent record of academic achievement and a proven capacity for independent research. Attention will also be given to the personal qualities of the candidates in terms of their leadership potential and ability to communicate. Candidates will be expected to show how their careers

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The completed application form; A signed personal statement of no more than 1,000 words that includes a description of the intended area of study and describes how this will benefit Malaysia. Outline the applicant's reasons for wanting to study at Oxford, and summarise the personal qualities that would make them a worthy recipient of a scholarship; A list of academic qualifications and other awards and honours received; A statement of the status of their application to the University of Oxford; Two confidential letters of recommendation from referees who can assess in detail the applicant's academic performance and potential. The recommendation letters must reach the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies by the application deadline.

All correspondence should be addressed to: The Academic Office, Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies, George Street, Oxford OX1 2AR

Entry, Training and Prospects
Education and training.
A bachelor's degree in engineering is required for almost all entry-level engineering jobs. College graduates with a degree in a natural science or mathematics occasionally may qualify for some engineering jobs, especially in specialties that are in high demand. Most engineering degrees are granted in electrical and electronics engineering, mechanical engineering, and civil engineering. However, engineers trained in one branch may work in related branches. For example, many aerospace engineers have training in mechanical engineering. This flexibility allows employers to meet staffing needs in new technologies and specialties in which engineers may be in short supply. It also allows engineers to shift to fields with better employment prospects or to those which more closely match their interests. Most engineering programs involve a concentration of study in an engineering specialty, along with courses in both mathematics and the physical and life sciences. Many programs also include courses in general engineering. A design course, sometimes accompanied by a computer or laboratory class or both, is part of the curriculum of most programs. Often, general courses not directly related to engineering, such as those in the social sciences or humanities, also are required.

Engineering Technology Programme.
      as an addition to the standard egineering degree 2 to 4 years Hands-on labboraotry classes prepare students for practical design and production work graduates of 4-year Technology Programs may get jobs similar to those obtained by those with a bachelor’s degree They are not qualified to register as professional engineers

Graduate Training.
 Essential for engineering faculty positions and some research and development programs

    stands for The Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) accredits college and university programs in engineering and engineering technology. Accredition based on a program's faculty, curriculum, and facilities; the achievement of a program's students; program improvements; and institutional commitment to specific principles of quality and ethics Graduation from an ABET-accredited program may be required for engineers who need to be licensed.

Admissions requirements for undergraduate engineering schools.
   include a solid background in mathematics (algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus) and science (biology, chemistry, and physics), in addition to courses in English, social studies, and humanities.

This licensure generally requires a degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program, 4 years of relevant work experience, and completion of a State examination. Recent graduates can start the licensing process by taking the examination in two stages. The initial Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) examination can be taken upon graduation. Engineers who pass this examination commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After acquiring suitable work experience, EITs can take the second examination, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam. Several States have imposed mandatory continuing education requirements for relicensure.

Certification and advancement.
Beginning engineering graduates usually work under the supervision of experienced engineers and, in large companies, also may receive formal classroom or seminar-type training. As new engineers gain knowledge and experience, they are assigned more difficult projects with greater independence to develop designs, solve problems, and make decisions. Engineers may advance to become technical specialists or to supervise a staff or team of engineers and technicians. Some eventually may become engineering managers or enter other managerial or sales jobs. In sales, an engineering background enables them to discuss a product's technical aspects and assist in product planning, installation, and use. Numerous professional certifications for engineers exist and may be beneficial for advancement to senior technical or managerial positions.

Mechanical Engineering careers can have the following stages:
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Early years - technical work most important Middle years - project management and product expert knowledge (still technical) become more important. Senior years - corporate, market, and global understanding become important. Communication and team skills

Advancement Possibilities and Employment Outlook
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Mechanical engineers generally begin as assistants to experienced engineers. As they gain experience, they can become supervisors or experts in their field. Some advance to jobs as managers or executives. Mechanical engineers with the necessary education can become research directors. Some engineers start their own consulting or manufacturing companies. The employment outlook for mechanical engineers is good through the year 2014; they are projected to have a rate of employment growth that is equal to the average for all occupations. There is a continuing need for industrial machinery and tools. Many trained engineers will be needed to develop complex new products, and emerging technologies will create new job opportunities for mechanical engineers. In addition, mechanical engineers have skills that they can apply in other engineering specialties.

Beyond a Bachelor's or Associate's Degree
Because technology is always changing, some applications and methods covered in school may not be useful or current five years later. Your education has only begun with the completion of a formal, full-time educational program. Engineering has been described as a "learning profession," and many engineers spend several hours a week in continuing education, formally or informally. Additional education in a broad range of subjects other than engineering may be needed in order to meet professional challenges. Such studies might include economics, finance, law, management, and the sciences. Graduate study and other forms of continuing education are activities that engineers must anticipate. A Bachelor of Science program constitutes the full-time formal education for most engineering graduates. However, many will continue studying for a Master's degree, and those whose interest is focused on research will pursue a doctoral (Ph.D.) degree. A Masters degree program is necessary for most advanced design, development and research programs. It generally takes from one to two years of additional full-time effort. A doctoral program typically takes three to five years beyond the B.S. degree and is of primary importance to students who wish to teach or conduct research. Doctoral programs are designed to bring a student to the frontier of knowledge in a specialized discipline and extend that frontier. In a Ph.D. program, you are expected to contribute to advancing the field through a published dissertation. Sometimes students from Bachelor's degree programs in engineering technology want to go on to graduate programs in engineering or engineering technology. You can transfer directly from a four-year program in engineering or technology into a Master's degree program in technology. However, if you wish to go on to a graduate program in engineering or computer science, you may have to take additional undergraduate courses as required by the individual college or university. For many technicians, the Associate's degree program fulfills the need for a formal educational experience. However, career advancement and a personal desire for more education frequently draw technicians back to pursue a Bachelor's degree in engineering or engineering technology. Technical knowledge, management skills, and professional relationships all play a role in determining how far one advances. Additionally, common sense, an ability to relate well with people, and an ability to recognize growing fields will help your career. Some of these skills may be developed by participating in professional societies.

Earnings and Pays
Earnings for engineers vary significantly by specialty, industry, and education. Variation in median earnings and in the earnings distributions for engineers in a number of specialties is especially significant. Table 1 shows wage distributions in May 2008 for engineers in specialties covered in this statement. Table 1. Earnings distribution by engineering specialty, May 2008 Specialty Lowest Lowest Median 10% 25% Aerospace engineers $58,130 $72,390 $92,520 Agricultural engineers 43,150 55,430 68,730 Biomedical engineers 47,640 59,420 77,400 Chemical engineers 53,730 67,420 84,680 Civil engineers 48,140 58,960 74,600 Computer hardware engineers 59,170 76,250 97,400 Electrical engineers 52,990 64,910 82,160 Electronics engineers, except 55,330 68,400 86,370 computer Environmental engineers 45,310 56,980 74,020 Health and safety engineers, except 43,540 56,190 72,490 mining safety engineers and inspectors Industrial engineers 47,720 59,120 73,820 Marine engineers and naval 43,070 57,060 74,140 architects Materials engineers 51,420 63,830 81,820 Mechanical engineers 47,900 59,230 74,920 Mining and geological engineers, 45,020 57,970 75,960 including mining safety engineers Nuclear engineers 68,300 82,540 97,080 Petroleum engineers 57,820 80,040 108,020 Engineers, all other 49,270 67,360 88,570

Highest 25% $114,530 86,400 98,830 105,000 94,470 122,750 102,520 106,870 94,280 90,740 91,020 94,840 102,040 94,400 96,030 115,170 148,700 110,310

Highest 10% $134,570 108,470 121,970 130,240 115,630 148,590 125,810 129,920 115,430 106,220 107,270 118,630 124,470 114,740 122,750 136,880 >166,400 132,070

In the Federal Government, mean annual salaries for engineers ranged from $81,085 in agricultural engineering to $126,788 in ceramic engineering in March 2009. As a group, engineers earn some of the highest average starting salaries among those holding bachelor's degrees. Average starting salary offers for graduates of bachelor’s degree programs in engineering, according to a July 2009 survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers, were as follows: Petroleum Chemical Mining and Mineral Computer Nuclear Electrical/electronics and communications Mechanical Industrial/manufacturing Materials Aerospace/aeronautical/astronautical Agricultural Bioengineering and biomedical Civil $83,121 64,902 64,404 61,738 61,610 60,125 58,766 58,358 57,349 56,311 54,352 54,158 52,048

Earnings and Benefits
     Depends on the education and experience of the mechanical engineer, the location, and the kind of job. Mechanical engineers earn salaries that are close to the average salaries earned by all kinds of engineers. In 2004 the median annual earnings of mechanical engineers was $66,320. Master's degrees $59,880 per year, doctoral degrees $68,299 per year. Benefits include paid holidays and vacations, insurance, and retirement plans.

Working Conditions
A degree in Mechanical Engineering will provide you with the broadest career choice of all engineering disciplines. Mechanical Engineers can be found in any type of industry imaginable, such as :
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Chemical Processing Power Generation Automotive Manufacturing Consulting Mechanical building services Aeronautical laboratories Defence technology Food processing Public utilities (electricity, water supply) Research Health Maritime Industry Manufacturing The working conditions vary for a mechanical engineer depending on his job. Most positions are salary so the hours range based on the project you are working on. Working hours may range from 30 hours to 60 hours. Most of the time your company will only want you to work about 40 hours a week.

Physical conditions for Mechanical engineering can be anywhere from sitting behind a computer doing sales consulting or CAD drawings, or it could be field work, where you are outside inspecting or repairing equipment. It depends on what field you find a mechanical engineering position in. No matter what your personality, there are job conditions that can fit what you are looking for. The best way to get them though is experience and that takes time. Mechanical engineers should have aptitude in science and mathematics. They should enjoy working with machinery and using it to solve problems. In addition, mechanical engineers need to be able to cooperate with and communicate their ideas to other people.

Nature of Work
Engineers apply the principles of science and mathematics to develop economical solutions to technical problems. Their work is the link between scientific discoveries and the commercial applications that meets the needs of the society and consumers. Many engineers develop new products. During the process, they consider several factors. For example, in developing an industrial robot, engineers specify the functional requirements precisely; design and test the robot's components; integrate the components to produce the final design; and evaluate the design's overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, and safety. This process applies to the development of many different products, such as chemicals, computers, powerplants, helicopters, and toys. In addition to their involvement in design and development, many engineers work in testing, production, or maintenance. These engineers supervise production in factories, determine the causes of a component’s failure, and test manufactured products to maintain quality. They also estimate the time and cost required to complete projects. Supervisory engineers are responsible for major components or entire projects. Engineers use computers extensively to produce and analyze designs; to simulate and test how a machine, structure, or system operates; to generate specifications for parts; to monitor the quality of products; and to control the efficiency of processes. Nanotechnology, which involves the creation of high-performance materials and components by integrating atoms and molecules, also is introducing entirely new principles to the design process. Most engineers specialize. There are 17 engineering specialties covered in the Federal Government's Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Numerous other specialties are recognized by professional societies, and each of the major branches of engineering has numerous subdivisions. Civil engineering, for example, includes structural and transportation engineering, and materials engineering includes ceramic, metallurgical, and polymer engineering. Engineers also may specialize in one industry, such as motor vehicles, or in one type of technology, such as turbines or semiconductor materials. Aerospace engineers design, test, and supervise the manufacture of aircraft, spacecraft, and missiles. Those who work with aircraft are called aeronautical engineers, and those working specifically with spacecraft are astronautical engineers. Aerospace engineers develop new

technologies for use in aviation, defense systems, and space exploration, often specializing in areas such as structural design, guidance, navigation and control, instrumentation and communication, and production methods. They also may specialize in a particular type of aerospace product, such as commercial aircraft, military fighter jets, helicopters, spacecraft, or missiles and rockets, and may become experts in aerodynamics, thermodynamics, celestial mechanics, propulsion, acoustics, or guidance and control systems. Materials engineers are involved in the development, processing, and testing of the materials used to create a range of products, from computer chips and aircraft wings to golf clubs and snow skis. They work with metals, ceramics, plastics, semiconductors, and composites to create new materials that meet certain mechanical, electrical, and chemical requirements. They also are involved in selecting materials for new applications. Materials engineers have developed the ability to create and then study materials at an atomic level, using advanced processes to replicate the characteristics of those materials and their components with computers. Most materials engineers specialize in a particular material. For example, metallurgical engineers specialize in metals such as steel, and ceramic engineers develop ceramic materials and the processes for making them into useful products such as glassware or fiber-optic communication lines. Mechanical engineers research, design, develop, manufacture, and test tools, engines, machines, and other mechanical devices. Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines. Engineers in this discipline work on power-producing machines such as electric generators, internal combustion engines, and steam and gas turbines. They also work on power-using machines such as refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment, machine tools, material-handling systems, elevators and escalators, industrial production equipment, and robots used in manufacturing. Some mechanical engineers design tools that other engineers need for their work. In addition, mechanical engineers work in manufacturing or agriculture production, maintenance, or technical sales; many become administrators or managers. Many engineers work a standard 40-hour week. At times, deadlines or design standards may bring extra pressure to a job, requiring engineers to work longer hours.

Personal Attributes
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Problem solving (The essence of engineering!) Creativity Hands-on understanding / working experience Networking Leadership/conflict resolution Knowledge management Excellent work ethic Strong interest in mathematics and science Strong social awareness and concern for the quality of life A desire to put ideas into action Curiosity about how things work and how to make them better A good academic background with above average year 12 results in Mathematics I and II and Physics Ability and determination to succeed and to continue self-education upon completion of your studies Good communication skills Tertiary Entrance Ranking high enough to gain selection within the competitive quota

Student Life

Tempted to study abroad? Here are a few steps to start your study abroad process: 1. You’re an individual There is no one size that fits all when it comes to university so it’s important you choose the right one for you. What are your reasons for studying abroad? What are your priorities in a university? What languages are you comfortable in and what are your longer-term study or professional objectives? Are there any academic or cultural considerations more important to you? Have you got extra-curricular considerations? What lifestyle do you want? How are you going to finance your studies and will you need funding from a bank or an undergraduate scholarship? Work out what you want and find a university and course that suits you. 2. Research Armed with a vision of what you are aiming for, you need to set about researching countries, universities and courses on offer. No worldwide list of universities exists but there are a few places to start. The Top Universities Guide provides a directory with full contact details of the top 500 universities worldwide. It also includes ranking of universities by subject specialization., home to the QS World University Rankings, also provides lots of useful information and direct links that will help you begin to search the worldwide web and get some of your first impressions. 3. Which country?

Fundamental to studying abroad must be the desire to spend time in another country. If you can shortlist or identify your country, then you have a starting point for identifying possible universities to apply to. Countries such as Australia and New Zealand are popular choices for study and many of their universities are among the top 400 in the world. Once you have short listed your country, you can identify some of the national organizations, such as UCAS in the UK, who can point you in the right direction for providers of scholarships and further information to refine your search. 4. Face to face When searching worldwide for a university that is right for you, there is no substitute for coming face to face with people from that university. Clearly it will most often not be feasible to actually visit the university before applying. However, each university has an alumni association, often with an international network, so try to identify alumni who may be willing and able to meet you closer to home and give you that all-important feel of what it’s like to actually study at their university. The QS Top Universities Tour, which comes to India this month, provides an opportunity to meet with representatives of some of the world’s top universities. 5. Open mind Your key to finding the university and course which is right for you is to keep an open mind. Identify your priorities, research your options and talk to people. You are about to embark on one of the most exciting and important experiences of your life. So let the search begin!

Getting through your first year at Uni
Surviving the classroom      Seek help during the smaller-sized classes Find study partners Make contact with at least two to three students from each of your classes Exchange notes to maximize information intake Have a backup plan when you’re ill Campus Life      Joining a student group with your interest Learn new skills Be part of the team Attend/join a fraternity/sorority moderately Make friends with everybody Social Survival   Participate in events hosted by student unions Be outgoing as your personality will allow Surviving Stress    Take advantage of the counselling services Be level-headed when handling issues Get help from your peers Managing Finances    Take up a part-time job Studies remain is priority Ask for a loan

International student’s health
The same rules generally apply to your health as an international student as they would at home. With the right research and planning, not to mention making sure you have medical cover, you are unlikely to encounter any problems out of the ordinary. This is a quick guide to international students' health covering most basic aspects and how to best avoid any problems.

Research Look up the basic facts before you set off - browse the internet, speak to your GP, look at some travel guides. It sounds so simple, yet will be forgotten by so many international students! Some countries require immunizations prior to arrival, so be sure to check before you leave. You may need to arrange these a few weeks prior to your departure. Even if not stipulated, certain immunizations are often advisable, so check this and other general advice with your doctor or travel clinic. Check out other basic facts about the country. Should you beware of any certain foods? Is the water safe to drink? Are there any other diseases you need to be aware of? Planning Most of this section comes down to simply racking your brain and thinking what you need on a daily basis at home, that you may also need abroad. Before you leave arrange a check-up with your GP. This will give you the chance to speak to someone with whom you are familiar and feel comfortable and with whom you can discuss anything on your mind and in your own language.If you have any pre-existing conditions or may require certain medication whilst studying abroad, ensure that all you need will be available. If not, arrange for supplies before you leave. If you are taking mediation with you, make sure you have all necessary prescriptions and labels, otherwise your trip through customs may be rather longer than you envisage. Are you allergic to any medications? Take details with in case they are prescribed to you whilst abroad. Also, take the phone number and details of your doctor should you need to contact them.

Do you suffer from diabetes or any other conditions? Make sure you wear your bracelet in case of an emergency. Do you wear glasses or contact? If so, take an extra pair. It would not be possible to cover every eventuality here, but hopefully this will give you the general idea of how to think and plan ahead. To be safe, just ensure you have the contact details of anyone back home should you forget anything or be unable to find it once you are overseas. Insurance The majority of study abroad programs require you to submit medical forms on enrolment and depending on where you are coming from, you may be asked to produce any relevant documentation at immigration. You are also likely to be asked to provide health or medical insurance cover that covers your area of study. In France you will need proof of cover to secure your accommodation, whilst in Holland you need it to get in to the country! Medical cover in some countries is free. Again, this is something you should check before you leave. In the Nordic countries, for example, you may find that you are covered depending upon your circumstances, whilst in the UK it is free if you are enrolled on a programme of 6 months or more. Mental Health Depending on where you choose to study and what type of person you are, international study may bring somewhat of a culture shock. This can bring with it feelings of unease, nervousness and stress. However, following the tips we have given, and researching and planning before you leave, should minimise or eliminate the difficulties you face. Should you, however, find yourself in a situation where you feel uncomfortable, or perhaps homesick, there are always people to help you. Our international student support services section gives more details on how to best approach this. Your university will generally have a department dedicated to dealing with such issues and this should be your first port of call. Physical Health and Safety As opposed to your mental state, which you may not always be able to pre-empt, you are generally responsible for a large part of your physical health. If you follow the advice above, arrange a check-up before you leave, maintain a healthy diet and regular exercise, you should generally stay fit. Of course, personal safety is another issue. Safety Travel safety can never be guaranteed, so be sure to check up to the minute government advice:

Dealing with Interviews
Preparing for an Interview.

Think about the obvious questions that are often asked at the beginning of an interview to help you settle down, and think how you might answer them. Think specifically about why you want to study there and why have you chosen this particular subject.

Read widely around your chosen subject, including newspaper articles, websites, journals, magazines and other publications that relate to your subject. Take a critical view of ideas and arguments that you encounter at school or college, or in the media – think about all sides of any debate. Be prepared to show some background knowledge of the subject. Re-read any written work that you have submitted, and think about how you might expand on what you wrote. Re-read your personal statement. Organise a practice interview for yourself. This could be with a teacher or someone else who is familiar with your subject, but preferably not someone you know very well. This will help you to get some more experience of talking about yourself and your work in an unfamiliar environment.

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Commonly asked questions.
1.Introduce yourself? 2. What are your career preferences? 3. How much salary you are expecting? 4. What is your plan regarding continuing your education? 5. Tell us about your hobbies? 6. What are your strengths & weaknesses? 7. Are you ready to work in a team? 8. Can you work in stress? 9. What good things you liked in your ex boss? 10. How do you feel working on weekend? 11. Define success? 12. How good your communication is? 13. Where do you see yourself in next 2 years? 14. You like trying new things or stay with old ones? 15. Why you have applied for this position? 16. Tell us about your family? 17. Areas where you can revamp your skills? 18. What if you are not selected for this position? 19. What makes you feel that you are the best candidate for this position? 20. What you preferred, money or work? 21. Tell us about your subjects? 23. What is your greatest strength? 24. What are you looking for in a job? 25.What kind of person would you refuse to work with? 26. What is more important to you: the money or the work? 27. Tell me about your ability to work under pressure. 28. Do your skills match this job or another job more closely? 29. What motivates you to do your best on the job? 30. Describe your management style. 31. How do you propose to compensate for your lack of experience? 32. Describe your work ethic. 33.What qualities do you look for in a boss? 34.What position do you prefer on a team working on a project? 35. Do you have any questions for me?

Guide to answering Interview Questions.
Question 1.) Tell me about yourself Prepare yourself for this simple yet difficult question. Start with one two lines about yourself, who you are, a brief 1 line about your family (this depends on what kind of interview you are going through) and lastly why are you the best suited person for this job. Tell about your achievements but never sound too proud of your achievements, highlight yourself but with decency. Remember the golden rule “First Impression is the last impression.” Question 2.) What are your greatest strengths? This question is to judge how you present yourself, whether you are the person who talks too much, arrogant or are you the one who just do what others say. The answer to this question should be linked with facts and figures if possible. If you had any previous achievements say you lead a team which did wonderful and thus you are a team leader and all. Highlight yourself, tell your strengths but be sure it is well supported. Some points on which you could support your answer could be – honesty, leadership, tech savvy, confident, good communication skills, positive attitude, motivational and inspirational leader etc. Do make a mental note of all your achievements. Question 3.) What are your greatest weaknesses? Now this is the question which could either end your interview or could just get you the job. Don’t mince with words, at the same time just don’t be too blunt. Tell your weakness and ways of overcoming it. Never say I can not do this. Instead say, I have never done this but I am eager to learn and am sure if our company needs it I will do it. Note – Never say your company or what would be my position in your company, use our company. Some HR people might ask you why you are saying our before selection then do say – its because I am confident that I am the best person for this vacancy.

Question 4.) Tell me about something you did – or failed to do – that you now feel a little ashamed of. This question is just to see how you react to embarrassing situations. Of course you just can not say “SKIP THIS PLEASE.” So better prepare yourself. Take your time to reply to this one, at first say I am really finding it very hard to find any such situation as I believe the best way to avoid shame is never do such things.

Most of the interviewers just will proceed to another question but if he or she insists to elaborate then give any appropriate reply but be sure it should not sound that you are so regretful that it still has a mental impact on you. Question 5.) Why are you leaving (or did you leave) this position? By asking this question, the interviewer just wishes to see how much respect you give to your management, colleagues etc. Remember – Never talk bad about any one even if he or she has been the worst boss. There can be two situations – First is when you already have one job – In this situation tell truthfully that you see a bright future or this work profile suits you more than current one or so. Never say – I am joining you because you pay more. If you say so, 99% chances are you would be thrown out of interview. Secondly when you are a fresher or you don’t have any job If you have been fired, then tell them why you were fired, what you have learnt from that incident and what are you doing to make sure this would never happen again in life. Don’t hide the facts, companies do check each and every individual so even if you don’t tell them, they know it.

Question 6.) Why should I hire you? The most commonly asked question but the question which is most difficult to answer. Before you enter any interview make sure you have read about the company, job profile and all. As soon as this question is asked, start matching your personality traits with the job requirements. Show how you are the best suited person for this job. For example – If you are going for a job which involves marketing, then convince the interview that you have a personality which is best suited for this job. The bottom line is – Match yourself with what the job profile is and thus the interviewer should feel that you are the best person for the job.

Question 7.) Where do you see yourself five years from now? This question is usually asked to see how ambitious you are and your actual reason for joining the company. You need to show that you are a person with focused aims and you are willing to work to fulfill your dreams. Don’t be over ambitious and say I want to be in board of directors in next 5 years. During an interview I said – I want to see me at your post and you in top management and believe me, the interviewer had a very good laugh and said that was really clever. I don’t suggest you to say this every time but yes if you feel the person has a jolly nature you can say so.

Question 8.) Why do you want to work at our company? This question is asked to check whether you know about the company and work profile or it was just that you got a call from your friend and you walked in the interview. So do your homework and check annual reports of company, browse website or any relevant data. See the areas where company is growing and match your skills with it. Show the interviewer how you could add to the overall profit of company. Question 9.) What are your hobbies? This question is asked to judge your personality. I have seen hundreds of resume which say Hobbies – reading books, listening songs, browsing internet , sleeping. Do not copy it from other’s resume and use it. Write what you actually do. Don’t write I have a hobby of reading books when you could not even name 1 book if asked for. Never be fake, tell them truthfully what you do. Mention some hobbies which are directly or indirectly linked with job. But make sure you have that hobby. If not then say what you actually do. Different people have different hobbies, so there is nothing to be ashamed of.

Question 10.)How would you handle a difficult customer? Be careful here, don't say that you have never had a difficult customer as anyone who has dealt with customers knows that is impossible. Use a sample to demonstrate how you handle a difficult customer. Talk about an incident at a previous job (where, when), explain the situation, how you handled it, and what the outcome was.

* Job interviews are not that bad, so long as you are prepared. Maintain good eye contact and ensure that you have some questions to ask. job interviews are a two way process, a conversation where they want to get to know you better and you want to find out more about the position. Above all, try and keep calm, smile and show professionalism.

Interviewing methods.
Some of the processes that you might experience include: Aptitude tests These tests are designed to find your personality traits. They would be looking for a particular type of person and this test will show them if you fit their profile. Be honest here, you can't hide who you are. IQ/Thinking tests These have been prepared to work out your analytical and logical thinking patterns. To some extent general knowledge would be useful, however they are really geared towards finding out how you analyse data and find solutions to problems. Prepare for this test by doing some logical thinking puzzles which you can find in bookshops. General knowledge Tests in this section include mathematical, grammar, spelling and general knowledge. Forget the calculator and go back to pencil and paper. If you are a wiz at maths, then you should have no problem, but if you are like the rest of us that reaches out for the calculator, then get some practice prior to attending. Panel Job Interviews These can be nerve wracking types of interviews consisting only 2 people or it can be as many as 10. You must appear to be confident, don't hesitate too long before you give an answer. Watch your posture and try not to fidget too much. Make eye contact with one or two of the people. Find a friendly face and use that person for most of your eye contact, it will help in making you feel more relaxed. One on one job interviews These type of interviews are easier to handle, they are generally more informal. The best way to handle these type of interviews is to relate to them as a form of conversation. You should ask questions and exchange information as you would during a normal conversation. Offer your own information as needed without waiting to be asked.

Engineering Management Degrees

Degrees in Engineering Management Graduates with the ability to understand both complex technological processes and the art of management are increasingly sought after in today's industrial world. An undergraduate university degree in engineering management seeks to educate tomorrow's managers to have a range of valuable skills. With the demand for a wide range of graduate engineers increasing internationally, more opportunities have emerged in the professional area of managing the very different processes related to modern engineering. And thus study abroad opportunities in the area have also risen. Where once engineering was dominated by large-scale automotive production lines, now we see much smaller operations in action, all of which require very careful and skilful management to ensure that new technologies and products reach their intended marketplaces in an efficient and cost-effective way. What is engineering management? In the past, the areas of engineering and management were regarded as two very different and unrelated areas. Trained specialists undertook the process and technical aspects of engineering, while a different type of person altogether, often with an unrelated background and experience, oversaw the management of an engineering business or production line. Times have certainly changed; new skills and new approaches are required of staff that have the responsibility to make the most of their hi-tech processes. The need for a new kind of engineer has been heightened by the new international nature of most businesses. There is an increasing demand from customers to deal with people familiar with the technical aspects of a product and who are also experts in business management and customer relationships.

Is an engineering management the degree for me? A university degree which combines these two different academic areas is ideal if you are interested in the technical and problem solving aspects of any kind of engineering but you don't necessarily want to confine yourself to either a course looking at one single area, or the career of an engineer. Put another way, be an engineer but don't get too dirty doing it! Because there is a wealth of undergraduate degree options available in this area, you will be able to choose exactly the kind of degree that you want and meet your interests perfectly. It's likely that if this subject area is of interest to you, you will be numerate and focused on the more quantitative side of your studies. Both engineering and management require a good grasp of mathematics and familiarity with the analytical approaches contained in both science and economics-based subjects are almost certainly a pre-requisite for a successful application to one of the top universities. Engineering management options are also very flexible, so they represent a good choice if your ambitions are not clearly defined quite yet. Once embarked on your undergraduate degree, if you realize that the challenge of engineering is actually what you want to specialize in then it is possible to make that your emphasis by taking more engineering courses. Similarly, if management is where your heart lies, you can reduce the engineering content of the program. What engineering management degrees are available? Engineering management undergraduate programs tend to be joint or combined university degrees, bringing together both an element of technical engineering and management or business, often specifically related to the engineering sector. Specialisms can depend entirely on the type of engineering you are most interested in; or, if you prefer, you can retain a more general engineering background to combine with your management studies. At some universities the focus of the joint degree is very narrow indeed, for example at the University of Portsmouth, where an undergraduate degree is offered in Construction Engineering Management, examining both the fundamentals of construction - design, structures, soils and materials and engineering analysis and the areas particularly relevant to the management of construction processes and projects - legal studies, contract management, project evaluation and corporate management. It is also common for undergraduate degrees in engineering management, particularly at universities in Australia and the UK, to offer students the opportunity to take a year in an industry placement, allowing you to see first-hand how your knowledge and skills are directly applicable to the workplace. Such programs are known as 'sandwich' courses and extend the degree by one year. Options are sometimes available to study abroad as part of the placement.

What are the career prospects for an engineering management graduate? The breadth of content in all engineering management undergraduate degrees means that there is considerable scope for career opportunities and flexibility. The good grounding in engineering allows students to qualify for most professional engineering streams should they choose this route; whereas the management content provides the opportunity for graduates to seek employment in the broad management and commercial fields. In both cases, the skills developed during the course of your three of four year program will make you attractive to a range of employers in fields as diverse as the construction industry, finance, product development and management consultancy. Because engineering management degrees, particularly those offered at the top universities, are blended in their approach, the specific skills that come from such programs ensure that graduates are attractive to industry employers. Graduate management training programs offered by such diverse employers as Siemens, British Aerospace, GE, General Motors and Airbus seek graduates with sufficient familiarity with the engineering field and the industrially orientated business skills that allow them to adapt to their unique environments.

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 About Engineering
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